Flashcards in FO-6 Safety/Risk Management Deck (69)
Approx how many FF die each year, and what is the trend.
Down from 151/year in the 1970s to 99/year in the 2000s. (99)
How many FF died in 2006, and how many were on the fire ground?
89, and 38 on the fire ground. (100)
What is the leading cause of FF line-of-duty deaths? And what %
Heart attacks. 44% (100)
What are the second leading cause of FF fatalities?
Traumatic injuries. (100)
What is the 3rd most frequent category of FF fatalities?
Asphyxiation and burns. (102)
What program did the NFFF develop to prevent line-of-duty death and injury?
Everyone goes home. (102)
What website did the IAFC launch to track incidents, identify trends, and share information?
Firefighter near miss. (103)
What accounts for the largest percentage of traumatic FF deaths?
Vehicle collisions. (104)
How does the NFPA define an IDLH? (3) Any condition that would...
Pose an immediate or delayed threat to life. Cause irreversible adverse health effects. Interfere with an individuals ability to escape unaided from a hazardous environment. (105)
Who has the ultimate authority to approve or alter any action taken by anyone on an incident?
The incident commander. (110)
According to NFPA, what are the minimum qualifications of an incident safety officer?
Must be able to function in an officer position and meet the requirements for FO 1. (110)
What are the 3 levels of defense for ensuring that FF obtain appropriate rehab?
1st-FF, 2nd-fire officer, 3rd- incident safety officer. (111)
What are the leading type of FF injuries?
Sprains and strains. (112)
How long does a member who has experienced an exposure have to obtain medical treatment?
At least within 24 hours. (114)
A ____ is any unexpected event that interrupts or interferes with the orderly progress of fire department operations.
What are the 3 phases of an accident investigation? IN ORDER
Collection of physical evidence, interviewing witnesses, written documentation. (114)
Fire officers have a ____ and ____ obligation to prevent death and injuries to the FF who are working under them.
Personal and professional. (99)
The fire officer must ____ and ____ behaviors that could lead to a FF injury or death?
Identify and correct. (99)
What is the first step to developing an incident action plan?
Understanding the causes of FF deaths and injuries. (99)
What has happened to the rate of FF dying while operating within structure fires as compared to the 1970s?
It is higher. (99)
What did the USFA study during the 1990s note in relation to the number of structure fires and the number of FF fatalities?
The number of structure fires declined significantly whereas the number of FF facilities increased. (99)
What are the most significant factors in preventing heart attacks?
Regular medical exams and physical fitness programs. (101)
Trauma deaths resulting from motor vehicle collision represented ____% of annual LODD?
Represented 22%. (101)
What is the most common and 2nd most common fatal motor vehicle collision scenario?
A FF responding to an emergency incident in a personal vehicle and a tanker or water tender roll over. (101)
______ have a higher and more disproportionate fatality rate than any other type of fire apparatus.
What are the 4 levels of the US Navy's Human Factor Analysis and Classification System? (HFACS)
Level 1- unsafe acts, Level 2- preconditions to unsafe acts, Level 3- unsafe supervision, Level 4- organizational resources. (103)
What are HFACS level 1, unsafe acts?
Errors and violations. Errors are unintentional. Violations are intentional. (103)
What are HFACS level 2- preconditions to unsafe acts?
Substandard conditions and practices of individuals involved. Substandard conditions include factors contributing to adverse mental states. Substandard practices include failure to use elements of crew resource management. (103)
What are HFACS level 3- unsafe supervision?
Inadequate supervision, allowing inappropriate operations, failure to correct known problems, and supervisory violations. (103)
What is HFACS level 4- organizational influences?
This level examines resource management and organizational climate. This is the most difficult level to analyze in a near miss report. (104)
What % of fatalities from vehicle collisions were from volunteer FF?
Approx 75%. (104)
What % of FF that died from vehicle collisions were in their personal vehicles?
Almost 40%. (104)
In 2007, what % of injuries occurred during fire ground operations?
Nearly 1/2. (100)
What % of vehicle fatalities were not wearing their seat belt?
More than 3/4. (104)
What is a simple requirement that could reduce 10-15 fatalities every year?
Requiring FF to wear seat belts. (105)
What are the prime factors in the direct cause of death while operations in burning buildings?
