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Flashcards in gre_3 Deck (1000):
1

flange

(记) 美军打仗时把中国人叫做'flange head'(凸头)

2

allege

(英) v. (无证据)陈述宣称(state without proof) (记) al(一再)+lege(讲读) →一再讲→宣称; (同) 派生词: alleged (adj. 宣称的); allegation (n. 无证据的指控)

3

mannequin

(英) n. 时装模特儿(a woman whose work is modeling clothes in stores);人体模型(a model of human body) (记) 来自manikin(矮子,人体模型),man(人)+ikin(小东西)→小人;分割记忆:manner(风度)+quine看作queen(女王)→有风度的女王→时装模特儿 (例) This outfit looked good on the mannequin but not on me.

4

sinecure

(英) n.挂名差事,闲职(an office or position that requires little or no work and that usu. provides an income) (考) 反义词:arduous employment(费力的职业) (记) sine(无)+cure(关心)→不用关心的职位→闲职

5

promote

(英) v. 提升( give someone a higher position or rank);促进(help in the growth or development of) (考) 反义词:abate(减少); subside(下沉) (记) pro(向前)+mote(动)→向前动→促进 (同) 派生词: promotion (n. 提升; 推销); promotor(推动者)

6

shoot

(英) n.嫩芽新芽(new growth from a plant)

7

unimpassioned

(记) un(不)+impassioned(充满激情的)

8

imaginary

(英) adj. 虚构的(existing only in the imagination) (记) 注意不要和 imaginative(富于想象力的)相混

9

vigilance

(英) n. 警惕,警戒 (watchful care)

10

sporadic

(英) adj.不定时发生的(occurring occasionally) (考) 反义词:chronic(长期的) (例) sound of sporadic gunfire

11

ingredient

(英) n.成分(element; ingredient) (记) ingr(=integr完整,进入)+edi(吃)+ent→进入吃的东西内的东西→(烹调的)原料

12

antiseptic

(英) n. 杀菌剂(any substance that inhibit the action of microorganisms);adj. 防腐的( preventing infectiondecay) (考) oil : lubricate \ antiseptic : disinfect(油用来润滑\杀菌剂用来消毒)sedative : pacify \ antiseptic sterilize(镇静剂的功能是使平静\杀菌剂的功能是杀菌) (记) anti(反)+sept(菌)+ic→杀菌剂 (同) 同根词:septic(有菌的,感染的)

13

embolden

(英) v. 鼓励(give confidence to sb) (考) 反义词:abash(使窘迫); faze(折磨); cow(恐吓); appall(使害怕); boggle(犹豫); daunt(沮丧) (记) em+bold (大胆)+en (例) embolden by drink

14

sparkle

(英) v.闪闪发光,闪耀(to glitter or shine) (例) The snow mantled peaks sparkled in the sun

15

gourmand

(英) n. 嗜食者(a person indulged in food and drink) (考) gourmand : appetite \ skinflint : thrift(贪吃者十分有食欲\吝啬鬼十分节俭)

16

souse

(英) v.浸在水中,使湿透(immersedrenchsaturate) (例) He soused me head and ears into a pail of water.

17

culinary

(英) adj. 厨房的 (of the kitchen);烹调的 (of cooking) (考) astrolabe : nautical \ colander : culinary(罗盘是航海工具\滤器是烹调工具) (记) cuiscul 都是'厨房'、'烹调'之意; (同) 参考:cullender=colander(滤器) (例) a culinary school

18

badger

(英) v.一再烦扰,一再要求(to torment; nag) (考) badger : bother \ persecute : injure \ belabor : mention(纠缠是不断烦扰\迫害是不断伤害\过分讨论是不断提出) (例) You're always badgering me with your silly questions.

19

succor

(英) v.救助,援助 (to go to the aid of) (考) 反义词:aggravate(使恶化) (记) suc(下面)+cor(跑)→跑到下面来→救助 (例) They were busy providing succor to the injured.

20

alimentary

(英) adj. 饮食的营养的(supplying nourishment) (记) ailment(病)一起记没有alimentary的食品人就会得ailment.

21

hypothesis

(英) n. 假设假说(an unproved theory) (考) claim : legitimated \ hypothesis : confirmed(声称的权利必须被合法化\假设必须被证实) (记) hypo(在 …下面)+thesis(论点)→非真正论点→假说

22

singe

(英) v.(轻微地)烧焦,烫焦 (to burn superficially or lightly;scorch) (记) 分割记忆:sing+e→烧焦了还唱 (例) I'm afraid I've singed the collar of your shirt.

23

asteroid

(英) n. 小行星(small planet)

24

plantation

(考) plantation : tobacco \ media : bacteria(烟草在种植园中生长\微生物在介质中生长)

25

salve

(英) n. 药膏(oily substance used on wounds);v. 减轻,缓和(to soothe; assuage) (考) placebo : innocuous \ salve : unctuous(安慰剂是无毒的\油膏剂是油质的) (记) salv(救)+e→解救的东西→药膏,安慰话 (例) It was a sort of salve to her conscience.(那对她的良心是一种宽慰)

26

peruse

(英) v. 细读,精读(to examine or consider in detail) (考) 反义词:glance at(一瞥) (记) per(始终)+use(用)→反复用→认真看,读; (同) 参考:scrutiny(细读) (例) Anne peruses her class notes every night.

27

acquittal

(英) n.宣告无罪开释(free by judgment of the court) (记) ac+quit(免除,抛弃)+tal→得到免除→开释 (同) 同根词: requite(报答报应)ubiquitous(无处不在的)

28

gleam

(英) n. 亮光,闪光(a flash or beam of light);v. 发闪光(flash) (记) 和 glean(拾谷物,收集)一起记 (例) The furniture gleamed after being polished.

29

nonthreatening

(记) non(不)+threatening(威胁的)

30

autobiography

(英) n. 自传(story of a person's life written by that person) (考) autobiography : reminisce \ eulogy : praise(自传回忆\颂词赞扬) (记) auto(自己)+bio(生命)+graphy(写) →写自己的一生→自传 (同) 派生词: autobiographical adj.自传的有关自传的

31

pointer

(记) point(尖)+er→因该种狗鼻尖而名

32

croak

(英) n. 蛙鸣声 (a croaking sound)

33

fold

(英) n. 羊栏,畜栏(a pen in which to keep sheep); (考) crease : folding \ hole : perforating(折叠产生折痕\打洞形成洞) (例) receive somebody back into the fold(重新接受某人入会)

34

cipher

(英) n. 零(the symbol 0; zero);无影响力的人(nonentity);密码 (a system of secret writin g) (考) cipher : cryptic \ prcis : concise(密码的特点是秘密的\大纲的特点是简洁的) (记) 参考:decipher(破译); encipher(译成密码)

35

spontaneous

(英) adj.自发的 (proceeding from natural feelings);自然的(natural) (考) 反义词: premeditated(预谋的) (记) 来自spont(自然)+aneous (例) a spontaneous movement(无意识的动作)

36

ferocity

(英) n.凶猛,残暴(the state or quality of being ferocious)

37

innocence

(英) n. 无辜清白(quality of being innocent) (考) 反义词:guilt(罪过) (记) in(无)+noc(伤害毒)+ence

38

apex

(英) n. 顶点,最高点(the highest point; peak; vertexsummit)

39

congregate

(英) v聚集,集合 (to gather into a crowd; assemble) (记) con+greg(群体)+ate→聚成群体→集合 (同) 同根词:aggregate(聚集合计); gregarious(喜社交的爱合群的)派生词: congregation (n. 集合会合) (例) Congregate in the park to hear the major's speech.

40

oratorio

(英) n. 清唱剧(没有舞台行动道具的戏剧) (记) orate(演讲)+orio(表示音乐类)→配以音乐的演讲→清唱剧

41

maniacal

(英) adj. 发狂的( wildly insane; raving);狂热的(characterized by excessive or persistent enthusiasm )

42

seamy

(英) adj. 肮脏的,恶劣的(unpleasantdegradedsordid) (考) 反义词:decent and respectable(体面而值得尊敬的) (记) seam(缝)+y→裂缝里的→黑暗的 (例) the seamy side of city life

43

pariah

(英) n. 贱民,被社会遗弃者(a member of a low caste; outcast) (考) paragon : admire \ pariah : contempt(模范被崇敬\贱民被蔑视)pariah : ostracize \ prisoner : confine \ traitor: execute(贱民被放逐\囚犯被监禁\叛国者被处死) (记) 源自Pariah印度南部和缅甸的贱民

44

reaffirm

(英) 重申再次肯定(declare againor in answer to a question or doubt) (考) 反义词:abnegate(放弃,否认) (记) re(重新)+affirm(断言肯定)

45

contrive

(英) v. 计划,设计 (to think up; devise; scheme; plan) (记) contri(反)+ve=vene(走)→(和普通人)反着走→设计(新东西) (同) adj. contrivable (例) to contrive many useless appliances. to contrive to give her a surprise.

46

sidereal

(英) adj.恒星的 (of stars or constellations;astral) (考) arboreal : trees \ sidereal : stars(树木的和树木\恒星的和恒星) (记) sider(星)+eal→星的,分割记忆:side+real

47

obtainable

(英) adj. 能得到的 (that can be obtained) (记) 来自动词obtain(得到)+able

48

dyspepsia

(英) n. 消化不良(impaired digestion; indigestion) (记) dys+peps(消化)+ia(病)→消化不良

49

antiquated

(英) adj. 陈旧的,过时的(obsoleteold-fashioned) (记) 来自antique(古董的)+ated; 参考: antiquity(古老,高龄)

50

scheme

(英) n. 阴谋(a crafty or secret plan);(作品等)体系,结构(a systematic or organized framework;design) (考) interest : inveigle \ plan : scheme(诱惑是通过欺骗使感兴趣\阴谋是通过欺骗计划) (记) 注意不要和schema(轮廓)相混,尤其作为'阴谋'一意 (例) a scheme to escape taxes(逃税的诡计)

51

incoherent

(英) adj. (思想文字)不连贯的(not logically connected; disjointed) (记) in(不)+coherent(连贯的)→不连贯的; (同) n. incoherence

52

disinterested

(英) adj.公正的,客观的(not influenced by personal interest or selfish motives; impartial; unbiased) (考) disinterested : partisanship \ venal : probity(党派主义不会公正\正直[的人]不会贪污)反义词:prejudiced(怀偏见的); factional(派系的); iniquity(不公正) (记) 注意区别:uninterested(不感兴趣的) (例) She is completely disinterested in the matter and can judge fairly. Being sickMary was disinterested in food.

53

involve

(英) v. 包含包括(include);卷入(to make tangled) (考) entangle : involve \ grill : question(纠缠是严重卷入\盘问是严厉询问) (记) in(进入)+volve(卷转) →转进去→卷入

54

falsification

(英) n. 篡改歪曲(being altered falsely) (记) falsify(v.篡改欺骗;fals[犯错误欺骗]+ify[表动词])+ic+ation

55

theatrical

(英) adj.戏剧的(of the theater or plays);矫揉造作的(marked by pretense or artificiality of emotion) (考) 反义词:natural(自然的) (记) theatre(剧院)+ical→戏剧的

56

topple

(英) v.倾覆,推倒(overthrow) (记) 分割记忆:top(顶)+ple,顶向下→推翻 (例) topple the feudal monarchy(推翻封建君主制度)

57

etch

(英) v. 蚀刻(to make a drawing on metalglass by the action of an acid) (考) etch : corrosive \ glue : adhesive(用附属剂蚀刻\用粘剂粘贴)反义词:efface(擦掉) (记) 不要和itch(搔痒)相混;n. etching(蚀刻技术) (例) He used a strong acid to etch the glass.

58

otiose

(英) adj. 不必要的,多余的(uselesssuperfluous) (记) oti=leisure(空余)+ose→空余的→多余的 (同) 参考:negotiation(谈判)neg(不)+oti(多余)谈判不是多余的 (例) His remarks were completely otiose.

59

altercation

(英) n.争吵,争论(an angry argument; quarrel) (例) They won't let the altercation ruin their friendship.

60

affectation

(英) n. 做作虚假(artificial behavior meant to impress others) (记) af+fect(做,造)+ation→做出来的→做作; 注意affection(友爱),affecting(感人的) (同) pretense,artificial,deceive,deceit,deception

61

diffusion

(英) n.传播,散布(a dissemination of newsculturesetc.)

62

liberate

(考) 反义词: incarcerate(监禁); fetter(束缚)

63

duplicitous

(记) du(二双)+plic(重复)+itous→两面重复(说话的) →双重的

64

outdated

(英) adj. 陈旧的,过时的 (no longer in general use) (记) out(过时)+dated(陈旧的)

65

puritanical

(英) adj.极端拘谨的(characterized by a rigid morality) (记) 来自puritan(清教徒)+ical,清教徒主张勤俭而守礼的生活

66

osmosis

(英) n. 渗透(the diffusion of fluids through a membrane or porous partition) (记) osm(渗透)+osis→渗透 (例) education by osmosis(潜移默化的教育)

67

chaff

(英) n.谷物的皮壳,米糠(the husks separated in threshing or winnowing) (考) dross : metal \ chaff : grain(金属的浮渣\谷物的糠秕)chaff : wheat \ shell : pecan(小麦有谷壳\山核桃有外壳)winnow : chaff \ filter : impurities(扬谷是为了去除谷壳\过滤是为了去除杂质)

68

quorum

(英) n. 法定人数 (a stated number of peoplewithout whom a meeting cannot be held)

69

disfavor

(英) n. 不喜欢(dislike) (考) 反义词:countenance(认可) (记) dis+favor(喜欢)

70

festive

(英) adj.欢乐的(merryjoyous) (例) The winning team was in a festive mood.

71

colleague

(英) n. 同事(person with whom one works) (记) col(共同)+leagur(捆绑) →捆绑在一起的人→同事

72

needlework

(英) n. 缝纫,刺绣(sewing done with needle and thread) (记) 组合词needle(针)+work(作品)→用针缝出来的作品→刺绣

73

hasty

(英) adj. 急急忙忙的(saidmade or done too quickly ) (考) 反义词:characterized by deliberation(深思熟虑地对待); well considered(考虑过的) (例) a hasty departuremealfarewell

74

ecstasy

(英) n. 狂喜(great delight; rapture) (考) pleasure : ecstasy \ surprise : astonishment(程度: 高兴狂喜\吃惊大吃一惊) (记) ec(出)+stasy(站住)→(高兴得)出群→狂喜 (同) 同根词: statue(雕像); stasis(停滞)

75

monochromatic

(英) adj.单色的(having only one color) (考) 反义词:iridescent(彩虹色的)

76

purist

(英) 力求纯正者(someone who is always careful to practice and preserve what they regard as the correct way of doing something) (考) stickler : approximation \ purist : adulteration(坚持细节者不会估计\纯粹主义者不会掺假) (记) pur(纯洁)+ist

77

embezzler

(考) smuggler : import \ embezzler : appropriate(走私者偷偷进口\贪污者偷偷挪用)

78

foyer

(英) n. 门厅,休息室(an entrance hall or lobby)

79

perky

(英) adj. 神气的; 活泼的(jauntylively) (例) a perky squirrel(活泼的松鼠)

80

impulsive

(英) adj. 易冲动的 (actuated by impulse)

81

banality

(考) 反义词:original expression(有创意的表达)

82

hierarchy

(英) n. 阶层;等级制度(a system of ranks) (记) hier(神圣)+archy(统治)→僧侣统治→等级制度 (同) 同根词:hieratic(僧侣的); hieron(圣地)

83

sap

(英) n. 树液,活力(vigor; vitality);v.消弱,耗尽(weaken; exhaust) (考) 反义词:bolster(支持); fortify(支持) (例) The country was sapped by social decay.

84

viable

(英) adj.可行的(having a reasonable chance of succeeding)能活下去的(capable of living) (考) elastic : expand \ viable : live(弹性的可以扩张\能活下去的可以生活)反义词:inability to live(无法生存) (记) via(道路)+able+有路可走→可行的 (例) a viable solution to the crisis

85

untutored

(考) 反义词: polished(优雅的)

86

interdependent

(英) adj. 互相依赖的(depending on each other) (记) inter(相互)+dependent(依赖的)

87

acrobat

(英) n.特技演员,杂技演员(an expert performer; skilled gymnast) (考) surgeon : dexterity \ acrobat : agility(外科医生很熟练\杂技演员很敏捷) (记) acro(高)+bat(走)→高空走的人→杂技演员; (同) 同根词:acronym(首字母缩写词)acrophobia(恐高症)

88

exult

(英) v.欢腾,喜悦(to rejoice greatly; be jubilant) (考) exult : satisfaction \ crave : longing(狂喜是十分满足\渴望是十分向往)反义词: abject(可怜的); dejected(沮丧的) (记) ex+sult(激动,热)→出现激动→欢腾;adj. exultant(愉_悦的 (同) 同根词:sultry(闷热的,激动的) (例) The people exulted in the victory. the exultant crowds.

89

scrap

(英) n. 小片,碎屑(a fragment of something);v. 废弃(to abandon) (记) 和scrape(刮,擦)一起记 (例) The cook gave some scraps of meat to the dog. scrap an agreement(废止协议)

90

conquer

(英) v. 以武力征服(take possession of sth by force) (记) con(全部)+quer(寻求询问) →全部寻求到→征服 (同) 派生词: conqueror (n. 征服者)

91

adolescent

(英) adj.青春期的( typical of adolescence);n.青少年(young person between childhood and adulthood)

92

hallucination

(英) n. 幻觉幻视(illusion of seeing or hearing) (例) suffer from hallucination

93

imp

(英) n. 小鬼(a young demon);顽童(a mischievous child) (考) insensitive : boor \ mischievous:imp(粗人的特点是迟钝\顽童的特点是淘气)

94

odoriferous

(记) odor(气味)+ifer(带有)+ous→带有香味的 (例) The rose is an odoriferous flower.

95

parturition

(英) n. 生产,分娩(the action or process of giving birth to offspring) (记) partur(分娩)+ition→分娩

96

minimize

(英) v. 把...减至最低数量或程度 ( lessen to the smallest possible amount or degree) (考) 反义词:exaggerate(夸张); overestimate(高估); inflate(膨胀)

97

dual

(英) adj. 双重的(having or composed of two parts) (记) du(二个)+al→二个的→双重的;比较: duel(决斗)duet(二重的)

98

lurch

(英) v. 蹒跚而行(to stagger) (考) 反义词: progress smoothly(平滑前进) (例) He walked with a lurch.

99

squash

(英) v.压碎,挤压(to press or crush) (例) Some of the berries at bottom have been squashed.

100

rage

(英) n.\v.盛怒,极怒(violent and uncontrolled anger) (考) gush : effusive \ rage : irate(感情迸发表示热情外溢\盛怒表示愤怒) (例) scream with rage(愤怒大叫)

101

frequency

(英) n. 频率(rate of occurrence or repetition of sth) (考) frequency : pitch \ wavelength : color(频率决定音高\波长决定颜色)反义词:rarity(稀有) (例) Fatal accidents have decreased in frequency over recent years.

102

wither

(英) v.枯萎,凋零(to shrivel from loss of bodily moisture) (考) dehydrate : water \ wither : vitality(脱水使水分降低\枯萎使活力降低)反义词:burgeon(发芽); revive(复活) (记) weather(天气)不好了,植物就会wither (例) He is withering away.(他形容日益憔悴)

103

veneration

(考) perfunctorily : inspiration \ insolently : veneration(敷衍不会产生灵感\傲慢不会待人尊敬)反义词:defiance(挑衅); derision(嘲笑)

104

ungovernable

(记) un(不)+governable(可统治的)

105

culpable

(英) adj. 有罪的,该受谴责的 (deserving blame; blameworthy) (考) 反义词: innocent(无罪的) (记) culp(罪行)+able(有…的) (同) 同根词:culprit (犯法者);exculpate(无罪释放)

106

arboretum

(英) 植物园(a place where many kinds of trees and shrubs are grown for exhibition or study) (考) arboreum : trees \ aviary : birds(植物园有树供观赏\鸟舍有鸟供观赏)

107

probe

(英) v. 探索,探测(to search into and explore) (考) cavil : criticize \ probe : investigate(挑剔是拼命批判\探索是认真调查) (例) The detective probed into the circumstances of the murder.

108

epigram

(英) n. 警句(tersewitty statement(考) exaggeration : caricature \ brevity : epigram(讽刺画的特点是夸张的\警句的特点是简洁的)paradox : contradictory \ epigram : wise(自相矛盾的话特点是矛盾的\警句的特点是充满智慧的) (记) epi(在…旁边)+g ram(写)→旁敲侧击写的东西→讽刺短诗 (同) 同根词:program (计划);telegram(电报)

109

enlightening

(记) enlight(v.启发;en[进入]+light[光]+en→给人光明→启发)+ing

110

tempest

(英) n.暴风雨 (a violent storm);骚动(tumultuproar) (记) 分割记忆:tempe看作temper(脾气)+est→发大脾气→暴风雨 (例) a tempest of applause(暴风雨般的掌声)

111

gnawing

(英) v. 啃,咬(to bite bit by bit with the teeth) (例) Grief gnaws my heart.

112

implement

(英) v. 实现,实施(fulfill; accomplish) (考) 反义词:foil(挫败) (记) im(进入)+ple(满)+ment→进入圆满→实现 (同) 同根词:deplete(倒空,耗尽); replete(饱满的) (例) to implement one's ideas

113

bazaar

(英) n.集市,商店集中区(a market or street of shops) (记) 外来词,原指东方国家的大集市,今天的中国新疆一带仍把集市叫”巴扎'

114

determinant

(英) n. \adj. 决定因素决定性的(thing that determines or decides how sth. happens)

115

rectangle

(英) 长方形矩形(a flat shape with four straight sides forming four right angles) (考) diameter : circle \ diagonal : rectangle(圆形的直径\矩形的对角线)circumference : circle \ perimeter : rectangle(圆周是圆的周长\周长是矩形的周长) (记) rect(正,直)+angle(角)→(四个角)都是直角→矩形

116

charade

(英) n.用动作等表演的字谜游戏(a game in which two teams compete to see which can most quickly guess a group of words or phrases chosen by the other team and acted out in pantomime) (考) charade : word \ mime : stories(字谜游戏用动作表示词\哑剧用动作表示故事) (记) 和character(特征)联想charades是用动作特征来表现一个字的含义

117

trunk

(英) n.树干(the main stem of a tree);大衣箱(a large rigid piece of luggage)

118

caldron

(英) n.(煮汤用的)大锅( large kettle) (例) The witch stirred her caldron.

119

highbrow

(英) n. 自以为文化修养很高的人(a person pretending highly cultivatedor having intellectual tastes) (记) 组合词:high(高)+brow(额头,表情)参考其他 high 组词:highhanded(强制的),high-hearted(轻松的),high-strung(十分敏感的) (同) 参考:middlebrow(中产阶级趣味的人); lowbrow(无文化修养之人)high-flown adj. 夸张的(bombastic);好高骛远的(extravagantly ambitious) (例) The highbrow spent all day in the library reading books.

120

bromide

(英) n.平庸的人或话(a trite saying; platitude);溴化物(medicine as a sedative) (考) equivocation : misleading \ bromide : hackneyed(模棱两可的话是误导的\庸俗之言是陈腐的) (记) brom(臭味)+ide

121

benefactor

(英) n.行善者,捐助者(a person who has given financial help; patron) (记) bene(好)+fact(做)+or →做好事的人

122

continuity

(英) n. 继续连续(state of being continuous) (考) 反义词:disjunction(脱节) (记) 以上三词在用法上无明显区别都来自continue(v.继续) (例) We must ensure continuity of fuel supplies.

