Flashcards in Functionalism - Durkheim Deck (12)
What does Durkheim believe about crime?
- crime is inevitable
- not everyone can integrate into norms and values
According to Durkheim what does crime cause in society?
- problem of modernity
- rapid social stress can lead to anomie (norm less)
- anomie causes less integration and more individualism
- p’s look out for themselves not community
According to Durkheim what causes crime?
- specialised division of labour
- lead to p’s becoming increasingly different from one another
- weakens collective conscience
- leads to higher levels of crime
What are the 4 positive functions of crime?
- boundary maintenance
- safety valve
- warning device
- social change
What is boundary maintenance?
- crime produces a reaction from society
- units members against criminal
- draws consciousness together
- reaffirms societies shared rules
- DISCOURAGES OTHERS FROM RULE BREAKING, SHOWS BOUNDARIES
What is social change (function)?
- all change starts w/ deviance
- some p’s are deliberately deviant to change attitudes and laws
- PRODUCES CHANGES THAT WILL HELP SOCIETY FUNCTION MORE EFFECTIVELY
What is safety valve?
- allows minor crime and deviance to avoid bigger problems
- MINOR CRIME HIGHLIGHT THE NEED FOR CHANGE TO PREVENT BIGGER CRIMES
What is the warning device?
- crime can be a warning mechanism that an institution is failing
- POLICY MAKERS CAN MAKE APPROPRIATE CHANGES
How does prostitution link to the positive functions?
- safety valve: allows p’s to see their relationship needs fixing
- warning device: highlights a problem in marriage
How do the Christchurch shootings link to the positive functions?
- led to change in gun laws
- banned every gun used in attack
- penalty / 5 years in prison if used
- social change
What is a strength of Durkheims theory?
Highlights the positive view that crime can have positive impacts