Global and Public Health Flashcards Preview

Child Health > Global and Public Health > Flashcards

Flashcards in Global and Public Health Deck (23):
1

define under 5 mortality rate

probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before reaching the age of 5

2

define infant mortality rate

probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before reaching the age of 1

3

what are morality rates based off

deaths per 1000 live births

4

what globally are the top 5 causes of under 5 mortality

preterm birth complications, pneumonia, intrapartum- related complications
diarrhoea
neonatal sepsis

5

what are the top 5 causes of under 5 mortality in africa

diarrhoea, pneumonia, malaria, pre term complications, intra-partum complications

6

how can you prevent pneumonia

vaccinations, nutrition, good hygiene

7

what is the treatment for diarrhoea

oral dehydration solution, zinc supplements (improves immune response and reduces length of the illness)

8

can the mother child transmission of HIV (pregnancy, delivery, breastfeeding) be prevented

can be reduced to 1% when viral load of mother is undetectable

9

what is the presentation of HIV in children

recurrent or severe common childhood illnesses (otitis media, diarrhoea), recurrent oral candidiasis that doesnt respond to treatment, recurrent severe bacterial infection (meningitis), failure to thrive/ growth failure, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, fever

10

what is the treatment for HIV

HAART: two NRTIs plus one NNRTI or protease inhibitor

11

should you give BCG in patient with HIV

no. may get disseminated BCG disease

12

what is the presentation of tuberculosis in children

chronic cough or fever >2 weeks, night sweats, weight loss, lymphadenopathy

13

what are risk factors for TB

HIV, malnutrition, household contact

14

what causes malaria

plasmodium parasite from female anopheles mosquito

15

what is the presentation of malaria

fever, pallor, non specific malaise

16

what is the treatment for malaria

artemisinin based combination therapy for 3 days

17

what are the parameters of severe acute malnutrition

mid arm circumference <115mm
weight for height

18

what is the first thing you treat in malnutrition

hypoglycaemia, hypothermia, infection and dehydration

19

what can cause secondary epilepsy

malaria, RTA, meningitis, birth asphyxia

20

what is health inequality

differences in health status or in the distribution of health determinants between different populations groups

21

what are indicators if risk of health inequality

family breakdown/ disharmony
lack of family rituals
poor domestic/ financial management
neglect
lack of boundaries/ discipline
lack of routine/ consistency
violence/ abuse

22

what are the features children/ adolescents can have when faced with social injustice

anti-social behaviour
isolated/ withdrawn
behavioural issues
emotional issues
child assuming role of carer

23

what can protect children in social injustice

close and stable relationship with a caring adult

opportunities at times of transition