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Flashcards in gre_2 Deck (1000):
1

eavesdrop

(英) v. 偷听,窃听(to listen secretly) (考) eavesdrop : conversation \ trespass : property(偷听是偷偷听到别人谈话\侵入是偷偷进入别人领地) (记) eaves(屋檐)+drop(滴水),在屋檐下听→偷听

2

surcharge

(英) v. 对...收取额外费用( make an additional charge); n. 附加费 (考) 反义词:discount(折扣) (记) sur(超过)+charge(收费)→额外的收费→附加费

3

unaware

(英) adj. 未意识到的 (not having knowledge or consciousness) (记) un(不)+aware(意识到的)

4

hieroglyph

(英) n. 象形文字,图画文字(a picture or symbol representing a word) (考) decipher : hieroglyph \ break : code(译解象形文字\破译密码) (记) hiero(神)+glyph(写,刻)→神写的字→象形文字

5

denunciation

(英) 谴责斥责(act of denouncing) (考) 反义词:eulogy(赞扬); tribute(颂词) (记) 来自denunciate(v.抨击指责; de+nunci[讲话说出]+ate)

6

venison

(英) n.鹿肉(the edible flesh of a deer) (记) veni(打猎)+son→猎到的东西→鹿肉; (同) 参考:venery(猎物)

7

guilt

(英) n. 罪行(crimesin);内疚(a painful feeling of self-reproach ) (考) narcissism : love \ guilt : blame(自恋是爱自己\内疚是谴责自己)expiate : guilt \ correct : error(赎罪是消除罪行\改正是消除错误)反义词:innocence(清白); exculpate(使无罪)-attribute guilt(归罪) (记) 请注意'内疚'一意(a feeling of guilt)

8

scrutinize

(英) n. 详细检查细读(to examine closely and minutely) (考) observe : scrutinize \ question : grill(程度: 观察和细察\询问和盘问)scrutinize : gloss \ delve : skim(反义: 细查对表面做\钻研对浏览)反义词:gloss over(敷衍); mysterious(神秘的)-scrutable(可辩查的) (记) scrutin(检查)+ize→详细检查 (同) 同根词:scrutable(可辨认的);scrutiny(精读) (例) The jeweler scrutinized the diamond for flaws.

9

nick

(英) n. 小伤口,刻痕(a small dent or wound) (记) 联想记忆:北美五分钱硬币,叫nickel砍掉el,就成了nick (例) He was not badly hurtonly nicks and cuts.

10

fleck

(英) n. 斑点(a spot or small patch)微粒(a small piece; particle; flake) (记) 和freckle(雀斑,小斑点)一起记 (例) brown cloth with flecks of red. flecks of dust in the air.

11

quadruped

(英) n.四足兽(four-footed animal)

12

herpetologist

(英) n.爬行动物学家(one who studies reptiles) (考) salmon : ichthyologist \ chameleon : herpetologist(鱼类研究学家研究鳜鱼\爬行动物学家研究变色龙)

13

compendious

(英) adj. 简洁的,简要的 (concise but comprehensive)

14

ineffable

(英) adj. 妙不可言的(inexpressible) (记) in(不)+effable(可以表达的) (例) ineffable joy(妙不可言的乐趣)

15

stability

(英) n. 稳定,稳固 (state of being stable) (考) ballast : stability \ girder : support(压舱物作用是稳定\横梁作用是支撑)反义词:inconstancy(易变性) (记) st(站)+ability

16

diffident

(英) adj. 缺乏自信的(not showing much belief in one's own abilities) (考) 反义词:bold(大胆的); brassy(厚颜无耻的); expansive(开放的) (记) dif(不)+fid(相信)+ent→不自信

17

embankment

(英) n.堤岸路基(a raised structure to hold back water) (记) em(使…)+bank(岸)+ment成岸的状态→路基

18

delude

(英) v. 欺骗,哄骗 (mislead; deceive; trick) (记) de+lude(玩弄)→玩弄别人→欺骗 (同) 同根词:allude(暗示); ludictous(可笑的) (例) Don't delude yourself with false hopes.

19

vital

(英) adj. 极其重要的; 充满活力的(full of life and force) (考) 反义词:moribund(垂死的) (记) vit(活,生命)+al

20

reserved

(英) adj. 说话不多的(restrained in words and actions) (考) 反义词: expansive(扩张的) (例) John is very reserved and doesn't like to go to parties.

21

bin

(英) n. 大箱子(large container) (记) dustbin(垃圾箱) (例) a bread bin

22

euphemism

(考) euphemism : offense \ equivocation(prevarication): truth \ obfuscation :clarity(委婉说法不会冒犯\含糊其词不会真实\困惑不会清楚)euphemism : offensive \ aphorism : diffuse(委婉言辞不会冒犯的\格言不会冗长的) (记) eu(好)+phem(出现)+ism→以好的语言出现→委婉的说法 (同) 同根词:ephemeral(短暂的) (例) Pass away is a euphemism for die.

23

preach

(英) v. 传教,讲道(to deliver a sermon) (考) nitpicker : critcize \ preacher : sermon \ quibbler :cavil(挑错者批判\传道士传道\吹毛求疵者挑剔) (记) 分割记忆:p看作priestreach(到达),牧师到达→传教 (例) preach honesty to young people

24

castigate

(英) v.惩治,严责(to punish or rebuke severely) (考) castigation : disapproval \ blasphemy : irreverence(谴责是强烈不赞成\亵渎是强烈不敬)peccadillo : sin \ admonishment : castigation(小过失比犯罪程度浅\训诫比谴责程度浅)反义词: approbation(赞扬) (记) 分割记忆: cast(扔)+i(我)+gate(门)向我的门扔东西→惩治责骂 (同) 派生词: castigation (n.申斥,强烈反对)

25

pain

(考) pain : analgesic \ sensation : anesthetic(止痛剂用来停止疼痛\麻醉剂用来停止感觉)

26

cold-blooded

(英) adj. (生)冷血的; 残酷的(without pity) (例) a cold-blooded murderer

27

abolition

(英) n. 废除,革除(abolishing or being abolished) (考) abolitionist: slavery \ anarchist: government(废奴主义者不要奴隶制 \ 无政府主义者不要政府)反义词: persist in salvery(坚持奴隶制) (记) 由动词abolish(废除)而来 (同) 派生词: abolitionist(n. 废奴主义者) (例) the abolition of slavery

28

miniature

(英) n. 小画像(a very small portrait);缩影(a representation of something on a small scale) (记) mini(极小的)+ature→极小的画像 (同) 同根词:minikin(娇小的动物或人);minimal(最小的) (例) This model car is a miniature of a real one.

29

issue

(英) 发出流出(outgoing; outflow)发出分发(supply and distribution of items for use or sale) (考) stanza : line \ volume : issue(诗节由诗行组成\合钉本由期组成)debate : issue \ bargain : price(辩论主题\讨价还价)反义词:withdraw(撤回) (例) the place of issue

30

perforate

(英) v. 打洞(to make a line of holes in to facilitate separation) (考) crease : folding \ hole : perforating(折叠产生折痕\打洞产生洞) (记) per(全部)+forate(=pierce刺穿)→全部刺穿→打洞 (同) 派生词: perforation (n. 孔; 穿孔,贯穿) (例) He perforated his opponent's shield with his lance.

31

aroma

(英) n. 芳香,香气(a pleasantoften spicy odor; fragrance) (同) 派生词: aromatic (adj. 芳香的 )

32

awning

(考) awning : sun \ umbrella : rain(遮阳蓬用来抵挡阳光\雨伞用来抵挡下雨)

33

deign

(英) v. 屈尊,惠允(做某事) (to condescend to do something; stoop) (记) 参考:condescend(俯就) (例) Now that she is married to a rich man she no longer deigns to visit her former friends.

34

congest

(英) v.使拥挤 (overcrowd);充血(to cause too much blood to accumulate in the vessels) (记) con+gest(管道,带来)→进入一个管道→拥挤 (同) 同根词:digestion(消化领悟); ingest(吞咽)派生词: congestion (n.充血,拥挤)

35

platitude

(英) n. 陈词滥调(a banaltriteor stale remark) (考) equivocation : ambiguous \ platitude : banal(模棱两可的话含糊\陈词滥调陈腐)反义词:original observation(有新意的评论) (记) plat(平)+itude→平庸的状态→陈词滥调 (同) adj. platitudious (例) My advisor's hollow platitudes weren't helpful.

36

finale

(英) n.最后,最终(end);乐曲的最后部分(the concluding part of a musical composition) (记) 来自final(最后的)+e(表示名词)→终曲

37

savage

(英) adj. 凶猛的,野蛮的(fierce; ferocious; untamed) (记) sav(树木,森林)+age→森林状态→野蛮的 (例) a savage tribe(野蛮部落)

38

harmonious

(英) 和谐的(free from disagreement)协调的(arranged together in a pleasingorderly way) (考) 反义词:acrimonious(严厉的); discord(不和谐的) (记) harmony(和谐)+ious

39

goggle

(考) goggles : eyes \ gloves : hands \ earmuff : ears(护目镜保护眼睛\手套保护手\耳罩保护耳朵)

40

cult

(英) n. 宗派 (a system of religious worship);崇拜(devotion to a person or principle) (记) 主要考第二义 (例) ancient tribal cult. \the leadership cult

41

enervate

(英) v. 使虚弱使无力(to less the vitality or strength of; unnerve) (考) adulterate : purity \ enervate (enfeeble): vigor(掺假导致不纯洁\使衰弱导致没有活力)decelerate : speed \ enervate : vitality(减速使速度减少\使衰弱使活力减少)enervation: vitality \ debase : value(削弱减少活力\降价减少价值)(考) curtail : period \ enervate : energy (记) e+nerv(力量)+ate力量出去→使…无力 (同) 派生词: enervation(n.虚弱) (例) The coach's negative lecture enervated the football team.

42

studied

(英) adj. 慎重的,装模作样的(carefully thought about or considered) (考) terseness : superfluous \ spontaneity : studied(简洁的不多余\自然的不故意)

43

anachronism

(英) 年代错误(the representation of something at other than its proper time);落伍之物(anything that is or seems to be out of its proper time in history) (考) anachronism : chronology \ fallacy : logic(年代错误是年代学中的错误\逻辑谬误是逻辑学中的错误) (记) ana(错)+chron(时间)+ism→时间错误 (同) 同根词:chronicle(编年史); synchronous(同步的)

44

comedy

(英) n. 喜剧(amusing play or film usu with a happy ending) (记) com(宴会)+edy(表名词) →像宴会一样热闹→喜剧

45

trite

(英) adj. 陈腐的,陈词滥调的 (hackneyed or boring) (考) 反义词:original(有新意的); unbanal(不迂腐的) (例) Your alibi is pretty trite.(你的借口实在不新鲜)

46

snare

(英) n.罗网,陷阱( trapgin) (考) bird : snare \ fish : seine(罗网捕鸟\鱼网捕鱼) (记) 参考:ensnare(使入圈套) (同) 参考:ensnare(使入圈套) (例) Beauty and charm often prove a snare.

47

brocade

(英) n. 织锦(fabric woven with a raise pattern of gold or silver threads) (同) 近形词: cascade(小瀑布); facade(表面正面) (例) brocade curtains

48

unconsciousness

(考) coma : unconsciousness \ delirium : confusion(昏迷状态是无知觉\神经错乱状态是混乱) (记) 来自形容词unconscious(无意识的)

49

floridness

(考) verbosity : words \ floridness : embellishments(罗嗦是词语过多\花哨是装饰过多) (记) florid(adj.华丽的)+ness

50

intimidate

(英) v. 恐吓(to make timid),胁迫(to force with threats; cow) (记) in(使)+timid(害怕)+ate→使人害怕→恐吓 (例) I don't want to intimidate youbut very few people pass the exam.

51

awkward

(英) adj. 笨拙的别扭的 (difficult to use);尴尬的(causing inconvenience) (考) craven : admirable \ deft : awkward(畏缩的不令人敬佩\灵巧的不笨拙)反义词:svelte(娇美的); lithe(柔软的);glib(伶牙俐齿的); deft(灵巧的) (例) an awkward series of bends in the road

52

prone

(英) adj. 俯卧的(lying flat or prostrate);易于…的(having a tendency or inclination) (例) He is prone to be late for work.(他上班往往迟到)

53

compartment

(英) n.隔间车室(one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided) (记) com+part(部分)+ment→一个空间分成几个部分→隔间

54

travesty

(英) n.\v.歪曲模仿,曲解(a debaseddistortedor grossly inferior imitation) (考) 反义词:paragon(模范典型) (记) tra(横)+vest(穿衣)+y→横过来穿衣→歪曲 (例) The play wasin their viewa travesty of the truth.

55

leverage

(英) n. 杠杆作用; 力量,影响(influence over someone else) (记) lever(杠杆)+age

56

specifics

(英) n.细微问题,细节 (detailsparticulars) (例) He never talked in specifics about his work.

57

tawdry

(英) adj.华而不实的,俗丽的(cheap but showy) (例) tawdry jewelry

58

mystery

(英) 神秘的事不可思议的事(something which cannot be explained or understood) (考) martial : military \ runic : mysterious(同义词[类比] 军事的\神秘的)magazine : periodical \ mystery : fiction(杂志是一种期刊\神秘小说是一种小说) (例) the mysteries of nature

59

monstrous

(英) adj. 巨大的(huge; immense);可怕的(frightful or hideous in appearance) (例) the monstrous policy of genocide(残暴的种族灭绝政策)

60

extinguish

(英) v. 使...熄灭(cause sth to stop burning);使...不复存在(end the existence of hopelovepassion) (考) 反义词:ignite(点燃); kindle(点燃) (记) ex(出)+stingu(刺)+ish→把刺拿出去→刺引申为火焰→灭火

61

quota

(英) n. 定额,配额 (a number or amount that has been officially fixed as someone's share) (考) 反义词:unlimited number(不限额)

62

allay

(英) v. 减轻缓和(relieve) (考) 反义词:increase the intensity of(加强) ; aggravate(加重); intensify(强化) (记) 和alley(胡同)一起记 (例) allay troublefears

63

coronation

(考) coronation : reign \ wedding : marriage(加冕礼是执政的仪式\婚礼是结婚的仪式)

64

cram

(英) v. 填塞,塞满 (to fill beyond normal capacity) (例) Don't cram your bag too full of clothes.

65

expand

(英) v.扩大,膨胀(to increase in extentsizescopeor volume) (考) expand : volume \ proliferate : number(膨胀使体积增大\扩增使数目增多) (记) ex+pand(分散) →分散出去→扩大 (同) 参考:expanse(宽广空间); expansive(辽阔的,开朗的)派生词: expansion (n.扩张,膨胀) (例) Iron expands when it is heated.

66

upsurge

(英) n.(情绪)高涨(a rapid or sudden rise) (记) up+surge(浪潮)→浪潮向上→高涨 (例) upsurge of emotions(情绪的高涨)

67

seamstress

(英) n. 缝,接缝(line along which two edges are joined) (记) Water was coming in through the seams of the boat. (例) Water was coming in through the seams of the boat.

68

collage

(英) n. 拼贴画 (an art form in which newspaperclothpressed flowersetc. are pasted together on a surface in incongruous relationship for their symbolic or suggestive effect) (记) 参考college(学院)仅一字母之差 (同) 近形词: college(学院); collate(校对)

69

corrugate

(记) cor+rug(皱wrinkle)+ate→起皱→起波浪形 (同) 同根词:ruga(皱纹);rugose(多皱的) (例) The roof of the shed is corrugated aluminum.

70

slice

(英) v.切成片(cut into pieces) (考) carve : turkey \ slice : cake(火鸡切成片\蛋糕切成片)

71

unbiased

(考) 反义词:tendentious(有倾向性的) (记) un(不)+biased(有偏见的)

72

trial

(英) n.审判(the formal examination before a competent tribunal) (例) He would be a witness at the trial.

73

imposing

(英) adj. 壮丽的,雄伟的(impressive; grand) (例) an imposing view across the valley

74

garbled

(英) adj. 引起误解的(misleading ) (考) garbled : comprehend \ obscured : recognize(歪曲的妨碍理解\模糊的妨碍认识)ramshackle : soundness \ garbled : clarity(摇摇欲坠的不稳固\混淆的不清晰) (例) The injured man was still groggy and could only give a garbled account of the accident.

75

console

(英) v. 安慰,抚慰 (to make feel less sad; comfort) (考) embarrass : shame \ console : comfort(窘迫使羞愧\安慰使舒服)反义词:aggravate grief(加重悲伤) (记) con+sole(孤单)→大家孤单→同病相怜→安慰; (同) 同根词:solitude(孤独); solo(独唱独奏)派生词: consolation (n. 安慰,慰藉之事) (例) David consoled his crying child.

76

equivalent

(英) adj. 相等的,等值的(equal in quantityvalueforcemeaningetc.) (考) indistinguishable : confound \ equivalent : interchange(不能区别能混淆\等同能互换) (记) equ( 平等)+val(力量)+ent→力量平等的,注意不要和ambivalent(矛盾心理)相混 (同) 同根词:valor(勇猛); convalesce(恢复健康)派生词: equivalence (n. 相等,等值) (例) My donations to both charities were equivalent.

77

agenda

(英) n.议程(program of things to be done) (考) repertoire : performance \ syllabus : course \ itinerary : trip \ program :concert \ agenda : meeting(演出要有剧目表\课程要有教学大纲\旅行要有行程安排\音乐会要有节目单\会议要有议程表)agenda : minutes \ itinerary : log(会议记录记录会议议程\旅行日志记录旅行行程) (记) ag(做)+enda(表示名词多数)→做的事情→议事日程 (同) 同根词:agility(灵活,敏捷); agitate(鼓动)

78

twaddle

(英) n.胡说八道,瞎扯(silly idle talk; drivel) (记) 分割记忆:t看作talk+waddle(一边讲话一边摇摆着走路)→瞎扯 (例) Don't talk such twaddle.(别说这种蠢话)

79

experienced

(英) adj. 有经验的熟练的(having knowledge or skill as a result of experience) (考) 反义词: fledgling(无经验的人)-experienced practitioner(有经验的从业者) (记) experience(n.经验;ex[出]+peri[尝试]+ence→尝试出来的东西→经验)+ed

80

marginal

(英) adj. 书页空白处的;不重要的(limitedminimal) (记) 来自margin(边缘)+al (例) a matter of marginal importance(微不足道的事情)

81

explicable

(英) adj.可解释的(that can be explained; explainable) (记) ex+plic(重叠,复杂)+able→能从复杂中出来→可说明的 (同) 同根词:implicit(含蓄的); explicit(明白的) (例) Her behavior is only explicable if you consider her youth.

82

scrub

(英) n. 矮树丛 (shrub);身体矮小的人(a person of insignificant size) (例) It is so dry that only isolated trees and low scrub can survive there. scrub[skrAb]v. 用力擦洗 (英) v. 用力擦洗(to clean with hard rubbing; scour) (例) (1) It is so dry that only isolated trees and low scrub can survive there. (2) scrub the floor

83

sabbatical

(考) sabbatical : leave \ flattering : infatuation(休假使人休息\恭维使人迷醉)

84

bequeath

(英) v.遗赠(to leave property to another by last will) (记) be+queath(说)→说出来把东西留给谁→遗赠 (例) They bequeathed him a lot of money.

85

embodiment

(英) n.化身体现(one that embodies something) (例) His enemies called him the embodiment of evil.

86

yield

(考) default : pay \ yield : resist(拖欠不偿还\屈服不抵抗)evanescent : disappear \ pliant : yield(短暂易逝的容易消失\易受影响的容易屈从)obsequious : fawn \ compliant : yield(谄媚的[人]奉承\服从的[人]屈服)beneficent : harm \ tenacious : yield(行善的不会伤害\顽强的不会屈服)

87

ramble

(英) n. 漫步(a leisurely excursion for pleasure) (考) draw : doodle \ travel : ramble(乱画是无目的绘画\闲逛是无目的旅行) (记) 分割记忆:r+amble(慢跑)→漫步 (例) ramble through country towns and markets \ The hikers rambled through the forest.

88

whelm

(英) v.用…覆盖,淹没 (to cover or engulf completely) (记) 参考: overwhelm(压倒一切) (例) The avalanche whelmed the mountain village in tons of snow.

89

percussion

(英) n. 敲击乐器(beating and striking of a musical instrument) (记) per(全部)+cuss(震动)+ion→敲击 (同) 同根词:discussion(讨论);repercussion(反响)

90

salacious

(英) adj. 好色的,淫荡的(lecherous; lustful) (记) sal(跳)+acious原指动物跳来跳去追逐配偶 (同) 派生词: salacity (n. 好色,淫荡)

91

marine

(英) adj. 海的(of the sea);海中的(inhabiting in the sea) (记) mar(海)+ine(海的) (同) 同根词:submarine(潜水艇); mariculture(水产养殖) (例) Lobsters and dolphins are kinds of marine animals.

92

scroll

(英) n. 卷轴,纸卷,画卷(a roll for writing a document) (记) 分割记忆:sc看作scene(风景)+roll(卷)→卷着的风景→画卷

93

overrule

(英) v. (高位的人)否决(低位的人或事)( annul or reverse) (记) over(在…上)+rule(统治) (例) The judgement was overruled by the Supreme Court.

94

narcotic

(记) narco(睡眠)+ic→催眠的 (同) 同根词:narcotize(使昏迷); narcosis(睡眠状态) (例) The security guards found a suitcase full of narcotic drugs in the car.

95

cartoon

(英) n. 漫画(amusing drawing that comments satirically on current events) (同) 派生词: cartoonist (n. 漫画家)

96

eccentricity

(英) n. 反常;怪癖(deviation from ordinary or customary in conduct)

97

deft

(英) adj. 灵巧的,熟练的(skillful in a quicksureand easy way; dexterous) (考) craven : admirable \ deft : awkward(怯懦对可敬\灵巧对笨拙)maladroit : deft \ voluble : verse(不灵巧对灵巧\多话对简洁)反义词:maladroit(不灵巧的) (同) n. deftness (例) the pianist's deft fingers

98

construe

(英) v. 解释 (to explain or interpret);翻译 (to translate orally) (记) con+strue=struct(结构)→弄清结构→解释 (例) You can construe what he said in a number of different ways.

99

override

(英) v. 不理会(to disregard,overrule);推翻(prevail over) (记) over(在…上)+ride(骑)→骑在…之上→藐视 (例) override the earlier decision(推翻以前的决定) \ override advice(不听忠告)

100

monologue

(英) n. 独白(soliloquy);个人长篇演说(a prolonged discourse) (考) opera : aria \ play : monologue(独唱曲是一个人在歌剧中唱\独白是一个人在戏剧中说) (记) mono(单个)+logue(说话)→一个人说话

101

abstraction

(英) n. 抽取(the act of remove or take away);抽象概念(abstract idea);心不在焉(absent-mindedness) (记) abs(离开)+tract(拉)+ion→拉开抽取; 比较: abstractness (n.抽象)

102

ballot

(英) v. 快速增加( to increase rapidly) (考) 反义词;decrease slowly(慢慢减少)

103

full-bodied

(英) adj. (味道等)浓郁而强烈的(having a rich flavor and much strength) (考) full - bodied : flavor \ resonant : sound(味道浓郁的\声音洪亮的) (例) a fine full-bodied red wine

104

pliant

(英) adj. 易受影响的(easily influenced);易弯的(pliable) (考) evanescent : disappear \ pliant : yield(短暂的容易消失\易受影响的容易屈从)pliant : influence \ ticklish : offend(易受影响的容易被影响\难对付的容易被冒犯)反义词:mulish(顽固的); intransigent(不妥协的); intractable(难对付的) (记) pli(=ply弯,折)+able→能弯曲的

105

imperial

(英) adj. 帝国的皇帝的(of an empire or its rulers) (例) the imperial palace

106

meadow

(英) n. 草地(a piece of grassland) (例) The grazing sheep stayed in the meadow.

