Flashcards in OPM 900/1000 Deck (184)
What event indicated why a civil unrest plan is important to the fire department?
The LA Riots of 1992. (1000.02)
What were the key issues faced during the LA riots?
Incident command, mutual aid, cooperative law enforcement, and communications. (1000.02)
What is civil unrest or unrest?
A real or perceived state of uneasiness disquiet, or social unrest within the community. (1000.02)
What is a civil disturbance?
A state of uneasiness, disquiet, or social unrest within the community as evidenced by the appearance of organized disturbance, resulting in injury, death, and damage or destruction of property. (1000.02)
Who has the ultimate authority to activate or modify the civil unrest plan?
The fire chief. (1000.02)
What are the 3 operational phases of the civil disturbance plan?
1-civil unrest alert 2-civil unrest response 3-post emergency response. (1000.02)
During a civil disturbance, what shall be attached to all deluge guns, ladder pipes, and pre-connected lines?
1 1/4" stack tip nozzle. (1000.02)
During a civil disturbance, what could recalled members be utilized for?
To form a task force using fire department vehicles, to augment operational task forces, and to form relief crews for operational task forces. (1000.02)
In the event that the primary communications center is disabled, what will be used as the backup dispatch center for fire rescue units?
The EOC. (1000.02)
Where is the FOC located during civil disturbances?
10440 W Oakland park blvd. (1000.02)
Who are the only people authorized to operate in a disturbance area?
Task forces. (1000.02)
What should hose lines be limited to during a civil disturbance?
200' to a maximum of 500'. (1000.02)
What are some fire considerations during civil disturbance? (what will we/wont we do)
Knock fire down, no overhaul, ventilation, or roof venting. No interior attack unless life threatening and it is thought victims can be saved. (1000.02)
What is the minimum staffing for command and supervisory units in the civil disturbance area?
Minimum of 2. (1000.02)
What is the minimum staffing for engine, rescue units in the civil disturbance area?
Engine-4 rescue-3. (1000.02)
How should lights and sirens be used in critical areas?
Minimally and only if necessary. (1000.02)
In an instance of attack or entrapment of fire rescue personnel, what shall the BC broadcast across the radio?
Fire rescue task force unit in trouble. Specify location. (1000.02)
What is the signal to take cover, for example if under gun fire?
The rapid intermittent blowing of the air horn. (1000.02)
What shall be the signal for prepare to move out?
Long continuous blowing of the air horn. (1000.02)
What shall be done prior to abandoning vehicles, and how?
Radios shall be disabled by removing microphone handsets, removing fuses, or if not possible, cutting the wires. (1000.02)
Under civil disturbance, what must the pump operator keep with him at all time?
The hydrant wrench. (1000.02)
If deck guns are to be used during civil disturbances, where is the preferred location?
At ground level, with the apparatus behind personnel for protection. (1000.02)
What shall be done if a bystander reports a victim is trapped?
The informant shall accompany fire rescue to the location of the trapped victim. (1000.02)
What shall a task force consist of during civil disturbance?
2 engines, 1 rescue, 1 BC. Ladders will respond upon request. (1000.02)
Who may alter the make up of task force team to achieve objectives?
A BC. (1000.02)
How are different task forces designated?
Numbers. Task force 1, task force2... (1000.02)
What shall be done if a task force notices another emergency while responding to an assignment?
The communications center will be notified and respond the next closest task force. (1000.02)
What form shall be used when assigning members to a task force and who shall complete this form for their assigned units?
The Task Force Assignment Form. Company officers. (1000.02)
What resource is recommended to define safe zones and escape routes?
Aviation units. (1000.02)
When shall grid search patterns be formulated, carried out?
Formulated during Phase 1,2, carried out during phase 3. (1000.02)
What will rescue units do in search and recovery operations?
Assist engine companies. (1000.02)
When can you enter an area of potential risk during phase 3 of civil disturbance?