123

daub

(英) v. 涂抹 (to cover or smear with stickysoft mattersuch as plaster or grease) ;乱画 (to paint coarsely or unskillfully) (例) to daub the wall with paints

124

stagy

(英) adj. 不自然的,演戏一般的(marked by pretense or artificiality) (记) stage(舞台)+y (例) stagy diction(装腔作势的措辞)

125

scapegoat

(英) n.替罪羊(someone who bears the blame for others)

126

constrain

(英) v. 力劝强迫(make sb do sth by strong moral persuasion or by force) (考) 反义词:release(解放放松); intemperate(放纵的)-constrained(拘谨的) (记) con(一起)+strain(拉紧) →拉到一起→限制强制 (同) 同根词: strain(紧张尽力); restrain(抑制束缚)派生词: constrained (adj.被强迫的拘谨的forcedunnatural);constraint (n.约束强制)

127

smear

(英) n.油渍,污点 (a spot);v.弄脏,玷污(overspread sth. Unctuousviscousor adhesive ) (例) a face smeared with dirt/smears of paint on the wallpaper

128

shrew

(英) n.悍妇(scolding woman)

129

victuals

(英) n.(复数)食物,饮食 (supplies of foodprovisions) (记) 和actual(现实的)一起记 (例) provide victuals for the army

130

whirlpool

(英) n. 漩涡 (a place with circular currents of water in a sea ) (考) tornado : air \ whirlpool : water(龙卷风是空气回流\旋涡是水回流)

131

indecorous

(考) indecorous : propriety \ boorish : sensitivity(无礼的没有礼貌\鲁钝的没有敏感)反义词: seemly(有礼的)

132

mistimed

(记) mis(不好)+time(时间)+d→时间不当 (例) He made a mistimed remark about his wife's cooking in front of all the guests.

133

obsequies

(英) n. 葬礼(funeral rites or ceremonies) (记) ob(坏)+sequ(跟随)+ies→情绪不好地跟随→葬礼

134

proprietary

(英) adj. 私有的(privately owned and managed) (记) 来自proprietor(所有人)+y;propr(拥有) (同) 同根词:property(财产)

135

advantageous

(英) adj. 有利的有益的(profitablebeneficial) (记) 来自advantage(好处优势)

136

preservative

(英) n. 防腐剂(an additive used to protect against decaydiscolorationor spoilage) (考) censorship : communication \ preservative : decay(审查机构防止交流\防腐剂防止腐烂) (例) The packaged doughnuts were full of artificial preservatives.

137

accuracy

(英) n. 精确准确(precision or exactness) (记) ac+cur(关心)+acy→不断关心→使其精确; (同) 派生词: accurate (精确的准确的) (例) predict sth with great accuracy

138

raspy

(英) adj.(声音)刺耳的恼人的(grating; harsh) (考) 反义词:mellifluous(声音甜美的)

139

totalitarian

(英) adj.极权主义的(authoritariandictatorial) (记) total(全部)+itarian (例) a totalitarian government(极权政府)

140

satanic

(英) adj. 穷凶恶极的(like Satan; devilish; infernal) (记) 来自Satan(撒旦,与上帝做对的魔鬼)

141

dearth

(英) n.缺乏短缺(scarcity) (考) 反义词:glut(充斥); plethora(过剩); plenitude(充分)

142

plumbing

(英) n. 管道设备,水管 (all the water pipes in a building)

143

filth

(英) n.肮脏(disgustingly offensive dirt)粗语(anything viewed as grossly indecent or obscene) (记) 和filch(偷)一起记 (例) Go and wash that filth off your hard.

144

catechism

(英) n.教义问答集(book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form)

145

ferment

(英) v.\n.使发酵(to cause fermentation in);骚动(to exciteagitate) (考) 反义词:tranquility(宁静) (记) ferm(=ferv热)+ent→(生热)发酵,激动 (例) The whole country was in a state of ferment.

146

flask

(记) 和flash(闪光)一起记(something flashes in a flask 东西在烧瓶中闪光)

147

curtail

(英) v. 削减缩短(make sth shorter or less) (考) curtail : period \ enervate : energy(缩短使周期减少\削弱使能量减少)反义词:prolong(延长); protract(延长) (记) 来自词根:curt(短)

148

correlation

(英) n. 相互关系联系(mutual relationship) (例) the correlation between SB's height and weight.

149

genial

(英) adj. 愉快的,脾气好的(cheerfulfriendly and amiable) (考) 反义词:mordant(尖刻的); saturnine(阴郁的); dyspeptic(不高兴的); caustic(刻薄的); dour(阴沉的) (记) 注意不要和genital(生殖的)相混 (例) a genial old man(和蔼的老人)

150

palatial

(英) adj. 宫殿般的(like a palace); 宏伟的(magnificent; stately) (记) 来自palace(宫殿)+tial→宫殿般的,注意不要和palatable(美味的)相混 (例) The banker lived on a palatial estate.

151

metal

(考) dross : metal \ chaff : grain(渣滓是锻造金属的废渣\谷壳是研磨谷物的废壳)metal : filing \ wood : sawdust(shaving)(加工金属形成锉屑\加工木头形成刨花)embroider : cloth \ chase : metal(刺绣是在布上绣出图案\雕镂是在金属上镂出图案)foil : metal \ veneer : wood (金属压成片为箔\木头压成片为镶面板)

152

calculable

(英) adj. 可计算的可估计的(that can be deduced)

153

shrewd

(英) adj.判断敏捷的,精明的(marked by clever discerning awareness and hardheaded acumen) (考) alacrity : prompt \ acumen : shrewd(敏捷和敏捷的\聪明和精明的) (记) 注意不要和shrew(泼妇)相混 (例) a shrewd businessman(精明的生意人)

154

dilute

(英) v. 把(液体)弄稀、弄淡(to thin down or weaken by mixing with water or other liquid) (考) slacken : tautness \ dilute : strength(concentration)(松懈消除紧张\削弱冲淡消除力量[浓度])反义词: concentrate(浓缩) (记) di+lute(冲洗)→冲洗掉→稀释 (例) He diluted the paint with oil.

155

encroach

(英) v. 侵占蚕食(to enter by gradual steps or by stealth into the possessions or rights of another; trespass) (记) en+croach(钩)→钩进去→侵占 (同) 同根词:crochet(用钩针编织)croch=croach. (例) The sea is encroaching upon the land all along the coast.

156

inflexible

(英) adj. 不可弯曲的;不屈的(that cannot be changed) (记) in(不)+flex(弯曲)+ible→不弯曲的

157

sculptor

(英) n. 雕刻家(someone who makes sculptures) (考) canvas : painter \ marble : sculptor(画家在画布上作画\雕刻家在大理石上雕刻)

158

mettle

(英) n. 勇气,斗志(courage and fortitude) (记) 可能来自metal(金属),有着钢铁的特征→勇气 (例) The runner fell and hurt his kneebut he showed his mettle by continuing in the race.

159

garret

(英) n. 阁楼,顶楼小室(the room just below the roof of a house; attic)

160

underrate

(英) v. 低估,轻视( have too low an opinion of the quality of) (记) under(不够)+rate(估价)

161

sweltering

(英) adj.酷热的 (oppressively hot) (考) 反义词:frigid(寒冷的) (记) 来自swelter(出大汗)+ing;分割记忆:s+welter(打滚)→热得打滚 (例) a sweltering summer night

162

gore

(英) n. 凝血,血块(bloodshed from a wound when clotted) (记) 分割记忆:go+re 看作 red→出现血红→凝血

163

dogmatic

(英) adj. 教条的,教义的(doctrinal; dictatorial) (记) 来自dogma(教条) (例) He has very dogmatic religious opinions.

164

fashionableness

(考) 反义词:modish(流行的)-lacking style and fashionableness(缺乏风格和时尚的)

165

calcium

(考) calcium : mineral \ sugar : carbohydrate(钙是一种无机元素\糖是一种碳水化合物)

166

circumlocution

(英) n. 迂回累赘的陈述 (a roundaboutlengthy way of expressing something) (考) 反义词:succinctness(简洁) (记) circum(绕圈)+locu(说话)+tion (同) 同根词: loquacious(多话的); locution(说话方式)

167

clown

(英) n.小丑(comic entertainer );v.扮小丑(act stupidly; play the fool)

168

obdurate

(英) adj. 固执的,顽固的(stubbornly persistent; inflexible) (考) firmness : obdurate \ carefulness : meticulous(程度: 坚定和顽固的\小心和十分小心的)energetic : frenetic \ firm : obdurate(程度: 积极的和狂热的\坚定的和顽固的)反义词:toward(温顺的) (记) ob(反)+dur(坚韧)+ate→很坚韧地对抗→固执的 (同) 同根词:endure(忍耐); indurate(使坚固硬化)

169

norm

(英) n. 规范,准则(a standard or mode that should be followed) (例) norms of conduct 行为准则

170

penance

(英) n. 自我惩罚(an act of self-abatement) (记) pen(惩罚)+ance→惩罚→自我惩罚

171

anarchist

(英) n. 无政府主义者(person who believes in anarchism) (考) anarchist : rebel \ apologist : defend(无政府主义者反叛\辩论者辩护)anarchist : government \ abolitionist : slavery(无政府主义者不要政府\废奴主义者不要奴隶制) (记) an(不无)+arch(统治)+ist(表人) →主张不统治的人→无政府主义者

172

astonishment

(英) 惊讶惊奇(great surprise) (考) pleasure : ecstasy \ surprise : astonishment(高兴过分为狂喜\吃惊过分为大吃一惊) (例) Imagine my astonishment when Peter walked in!

173

interregnum

(英) n. 无王时期(an interval between two successive reignswhen the country has no sovereign) (考) interregnum : government \ hibernation : activity(无王时期没有统治\冬眠时期没有活动) (记) inter+reg(国王 )+num→(二个)国王之间的无王时期 (同) 同根词:regal(国王的王室的)

174

tranquil

(英) adj.宁静的(free from disturbance or turmoil) (例) preserve a tranquil mind(保持平静的心情)

175

grenade

(英) n. 手榴弹(small bomb thrown by hand) (例) a hand-grenade

176

precognition

(英) n. 预感,早知(knowledge of sth.before it happens) (记) pre(预先)+cogn(知道)+ition→预先知道→预感

177

judicial

(英) adj. 法庭的,法官的(of lawcourtsjudges; judiciary) (记) judic(判断)+ial→判案的→法庭的 (例) I have a great faith in our judicial system.

178

byzantine

(英) adj.像迷宫似的; 难变更的(complicatedsecretive and difficult to change) (考) 反义词;straightforword(直接的) (记) 来自拜占庭(Byzantine)帝国其政治以错综复杂而著名 (例) an organization of Byzantine complexity

179

influx

(英) n. 注入涌入(arrival of people or things in large numbers or quantities) (考) 反义词:exodus(流出) (记) in(进入)+flux(流动) →注入

180

warmonger

(英) n.好战者,战争贩子(one who urges to stir up war; jingo) (考) 反义词:pacifist(和平主义者); dove(和平) (记) war(战争)+monger(商人,贩子)

181

mythology

(英) n. 神话(myths collectively);神话学(the science and study of myths) (例) I like to read about the gods and heroes of ancient mythology.

182

illusory

(英) adj. 虚幻的(deceptive; unreal; illusive) (考) maelstrom : turbulent \ mirage : illusory(大旋涡的特点是汹涌的\海市蜃楼的特点是虚幻的) (记) 来自 illusion(幻觉)il+lus(玩弄)→被玩弄→错觉

183

crepuscular

(英) adj. 朦胧的,微明的(of or like twilight; dim) (记) 来自crepuscle(黄昏),crep(黄昏=dusky) (例) crepuscular animals(在拂晓或薄暮时活动的动物)

184

dank

(英) adj.阴湿的; 阴冷的(damp; unpleasantly wet) (例) a dank cellar(阴湿的地窖)

185

butcher

(英) n. 屠夫; 刽子手(person who kills people brutally) (考) hammer : carpenter \ knife : butcher(锤子是木匠的工具\刀是屠夫的工具) (例) a mindless butcher of innocent people

186

foul

(英) adj. 恶臭的(stinking; loathsome) ;邪恶的(very wicked);v. 弄脏(soil; defile) ;n. (体育等)犯规(an infraction of the rulesas of a game or sport) (例) a foul traitor (无耻叛徒) \ be cautioned for a foul on another football player

187

timid

(考) alacrity : apathetic \ temerity : timid(乐意不冷漠\鲁莽不胆小)self-confident : timid \ open : shy(自信不胆怯\开放不害羞)反义词:audacious(大胆的)

188

reconvene

(记) re(再)+convene(召集)

189

reverse

(英) n. 反面 (the back part)相反(opposite)v. 倒车(to perform action in the opposite direction)反转(to turn backward) (记) re(反)+verse(转)→反转 (例) He did the reverse of what we expected. (他做了和我们期望相反的事)

190

attenuate

(英) v.变薄(to make slender);变弱(to lessen; weaken) (考) attenuate : force \ debase : value \ decelerate : speed(变弱减少力量\降价减少价值\减速减少速度)attenuate : thickness \ collapse : volume \ cool : temperature \ debilitate :strength \ enervate : vitality(变薄减少厚度\塌陷减少体积\降温减少温度\削弱减少力量\削弱减少活力)refine (记) at+ten(拉)+uate→一再拉→变弱 (同) 派生词: attenuation n. 稀薄稀释; 减弱减少同根词:tenable(攻得下的); tenacity(顽固固执)

191

chantey

(英) n. 船歌(song formerly sung by sailors while hauling ropes)

192

punctilious

(英) adj.谨小慎微的(concerned about precise accordance with the details of codes or conventions) (考) 反义词:slipshod(马虎的); remiss(玩忽职守的) (记) punct(点,尖)+ilious→注意每一个点→小心的 (同) 同根词:punctual(准时的); punctuate(加标点)

193

starvation

(英) n. 饥饿,饿死(suffering or death from lack of food) (记) starve(饿死)+ation

194

gaseous

(英) adj. 似气体的(likecontaining or being gas) (例) a gaseous mixture

195

canvas

(英) 帆布画布(strong coarse cloth used for making tentssailsand by artists for painting on) (考) canvas : painter \ marble : sculptor(画家在画布上画画\雕刻家在大理石上雕刻)tripod : camera \ easel : canvas(三脚架支撑相机\画架支撑画布)

196

terminable

(英) adj.可终止的(capable of being brought to an end) (记) termin(结束)+able→可结束的 (例) a loan terminable in 15 years(15年终止的借款)

197

vacuous

(英) adj.发呆的(marked by lack of ideas or intelligence;stupid) (考) 反义词:intelligent(睿智的) (同) 派生词: vacuity (n.[想象力等]贫乏,无聊)

198

homiletics

(英) n. 讲道术,说教术(art of preaching) (考) sermon : homiletics \ argument : logic(布道术学布道\逻辑学学辩论) (记) 来自 homily(说教,讲道)+etics(学术)

199

talisman

(英) n.避邪物,护身符(an object held to act as a charm to avert evil and bring good fortune) (记) talis(做仪式,驱邪)+man→护身符

200

skyscraper

(英) n. 摩天大楼 (a very tall modern city building) (考) bone : body \ girder : skyscraper (身体有骨骼支撑\摩天大楼有钢梁支撑)

201

mist

(英) n. 薄雾 (thin fog)

202

discography

(考) list : discography \ tool : hoe(唱片目录是一种目录\锄头是一种工具) (记) disc(录音唱片)+o+graphy(写)

203

glimmer

(英) v. 发微光(to give faintflickering light); (考) glimmer : dazzle \ murmur : resound(程度:发微光发强光\低声说大声说) (记) 来自 glim(灯,灯光)+mer→灯光摇曳 (例) A faint light glimmered at the end of the passage.

204

nonviable

(记) non(不)+viable(能养活的)

205

pigment

(英) n. 天然色素(a coloring matter in animals and plants);干粉颜料(a powdered substance that imparts colors to other materials) (考) pigment : color \ spice : flavor(颜料形成颜色\调味品形成味道)albino : pigment \ prairie : tree(白化变种没有色素\大草原没有树木) (记) 联想记忆:pigmeat(猪肉,肉感女人) →pigment(色素) (例) the pigment of the skin(皮肤的色素)

206

nectar

(英) n.琼浆玉液(drink of the gods);花蜜( sweet liquid collected by bees)

207

meddle

(英) v. 干涉干预(interfere) (考) officious : meddle \ disaffected : rebel(多管闲事的[人]喜欢干涉\不满的[人]喜欢反叛)

208

hem

(英) v.包围(surround tightly) (考) hem : garment \ ruffle : shirt \ molding : cabinet(折边装饰服装\褶皱装饰衬衫\木纹装饰壁橱) (例) at the hem of the sea(在海边)

209

therapeutic

(英) adj.治病的(of the treatment of diseases) (考) therapeutic : hospital \ illuminating : school(医院是治病的\学校是启蒙的) (记) therap(照看,治疗)+eutic→治疗的

210

unscrupulousness

(考) 反义词:probity(正直) (记) un(不)+scrupulousness(小心翼翼)

211

swarm

(英) n.(蜜蜂)一群,一群(人) (a great number of animate or inanimate things;throng) (例) a swarm of insects\swarms of sightseers swarm[swO:m]v.攀爬(树) (英) v.攀爬(树) (to climb with the hands and feet;mount) (例) a swarm of insects \ swarms of sightseers

212

blush

(英) 因某事物脸红(become red in the face)因羞愧等脸上泛出的红晕(reddening of the face from shameembarrassment) (同) 近形词: brush(画笔); flush(脸红冲洗); lush(青翠繁茂的) (例) She turned away to hide her blushes.

213

vicarious

(英) adj.间接的,代理的 (serving in place of someone or something else) (记) 来自vicar(牧师)+ious,牧师是上帝的代言人→代理的 (例) vicarious punishment(代受的惩罚)

214

negligent

(英) adj. 疏忽的,粗心大意的 (neglectful)

215

antarctic

(英) adj. 南极的(of the regions around the South Pole) (记) arctic(北极的)

216

excogitate

(英) v. 认真想出(to think out carefully and fully)) (记) ex+cogitate(思考)→想出; (同) 参考:cogitate(思考)

217

manacle

(英) n. 手铐(a handcuff; fetter or shackle for the hand) (记) man(手)+acle(东西)→带在手上的东西→手铐

218

petroleum

(英) n. 石油 (a mineral oil) (考) refinery : petroleum \ mill : grain(炼油厂加工石油\磨房加工谷物)

219

forgery

(英) n. 伪造(物)(counterfeited documents) (考) forgery : counterfeit \ embezzlement : fraud(伪造物是一种赝品\贪污是一种欺骗)plagiarism : ideas \ forgery : documents(剽窃观点\伪造文件) (例) forge a check. forge a bar of iron into a hook.

220

discourteous

(英) adj.不恭的,不敬的 (not courteous; impolite) (记) dis+courteous(礼貌的) (例) Mary received discourteous treatment from the arrogant clerk.

221

retrench

(英) v.节省紧缩费用(cut down expenses; economize) (考) 反义词:enlarge(增大) (例) He retrenched his travelling expenses.(他削减旅费)

222

popular

(英) adj. 受大众喜欢的 (liked by many people)

223

enclose

(英) v. 围住某物(put wallfence round sth) (考) enclose : parentheses \ separate : comma(括号的作用是包括\逗号的作用是分隔) (记) en(进入)+close(关闭) →把...关闭起来

224

vaporized

(考) abraded : friction \ vaporized : heat(摩擦使磨损掉\热使蒸发掉) (记) 来自动词vaporize(蒸发)

225

muddle

(英) n. 混乱迷惑(a confused or disordered state; mess) (记) mud(泥浆)+dle→混入泥浆→混乱 (例) I was all in a muddle and didn't even know what day it was.

226

brunt

[记]分拆联想:br想成bring + unt想成aunt→带来姑奶奶→带来影响[例] I had to bear the brunt of his anger.(我不得不忍受他的怒火。)

227

defamatory

(英) adj. 诽谤的 (tending to defame; slanderous)

228

seedling

(英) n. 幼苗(a young plant grown from seed) (记) seed(种子)+ling(小)→小苗,幼苗

229

rope

(考) splice : rope \ weld : metal(连接绳子\焊接金属)

230

replicate

(英) v. 重复,复制(duplicaterepeat) (例) The scientist replicated the important experiment.

231

gratitude

(英) n. 感激(thankfulness) (记) grat(感激高兴)+itude(状态)

232

smudge

(英) n.渍痕 (a blurry spot or streak) (考) slur : speech \ smudge : writing(含糊讲话\模糊作品) (例) He smudged the paper with his dirty hands.

233

pristine

(英) adj. 太古的(belonging to the earliest period)纯洁的(not spoiled; pure)新鲜的(fresh and clean as if new) (考) pristine : decay \ stable : fluctuation(新鲜的不会腐烂\稳定的不会波动)反义词:corrupted by civilization(被文明腐蚀的); squalid(肮脏的); contaminated(被污染的); taint(污点) (记) prist(=prim最早的)+ine=primitive (例) pristine innocence(天真无邪)

234

badinage

(英) n.开玩笑打趣(playful teasing) (考) 反义词:sernous conversation(严肃的交谈)

235

persnickety

(英) adj. 势利的(of a snob);挑剔的(fussy; fastidious)

236

disproof

(考) 反义词:substantiation(证明)

237

gorgon

(英) n. 丑陋女人(any uglyterrifyingor repulsive woman ) (记) 来自希腊神话中的蛇发女怪Gorgon

238

comic

(英) adj. 可笑的; 喜剧的(using comedy);n. 喜剧演员(comedian) (考) didactic : instruct \ comic : amuse(教诲的[东西]教导\发笑的[东西]娱乐) (记) com(宴会)+ic→喜剧的

239

portray

(英) v. 描绘,描述 (make a representation or description of) (例) The diary portrays his family as quarrelsome and malicious.

240

terrapin

(英) n.泥龟,水龟(any of various aquatic turtles)

241

far-fetched

(英) adj. 牵强的不自然的( implausible)

242

mountainous

(英) adj. 多山的 (full of mountains);巨大的(very large) (记) 来自名词mountain(山)

243

shuffle

(英) v.支吾(to act or speak in a evasive manner) (同) 参考:reshuffle(重新改组) (例) Don't shufflegive a definite answer.

244

converge

(英) v. 会聚,集中于一点(to come together at a point) (记) con+verge(转)→转到一起→会聚 (同) 同根词:diverge(分歧,离题) (例) The two armies converged on the enemy capital for the last battle of the war.

245

desertion

(英) n. 离弃遗弃(instance of being deserted) (例) Is desertion grounds for divorce?

246

tension

(英) n. 紧张,焦虑(nervous anxiety);张力(the amount of a force stretching something) (考) torque : rotation \ tension : elongation(力矩造成旋转\张力造成伸长)lacken(slacken): tension \ blunt : sharpness(使松懈(放松)不再拉紧\使变钝不再锋利)反义词:idyll(田园生活)-experience fraught with tension(充满紧张的经历) (记) tens(伸展)+ion→伸展出的状态→紧张

247

interstice

(英) n. 细裂缝,空隙(a small or narrow space; crevice) (记) inter+stice(=stance 站)→站在中间→空隙,间隙

248

malfunction

(英) v.发生故障(to fail to function);n. 故障,障碍(failure of this sort) (记) mal(坏)+function(功能)→功能不好→故障 (例) A computer malfunction destroyed the company's records.

249

modesty

(英) n. 谦虚,谦逊 (the quality of being modest) (记) modest(谦虚的)+y

250

obliterate

(英) v. 涂掉,擦掉(efface; erase) (考) inspire : infuse \ obliterate : remove \ accomodate : supply \ convey :conduct(同义: 激励→鼓舞\涂掉→移除\提供→供应\运输→传递)inter : burial \ obliterate : removal(动名词同义: 埋葬\涂掉) (记) ob(去掉)+liter(文字)+ate→擦掉(文字等) (例) The heavy rain obliterated all footprints.

