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Flashcards in Functionalism - Durkheim Deck (12)
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1

What does Durkheim believe about crime?

- crime is inevitable
- not everyone can integrate into norms and values

2

According to Durkheim what does crime cause in society?

- problem of modernity
- rapid social stress can lead to anomie (norm less)
- anomie causes less integration and more individualism
- p’s look out for themselves not community

3

According to Durkheim what causes crime?

- specialised division of labour
- lead to p’s becoming increasingly different from one another
- weakens collective conscience
- leads to higher levels of crime

4

What are the 4 positive functions of crime?

- boundary maintenance
- safety valve
- warning device
- social change

5

What is boundary maintenance?

- crime produces a reaction from society
- units members against criminal
- draws consciousness together
- reaffirms societies shared rules
- DISCOURAGES OTHERS FROM RULE BREAKING, SHOWS BOUNDARIES

6

What is social change (function)?

- all change starts w/ deviance
- some p’s are deliberately deviant to change attitudes and laws
- PRODUCES CHANGES THAT WILL HELP SOCIETY FUNCTION MORE EFFECTIVELY

7

What is safety valve?

- allows minor crime and deviance to avoid bigger problems
- MINOR CRIME HIGHLIGHT THE NEED FOR CHANGE TO PREVENT BIGGER CRIMES

8

What is the warning device?

- crime can be a warning mechanism that an institution is failing
- POLICY MAKERS CAN MAKE APPROPRIATE CHANGES

9

How does prostitution link to the positive functions?

- safety valve: allows p’s to see their relationship needs fixing
- warning device: highlights a problem in marriage

10

How do the Christchurch shootings link to the positive functions?

- led to change in gun laws
- banned every gun used in attack
- penalty / 5 years in prison if used
- social change

11

What is a strength of Durkheims theory?

Highlights the positive view that crime can have positive impacts

12

What is a weakness of durkheims theory?

Doesn’t explain why some groups and more likely to commit crimes than others