Normal Child Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Normal Child Development Deck (56):
1

what can affect development of the foetus

any affront to placental circulation- smoking, alcohol, drugs, malnutrition,

2

what is the median and limit age of developmental milestones

median when 50% of population has achieved a skill

limit age when skill should have been acquired by 97.5% of children

3

what is the limit age for walking

18 months

4

what do some children so instead of crawling

bum shuffle, commando crawl, roll, back torpedo shuffling

5

what is developmental age

age for a premature baby, e.g. if born 6 weeks early then 6 weeks taken of chronological age

6

what is cephalocaudal direction

way in which children develop- head, neck, trunk, extremities

7

what role does the nervous system play in development

nervous system must mature in order to develop

synapses form when you make movements, pathways reinforced if movement successful, doesn't stay if not

8

what are the areas of development

gross and fine motor
vision
language and hearing
social behaviour and play

9

when do you get head control

3 months

10

when do you get sitting balance

6 months

11

when do you get crawling balance

9 months

12

when can you stand

12 months

13

when can you run

18 months

14

when can you go up stairs with 2 feet/ tread

24 months

15

when can you use alternate feet on stairs

36 months

16

when can you hop

48 months

17

what are the primitive reflexes

sucking and rooting (turning to breast feed)
palmar and plantar grasp
ATNR- fencing reflex
moro- when falling will clasp arms inwards
stepping and placing

18

what is the purpose of the ATNR reflex

stop them rolling off an unlevel surface

19

what is the parachute reflex

stops then falling over when tilted, not primitive

20

how should babies sleep

on backs to prevent cot death

21

when can you pick stuff up without falling

18 months

22

when can you cruise using furniture

11 months

23

when can you walk alone

14 months

24

when can you hand regard in midline

3 months

25

when can you grasp toys (palmar)

6 months

26

when can you use a scissor grip

9 months

27

when can you use a pincer grip

12 months

28

when can you build a tower of 3-4 bricks

18 months

29

when can you build a tower of 6-7 bricks/ scribble

24 months

30

when can you build a tower of 9 bricks/ copy a circle

36 months

31

when can you draw a simple man

48 months

32

does fine motor skill develop with visual impairment

yes

33

when can you copy a triangle

5 years

34

when can you copy a square

54 months

35

when do you vocalise

3 months

36

when do you babble

6 months

37

when do you imitate sounds

9 months

38

when do you know your name

12 months

39

when do you know 2 body parts/ 5-20 words

18 montha

40

when do you know simple instruction/ 50+ words

24 months

41

when do you know complex instructions/ asks questions

36 months

42

when can you tell stories of experiences

48 months

43

what area of development is most closely linked to cognitive development

communication

44

when do you socially smile

6 weeks

45

when do you get pleasure of friendly handling

3 months

46

when do you play with feet/ friendly with strangers

6 months

47

when do you play peak-a-boo/ have stranger awareness

9 months

48

when do you drink from a cup/ wave bye-bye

12 months

49

when can you feed with a spoon

18 months

50

when do you use symbolic play/ puts on some clothes

2 years

51

when to you use pretend interactive play/ toilet trained

3 years

52

when do you understand turn taking/ dresses fully

4 years

53

what does smiling show

bonding

54

what is the limit age for smiling

8 weeks, very narrow window

55

what might not smiling suggest

autism, visual impairment

56

what is object permanency

knowing something is still there even though it is/was out of site