251

vaunting

(考) 反义词:meek(谦恭的)

252

wizened

(英) adj.干皱的,干巴巴的(dry as a result of aging or of failing vitality) (记) wizen(起皱)+ed (例) wizened apples

253

nunnery

(英) 尼姑庵(convent的旧称; cloister) (记) nun(尼姑)+nery(地方)→尼姑庵

254

autocrat

(英) n.独裁者(a ruler with absolute power; dictator) (考) nominal : figurehead \ absolute : autocrat(傀儡有名无实\独裁者专制) (记) auto(自己)+crat(统治者)→独裁者 (同) 派生词: autocracy n.独裁政体同根词:democracy(民主统治); aristocracy(贵族统治)

255

inspection

(英) n.检查细看(critical examination) (考) tender : acceptance \ exhibit : inspection(提出是为了别人接受\展览是为了别人参观) (记) 来自inspect(细看,视察) (同) 同根词:retrospect(回顾); introspect(内省) (例) I gave the radio a thorough inspection before I bought it.

256

catastrophe

(英) n. 突如其来的大灾难(sudden great disaster ) (考) catastrophe : mishap \ humiliation : embarrassment(灾难比不幸程度深\羞辱比窘迫程度深) (例) The earthquake was a terrible catastrophe .

257

pedal

(英) v. 骑脚踏车 ( ride a bicycle)

258

phrase

(英) n. 乐句(a short musical thought );短语(a word or group of words) (例) the opening phrase of the overture(序曲的起首乐句)

259

tackle

(英) v. 处理( take action in order to deal with);n. 滑车(a mechanism for lifting weights) (考) bolster : support \ tackle : hoist(枕梁来支撑\滑索用来拉升) (例) It's time to tackle my homework.

260

deprive

(英) v. 剥夺某人的某事物(take sth away from sb\sth ) (记) de(去掉)+prive(单个) →从个人身边拿走→剥夺

261

breezeway

(考) breezeway : building \ stairway : floor(有顶棚的通道是建筑物间的通道\楼梯是楼层间的通道)

262

notify

(英) v. 通知(inform; announce to) (记) not(=note知道)+ify→使人知道 (例) I'll notify my lawyer to write out the agreement.

263

littoral

(英) adj. 海岸的(along the shore);n. 海滨,沿海地区(littoral zone) (记) littor(海岸)+al→海岸的

264

efficacious

(英) adj. 有效的(producing the desired result) (例) an efficacious treatmentmedicine(有效治疗)

265

catapult

(英) n.弹弓(slingshot);弹射器( hurling machine)

266

vendor

(英) n.小贩 (one that sells;seller) (考) vendor : purvey \ censor : expurgate(小贩可以供给\检查员可以清除) (记) 来自vend(出售)+or (例) a cigarette vendor(香烟小贩)

267

parry

(英) v. 挡开,避开(武器,问题等)(to ward off; to evade) (考) shirk : duty \ parry : question (逃避责任\逃避问题) (记) 来自pare(削皮,修剪)+ry (例) parry an embarrassing question(对一个令人难堪的问题避而不答)

268

crayon

(记) 和canyon(峡谷)一起记

269

awash

(英) adj. 被海水淹没的( flooded with sea water) (考) 反义词:dry(干燥的) (例) These rocks are awash at high tide .

270

cello

(英) 大提琴(stringed musical instrument like a large violinheld between the knees by a seated player) (记) violin(小提琴); viola(中提琴)

271

travelogue

(英) n.旅行见闻(a talk or lecture on travel accompanied by a film or slides) (记) travel(旅游)+logue(说话,记录)→游记

272

unavoidable

(记) un(不)+avoidable(可避免的)

273

telling

(英) adj. 有效的显著的(producing a striking effect) (考) 反义词: not effective(无效的)

274

renounce

(英) v.(正式)放弃(to give up or resign by formal declaration) (考) renounce : pledge \ rescind : order(背弃誓言\废除命令)反义词:claim(要求) (记) re(反)+nounce(讲话,通告)→反过来宣_布→放弃_ (同) 同根词:denounce(指责); enounce(发音,表达)派生词:renunciation (n. 放弃,抛弃repudiation) (例) He renounced his claim to the property.

275

simplicity

(英) n. 简单,朴素 (the quality of being simple) (考) labyrinthine : simplicity \ jejune : interest(复杂的不会简单\枯燥的不会有趣) (记) simple(简单的)+ic+ity

276

sky-rocket

(英) v.陡升,猛涨 (to shoot up abruptly) (记) 组合词:sky+rocket(火箭)

277

cloying

(英) adj. 甜得发腻的(too much of sweetness) (考) garrulous(loquacious): talkative \ cloying : sweet(喋喋不休是过分多话\腻是过分甜)

278

variation

(考) mimicry : camouflage \ mutation : variation(拟态是伪装\基因突变是变化)反义词:oscillation(变动)-absence of variation(缺少变化); uniformity(一致)

279

canon

(英) n. 经典,真作(the works that are genuine) (考) 反义词: apocrypha(伪经) (同) 近形词:cannon(大炮)

280

sloven

(英) n.不修边幅的人(one habitually negligent of neatness or cleanliness)

281

superior

(英) adj. 上级的 (of higher rank or class);上等的(of high quality) (例) a superior cloth

282

imprint

(英) v. 盖印,刻印(to mark by pressing or stamping) (记) im(不)+print(印)→印上→盖印 (例) Every detail is imprinted on my mind.

283

amnesia

(英) n. 健忘症(partial or total loss of memory) (记) a+mnes(记忆)+ia(病)→没有记忆的病 (同) 同根词:amnesty(大赦)

284

elicit

(英) v. 引出,探出(to draw forth or bring out) (记) e(出)+licit(引导)→引导出注意不要和illicit(不合法的)相混 (例) He elicited the truth at lastby questioning all the boys in the school.

285

reincarnate

(英) v. 使化身,转生(to incarnate again) (记) re(重新)+incarnate(化身)→精神重新进入肉体→转生 (例) Perhaps you will be reincarnated as a snake

286

indurate

(考) 反义词:soften(软化) (记) in(进入)+dur(坚硬)+ate→进入坚硬

287

fretful

(英) adj. 烦躁的(irritable and discontented; peevish); (同) n. fretfulness

288

panel

(英) n. 专门小组(a group of persons);仪表板(switchboard) (例) a panel of three psychiatrists and three doctors(由三名精神病学者与三名医师组成的专门小组)

289

clique

(英) n. 朋党派系,小集团 (snobbish or narrow coterie) (考) clique : intimates \ flock : sheep(密友形成小集团\羊形成羊群)

290

faucet

(记) 来自fauce(咽喉)

291

billow

(英) n.巨浪(large wave of water) (记) 分拆联想:bill(钞票) + low(下,低) →把钞票扔下海→中国人用钱等祭祀海神以平息波涛近形词:bellow(v.\n.怒吼,吼叫)

292

blade

(英) n.刀锋,刀口(the cutting part of a tool) (考) bit : drill \ blade : razor(钻靠钻头钻\剃刀靠刀锋剃) (记) razor(刀片)

293

cardiologist

(英) n. 心脏病专家(expert of the heart disease) (记) 分割记忆:card(心)+ology(学科)+ist(人)→研究心脏的人→心脏病专家

294

gall

(英) n. 胆汁(bile);怨恨(hatredbitter feeling; rancor) (例) as bitter as gall(味道如胆汁)

295

canny

[记]分拆联想:can(能) + ny想成any→能做任何事→精明的

296

glade

(英) n. 林中的空地(an open space in a wood or forest) (考) glade : forest \ oasis : desert(林中空地被森林包围\沙漠绿洲被沙漠包围) (记) 和blade(叶片,刀片)一起记,也可分割记忆:glad(高兴)+e

297

recollection

(英) n. 记忆力(the power or action of remembering the past);记忆中的往事(something in one's memory of the past) (记) 来自动词recollect(回想;re[重新]+col[一起]+lect[收集])+ion

298

painstaking

(英) adj. 煞费苦心的(very careful and thorough) (考) 反义词:cursory(草率的) (例) a painstaking job

299

pesticide

(英) n. 杀虫剂(an agent used to destroy pests) (考) insect : pesticide \ plant : herbicide(杀虫剂用来杀死昆虫\除草剂用来杀死植物)

300

hypersensitive

(英) adj. 过分敏感的(excessively sensitive) (记) hyper(过分)+sensitive(敏感的)

301

podium

(英) n. 讲坛,指挥台(a base esp. for an orchestral conductor) (记) pod(脚)+ium→站脚的地方→讲坛 (例) The lecture arranged her notes on the podium.

302

dissenting

(例) a dissenting voice

303

uxorious

(英) adj.宠爱妻子的(excessively fond of or submissive to a wife) (记) uxor(妻子)+ious (同) 同根词:uxoricide(杀妻);uxorial(妻子般的) (例) an uxorious husband

304

vapor

(英) 蒸汽水汽(a gaslike form of a liquid often caused by a sudden change of temperature) (考) evaporate : vapor \ petrify : stone(蒸发变成蒸汽\石化变成石头) (记) vap(蒸气)+or

305

translucent

(英) adj.(半)透明的(allowing light to pass through but not transparent) (考) slack : tension \ opaque : translucence(松弛无紧张\不透明无透明) (记) trans(穿过)+luc(明亮)+ent→光线能穿过→半透明的 (同) 派生词: translucence(半透明) (例) Translucent glass in the bathroom window.

306

surly

(英) adj.脾气暴躁的(bad-tempered);阴沉的(menacing or threatening) (记) sur(=sir先生)+ly→像高高在上的先生一般 (例) a surly old man\surly weather

307

episodic

(英) adj. 偶然发生的分散性的(occurring irregularly ) (例) episodic fits of depression

308

incarnate

(英) adj. 具有肉体的(given a bodily form);化身的(personified) (记) in(进入)+carn(肉体)+ate(思想等)→变成肉体化身 (同) 同根词:carnage(大屠杀); carnal(肉欲的)派生词: incarnation (n. 具体化,化身) (例) She was happiness incarnate.

309

advert

(英) v. 提及提出看法( refer) (记) ad(一再)+vert(转) →一再转到这个话题→提及 (例) He adverted to a topic mentioned earlier by another speaker.

310

siren

(英) n.汽笛,警报器(a device for producing a penetrating warning sound) (记) 原指希腊神话中半人半鸟的女海妖,以美妙歌声迷住海员,使船只触礁沉没

311

subversive

(英) n.补助金,津贴(the provision of assistance or financial support) (记) sub(下面)+vent(来)+ion→来到下面作为帮助→补助金

312

gormandize

(英) v. 拼命吃,贪吃(to eat or devour like a glutton) (记) 来自 gourmand(贪吃的人)

313

maculated

(英) adj. 有斑点的(blemished) (考) 反义词:unspotted(无污点的); immaculate(纯洁的) (记) maculate(使有斑点)+ed

314

cramped

(英) adj. 狭窄的,挤在一起的(confined and restricted) (考) 反义词:commodious(宽敞的) (例) No more people could fit into the cramped elevator.

315

mosquito

(考) mosquito : netting \ impurity : filter(蚊帐挡住蚊子\过滤器挡住杂质)

316

archetype

(英) n. 原型 (the original patternor model; prototype);典型例子(a perfect example) (考) harbinger : presage \ archetype : exemplify(先驱可以预示\典型可以示范) (记) arche(原来的)+type(形状)→原型 (同) 派生词: archetypally (adv. 原型地)

317

reinforce

(英) v. 加强力量,增援(to strengthen or increase by fresh additions) (考) 反义词:undermine(削弱); subvert(颠覆) (记) re(再次)+inforce(强化) (例) to reinforce an argument with facts

318

criterion

(英) n. 评判的标准尺度(standard by which sth. is judged) (记) crit(判断分辨)+er+ion→标准

319

aberrant

(英) 越轨的(turning away from what is right);异常的(deviating from what is normal) (考) 反义词: normal(正常的); typical(典型的) (记) ab+err(错误)+ant→走向错误→越轨的 (同) 派生词: aberranceaberration(n. 越轨行为)同根词:errant(错误的,离正道的)erratic(古怪的)

320

uproar

(英) n. 喧闹,骚动 (confused noisy activity) (例) The meeting ended in an uproar

321

awry

(英) adj.扭曲的,走样的(not straight; askew) (考) 反义词:orderly(有序的); aligned(排成一行的) (记) a+wry(歪的)→扭曲的

322

restraint

(英) n. 克制(a control over the expression of one's emotions or thoughts) (考) 反义词:ebullience(亢奋); bridled(受约束的)-without restraint(不受约束的) (记) re(重新)+strain(拉紧)→重新拉紧→克制; 比较:restrict(限制) (例) His rage was beyond restraint. (他怒不可遏)

323

repulse

(英) v. 驱逐,击退(repel);厌恶(to repel by discourtesycoldnessor denial);n. 驱逐,击退,厌恶 (rebuffrejection) (考) 反义词:captivate(使着迷); court(追求); entrance(使入神) (记) re(反)+pulse(推)→推出去→击退 (例) The army repulsed the rebels.

324

split

(英) 分裂裂开 (to divide lengthwise usu. along a grain or seam) (例) split the firewood with an axe/split into factions(分裂成多个派别)

325

quantum

(英) n.定量; 量子(any of the small subdivisions of a quantized physical magnitude) (记) quant(数量)+um→定量 (同) 同根词:quantity(数量,总量); quantitative(数量的)

326

figment

(英) n.虚构的东西(something merely imagined) (记) fig(做)+ment→做出来的→虚构的东西 (例) a figment of one's imagination(想象之物)

327

escapism

(英) n. 逃避现实(的习气)(trying to forget unpleasant realities by means of entertainment) (例) Drug-taking is a form of escapism for some people.

328

downplay

(英) v. 贬低不予重视(belittle) (例) downplay the significance of a visit

329

cardboard

(英) n. 硬纸板(thick stiff type of paper);adj.不真实的(not real) (例) The story has too many cardboard characters .

330

invertebrate

(记) in(无)+vertebrate(脊椎的)

331

highlight

(英) n. 最精彩的部分(most interesting or most exciting part) (例) The highlight of our tour was seeing the palace.

332

vestigial

(英) 残余的遗迹的(that still remains) (考) 反义词:fully developed(发育完全的)

333

conviction

(英) n. 判罪,坚信 (a strong belief; certainty; opinion) (考) resoluteness : will \ zeal : conviction(有意志的人果断\有信念的人一心一意)mediation : compromise \ prosecution : conviction(调停是为了和解\起诉是为了定罪)反义词: skepticism(怀疑) (记) con+vict(征服)→征服罪犯→定罪;尤其注意conviction(坚信)一意 (同) 同根词:victory(胜利); invincible(无敌的) (例) I speak in the full conviction that our cause is just.

334

host

(英) 东道主(one who entertains guests either at home or elsewhere);(寄生物之)寄主(any organism on or in which a parasitic organism lives for nourishment or protection) (考) host : parasite \ medium : bacterium(寄生虫生活在宿主中\细菌生活在细菌环境中)

335

penury

(英) n. 贫穷(extreme poverty) (考) 反义词:prodigality(丰富); affluence(富裕)

336

fender

(英) n.挡泥板(a metal or plastic enclosure to protect against splashing mud)护舷的垫子等(a pad or cushion hung over a ship's side to protect it) (记) 来自fend(v.抵挡,保护)+er→挡泥板

337

judiciousness

(考) 反义词: indiscretion(不谨慎) (记) 来自judicious(adj.明智的;judic[判断]+ious→有判断力的)

338

rapprochement

(英) n.和好,和睦(establishment of having cordial relations) (考) 反义词:estrangement(疏远)

339

commotion

(英) n. 骚动,动乱 (violent motion; trubulence) (考) squall : commotion \ flash : illumination(狂叫是一种骚乱\闪光是一种照明)反义词:tranquillity(宁静) (记) com(共同)+mot(动)+ion→大家动→动乱 (同) 同根词:motivation(动机); promotion(提升增加)

340

matriculate

(英) v. 录取(enroll in college or graduate school)

341

malcontent

(英) n. 不满分子,反抗者(discontenteddissatisfiedrebellious person) (考) dilatory : procrastinate \ malcontent : complain(拖拉的[人]耽误\不满的[人]抱怨)daredevil : audacity \ malcontent : dissatisfaction(冒失鬼[的特点]是鲁莽\不满者[的特点]是不满)

342

positiveness

(英) n. 肯定,信心(being fully assured: confidence)

343

fluke

(英) n.侥幸,偶然的机会(a result brought about by accident) (考) 反义词:expected occurrence(预料中的事) (记) 和flake(雪片)一起记 (例) He passed his examination by a fluke.

344

premise

(英) n. 前提 (a statement or idea on which reasoning is based) (例) Adivce to investors was based on the premise that interest rates would continue to fall.

345

scanty

(英) adj. 不够的,贫乏的(hardly enough in size or quantity)

346

sanguine

(英) adj. 乐观的(cheerful and confident; optimistic) (考) 反义词:morose(忧郁的); despondent(绝望的) (记) sanguine happy go lucky disposition(乐天逍遥的性格) (例) sanguine happy go lucky disposition(乐天逍遥的性格)

347

anonymous

(英) adj. 匿名的(written by a person whose name is unknown) (考) anonymous :identify \ nonchalant:excite(化名的无法辨认\冷淡的无法刺激) (记) an+onym(名称)+ity→无名称→匿名 (同) 派生词: anonymity (n. 无名,匿名)同根词:synonym(同义词); pseudonym(假名)

348

chimera

(英) n. 神话怪物 (fabulous monster);梦幻 (an impossible or foolish fancy) (考) melodrama : subtlety \ chimera : authenticity(情节剧不微妙\幻想不真实) (记) 原指希腊神话中一种狮头羊身蛇尾的会喷火的女妖怪;发音像中文的'骑马啦'

349

politeness

(考) dissemble : honesty \ snub : politeness(诚实[的人]不会掩饰\礼貌[的人]不会怠慢)

350

myopic

(考) 反义词:discerning(能分辨的)

351

infinitesimal

(英) adj. 极微小的(infinitely small); (记) infinite(无穷的)+simal→无穷小的

352

filament

(英) n.灯丝(the fine metal wire in a light bulb);细丝(a very slender thread or fiber ) (记) fila(丝)+ment→细丝 (同) 同根词:filar(丝的); filigree(金银钿工) (例) nylon filaments(尼龙丝)

353

deficiency

(英) n. 缺陷 (absence of something essential ; incompleteness);不足 (a shortage) (考) 反义词:surfeit(充足) (记) de+fic(做)+iency→没做好→缺陷 (例) The deficiencies in this plan are very clear.

354

irradiate

(英) v. 使明亮,生辉(to shine; light up) (记) ir(使)+radiate(发热生光)→使发光 (例) Their faces were irradiated by happiness.

355

yarn

(考) knit : yarn \ plait : hair(编织纱线\编辫头发) (记) 注意不要和yawn(打呵欠)相混

356

bellicose

(英) adj.好战的,好斗的(eager to fight or quarrel ; warlikebelligerent) (考) imperious : servile \ bellicose : peaceable(专横无奴性\好战无和平)反义词:pacific(爱好和平的); inclined to make peace(愿意讲和的) (记) bell(战争)+icose(形容词后缀)→好斗的; (同) 派生词: bellicosity (n. 好斗)同根词:rebel(反叛); rebellion(叛乱) (例) The bellicose man threatened to hit me.

357

asset

(英) n. 财产(anything owned);可取之处(a desirable thing) (考) 反义词:liability(负债)

358

tease

(英) v. 取笑,戏弄( make jokes about unkindly or playfully) (例) Stop teasing the cat.

359

donor

(英) 捐赠者赠送者(person who gives sth)献血者(person who provides blood for transfusionorgans for transplantation) (考) legacy : predecessor \ gift : donor(遗产是前辈留下的\赠品是捐赠者留下的) (记) don+or→给的人

360

impeccable

(英) adj. 无瑕疵的(faultless; flawless) (考) boundless : limit \ sterile : bacteria \impeccable : flaw \ ingenuous : guile(无限的没有界限\无菌的没有细菌\无瑕疵的没有瑕疵\真诚的没有诡计)反义词:faulty(有缺点的) (记) im(无)+pecc(斑点)+able→无斑点的 (同) 同根词:peccadillo(小过失) (例) His work is impeccablebut he never arrives at work on time.

361

indulgent

(英) adj. 放纵的(inclined to indulge) (考) 反义词:martinet(严格执行纪律者)-indulgent individual(放纵者); (例) indulgent parents

362

swill

(英) v.冲洗 (washdrench);痛饮(guzzle) (考) swill : sip \ gobble : nibble(狂饮对啜饮\狼吞虎咽对小口食用)反义词:sip(啜饮) (记) 注意不要和swell(肿大)相混 (例) swilled my tea in two gulps

363

beseech

(英) v.祈求,恳求(to ask earnestly; entreat; implore) (考) supplicant : beseeching \ coquette : flirtation(恳求者恳求\卖弄风情的女子调情) (记) be+seech(寻求seek)→寻求→恳求 (例) He besought a favor of the judge.(他恳求法官给予恩惠)

364

tire

(英) n. 轮胎(tyre);v. 疲劳( become tired) (考) candle : wax \ candy : sugar \ tire : rubber(蜡烛由蜡制成\糖果由糖制成\轮胎由橡胶制成)

365

crank

(英) n. 曲柄;古怪的人 (a person who has oddstubborn notions; eccentric)

366

broker

(英) n. 经纪人(person who buys and sells things for others) (考) impresario : entertainment \ broker : trade(演出经纪人经营娱乐\贸易经纪人经营贸易) (记) pawnbroker(典当商)

367

devious

(英) adj.不正直的(not straight forward or frank);弯曲的 (roundabout; winding) (记) de+vi(=via道路)+ous→离正道的→不正直的 (同) n. deviousness (例) a devious person \a devious path

368

esophagus

(英) n. 食道食管(tube through which food passes from the mouth to the stomach) (记) eso(=carry 带来)+phag(吃)+us

369

discordant

(英) adj.不一致的,不调和的 (not in accord; conflicting) (考) anachronistic : time \ discordant : sound(年代错误是时间错误\不和谐是声音错误) (记) dis+cord(心)+ant→不一条心→不一致的 (同) 同根词:cordiology(心脏病学),cordial(衷心的)

370

brink

(英) n.(峭壁的)边沿,边缘(the edge of a steep place; vergeborder) (记) 比较:blink(眨眼睛),在峭壁的边缘吓得直眨眼睛(blink at the brink of a cliff)

371

carve

(英) v.雕刻(to shape by cuttingchippinghewing);(把肉等)切成片(slice) (考) carve : turkey \ slice : cake(将火鸡切成片\将面包切成片)hack : carve \ gouge : engrave(雕刻比砍细致\雕刻比凿细致) (例) She carved me some very nice pieces of chicken.

372

detective

(英) n. 侦探(person whose job is to investigate and solve crime) (记) de(打开)+tect(盖上)+ive→把盖上的打开→发觉

373

convivial

(英) adj. 欢乐的,狂欢的 (having to do with a feast or festive activity) (记) con+viv(活)+ial→一起活跃→欢乐的 (同) 同根词:vivid(生动的); revive(复活)

374

stocky

(英) adj. 矮胖的,粗壮的(compactsturdy) (记) stock(树桩)+y→像树桩一样→矮胖的

375

withdraw

(英) v.撤退,收回 (to take back or away;remove) (考) rescind : law \ withdraw : candidacy(废除法律\取消候选人资格)roisterer : carouse \ recluse : withdraw(喝酒喧闹者狂欢\隐士隐退) (记) with(往回)+draw(拉)→往回拉,撤退 (例) withdraw a remark(撤消前言)

376

oxidize

(英) v. 氧化,生锈(to unite with oxygen in burning or rusting) (记) oxid(氧化物)+ize→氧化

377

valediction

(英) n.告别演说(an address or statement of farewell) (考) panegyric : praise \ valediction : farewell(颂词为了赞扬\告别词为了告别)反义词: greeting(欢迎词) (记) vale(告别)+diction(讲话)

378

understock

(记) under(不够)+stock(存货)

379

paleolithic

(记) paleo(古)+lith(石头)+ic→旧石器的; (同) 参考:neolithic(新石器时代的)

380

eminent

(英) adj. 著名的,显著的(prominentconspicuous) (考) 反义词:undistinguished(普通的) (记) e+min(突出)+ent→突出来→著名的 (同) 同根词:imminent(急迫的); prominent(杰出的) (例) an eminent doctor

381

rowdy

(英) adj. 吵闹的,粗暴的(roughquarrelsome) (记) row(吵闹)+dy→吵闹的,注意row还有'一排(座位)'和'划船'等意思 (例) The rowdy audience jeered the untalented opening act.