ONLY with BC approval and when accompanied by a police officer. (1000.02)
When will salvage operations and damage assessments be initiated?
After the completion of rescue operations. (1000.02)
What is a local disaster defined as?
Fire, flood, explosion, or storm that might cause the destruction of essential operating records of a department.
All records stored below ___ should be relocated to a higher elevation?
Boxes, file cabinets, and desks shall be __?
Covered with plastic. (1000.02)
Electrical equipment should be___?
Disconnected and stored. (1000.02)
Furniture should be___?
Moved away from windows and doors. (1000.02)
What is a hurricane advisory? An advisory is issued when...? And what time?
An official announcement issued by the national hurricane center identifying a hurricanes position, speed, and intensity. Hurricane conditions are a possible threat to a certain area. 0500, 1100, 1700, 2300. (1000.03)
What is a cease emergency activity order?
An order issued by the fire chief to stop all fire rescue outside operations. Upon issue, all personnel shall return immediately to quarters. (1000.03)
What/where is the emergency operations center for a hurricane?
Station 59. Directors from all departments citywide assemble here and work under the direction of the Director of Public Safety. (1000.03)
After the eye or calm of the storm, what happens to winds? How long can the eye last?
They are generally more powerful than before and come from the opposite direction. Several minutes to more than an hour.(1000.03)
What/where is the field operations center for hurricanes?
PSC. The fire rescue commend center. Key personnel from fire rescue staff report here and work under the direction of the fire chief. (1000.03)
What is a hurricane watch?
A threat of hurricane conditions between 24-36 hours.
What is a hurricane warning?
A threat of hurricane conditions (winds 74 mph or greater and dangerous high tides and waves) are expected in 24 hours or less. (1000.03)
What is a hurricane probability projection?
Advisories issued by the national hurricane center that list the percentage probability that the center of the storm will pass within 65 miles of a specific location within 72 hours. (1000.03)
What is a hurricane?
A fully developed tropical cyclone with sustained winds of 74 mph or greater. (1000.03)
What are storms rated by and how big can they be?
Saffir-Simpson scale and they can be up to 500 miles wide. (1000.03)
What is the National Hurricane Center in Miami?
1 of 3 national weather centers operated by the national weather service. It has international responsibilities for the North Atlantic. (1000.03)
What percentage of people who die in hurricanes drown in the storm surge?
9/10 people. (1000.03)
What is a storm warning wind speeds and when not issued?
Issued when winds of 55-73 mph are expected. If a hurricane is expected to hit, storm warning usually will not precede hurricane warnings. (1000.03)
What is a tropical depression?
A disturbance that has developed rotary circulation and a constant wind speed of 38 mph or less. (1000.03)
What is a tropical storm?
Distinct rotary circulation with wind speeds of 39-73 mph. (1000.03)
What defines sustained winds?
Constant speed for at least 1 minute. (1000.03)
What defines gusts?
Wind speed higher than sustained lasting as little as 2 seconds. (1000.03)
What is a storm surge?
A wall of water up to 50 miles wide just to the right of where the eye makes land fall. (1000.03)
What is a cat 1 hurricane wind and storm surge?
Wind 74-96 mph. Wave 10-30 ft. Storm Surge 4-5 ft. (1000.03)
What is a cat 2 hurricane wind and storm surge?
Wind 96-110 mph. Storm surge 6-8 ft. (1000.03)
What is a cat 3 hurricane wind and storm surge?
Wind 111-130 mph. Storm surge 9-12 ft. (1000.03)
What is a cat 4 hurricane wind and storm surge?
Wind 131-155 mph. Storm surge 13-18 ft. (1000.03)
What is a cat 5 hurricane wind and storm surge?
Wind 156+ with gusts up to 200 mph. Storm surge 20 ft. (1000.03)
What is considered a major hurricane?
Category 3 and above. (1000.03)
What is the damage caused by a cat 1 hurricane?
Primarily to shrubs, trees, unanchored mobile homes and poorly constructed signs. (1000.03)
What damage is caused by a cat 2 hurricane?
