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Flashcards in gre_1 Deck (1000):
1

warranted

(考) 反义词:gratuitous(无理由的)

2

feigned

(英) adj.假装的(pretended; simulated; sham) (考) 反义词:genuine(真实的) (记) 和下面的 feint 一起记,佯攻是假装的进攻(A feint is a feigned attack.)

3

misuse

(英) 误用(use something in a wrong way)用错滥用(badwrongor unsuitable use) (记) mis(错误)+use(使用)

4

absolute

(英) adj. 绝对的完全的(completetotal); 无(条件)限制的(unlimitedGRE常考义) (考) absolute : variability \ inevitable : chance(绝对的就不具备可变性\不可避免的就不具备偶然性)absolute : autocrat \ nominal : figurehead(独裁者的特征是绝对\傀儡的特征是有名无实)反义词:qualified(受限制的)

5

industrious

(英) adj. 勤劳的勤勉的(hard-workingdiligent)

6

pendulum

(记) pend(挂)+ulum→挂的东西→钟摆

7

truncated

(英) v.把(某物)截短,去尾(to shorten by cutting off) (考) 反义词: prolong(延长) (记) 来自trunk(树干)+ate→截去树干→截短 (例) truncate a news item(删节新闻) \ a badly truncated report

8

objectionable

(英) adj. 令人厌恶的(disagreeableoffensive) (例) objectionable behavior(讨厌的行为)

9

grandeur

(英) n. 壮丽,伟大(splendor; magnificence) (记) 来自grand(宏伟的,庄严的) (例) the grandeur of nature

10

territoriality

(记) territorial(领土的)+ity

11

memorial

(英) n. 纪念碑(a monument);adj. 纪念性的(commemorative) (记) 来自memory(记忆)+al→记忆的东西→纪念物 (同) 同根词:memoir(传记,回忆录); memorable(难忘的) (例) The memorial ceremony marked the anniversary of the end of the war.

12

cynosure

(英) n. 注意的焦点(any person or thing that is a center of attention or interest) (记) 来自Cynosure(小熊星,北极星),引申为人们注意的目标(the cynosure of all eyes)

13

fang

(考) fang : tooth \ finger : digit(毒牙是一种牙\手指是一种指头)

14

obstreperous

(英) adj. 吵闹的,难管束的(noisyboisterousor unruly) (考) 反义词:disciplined(遵守纪律的) (记) ob+streper(喧闹)+ous→喧闹的 (例) obstreperous merriment(喧闹的作乐)

15

overweening

(英) adj. 自负的,过于自信的(arrogant; excessively proud) (记) over(过分)+ween(想象)+ing→过分想象自己的伟大

16

silversmith

(英) n. 银匠 (a person who makes things out of silver)

17

distrait

(英) adj.心不在焉的(absentminded; distracted)

18

tusk

(英) n.(象)长牙(an elongated greatly enlarged tooth)

19

juvenile

(英) adj. 少年的,似少年的(ofor like young persons) (记) juven(年青)+ile→年青的,少年的 (同) 同根词:rejuvenate(返老还童)

20

invigorate

(英) v. 鼓舞,激励(to give vigor to; enliven; animate) (考) conducive : foment \ tonic : invigorate \ analgesic : deaden(助长的能煽动\激励的能鼓舞\止痛的能消痛)反义词:debilitate(使虚弱); enervate(削弱); enfeeble(削弱) (记) in(使)+vigor(活力)+ate→使有活力→鼓励 (例) A quick breath of fresh air invigorate me.

21

negotiation

(英) 协商谈判(an act of negotiating) (考) clog : drainage \ stalemate : negotiations(阻塞排水\僵持谈判)

22

usher

(英) n.领座员,招待员; v.引,领 (introduce) (记) 分割记忆:us-her(她领我们进去) (例) The girl ushered me to my seat.

23

gaffe

(英) n. (社交上令人不快的)失言,失态(a blunder; faux pas) (考) malapropism : verbal \ gaffe : social(词语误用是言辞的错误\社交失礼是社交的错误)illusion : perception \ gaffe : judgment(幻觉是丧失洞察力\失礼是丧失判断力)miscalculation : judgment \ gaffe : decorum(计算错误是一种判断错误\社交失礼是一种礼仪错误) (记) 分割记忆:gaff(鱼叉)+e

24

dedicated

(英) adj. 专心致志的(devoted to sth; committed) (例) a dedicated workerpriestteacher

25

docile

(英) adj. 驯服的(of a person or an animal easy to control) (记) doc(教)+ile(能...的) →能教的

26

bungle

(英) v. 粗制滥造(do sth badly );n. 拙劣的工作(bad piece of work) (考) 反义词:bring off(顺利完成) (同) 派生词: bungler(笨手笨脚的人)近形词: jungle(丛林); tangle(纠缠) (例) The whole job was a gigantic bungle .

27

reverend

(英) adj.值得敬重的(deserving reverence)

28

spurious

(英) adj.假的(false);伪造的(falsified;forged) (考) 反义词:genuine(真正的) (记) 来自spuria(伪造的作品)+ous (例) spurious coins(伪币)

29

burlesque

(英) n. 讽刺或滑稽的戏剧(derisive caricature; parody) (考) doggerel : verse \ burlesque : play(打油诗是一种诗\讽刺剧是一种剧)diatribe : abuse \ burlesque : mockery(攻击性演说特点是辱骂\讽刺剧特点是嘲笑) (记) burl(玩笑)+esque→玩笑话→滑稽戏; 参考: burly(直率的粗壮的)

30

destitute

(英) adj.贫乏的(being without; lacking);穷困的(living in complete poverty) (记) de+stit(建立)+ute→没有建立→穷困的 (同) 同根词:institute (创建),restitute(赔偿) (例) The fire left the family destitute.

31

testimony

(英) n.证言,证明 (firsthand authentication of a fact; evidence) (考) calumny : assertion \ perjury : testimony(诽谤是假断言\伪证是假证言) (记) testi(见证)+mony→证言 (例) give false testimony(作伪证)

32

fatuity

(考) 反义词:sagacity(睿智)

33

self-control

(英) n. 自制 (control over one's feelings) (记) self(自己)+control(控制)

34

ruse

(英) n.骗术诡计(trick to deceive; stratagem)

35

willow

(记) 注意不要和wallow(打滚)相混

36

comport

(英) v. 举止,行为 (to behave or conduct in a specified manner) (记) com+port(带)→一个人带有的全部仪态→举止 (同) 同根词:transportation(运输); portable(可携带的)派生词: comportment (n. 举止动作) (例) That little girl comported herself very well at the party last night.

37

evenhanded

(英) adj. 公平的不偏不倚的(fair and impartial) (例) even-handed justice

38

frivolous

(英) adj. 轻薄的,轻佻的(not properly serious or sensible) (考) frivolous : gravity \ brash : discretion(轻佻的不严肃\仓促的不谨慎) (记) friv(愚蠢)+olous→愚蠢的→轻佻的 (同) 派生词: frivolity n. 轻浮 (例) a frivolous girl.

39

perspicacious

(英) adj. 独具慧眼的(of acute mental vision or discernment) (考) ravishing : attractive \ perspicacious : discerning(引人入胜是十分吸引力\独具慧眼是十分有洞察力)反义词:obtuse(迟钝的); undiscerned(无辨别力的) (记) per(全部)+spic(=spect看)+acious,全部都看到十分敏锐的 (同) 同根词:conspicuous(显眼的); suspicious(怀疑的)

40

cathartic

(英) n. 泻药(purgative) (记) (记)cathar(清洁)+tic→清洁(肚子)→泻药

41

impersonate

(英) v. 模仿(to mimic);扮演(to act the part of) (记) im(进入)+person(人,角色)+ate→进入角色→扮演 (例) He impersonates all the well-known politicians exactly right.

42

pony

(英) n. 小马(a small horse) (记) 参考:colt(小马)

43

stoop

(英) v.俯身(to bend the body);降低身分(to descend from a superior rank) (例) Don't stoop to argue with him. (别降低身分和他争吵)

44

gregarious

(英) adj. 群居的(living in herds or flocks);爱社交的(sociable) (考) 反义词:aloof(孤独的) (记) greg(群体)+arious→群体的→群居的 (同) 同根词:egregious(异乎寻常的,极坏的) (例) Bees are gregarious. My gregarious sister makes friends wherever she goes.

45

prance

(英) v.昂首阔步(move about proudly and confidently) (例) He pranced out of the room in a dudgeon.(他怒气冲冲昂首阔步走出房间)

46

lissom

(英) adj. 姿态优雅的,柔软的(lithesupplelimber) (记) liss(=smooth光滑的)+om→体态光滑→柔软的

47

retard

(英) v. 妨碍,减速(to slow down; impede) (考) divert : shunt \ retard : brake(转轨是用来转向\刹车是用来减速)反义词: speed up(加速); accelerate(加速); expedite(促进); catalyze(促进); precipitate (加速) (记) re(使)+tard(迟缓)→使…迟缓→妨碍 (同) 同根词:tardy(行动慢的,迟到的); retarded(智力迟钝的)

48

defeat

(英) v. 战胜击败(win a victory over) (记) de(变坏)+feat(伟绩) →使英名扫地→击败

49

fissure

(英) n.裂缝,裂隙 (a longnarrowdeep cleft or crack) (记) fiss(裂)+ure→裂缝; (同) 参考:fission(裂变,分裂) (例) grass growing in the fissures

50

impropriety

(英) n. 不正当(的行为)(improper act or behavior) (考) 反义词:decorum(礼貌) (记) im(不)+propriety(礼貌,得体)

51

niche

(英) n. (放艺术品等的)壁龛(a recess in wall;合适的位置(a suitable place or position) (例) He found his niche in politics.

52

fiat

(英) n.命令(an order issued by legal authority; decree) (记) 分割记忆:fi看作fire+at→对…开火→命令 (例) a royal fiat(国王的命令)

53

impressionable

(英) adj. 易受影响的(easily affected by impressions) (记) impression(印象)+able→容易留下印象的

54

tyranny

(英) n. 暴政,专制 (the use of power cruelly and unjustly);暴行(a cruel or unjust act) (考) despotic : tyranny \ generous : liberality(暴政的专制\慷慨的大方) (同) 派生词: tyrannical (adj. 暴虐的,残暴的despotic)

55

ballerina

(记) 由ballet+rina(女)组成

56

seminal

(英) adj. 有创意的(containing the seeds of later development;original) (考) 反义词:hampering further development(阻碍发展); derivative(派生的) (记) semin(种)+al→种子的→有创见的 (同) 同根词:disseminate(播种)

57

play

(考) doggerel : verse \ burlesque : play(打油诗是一种诗\讽刺剧是一种戏剧)screen : movie \ stage : play(电影在屏幕上放映\戏剧在舞台上表演)anecdote : story \ skit : play(轶事是一种短故事\幽默剧是一种短戏剧)

58

misogynist

(英) n.厌恶女人的人(hater of woman) (记) miso(恨)+gyn(女人)+ist

59

hormone

(记) horm(鼓动,冲动)+one→激素; (同) 参考:horme(有目的活动的驱动力)

60

rivalry

(英) n. 竞争,对抗(being rivals) (例) the usual rivalry between brother and sister

61

rejoin

(英) v. 回答,答辩(to say sharply or critically in response) (记) re(重新)+join(加入)→重新加入讨论→答辩; (同) 参考:enjoin(命令,吩咐)

62

unconcern

(考) 反义词:preoccupation(专心) (记) un(不)+concern(关心)

63

effulgent

(英) adj. 灿烂的(of great brightness) (考) bootless : futility \ efflugent : resplendence(无用的无用\灿烂的灿烂) (记) ef+fulg(闪亮)+ent→闪亮的→灿烂的

64

dissent

(英) v. 不同意,持异议(to differ in belief or opinion; disagree) (考) 反义词:concur(同意) (记) dis+sent(感觉)→反感觉→不同意; adj. dissenting (同) 同根词:assent(同意); sentiment(情感) (例) When asked for objectionsno one dissented.

65

reinstate

(英) v. 恢复(原职)(to restore to a previous effective state) (记) re(重新)+in(进入)+state(状态)→重新恢复职位 (例) He was dismissed but was later reinstated.

66

attain

(英) v. 达到实现(achieve) (记) at+tain(拿住) →一再拿住→有成就 (同) 派生词: attainment n.完成;成就同根词:abstain(戒除); detain(拘留)

67

produce

(英) n. 产品,农产品 (something that has been produced) (考) envelope : letter \ crate : produce(信封里装信\柳条箱里装农产品) (记) pro(向前)+duce(引导)→引出的产品

68

embryo

(英) n.胚胎(something as yet undeveloped) (记) em+bryo(变大)→(种子等)变大→胚胎

69

intertwine

(英) v. 纠缠,缠,绕(to twine together) (记) inter+twine(编)→在中间编织→纠缠 (例) a lattice intertwined with vines(爬满了蔓藤的格子架)

70

abet

(英) v.教唆,协助(罪犯) (to incite or help in wrongdoing) (考) abet : assistance \ counsel : guidance(教唆是一种帮助\忠告是一种指导)反义词: frustrate(使灰心); stymie(阻碍); forestall(预先阻止); thwart(阻碍); impede(阻碍) (同) n. abetmentabettor (例) He abetted the thief in robbing the bank.

71

partiality

(英) n. 偏袒,偏心(state of being partial; bias) (记) 来自partial(有偏见的); (同) 参考:impartiality(公正)

72

derogate

(英) v. 贬低,诽谤 (to lower in esteem; disparage; lose face) (记) de(坏)+rog(问,说)+ate→说坏话→贬低

73

tactic

(英) n.(达到目的)手段 (a device for accomplishing an end);战术(a method of employing forces in combat) (记) tact(机智)+ic→手段 (例) Encirclement is a customary tactic(包围是一种常用的战术)

74

equivocate

(英) v. 模棱两可地说,支吾其词说谎(to use equivocal terms in order to deceivemisleadhedge) (考) fawn : imperiousness \ equivocate : directness(奉承的人不会傲慢\含糊其词的人不会直截了当)equivocate : commitment \ procrastinate : action(含糊其词是不想承诺\拖延是不想行动)grandstand : impress \ equivocate : deceive(哗众取宠是为了留下印象\含糊其词是为了欺骗)(考) equivocation : misleading \ bromide : hackneyed(模棱两可的话特点是误导的\庸俗之言特点是陈腐的)(同) 派生词: equivocation (n.模棱两可的话) (例) Don't equivocate! Just tell me the truth.

75

nestle

(英) v. 舒适地安顿(to settle snugly);依偎(press affectionately) (记) nest(鸟窝)+le→像鸟一样安顿 (例) She nestled her head against his shoulder.

76

conspire

(英) v. 阴谋,共谋 (act together secretly in order to commit a crime) (考) cohabit : reside \ conspire : plot(同居是一起居住\共谋是一起密谋) (记) con+spire(呼吸)→共同呼吸→搞阴谋 (同) 同根词: perspire(出汗); inspiration(灵感)派生词: conspiracy (n. 阴谋); conspirator (n. 阴谋者,谋叛者) (例) The bank tellers conspired to rob the bank.

77

gander

(例) gander down to the port(漫步到港口去)

78

nipping

(英) adj. 尖酸的(sarcastic);刺骨的(sharp biting) (记) nip(咬)+ping→咬人的→尖酸的 (例) a nipping wind\nipping remarks

79

asinine

(英) adj. 愚笨的(of asses; stupidsillyobstinate) (记) asin=ass(驴子)+ine→像驴子的→笨的

80

accomplish

(英) v. 完成做成功(succeed in doing sth) (记) ac+compl(满)+ish→满了→完成了; (同) 派生词: accomplishment ( n.完成) (例) accomplish one's aim

81

excoriate

(英) v. 撕去皮(to stripscratchor rub off the skin) ;严厉批评(to denounce harshly) (考) 反义词:extol(赞美); praise lavishly(过分赞扬) (记) ex+cor(=core核心)+iate→使核心出来→撕去皮;注意:尤其要记住'严厉批评'一意 (例) His legs were excoriated by the prickles.

82

terminus

(英) n.(火车,汽车)终点站 (terminal) (考) terminus : stop \ epilogue : story(终点站是站的结尾\结语是故事的结尾) (记) termin(结束)+us→结束地→终点站

83

enormity

(英) n.极恶(great wickedness);巨大(being huge; immensity) (记) e(出)+norm(正常)+ity→出了正常状态→暴行巨大 (例) the enormity of his behavior in murduring his wife

84

carouse

(英) n.狂饮寻乐(a noisymerry drinking party) (考) roisterer : carouse \ recluse : withdraw(喝酒喧哗者狂欢作乐\隐士隐居) (记) carous原意为干杯分拆为car-rouse开着汽车欢闹

85

inscrutable

(英) adj. 高深莫测的,神秘的(unfathomable; enigmatic; mysterious) (考) incorrigible : reformed \ inscrutable : understood(难以纠正的无法被纠正\难以理解的无法被理解) (记) in(不)+scrut(理解)+able→不理解的 (同) 同根词:scrutiny(详细阅读)

86

decimate

(英) v. 毁掉大部分,大量杀死 (to destroy or kill a large part of) (记) decim(十分之一)+ate→杀…十分之一 (同) 同根词:decimal(十进法的) (例) Disease decimated the population.

87

gossamer

(英) n. 蛛丝(a filmy cobweb floating in the ai);薄纱(softfilmy cloth);adj. 轻而薄的(lightthinand filmy) (考) 反义词:ponderous(笨重的); substance(本质) (记) 来自goose summer(食鹅时节),此时节蛛丝飞扬,所以有 gossamer一词

88

bolted

(英) adj.脱离的(separated)

89

muffled

(考) muted : color \ muffled : sound(颜色变淡\声音减弱)反义词:plangent(轰鸣的)

90

integrate

(英) v. 使成整体(to make whole or complete) (记) integr(完整)+ate→完整化→成为整体 (同) 同根词:integrity(完整,正直); integrant(不可分割的)派生词: integration (n. 结合综合)

91

up-front

(英) adj. 坦率的(very direct and making no attempt to hide one's meaning) (记) up(向上)+front(前面)

92

pied

(英) adj. 杂色的(of two or more colors in blotches) (考) 反义词:solid-colored(单色的) (记) 分割记忆:pie(馅饼)+d; 参考: a pied horse(花斑马) (例) a pied horse(花斑马)

93

transitory

(英) adj. 短暂的=transient (考) transitory : endure \ immutable : change(短暂的不能耐久\不可改变的不能改变)反义词:enduring(持久的); protracted(拖延的) (记) trans(改变)+sit(=sit坐)+ory→坐一下就改变了→短暂的 (例) transitory delight

94

propagate

(英) v. 繁殖(to multiply);传播(to cause to spread out; publicize) (考) 反义词:fail to multiply(不能繁殖); check(阻碍) (记) pro+pag(砍,切)+ate→原义是把树的旁枝剪掉使主干成长→引申为繁殖 (例) Most plants propagate by seed.

95

warp

(英) v.\n.翘起,弯曲 (a twist or curve that has developed in something flat or straight ) (例) The door was warped and wouldn't shut.

96

supervise

(英) v. 监督,管理 (keep watch over a job or the people doing it) (记) super(在...上面)+vise(看)→在上面看→监视 (同) 派生词:supervision (n. 监督,管理)

97

sprinkler

(英) n.洒水装置,洒水车(a vehicle or device that scatters a liquid in fine drops) (记) sprinkle(洒水)+er

98

liaison

(英) n. 联系,暧昧关系(an illicit love affair) (记) lia(捆)+ison→捆在一起→联系; (同) 参考:liana(藤本植物)

99

deport

(英) v. 将外国人,罪犯等驱逐出境(legally force a foreignercriminal to leave a country) (考) deport : nation \ expel : school(驱逐是强迫离开国家\开除是强迫离开学校) (记) de(去掉)+port(拿运) →拿出去→放逐

100

derelict

(英) adj. 荒废的, 玩忽职守的(deserted by the owner; abandoned; neglectful of duty; remiss) (考) 反义词:extremely careful(极其小心的); pillar of society(国之栋梁) (记) de+relict(=relinguish 放弃)→放弃掉 (同) 近形词:relict(残余物);relic(遗迹) (例) a derelict old house too dangerous to live in

101

standstill

(英) n.处于停顿状态中止(condition of no movement)

102

boastful

(英) adj. 指人好自夸的(full of self-praise) (考) blowhard : boastful \ toady : obsequious(吹牛者擅长吹牛\谄媚者擅长谄媚)

103

seismic

(英) adj. 地震的(of or caused by an earthquake) (记) seism(地震)+ic→地震的 (同) 同根词:seismograph(地震仪);seismology(地震学)

104

shelve

(英) v.搁置 (to put off or aside) (记) 来自shelf(架子);例:shelve a problem(暂时搁置问题) (例) shelve a problem(暂时搁置问题)

105

exigency

(英) n. 危急关头(emergency)

106

psychosis

(英) n.精神病,变态心理(fundamental mental derangement; insanity) (记) psych(精神)+osis(病) (例) John's psychosis were so severe that he never left his house.

107

petal

(英) n. 花瓣 (leaflike divisions of a flower)

108

profligacy

(考) 反义词: frugality(节俭)

109

asphyxiate

(英) v. (使)无法呼吸,窒息而死( to suffocate) (记) a+sphyx (跳动)+iate→脉搏不再跳动→窒息 (例) The smoke asphyxiate the victim.

110

colloquium

(英) n. 学术讨论会 (an organized conference or seminar on some subject)

111

fault

(考) foible : fault \ quibble : objection(程度: 小缺点缺点\轻微反对反对)impeccable : fault \ unblemished : imperfection(无缺陷的无缺陷\无瑕的无瑕疵)

112

capture

(英) v. 俘获(take as a prisoner);夺取或赢得(take or win) (考) escape : capture \ dodge : blow(逃避抓捕\躲避打击) (记) capt+ure→抓住的状态→逮捕

113

commit

(英) v. 托付(consign)承诺(to bind or obligate)犯罪(perpetrate) (记) com+mit(送)+ment→一起送给→把…交托给(commit a child to the care of a nursary ),对方接受后便要承诺责任

114

corpuscle

(记) cor p(躯体)+uscle(小东西)→躯体内的小东西→细胞

115

gospel

(英) n. 教义,信条(any doctrine or rule widely or ardently maintained) (记) 来自《圣经·新约》中的福音书(Gospel)可能来自god+spell→上帝的话→信条

116

espouse

(英) v. 支持,拥护(to take upsupportor advocate) (考) 反义词:abjure(弃绝) (例) The espousal of nonviolent political beliefs.

117

solvent

(英) 有偿债能力的 (able to pay all legal debts);n.溶剂 (a liquid substance capable of dissolving or dispersing one or more other substances) (考) profligate : solvent \ mercurial : committed(挥霍不会有偿债能力\多变不会忠心)coagulant : thicken \ solvent : dissolve(凝结剂使凝固\溶剂使溶解)反义词:precipitant(沉淀剂) (记) solve(溶化,解决)+ent

118

shattered

(记) 来自动词shatter(粉碎)

119

anemia

(记) a+nem(血)+ia→无血病→贫血 (例) Bill took iron supplements to compensate for his anemia.

120

self-interest

(英) n. 私心(concern for what is best for oneself) (记) self(自己)+interest(利益)

121

overwhelming

(例) an overwhelming force

122

verification

(考) 反义词:refutation(反驳)

123

boost

(英) v.往上推(to raise by a push);增加,提高(to make higher) (记) boot(靴子)用靴子往上推 (同) 派生词: booster (n.支持者enthusiastic supporter) (例) boost the morale of the soldier

124

spontaneity

(考) terseness : superfluous \ spontaneity : studied(简洁对多余\自然对故意)

125

innovation

(英) n. 革新改革(making changes) (考) contumacious : authority \ reactionary(hideboundconservative):change(innovationnovelty)(顽固的不接受权威\反动的[僵化的保守的]不接受变化[创新]) (记) innovate(v.革新改革)

126

innocent

(英) 无辜的清白的(not guilty of wrongdoing)无害的(harmless)单纯的(knowing nothing of evil or wrong) (记) in(无)+noc(伤害毒)+ent→无害的

127

productivity

(英) n. 生产力,生产率 (the rate of producing goodscrops) (记) product(产物,产品)+ivity

128

vulpine

(英) adj.狐狸的,狡猾的 (foxycrafty) (记) vulp(狐狸)+ine

129

recommend

(英) v. 推荐,介绍( provide information) (考) recommend : laud \ sanction : foster(推荐是一种称赞\批准是一种鼓励) (同) 派生词: recommendation (n. 推荐,劝告; 推荐信,介绍信)

130

persistent

(英) adj. 固执的,坚持的(in a course in spite of interference or difficulties) (记) per(始终)+sist(坐)+ent→始终坐着→坚持的 (例) a persistent effort(执着的努力)

131

infinite

(英) adj. 无限的无穷的(without limits) (考) infinite : exhaust \ discrete : overlap(无限的无法耗尽\离散的无法重叠)unique : precedent \ infinite : end(独特的没有先例\无限的没有尽头) (记) in(无)+fin(范围)+ite→无范围的→无限的

132

straightforwardness

反义词:circuity(n. 拐弯抹角)

133

nucleate

(英) v. 使成核(bring into a nucleus); (例) The nucleating factors of a community are rooming housesbarspool rooms.