382

simile

(英) n.直喻,明喻(comparison of one thing with another) (记) simil(相似)+e (例) To say that sb. is as brave as a lion is a simile.

383

sane

(英) adj. 神志清楚的,明智的(having a normalhealthy mind; sensible) (例) No sane man would do that.

384

intricate

(英) adj. 复杂难懂的(hard to follow or understand; complex) (记) in(进)+tric(琐碎,复杂)+ate→错综复杂的 (同) 同根词:extricate(解救)派生词: intricacy (n. 错综复杂complexity) (例) The explorers were lost in an intricate maze of tunnels.

385

panorama

(英) n. 全景,概观(a comprehensive presentation; cyclorama) (记) pan(全部)+orama(看)→全部看得到→全景,全貌 (例) From the airplaneI could see a panorama of the city beneath me.

386

libretto

(英) n. (歌剧等)歌词(the words of an operaoratorio) (记) litre(书)+etto→剧本 (同) 同根词:library(图书馆)

387

genetics

(英) n. 遗传学(the branch of biology that deals with heredity) (记) gene(基因)+tic→基因的,遗传的

388

valorous

(考) 反义词:craven(懦弱的)

389

deter

(英) v. 威慑,吓住 (discourage) (考) intrepid : deter \ rapt : distract(无畏的不会被威慑\全神贯注的不会被分心)反义词:spur(刺激) (记) de+ter(吓唬)→吓住 (同) 同根词:terror(恐惧);determent (制止,威慑) (例) The light rain didn't deter the children from playing outside.

390

copious

(英) adj. 丰富的,多产的 (very plentiful; abundant) (考) 反义词:sparse(稀少的) (记) 参考:opulent(丰富的,富饶的),两个单词都来自:'ops'意为'财富' (例) copious tears. the most copious of British writers

391

unconfirmed

(记) un(不)+confirmed(证实的)

392

suspend

(英) v. 暂缓,中止 ( stop to be inactive or ineffective for a period of time)吊,悬 ( hang from above) (考) 反义词:let fall(使下落); erect(树立); invoke(激发) (记) sus(在...下面)+pend(挂)→挂在下面→悬挂

393

pugnacious

(英) adj.好斗的(having a quarrelsome or combative nature; truculent) (记) pugn(打斗)+acious→好斗的 (同) 派生词: pugnacity (n. 好斗性) (例) The pugnacious student was sent to the principal's office.

394

combine

(英) v. 联合组合(to join together to form a whole) (记) com(共同)+bine(捆) →捆在一起→结合

395

pinch

(英) v. 捏,掐(compress, squeeze);n. 一撮 ,一点(a very small amount) (考) 反义词:abundant amount(充足的数量) (例) a pinch of salt(一撮盐)

396

whetstone

(英) n. 磨刀石(a stone used for sharpening cutting tools) (考) pestle : grind \ whetstone : sharpen(研棒用来研磨\磨刀石用来磨刀) (记) 组合词:whet(磨)+stone(石头)

397

consequent

(英) adj. 跟随的; 事物接连发生的(following sth as an effect) (考) 反义词: nugatory(无价值的)-consequential(重要的) (记) con+sequ(跟随)ent→跟随而来的 (同) 同根词:obsequious(拍马屁的); sequence(序列顺序)派生词: consequence (n. 结果,后果); consequential (adj. 产生后果的;重大的) (例) his resignation and the consequent public uproar

398

slue

(英) v.(使)旋转 (slew) (记) slew(旋转)的变体

399

uncommunicative

(记) un(不)+communicative(爱说话的,好社交的)

400

monotony

(英) n. 单调千篇一律 (lack of variety)

401

demonstration

(英) 证明论证(instance of showing sth by giving proof or evidence) (记) demonstrate 的名词

402

forbearance

(英) n. 自制,忍耐(self-control; restraint; patience) (考) 反义词:impatience(不耐烦) (记) for(前)+bear(忍受)+ance→忍受在前→自制;注意:for或fore作为词根有'前面'和'出去'两层意思 (例) treat what he did with forbearance

403

miller

(考) miller : grain \ tanner : hide(磨房工加工谷物\鞣革工加工皮革) (记) mill(磨房)+er

404

shriek

(英) v.尖叫 (to utter a sharp shrill sound) (记) 参考:shrill(尖声的),都带有象声词色彩 (例) the shriek of chalk on the blackboard(粉笔划过黑板的刺耳声)

405

relent

(英) v. 动怜悯心(to become less severeharshor strict);减弱(softenmollify) (记) re(重新)+lent(=bent 弯曲)→弯曲下来→变温和 (例) In the morningthe storm relented a little.

406

fervid

(英) adj. 炽热的热情的(marked by great passion) (考) 反义词:restrained(克制的) (记) ferv(沸热)+id

407

resent

(英) v. 憎恶,愤恨(to feel or express annoyance or ill will) (记) re(反)+sent(感情)→反感,憎恶 (同) 派生词: resentful (adj. 怨恨的); resentment(n. 憎恨)同根词:assent(同意);sentiment(情感) (例) Mary resented John's promotion because she felt she deserved it.

408

reconcile

(英) v. 和解,调和(to restore to friendship or harmony) (记) re(重新)+concile(=conciliate安抚,调和) (同) adj. reconciliatory (例) A mediator reconciled the difference between the two sides.

409

veracity

(英) n.真实性,诚实 (devotion to the truth; truthfulness) (考) 反义词:prevarication(支吾其词) (记) ver(真实)+acity→真实性 (例) There is no reason to doubt the veracity of the evidence.

410

piscatorial

(英) adj. 捕鱼的,渔民的(dependent on fishing; also piscatory) (记) 来自piscator(捕鱼人)+ial→捕鱼的; (同) 参考:pisciculture(鱼类养殖)

411

epidemic

(英) adj. 传染性的,流行性的 ([of contagious disease]prevalent and spreading rapidly in a community) (记) epi(在…外)+dim(人民)+ic→在一群人之外→流行_性的 (同) 参考:endemic(n. 地方病; adj. 地方性的) (例) Fear was epidemicand people ran screaming in the streets.

412

proctor

(英) n. 代理人,学监(one appointed to supervise students) (考) proctor : supervise \ prodigal : squander(学监监督\挥霍者挥霍) (例) The proctor handed me a newly sharpened pencil.

413

convenient

(英) adj. 方便的(fitting in well with people's needs or plans) (例) I can't see him now;it's not convenient .

414

bogus

(英) adj.假装的,假的(not genuine; spurious) (考) 反义词:authentic(真实的) (记) 来自一种叫'Bogus'的机器,用来造伪钞 (例) The museum quickly discovered that the painting was bogus.

415

inducement

(英) n. 引诱物(anything that induces; incentive) (考) 反义词:deterrent(威慑物)

416

grim

(英) adj. 冷酷的,可怕的(appearing sternforbidding) (同) 近形词: brim(边缘盈满); prim(一本正经的呆板的); trim(修剪) (例) the grim news of one's death

417

intrepid

(英) adj. 无畏的(not afraid; fearlessdauntless);刚毅的(bold) (考) genteel : vulgarity \ intrepid : fear(优雅的不粗俗\勇敢的不害怕)intrepid : deter \ rapt : distract(无畏的不会被阻止\全神贯注的不会被分心)反义词:timorous(胆怯的); apprehensive(不安的) (记) in(不)+trep(害怕)+id→不害怕→无畏的 (同) 同根词:trepidation(胆怯) (例) The intrepid explorers Chinese reached the South Pole.

418

remorse

(英) n. 懊悔,悔恨(a gnawing distress; self reproach) (考) truculent : gentleness \ unregenerate : remorse(反义:凶残对温柔\不悔改对后悔)longing : pine \ remorse : rue(因渴望而憔悴\因懊悔而悲伤) (记) re(反)+morse(咬)→反过去咬自己→悔恨 (同) 同根词:morsel(一口,一小份) (例) He was filled with remorse for his evil deed.

419

panache

(英) n.炫耀神气十足(flair; flamboyance) (考) 反义词:humility(谦虚); unremarkable behavior(谦逊的举止) (例) Herides with panache(他神气活现地骑马)

420

cylinder

(英) n. 圆柱(solid or hollow curved body with circular ends) (记) 来自词根:cylind(卷)

421

nontraditional

(记) non(不)+traditional(传统的)

422

pompous

(英) adj. 自大的(having or exhibiting self-importance; arrogant) (考) bombast : pompous \ tirade : critical \ drivel : nonsensical(夸大言辞的特点是夸大的\攻击性演说的特点是批评的\胡说的特点是荒谬的)pontificate : pompous \ scoff : derisive \ drawl : slow \ bluster : loud \ prate: aimless(装腔作势特点是夸大的\嘲弄特点是嘲笑的\懒洋洋说特点是缓慢的\咆哮特点是大声的\空谈特点是无目的 (记) pomp(炫耀)+osity→过分炫耀,自大 (例) a pompous politician(自命不凡的政客)

423

retrieve

(英) 寻回,取回 ( regain),挽回(错误) (to remedy the evil consequences of; correct) (记) re(重新)+trieve(=find 找到)→重新找到→寻回 (同) 派生词: retrieval n. 取回,补偿 (例) retrieve a lost piece of luggage\retrieve sb. from ruin

424

hypercritical

(考) authenticity : fraudulent \ sincerity : hypercritical(真实不会欺骗\真诚不会伪善)反义词:ingenuous(坦白的); honest(真诚的) (记) hyper(过度)+critical(批评的)→过于批评的→苛求的 (例) The hypercritical teacher took the joy out of learning.

425

dispossessed

(英) adj.被剥夺财产的(deprived of the possession) (记) dis+possessed(拥有的)→不再拥有的

426

glucose

(记) gluco (葡萄糖)+se→葡萄糖

427

other-directed

(记) 组合词:other(别人)+direct(指挥)+ed

428

sensitive

(英) adj. 敏感的(strongly or easily influenced by something) (考) quixotic : idealistic \ touchy : sensitive(程度: 过分理想和理想\过分敏感和敏感)反义词: numb(麻木) (记) sens(感觉)+itive

429

mesa

(英) n. 高台地,平顶山(a land formation having steep wells and a relative flat top) (记) 来自西班牙语,意为table(桌子)

430

clay

(英) n. 黏土(stiff sticky earthused of making pottery) (考) clay : porcelain \ flax : linen(瓷器的原料是黏土\亚麻布的原料是亚麻)

431

sentry

(英) n. 哨兵,步哨 (a soldier standing guard) (记) sent(感觉)+ry→感觉者→哨兵

432

mortify

(英) v. 使屈辱, 使痛心(to cause to feel humiliation and chagrin) (考) embarrass : mortify \ indulge : mollycoddle(使人过分难堪是羞辱\过分纵容别人是溺爱) (记) mort(死)+ify→让人想死→使人屈辱 (例) The teacher was mortified by his own inability to answer such a simple question.

433

confide

(英) v. 吐露(心事) (to show confidence by imparting secrets) (记) con+fide(相信)→相信别人→吐露 (同) 同根词: fidelity(忠实忠贞); perfidy(背信) (例) Mary always confided her fears to her teacher.

434

fraudulent

(英) adj. 欺骗的,不诚实的(acting with fraud; deceitful) (考) authenticity : fraudulent \ sincerity : hypocritical(真实无欺骗\真诚无伪善) (记) 分割记忆:frau 是德语'妻子,太太'之意,如果妻子欺骗丈夫,那就是fraud (例) obtain sth. by fraud. fraudulent behavior.

435

debauch

(英) v. 使放荡,堕落 (to lead astray morally; corrupt; deprave; debase) (记) de+bauch(beam大梁)→大梁倒塌→堕落 (同) 派生词: debauchery (n. 放荡,沉湎酒色)

436

hatred

(英) n. 仇恨憎恨(very strong dislike) (例) feel hatred for the enemy

437

gleaner

(英) v. 拾落穗(to gather grains left by reapers);收集(材料等)(to collect or find out) (例) glean information about sb's family

438

viper

(英) n.蝰蛇(poisonous snake)

439

rural

(英) adj. 乡村的(characteristic of the country) (记) rur(乡村)+al (同) 同根词:ruralize(使农村化);rurality(农村景色) (例) Tired of the big citythe writer moved to quiet rural town.

440

unprecedented

(英) adj. 前所未有的(never having happened before) (记) un(不)+precedent(先例)+ed

441

revile

(英) v. 辱骂,恶言相向(to use abusive language; rail) (记) re(反复)+vile(卑鄙的,邪恶的)→用邪恶的话骂→辱骂 (例) an editorial reviling the Government

442

sneaking

(英) adj. 秘密的,不公开的(furtiveunderhanded)

443

atypical

(英) adj.非典型的( not normal; not typical) (记) a(无非)+typical(典型的)

444

gadget

(英) n. 小工具,小机械(any small mechanical contrivance or device) (考) gadget : tools \ trinkets : jewelry(小器械是一种工具\小饰品是一种珠宝) (记) 分割记忆:gad(尖头棒)+get→尖头棒是小工具的一种,可以和fidget(坐立不安)一 起记

445

die

(考) die : shaping \ drill : boring(模具用来使成形\钻用来钻孔)

446

multiply

(英) v. 大大增加(greatly increase);繁殖(breed) (考) multiply : divide \ enter : leave(乘对除\进对出)反义词:propagate(繁殖)-fail to multiply(不能繁殖) (记) multi(多)+ply(表动词)→变多→乘

447

gladiator

(英) 角斗士与野兽搏斗者(in ancient Romea man who fought other men or animals for the entertainment of speculators) (考) lawyer : courtroom \ gladiator : arena(律师在法庭上争辩\角斗士在竞技场上打斗) (记) 来自gladius(短剑,箭鱼),用剑打斗的人→角斗士

448

high-minded

(英) adj. 情操高尚的( showing a noble and virtuous character)

449

portentous

(英) adj. 凶兆的,有危险的( constituting a portent) (考) 反义词:regular(正常的) (例) Portentous dark clouds loomed overhead.

450

self-centered

(英) 自我中心的自私的(selfish) (记) self(自己)+centered(以...为中心的)

451

befriend

(英) v. 对(某人)尽朋友之道(act as a friend to sb) (记) be(使...成为)+friend(朋友) →使成为朋友

452

insoluble

(英) adj. 不溶解的(that cannot be dissolved);不能解决的(that cannot be solved) (考) buoyant : sink \ insoluble : dissolve(有浮力的无法下沉\不能溶解的无法溶解) (记) in(不)+soluble(adj.可溶的; solu[松开]+able)

453

tautological

(英) adj. 用语重复的 (containing needless repetition of an idea;redundant) (记) tauto(同一)+log(话语)+ical→相同的话语→冗赘的

454

monochrome

(英) adj.单色单色画(painting in only one color)

455

stretch

(英) v. 变长( become wider or longer);伸展(reach full length or width) (考) ephemeral : endure \ inelastic : stretch(短暂的不会持久\无弹性的不会伸展)

456

admirable

(英) adj.令人钦佩的极好的(causing respectexcellent) (考) craven : admirable \ deft : awkward(怯懦的不令人尊敬\灵巧的不笨拙)hero : admirable \ eccentric : unconventional(英雄是令人尊敬的\怪人是非传统的) (例) an admirable performance

457

suture

(英) n.(伤口的)缝线(a strand or fiber used to sew parts of the living body);v.缝合(to unitecloseor secure with sutures) (考) 反义词:incision(切开) (记) sut(=sen 缝)+ure (例) suture a wound

458

amnesty

(英) n. 大赦,特赦(a pardon for political offenses against a government) (记) a+mnes(记忆)+ty→不再记仇→赦免

459

athletics

(英) n. 运动,体育(sportsgamesexercises) (考) athlete : trophy \ soldier : medal(运动员获得奖杯\士兵获得勋章) (记) athlet(竞赛)+ics→竞赛之事→体育 (同) 同根词:athlete(运动员)

460

elude

(英) v. 逃避(to avoid adroitly);搞不清(to escape the perceptionunderstanding) (考) slippery : elude \ alluring : entice(滑的可以逃避\迷人的可以诱惑) (记) e+lude(玩弄)→(记忆)作弄人→记不起来 (例) I remember his face very wellbut his name eludes me for the moment.

461

saturated

(英) 饱和的(having chemicals combined in a way that is thought to be harmful to the health when eaten) (考) small : minuscule \ moist : saturated(程度: 小和极小\湿和湿透)satiated : food \ saturated : moisture(食物过多是饱足\湿度过多是湿透) (记) 来自动词saturate(使饱和)

462

contiguous

(英) adj. 接壤的接近的 (nearadjacent) (考) contiguous : abut \ simultaneous : coincide(相邻的比邻\同时发生的巧合) (记) con+tig(接触)+uous→共同接触→接近的 (同) 派生词: contiguity (n. 邻近,接壤) (例) England is the only country contiguous to Wales.

463

digress

(英) v.离题(to depart temporarily from the main subject) (考) stray : group \ digress : subject(离群离开群体\离题离开主题)digress : excursive \ reiterate : redundant(离题的特点是离题的\反复说的特点是多余的) (记) di+gress(走)→走离→离题 (例) She digressed and forgot what she was originally talking about.

464

hint

(英) n. 暗示示意(subtle way of indicating);线索(slight indication) (考) nuance : distinction \ hint : suggestion(程度: 细微差别差别\暗示建议) (例) There was more than a hint of sadness in his voice.

465

balloon

(英) v. 快速增加( to increase rapidly) (考) 反义词;decrease slowly(慢慢减少)

466

hearsay

(英) n. 谣传,道听途说(rumor; gossip) (记) 组合词: hear(听到)+say(说) (例) know from mere hearsay

467

trumpery

(英) adj. 中看不中用的(showy but of little value) (记) 来自trump(牌戏中的王牌)+ery (例) trumpery jewels \ trumpery argument(肤浅的论据)

468

maritime

(英) adj.沿海的(adjacent to the sea);航海的海上的( nautical)

469

courtroom

(考) referee : field \ judge : courtroom(裁判在场地上裁决\法官在法庭上裁决)lawyer : courtroom \ gladiator : arena(律师在法庭上辩论\角斗士在竞技场上打斗)

470

gulled

(考) wary : gulled \ vigilant:ambushed(谨慎的不容易被骗\警觉的不容易被埋伏)

471

sadistic

(英) adj.施虐狂的性施虐狂的(inclined to cruelty)

472

broach

(英) v. 提出(题目) (to start a discussion; bring up) (考) 反义词:close off(关闭) (记) 比较:breach(缺口)开瓶时造成一缺口(make a breach while broaching) (同) 近形词:breach(缺口),cockroach(蟑螂) (例) At last he broached the subject of their marriage to her.

473

inborn

(英) adj. 天生的,天赋的(naturally present at birth; innate) (考) endemic : region \ inborn : indivdual(地区具有地区性\个人具有天赋) (记) in(内)+born(出生)→与生俱来的

474

cryogenic

(记) 来自cryogen(n. 制冷剂;cryo[冷冻]+gen[产生]→产生冷→制冷剂)

475

copper

(考) sound : air \ electricity : copper(声音可以通过空气传播\电可以通过铜传播)

476

commendable

(考) 反义词: execrable(可憎的)

477

donate

(英) v. 捐赠赠送(give moneygoods to a charity) (记) don(给予)+ate→给出去 (同) 派生词: donation (n. 捐赠物)

478

gnat

(记) 可能来自gnaw(啃,咬)一词

479

bedizen

(英) v.把...装饰得华丽而俗气(dress with vulgar finery) (记) 联想: bed(床)+izen→把床弄得华丽

480

peevish

(英) adj. 坏脾气的,易怒的(querulous; fretful) (考) mawkish : sentimental \ peevish : annoyed(同义: 多愁善感的\烦躁易怒的) (例) a peevish child

481

firebrand

(英) n.燃烧的木块(piece of burning wood);引起(社会的或政的)动乱的人(person who stirs up trouble)

482

thaw

(英) v.解冻,溶化(to go from a frozen to a liquid state;melt) (例) The ground has thawed out.(大地解冻了)

483

ironic

(英) adj. 挖苦的,出乎意料的(directly opposite to what might be expected)

484

cubicle

(英) n. 大房间中隔出的小室(small compartment made by separation off part of a larger room) (记) cub(躺)+icle(小东西)

485

tablecloth

(英) n. 桌布,台布 (a cloth for covering a table) (考) tablecloth : table \ sheet : mattress(桌布铺在桌子上\床单铺在床垫上) (记) 组合词:table(桌)+cloth(布)

486

unravel

(英) v.解开,拆散(to resolve the intricacycomplexityor obscurity of) (考) conundrum : solve \ tangle : unravel(解决难题\解决纷乱) (记) un(不)+ravel(纠缠) (例) unravel the threads of a tangled skein(将一团乱线解开)

487

shavings

(英) n.刨花(something that shaves off) (记) shave(刮、刨)+ings→刨花

488

cluster

(英) n. 串,束,群 (a number of things of the same sort gathered together or growing together; bunch);v. 成群,成串 (to gather or grow in a cluster or clusters) (记) clust=clot(凝成块)+er→凝块→成群; (例) The men clustered to and sang songs.

489

simper

(英) v.微笑,假笑 (to smile in a silly manner) (考) simper : smile \ babble : talk(傻笑和笑\说傻话和说) (记) 可能是simple(蠢的)+laughter(笑)的缩合

490

overt

(英) adj. 公开的,非秘密的(apparent; manifest) (考) clandestine : secretly \ overt : openly(秘密的[事]秘密地做\公开的[事]公开地做)反义词:shadowy(朦胧的有阴影的) (记) o(出)+vert(转)→转出来→公开的; (同) 参考:covert(秘密的) (例) The general made an overt grab for political power.

491

malice

(英) n. 恶意(desire to do mischief; spite) (例) Bob felt a lot of malice toward his sloppy(邋遢的) roommate.

492

tender

(英) v.提出(希望对方接受的意见等) (to present for acceptance;offer) (考) tender : acceptance \ exhibit : inspection(提出是为了接受\展览是为了参观) (记) tender作为'温柔的'一意大家都熟悉 (例) tender one's advice(提出意见) \tender one's resignation(提出辞职)

493

manipulate

(英) v. 操纵(to operate or control; handle) (同) 派生词: manipulation (n. 操纵,操作)

494

tenant

(英) n. 房客(one that pays rent to use property owned by another)

495

entitle

(英) v. 使有权(做某事)(to furnish with proper grounds for (例) Officers are entitled to travel first class.

496

variance

(英) n.矛盾(dissensiondispute);不同(differencevariation) (考) 反义词:congruity(一致) (例) the variance between the two reports

497

declassify

(英) v. 撤消保密(to remove documents from secret or restricted classification) (例) The clerk mistakenly declassified the confidential papers.

498

nil

(英) n. 无,零 (nothingzero) (例) Our team won the game three goals to nil.

499

conjure

(英) v. 恳求,祈求 (entreat solemnly by some oath) (记) con+jure(发誓)→共同发誓→祈求 (同) 同根词:abjure(誓绝); perjury(假誓伪证) (例) I conjure you always to serve God faithfully. conjure['kAndZE]v. 变魔术变戏法 (英) v. 变魔术,变戏法(to practise magic or legerdemain) (例) The clever magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.