Considerable damage to shrubs and trees. Some trees blown down. Major damage to exposed mobile homes. Some damage to roofs, windows, and doors. No major damage to buildings. (1000.03)
What damage is caused by a cat 3 hurricane?
Large trees blown down. All signs blown down and mobile homes destroyed. Some damage to roofs, windows, and doors. Structural damage to small buildings. Serious flooding. (1000.03)
What damage is caused by a cat 4 hurricane?
Complete destruction of mobile homes. Extensive damage to roofs, windows, and doors. (1000.03)
What damage is caused by a cat 5 hurricane?
Extensive shattering of windows and doors. Complete failure on roofs in many residential and industrial buildings. Small buildings overturned or blown away. (1000.03)
Who shall assume the responsibilities of the Emergency management coordinator during a hurricane? And where shall he be assigned?
The fire chief. Sunrise EOC. (1000.03)
Who shall be the PIO during a hurricane? Where shall he be assigned?
Deputy fire chief. FOC. (1000.03)
If 2 BCs are deemed necessary during a hurricane, what areas are they responsible for and what are their radio designations?
B39-east district. B83-west district. A 3rd BC can be assigned if needed. (1000.03)
Who shall arrange for the release of on duty personnel to protect their personal property?
The shift BC. (1000.03)
Where is the logistics BC assigned during a hurricane and what is he responsible for?
FOC. Acquisition and disbursement of emergency equipment and supplies. (1000.03)
What does the logistics LT do during a hurricane?
Be assigned to the FOC and work under the logistics BC. (1000.03)
What does the training LT do during a hurricane?
Assist the MES chief with overseeing dispatch. (1000.03)
What does the shift rescue LT do during a hurricane?
Assigned to ride with the BC as a combined unit. If it is deemed necessary to have 2 BC then there will be 2 EMS Lts, east and west. (1000.03)
What does a company officer do during a hurricane? (4)
Supervise personnel under his command.
Maintain communications and consult with the FOC.
Be familiar with water supply sources.
Maintain personnel and material records at emergency scenes. (1000.03)
When is hurricane season?
June 1-November 30. (1000.03)
When should all FF personal readiness plans be initiated?
When a hurricane watch is issued. (1000.03)
When shall fire stations be secured for a hurricane?
Immediately upon issue of a hurricane watch. (1000.03)
How are stations secured for a hurricane?
All openings (doors, windows, others) are secured with shutters. Storing all equipment not permanently secured. Checking all apparatus for readiness. Prepare for additional personnel and supplies. Check station generators. Remove loose equipment from floors to protect from water damage. Secure apparatus once cease activity order is given. (1000.03)
How are apparatus secured at the station upon issue of cease activity order?
Nose in with the back of the apparatus placed as close to the garage doors as safely possible. (1000.03)
Who shall be placed in charge or remain in charge of each station?
The regularly scheduled on duty station commander shall remain the commander until the end of his regular shift. If at any time it is warranted a staff officer may be placed at the station to act in a command capacity. (1000.03)
What shall be done when a station is evacuated?
All bunker gear shall be brought to the assigned location.
Station log books shall be turned over to the BC.
Apparatus/computer hardware should be relocated per the FOC.
Document and files should be elevated. (1000.03)
Who/what shall be staffed at St 39 for a hurricane?
Engine 39 3-4 people
Rescue 39 2-3 people
Who/what shall be staffed at St 59 for a hurricane?
Engine 59-3-4 people
Rescue 59 2-3 people
Platform 59 2-4 people (1000.03)
Who/what shall be staffed at St 72 for a hurricane?
Engine 72 3-4 people
Rescue 72 2-3 people (1000.03)
Who/what shall be staffed at St 83 for a hurricane?
Engine 83 3-4
Rescue 83 2-3
Engine 183 3-4 (if needed)
Rescue 183 2-3 (if needed)
B83 1 (if needed)
Lt83 1 (if needed) (1000.03)
Who/what shall be staffed at St 92 for a hurricane?
