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Flashcards in Gastrointestinal drugs Deck (32):
0

Milk-Alkali syndrome

Magnesium-Aluminum Hydroxide

1

Magnesium OH side effect

Diarrhea

2

Aluminum OH side effect

Constipation

3

Supresses nocturnal scid secretion more than meal-stimulated secretion

H2 blocker

4

Blockade of H/K ATPase in active gastric parietal cells

Proton Pump Inhibitor

5

Long-lasting effect on both nocturnal acid secretion and meal stimulated secretion

Proton Pump Inhibitor

6

Prevention of NSAID induced gastric mucosal injury

Misoprostol

7

Mucosal protective agent causing blackening of tongue and stools

Bismuth Salicylate

8

Forms protective covering over ulcer beds

Sucralfate

9

Blocks D2 receptors and act as antiemetic

Metoclopramide and Domperidone

10

Diabetic gastroparesis DOC

Domperidone, Metoclopramide

11

T/F: Metoclopramide crosses the blood brain barrier

True

12

Erythromycin act as prokinetic agent by stimulating which receptors causing increased gastric emptying and intestinal motility

Motilin receptors

13

Bulk forming

Psyllium

14

Stool softening

Docusate

15

Osmotic laxative

Lactulose

16

Stimulant or Cathartic laxative

Bisacodyl

17

Melanosis coli

Senna

18

Anthraquinone-containing laxative

Senna

19

Accumulation of brown lipofuscin in macrophages of the colon

Melanosis coli

20

Castor oil

Cathartic / Stimulant

21

Glycerine suppository

Stool softener

22

Methylcellulose

Bulk forming

23

Mineral oil

Stool softener

24

Polycarbophil

Bulk forming

25

Cascara

Stimulant / Cathartic

26

Diphenoxylate

Loperamide, Colloidal Bismuth, Kaolin Pectin

27

Activates opioid receptors in the enteric nervous system

Diphenoxylate

28

Side effect of loperamide given in children < 4 years

Paralytic ileus

29

Drug to reverse ileus

Bethanecol

30

5 HT3 receptor antagonist

Ondansetron

31

Immunomodulator for inflammatory bowel disease

Mesalamine