500

incorrigibility

(考) 反义词:tractability(易处理) (记) 分割记忆: in(无)corrigible(尚可救药的)

501

unblemished

(英) adj. 无瑕疵的(not spoiled by a fault or bad action) (考) impeccable : fault \ unblemished : imperfection(无缺点的没有缺陷\无瑕的没有瑕疵) (记) un(不)+blemish(玷污)+ed

502

scent

(英) n. 气味,香气(a particular odor; esp. one that is agreeable) (记) scent(=sent 感觉)→sense(感觉) (例) the overpowering scent of garden flowers(强烈的花园花香)

503

comment

(英) v.评论发表意见(give one's opinion) (考) pungeut : odor \ caustic : comment(辛辣的气味\尖刻的评论) (例) Asked about the date of the electionthe Prime Minister commented that no decision had yet been made.

504

flirt

(英) v.挑逗,调戏(to pay amorous attention to someone; play at love) (例) flirt with girls

505

realized

(考) immature : developed \ incipient : realized(不成熟的还没有发展\开始的还没有实现)反义词:inchoate(未成形的; 早期的)

506

foray

(英) v.\n. 突袭,偷袭(to raid for spoils; plunder; pillage) (记) 分割记忆:for(为了)ray(光线)→为了光明→偷袭敌人 (例) The officer sent a few of his men on a foray.

507

singularity

(英) n. 独特,奇异 (unusual or distinctive manner or behavior; peculiarity) (记) singular(独一的,非凡的)+ity (例) The giraffe's chief singularity is the length of its neck.

508

debate

(英) n. 正式的辩论讨论(formal argument of a question) (考) box : fight \ debate : argue(拳击是正式的打斗\辩论是正式的争论) (记) de(加强)+bate(打击) →加强打击→反驳辩论

509

misfortune

(英) n. 厄运,不幸 (bad luck) (考) 反义词:boon(恩惠) (记) mis(不)+fortune(幸运的)

510

prospects

(英) n. 期望(reasonable hope of something happening);前景(something which is probable soon)

511

diverse

(英) adj. 不同的(different; dissimilar)种种的(diversified) (记) di+vers(转)→转开→不同的 (例) a pretty bouquet of diverse flowers

512

poultice

(英) n.膏药泥敷剂(sth. applied to sore and inflamed portions of the body)

513

hankering

(英) n.渴望(cravingyearning) (考) 反义词: odium(憎恶)

514

paleography

(英) n. 古文字学(the study of describing or deciphering ancient writings) (记) paleo(古)+graphy(写)

515

erotic

(英) adj. 性爱的,色情的(作品)(of or arousing sexual feelings or desires; amatory) (记) 来自希腊神话中的爱神Eros(厄洛斯)

516

incognito

(英) adj.\n. 隐姓埋名的,化名(with true identity unrevealed; pseudonym) (记) in(不)+cogn(认识)+ito→不认识的→隐姓的 (同) 同根词:incognizant(没意识到的); recognize(认出)

517

canker

(英) n.溃疡病(any ulcerous sore);祸害( any evil) (例) Drug addiction is a dangerous canker in society.

518

pandemic

(英) adj.(病)大范围流行的(occurring over a wide geographic area) (记) pan(全部)+dem(人民)+ic→涉及全部民众 (同) 同根词:epidemic(传染的);endemic(地方性的)

519

elitism

(英) n.精英论(advocacy of the government by an elite) (记) e+lite(=lig选择)→选出来的→精华

520

imprecation

(英) n. 咒语,诅咒(a curse) (记) im(坏)+prec(祷告)+ation→祷告坏事→诅咒; (同) 参考:deprecate(反对,抗议)

521

browse

(英) v.\n.吃嫩叶或草(to nibble at leavestwigs);浏览(to look through a book casually) (记) brow=sprout(嫩叶)+se→吃嫩叶; 参考: browser(计算机浏览器) (例) to browse in the fields. to browse through someone's books.

522

sparkling

(英) v.闪闪发光,闪耀(to glitter or shine) (例) The snow mantled peaks sparkled in the sun

523

toy

(英) v. 不认真考虑,玩弄(deal with something lightly) (考) 反义词:think over seriously(认真考虑) (例) toy with great issues(把重大问题当儿戏)

524

timbre

(英) n.音色,音质(the quality given to a sound by its overtones) (例) The singer's voice had a pleasant timbre.

525

access

(英) n.通路(a way of approaching.);途径(approach) (记) ac+cess(走)→走过去→通道; 注意词组: have access to(接近到达) (同) 同根词:excess(过度过剩)procession(行列,队伍)success(成功)

526

ignition

(英) 着火点火(causing sth to catch fire)点火装置(electrical mechanism that ignites the mixture of explosive gases in a petrol engine) (考) astringent : pucker \ spark : ignition(收缩剂用来收缩\火花用来点燃) (记) ign(点火)+ition(表名词)

527

bandage

(英) n. 绷带(strip of material used for binding wound )

528

encephalitis

(英) n.脑炎(inflammation of the brain) (记) en+cephal(头)+itis(炎症)→脑炎 (同) 同根词:cephalous(有头的)

529

archer

(记) arch(弓)+er→弓箭,arch本身是一个单词,意为'使…形成弓形'

530

aorta

(英) n. 主动脉(the main artery of the body)

531

invigoration

(考) 反义词:emaciation(消瘦) (记) in(进入)+vigor(生命)+ation→注入生命→激励

532

denote

(英) v. 表示; 指示意义(to markindicatesignify) (记) 参考: connote(v. 含蓄暗示suggest or imply)

533

aggressive

(英) adj.好斗的 (militant; assertive);进取的(full of enterprise and initiative) (记) ag(一再)+gress(走)+ive→一再走→进取的 (同) 同根词:egress(出口) (例) The country made an aggressive attack on a neighboring land.

534

reincarnation

(英) n. 化身,转世的生命(a rebirth of a soul in a new human body)

535

prescribe

(英) v. 开处方 ( say what treatment a sick person should have);规定(state what must happen in certain conditions)

536

trifle

(英) n.微不足道,琐事 (something of little valuesubstanceor importance) (同) 参考:trivia(琐事) (例) waste time on trifles

537

collateral

(英) adj. 平行的 (side by side; parallel) (记) col+later(边缘)+al→共同的边→平行的 (同) 同根词:bilateral(双边的); equilateral(等边的) collateral[kE'lXtErEl]n. 担保品 (英) n. 担保品 (anythingsuch as stocks or bondsthat secures or guarantees the discharge of an obligation)

538

roil

(英) 搅浑激怒(to make upset) (考) 反义词:settle(使稳定); clarify(澄清); appease(安抚)roisterer n. 喝酒喧哗者roisterer : carouse \ recluse : withdraw(喝酒喧哗者喜欢狂欢作乐\隐士喜欢隐居) (例) get roiled up over petty things (为琐事恼火)

539

aspersion

(英) n. 诽谤,中伤(disparaging remark; slanderinn uendo) (考) 反义词:tout(极力赞扬); flattery(奉承); glowing tribute(热情的赞词) (记) a+spers(散开)+ion →散布坏东西→诽谤 (同) 同根词:intersperse (点缀); disperse(散布分散)

540

mansion

(英) n. 公馆;大厦(a large imposing house) (考) mansion : residence \ limousine : automobile(公馆是[豪华]居所\轿车是[豪华]汽车) (记) 来自manse(牧师住宅,大厦)+ion→大厦

541

portable

(英) adj. 轻便的,手提式的(capable of being carried) (记) port(拿)+able→可以拿的→轻便的 (同) 同根词:portage(搬运费); transport(运输) (例) John worked at his portable computer in the cafe.

542

motto

(英) n. 座右铭;箴言(a maxim) (考) epitaph : tombstone \ motto : shield(碑文刻在墓碑上\箴言刻在盾牌上)

543

ornate

(英) adj. 华美的(showy or flowery);充满装饰的(heavily ornamented or adorned) (记) orn(装饰)+ate→装饰过的→华美的 (同) 同根词:ornamental(装饰的); suborn(贿赂) (例) The ornate design took Susan two months to draw.

544

limb

(英) n. 肢(手或脚);翼(an armlegor wing) (考) twig : limb \ brook : river(小树枝和树枝\小溪和河流) (记) 注意比较:limp(跛行,松软的),limn(描绘)

545

wallop

(英) v.\n.重击,猛打 (to hit with force) (记) 分割记忆:wall(墙)+lop(修剪) (例) He walloped the ball out of the park.

546

rumple

(英) v. 弄皱,弄乱(to make or become disheveled or tousled) (考) 反义词:preen(打扮整洁) (记) rum(弄皱)+ple (例) her rumpled curls(她蓬乱的卷发)

547

glee

(英) n. 欢喜,高兴(lively joy; gaiety; merriment) (记) 和flee(逃跑)一起记 (例) laugh with glee(欢快地大笑)

548

terpsichorean

(英) adj.舞蹈的(of or relating to dancing) (记) 来自希腊神话中的九位缪斯之一 Terpsichore主管舞蹈和合唱的神 (例) the terpsichorean art(舞蹈艺术)

549

check

(考) jolt : move \ check : stop (jolt是突然移动\check是突然停止)反义词:prompt(促使); propagate(繁殖)

550

fodder

(英) n. 草料(coarse food for cattlehorsessheep) (记) fod(=food食物)+der→动物的食物→草料

551

perturb

(英) v.打扰(disturb or trouble greatly) (考) perturb : serenity \ reassure : doubt(打扰是使不宁静\安心是使不怀疑)fearless : daunt \ impassive : perturb \ voracious : satisfy(无畏的不易被恐吓\冷静的不易被打扰\贪婪的不易被满足)stoic : perturb \ avaricious : satisfy(冷静的很难打扰\贪婪的很难满足)

552

fool’s errand

(英) adj. 简易而不会误用的,容易懂的(so simplewell-designedor indestructible as not to be mishandleddamagedmisunderstood even by a fool) (考) foolproof : fail \ airtight : leak(极简单的不会出错\密封的不会泄露)(记) fool(笨蛋)+proof(防…的)→防傻瓜,笨蛋的→傻瓜也明白(会干)的→极易懂的 (例) a foolproof way

553

dismiss

(英) v. 开除解雇(remove an employee from a position) (考) disperse : reconvene \ dismiss : reinstate(解散后重新召集\解职后复职)反义词:summon(召集) (例) workers who have been unfairly dismissed

554

ordeal

(英) n. 严峻考验,痛苦经验(any difficult and severe trial) (例) Being lost in the wilderness for a week was an ordeal for the campers.

555

immense

(英) adj. 极大的(very large);无限的(limitless; infinite) (记) im(不)+mense(=measure测量)→不能测量的→巨大的

556

convene

(英) v.集合(come togetherassemble);召集( call to meet) (考) disperse : reconvene \ dismiss : reinstate(解散后重新召集\解职后重新复职) (记) con+vene(来) →共同来→召集

557

shroud

(英) n.寿衣(burial garment)v.覆盖(to cover for protection) (例) be wrapped in a shroud of mystery

558

berate

(英) v.猛烈责骂(to scold or rebuke severely) (记) be+rate(责骂),rate本身是一个单词 (例) The teacher berated the students for being late.

559

gravel

(英) n. 碎石,砂砾(a loose mixture of pebbles and rock fragments) (考) gravel : pebble \ crowd : person(小卵石组成一堆碎石\人组成人群) (记) 和gavel(小木槌)一起记,可能来自词根grav(重)+el→重的东西→碎石

560

unanimity

(英) n. 一致 (the state of being unanimous)

561

ramshackle

(英) 破烂不堪的(almost collapsing) (考) ramshackle : soundness \ garbled : clarity(摇摇欲坠的[东西]不稳固\曲解的[东西]不清晰) (例) a ramshackle old bus

562

similarity

(英) n. 类似(being like something); (考) liken : similarity \ discriminate : difference(比喻是因为存在相似\区分是因为存在差异) (记) similar(相似的;simil[相类似]+ar)+ity

563

unassailable

(记) un(不)+assailable(可攻击的)

564

disputant

(英) n.争执者,争论者 (a person who disputes or debates) (考) arbitator : disputants \ judge : litigants(仲裁者调解争论者\法官裁决诉讼当事人)

565

icicle

(英) n. 冰柱,冰垂(a taperingpointedhanging piece of ice) (记) ice(冰)+icle(小东西)→小冰→冰柱

566

respondent

(英) n. 被告(one who answers in various legal proceedings) (记) respond(反应)+ent→对原告反应的人→被告 (同) 参考:defendant(被告),plaintiff(原告)

567

intentional

(英) adj. 存心的故意的(done on purpose) (考) 反义词:inadvertent(无意的) (记) intention+al

568

exaggeration

(考) pithiness : aphorism \ brevity : epigram \ exaggeration : caricature(格言特点是简洁\警句特点是简洁\讽刺画特点是夸张)anger : tirade \ exaggeration : hyperbole(抨击性演说特点是愤怒的\夸张演说特点是夸张)malicious : ill will \ exaggerating : hyperbole(恶意是恶毒的\夸张法是夸张的

569

cogitate

(英) v. 慎重思考,思索 (to think seriously and deeply; ponder; meditate) (考) philosopher : cogitate \ iconoclast : attack(哲学家喜欢思考\打破旧习的人喜欢攻击) (记) 和cogent一起记,有说服力的东西总是经过慎重思考的(something which is cogent must be cogitated) (同) 派生词: cogitation (n. 思考,苦思) (例) to cogitate one's problem

570

truthfulness

(考) 反义词:mendacity(虚假) (记) 来自形容词truthful(真实的)

571

offspring

(英) n. 儿女,后代 (children from particular parents) (例) Their offspring are all very clever.

572

ligneous

(英) adj. 木质的,木头的(having the nature of wood; woody) (考) ligneous : wood \ ossous : bone(木头的和木头\骨头的和骨头) (记) lign(木头)+eous→木质的 (同) 同根词: lignum(木材); lignify(木质化)

573

rescission

(英) n. 公告,法令 (an authoritative orderdecree);重抄(the act of rewriting) (记) re(重新)+script(写)→重抄,公告

574

expire

(英) v.期满(cease);去世(to breathe one's last breath; die ) (考) 反义词;come to life(苏醒) (记) ex+spire(呼吸)→出了呼吸→去世

575

pancreas

(英) n. 胰脏(the organ that makes insulin)

576

airborne

(英) adj. 空气传播的(airborne bacteriaairborne troops)

577

cantankerous

(英) adj. 脾气坏的,好争吵的(bad-tempered; quarrelsome) (记) cant(唱)+ankerous,可分割记忆:cant(唱)+anker(看成,anger)+ous→因愤怒而唱 →好争吵的

578

bias

(英) n. 偏见(opinion favors one side); (考) dilettante : superficiality \ partisan : bias(业余爱好者肤浅\党派主义者有偏见) (记) bias本身就是词根: 斜→向一边倾斜→偏见

579

pirouette

(英) n.\v. (舞蹈)脚尖立地的旋转(a full turn on the toe in ballet) (记) pirou(转)+ette(小动作)→小转→脚尖立地的旋转

580

rampage

(英) v.狂暴地乱冲(to rush wildly about);n.暴怒( violent and riotous action or behavior) (记) 分割记忆:ram(羊)+page(书页)羊翻书使人怒 (例) The worker rampaged through the manager's office when he was fired.

581

carapace

(考) carapace : turtle \ hull : seed(乌龟的甲壳\种子的外壳) (记) 分割联想:car-a-pace,汽车走一步,很慢,像乌龟→乌龟壳

582

fondle

(英) v. 抚弄,抚摸(to stroke or handle in a tender and loving way; caress) (记) 来自fond(喜爱的)+le→爱抚; (同) 参考:fondness(爱好)

583

insistence

(英) 坚持强求(the act or instance of insisting) (记) 来自insist(坚持),in(里面)+sist(站)→站在里面→坚持 (同) 同根词:resistance(对抗);persist(坚韧不拔)

584

short-range

(英) adj.短程的(fit for short distances);短期间的(involving a short period of time) (例) a short-range missile(近程导弹)\ a short-range plan(短期计划)

585

gargoyle

(英) n. (雕刻成怪兽状的)滴水嘴(a waterspoutusually in the form of a grotesquely carved animal or fantastic creature);面貌丑恶的人(a person with grotesque features) (记) 可能来自 gargle(漱口)+oyle

586

pen

(英) n. 围栏(a small enclosure of animals);监禁(a small place of confinement) (记) pen作为'笔'一意大家都知道 (例) a pen of sheep(一栏羊)

587

preposition

(英) 介词前置词(a word used with a nounpronounor -ing form to show its connection with another word) (记) pre(在...前的)+position(位置)→位置放在前面→前置词

588

tragedian

(英) n. 悲剧演员(an actor or writer of tragedy) (考) drummer : musician \ tragedian : actor(鼓手是一种音乐家\悲剧演员是一种演员)

589

fiction

(英) 小说(type of literature eg novelsstories describing imaginary events and people) (考) magazine : periodical \ mystery : fiction(杂志是一种期刊\神怪小说是一种小说) (例) Truth is often stranger than fiction.

590

manumit

(英) v. 解放(奴隶)(to free from slavery) (考) 反义词:enslave(使奴役) (记) manu(手)+mit(放)→把手放掉→解放 (同) 同根词:manual(手工的); manufacture(制造)

591

opus

(英) n.巨著;(尤指)音乐作品(work esp. musical composition))

592

maltreat

(英) v. 虐待(to treat roughly or unkindly; abuse) (记) mal(坏)+treat(对待)→虐待;

593

octogenarian

(英) 80~89岁的人(a person of or in his or her eighties) (记) octo(八)+gen(产生,活)+arian→80~89岁的人 (同) 同根词:octopus(章鱼);octennial(八年的)

594

primacy

(英) n. 首要,首位 (being first in positionimportance)

595

intransigent

(英) adj. 不妥协的(uncompromising) (考) firm : intransigent \ concerned : obsessed(坚定过分是顽固\关心过分是沉迷)intransigent : acquiesce \ deferential : offend(不妥协的不会默许\尊敬的不会冒犯)反义词:open to compromise(寻求和解的); tractable(易管教的) (记) in(不)+transigent(妥协的)

596

hilarity

(英) n. 欢乐,热闹(boisterous gaiety)

597

down-to-earth

(英) adj. 现实的(practicalsensible) (例) solve down-to-earth problems

598

dormant

(英) adj. 冬眠的(torpid in winter);静止的(asleep; quiet; still) (考) dormant : inactivity \ malleable : plasticity(休眠的有不活动性\可塑的有可塑性) (记) dorm(睡眠)+ant→冬眠的 (同) 同根词: dormitory(宿舍); dormouse(睡鼠) (例) the dormant volcano \the dormant grass will grow again

599

sapient

(英) adj. 有智慧的(full of knowledge; sagacious; discerning) (考) 反义词:foolish(愚蠢的) (记) sap(=wise 智慧)+ient→智慧 (同) 派生词:sapience (n. 贤明,睿智)

600

erroneous

(英) adj. 不正确的;错误的(incorrect; mistaken) (考) misunderstood : clarify \ erroneous : retract(澄清是消除被误解的事\撤消是消除错误的事) (记) err+oneous(...的) →错误的

601

phoenix

(英) n.凤凰长生鸟(symbol of immortality or rebirth)

602

lasso

(英) n. 套索(捕捉牛、马用)(a long rope used to catch cattle or wild horses)

603

interference

(英) n. 干涉妨碍(interfering) (考) 反义词:assistance(协助) (记) interfere+ence

604

grit

(英) n. 沙粒(roughhard particles of sand);决心,勇气(stubborn courage; pluck);v. 下定决心,咬紧牙关(to clench or grind the teeth in anger or determination; fortitude) (记) 可看作词组 grin and bear it (苦笑着忍受)的缩写,grin it→grit (例) The snow was blowing in his facebut he gritted his teeth and went on.

605

annexation

(英) n. 并吞附加(act of combining )

606

entreat

(英) v. 恳求(to make an earnest request; plead) (例) I entreat your help.

607

inconsiderate

(英) adj. 不体谅别人的(without thought or consideration for others) (记) in(不)+considerate(体谅的,周到的) (例) I asked the inconsiderate salesman not to call during dinner.

608

tooth

(考) tooth : enamel \ tree : bark(珐琅是牙齿表层\树皮是树表层)

609

raillery

(英) n.善意的嘲弄(good-natured ridicule; banter) (记) rail(指责)+lery

610

commingle

(英) v. 搀和混合(mix up) (记) com(共同)+mingle(结合混合); 注意: mingle本身是一个单词

611

analysis

(英) 分析(study of sth by examining its parts and their relationship) (考) 反义词: synthesis(综合) (记) ana+lysis(分开)→分开来→分析

612

aqueduct

(考) aqueduct : water \ pipeline : gas \ vessel : blood(水在水渠中流\气在管道中流\血在血管中流) (记) aque(水)+duct(引导)→引水渠

613

ingenuity

(英) n.巧思,聪敏(cleverness; originality) (考) diplomat : tact \ inventor : ingenuity(外交官特点是圆滑\发明家特点是创新)反义词:lack of inventiveness(缺乏创造性)

614

vague

(考) 反义词:lucid(清晰的); well-defined(定义明确的)

615

farewell

(英) interj. 再会再见(goodbye);n.辞行告别(saying goodbye) (考) panegyric : praise \ valediction : farewell(颂词表示赞扬\告别词表示告别)反义词:debut(初次登场)-farewell performance(告别演出) (例) make one's last farewells

616

anvil

(英) n. 铁砧(a steel block ) (考) hammer : anvil \ pestle : mortar(锤子砸在铁砧上\研棒砸在研钵上)

617

imperious

(英) adj. 傲慢的,专横的(overbearingarrogant) (考) fawn : imperiousness \ equivocate : directness(奉承不专横\模棱两可不直接)imperious : fawn \ swagger : self-depreciate(专横的不奉承\狂妄的不自贬)imperious : servile \ bellicose : peaceable(专横的无奴性\好战的无和平)反义词:humble(谦虚的) (记) imper(命令)+ious→命令的,专横的 (同) 派生词: imperiousness(n. 傲慢)

618

commander

(英) n. 指挥官(person who commands) (记) com(一起)+mand(命令)→命令大家一起做→指挥

619

disjunction

(英) 分离分裂 (考) 反义词:continuity(连续) (记) dis+junct(结合连接)+ion→不再连接

620

measurable

(英) adj. 可测量的,可度量的 (large enough to be measured) (考) 反义词:unfathomable(不可测量的)

621

harbinger

(英) n. 先驱,先兆(herald) (考) harbinger : presage \ archetype : exemplify(先驱可以预言\原型可以示范) (例) Frost is a harbinger of winter.

622

diversity

(英) adj. 多样,千变万化(being diverse; variety) (考) 反义词:uniformity(一致) (记) 同根词: adversity(苦难); versatile(多才多艺的) (同) 同根词: adversity(苦难); versatile(多才多艺的) (例) many diverse interests. a great diversity of interests

623

buoy

(英) n. 浮标(a floating object);v. 支持,鼓励(encourage) (考) 反义词:unsupported(无支持的)-buoyed(支持的) (例) buoy up one's spirits(振作精神)

624

lattice

(英) n. 言行自由(freedom of opinionconductor action) (记) lati(阔)+tude→纬度; (同) 参考:latifoliate(阔叶的)

625

elliptical

(英) 晦涩的(ambiguous) (考) 反义词:palpable(明显的)

626

matador

(英) n. 斗牛士( a bull fighter) (例) The bull tossed the matador into the air.

627

millinery

(英) n. 女帽及其装饰物(women's hats and related articles) (考) suitcase : luggage \ hat : millinery(行李箱是箱子的一种\女帽是帽子的一种) (记) 来自milliner(女帽设计者),源自16世纪米兰商人Milaner

628

sordid

(英) adj. 卑鄙的 (marked by baseness);肮脏的(dirtyfilthy) (例) sordid motives(卑劣的动机) \ sordid narrow streets(肮脏狭窄的街道)

629

labyrinthine

(考) labyrinthine : simplicity \ jejune : interest(复杂的不简单\枯燥无兴趣)threadbare(timeworn): novelty \ labyrinthine : directness(陈旧的无创新\复杂的不直接) (例) The plot of the novel is labyrinthine.

