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FA - GastroIntestinal > GI17 > Flashcards

Flashcards in GI17 Deck (13):
1

Duodenal Atresia.

-Early bilious vomiting
-Proximal stomach distention
-"Double Bubble" on X-ray
-Failure of recanalization of small bowel
-Ass. w/ Downs

2

Meconium ileus.

-Cystic fibrosis
-Meconium plug obstructs intestine
-Prevents stool passage at birth

3

Necrotizing enterocolitis.

-Necrosis of intestinal mucosa
-Possible perforation
-Colon usually involved (can involved entire GI tract)
-More common in PREEMIES

4

Ischemic colitis.

-Reduction in intestinal blood flow causes ischemia
-PAIN out of proportion to physical finding
-Pain after eating
-Weight loss
-Elderly more common

5

Where is the most common site for Ischemic colitis?

-Splenic flexure
-Distal colon

6

Adhesion.

-Fibrous band of scar tissue
-Common after surgery
-Well-demarcated necrotic zone
-MOST common cause of small bowel obstruction

7

Angiodysplasia.

-Tortuous dilation of vessels -- Hematochezia
-Cecum, Terminal ileum, Ascending colon
-Older patients

8

"Double Bubble" sign on X-ray.

Duodenal atresia

9

Cystic fibrosis.

Meconium ileus

10

Forms after surgery.

Adhesions

11

Most common cause of small bowel obstruction.

Adhesions

12

Commonly occurs at splenic flexure and distal colon.

Ischemic colitis

13

More common in premature infants.

Necrotizing enterocolitis