134

phylum

(英) n.(动植物分类的)门(category ranking below a kingdom and above a class)

135

preconception

(英) n. 先入之见, 偏见(a preconceived idea) (记) pre(预先)+conception(观念)

136

tangy

(英) adj. 强烈的扑鼻的(having a pleasantly sharp flavor) (考) 反义词: bland(乏味的)

137

sumptuous

(英) adj. 豪华的,奢侈的 (expensive and grand) (考) 反义词:sober(节制的) (记) sumpt(拿,取)+uous→(把钱)拿出去→奢侈的

138

contribute

(英) v. 捐赠贡献(give one's share of money to a join cause ) (记) con(全部)+tribute(给予) →全部给出→捐献

139

footlights

(英) n. 脚灯(row of lights along the front of the stage in a theatre)

140

unfaltering

(英) adj.不动摇的(steadfast; firm; not changing) (记) un(不)+falter(动摇)+ing

141

enthusiastic

(英) adj. 热情的热心的(full of enthusiasm) (考) zealous : enthusiastic \ idolatrous : devoted(狂热的是过分热情的\崇拜的是过分忠诚的) (例) He doesn't know much about the subjectbut he's very enthusiastic.

142

defoliator

(考) defoliator : tree \ insecticide : insect(落叶剂使树死亡\杀虫剂使昆虫死亡)

143

eaglet

(考) eaglet : bird \ frog : amphibian(小鹰属于鸟类\青蛙属于两栖动物类)

144

unglazed

(记) un(不)+glazed(上釉的,上光的)

145

persevering

(英) v. 坚忍(to persist in spite of counter influences and opposition) (考) 反义词:give up(放弃) (记) per(全部)+severe(严重的)→在严重的情况下始终坚持 (例) persevere in one's studies \ Although Jane faced many obstaclesshe persevered and got her degree.

146

fulcrum

(英) n. 杠杆支点,支柱(point of support on which a lever turns in raising or moving something )

147

inflammable

(英) adj.可燃的(flammable);易激怒的(easily provokedor excited) (记) in(进入)+flame(火)→进入火→燃烧

148

comity

(英) n.礼让礼仪(courtesy; civility)

149

confluence

(英) n. 合流,汇流 (a flowing together of two or more streams) (考) confluence : streams \ junction : roads(河流在汇流处相交\道路在交叉点相交) (记) con+flu(流)+ence→流到一起 (同) 同根词:superfluous(多余的); affluence(富裕富足)

150

preface

(英) n. 序言(introduction) (考) 反义词:epilogue(后记) (记) pre(前面)+face(脸面)→前面的脸→开端 (例) The author wrote a new preface for the second edition of her book.

151

jealousy

(英) n. 猜忌; 忌妒(being jealous) (记) 联系形容词:jealous(嫉妒的)

152

extravagant

(英) adj.奢侈的(costing or spending too much);无节制的(excessive or unrestrained) (记) extra+vag(走)+ant→走到外面(过头)→奢侈的 (同) 同根词:vagrant(流浪的); divagate(流浪,离题)

153

biography

(英) n. 传记(story of a person's life) (考) portrait : painting \ biography : history(肖像画是一种画\传记是一种历史)diary : biographer \ scripture : theologian(传记作家研究日记\神学家研究经文) (记) bio+graphy(写) →写生命→传记 (同) 派生词: biographer (n.传记作家)

154

tardy

(英) adj.缓慢的,迟缓的 (slow to act;sluggish) (记) tard(迟缓)+y (同) 同根词:retard(阻碍);tardigrade(缓步的) (例) a tardy reader(阅读速度慢的人)

155

disencumber

(英) v.排除(障碍) (free from a hindrance or annoyance)摆脱(负担) (to relieve of a burden) (记) dis+encumber(妨碍)→排除(障碍),cumb(睡) (同) 同根词:recumbent(斜躺的),incumbent(任职者)

156

exemplary

(英) adj. 可作楷模的(serving as an example) (考) exemplary : criticized \ erratic : predicted(模范的不会被批评的\古怪的不会被预测的)exemplary : imitation \ culpable : blame \ redoubtable : regard(模范的应该效法\有罪的应该谴责\值得尊敬的应该尊敬)emulate : exemplary \ obviate : unnecessary(效法模范的\消除不必要的) (例) exemplary behavior

157

convinced

(英) adj. 坚信不移的(firm in one's belief) (例) a convinced Christian

158

lucre

(英) n. (贬义)钱,利益(money)

159

august

(英) adj. 威严的高贵的(impressive; majestic) (记) August n.八月(八月是水果长大的季节)

160

autonomy

(英) n.自治,独立(self-governmentindependent function) (考) 反义词:dependence(依赖) (记) auto(自己)+nomy(治理)+→自治的 (同) 派生词: autonomous (adj.自治的;独立的)

161

heave

(英) v. 用力举(to raise or lift with an effort) (记) 联想记忆:heaven(天堂)去掉n (例) heave a heavy axe(举起重斧)

162

supplicate

(英) v.恳求,乞求(to make a humble entreaty) (考) protest : dissuade \ supplicate : entreat(抗议对应劝阻\恳求对应恳求)反义词:demand(要求) (记) sup(下面)+plic(重叠)+ate→双膝跪下→乞求 (例) I can't brook to be supplicated.(我不忍别人向我哀求)

163

questionnaire

(英) n. 问卷,调查表 (a written set of questions to provide information) (记) question(问题)+naire

164

rite

(英) n. (宗教的)仪式 (a ceremonial act or action) (考) 反义词:improvised act(即席的) (例) marriage rites(结婚仪式)

165

publicity

(英) n. 众人周知,张扬(public notice);宣传(the business of bringing to the attention of the public)

166

garland

(英) n. (作为胜利标志的)花环,奖品(a wreath or woven chain of flowers as a symbol of victory) (记) gar(花)+land;联想:花铺满地→荣誉

167

geyser

(英) n. 天然热喷泉(a spring from which columns of boiling water and steam gush into the air at intervals) (考) volcano : lava \ geyser : water(火山喷出熔岩\喷泉喷出水) (记) 来自冰岛一温泉名 Geysir可能来自 gusher(喷涌井,滔滔不绝地说话的人)

168

hangar

(英) n.飞机库(a shelter used to house or repair an airplane) (记) 注意不要和下面的hanger(衣架)相混

169

reticulation

(英) n. 网目,网状(network) (记) reticul(网)+ation→网状 (同) 同根词:reticular(网的);reticule(网兜)

170

spasm

(英) n.痉挛,抽筋(an involuntary and abnormal muscular contraction)

171

duration

(英) n. 持续的时间(the time that a thing continues or lasts) (考) accelerate : speed \ prolong : duration(加速是加快速度\延长是延长时间) (记) dur(持续)+ation→持续时间 (同) 同根词: durable(耐用的); durance(长期监禁) (例) He will be in hospital for the duration of the school year.

172

caterpillar

(考) tadpole : frog \ caterpillar : buttefly(蝌蚪是青蛙幼虫\毛虫是蝴蝶幼虫)

173

specialized

(英) adj. 专门的(suitable or developed for one particular use) (记) 来自动词specialize(专门化)

174

grumble

(英) v. 喃喃诉苦,发怨言(to utter or mumble in discontent) (记) 再回顾一下表示抱怨的单词:grouchgrousegrudge (例) He has everything he needs and therefore nothing to grumble about.

175

don

(英) v. 穿衣戴帽(to put on a garmentetc.) (考) 反义词:doff(脱掉)

176

curb

(英) n. 马勒; v. 控制(to restrain; check; control; restrain) (考) 反义词:goad(刺激) (记) 比较curd(凝乳),curt(无礼的) (例) to curb one's anger

177

irresoluteness

(考) demur : qualms \ waver : irresoluteness(因疑虑而反对\因犹豫而动摇) (记) ir(不)+resolute(坚决的)+ness→不坚决

178

herbivorus

(英) adj. 食草的(feeding chiefly on grass) (记) herbi(草)+vor(吃)+ous→食草的; (同) 参考:carnivorous(食肉的)

179

conductor

(英) n. 领导者; 指挥家(person who directs the performance of an orchestra or a choir ) (考) pilot : ship \ conductor : orchestra(领航员指导船航行\指挥指导乐队表演)symphony : conductor \ film : director(指挥指导交响乐\导演指导电影)director : scipt \ conductor : score(导演根据剧本指导\指挥根据乐谱指导)conductor : instrumentalist \ director : actor{E (记) conduct+or

180

limestone

(英) n. 石灰岩 (a type of rock)

181

foot

(考) foot : perambulate \ eye : observe(脚是用来漫步\眼是用来观察)

182

regressive

(英) adj. 退步的,退化的(moving backward to a primitive state or condition) (考) 反义词:forward(向前进) (记) re(后)+gress(走)+ive→向后走→退步的 (例) The dog has a regressive tendency to forget.

183

gullible

(英) adj. 易受骗的(easily cheated or tricked; credulous); (考) patriotic : chauvinistic \ receptive : gullible(爱国过分为盲目爱国\接受过分为轻信)compliant : servile \ trusting : gullible(服从过分是奴性\信任过分易受骗)coward : craven \ dupe : gullible(懦夫的特点是懦弱\易受骗者的特点是轻信的)gullible : chicanery \ servile : d (同) n. gullibility (例) He must have been pretty gullible to fall for that old trick.

184

husky

(英) adj. 声音沙哑的(sounding deep and hoarse; rough) (考) 反义词:delicate(优雅的; 精巧的)

185

unobtainable

(记) un(不)+obtainable(能得到的)

186

vindictive

(英) adj.报复性的 (vengeful) (考) mercenary : money \ vindictive : revenge(惟利是图只想要钱\怀恨在心只想报仇) (例) Vindictive acts rarely do much good.(报复行为难有好结果)

187

gravitational

(记) gravitation(n.引力倾向;gravitate[v. 受重力作用下沉])+al

188

credulous

(英) adj. 轻信的,易信的 (tending to believe too readily; easily convinced) (考) credulous : dupe \ insensitive : boor(易上当者特点是轻信\鲁钝者特点是迟钝) (记) cre d+ulous(多…的)→多信任的→轻信的

189

defiant

(英) adj. 违抗的反抗的(openly opposing sb\sth) (记) a defiant mannerlookspeech

190

protrude

(英) v.突出,伸出(to jut out from the surrounding surface or context) (记) pro(向前)+trude(伸出)→向前伸→伸出 (同) 同根词:intrude(闯入); extrude(伸出)派生词: protrusive (adj.伸出来的突出的prominentprotuberant) (例) A sharp nail protruded from the beam of wood.

191

pulsate

(英) v.有规律的振动(to throb or move rhythmically; vibrate) (记) 来自pulse(脉搏)一词 (例) The distant star released energy as it pulsated.

192

nondescript

(英) adj. 没有特征的(hard to classify or describe);平凡的(drab) (考) 反义词:conspicuous(特征显著的) (记) non(不)+descript(描述)→没法描述的 (例) Her clothes were so nondescriptI can't remember what she was wearing.

193

vaudeville

(英) 歌舞杂耍表演综艺节目(variety)

194

overlap

(英) v. (部分地)重叠(coincide in part with) (考) infinite : exhaust \ discrete :overlap(无穷的无法耗尽\不连续的无法重叠) (记) over(在…上)+lap(大腿)→把一条腿放在另一条腿上→重叠 (例) tiles that overlap one another(互相搭接的瓦片)

195

unleash

(英) v. 发泄,发动( set feelings and forces free from control) (记) un(不)+leash(控制,约束)

196

braggadocio

(英) n.大吹大擂(boasting)

197

prudery

(英) n.过分守礼,假正经(the characteristic quality of a prude)

198

blissful

(英) adj. 极幸福的(extremely happy) (例) blissful ignorance

199

hardbitten

(英) adj. 不屈的,顽强的(stubborn; tough; dogged) (记) 组合词:hard(硬)+bitten(咬)→咬不动的-顽强的,参考其他的组合词:hardball( 强硬手段); hardboard(硬纸板)

200

humdrum

(英) adj. 单调的,乏味的(dull; monotonous; boring) (记) 组合词:hum(嗡嗡声)+drum(鼓声)→单调的 (例) Another humdrum day! I really need a change in my life.

201

serpentine

(英) adj.似蛇般绕曲的,蜿蜒的(winding or turning one way or another) (记) serpent(蛇)+ine→像蛇一样的 (例) A serpentine path through a garden.

202

biennial

(英) adj. 两年一次的(every two years ) (记) bi(两个双)+enn(年)+ial→两年(一次)的

203

suspended

(记) 来自动词suspend(暂缓)+ed

204

salubrious

(英) adj. 有益健康的(promoting health; salutary) (考) 反义词:unhealthy(不利健康的); virulent(剧毒的); deleterious(有害的) (记) salubr(健康)+ious→健康的→有益健康的

205

surgeon

(英) n. 外科医师(a doctor to perform medical operations) (考) scalpel : surgeon \ telescope : astronomer(手术刀是外科医生的工具\望远镜是天文学家的工具)surgeon : dexterity \ acrobat : agility(外科医生灵巧\杂技演员敏捷)

206

operative

(英) adj. (计划等)实施中的;生效的(effective) (记) oper(做)+ative→在做的→在实施中的 (同) 同根词:operose(费力的);opus(作品,大作) (例) The airport is operative again after the bad weather.

207

engender

(英) v. 产生引起(produce; begetprocreate) (考) 反义词:eradicate(根除); quash(取消) (记) en+gender(产生)→使产生 (例) Dirt engenders disease.

208

encyclopedic

(记) en+cyclo(圆圈)+ped(儿童教育)+ic→受遍教育→知识渊博的; 参考: encyclopedia(百科全书) (同) 同根词:pediatrics(儿科)

209

appearance

(英) n. 出现来到(coming into view)外表外貌(visual aspect) (考) garishness : appearance \ stridency : sound(过分绚丽的外表\过分刺耳的声音)fetid : smell \ ugly : appearance(恶臭的气味难闻\丑陋的外表难看)bravura : performance \ resplendent : appearance(壮丽的演奏\灿烂的外表) (例) Fine clothes added to his strikingly handsome appearance.

210

movement

(英) n. (交响乐)乐章(a principal division or section of a sonata or symphony) (考) stanza : poem \ movement : orchestra(诗节和诗\乐章和管弦乐) (记) movement作为'运动'一意大家都熟悉,但'乐章'一意不可忘 (例) The symphony's second movement is written in a minor key.

211

hydrant

(英) n. 水龙头(a faucet);消防栓(fireplug) (记) hydr(水)+ant→水龙头 (同) 同根词:hydria(提水罐); hydrogen(氢)

212

dome

(考) alcove : recess \ dome : roof(凹室是一种壁凹\圆顶是一种屋顶)

213

frailty

(英) n. 脆弱,弱点(weakness; esp.moral weakness) (考) limber : flexibility \ spindly : frailty(柔软的有柔性\脆弱的有脆弱性) (例) a frail chair

214

kangaroo

(考) kangaroo : marsupial \ squirrel : rodent(袋鼠属于有袋动物\松鼠属于啮齿动物)

215

corporal

(英) adj. 肉体的,身体的 (of the body; bodily) (记) corpor(躯体)+al→身体的 (同) 同根词:incorporation(合并,公司)

216

eulogy

(考) elegy : sorrow \ eulogy : admiration(哀诗表达哀伤\颂词表达赞美)eulogy : praise \ elegy : lament(颂词表达赞美\哀诗表达哀伤)autobiography : reminisce \ eulogy : praise(自传用于回忆\颂词用于赞美)反义词:denunciation(谴责); diatribe(恶骂); defamation(诋毁)

217

acme

(英) n.顶点,极点(the highest point; peak; summit) (例) the acme of perfection(完善的极至)

218

submerge

(英) v.沉没,淹没 (to cover or overflow with water) (考) submerge : water \ inter : earth(用水淹没\用土埋葬)bend: rigid \ submerge : buoyant \ dissolve : insoluble(坚硬的不弯曲\浮起的不沉没\不溶的不溶解) (记) sub(下面)+merge(合并,吞没)→吞没下去→淹没 (同) 参考:emerge(出现); emergency(紧急情况)

219

disaster

(英) n.灾难,大不幸 (calamity; catastrophecataclysm) (记) dis+aster(星星)→星位不正 →灾难 (同) 同根词:asterisk(星号);asteroid(星状的)

220

lustre

(英) n. 光亮,光泽(gloss; sheen) (记) lustr(光亮)+e→光亮 (同) 同根词:illustrate(说明,阐明); lustreless(无光泽的)

221

unseemly

(英) adj.不适当,不宜(not according with established standards of good form or taste) (考) 反义词:decorous(有礼貌的) (记) un(不)+seemly(得当的) (例) at the most unseemly hours.

222

concentrate

(考) 反义词: deploy(散开); dilute solution (稀释); rarefy(稀释)

223

mercantile

(英) adj. 贸易的,商业的 (of trade and business) (考) agrarian : farming \ mercantile : trade(农耕的属于农业范围\商业的属于贸易范围)

224

militia

(英) 民兵(a body of men not belonging to a regular armybut trained as soldiers to serve only in their own country)

225

immune

(英) adj. 免疫的(not susceptible to some specified disease because of the presence of the specific antibodies) (考) overexposure : jaded \ vaccination : immune(感光过度褪色\接种疫苗免疫)反义词:having no resistance(无抵抗力的) (记) im(没有)+mune(公共)→不公共→免除的 (例) We are not immune to the influence around us.

226

entirety

(英) n. 整体全面(completeness) (记) 来自entire (adj.完整的)

227

controvert

(英) v. 反驳,驳斥 (to argue or reason against; contradict; disprove ) (考) 反义词:corroborate(证实); substantiate(证实) (记) contro(反)+vert(转)→反转→反驳 (同) 同根词:introvert(内向的人)

228

spiritual

(英) adj. 精神的(of the spirit rather than the body) (考) 反义词:corporeal(肉体的) (记) spirit(精神)+ual

229

wreckage

(英) n.残骸(broken and disordered parts or material from something wrecked) (记) wreck(失事,遇难)+age (例) The shore was covered with the wreckage of a ship.

230

degenerate

(英) v. 退步(to lose normal or higher qualities);堕落 (to decline or become debased morally) (记) de+gener(种类)+ate→变种→退步 (同) 同根词:regenerate(使新生),generation(一代人) (例) That fine young man has degenerated under the influence of evil company.

231

idol

(英) n. 神像(an image of god for worship)

232

addict

(英) v.\n.沉溺,上瘾(者)( being an addict; habitually use narcotic drugs) (记) ad+dict(要求)→不断要求→上瘾 (同) 派生词: addictive (adj.使人上瘾的); addiction(n.上瘾)

233

imbue

(英) with v. 灌输(某人)强烈的情感或意见(to permeate or inspire) (例) His work is imbued with the evolutionary spirit.

234

depredation

(英) n. 劫掠,蹂躏 (robbingplundering) (记) de+pred(=plunder掠夺)+ation→劫掠 (同) 同根词:predator(食肉动物) (例) the depredations of war

235

ostracize

(英) v. 放逐,排斥(to banishbarexclude by ostracism) (考) pariah : ostracize \ prisoner : confine(被放逐者被放逐\囚犯被监禁)反义词:take in(接收); welcome(欢迎); include(embrace)(包括) (记) ostrac(贝壳)+ize→用投贝壳的方法放逐,源自古希腊用贝壳投票决定是否应该放逐某人; (同) 参考:ostracean(牡蛎); ostrakon(陶片)派生词: ostracism (n. 放逐,排斥) (例) The director was ostracized in Hollywood because he was so outspoken.

236

expert

(考) pest : irksome \ expert : proficient(讨厌的人特点是讨厌的\专家特点是精通的)反义词: tyro(新手)

237

panacea

(英) n. 万灵药(a remedy for all ills or difficulties) (记) pan(全部)+acea(治疗)→灵丹妙药 (例) The medicine was promoted as a panacea for all aches and pains.

238

badge

(英) n.徽章(如校徽等)(a distinctive tokenemblemor sign) (考) chevron : badge \ caisson : cart(山形袖章是一种徽章\弹药车是一种车) (记) 比较记忆:adage(格言) (同) 近形词: badger(獾v.扰乱)budge(移动)barge(驳船)cadge(乞讨)

239

cognizance

(英) n. 知觉认识(knowledgeawareness) (例) These matters fall within the cognizance of this court.

240

flatter

(英) v. 恭维奉承(praise sb too much) (考) fulminate : criticize \ adulate : flatter(斥责是猛烈批评\谄媚是拼命奉承)malinger : ail \ flatter : appreciate(装病是假装生病\奉承是假装赞美)scorn : reject \ adulate : flatter \ disparage : ignore(不屑是严厉拒绝\谄媚是拼命奉承\蔑视是十分忽视)flatter : praise \ l (例) I was very flattered by your invitation to talk at the conference.

241

incidence

(英) 事情发生;发生率影响范围(extent to which sth happens or has an effect) (记) in(进入)+cid(落下)+ence→掉进来的事→事情发生

242

affected

(英) adj. 不自然的(behaving in an artificial way);假装的(assumed) (考) 反义词:natural(自然的) (记) af+fect(做造)+ation→做出来的→做作; 注意affection(友爱)affecting(感人的)和上面二词的区别 (例) Jane is annoyed with her date because he had such affected table manner. (同) influenced

243

flight

(英) 飞行飞翔(action of flying through the air)空中的航行(journey made by airesp in an aircraft on a particular route)逃跑(instance of fleeing or running away) (例) Many soldiers fell wounded in their flight from the defeat.

244

populace

(英) n. 民众,老百姓(the common people: masses) (记) popul(人民)+ace→民众 (同) 同根词:population(人口); popularity(流行) (例) The American populace elects a president every four years.

245

periscope

(英) 潜望镜(a long tube with mirrors fitted in it so that people who are lower down can see what is above them) (记) peri(周围)+scope(看)→(潜望镜伸出水面)看周围的情况→潜望镜

246

stylus

(考) stylus : mark \ lamp : illumination(铁笔可以用来做记号\灯可以用来照明)

247

mutation

(英) n. 突变,变化(a sudden departure from the parent type) (考) mimicry : camouflage \ mutation : variation(拟态是一种伪装\突变是一种变化) (记) mut(变)+ation→变化 (同) 同根词:immutable(不可变的) (例) Mutation can be caused by radiation.

248

peak

(英) v. 憔悴,消瘦(becoming thin or sickly; emaciated) (记) peak作为'山峰'一意大家都熟悉; 参考: peak and pine(变得消瘦憔悴) (例) peak and pine(变得消瘦憔悴)

249

instigate

(英) v. 发起,煽动(to urge on; foment; incite) (考) 反义词:quell(镇压) (记) in(进入)+stig(=sting 刺激)+ate→刺激起来→煽动 (同) 派生词: instigation (n. 煽动,刺激)

250

birch

(同) 近形词: birth(出生); bitch(母狗)

251

fidelity

(英) n.忠实;忠诚(faithful devotion; loyalty; faithfulness; allegiance) (考) 反义词:unconventionality(异常)-fidelity to custom(忠于传统); apostasy(变节) (记) fid(相信)+elity→相信,忠诚 (例) fidelity to one`s leader. fidelity to one`s wife.