107

verified

(考) 反义词:unsubstantiated(未被证实的)

108

relevant

(考) relevant : crucial \ perceptible : obvious(程度: 相关的→关键的\可察觉的→明显的)反义词:immaterial(不相关的); extraneous(无关的) (记) re(重新)+lev(轻,举起)+ant→重新举起来→相关的

109

lexical

(英) adj. 词汇的(of a vocabulary) (记) lex(词汇)+ical→词汇的; (同) 同根词:dyslexia(阅读障碍)

110

staid

(英) adj.稳重的,沉着的(prim self-restraint; sober) (考) 反义词:jaunty(活泼的) (记) 原来是stay的过去式 (例) He's too staid for such a lively young wife.

111

scotch

(英) v. 镇压,粉碎 (to put an end to) (考) 反义词:encourage(鼓励) (记) 苏格兰Scotch和scotch 拼写一致 (例) Luckily the rebellion was quickly scotched.

112

disreputable

(英) adj.品格不端的(discreditable );见不得人的(dirtyshabbyetc.) (记) dis+repute(名声)+able→名声不好的

113

clientele

(英) n. (医生、律师的)顾客,(商店的)常客(all one's clients or customers) (考) clientele : customers \ faculty : teachers(顾客总体由顾客组成\全体教师由教师组成) (记) 来自client(当事人,顾客),clientele是集合名词 (例) an international clientele

114

bolt

(英) v. 急逃(to dash out; dart) (例) The cat bolted when it saw the dog coming.

115

decompose

(英) v. (使)腐烂(to rot; to break up or separate into basic components or parts) (记) de+com+pose(放)→放在一起的东西散开→分解腐烂; (同) 参考:compose(组合) (例) The dead tree decomposed in the damp forest.

116

fetish

(英) n.(崇拜的)神物(any object believed by superstitious people to have magical power ) (记) fet(+fect做)+ish→做出的物品→神物

117

illiteracy

(英) n. 文盲缺乏教育(state of being illiterate) (考) illiteracy : education \ inequity : redistribution(教育消除文盲\重新分配消除不公平) (记) il(不)+liter(文字字母)+acy→不识字→文盲

118

compliant

(英) adj. 服从的,顺从的 (complying; yielding; submissive) (考) frugal : penurious \ compliant : obsequious(过分节俭是吝啬\过分服从是谄媚)compliant : servile \ trusting : gullible(过分服从是奴性\过分信任是易受骗)obsequious : fawn \ compliant : yield(谄媚的人喜欢奉承\服从的人喜欢屈服) (记) com+pliant(柔顺的)→顺从的 (同) 同根词: pliant(柔顺的); suppliant(恳求的)派生词: compliance n. 服从,听从 (例) The salesman was compliant with the customer's wishes.

119

subtract

(英) v. 减去,减掉( take a numberamount from something larger) (记) sub(下)+tract(拉)→拉下去→减去

120

proclaim

(英) v. 宣告,宣布 (declare officially);显示( show clearly) (记) pro(在前)+claim(叫喊)→在前面喊→公布

121

miscreant

(英) n. 恶棍,歹徒(a vicious or depraved person) (记) mis(坏)+crea(做)+ant→做坏事者→恶棍; (同) 参考:creation(创造)

122

placebo

(英) n. 安慰剂(something tending to soothe) (考) placedo : painkiller \ backdrop :vista(安慰剂是一种假的止痛剂\舞台背景是一种假的景色)placebo : innocuous \ salve : unctuous\ venom : toxious(安慰剂是无害的\油膏剂是油质的\毒液是有毒的) (记) place(平静、安慰)+bo→安慰剂 (例) Placebo are given to healthy patients who think they are sick to make them think they are being treated with medicine.

123

revere

(英) v.尊敬(have deep respect) (考) 反义词:jape at(嘲笑); jeer(讥讽); jibe(嘲笑); taunt(嘲弄); profane(亵渎)

124

obscure

(英) adj. 难解的(cryptic; ambiguous);不清楚的(not clear or distinct);v. 隐藏(to conceal);使…模糊(to make less conspicuous) (考) 反义词:explicit(清楚的) (记) ob(离开)+scure(跑)→跑掉→使…模糊; (同) 参考:scurry(急跑的) (例) My friend mumbled some obscure reason for being late.

125

defraud

(英) v. 欺骗某人(get sth from sb by deception) (记) de (变坏)+fraud(欺骗)→欺骗

126

fanfare

(英) n.夸耀(noisy or showy display);嘹亮的喇叭声(a loud flourish of trumpets) (记) 无词源,分割记忆:fan(迷)+fare(车船费)

127

waspish

(英) adj.易怒的,尖刻的(snappishpetulant) (记) 来自wasp(胡蜂)+ish (例) a waspish temper(易怒的脾气)

128

mordant

(英) adj. 讥讽的,尖酸的(bitingcausticor sarcastic) (考) 反义词:genial(和蔼的) (记) mord(咬)+ant→咬人的→尖酸的; (同) 参考:mordacious(尖锐的,尖刻的)

129

renege

(英) v. 背信,违约(to go back on a promise or commitment) (记) re(反)+nege(否认)→反过来不承认 (例) He said he would join usbut he reneged and stayed home.

130

mosaic

(英) 镶嵌钿工(the process of making pictures or designs by inlaying small bits of colored stonesglasstile etcin mortar); (考) piece : jigsaw puzzle \ tile : mosaic \ stitch : sampler(拼图由图块组合而成\马赛克由瓷块组合而成\刺绣由针脚组合而成)parquet : wood \ mosaic : glass(镶木地板原料是木头\镶嵌细工原料是玻璃)mosaic : ceramic \patchwork : cloth(马赛克由陶瓷片作成\拼缝物由布料作成)

131

command

(英) v.\n. 命令(order);控制(be in control of ) (考) lien : claim \ subpoena : command(扣押权是一种权利\传票是一种命令)request(entreaty) : command \ propose : stipulate \ invite : summon \ entice : goad(强烈请求是命令\强烈建议是规定\坚决邀请是召集\强烈诱惑是激励) (记) com(一起) +mand(命令) →命令大家一起做→指挥 (同) 同根词: demand(强求); countermand(撤消命令); mandatory(命令的) (例) to have command of a regiment

132

well-known

(记)well(好)+known(知道反义词:arcane(神秘的)

133

arid

(英) adj. 干旱的( dry );枯燥的(dulluninteresting) (考) marsh : sodden \ desert : arid(沼泽的特点是潮湿的\沙漠的特点是干旱的)反义词:damp(潮湿的) (同) 派生词: aridness (n.干燥dryness) (例) have long arid discussions about unimportant matters

134

denounce

(英) v. 指责 (to accuse publicly) (考) admonish : denounce \ punish : pillory \ persuade : convince(公开指责是严厉警告\示众是严厉惩罚\使信服是完全说服)反义词:advocate(提倡); tout(吹捧); condone(宽恕) (记) de+nounce(报告)→坏报告→指责; (同) 同根词:renounce(抛弃); announce(通告) (例) The minister's action was denounced in the newspaper.

135

inquietude

(英) n. 焦虑,不安(restlessness; uneasiness) (记) in(不)+quietude(安静)→不安静

136

plane

(英) n. 刨子(a tool for smoothing);平面(a flat or level surface) (例) plane a table smooth(把桌子刨平)

137

categorical

(英) adj. 无条件的,绝对的(without qualifications or conditions; absolute) (考) 反义词:qualified(受限制的); conditional(有条件的) (例) Our king has categorically refused to meet the enemy leader.

138

quietude

(英) n.平静宁静(tranquillity; calmness)

139

safari

(英) n. 狩猎旅行,长途考察(a journey or hunting expedition) (记) 来自阿拉伯语safar(回历2月),safari指该时间开始的游猎活动 (例) an Arctic safari(北极考察)

140

regime

(英) n. 政权,政治制度(government in power) (记) reg(统治)+ime→政权 (例) Things will change under the new regime.

141

asperity

(英) n. 粗鲁(harshness)艰苦(roughness of circumstances) (考) 反义词:mildness of temper(性情温和);mildness(温和) (记) a+sper(希望)+ity→无希望→艰苦 (同) 同根词:prosperity (繁荣); desperate(绝望的)

142

torpor

(英) n. 死气沉沉(extreme sluggishness or stagnation of function) (考) 反义词:extreme excitability(极其激动); zeal(热情); animation(活泼)

143

budget

(英) n. 预算( plan of how money will be spent over a period of time) (考) regimen : health \ budget : solvency(养生法可以帮助获得健康\预算可以帮助获得偿债能力) (例) a weekly budget

144

resignation

(英) n. 听从,顺从(submissiveness) (记) re(再次)+sign(签字)+ation→再次签字→辞职 (同) 同根词:designtion(指定,任命); consign(委托) (例) expression of saintly resignation

145

reproach

(英) n. 谴责,责骂 (an expression of rebuke or disapproval) (考) upbraid : reproach \ dote : like(程度:强烈谴责→责备\溺爱→喜欢)反义词:scurvy(nefarious) (可鄙的凶恶的)-above reproach(无可指责的) (记) re(反复)+proach(靠近)→以反对的方式靠_近→谴责_ (同) 参考:approach(接近,方法); irreproachable(无可指责的) (例) His manners were beyond reproach.

146

profound

(英) adj. 深的,深刻的(deepvery strongly felt);渊博的,深奥的(using thorough knowledge and deep understanding) (考) glacial : cold \ profound : deep(程度: 极冷和冷\极深和深)反义词:shallow(浅的,肤浅的) (例) profound mysteries

147

cajole

(英) v.(以甜言蜜语)哄骗(to coax with flattery; wheedle) (考) blandishment : cajole \ obstacle : impede(甜言蜜语为了哄骗\障碍物为了阻挡) (记) caj=cage(笼子)+ole→把(鸟)诱入笼子→哄骗; 参考: blandishments(甜言蜜语诱惑) (同) 派生词: cajolery (n.劝诱蒙骗coaxing)

148

prohibitive

(英) adj. 抑制的,价格昂贵的([prices or expenses] extremely high) (考) prohibitive : purchase \ peremptory : dispute(昂贵的无法购买\强制的无法争论) (记) pro(提前)+hibit(拿住)+ive→提前拿住→抑制的,禁止的

149

perception

(英) n.洞察力(quickacuteand intuitive cognition) (考) illusion : perception \ gaffe : judgment(幻觉是缺乏洞察力\不慎言行是缺乏判断力) (例) The blind man's perception of sound was very precise.

150

monetary

(英) adj. 货币的 ( about money) (例) the government's monetary policy

151

uncomplicated

(记) un(不)+complicated(复杂的)

152

hedonistic

(考) hedonistic : pleasure \ narcissistic : self(享乐主义的人喜欢快乐\自恋的人喜欢自己)

153

asunder

(英) adv. 分离(apart or separate);化为碎片(into pices) (记) 分割记忆:as-under (例) The war forced the parents and children asunder.

154

stammer

(英) v.口吃,结巴(make involuntary stops and repetitions in speaking) (考) falter : act \ stammer : speak(蹒跚是行动不便\口吃是说话不便) (例) He stammered into silence.(他结巴了几句便说不出话来)

155

latch

(英) adj. 持久的,永久的 (continuing for a long time) (考) 反义词:evanescent(短暂易逝的) (记) last(持续)+ing

156

tedious

(英) adj.冗长的,沉闷的(tiresome because of length or dullness;boring) (考) tedious : energy \ disturbing : composure(沉闷的不会有活力\扰乱的不会镇静)反义词:entertaining(有趣的); stimulating(刺激的)

157

countermand

(英) v. 撤回(命令),取消(订货) (to cancel or revoke) (考) countermand : order \ revoke : license(撤回命令\吊销执照) (记) counter+mand(命令)→反命令→撤消命令 (同) 同根词:demand(强求),command(命令) (例) The principal countermanded the teacher's unfair demands.

158

plume

(英) n. 羽毛(a feather of a bird)v. 整理羽毛(to preen and arrange the feathers of) 搔首弄姿(to indulge in pride with an obvious or vain display of self-satisfaction) (同) 参考:preen(整理羽毛) (例) She plumed herself on her good looks.(她因为自己外表漂亮而沾沾自喜)

159

profuse

(英) adj. 很多的(bountiful; lavish);浪费的(extravagant) (考) 反义词:scant(不足的); scanty(不足的) (记) pro(向前)+fuse(流)→向前流→大量的 (例) a profuse spender(大手大脚花钱的人) \ There was a profuse amount of ice on the airplane's wing.

160

unwise

(考) 反义词:judicious(明智的) (记) un(不)+wise(明智的)

161

perpendicular

(英) adj. 垂直的(exactly uprightvertical) (记) per(全部)+pend(挂)+icular→全部挂的状态→垂直的 (例) Any two adjacent sides of a square are perpendicular.

162

quirk

(英) n.奇事(accidentvagary);怪癖(idiosyncrasy) (例) He has some unusual quirks in his character.

163

tripod

(英) n. 三脚架 (a three-legged support) (考) tripod : camera \ easel : canvas(三脚架支撑照相机\画架支撑画布) (记) tri(三)+pod(脚)

164

provoke

(英) v.激怒(to incite to anger);挑逗(evoke; stimulate) (考) 反义词:choleric(易怒的)-difficult to provoke(很难被激怒的);jejune(无兴趣的)-thought-provoking(激发思想的) (记) pro(前面)+voke_(喊)→在别人前面喊→ 激怒,挑衅 (同) 同根词:invoke(恳求); revoke(取消)派生词: provocation (n.激怒); provocative (adj.激怒的,挑战的) (例) The bear provoked the bees by swatting at their hive.

165

commuter

(英) n. 坐公共交通车上下班的人(person who commutes) (记) 来自commute(v.交换坐公共交通车上下班;com[共同]+mute[改变] →和大家一起变动→坐公共车)

166

incorruptible

(英) adj. (道德上)不受腐蚀的(unable to be corrupted morally) (考) 反义词:venal(贪污的) (记) in(不)+corrupt(腐败)+ible→不会腐败的

167

indiscriminate

(英) adj. 不加选择的(not making careful choices or distinctions) (考) 反义词:fastidious(挑剔的) (记) in(不)+discriminate(区别) (例) Bob is quite indiscriminate in his choice of clothing.

168

viaduct

(英) n.高架桥(a long elevated roadway) (记) via(道路)+duct(引导)→引导道路→高架桥; (同) 参考:aqueduct(引水渠)

169

morale

(英) n. 士气,精神力量(state of discipline and spirit) (记) 和moral(道德的)一起记 (例) The morale of the enemy troops is low.

170

retractability

(英) v. 缩回,收回 (to take back or withdraw) (考) retract : statement \ repeal : legislation(收回声明\废除法律)misunderstood : clarify \ erroneous : retract(澄清被误解的\撤消错误的)反义词:foster(鼓励) (记) re(回)+tract(拉)→拉回去→缩回 (同) 派生词: retraction (n. 收回缩回) (例) He retracted his confession and pleaded not guilty.(他翻供并申辩无罪)

171

sibilant

(英) adj. 发出咝咝声的 (making a sound like that of s) (考) hiss : sibilant \ drone : monotonous(咝咝声是咝咝的\嗡嗡声是单调的)

172

sly

(英) adj.秘密的鬼鬼祟祟的(clever in deceiving) (考) 反义词:artless(朴实的)

173

inoculate

(英) v. 预防注射(to inject a serumvaccine to create immunity) (记) in(进入)+ocul(萌芽,眼睛)+ate→(接种)进入萌芽→预防注射_ (例) Have you been inoculated against measles yet?

174

asymptomatic

(英) adj. [医] 无症状的(having no symtoms of illness )

175

wavelength

(英) n. 波长 (the distance between one wave and another) (考) frequency : pitch \ wavelength : color(频率决定音高\波长决定颜色) (记) wave(波)+length(长)

176

thrifty

(英) adj.节省的(marked by economy and good management) (记) 来自thrift(节约); (同) 参考:thrive(兴旺)

177

plateau

(英) n. 高原;平稳的状态(a relatively stable period) (考) plateau : change \ respite : activity(平稳没有变化\休止没有活动)反义词:slope(斜面) (记) plat(平)+eau→高的平地→高原 (同) 同根词:plate(盘子); platform(站台) (例) The mountain climbers reached the first plateau by nightfall.

178

perspicuous

(英) adj. 明晰的;明了的(clearly expressed or presented) (考) 反义词:opacity(难懂); dull(呆滞的)-perspicuous(明了的) (同) 派生词:perspicuity n. 明白

179

professional

(英) 职业的专业的(working in one of the professions)内行专业人士(a person who has great experience and high professional standards)专门职业者(a person who earns money by practicing a particular skill or sport) (考) professonal : rookie \ soldier : recruit(新手相对于专业人士\新兵相对于老兵) (记) 来自名词profession(职业)

180

toxin

(英) n.毒素,毒质 (a poisonous substance) (考) venom : toxin \ milk : nutrient(毒液含有毒素\牛奶含有营养)

181

ingress

(英) n.进入(the act of entering) (记) in(进去)+gress(走)→走进去

182

enlighten

(考) equivocation : coax \ explanation : enlighten(含糊其词为了欺骗\解释说明为了启发)

183

dart

(英) n. 飞镖 (a smallpointed missile);v. 急驰(to move suddenly and fast) (考) dart : missile \ skiff : boat(飞镖是一种小投射物\小艇是一种小船)

184

prepossessing

(英) adj.(个性等)给人好感的(tending to create a favorable impression; attractive) (记) pre(预先)+possess(拥有)+ing→预先就拥有人的情感→有吸引力的

185

sarcasm

(英) n. 讥讽,讽刺,嘲笑(a tauntingsneeringor caustic remark) (记) sarc(肌肉)+asm(可能来自spasm 痉挛)→使肌肉痉挛的→讽刺 (同) 同根词:sarcophagous(食肉的) (例) The critic enjoyed the playwright's witty sarcasm.

186

snuggle

(英) v.挨近,依偎(to draw close for comfort or in affection) (记) snug(温暖的)+gle; (同) 参考:nestle(依偎) (例) a baby snuggling close to its mother(紧偎着母亲的婴孩)

187

meld

(英) v. 混合,合并(blendmix) (考) 反义词:separate(分开) (例) Clouds and grey sea melded and a steady rain began.

188

fraction

(英) n. 碎片(fragment; scrap);小部分(portion) (例) She only spends a fraction of her earnings.

189

transition

(英) n.过渡时期,转变(passage from one stage or place to another) (记) trans(交换)+sit(坐)+ion→交换坐→过渡 (例) She is subject to frequent transitions from high spirits to depression.

190

cant

(英) n. 斜坡,斜面(a sloping or slanting surface);v. 使倾斜(bevel) cant[kXnt]n. 隐语,术语,黑话 (英) n. 隐语,术语,黑话(jargon)

191

feasible

(英) adj.可行的,可能的 (capable of being done or carried out; practicable) (记) feas(=fac做)+ible→能做的→可行的; (同) 参考:feat(功绩) (例) Your plan sounds quite feasible.

192

countenance

(英) n. 面容 (the face; visage);表情(the look on a person's face);v. 支持,赞成 (to give support or sanction to; approve or tolerate) (考) countenance : toleration \ demur : objection(认可表示容忍\反对表示异议)反义词:regard with disfavor(不赞成); forbid(禁止); condemn(谴责) (记) 来自continent(自制的)→(自制的)状态→表情;尤其要记住'支持'一意 (例) Your father won't countenance your marrying a foreigner.

193

sculpture

(考) brush : painting \ chisel : sculpture(画用画笔画成\雕塑用凿子凿成)statue : sculpture \ ode : poem(雕像是一种雕塑\赋是一种诗)

194

reflective

(英) adj. 深思熟虑的(thoughtfuldeliberative)

195

urbane

(英) adj.温文尔雅的,懂礼的(notably polite ; polished) (考) urbane : gaucherie \ guileless : chicanery(礼貌的人不粗鲁\诚实的人不狡诈)circumspect : prudence \ urbane : polish(谨慎的[人]谨慎\文雅的[人]文雅)反义词:rude(粗鲁的); rustic(乡村的) (记) urban(都市的)+e→像城市人一样→有礼貌的 (例) an urbane manner

196

gluttony

(英) n. 暴饮暴食(the habit of eating too much) (考) prodigality : spending \ gluttony : eating(挥霍是过分花费\暴食是过分吃)avarice : money \ gluttony : food(贪婪的需要很多钱\暴饮暴食的需要很多食物) (记) 来自 glut (吃得过饱)+ton(…人)→贪吃者

197

malignant

(英) adj. 恶毒的,充满恨意的(very malevolent or malicious) (例) The malignant appearance of the old house frightened us.

198

assault

(英) n.突然袭击(a suddenly attack)猛袭(a violent attack) (记) as+sault=sail; 参考: assail (例) He led an assault against the castle.

199

barn

(英) n.谷仓(a farm building for sheltering harvested crops) (记) barley是'大麦',barn就是由barley的前半部加'n'构成→藏大麦的地方

200

portend

(英) v. 预兆,预示(to give an omen; bode) (记) por(=pro在前面)+tend(倾向)→预示,预兆

201

excess

(英) n. 过分过度(lack of moderation; intemperance) (考) 反义词: too little(太少的) (记) 来自excess(过分),ex+cess(走)→走出格→过分 (同) 派生词:excessive (adj.极过分的)

202

incentive

(英) n. 刺激,鼓励(motive) (考) 反义词:deterrent(威慑物) (记) in(进入)+cent(=cant 唱,说)+ive→说服人做事→上进心,刺激 (例) material incentive(物质刺激)

203

bemused

(英) adj.茫然的困惑的(confused; preoccupied) (例) He was totally bemused by the traffic system in the city.

204

aurora

(同) 派生词: auroral adj.极光的

205

composite

(英) adj.混合成的 (formed of distinct parts);n. 合成物(compound) (记) com+pos(放)+ite→放在一起的→混合成的 (例) This is a composite map made from many small maps.

206

caprice

(英) n. 突如其来的念头(sudden change in attitude or behavior) (考) furtive : stealth \ whimsical : caprice \ acute: perspicacity \discontent :unsatisfied(同义: 秘密的和秘密\易变的和易变\敏锐的和敏锐\不满的和不满)apophasis : claim \ caprice : deliberate(婉言表达不是直接主张\突如其来不是深思熟虑)反义词:confirmation(证实)

207

hypertension

(英) n. 高血压(abnormally high blood pressure) (记) hyper(超过)+tension(紧张)→(过度紧张造成)高血压

208

nicotine

(考) cigarette: nicotine\ coffee: caffeine(香烟中的尼古丁\ 咖啡中的咖啡因) (记) 来自人名Nicot1560年将烟草引入法国 (例) It's hard to stop smoking because nicotine is addictive.

