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Flashcards in Right realism Deck (22)
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1

In general what do Realist believe about crime?

- very real problem
- w/c are both perpetrator and victim
- we need practical policies to tackle crime

2

What do right realists believe are the main causes of crime?

- the welfare state
- the breakdown in informal and formal social controls

3

who are right realists associated with and who do they influence?

- the new right
- RR influence home office policies

4

what do right realists believe about street crime?

- real and growing problem
- destroys communities
- undermines social cohesion
- threatens societies work ethic

5

what theories do right realists criticize

- labeling theories and critical criminology
- they're too sympathetic to criminals
- they're too hostile to the forces of law and order

6

how do right realists say we need to tackle crime?

- control
- containment
- punishment

7

what are the 2 right realist causes of crime?

- rational choice theory
- socialisation and the underclass
- biological differences

8

describe the rational choice theory

- Wilson
- p's are selfish and commit crime if they think they can get away w/ it
- p asses the risk of getting caught prior
- they make a rational choice

9

describe socialisation and underclass

- Murray
- breakdown of institutions e.g family and over generous welfare state = inadequate socialisation
- lack of male role model = boys turn to delinquent role models
- increases crime

10

what are ways of tackling crime?

- CCTV
- guards / security dogs
- light and sound timers
- limit number of p's in shop at once
- security alarms
- motion sensor lights

11

what are the right realist solutions to preventing crime and deviance?

- target hardening
- zero tolerance

12

what is target hardening and how does it prevent crime?

- make it more difficult to commit crime
- e.g more alarms / increased surveillance
- reduces crime

13

what is zero tolerance and how does it reduce crime?

- police clamp down on first signs of criminal activity
- prevents minor crimes getting bigger
- based on Wilson's broken window theory:
- if a single window is left broken a whole area cam deteriorate

14

what are an example of zero tolerance?

London Olympics 2012:
- operation Trafalgar
- clamp down on crimes before Olympics

15

how do functionalists agree with right realists?

Durkheim:
- not everyone is equally socialised
- so some p's are prone to deviance

agree:
- over generous welfare state = inadequate socialisation
- lack male role mode = delinquency

16

how do subcultural theories agree with right realists?

Cohen, cloward and ohlin:
- most crime is w/c

agrees:
- sees street crime as most important
- crime is mainly committed by w/c

17

how does marxism disagree with right realists?

Snider:
- corporate crime is more damaging economically and physically

disagree:
- doesn't see street crime as main threat

18

how do interactionists disagree with right realists?

Becker:
- p's are victims of labeling

disagree:
- RR sees this as too sympathetic towards criminal and too hostile to law and order

19

how do critical criminologists disagree with right realists?

Taylor:
- crime often has a political motive

disagree:
- RR says crime is caused by inadequate socialisation for personal gain

20

what are the strengths of right realism?

- provides practical solutions to reducing crime
- solutions for crime has actually been used e.g zero tolerance policing in USA
- acknowledges the importance of community control in policing

21

what are the weaknesses of right realism?

- doesn't address wider structural causes e.g poverty
- ignores white collar, corporate and green crime
- ignores that some crimes are impulsive / irrational and do not have any gain e.g violence

22

describe how biological differences can cause crime

Wilson and Herrnstein (1985)
- crime is cause by biological and social factors
- biology can make some more predisposed to commit crime
- e.g those who are aggressive, have low impulse control, low intelligence