252

venerate

(英) v.崇敬,敬仰(to regard with reverential respect or with admiring deference) (考) venerable : reverence \ despicable : scorn(可敬的[人]被尊敬\可鄙的[人]被鄙视)反义词: derision(嘲笑) (记) vener(尊敬)+ate→尊敬; (同) 参考:venerable(值得敬重的)

253

strike

(考) strike : medal \ mint : coin(敲打制成奖牌\铸造制成钱币)

254

approbatory

(英) adj. 表示赞许的(showing approbation or approval)

255

indelibility

(考) indelibility : erasure \ impermeability : passage(无法消除不能擦去\无法穿过不能通过)反义词: erasability(可擦除)

256

statuary

(英) n.雕像(a collection of statues) (记) 来自statue(雕像)+ary (例) some magnificent Roman statuary

257

pervade

(英) v. 弥漫,普及(to become diffused throughout) (记) per(遍及)+vade(走)→走遍,弥漫 (例) Fear pervaded the small town after the unexplained murder.

258

obverse

(英) n. 正面(the front or main surface) (记) ob+verse(转)→转到外面的一面→正面; (同) 参考:reverse(反面)

259

prerequisite

(英) n. 先决条件(something that is necessary to an end) (记) pre(预先)+requis(要求)→ite→预先要求→先决条件 (例) Passing the test is a prerequisite for graduating.

260

rubber

(考) candy : suger \ candle : wax \ tire : rubber(糖果用糖制造\蜡烛用蜡制造\轮胎用橡胶制

261

cavalcade

(英) n.骑兵队(a procession of horsemen or carriages) (记) 可以看出caval有'骑马'之意

262

indulge

(英) v. 放纵(allow oneself\sb to have whatever one likes or wants);满足(satisfy a perhaps unwarranted desire) (考) embarrass : mortify \ indulge : mollycoddle(使窘迫过分是羞辱\迁就过分是纵容)indulge : ascetic \ restrain : libertine(禁欲者不会放纵\放荡者不会克制)abstemious : indulge \ austere : decorate(节制的不会放纵\朴素的不会装饰)反义词:eschew(躲避) (例) It is sometimes necessary to indulge a sick child.

263

recluse

(英) n. 隐士(a person who leads a secluded or solitary life);adj. 隐居的(marked by withdrawal from society) (考) hedonist : pleasure \ recluse : privacy(享乐主义者喜欢快乐\隐士喜欢独处)recluse : withdrawn \ bigot : biased(隐士隐居\固执己见者偏见)malingerer : duty \ recluse : humanity(逃避责任的人逃避职责\隐士逃避人类)poseur : sincerity \ recluse : gregariousness{ENT (记) re(重新)+cluse(关闭)→把门关上→隐居的

264

bricklayer

(英) workman trained or skilled in building with bricks (记) brick(砖)+layer(层) →把砖一层层垒上→砌砖盖房者

265

disquisition

(英) n.长篇演讲,专题论文(a formal discussion of some subject; discourse or treatise) (记) dis+quisit(寻求,要求)+ion→寻求(不同意见)→专题论文 (同) 同根词:prerequisite(先决条件)

266

flint

(考) pestle : grind \ flint stone : sharpen(研棒用来研磨\硬石用来磨砺)

267

affable

(英) adj. 易于交谈的(pleasant and easy to approach or talk to);和蔼的(gentle;amiable) (考) 反义词:irascible(暴躁的) (记) af+fable(说,讲)→可以说话的→和蔼的; 派生词:affability (n.和蔼可亲)同根词:ineffable(无法表达的); fabulous(像传说一样的) (同) affable,pleasant,approachable,gentle,amiable(反) ineffable,fabulous,irascible

268

fordable

(记) 不要和fort(堡垒)相混

269

astounding

(英) adj. 使人震惊的(amazing) (考) indelible : forget \ astounding : expect(抹不去的无法忘记\震惊的无法预期) (例) The figures revealed by the report are astounding.

270

indignant

(英) adj. 愤慨的,愤愤不平的(feeling or expressing anger) (记) in(不)+dign(礼貌)+ant→不礼貌→愤慨的 (同) 同根词:dignity(尊贵,礼貌); indign(不得体的)

271

laxity

(英) n. 松弛(looseness) (记) lax(松弛)+ity; (同) 参考:relax(放松); laxative(放松的)

272

doubtfulness

(考) purify : imperfection \ verify : doubtfulness(净化消除缺点\证实消除怀疑) (记) doubtful+ness

273

appeal

(英) v. 恳求( supplicate);吸引(to be attractiveinteresting) (考) remonstrator : dissuade \ applicant : appeal(忠告者是为了劝阻\申请者是为了请求) (记) ap+peal(拉) →拉过去→吸引,peal=pu ll (例) appeal for justice. I never understand the appeal of living in the city.

274

fecundity

(考) 反义词:deprivation(剥夺) (例) the fecundity of the earth

275

outgoing

(英) adj. 友善的(expansivesociable);即将离去的(going out; leaving) (考) extrovert : outgoing \ perfectionist : exacting(外向者友善\完美主义者苛求) (例) an outgoing and generous man

276

syndrome

(英) n. 综合症状(a set of medical symptoms which represent a physical or mental disorder) (记) syn(共同)+drome(跑)→跑到一起→综合症

277

dull

(英) adj. 不鲜明的(not bright); (考) tarnish : dull \ vitrify : smooth(使失去光泽结果是阴暗的\使玻璃化结果是光滑的)反义词:perspicuous(明白的); resplendent(光辉的); trenchant(锋利的) (例) Watching television dulls one's wits.

278

rebuke

(英) v.指责,谴责(to criticize sharply; reprimand) (记) re(反)+buke(=beat打)→反打→指责 (例) The boy was rebuked by his teacher for beating.

279

enamel

(考) enamel : tooth \ bark : tree(珐琅是牙齿的表面\树皮是树的表面)

280

temporize

(英) v.拖延(to draw out discussions or negotiations so as to gain time) (记) tempor(时间)+ize→时间化→拖延时间

281

shard

(英) n.(陶器等)碎片(fragment of a brittle substance) (考) shard : pottery \ fragment : bone \ crumb : bread(陶器的碎片\骨头的碎片\面包的碎屑) (例) The pole lay in shards on the pavement.

282

stabilize

(英) v. 稳定,稳固( become firmsteadyor unchanging) (考) 反义词:fluctuate(波动) (例) His condition has now stabilized.

283

circumscribe

(英) v. 限制 (to restrict; restrain; limit) (记) circum(绕圈)+scribe(画)→画一个圈子→限制 (同) 同根词:describe(描述); prescribe(开处方规定) (例) Rules set down by her parents circumscribed her activities.

284

gossip

(英) n. 闲言碎语(casual talk including rumor and critical comments) (例) a gossip columnist

285

mire

(英) n. 泥沼(swampy ground; bog; marsh) (考) 反义词:extricate(解脱困境) (例) find oneself in a mire of debt(陷入债务之困境)

286

plagiarism

(英) n. 剽窃,抄袭(an act of committing literary theft) (考) plagiarism : ideas \ rustling : cattle(剽窃偷别人的观点\偷牛偷别人的牛)plagiarism : ideas \ forgery : documents(剽窃的观点是假的\伪造的文件是假的) (记) plagiar(斜的)+ism→做歪事→抄袭 (同) 同根词:plagiotropism(斜向性); plage(海滩)

287

perigee

(记) peri(周围)+gee(=geo地)→周围之地→近地点; (同) 参考:apogee(远地点)

288

boon

(英) n. 请求恩惠(request or favor) (考) 反义词: misfortune(不幸) (记) 从moon(月亮)得到boon(恩惠) (例) a boon companion (合得来的伙伴)

289

expertise

(英) n.专技,专业知识(the skillknowledgejudgment of an expert) (考) selflessness : altruist \ expertise : connoisseur(利他主义者特点是无私\专家特点是专业)practicing : expertise \ exercising : strength(实践获得专业技能\锻炼获得力量) (记) expert(专家)+ise→专家的知识

290

intelligible

(英) adj. 可了解的,清晰的(that can be understood; comprehensible) (记) intel(在中间)+lig(=let 选择)+ible→从中间选择出来的→可理解的 (同) 同根词:intelligence(智力,智慧); intellect(智力,理解力)

291

vocalist

(英) n.流行歌手,声乐家(singer) (记) voc(声音)+alist

292

bless

(英) v. 祝福;颂扬(to praise or glorify) (记) 请比较:bliss(极乐)

293

wrangler

(考) lariat : wrangler \ crook : shepherd(牧马者的工具是套索\牧羊者的工具是弯钩)

294

babble

(英) v.说蠢话(to talk foolishly);牙牙学语(to make incoherent sounds; prattle) (考) babble : talk \ simper : smile \ scribble : write(胡说和说\傻笑和笑\胡写和写)babble : sense \ parrot : originality(胡说没有理智\学舌没有创新)反义词:express succinctly(简洁表达) (例) The old friends babbled for hours in the cafe.

295

unpredictable

(英) 无法预言的无法预测的(that cannot be predicted)捉摸不透的(tending to show sudden unexpected changesin behaviorideas) (考) 反义词:dependable(可靠的) (记) un(不)+predictable(可预言的)

296

roof

(考) roof : room \ summit : mountain(房顶是房屋的顶\山顶是山脉的顶)

297

heiress

(英) n. 继承人(a person who is legally entitled to inherit another's property) (例) He is heir to a large fortune.

298

cornucopia

(英) 象征丰收的羊角(羊角装饰器内装满花、果、谷物等以示富饶)(a representation in paintingsculptureetc. of a horn overflowing with fruitsflowersand grain; abundance) (考) cornucopia : abundance \ mace : authority(丰饶角象征富足\权仗象征权力) (记) corn(角)+copia(丰富)→丰饶之角; (同) 参考:copious(丰富的)

299

faze

(英) v.使...狼狈(disconcert; dismay; embarrass) (考) 反义词:embolden(使大胆); undisturbed(安静的)-fazed(混乱的)

300

challenge

(英) 挑战(invitation to sb to take part in a game)要求某人做某事(invite sb to do sth esp to take part in a contest) (考) flout : disregard \ taunt : challenge \ mock : imitate(嘲弄性的轻视和轻视\嘲弄性的挑衅和挑衅\嘲弄性的模仿和模仿) (例) challenge SB to a duel

301

ravage

(英) v. 摧毁,使荒废( ruin and destroy) (例) a face ravaged by disease

302

attune

(记) at+tune(调子)→使调子一致,tune(音调)自身是一个单词 (例) Are you attuned to new ways of thinking?

303

inquiry

(英) n. 询问(request for help or information) (考) importune : request \ pry : inquiry(强求是过分请求\刺探是过分询问)confidence : arrogant \ inquiry : interrogatory(过分自信是自大\过分询问是质问) (记) inquie的名词

304

hew

(英) v. 砍伐(to chop or cut with an ax)v.遵守(hew to) (考) 反义词:conform(遵守)-not hew to(不遵守) (记) 可以和 dew(露珠)一起记,早上砍伐树木时露珠被震下来 (例) to hew tree makes drops of dew fall down

305

freak

(英) n. 怪物,奇事(an odd or unusual happening);adj. 反常的(oddly) (记) 和break(断裂)一起记 (例) freak weather

306

sip

(英) v.啜饮 (to drink in small quantities) (考) quaff : sip \ stride : mince(gobble : nibble )(畅饮对啜饮\大步走对小步走)swill : sip \ gobble : nibble(狂饮对啜饮\狼吞虎咽对小口进食)sip : drink \ mince : walk(程度: 小口喝和喝\小步走和走)反义词: swill(狂饮) (记) 参考:imsipid(乏味的); sipid(味道好的) (同) 参考:imsipid(乏味的);sipid(味道好的)

307

humid

(英) adj. 潮湿的(damp; moist; wet) (记) hum(地)+id→近地的→潮湿的 (例) the humid weather

308

felon

(英) n.重罪犯(a person guilty of a major crime; criminal)

309

abstract

(英) n. 摘要(a brief statement; summary; abridgment); (考) 反义词:elaborate(详细) (记) abs+tract(拉)→从文章中拉出→摘要; (同) 同根词:intractable(倔强的)contract(n.合同v.收缩)

310

insulin

(考) insulin : pancreas \ bile : liver(胰脏分泌胰岛素\肝脏分泌胆汁) (记) insul(岛)+in(素)

311

radiate

(英) v.发光,放热(to send out in in rays) (考) 反义词:absorb(吸收) (记) radi(光线)+ate (例) The lighted candle radiated heat and light.

312

droplet

(英) n. 小滴(small drop) (考) deluge : droplet \ landslide : pebble(暴雨对小水滴\山崩对小卵石) (例) tiny water droplets

313

scathe

(英) n.\v. 损害,烧焦(to do harm to; scorchsear)

314

depress

(英) v. 消沉沮丧(make sb. sad and without enthusiasm) (记) de(向下)+press(挤压) →向下压→使情绪低下

315

brackish

(英) adj.(指水)略咸的(somewhat saline)

316

misanthrope

(英) n. 愤世嫉俗者(a hater of humankind) (考) misanthrope : people \ xenophobe : strangers(愤世嫉俗者恨人类\排外者反对恨外国人) (记) mis(坏,恨)+anthrope(人)→恨人的人→厌世者 (同) 同根词:philanthropist(博爱家); anthropoid(类人猿)

317

trait

(英) n. 特性,品质(a particular quality of a person) (例) One of his less attractive traits is criticizing his wife in public.

318

deity

(英) n. 神 (a god or goddess),神性 (divine nature; godhood) (例) the deities of ancient Greece

319

conclave

(英) n.秘密会议(private secret meeting)

320

annotate

(英) v.注解(to provide critical or explanatory notes) (记) an+not(=note意义)+ate→给以意义→注解 (同) 派生词: annotated (adj. 注释过的评注的); annotation (n. 注解)同根词: connotation(内涵); notorious(臭名昭彰的) (例) to annotate the new edition of Shakespeare's plays

321

cutlery

(英) n. 刀叉匙等餐具(knivesforks and spoons used for eating and serving food) (例) a cultery boxset

322

expedition

(英) n.远征,探险(a journey of exploration);迅速(promptness) (考) 反义词: foot dragging(脚步拖沓)

323

flout

(英) v.蔑视,违抗(to mock or scoff at; show scorn or contempt for) (考) flout : disregard \ taunt : challenge(嘲弄性轻视是一种轻视\嘲弄性挑衅是一种挑衅) (记) 分割记忆:fl=flyout(出去)飞出去→不再服从命令→违抗 (例) You have flouted my orders.

324

chancellor

(记) chance(机会)+llor靠机会当官

325

trifling

(英) adj. 微不足道的(of slight importance or little value)

326

scribble

(英) v. 乱写,乱涂(to write and draw hastily and carelessly) (考) calligraphy : scribble \ sonnet : doggerel(乱写相对书法\打油诗相对十四行诗)babble(mumble): talk \ scribble : write(乱说和说\乱写和写) (记) 来自scrib(写)+ble→潦草乱写

327

literati

(英) n. 文人;学者(复数)(scholarly or learned people) (记) 来自单数literatus(文人),liter(文字)+atus

328

belief

(考) frenetic : movement \ fanatical : belief(狂乱的动作\狂热的信仰)veer : direction \ convert : belief(转变方向\改变信仰)

329

alight

(英) adj. 烧着点着(on fire; lit);v. (从马上或车上)下来(get down from a horse or vehicle) (例) Passengers should never alight from a moving bus.

330

warrant

(英) n.正当理由(justification);逮捕证 (a commission or document giving authority) (例) suspect a friend without warrant(无根据地怀疑朋友)

331

fraternal

(英) adj. 兄弟的,友善的(brotherly) (记) fratern(兄弟)+al→兄弟的; (同) 参考:fratricide(杀兄弟,自相残杀)

332

motility

(考) 反义词:stasis(静止) (记) mot(运动)+ility; 参考: motion(运动)

333

bracelet

(记) brace(两臂) + let(小东西) →戴在手上的小东西→手镯

334

adversary

(英) n.对手,敌手(opponent; enemy) (考) humility : supplicant \ resistance : adversary(哀求者的特点是低三下四\对手的特点是对抗)反义词:ally(联盟) (记) ad+vers(转)+ary→对着转的人→对手;注意:adversity(灾难) (同) 同根词: versatile(多功能的多才的); aversion(反感)

335

modest

(英) adj. 谦虚的,谨慎的(humbleunassuming);适度的(not large in quantitysize) (记) mod(方式,风度)+est→做事有规矩→礼貌的

336

solder

(英) v.焊接,焊合(to bring into firm union) (考) 反义词:breach(断裂) (记) 和soldier(战士)一起记 (例) solder the broken wires together(把断电线焊接在一起)

337

icing

(英) n. 糖衣,糖霜(a mixture variously of sugarbutterflavoring ) (记) 指糕饼上的糖衣,也叫 frosting

338

calculating

(英) adj. 深谋远虑的,精明的(shrewd or cunning; scheming)

339

cloister

(英) n. 修道院 (monastery or convent; nunnery) (记) cloist=close+er→关闭之地→修道院; (同) 派生词: cloistered (adj. 隐居的secluded)

340

peddle

(英) v.兜售(travel about selling wares) (同) 派生词: peddler(小贩)

341

madden

(英) v. 使狂怒,使发狂 (drive mad)

342

petitioner

(英) n. 请愿人(the person who makes a request) (考) minion : dependent \ groveler : petitioner(奴才是过分依赖者\奴颜婢膝者是过分请求者)

343

arbiter

(英) n. 权威人士,泰斗( umpire; arbitrator; a person fully qualified to judge or decide) (记) arbit(判断,裁决)+er→能作判断之人→泰斗,权威

344

artifact

(英) n. 人工制品(object made by human beings) (考) archive : records \ museum : artifacts(档案馆存放记录\博物馆存放史前遗物) (记) arti(技巧)+fact(制作) →制作出的东西→人造物 (同) 派生词: artifacts(n. 史前遗物)

345

demography

(英) n. 人口统计,人口学 (the statistical science dealing with the distributiondensityvital statisticsetc. of human populations) (考) demography : population \ meteorology : weather(人口统计学研究人口\气象学研究气候) (记) dem(人)+graphy(写)→写出人口有多少→人口统计; (同) 参考:census(人口普查)

346

formidable

(英) adj. 可怕的(causing fear or dread);困难的(hard to handle or overcome) (记) formid(可能来自formic'蚂蚁的')→蚂蚁成群骚扰→可怕的 (例) a formidable voice. a formidable enemy.

347

interim

(英) n. 中间时期,过渡时期(the period of time between);adj. 暂时的(temporary) (考) 反义词:permanent(永久的) (记) inter(在中间)+im(名词后缀)→中间时期 (例) in the interim period

348

huckster

(英) n. 叫卖小贩,零售商(a peddler or hawker) (记) huck(=back驼背)+ster(人)→背东西卖的人→小贩 (同) 参考:huckleback(驼背)

349

phonetic

(英) adj. 语音的 ( about the sounds of human speech) (记) phon(声音)+etic

350

solicitous

(英) adj.热切的(full of desire;eager);挂念的(expressing care or concern) (考) baleful : menace \ solicitous : concern(有害的[人]危害\挂念的[人]关心)反义词:unconcerned(不关心的) (记) solicit(恳求)+ous→恳求的,挂念的 (例) Parents are solicitous for their children's progress in school.

351

disfranchise

(英) v.剥夺…的权力(尤指选举权或公民权)(to deprive of the rights of citizenship) (记) dis+franchise(选举权)→剥夺权力

352

rout

(英) n. 大败,溃败(an overwhelming defeat) (记) 联想记忆:route(道路),去掉e成rout (例) the total rout of the enemy force

353

emotion

(考) apathetic : emotion \ imprudent : discretion(冷漠的没有感情\轻率的没有谨慎)convulsion : contraction \frenzy : emotion(痉挛是收缩加剧\疯狂是感情加剧)

354

counterpart

(英) n. 相对应或具有相同功能的人或物(person or thing that corresponds to or has the same function as) (记) counter(反对相反)+balance(平衡)→两边一样→达到平衡

355

summon

(英) v. 召见( order officially to come);召集( tell or request people to come to) (考) command : request \ summon : invite(命令是强烈要求\召唤是强烈邀请)反义词:dimsiss(解散)

356

disarm

(英) v.缴某人的械(take weapons away from sb) (考) 反义词:put on guard(警戒); bait(惹怒) (记) dis(分开分离)+arm(武器) →使...与武器分开→缴某人的械

357

scrawl

(英) v. 潦草地写,乱涂(to write awkwardly or carelessly) (记) s+crawl(爬)→乱爬→乱写 (例) scrawl a brief note(草草写个便条)

358

engrave

(英) v. 在(硬物)上雕刻(cut or carve wordsdesigns on a hard surface) (考) hack : carve \ gouge : engrave(乱砍不是雕刻\凿削不是铭刻) (例) His initials were engraved on the cigarette case.

359

pallid

(英) adj. 苍白的,没血色的(wan; lacking sparkle or liveliness (记) pall(=pale苍白)+id; 参考: a pallid countenance(病容) (例) a pallid countenance(病容)

360

execute

(英) v. 执行履行(carry out);将某人处死(kill sb as a legal punishment) (考) pillory : ridicule \ guillotine : execute(颈手枷用来嘲弄\断头台用来处死)impossible : executed \ adamant : moved(不可能的无法执行\顽固的无法打动)vagary : predict \ impossibility : execute(奇异的行为无法预测\不可能的事无法执行) (同) 派生词: execution (n. 执行,实行) (例) He was executed for treason.

361

expostulate

(英) v.(对人或行为的)抗议,告诫( objecting to a person's actions or intentions; remonstrate) (记) ex+post(后面)+ulate(别人做出一件事后提出的)抗议 (同) 同根词:postmeridium(午 后的),postwar(战后),注意不要和postulate(假定) 相混 (例) He expostulated with his children about the necessity of doing the household chores.

362

organism

(英) 生物(any individual animal or plant having diverse organs and parts that function together as a whole to main life and its activities);有机体(anything resembling a living thing in its complexity of structure or functions) (记) organ(器官)+ism→生物 (同) 同根词:organic(器官的,有机体的); organization(组织) (例) The scientist examined the organism under the microscope.

363

comestible

(英) n.食物食品(something fit to be eaten) (记) 分割记忆: come(来)+s+tible(想成table) →来到桌上→食品

364

supersede

(英) v.淘汰,取代 (to force out of use as inferior) (记) super(在…上面)+sede(坐)→坐在别人上_面→取_代 (例) Steam locomotives were superceded by diesel(蒸汽机被柴油机所取代)

365

hardheaded

(英) adj. (商业上)现实的,精明的(shrewd and unsentimental; practical) (例) a hardheaded businessman(精明的商人)

366

synthesis

(英) n. 综合,合成(the combining of separate thingsideas into a complete whole) (考) 反义词:analysis(分解)

367

parsimonious

(英) adj. 太节省的,小气的(frugal to the point of stinginess) (考) parsimonious : skimp \ malingering : shirk(小气的[人]吝啬\装病的[人]逃避)parsimonious : spend \ peremptory : fawn(小气的[人]不花费\强横的[人]不奉承)craven : hero \ parsimonious : spendthrift(英雄不会胆小\挥霍者不会小气)curt : words \ parsimonious : re (记) parsi(=spare花费)+mon(小心)+ious→小心花钱→小气的

368

friable

(英) adj.易碎的(easily broken up or crumbled) (考) friable : crumble \ malleable : alter(易碎的容易打碎\可改变的容易改变)impervious : friable \ nonflammable : combustible(不受损伤的不易碎\不燃烧的不燃烧)反义词:not easily crumbled(不易破碎的); resistance to be pulverized(抗碎) (例) friable oil

369

gutter

(英) 水槽(a trough or channel along or under the eaves of a roof);街沟(a narrow channel along the side of a road or streetto carry off wateras to a sewer) (记) gut(肠胃,引申为沟)+ter→街沟

370

remiss

(英) adj. 疏忽的,不留心的(negligent in the performance of work or duty) (考) 反义词:assiduous(勤勉的); punctilious (一丝不苟的) (记) re(重新)+miss(放)→放掉,不注意的 (例) He is very remiss in answering letters.

371

flutter

(英) v. 拍翅(of the wings move lightly and quickly) (例) The wings of the bird still fluttered after it had been shot down.

372

inhale

(英) v.吸气(to draw airvaporetc. into the lungs) (记) in(进)+hale(呼吸)→吸气 (同) 同根词:exhale(呼气); halitus(气息,蒸气) (例) to inhale deeply to enjoy the fresh air

373

effluvium

(英) n.气味恶臭(noxious(harmful) smell)

374

maneuver

(英) v.\n. (军队)调遣(a planned and controlled movement of troops);策略,操纵(stratagem; artifice; scheme) (记) man(手)+euvre→用手来做→操纵,调动 (同) 派生词: maneuvrable (adj. 可移动的,可操纵的) (例) The driver maneuvered the truck through the narrow alley.