209

stationary

(英) adj. 静止的,不动的 (fixed in a station; immobile) (考) 反义词:peripatetic(巡游的)

210

hyperactivity

(记) hyperactive(adj.活动过度的;hyper[超过太多]+active[活动的])+ity

211

ore

(同) 注意不要和roe[鱼卵]相混

212

earshot

(考) earshot : hear \ ken : see(听力所及范围的能听到\目力所及范围的能看到)earsplitting adj. 震耳欲聋的

213

trigger

(英) n.扳机; v.引发,导致(to initiateactuateor set off) (例) a stimulus that triggers a reflex(引起反射的刺激)

214

sampler

(英) n. 刺绣花样,取样员(a cloth embroidered with designsmottoes; a person who prepares or selects samples for inspection) (考) tile : mosaic \ stitch : sampler(马赛克用瓷砖组成\刺绣花样用针脚组成) (记) sample(样子)+er→作为样子的东西 (同) 同根词:example(榜样);sampling(取样,样品)

215

assist

(英) v. 帮助协助( help);参加某事物(take part in sth) (考) 反义词:interference(干涉) (记) as(加强动作)+sist(站立) →站在一起→帮助 (同) 派生词: assistance (n. 帮助)同根词: persistence(坚持); resistance(抵抗)

216

caulk

(英) v. 填塞(隙缝使不漏水)(to stop up the cracksseamsetc) (考) baste : dryness \ caulk : moistness(浇油是为了防止干燥\填塞是为了防止潮湿)absorb : sponge \ seal : caulk(海绵的作用是吸收\填塞物的作用是密封) (同) 近形词: baulk(v.阻碍阻止)

217

fragment

(英) n. 碎片(small part or piece) (考) shard : pottery \ fragment : bone(陶器和陶器碎片\骨骼和骨骼碎片)反义词:coalesce(联合) (记) frag(打碎)+ment(表名词)

218

anorexia

(英) n. 厌食症( an eating disorderaversion to food) (记) an+orex(胃口)+ia→无胃口的病

219

shambles

(英) n.凌乱景象;杂乱无章(complete disorder or ruin; wreck; mess) (例) The room was a shambles after the dinner party.(宴会后房间里乱七八糟)

220

detour

(英) n.弯路 (a roundabout way);绕行之路 (a route used when the direct or regular route is not available) (记) de+tour(旅行,走)→绕着走 (例) They made a detour to avoid the busy center of the town.

221

madrigal

(记) 西班牙首都马德里(Madrid)+gal

222

exile

(英) v.\n. 放逐(to force to leave one's own country) (考) emigrate : exile \ enlist : conscript(驱逐是强行移出\征募是强行征兵) (例) They exiled Napoleon to the island of St. Helena.

223

snitch

(英) v. 告密(tell about the wrongdoings of a friend);偷(steal by taking quickly) (例) Who's snitched my pen?

224

optimism

(英) 乐观主义(the tendency to take the most hopeful or cheerful views of matters or to expect the best outcome) (记) optim(最好)+ism; (同) 参考:optimize(使完善) (例) a man of great optimism

225

diffidence

(考) 反义词:assertiveness(过分自信) (记) dif(不)+fid(相信)+ence→不相信(自己) →不自信

226

cerebrum

(英) n.用脑,思考(using one's brain; thinking)

227

ruck

(英) n. 皱褶(wrinkle)普通群众(the multitude or mass) (例) to get out of the ruck and become famous as a singer

228

magnify

(英) v. 放大(to enlarge);赞美(to glorify; extol) (记) magn(大)+ify→变大,放大 (同) 派生词: magnification (n. 放大,扩大) (例) The scientist magnified the image so that she could study it better.

229

bluster

(英) v. 指风猛刮(of the wind blow fiercely ) (考) blustering : speak \ swaggering : walk(咆哮是傲慢无礼的说\大摇大摆是傲慢无礼的走)pontificate : pompous \ scoff : derisive \ drawl : slow \ \bluster : loud \prate : aimless(武断讲话特点是自大的\嘲弄的特点是嘲笑的\慢吞吞说的特点是慢的\咆哮特点是大声的\空谈特点是无目的的) (例) The gale blustered all night .

230

coagulate

(英) v. 使凝结 (curdle; clot) (记) co(一起)+ag(做)+ulate→做到一起→凝结,合并 (同) 同根词:coagent(合作者) (例) The blood coagulatedand the wound began to heal.

231

insipid

(英) adj. 乏味的,枯燥的(dull; lifeless; vapid; flat; banal) (考) ruthless : mercy \ insipid : flavor(无情不会仁慈\无味不会有味道)insipid : invention \ prosaic : imagination(枯燥的不会有创新\单调的不会有想象力) (记) in(进入)+sip(啜饮)+id→不好喝的→乏味的;注意:insipience(愚蠢)

232

plumber

(英) n. 管子工,铅管工(a person whose job is to fit and repair water pipesbathroom apparatus)

233

landlocked

(英) adj. 被陆地包围的(entirely surrounded by land) (记) 组合词: land(地)+locked(锁起来)

234

potable

(英) adj. 适于饮用的(suitable for drinking) (考) potable : beverage \ habitable : dwelling(饮料是适于饮用的\住处是适于居住的)反义词:undrinkable(不可饮用的) (记) pot(喝)+able→可喝的 (同) 同根词:potation(饮,饮酒); potamic(河流的) (例) Gallons of potable water were delivered to the disaster site.

235

catholic

(英) adj.普遍的; 广泛的(all-inclusive; universal);(人)宽厚的(broad in understanding; liberal) (考) 反义词:narrow(狭隘的) (记) 和天主教'Catholic'一样拼写,但第一个字母不大写。

236

milk

(英) v. 榨取(to coerce profit or advantage to an extreme degree) (考) milk : extract \ exploit : utilize(程度[类比] 压榨和提取\剥削和利用)venom : toxin \ milk : nutrient(毒液具有毒素\牛奶具有营养)

237

perish

(英) v. 死,暴卒(to become destroyed or ruined; die) (考) 反义词:survive(生存) (例) Fourteen people perished in the hotel fire. \ perish from disease(病死)

238

inured

(英) adj. 习惯的(accustomed; habituated) (考) sensitization : allergic \ habituation : inured(敏感化造成过敏\习惯化养成习惯) (例) The old soldier was inured to danger.

239

ornamentation

(英) n. 装饰性,装饰 (the quality of adding ornament)

240

amplitude

(考) 反义词: meagerness(稀少)

241

charlatan

(英) n.江湖郎中,骗子(fake; mountebank; quack) (记) 意大利有个地方叫'Charlat',专卖假药并出江湖郎中(quack),所以叫charlatan

242

consumerism

(英) n. 消费者利益保护(protection of consumers' interests) (记) 来自consume(v.消费吃光;con[全部]+sume[拿取] →全部拿光→消费)

243

persevere

(英) v. 坚忍(to persist in spite of counter influences and opposition) (考) 反义词:give up(放弃) (记) per(全部)+severe(严重的)→在严重的情况下始终坚持 (例) persevere in one's studies \ Although Jane faced many obstaclesshe persevered and got her degree.

244

dapper

(英) adj.整洁漂亮的(neat and trim);动作敏捷的(neat in appearance and quick in movements) (考) 反义词:frowsy(不整洁的); unkempt(蓬乱的) (例) a dapper young man

245

homogenization

(英) adj. 同类的,相似的(similar or identical) (考) 反义词:disparate(全异的) (记) homo(相同)+gene(产生)+ous→产生相同→使一致 (例) a homogeneous book collection: all on the Civil War

246

arcane

(英) adj. 神秘的,秘密的(hidden or secret; esoteric) (考) 反义词:well-known(众所周知的) (记) arcan(秘密)+e 神秘的 (同) 同根词:arcanum(秘传知识秘药)

247

transience

(考) opportune : convenience \ convoluted : complexity \ impermanent(ephemeral): transience(合适的[事]方便\旋绕的[事]复杂\短暂的[事]暂时)反义词: permanence(永久)

248

sting

(英) v.刺痛; 叮螫(to prick or wound); (例) A bee stang him on the neck.

249

abbreviate

(英) v. 缩短(make shorter);缩写(shorten a word or phrase); (考) abbreviate : sentence \ abridge : essay(缩短句子\缩写文章)反义词: extend(扩展); prolong(延长) (记) ab+brev(短)+iate (同) 派生词: abbreviation(缩短缩写)同根词:brevity(简短)

250

slippage

(英) n. 滑动,下降 (slipping) (考) ballast : instability \ purchase : slippage(压舱物使不再不稳定\支点使不再滑脱) (记) slip(滑)+age

251

immobilize

(英) v. 使某物不动(prevent sth from moving or operation normally ) (考) splint : immobilize \ duct : convey(夹板的作用是固定\管道的作用是运送) (记) im+mob(动)+ilize(使...) →使不动

252

contend

(英) v. 与对手竞争(struggle in order to overcome a rival) (记) con(一起)+tend(伸展) →一起你拉我夺→争论 (同) 同根词: distend(扩展); extend(延伸)

253

sublimate

(英) v.(使)升华,净化(to express instinctual urgesesp. sexual desiresin a socially acceptable manner) (记) 来自sublime(崇高的)+ate

254

lachrymose

(英) adj. 好流泪的(inclined to shed many tears),引人落泪的(causing tears) (考) obdurate : budge \ lachrymose : cheer(顽固的不会让步\悲伤的不会高兴) (记) lachrym(泪)+ose→多泪的,流泪的 (同) 同根词:lachrymal(流泪的); lachrymator(催泪剂)

255

retainer

(英) n. 侍从(servant) (考) retainer : retinue \ witch : coven(侍从组成随行人员\女巫组成女巫集会)

256

cringing

(例) Enough of this cringing; Let't behave like men.

257

particularize

(英) v. 详述,列举 ( give the details of something one by one) (考) illustrate : pictures \ particularize : details(illustrate是用图画说明\particularize是用细节说明)

258

retrospect

(英) n. 反顾,回顾(meditation on past events) (记) retro(向后)+spect(看)→向后看→回顾 (例) David realizedin retrospectthat he should have finished school.

259

careless

(英) adj. 粗心的(thoughtless) (例) a careless driver

260

impute

(英) 归咎于(to charge with fault; attribute) (例) The police impute the rise in crime to the greater freedom enjoyed by young people.

261

predominant

(英) adj. 有势力的(having superior strength; prevailing) (记) pre(前面)+dominent(统治的)→在前面统治的→有势力的 (例) The predominant reason for my wanting to go home is that I am tired.

262

immunity

(英) n. 免疫;豁免(exemption) (考) soporific : sleep \ vaccinating : immunity(催眠的带来睡觉\接种的带来免疫)反义词:susceptibility(易被感染); liability(易受影响)

263

fluidity

(英) n. 流动性(quality of being fluid) (记) fluid(流动)+ity

264

germane

(英) adj. 有密切关系的,贴切的(truly relevant; pertinent) (考) 反义词:inappropriate(不恰当的); irrelevant(无关的) (记) 来自german(同父母的),germ(后代,幼苗) (同) 同根词:germinate(发芽,产生);germule(小芽) (例) He read books that were germane to his research topic.

265

disabuse

(英) v.打消(某人)的错误念头,纠正(to rid of false ideas; undeceive) (考) disabuse : error \ rehabilitate : addiction(纠正错误使不再犯错\恢复健康使不再上隐)disabuse : fallacy \ cure : disease(纠正错误使不再犯错\治疗疾病使不再生病)loose : confinement \ disabuse : misconception(释放使不再拘禁\纠正使不再误解)反义词:hoodwink(欺骗); lead into e (记) dis+abuse(滥用,误用)→解除错误 (例) disabuse someone of a prejudice(消除偏见)

266

histrionic

(英) 演戏的(ofor having the nature ofacting or actors); (记) histrion (演员)+ic→演戏的,注意不要和 historic(历史的)相混

267

accommodating

(英) adj. 乐于助人的(ready to help; obliging) (同) v. accommodate(与...一致提供食宿); n. accommodation

268

rust

(考) rust : corrosion \ dew : condensation(腐蚀产生锈\冷凝产生露)silver : tarnish \ iron : rust(银失去光泽\铁生锈)

269

jaded

(英) adj. 疲惫的(wearied);厌倦的(dull or satiated) (考) overexposure : jaded \ vaccination : immune(过分暴光导致褪色\接种疫苗导致免疫)

270

coordination

(英) n. 协调协同动作(action of co-ordinating) (记) coordinate+ion

271

pennant

(英) n.(船上用的)信号旗(nautical flags used for identification or signaling) (记) 可能是pendant(悬挂物)的变体

272

vegetate

(英) v.像植物般生活;无所事事(to lead a passive existence without exertion of body or mind) (记) veget(植物)+ate→像植物一样→过呆板的生活; (同) 参考:vegetable(蔬菜) (例) Many elderly folk vegetate and die in loneliness.

273

patio

(英) n. 庭院,平台(courtyard; an inner court open to the sky) (记) pat(公开)+io→公开之地→露天之地 (例) She was sitting in a deck chair on the patio.

274

nonconformity

(英) 不遵从(传统) (failure or refusal to act in conformity with generally accepted beliefs and practices) (记) non(不)+conformist(一致的人)

275

permanent

(英) adj. 长久的,永久的 (lasting for ever) (考) heroic : craven \ erratic : permanent(反义: 英勇的对怯懦的\不稳定的对持久的)opportune : convenience \ impermanent : transience(适宜的[东西]便利\非永久的[东西]短暂)反义词:evanescent(短暂的); interim(暂时的); ephemeral(短暂的) (记) per(自始至终)+man(拿住)+ent→永久拿住→永恒的

276

instill

(英) v. 滴注(to put in drop by drop);逐渐灌输(impart gradually) (记) in(进入)+still(水滴)→像水滴一样进入→滴注 (同) 同根词:distill(蒸馏) (例) Working as a waitress instilled Anne with patience.

277

cogent

(英) adj. 有说服力的 (compelling; convincing; valid) (考) cogent : convince \ repugnant : repel(使人信服的使信服\令人讨厌的使讨厌) (记) 分割记忆:cog(齿轮牙)+ent,像齿轮牙一样咬合→有说服力的 (同) 派生词: cogency (n. 说服力,中肯) (例) The defense attorney's cogent argument was persuasive.

278

preponderate

(英) v.(数量上,重要性上)压倒,超过(to exceed in weight or importance; outweigh) (记) pre(前面)+ponder(重量)+ate→重量超过别的→压倒

279

baroque

(英) n. \ adj. (艺术、建筑等)高度装饰的,过分雕琢的(gaudily ornate) (考) 反义词:austere(简朴的) (记) 由17世纪'巴罗克'艺术而来,以古怪精巧为特色

280

couch

(英) n. 长沙发,睡椅 (sofa; divan) (记) 比较:coach(长途公共汽车,教练)

281

communicable

(英) adj. 可传达的会传染的(that can be transmitted) (记) com(共同)+mun(公共的)+ic+able→在公众场合下的→可传达的

282

prejudicial

(英) adj. 有害的(detrimental);引起偏见的(leading to unwarranted opinion)

283

pastoral

(英) adj. 田园生活的(portraying the life of shepherds);宁静的(idyllic; rural) (记) pastor(牧人)+al→乡村的,田园风光的 (例) a pastoral landscape(乡村风景)

284

corona

(英) 日冕(月球经过太阳前面时太阳外围呈现的光环)冠(状物)(a crown or something resembling a crown) (考) corona : sun \ atmosphere : planet(日冕是太阳表层\大气层是行星表层)

285

sterilize

(英) v.使不育,杀菌 (to make sterile) (考) sedative : pacify \ antiseptic : sterilize(镇静剂使人平静\杀菌剂杀菌)反义词:contaminate(污染) (例) sterilize the surgical instruments

286

hypocritical

(英) adj. 虚伪的(of hypocrisy or a hypocrite) (记) hypocrite+cal

287

moron

(英) n. 极蠢之人,低能儿(a very foolish or stupid person) (记) moro(笨愚)+on→笨人,moronic(痴愚的) (例) It is very impolite to call a mentally retarded person a moron.

288

lethargic

(考) lethargic : stimulate \ skeptical : convince(刺激可以消除困乏\说服可以消除怀疑)

289

gradation

(英) n. 渐变(gradual change);阶段等级(any of the stages) (记) grad(步级)+ation→等级

290

magenta

(英) n.\adj. 紫红色(的染料)(purplish red) (记) 源自意大利一城镇Magenta1598年在此发现紫红色染料

291

vilify

(英) v.辱骂,诽谤 (to utter slanderous and abusive statements) (记) vil(=vile可恨的)+ify (例) vilify sb's character(污蔑人格)\vilify the government(骂政府)

292

nonporous

(记) non(不)+porous(多孔的)

293

remission

(英) n. 宽恕,赦免(the act or process of remitting) (记) re(重新)+miss(放)+ion→放掉→宽恕; (同) 参考:remissible(可被赦免的) (例) Upon remission of their last mortgage paymentthe Smiths celebrated.

294

dissipate

(英) v.(使)驱散(to drive completely away; make disappear; scatter);浪费(to waste or squander) (考) husbandry : disspate \ alacrity : procrastinate(节敛不浪费\敏捷不拖延)反义词:accumulate(积累); gather(聚集); amass(收集) (记) 分割记忆:dis+sip(喝,饮),到处吃喝→浪费;sip本身是一个常考单词 (例) He dissipated his large fortune in a few years. \a dissipated life

295

outrageous

(英) adj. 粗暴的(offensive or shocking);无礼的(flagrant; monstrous; atrocious; heinous) (例) Setting the house on fire was an outrageous crime.

296

herbaceous

(英) 草本植物的( having the nature of a herbas distinguished from woody plants) (记) herb(草)+aceous→草本的; (同) 参考:arberaceous(树本的)

297

press

(英) v. 挤压(to act upon through steady pushing; squeeze) (考) 反义词: withdraw(撤退) (例) press the orange to get juice

298

dedication

(英) n. 对某事业或目的的忠诚(devotion to a cause or an aim) (考) bigotry : dedication \ rage : anger(固执是过分忠诚\狂怒过分生气)反义词:dabble(涉足) (例) I admire the priest's dedication.

299

dodder

(英) v.蹒跚(to move shakily) (考) dodder : unsteady \ cavort : sprightly(蹒跚动作特点是不稳的\欢腾动作特点是轻快的)

300

generosity

(英) n. 慷慨,大方(willingness to share; unselfishness) (考) courage : rashness \ generosity : prodigality(勇气过分是鲁莽\慷慨过分是挥霍) (记) 来自 generous(慷慨的)

301

compact

(英) adj. 结实的 (dense; solid);简洁的 (not diffuse or wordy) (记) com+pact(打包,压紧)→一起压紧→结实的;pact本身是一个单词 compact['kOmpXkt]n. 合同,协议 (英) n. 合同,协议 (an agreement between two or more; covenant) (记) com+pact(打包压紧)→一起压紧→结实的; pact本身是一个单词

302

arouse

(英) v. 唤醒(wake up);激发(cause to become active) (记) 可能由arise(升起)变化而来 (例) arouse SB from apathyinactivity

303

fathom

(英) v. 彻底明白,了解(understand thoroughly) (考) erudite : fathom \ oblivious : neglect(博学的[人]彻底了解\遗忘的[人]忽视) (记) fathom 原意为伸展手臂,引申为伸展手臂后的长度 (例) I can't fathom your meaning.

304

cowardice

(英) n. 胆小,懦弱 (lack of courage) (考) 反义词:pluck(勇气) (记) cow(吓唬)+ard(人)→被吓坏的人→胆小鬼+ice→胆怯; (同) 参考:cower(畏缩,抖缩)

305

conglomerate

(英) v. 集聚成团 (to form into a rounded compact mass) (记) con+glomer(球)+ate→成为一球→集聚 (同) 同根词:agglomerate(使凝聚) (例) Everyone conglomerated around me to hear the gossip.

306

emulsify

(英) v. 使乳化(to form into an emulsion) (记) e+mul(=milk乳)+sify→乳化 (同) 同根词:emulsion(乳胶)

307

nucleus

(英) n. (原子)核 (the central part of an atom)

308

dummy

(英) n. 人体模型假人(model of the human figureused for fitting clothes) (例) a tailor's dummy

309

stash

(英) v.藏匿,隐藏 (to store in a secret place for future use) (记) 分割记忆:st看作stay+ash(灰)→放在灰里→藏匿 (例) He keeps his money stashed under the bed.

310

ire

(英) n. 愤怒(anger) (考) 反义词:mollify(抚慰)

311

original

(英) adj. 最初的(earliest);新颖的(new and different) (考) hodgepodge : uniform \ clich : original(大杂烩不具一致\陈腐不具创新)

312

surpass

(英) v. 超过( go beyond in amountqualityor degree) (记) sur(超过)+pass(通过)→在上面通过→超越

313

attention

(考) authoritative : acceptance \ conspicuous : attention(权威的让人接受\引人注目的让人注意)反义词:inadvertence(疏忽)

314

upright

(英) adj. 垂直的 (straight up);正直的 (honestfair) (考) 反义词:list(倾斜) (例) an upright citizen

315

desalinize

(英) v. 除去盐分 (to remove salt from sea water) (记) de+sal(盐)→inize→除掉盐; (同) 参考:salty(含盐的)

316

scabrous

(英) adj. 粗糙的(rough with small points or knobs; scabby) (记) scab(疤)+rous→有疤的,粗糙的

317

attest

(英) v.证明(to declare to be true or genuine) (记) at+test(证明)→证明,证实 (例) His success attests his ability.

318

plenary

(英) adj.全权的([of power] complete);全体出席的(fully attended by all qualified members)

319

revenue

(英) n. 总收入(the total income) (记) re(回)+ven(来)+ue→回来的东西→收入 (同) 同根词:revenant(归来之人) (例) Congress determines how tax revenues are spent.

320

blanch

(英) v.使变白(to make white);(脸色)变苍白的(turn pale) (记) blanc(白)+h→变白 (同) 参考:blank(空白的,空白处); bleach(漂白) (例) Her face blanched with fear at the bad news.

321

residual

(记) re(重新)+sid(坐)+ual→坐下来的(东西)→残余的,剩余的.

322

retention

(英) n. 保留,保持(the act of keeping in possession or use) (记) re(重新)+tent(拿住)+ion→重新拿住→保留 (例) As an aid to memory retentionI copied my notes again after class.

323

defended

(英) adj.保护的防御的(being fighting against attack) (考) untenable : defended \ invulnerable : injured \ inevitable : avoided(难以防守的不能被防守\不受伤害的不能被伤害\不可避免的不能被避免) (记) de[去掉]+fend[打击] →去掉打击→打退敌人→保卫)

324

giddy

(英) adj.轻浮的不严肃的(light-hearted; not serious; frivolous) (考) 反义词:grave(严肃的); serious(严厉的)

325

diplomatic

(英) adj.外交的;圆滑的(tactful and adroit; suave) (考) diplomat : tact \ inventor : ingenuity(外交官特点是圆滑\发明家特点是创新) (记) 来自diplomat(外交家,外交官) (例) The president gave a diplomatic response to the question.

