Flashcards in Functional medicine model Deck (39)
What is Naturopathic Nutritional Therapy?
It is scientific (evidence based) and non scientific (anecdotal) based on own evidence from clinical practice.
What is functional Medicine?
A dynamic process in which you can apply to chronic disease cases to help to assess, prevent and advise on aspects on the client's health.
How can we ensure that the principle of 'treating the whole person' can be followed?
Asking ourselves what is the health of this person today in relation to their:
societal (divorce, relationship breakups, death)
What are the principles of FM?
1. We are all biochemically individual based on the concepts of our genetic and environmental uniqueness.
2. We use a patient centred approach, not a disease centred approach.
3. To help clients find dynamic balance between all aspects of their health (mind, body, spirit) - homeostasis.
4.Factors that influence our health is a complex web of interconnections, not a straightforward cause and effect approach.
5. Health should be viewed as the presence of positive vitality, not just the absence of disease.
6. Promotion of organ reserve as a way of prevention.
What are the physiological processes that determine health or disease?
1. communication (in and out of cell).
2. Bioenergetics (transformation of food into energy- prep of food, digestion of food).
3.Replication(repair and maintenance of structural integrity - cellular and whole body)
4. Elimination of wastes (transit time)
5. Protection and defence (immune system)
6. Transport and circulation (cardiovascular, lymphatic system)
What is the 4P approach?
1. Personalised (genetic and environmental)
2. Predictive (biomarkers e.g inflammation)
3. Preventive (proactive v reactive)
4. Participatory (empowers and engages clients)
Describe the functional medicine tree.
Roots - environmental inputs
Trunk - Antecedents, triggers and mediators
Top of tree - Disease process
During a consultation you find out out that there is a structural imbalance who might you refer them to?
osteopath or chiropractor.
What mild-severe symptoms might a client experience with adverse food reactions?
Mild -Indigestion, gastritis, eczema
Severe - coeliac disease, arthritis, chronic infections.
NS - depression, anxiety, chronic fatigue
Name 5 reactive chemical agents released by the immune system following an adverse food reaction.
What are some of the symptoms associated with a true food allergy causing atopic IgE mediated hypersensitivity?
throat and tongue oedema
leading to anaphylaxis (shock)
What are some of the possible causes for increase in food allergies and intolerances?
Lack of digestive enzymes or hydrochloric acid in the stomach, coupled with increased intestinal permeability. This may cause larger proteins to break past mucosal barriers where they can interact with the immune system.
Common symptoms of food allergy?
sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes and ears, severe wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, sinus problems, a sore palate and urticaria.
Common conditions associated with food allergy?
asthma, eczema, headaches, lethargy, loss of concentration, digestive disturbances and coeliac disease.
List 5 negative effects of smoking on the body.
Cancers of the lips, mouth, throat and larnyx, lung, kidney and bladder.
Type 2 diabetes
Name 4 routes of exposure to pesticides, insecticides and chemical.
Name 5 common offenders of toxic chemical exposures
What are the best known effects of lead toxicity in the central nervous system?
reduces the ability to concentrate
What does mercury bind to inside cells and what does it cause?
Glutathione, reducing it's production which may result to a rise in oxidative stress and liver detoxification impairment.
What are amphetamines? Give some examples.
Belong to a group of drugs called 'psycho stimulants' - they stimulate the central nervous system and speed up messages going to and from the brain to the body. E.g speed, meth, cystal, ecstacy
What are the long term effects to regular amphetamine users?
reduced resistance to infections
What are the long term effects of cannabis?
may impair immune system
reduced brain function
High doses of cocaine can lead to?
tremors and muscle twitches
nausea and vomiting
rapid and weak pulse
seizures and stroke
What are the common 'ACHE' side effects of the oral contraceptive pill (OCP)
Eye Problems (blurred vision)
Swelling and/aching in legs and thighs
What are the milder symptoms of taking OCP?
sore or swollen breasts
spotting between periods
The 'ACHES' symptoms may indicate a serious disorder, name some of these?
Thromboembolism (blood clots)
High blood pressure
What are antibiotics?
Drugs derived wholly or partially from bacteria or moulds.
What are the common side effects of antibiotics?
vaginal yeast infections
What are the more severe side effects of antibiotics?
May impair the function of:
some develop colitis (inflammation of large intestine).