**Phytonutrients Flashcards Preview

Nutrition Semester 2 > **Phytonutrients > Flashcards

Flashcards in **Phytonutrients Deck (58)
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1

3 for prostate

Lycopene
Lignin's

Phytosterols

2

3 for hormone balancing

Lignans
Isoflavones
Indoles

3

3 for eyes

B Carotene
Astaxanthin
Lutein

4

1 for lungs (asthma)

Quercetin

5

prostate cancer - anti proliferative

AMD
CVD - cholesterol

Lycopene

6

AMD

Cataracts

Lutein

7



diabetes
^ immunity

astaxanthin

8

AMD

CVD

Beta Carotene

9

Induces Ph 1 & 2 enzymes
liver support/clearing
hormonal support - OCP, HRT, endometriosis

Indoles

10

inhibits Ph 1
Cancer - pancreatic, stomach
inhibits H pylori
^ glutathione

isothiocynates

11

CVD - reduces cholesterol
Doubles effects of statins

BNH - anti-proliferative

Phytosterols

12

Heart health - inhibits platelet aggregation
promotes NO, relaxes arteries

^ male fertility

^ effects of statins

resveratrol

13

antioxidant
anti inflamm

cyanidins

14

menopause - BMD, osteoporosis
lowers hormonal cancer
CVD - lowers cholesterol
prostate cancer

Lignans

15

increase BMD, blood lipid profile
reduces hot flushes
reduces cancer risk
menopause
CVD cholesterol
bad for thyroid if low iodine

Isoflavones

16


CVD - lowers cholesterol
lowers retinal disease in diabetics

Naringin

17


chemo-protective
CVD - prevents arteriosclerosis

Kaempferol

18


CVD - lowers LDL & BP
anti allergy:
inhibits histamine release
inhibits IgE - asthma

quercetin

19


CVD - lowers LDL
Diabetes - lowers insulin resistance

catechins

20

catechins in

green tea
cocoa

21

2actions catechins


CVD - lowers LDL
diabetes - decreases insulin resistance

22

quercetin in

apples
onions

23

3 actions quercetin


CVD - lowers LDL & BP
anti-allergy - inhibits histamine release, IgE reactions, asthma

24

kaempferol in

red wine
apples

25

2 actions kaempferol


CVD - prevents atherosclerosis
chemo-protective

26

naringin in

grapefruit
tomato paste

27

3 actions neringin


CVD - lowers cholesterol
reduces retinal disease in diabetics
increases serum levels of some drugs

28

isoflavones in

soybeans
tofu
not soy sauce
not soy oil

29

how are isoflavones phytoestrogenic

bind to oestrogen receptors mimicking effects both ways in different tissues

30

when is soy bad for thyroid

if person is low iodine