326

comprehensible

(英) adj. 能充分理解的(that can be understood fully) (记) com+prehens(抓住)+ible

327

hovel

(英) n. 茅舍;肮脏的小屋(any smallmiserable dwelling; hut) (考) palatial : hovel \ bucolic : city (富丽堂皇对小屋\乡村对城市)

328

instantaneous

(英) adj. 立即的(immediate) (记) instant(马上的,立即的)+aneous→立即的; (同) 参考:instantize(把食品等预先配制好)

329

arabesque

(记) arab(阿拉伯)+esque→有阿拉伯风格的图案

330

loyalty

(英) 忠诚(the quality of being loyal)衷心(a feeling of being loyal to someone or something) (考) exorbitant : moderation \ perfidious : loyalty(过度的不会节制\不忠的不会忠诚)反义词: perfidy(不忠) (记) 来自形容词loyal(忠诚的)

331

nonverbal

(英) adj. 不用言辞表达的 (not using words) (记) non(不)+verbal(口头的)

332

taunt

(英) v.嘲笑,讥笑(to reproach or challenge in a mocking or insulting manner) (考) flout : disregard \ mock : imitate \ taunt : challenge(嘲弄性的轻视和轻视\嘲弄性的模仿和模仿\嘲弄性的挑战和挑战) (记) 参考:daunt(恐吓); gaunt(憔悴的) (同) 近形词:daunt(恐吓);gaunt(憔悴的) (例) taunt sb with cowardice(讥讽某人懦怯)

333

saturnine

(英) adj. 忧郁的,阴沉的(sluggishtaciturn) (考) 反义词:genial(愉快的); jovial(欢愉的) (记) 来自Suturn(土星)+ine据说生于土星宫时的人性格忧郁

334

propulsion

(英) n. 推进力(something that propels) (记) pro(向前)+puls(跳动,推动)+ion→向前推→推进力 (同) 同根词:repulse(驱逐,反击); impulsive(冲动的) (例) The plane was thrust forward by jet propulsion.

335

unison

(英) n.齐奏齐唱;一致的或协调的行动( complete accord)

336

effective

(英) adj. 有效的; 产生深刻印象的(making a striking impression) (记) effect(v.生效;ef[出]+fect[做] →做出来→生效效果)+ive

337

ingrate

(英) n.忘恩负义的人(an ungrateful person) (考) 反义词:thinkful person(感恩者) (记) in(不)+grate(感激) (同) 派生词: ingratitude (n.忘恩负义ungratefulness)

338

incandescent

(英) adj. 白热的(glowing or white with heat);热烈的(zestful; ardent) (记) in(进入)+cand(白热)+escent(开始…的)→开始发热的 (例) the incandescent spirit of freedom

339

miscellany

(英) n.混合物(a collection of various items or parts) (记) miscel(混合)+lany→混合物 (同) 派生词: miscellaneous(各种各样的);参考:promiscuous(杂乱的,乱交的)

340

foolhardy

[记]组合词:fool(笨) + hardy(勇敢的) →笨而勇敢

341

misconception

(英) n. 误解,错误想法 (understanding something wrongly) (考) loose : confinement \ disabuse : misconception(释放是解除拘禁\解惑是消除误解) (记) mis(错误)+conception(概念)

342

indelible

(英) adj. 擦拭不掉的,不可磨灭的(that cannot be erased) (考) indelible : forget \ astounding : expect(难以抹去的无法忘记\令人惊骇的无法预料) (记) in+del(=delete擦掉)+ible→不能擦掉的; (同) 参考:delete(擦掉)

343

trappings

(英) n.服饰饰物(outward decorations; ornaments )

344

illuminating

(考) therapeutic : hospital \ illuminating : school(医院是治疗的\学校是教育的) (记) 来自 illuminate(照明,启迪) (同) 同根词:luminant(发光的杰出人物) (例) The professor's illuminating lecture helped me.

345

pique

(英) n.\v. (因自尊心受伤害而导致的)不悦,愤怒(resentment; v. to arouse anger or resentment: irritate) (考) 反义词:mollify(抚慰) (记) pique(刺激)→因刺激而不高兴 (例) She went off in a pique.

346

credulity

(英) n. 轻信(too great a readiness to believe things ) (考) credulity : dupe \ discrimination : connoisseur(易上当者特点是轻信\鉴赏家特点是有鉴赏力)反义词:skepticism(怀疑) (记) credulous(轻信;去掉ous加上ity)

347

inhibitor

(考) 反义词: catalyst(催化剂)

348

mackintosh

(英) n. 雨衣(raincoat) (记) 来自人名,Mackintosh是防水胶布发明者

349

utilitarian

(英) adj.功利的,实利的(exhibiting or preferring mere utility)

350

devoted

(英) adj. 投入的热爱的(very loving or loyal) (考) zealous : enthusiastic \ idolatrous : devoted(狂热的是十分有热情的\崇拜的是十分忠诚的)fanatic : devoted \ prude : proper(狂热者是过分热衷\故作正经者是过分得体)devoted : zealous \ careful : fastidious(狂热是过分热衷\挑剔是过分仔细) (记) 来自devote(v.投身于献身;de[加强]+vote[发誓] →拼命发誓→献身) (同) 同根词:votary (信徒,爱好者)

351

reactivate

(记) re(重新)+activ(活跃)+ate→重新活跃 (例) reactivate sb's ambition

352

antibiotic

(英) adj. 抗菌的(destroying or inhibiting the growth of bacteria and other microorganisms) (考) antibiotic : infection \ coagulant : bleeding(抗生素用来抑制感染\止血剂用来抑制流血) (记) anti(反)+bio(生命)+ic→反生命→抗生素

353

amble

(英) n. \ v. 漫步,缓行(walk in a leisurely manner) (考) walk : amble \ talk : chat(漫步是无目的的走\闲聊是无目的的聊) (记) amble=ambul(走路) (同) 同根词: ambulance(救护车); preamble(前言序言)近形词: ample(丰富的); ramble(漫步闲逛)

354

directness

(考) fawn : imperiousness \ equivocate : directness(奉承不傲慢\含糊其词不直截了当) (记) di(加强)+rect(正直)+ness→直接

355

redundancy

(英) 过剩(the state of being redundant; superfluity); (同) 亦作redundance (例) Redundancy is both wasteful and inefficient.

356

immanent

(英) adj.内在的(inherent);普遍存在的(present through the universe) (考) 反义词:explicit(外在的) (记) im(进入)+man(人)+ent→在人之内的→内在的

357

secede

(英) v. 正式脱离或退出(组织)(to withdraw from an organization) (记) se(分开)+cede(走)→走开,脱离 (同) 派生词: secession (n. 脱离,退出)

358

comely

(英) adj. 动人的,美丽的 (pleasant to look at; attractive) (考) 反义词: unattractiveness(没有吸引力) (同) 派生词: comeliness(n.美丽动人) (例) a comely young woman(动人女郎)

359

unstudied

(英) adj.不造作的,优雅的(not done or planned for effect) (记) un(没有)+studied→不是习得的,自然的 (例) unstudied grace(自然的优雅)

360

tortuous

(英) adj.弯弯曲曲的(winding) (考) labyrinth : tortuous \ ornament : decorative(迷宫弯曲\装饰品装饰)反义词: straightforwatd(笔直的); direct(直接的) (记) tort(弯曲)+uous→弯曲的

361

captious

(英) adj. 吹毛求疵的(quick to find fault; carping) (记) capt(拿)+ious→拿(别人的缺点)→吹毛求疵的 (同) 派生词: captiously adv. 好吹毛求疵地同根词:caption(标题); capture(俘获)

362

prejudice

(英) n. 偏见,成见 (unfair and often unfavorable feeling or opinion) (记) pre(预先)+judice(判断)+→预先判断→偏见

363

enclosure

(英) n.圈地围占(the act or action of enclosing) (考) stockade : enclosure \ pillar : support(栅栏起到包围作用\柱子起到支撑作用) (记) en+close(关闭)+ure→关进来→围地

364

prodigious

(英) adj. 很大的,巨大的(extraordinary in bulkquantityor degree; enormous) (考) 反义词:slight(微小的) (例) I have a prodigious amount of work to do before I leave.

365

plump

(英) adj. 颇胖的,丰满的(having a full rounded pleasing form) (考) 反义词:svelte(苗条的) (记) 注意不要和plumb(深入了解)相混 (例) She is plump without being fat. (她丰满但并不肥胖)

366

filch

(英) v.偷(不贵重的东西)(pilfer; steal) (记) 注意不要和filth(肮脏)相混,偷东西是肮脏的(to filch is a filthy deed)

367

raucous

(英) adj.(声音)沙哑的,粗糙的(disagreeably harsh or strident; hoarse) (记) rauc(=hoarse 沙哑的)+ous (例) Her voice is rather raucous.

368

rapt

(英) adj.专心致志的全神贯注的(engrossed; absorbed; enchanted) (考) 反义词:distracted(分心的) (例) be rapt in one's work(专心致志工作)

369

fritter

(英) v.(在无意义上的小事上)愚蠢地浪费(时间和金钱)(waste time or money on unimportant things)

370

conspectus

(英) n. 概要,大纲 (summary; outline; synopsis) (记) con+spect(看)+us→一起看的东西→大纲 (同) 同根词:inspection(视察,细看); spectacular(壮观的)

371

moist

(英) adj. 潮湿的,微湿的 (slightly wet) (考) small : minuscule \ moist : saturated(sodden) \ surprised : astonished(小和极小\湿和湿透\吃惊和大吃一惊) (例) Water the plant regularly to keep the soil moist.

372

pious

(英) 虔诚的(showing and feeling deep respect for God and religion)虚伪的伪善的(pretending to have deep respect and sincere feelings) (例) He dismissed his critics as pious do-gooders who were afraid to face the facts.

373

confidential

(英) adj. 机密的(be kept secret) (记) confident(相信)+ial→相信的人才知道→机密的 (同) 派生词: confidentiality (n. 机密)

374

ironclad

(英) adj. 坚固的(difficult to change or break);装铁甲的(covered or protected with iron) (考) firm : ironclad \ smart : brilliant \ full : jammed(程度: 坚固十分坚固的\聪明才华横溢的\满拥挤) (记) iron(铁)+clad(给…加包层)→包层铁→坚固的 (例) an ironclad rule(铁定的规定)

375

delectation

(英) adj. 赏心悦目的(pleasing to the taste; delicious; luscious) (记) delect(高兴delight)+able→高兴的

376

rapids

(英) n.急流,湍流(a part of a river where the current is fast and the surface is broken by obstructions) (记) rapid(快速)+s→急流 (例) My friends and I rafted down the rapids.

377

zenith

(英) n.天顶 (the highest point of the celestial sphere);极点(the highest point) (考) 反义词:nadir(最低点); lowest point(最低点) (记) 参考:nadir(最低点) (例) the zenith of one's career

378

peptic

(英) adj. 产生胃酶的,助消化的(prompting digestion)

379

seriousness

反义词:levity(n. 轻率);flippancy(n. 轻浮)

380

illegible

(英) adj. 难读的,难认的(very difficult to read) (记) il(不)+leg(读)+ible→不能读的→难读的 (同) 同根词:legend(传奇); dialect(方言lect=leg) (例) John's signature was an illegible scrawl.

381

polemical

(英) adj. 挑起论战的(controversial) (考) 反义词:conciliatory(调和的) (记) polem(战争)+ic→战争争论 同根词:polemology(战争学)

382

stapler

(考) stanza : poem(poetryballad) \ act : opera \ paragraph : prose \ chapter :novel\ movement : orchestra(诗节构成诗\剧幕构成剧\段落构成散文\章节构成小说\乐章构成音乐)stanza : line \ volume : issue(几行诗构成诗节\几期期刊构成合钉本)ballad : stanza \ novel : ch (记) stan(站住)+za→诗停止的地方→节、段

383

friction

(英) n. 摩擦; 矛盾冲突(disagreement between people with different views) (考) splint : mobility \ lubricant : friction(夹板防止能动性\润滑油防止摩擦)abraded : friction \ vaporized : heat \ desiccated : dehydration(摩擦使磨损\加热使蒸发\脱水使干燥) (例) There is a great deal of friction between the management and the work force.

384

justify

(英) v. 表明...是正当的(show that sb\sth is reasonable or just) (考) 反义词:argue against(反对) (例) He can hardly justify such conduct.

385

spiny

(英) adj.针状的 (slender and pointed like a spine) (考) 反义词:smooth(平滑的) (记) spin(刺)+y→有刺的 (同) 同根词:spinule(小刺);spinous(多刺的)

386

scoundrel

(英) n. 恶棍,无赖(a wickedselfishor dishonest man)

387

disintegrate

(英) v.分裂成小片,瓦解 (to separate into parts or fragments) (记) dis+integr(完整)+ate→使不完整→瓦解 (同) 同根词:integrity(完整,正直);integral(完整的)

388

girth

(英) n. 围长周长(circumference)

389

luggage

(英) n. 行李 (the casesbagsboxes of a traveler) (考) suitcase : luggage \ hat : millinery(箱子是一种行李\圆边帽是一种女帽)

390

ubiquitous

(英) adj. 无所不在的(existing or being everywhere at the same time) (考) 反义词:unique(独特的) (记) ubi(=where)+qu(=any)+itous→anywhere→无所不在的 (例) a ubiquitous trend(普遍存在的倾向)

391

carnation

(记) carn(肉)+ation,康乃馨颜色为淡红色(肉色)

392

burst

(英) 爆破(cause sth to break violently apart)爆炸(explosion) (考) inflate : burst \ pull : tear(过分膨胀导致爆裂\过分拉伸导致撕裂) (例) the burst of bomb

393

velocity

(英) n.速度 (quickness of motion;speed);迅速 (rapidity of movement) (记) veloc(速度)+ity (例) the velocity of historical change(历史变迁的迅速)

394

disburse

(英) v.支付,支出 (to pay out; expend) (记) dis+burse(=purse钱包)→掏腰包→支出 (同) 派生词: disbursement (n.支出,开支 expenditure) (例) On paydaythe manager disburses our pay.

395

ethnography

(英) n. 人种学(the branch of anthropology that deals descriptively with specific cultures) (记) ethn(种族)+graphy(学科)→人种学 (同) 同根词:ethnical(种族的)

396

assumed

(英) adj. 假装的假的(pretendedfalse)

397

list

(英) v.\n. 倾斜(to tilt to one sideas a ship)注意:list 意义很多,常考的有'名单、列表、倾侧、愿望' (考) list : discography \ tool : hoe(唱片目录是一种列表\锄头是一种工具)反义词:be upright(直立) (记) 注意:list 意义很多常考的有'名单、列表、倾斜、愿望' (例) The trees all listed to leeward.

398

succumb

(英) v.屈从(to yield to superior strength);因…死亡(to be brought to an end by the effects of destructive or disruptive forces) (记) suc(下面)+cumb(躺)→躺下去→死亡 (同) 同根词:recumbent(斜躺的); encumber(妨碍) (例) The government has succumbed to pressure from the press.

399

belated

(英) adj. 来得太迟的(delayed ) (记) be(使...成为)+late(迟)+ed

400

erasability

(考) 反义词: indelibility(不能消除) (记) erase(擦)+ability

401

rucksack

(英) n.(旅行等的)背包(a kind of knapsack) (记) ruck(=back背)+sack(包)

402

founder

(英) v. (船)沉没(sink: said of a ship or boat);(计划)失败(collapse; fail) (考) 反义词: stay aloft(在高处) (记) founder 作为'创建者'一义人所共知 (例) The ship foundered in the heavy seas.

403

avert

(英) v.避免防止(ward off; prevent);避开(to turn away) (记) a+vert(转)→转开→避免 (同) 同根词: divert(转向); introvert(内向) (例) avert one's eyes. avert the disaster.

404

subvert

(英) v.颠覆,推翻(to overturn or overthrow from the foundation) (考) 反义词:reinforce(加强) (记) sub(下面)+vert(转)→在下面转→推翻 (例) subvert a dictatorship(推翻独裁统治)

405

audacity

(英) n.大胆,鲁莽(temerity) (考) daredevil : audacity \ malcontent : dissatisfaction(冒失鬼特点是鲁莽\不满者特点是不满)

406

ecstatic

(例) I was ecstatic when I got the job.

407

invasion

(英) 侵略侵犯(being invaded) (考) rampart : invasion \ levee : flood(堡垒防止入侵\河堤防止洪水) (记) 来自invade(v.侵略;in[进]+vade[走] →走进去→侵略)

408

dissect

(英) v. 解剖(cut up a dead body) (考) specimen : dissect \ sentence : parse(解剖标本\解析句子) (记) dis(分开) +sect(切) →分开切→解剖

409

defect

(英) n. 缺点,瑕疵 (fault; flaw);v. 变节,脱党(to forsake a party or cause) (记) de+fect(做)→没做好→缺点 (例) The traitor decided to defect .

410

unedited

(记) un(不)+edit(编辑)+ed

411

stir

(英) v. 搅动; 激发(produce strong feelings in someone);n. 轰动(excitement) (考) exculpatory : absolve \ motivational : stir(辩明无罪为了赦免\激励性[行为]为了激发)

412

tragedienne

(英) n.悲剧女演员(an actress who plays tragic roles) (记) tragedy(悲剧)+enne(女)

413

celestial

(英) adj.天体的,天上的(of or in the sky or universe) (记) celest(天空)+ial→天上的 (同) 同根词:celeste(天蓝色)

414

coax

(英) v. 哄诱,巧言诱哄 (to induce; persuade by soothing words; cajole; wheedle) (考) blandishment : coax \ medal : honor \ prevarication : deceive(甜言蜜语是为了哄骗\奖章是为了奖励\支吾其词是为了欺骗)equivocation : coax \ explanation : enlighten(含糊其词起到哄骗作用\解释起到开导作用) (记) 参考hoax(欺骗); 同记:coaxal(同轴的) (同) 近形词: hoax(欺骗); coaxal(同轴的) (例) to coax a child to eat vegetables

415

spout

(英) v.喷出(to eject in a stream);滔滔不绝地讲(to speak readily) (记) 和spouse(配偶)一起记 (例) The elephant spouted water from its trunk.

416

bypass

(英) v. 规避,绕过(to go around instead of through) (记) by(旁边)+pass(经过) →从边上经过→绕过 (例) Let's bypass the town with all its traffic.

417

jesting

(英) adj. 滑稽的(ridiculous)

418

gaudy

(英) adj. 俗丽的(bright and showy) (考) gaudy : apparel \ grandiloquent : speak(俗丽的衣服\浮夸的语言) (记) 来自 gaud(华丽而俗气的饰物),比较:garish(华丽的)

419

vanquish

(英) v.征服(to defeat in a conflict or contest) (记) vanqu(=vinc战胜)+ish (例) The enemy was vanquished at last.

420

concerted

(考) 反义词: individually devised(单独设计的) (例) take concerted action (采取一致行动)

421

circumference

(英) n.周围圆周(line that marks out a circle);周长(distance of this) (考) circumference : circle \ perimeter : rectangle \ border : country(圆周和圆\矩形周长和矩形\边界和国家) (记) circum(环绕周围)+fer(带来) +ence→带来一圈→周长

422

roundabout

(英) adj. 绕远道的,转弯抹角的(indirect; circuitous) (记) 组合词:round(转圈)+about (例) We heard the news in a roundabout way.

423

precursory

(考) 反义词:derivative(派生的)

424

bacchanal

(英) n.(行为放纵的)狂欢会(a drunk carouser or party; orgy) (记) 来自Bacchus,是希腊的酒神

425

rank

(英) n. 等级阶级(class);adj.恶臭的(offensive in odor or flavor) (考) coin : denomination \ officer : rank(货币单位表示钱币大小\官衔表示官的大小)

426

liquidation

(英) v. 清除(to dispose of);清偿(to pay or settle a debt) (记) liquid(清澈的)+ate→弄清澈→清除,清偿 (例) liquidate a partnership(断绝伙伴关系)

427

reward

(英) 酬报奖赏(a return for doing something good or valuable)酬谢奖赏(to give a reward to someone or for an action) (考) 反义词: relinquish(让与,放弃)

428

irascible

(英) adj. 易发怒的(easily angered; irritable) (考) 反义词:affable(和蔼可亲的) (记) i(坏)+rasc(摩擦)+ible→一摩擦就坏→易发怒的

429

montage

(考) montage : images \ medley : songs \ zigzag : turns(蒙太奇由影象组成\集成曲由歌曲组成\Z字形由转弯组成)

430

traction

(英) n.拖拉,牵引力(the force exerted in drawing) (记) tract(拉)+ion (例) mechanical traction(机械牵引)

431

concession

(英) 让步(an act or instance of concedinggrantingor yielding);特许权 (a privilege granted by a governmentcompanyetc.) (考) stratagem : deceive \ concession : placate(谋略达到欺骗的目的\让步达到抚慰的目的)

432

trample

(英) v.踩坏,践踏 (to tread heavily so as to bruisecrushor injure) (记) tramp(踩踏)+le (例) trample down the flowers \ trample law and order

433

scuttle

(英) v. 急赶,疾走,逃避(scurry) (例) scuttle out of one's responsibilities. scuttle['skAtl]n. 舷窗,舱口盖. (英) n. 舷窗,舱口盖 ( hatchway of a ship) (例) scuttle across the street \ scuttle out of one's responsibilities.

434

flaw

(考) glitch : flaw \ peccadillo : error(程度: 小故障缺陷.小错误错误)impeccable : flaw \ ingenuous : guile(无瑕疵的没瑕疵\坦白的没诡计)

435

hauteur

(英) n. 傲慢(haughtiness; snobbery) (考) fawn : hauteur \ self-depreciate : swagger(逢迎不傲慢\自贬不狂妄)反义词:humility(谦卑) (记) 来自法语 haut (高)+eur→傲慢

436

malevolent

(英) adj. 有恶意的,恶毒的(showing ill will;malicious) (记) male(恶)+vol(意念)+ent→恶意的 (同) 同根词:benevolent(好意的); volition(决择,决定) (例) The dictator pursued his malevolent plan.