375

seam

(英) n. 缝,接缝(line along which two edges are joined) (记) Water was coming in through the seams of the boat. (例) Water was coming in through the seams of the boat.

376

cosset

(英) v. 宠爱溺爱(protect too carefully) (考) 反义词: unspoiled(不受溺爱的)-cosseted(被宠坏的)

377

pugilism

(英) n.拳击,搏击(boxing) (记) pugil(打斗)+ism→拳击

378

mollification

(考) mollification : soothe \ indemnity : secure(缓和就是使平静\保护就是使安全)反义词:inflammation(激怒)

379

fuel

(英) n. 燃料(material burned to produce heat or power) (考) stoke : fuel \ irrgate : water(司炉是填加燃料\灌溉是填加水) (例) What sort of fuel do these machines need?

380

correspondent

(英) adj. 符合的 (agreeing; matching);n. 记者(a person who writes to a magazine or newspaper) (记) correspond(反应)+ent→有共同反应→符合的,一致的

381

immaculate

(英) adj. 洁净的,无瑕的(perfectly clean; unsoiled; impeccable) (记) im(不)+macul(斑点)+ate→无斑点的 (同) 同根词:macula(皮肤上的斑点); maculate(有斑点的) (例) immaculate behavior

382

eccentric

(英) adj.古怪的,反常的(deviating from the norm; unconventional) (考) hero : admirable \ eccentric : unconventional(英雄是可敬的\古怪的人是非传统的)eccentric : conventional \ doyen : uninitiated(古怪的人不会是传统的\老资格的人不会是初学的) (记) ec(出)+centr(中心)+ic→离开中心→古怪的 (同) 同根词: centrifuge(离心力); concentrate(集中) (例) His eccentric behavior is sometimes frightening.

383

repeal

(英) v. 废除(法律)(to rescind or annul by authoritative act) (考) irrevocable : repeal \ ineluctable : avoid(不能取消的不能废除\不可避免的不能避免)retract : statement \ repeal : legislation(收回声明\废除法律) (记) re(反)+peal(=call 叫)→反过来叫→废除 (同) 同根词:appeal(呼吁);appealing(引人入胜的) (例) The city council repealed the nonsmoking ordinance.

384

belch

(英) v.\n.打嗝; v.喷出(gush sth out)

385

menthol

(英) n. 薄荷醇 (a white substance which smells and tastes of mint)

386

defined

(考) 反义词:vague(含糊的)

387

traverse

(英) v.横过,扫过(to go or travel across or over) (考) diverge : apart \ traverse : across(分歧分开\横穿越过) (记) tra(横)+verse(转)→横过 (例) The railway traverses hundreds of miles of desert.(这条铁路横贯沙漠数百英里)

388

terrestrial

(英) adj.地球的(of the earth);陆地的(relating to land) (记) terr(地)+estrial→地球的 (例) terrestrial gravitation(地球引力)

389

otter

(英) n.水獭 (a swimming fish-eating animal)

390

inexcusable

(英) adj. 不可原谅的(too bad to be excused) (记) in+excuse(原谅)+able

391

elysian

(英) adj. 极乐世界的幸福的(relating to paradise; blissful)

392

plucky

(英) adj. 有勇气的,有胆量的 (brave and determined)

393

blouse

(英) n. 女衬衫(garment like a shirt)

394

injunction

(英) n. 命令,强制令(bidding; command) (记) in(进入)+junct(连接)+ion→和(法令)相连接→命令; 参考: enjoin(命令)

395

beget

(英) v.产生,引起(to bring into being; produce) (记) 分割记忆:be-get→是得到了→产生 (例) Hunger begets crime.

396

prostrate

(英) adj.俯卧的,沮丧的(prone); (考) 反义词:erect(直立) (例) The storm prostratedhundreds of trees(暴风雨刮倒了几百棵树)

397

improvidence

(考) fervor : zealot \ improvidence : spendthrift(狂热者特点是热情\浪费者特点是浪费)

398

stomach

(英) v.吃得下,容忍 (to bear without overt reaction or resentment) (考) 反义词:refuse to tolerate(拒绝忍受) (例) I have had to stomach a lot of things I do not like.(我不得不容忍许多我不喜欢的东西)

399

slot

(英) n. 狭孔(a long straight narrow opening place)

400

premium

(英) n. 保险费(the consideration paid for a contract of insurance);奖金(a reward or recompense) (记) pre(提前)+em(=empt买)+ium→提前买下的东西→保险费 (例) My insurance premiums are due on the first of each year.

401

tachometer

(英) n. 转速表 (an instrument used to measure speed)

402

ciliate

(英) adj.有纤毛的有睫毛的(having minute hairs) (记) cili(毛)+ate; (同) 同根词: supercilious(傲慢自大的)

403

purity

(英) n. 纯粹,纯洁 (the quality of being pure) (考) adulterate : purity \ enervate : vigor(掺假是破坏纯粹\使衰弱是破坏活力)distill : purity \ leaven : volume(蒸馏提高纯度\发酵提高体积)alloy : purity \ thin : density(掺杂降低纯度\使稀薄降低密度)synopsis : conciseness \ distillate : purity(大纲简洁\蒸馏物 (记) pur(纯洁)+ity

404

insentient

(考) 反义词:perceiving(可感知的) (记) in(无)+senti(感觉)+ent→无感觉的→无生命的

405

licentious

(英) adj. 纵欲的(lascivious) (考) caviler : carping \ libertine : licentious(吹毛求疵者特点是吹毛求疵的\放荡者特点是放荡的)voluble : speech \ licentious : dissoluteness(健谈的[人]说话\放荡的[人]放荡) (记) licent(允许,放荡)+ious

406

abridgment

(英) n. 删节(reduction);节本(abstractsummarysynopsis) (考) abbreviation : sentence \ abridgment : essay(缩写句子\缩写文章)

407

unadvised

(英) adj. 草率的,鲁莽的(done without due consideration) (记) un(不)+advised(忠告)→不接受忠告的→草率的

408

preview

(英) v.\n. 预演,预展 (a private showing before shown to the general public) (记) pre(预先)+view(观看)

409

limerick

(英) n. 五行打油诗(a nonsense poem of five anapestic lines) (考) limerick : poem \ lampoon : satire(五行打油诗是一种诗\讽刺文章是一种讽刺作品) (记) 源自爱尔兰一首歌曲中连唱五遍的叠句:Will you come up to Limerick. Limerick为城市名

410

crafty

(英) adj. 狡诈的(subtly deceitful; sly) (记) 来自craft(手腕,技巧) (例) The spy conceived a crafty plan to steal the documents.

411

pivot

(英) n. 枢轴,中心(a personthing or factor having a major or central role);v. 旋转(to turn on as if on a pivot) (例) the pivot of the controversy(争论的中心)

412

productive

(英) adj. 多产的(that produces well or in large quantities);生产的(of production of goods or wealth) (记) product(产物,产品)+ive

413

malign

(英) v. 诽谤中伤(defame; slander; traduce);adj. 邪恶的(evil; baleful; sinister) (记) mal(坏)+ign→坏的,邪恶的; (同) 参考:benign(仁慈的)

414

admonish

(英) v.训诫(to reprove mildly);警告(warn; advise ) (考) admonish : denounce \ punish : pillory\ persuade : convince(谴责是严重警告\示众是严厉惩罚\使信服是完全说服)peccadillo : sin \ admonishment : castigation(过失使小罪恶\警告是轻惩罚)pretense : deceive \ admonition : reprove(借口为了欺骗\警告为了责备)alibi : exc (记) ad+mon(警告)+ish→告诫; (同) 派生词: admonitory (adj.警告的)

415

resoluteness

(考) resoluteness : will \ zeal : conviction(意志坚决\信念执着) (记) 来自形容词resolute(坚决的)

416

oblivion

(英) n. 遗忘(condition of forgetting) (记) ob(离开)+liv(=live活)+ion→不再活的东西→遗忘 (例) Babylonian civilization has long since passed into oblivion.

417

accumulate

(英) v.积聚,积累(to pile upcollect) (考) 反义词:dissipate(使消散,浪费) (记) ac+cumul(堆积)+ate→再堆积→积累; (同) 派生词: accumulation(n. 积累堆积物)

418

denouement

(英) n. (小说的)结尾,结局 (the outcomesolution of a plot in a dramastory) (考) joke : punch line \ plot : denouement(笑话依靠妙语点精\小说情节靠结局点精) (记) 法语:de+noue(=knot结),解开结→结尾; 注意不要和denouncement(谴责)相混

419

slumber

(英) n.\v. 睡眠,安睡(sleep; a light sleep) (例) slumber peacefully(安睡)/a heavy slumber

420

outwit

(英) v. 以机智胜过(to overcome by cleverness) (记) out(出)+wit(机智)→机智超出别人 (例) The fox outwitted the farmer and stole a chicken.

421

laconic

(英) adj. 简洁的(brief or terse in speech or expression; concise) (考) audacious : trepidation \ laconic : volubility(大胆的不会惊恐\简洁的不会多话)laconic : speech \ austere : design(简洁的演讲\朴素的设计)反义词:garrulous(多嘴的); verbose(冗长的); loquacious(多话的); voluble(多话的); (记) 来自古希腊王国Laconia(拉哥尼亚),以说话简洁而闻名

422

bivouac

(英) n.露天营地(camp without tents)

423

expediency

(英) n.方便(advantageousness);权宜之计(a regard for what is politic or advantageous rather than for what is right or just) (记) ex+ped(脚)+iency→把脚拔出去→权宜之计 (同) 同根词:centipede(蜈蚣); podiatrist(足病医生,ped=pod) (例) In their expediencythe builders of the house neglect certain safety procedures.

424

rekindle

(英) v. 重新点燃(light up again) (记) re(重新)+kindle(点燃) (例) His interest in her rekindled.

425

purify

(英) v. 使洁净,净化( make pure) (考) purify : imperfection \ verify : doubtfulness(净化排除缺点\证实排除怀疑)winnow : grain \ purify : water(扬谷把粮食中的杂质去掉\净化把水中的杂质去掉)反义词:contaminate(污染) (记) pur(纯洁)+ify(化)→纯洁化

426

shrink

(英) v.收缩,退缩(to become smaller or more compacted) (例) Flannel shrinks in the wash. shrink from responsibility(逃避责任)

427

hackneyed

(英) adj. 陈腐的,平常的(made trite by overuse; trite) (考) equivocation : misleading \ bromide : hackneyed(模棱两可的话特点是误导的\庸俗之言特点是陈腐的)windy : concise \ hackneyed : original(吹牛不简洁\陈腐不创新)反义词:original(有新意的); fresh(新的) (记) 来自伦敦近郊城镇 Hackney以养马闻名,hack的意思是'出租的老马',引申为' 陈腐的' (例) No one laughed at the comic's hackneyed joke.

428

contemptible

(例) That was a contemptible trick.

429

unfettered

(英) adj. 不受拘束的(emancipatedliberated) (记) un(不)+fettered(束缚的)

430

harden

(英) v. 变硬变坚强(cause sth to become hard) (考) ripen : maturity \ harden : solidity(使成熟结果是成熟\硬化结果是坚硬)反义词:macerate(浸软) (例) The varnish takes a few minutes to harden.

431

jocund

(英) adj. 快乐的,高兴的(cheerful; genial; gay) (考) 反义词:dreary(郁闷的) (记) joc(=joke 玩笑)+und→充满玩笑的→快乐的 (例) a jocund companion(一个乐呵呵的伴)

432

commitment

(英) n. 承诺(a pledge or promise);责任 (a financial liability) (考) equivocate : commitment \ procrastinate : action(含糊其词不想承诺\拖拖拉拉不想行动)crime : misdemeanor \ commitment : decision(罪行重于小过\承诺重于决定)dilettante : commitment \ nonentity : consequence(业余爱好者没有一心一意\无足轻重者没有重要性)disaffected : contentment \ dubious : commitment(conviction)(不满的难以满足\不确定的难以承诺)(记) com+mit(送send)→一起送给→把...交托给(commit a child to the care of a nursary )对方接受后便要承担责任所以有“责任”一意 (例) I don't want to get married because I don't want any commitments.

433

teem

(英) v.充满(abound);到处都是(to be present in large quantity) (例) This river teems with fish.\It was teeming down and we all got soaked up.

434

lavish

(考) 反义词: stint(节约的); mean(简陋的); penurious(贫困的)

435

considerate

(英) adj. 体贴的周到的(caringthoughtful)

436

fixate

(记) fix(固定)+ate→使固定

437

ornament

(英) 装饰品(an object possessed because it is beautiful rather than because it is useful)装饰(something that is added to make something else more beautiful)装饰(add ornament to)

438

untoward

(英) adj.不幸的,(坏事)没料到的(unlucky;adverseunpropitious) (考) 反义词:favorable(有利的); favorable and anticipated(有利且在期望中的); fortunate(幸运的) (记) un(不)+toward(向…走)→不可预料的方向走→没料到的 (例) an untoward incident(不幸的事件)

439

shiftless

(英) adj.没有决断力的(inefficient),偷懒的(lacking in ambition or incentive) (考) shiftless : ambition \ ingenuous : guile(懒散的没有雄心\真诚的没有诡计) (记) shift(转移)+less (例) live in a shiftless way(得过且过地生活)

440

prevail

(英) v. 战胜(to gain ascendancy ; triumph);盛行(predominate) (记) pre(前面)+vail(=val力量)→力量在别人前面→战胜 (例) Despite crimes in the newsI believe that kindness prevails.

441

circuitous

(英) adj. 迂回的,绕圈子的 (roundabout; indirect; devious) (考) digressive : statement \ circuitous : route(离题是偏离陈述主题\绕行是偏离路线)immaterial : relevance \ circuitous : directness(反义: 不相关对相关\迂回对直接) (记) circu绕圈+it走+ous→迂回的,circuit本身是个单词,意为'圆,电路' (同) 参考:circus(马戏团),circular(圆形的; 公告)

442

transform

(英) v.使…变形,变化(to change in composition or structure) (记) tran(改变)+form(形状) (例) A caterpillar is transformed into a butterfly.

443

heavy-handedness

(考) 反义词:finesse(技巧)

444

transmute

(英) v. 变化,变作(to change or alter in formappearanceor nature and) (记) trans(变化)+mute(变化)→变化 (例) transmute water power into electric power by means of which a picture can be seen when light is passed through it)

445

celebrate

(英) v. 庆祝祝贺(mark a happy day);称赞(praise) (记) celebr(荣誉)+ate→为荣誉干杯→庆祝

446

requital

(英) n. 酬劳,报答(compensationor retaliation) (记) re(重新)+quit(放弃)+al→把得到的东西重新放弃给别人→酬劳

447

ruffian

(英) n. 恶棍,歹徒(lawless person);adj. 残暴的(brutalviolent)

448

victor

(英) n. 胜利者 (a winner in battleor in a competition) (考) 反义词:loser(失败者) (记) vict(征服克服)+or

449

starchy

(英) adj. 含淀粉的(containing starch);刻板的(marked by stiffness) (记) starch(淀粉)+y (例) Don't be so starchy.(别那么死板)

450

brazen

(英) adj.厚脸皮的(showing no shame; impudent) (考) impudence : brazen \ deadpan : impassive(厚颜无耻特点是厚脸皮\无表情特点是冷漠)反义词:modest(谦虚的) (记) braz=brass(黄铜)+en→像黄铜一样→厚颜的 (同) 同根词:brazier(炭火盆) (例) That brazen man told lie after lie. The brazen accusation was denied.

451

reconciliation

(考) 反义词:estrangement(疏远); rift(不和) (例) to bring about a reconciliation between the two families

452

therapist

(英) n. 治疗专家(a specialist in a particular branch of therapy)

453

affinity

(英) n. 密切关系(close relationship);吸引力(a mutual attraction between a man and a woman) (考) 反义词:aversion(厌恶) (记) af+fin(范围)+ity→在范围内→密切关系 (同) 同根词:infinite(无限的); confine(限制监禁)

454

boredom

(英) n. 厌烦厌倦(state of being dull) (记) bore(麻烦)+dom(表名词) →厌烦厌倦

455

clat

(英) n. 辉煌的成就名声(great achievement) (考) 反义词: fiasco(大失败)

456

patent

(英) adj. 显而易见的(readily visible; obvious); (考) 反义词:not evident(不明显的); abstruse(深奥的); nuance(细微差别)-patent difference(明显差别); occult(神秘的); recondite(深奥的) (记) pat(公开)+ent→公开的→显然的; (同) 参考:patency(明显) (例) Sally applied for a patent for a process she invented that makes an old paint usable.

457

aeon

(英) n.千万年(thousands and thousands of years)

458

syllabus

(英) n.教学纲要 (a summary outline of a discourse or course) (考) itinerary : trip \ syllabus : course \ agenda : meeting(旅行需要旅行行程\课程需要教学大纲\会议需要会议议程) (记) syl(综合)+labus(=label标签)→把要做的事放在一起→教学纲要

459

vibrancy

(英) adj.振动的;明快的 (bright),生机勃勃的(pulsating with life) (考) 反义词:ponderous(沉闷的) (记) vibr(振动)+ant→振动的 (例) the vibrant strings \ a vibrant woman(活泼的女子)

460

orchestra

(英) 管弦乐队(a large group of musicians who play music for combinations of different instruments) (考) orchestra : musician \ pack : wolf(音乐家组成乐队\狼组成狼群)pilot : ship \ conductor : orchestra(领航员指挥船只\指挥家指挥乐队)stanza : poem \ movement : orchestra(诗节组成诗\乐章组成音乐)

461

tamper

(英) v.损害,窜改(to make changes without authority) (考) tamper : adjust \ misrepresent : communicate(反义: 篡改对校准\误传对沟通) (记) temper(锻造,减轻)的变体 (例) a will that has been tampered with(被窜改过的遗嘱)

462

sextant

(考) abacus : calculate \ sextant : navigate(算盘用来计算\六分仪用来航海) (记) sex(=six六)+tant→六分仪

463

expulsion

(英) n.驱逐,开除(来自动词expulse)

464

fascinate

(英) v.迷惑,迷住(charm; captivate; attract) (记) fascin(捆住)+ate→捆住→迷住 (例) The puppet show fascinated the young children.

465

mineral

(英) 矿物(any of various substances that are formed naturally in the earth) (考) calcium : mineral \ sugar : carbohydrate(钙是一种无机元素\糖是一种碳水化合物) (记) min(矿石)+eral

466

purvey

(英) v. (大量)供给,供应(to supply as provisions) (考) vendor : purvey \ censor : expurgate(卖主供应\检察员可以清查) (记) 可能是provide的变体 (同) 派生词: purveyance (n.粮食的供给); purveyor (n.供应货物或提供服务的人或公司) (例) purvey information to people

467

truculent

(英) adj. 残暴的,凶狠的(feeling or displaying ferocity;cruel) (考) truculent : gentleness \ unregenerate : remorse(凶残的不温柔\不悔改的不后悔)反义词:gentle(温柔的); pacific(平静的) (记) truc(凶猛)+ulent (例) a truculent and quarrelsome man

468

circumvent

(英) v. 绕行; 用计谋战胜,规避 (to get the better of or prevent from happening by craft or ingenuity) (考) 反义词:confront(面临); direct encounter(直接遭遇) (记) circum(绕圈)+vent(来)→绕着圈过来→回避,用计谋 (例) The king tried to circumvent his enemies in the government. It's harder to circumvent the new tax laws.

469

buggy

(英) n.轻型马车(a light carriage);婴儿车(baby carriage) (记) 分割记忆: bug-gybuggy作为形容词为'多臭虫的'

470

incubation

(英) n. 孵卵期,潜伏期(the phase of development of a disease between the infection and the first appearance of symptoms) (考) latency : response \ incubation : disease(反应和反应潜伏期\疾病和疾病潜伏期) (记) 来自 incubate(孵卵,潜伏),in (里面)+cub(睡)+ate→睡在里面→潜伏 (同) 同根词:incubus(梦魇); concubine(小妾)

471

substantive

(英) adj.根本的(dealing with essentials);独立存在的(being a totally independent entity) (考) 反义词:trivial(不重要的) (例) a substantive nation(独立国家)/a substantive dyeing process(直接染色法)

472

paradigm

(英) n. 范例,示范(a typical example or archetype) (记) para(旁边)+digm(显示)→显示给旁边的看→榜样 (同) 派生词: paradigmatic (adj. 作为示范的 ,典范的 )

473

reminisce

(英) v. 追忆,怀旧(to indulge in reminiscence) (考) autobiography : reminisce \ eulogy : praise(自传是为了回忆\颂词是为了赞扬) (记) re(重新)+min(=mind 思维)+isce→重新回忆→回忆 (同) 派生词:reminiscence (n. 回想,追忆;(复)回忆录)

474

neurotic

(英) n. 神经病患者(a neurotic person)

475

skew

(英) adj.不直的,歪斜的 (running obliquely;slanting) (例) The picture was skew.

476

filial

(英) adj.子女的(of a son or daughter) (记) fil (儿子)+ial→儿子的→子女的 (同) 同根词:affiliation(联系) (例) filial piety(孝心)

477

overturn

(英) v. 翻倒 ( turn over);推翻( bring to an end suddenly) (记) over(翻转)+turn(转)→翻转

478

lure

(英) n.\v. 诱惑力,引诱(the power of attracting; inveigle; entice) (记) 参考allure(引诱) (例) the lure of the big city

479

exasperate

(英) v. 激怒,使恼怒(make angry; vex) (记) ex+asper(粗鲁)+ate→显出粗鲁→激怒 (同) 同根词:asterity(粗糙,粗暴)派生词: exasperation (n. 激怒) (例) I was exasperated by all the noise.

480

celerity

(英) n.快速,迅速(swiftness in acting or moving; speed) (记) celer(速度)+ity (同) 同根词:accelerate(加速); decelerate(减速)

481

abundance

(英) n. 充裕多量(more than sufficient quantity) (考) cornucopia : abundance \ mace : authority(丰饶角象征富饶\权仗象征权力) (记) 请和abound(丰富)一起记

482

balk

(英) n.大方木料(thickroughly-squared wooden beam);v. (因困难等)不愿从事某事(be reluctant to tackle sth because it is difficult) (考) 反义词:move ahead willingly(自愿前进)

483

swank

(英) v.夸耀,炫耀 (showswaggerboast) (记) 分割记忆:swan(天鹅)+k (例) She swank about in her nice fur coat.

484

pine

(英) v.(因疾病等)憔悴(to lose vigor; anguish)渴望(desire) (考) leaf : oak \ needle : pine \ frond : fern(橡树的树叶\松树的针叶\蕨类植物的蕨类叶)longing : pine \ remorse : rue(同义: 渴望对渴望\懊悔对懊悔)反义词:become invigorated(变得有活力) (例) pine away with grief(因悲痛而憔悴)

485

supplicant

(英) n.乞求者,恳求者 (one who supplicates) (考) humility : supplicant \ resistance : adversary(哀求者低三下四\对手对抗)supplicant : beseeching \ coquette : flirtatious(恳求者是恳求的\卖弄风情者是轻浮的)

486

unnoticed

(考) 反义词:sensation(轰动的事件)-unnoticed event(未被关注的事) (记) un(不)+notice(注意)+ed

487

smirk

(英) v.假笑,得意地笑(to smile in an affected or smug manner;simper) (考) smirk : smugness \ sneer : derision(得意的笑表示满足\讥笑表示嘲讽) (例) detect a smirk on sb's face (发觉某人脸上挂着得意的假笑)

488

ethereal

(英) adj. 太空的(of or like the ether);轻巧的(very light; airy) (考) 反义词:material(重要的); ponderous(笨重的) (记) 来自ether(太空,苍天)

489

pauper

(英) n. 贫民,乞丐(a person destitute of means) (记) paup(少)+er→没财富的人→贫民,可能是poor的变体

490

embarrassment

(英) n. 焦急局促不安( being embarrassed) (考) blush : embarrassment \ smile : pleasure(脸红是窘迫的表现\微笑是愉快的表现)catastrophe : mishap \ humiliation : embarrassment(灾难是大不幸\羞辱是大窘迫)unabashed : embarrassment \ unheralded : announcement(不害羞的不会害羞\未宣布的没有公布) (例) He suffered much embarrassment in his youth.