630

excrete

(英) v. 排泄分泌(of an animal or a plant pass out waste mattersweat) (考) 反义词:ingest(吸收)

631

renowned

(英) adj. 著名的(having renown; celebrated) (例) Edison was renowned for his inventions.

632

protracted

(考) 反义词:summary(迅速的) (记) protract(延长;pro[向前]+tract[拉] →向前拉→延长)+ed

633

villainous

(英) adj.邪恶的,恶毒的 (having the character of a villain) (记) 来自villain(恶棍)+ous (例) a villainous foe(凶恶的敌人)

634

quintessence

(英) n. 完美的榜样(the most typical example or representative);精华(the essence of a thing in its purest and most concentrated form) (记) 和quell(五)+essence(精华)→原指组成世界的五大精华物质 (例) She is the quintessence of sweetness.

635

phony

(英) adj. 假的,伪造的(not genuine or real) (例) a phony address(假的). Thieves stole the valuable diamond and put a phony in its place.

636

blueprint

(英) n. 蓝图(photographic print of building plans);计划方案(detailed plan )

637

consistent

(英) adj. 前后一致的(always keeping to the same pattern or style) (考) discombobulated : order \ erratic : consistency(混乱的没有秩序\古怪的没有一致性) (记) con(共同)+sist(站立)+ent→站到一起→一致 (同) 派生词: consistency (n.一贯性)

638

infuriate

(英) v.使(人)极为愤怒(enrage) (记) in(进入)+furi(=fury狂怒)+ate→进入狂怒 (例) Mary infuriated Bob by insulting him in public.

639

chafe

(英) v.摩擦生热(warm by rubbing) (同) 近形词: chase(追逐)

640

curse

(英) n. 咒语(obscene words);v. 诅咒(utter curses) (考) anathema : curse \ theocracy : state(anathema是神的诅咒\theocracy是神的统治) (例) to curse and swear

641

pirate

(英) n. 海盗,剽窃者(one who commits piracy);v. 盗印(to reproduce without authorization in infringement of copyright);掠夺(to take or appropriate by piracy) (考) pirate : take \ forge : copy(掠夺是非法获得\伪造是非法复制) (记) pir(转)+ate→在海上转悠的人→海盗 (例) Someone pirated the software program that was paid $100000 to develop.

642

appoint

(英) v.任命指定(name for an office or position) (考) appoint : official \ cast : actor(任命官员\委派演员)

643

modish

(英) adj. 时髦的(fashionable; stylish) (考) 反义词:lacking style and fashionableness(缺乏风格和时尚的) (记) mod(=mode时髦)+ish→时髦的

644

customary

[记] custom(习惯) + ary→成习惯的

645

spartan

(英) adj.简朴的(of simplicityfrugality);刻苦的(strict self-discipline or self-denial) (考) 反义词:sybaritic(奢侈的); indulgent(纵容的); voluptuous(奢侈的); luxurious(奢侈的) (记) 来自Sparta(斯巴达),希腊城邦,以简朴刻苦的态度处世 (例) He adopted a new routine—simple food and spartan habits.

646

puerile

(英) adj.幼稚的(childish);儿童的(juvenile) (考) 反义词:sagacious(精明的) (记) puer(=boy男孩)+ile→男孩的,幼稚的

647

entwine

(英) v. 使缠绕, 交织(to twineweaveor twist together) (记) en+twine(缠绕)→交织 (例) She entwined a crown of roses for herself.

648

unguent

(英) n.药膏,软膏 (a soothing or healing salve;ointment) (考) 反义词:salubrious(有益健康的); salutary(有益健康的) (记) unge(=unct油)+ent→油膏,软膏

649

participant

(英) n. 参与者 (a person who takes part in an activity ) (记) parti(部分)+cip(进入)+ant→进入一部分的→参加者

650

decorative

(英) adj. 装饰的(that makes sth look more beautiful) (考) labyrinth : tortuous \ ornament : decorative(迷宫是弯曲的\装饰品是装饰性的) (例) decorative icing on the cake

651

costume

(英) n. 服装 (dress including accessories);剧装 (a set of clothes worn in a play or at a masquerade) (记) 来自(custom 习俗),按习俗要求穿的服装(put on costume according to custom) ,分割记忆:cost(花费)+ume花钱的东西→服装 (例) actors in policemen's costumes

652

putative

(英) adj.公认的普遍认为的(generally regarded as such)

653

necropolis

(英) n. 大墓地公墓(a cemetery) (记) necro(死尸)+polis(城市)→死人城市→公墓; (同) 参考:metropolis(大都市)

654

pedant

(英) n. 迂腐之人,书呆子( who unduly emphasizes minutiae in the use of knowledge) (考) martinet : discipline \ pedant : learning(严格的人过分强调纪律\迂腐的人过分强调知识) (记) ped(儿童)+ant→引申为受过教育之人→书呆子

655

thickness

(英) n. 厚度,稠密 (the quality of being thick) (考) collapse : volume\ cool : temperature \ debilitate : strength \ attenuate :thickness(倒塌减少体积\冷却减少温度\虚弱减少力量\稀薄减少厚度) (记) thick(厚的)+ness

656

circulate

(记) circ[圆环]+ulate) →绕圈走→循环

657

cloudburst

(英) n. 大暴雨,豪雨 (a suddenvery heavy rain) (考) gust : wind \ cloudburst : rainfall(狂风是很大的风\暴雨是很大的雨) (记) 组合词cloud(云)+burst(爆裂) (例) The steamy day ended in a cloudburst.

658

pugilist

(英) n. 拳击手,拳师 (a boxer)

659

obviate

(英) v. 排除(困难)(prevent by effective measures) (考) emulate : exemplary \ obviate : unnecessary(榜样的[东西]要仿效\不必要的[东西]要消除) (记) ob(离开)+via(路)+ate→使障碍离开道路→排除 (同) 同根词:viable(能活的); viaduct(高架桥)

660

enunciation

(英) n. 阐明,宣布(announcementproclamation)

661

woodcut

(英) 木刻木版画(a picture which has been made by pressing down the shaped surface of a piece of wood on dye and then onto paper) (记) 组合词:wood(木头)+cut(切)

662

stripling

(英) n.年轻男子(youth) (记) strip(脱衣)+ling(小)→脱衣干活的小伙子

663

jovial

(英) adj. 愉快的(very cheerful and good-humored) (考) 反义词:mournful(悲哀的); saturnine(阴郁的); maudlin(感情脆弱的) (例) a jovial voice

664

interrogative

(英) adj. 疑问的(asking a question) (考) question : interrogative \ order : imperative(疑问和疑问的\命令和命令的) (例) Who is an interrogative pronoun.

665

forward

(英) adj.孟浪的莽撞的 (presumptuous or bold)

666

vicious

(英) adj.残酷的,危险的(savage; fierce ) (记) vile(=vice邪恶的)+ious→邪恶的,危险的 (例) a vicious life(邪恶的生活) \ a vicious regime(残暴的政权)

667

declaim

(英) v.高谈阔论(to speak in a pompous way) (记) de+claim(喊)→喊下去→高谈阔论 (同) 同根词:proclaim(宣传); acclaim(欢呼)

668

capacity

(英) n. 容量(content or volume)能力(the ability or qualification) (同) 参考:capability(能力,才能)

669

gory

(英) adj. 满是血的,血污的(bloody) (例) The police inspected the gory remains of the victim.

670

canto

(英) n.(长诗的)篇(division of a long poem)

671

wick

(英) 蜡烛芯(a piece of twisted thread in a candlewhich burns as the wax melts)灯芯(a length of material in an oil lamp which draws up oil while burning)

672

motivation

(考) fungi : ecologist \ motivation : psychologist(生物学家研究真菌\心理学家研究动机)

673

delusion

(英) n. 欺骗,幻想 (illusion; hallucination) (考) 反义词:transparent(透明的; 清楚的)-delusive(迷惑的) (同) 派生词: delusive(adj.迷惑的)

674

unobjectionable

(记) un(不)+objectionable(讨厌的)

675

congeal

(英) v. 冻结,凝固(to solidify or thicken by cooling or freezing) (考) 反义词:melt(融化); disintegrated(分解); fail to solidify(不能凝固) (记) con+geal(冻结)→冻结到一起→凝结 (例) They congealed the liquid by freezing it.

676

regal

(英) adj. 帝王的(of a king);华丽的(splendid) (记) reg(统治)+al; 注意不要和regale(款待)相混 (例) The queen was crowned in the regal ceremony.

677

clause

(英) 从句(group of words that includes a subject and a verbforming a sentence) (考) paragraph : essay \ clause : sentence(段落组成文章\从句组成句子)

678

turtle

(英) 龟海龟(an animal that lives in water with a soft body covered by a hard horny shell) (考) carapace : turtle \ hull : seed(乌龟外有龟壳\种子外有外壳)

679

tidy

(英) adj. 整齐的,整洁的(neat and orderly (考) 反义词:sloven(懒散的)

680

jejune

(英) adj. 空洞的(empty);不成熟的(not mature; childish) (考) labyrinthine : simplicity \ jejune : interest(复杂的不简单\枯燥的无兴趣)反义词:thought-provoking(促人思考的) (记) 来自jejun(解剖学:空肠)→空洞的 (例) His lectures seemed jejune.

681

reverie

(英) n. 幻想,梦幻曲 (daydream) (记) rever(做梦)+ie→梦想,梦幻曲 (例) have a reverie about the delicious nuts

682

stinking

(英) adj. 臭的 (having a very bad smell)

683

raid

(英) n.突然袭击(a surprise attack by a small force) (记) 不要和rail(猛烈指责)相混 (例) make a raid on the enemy coast

684

charter

(英) n.(公司)执照;宪章(a document setting forth the aims and principles) (记) 来自chart(航图,图表)+er

685

inordinate

(英) adj. 过度的,过分的(immoderate; excessive) (记) in(不)+ordin(正常)→ate→(生活)不正常的,无节制的 (例) an inordinate cigarette-smoker

686

adverse

(英) adj. 不利的相反的(not favorable; contrary);敌对的(hostileopposing) (记) ad(坏)+verse(转) →逆反的

687

clench

(英) v. 握紧 (to grip tightly)咬紧(牙关) (close the teeth or fist firmly) (同) 近形词: clinch(钉牢; 彻底解决)

688

felony

(英) n.重罪(a major crime) (记) 分割记忆:fel=fell(倒下)+on倒在罪恶之上→重罪犯 (例) Murder is a felony.

689

employ

(英) v. 雇用(to provide with a job);使用(to make use of) (例) The police had to employ fire-hoses to break up the crowd.

690

benign

(英) adj. 慈祥的(good-naturedkindly) (考) 反义词: malign(邪恶的) (记) ben(好)+ign(形容词后缀)→好的→仁慈的;

691

amorphous

(英) adj. 无定形的(without definite form; shapeless) (考) amorphous : shape \ errant : course(无定形的没有形状\游离的没有路线)amorphousness : definition \ lassitude : energy(无定形没有形状\疲倦没有精力) (记) a+morph(形状)+ous→无形状的 (同) 派生词:amorphousness(无定形)同根词:metamorphose(变形); morphology(形态学)

692

landmark

(英) n. 陆标 (an easily recognizable object);里程碑 (an important point in a person's life) (记) 组合词:land(陆地)+mark(标志)

693

breach

(英) v. 违反; 毁坏(break open or through);n.缺口(a broken or torn place) (考) 反义词:solder(焊接) (记) 来自break,比较:bleach(漂白) (例) Tom breached his contract with the company.

694

resort

(英) n. 度假胜地(a place providing recreation and entertainment) (记) re(再次)+sort(出现)→反复出现的地方→度假地 (英)v. 求助于(to have recourse) resort to(例) resort to stealing when in poverty

695

attentive

(英) adj.留心听的,关心的(paying attention; thoughtful) (考) attentive : officious \ refined : snobbish(过分关心是多管闲事\过分文雅是假充绅士) (记) 来自attention(关注): at+tent(拉)+ive→拉住(注意力)→关心的

696

scorch

(英) v. 烤焦,烧焦 (to dry or shrivel with intense heat: parch) (例) The maid scorched the shirt in ironing it.

697

gnarled

(英) adj. (树木)多节的(knotty and twisted);粗糙的(roughenedhardened) (记) 来自 gnarl(木节) (例) a gnarled cypress(多节的柏树)

698

epidermis

(英) n. 表皮,外皮(the outmost layer of the skin) (考) epidermis : mammal \ bark : conifer(哺乳动物和表皮\针叶植物和树皮) (记) epi(在…外)+dermis(皮)→外皮 (同) 同根词:dermatology(皮肤病学)

699

ostrich

(记) try to play ostrich and pretend not to see (例) try to play ostrich and pretend not to see

700

disclosure

(英) n. 公开透露(making sth known) (例) the magazine's disclosure thing

701

rhetoric

(英) n. 修辞学,浮夸的言语(insincere or grandiloquent language) (记) 来自Rhetor(古希腊的修辞学教师,演说家) (例) The debate was highly skilled in the art of rhetoric.

702

exodus

(英) n.大批离去,成群外出(a mass departure or emigration) (考) 反义词:influx(流入) (例) The refugee made an exodus to a safe place.

703

cerebration

(英) n.用脑,思考(using one's brain; thinking)

704

dilatory

(英) adj.慢吞吞的,磨蹭的(inclined to delay; slow or late in doing things) (考) dilatory : procrastinate \ malcontent : complain(拖延的导致耽误\不满的导致抱怨)反义词:alacritous(敏捷的); precipitate(仓促的) (记) 可能来自delay(拖延、耽搁),di+lat(放)+ory→放下来不做→慢吞吞的

705

execrable

(英) adj. 极坏的(deserving to be execrated; abominable; detestable) (考) 反义词:commendable(值得表扬的); laudable(值得表扬的) (例) to execrate his evil deeds\execrable manners.

706

sinister

(英) adj.不吉祥的(presaging ill fortune);险恶的(singularly evil) (记) sinist(左边的)+er,罗马占卜时,视左侧出现的征兆为不吉祥 (同) 同根词:sinistral(左边的);sinistrorse(左旋的)

707

analogue

(英) n. 类似物相似体(thing that is similar to another thing) (记) 来自analogy的变体

708

downcast

(英) adj. 意志消沉的(very unhappy or discouraged);朝下的(directed downward) (记) 组合词 : down(向下)+cast(扔)→扔下去→情绪低落; 参考: downstream(下游); downpour(倾盆大雨)

709

dose

(英) n. 剂量,一剂(exact amount of a medicine) (考) dose : medicine \ sentence : punishment(剂量规定用药量的多少\量刑规定惩罚的轻重)

710

assess

(英) v. 确定评定(evaluate);估计…质量(estimate the quality ) (考) assess : value \ plumb : depth(评估价值\探测深度)misjudge : assess \ misconstrue : interpret(判断错是评定有误\误解是解释有误) (同) 派生词: assessment (n. 确定评定) (例) It is difficult to assess the impact of the President's speech.

711

carafe

(英) n. 玻璃瓶(glass water bottle)

712

vehicle

(英) n.交通工具,传播媒介 (an agent of transmission;carrier) (考) armada : vehicles \ fusillade : projectiles(船只组成舰队\枪炮弹组成齐射)bowl : receptacle \ bicycle : vehicle(碗是一种容器\自行车是一种交通工具) (记) veh(带来)+icle(东西)→带人的东西→交通工具 (例) Air is the vehicle of sound.

713

derogatory

(英) adj. 不敬的,诽谤的(disparaging; belittling) (同) 同根词:arrogate(声称); rogation(祈祷) (例) I can't bear his derogatory remarks about my character.

714

betoken

(英) v.预示表示(signify; indicate) (记) be(使...成为)+token(记号标志) →使...成为标志→预示 (例) Milder weather betokens the arrival of spring.

715

rebus

(英) n.(以音、画等提示的)字谜,画谜(a representation of words or syllables by pictures of objects or by symbols ) (考) symbols : rebus \ notes : score(画迷由符号组成\乐谱由音符组成) (例) A picture of an eye followed by one of a tin can is a rebus for'I can'.(画一只眼睛,接着画一只铁罐,这画谜便是'I can'的意思)

716

variegated

(英) adj.斑驳的,形形色色的(having discrete markings of different colors) (记) vari(变化)+egate(做)+d→变化着做的→色彩不同的 (例) variegated leaves(斑驳的树叶)

717

unimpeachable

(英) adj.无可指摘的,无可置疑的(irreproachableblameless) (考) 反义词:open to question(易受质疑的) (记) un(不)+impeachable(受责备的) (例) a man of unimpeachable character

718

leaven

(英) 发酵剂影响力(any influence to bring about a gradual change);发酵影响或改变(to spread throughcausing a gradual change) (考) distill : purity \ leaven : volume(蒸馏提高纯度\发酵提高体积) (记) 分割记忆:leave+n (例) leaven the deadly sequence of the meetings with a little drama

719

rumble

(英) v.发出持续的低沉的声音(make or move with a deep rolling sound)

720

indispensable

(英) adj. 不可缺乏的(that cannot be dispensed with) (记) in(不)+dispensable(必要的)

721

sect

(英) n. (宗教等)派系(a dissenting or schismatic religious body) (例) a philosophical sect(哲学派别)sectarianadj.宗派的、派系的

722

jitter

(英) v. 紧张不安神经过敏(fidget) (考) 反义词: resolve(坚决)

723

lease

(记) 分割记忆:l+ease(安心), 有了租约安心 (例) sign a lease(在租约上签字)

724

alacrity

(英) n. 爽快乐意(prompt and eager readiness) (考) husbandry : dissipate \ alacrity : procrastinate(节俭防止浪费\敏捷防止延迟)alacrity : apathetic \ temerity : timid(反义: 活泼对冷漠\鲁莽对胆小)alacrity : prompt \ acumen : shrewd(敏捷的[人]敏捷\聪明的[人]聪明)反义词:hesitance and reluctance (犹豫且不情愿); (例) He accepted her offer with alacrity.

725

auger

(记) 和anger一起记,如果auger钻您一下,您会很anger

726

contravention

(英) v. 违背(法规,习俗等) (to conflict with; violate) (考) 反义词: support(支持); buttress(支持) (记) contra(反)+vene(走)→反着走→违背 (同) 同根词:intervene(干涉)

727

concern

(考) arrhythmic : regularity \ apathetic : concern(无节奏的无规则\冷漠的无关心)baleful : menace \ solicitous : concern(有害的东西危害\关心的人关心)flip : respect \ nonchalant : concern(不敬的无尊敬\不关心的无关心)firm : intransigent \ concerned : obsessed{ (同) 派生词: concerned(adj.关心的)

728

altruism

(英) n. 利他主义;不自私(unselfish; selflessness ) (考) selflessness : altruist \ expertise : connoisseur(利他主义者无私\行家具备专业知识)反义词: egoism(自我主义); egocentric(利己主义) (记) altru(其他的)+ism(主义) →利他主义 (同) 派生词: altruist (n.无私的人); altruistic (adj.无私的) (例) Altruism means doing good things simply because they are worth doing.

729

stalemate

(英) n.和棋局面,僵局(a drawn contest; deadlock) (考) clog : drainage \ stalemate : negotiations(阻塞使排水无法进行\僵局使谈判无法进行) (记) 组合词:stale(无用的)+mate(将死对方的棋)→将不死→和棋 (例) break the stalemate(打破僵局)

730

rarefaction

(考) refine : purification \ attenuate : rarefaction(同义:提纯→纯化\使稀薄→稀薄)反义词:condensation(浓缩) (记) rarefy(使稀薄)+action

731

pronounced

(英) adj.(观点等)强硬的明显的(strongly marked; decided) (记) 来自pronounce(宣称,发音)+d→被宣布的→明显的_ (例) You won't easily make him change his opinionhe has very pronounced ideas on everything.

732

pontificate

(英) v.自大武断地做,装模作样地说(speak like a pontiff) (考) pontificate : speak \ strut(swagger): walk(骄傲地说和说\骄傲地走和走)反义词:speak modestly(谦虚地说); comment tentatively(试验性地评论)

733

revenge

(英) n. 报复,报仇 (retaliation) (考) mercenary : money \ vindictive : revenge(惟利是图的只想要钱\怀恨在心的只想报仇) (记) re(反)+venge(惩罚)→反惩罚→报复 (例) I took revenge for the insult.(我报仇雪耻)

734

longitude

(记) long(长)+itude→经度;组合词:long(长)+range(范围)long -standing adj. 耐久的 (having existed for a long time)组合词:long(长)+stand(承受,忍耐)+inglong-term adj. 长期的(concerning a long period of time)组合词:long(长)+term(时期)long-winded adj. 冗长的 (going on too long (同) 参考:latitude(纬度)long-range adj. 远程的,长期的 (covering a long distance or time)

735

transgress

(英) v.冒犯,违背 (to go beyond limits prescribed by;violate) (考) rectitude : transgress \ keen : obtuse(正直的不会犯罪\睿智的不会愚钝) (记) trans(横向)+gress(走)→横着走→冒犯 (例) He has transgressed against all the rules.

736

illumination

(英) n. 照明(lighting up);古书上的图案、装饰(the designstracingsetc. used in decorating manuscripts) (考) frieze : building \ illumination : manuscript(横饰带用来修饰建筑物\装饰图案用来修饰手稿)stylus : mark \ lamp : illumination(铁笔用来做记号\灯用来照明)squall : commotion \ flash : illumination(大叫形成混乱\闪光形成光明)反义词:obfuscate(使迷乱) (记) 请注意'古书上的装饰、图案'一意

737

stouthearted

(英) adj.勇敢的 (brave and resolute) (考) 反义词:pusillanimous(懦弱的)

738

barbecue

(记) barb(倒钩)+ecue→用倒钩挂上肉笼→烤肉架

739

goad

(英) n. 赶牛棒;v.\n. 刺激,激励(any driving impulse; spur) (考) exhort : suggest \ goad : direct(程度: 力劝建议\激励指导)attack : vanquished \ goad : provoked(进攻目的是使被征服\刺激目的是使被激起)command : entreaty \ goad : enticement(态度轻重: 命令恳求\刺激诱使)gadfly : goad \ humorist : amuse(牛虻可以刺激\幽默家可以使发笑)(记) 和goal(目标)一起记(goad sb. toward a goal刺激某人走向目标) (例) My parents goaded me into doing my homework.

740

reclusive

(英) n. 隐士(a person who leads a secluded or solitary life);adj. 隐居的(marked by withdrawal from society) (考) hedonist : pleasure \ recluse : privacy(享乐主义者喜欢快乐\隐士喜欢独处)recluse : withdrawn \ bigot : biased(隐士隐居\固执己见者偏见)malingerer : duty \ recluse : humanity(逃避责任的人逃避职责\隐士逃避人类)poseur : sincerity \ recluse : gregariousness{ENT (记) re(重新)+cluse(关闭)→把门关上→隐居的

741

mutinous

(英) adj. 加入叛变的(engaged in revolt);反抗的(rebellious) (记) 来自mutiny(叛变),mut(变化)+iny (例) The captain was killed by the mutinous crews.

742

mare

(英) n. 母马; 母驴(a fully mature female horsemuledonkey)

743

sibling

(英) n.兄弟或姊妹 (one of two or more individuals having one common parent) (记) sib(同胞)+ling(小)

744

folklore

(记) 组合词:folk(乡民)+lore(传说,学问); (同) 参考:lore(某一学科的)全部知识,传说

745

equitable

(英) adj. 公平的,公正的 (fair; just) (记) equit(公平)+able→公正的

746

xenophobe

(考) misanthrope : people \ xenophobe : strangers(恨人类的人讨厌人类\排外者讨厌外来人)

747

minuet

(英) n. 小步舞(a slowstately dance) (记) minu(小)+et→小步舞 (同) 同根词:minute(微小的); minuscular(无足轻重的)

748

aloof

(英) adj. 冷淡的疏远的(cool and remote in manner);不参加的(take no part in sth) (考) politic : offend \ aloof : associate(有策略的不会冒犯\冷淡的不会联合)反义词: gregarious(合群的) (同) 派生词: aloofness (n.孤零零冷淡) (例) I find her very aloof and unfriendly.