Engine 92 3-4 people
Rescue 92 2-3 people
HazMat 92 2 (if needed)
Engine 192 3-4 (if needed)
Rescue 192 2-3 (if needed)
Dive 92 2 (if needed) (1000.03)
Who/what is staffed at the EOC/FOC for a hurricane?
MCC 1-3 (if needed)
Staff 5-15 people
Dispatch 2-4 people (1000.03)
What are the stages of preparedness for a hurricane?
Phase 1-hurricane watch
Phase 2-hurricane warning
Phase 3-emergency operations
Phase 4-recovery (1000.03)
What is the hurricane hotline #?
What may the chief cancel during a hurricane watch and warning, Phase 1-2?
Authorized leave and Kelly days as required. (1000.03)
When will on duty personnel be allowed to leave work to secure their homes?
Phase 2-Hurricane warning. (1000.03)
During a hurricane when do the EOC and FOC go into operation?
Phase 3- Emergency operations. (1000.03)
What method will be used to gather general damage assessment information during a disaster incident?
Snapshot damage assessment method. (1000.03)
What % of a geographic area is the snapshot report designed to provide a quick indicator of damage?
100% of the area. (1000.03)
How often are snapshot reports from individual units expected for a snapshot assessment?
How long after it is safe to return to the field must units perform their primary snapshot assessment?
1 hour. (1000.03)
When should windshield surveys be used to perform a secondary assessment? (how long)
1-4 hours. (1000.03)
If recalled for duty, what general personal items must you bring with you to the station?
Toiletries, bedding, clothing, and food for several days. (1000.03)
If a hurricane watch precedes a warning by ___ the department will assume you have completed your personal readiness activities?
12 hours. (1000.03)
How long will personnel be relieved to complete their personal readiness activities?
Maximum of 4 hours. (1000.03)
Personnel called in for storm coverage shall report where?
PSC or other specified location. (1000.03)
The hurricane food plan is designed to last for?
72 hours. (1000.03)
How much eating utensils will each station get?
100 each, forks, knives, spoons, plates, bowls, cups, and disposable drinking cups. (1000.03)
How much drinking water will each station get?
50 gal. for drinking and cooking. Tap water can be used for cleaning. (1000.03)
How much food will each station get?
3 days worth of prepackaged food for 100 employees. (1000.03)
What is the recommended amount for a home storage supply of water?
A 2 week supply. (1000.03)
What is the recommended amount of water per person for 2 weeks?
7 gal for drinking and food prep and another 7 gal for other activities. (14 gal per person for 2 weeks) (1000.03)
How is water treated with bleach for long term storage?
16 drops/gal or 1 teaspoon/ 5 gal. of 4%-6% bleach(1000.03)
How will mutual aid units assigned to help stations after a hurricane be named/designated?
In the order they were assigned to the station. (For station 72, 172, 272...)(1000.03)
What must each person bring with them to the station when reporting for a hurricane?
3 SETS UNIFORMS, 1 jacket, 5 PAIRS OF SOCKS T-SHIRTS UNDERWEAR, 1 extra shoes, 2 towels sheets pillows blankets, toiletries for 3-4 days, rain gear, bunker gear, flashlight with batteries, 3-4 GALLONS OF WATER, 3-4 DAYS OF FOOD. (1000.03)
What is the most important item to have on hand during a storm?
Drinking water. (1000.03)
When did most people die in relation to hurricane Andrew? (before, during, or after)
What will be the minimum boil water warning after a storm?
72 hours. (1000.03)
On the snapshot damage assessment report, what is written for location?
On the snapshot damage assessment report, what does the number for flooding mean?
The number of inches of water. (1000.03)
The county map is divided into blocks how big?
1 square mile. (1000.03)
In what pattern shall the search and rescue operation be conducted?
An outward sweeping circular pattern from the station. (1000.03)
How big shall an structural/hazard evaluation marking be on a building and where shall it be placed?