491

mince

(英) v. 切碎(to chop into very small pieces);小步走路(to move with shortaffected steps) (考) quaff : sip \ stride : mince(畅饮啜饮\大步走小步走) (记) min(小)+ce→切小,切碎→小步走 (同) 参考:minute(微小的); minutia(细微末节) (例) He minced his way across the square.

492

spill

(英) v. 溢出( pour out accidentally)

493

wag

(英) v.(狗尾巴等)摆动; n.诙谐幽默者(witjoker) (考) wag : humorous \ dolt : stupid \ libertine : dissolute \ buffoon : ludicrous(爱说笑的人幽默\傻瓜笨\放荡者放荡\小丑滑稽)

494

aboriginal

(英) n. 原始居民,土著(people existing in a place from earliest days; native) (记) ab+origin(起源)+al

495

disseminate

(英) v. 散布,传播(spread abroad;promulgate widely) (考) disseminate : information \ foment : discontentment(传播使消息扩散\煽动使不满扩散)反义词:garner(收集) (记) dis+semin(种子)+ate→散布(种子) (同) 同根词:seminal(种子的、生殖的) (例) The public relations department disseminates information about the company.

496

excel

(英) v. 善于,擅长于(to be better or greater than; surpass; transcend) (记) excellent(优秀的)大家都认识 (例) She excels as a teacher of dancing.

497

dilemma

(英) n.困境,左右为难(any situation between unpleasant alternatives; predicament) (记) 可能来自lemma(定理、标题),无标题→困境 (同) 同根词:impasse(僵局); predicament(困境)

498

skinflint

(英) n.吝啬鬼 (miserniggard) (考) gourmand : appetite \ skinflint : thrift(贪吃者过分有食欲\吝啬鬼过分节俭) (记) 来自词组:skin a flint(刮石头皮,爱钱如命)

499

chivalrous

(英) adj. 武士精神的,侠义的 (gallantcourteoushonorable) (记) chival=caval(骑马)+rous→骑马的→勇武的 (例) I appreciate chivalrous acts such as holding doors open.

500

rinse

(英) v. 以清水冲洗,漂洗 (to cleanse by clear water) (例) rinse one's hands under the tap(用自来水冲洗双手)

501

synergic

(英) adj. 协同作用的(of combined action or cooperation) (考) 反义词:antagonistic(对抗的) (记) 来自名词synergy(协同作用;syn[共同]+erg[能量]+y→共同发挥能量→协同)

502

aligned

(考) 反义词:askew(歪斜的); awry(歪斜的)

503

personification

(英) n. 典型,完美榜样(a perfect example; embodimentincarnation) (例) the personification of courage(勇敢的化身)

504

scale

(英) n. 鱼鳞;(音乐)音阶(a graduated series of musical tones) (考) bird : feathers \ fish : scales(鸟有羽毛\鱼有鱼鳞) scale[skeIl]v. 攀登 (英) v. 攀登(to climb up a wallclift) (例) She scaled the barrier like a commando.(她像突击队员似地翻过栅栏)

505

architect

(英) n. 建筑师(person who designs buildings and supervises their construction) (记) archi(统治者主要的)+tect(做)→统治造房的人→建筑师 (同) 派生词: architecture(建筑学)

506

rabble

(英) n.乌合之众(a disorganized or disorderly crowd of people; mob);下等人(the lowest class of people) (考) items : hodgepodge \ people : rabble(各种物品组成大杂烩\各种人组成乌合之众) (记) 和babble(胡言乱语)一起记 (例) a rabble of small children(一群吵嚷的小孩)

507

repletion

(英) n. 充满(being filled up or crowded);吃饱(surfeit) (考) 反义词:want(短缺)

508

mandate

(英) n. 命令,指令(an authoritative order or command) (记) mand(命令)+ate→命令 (同) 同根词:command(指挥); countermand(取消撤回) (例) The government has mandated a balanced budget.

509

ingenious

(英) adj. 聪明的,有发明天才的(originalinventive) (记) in(内在)+gen(产生)+ious→聪明产生于内→聪慧的,注意不要和ingenuous(坦率的 ,天真的)相混 (同) 派生词: ingeniousness (n. 足智多谋;巧妙) (例) The prisoner developed an ingenious plan to break out of jail.

510

voluminous

(英) 长篇的 (filling a large volume or several volumes);多产的 (writing or speaking at great length);庞大的 (marked by great volume or bulk; large) (考) 反义词:scanty(缺乏的); scarce(不足的) (记) volum(=volume 容量)+inous (例) a voluminous edition(大部头版本) \ a voluminous cloak(宽大的披风)

511

turbulent

(英) adj. 导致动乱的(causing unrestviolenceor disturbance);骚乱的(tempestuous) (考) maelstrom : turbulent \ mirage : illusory(大旋涡汹涌\海市蜃楼虚幻)反义词:pacific(平静的) (记) turb(搅动)+ulent→搅得厉害→骚乱的 (例) a turbulent period of history(动荡的历史时期)

512

apostate

(英) n. 背教者,变节者(a person guilty of apostasy; renegade) (考) renegade : allegiance \ apostate : faith (叛徒没有忠诚\叛教者没有信仰)

513

maize

(英) n. 玉米 (a type of tall plant grown for its ears of yellow seeds)

514

texture

(英) n.质地(identifying quality);结构(overall structure) (记) text(编织)+ure (同) 同根词:textile(纺织品); pretext(借口) (例) the smooth texture of silk(丝织品的光滑质地)

515

stellar

(英) adj. 星的,星球的 (the stars) (记) stell(星星)+ar; 参考: constellation(星座)

516

wholesomeness

(考) 反义词:decadence(衰败) (记) 来自形容词wholesome(健康的)

517

ambulatory

(记) 词根记忆:ambul(行走) + atory→行走的,步行的

518

skittish

(英) adj.轻浮的轻佻的(capricious; frivolous; not serious)

519

contempt

(英) n.\v. 轻视,鄙视 (look down on sb\sth as being mean or unworthy; scorn) (考) redoubtable : awe \ despicable : contempt(scorn; disregard)(可怕的使人敬畏\可鄙的使人鄙视)measly : contemptibly \ puny : weakly(下贱的和下贱地\虚弱的和虚弱地)paragon : admire \ pariah : contempt(模范让人崇拜\贱民让人轻视)wince : pain \ smi (记) con+tempt(尝试)→大家都能试→小意思→轻视 (同) 同根词:temptation(引诱,诱惑); attempt(尝试努力)

520

supernova

(英) n. 超新星(a very large exploding star seen in the sky as a bright mass) (记) super(超级)+nova(新星)

521

sledge

(英) n.雪橇(large sled drawn by work animals)

522

desecrate

(英) v. 玷辱,亵渎 (treat as not sacred; profane) (考) 反义词:sanctify(尊崇); revere(尊敬) (记) de+secra(神圣)+ate→玷辱(神灵) (同) 同根词:consecrate(奉献) (例) Don't desecrate my love for you by comparing it with anything ordinary.

523

partisan

(英) n. 党派支持者; 党徒(a firm adherent to a party) (考) authoritativeness : pundits \ allegiance : partisans(学究有权威\党徒有忠心)patriot : country \ partisan : course(爱国者爱国家\党徒爱党的路线) (记) party(党)+san(人)→党人,信徒,党的支持者

524

incapacity

(记) in(无)+capacity(能力)

525

undirected

(记) un(不)+direct(指导)+ed

526

insightful

(英) adj. 富有洞察力的(showing insight) (记) insight+ful

527

enfranchise

(英) v. 给予选举权(offer privileges of a citizen);释放(奴隶)(to set free from slavery) (考) enfranchise : vote \ ignite : burn \ illuminate : see(给予选举权可以投票\点燃可以燃烧\照亮可以看到)反义词:enfetter(囚禁) (记) en+franchise(选举权)→给予选举权; (同) 参考:disenfranchised(被剥夺权力的) (例) Women were enfranchised in USA in 1920.

528

proportion

(英) n. 比例; v. 使成比例( make into correct proportion)

529

preservation

(英) n. 保持,保护,维护 (the act of preserving or state of being preserved) (记) 来自动词preserve

530

funereal

(英) adj.适于葬礼的忧郁的(sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral)

531

smelt

(英) v. 熔解,熔炼 (to melt or fuse to separate the metal;refine) (记) 比较:melt(熔化),melt只指把东西化开如:The snow melted; smelt 指化开并提炼,如:Smelt high grade tin from ores.

532

leeway

(英) n.(可供活动的)余地(room to move; margin) (例) This itinerary leaves us plenty of leeway.

533

authoritative

(英) adj.权威性的(based on competent authority)命令式的(fond of giving orders; dictatorial) (考) authoritative : acceptance \ conspicuous : attention(权威的容易让人接受\明显的容易让人注意)authoritativeness : pundits \ allegiance : partisans(权威人士有权威\死党有忠诚) (记) 来自authority(权威权力)author(作家有权的人)

534

rabid

(英) adj.患狂犬病的(affected with rabies);失去理性的(going to extreme lengths in expressing or pursuing a feelinginterestor opinion) (考) 反义词:logical(有逻辑的) (记) 来自rabies(狂犬病) (例) an utterly rabid age(完全失去理性的时代)

535

flock

(英) n.羊群,鸟群(a group of certain animalsas goats or sheepor of birds) (考) school : fish \ flock : birds(鱼群和鱼\鸟群和鸟)clique : intimates \ flock : sheep(密友形成小集团\羊形成羊群) (例) a flock of birds

536

icon

(英) n. 圣像,偶像(an image or picture of JesusMarya saintetc) (记) icon本身可作构词成分,如iconize(肓目崇拜),iconoclasm(打破圣像的行动)

537

decontaminate

(英) v. 排除污染(remove esp. radioactive contamination from a buildingclothesan area) (记) de(去掉)+contamin(污染) +ate→去掉污染

538

clinical

(英) adj. 冷静客观的(coldly objective) (例) He watched her suffering with clinical detachment .

539

allowance

(英) n. 津贴补助(amount of moneyallowed or given regularly); (记) allow(允许)+ance (例) get an allowance for your old car

540

endue

(英) (with) v. 赋予(才能)(provideendow) (例) He prayed to God to endue him with the spirit of holiness.

541

inroad

(英) n.突袭(hostile invasion);消耗( advance that lessens the quantity of something) (例) It is a serious inroad into personal freedom(对个人自由的严重侵犯)

542

extract

(英) v. 拔出(take sth out with effort or by force);强索(forcefully obtain moneyinformation from a person) (考) milk : extract \ exploit : utilize(程度: 榨取提取\剥削利用)反义词:embed(嵌入) (记) ex(出)+tract(拉) →拉出→强索

543

neolithic

(记) neo(新)+lith(石头)+ic

544

prevent

(英) v. 防止,阻止 ( stop something happening) (记) pre(预先)+vent(来)→预先来到→抢先一步,防止别人

545

grind

(英) v. 磨碎,碾碎(to crush into bits or fine particles) (考) pestle : grind \ whetstone : sharpen \ spice : flavor(研棒用来研磨\磨刀石用来使锋利\调味品用来调味) (例) She grinds fresh coffee beans every day. grind[graInd]n. 枯燥乏味的工作 (英) n. 枯燥乏味的工作(longdifficulttedious task; drudgery)

546

embitter

(英) v. 使痛苦使难受(to make bitter) (记) em+bitter(苦)→使痛苦 (例) He was embittered by his many disappointments.

547

agitated

(英) adj.被鼓动的(excited);不安的(perturbed) (考) literate : erudite \ agitated : frenetic(博学是非常有文化\狂乱是非常不安)abandon : inhibition \ tranquility : agitation(放纵无抑制\宁静无躁动)反义词:equanimity(镇静)-agitation (n. 鼓动;焦虑) (记) ag(做)+itate(表示不断的动作)→不断地做→鼓动; (同) 派生词: agitation (n. 鼓动;焦虑) (例) The agitated monkey pounded on the wall.

548

disastrous

(英) adj.灾难性的 (causing great harmdamagegrief)

549

shabby

(英) adj.破烂的(dilapidated);卑鄙的(despicablecontemptible) (例) a shabby armchair(破旧的扶手椅)

550

canard

(英) n. 谣言,假新闻(a false malicious report) (记) 和下面的canary一起记,联想:金丝雀特别会叫,似乎造谣(canary makes canard )

551

cerebral

(英) adj.大脑的(of the brain or the cerebrum);深思的(of the intellect rather than the emotions) (记) cerebr(脑)+al→脑的 (同) 近形词:celebrated(著名的); celebrity(名望名人)

552

trend

(英) v.\n.趋势,倾向(a prevailing tendency or inclination) (考) stream : eddy \ trend : anomaly(旋涡是溪流中的反向\反常是正常趋势中的反向) (例) the trend of events(事态的趋势)

553

crack

(英) n. 裂缝裂纹(line along which sth has broken) (例) a cup with bad cracks in it

554

carp

(英) v. 吹毛求疵(complain continually) (考) complain : carp \ drink : guzzle(抱怨→吹毛求疵\饮用→痛饮)caviler : carping \ libertine : licentious(吹毛求疵者吹毛求疵\放荡者放荡) (例) have a carping tongue

555

mendacity

(考) 反义词:truthfulness(真实)

556

inconstancy

(英) n. (指人)反复无常(feelings and intentions that change often) (考) 反义词:persistence(坚持); stability(稳定) (记) in(不)+con(始终)+stan(站立) →不始终站着→反复无常

557

slab

(英) n.厚板,厚块(a thick plate or slice) (考) 反义词:sliver(细条) (记) 和stab(刺、戳)一起记 (例) a slab of bread(一块厚面包)

558

precocious

(英) adj. 早熟的(premature) (记) pre(提前)+coc(=cook煮饭)+ious→饭提前煮好→早熟的 (例) The precocious six-year-old recited the names of all the states.

559

mongrel

(英) 杂种动物(an animal or plant resulting from an uncontrolled or accidental crossing of breeds or varieties);混血儿(any cross between different types of persons or things) (考) 反义词:purebred(纯种的)

560

substitute

(英) n.代替品(a person or thing that takes the place or function of another); v.代替(replace) (记) sub(下面)+stitute(站)→站在下面的→代替品 (例) Guess work is no substitute for investigation.

561

extemporize

(英) v.即席演说(improvise) (考) text : extemporize \ score : improvise(即兴演讲不需要正文\即兴演奏不需要乐谱)反义词:follow a script(按手稿演说) (记) ex+tempor(时间)+ize→不在(安排的)时间之内→即席演说 (同) 同根词:temporal(短暂的,世俗的); temporary(临时的)

562

mitigate

(英) v. 减轻,缓和(to lessen in force or intensity) (考) mitigate : severe \ qualify : general(缓和是使事情不再严重\限定是使事情不再普通)反义词:exacerbate(加重) (记) miti(小,轻)+gate(=ag做)→弄轻→减轻 (同) 派生词: mitigation (n. 缓解,减轻)

563

ration

(英) n. 定量配给 (a share of food allowed to one person for a period);v.配给( limit someone to a fixed ration) (考) dose : medicine \ ration : food(一剂药\一份粮食)

564

spool

(例) We need an hour long spool to record the speech.

565

acidulous

(英) adj.有酸味的(somewhat acid or sour);刻薄的(somewhat sarcastic) (记) acid(酸)+ulous(多…的) →多酸的

566

solecism

(英) n.文法错误(an ungrammatical combination of words in a sentence);举止失礼(a breach of etiquette or decorum) (记) solec(来自地名Soloi该地居民讲希腊语不纯正)+ism→文法不通

567

virility

(英) n. 雄劲,大丈夫气(manhoodmasculinity)

568

aftermath

(英) n.事件的后果,余波 (a unpleasant result or consequence)

569

self-assertion

(英) n. 坚持己见,自信(asserting one's own rightsclaimsor opinions) (记) 其他self组词:self-consuming(自耗的),self-contained(有克制力的),self -content(自满的)

570

chary

(英) adj. 小心的,审慎的(careful; cautious) (考) 类比;chary : caution \ imperturbable:composure(谨慎的[人]小心\镇静的[人]镇静)反义词:bold(鲁莽的) (例) be chary of catching cold \ be chary of strangers

571

infertile

(英) adj. 无法生殖的(not fertilized);不毛的( not productive; barren ) (记) in(不)+fertile(肥沃的,生育的)

572

forfeit

(英) v. 丧失,被罚没收(to losegive upor be deprived of);n. 丧失物(something one loses); (记) for(出去)+feit(=fect做)→做出去→丧失 (同) adj. forfeitable; n. forfeiter (例) She forfeited the esteem of her friends by telling lies.

573

gleeful

(英) adj. 欢乐的,欣喜的(full of glee; merry)

574

offish

(考) 反义词:sociable(友善的)

575

coexistence

(英) 共处共存(coexisting) (记) co+existence

576

cognitive

(英) adj. 认知的有关认识的( relating to cognition) (记) cogn(知道)+itive→知道的状态→认知的

577

discountenance

(英) v. 不赞成不支持(discourage)

578

mall

(英) n. 林荫道; 购物中心(a large shopping center)

579

monogamy

(英) n. 一夫一妻制(having one spouse at a time) (记) mono(单个)+gam(婚姻)+y (同) 同根词:neogamist(新婚者);bigamous(重婚的)

580

buffoon

(考) ludicrous : buffoon \ dissolute : libertine \ humorous : wag(丑角特点是可笑\放纵者特点是放纵\小丑特点是幽默)

581

silence

(英) 寂静(absence of sound)沉默(the state of not speaking)使安静(cause to stop making a noise) (考) 反义词:din(喧闹) (例) try to silence a noisy crowd

582

cellular

(英) 细胞的(consisting of cells)指纺织松织的(of textile materials loosely woven) (例) cellular blankets

583

licit

(英) adj. 不禁止的,合法的 (permittedlawful; legal) (记) lic(=lice允许)+it→允许的→合法的

584

drab

(英) adj. 枯黄色的(of a dull yellowish brown);无聊的(not bright or lively; monotonous)

585

abound

(英) 充满(exist in large numbers);富于(to have plenty; teem with) (记) a+bound(边界) →没有边界→多得没边; 注意abundant(富裕的) (例) Wild animals abound in this park.

586

entangle

(英) v. 使纠缠卷入(to involve in a perplexing or troublesome situation) (考) entangle : involve \ grill : question(纠缠是十分卷入\盘问是过分提问)反义词:extricate(解救) (记) en+tangle(纠缠) (例) to get entangled in other people's affairs

587

massive

(英) adj. 巨大的(very big and heavy) (记) mass(体积)+ive→体积大的→巨大的 (例) Congress tried to reduce the massive national debt.

588

disoriented

(记) dis+orientation(确定方位) →不能再确定方位

589

spleen

(英) n.怨怒(ill temper) (考) 反义词:goodwill(友好)

590

gullibility

(考) wary : gulled \ vigilant:ambushed(谨慎的不容易被骗\警觉的不容易被埋伏)

591

propinquity

(英) n. 邻近(nearness in place or time; proximity);亲近(nearness of blood; kinship) (记) propinqu(近)+ity→邻近; (同) 参考:propinquant(接近的)

592

overstate

(英) v. 夸张,对...言过其实( aggrandize) (记) over(过分)+state(陈述)

593

posthumous

(英) adj. 死后的(following or occurring after death);遗腹的(born after the death of the father) (记) post(后)+hum(土)+ous→入土以后→死后的 (例) a posthumous child

594

piano

(英) adj. (音乐)轻柔的(at a soft volume) (记) piano作为'钢琴'一意大家都知道; (同) 参考:反义词forte(强音的)

595

moat

(英) n. 壕沟,护城河(a deepwide trench) (记) 和moan(呻吟)一起记 (例) The castle moat was filled with crocodiles.

596

ponder

(英) v. 仔细考虑(to weigh in the mind;reflect on) (记) pond(重量)+er→掂重量→思考 (例) The prisoner pondered how to escape.

597

hive

(英) n. 蜂房(beehive) (考) tumultuous : bedlam \ active : hive(喧嚣之地特点是喧嚣的\繁忙之地特点是活跃的) (例) What a hive of industry_ (多么繁忙的地方)

598

oak

(英) n. 年轻女神;少女(a young woman; maiden) (记) 来自罗马神话,指居于山林水泽的仙女

599

combustion

(英) n. 燃烧 (the act or process of burning) (考) soot : combustion \ sawdust : woodcutting(燃烧形成烟尘\锯木头形成锯屑) (记) com+bust(燃烧)+ible→易燃的参考:flammable(易燃的)

600

possessed

(英) adj. 着迷的; 疯狂的(influenced or controlled by something;madcrazed) (记) 来自possess(拥有,迷住)+ed→被(邪念)迷住的→疯狂的

601

hobble

(英) v. 蹒跚(to go unsteadily);跛行(to walk lamely; limp) (记) 只要知道hobby(癖好)hobble就容易记住 (例) hobble along on one's crutches(拄着拐杖向前跛行)

602

equator

(英) n.赤道(imaginary line around the earth at an equal distance from the North and South Poles) (记) equate+or→使(地球)平分→赤道

603

run

(考) journal : entries \ run : performance(定期刊物由单个刊物组成\表演程序由表演组成)

604

privation

(英) n. 丧失,贫困(lack of what is needed for existence) (记) priv(分开)+ation→人财两分→丧失 (同) 同根词:privacy(私下,隐居); privative(剥夺性的)

605

tombstone

(英) 墓碑墓石(a stone put up over a grave bearing the namedates of birth and death of the dead person) (考) epitaph : tombstone \ motto : shield(墓志铭刻在墓碑上\题铭刻在盾牌上) (记) tomb(墓)+stone(石头)

606

entourage

(英) n.随从(group of attendants; retinue)

607

bibliographer

(英) n. 书目编制者(person who compiles a list of books) (记) 来自bibliography(n.书目提要;biblio[书]+graphy[学科]→书的学科→书目提要)

608

photosynthesis

(英) n. 光合作用(formation of carbonhydrates through light) (记) photo(光)+synthesis(综合)→光合作用 (同) 同根词:photics(光学); photography(照相)

609

amateurish

(英) adj. 业余爱好的,不熟练的(inexpert; unskillful) (记) 来自amateur(业余爱好者)amat=amor(爱)+eur(人)→爱好的人→业余爱好者 (同) 同根词:amorous(多情的); enamored(迷恋的) (例) Some inexperienced painters did an amateurish job here.

610

demonstrative

(英) adj. 喜怒形于色的(showing the feelings readily) (例) Some people are more demonstrative than others .

611

genre

(英) n. (文艺的)类型(a kind of works of literatureartetc.) (记) gen(种属)+re→类型,体裁; 比较:genus(种属,通常指生物上的种属)

612

plethora

(英) n. 过量,过剩(excesssuperfluity) (考) 反义词:dearth(缺乏); scarcity(缺乏) (记) pleth(满)+ora(嘴)→满嘴是食物→过剩 (例) a plethora of regulations(泛滥的规章)

613

haggle

(英) v. 讨价还价(to argue about price; bargain) (例) haggle over prices

614

filter

(英) 过滤器(device used to hold back any solid material or impurities in a liquid or gas passed through it)过滤(pass liquidlight through a filter) (考) winnow : chaff \ filter : impurities(扬谷去除谷壳\过滤去除杂质) (例) It won't take long to filter the coffee.

615

deception

(英) n. 用欺骗手段获得某事物(being deceived) (考) camouflage : deception \ flattery : ingratiation(伪装是为了欺骗\奉承是为了讨好) (记) de (坏)+cept(拿抓)+ion→拿坏的东西来→欺骗性的

616

terseness

(考) terseness : superfluous \ spontaneity : studied(简洁不会多余\自然不会故意)

617

exigence

(英) n. 危急关头(condition of urgent need or demand) (记) exigence=exigency

618

inexpiable

(英) adj. 不能补偿的(that cannot be expiated or atoned) (记) in+expiable(可抵偿的)→不能补偿的,来自 expiate(补偿)

619

din

(英) n.喧闹声,嘈杂声 (a loud continuous noise; clamor; uproar) (考) stench : nose \ din : ear(恶臭刺激鼻子\喧闹刺激耳朵)反义词: silence(安静); hush(寂静)

620

temperature

(英) n. 温度(the degree of heat or coldness) (考) thermometer : temperature \ compass : direction(温度计用来测温度\指南针用来测方向)attenuate : thickness \ cool : temperature(使稀薄降低浓厚\使冷却降低温度)

621

impart

(英) v. 传授,告知(to make known; tell; reveal) (记) im(进入)+part(部分)→成为(知识)一部分→告知 (例) The good teacher imparts wisdom to his pupils.

