Grape Varietals: Gamay, Grenache/Garnacha, Tempranillo, Carmenère, Malbec, Pinotage Flashcards Preview

WSET 2 > Grape Varietals: Gamay, Grenache/Garnacha, Tempranillo, Carmenère, Malbec, Pinotage > Flashcards

Flashcards in Grape Varietals: Gamay, Grenache/Garnacha, Tempranillo, Carmenère, Malbec, Pinotage Deck (62)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the varietal characteristics of Malbec?

• dry
• full body
• medium acidity
• high tannin
• concentrated black fruit:
- blackberry
- black plum
• if oak matured, flavors of coffee, vanilla, mocha
• if aged, flavors of dried black fruit and cured meat
• intensely dark in color, almost purple

2

What types of climate does Gamay prefer?

• Moderate

3

Where is Grenache grown in France and what are the GI (Geographical Indications) labeling terms?

Southern Rhône:
• Côtes du Rhône
• Côtes du Rhône Villages
• Châteauneuf-du-Pape

South of France:
• Minervois

4

What types of climate does Tempranillo prefer?

• Moderate
• Warm

5

What are the varietal characteristics of Carmenère?

• dry
• full body
• medium to high acidity
• high tannin
• herbaceous:
- green bell pepper
• herbal:
- eucalyptus
• black fruit:
- blackberry
- black plum
- black raspberry
• if oak matured, notes of coffee, chocolate, mocha

6

What types of climate does Pinotage prefer?

• Warm

7

What are the varietal characteristics of Pinotage?

• dry
• medium to full body
• high acidity
• medium tannin
• bright red fruit:
- strawberry
- raspberry
- red cherry

8

Where are the important regions in Spain for Garnacha?

• Rioja
• Navarra
• Priorat

9

What types of climate does Malbec prefer?

• Warm

10

What types of climate does Carmenère prefer?

• Warm

11

What are the varietal characteristics of Gamay?

• dry
• high acidity
• low to medium tannin
• no new oak
• red fruit:
- raspberry
- red cherry
- red plum

12

What types of climate does Grenache/Garnacha prefer?

• Warm

13

Where are the important regions in Spain for Tempranillo?

• Rioja DOCa
• Ribera del Duero DO
• Catalunya PO

14

What are the varietal characteristics of Tempranillo?

• dry
• medium body
• medium acidity
• medium tannin
• red fruit:
- strawberry
- red cherry
• black fruit:
- blackberry
- black plum

15

Where is Gamay grown in France and what are the GI (Geographical Indications) labeling terms?

• Beaujolais
• Beaujolais Villages
• Beaujolais Cru (Fleurie)

16

Where are the important regions in Australia for Grenache?

• Barossa Valley
• McLaren Vale

17

What are the varietal characteristics of Grenache/Garnacha?

• thin skin
• low to medium tannin
• low acidity
• medium to high alcohol
• medium to full body
• red fruit:
- strawberry
- red plum
- red cherry
• spice:
- white pepper
- liquorice

18

The majority of Gamay comes from this region (it's also the most important region in the world for Gamay)?

Beaujolais, France

19

Where is Beaujolais in relation to Burgundy?

Immediately south

20

What style of wine would one expect from a wine labeled Beaujolais AOC?

Simple, light bodied, somewhat fruity - generally an acceptable wine.

21

For a Beaujolais AOC wine, the grapes can come from:

Anywhere within the Beaujolais region, but mostly from the flat land in the southern portion of the region.

22

What is the hierarchy of Beaujolais appellations?

From lowest to highest:
• Beaujolais AOC
• Beaujolais Villages AOC
• Beaujolais Crus (e.g. Fleurie AOC or Morgon AOC)

23

Why are wines from Beauojolais often served slightly chilled?

To showcase their freshness, red fruit flavors, and bright acidity.

24

In which country did Grenache originate?

Spain, where it is known as Garnacha.

25

Why are other grapes blended with Grenache/Garnacha, such as Syrah (in France) and Tempranillo (in Spain)?

Syrah and Tempranillo add depth of color, tannin and acidity to Grenache's light color, low acidity and low-ish tannins.

26

A simple Grenache crafted for early consumption will usually be fermented and aged for a short time in ___ vessels.

A more complex, sturdy, and high-quality Grenache will usually be fermented and/or aged in ___ vessels.

Simple/early consumption: inert vessels

Complex/high quality: oak vessels (new, used, or a combination of both)

27

What flavors do Grenache or Grenache-based wines develop as they age?

• Meat
• Earth/mushrooms
• Dried red fruits

28

What region in France is most important for Grenache?

Southern Rhône

29

Is Grenache the only black grape allowed in the Southern Rhône?

No

Grenache is one of many black grapes in the Southern Rhône. It is typically blended with Syrah and other local grapes (e.g. Mourvèdre).

30

What is the most important appellation in the Southern Rhône for Grenache?

Châteauneuf-du-Pape AOC