749

initiate

(英) v. 发起创始(put a scheme into operation);接纳或介绍某人加入某团体等(admit or introduce sb to membership of a group) (考) 反义词: follow up(后来跟上) (例) initiate a plan

750

languid

(英) adj. 没精打采的(listless);怠倦的(without vigor) (考) 反义词:energetic(精力充沛的); vivacious(活泼的) (记) langu (松弛,倦怠)+id

751

repertoire

(英) n.(剧团等)常备剧目(the complete list or supply of dramasoperasor musical works) (考) repertoire : performance \ manifest : cargo \ agenda : meeting(常备剧目是表演目录\货品清单是货品目录\会议议程是会议细目)palette : color \ repertoire : play(调色板是颜色的排列\常备剧目是戏剧的排列) (记) 法语:re(反复)+pert(带)+oire→反复带着的剧目→常备剧目; (同) 参考:repertory(保留剧目,仓库)

752

descry

(英) v. 远远看到,望见 (to catch sight of; discern) (记) de+scry(分辨)→分辨出来→看到;注意不要和decry(谴责),outcry(呐喊)相混

753

tousle

(英) v.弄乱(头发) (dishevelrumple) (记) 来自touse(吵闹,弄乱)+le

754

twinge

(英) n. (生理,心理上的)剧痛(a moral or emotional pang) (记) 分割记忆:t+wing(翅)+e,翅膀受苦→剧痛 (例) a twinge of conscience(良心的折磨)

755

maim

(英) v. 使残废(cripple; mutilate; mangle;) (记) 和main(主要的)一起记 (例) After the car accident she was maimed for life.

756

lascivious

(英) adj. 淫乱的(expressing lust or lewdness; wanton) (例) lewd and lascivious conduct(淫亵行为)

757

elongate

(英) v. 延长伸长(to extend the length of) (记) e+long(长)+ate→长出去→伸长 (同) 同根词:longevity(长寿); longitude(经度)

758

asylum

(英) n. 避难所,庇护所(refuge; shelter) (记) a+sylum(逮捕)→不被逮捕→庇护所(流浪汉露宿街头会被抓起来)

759

sully

(英) v.玷污,污染 (to make soiled or tarnished;defile) (例) sully sb's reputation(玷污名声)

760

irksome

(英) adj. 令人苦恼的,讨厌的(tiresome or annoying) (考) pest : irksome \ expert : proficient(讨厌的人特点是讨厌的\专家特点是精通的)

761

dilate

(英) v.(身体某部位) 张大,扩大(swell; expand) (考) 反义词: constrict(压缩); narrow(变窄) (记) di+late(放)→放开→扩大; 注意不要和dilute(冲淡、稀释)相混; (同) adj. dilatable\dilative (例) Her eyes dilated with terror.

762

pastime

(英) n. 消遣,娱乐(diversion) (记) past(过去)+time(时间)→让时间过去→娱乐 (例) play cards as a pastime

763

willful

(英) adj.任性的(perversely self-willed),故意的(intentional) (例) a willful murder(蓄意谋杀)

764

libation

(英) n. 奠酒(给神献酒)(the ritual of pouring out wine or oil upon the ground as a sacrifice to a god)饮酒(an alcoholic drink )

765

noncommittal

(记) non(不)+committal(效忠的)→不效忠任何一方→态度暖味的 (例) The noncommittal candidate refused to debate the issues.

766

snobbish

(英) 势利眼的 (beingcharacteristic ofor befitting a snob) (考) attentive : officious \ refined : snobbish \ absorbed : engrossed(过分关心是多管闲事\过分优雅是假充绅士\过分入迷是全神贯注) (例) She is too snobbish to mix with her neighbours.

767

drummer

(英) n. 鼓手(person who plays drums) (考) drummer : musician \ tragedian : actor(鼓手是一种音乐家\悲剧演员是一种演员)

768

listless

(英) adj. 无精打采的(spiritless; languid) (记) list(渴望)+less→无渴望的→没精打采的 (例) The listless day slept under the tree.

769

enmity

(英) n.敌意仇恨(hostilityantipathy) (记) 来自enemy(敌人); (同) 参考:inimical(敌意的),注意不要和amity(亲善)相混 (例) He felt great enmity towards his brother.

770

calcify

(英) v. 使硬化,钙化(to change into a hardstony substance) (记) calc(石头)+ify→石化→硬化 (同) 同根词: calcination(煅烧石灰)calculus(结石)

771

seclude

(英) v. 和别人隔离(to isolate; shut offscreen) (记) se(分开)+clude(关闭)→分开关闭→隔绝,隐居 (例) seclude oneself from society

772

gastric

(英) adj. 胃的,胃部的(ofinor near the stomach) (例) When I smell good foodmy gastric juices begin to flow.

773

remodel

(英) v. 重建,改变形状(to alter the structure of; remake) (考) construct : remodel \ compose : edit(建造和改建\创作和修改) (记) re(重新)+model(模型)→重新改变模型 (例) to remodel an old house

774

stupor

(英) n.昏迷,不醒人事(no sensibility; lethargy) (考) stupor : alert \ despair : hopeful(昏迷不会机警\失望不会有希望) (记) stup(呆)+or (例) He sat in a glassy eyed stupor .

775

disbelief

(英) n. 怀疑(failure to believe) (记) dis+belief(相信信仰) →不相信→怀疑

776

warehouse

(英) n. 仓库,货栈 (a large building for storing things)

777

baste

(英) v.倒脂油于(烤肉上,以防烤干)(to moisten[meat]with melted butter) (考) baste : dryness \ caulk : moistness(浇油是为了防止干燥\填塞是为了防止潮湿) (记) 把baste和best联想起来:要想吃到最好的烤肉就把脂油倒在肉上 (同) 近形词: taste(味道); paste(糨糊粘贴); caste(种姓制度) (例) She basted the roast frequently.

778

brat

(英) n. 孩子顽童(a badly-behaved child) (记) rat(耗子)像耗子般的小孩

779

misrepresent

(英) v. 误传,歪曲 (give an intentionally untrue account) (考) tamper : adjust\ misrepresent : communicate(篡改相反于调整\误传相反于沟通) (记) mis(错误)+represent(表现)

780

pantomime

(英) 哑剧(any of the variances dramatic or dancing performances in which a story is told by expressive bodily or facial movements of the performers)_ (记) panto(神话剧)+mime(哑剧)→童话哑剧

781

devour

(英) v. 吞食 (to eat or eat up hungrily);(一口气)读完(to take in greedily with eyesearsor mind) (记) de+vour (吞吃)→吞掉 (同) 同根词:voracious (狼吞虎咽的) (例) She devoured the new book.

782

irredeemable

(英) adj. 无法挽回的(that cannot be remedied) (记) ir(不)+redeem(赎回)+able→不可赎回的

783

decrepit

(英) adj. 衰老的,破旧的 (broken down or worn out by old ageillnessor long use) (考) 反义词:sturdy(强健的); vigorous(健壮的) (记) de+crepit(破裂声)→破裂掉→破旧的; (同) 参考:decrepitate(矿石等)烧爆派生词: decrepitude (n. 衰老,破旧) (例) the decrepit gate. the decrepit elderly man.

784

senile

(英) adj. 年老的 (of old age) (记) sen(老)+ile→老的 (例) a senile condition(衰老状态)

785

impermanent

(英) adj. 暂时的(temporary) (考) opportune : convenience \ impermanent : transience(合适的带来方便\短暂的带来瞬间) (记) im(不)+per(始终)+man(逗留)+ent→不作永久逗留→暂时的

786

gong

(英) n. 锣(metal disc that gives a resonant note (例) Do I hear the dinner gong

787

ferrous

(英) adj.含铁的(containing iron; ferric) (考) 反义词:containing no iron(不含铁的) (记) ferr(铁)+ous→铁的 (同) 同根词:ferrum(铁); ferroconcrete(钢筋混凝土)

788

arson

(英) n. 纵火,放火(the crime of purposely setting fire) (记) ars (热)+on放火,ars=ard; (同) 参考:ardent(热情的)派生词: arsonist (n. 纵火犯)

789

contumacy

(英) n. 抗命,不服从 (insubordination; dis obedience)

790

gallon

(英) n. 加仑(measure for liquids) (考) heat : calories \ liquid : gallons(热量单位是卡路里\液体单位是加仑)

791

pension

(英) n. 养老金,退休金(a fixed sum paid regularly to aperson following retirement from service) (记) pens(挂,引申为钱)+ion→养老金 (例) The city raised taxes to maintain its employees' pensions.

792

interlock

(英) v. 连锁,连串(to lock together) (记) inter(在中间)+lock(锁)→互相锁→连锁 (例) interlocking questions which can't be answered separately

793

tear

(英) v. 撕裂 ( pull into pieces by force) (考) inflate : burst \ pull : tear(膨胀使爆裂\拉开使撕裂)反义词:tether(系起) (例) This cloth tears easily.

794

psyche

(英) n.心智,精神(soulmind) (例) After years of abuseMary's psyche was deeply scarred.

795

beneficial

(英) adj.有益的,有用的(advantageous; favorable) (考) 反义词:invidious(招人嫉妒的)

796

cider

(英) n. 粗鄙之人 (a surlyill_bred person; boor) (考) annoying : gadfly \ rude : churl(烦人的人特点是烦人\粗人的特点是粗鲁)反义词: complaisance(温顺) (记) 和church(教堂)一起记(A churl does not fit in a church.) (同) 派生词: churlish (adj. 脾气暴躁的surly; boorish); churlishness(n. 粗野)

797

germicide

(英) n. 杀菌剂(substance used for killing germs) (记) germ(细菌)+i+cide(杀)→杀菌物品

798

unascertained

(记) un(不)+ascertain(查明,弄清)+ed

799

fawning

(考) willfulness : headstrong \ subservience : fawning(顽固的[人]任性\奉承的[人]阿谀)

800

bowdlerize

(英) v.删除(expurgate)

801

porous

(英) adj. 可渗透的(capable of being penetrated);多孔的(full of pores) (考) porous : liquid \ transparent : light(可渗透的可以透过液体\透明的可以透过光线)反义词:impermeable(不能渗透的) (记) por(孔)+ous→有孔的; (同) 参考:pore(毛孔)派生词: porosity (n. 有孔性) (例) The porous sponge quickly soaked up the water.

802

mountebank

(英) n. 江湖郎中骗子(any charlatanor quack) (记) mounte(登高,山丘)+bank(=bench椅子)→登上椅子叫卖→江湖郎中

803

engaging

(英) adj. 迷人的美丽动人的(tending to draw favorable attention) (记) 来自engage(吸引) (例) David's engaging nature puts everyone at ease.

804

variegation

(英) n. 杂色,班驳 (irregular color marking) (考) 反义词:uniform coloration(单色)

805

eternal

(英) adj. 永久的永恒的(without beginning or end) (例) eternal life

806

prey

(英) n. 被捕食的动物(an animal taken by a predator as food) (例) The lion seized its prey and ate it.

807

grace

(英) n. 优美(quality of simple elegant beauty) (考) coltish : discipline \ loutish : grace(放荡的不会有纪律\粗野的不会文雅)lumber : grace \ waver : resolution(笨拙地移动不会文雅\动摇不会坚决) (例) Fine paintings graced the wallsof the room.

808

vulgar

(英) adj.无教养的(morally crudeundevelopedor unregenerate) (记) vulg(庸俗)+ar (同) 同根词:vulgarian(庸人);vulgarize(庸俗化)

809

disaffect

(英) v. 使不满使不忠(make disloyal) (记) dis(不消失)+affect(影响感动) →不再受感动→使不满

810

indefatigable

(英) adj. 不知疲倦的(not yielding to fatigue; untiring) (记) in(不)+de(表示强调)+fatig(疲倦)+able→不知疲倦的; 参考: fatigue(疲倦)

811

obvious

(英) adj. 明显的,显而易见的 (easy to see and understand)

812

proselyte

(英) n. 皈依者,改变宗教信仰者(a new convert) (记) pros(靠近)+elyte(来到)→靠近宗教→皈依者

813

moratorium

(英) n. 停止偿付(a legal authorization to delay payment of money) (考) reprieve : punishment \ moratorium : activity \ fast : eat(缓刑暂缓刑罚\暂停暂缓活动\斋戒暂缓进食) (记) mora(延误)+torium; (同) 参考:moratory(延期偿付的) (例) Let's call a moratorium on the matter.(这件事我们暂且搁一搁吧)

814

tactlessness

(考) chicanery : clever \ tactlessness : truthful(精明的人狡诈\真诚的人不圆滑)

815

flair

(英) n.天赋,本领,才华(a natural talent or ability; knack) (记) 和fair(公正的,美丽的)一起记 (例) a flair for writing (写作才华)

816

complicate

(英) v. 使某事复杂化(make sth more difficult to do) (记) com(全部)+plic(重叠)+ate→全部重叠起来→弄复杂 (同) 派生词: complicated (adj. 复杂的); complication (n. 复杂的情况)

817

nasal

(英) adj. 鼻的(pertaining to the nose) (记) nas(鼻)+al→(鼻子的); (同) 参考:nasalize(鼻音化) (例) His nasal voice is hard to listen to.

818

illuminati

(考) interpreter : translate \ illuminati : instruct(翻译者翻译\先觉者指导)

819

votary

(英) n.崇拜者,热心支持者 (a devoted admirer) (考) 反义词:skeptic(怀疑者) (记) vot(宣誓)+ary→热心支持者 (同) 同根词:vote(选举);votive(奉献的) (例) a votary of jazz(爵士音乐迷)

820

bicker

(英) v. 为小事争吵(quarrel about unimportant things) (例) The children are always bickering .

821

alloy

(英) n.合金(a mixture of two or more metals);v.混合(to mix ) (考) alloy : purity \ thin : density (掺杂降低纯度\变淡降低密度) (记) 注意单词:unalloyed(纯粹的)

822

prescribed

(英) adj. 规定的(laid down as a rule ; ordained) (记) pre(预先)+scribe(写)→预先写好的→规定的 (例) The prescribed penalty for certain crimes is life imprisonment.

823

discipline

(考) coltish : discipline \ loutish : grace(放荡的不会有纪律\粗野的不会优雅)martinet : discipline \ pedant : learning(严格的人只会遵循纪律\迂腐的人智遵循知识)

824

withstand

(英) v. 顶住(oppose successfully);经受住( remain unchanged by) (记) with(反)+stand(站)→反着站→抵抗

825

quell

(英) v.制止,镇压(to thoroughly overwhelm) (考) 反义词:foment(煽动); instigate(鼓动); rouse(激起) (例) quell a riot(镇压暴乱) \ quell disagreement(压制不同意见)

826

innovative

(英) adj. 革新的(introducing or using new ideastechniques) (考) 反义词:derivative(派生的) (记) innovate+ive

827

bullion

(英) n. 金条,银条(gold or silver in the form of ingots) (记) 和bull(公牛)一起记卖公牛得金银(sell bulls to get bullions)

828

stiletto

(英) n.小剑,匕首(a slender dagger) (同) 参考:女皮鞋的细高跟叫做stiletto heel

829

diminuendo

(英) n.(音乐)渐弱 (a gradual decrease in loudness; decrescendo) (记) diminu(变小,减少)+endo(表示名词)→(声音)变小→渐弱; (同) 参考:crescendo(渐强音)

830

distill

(英) v. 蒸馏(turn a liquid to vapor by heating) (考) 反义词:distill : purity \ leaven : volume(蒸馏使纯度加大\发酵使体积加大) (记) dis(分开)+still(小水滴) →蒸馏

831

paralyze

(英) v. 使瘫痪(to affect with paralysis);使无效(to make ineffective) (记) para(旁边)+lyze(分开)→身体的一边分开了→瘫痪_ (同) 派生词: paralysis (n. 瘫痪,中风) (例) An accident on Maple Street paralyzed all traffic for an hour.

832

glimpse

(英) n.\v. 瞥见,看一眼(to look quickly; glance) (记) 来自 glim(灯光)+pse→像灯光一闪→瞥一眼 (例) I glimpsed her among the crowd just before she disappeared from sight.

833

cone

(英) n. 松果; 圆锥体(solid body that narrows to a point from a circular flat base)

834

tissue

(英) n. 组织(animal or plant cells);薄纸,棉纸(light thin paper) (考) molecule : atoms \ tissue : cells(原子构成分子\细胞构成组织)

835

fumble

(英) v. 摸索,搜寻(to search by feeling about awkwardly; grope clumsily) (考) 反义词:handle adroitly(灵巧地处理) (记) 来自瑞典语fumla=fumble (例) She fumbled about in her handbag for a pen.

836

minutia

(英) n. 微枝末节,细节(small or trifling matters) (考) minutia : details \ quibbles : objections(细枝末节是[小的]细节\轻微反对是[小的]反对)反义词:essential point(重点); vital feature(重要特征) (记) minute(微小的)+ia→微小的东西→细节 (例) The report was perfect to the smallest minutia._

837

fern

(考) frond : fern \ needle : pine(复叶是厥类植物的叶子\针叶是松树植物的叶子)

838

troupe

(英) n.歌唱团,剧团 (a group of theatrical performers) (考) orchestra : music \ troupe : drama(管弦乐队演奏音乐\剧团演出戏剧)instrumentalist : orchestra \ actor : troupe(乐器演奏者组成管弦乐队\演员组成剧团) (记) 来自troop(部队)的变体 (例) a circus troupe(马戏团)

839

machination

(英) n. 阴谋(an artful or secret plot or scheme) (记) machin(计划,制造)+ation→阴谋 (同) 同根词:machinery(机器)

840

sequential

(英) adj. 连续的,一连串的(serial) (记) sequ(跟随)+ent+ial→跟随的→一连串的; 参考:sequence(连续)

841

savory

(英) adj. 味道可口的(pleasant in taste);健康的(wholesome)

842

dogma

(考) dogma : iconoclast \ convention : maverick(攻击传统观念的人不相信教条\想法与众不同的人不相信传统)反义词:heresy(异端邪说)

843

premiere

(英) n. 首次公演(a first performance or exhibition) (记) 来自premier(首要的,最早的)→最早的演出 (例) Several critics attended the musician's premiere.

844

immortal

(英) adj. 不朽的(deathless) (记) im(不)+mort(死)+al→不死的 (同) 同根词:postmortem(死后发生的); mortify(使屈辱) (例) the immortal gods \ the immortal words of Shakespeare

845

invigilate

(英) v. 监考(to monitor students) (记) in(进入)+vigil(察看)+ate→监视,监考 (同) 同根词:vigilant(警觉的)

846

sprawl

(英) v.伸展手脚而卧(to lie or sit with arms and legs spread out) (同) 近形词:scrawl(潦草地写);crawl(爬)派生词: sprawling (adj. 蔓生的) (例) The tired boy sprawled on the grass.

847

rebarbative

(英) adj.令人讨厌的,冒犯人的(repellentirritating) (记) re(对)+barb(=beard胡子)+ative→胡子对着别人→冒犯人的 (例) a rebarbative character(讨厌的家伙)

848

machiavellian

(英) adj.运用权术的为达目的而精于耍手段的(crafty; double-dealing) (记) (记)来自意大利十五世纪政治思想家Machiavelli,他认为在追求政治权力时, 手腕和欺骗是正当的

849

ordinance

(英) n. 法令,条例(a governmental statute of regulation) (记) ord(命令)+inance,注意不要和ordnance(大炮)相混 (例) a government ordinance promulgated in 1963

850

metallurgy

(同) 派生词: metallurgical (adj.冶金学的冶金的)

851

pitcher

(英) n. 有柄水罐(a container for liquids) (记) 分割记忆:pitch-er; (同) adj. pitcherful

852

detain

(英) v. 拘留(confine);使延迟 (hold back) (记) de+tain(拿,抓)→拘留 (同) 同根词:attainment(成就,到达);retain(保留,留住) (例) This matter isn't very important and shouldn't detain us very long.

853

coerce

(英) v. 强迫 (to force or compel to do something);压制 (to restrain or constrain by force) (同) 派生词: coercion (n.强制,高压统治government by force)

854

barrier

(英) n.路障,障碍(obstruction as of a fencewall; obstacle)

855

cub

(英) n. 幼兽(a young foxwolfbearliontigerwhaleetc.);年轻无经验的人(an inexperiencedawkward youth) (记) 和cube(立方体)一起记;cub作为词根是'睡觉'之意,如incubation(潜伏期)

856

faithfulness

(英) n. 忠实(loyalty) (考) 反义词:treacherousness(背叛)

857

fantasia

(英) n.幻想曲;组合乐曲(a medley of familiar tunes) (记) 来自fantasy(幻想,怪念头); (同) 参考:fantastic(幻想的,奇异的)

858

deprecate

(英) v.反对(express disapproval of; belittle) (考) deprecate : value \ restrict : diameter(轻视价值\限制直径)反义词:extol(赞美); vaunt(吹嘘)

859

bleach

(英) v. 漂白(cause sth to become white ) (例) bleach cottonlinen

860

evince

(英) v. 表明,表示(to show plainly; indicate; make manifest) (考) 反义词:conceal(隐藏); keep hidden(隐藏) (记) e+vince(=vict征服)→用(事实)征服→表明(事实等) (同) 同根词:vincible(可征服的) (例) He evinced great sorrow for what he had done.

861

scarp

(英) n. 悬崖,陡坡 (steep slope; escarpment) (记) 分割记忆:scar看作scare(惊恐),p看作place(地方)让人惊恐的地方→悬崖

862

portrait

(英) n. 肖像画 (a paintingdrawingor photograph of a real person ) (考) portrait : painting \ biography : history \ jazz : music(肖像画是一种画\传记是一种历史\爵士乐是一种音乐)portrait : person \ seascape : ocean(肖像画画人\海景画画海)

863

authentic

(英) adj.真正的(genuinereal);法律证实的(legally attested) (考) authenticity : fraudulent \ sincerity : hypocritical(欺骗的无真实\伪善的无诚挚)genuine : authenticity \ honest : trust(真的具有真实性\诚实的具有可信性)discompose : pacific \ fabricate : authentic(使不安没有平静\捏造没有真实)melodrama : subtlety \ chime (记) aut(自己)+hent(得到)+ic→自己得到的真品→真正的 (同) 派生词: authenticity (n.真实性可靠性) (例) Is your diamond ring authentic?

864

perplexity

(英) n. 困惑,茫然(bewilderment)

865

levity

(英) n. 轻率(lack of seriousness);轻浮(flippancy) (考) 反义词:seriousness(严肃); gravity(庄重) (记) lev(升起)+ity→升起状态→轻浮

866

turgid

(英) adj. 浮肿的 (swollenbloated);浮夸的(bombasticpompous) (考) 反义词:simple(率直的) (记) turg(肿)+id→肿胀的; (同) 参考:turgor(肿大) (例) His prose is rather turgid.(他的文体相当浮夸)

867

importune

(英) v. 强求,不断请求(entreat persistently or repeatedly) (考) importune : request \ pry : inquiry(强求是过分请求\刺探是过分询问) (记) im(进入)+portune(拿出)→拿出(强求)的姿态 (例) The scientists importuned the president for authorization to begin atomic energy research.

868

abominate

(英) 痛恨(to feel hatred and disgust for; loathe);厌恶(to dislike very much) (考) 反义词: esteem(尊敬) (记) ab+omin=omen(凶兆)+ate→痛恨(坏运气) (同) 同根词:ominous(凶险的)

869

bandy

(英) v.顶嘴谈论(discuss in a frivolous manner; quarrel) (例) Don't bandy words with meyoung man!