622

collate

(英) v. 对照,核对 (to compare critically in order to consolidate) (记) col(共同)+late(放)→放到一起→核对 (同) 派生词: collation (n. 校勘,整理) (例) The secretary collates and distributes the reports.

623

largesse

(英) n. 慷慨援助(generous giving);施舍(a gift or gifts given) (考) 反义词:parsimony(吝啬) (记) large(大)+sse→大方

624

ellipsis

(英) n.省略(the omission of words) (考) parenthesis : explanation \ ellipsis : omission(括号表示解释\省略号表示省略)ellipsis : word \ apostrophe : letter(省略号省略字\撇号省略字母)apostrophes : word \ ellipsis : sentence(撇号省略单词\省略号省略句子) (记) el(出)+lipsis(离开)→离去→省略;比较:eclipse(日蚀)

625

fig

(英) n.无花果,一点儿(a trifling amount; little bit)

626

subordinate

(英) adj.附属的(placed in a lower classrankor position) (考) 反义词:peer(同辈); principal (首长) (记) sub(下面)+ordin(顺序)+ate→顺序在下面→附属的 (同) 派生词: subordinacy (n. 隶属; 下级地位); subordination (n. 从属部下) (例) a subordinate kingdom(附属王国)

627

molest

(英) v. 骚扰,干扰(to bother or annoy) (记) mol(磨)+est→磨擦→骚扰 (例) A dog that molests sheep has to be killed.

628

despot

(英) n. 暴君(ruler with unlimited powers) (例) an enlightened despot

629

vengeance

(英) n.报仇,报复(punishment inflicted in retaliation; retribution) (记) venge(报复)+ance→报复 (同) 同根词:vengeful(报仇心切的);revenge(报复)

630

maleficent

(英) adj.有害的犯罪的(doing evil) (同) 近形词: beneficent(仁慈的); munificent(慷慨的)

631

lancet

(英) n. 手术刀 (a smallsharp pointed knife) (考) allergy : reaction \ lancet : instrument(过敏反应是一种反应\柳叶刀是一种工具)

632

include

(英) v. 包括包含(have sb\sth as part of a whole) (考) 反义词: omit(省略) (记) in(进入)+clude(关闭)→关进去→包含

633

fallibility

(考) 反义词:inerrancy(无错误) (记) 联系fallible(adj.易错的;fall[犯错误欺骗]+ible[能...的] →有错误的)

634

trickster

(英) n.骗子欺诈者(person who cheats people)

635

chronological

(考) dictionary : alphabetical \ annals : chronological(字典是按照字母顺序编写\编年史是按照时间顺序编写)anachronism : chronology \ fallacy : logic(年代错误是年代学中错误\谬误是逻辑学中错误) (同) 派生词: chronology(年代学)

636

insolent

(英) adj. 粗野的,无礼的(boldly disrespectful in speech orbehavior; impudent) (考) 反义词: polite(礼貌的); courteous(有礼貌的) (记) in(不)+sol(悲哀,感情)+ent→不讲感情的→粗野的_ (同) 派生词: insolence (n. 粗野的无礼的) (例) The insolent student yelled at the teacher.

637

radiant

(英) adj. 发光的(sending out light or heat) (考) 反义词:lackluster(无光泽的)

638

detoxicate

(英) v. 除毒,解毒 (to remove a poison or poisonous effect from) (记) de+tox(毒)+icate→去毒 (同) 同根词:toxin(毒素)

639

henpecked

(记) hen (母鸡)+peck(啄)→母鸡啄公鸡→惧内的

640

ventilate

(英) v.使…通风,透风 (to cause fresh air to circulate through) (记) vent(通气口)+ilate→通风 (例) a badly ventilated house(通风不好的房屋)

641

neurology

(英) n. 神经学(dealing with the nervous system) (记) neur(神经)+ology(学科)

642

unguarded

(英) adj.不留神的(free from guile or wariness);没有防备的(unprotected) (例) an unguarded remark(说漏嘴的话)

643

glacier

(英) n. 冰川冰河(mass of ice moving slowly down a valley) (考) glacier : ice \ sea : water(冰形成冰川\水形成海洋) (记) glaci(冰)+er

644

bemoan

(英) v.为...悲伤抱怨(express sorrow or disapproval of) (例) He bemoaned his bitter fate.

645

vie

(英) v. 竞争 (to compete) (例) Businesses vied with each other to attract customers.

646

oligarchy

(英) n. 寡头政治(a form of government in which power isconcentrated in the hands of a few persons) (记) olig(少)+archy(统治)→少数人统治→寡头统治

647

faddish

(记) 可以同fade(褪色、消退)一起记,时尚很快会消退(The fad fades quickly.)

648

signal

(英) 信号(something intended to warncommandor give a message)发信号(give a signal) (考) 反义词:unremarkable(不明显的) (记) sign(信号)+al

649

feminist

(英) n.女权运动者(people who support and promote women's rights ) (记) femin(女人)+ist→女权运动者 (同) 同根词:feminine(女性的)

650

violate

(英) v. 违反,触犯(disregard or act against) (同) 派生词: violation (n. 违反) (例) violate an agreement

651

aseptic

(英) adj. 无菌的,洁净的(not septic; putrefying microorganisms) (考) aseptic : disinfect \ anesthetic : numb(杀菌剂消毒\麻醉剂麻醉)反义词:contaminated(被污染的) (记) a+sept(菌)+ic→无菌的; (同) 参考:antiseptic(杀菌剂)

652

oblivious

(英) adj. 不在意的,疏忽的(forgetful or unmindful) (考) 反义词:vigilant(警觉的); cognizant(认知的); mindful(留心的)erudite : fathom \ oblivious : neglect(博学的[人]彻底了解\健忘的[人]健忘忽略) (例) The man reading on the bus was oblivious to the noise around him.

653

gavel

(考) judge : gavel \ referee : whistle(法官用小木槌\裁判用哨子) (记) 分割记忆:gave(给)+l→给以注意→敲小木槌(gavel for attention )

654

stagger

(英) v.蹒跚,摇晃(to move on unsteadily) (例) The ship staggered. He staggered just for a moment and then made a decision.

655

bishop

(英) n. 主教(senior clergyman ) (例) the Bishop of Durham

656

coloration

(英) n.着色法染色法(the method of dying);颜色色泽(color) (考) 反义词: variegation(上杂色)-uniform coloration(上单色)

657

marble

(英) n. 大理石 (a hard sort of stone used for buildingsculpture) (考) canvas : painter \ marble : sculptor(画家用画布画画\雕刻家用大理石雕刻)

658

connotation

(英) n. 言外之意,含蓄义 (idea or notion suggested in addition to its explicit meaningor denotation) (记) con+not(注意)+ation→一心注意的内容→含义 (同) 同根词:annotation(注解); denotation(表示,符号)派生词: connotative (adj.有内涵的,暗示的)

659

denture

(英) n. 假牙 (artificial teeth) (考) denture : teeth \ toupee : hair(假牙是假牙齿\假发是假头发) (记) dent(牙)+ure→假牙,dentist(牙医)

660

saturate

(英) v. 浸透( put as much liquid as possible into);使充满( fill completely) (考) 反义词:dehydrate(脱水)-saturate with water(使充满水) (记) satur(足够)+ate→使足够→饱和

661

cuisine

(英) n. 烹饪 (style of cooking; manner of preparing food) (考) connoisseur : art \ gourmet : cuisine(鉴赏家鉴赏艺术\美食家鉴赏烹饪) (例) This hotel has excellent cuisine_

662

gross

(英) adj. 总的(total; entire);粗野的(vulgar; obscene); (记) 和gloss(光泽)一起记 (例) She was shocked by the gross words he used.

663

trudge

(英) v.跋涉(to walk or march steadily laboriously) (考) lug : carry \ trudge : walk(拖拉是费力地运\跋涉是费力地走) (例) We trudged through deep snow.

664

mash

(考) awl : pierce \ pestle : mash(锥子用来刺穿\杵棒用来捣碎) (例) mashed apples (苹果泥)

665

vaunt

(英) v.吹嘘,炫耀(to make a vain display of one's own worth;brag) (考) 反义词:deprecate(蔑视) (同) 近形词:daunt(恐吓);taunt(嘲弄) (例) vaunt one's achievements(吹嘘自己的成就)

666

cohabit

(英) v. (通常指未婚的)双方同居(usu of an unmarried couple live together) (考) cohadit : reside \ conspire : plot(同居是共同居住\共谋是共同密谋) (记) co(共同)+habit(居住) →同居 (同) 同根词: habitat(动物栖息地); inhabitant(居民)

667

spangle

(英) v.闪光(to glitter;sparkle) (例) Her evening dress was covered with spangles.

668

filly

(英) n. 小母马(young female horse) (考) filly : horse \ pullet : chicken(小母马是一种马\小母鸡是一种鸡)

669

scarf

(英) n. 不足,缺乏(a state of being scarce) (考) 反义词:plethora(过多) (记) scarce(缺乏的)+ity

670

autopsy

(英) n. 验尸(examination of a dead body) (例) One of the pigs was killed and autopsied(其中一头猪宰后剖检)

671

dipsomania

(英) n. 嗜酒症(an abnormal and insatiable craving for alcoholic drink) (记) dipso(=thirst渴)+mania(狂热)→对酒渴望→嗜酒狂

672

brand

(例) On big farms cattle are usually branded. (在大农场里牛都被打上烙印)

673

reaper

(英) n.收割者(one that reaps) (考) scythe : reaper \ axe : woodcutter(收割者的工具是镰刀\伐木工的工具是斧头) (记) 来自reap(收割) (例) The farmer reaped the fields with heavy machinery.

674

scruple

(英) n. 顾忌,迟疑(an ethical consideration or principle that inhibits action);v. 顾忌(hesitate) (例) He did not scruple to tell when it served his interests.

675

vibrant

(英) adj.振动的;明快的 (bright),生机勃勃的(pulsating with life) (考) 反义词:ponderous(沉闷的) (记) vibr(振动)+ant→振动的 (例) the vibrant strings \ a vibrant woman(活泼的女子)

676

enrapture

(英) v. 使狂喜使高兴(to fill with delight; elate) (记) en+rapt(夺)+ure魂被夺走: 高兴

677

facet

(英) n.(宝石等的)小平面侧面(small plane surface of a gem)

678

tenor

(英) n.男高音(the highest natural male singing voice);要点,要旨(purport) (记) ten(握住)+or→握住的东西→要点; 例: the tenor of a speech(讲话的要点) (例) the tenor of a speech(讲话的要点)

679

varnish

(英) 清漆 (a liquid preparation that when spread and allowed to dry on a surface forms a hard lustrous typically transparent coating);v.涂上清漆 (to apply varnish to) (考) varnish : glossy \ sand : smooth(上清漆有光泽\打磨平滑)varnish : wood \ wax : linoleum \ glaze : porcelain(木头上刷漆\油毡上打蜡\瓷器上釉彩) (记) 注意不要和tarnish(使失去光泽)相混 (例) varnish a piece of furniture

680

pernicious

(英) adj. 有害的,致命的(highly injurious or destructive; noxious; deleterious; detrimental) (考) pernicious : injure \ disingenuous : mislead(有害的会造成伤害\不坦率的会造成误导) (记) per(全部)+nic(毒,死)+ious→有毒的→有害的 (例) David's body was weakened by the pernicious disease.

681

diatribe

(英) n.(口头或书面猛烈的)抨击 (a bitterabusive criticism or denunciation) (考) lullaby : song \ diatribe : discourse(摇篮曲是一种歌曲\抨击性演讲是一种演讲)declamation : grandiloquence \ burlesque : mockery \ diatribe : abuse(高谈阔论用夸大之词\嘲笑用嘲讽之词\恶骂用辱骂之词)反义词:encomium(赞美); eulogy(赞扬); laudatory piece of writing(赞扬性的文章) (记) dia(双方)+tribe(摩擦)→对着摩擦→抨击 (同) 同根词:tribunal(法庭); contrite(后悔的)

682

accede

(英) v. 应允,同意(to give assent; consent) (记) ac+cede(走)→走到一起→同意; (同) 同根词:concede(让步)recede(后退撤退) (例) He acceded to our request.

683

manure

(英) n. 粪肥 (waste matter from animals);v. 给...施肥 ( put manure on) (考) glue : seal \ manure : fertilize(胶水用来密封\肥料用来施肥)

684

slay

(英) v.杀,残杀 (to kill violentlywantonlyor in great numbers) (记) 和stay(停留)一起记 (例) slay one's enemy

685

disinterest

(英) n. 无兴趣; 冷漠(apathy) (记) dis+interest(兴趣)→无兴趣→冷漠

686

imitation

(考) exemplary : imitation \ culpable : blame(可作模范的值得模仿\该责备的值得责备)

687

sidesplitting

(英) adj.令人捧腹大笑的(extremely funny) (记) side(旁边)+spilt(分开)+ting→(笑得)浑身散架 (例) a sidesplitting laughter

688

acidity

(英) n. 酸味酸性( quality of being acid) (考) detoxification : poison \ neutralization : acid(解毒是为了去除毒药\中和是为了去除酸性) (记) acid(酸酸的)+ity(表性质) →酸性

689

locust

(记) loc(地方)+ust→从一个地方吃到另一个地方→蝗虫

690

brushwork

(英) 画家的笔法(particular way in which an artist paints with a brush)

691

feral

(英) adj. 凶猛的野的(of animals wild or savage ) (考) 反义词: cultivated(驯化的) (例) feral cats

692

microorganism

(英) n. 微生物,细菌 (a bacterium) (考) sterilization : microorganisms \ deforestation : trees(杀菌是杀死细菌\砍伐森林是杀死树木) (记) micro(微小)+organism(生物)→微生物

693

genuflect

(英) v. 曲膝半跪(以示敬意)(to bend the kneeas in reverence or worship);屈从(to act in a submissive or servile way) (记) genu(膝)+flect(弯曲)→膝弯曲→跪下 (例) genuflect to the altar(对祭坛下跪)

694

turpitude

(英) n.邪恶,卑鄙(行为) (inherent baseness;depravity) (考) 反义词:probity(正直); saintly behavior(高尚的行为) (记) turp(卑鄙的)+itude→卑鄙

695

regale

(英) v. 款待(to entertain sumptuously);使…享受(to give pleasure or amusement to) (记) re(使)+gale(高兴)→使别人高兴→款待 (同) 派生词: regality (n. 君权,王位) (例) He regaled us with some stories about his youth.

696

flagging

(考) 反义词: thriving(兴旺的); vibrant(活跃的)

697

aphasia

(记) a+phas(语言)+ia→无语言的病→失语症;参考: phrase(词语)

698

desalinization

(考) purification : dross \ desalinization : salt(提纯去除杂质\脱盐去除盐份) (记) 来自desalinize(v.=desalt 使脱盐)

699

reverent

(英) adj. 恭敬的,虔诚的(worshipful) (考) reverent : idolater \ trusting : dupe(崇拜者十分恭敬别人\易上当者十分信赖别人)

700

joint

(英) 关节(structure in the body of an animal by which bones are fitted together)连接处(place line or surface at which two or more people or more things are joined)给...装以活节(provide sth with a joint or joints)共享的(shared by two or more people toge (考) elbow : joint \ heart : organ(肘是一种关节\心脏是一种器官) (记) 来自词根: join(连接结合)

701

misshapen

(英) adj. 畸形的,奇形怪状的 (not of the ordinary shape) (记) mis(坏)+shapen(一定形状的)

702

amenable

(英) adj. 愿服从的,通情达理的(responsive; submissive;obedient) (考) 反义词:inimical(敌意的);recalcitrant (不顺从的); obdurate (顽固的); ossified(僵化的) (记) 分割记忆:a-men-able→一个人能共事→通情达理的 (例) If everyone is amenablelet's have the picnic on Sunday.

703

negligible

(英) adj. 可忽略的,无关紧要的(so small or unimportant as to be disregarded) (记) neg(不)+lig(选择)+ible→可以不选择的 (例) The damage to my car is negligible.

704

gobble

(英) v. 贪婪地吃,吞没(to eat quickly and greedily) (考) gobble : eat \ guzzle : drink(程度: 狼吞虎咽吃\痛饮喝)swill(quaff): sip \ gobble : nibble(狂饮啜饮\狼吞虎咽小口咬食) (记) 可能来自 gob(n. 一块,大量) (例) I gobbled the pizza down in five minutes.

705

salute

(英) v. 行举手礼 ( make a salute);向...致意,问候 ( greet with polite words or with a sign);n. 举手礼,敬礼(a military sign of recognition); 鸣礼炮,降旗礼 (a ceremonial firing of guns or lowering of flags in honor of a person of very high rank)

706

dismember

(英) v.肢解(cut into small parts)

707

indigent

(考) indigent : wealth \ redundant : indispensability(穷困的不富有\多余的不是不可缺少)反义词:affluent(丰富的) (记) indi(内部)+gent(=egent缺乏)→内部缺乏,贫困的,分割记忆:in(没有)+dig(挖)+ent挖不出东西→贫困的

708

duckling

(英) n. 雏鸭小鸭(young duck)

709

fathomless

(英) adj.深不可测的(too deep to be measured; incomprehensible)

710

polyandry

(英) n. 一妻多夫制(having more than one husband) (记) poly(多)+andry(男人)→多个男人; (同) 参考:androphobia(恐男症) (例) Polyandry is practiced among certain animals.

711

seethe

(英) v. 沸腾,汹涌(to be in a state of rapid agitated movement) (记) 分割记忆:see(看)+the;连句:see the sea to seethe(看大海汹涌) (例) Look down into the seething sea around the rocks.

712

shirk

(英) v.逃避,规避 (avoidevade) (考) parry : question \ shirk : duty(回避问题\逃避责任)parsimonious : skimp \ malingering : shirk(吝啬的[人]节约\装病的[人]逃避) (例) shirk one's duty(逃避责任)

713

sawdust

(英) n. 锯屑(minute particles of wood formed in sawing wood) (考) wood : sawdust \ metal : filings(锯木头会产生锯屑\锉金属会产生锉屑)soot : combustion \ sawdust : woodcutting(燃烧产生烟尘\伐木产生木屑) (记) saw(锯子)+dust(灰尘)→锯子下的灰尘→锯屑

714

masquerade

(英) v. 伪装(to live or act under false pretenses) (记) masque(=假面具)+rade (例) He got a free ticket to the play by masquerading as a friend of the actors.

715

ruthless

(英) adj. 无情的(showing no human feelings);坚决的(firm in taking unpleasant decisions) (考) ruthless : mercy \ insipid : flavor(无情的不会仁慈\无味的不会有味道)

716

willfulness

(考) willfulness : headstrong \ subservience : fawning(刚愎的[人]任性\奉承的[人]奉承)

717

munitions

(英) n. 军火,弹药(weapons and ammunition) (考) larder : food \ armory : munitions(食品储藏室存放食品\武器库存放军火) (记) muni(礼物,加强)+tion→送给敌人的礼物→军火_ (例) The warring county's budget went mostly to munitions.

718

stratify

(英) v.(使)层化(to divide or arrange into classescastesor social strata) (考) 反义词:homogenize(使一致) (记) strat(层次)+ify→层化 (例) a rigidly stratified society

719

compunction

(英) n. 懊悔,良心不安 (a sense of guilt; remorse; penitence; qualm) (记) com+punct(刺)+ion→(心)不断被刺→良心不安; (同) 同根词:punctual(准时的); acupuncture(针灸) (例) He spoke with compunction about his mistakes and regrets.

720

entrancing

(考) 反义词: disappoint(失望的); unprepossessing(不吸引人的)

721

resolution

(英) n. 决定,决议(a formal decision);决心(a firm decision) (考) lumber : grace \ flag : vigor \ waver : resolution(笨拙无优雅\衰弱无活力\动摇无坚决) (记) resolute(坚决的)+ion

722

brood

(英) v.孵蛋(to sit on and hatch);冥想(to keep thinking in a distressed way) (例) She brooded over the plantrying to find some mistakes in it.

723

unprovoked

(记) un(不)+provoked(激怒) (例) make an unprovoked attack(无故发动进攻)

724

pointless

(英) adj. 无意义的 (meaningless);无用的,无益的 (useless) (例) make a pointless remark

725

endemic

(英) adj. 地方性的(restricted to a locality or region; native) (考) endemic : region \ inborn : individual(地区性的属于地区\天性的属于个人)反义词:exotic(外来的); foreign(外来的) (记) en+dem(人民)+ic→在人民之内→地方性的 (同) 同根词:epidemic(流行性的); pandemic(全国流行的)

726

enactment

(英) n.颁布扮演(the act of enacting) (考) 反义词:rescission(废除)

727

litigant

(英) n. 诉讼当事人(a party to a lawsuit) (考) arbitrator : disputants \ judge : litigants(仲裁者解决争论者的矛盾\法官解决诉讼当事人的矛盾) (记) litig(打官司)+ant→打官司的人→诉讼当事人

728

deferrable

(考) 反义词:exigent(紧迫的)

729

oxymoron

(英) n. 矛盾修饰法(矛盾词在一起用如: clever stupidity) (考) apophasis : claim \ oxymoron : paradox(表面否认是委婉地表示主张\矛盾修饰是委婉地表示悖论)

730

brandish

(英) v.(威胁性地)挥舞(wave around) (例) The demonstrators brandished banners and shouted slogans.

731

taciturnity

(考) 反义词:garrulity(唠叨); volubility(流利); windbag(饶舌之人)

732

truce

(英) n.停战,休战(协定) (agreement between enimies to stop fighting for a certain period) (考) 反义词:resumed fighting(继续战斗) (例) made a truce \ sign a truce

733

constituent

(英) n. 成分 (component; element);选区内的选民 (a member of a constituency) (记) con+stit=stat(站)+uent→站在一起→成分 (同) 同根词:institute(创立,学院); constitution(宪法,组织) (例) the constituent parts of society

734

plod

(英) v. 重步走(to walk heavily: trudge);吃力干(drudge) (考) 反义词:flit(轻快地掠过); gambol(雀跃) (例) The old man plodded wearily along the road.

735

condense

(英) v. 浓缩(cause sth to become thicker ) (考) rust : corrosion \ dew : condensation(腐蚀产生锈\凝缩产生露)反义词:rarefy(稀释); rarefaction(稀薄)-condensation(浓缩) (记) con(全部)+dense(浓密) →全部浓缩 (同) 派生词: condensation (n. 浓缩凝结)

736

disposal

(英) n. 清除处理(action of getting rid of) (考) recycle : disposal \ rehabilitate : demolition(回收利用不销毁\修复不毁坏) (例) The safe diaposal of nuclear waste is a major problem.

737

ready

(考) volatile : temper \ ready : wit(易变的脾气\机敏的智慧)

738

attire

(英) v.穿着,装饰(to dress in fine garments);n. 衣服(rich apparel; finery) (记) at+tire(顺序)→整理→装扮 (例) the special attire to wear at the wedding. She attired herself in expensive clothing.

739

gynaecocracy

(英) n. 妇人政治(government by women) (记) gynaeco(女人)+cracy(统治) (同) 同根词:gynaecoid(女性的); gynephobia(恐女症)

740

chastise

(英) v. 严厉惩罚 (to punish by beating);谴责(to scold or condemn) (记) 发音像中文的 '掐死打死' (同) 参考:castigate(惩戒) (例) Parents don't chastise their children as much as they used to do.

741

commence

(英) v. 开始,倡导 (to begin; start; originate) (记) com(共同)+mence(说,做)→一起说,做→开始,倡导

742

undrinkable

(考) 反义词:potable(适于饮用的) (记) un(不)+drinkable(可饮用的)

743

thicket

(英) n.树丛,灌木丛(a dense growth of shrubbery or small trees) (记) 分割记忆:thick(浓厚)+et (例) The fox hid in the thicket where the dog could not reach it.

744

threnody

(英) n.挽歌(a song for the lamentation of the dead; dirgeelegy) (记) thren(哀悼)+ody(歌); (同) 参考:threnetic(悲哀的,哀悼的)

745

obedient

(英) adj. 服从的,顺从的(submissive; dociletractable) (考) 反义词:contumacious(顽固的) (记) 来自obey(服从)+dient→服从的 (同) n. obedience (例) Very few children are obedient.

