Grape Varietals: Riesling, Chenin Blanc, Sémillon/Semillon, Furmint Flashcards Preview

WSET 2 > Grape Varietals: Riesling, Chenin Blanc, Sémillon/Semillon, Furmint > Flashcards

Flashcards in Grape Varietals: Riesling, Chenin Blanc, Sémillon/Semillon, Furmint Deck (60)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the varietal characteristics of Chenin Blanc?

• versatile: range of climates
• dry to sweet
• high acidity
• susceptible to botrytis/noble rot

2

What types of climate does Chenin Blanc prefer?

• Cool
• Moderate
• Warm

3

Where are the important regions in France for Chenin Blanc?

• Loire Valley:
- Vouvray

4

What is South Africa's most widely planted white grape variety and where is it grown?

• Chenin Blanc
• Western Cape

5

What are the varietal characteristics of Semillon/Sémillon?

• medium to high acidity
• light to full body
• susceptible to botrytis/noble rot

6

What types of climate does Semillon/Sémillon prefer?

• Moderate
• Warm

7

Where are the important regions in France for Sémillon?

• Bordeaux
- Sauternes AOC

8

Where are the important regions in Australia for Semillon?

• Hunter Valley
• Barossa Valley

9

What are the varietal characteristics of Furmint?

• high acidity
• susceptible to botrytis/noble rot

10

What is the important region for Furmint?

• Tokaj, Hungary

11

What types of climate does Furmint prefer?

• Moderate

12

Where is the important region in France for Riesling?

• Alsace

13

Where are the important regions in Germany for Riesling?

• Mosel
• Rheingau
• Pfalz

14

Where are the important regions in Australia for Riesling?

• Clare Valley
• Eden Valley

15

What types of climate does Riesling prefer?

• Cool
• Moderate

16

What are the varietal characteristics of Riesling?

• dry to sweet
• light to full body
• high acidity
• susceptible to botrytis/noble rot
• aromatic variety
• pronounced floral notes
• fruit characteristics vary according to ripeness

17

What is the biggest benefit of Riesling's high acidity?

It balances both ripeness and high levels of sweetness (residual sugar).

18

Describe the different fruit profiles found in just-ripe Riesling vs. extra-ripe Riesling.

Just-ripe
• Green apples
• Green pears
• Sour citrus (lemon, lime)

Extra-ripe
• Stone fruits (peach, apricot)
• Tropical fruits (mango, pineapple)
• Dried fruits (golden raisins

19

Name 2 ways that off-dry or medium style Rieslings get their sweetness.

• Interrupting fermentation and filtering/removing yeast, leaving the wine with some residual sugar
• Adding sterile grape juice (Süssreserve) after fermentation

20

What is Süssreserve?

Sterile, naturally sweet grape juice

21

How do the sweetest styles of Riesling retain their sugar?

Fermentation stops naturally in the sweetest styles of Riesling.

There is too much sugar for the yeasts to eat.

22

Why do winemakers typically ferment Riesling in stainless steel, or other inert vessels, rather than oak?

Stainless steel helps Riesling retain those hallmark fruit and floral aromas and flavors.

23

Name some tertiary flavors that aged Riesling can develop.

• Honey
• Petrol (gasoline/Vasoline)

24

Which region will have the lightest-bodied Rieslings and why?:

• Mosel
• Rheingau
• Pfalz

Mosel because it is the most northerly and the grapes struggle to ripen.

25

Rheingau Rieslings are typically drier or sweeter than Mosel Rieslings?

Drier

26

Which region in France is known for its dry, intensely-flavored Rieslings?

Alsace

27

Which direction do most vineyards in Alsace face?

East and southeast

28

Late-harvested grapes in Alsace carry what term on the label?

Vendanges Tardives (VT)

29

Rieslings from Eden Valley and Clare Valley are known to be:

dry
off-dry/medium sweet

Dry

30

Germany's labeling language usually reflects the:

ripeness
sweetness
acidity

Ripeness of the grapes at time of harvest