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Child Health > Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (16):
1

why is nutrition important

growth, metabolic functions, development, immunity

2

what are the phases of child growth and what leads them

infant (nutrient led)
child (growth hormone led)
pubertal (sex steroid led)

3

what are LRNI, EAR and RNI

LRNI- lower reference nutrient intake (sufficient for 3% of pop)
EAR- estimated average requirement (half will need more, half will need less)
RNI-reference nutrient intake (sufficient for 97% of pop)

4

what is the reference intake of protein when infant

4 months 12.7g to 14.5g at 18 months
(population usually exceeds this)

5

what determines energy reference at 0-12 months

energy deposited in new tissue plus total energy expenditure

6

what determines energy reference at 1-18 years

TTE+ BMR+ physical activity level

7

what vitamin are infants most commonly deficient in

vitamin

8

what vitamin supplements should be taken by children and breastfeeding mothers

from 6 months all children consuming <500mls/d of infant should take vit A,C and D supplements

breastfeed babies should get vit D by 2 weeks old (its already added to formula milk)

breastfeeding mothers should take vit D

9

how much salt should infants have

<400mg up till 12 months then <800mg to 3 years

scottish children eat too much salt

10

what the breastfeeding recommendations

exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first six months of an infants life

11

when should transition from breast milk to complementary foods start

6 months - breast milk still main type of milk consumed

12

what type of cows milk should children get when weaning

full fat milk can be gradually introduced as a drink from 12 months
semi skimmed not given before 12 months
skimmed not given before 5 years

13

what is the advice for complementary foods

gluten free if under 6 months, sugar and salt not added, foods that cause allergies should be introduced one at a time, iron rich foods regularly, avoid whole nuts and seeds until 5 years

14

what does late weaning cause

growth and development difficulties and delays

15

when should you start brushing your teeth

as soon as teeth appear

16

what can early weaning increase chance of

obesity