Grape Varietal: Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah/Shiraz Flashcards Preview

WSET 2 > Grape Varietal: Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah/Shiraz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Grape Varietal: Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah/Shiraz Deck (61)
Loading flashcards...
1

Where are the important regions in France for Merlot?

PGI production:
• South of France

PDOs:
• Bordeaux - Right Bank
- Saint-Émilion AOC
- Saint-Émilion Grand Cru AOC
- PomeroI AOC

2

Where are the important regions in USA for Merlot?

• California
- Napa Valley
- Sonoma

3

Where are the important regions in Chile for Merlot?

• Central Valley

4

Where are the important regions in South Africa for Merlot?

• Stellenbosch

5

Where are the important regions in Australia for Merlot?

• Margaret River

6

Where are the important regions in New Zealand for Merlot?

• Hawke’s Bay

7

Where are the important regions in France for Cabernet Sauvignon?

PGI production:
• South of France

PDOs:
• Bordeaux - Left Bank (most important)
• Médoc
• Haut-Médoc
• Pauillac
• Margaux
• Graves
• Pessac-Léognan

8

Where are the important regions in USA for Cabernet Sauvignon?

• California
- Napa Valley (Oakville, Rutherford, Calistoga)
- Sonoma

9

Where are the important regions in Chile for Cabernet Sauvignon?

• Central Valley
• Maipo Valley
• Colchagua Valley

10

Where are the important regions in South Africa for Cabernet Sauvignon?

• Stellenbosch

11

Where are the important regions in Australia for Cabernet Sauvignon?

• Coonawarra
• Margaret River

12

Where are the important regions in New Zealand for Cabernet Sauvignon?

• Hawke’s Bay

13

Where are the important regions in France for Syrah?

PGI production:
• South of France

PDO:
• Northern Rhône:
- Crozes-Hermitage AOC
- Hermitage AOC
- Côte Rôtie AOC

14

Where are the important regions in Australia for Syrah?

• South Eastern Australia
• Barossa Valley
• Hunter Valley

15

What are the varietal characteristics of Merlot?

• medium acidity
• medium tannin
• fruit characteristics vary according to ripeness

16

What are the style and aging characteristics of Merlot?

• single varietal or blended
• simple or complex
• light- to full-bodied
• oaked or unoaked
• very good or outstanding examples can age:
- dried fruit
- tobacco

17

What types of climate does Merlot prefer?

• Moderate
• Warm

18

Describe the general profile of Cabernet Sauvignon.

• Dry
• Medium to full body
• High acidity
• High tannins
• Black fruits (plums, currants)
• Herbaceous (green pepper)
• Herbal (mint)

19

What types of climate does Cabernet Sauvignon prefer?

• Moderate
• Warm

20

What types of climate does Syrah/Shiraz prefer?

• Moderate (e.g. Northern Rhône)
• Warm (e.g. South Australia)

21

Merlot is often blended with high-tannin varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon to...

• to lower tannin and acidity levels
• to make wines ready
• to drink at an earlier age
• to add red-fruit flavors to blends

22

Cabernet Sauvignon is often blended with varieties with lower tannin and acidity levels such as Merlot to...

• to balance a wine’s acidity if it is too low
• to add tannin to wine for a particular style

23

What characteristics about Cabernet Sauvignon make it age worthy?

• High acidity
• High tannins

24

Why is Cabernet Sauvignon so often barrel fermented/aged?

• Has the capability to age in oak for years due to its sturdy structure (high acid, high tannin);
• Oxygen in the barrel helps soften tannins
• Oak aging imparts pleasant flavors e.g. clove, vanilla, mocha.

25

Tertiary aromas and flavors of oak-aged Cabernet Sauvignon include:

• Earth/mushrooms
• Wet leaves
• Caramel
• Dried fruits

26

Why is blending so important in Bordeaux?

All the grapes in Bordeaux don't necessarily fully ripen every year, so blending grapes that have different ripening times and different flavors helps the Bordelaise ensure that they will have something to bottle every year.

27

What does the term "Château" indicate on a bottle of Bordeaux?

That the grapes used to make the wine in that bottle were grown on the producer's own land

28

What term can Châteaux use on their label if the estate has been classified as one of the best in Bordeaux?

Grand Cru Classé or Cru Classé

29

A wine from the Médoc AOC (for Cab Sav) that hasn't been classified as one of Bordeaux's best estates can apply to use a different term called ___.

Cru Bourgeois

30

In Chile, Cabernet Sauvignon is usually blended with which 2 grapes?

• Merlot
• Carmenère