437

quaff

(英) v.畅饮(to drink deeply) (考) quaff : sip \ stride : mince \ delve : skim(畅饮和啜饮\大步走和小步走\钻研和浏览) (例) quaff a glass of wine(将一杯酒一饮而尽)

438

sodden

(英) adj. 浸透了的(soaked through; very wet) (考) moist : sodden \ surprised : astonished(潮湿→湿透\惊讶→吃一惊)marsh : sodden \ desert : arid(沼泽是湿的\沙漠是干的)反义词:desiccated(干燥的) (例) the sodden ground(湿漉漉的地面)

439

valid

(考) 反义词:fallacious(谬误的); specious(似是而非的); fallacy(谬误)-valid argument(正确的论证) (同) 派生词: validity (n. 有效性,合法性)

440

acrophobia

(英) n. 恐高症( fear of heights) (记) acro(顶点高点)+phob(憎恨)+ia→憎恨高的病

441

disorder

(英) n. 凌乱(untidy state) (记) dis +order(秩序)

442

peculate

(英) v. 挪用(公款)(embezzle) (记) pecu(愿意为牛,引申为钱财)+late(放)→把公有钱财放回家里→挪用 (同) 同根词:peculium(私有财产)

443

vivisection

(英) n.活体解剖(act of dissecting living animals) (记) vivi(生命活)+sect(切割)+ion→切开活的→活体解剖

444

supernal

(英) adj.天堂的,天上的(heavenlyethereal) (记) super(在…上面)+anl (例) the supernal stars(天上的星星)\supernal beauty(绝色)

445

playwright

(英) n. 剧作家(a person who writes plays) (记) play(戏剧)+wright(做的人)→剧作家; (同) 参考:cartwright(造车匠)

446

alchemy

(英) n.炼金术(an early form of chemistry studied in the Middle Ages) (考) alchemy : science \ nostrum : remedy(炼金术是伪科学\秘方药是假药物)astrology : astronomy \ alchemy : chemistry(占星术非天文学\炼金术非化学) (记) al+chemy(化学); 参考: chemistry(化学)

447

orchard

(英) n. 果园 (a place where fruit trees are grown)

448

reed

(英) n. 芦苇 (a grasslike plant);簧片(a thin piece of wood or metal in a musical instrument)

449

envelope

(英) n. 封套封皮(wrapper or covering ) (考) envelope : letter \ crate : produce(信封用来装信\板条箱用来装农产品) (例) writing paper and envelopes

450

mulish

(考) despicable : value \ mulish : flexibility(可鄙的[东西]没有价值\执拗的[人]没有灵活性)反义词:flexible(灵活的); pliant(顺从的)

451

auricular

(英) adj.耳的(of the ear) (记) aur(耳,听)+icular(形容词后缀) (同) 同根词:aural(听力的);auride(外耳)

452

fume

(英) v.\n. 愤怒(to show angerannoyanceetc.);冒烟(to give off gassmokeor vapor) (考) preen : self-satisfaction \ fume : anger(打扮是一种自我满足的表现\愤怒是一种怒的表现)

453

commission

(英) n. 委托(piece of work given to sb to do);佣金(payment to sb for selling goods) (记) com+miss(送,放出)+ion→共同送出→委托

454

rooster

(英) n. 公鸡(the male of the chicken; cock)

455

perpetual

(英) adj. 连续不断的(continuing endlessly; uninterrupted);永久的(lasting for ever) (考) 反义词:evanescent(短暂易逝的); intermittent(间歇的,间断的); ephemeral(短暂的)

456

folktale

(英) n. 民间故事(popular story passed on in spoken form)

457

lustrous

(英) adj. 有光泽的(having lustre; bright) (考) numb : insensible \ burnish : lustrous(使麻木是使无知觉的\磨光是使有光泽的)lustrous : polish \ pure : refine(磨光使有光泽的\提纯使纯的)

458

alter

(英) v. 改变更改(cause to become different) (考) friable : crumble \ malleable : alter (易碎的容易破碎\可变的容易改变) (记) alter本身就是词根:其他的改变状态 (同) 派生词: alteration (n.改变,变更 change)近形词: altercation(争吵); alternation(交替)

459

libertine

(英) n. 性行为放纵者,浪荡子(a man who leads an unrestrainedsexually immoral life) (考) indulge : ascetic \ restrain : libertine(禁欲者不会放纵\放荡者不会克制)libertine : dissolute \ sycophant : obsequious \ buffoon : ludicrous \ wag :humorous(放荡者特点是放荡的\马屁精特点是逢迎的\小丑特点是滑稽的\幽默家特点是幽默的)反义词:ascetic(苦行者) (记) liber(自由)+tine→自由人→浪荡子

460

instrument

(英) 器具仪器(implement or apparatus used in performing an actionesp for delicate or scientific work) (考) allergy : reaction \ lancet : instrument(过敏是一种反应\柳叶刀是一种工具)

461

legitimate

(英) adj. 合法的(lawful);正当的(reasonable; legal) (记) legitim(合法)+ate→合法的; (同) 参考:legitimize(使合法,正式批准)

462

restricted

(英) adj. 限制的,受约束的 (limited in some way) (记) 来自动词restrict(限制;re[回]+strict[拉] →拉回来→限制)+ed

463

unrepressed

(英) adj.未被限制的 (考) 反义词:restrained(受限制的)

464

sanctify

(考) 反义词: desecrate(亵渎)

465

gentility

(英) n.文雅风度彬彬有礼(quality of being genteel)

466

grotto

(英) n.洞穴( small cavern)

467

engulf

(英) v. 吞噬(to flow over and enclose; overwhelm) (记) en+gulf(大沟)→吞噬 (例) The stormy sea engulfed the small boat.

468

portraiture

(英) n. 肖像画; 肖像画技法 (the art of making portraits) (考) jazz : music \ portraiture : painting(爵士乐是一种音乐\肖像画是一种画) (记) 来自名词portrait(肖像画)

469

bounteous

(英) adj. 慷慨的(giving freely and generouslywithout restraint);丰富的(provided in abundance; plentiful) (记) bount=bon(好)+eous→好的→慷慨的; (同) 参考:bountiful=bounteous (例) bounteous gifts

470

conceptual

(考) 反义词: concrete(具体的)

471

rhyme

(英) n. 押韵(words that rhyme at the ends);v. 押韵( end with the same sound)

472

declination

(英) n. 倾斜(a bending or sloping downward);衰微(deterioration; decay) (记) de+clin(倾斜)+ation→倾斜下去 (同) 同根词:inclination(偏好)

473

apocrypha

(英) n. 伪经,伪书(books not canonical) (考) 反义词:canon(真作);authenticated(经鉴定的) (记) apo (远)+cryph(隐藏)+a→非珍藏之物→伪经 (同) 派生词: apocryphal (adj. 伪经的;假冒的 spurious; counterfeit )

474

ameliorate

(英) v. 改善改良(cause to become better) (考) 反义词: aggravate(恶化) (同) 派生词: amelioration (n. 改善改良improvement) (例) ameliorate conditionscircumstancesliving standards

475

furor

(英) n.轰动骚动(frenzy; great anger and excitement)

476

signify

(英) v. 表示( be a sign of);有重要性 ( have significance) (记) sign(信号)+ify→用信号表示→象征

477

underlying

(记) under(在...下面)+lying(躺着的)

478

instability

(英) n. 不稳定不稳固(lack of stability) (记) in(不)+stability(n. 稳定性)

479

ceremony

(英) n. 典礼仪式(formal acts performed on a religious or public occasion) (考) affidavit : statement \ wedding : ceremony(宣誓书是一种严肃陈述\婚礼是一种严肃仪式) (同) 近形词: hegemony(霸权领导权) (例) a wedding ceremony

480

convalescent

(英) n. adj. 康复中的(病人)([person who is]recovering from illness) (记) con(全部)+val(强壮)+escent→身体全部强壮起来→恢复健康的

481

codify

(英) v. 将法律规则等编成法典(arrange lawsrules systematically into a code) (同) 派生词: codification (n. 编纂整理compilation)

482

ruminant

(英) adj.(动物)反刍的,沉思的(meditative; thoughtful) (记) rumin(=rumen 反刍动物的第一胃'瘤骨')+ant→反刍的 (例) Cows are ruminant animals.

483

precursor

(英) n. 先驱,先兆(forerunner) (记) pre(前面)+curs(跑)+or→跑在前面的人→先驱 (例) Dark clouds are a precursor of rain.

484

asymmetric

(英) adj.不对称的(being lack of symmetry) (考) circular : asymmetrical \ protean : rigid(圆的不是不对称的\多变的不是僵化的) (记) a+sym(同)+metr(测量)+ic→测量不同→不对称的; (同) 也作asymmetrical参考:symmetry(对称)

485

pygmy

(英) n.矮人,侏儒(a short insignificant person; dwarf) (记) 来自Pygmy(俾格米人),一种矮小人种 (例) The missionary learned to speak the pygmy's language.

486

moody

(英) adj.喜怒无常的( given to changeable moods; gloomy) (同) 派生词: moodiness (n.不高兴愤怒)

487

myriad

(英) adj. 许多,无数(innumerable) (考) myriad(countless; innumerable; untold): number \ everlasting (interminable): duration(无穷多的数字\无穷尽的时间) (记) myria(许多)+d; (同) 参考:myriad-minded(多才多艺的) (例) A myriad of thoughts passed through her mind.

488

gamut

(英) n. 全音阶(any complete musical scale) (例) He's run the whole gamut of human experience.

489

polygamy

(英) n. 一夫多妻制,多配偶制(have more than one mate at the same time) (记) poly(多)+gam(婚姻)+y→多婚姻 (例) Polygamy is acceptable in some religions.

490

inception

(英) n. 开端,开始(commencement) (考) inception : termination \ matriculation : graduation(开始是结束的反义\开学是毕业的反义) (记) in(进入)+cept(拿)+ion→拿进来→开始 (同) 同根词:concept(概念); accept(接受)

491

pedantic

(考) mawkish(maudlin) : sentiment \ pedantic : scholarship(多愁善感的[人]过分运用感情\书生气的[人]过分运用学问)scholarly : pedantic \ modest : prudish(有学问的→买弄学问的\有规矩的→过分规矩的)moralistic : principled \ pedantic : learned(道学气的是过分坚持原则\学究气的

492

execrate

(英) v. 憎恶(to loathe; detest; abhor);咒骂(to call down evil upon; curse) (记) 来自拉丁文exsecratussecrat(神圣),走出了神圣→不再神圣→咒骂 (例) to execrate his evil deeds

493

auction

(记) auct(提高)+ion→提高价格→拍卖 (同) 同根词:augment(提高),august(八月)auct=aug

494

pummel

(英) v.(用拳)接连地打,打击(to poundbeat) (例) The bully pummeled my nose until it bled.

495

reasoning

(英) n. 推理,推论 (the use of one's reason) (考) sophism : reasoning \ counterfeit : money(诡辩是假的推理\伪钞是假的钱)logic : reasoning \ ethics : behavior(逻辑学研究推理\伦理学研究行为)反义词:fallacy(谬误)-valid reasoning(正确的推理) (记) reason(推理)+ing

496

exorcise

(英) v.驱魔(to drive or expel an evil spirit by religious or solemn ceremonies); (记) ex+sorc(巫术)+ize→用巫术赶出→驱邪 (同) 同根词:sorcery(巫术,魔术); sorcerer(巫师)派生词: exorcism ( n.驱鬼,伏魔)

497

magnate

(英) n.财主,巨头(a very important or influential person) (例) The board of directors accused the oil magnate of fraud.

498

conflict

(英) v. 斗争战斗(fight);冲突抵触(a clash between ideas; opposition) (考) 反义词:jibe(使一致) (记) con(共同) +flict(打击) →共同打→冲突→斗争

499

ineffaceable

(英) adj. 抹不掉的(indelible)

500

numinous

(英) adj. 庄严的,神圣的(supernatural; divine) (记) numin(=numen守护神)+ous→守护神的→庄严的

501

condole

(英) v. 向…吊慰 (to express sympathy; commiserate) (记) con+dol(痛苦)→一起痛苦→哀悼; (同) 同根词:indolence(n.懒惰,不痛); doleful(adj.悲哀的)派生词: condolence (n. 吊唁,哀悼)

502

echo

(英) n. 回声回音(reflection and repetition of a sound) (考) reflection : light \ echo : sound(光产生反射\声音产生回声) (例) The valley echoed back his song.

503

gluttonous

(英) adj. 贪吃的贪嘴的(very greedy for food)

504

practice

(考) practicing : expertise \ exercising : strength(实践形成专业技能\锻炼形成力量)

505

sobriquet

(英) n.浑名,绰号(a descriptive name or epithet)

506

flexible

(英) adj.易弯曲的(easily bent; pliant)灵活的(adjustable to change) (考) 反义词:obdurate(执拗的); mulish(固执的) (记) flex=flect(词根:弯曲) (同) 同根词:reflect(反射); inflect(变调) (例) a flexible personality

507

profiteer

(英) n. 奸商,牟取暴利者(one who makes an unreasonable profit) (记) profit(利润)+eer(人)→赚利润之人→奸商 (例) The profiteer sold items in short supply for very high prices.

508

axe

(英) 斧子(tool with a handle and a heavy metal blade used for chopping wood.) (考) scythe : reaper \ axe : woodcutter(收割者的工具是镰刀\伐木工的工具是斧头)

509

expectant

(英) adj. 期待的期望的(hopeful) (例) children with expectant faces waiting for the pantomiime to start

510

morbid

(英) adj. 病态的,不正常的( unhealthy; diseased) (考) 反义词:wholesome(健康的) (记) morb(病)+id→病态的; (同) 参考:morbific(引起疾病的)派生词: morbidity (n. 病态) (例) Jane has a morbid interest in horror films.

511

drollery

(英) n. 滑稽(quaint or wry humor)

512

musculature

(记) 来自名词muscle(肌肉)

513

fag

(英) v.苦干(to work hard and become very tired);n.苦工(a menial worker; drudge) (记) fag=fact(做,g=ct在词根中意义一致,如tag=tact) (例) We fagged at the job for hours.

514

expropriate

(英) v.充公;没收(to deprive of ownership; dispossess) (记) ex+propr(拥有)+iate→不再拥有→没收 (同) 同根词:property(财产); appropriate(挪用) (例) The state expropriated his palace.

515

scrutiny

(英) n.细察(close examination) (考) 反义词:casual glance(偶然一瞥)

516

forgo

(英) v. 放弃,抛弃(abstain from; give up; relinquish) (记) 分割记忆:for(出去)+go(走),走出去→放弃 (例) I shall be happy to forgo his company.

517

foil

(英) n. 钝剑 (a longthin fencing sword);箔,锡箔纸(a very thin sheet or leaf of metal) (考) foil : metal \ veneer : wood(金属压制形成箔\木头压制形成镶面板) (记) 来自词根foli(树叶); 参考:foliage(树叶) (同) 参考:foliage(树叶) (例) We foiled his attempt to escape. foil[fOIl]v. 阻挠 (英) v. 阻挠(to keep from being successful; thwart; frustrate) (考) 反义词:implement(执行) (例) We foiled his attempt to escape.

518

annihilate

(英) v. 消灭(to destroy completely; demolish) (记) an+nihil(无)+ate→消灭 (同) 派生词:annihilation (n. 灭绝消灭)同根词:nihilism(虚无);nihil(虚无) (例) The leaders of the country try to annihilate poverty.

519

diversion

(英) 偏离转向(action of turning sth aside or changing its direction)(道路禁止通行时)临时绕行路(alternative route for use by traffic when the usual road is temporarily closed) (记) 动词divert(转向消遣)的名词

520

misleading

(考) equivocation : misleading \ bromide : hackneyed(模棱两可的话是误导的\陈词滥调是陈腐的) (记) 来自动词mislead(误导)

521

alms

(英) n.施舍物救济品(money or goods given to the poor)

522

urchin

(英) n.顽童(mischievous child [usually a boy])

523

frolicsome

(英) adj. 快活的,欢乐的(full of gaiety or high spirits)

524

wispy

(英) adj.瘦的; 飘渺的(thin; slight)

525

bargain

(考) debate : issue \ bargain : price(争论针对问题\讨价还价针对价格)

526

drum

(英) 鼓(instrument consisting of a hollow round frame with skin stretched tightly across the open end[s] which is struck with sticks) (考) bow : violin \ stick : drum(小提琴用琴弓演奏\鼓用棒演奏)trumpet : horn \ tambourine : drum(小号是一种号\手鼓是一种鼓) (例) play the drum in a hand

527

psephology

(英) n.选举学(the scientific study of elections) (记) pseph(卵石)+ology(学科)→古代雅典投票时用卵石,故名

528

fillet

(英) n.鱼肉片(a bonelesslean piece of meat or fish) (记) fill(=fili丝,线)+et→丝线状的东西→束发带

529

demagogue

(英) n. 蛊惑民心的政客(political leader who tries to win people's support by using emotional and often unreasonable arguments) (记) 来自demagogy(n.煽动鼓惑民心;dem[人民人们]+agogy[教导鼓动])

530

metaphor

(英) n. 隐喻,暗喻(the application of word or phrase to an object or concept it does not literally denote) (考) metaphor : literal \ melody : spoken(隐喻不是字面上的表达\旋律不是语言上的表达) (记) meta(变化)+phor(带有)→以变化的方式表达→隐喻 (例) The candidate's speech contained many metaphors and little substance.

531

discomfort

(英) n. 不舒服(slight pain) (记) dis(不)+comfort(舒服)

532

garner

(英) v. 收藏,积累(to collect or gather) (考) 反义词:disseminate(散布) (例) He has garnered the fruits of his lifetime labors in these volumes.

533

tatty

(英) adj. 简陋的不整洁的(shabby or dilapidted) (考) 反义词:smart(时髦的)

534

rationalize

(英) v. 据理解释,合理地说明( explain something in a rational way)

535

pediatrics

(英) n. 小儿科(a branch of medicine dealing with diseases of children) (记) ped(儿童)+iatrics(医学科)→儿科学 (同) 参考:podiatrics(足病学);psychiatrics(精神病学)

536

interpose

(英) v. 置于…之间(to place or put between);使介入(to introduce by way of intervention) (记) inter+pose(放)→放入中间→介入 (例) Bill interposed jokes into his lecture.

537

gamble

(英) v. 赌博(play games of chance for money) (考) invest : capital \ gamble : stake(投资是投入资本\赌博是投入赌注)adamant : yield \ cautious : gamble(顽强的[人]不屈服\审慎的[人]不赌博) (例) gamble at cardson the horses

538

darn

(英) v. 织补衣物(mend a garment by passing a thread through)

539

suckle

(英) v.给...喂奶(give or take milk at the breast or udder)

540

gibe

(英) v.\n. 嘲弄,讥笑(to jeer or taunt; scoff) (记) 也写作jibe但jibe还有另一个意思'与…一致',是GRE 常考意思一定要记住 (例) His gibes hurt his wife's feelings.

541

irrational

(英) adj. 荒谬的(illogical or absurd) (记) ir(不)+rational(理性的) →没有理性的

542

magical

(英) adj. 魔力的,不可思议的 (of strange powermysteryor charm) (例) a wizard's magical hat

543

witty

(英) adj. 机智的,情趣横生的(showing a quick clever mind) (记) 来自名词wit(智慧)

544

nude

(英) adj. 赤裸的(naked; bare);n. 裸体者(a nude person) (同) 派生词: nudity (n. 裸露) (例) a nude model(裸体模特儿)

545

thermal

(英) adj.热的热量的(pertaining to heat)温暖的( warm)n.热气流(rising current of warm air)

546

slick

(英) adj. 熟练的(skilful and effective);圆滑的(clever);光滑的(smooth and slippery) (考) 反义词:viscid(粘的) (例) The roads were slick with wet mud(道路因泥泞而滑).

547

confront

(英) v. 面临 (to face)对抗(to face or oppose defiantly or antagonistically) (考) craven : confront \ honest : deceive(胆小的不会面对\诚实的不会欺骗)反义词:sidestep(回避); cower(畏缩); circumvent(围绕) (记) con+front(面,前面)→共同面对→对抗 (同) 同根词:affront(v.\n.冒犯); effrontery(n.厚颜无耻)派生词: confrontation (n. 对抗); confrontational (adj.对抗的; 抵触的)

548

coma

(英) n. 昏迷状态 (deepprolonged unconsciousness) (考) coma : unconsciousness \ delirium : confusion(昏迷是很无知觉\精神错乱是很糊涂)

549

recidivism

(英) n. 累犯,重犯(relapse into criminal behavior) (考) recidivism : relapse \ rehabilitation : convalescence(累犯是再次犯罪\复原是再次康复) (记) re(重新)+cidiv(=cid落下)+ism→重新堕落→重犯

550

rectitude

(英) n. 诚实,正直(moral integrity; righteousness) (考) rectitude : transgress \ indolence : study(正直的人不违法/懒惰的人不学习)反义词:inequity(不公正) (记) rect(直)+itude→直的状态→正直

551

ambition

(英) n. 雄心志向(strong desire to achieve sth);夙愿(object of this desire) (考) shiftless : ambition \ ingenous : guile(懒散的[人]不会有雄心\真诚的[人]不会有诡计) (同) 派生词: ambitious (adj.有雄心的野心勃勃的) (例) filled with ambition to become famousrichpowerful

552

embroider

(英) v. 刺绣修饰(to ornament with needlework) (考) embroider : cloth \ chase : metal(刺绣在布上\雕镂在金属上) (记) em+ broider(刺绣) (同) 派生词: embroidery (n.刺绣[品])

553

pliers

(英) n. 钳子(a small pincers) (记) pli(=ply弯曲)+ers→使东西弯曲的东西→钳子

554

tolerate

(英) v. 容忍,宽容( allow to be done freely without opposition) (考) 反义词:brook(容忍)-refuse to tolerate(拒绝容忍);stomach(忍受)-refuse to tolerate(拒绝容忍)

555

sleazy

(英) adj.邋遢的格调低下的(shabby and dirty; flimsy; insubstantial) (例) They took me to a sleazy back-street hotel.

556

woeful

(英) adj.悲伤的 (full of woe;grievous) (例) woeful ignorance(可悲的无知)

557

tangential

(英) adj.切线的 (of the nature of a tangent);离题的 (divergentdigressive) (考) 反义词:gist(要点)-tangential point(非要点) (例) tangential remarks(离题的话)

558

sovereignty

(英) n.主权,统治权 (supreme power )

559

explanation

(英) 解释讲解(process of explaining)能说明某事物的言语事实情况等(statementfactcircumstanceetc that explains sth) (考) parenthesis : explanation \ ellipsis : omission(括号用来解释\省略号用来省略) (例) That's not an adequate explanation.

560

apt

(考) 反义词: extremely inappropriate(十分不合适的); unlikely(不可能的)

561

crave

(英) v. 渴望,热望(to long for eagerly; desire strongly) (考) exult : satisfaction \ crave : longing(狂喜是一种满足的表现\渴望是一种向往的表现)

562

preoccupation

(英) n. 全神贯注 (the state of being preoccupied);当务之急 (something that takes up one's attention) (考) 反义词:unconcern(不关心)

563

drizzle

(英) v.\ n.下毛毛雨(to rain or let fall in finemistlike drops);毛毛雨(a finemis tlike rain) (考) 反义词:deluge(暴雨) (例) The weak lawn sprinkler just drizzled on the grass.

564

reprieve

(英) v. 缓刑(to delay the punishment of)暂时解救 (to give relief for a time) (考) reprieve : punishment \ moratorium : activity(缓刑暂缓刑罚\暂停暂缓行动) (记) re(重新)+prieve(拿)→重新从刑场带回来→不执行死刑→缓刑 (例) The governor reprieved the prisoner from being executed.

565

reptilian

(英) adj. 爬虫类的(of the reptiles);卑下的(cold-blooded; treacherous) (记) 来自reptile(爬行动物),rept(爬)+ile→爬的东西 (同) 同根词:reptant(爬行的);surreptitious(鬼鬼祟祟的)

566

relish

(英) n. 味道(pleasing flavor);喜好(a strong liking);v. 喜好享受(to gratified by; enjoy); (记) 可能是release(放松,轻松的)变体 (例) He drank up the wine with relish. to relish a funny story.