870

spendthrift

(英) adj.\n.挥金如土的(人) (improvident) (考) fervor : zealot \ improvidence : spendthrift(狂热者很热情\浪费者很浪费)craven : hero \ parsimonious : spendthrift(英雄不会怯懦/挥霍者不会吝啬)miser : parsimonious \ spendthrift : prodigal(吝啬鬼吝啬\挥霍者挥霍)(考)反义词:miser(吝啬鬼) (记) 组合词:spend(花费)+thrift(节约)把节约下来的钱花掉 (例) accuse sb. of spendthrift inclinations

871

treachery

(英) n.阴险,背叛(violation of allegiance;treason) (记) treach(=trick诡计)+ery (例) I would pay him back for his treacheries.

872

withdrawal

(英) n. 收回,撤退 (the state of being withdrawn) (考) 反义词:press(推进)

873

concord

(英) n. 和睦 (friendly and peaceful relations);公约(agreement) (考) 反义词:dissonance(不和谐); dissension(分歧) (记) con+cord(心,一致)→心在一起→和睦 (同) 同根词:discordant(不和谐的); accord(一致调和)

874

touchstone

(英) n.试金石(stone used to test the fineness of gold alloys);检验标准(criterion; standard)

875

exhume

(英) v.掘出,发掘(to dig out of the earth; disinter) (记) ex+hume(地)→从地下挖出→挖出 (同) 同根词:humility(谦卑); humus(腐殖土)

876

sentinel

(英) n.哨兵卫兵(sentry; lookout) (考) sentinel : watchful \ epicure : discriminating(卫兵的特点是警戒\美食家的特点是有识别力的)

877

beneficiary

(英) n.受惠者(anyone receiving benefit); (记) bene(好)+fact(做)+or →做好事的人; fact=fic; (同) 同根词:maleficent(心怀叵测的)

878

orgy

(英) n.纵酒狂欢(unrestrained indulgence in an activity)

879

infatuation

(英) n. 迷恋( infatuated love) (考) )[类比] sabbatical : leave \ flattering : infatuation(休假给人假期\奉承使人迷恋)反义词:odium(厌恶 (记) in(进入)+fatu(愚蠢)+ate→因迷恋某人而变得愚蠢; (同) 参考:fatuous(愚蠢的) (例) Two mutually infatuated people can want each other desperately.

880

hibernate

(英) v. 冬眠,蛰伏(to spend the winter in a dormant state) (记) hebern(冬天)+ate→冬 眠 (同) 同根词:hibernal(冬季的寒冷的)

881

reiterate

(英) v. 重申,反复地说(to state over again or repeatedly) (考) digress : excursive \ reiterate : redundant(离题是离题的\反复是多余的) (记) re(反复)+iterate(重申) (例) The teacher reiterated the most important points of the lecture.

882

malediction

(记) male(坏)+dict(说)+ion→说坏话→诅咒; (同) 参考:benediction(祝福)

883

glorification

(英) n. 美化颂扬(act of praising highly)

884

suitcase

(英) n. 手提箱,箱子(a large container for carrying clothes and possessions when travelling) (考) suitcase : luggage \ hat : millinery(皮箱是一种行李\圆边帽是一种女帽)wallet : money \ suitcase : clothing(钱包用来装钱\手提箱用来装衣服)

885

demystify

(英) v. 弄清楚(make sth less mysterious) (记) de (去掉)+mystify(使迷惑) →去掉迷惑→弄清楚

886

privacy

(考) hedonist : pleasure \ recluse : privacy(享乐主义喜欢快乐\隐士喜欢独处)

887

cameo

(英) n. 浮雕宝石(jewel carved in relief) (考) peccadillo : offense \ cameo : sculpture(小错是小冒犯\小浮雕是小雕刻品)

888

tornado

(英) n.飓风,龙卷风 (a violent windstorm: whirlwind) (考) tornado : air \ whirlpool : water(龙卷风是空气的回旋\旋涡是水的回旋) (记) torn(转)+ado

889

musty

(英) adj.霉臭的(stale in odor or taste; spoiled by age)

890

detritus

(英) n.碎屑(loose fragments and grains from rock) (考) 反义词:valuable product(有价值的产品)

891

spinster

(英) n.未婚女人(an unmarried womanesp. one past the common age for marrying) (记) spin(旋转)+ster(人)→原指从事纺织的女人,引申为未婚女人或老处女

892

nebula

(英) n. 星云(a cloud of interstellar gas and dust) (记) nebul(云)+a→星云; (同) 参考:nebulize(使成雾状)

893

tackiness

(考) tackiness : adhesive \ sharpness : scalpel(黏合剂粘\手术刀锋利) (记) 来自形容词tacky(发黏的)

894

forfeiture

(英) v. 丧失,被罚没收(to losegive upor be deprived of);n. 丧失物(something one loses); (记) for(出去)+feit(=fect做)→做出去→丧失 (同) adj. forfeitable; n. forfeiter (例) She forfeited the esteem of her friends by telling lies.

895

tack

(英) n.大头钉,图钉(a small short sharp-pointed nail having a broad flat head) (记) 注意不要和tact(机智)相混

896

vulture

(英) n. 秃鹫(a large ugly tropical bird with an almost featherless head and neck)

897

rococo

(英) adj.过分精巧的俗丽的(ornate; highly decorated)

898

convalesce

(英) v. (病)康复,复原 (regain strength and health ) (记) con+val(强壮)+esce(开始…的)→开始强壮→康复 (同) 同根词:valorous(勇猛的) (例) After the surgeryJane convalesced at home for a week.

899

derision

(英) n. 嘲笑嘲弄(ridicule or mockery) (考) jeer : derision \ reprimand : censure(讥笑表示嘲弄\谴责表示责难)smilk : smugness \ sneer : derision(假笑是装模作样\讥笑是嘲弄)反义词:veneration(尊敬) (记) 来自deride(v.嘲笑;de[向下]+ride[笑] →贬低的笑→嘲笑)

900

continuance

(英) n. 持续; 继续的存在(remainingstaying) (例) Can we hope for a continuance of this fine weather?

901

steep

(英) v.浸泡,浸透(to soak in a liquid) (考) 反义词:parch(烘干) (记) steep作为'陡峭的'一意大家很熟悉 (例) She steeped the tea in boiling water.

902

secret

(考) 反义词:bruit(传播消息); divulge(泄密); promulgate(公布)-keep secret(保守秘密)

903

fasten

(英) v. 固定某物(fix sth firmly) (考) lathe : shape \ clasp : fasten(车床用来成形\扣子用来固定) (例) fasten down the lid of a box

904

pasture

(英) n. 牧场 (grassy land);v. 放牧(put farm animals in a pasture to feed)

905

neophyte

(英) n. 初学者,新手(a beginner or a novice) (考) inexperience : neophyte \ irresponsibility : wastrel(没有经验是新手的特点\不负责任是败家子的特点) (记) neo(新)+phyte(植物)→新植物→新手 (例) The experienced workers made the neophytes do the hard work.

906

elasticity

(英) n.弹性伸缩力(springinessresilience) (考) 反义词:lack of resilience(缺乏弹性)

907

backset

(考) 反义词: hike(远足涨价)

908

bloated

(英) adj. 肿胀的(swelledas with water or air) (记) bloat=blow(吹) (例) the bloated body of a drowned animal

909

artistry

(英) n. 艺术技巧(skill of an artist)

910

domicile

(英) n.住处住所(home)

911

tango

(英) n.探戈舞 (a ballroom dance of Latin-American origin) (考) tango : dance \ elegy : poem(探戈是一种舞蹈\哀诗是一种诗)

912

exceptional

(英) adj. 特别(好)的(not ordinary or average) (考) 反义词:prosaic(平凡的) (例) The exceptional tennis player won the championship.

913

siege

(英) n.包围,围攻(a military blockade of a city or fortified place to compel it to surrender) (同) 参考:besiege(围攻) (例) be in a state of siege(处于被围状态)

914

pertinacious

(英) adj. 顽固的(stubbornly unyielding; obstinate) (考) 反义词:vacillation(犹豫); tractable(温顺的) (记) per(始终)+tin(拿住)+acious→始终拿住不放→顽固的 (同) 派生词:pertinacity;参考:pertinent(相关的) pertinacious[`pE:tI'neISEs]adj. 顽固的固执的; ] (同) insubordinate(无法驾御的); intransigent(不妥协的)

915

wont

(英) n.习惯习俗(person's habit or custom; habitual procedure) (记) unwonted(不习惯的)

916

gash

(英) n. 深长的伤口,裂缝(longdeep cut) (考) cleft : chasm \ cut : gash(程度: 裂口深坑\切口深长伤口) (记) 不要和gush(喷涌而出)相混

917

knocker

(英) 敲击的人(a person or thing that knocks);门环(a small metal ringhammeretc. attached by a hinge to a doorfor use in knocking for admittance) (记) knock(敲)+er

918

intangibility

(考) 反义词: palpability(可触知性)

919

strenuous

(英) adj.费力的(arduous);精力充沛的(vigorously active) (记) stren(=strength力量)+uous→用力量的 (例) long hours of strenuous training

920

cynical

(英) adj. 愤世嫉俗的(denying the sincerity of people's motives and actions; pessimistic) (例) The cynical poet wrote very bleak poetry.

921

parley

(英) n. 和谈(a conference with an enemy);会谈(a conference for discussion of points in dispute) (记) parl(讲话)+ey→和谈 (同) 同根词:parlance(说法,用语);parliament(议会,国会) (例) parley with one's enemies

922

rueful

(英) adj. 后悔的,遗憾的(feeling good humored regret) (考) 反义词:impenitent(不悔悟的) (例) a rueful smile(后悔的苦笑)

923

expurgate

(英) v. 删除使纯洁(to remove passages considered obscene or objectionable) (考) vendor : purvey \ censor : expurgate(卖主供给\检查员删除) (记) ex+purg(清洗)→清洗掉→净化; (同) 参考:purge(清洗,净化),辨析: expunge指删除无用的字、章节等; expurgate指删去书中不恰当或不纯的地方

924

scrupulous

(英) n. 顾忌,迟疑(an ethical consideration or principle that inhibits action);v. 顾忌(hesitate) (例) He did not scruple to tell when it served his interests.

925

reparable

(英) adj. 能补救的,可挽回的(capable of being repaired) (记) repair(修补)+able→能修补的

926

malpractice

(英) n. 玩忽职守,渎职 (failure to carry out one's professional duty) (记) mal(坏)+practice(行为)

927

zeal

(考) resoluteness : will \ zeal : conviction(有意志的人坚决\有信念的人热诚)反义词:torpor(无感觉); lack of fervor(缺乏热情); vapid(索然无味)

928

formation

(英) n. 组织形成(things that is formed) (考) array : numbers \ formation : soldiers(数字排列形成矩阵\士兵排列形成列队) (记) form(形状)+ation→形成形式

929

jest

(英) v.\n. 说笑,玩笑(to be playful in speech and actions) (考) 反义词: solemnity(严肃) (例) It begin as a jest and ended as a tragedy.

930

infamy

(英) n. 恶名昭彰(very bad reputation) (考) 反义词:good repute(好名声)

931

gracefully

(考) 反义词:flounder(踉跄)-act gracefully(优雅地行动)

932

glare

(英) v. 发出眩目光芒(to shine with dazzling light);怒目而视(to stare fiercely or angrily) (考) cacophony : sound \ glare : light(刺耳形容声音\眩目形容光)

933

commonwealth

(英) n.人民国家(nation governed by the people)

934

insert

(英) v. 插入(to put or fit into something else) (考) superimpose : above \ insert : between(放在上面位置在上面\插入中间位置在中间)反义词:remove(拿走) (记) in(进入)+sert(插,放)→插进去→插入 (同) 同根词:exsert(突出,伸出)

935

robe

(英) n. 长袍,礼服(a long flowing outer garment) (记) 分割记忆:rob(抢劫)+e把长袍抢走(rob the robe) (例) The king and queen wore finesilk robes on the throne.

936

circlet

(英) n.环形饰物(small ring; band of goldsilverjewel) (记) circ(圆圈)+let(小东西)

937

goldbrick

(考) evade : answer \ goldbrick : work(规避避免回答问题\称病避免从事工作)

938

laity

(英) n. 俗信徒(laymen collectively) (记) la(=lay世俗的,外行的)+ity→俗信徒,外行; (同) 参考:layman(俗信徒,外行)

939

grave

(英) adj. 严峻的(needing careful consideration); (考) 反义词: droll(滑稽的); giddy(轻率的); insignificant(不重要的) (记) 来自词根:grav(重)

940

tinker

(考) tinker : adjust \ scribble : write(笨拙修补需要调整\潦草文章需要认真写)

941

reprehend

(英) v. 谴责,责难 (to voice disapproval of; censure) (记) re(反复)+prehend(抓住)→反过来抓住(缺点)→谴责 (同) 同根词:comprehend(综合,理解);apprehend(忧虑)

942

crease

(英) n. 折缝,皱痕(a linemarkor ridge made by folding and pressing) (考) crease : folding \ hole : perforating(折叠产生折痕\打洞产生洞) (记) 和create(创造,引起)一起记,引起折缝(create a crease);比较:grease(油脂) (例) Don't sit for too long or you'll crease your new dress.

943

profligate

(英) adj. 挥金如土的(wildly extravagant; prodigal) (考) profigate : solvent .\ mercurial : committed(挥霍的没有尝债能力\善变的没有一心一意)querulous(loquacious): words \ profligate : money(多话的喜欢说话\挥霍的喜欢花钱)反义词:parsimonious(小气的); provident(节俭的); barren(贫瘠的) (记) pro(向前)+flig(搅,拌)+ate→搅拌掉→挥霍掉

944

vitrify

(英) v.呈玻璃状的( change into glass) (考) tarnish : dull \ vitrify : smooth(失去光泽变的阴暗\使成玻璃变的光滑)

945

egotist

(英) n. 自私自利者(selfish person) (记) ego(我自己)+t +ist→以自我为中心的→自私自利者

946

leakage

(英) n. 渗漏,漏出(leaking) (考) lubricate : abrasion \ seal : leakage(润滑防止磨损\密封防止泄露) (记) leak(漏)+age(名词后缀)→渗漏; (同) 参考:leakproof(防漏的,保密的)

947

clannish

(英) adj. 排他的,门户之见的 (tending to associate closely with one's own group and to avoid others) (记) 来自'clan'(宗派,家族)

948

ferocious

(英) adj.凶猛的,残暴的(fierce; savage; violently cruel) (记) feroc(凶猛)+ious→凶猛的 (例) ferocious lion. ferocious punishments

949

piddling

(英) adj. 有图片的,用图片表示的 (havingor expressed in pictures) (考) restive : calmness \ pidding : considerable(反义: 不安的→平静的\无用的→重要的) (记) 来自名词picture(图片)pidding adj.无用的,琐碎的(trivial)

950

fortuitous

(英) adj. 偶然的,意外的(happening by chance; accidental);幸运的(lucky) (记) 来自fortune(运气)→运气的→偶然的 (例) It is fortuitous that I left the freeway just before the horrible accident.

951

transpire

(英) v.泄露(become known);蒸发散发( give off through pores) (例) It later transpired that he hadn't been telling the truth.

952

additive

(英) n. 添加剂(substance added in small amounts for a special purpose) (例) addictive drugs

953

coy

(英) adj. 腼腆的,忸怩的(shrinking from contact with others; shy)

954

harshly

反义词:treat harshly(严厉地对待) →mollycoddle(v. 溺爱)

955

scope

(英) n. 范围 (the area within the limits of a questionsubjectaction) (例) a job with scope for self-fulfilment

956

knead

(考) knead : malleable \ penetrate : permeable(可锻的可以捏制\可渗透的可以穿透)

957

statute

(英) n.法规,法令(a law enacted by the legislative branch) (考) overture : opera \ prologue : novel \ preamble : statute(歌剧的序曲\小说的前言\法律的导言) (记) stat(站)+ute (例) the statutes of a university

958

volcano

(英) n. 火山(a mountain with a crater at the top through which lavasteam gases sometimes escape with explosive force) (考) volcano : lava \ geyser : water(火山喷出熔岩\喷泉喷出水)

959

rebelliousness

(考) parsimony : miser \ rebelliousness : insurgent(吝啬鬼特点是小气\反叛者特点是反叛)

960

ripen

(英) v. 使成熟 ( become or make ripe) (考) ripen : maturity \ harden : solidity(使成熟达到成熟\使坚硬达到坚硬) (记) ripe(成熟的)+en

961

amplify

(英) v.放大(to make larger;extend);详述(to develop with details) (考) mute(减弱); abridge (缩短) (记) ampl(大)+ify→使大,放大 (同) 派生词: amplification (n. 扩大充实); amplified (adj. 扩大的充实的); amplifier (n. 放大器) (例) amplify the sound. amplify one's objections.

962

overall

(英) adj.\adv. 全部的(地),总共 (including everything) (例) the overall measurements of a room

963

feather

(英) 羽毛(any of the many light fringed structures that grow from a bird's skin and cover its body) (考) bird : feathers \ fish : scales(鸟外表有羽毛\鱼外表有鱼鳞)molt : feathers \ shed : hair(脱羽是脱去羽毛\脱发是脱去毛发) (例) birds of a feather

964

hyphen

(英) n. 高血压(abnormally high blood pressure) (记) hyper(超过)+tension(紧张)→(过度紧张造成)高血压

965

encounter

(英) v. 遭遇(meet oneself faced by sth\sb unpleasantdangerousdifficultetc) (考) 反义词:circumvent(躲避) (例) I encountered many difficulties when I first started this job.

966

etiquette

(英) n. 礼仪(established formsmannersand ceremonies);礼节(decorum) (记) e+tiquette=ticket(票)→凭票出入→礼节

967

allure

(英) v.引诱(to tempt; entice);n. 诱惑力( fascination) (记) al+lure(引诱); lure(诱惑力)本身是一个单词 (同) 派生词: allurement (n. 诱惑物) (例) The book has a certain allure for which it is hard to find a reason.

968

confine

(英) v. 限制禁闭(keep a person or an animal in a restricted space; restrain) (考) loose : confinement \ disabuse : misconception(释放使不再被拘禁\纠正使不再有错误观念) (记) con(全部)+fine(限制) →全限制→监禁 (同) 派生词: confined (adj.狭窄的受限制的limitedrestricted); confinement (n. 限制监禁imprisonment)

969

perplexed

(英) adj. 困惑的(filled with uncertainty; puzzled) (考) anxious : reassurance \ perplexed : clarfication(焦虑是因为不安心\迷惑是因为没澄清) (记) per(全部)+plex(=plic交错重叠)+ed→全部交错在一起→困惑的 (例) Mary's criticism of my good work perplexed me.

970

pharmacology

(记) 来自pharmacy(药房,药剂学), pharma(药,毒) (例) The pharmacist has a degree in pharmacology.

971

fracture

(英) n. 骨折(a break in the body part);折断;裂口(a breakcrack) (考) cement(接合) (同) adj. fractural

972

mannered

(英) adj.做作的(having an artificial or stilted character) (考) 反义词:natural(自然的)

973

critique

(英) n. 批评性的分析(critical analysis) (例) The book presents a critique

974

wring

(英) v.拧或绞(twist to extract liquid) (例) He wrung the clothes out bafore putting them on the line to dry.

975

obelisk

(英) n.方尖碑(tall column tapering and ending in a pyramid)

976

honorable

(英) adj. 光荣的(bringing or showing honor) (考) 反义词:ignominious(可耻的) (记) honor(光荣)+able

977

ignominy

(英) n. 羞耻,屈辱(shame and dishonor; infamy) (考) 反义词:glory(光荣); honor(荣誉); esteem(尊重) (记) ig(不)+nomin(名声)+y→名声不好→耻辱 (例) ignominy of abandoning one's comrades

978

institute

(英) v. 制定,创立(社团,规章)(to set up; establish) (考) 反义词: rescind(废除); abrogate(废除) (记) in(进入)+stitute(站)→站进去→制定,创立 (同) 同根词:constitution(宪法,规章); restitution(赔偿) (例) The foundation was instituted in 191

979

emissary

(英) n.密使(a secret agent);特使(representative sent on a specific mission) (记) e+miss(送)+ary→送出去的人→特使

980

felicity

(英) n.幸福(happiness; bliss);适当的措辞(an apt expression; felicitousness)

981

sheet

(考) tablecloth : table \ sheet : mattress(桌子上有桌布\床垫上有床单)

982

sentimental

(英) 感情上的(showing tender feelings rather than reasonable)多愁善感的(showing too much of such feelings) (记) sentiment(感情)+al

983

dictate

(英) v.口述 (to speak or read aloud for someone else to write down);命令(to prescribe or command forcefully) (记) dict(讲话,命令)+ate→命令; (同) 参考:abdicate(退位)

984

spacious

(英) adj. 广阔的,宽敞的(vast or ample in extent) (记) spac(地方)+ious(多…的),注意不要和specious(似是而非的)相混

985

equilibrium

(英) n. 平衡(a state of balance or equality between opposing forces) (记) equi+libr(平衡)+ium→平衡 (同) 同根词:librate(保持平衡) (例) He lost his equilibrium and fell into the lake.

986

stratum

(英) 地层 (a sheetlike mass of sedimentary rock or earth of one kind lying between beds of other kinds);社会阶层 (a socioeconomic level comprising persons of the same status esp. with regard to education or culture)

987

shed

(英) v. 流出(眼泪等) (to pour forth in drops);脱落(叶子) (to let fall) (考) molt : feathers \ shed : hair(羽毛脱落\头发脱落) (例) shed one's blood for one's country

988

garrulity

(考) 反义词:taciturnity(沉默寡言)

989

pulp

(英) n.果肉酱(a soft mass of vegetable matter);纸浆(a material prepared in making paper) (例) squash the grapes into a pulp(把葡萄压榨成酱)

990

fastidious

(英) adj.难取悦的,挑剔的(not easy to please ; very critical or discriminating; dainty); (考) devoted : zealous \ careful : fastidious(过分热衷是狂热\过分仔细是挑剔)反义词:indiscriminate(不加区分的); coarse(粗俗的); easygoing(易于交往的); uncritical(不严厉的) (记) fast(绝食)+tidious(=tedious乏味的)→因乏味而绝食→挑剔的 (同) 同根词:fasting(禁食) (例) She helped the fastidious customer try on all kinds of clothes for an hour.

991

receptacle

(英) n.容器(container) (考) bowl : receptacle \ bicycle : vehicle(碗是一种容器\自行车是一种交通工具) (记) recept(感受,接受)+acle(东西)→容器; (同) 参考:reception(接待,欢迎)

992

clamor

(英) n.\v.吵闹,喧哗 (a loudsustained noise) (记) clam(喊)+or (同) 同根词:proclamation(宣言); reclaim(回收,开垦)

993

astute

(英) adj. 机敏的,精明的(showing clever or shrewd mind; cunning; crafty) (记) 来自拉丁文astus(灵活) (例) The astute reader noticed that the author had ignored a crucial fact.

994

sturdy

(英) adj.(身体)强健的 (strong);结实的(firmly built or constituted) (考) 反义词:decrepit(衰老的) (例) He is short and sturdy.(他长得矮而健壮) \ a sturdy chair

995

stint

(英) v.吝惜,节省(to restrict a share or allowance) (考) 反义词:lavish(浪费) (例) They will stint themselves for years to buy a bicycle.

996

fallow

(英) n. 休闲的土地(land plowed but not seeded so as to mak e the soil richer)adj.[土地]休闲的(left uncultivated or unplanted) (考) 反义词:in use(在使用地) (记) 和fellow(伙伴,同伙)一起记 (例) Don't let your talent fallow! the land was fallow.

997

recalibration

(记) re(重新)+calibration(校准)

998

undefined

(记) un(不)+define(定义,明确)+ed

999

pier

(英) n. 桥墩(an intermediate support) (例) The ship you want to board is at pier 4.

1000

pretend

(英) v. 假装 (with the intention of deceiving)