Asphyxiation and burns. (105)
If a situation does not fall under an established SOP, the fire officer must?
Determine an appropriate course of action and give specific directives to subordinates to clearly indicate how the situation is to be handled. (105)
To comply with OSHA, the IRIC crew is required to be assembler ____ to operations within the IDLH?
The results of the 2002 Phoenix drills showed that it takes ____ minutes to rescue a downed FF using a team of ______ FF?
It takes 21 minutes with 12 FF. (107)
What is situational awareness?
A continual connection between the functions being performed by the company and the overall situation. (107)
This is one of the most important reasons for establishing and maintaining an effective ICS at every incident?
Situational awareness. (107)
The only situation that truly justifies exposing FF to a high level of risk is one where ?
There is a realistic chance that a life can be saved. (108)
When does the fire officer start the risk benefit analysis?
By preparing a pre incident plan. (108)
What is the potential for harm to people, property, or the environment?
Part of this persons role is to ensure that an appropriate rehab process is established.
Incident safety officers. (111)
For every FF LODD, nearly ___ FF injuries occur?
Nearly 1,000. (111)
A comprehensive physical fitness program that includes ____,_____, and _____ training is needed to reduce FF death and injuries?
Cardiovascular, strength, and flexibility. (112)
Who is responsible for determining whether it is safe to reduce the level of PPE that will be used at any time?
The IC and safety officer. (112)
When lifting, the back should be kept in a ___ position?
What is the most important first step of any exposure?
Immediately and thoroughly wash the exposed area with soap and running water. (114)
What is the identification and analysis of exposure to hazards, selection of appropriate risk management techniques to handle exposures, implementation of chosen techniques, and monitoring of results, with respect to the health and safety of members?
What are the fire officers four roles to provide a safe environment for the fire company and ensure that everyone goes home?
Identify unsafe and hazardous conditions, mitigate or reduce as many problems as possible, train and prepare for the remaining hazards, model safe behavior. (116)
Every year we are still losing _____ FF who are ejected from fire apparatus or personal vehicles?
A dozen. (116)
Wearing seat belts and removing heart damaged FF from the front one would reduce the number of LODD by?
The FD infection control officer should be notified within ___ of the exposure incident?
Typically within 2 hours. (114)
What is any arrangements of materials and heat sources that present the potential for harm, such as personal injury or ignition of combustibles?
Who is the member of the fire department assigned and authorized by the chief as the manager of the safety and health program?
Health and safety officer. (114)
The objectives reflecting the overall incident strategy, tactics, risk management, and member safety that are developed by the IC?
Incident action plan. (99)
An individual appointed to respond to or assigned at an incident scene by the IC to perform the duties and responsibilities in NFPA 1521, Standard for safety officer?
Incident safety officer. (108)
The tactical level management unit that provide for medical evaluation, treatment, monitoring, fluid and food, mental rest and relief from climate?
Incident scene rehab. (111)
A term used with a written IAP identifying a period of time during a long term incident that a specific IAP covers?
Operational period (100)
What is the operational period for federally funded incidents and local incidents?
Federally funded-12 hrs, local-8 hrs. (100)
A written document resulting from the gathering of general and detailed data to be used by responding personnel for determining the resources and actions necessary to mitigate anticipated emergencies at a specific facility?
Pre-incident plan (108)
True/false: The mere fact that there might be someone in danger is sufficient justification to ignore the 2 in 2 out rule?
False: the exception exists only to avoid the situation where a procedural rule could stand in the way of saving a life. (106)
Changes in lifestyle can often reduce the risk of a fatal heart attack and include? (5)
Stopping smoking, lowering high BP, reducing high blood cholesterol level, maintaining a healthy weight, and managing diabetes. (104)
Which organizations publish reports and statistical analyses that provide information about the causes and circumstances of these events?(FF death and injury)
NFPA, USFA, NIOSH, IAFF. (99)
What are the 2 primary drivers of the decline in the number of FF dying on duty?
The reduction of the number of FF dying of sudden cardiac death and the decline in the number of structure fires. (99)
The USFA retrospective study shows that ___% of the fatal fire suppression incidents involved the death of a single FF?
that 82%. (105)