746

flex

(英) v.弯曲(to bend[an armkneeetc.])

747

clasp

(英) n. 钩子扣子(device for fastening things);紧握(firm hold) (考) lathe : shape \ clasp : fasten(车床使成形\扣子使固定) (例) The clasp of my brooch is broken .

748

crab

(英) n. 蟹(ten-legged shellfish);v. 抱怨挑剔(complaingrumble) (例) The boss is always crabbing about my work.

749

parenthesis

(英) n. 插入话(phrase or sentence inserted in a passage) (记) 分割记忆:parent(父母)+thesis(论文),源自paren(=para)+thesis(放)→放在旁边的话→插入语

750

trespass

(英) v.侵犯,闯入私人领地(to make an unwarranted or uninvited incursion) (考) eavesdrop : conversation \ trespass : property(偷听谈话侵犯他人隐私\侵入领地侵犯他人财产)反义词:without intruding(没有闯入) (记) tres(横向)+pass(经过)→横着经过某人的地盘→侵犯 (例) Don't come trespassing on my land again.

751

terrace

(英) n.一层梯田; 阳台(a colonnaded porch) (记) terr(地)+ace→梯田 (例) terraced roof(平顶屋)

752

coterminous

(英) 毗连的有共同边界的(coterminal) (记) 也写作conterminouscon+term(边界,结束)+ious→有共同边界的 (同) 同根词:terminate(结束); terminal(终点站) (例) England is the only country coterminous with Wales.

753

pomposity

(英) n. 自大,傲慢(arrogant demeanorspeechor behavior)

754

hyperbolic

(考) aphoristic : terse \ hyperbolic : exaggerated(格言的特点是简短\夸张法的特点是夸张)

755

crag

(英) n. 悬崖,峭壁 (a steeprugged rock that rises above others)

756

manuscript

(英) n. 手稿(a written or typewritten document or paper);手抄本(a book or document written by hand before the invention of printing) (考) archive : manuscript \ arsenal : weapon(档案馆存放手稿\军火库存放武器)frieze : building \ illumination : manuscript(横饰带修饰建筑\图案修饰手稿)revise : manuscript \ retouch : picture(修改手稿\润色图画) (记) manu(手)+script(写)→手写稿 (例) One of the poet's original manuscripts was auctioned for a high price.

757

oust

(英) v.强迫出去;把...赶走(expel; force out)

758

affidavit

(英) n. 宣誓书(a written statement made under oath) (记) af+fid(相信)+avit(名词)→让人相信的东西→宣誓书 (同) 同根词:perfidy(不忠,背叛); confidence(自信)

759

granule

(英) n. 小粒,微粒(a small grain) (记) 以上三词均来自gran(=grain颗粒)

760

haven

(英) n. 安息所,避难所(any shelteredsafe place; refuge) (考) 反义词:dangerous place(危险的地方) (记) 注意不要和heaven(天空,天堂)相混

761

chronic

(英) adj.慢性的长期的(long established as a disease) (考) 反义词:sporadic(零星的) (记) chron(时间)+ic (同) 同根词: chronology(年代学); synchronous(同步的同时的)

762

exhort

(英) v.力劝,勉励(to urge earnestly;admonish strongly) (考) exhort : suggest \ goad : direct(程度:力劝建议\激励指导) (记) ex+hort(=incite激励)→ 激励出来→力劝 (同) 同根词:hortative(劝告的,忠告的) (例) I exhort you to pay off all your bills before you get into debt.

763

unwarranted

(英) adj. 没有根据的(unwelcome and done without good reason) (记) un(不)+warranted(有根据的)

764

mediocrity

(英) n. 平庸,碌碌无为( mediocre abilities or attainment) (考) 反义词:virtuosity(精湛的技艺)

765

carol

(英) n.赞美诗,颂歌(a song of joy or praise)

766

pamper

(英) v. 纵容,过分关怀(to treat with excess or extreme care) (同) 近形词: hamper(妨碍; 大篮子); tamper(损害窜改); camper(露营者) (例) pamper one's child(娇惯孩子)

767

winnow

(英) v.把(谷物)的杂质吹掉,扬去(to remove chaff by a current of air) (考) winnow : wheat \ refine : oil(扬去小麦糠秕\对油进行提炼)winnow : chaff \ filter : impurities(去除谷壳\过滤掉杂质)winnow : grain \ purify : water(扬去谷物杂质\净化使水更纯) (记) 注意不要和minnow(小鱼)相混 (例) winnow the chaff from the grain(扬去谷壳)

768

holograph

(记) holo(全部)+graph(写)→全部是自己写的

769

abash

(记) 中间有灰ash,灰头灰脸的反义词: embolden(v. 使 … 大胆)

770

provoked

(考) attack : vanquished \ goad : provoked(进攻使被征服\刺激使被激起)

771

hygiene

(英) n. 卫生学(the science of health and its maintenance) (记) 来自希腊神话健康女神 Hygeia; (同) 参考:hygeian(健康的,卫生的)

772

prestigious

(英) adj. 有名望的,有威信的(having prestige; honored) (记) 来自prestige(威信,魅力),pre(前面)+stige(拉近,拉紧)→把人拉到前面的力量→威望 (例) The prestigious celebrity raised a lot of money for charity.

773

parable

(英) n. 寓言,比喻(a short fictitious story that illustrates a moral attitude or a religious principle) (考) parable : story \ homily : lecture(寓言故事是一种故事\布道是一种演说) (记) par(平等)+able→能够平行比较→比喻 (例) Bill explained various parables from the Bible.

774

lean

(英) v. 倾斜(incline)adj. 瘦骨嶙峋(thin) (例) lean on the desk(靠在书桌上) \ I only eat lean meat.(我只吃瘦肉)

775

agape

(英) adj.\adv. (嘴)大张着的(openmouthed) (记) a+gape(张开张大)→张开的

776

seasoning

(英) n. 调味品,佐料 (an ingredient added to food) (例) Saltsugarpepper and vinegar are seasonings.

777

band

(英) n. 带箍(thin flat strip) (考) stipple : dot \ striate : band(点画由点组成\加条纹由条纹组成)

778

queer

(英) adj.奇怪的,疯狂的(eccentric; unconventional) (记) 和queen(女王)一起记 (例) What a queer story.

779

moribund

(英) adj. 即将结束的(coming to end);垂死的(dying) (考) 反义词:increasingly vital(生机勃勃的); nascent(新生的); beginning(开始的) (记) mori(=mort死)+bund(接近的)→垂死的

780

unmanageable

(考) indecipherable : decoded \ unmanageable : controlled(无法破译不能被破译\无法控制不能被控制) (记) un(不)+manageable(易管理的)

781

charity

(英) n.仁慈(benevolence);施舍(a voluntary giving of money) (记) 分割联想:char(英国口语'茶',中国字音译)+ity,'请喝茶→施舍→仁慈'

782

inelastic

(英) adj. 无伸缩性的(not flexible or adaptable) (考) ephemeral : endure \ inelastic : stretch(短暂的不持久\无弹性的不伸展) (记) in(无)+elastic(伸缩性的) →无伸缩性的

783

criminality

(考) law : criminality \ convention : indiscretion(犯罪违反法律\轻率违反规矩)

784

momentous

(英) adj. 极重要的,严重的(of great importance or consequence) (考) atrocious : bad \ momentous : important(极坏和坏\极重要和重要) (记) moment(时刻)+ous→刻不容缓的→重要的 (例) The Supreme Court issues many momentous decisions each year.

785

maximize

(英) v. 使增至最大限度( increase to the greatest possible size )

786

prude

(英) n.过分守礼的人(a person who is excessively attentive to propriety or decorum) (考) fanatic : devoted \ prude : proper(狂热者过分热衷\拘谨者过分得体) (记) prud(小心)+e→小心之人; (同) 参考:prudent(小心的); prudence(谨慎) (例) The prude blushed when I told a slightly vulgar joke.

787

infection

(英) n. 传染感染(becoming ill through contact with bacteria) (考) antibiotic : infection \ coagulant : bleeding(抗生素用来防止感染\止血剂用来防止流血)反义词:septic(腐烂的)-free of infection(未受感染的) (记) infect+ion

788

miasma

(英) n. 瘴气,不健康的环境或影响(unhealthy mist rising from the ground; unhealthy environment or influence) (例) a miasma of tobacco smoke

789

cowardly

(英) adj. 胆小的(lacking courage) (例) cowardly liesbehavioractions

790

glance

(英) 瞥一眼看一下(take a quick look)闪烁(of bright objects flash) (考) 反义词: peruse(细读); scrutiny(详细审查) (例) glance one's watch

791

scoff

(英) v. 嘲笑(to show contempt by derisive acts or language);v. 狼吞虎咽(to eat greedily) (例) the scoffs of one's fellow(同伴的嗤笑)

792

mushroom

(英) 蘑菇(any of several types of fungus which grow and develop very quickly)雨后春笋般迅速发展(grow and develop fast) (例) new blocks of flats and offices mushrooming all over the city

793

conform

(英) (to) v. 符合或遵守公认的规则(keep to or comply with generally accepted rules) (考) maverick : conformity \ extrovert : reserve(想法与众不同者不会一致\性格外向者不会沉默寡言)incongruent : conform \ recalcitrant : obey(不一致的[人]不会顺从\反抗的[人]不会服从)反义词:not hew to(不遵守); anomalous(反常的)-conforming to an established rule(符合既定原则的) (记) con(共同)+form(形状) →形式共同→一致 (同) 派生词: conformism (n. 墨守成规); conformity (n. 符合一致)

794

specter

(英) n.鬼魂,幽灵(ghost);恐惧(something that haunt the mind) (记) spect(看)+er→鬼怪 (例) the specter of oil crisis (对石油危机的恐惧)

795

defamation

(英) n. 诽谤中伤( being defamed) (考) 反义词:eulogy(颂词) (记) defame(v.诽谤;de [变坏]+fame[名声])+ation

796

sedition

(英) n. 煽动叛乱(incitement of rebellion or resistance) (记) sed(=se分开)+it(走)+ion→分开走→煽动 (同) 同根词:itinerate(巡回) (例) He was charged with sedition.

797

cosmopolitanism

(考) 反义词:insularity(岛国性格) (记) 联系cosmopolis(n. 国际都市;cosmo[世界宇宙]+polis[城市] →世界城→大都市)

798

stipulate

(英) v.要求以…为条件(to demand an express term in an agreement);约定 (to make an agreement or covenant) (考) request : command \ propose : stipulate(命令比请求严格\规定比建议严格) (记) stip(点)+ulate→点明,讲定 (例) He stipulates three things before he can agree to go.

799

sacred

(英) adj. 神圣的,庄严的(connected with religion or religious rites) (例) They entered the sacred mosque.(他们进入神圣的清真寺)

800

rationale

(英) n.基本原理(an explanation of controlling principles);根据(an underlying reason; basis) (记) rational(理性的,合理的)+e→合理的东西→原理,根据 (例) My professor disagreed with the rationale of my argument.

801

elocution

(英) n.演说术(the art of effective public speaking) (记) e+locu(说)+tion→说出去→演讲术 (同) 同根词:circumlocution(累赘的陈述); loquacious(多话的)

802

fascination

(英) n.魅力,娇媚(strong attraction; charm; allure) (考) fascination : interest \ adoration : fondness(着迷是十分感兴趣 \爱慕是十分喜欢)

803

sobriety

(考) 反义词:sumptuousness(华丽的)

804

rind

(英) n. (西瓜等)外皮 (hard or tough outer layer; peelcrust) (考) apple : skin \ melon : rind(苹果皮\甜瓜皮) (例) watermelon rind(西瓜皮)

805

annul

(英) v. 宣告无效(invalidate);取消(cancel,abolish) (考) 反义词:make legal(使合法化) (记) an+nul(消除)→取消 (同) 同根词:nullify(取消) (例) Her marriage was annulled after six months.

806

ovation

(英) n. 热烈的欢迎,鼓掌(an enthusiastic outburst of applause) (例) The speech was accorded a standing ovation.(全体起立为演讲热烈鼓掌)

807

fulsome

(英) adj. 虚情假意的(disgustingly insincere);丰满的(full; ample; abundant) (记) 组合词:ful(满)+some(带有…的)→丰满的 (例) fulsome expressions. fulsome praise.

808

temperance

(英) n.自制(moderation in action or feeling;restraint) (考) objectivity : partisan \ temperance : reprobate(党派主义者不会客观\堕落者不会节制) (记) temper(脾气,缓和)+ance (例) practice temperance in eating and drinking(节制饮食)

809

sparring

(英) v.闪闪发光,闪耀(to glitter or shine) (例) The snow mantled peaks sparkled in the sun

810

rickety

(英) adj.不牢靠的摇摇欲坠的(likely to break or fall apart) (考) cloth : ragged \ furniture : rickety(破旧的衣服\破烂的家具) (例) She started off down the rickety stairs.(她举步走下摇摇欲坠的楼梯)

811

global

(英) adj. 全球性的(covering or affecting the whole world) (考) 反义词: local(地方的) (例) a global tour

812

lethal

(英) adj. 致命的(fatal or deadly) (考) disagreeable : hateful \ harmful : lethal(十分厌恶是憎恨\十分有害是致命) (记) leth(死,僵)+al→致死的 (同) 同根词:lethality(致死性); lethargy(昏睡)

813

channel

(英) n. 航道(navigable part of a stretch of water) (考) artery : plaque \ channel : silt(血小板阻碍动脉中血液流动\淤泥阻碍河道中水流动) (例) The channel is marked by buoys .

814

gnome

(英) n. 格言(a wisepithy saying; maxim)

815

astrology

(英) n. 占星学,占星术(primitive astronomy) (考) astrology : astronomy \ alchemy : chemistry(占星术不是天文学\炼金术不是化学) (记) astro(星)+ology→占星学; (同) 参考:astronomy(天文学)派生词: astrologer (n. 占星家)

816

terse

(英) adj.简洁的,简明的 (devoid of superfluity) (考) aphoristic : terse \ hyperbolic : exaggerated(格言的特点是简短\夸张法的特点是夸大的) (例) a terse statement(简要的陈述)

817

outspoken

(英) adj. 直言不讳的 (expressing openly) (例) He is an outspoken critic of the government

818

deactivate

(考) 反义词:potentiate(使更有效) (记) de(离开)+act(行动)+ivate→不在采取行动→遣散

819

overexposure

(英) v. 对...估计过高 ( guess too high a value for); (记) over(过分)+estimate(估计)

820

mildness

(考) 反义词:asperity(粗暴) (记) 来自形容词mild(温和的)+ness

821

conventional

(英) adj. 因循守旧的(based on convention) (考) overdose : prescription \ indiscretion : convention(配药过量不遵从药方\行动轻率不遵从传统)eccentric : conventional \ doyen : uninitiated(古怪的人不会是传统的\老前辈不会是无经验的)反义词: outlandish(奇异的); offbeat(不规则的) (记) 来自convention(n. 集会惯例;con[大家]+vent[来] →大家来到一起→集会)

822

misgiving

(英) n. 疑虑,恐惧 (a feeling of doubtdistrustor fear) (考) 反义词:certainty(确信) (例) I have serious misgivings about taking the job.

823

luminous

(英) adj. 发光的(shining; bright);易懂的(clear; readily understood) (记) lumin(光)+ous→发光的; n. luminosity (同) n. luminosity (例) the luminous stars

824

arrest

(英) v. 阻止抑制(stop or check) (考) 反义词:vitalize(激发) (例) The police made several arrests.

825

apotheosis

(英) n.神化(the act of raising a person to the status of a god; deification);典范(a glorified ideal) (记) apo+theo(神)+sis→离神不远→神化; (同) 参考:deify(神化)同根词:theology(神学); atheism(无神论)

826

bout

(英) n.一回合,一阵(a going and coming back again) (记) 原指农夫来回犁地,现在指带有反复性的活动(bouts of activity几番活动);比较:boutique(妇女时装精品店→妇女反复走的地方)

827

moderation

(英) n. 自我控制 (self-control);缓和,减轻 (reduction in forcedegreerateetc.) (考) exorbitant : moderation \ perfidious : loyalty(过度的[人]没有节制\不忠的[人]没有忠诚)

828

cadence

(英) n.抑扬顿挫(rhythmic rise and fall);节奏韵律(rhythm)

829

secrete

(英) v. 隐藏(to deposit and conceal in a hidden place) (考) depart : abscond \ store : secrete(潜逃是偷偷离开\隐藏是偷偷储藏)反义词:absorb (吸收) (记) 来自secret(秘密的)+e (例) The child secreted himself behind the door.

830

impel

(英) v. 推进(to push; propel);驱使(to forcecompelor urge) (考) 反义词:restrain(制止) (记) im(在里面)+pel(推)→推动 (同) 同根词:dispel(驱散); compel(强制) (例) Hunger impelled me to finish my work quickly.

831

gaucheness

(英) n. 不文雅的举止(socially awkward or clumsy behavior) (考) 反义词:polish(文雅)

832

bruise

(英) adj. 受伤擦伤(to injure the skin)

833

impassioned

(英) adj. 慷慨激昂的(passionate; fiery; ardent) (记) im(进入)+passion(激情)+ed

834

unconventional

(考) hero: admirable \ eccentric : unconventional(英雄是可敬的\古怪者是非传统的) (记) un(不)+conventional(惯例的,常规的)

835

demure

(英) adj. 严肃的,矜持的(reserved; affectedly modest or shy) (例) a demure young lady

836

wry

(英) adj. 扭曲的; 冷嘲性幽默的(showing a mixture of amusement and displeasuredislikeor disbelief) (考) 反义词: straight(直接的); undeviatingly(不偏离的) (例) She watched their fumbling efforts with wry amusement.

837

fast

(考) fast : eat \ respite : labor \ moratorium : act(斋戒是暂时停止进餐\休息是暂时停止劳动\延迟是暂时停止行动)反义词: loosely attach(宽松地连接)

838

stale

(英) adj.不新鲜的,陈腐的(tasteless or unpalatable from age) (例) These old peanuts taste stale.

839

barbarous

(英) adj.野蛮的(uncultured crude)残暴的(cruel; brutal) (记) barbar(愚昧)+ous→愚昧的→野蛮的 (同) 派生词: barbarity (n.残忍,残暴)

840

indisposed

(英) adj. 不愿意的(unwilling; disinclined)

841

cursive

(英) adj. 草书的(designating writing in which the strokes of the letters are joined in each word) (记) curs(跑)+ive→(写字)像跑一样→草书的 (例) Please use cursive script. Do not print.

842

gauge

(英) n. 标准规格(a standard measure) (考) gauge :pressure \ scale : weight(测量仪用来测量压力\天平用来测量重量)measure : dimensions \ calibrate : diameter \ gauge :pressure \ plumb : depth(测量尺寸\校准直径\测量压力\探测深度) (记) 不要和gouge(半圆凿,v. 敲竹杠)相混 (例) agricultural production as a gauge of the economy's effectiveness

843

gosling

(英) n. 小鹅(a young goose);年轻无知的人(a young or inexperienced person ) (记) goose(鹅)+ling(小东西)→小鹅 (同) 同根词:underling(下属);hireling(受雇佣者)

844

paltry

(英) adj. 无价值的,微不足道的(trashytrivial; petty) (考) 反义词:significant(重要的); important(重要的) (记) 分割记忆:pal=pale(白)+try(努力)→白努力 (例) The conversation with her seemed paltry.

845

democratic

(英) adj. 民主的民主政治的(based on the principles of democracy) (记) demo+crat(统治者)+ic→人民统治→民主政治的

846

artery

(英) 动脉(any of the tubes carrying blood from the heart to all parts of the body) (考) aqueduct : water \ artery : blood(水渠流水\血管流血)artery : plaque \ channel : silt(血小板阻碍血管\淤泥阻碍河道) (记) arter(管道)+y→动脉

847

saw

(考) saw : carpenter \ scissors : tailor(木匠的工具是锯\裁缝的工具是剪刀)

848

mistral

(英) n. 寒冷干燥的强风(colddry wind blowing from the north)

849

debility

(英) n. 衰弱,虚弱 (weakness or feebleness) (记) de+bility(=ability)→失去能力→衰弱

850

flip

(考) flip : respect \ nonchalant : concern(不敬的无尊敬\不关心的无关心)

851

verbiage

(英) n.罗嗦,冗长(a profusion of words of little content) (记) verbi(词语)+age (例) The speaker lost himself in verbiage.(演讲人废话连篇)

852

helm

(英) n. 舵,驾驶盘(the wheel by which a ship or boat is steered) (例) With our new leader at the helm things are sure to improve.

853

nocturnal

(英) adj. 夜晚的,夜间发生的(happening in the night) (考) 反义词:diurnal(白天的) (记) noct(夜)+urnal→夜间的; (同) 参考:diurnal(白天的)同根词:noctambulant(梦游的);noctilucence(夜间发光的) (例) The bat is a nocturnal creature.

854

hover

(英) v. (人)徘徊(waver) (考) hover : plunge \ crouch : spring(盘旋是为了俯冲\蹲伏是为了跳起) (记) hover 作为构词成分,意为'气垫的'如hovercraft(气垫船) (例) He's hovering between life and death.

855

delinquent

(英) adj. 疏忽职务的(failing or neglecting to do what duty or law requires ) (记) de+linqu(=linger闲荡)+ent→闲荡过去→疏忽职务 (例) The company cancelled its delinquent customers' credit.

856

litter

(英) n. 垃圾(bits of rubbish) (例) litter papers around \ a litter of kittens

857

particular

(英) n. 事实,细节(an individual fact or detail; item) (例) My boss stressed the important particulars of the project.

858

feedback

(英) n. (信息的)反馈(a response) (记) 组合词:feed(喂养,馈给)+back(反)→反馈

859

fabulous

(英) adj.难以置信的(incredible; astounding);寓言里的(imaginaryfictitious) (记) fable(寓言)+ulous→寓言里的→难相信的 (例) a fabulous sum of money

860

impetuous

(英) adj. 冲动的,鲁莽的(impulsive ; sudden) (考) impetuous : vacillation(hesitation)\ bumptious : humbleness(冲动的不犹豫\狂妄的不谦卑)反义词:deliberate(故意的); hesitance(犹豫); vacillation(踌躇) (同) 派生词: impetuosity(n. 冲动) (例) It is impetuous of John to buy four pairs of shoes.

861

zephyr

(英) n.和风 (a gentle breeze);西风(a breeze from the west) (记) 由希腊神话中西风之神Zephyr而来 (例) the flowersthe zephyrsand the warblers of spring(花卉,和风及莺鸣)

862

theism

(英) n.一神论,有神论 (belief in the existence of a god or gods) (记) the(=theo神)+ism→有神论; (同) 参考:atheism(无神论者)

863

ankle

(英) n.脚踝(the joint that connects the foot and the leg) (同) 近形词: rankle(怨恨激怒)

864

specious

(英) adj. 似是而非的(having a false look of truth or genuineness)华而不实的(having deceptive attraction or allure) (考) specious : genuineness \ illusory : reality(似是而非的不真实\虚幻的不现实)反义词:valid(正确的); veritable(真实的) (记) spec(看)+ious→用来看的→华而不实的 (例) a specious pretext(似是而非的借口)

865

tribulation

(英) n.苦难,灾难(distress or suffering from oppression or persecution) (记) tribul(给予)+aiton→上天给予的(惩罚)→灾难 (例) The war was a time of tribulation for all of us.

866

paucity

(英) n. 小量,缺乏(fewnessdearth) (考) 反义词:slew(极大量); profusion(丰富) (记) pauc(少)+ity→少的状态→缺乏 (例) My grandmother commented on the paucity of good television programs.

867

inadvertence

(英) n. 漫不经心(actions done without thinking or not deliberately) (考) 反义词:careful attention(小心留意) (记) in(进入)+ad(加强)+vert(转)+ence(表名词) →进入转的状态→不专心

868

prolong

(英) v. 延长,拉长(to lengthen in timeextentor range) (考) accelerate : speed \ prolong : duration(加速是加快速度\延长是延长时间)反义词:curtail(缩短); truncate(截短) (记) pro(向前)+long(长)→拉长 (例) The strong medications prolonged the sick man's life.