567

magnetic

(英) adj. 有磁性的,有吸引力的(attractive)

568

requite

(英) v. 报答(repay);报复(to make retaliation) (考) 反义词:leave unrepaid(不予回报) (例) requite kindness with ingratitude(以怨报德)

569

accommodate

(考) obliterate : remove \ accommodate : supply(同义: 删除=去除\供应=供给) (记) ac+commod(方便)+ate→给人方便→提供食宿); (同) 派生词: accommodation(n. 住宿)同根词: commodity(商品)commodious(宽敞的)

570

antenna

(考) antenna : signal \ net : fish(天线的功能是接收信号\鱼网的功能是捕捉鱼) (记) ante(前面)+nna(表示名词)→前面的东西→触角; 注意复数: antennae (n. 触角触须)

571

illicit

(英) adj. 违法的(unlawful; improper; prohibited) (记) il+licit(合法的)→违法的

572

constant

(英) adj. 稳定的不变的(unchanging);n. 常数(invariable) (考) craven : heroic \ volatile : constant(懦弱的不英勇\易变的不稳定)fickle : constancy \ naive : sophistication(易变的不恒定\纯真的不世故)反义词:mercurial(易变的); intermittent(间断的) (记) con(始终)+stant(站立) →始终站立→不变的 (同) 派生词: constancy (n. 恒定不变); constantly (adv.不断地frequently)

573

understated

(考) 反义词:bombastic(夸大的) (记) 来自动词understate(轻描淡写)

574

feint

(英) v.\ n. 佯攻,佯击(a pretended attack or blow) (例) He feinted at me with his left hand.

575

rubicund

(英) adj.(脸色)红润的(reddish; ruddy) (考) 反义词:pale(苍白的) (记) rub(红色)+icund→红色的,红润的 (同) 同根词:rubify(使成为红色);ruby(红宝石)

576

revoke

(英) v. 废除,取消 (to annul by recalling; rescind) (考) countermand : order \ revoke : license(取消定单\吊销执照) (记) re(反)+voke(喊)→反过来喊→取消 (同) 派生词:revocable (adj. 可废除的);revocation (n. 废弃,取消) (例) revoke a driver's license(吊销驾驶执照)

577

yacht

(英) n.帆船,游艇(any of various recreational watercraft)

578

doting

(英) adj. 溺爱的(foolishly or excessively fond) (考) mania : enchusiasm \ doting : fondness(狂热是过分有热情\溺爱是过分喜爱)

579

conceive

[记] 词根记忆:con(共同) + ceive(抓) →一起抓[思想] →构思同根词:perceive(v. 知觉);receive(v. 收到)派生词:conceivable(a. 想象得出的,可心的)

580

resume

(英) v. 重新开始,继续 (to begin again after interruption) (记) re(重新)+sume(拿起)→重新拿起 (例) After teathe meeting resumed.

581

deputy

(英) n. 代理人,代表 (a person appointed to act for another) (考) understudy : star \ deputy : sheriff(替补演员代替明星\副警长代替警长)

582

titular

(英) adj. 有名无实的,名义上的(existing in title only) (记) tit(=title头衔)+ular→有头衔的 (例) continue the king as titular Head of State(保留国王作为名义上的国家元首)

583

vigor

(英) n. 活力,精力 (active strength of mind or body) (考) adulterate : purity \ enervate : vigor(掺假就不会纯粹\使衰弱不会有精力)flag : vigor \ waver : resolution(衰弱不会有精力\动摇不会坚决)反义词:lassitude(疲乏); torpor(无精打采); lethargy(困乏) (记) vig(活)+or

584

subpoena

(英) n.(法律)传票(a written order requiring a person to appear in court);v.传讯 (to summon with a writ of subpoena) (考) subpoena : witness \ conscript : soldier(传讯召证人\征兵召士兵)royalty : payment \ subpoena : writ(版税是一种酬劳\传票是一种书面命令)lien : claim \ subpoena : command(扣押权是一种权利\传票是一种命令) (记) sub(下面)+poena (=penalty惩罚)→在惩罚下→传讯 (例) subpoena sb. to testify(传某人到庭作证)

585

beet

(记) 也叫sugar beet或beet root

586

corpulent

(英) adj. 肥胖的 (fat and fleshy; stoutobese) (记) corp(躯体)+ulent(多…的)→肥胖的 (同) 派生词: corpulence (n. 肥胖,臃肿)

587

stride

(英) v.大步行走(to move with or as if with long steps) (考) quaff : sip \ stride : mince(程度: 畅饮和啜饮\大步走和小步走) (例) He strode thirty miles.(他大步走了30英里)

588

enliven

(英) v. 使...更活跃(make sb\sth more lively or cheerful) (例) How can we enliven this party

589

hail

(英) n.冰雹(frozen rain drop);v. 致敬( salute or greet)

590

acclivity

(英) n.向上的陡坡(an upward slope of ground) (记) ac+cliv(斜坡)+ity→向上的陡坡 (同) 同根词:proclivity(倾向,癖性)declivity(下坡) (例) The car could not go up the acclivity in high gear.

591

jolly

(英) adj. 欢乐的,快乐的(merry; gay; convivial) (例) (1) a jolly holiday (2) They jollied her into going with them.

592

apogee

(考) 反义词:perigee(近地点) (记) apo(远)+gee(地球)→远离地球的点→远地点 (同) 同根词:geology(地质学),gee=geo

593

depressed

(英) adj. 忧愁的消沉的(sad and without enthusiasm) (考) 反义词:bulge(膨胀); protuberant(突出的) (记) depress+ed→感到压抑的

594

unstinting

(英) adj. 极为慷慨的,大方的(very generous) (记) un(不)+stint(吝惜,限制)+ing

595

scandalous

(英) adj.丢脸的,诽谤性的(libelousdefamatory)

596

preventable

(记) prevent(防止)+able

597

explore

(英) v.探险(to travel in a region previously unknown);探索(examine carefully; investigate) (记) ex+plore(大喊)→把隐藏的喊出来→探索 (同) 同根词:implore(恳求,哀求)派生词: exploration (n.探险,研究) (例) explore all the possibilities

598

restrained

(英) adj. 克制的,有节制的 (calm and controlled);不华丽的(not bright or highly decorated) (考) 反义词:fervid(极为热情的); unrepressed(不受限制的)

599

bucolic

(英) adj. 乡村的(of country life; rusticrural);牧羊的(pastoral) (考) 反义词:urban(城市的)palatial : hovel \ city : bucolic(富丽堂皇的:简陋的\城市的 : 乡村的) (记) buc(牛)+olic(养…的)→养牛的→乡村的

600

survival

(英) n. 幸存,生存; 残存物(something which has continued to exist from an earlier time) (记) survive(幸存)+al

601

snatch

(英) n.\v.强夺,攫取(to take or grasp abruptly or hastily without permission) (考) supplant : replace \ snatch : take(排挤是强行取代\攫取是强行拿走) (记) 分割记忆:snap(迅速的)+catch(抓)的缩合 (例) The thief snatched her handbag and ran off.

602

spelunker

(考) cavern : spelunker \ ocean : diver(洞穴探险者喜欢进入洞穴\潜水者喜欢进入海洋)

603

critic

(英) n. 批评者(person who expresses a low opinion of) (考) 反义词:apologist(辩护者) (记) crit+ic

604

snub

(英) v.冷落,不理睬 (to treat with contempt or neglect) (考) snub : disdain \ double-cross : disloyalty(怠慢是一种轻蔑\欺骗是一种不忠)dissemble : honesty \ snub : politeness(掩饰是不诚实\怠慢是不礼貌)ingenuous : dissemble \ raffish : preen \ polite : snub(真诚的不会掩饰\俗丽的不会打扮\礼貌的不会冷落)反义词:court(献殷勤) (例) She snubbed her neighbours by silence.

605

amoral

(英) adj. 不知是非的(incapable of distinguishing between right and wrong) (记) a+moral(道德的)构成; 注意:immoral(不道德的,淫荡的)

606

competence

(英) n. 胜任能力(being competentability) (记) compete(竞争)+ence→竞争的(能力)→能力资格

607

perpetuity

(英) n. 永恒,永久( eternity) (例) The right for the road to cross my land was granted in perpetuity to the county.

608

spectrum

(英) n.光谱;范围(a continuous sequence or range) (记) spectr(看)+um→看到颜色→光谱 (例) different opinions from all sides of the political spectrum(来自各个政治派别的不同意见)

609

irresponsibility

(考) inexperience : neophyte \ irresponsibility : wastrel(新手特点是无经验\败家子特点是无责任心) (记) irresponsible的名词

610

interlace

(英) v. 编织(weave together);交错(to connect intricately) (记) inter(在中间)+lace(花边)→在中间织花→交织 (例) interlaced branches(纵横交错的树枝)

611

scandal

(英) n. 丑闻;恶意诽谤(malicious or defamatory gossip)

612

concatenate

(英) v. 连结,连锁 ( to link together) (考) 反义词:separate(分开) (记) con+caten(铁链chain)+ate→在一根铁链中→连锁 (同) 派生词: concatenation (n. 连结,一连串)

613

span

(英) n. 两个界限间的距离(a stretch between two limits)

614

ursine

(英) adj.熊的,像熊的(of or relating to a bear) (记) urs(熊)+ine; (同) 参考:Ursa Major(大熊星座)

615

rawhide

(英) n.(牛的)生皮(untanned cattle skin) (记) raw(生的)+hide(皮)

616

disdain

(英) n.\v.轻视,鄙视(to refuse or reject with aloof contempt or scorn; despise) (考) snub : disdain \ double-cross : disloyalty(怠慢是一种轻视的表现\欺骗是一种不忠的表现)反义词:treat favorably(赞同地对待); adulation(阿谀)

617

profundity

(英) n. 深奥,深刻(something profound or abstruse) (考) maladroit : skill \ glib : profundity(笨拙的没有技巧\油嘴的没有深度)反义词:superficiality(肤浅的) (记) 来自profound(深刻的),pro+found(基础)→找到基础→深刻; (同) 参考:unfounded(没有根据的)

618

unalterable

(记) un(不)+alterable(可变的)

619

campaign

(英) 战役(series of military operations with a particular aim) (记) camp(田野营地)+aign(名词后缀) →营地→战役

620

ascribe

(英) v. 归功于、归咎于某人、某事物(consider sth to be caused by ) (记) a+scribe(写) →把...写上去→归因于 (同) 同根词: scripture(圣经经典); conscribe(招募)

621

compatible

(英) adj. 和谐共处的,相容的(capable of living together harmoniously) (记) com+pat(可看作put)+ible→可放在一起的→相容的 (同) 派生词: compatibility (n.和谐共处,不矛盾) (例) My coworker and I are not compatible at all.

622

strip

(英) v.剥去; n.狭长的一片(a long narrow piece) (考) 反义词: bedeck(装饰) (例) a strip show(脱衣舞)

623

discrepancy

(英) n.不同,矛盾 (lack of agreement; inconsistency) (考) 反义词: converge(聚合) (记) dis+crep(破裂)+ancy裂开→矛盾; (同) 同根词:decrepit(衰老的) (例) You said you paid 5 and the bill says 3how do you explain the discrepancy.

624

nomenclature

(英) n. 术语,专门用语(the system or set of names used in a specific branch of learning or activity) (记) nomen(=nomin名称)+clature(结构)→术语

625

district

(英) 地区区域(part of a country or town having a particular quality) (考) rig : contest \ gerrymander : district(竞赛舞弊\竞选选区作弊) (例) mountainousagriculturaloutlyingpoorgloomy districts

626

pollen

(英) n. 民意测验; 选举投票 (the giving of votes in writing)

627

self-explanatory

(英) adj.不解自明的 (explaining itself) (考) 反义词: cryptic(神秘的) (记) self(自己)+explanatory(解释的)

628

aristocrat

(英) n. 贵族(a member of the aristocracy; nobleman) (记) aristo(最好)+crat(统治者)→贵族 (同) 派生词: aristocracy (n.贵族;贵族政府)同根词:autocrat(独裁者); democrat(民主主义者)

629

imprecise

(英) adj. 不精确的(not exact or accurate) (考) 反义词:nice(精确的) (记) im(不)+precise(adj.精确的;pre[预先]+cise[切开杀] →预先切好→精确的)→不精确的

630

sensitization

(英) n. 敏化(来自动词sensitize[使敏感]) (考) sensitization : allergic \ habituation : inured(使敏感产生过敏\使习惯养成习惯) (记) 来自动词sensitize(使敏感)

631

mutineer

(英) n. 反叛者,背叛者(a person who mutinies)

632

prime

(英) n. 全盛时期 (the time of greatest perfection); (考) 反义词:uninitial(非最先的) (例) a prime site for development

633

unconvinced

(记) un(不)+convinced(确信的)

634

lyric

(英) n. 抒情诗(a lyric poem) (记) 来自lyra(天琴星座)+ic→像天琴一样的→抒情的(抒情诗) : sonnetselegiesodeshymns are lyric poetry (例) lyric poetry(抒情诗) : Sonnetselegiesodeshymnsetc. are lyric poetry

635

withdrawn

(英) adj.隐退的,离群的(removed from immediate contact;isolated) (考) recluse : withdrawn \ bigot : biased(隐士隐居\固执己见者有偏见)

636

illiberal

(英) adj. 气量狭窄的(intolerant; bigoted (记) il+liberal(大方的)→不大方的→吝啬的

637

residue

(英) n. 剩余(remainderwhat is left behind) (考) remainder : subtraction \ residue : evaporation(减去留下剩余物\蒸发留下残余物) (例) The chemist filtered the liquid and examined the residue.

638

modestly

(考) 反义词: speak modestly→pontificate(傲慢地说) (记) 来自形容词modest(谦虚的)

639

nomad

(英) n. 流浪者(any wanderer) (记) 分割记忆:no-mad,流浪者不疯也狂 (同) 派生词: nomadic (adj. 游牧的,流浪的itinerant) (例) Nomads can be found in some deserts.

640

stupendous

(英) adj.巨大的,大得惊人的(of amazing size or greatness; tremendous) (记) stup(吃惊)+endous→惊人的 (例) a stupendous achievement(惊人的成就)

641

falter

(英) v. 摇晃蹒跚(movewalk or act hesitantly) (考) falter : act \ stammer : speak(蹒跚是行动不便\结巴是说话不便) (例) Jane walked boldly up to the platform without faltering.

642

swerve

(英) v.突然改变方向(to turn aside abruptly from a straight line or course;deviate) (考) plummet : fall \ swerve : turn(突然落下和落下\突然转弯和转弯)反义词:maintain direction(保持方向) (例) The car swerved sharply to avoid hitting a bicycle

643

etching

(英) n. 蚀刻术(art of making etched prints) (例) Hanging on the wall was a fine etching of the church.

644

incorporeal

(英) adj. 无形体的(without material body or substance) (记) in(无)+corporeal(身体的)→无形体的

645

discomfit

(英) v.使懊恼、难堪(to make uneasy; disconcert; embarrass) (记) dis+comfit(可能来自 comfort)→不舒服→难堪 (例) She was rather discomfited when the rain spoiled her new hat.

646

wanton

(英) adj.顽皮的(mischievous);放纵的(being without check or limitation) (记) 分割记忆:want(想要)+on(在…上面) (例) wanton imagination(漫无边际的想象)

647

ensconce

(英) v. 安置,安坐(shelter; establishsettle) (考) 反义词:unsettle(使不安); displace(使流离失所) (记) en+sconce(小堡垒,遮蔽)→进入遮盖→安置 (例) He ensconced himself in a comfortable chair.

648

dashing

(英) adj. 活力的,有朝气的 (full of dash or spirit; bold and lively) (记) 来自dash(v. 急冲,突进) (例) a dashing young officer

649

divinity

(英) n. 神性(quality of being divine);神女神(god or goddess) (例) the Roman divinities

650

rebellious

(英) adj.反抗的,难控制的(resisting management; refractory) (记) re(反)+bell(打斗,战争)+ious→反过去打→反抗的 (例) rebellious behavior

651

ascendant

(英) adj. 上升的,优越的(having a controlling power or influence) (考) 反义词:having no influence(没影响力)

652

volatile

(英) adj.反复无常的(subject to rapid or unexpected change);挥发性的(readily vaporizable) (考) volatile : temper \ ready : wit(易变的脾气\敏捷的智慧)craven : heroic \ volatile : constant(懦弱对英勇\易变对不变)volatile : evaporate \ soluble : dissolve(易挥发的容易挥发\易溶解的容易溶解)反义词:stable(稳定的); constant(稳定的) (记) volat(飞)+ile→飞走的,挥发性的 (同) 同根词:volant(飞行的,敏捷的);volary(大型鸟舍) (例) volatile solvent(挥发性溶剂) \ a volatile disposition(朝三暮四的脾性)

653

motionless

(英) adj. 静止的,一动不动的(completely still) (考) 反义词:vacillation(摇摆) (记) motion(运动)+less

654

monastery

(英) n. 男修道院,僧院(a place of residence occupied by a community of monksliving in a religious seclusion) (记) mon(单个)+aster(星星)→孤星→孤独者所住之处→寺院 (例) The orphan was taken to the local monastery.

655

antibody

(考) food : nourish \ antibodies : protect(食物的功能是滋养\抗体的功能是保护)

656

hunk

(英) n. 大块(食物)(a large piece; chunk)

657

palate

(英) n. 上腭;口味(sense of taste);爱好(intellectual taste) (例) He has a good palate for wine.

658

catharsis

(英) n.宣泄,净化(the purifying of the emotions by art) (记) cathar(清洁)+sis→净化

659

convocation

(记) con+voke(喊)→喊到一起→召集 (同) 同根词:invoke(唤起); provoke(激怒)

660

touching

(英) adj.引起怜悯或同情的(causing a feeling of pity or sympathy)

661

resemblance

(英) n. 相似,相像(likeness; similarity) (记) re(再次)+sembl(相似)+ance→一个和另一个相像→相似 (例) The resemblance between John and his son was obvious.

662

vaccinate

(英) v. 给...接种疫苗( put vaccine into the body of someone) (考) soporific : sleep \ vaccinating : immunity(催眠的可以入睡\打疫苗的可以免疫)

663

troubled

(考) troubled : distraught \ covetous : rapacious(程度: 不安和十分不安\贪婪和十分贪婪) (记) trouble(烦恼)+ed

664

delegate

(英) n. 代表(representative) (记) de+legate(使者)→出去的使者→代表;legate 本身是一个单词

665

gush

(英) v. 涌出(pour out; spout);滔滔不绝地说(talk or write effusively) (考) gush : effusive \ rage : irate(感情迸发和感情奔放的\大怒和愤怒的)trickle : gush \ warm : sear(程度: 滴喷涌\温暖灼烧)blast : whiff \ gush : trickle(大风微风\涌出滴流) (例) Tears were gushing from her closed eyes.

666

canvass

(英) v. 细查; 拉选票(go around an area asking people for political support) (考) exponent : advocate \ pollster : canvass(倡导者提倡\民意测验家调查民意) (例) go out canvassing for votes

667

forbidden

(考) mandatory : comply \ forbidden : abstain(命令的必须服从\禁止的必须戒绝)

668

foolproof

(英) adj. 简易而不会误用的,容易懂的(so simplewell-designedor indestructible as not to be mishandleddamagedmisunderstood even by a fool) (考) foolproof : fail \ airtight : leak(极简单的不会出错\密封的不会泄露)(记) fool(笨蛋)+proof(防…的)→防傻瓜,笨蛋的→傻瓜也明白(会干)的→极易懂的 (例) a foolproof way

669

judicious

(英) adj. 有判断力的(having or showing sound judgment)明智的(wise and careful ) (考) 反义词:unwise(不明智的); daft(愚蠢的) (记) judic(判断)+ious→有判断力的

670

voyeur

(英) n.窥淫狂者(one who habitually seeks sexual stimulation by visual means) (记) voy(看)+eur(人)→看的人→窥探者

671

shoddy

(英) n.劣质的冒充好货的(cheaply imitative) (例) shoddy merchandise(劣质商品)

672

psychologist

(英) n. 心理学家(the study or science of the mind and the way it works and influences behavior) (考) fungi : ecologist \ motivation : psychologist(真菌是生态学家研究对象\动机是心理学家研究对象) (记) psychology(心理学)+ist

673

intrigue

(英) v. 密谋(to plot or scheme secretly);引起极大兴趣(to excite the interest or curiosity) (考) 反义词:pall(使平淡无味)

674

incubator

(英) 孵卵器(an artificially heated container for hatching eggs);早产婴儿保育箱(a similar apparatus in which premature babies are kept for a period) (考) greenhouse : plant \ incubator : infant(温室中培养植物\保育箱中培养婴儿)

675

pesky

(英) adj. 讨厌的,烦人的(troublesomevexatious) (记) 来自pestypest(害虫) (例) A pesky fly buzzed around my sandwich.

676

puissant

(英) adj.强有力的,强大的(having strength; powerful) (记) puis(力量)+sant

677

trustworthy

(英) adj. 值得信赖的,可靠的 (worthy of trust) (记) trust(信赖)+worthy(值得的)

678

dam

(英) 水坝水堤(barrier made of concreteearth to built across a river to hold back the water and form a reservoirprevent flooding) (考) tourniquet : blood \ dam : water(止血带防止流血\水坝防止流水)

679

miserly

(考) frugal : miserly \ confident : arrogant(过分节俭是吝啬\过分自信是自大)

680

interrupt

(英) v. 暂时中止(break the continuity of sth temporarily);打断打扰(stop sb speaking or by causing some other sort of disturbance) (记) inter(在...之间)+rupt(断裂) →在中间断裂→打断

681

obfuscate

(英) v. 使困惑,使迷惑(to muddle; confuse; bewilder) (考) 反义词:elucidate(阐明); illuminate(说明); explain clearly(解释清楚); clarify(阐明) (记) ob (走向)+fusc(黑暗,糊涂)+ate→弄糊涂; (同) 参考:fuscous(深色的)

682

digit

(考) fang : tooth \ finger : digit(犬牙是牙\手指是指头)

683

commerce

(英) n. 商业(trade esp between countries ) (考) filibuster : legislation \ blockade : commerce(阻碍立法不让立法进行\封锁贸易不让贸易进行)theater : performance \ market : commerce(剧院是演出的地方\市场是贸易的地方)quarantine : contagion(contact) \ embargo : commerce(隔离使不能传染\禁运使不能贸易) (记) com(共同)+merce(交易) →共同交易→商业

684

inconsequential

(英) adj. 不重要的,微不足道的(unimportant; trivial) (考) 反义词:crucial(至关重要的) (记) in(不)+consequential(重要的)

685

concordant

(英) adj. 和谐的,一致的 (agreeing; consonant; harmonious)

686

implicit

(英) adj. 含蓄的,不言而喻的(not directly expressed) (记) im(进入)+plic(重叠)+it(意义)→叠在里面→含蓄的 (例) Annie's implicit message was that he was not welcome.

687

landfill

(考) cistern : liquids \ landfill : refuse(水池储存液体\垃圾堆存放垃圾)

688

monopoly

(英) n. 专利权,垄断(exclusive control of a commodity) (记) mono(单个)+poly(运用)→一个人用→垄断 (同) 同根词:employ(雇佣); deploy(展开,部署) (例) An university education shouldn't be the monopoly of those whose parents are rich.

689

dissuade

(英) v. 劝阻,阻止(to advise against an action) (考) remonstrance : dissuade \ reprehension : censure(抗议为了劝阻\斥责为了指责)remonstrator : dissuade \ supplicant : appeal(忠告者劝阻\请求者恳求)反义词:abet(教唆) (记) dis+suade(敦促)→敦促某人不做→劝阻 (同) 同根词: persuade(说服) (例) I tried to dissuade her from joining the club.

