Fungal Infections Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Fungal Infections Deck (13):
1

What does imipenem NOT cover?

G+
- MRSA
- Coag-neg staph
- Enterococus - VRE
G -
- Pseudomonas
- Acinetobacter
FUNGI

2

Drugs to cover Candida

Echinocandins (micafungin)

3

Which fungus is associated with the US Southwest? What structure do these form in the body?

Coccidioides immitis
- Coccidioidomycosis
Form spherule

4

What clinical disease will coccidioidomycosis present as?

Pneumonia
CXR - diffuse infiltrates

5

What fungi can cause pna?

Cocci - southwest
Histoplasma - midwest
Blasto - midatlantic
Cryptococcal pna (Egypt micro)
Pneumocystis - AIDS

6

Which type of pna is most likely to follow the flu?

SA

7

Treat cocci pna

Do nothing! Likely resolve on own
Worsened: azoles
Severe: ampho B

8

What fungi is going to cause sinusitis progressing to orbital cellulitis?

Rhinocerebral zygomycosis
(Mucormycosis)
Directly invades eye BVs

9

How do you treat rhinocerebral zygomycosis?

Ampho B ASAP!

10

Describe the histo of muromycosis

Broad
Angle branching
Hyphae
No septa

11

Which bug is most likely fungal cause of meningitis

Cryptococcus

12

Tests for crypto

CSF crypto antigen - fast & accurate
- Tests for its thick capsule!
CSF India Ink

13

Treat crypto meningitis

Ampho + 5 FC
Progress to fluconazole