869

transgression

(考) transgression : morality \ presumption : propriety(犯罪是没有道德\傲慢是没有礼貌)

870

ardor

(英) n. 热情,狂热(eagerness; enthusiasm; zeal; passion) (考) assuage : sorrow \ dampen : ardor(缓和痛苦\降低热情)

871

outbid

(英) v. 出价多于(他人)(to bid or offer more than someone else) (记) out(出)+bid(出价)→出价高出别人 (例) He outbid his rivals at the auction.

872

logic

(考) anachronism : chronology \ fallacy : logic(年代错误是年代学中的错误\谬误是逻辑学中的错误)sermon : homiletics \ argument : logic(布道术指导布道\逻辑学指导辩论)logic : reasoning \ ethics : behavior(逻辑学研究推理\伦理学研究行为)

873

pachyderm

(英) n. 厚皮动物(largethick-skinnedhoofed animal);厚脸皮的人(a insensitivestolid person) (记) pachy(厚)+derm(皮)

874

sapless

(英) adj. 没有元气的(very weak; lacking of vigor)

875

scorpion

(英) n. 轻蔑(disrespect or derision mixed with indignation);v. 轻蔑,瞧不起(to reject or dismiss as contemptible) (考) venerable : reverence \ redoubtable : regard(awe)\despicable :scorn(contemptdisregard)(可敬的被尊敬\可怕的被敬畏\可鄙的被鄙视)scorn : reject \ adulate : flatter \ disparage : ignore(程度: 不屑做→放弃\谄媚→奉承\轻蔑→忽视)(例) dismiss a suggestion with scorn

876

sanitation

(英) n.(公共)卫生(the science and practice of effecting healthful and hygienic conditions; drainage and disposal of sewage) (考) censorship : information \ sanitation : disease(审查制度是阻止信息\保持卫生是阻止疾病)

877

phylogeny

(英) n. 发展史(the lines of descent or evolutionary development)

878

ligature

(记) ligat(捆绑)+ure→捆绑物→带子 (同) 同根词: ligament(韧带)

879

swing

(英) v. 摇摆( move backwards and forwards);旋转( move in a smooth curve) (考) oscillation : swing \ momentum : scooter(振荡使秋千摇摆\动力使滑行车前进)

880

stark

(英) adj.(外表)僵硬的(rigid as if in death);完全的(uttersheer) (记) 和start(开始)一起记 (例) stark discipline(严格的纪律)/stark nonsense(完全的胡说)

881

carat

(同) 近形词:karate(空手道),caret(加字符号)

882

genus

(英) n.(动植物的)属(division of animals or plantsbelow a family and above a species)

883

confection

(英) n. 甜食,糖果 (any kind of candy or other sweet preparation) (记) con+fect(做)+ion→大家一起做的(食品)甜食; (同) 近形词: infection(感染); affection(感情); perfection(完美)

884

frenetic

(英) adj. 狂乱的,发狂的(frantic; frenzied) (考) literate : erudite \ agitated : frenetic(程度: 有文化的博学的\不安的狂乱的)frenetic : movement \ fanatical : belief(狂乱的动作\狂热的信仰) (记) fren 来自 phren(心灵) (同) 同根词:phrenetic(发狂的);phrenalgia(精神痛苦);参考:frantic(疯狂的) (例) Things are so busy at office that we are always frenetic and exhausted.

885

delete

(英) v. 删除 (cross out; erase) (考) 反义词:record(记录) (记) de+lete(脏物litter)→去掉脏物→删除

886

exposition

(英) n.阐释(detailed explanation) (记) ex+pos(放)+ition→放出来(让人看)→阐明,博览会 (同) 同根词:repose(休息) (例) a full exposition of his political beliefs

887

pert

(英) adj.(尤指女孩或年轻妇女)冒失但可爱的(forward; jaunty)

888

grudging

(例) She was very grudging in her thanks.

889

aviary

(英) n.大鸟笼,鸟舍(a large cage to keep many birds) (考) arboretum : trees \ aviary : birds(植物园有树供观赏\鸟舍有鸟供观赏) (记) avi(鸟)+ary(场所) (同) 同根词:aviation(航空); aviatrix(女飞行员)

890

iniquitous

(英) adj.邪恶的,不公正的(wicked; unjust)

891

sheen

(英) n.光辉,光泽 (a bright or shining condition) (例) The moon laid a brilliant sheen across the water.

892

reputation

(英) n. 名声(good name) (记) 来自repute(名声,认为),re(重新)+pute(想)→反复想(认为很好)→名声 (例) The candidate's reputation was spotless.

893

unruly

(英) adj.粗野的,无法无天的 (not readily ruleddisciplinedor managed) (考) 反义词: subdued(屈服的) (记) un(不)+rul(=rule统治)+y→没法统治的 (例) an unruly horse(难驾驭的烈马)

894

skunk

(英) n.舞弊(underhanded or unscrupulous behavior) (记) 分割记忆:skul(=skull头颅,脑袋)+dug(挖)+gery→挖脑袋→想方设法作假

895

refutation

(考) 反义词:verification(证实)

896

commodity

(英) n. 商品 (any article of commerce) (考) barter : commodities \ correspond : letters(易货贸易是商品交换\通信是信件交换) (记) com+mod(样式)+ity→各种各样的东西→商品

897

floodgate

(英) n. (水闸的)闸门(gate that can be opened or closed to control the flow of water)

898

crypt

(英) adj.隐藏的秘密的; 地窖(secret recess or vault) (记) crypt(秘密) 本身就是词根

899

flatulence

(英) n.肠胃气胀(having gas in the stomach or intestines) (记) flat(气)+ulence(多…的)→多气的→肠胃气胀 (同) 同根词:flatus(气息); inflate(充气)

900

synopsis

(英) n.摘要,概要(a condensed statement or outline) (考) synopsis : condensed \ appendix : supplementary(概要是浓缩的\附录是补充的)synopsis : conciseness \ distillate : purity(概要简明\蒸馏物纯净)反义词:protraction(冗长) (记) syn(共同)+opsis(看)→放在一起看→摘要

901

impulse

(英) 冲动(sudden inclination prompting to action);刺激(an impelling action inducing motion) (记) im(在内)+pulse(推)→内推→冲动 (同) 同根词:repulse(打退;厌恶)

902

animosity

(英) n. 憎恶,仇恨(a feeling of strong dislike or hatred) (记) anim(生命)+osity;联想: 用整个生命去恨 (例) Much animosity exists between the two opponents.

903

bureaucracy

(英) 官僚政治(the administration of government through departments and subdivisions managed by appointed officials following an inflexible routine) (记) bureau(政府的局、处等)+cracy(统治) →官僚政治 (同) 派生词: bureaucratic (adj. 官僚的); bureaucratization (n. 官僚政治化)

904

incontestable

(英) adj. 无可争辩的(indisputable; unquestionable) (记) in(不)+contest(争论)+able→无可争辩的

905

savor

(英) n. 滋味(a particular taste or smell);v. 品尝,欣赏(to taste or smell with relish) (例) savor the pleasure of country life in the summer

906

dagger

(英) n. 短剑匕首(short pointed two-edged knife used as a weapon) (考) dagger : scabbard \ pistol : holster(匕首放在刀鞘中\手枪放在枪套中)

907

daredevil

(英) adj.\ n. 胆大的(人)冒失的(人) (bold and reckless) (考) daredevil : audacity \ malcontent : dissatisfaction(大胆者大胆\不满者不满)prudence : daredevil \ sagacity : simpleton(鲁莽的人不会谨慎\傻子不会有睿智) (记) 组合词:dare(大胆)+devil(鬼)→鬼都不怕→胆大的

908

pollinate

(英) v. 给…授粉(to carry out the transfer of pollen) (同) 派生词: pollination (n. 授粉)

909

inoffensive

(英) adj. 不触犯人的(not objectionable) (记) in(不)+offensice(冒犯的)

910

closure

(英) n. 关闭 (a closing or being closed);终止(end; conclusion)

911

erratic

(英) adj. 反复无常的(irregularrandomwandering);古怪的(eccentric; queer) (考) discombobulated : order \ erratic : consistency(混乱的没有秩序\不一致的没有一致性)exemplary : criticized \ erratic : predicted(模范的不会被批评\无规律的不会被预测)heroic : craven \ erratic : permanent(英勇不胆小\反复无常不持久) (记) err(跑)+atic→反复无常的 (例) Mary's behavior becomes erratic when she drinks alcohol.

912

rotation

(考) torque : rotation \ tension : elongation(转矩使旋转\张力使伸长)

913

parchment

(英) n.羊皮纸手稿(a parchment manuscript) (记) 分割记忆:parch(烘烤)+ment,源自羊皮纸产地Parthian

914

traitor

(英) n.卖国贼,叛徒(one who betrays another's trust) (记) 来自traditor(叛徒者)→traitor (例) turn traitor to one's cause(背叛自己的事业)

915

lucrative

(英) adj. 赚钱的,有利可图的(profitable; remunerative) (记) lucre(钱财)+ative→赚钱的 (例) I made thousands of dollars in the lucrative restaurant business.

916

incisive

(英) adj. 一针见血的(sharp; keen; penetrating)

917

blackball

(英) v.投反对票以阻止排挤(vote against; ostracize)

918

plait

(英) n.\v. 发辫,编成辫(a braid of hair) (考) knit : yarn \ plait : hair(用纱线编织\用头发编辫) (例) The woman wore her hair in two plaits.

919

simian

(英) adj.猿的,猴的(resembling apes);n.猴类人猿(monkeyape) (记) 来自simi=simil(相似的)+an→和人类相似的动物→猿

920

unrepentant

(记) un(不)+repentant(后悔的)

921

idolize

(英) 将...当作偶像崇拜(treat sb\sth as an idol)极度喜爱或仰 慕(love or admire sb\sth very much) (记) idol(形象偶像)+ize(...化) →偶像化→崇拜

922

impenetrable

(英) adj. 不能穿透的(that cannot be penetrated);不可理解的(unfathomable; inscrutable) (考) pierce : impenetrable \ profane : inviolable(不能渗透的无法穿透\不能亵渎的无法亵渎)反义词:porous(多孔的) (记) im(不)+penetrable(可刺穿的)→不可穿透的

923

extortionist

(英) 勒索者敲诈者(obtain by violence or intimidation) (考) sycophant : flattery \ extortionist : intimidation(拍马者擅长奉承\敲诈者擅长恐吓) (记) extortion(n.抢夺勒索;ex[出]+tort[扭曲]+ion)+ist(表人)

924

vexation

(英) n.困扰,苦恼(the act of harassing; irritation) (记) 来自vex(烦恼,恼火)+ation (例) be subjected to many vexations(遇到许多恼人的事情)

925

lapse

(英) n. 失误(small error; fault);(时间等)流逝(a gliding or passing away of time) (考) inkling : indication \ misdemeonar : crime \ lapse : error \ misbehavior :criminality(程度: 暗示,指示\轻罪,罪行\小错,错误\行为不轨,犯罪行为) (记) 参考relapse(病的复发),elapse(消逝,过去)

926

fractious

(英) adj. (脾气)易怒的,好争吵的(peevish; irritable; cross) (记) fract(碎裂)+ious(易…的)→脾气易暴→易怒的 (同) n. fractiousness (例) My fractious roommates complained about everything.

927

dishearten

(英) v.使...灰心(discourage)

928

acute

(英) adj.灵敏的(keen; shrewd; sensitive);(病)急性的(severe but of short duration; not chronic) (考) perspicacity : acute \ caprice : whimsical(同义: 敏锐和敏锐的\多变和多变的)反义词:mild(和缓的,不严重的) (同) n. acuteness

929

straits

(英) n. 困难,窘境(a situation of perplexity or distress) (例) be in desperate straits for money

930

tally

(英) v. (使)一致,符合(correspondmatch) (记) 分割记忆:tall(高)+ally(联盟)→高级联盟→一致 (例) His statement does not tally with the facts.(他的陈述与事实不符)

931

consecrate

(英) v.把...奉献(dedicate; sanctify) (记) con+secr(神圣)+ate→使...神圣 (同) 同根词: desecrate(亵渎); sacrifice(牺牲)

932

magniloquent

(英) adj. 夸张的(loftypompousor grandiose in speech or style of expression) (记) magni(大)+loqu(话)+ent→说大话→夸张的 (同) 同根词: eloquent(雄辩的); soliloquy(独白)

933

tremulous

(英) adj.颤动的,不安的(quivering and timid) (例) the tremulous flutter of young leaves(嫩叶的颤动)

934

sonata

(英) n.奏鸣曲(an instrumental musical composition) (考) dessert : meal \ epilogue : play \ peroration : speech \ coda : sonata(甜点是正餐的结束\收场白是戏剧的结束\结束语是演讲的结束\完结部是奏鸣曲的结束) (记) son(声音)+ata→奏鸣曲

935

unqualified

(英) adj. 无资格的 (not having suitable qualifications);无限制的,绝对的 (not limited) (记) un(不)+qualified(有资格的)

936

randomize

(考) 反义词:systematize(系统化) (记) random(随意)+ize

937

pliable

(英) adj. 易弯的,柔软的(supple enough to bend freely; ductile) (考) palpable : touch \ pliable : mold(可触摸的可以触摸到\易变形的可以塑造)static : movable \ pliable : inflexible(反义: 静态对移动\柔软对僵硬)反义词:rigid(僵硬的) (例) The sheet of plastic becomes very pliable when it is warmed.

938

idolatrous

(英) 偶像崇拜的(worshiping an idol or idols) (考) suspicious : paranoid \ admiring : idolatrous(程度: 怀疑过分猜疑\钦佩崇拜)zealous : enthusiastic \ idolatrous : devoted(狂热是过分热情\崇拜是过分忠诚)

939

wistful

(英) adj. 惆怅的,渴望的(thoughtful and rather sad) (例) a wistful mood

940

orderly

(英) adj. 有秩序的,有条理的 (well-arranged) (记) order(秩序)+ly (同) 派生词: orderliness (n. 整洁,整齐)

941

pottery

(英) n. 制陶 (the work of a potter);陶器 (pots and other objects) (考) pottery : shard \ bread : crumb(陶器和陶器碎片\面包和面包屑)

942

dunce

(英) n. 笨人(a dullignorant person) (记) 注意不要和下面 的dune(沙丘)相混 (例) Mike feels like a dunce when it comes to algebra.

943

postmodern

(记) post(在后面)+modern(现代的)

944

philanthropist

(英) n. 慈善家(one who makes active efforts to promote human welfare) (考) sage : wisdom \ philanthropist : benevolence \ comedian : humor(哲人有智慧\慈善家有善意\喜剧演员有幽默)coward : brave \ philanthropist :selfish(懦夫不会勇敢\慈善家不会自私) (记) phil(爱)+anthrop(人)+ist→爱人的人→博爱家

945

proliferate

(英) v. 繁殖(to grow by rapid production);激增(to increase rapidly; multiply) (考) expand : volume \ proliferate : number(体积膨胀\数目扩增)反义词:dwindle(逐渐减少) (记) pro(向前)+lifer(后代)+ate→后代增加→繁殖 (例) Tropical vegetation proliferates quickly.

946

skirt

(考) 反义词:seek(追求); face(面临)

947

presupposition

(英) n. 预先假定,臆测(the act of supposing beforehand) (记) pre(预先)+supposition(推测)

948

impersonator

(英) n.扮演者(person who impersonates other people) (记) im(进入)+person(个人)+ator→进入另一个人状态的人→扮演他人的人

949

glaze

(英) 装玻璃于(fit sheets or panes of glass into sth)釉([substances used to give a] thin shiny transparent surface to potteryporcelainetc) (考) glaze : porcelain \ varnish : wood(在瓷器上上釉\在木头上上清漆) (例) The vase was sold cheaply because of a fault in the glaze.

950

overemphasize

(记) over(过分)+emphasize(强调)

951

beverage

(英) n.(水,酒等之外的)饮料(any liquid for drinking) (记) bever(喝)+age→喝的东西→饮料

952

adventitious

(英) adj. 偶然的(accidental; casual) (记) advent(来到)+itious→(突然)来到的→偶然的

953

durability

(记) durable (adj.持久的;dur[持久坚硬]+able)

954

centralization

(英) n.集中; 集权化(concentration) (记) 来自centralize(v.集中集权化; centr[中心]+al+ize[表动词] →向中心靠拢→集中)

955

cognizant

(英) adj. 知道的认识的(having knowledge of sth) (考) incognizance : knowledgeable \ penury : wealthy(无知不会有见识\贫困不会有富裕)

956

fervent

(英) adj.热的(hot; burning);热烈的(passionate; fervid) (记) ferv(热)+ent→热的 (例) I'm a fervent admirer of the highly ethical lawyer.

957

incogitant

(考) incogitant : thoughtful \ restive : calm(无思想的不深思\不安的不安静)

958

brassy

(考) 反义词: diffident(缺乏自信的); furtive(偷偷摸摸的); humble(谦虚的)

959

impermeability

(考) indelibility : erasure \ impermeability : passage(无法消除的无法擦掉\不能穿透的无法透过)opacity : light \ impermeability : fluid(不透明无法透光\不能穿透无法透液体)

960

potentate

(英) n. 统治者,当权者(rulersovereign) (考) virtuoso : skill \ potentate : power(鉴赏家有技能\统治者有权力)反义词:subject(臣民) (记) potent(力量)+ate→有力量的人 (例) The potentate empire stretched across three continents.

961

gristle

(英) n. 软骨; 肉中难吃的硬组织(tough unappetizing tissue in meat) (例) I can't eat this meat -it's all gristle.

962

portfolio

(英) n. 文件夹(a hinged cover);股份单(the securities held by an investor) (考) portfolio : securities \ dossier : reports(股份单是股票的总体\档案是报告的总体) (记) port(拿)+folio(树叶)→拿在手里的叶子→文件夹 (例) The designer removed her drawings from her portfolio.

963

resign

(英) v. 辞职,放弃 ( give up a job or position) (考) abdicate : throne \ resign : office(退位离开王位\辞职离开工职)

964

compete

(英) v. 竞争对抗( try to win sth by defeating others) (考) rival : competition \ sycophant : flattery(竞争者竞争\谄媚者奉承) (记) com(共同)+pete(追求寻求) →共同追求(一个目标) →竞争 (同) 派生词:competition (n. 竞赛); competitive (adj. 竞赛的)

965

applaud

(英) v. 鼓掌表示欢迎或赞赏( show approval by clapping the hands) (考) mirth : laughter \ approval : applause(欢笑表示高兴\鼓掌表示赞成) (记) ap+plaud(鼓掌) →拍手鼓掌 (同) 派生词: applause (n. 鼓掌欢迎)

966

inconceivable

(英) adj. 难以想象的,不可能的(that cannot be conceived) (记) in(不)+conceivable(想象的)

967

mourn

(英) v. 哀悼,哀伤(to feel or express sorrow or grief) (例) The nation mourned when the president was assassinated.

968

dealing

(英) n. 生意行为作风(way of behaving in business) (考) 反义词:chicanery(狡诈)-honest dealing(以诚相待) (例) Our company is proud of its reputation for fair dealing .

969

adaptation

(英) n (尤用于生物学)适应适应性; 改制物(thing made by adapting sth else) (记) adapt(适应;ad+apt[适应能力])+ation→适应

970

indignation

(英) n. 愤慨(anger or scorn; righteous anger)

971

pilgrimage

(英) n. 朝圣之旅 (journey made by a pilgrim)

972

solicitor

(英) n.(城镇的)律师(lawyer in the lower court of law)

973

mournful

(英) adj. 悲伤的(feeling or expressing sorrow or grief) (考) 反义词:jovial(快乐的) (例) He looked mournful. a mournful song

974

toxicity

(考) ductility : malleable \ toxicity : poisonous(可延展的有延展性\毒的有毒性)

975

amputate

(英) v.截肢(to cut off an arm or leg by surgery) (记) am+put(切除)+ate→切除 (同) 同根词:amputee(截肢者) (例) The doctors amputated the mangled(砍坏的) leg.

976

contingency

(英) adj. 意外的 (accidental; fortuitous);视情况条件而定的 (conditional) (记) con+ting(接触=tig)+ent→接触情况→视…情况而定_ (例) Whether or not we arrive on time is contingent on the weather.

977

curvaceous

(英) adj. 婀娜多姿的,曲线的 (having a fullshapely figure) (记) curv(曲线)+aceous(多…的)→多曲线的

978

induction

(英) n. 就职,入伍仪式(installation)

979

forlorn

(英) adj. 孤独的(abandoned or deserted);凄凉的(wretched; miserable) (记) for(出去)+lorn(被弃的)→抛弃→孤独的; (同) 参考:lornness (抛弃,孤独) (例) a forlorn look. a forlorn old building.

980

sarcastic

(英) adj. 讽刺的(sneering;caustic;cuttingetc.) (例) John's sarcastic comments insulted David.

981

incision

(英) n. 切口(a cutgash) (考) 反义词:suture(缝合)

982

venial

(英) adj.(错误等)轻微的,可原谅的(forgivablepardonable) (考) venial : excuse \ pellucid : understand(可原谅的可以原谅\易懂的可以懂) (记) ven(=venus维纳斯,爱的象征)+ial→出于爱而原谅的; (同) 参考:venereal(性爱的) (例) a venial crime(轻微的罪行)

983

impunity

(英) n. 免除惩罚(exemption from punishment) (记) im(不)+pun(罚)+ity→不罚 (同) 同根词:punitive(惩罚性的) (例) Students should not be allowed to cheat on exams with impunity.

984

penitentiary

(英) n. 监狱,感化院(a state or federal prison in the US) (记) penitent(后悔)+让人后悔的地方→监狱,教养所

985

molt

(英) 换羽脱毛(lose most of its feathershairor fur at the season when a new covering for the body grows)换羽(期)脱毛(期)(the time of molting) (考) molt : bird \ slough : snake(鸟脱羽\蛇脱皮)molt : feathers \ shed : hair(脱羽是脱去羽毛\脱发是脱去头发)反义词:fledge(长羽毛) (例) molt one's old notions(去掉旧观念)

986

static

(英) adj.静态的,呆板的(showing little change;stationary) (考) static : move \ pliable : inflexible(静止的相对运动的\易变的相对不可变的)反义词: oscillate (摇摆); motility(运动) (例) static feudal society(停滞的封建社会)

987

predetermined

[记]pre(预先) + determined(决定的)

988

elegant

(英) adj.优雅的文雅的(tasteful and stylish in manner) (考) 反义词:insolent(无礼的) (记) e(出)+leg=lig(选择)+ant→选出的→好的高雅的 (同) 派生词: elegance (n. 优雅文雅)

989

reclaim

(英) v. 纠正(to rescue from an undesirable state) (记) re(重新)+claim(喊)→纠正,开垦 (例) reclaim land from the sea

990

chase

(英) v. 雕镂 (to make a groove in) (考) embroider : cloth \ chase : metal(刺绣是在布上绣出图案\雕镂是在金属上雕出图案) (记) 和前面的chafe(擦痛)一起记 (例) The babysitter chased the kids.

991

forensic

(英) adj. 法庭的,辩论的( of public debate or formal argumentation) (记) 来自forum(罗马用于公开讨论的广场,讨论会) (例) forensic science (法庭学). forensic medicine(法医)

992

proverbially

(英) adv.无人不知地(commonly spoken of) (记) 来自proverb(谚语),'谚语'大家都熟悉 (例) He's proverbially late; no one ever expects him to come at the right time.

993

apostasy

(英) n. 背教,脱党(an abandoning of what one has believed in) (考) apostasy : faith \ recantation : heresy(变节叛教背叛信仰\放弃信仰抛弃异端)反义词:fidelity(忠诚) (记) apo(远)+stas(站)+y→站到远处→叛教 (同) 同根词:status(社会地位); statute(法令法规)

994

dais

(英) n. 讲台(raised platform for speakers or other important people)

995

browbeat

(英) v. 欺侮; 吓唬(bully) (考) instigator : incite \ bully : browbeat(煽动者擅长煽动\欺凌弱小者擅长欺辱) (例) They browbeat him into signing the document.

996

slipshod

(英) adj. 马虎的,草率的 (not exact or thorough) (考) 反义词:punctilious(细心的) (例) a slipshod worker

997

exaction

(英) n. 强求,勒索(an excessive demand; extortion)

998

unspoiled

(考) 反义词:cosseted(受宠的) (记) un(不)+spoil(损坏)+ed

999

foreshadow

(英) v. 预示(be a sign of sth about to happen) (记) fore(预先)+shadow(影子) →影子预先来

1000

reckon

(英) v.推断估计(count; calculate);猜想设想( think; suppose)