690

carbohydrate

(英) 碳水化合物(any of various types of organic compoundsuch as sugar and starchcontaining carbonhydrogen and oxygen) (考) calcium : mineral \ sugar : carbohydrate(钙是一种无机元素\糖是一种碳水化合物) (记) carbo(碳)+hydr(水)+ate→碳水化合物

691

debilitate

(英) v. 使衰弱(to make weak or feeble; enervate; weaken) (考) attenuate : thickness \ debilitate : strength(使变稀薄减少浓度\使虚弱减少力量)反义词: invigorate(使有活力); fortify(加强) (同) n. debilitation (例) Heat debilitates many people.

692

realign

(英) v. 重新组合(排列)(form into new groupsnew types of organizationetc.) (记) re(重新)+align(排列)

693

riven

(英) adj. 撕裂的,分裂的(split violently apart) (考) 反义词:intact(完好无损的) (例) a family riven by ancient feuds

694

muster

(英) v. 召集,聚集(to gather or summon) (记) 和master(主人,大师)一起记(a master has the power to muster) (例) The troops mustered on the hill.

695

facetious

(英) adj.轻浮的,好开玩笑的(joking or trying to be jocular at an inappropriate time) (考) facetious : speech \ antic : behavior(轻浮的话语\古怪的行为)反义词:lugubrious(悲哀的); earnest(认真的) (记) 来自facet(方面,玩笑) (例) The teacher didn't appreciate Bob's facetious comment.

696

lackluster

(英) adj. 无光泽的(lacking brightness);呆滞的(dull) (考) 反义词:radiant(明亮的); refulgent(光辉灿烂的) (记) lack(缺少)+lustre(光泽); (同) 参考:lustrous(有光泽的)

697

opinionated

(英) adj. 固执己见的(holding obstinately to one's own opinions) (记) opinion(观点)+ated→坚持自己观点的 (例) Jane won't listen to my advice because she's too opinionated.

698

footle

(英) v. 胡闹(to act or talk foolishly) (记) 分割记忆:foot+lefoot(脚)走来走去→浪费时间 (例) She's done no work todayshe's spent the time just footling about.

699

superb

(英) adj.上乘的,出色的(marked to the highest degree by grandeurexcellencebrillianceor competence) (记) super(上等,超越)+b (例) superb beauty(极度的美)

700

functionary

(英) n. 小官,低级公务员(a person who performs a certain function; esp. an official) (记) 来自function(工作,功能)+ary→工作人员→小官

701

irrelevant

(英) adj. 不相关的(not connected [with sth] ) (考) 反义词:apposite(恰当的); germane(恰当的) (记) ir+relevant(有关的) →不相关的

702

transplantation

(记) transplant(移植;trans[转移]+plant[种] →转移种过去→移植)+ation

703

germinate

(英) v. 发芽(to sprout or cause to sprout);发展(to start developing or growing) (记) germ(幼芽)+inate→发芽; (同) 参考:germinal(萌芽的,未成熟但有发展的)派生词: germination (n.发芽萌芽) (例) The seeds germinated.

704

shoulder

(英) 肩(the part of the body at each side of the neck where the arms are connected)把...扛在肩上(place a load on one's shoulder)担负承担(accept a heavy responsibilitydutyetc.) (考) epaulet : shoulder \ ring : finger(肩章带在肩膀上\戒指带在手上)shoulder : roadway \ margin : page(马路的路肩\书页的白边)

705

illustrious

(英) adj. 著名的,显赫的(very distinguished; outstanding) (记) il(进入)+lustr(光泽)+ious→进入有光彩的人之中→著名的 (例) the illustrious name of Shakespeare

706

indict

(英) v. 控诉,起诉(to make a formal accusation against; accuse) (考) 反义词:exculpate(使无罪) (记) in(进入)+dict(说)→把…(在法庭上)说→控告 (同) 同根词:dictator (独裁者); dictation(听写) (例) He was indicted on two counts of attempted murder.

707

rail

(英) n.栏杆(a bar serving as a guard or barrier);v.咒骂,猛烈指责(to revile or scold in harsh language) (考) rail : vehemence \ entreat : urgency(抨击是猛烈的\恳求是急切的) (例) He's always railing against the government.

708

distortion

(英) n. 变形扭曲(instance of being distorted) (记) distort+ion

709

panoply

(英) n. 全副穿戴(ceremonial attire);全副甲胄(a full suit of armor) (记) pan(全)+oply(工具,武器)→全副装备 (例) a knight in his panoply

710

subterfuge

(英) n.诡计,托辞(a deceptive device or stratagem) (考) subterfuge : deceive \ eulogy : praise(托辞为了欺骗\颂词为了赞扬) (记) subter(私下)+fuge(逃跑)→诡计,借口 (例) a subterfuge to avoid going to school

711

undo

(英) v. 解开,打开( unfasten);消除...的效果( remove the effects of) (例) I can't undo my shoelaces.

712

ruffle

(英) v. 弄皱,激怒(to become unevenwrinkled; to become disturbedirritated); (考) ruffle : shirt \ molding : cabinet(花边用来修饰衬衫\木线用来修饰柜子)反义词: preen(赞扬) (例) the wind-ruffled surface of the lack(被风吹皱的湖面) \ Don't get so ruffled.(别生气)

713

sprig

(英) n.嫩枝,小枝 (a small shoot;twig) (记) 和spring(春天)一起记,春天出现嫩枝 (例) a sprig of holly(一根冬青枝)

714

calumny

[记] calumn(欺诈 beguile) + y →欺诈性的话→诽谤近形词:column(n. 柱子;专栏)派生词:calumnious(a. 诽谤的)反义词:flattering(a. 奉承的)

715

forerunner

(英) n. 预兆,前兆(prognostic);先驱(herald)

716

forager

(考) grazing : foragers \ stalking : hunters(放牧者主要动作放牧\猎人主要动作打猎)

717

pithy

(英) adj. (讲话或文章)简练的(tersely cogent; concise) (考) 反义词:prolix(冗长的) (例) Her speech was short and pithy.

718

tumbler

(英) n. 平底无脚杯 (a flat-bottomed drinking glass) (记) tumbl(跳舞跌落)+er

719

rue

(英) n. 后悔,遗憾 (repent or regret) (考) longing : pine \ remorse : rue(因渴望而憔悴\因懊悔而悲伤)反义词:satisfaction(满意)

720

needy

(考) 反义词:affluent(丰富的)

721

accompany

(英) v. 伴随陪伴(walk with sb as a companion ) (记) ac+company(伙伴公司); (同) 派生词: accompaniment (n.伴随物; [音]伴奏); accompanist (n.伴奏者)

722

conversion

(记) con+vert(转)→一起转入(新的信仰) (例) There were many conversions to Christianity among the ancient Romans.

723

pulsating

(英) v.有规律的振动(to throb or move rhythmically; vibrate) (记) 来自pulse(脉搏)一词 (例) The distant star released energy as it pulsated.

724

sterile

(英) adj. 不孕的(incapable of producing offspring);无细菌的(free from living organisms) (考) plain : austere \ clean : sterile(程度: 朴素的和简朴的\干净的和无菌的)sterile : bacteria \ impeccable : flaws(无菌的没有细菌\无瑕的没有瑕疵)反义词:verdant(翠绿的)

725

propitious

(英) adj. 吉利的(auspicious; favorable);顺利的(advantageous) (记) pro(向前)+pit(=pet寻求)+ious→所寻求的→吉利的 (例) a propitious omen(吉兆)

726

proclamation

(英) n. 公告,声明(an official public statement) (记) proclaim(宣告)+ation

727

expel

(英) v.排出(discharge; eject);开除(to cut off from membership) (考) deport : nation \ expel : school(驱逐不能回国家\开除不能回学校)attorney : disbar \ student : expel(逐出律师界不能当律师\开除不能当学生)反义词:ingest(吸收) (记) ex+pel(推)→向外推→开除 (例) The boy was expelled from school.

728

indistinguishable

(考) indistinguishable : confound \ equivalent : interchange(不能区别的容易混淆\等同的容易交换)

729

insinuate

(英) v. 暗指,暗示(to hint or suggest indirectly; imply) (考) infiltrate : enter \ insinuate : say(渗透是不知不觉进入\暗示是不知不觉说出) (记) in(进入)+sinu(弯曲)+ate→绕弯说出来→暗指 (同) 同根词:sinuous(弯弯曲曲的) (例) an insinuating remark(含沙射影的话)

730

flavoring

(英) n.香料,调味品(pice; condiment; seasoning; flavor) (记) 来自flavor(味道)

731

censure

(英) n.\v. 责难,非难(to express strong disapproval of) (考) jeer : derision \ reprimand : censure(同义: 嘲笑和嘲笑\谴责和谴责)lamentable : pity \ reprehensible : censure(可怜的人被可怜\应谴责的人被谴责)censure : blameless \ approbation : reprehensible(无可指责的不应受责难\应受指责的不应受表扬)反义词: commend(称赞); exonerat (记) cens(评价)+ure→坏评价→指责 (例) He received a public censure for his dishonourable behavior.

732

overpower

(英) v. 制服,压服 ( defeat someone by greater power) (例) He was overpowered by the heat.

733

jargon

(英) n. 行话(a language or dialect used by professions) (考) vernacular : place \ jargon : profession(地方有方言\行业有行话)

734

ocular

(英) adj. 眼睛的(of the eye);可见的(based on what has been seen) (记) ocul(眼)+ar→眼睛的 (例) The eye doctor watched my ocular movements.

735

glowing

(英) adj. 热情赞扬的(giving enthusiastic praise) (考) 反义词:aspersion(诽谤)-glowing tribute(热情的赞词) (例) a glowing account

736

metamorphose

(英) v. 变形 ( change into another form) (考) 反义词:remain unaltered(持续不变) (记) meta(变化)+morph(形状)+ose→变形

737

talon

(英) n.猛禽的锐爪 (claw of a bird of prey) (考) talon : eagle \ claw : panther(鹰和鹰爪\豹和豹爪) (例) The hawk seized the rabbit in its formidable talons.

738

relenting

(考) 反义词:inexorable(无情的)

739

interlocutor

(英) n. 对话者,谈话者(a person taking part in a conversation or dialogue) (记) inter(相互)+locut(说话)+or →对话者

740

deem

(英) v. 认为,视为 (to thinkbelieveor judge) (例) Do you deem this plan sensible?

741

hie

(英) vt. 疾走催促(to go quickly) (考) 反义词: dawdle(慢慢走)

742

annals

(英) n. 编年史(story of events year by year) (考) dictionary : alphabetical \ annals : chronological(字典是按照字母顺序\编年史是按照时代顺序) (记) ann(年一年)+als (同) 同根词: anniversary(周年纪念日); annuity(养老金)

743

trapeze

(英) n. 空中吊杠,高秋千(a short bar banging high above the ground from two ropes used by gymnasts and acrobats)

744

willingly

(考) 反义词:balk(拒绝前进)-move ahead willingly(自愿前进) (记) 来自形容词willing(自愿的)

745

flippancy

(英) n.无礼(the quality of being flippant);言语轻浮(a flippant remark) (考) 反义词:seriousness(严肃)

746

prosecute

(英) v. 告发,检举(to carry on a legal suit or prosecution) (考) mediation : compromise \ prosecution : conviction(调停目的是和解\起诉目的是定罪) (记) pro(前面)+secu(跟随)+te; (同) 参考:persecute(迫害)派生词: prosecution (n. 起诉,检控); prosecutor n. 起诉人 (例) He was prosecuted for stealing. Bob will be prosecuted for fraud.

747

enshrine

(英) v. 奉为神圣(to preserve or cherish as sacred) (记) en+shrine(圣地)

748

hyperbole

(英) 夸张法(exaggeration for effect and not meant to be taken literally); (考) playful : banter \ exaggerated : hyperbole(戏谑是诙谐的\夸张法是夸张的)malicious : ill-will \ exaggerating : hyperbole(恶意是邪恶\夸张法是夸张)反义词:understatement(轻描淡写) (记) hyper(高于)+bole(扔)→扔得比别人高→夸张法

749

pun

(考) pun : joke \ termite : insect(双关语是一种玩笑语\白蚁是一种昆虫)

750

imbibe

(英) v. 饮(to drink);吸入(to absorb) (记) im(进入)+bibe(=drink 喝)→喝入 (例) a sponge imbibes moisture

751

absurd

(英) adj. 荒谬的,可笑的( laughable or ridiculous; ludicrous) (记) ab+surd(合理的) →不合理的→荒谬的 (同) 派生词: absurdity(n. 荒谬)

752

submission

(英) n. 恭顺(an act of submitting to the authority or control of another) (考) submission : obeisance \ affection : embrace(鞠躬表示谦恭\拥抱表示爱) (记) sub(下面)+miss(放)+ion→放在下面→从属,服从 (例) in all submission and humility(毕恭毕敬地)

753

discriminate

(英) v.区分(to make a clear distinction) (考) liken : similarity \ discriminate : difference(比喻是因为有相似\区分是因为有差异)credulity : dupe \ discrimination : connoisseur(易上当者特点是轻信\鉴赏家特点是有鉴别力)反义词:confound(混淆) (记) dis+crimin(罪行)=crime+ate→区别对待有罪的人→辨别, 歧视 (同) 同根词:incriminate(连累)派生词:discrimination(n.鉴别力; 歧视)

754

desperado

(英) n.亡命之徒(recklessdesperate outlaw)

755

ambidextrous

(英) adj. 十分灵巧的(very skillful or versatile) (记) ambi(二个)+dextr(右的)+ous→两只手都像右手一样→灵巧的; (同) 同根词:ambiguous(模棱两可的); dextrous(灵巧的)

756

eclogue

(英) n. 田园诗牧歌(a shortusually pastoral poem) (记) 来自诗人维吉尔的诗歌集'Eclogue'估计来自ec(环境)+logue(说话)→关于环境的话→田园诗; 参考: ecology(生态学)

757

publicize

(英) v.宣传,引人注意(to bring to the attention of the public; advertise) (记) public(公开的)+ize→公开化,宣传 (例) The theater company publicized its new season of plays.

758

hut

(英) n. 简陋的房子棚(crude dwelling; shack)

759

control

(英) 控制(power or authority to directorder or limit)控制管理(have power or authority over SB\sth) (考) 反义词:group experimented on(用于实验的一组) (例) a dictator who controlled the country for over 50 years

760

innuendo

(英) n. 含沙射影,暗讽(an indirect remarkgestureor referenceusually implying some thing derogatory; insinuation) (记) innu(在内)+endo(内部)→包含在内→暗讽 (同) 参考:endogenous(内生的,自发的); insinuate(暗指)

761

ascertain

(英) v. 查明,确定(to find out with certainty) (记) as+certain(肯定的)→弄肯定→确定

762

beaver

(记) 十分勤奋的人被叫做'eager beaver'

763

reign

(英) n. 统治时期(the term during which a sovereign reigns);王朝(the royal authority); 领域(the dominion) (考) coronation : reign \ wedding : marriage(加冕礼正式开始统治\婚礼正式开始婚姻) (例) a gentle reign(温和的统治)

764

diminutive

(英) adj.小巧的(much smaller than ordinary or average) (记) diminu(小)+tive→可爱的 (例) a diminutive dog

765

cadaver

(英) n. 尸体(a dead body; corpse) (记) cad(倒下=fall)+aver→倒下的人→尸体 (同) 同根词: decadent(堕落的); cadence(节奏)

766

grief

(英) n. 忧伤悲伤(deep or violent sorrow) (考) upbraid : disapproval \ lament : grief(谴责表示不赞成\哀悼表示悲哀)muffle : sound \ assuage : grief(减弱使声音降低\抚慰使悲伤减少)paean : joy \ hymn : praise \ dirge : grief(欢乐歌表达欢乐\赞美诗表达赞美\挽歌表达悲哀)solace : grief \ pacification : anger{ENTE (记) 联系词根:griev(重)

767

uniform

(英) n. 制服; adj. 相同的,一致的 (the same all over) (考) homogenization : uniform \ putrefaction : rotten(一致化一致\腐烂化腐烂)反义词:variegation(杂色) (记) uni(一个)+form(形状)

768

mint

(考) 反义词:modicum(微量)

769

perch

(英) v. (鸟)栖息(to alightsettleor rest on a roosta height) (记) 注意不要和parch(烘,烤)相混 (例) A large bird perched on the roof.

770

exalt

(英) v. (高度)赞扬,歌颂(to praise; glorify; extol) (考) 反义词:pillory(示众); condemn(指责) (记) ex+alt(高)→高出→赞扬 (同) 同根词:altitude(高度); altimeter(高度表) (例) His speech exalted the candidate's virtues.

771

stumble

(英) 绊脚(hit one's foot against something while moving along and start to fall)蹒跚而行(walk unsteadily)打结巴(stop and\or make mistakes in speaking aloud)

772

abyss

(英) n. 深渊,深坑(bottomless gulf; chasm) (记) a+byss(深)→不知多深→深渊

773

logjam

(英) n. 浮木阻塞;僵局(a deadlock or impasse) (记) log(木料)+jam(拥挤)→指河道内输送木料时的阻塞

774

famine

(英) n. 饥荒(instance of extreme scarcity of food in a region) (例) a famine Ethiopia

775

seminary

(英) n. 神学院(an institution for the training of candidates for the priesthood) (考) seminary : theologian \ conservatory : artist(神学家在神学院培养\艺术家在音乐学院培养) (记) semin(种子)+ary→培养(上帝)种子的地方→神学院; (同) 参考:seminar(研究班)

776

obloquy

(英) n. 大骂,斥责(censure or vituperation) (记) ob(坏)+loqu(话)+y→说坏话→大骂

777

fluid

(考) opacity : light \ impermeability : fluid(不透明不能透过光\不能穿透不能透过液体)

778

trammel

(英) v.\n.束缚,妨碍; 鱼网(enmesh; to prevent or impede) (例) Free yourself from the trammel of tradition.

779

impair

(英) v. 损害,使弱(damage; reduce; injure) (记) im(进入)+pair(坏)→进入坏→损害 (同) 派生词: impairment n. 削弱减少; 损害损伤

780

neglect

(英) v.\n. 忽视,忽略 (give too little attention)

781

pipeline

(英) n. 管道,管线 (a line of connected pipes) (考) vessel : blood \ pipeline : gas(血管流血\管道流 气) (记) pipe(管)+line(线)

782

rudder

(英) 船舵; 领导者(something in a boatshipor aircraftserving to guidedirector control; leader) (例) Mary turned the rudder sharply to avoid hitting the rock.

783

gemstone

(英) n. 宝石或次宝石(precious or semi-precious stone) (记) gem(宝石)+stone

784

immovable

(英) adj. 固定的(that cannot be moved) (记) im+movable(可移动的)

785

pillory

(英) n. 颈手枷;示众,嘲弄(a means for exposing one for public scorn) (考) pillory : ridicule \ guillotine : execute(示众为了嘲笑\断头台为了处死)admonish : denounce \ punish : pillory(谴责为了训诫\示众为了惩罚)反义词:exalt(赞扬) (记) 注意不要和pillar(支柱)相混

786

swarthy

(英) adj.(皮肤等)黝黑的(of a dark colorcomplexion) (例) swarthy complexion(黝黑的肤色)

787

halcyon

(英) adj. 平静的,愉快的(tranquilhappyidyllic) (考) 反义词:miserable(悲惨的); tempestuous(暴乱的) (记) 原指传说中一种能平息风浪的'神翠鸟(halcyon)'

788

hibernal

(英) adj.冬季的寒冷的(wintry or like winter)

789

pellucid

(英) adj. 清晰的,清澈的(transparentclear) (考) venial : excuse \ pellucid : understand(轻微的[错]能被原谅\清晰的[事]能被懂得)反义词:murky(模糊的) (记) pell(=per全部)+lucid(清澈的)→十分清澈的 (例) pellucid water \ a pellucid handwriting

790

vortex

(英) n.漩涡,旋风(whirlpooleddy) (记) vort(转)+ex,注意不要和vertex(顶点)相混 (例) the vortex of war(战争的漩涡)

791

ruthlessness

(考) 反义词:clemency(仁慈) (记) ruthless(无情的)+ness

792

palings

(英) n. 篱笆,木栅栏(a fence made of pales) (例) He jumped over the palings.

793

buttress

(英) n. 拱墙,拱壁(a projecting structure built against a wall to support or reinforce it);v. 支持(to prop up; bolster) (考) strut : wing \ buttress : wall \ bracket : shelf(支杆用来支撑机翼\扶墙用来支撑墙\支架用来支撑书架)反义词:contravene(反驳; 违反) (记) 分割记忆: but-tresstress 意为“一束头发”是GRE常考词 (同) 近形词: mattress(床垫); butt(烟头)

794

cupidity

(英) n. 贪婪 (strong desire for wealth; avarice; greed) (记) 参考:covet(贪求);Cupid(丘比特)是罗马神话中的爱神,爱神引起人们对爱情的'贪婪'

795

credo

(英) n.信条(creed) (记) 来自词根cred(相信信任)

796

purse

(英) v.缩拢或撅起(pucker; contract);n.钱包( wallet)

797

prototype

(英) n.原型(an original model; archetype);典型(a standard or typical example) (记) proto(首先)+type(形状)→首先的形状→原型 (例) The architect's novel design was the prototype on which more buildings were based.

798

supreme

(英) adj. 至高的(having the highest position);极度的(highest in degree) (例) make the supreme sacrifice

799

regularity

(记) 来自形容词regular(规则的)

800

droll

(英) adj. 古怪的,好笑的(amusing in an odd or wry way; funny) (考) droll : laugh \ grisly : flinch(滑稽的令人发笑\恐怖的令人畏缩)反义词:grave(严肃的) (例) a droll story \a droll person

801

sheathe

(英) n.将(刀剑等)插入鞘( insert into or provide with a sheath) (例) He sheathed his dagger.

802

bigotry

(英) n. (宗教,政治等的)盲信者(a person who holds blindly to a particular creed) ;心胸狭窄者,偏执的人(a narrow minded person; zealot) (考) recluse : withdrawn \ bigot : biased(隐士隐居\固执己见者有偏见)bigot : tolerance \ liar : honesty \ turncoat : constancy(固执己见者无宽容\说谎者无诚实\变节者无坚定不移)posturer : unaffected \ bigot : tolerant(做作者不会自然\固执己见者不会宽容)bigoted : advice \ (记) 分割记忆:big-got得到不放的人

803

gustatory

(英) n. 爱好(tasting; liking);兴致勃勃(keen enjoyment) (例) embrace one's new life with gusto

804

diagram

(英) n. 图解图表(drawing that uses simple lines to illustrate a machinestructureprocess) (记) dia(穿过二者之间)+gram(写图) →交叉对着画→图表

805

sod

(英) n. 草地,草坪(a piece of earth with grass and roots growing in it)

806

foppish

(记) 和fop 连起来记 (例) a foppish man \ foppish cloth

807

subtlety

(英) n. 狡猾(cunningingenuity);微妙(的感情)(delicateness) (考) melodrama : subtlety \ chimera : authenticity(情节剧不细腻\幻想不真实) (记) 来自subtle(奥妙的,狡猾的)+ty (例) The subtlety of his remarks was unnoticed by most of his audiences.

808

tame

(英) adj. 驯服的(not fierce or wild);沉闷的(unexciting and uninteresting) (考) 反义词:racy(生动的) (例) I quite enjoyed the book but found the ending rather tame.