24"x24" square, on every entry point to avoid repetitive searches. (1000.03)
For the separate search X what would go in the left quadrant?
Rescue team completing the search. (E92). (1000.03)
For the separate search X what would go in the top quadrant?
Time and date search team left the structure. (1000.03)
For the separate search X what would go in the right quadrant?
Personnel hazards (rats). (1000.03)
For the separate search X what would go in the bottom quadrant?
Number of live and dead victims removed from the structure. (L-2 D-1) (1000.03)
What will the marking inside the search X be written with?
Chalk or crayon. (1000.03)
What ESFs would be assigned to the fire department?
9-seatch and rescue
Where can you find the current version of the city's mass casualty incident plan?
In the Florida regional common EMS protocols. (1000.01)
How many deaths occurred during the LA riots?
There were 45 deaths. (1000.02)
How many fires and structure fires occurred during the LA riots?
Fires 1,000 structure fires 600. (1000.02)
How many strike teams were used during the LA riots?
Strike teams-77. (1000.02)
How much property loss was sustained during the LA riots?
One Billion dollars. (1000.02)
What does the prepatory stage of the civil unrest plan include?
Maintaining year round emergency preparedness. The necessary maintenance and procurement of vehicles, equipment, and supplies. (1000.02)
Secondary locations for equipment, vehicles, and supplies will be identified by the ____ for easy distribution and more importantly ______?
FOC, to decrease the possibility of a total loss at a single location. (1000.02)
Resultant to an alarm reference of civil disturbance alert or civil disturbance, the communications center shall immediately alert ____?
The fire rescue department at large utilizing the paging and station tone alert procedures. (1000.02)
What is the sub heading of phase 1, civil unrest alert?
Pre-emergency alert activities. (1000.02)
What is the sub heading of phase 2, civil unrest response?
Immediate emergency activities. (1000.02)
What is the sub heading of phase 3, post-emergency response?
Recovery, salvage, and survey. (1000.02)
The following preliminary operations will be implemented when the announcement is made that a civil unrest alert has been placed in effect. The ____ will activate the ____, and as needed, implement the ___?
Command staff, FOC, NIMS. (1000.02)
Incident command shall be established by the ___ in the area of potential disturbance?
Battalion chief. (1000.02)
In the event PSB is identified as a target for civil disturbance/violence, admin support members shall adhere to the___?
Protection of essential records policy. (1000.02)
If the BC shall direct a station to evacuate because it is in the civil unrest area, said units shall report to___?
The staging area designated. (1000.02)
No transfer of units or members will be made w/o the direct authority of___?
The FOC. (1000.02)
_____ in concert with ____ will authorize task force response?
Incident command, FOC. (1000.02)
Emergency vehicles not currently in service shall be___ and ___ for standby emergency deployment?
Fueled, equipped. (1000.02)
The FOC shall maintain a ___ ___ log of related significant incident events.
Chronological emergency log. (1000.02)
Who will keep a complete record of all members working in OT status and all OT forms? How will they get them?
The FOC. Routed through their immediate supervisor to whom they were assigned during the incident. (1000.02)
Where should all exterior equipment on apparatus be secured?
In compartments or under seats. (1000.02)
In evacuating stations, the station commander shall ensure: (3)
Station security, disconnection of the main electrical panel with and emergency generator batteries, and removal of station radios. (1000.02)
Upon learning of a declared emergency, all off duty members shall call what # (hurricane hotline)Unless otherwise directed do not call___?
Call 954-746-3418. The FOC. (1000.02)
Failure to report for duty is a breach of_____. Therefore, failure to report for duty will result in ___.
The public confidence entrusted to us. Corrective action. (1000.02)
When shall members call the FOC for alternative assignment?
If civil unrest results in your inability to safely report for duty at your assigned station or the closure/relocation of your assigned station. (1000.02)
What do you do if you are unable to reach the FOC?
