Grape Varietal: Pinot Noir and Zinfandel/Primitivo Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Grape Varietal: Pinot Noir and Zinfandel/Primitivo Deck (27)
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1

What types of climate is Pinot Noir best suited for?

• Cool
• Moderate

2

What flavor characteristics are common for Pinot Noir?

• Red Fruit: - strawberry - raspberry - red cherry
• Very good or outstanding examples can age:
- mushroom
- forest floor

3

The Pinot Noir levels of acidity and tannin are...

• high acidity
• low to medium tannin

4

Where are the important regions in France for Pinot Noir?

• Bourgogne/Burgundy
• Gevrey-Chambertin
• Nuits-Saint-George
• Beaune
• Pommard

5

Where are the important regions in USA for Pinot Noir?

• Sonoma
• Carneros
• Santa Barbara County
• Oregon

6

Where are the important regions in Chile for Pinot Noir?

• Casablanca Valley

7

Where are the important regions in South Africa for Pinot Noir?

• Walker Bay

8

Where are the important regions in Australia for Pinot Noir?

• Yarra Valley
• Mornington Peninsula

9

Where are the important regions in New Zealand for Pinot Noir?

• Martinborough
• Marlborough
• Central Otago

10

What type of Climate is Zinfandel/Primitivo best suited for?

• Warm

11

What are the varietal characteristics of Zinfandel/Primitivo?

• ripens unevenly
• full body
• high alcohol
• medium to high acidity
• medium to high tannin

12

What are the style and aging characteristics of Zinfandel/Primitivo?

• rosé and red wines
• red wines often oaked
• very good or outstanding examples of red wines can age:
- earth
- meat

13

Where are the important regions in Italy for Primitivo?

• Puglia

14

Where are the important regions in USA for Zinfandel?

• California

15

Oak aging for Pinot Noir is most often done in:

small, new barrels
large, neutral barrels

Large, neutral barrels

16

What is arguably the single most important region in the world for Pinot Noir?

Burgundy, France

17

The most acclaimed vineyards of Burgundy are found in a particular part of the region called the ___ ___, which is divided into 2 sections: a northern half and a southern half.

What are the names of those 2 sections?

Most acclaimed vineyards in the Côte d'Or.
• Northern half: Côte de Nuits
• Southern half: Côte de Beaune

18

In Burgundy, which direction do the best vineyards face?

Why?

South and southeast

To take advantage of as much sunlight as possible to ripen the grapes in this cool-to-moderate climate.

19

List the appellation hierarchy of Burgundy from lowest to highest.

• Bourgogne AOC
• Village
• Premier Cru
• Grand Cru

20

Describe the differences between a Bourgogne AOC wine and a Village wine.

Bourgogne AOC will show lighter body, less intensity, and less longevity.

Village-level wines will show more flavorful and complex characteristics, and be better suited for aging than Bourgogne AOC.

21

Name 3 famous villages for Pinot Noir in the Côte de Nuits.

• Gevrey-Chambertin AOC
• Vosne-Romanée AOC
• Nuits-Saint-Georges AOC

22

Name 3 famous villages for Pinot Noir in the Côte de Beaune.

• Pommard AOC
• Volnay AOC
• Beaune AOC

23

How do Village wines compare with Premier Cru and Grand Cru wines in Burgundy?

Village wines show flavor intensity, good complexity and length; they are also able to age a few years in the bottle.

Premier and Grand Cru wines are the best of the best. They are the most complex, the most concentrated, the most intense, and the vineyards are always mid-slope where the sun shines the longest. They can age for many years, even decades.

24

Why do some Zinfandels/Primitivos show flavors of dried fruit?

Because individual berries within a cluster can raisinate and give prune-like flavors to the wine.

25

What grape makes White Zindandel?

Zindandel

26

White Zinfandel is dry or medium-sweet?

Medium-sweet

27

How is White Zinfandel typically made?

• Short maceration on the skins to make it pink
• Yeasts removed before fermentation finishes to keep it sweet