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Flashcards in **Disease Triggers Deck (34)
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1

Hormone-like substances that play a large role in immune & inflamm reactions

Histamine a
Prostaglandins
Cytokines
Lymphokines
Interferons

2

Immunoglobulin ass with true allergies

IgE

3

Ex of IgE hypersensitivity reactions

Airway closure
Tongue & throat oedema
Urticaria
Anaphylaxis

4

Poss reasons for allergy increase

More
Exposure to 1 type food
Exp to preservatives, artificial colourings etc
Chemical pollution
Early baby weaning

Less
Diet diversity
Digestion

5

Most common allergy sx

Sneezing
Runny nose
Itchy ears
Coughing
sob
Sinus probs
Sore palate
Wheezing
Urticaria

6

Allergic conditions

Asthma
Eczema
Headaches
Lethargy
Coeliac

7

7 pathways mediating food intolerances

enzyme defects
pharmacological reactions
toxic reaction
additives in foods
salicylates in foods
histamine reaction
IgG reactions

8

6 negative effects smoking

cancer - mouth/throat/lung/liver/kidney
COPD
weakens immune sx
slow wound healing
earlier menopause
^ risk birth defects

9

3 polysymptomatic disorders that could be caused by toxic chemical exposure

sick building syndrome
chronic fatigue syndrome
gulf war syndrome

10

which body system does lead affect

CNS

11

3 sources of mercury toxicity

fish consumption
dental amalgams
vaccinations

12

which tripeptide does mercury bind to

glutathione

13

where does mercury often acct,ulate

heart = ^BP, CVD
brain - AD

14

long term effects amphetamines

malnutrition
psychosis
insomnia
violence
brain damage

15

longterm effects cannabis

respiratory illness
lowers motivation, brain function
mental disorders

16

longterm effects cocaine

insomnia
depression
anxiety
psychosis
eating disorders
hallucinations

17

OCP serious side effects aches

ACHES
Ab pain
chest pain
headaches - bad
swelling - legs
contact GP! liver/stroke/blood clots/cvd!

18

OCP increases risk of what by 3-6 fold

thromboembolism
soothing further increases this

19

micronutrients OCP prevents

lots of B6 & Mg
also B vits (not b5), & C

20

OCP ^ serum levels of

Cu & Vit A

21

when are POPS (progesterone only pills) recommended instead of OCP

35+
^BP
smoker
blood clots

22

when is OCP not even at all

family history - serious heart/liver disease
cancer - breast/uterus

23

3 common side effects ant-b's

upset stomach
diarrhoea
thrush

24

severe antibiotic side effects

allergy
colitis
kidney/liver problems
bone marrow problems

25

children prescribed anti-B's before 1 are twice as likely to develkop

asthma

26

what is produced by cox enzymes,
promote pain, inflame & fever
supports blood clotting
and protects stomach lining from acid

prostaglandins

27

which cox?
GI mucosa integrity
platelet function
renal function
prostaglandins

1

28

which cox?
pain
fever
inflame
prostaglandins

2

29

how to NSAIDS work

block COX enzymes, reduce prostaglandins, reducing inflamm, pain, fever

30

common side effects NSAIDS

nausea
D&V
constipation
low appetite
rash
dizziness
drowsiness
oedema