Report in person to the nearest IN SERVICE SFD location for assignment. (1000.02)
What shall be the center of field operations for all fire rescue units?
The FOC. (1000.02)
To meet additional staffing requirements, operational members will be augmented by who?
The immediate past shift. (1000.02)
When should grid patterns be prepared?
Well in advance of any crisis situation. (1000.02)
During civil unrest, where are FLS members assigned?
Either the EOC (primary) or FOC(secondary). (1000.02)
If FLS is assigned as a task force investigator, their primary responsibility will be?
The collection of information and completion of related reports. (1000.02)
Upon notification of civil unrest, training branch members are subject to assignment where?
EOC or FOC as determined by the Fire chief. (1000.02)
Upon notification of civil unrest, logistics branch members may be required to staff____ in order to make sure _____?
PSC or other locations, adequate logistical supplies are available for deployment. (1000.02)
All responders are cautioned to avoid ____ or _____ with persons in a defined critical area?
Verbal or physical contact. (1000.02)
During a civil unrest safety of FD members is a priority. Always have ____?
Law enforcement protection. (1000.02)
During a civil unrest, Immediate action may require ______ to meet staffing requirements?
An engine to be taken out of service, with members assigned to task force units. (1000.02)
Confine firefighting to the outside of the building where possible, except when
Rescue is required. (1000.02)
Potential for sabotage requires ____ prior to making hose connections?
All hydrants to be flushed. (1000.02)
During civil unrest, in no case shall pump operators__?
Be left alone. (1000.02)
Who is responsible for establishing radio communications between a task force and IC?
The task force BC. (1000.02)
A task force or fire rescue unit will not respond to any incident in the disturbance area until ?
Security has been confirmed by PD. (1000.02)
Rescue response will employ the departments ____ trauma treatment philosophy, leaving the area of disturbance ASAP.
Load and Go. (1000.02)
During a civil unrest, when shall engine company and rescue unit numbers be used during communications?
In communicating within the task force, not when contacting IC except when absolutely necessary. (1000.02)
During unrest, who shall be assigned to assist in coordination of transport, triage teams, and overall medical operations?
A FD rescue officer. (1000.02)
During unrest, post emergency operations will be implemented at the discretion of?
The FOC. (1000.02)
All logistics supplies stored below ____ should be moved to a higher level?
below 6". (1000.02)
When the alarm reference is unrest or civil unrest without the probability of disturbance, the communications center shall immediately notify the __?
Fire chief. (1000.02)
When the alarm reference is unrest or civil unrest with probability f, or actual disturbance within the city, the communications center shall immediately notify __?
All staff personnel via pager group page., (1000.02)
When will phase 2, civil unrest response, be implemented?
Upon announcement of an actual civil unrest. (1000.02)
During a civil disturbance, is it ok to leave fire house on scene? What should you do if possible?
Yes, but try to shut down the hydrant, if possible. (1000.02)
If standing water is utilized for fire rescue activities, it must be?
Checked for contamination from any combustable liquid. (1000.02)
Following a disturbance, all SFRD members and supervisors in particular, should be aware of ?
Potential emergency worker physical and emotional health issues. (Rehab and CISM) (1000.02)
What is the "CEMP"
Comprenhjesive Emergency Management Plan. A guide to the emergency response by the city to disasters and catastrophic events. (1000.03)
Where is the Operations division chief assigned during a hurricane? What ESF's is he responsible for
Broward County EOC. ESF 4, 9, 10. (FF, S&R, HazMat)(1000.03)
Where is the EMS division chief assigned for a hurricane? What ESF's is he responsible for? What else is he responsible for?
FOC. ESF 8 (Medical) Direct dispatch and MCC if necessary.(1000.03)
During a hurricane, at what phase will the city activate the EOC?
Phase 1, hurricane watch. (1000.03)
If necessary, sunrise personnel may be assigned to each relief unit (mutual aid) to serve as ?
radio operators and map readers. (1000.03)