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Flashcards in Subcultural Theory - status Frustration Deck (10)
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1

Who came up with status frustration?

Cohen

2

What was Cohen interested in?

- a lot of crime wasn’t economically motivated
- majority of crime didn’t fit mertons theory
- much delinquent behaviour was group activity

3

What did Cohen argue about the young working classes?

- felt frustrated
- felt this way as they were culturally and materially deprived
- lacked opportunities to achieve m/c goals
- ‘status frustration’

4

How do working class show status frustration?

- reject mainstream middle class values
- turn to others in same situation
- forms alternative set of values
- ‘delinquent subcultures’ form

5

Why do youths join delinquent subcultures?

- offers an alternative status hierarchy
- win status and respect through delinquent actions
- gain symbolic capital

6

How can status frustration link to the London riots?

Jones:

- explores aftermath a year on
- high levels of unemployment led to riots due to high levels of frustration mainly in youths
- lower class and ethnic minorities felt marginalised and discriminated against
- led to p’s joining gains and committing crime

7

How is Cohen similar to Merton theory?

- deviance is mostly w/c
- assume w/c boys start off sharing m/c goals only to reject these when they fail

8

How is Cohen different from mertons theory?

Merton:
- offers and explanation of utilitarian crimes
- sees deviance as an individual response

Cohen:
- considers the role of group deviance
- offers and explanations of non utilitarian crimes

9

What are the strengths of Cohen’s theory?

- provides and understanding into reasons for group deviance
- provides an explanation of non utilitarian crimes

10

What are the weaknesses of Cohen’s theory?

- ignores crime of wealthy
- doesn’t explain why some groups focus on violence while others focus on drug taking