Intravenous Anesthetics Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Intravenous Anesthetics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intravenous Anesthetics Deck (26):
0

Barbiturate used for IV anesthesia induction and elevated intracranial pressure

Ultrashort acting barbiturates - Thiopental, Methohexital, Thiamylal

1

Mean arterial pressure - Intracranial pressure

Cerebral perfusion pressure

2

Benzodiazepine used for IV anestheia induction and preoperative sedation

Short acting bezodiazepines - Midazolam (etizolam, brotizolam, triazolam, oxazepam)

3

Side effect of IV midazolam

Postoperative respiratory depression

4

IV anesthetic of choice for trauma

Ketamine

5

Ketamine MOA

Glutamate decrease
NMDA receptor blocked

6

Anesthesia with retained consciousness

Dissociative anesthesia

7

Indication for Ketamine

Dissociative anesthesia

8

Side effect of Ketamine

Emergence Delirium
Elevated BP, ICP and CVS stimulation

9

Prevention of emergence delirium with Ketamine

Benzodiazepine pretreatment

10

Etomidate MOA

GABA-A receptor with B-3 subunit modulation

11

IV anesthesia in patients with limited cardiopulmonary reserve

Etomidate

12

IV anesthetic with no analgesic properties

Etomidate

13

Anesthetic use of IV anesthetics

General anesthesia

14

Fentanyl MOA

Block mu, sigma and kappa opioid receptors

15

Most common side effect of Fentanyl

Respiratory depression

16

Fentanyl antidote

Naloxone

17

Neurolepthanesthesia cocktail

Fentanyl
Nitrous oxide
Droperidol

18

Propofol MOA

GABA-A receptor potentiation
Na channel blocked

19

IV anesthetic used for prolonged sedation

Propofol

20

Outpatient IV anesthetic

Propofol

21

Milk of Anesthesia

Propofol

22

IV anesthetic that cause priapism

Propofol

23

Most common side effect of propofol

Bradycardia and Hypotension

24

Contraindicated drugs with Propofol

Benzodiazepines - Lorazepam, Diazepam, Midazolam

25

Infantile spasm drug

Clonazepam