Subcultrual Theories - Three Subcultures Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Subcultrual Theories - Three Subcultures Deck (11)
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1

Who came up with the 3 subcultures theory?

Cloward and ohlin

2

What did cloward and ohlin say was the cause of crime?

lack of legitimate opportunities

3

How does cloward and ohlin differ from Cohen’s theory?

says there are a number of responses to status frustration

4

What does cloward and ohlin try to explain?

- Why some subcultures resort to violence and vandalism
- whilst some resort to economic crime or illegal drug use

5

What is the key reason for different responses?

- unequal access to legitimate opportunities
- unequal access to illegitimate opportunities
- different opportunities for young p’s to learn criminal skills and have criminal careers

6

What are the 3 subcultures?

- criminal
- conflict
- retreatist

7

What is a criminal subculture?

- young p’s work way up in criminal hierarchy
- arise in areas w/ an established hierarchy of successful crime careers
- provide young p’s with training and role models
- young p’s have opportunities to climb criminal ladder

8

What is conflict subcultures?

- no local criminal subculture
- territorial groups exist to recruit young p’s in area
- these engage in violence to achieve status and respect

9

What is retreatist subcultures?

- p’s have no opportunities to engage in either criminal or conflict subcultures
- ‘double failure’
- retreat into alcohol or drugs
- spend their time with others who drop out of society

10

What’s a strengths of cloward and ohlin?

- provides and explanation to why some subcultures focus on non utilitarian crime while others focus on utilitarian
- in 1960’s ohlin was asked to develop crime policy in USA

11

What are the weaknesses of cloward and ohlin’s theory?

- ignores crime of wealthy
- individuals drift in and out of delinquency therefore not committed to their subculture