Flashcards in Fractures Deck (28):
What are the different types of fractures involving the epiphiseal plate?
T1- Straight through
T2- across => up
T3- up => across
T4- Straight up
T5- crush involving whole width of plate
The healing of which fractures are prevented by synovial fluid?
Weight bearing surfaces
What are the traits of Anterior Shoulder Dislocations?
Anterior most common. Force to upraised arm
Obvious on physical
Axillary n neuropraxia
What are the traits of Posterior Shoulder Dislocations?
Forced internal roation
Seizures, tonic type (tongue biting/cheekchewing)
ROM abn. Cant clap in front
What are the traits of Inferior Shoulder Dislocations?
Abducted shoulder, force applied downward
Brach plexus injuries
What are the traits of Shoulder Fracture?
Sling w/ early mobilization
Articular surface intact
Fall on outstretched arm
Surgical or anatomic neck
What are the traits of Spiral Fracture of humerus?
-Radial nerve danger; Callus?
What are the traits of Distal humerus fracture?
Sling. Surgical reduction
Radial and ulnar nerve danger
What are the traits of elbow dislocation?
Need quick reduction!
Elbow flexion; Sling
What are the traits of Olecranon process fracture?
Painful to extend against resistance
What are the traits of Prox radial Dislocation?
Easy to reduce
Can be done at home for chronic sublux
What are the traits of Radius-ulnar frcture?
May need to complete the fracture. Done under sedation. Casting. Sometimes need to pin
What are the traits of wrist dislocation?
Mech: Fall on flexed hand. Need surgical reduction and fixation. lunate keeps slipping out.
What are the traits of a Scaphoid fracture.
Radial styloid impacts this. Risk of avascular necrosis. Snuffbox tenderness
What are the traits of Metacarpal Dislocation?
hard to grasp. Need repair of dorsal ligmaments. Common in "amature punch"
What are the traits of Finger dislocation?
X-ray easy Dx
What is the gen principle of reducing a dislocation?
Put joint in position it was dislocated in, then pull traction, release. Splint
What are the traits of Finger fractures?
Thumb fracture is 100% disability.
Ulnar collateral ligament
What are the traits of pelvic disloction?
Open book dislocation
Ischial Ring, Iliac wing
Assist with ADLs => Walker
What are the traits of Hip dislocation?
Foot internal rotation
Lateral view on XR
Fall from height
Avasc necrosis possible
Propofol => Reduce
What are the traits of Hip Fracture?
Direct trauma, insuff
Caput or Neck fixation
Shortened ext rot leg
Find reason and other injuries.
What are the traits of femur shaft fracture?
Direct traum, osteoporotic, mid shaft, Patella Cephalad, spasm of quad. PAIN w/ Motion. Traction splint
What are the traits of Knee dislocation?
Reduction, Assess for circulation
What are the traits of Patellar dislocations?
Prompt reduction, no XR, push dn on tibia=> put patella back
What are the traits of Tib Fib Fractures?
Tap on top of Tibia should transmit to bottom.
What nerve can be affected infibular fracture?
What are the traits of Ankle fractures?
Mech: Torsion or direct axial load. skin integrity. Dislocation. XR Mandatory