Introduction To Crime, Deviance and Social Control Flashcards Preview

Sociology - Crime And Deviance > Introduction To Crime, Deviance and Social Control > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction To Crime, Deviance and Social Control Deck (12)
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1

What is crime?

Actions that break the law of the Land / society

2

What is deviance?

Behaviour that does not conform to the norms of society

3

What is social control?

Informal or formal process that aims to prevent and respond to crime and deviance

4

What are the 2 types of social control?

- ISA (ideological state apparatus, informal)
- RSA (repressive state apparatus, formal)

5

What is social order?

The maintenance of rules and norms and behaviour that enable the smooth functioning of society

6

What are some newly emerging forms of crime?

- terrorism
- coercive control
- hate crime
- revenge porn
- domestic violence
- COVID fines
- phishing scams

7

How does crime and deviance vary?

- over time e.g slavery is not illegal
- globalisation e.g provides new tech for cyber crime
- as norms change definitions of crimes change e.h domestic violence

8

In general what do sociologists believe about crime and deviance?

- it is socially constructed
- crimes reflect a set of values in a certain area at a certain time

9

What do sociologists say we need to look at?

- who breaks the rules and why
- why some groups are more likely rule breakers
- why some are more likely to be seen as rule breakers
- who makes and enforces laws

10

How does crime and deviance vary between social groups in the Uk?

- sex before marriage
- drinking / smoking - ethnic restrictions
- drugs
- forced / arranged marriage
- types of meat eaten

11

How does crime and deviance vary over time?

- homosexuality
- domestic violence
- hate crime
- revenge porn

12

How does crime and Deviance vary across different countries?

- polygamy
- bigamy
- FGM