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Nutrition Semester 2 > **Nails > Flashcards

Flashcards in **Nails Deck (30)
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1

Nails can indicate
(general)

overall vitality
inner emotional state
occupations
hobbies
medical history
nutritional status
CV function
rheumatic conditions
dermatologic functions

2

paronychial tissue

surrounds nails

3

paronchia
What is it
what does it show

nail infection
stress
trauma
poor nutrition
low immunity

4

hangnails/wick show

def in
protein
B vits
C

5

Dryness around nails could show

DEF in
A
D
EFAs
low thyroid

6

schamroth's sign

diamond-shaped window between forefingers
shows nails not clubbed

7

reasons for clubbed nails

pulmonary/CVD - 80%
GI issues
hyperthyroidism

8

what is test for koilonychia

spoon nails
water drop test

9

spoon nails could be

Fe def
protein def
diabetes
solvent exposure
systemic lupus evythmatosus
raynauds disease
hematomacrosis

10

what do beau's lines show

previous acute illness
severe infection
MI
surgery
Zn def

11

thin brittle nails can be a sign of

osteoporosis
thyroid
malnutrition

12

nutrients to try for thin brittle nmails

biotin
b complex (b12)
A

13

onychorrhexis - longitudinal ridges show

old age
RA
peripheral vascular disease
lichen planus

14

central longitudinal ridges show

Fe def
protein def
B9 def

15

central nail canal/median nail dystrophy shows

malnutrition
repetitive trauma
+ fir tree deformity - severe arterial disease

16

nail pitting
(caused my nail matrix inflammation)

psoriasis - random
alopecia - geometric
eczema
lichen planus

17

lichen planus

non-contagious auto-immune
red/purple raised rash with white
looks similar to psoriasis

18

nail beading shows

endocrine conditions:
diabetes
thyroid
addisons
B group def

19

rough nail surface (sandpapered appearance)

auto-immune disease
psoriasis
chemical exp
lichen planus

20

onycholysis is

distal separation of nail plate from bed

21

cause of onycholysis

thyrotoxicosis
longterm antibiotic use
psoriasis
trauma
contact dermatitis
eczema
auto immune

22

causes nail thickening

slowed growth
eczema
peripheral vascular disease
psoriasis

23

onchomycosis is

fungal nail

24

which bacteria sometimes causes ankylosing spondylitis

klebsiella

25

men's lines show
(milky faint)

acute illness
arsenic toxicity
chemo

26

describe terry's nails

two tone
tip darker band
bottom half lighter

27

what do Terry's nails show

white portion - oedema/aneamia
renal/liver disease
congestive heart failure
diabetes

28

how is polycythemia shown in nails

dark red colour

29

how is carbon monoxide shown innails

cherry red

30

what can brown grey nails show

CVD
diabetes
B12 def
breast cancer
malignant melanoma
lichen planes
syphilis