**orthomolecular/mushrooms Flashcards Preview

Nutrition Semester 2 > **orthomolecular/mushrooms > Flashcards

Flashcards in **orthomolecular/mushrooms Deck (35)
Loading flashcards...
1

Co Q10 also known as

ubiquinone

2

Co q10 soluble in what

fat

3

2 pain functions coQ10

mitochondrial energy synthesis
antioxidant in cell membranes & lipoproteins

4

foods containing Q10

meat
poultry
fish
nuts

5

deficiency Q10 found in individuals with

diabetes
cancer
congestive heart failure
parkinsons

6

5 ways Q10 improves CVD

inhibits atherosclerosis:
-inhibits LDL oxidation
-prevents monocyte recruitment to atherosclerotic plaque

congestive heart failure - improves cardiac function
MI - decreases post-infarct heart damage
Angina - ^ exercise tolerance, reduced freq attacks
Hypertension - reduces systolic & diastolic BP

7

which enzyme synthesises Q10 & cholesterol

HMG CoA reductase

8

4 other therapeutic uses Q10

reduces muscle pain in statins
improves gum disease
slows parkinson
anti-ageing

9

alpha lipoid acid soluble in what

water and fat

10

endogenous ALA essential for what

mitochondrial energy production - ATP

11

exogenous ALA does what

antioxidant (can be pro)

12

ALA - ATP production, antioxidant, what other 3 actions

increases action of insulin
increases glutathione production
antiinflamm

13

how is ALA helpful in diabetes

increases insulin sensitivity/glucose disposal
reduces insulin resistance\reduces peripheral neuropathy

14

ala may compete with what for absorption

biotin

15

ALA may slow what developing

dementia

16

3 ways glucosamine produced

synthesised by body
derived from marine exoskeletons
synthetically produced

17

form of glucosamine with best bioavailability

glucosamine sulphate

18

which form of glucosamine good for leaky gut if can't use glutamine

N-Acetyl Glucosamine (NAG)

19

2 therapeutic uses for N Acetyl Glucosamine

IBD
RA

20

how does glucosamine sulphate slow progression of osteoarthritis by 54%

stimulates metabolism chondrocytes
inhibits production of inflame mediators

21

how does chondroitin sulphate protect cartilage

reduces degrading enzymes
reduces inflamm action
increases synthesis hyalauronic acid

22

which condition might chondroitin sulphate worsen

asthma

23

2 conditions Methyl sulfonylmethane helps

osteoarthritis
CVD - reduces homocysteine (methyl donor)
- reduces lipid oxidation

24

betaine anhydrous found in which foods

beetroot
spinach
wine

25

2 conditions betaine anhydrous helps

hyperhomocysteineamia - reduces 20-30%
liver disease

26

Dimethyl glycine water/fat soluble

water

27

condition DMG (dimethyl glycine) might help

autism

28

where is phosphatidyl serine found

most foods
oily fish
organ meats
beans

29

phosphatidly serine soluble in what

fat

30

what is most abundant phospholipid in human brain, v important in neuronal membrane functions

phosphatidyl serine