Soft Tissue Injuries Flashcards Preview

Rheum Ortho > Soft Tissue Injuries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Soft Tissue Injuries Deck (32):
1

Strain

Part or full thickness tear

2

Sprain

Ligimentus Injury

3

What are the traits of Biceps Tendonitis?

SH- Coracoid
LH- Supraglenoid - IT groove
+ Yergson's
+ Speed's Test

4

Yergason's Test

...

5

Speed's Test

...

6

Where is the Pain in Rotator Cuff Injury?

Lateral; Supra/infraspin
Anterior: Subscap

7

What test is used to test Supraspinatus?

Empty/Full can test

8

What test is used to test Subscapularis?

Bear Hug test

9

What test is used to test Infraspinatus?

Ext rotation strength test: at side
Patte's/Hornblower's 90 deg ext rotation

10

What test is used to test Sub-acromial bursa?

Neer
Hawkin's

11

What Causes impingement of Sub acromial bursa?

1^ Older Pt due to overuse
2^ Shoulder instability

12

What is the test for lateral epiconylitis?

Supination/Wrist extension against resistance
Check radial head

13

What is the Diagnostic Test for Medial Epicondylitis?

Tenderness to palpation
pain w/ resisted palpation andwrist flexion

14

What is the cause of Mallet finger?

Object striking finger
Forceful flexion of extended DIP

15

What views are taken for Ortho xrays?

AP/ Lateral/ Oblique

16

What is the cause of Jersey finger?

Forced Extension of DIP during active flexion. Can't flex finger

17

What is Central Slip Extensor Tendon injury?

PIP forcefully flexed while actively extended

18

What are the traits of Jammed Fingers?

Forced ulnar or radial deviation causing part or complete collateral ligament tears

19

What is a Volar Plate injury?

Forceful hyperextension of the finger. (PIP joint)
Splint at 30 deg of flexion

20

What is Skier's Thumb?

Disruption of Ulnar Collateral Ligament

21

What is the Complication of Skier Thumb?

Stener's lesion: prox end of UCL trapped outside of adductor apeneurosis. Surgical correction

22

What is Trochanteric Bursitis?

Gerdy's Tubercle is attachment for IT band. Stretch IT band

23

What is Snapping hip?

Acute Trochanteric Bursitis assoc w/ pain over or post to trochanter

24

What is internal snapping hip?

Iliopsoas tendon rubbing over iliopectineal eminence
Sensation of deep anterior snapping

25

What is IT band Friction syndrome?

Inflammation of the IT band due to overuse

26

What stress will cause an ACL injury?

Valgus stress w/ acute hyperextension when foot is planted

27

What is The unhappy triad of the knee?

Injury to MCL, ACL and Medial Meniscus. Valgus stress to flexed and rotated knee

28

What causes PCL injury?

Dashboard Knee

29

What is Osteochondritis Dessican? Tx?

Fragmentation of Articular cartilage. Immature: Avoid running/Jumping. Mature: Operative

30

What are the traits of knee Bursitis?

Baker's cyst: Posterior Popliteal cyst
Prepatellar Bursa
Superficial infra-patellar bursa

31

What are the ankle stability tests?

Anterior Drawer
Talar Tilt
Rev Talar Tilt

32

What are the tests for a high ankle sprain?

External Rotation test
Squeeze Test