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Flashcards in Fortified Wines Deck (40)
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1

Fortification DURING fermentation to stop the fermentation process produces what type of wine?

a sweet fortified wine

2

Fortification of a dry wine AFTER fermentation to stop the fermentation process produces what type of wine?

a dry fortified wine

3

A dry style of Sherry is made from what grape?

Palomino grape

4

A sweet style of Sherry is made from what grape?

Dried Pedro Ximénez grapes

5

What is blended Sherry?

Blend of dry Sherry with a sweet component

6

What region in Spain is Sherry made?

Jerez de la Frontera.

7

What 2 Sherries are biologically aged?

Fino Sherry
Amontillado Sherry

8

What dry style of Sherry are oxidatively aged?

Oloroso Sherry

9

What are the 3 steps in the winemaking process for Fino Sherry?

Dry white wine
Fortified to around 15% abv
Aged under flor in solera system

10

What are the 5 steps in the winemaking process for Amontillado Sherry?

Dry white wine
Fortified to around 15% abv
Aged under flor in solera system
Refortified to around 17% abv
Aged without flor in solera system

11

What are the 3 steps in the winemaking process for Oloroso Sherry?

Dry white wine
Fortified to around 17% abv
Aged without flor in solera system

12

When Fino Sherry is sweetened, the blended style is called?

Pale Cream Sherry

13

When Amontillado Sherry is sweetened, the blended style is called?

Medium Sherry

14

When Oloroso Sherry is sweetened, the blended style is called?

Cream Sherry

15

What are the 5 parts of the winemaking process for Port?

Rapid extraction of color and tannin
Partial fermentation
Fortified during fermentation
Sweet fortified wine
Maturation

16

What are the 3 styles of Port and the sub-categories?

Vintage Port

Ruby Port styles:
- Ruby Port
- Reserve Ruby Port
- Late Bottled Vintage Port (LBV)

Tawny Port styles:
- Tawny Port
- age stated (10- , 20- , 30-year Tawny Port)

17

What does it mean when a wine is fortified?

When a wine is fortified, alcohol is added to the wine to.

18

Ports are fortified ___ fermentation.

Sherries are fortified ___ fermentation

Ports = during fermentation

Sherries = after fermentation

19

Regarding sweetness vs. dryness:

Port is always ___.

Sweet

20

Why is Port is always sweet?

Port is always sweet because fermentation is interrupted and stopped by the addition of alcohol (neutral grape spirit) which kills the yeasts, leaving the wine very sweet and high in alcohol.

21

Is Port wine usually a single varietal or a blend?

Blend

22

Is Port wine usually a single vintage or a blend of vintages?

Usually a blend of vintages.

23

It's the maturation process of Port that determines ___.

what style of Port the wine will be.

24

Which styles of Port are the most simple, straightforward and fruity?

Ruby-style
Ruby

25

Which is likely to have higher tannins, more sediment, and greater concentration: LBV or Vintage Port?

Vintage Port

26

Are Vintage Ports made every single year?

No

Vintages have to be "declared" by Port producers in the Douro and are declared only in exceptional vintages.

27

Where do Tawny Ports get their tawny color?

Oxidation

Tawny Ports spend years, sometimes decades, in small oak casks, exposing the wine to extensive amounts of oxygen and turning its color.

28

In Sherry, what is the step following fortification?

Aging in a solera system.

29

Describe a solera system.

A fractional blending system which has levels, or rows, of old oak barrels that hold wines at varying stages of development.

The wines in the barrels are regularly blended together as they age to ensure a consistent style for the house.

30

What are the 3 most important styles of dry Sherry?

Fino
Oloroso
Amontillado