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Flashcards in **Life Stage/population Deck (42)
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1

3 benefits breastfeeding to mums

delays return of regular ovulation
conserves iron stores
protects against breast/ovarian cancer

2

min cal/day woman must cons,e for lactation

1800cal

3

exercise effect on breast milk

build up of lactic acid in milk can change taste

4

impact of poor nutrition on breast milk

milk quality maintained at expense of maternal stores

5

what happens to mothers bone density post-lactation

returns to normal

6

3 nutrients vegan/vegetarian mums should supplement

B12
Ca
D

7

baby showing food allergy sx?
Which foods should mum avoid

tree nuts
pea nuts
fish
cows milk

8

effect of alcohol on lactation

changes taste
causes infant drowsiness - surpasses feeding
inhibits oxytocin, interferes with lactation

9

affect of smoking on lactation

reduces milk volume
nicotine alters smell/taste
infants gain less weight
increased risk sudden infant death syndrome

10

affect caffeine on lactation

infant irritable/wakeful
^ doses interfere with bioavailability of Fe

11

difference between protein content of breast milk and cows milk/formula

breastmilk lower protein

12

effects of increased protein on an infant

liver/kidney damage
high blood urea
high blood ammonia
diarrhoea
acidosis
dehydration

13

recommendations re breastfeeding

exclusively for 6 months
with added food for 12

14

carb in breastmilk

lactose

15

protein in breastmilk

lactalbumin

16

2 vits lacking/variable in breast milk

D none
K variable

17

K injection prevents

haemorrhage disease of newborn
infants lack colin bacteria to synthesise own

18

benefits of breastfeeding to baby

mothers immunity passed on
maternal antibodies inactivate pathogenic bacteria in babies GIT
provides bifidus factors which feed good bacteria
lower allergic reactions
etc

19

why are soy based formulas not good

vvv high
phytoestrogens/isoflavones

20

what deficiency could excess cows milk cause

iron deficiency milk anaemia

21

why infants no honey/corn syrup

botulism

22

vegan baby deficiencies

B12
Ca
Fe
D
DHA
Calories

23

most common nutrient deficiency in children

iron deficiency anaemia

24

sx Fe-def anaemia

paleness
slow growth rate
apathy
depression
loss appetite
impaired learning
irritability
etc

25

why is lead poisoning more common in children

more easily absorbed in periods rapid growth

26

why lead poisoning more common in malnourished

easily absorbed on empty stomach

27

insufficiencies of what increase lead absorption

Fe
Ca
C
D

28

Lead poisoning most linked with which nutrient

Fe

29

lead poisoning causes anaemia that has same sx as what

Fe def anaemia

30

nasopharyngeal carcinoma linked with what as child

high nitrates/nitrosamines