Grape Varietal: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio/Pinot Gris Flashcards Preview

WSET 2 > Grape Varietal: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio/Pinot Gris > Flashcards

Flashcards in Grape Varietal: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio/Pinot Gris Deck (73)
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1

Where are the important regions in France for Chardonnay?

PGI production:
• South of France

PDOs:
• Bourgogne/Burgundy
• Chablis
• Cote d'Or
- Puligny-Montrachet
- Meursault
• Mâconnais
- Mâcon
- Pouilly-Fuissé

2

Where are the important regions in USA for Chardonnay?

• California
- Sonoma
- Carneros
- Napa Valley
- Santa Barbara County
- Oregon

3

Where are the important regions in Chile for Chardonnay?

• Central Valley
• Casablanca Valley

4

Where are the important regions in South Africa for Chardonnay?

• Western Cape
• Walker Bay

5

Name 3 appellations in Australia where high quality Chardonnay is produced.

What shared feature do they have?

• Margaret River
• Yarra Valley
• Adelaide Hills

All 3 areas are cooler due to altitude (Adelaide Hills) or ocean breezes.

6

Where are the important regions in New Zealand for Chardonnay?

• Marlborough
• Hawke’s Bay

7

Where are the important regions in USA for Sauvignon Blanc?

• Napa Valley

8

Where are the important regions in Chile for Sauvignon Blanc?

• Central Valley
• Casablanca Valley

9

Where are the important regions in South Africa for Sauvignon Blanc?

• Elgin
• Constantia

10

Where are the important regions in Australia for Sauvignon Blanc?

• Adelaide Hills
• Margaret River

11

Where is the important region in New Zealand for Sauvignon Blanc?

• Marlborough

12

Where are the important regions in France for Pinot Gris?

• Alsace

13

Where are the important regions in Italy for Pinot Grigio?

PGI production:
• Veneto

PDOs:
• Delle Venezie
• Friuli-Venezia Giul

14

What are the varietal characteristics of Chardonnay?

• versatile: range of climates
• medium to high acidity

15

What types of climate does Chardonnay prefer?

• Cool
• Moderate
• Warm

16

What are the varietal characteristics of Sauvignon Blanc?

• high acidity
• aromatic
• variety
• herbaceous
• floral
• fruit (green, citrus, tropical)

17

What types of climate does Sauvignon Blanc prefer?

• Cool
• Moderate

18

What are some winemaking options for Chardonnay?

• adjustments
• malolactic conversion
• lees contact
• oak

19

What are the 2 key styles of Pinot Grigio and Pinot Gris?

Pinot Grigio
• dry
• high acidity
• light-bodied
• simple
• typically unoaked

Pinot Gris
• dry, off-dry or medium
• medium acidity
• full-bodied
• complex
• typically unoaked

20

What are the aging aroma/flavor characteristics of Pinot Grigio/Pinot Gris?

very good or outstanding examples can age:
- honey
- ginger

21

In what climates can Chardonnay grow?

• Cool
• Moderate
• Warm

22

What can greatly affect Chardonnay's flavor profile?

What climate it's grown in.

• The cooler the climate, the more under-ripe and green-fruited it will be;
• The warmer the climate, the more ripe and tropical it will be.

23

Describe the profile of a cool climate Chardonnay.

• Light to medium body
• High acidity
• Green orchard fruits (apple, pear)
• Tart citrus
• River rock

24

Describe the flavors of a moderate climate Chardonnay.

• Medium to full body
• Medium to high acidity
• Ripe citrus
• Melon (green, orange)
• Stone fruits

25

What is a typical winemaking adjustment made to warm climate Chardonnays?

Acidification

26

What winemaking options can be deployed to add complexity to Chardonnay?

• Malolactic conversion
• Oak vessels
• Lees aging

27

What is Burgundy's most northern AOC for Chardonnay?

Chablis AOC

28

What regional AOC can be used on a label if the Chardonnay grapes came from anywhere within Burgundy?

Bourgogne AOC

29

In which direction do Premier Cru and Grand Cru vineyards of Chablis face?

South/southeast

30

Why does having a south/southeast facing vineyard help in cool climates like Chablis?

They receive maximum sun exposure which helps the grapes ripen and develop more flavorful characteristics.