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Flashcards in Gov Final Deck (101)
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31

What document was not originally included with the constitution, but was added at a later date?

The bill of rights

32

What was the weather like during the constitutional convention in the summer of 1787?

Unusually hot

33

What was the name for the plan of government authored by William Patterson and proposed by the small states at the constitutional convention?

The New Jersey plan

34

Which of the original thirteen states (the smallest) did not send a delegation to the constitutional convention?

Rhode Island

35

What other famous American document was also created at independence hall?

The Declaration of Independence

36

What delegate to the constitutional convention was considered to be the architect of the Virginia plan, and is known as the "father of the constitution"?

James Madison

37

Who were two delegates from the state of Virginia that refused to sign the contusion because each man had differences of opinion regarding the document?

George mason and Edmund Randolph

38

Who has the power to veto proposed laws?

The president

39

What branch of the federal government is responsible for interpreting of judging the meaning of laws?

The judiciary branch

40

What two groups, evolved into this nations first political parties as a result of the division created over the ratification of the constitution?

Federalists and anti- federalists

41

What is the preamble?

The introduction to the constitution

42

Who is the head of the branch?

The president

43

How many amendments are currently apart of the U.S. Constitution?

27

44

What past president first established the "no-third-term" tradition?

George Washington

45

The U.S. Congress has for,ally declared war five times; what previous wars were not formally by the U.S. Congress?

1812 Mexican-American, Spanish-American, WWI, WWII

46

How did the framers of the constitution emphasize the importance of the American people, when it comes to the U.S. Constitution?

"We the people" in the preamble

47

Our American republic is based upon the idea of majority rights

Minority rights

48

How are the powers of government divided in a federal system of government?

Between the national and the 50 states governments

49

Only the president has the authority to approve an amendment for it to be written in the constitution.

2 methods of proposal, 2 methods of ratification

50

The constitution consist of what three parts?

Preamble, articles, amendments

51

What can the American people do, if they no longer like or care for. Current amendment to the constitution?

They can amend the constitution

52

The U.S. Constitution is considered to be p, when it comes to the law?

"Supreme law of the land"

53

What is the only amendment to have ever been repealed?

The eighteenth amendment

54

What judicial power was first established in the 1819 Supreme Court case Marburg v. Madison?

Judicial review

55

Can a candidate who has won the popular vote lose a presidential election?

Yes

56

How many members are currently serving in the U.S. Senate?

100

57

The members of the U.S. House of Representatives are elected to serve for how many years?

2 years

58

During what month of the year does a new term/session begin for congress?

January

59

How many members are currently saving in the U.S. House of Representatives?

435

60

What is a veto?

The presidents rejection of a congressional bill