809

subjugate

(英) v.征服,镇压(to bring under control and governance; conquer) (考) 反义词:liberate(释放) (记) sub(下面)+jug(=yoke牛轭)→置于牛轭之下→征服 (例) subjugate one's feeling/subjugate our foe

810

acoustics

(英) n.声学(the branch of physics dealing with sound with its transmission)

811

discourse

(英) n.演讲,论述 (a long and formal treatment of a subjectin speech or writing; dissertation) (考) lullaby : song \ diatribe : discourse(摇篮曲是一种歌曲\抨击性演说是一种演说) (记) dis+course(跑)→像跑一样讲→(长篇)演讲 (同) 同根词:concourse(汇合,合流) (例) The priest delivered a long discourse on the evils of untruthfulness.

812

touchy

(英) adj. 易发脾气的; 敏感的(acutely sensitive or irritable) (考) quixotic : idealistic \ touchy : sensitive(程度: 过分理想和理想\过分敏感和敏感) (记) touch(触摸)+y (例) She is touchy about blame.(她是个责备不得的人)

813

prodigal

(英) adj. 挥霍的(lavish);n. 挥霍者(one who spends or gives lavishly and foolishly) (考) proctor : supervise \ prodigal : squander(学监监督\挥霍者挥霍)covetous : desire \ querulous : complain \ prodigal : spend \ parsimonious : save(贪婪的人贪婪\爱抱怨的人抱怨\挥霍的人花钱\吝啬的人节省)miser : parsimonious \ spendthrift : prodigal(吝啬鬼很吝啬\挥霍者 (记) prodig(巨大,浪费)+al→挥霍的

814

inflict

(英) v. 遭受(cause a blowpenalty to be suffered by sb) (记) in(进入)+flict(打击) →进入打斗→导致痛苦

815

salvage

(英) n.\v.(从灾难中)抢救,海上救助(save sth. from lossfirewrecketc.) (记) salv(救)+age→抢救; (同) 参考:salvable(可抢救的)

816

brawny

(英) adj. (人)强壮的(strong and muscular) (记) 来自brawn(肌肉,臂力),注意:brown(棕色的) (例) the brawny weightlifter

817

personnel

(英) n. 全体人员,员工 (all the people working in an organization)

818

embroil

(英) v. 牵连卷入纠纷(to involve in conflict or difficulties) (记) em+broil(争吵)→进入争吵→牵连,broil本身是一个单词意为'争吵对骂' (例) She embroiled herself in their argument.

819

oracle

(英) n. 代神发布神谕的人(any person or agency believed to be incommunication with a deity) (记) ora(嘴)+acle→作为(神的)嘴巴; (同) 参考:oral(口头的)

820

factual

(英) adj. 真实的事实的(based on or containing facts) (考) 反义词:fictitious(编造的) (例) a factual account

821

dutiful

(英) adj.恭敬顺从的尽职的(filled with a sense of duty)

822

episode

(英) n. (小说或人生等的)片段插曲(part of a long series of events as in a novel) (例) That's an episode in my life I'd rather forget !

823

myopia

(英) n. 近视,缺乏远见(lack of foresight or discernment) (考) 反义词:prescience(远见) (记) myo(肌肉)+op(光,眼)+ia→眼病→近视 (例) I am frustrated by my supervisor's myopia.

824

extremity

(英) n.极度(the greatest degree);绝境(a state of extreme necessity; danger) (记) 来自extreme(尽头的,极度的) (例) an extremity of pain\anger

825

parsimony

(英) n. 过分节俭,吝啬 (the quality of being parsimonious) (考) parsimony : miser \ rebelliousness : insurgent(吝啬鬼吝啬\起义者反抗)parsimony : frugal \ hubris : pride(吝啬是过分节俭\傲慢是过分骄傲)反义词:largesse(慷慨)

826

protuberant

(英) adj.突出的,隆起的(thrusting out; prominent) (考) 反义词:depressed(下陷的) (记) pro(向前)+tuber(块茎)+ant→块茎突出 (同) 派生词: protuberance (n.节疤,凸出) (例) protuberant ankles(突出的脚踝)

827

ravenous

(英) adj.饿极了的,贪婪的(rapacious; hungry) (考) incontrovertible : disputed \ untenable : defended \ ravenous : satisfied(无可争议的无法争议\不可守卫的无法防卫\十分贪婪的无法满足) (记) 来自raven(掠夺)+ous (例) The ravenous student ate a whole pizza.

828

droop

(英) v.低垂(bend or hang downward);沮丧( become weakened)

829

squander

(英) v.浪费,挥霍 (to spend extravagantly; dissipate) (考) proctor : supervise \ prodigal : squander(监考人监考\挥霍者挥霍)dally : time \ squander : money(虚度时间\挥霍金钱)反义词:husband(节俭); conserve (保存) (记) 源自方言,因莎士比亚《威尼斯商人》一剧中用此词而广泛流传 (例) squander natural resources

830

adroit

(英) adj.熟练的,灵巧的(skillful ; clever; expert; dexterous) (考) loquacious : succinct \ adroit : ungainly(多话的不简洁\灵巧的不笨拙)反义词:ungainly(笨拙的);fumble(笨拙地处理) (记) a+droit(灵巧); (同) 参考:maladroit(笨拙的);派生词; adroitly (adv. 熟练地机敏地)

831

exogamy

(英) n.异族通婚(marriage outside a specific tribe) (记) exo(外面)+gam(结合,结婚)+y→和外面的人结婚

832

acolyte

(记) 在宗教仪式(a liturgical service)中帮助教士(priest)的助手

833

tableland

(英) n.高原,台地 (a broad level elevated land;plateau) (记) 组合词:table+land→像桌子那样的地→台地

834

adjust

(英) v. 整顿整理(put into order );适应(become suited) (记) ad+just(正确) →变正确→整顿适应; (同) 派生词: adjustment (n.调节调整) (例) former soldiers who have difficulty in adjusting to civilian life

835

swagger

(英) v.大摇大摆地走 (to walk with an air of over self-confidence) (考) swagger : bravado \ caress : affection(大摇大摆表示虚张声势\爱抚表示爱)blustering(pontificate): speak \ swaggerng : walk(骄傲无礼地说\大摇大摆地走)fawn : hauteur \ self-depreciate : swagger(阿谀对傲慢\自卑对狂妄) (记) 参考:waddle(鸭子摇摆着走) (同) 参考:waddle(鸭子摇摆着走) (例) He swaggered along the street.

836

endanger

(英) v. 危及(cause danger to sb\sth ) (考) sequester : seclusion \ endanger : jeopardy(使隐居进入隐居\冒险进入危险) (记) en+danger(危险) →进入危险状态

837

ballast

(英) n.(船等)压舱物(anything heavy carried in a shipaircraftor vehicle to give s tability) (考) ballast : instability \ purchase : slippage(压舱物为了防止不稳定\支点是为了防止滑落)ballast : stability \ girder : support(压舱物有稳定作用\横梁有支撑作用) (记) 分割记忆:ball-last最后的球→压舱物 (例) The ships carried many tons of stone ballast.

838

splinter

(英) n.尖片,裂片(a thin piece split; sliver)

839

finesse

(英) n.技巧(adroitness and delicacy);计谋(cunning; skill);手段(the ability to handle delicate and difficult situations skillfully and diplomatically) (考) 反义词: heavy-handedness(笨手笨脚); ineptitude(笨拙) (记) fine(好,巧妙)+sse→巧妙的手段注意不要和fineness(优雅,纤细)相混 (例) Paul handled the meeting with great finesse.

840

spoof

(英) v.揶揄,嘲讽 (deceivehoax) (记) 参考其他以spoo开头的单词:spook(幽灵),spool(卷轴),spoon(匙),spoor(野兽等的足迹)

841

carnage

(英) n. 大屠杀残杀(bloody and extensive slaughter; massacre) (记) carn(肉)+age

842

atrophy

(英) n. v.萎缩,衰退(a wasting away of body tissue) (记) a+troph(营养)+y→无营养→衰退 (同) 同根词:trophy(奖品) (例) The disease atrophied her legs.

843

retouch

(英) v. 修描; 润色(improve a picture or photograph by adding small strokes with a brush or pencil) (考) revise : manuscript \ retouch : picture(修改手稿\修描图画)

844

topography

(英) n. 地形学(the art or practice of graphic delineation in detail on maps or charts) (记) topo(地方)+graphy(写)→地形学; (同) 参考:toponym(地名)

845

gust

(英) n. 阵风(a suddenstrong rush of wind );一阵(情绪)(an outburst) (考) gust : wind \ flare : light \ cloudburst : rainfall(阵风是短暂的大风\闪光是短暂的强光\暴雨是短暂的大雨) (例) a gust of wind. a gust of uncontrollable anger

846

connubial

(英) adj. 婚姻的夫妻的(pertaining to marriage) (记) con+nub(婚姻)+ial→婚姻的; 参考: nubile(适婚的)

847

collected

(英) adj.泰然自若的(composed; calm; self-possessed) (例) She always stays coolcalm and collected in a crisis.

848

staccato

(英) adj.(音乐)断音的,不连贯的(abruptdisjointed) (记) at+acca+to记住中间的acca似乎呈断裂状态 (例) staccato notes(断音音符)

849

manifestation

(英) n. 表明,显示 (the act of showing clear and plain)

850

quench

(英) v.熄灭(火)(put outextinguish);抑制(欲望)(subdue) (例) quench hatred(消除仇恨)\quench the flames(扑灭火焰)

851

anodyne

(英) n. 止痛药(anything that relieves pain or soothes) (记) an+odyne(痛)→不痛→止痛药

852

brilliant

(英) adj. 辉煌的(shining brightly; sparkling);才气焕发的(showing keen intelligence) (考) firm : ironclad \ smart : brilliant(程度:坚固和十分坚固\聪明和才华横溢) (记) brilli(发光)+ant→辉煌的 (同) 派生词: brilliance (n. 光辉灿烂brightness; 才华横溢intelligence)

853

taking

(英) adj.楚楚动人的(gaining the liking of ) (例) a taking smile(摄人魂魄的甜笑)

854

aureole

(英) n.日冕光轮(sun's corona; halo)

855

outlandish

(英) adj. 古怪的(very oddfantastic; bizarre) (记) out(出)+land(国家)+ish→从外国来的→奇怪的 (例) outlandish manners(怪模怪样)

856

polish

(英) v. 把…擦光亮(to make smooth and glossy: burnish);n. 上光剂(a preparation that is used to polish sth.);(态度等)优雅(freedom from rudeness or coarseness) (考) circumspect : prudence \ urbane : polish(谨慎的[人]谨慎\文雅的[人]文雅)lustrous : polish \ pure : refine(抛光使有光泽\提纯使纯)反义词:gaucheness(粗鲁) (例) She plays the piano with great polish.她钢琴弹得优雅之极.

857

serenity

(英) n. 平静(tranquilityequanimity) (考) perturb : serenity \ reassure : doubt(打扰使不宁静\安慰使不怀疑)反义词:havoc(混乱)

858

dietetics

(英) n.饮食学,营养学(the study of the kinds and quantities of food needed for health) (记) 来自diet(饮食)

859

nominate

(英) v. 提名; 任命,指定(appoint someone to a position)

860

apparel

(英) n. (精致的)衣服(clothing; garments; attire) (考) gaudy : apparel \ grandiloquent : speak(俗丽的衣服\夸张的演讲)tonsorial : hair \ sartorial : apparel(理发的对象是头发\裁缝的对象是衣服) (记) appar(出现)+el→穿出来的东西→衣服; 联想:apparent(明显的) (例) woman's apparel \ daily apparel

861

vitriolic

(英) adj.刻薄的强烈的(virulent of feeling or of speech) (记) vitri(玻璃引申为硫酸盐,因为硫酸盐具有玻璃光泽,再引申为刻毒)+olic (例) vitriolic speech(尖刻的活)

862

anterior

(英) adj. 较早的,以前的(previous; earlier) (考) 反义词: ensuing(跟着发生的) (同) 近形词: superior(上面的优越的); interior(内部的); inferior(低下的); exterior(外部的)

863

pandemonium

(英) n. 喧嚣,大混乱(a wild uproar; tumult) (记) pan(全部)+demon(魔鬼)+ium→全是魔鬼→大混乱,来自弥尔顿所著《失乐园》中的地狱之都(Pandemonium)

864

disinfect

(英) v. 为某物杀菌或消毒(clean by destroying germs that cause disease) (考) oil : lubricate \ antiseptic : disinfect(油有润滑作用\杀菌剂有消毒作用) (记) dis+infect(感染) →消除感染→消毒

865

hotbed

(英) n. 温床,滋长地(any place that fosters rapid growth) (记) 组合词:hot(热)+(bed)床 (例) The city is a hotbed of crime.

866

sincerity

(英) n. 真诚,诚挚 (the quality of being sincere) (考) poseur : sincerity \ recluse : gregariousness(装腔作势者不会真诚\隐士不会群居)authenticity : fraudulent \ sincerity : hypocritical(真实无欺骗\真诚无伪善) (记) sincere(真诚的)+ity

867

unilateral

(英) adj.单方面的(one-sided; affecting only one side)

868

abeyance

(英) n. 中止,搁置(temporary suspension of an activity ) (考) 反义词: continuance(继续) (例) The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival.

869

succinct

(英) adj.简明的,简洁的(marked by compact precise expression) (考) loquacious : succinct \ adroit : ungainly(多话的无简洁\灵巧的不笨拙)反义词: voluble(多话的) (记) suc(下面)+cinct(=gird束起),原指把下面的衣服束起来以利干活→简练的 (例) write shortsuccinct sentences

870

phenomenology

(记) 来自名词phenomenon(现象奇迹)

871

pungent

(英) adj.味道刺激的(acrid; piquant; racy);苛刻的(caustic) (考) pungent : odor \ caustic : comment(辛辣的气味\尖刻的评论) (记) pung(刺)+ent→刺激的 (例) Pungent remarks about sb.'s lateness.

872

seafaring

(记) 来自seafarer(水手、海员),sea+fare(过日子)+er→靠海生活的人

873

mechanics

(英) n. 力学 (the science of the action of forces on objects)

874

miser

(英) 守财奴吝啬鬼(a person who loves money and hates spending itand often lives in very poor conditions in order to become wealthy by storing all his money) (考) miser : thrift \ chauvinist : patriotism(吝啬鬼过分节俭\沙文主义者过分爱国)miser : stingy(parsimonious) \ loner : solitary \ insurgent : rebelliousness \ spendthrift : prodigal(吝啬鬼的特点是小气\孤独者的特点是孤独\反叛者的特点是反叛\挥霍者的特点是浪费)(考) miser : munificent \ zealot : blas(吝啬鬼不慷慨\狂热者不厌倦)

875

sophisticated

(英) adj. 老于世故的;(仪器)精密的(highly complicated) (记) sophist(诡辩者)+icated (例) a sophisticated entrepreneur(老练的企业家)

876

mettlesome

(英) adj. 精神抖擞的(spirited; courageous)

877

dejection

(英) n. 沮丧,颓丧 (lowness of spirits; depression) (考) mollify : anger \ hearten : dejection(抚慰消除激怒\激励消除沮丧)

878

self-righteousness

(记) self(自己)+righteousness(正当)

879

urban

(考) 反义词:bucolic(乡村的)

880

veer

(英) v.转向,改变(话题等) (to change direction or course) (考) veer : direction \ convert : belief(转变方向\改变信仰)反义词:maintain constant(保持恒定) (例) The wind veered round to the east.

881

psalm

(英) n.赞美诗,圣诗(a sacred song or poem used in worship) (记) 主要指圣经中的赞美诗(Book of Psalms)

882

entreaty

(英) n.恳求哀求(an act of entreating; plea) (考) command : entreaty \ goad : enticement(强行命令不是恳求\强行刺激不是诱使)protest : dissuade \ supplicate : entreat(抗议为了劝阻\低三下四求为了恳求)

883

etymology

(英) n. 语源学(the branch of linguistics dealing with word origin and development) (记) 来自etymon(词源,词根)

884

tailor

(英) 裁缝(a person who makes clothes)剪裁并缝制(make an outer garment by cutting and sewing cloth) (考) saw : carpenter \ scissors : tailor(木匠的工具是锯\裁缝的工具是剪刀)cartographer : map \ tailor : clothing(制图者制地图\裁缝制衣服)

885

outgrowth

(英) 自然结果副产物(a natural but perhaps undesirable result)生长物(something that grows out) (记) out(出来)+growth(生长)

886

gangway

(英) n. (上下船的)跳板(gangplank) (考) drawbridge : castle \ gangway : ship(进入城堡要通过吊桥\进入船要通过跳板) (记) 组合词:gang(帮派,路)+way(路)→通向路的路→跳板

887

oncologist

(英) adj. 杂食的(eating both animal and vegetable food);兴趣杂的(taking in everything indiscriminately) (记) omni(全)+vor(吃)+ous→全部吃的 (例) Bears are omnivorous animals.

888

panther

(英) n. 黑豹 (a black leopard)

889

saber

(英) n. 军刀,击剑用刀(a heavy cavalry sword )

890

seduce

(英) v. 勾引,诱惑 (to lead astray by persuasion or false promises) (记) se(分开)+duce(引导)→引开→勾引 (例) be seduced by curiosity

891

lukewarm

(英) adj. 微温的,不热心的(not very warm or enthusiastic) (记) luke(=tepid微温)+warm(温)→微温的

892

temerity

(英) n.鲁莽,大胆 (audacity,rashnessrecklessness) (考) alacrity : apathetic \ temerity : timid(活泼的不冷漠\鲁莽的不胆小)反义词:circumspection(谨慎); pusillanimity(胆怯); cautious approach(谨慎靠近) (记) temer(轻率)+ity (例) He had the temerity to ask for higher wages after only three day's work.

893

homogenize

(考) 反义词:stratify(分层) (记) homo(相同)+gen(产生)+ize→产生相同→使一致

894

unctuous

(英) adj.油腔滑调的(false earnestness) (考) placebo : innocuous \ salve : unctuous(安慰剂是无毒的\油膏剂是油质的) (记) unct(油)+uous; (同) 参考:unction(涂油,油膏)

895

gorilla

(英) n. 大猩猩(very large powerful African ape)

896

eurhythmic

(英) adj. 匀称的协调的(characterized by perfect proportion and harmony) (记) eu+rhythm(节奏)+ic→好的节奏→协调的 (同) 同根词:arrhythmic(没有节奏的)

897

insomnia

(英) n. 失眠症(abnormally prolonged inability to sleep) (考) insomnia : sleep \ dyslexia : read(失眠症无法睡眠\阅读障碍症无法阅读) (记) +in(不)+somn(睡眠)+ia→不能睡眠→失眠症 (同) 同根词:somniferous(催眠的); somnolent(想睡的)

898

bucket

(英) n. 圆桶(round open container);v. 雨倾盆而下(rain pour down heavily) (例) The rain bucketed down all afternoon .

899

debouch

(英) v. 流出,进入(开阔地区) (to come forth from a narrow place into open country; emerge) (记) de+bouch(嘴mouth)→从嘴中流出; 比较:debauch(放荡) (例) The river debouches into a wide plain.

900

specimen

(英) n.范例,样品,标本(a portion or quantity of material for use in testingexaminationor study) (记) speci(看)+men→看的东西→样品; (同) 参考:species(种类)

901

group

(英) v. 使...集合(gather sb \sth into groups) (考) stray : group \ digress : subject(离群是离开群体\离题是离开主题)反义词:isolate(分开) (例) The police grouped themselves round the demonstrators.

902

shrub

(英) n. 灌木(a low bush with several woody stems)

903

misperceive

(记) mis(错误)+perceive(察觉)

904

chunk

(英) n. 短厚块状物(a shortthick piece);大量(a considerable portion) (同) 派生词: chunky (adj. 人或动物矮胖的)

905

tuber

(英) n.块茎,球根(a short fleshy underground stem) (例) Potatoes are the tubers of the potato plant.

906

cosy

(英) adj.温暖而舒适的(warm and comfortable; snug; comfortable) (同) 也作cozy

907

drivel

(英) n.\v.说废话(nonsense; talk nonsense) (考) nonsensical : drivel \ pompous : bombast(胡说特点是荒谬的\夸张的说特点是夸大的)

908

adequate

(英) adj. 令人满意的充分的(satisfactory in quantity or quality) (记) ad+equ(平等)+ate→比平等的多→充分的; (同) 派生词: adequacy (n.足够充分)同根词: equable(脾气温和的)equation(方程式)

909

opponent

(英) n. 对手,敌手(adversary; antagonist) (记) op(反)+pon(放)+ent→反着放→对手 (同) 同根词:component(组成的,合成的);proponent(支持者) (例) Our football team's opponents won the game.

910

perfume

(英) n. 香味(the scent of sweet smelling) (记) per(全部)+fume(气味)→香气四溢→芳香 (例) Jane sprayed some perfume on her neck.

911

seep

(英) v. (液体等)渗漏 (to flow or pass slowly;ooze) (记) 参考:peep(偷看) (同) 参考:peep(偷看) (例) Water seeped in through a crack.

912

ginger

(英) n. 姜,活力(vigorspirit) (记) 注意 gingerly(极为谨慎的,小心翼翼的) (例) the ginger to work hard (努力工作的劲头)

913

morass

(英) n. 沼泽地,困境(marsh; entanglement) (记) 分割记忆:mor看作more+ass(驴子),很多驴子在周围→(陷入困境) (例) be morassed in an intrigue(陷入阴谋之中)

914

contain

(英) v. 包含含有(hold sth within itself);控制(keep under control) (记) con(全部)+tain(拿住)→全部拿住→包容 (同) 同根词: retain(保留记住); detain(拘留扣留)派生词: container (n. 容器)

915

tussle

(英) n.\v.扭打,搏斗(a physical contest or struggle);争辩(an intense argumentcontroversy) (记) 可能是tousle(弄乱)的变体 (例) I tussled with him for a few minutes and managed to wrench the book from his grasp.

916

scabbard

(英) n.(刀剑)鞘(a sheath or case to hold the blade of a sworddagger) (考) dagger : scabbard \ pistol : holster(匕首放在刀鞘里\手枪放在枪套里) (记) 分割记忆:scab(疤)+bard(马的铠甲)

917

crass

(英) adj. 愚钝的粗糙的(crude and unrefined) (考) 反义词: refined(文雅的) (例) crass stupidityignorance

918

boom

(英) n. 繁荣昌盛时期(period of prosperity); (例) The oil market is enjoying a boom .

919

ostentation

(英) n. 夸示,炫耀(showy display; pretentiousness) (记) ostent(显现)+ation→显现出来→炫耀 (例) the ostentation of a rich man

920

exchequer

(英) n. 国库(treasury);财源(money in one's possession; funds) (记) ex+chequer(柜台)→把钱拿出柜台(存入)→国库

921

rifle

(英) v.抢劫 (to ransack with the intent to steal) (例) rifle goods from a shop(抢劫商店的货物)

922

unobtrusive

(英) adj. 不引人注目的(not very noticeable or easily seen) (考) 反义词:blatant(显眼的) (记) un(不)+obtrusive(突出的)

923

shrill

(英) adj.尖锐的,刺耳的(having a sharp high-pitched tone) (例) the shrill screaming of jet engines

924

vigilant

(英) adj.机警的,警惕的 (alertly watchful to avoid danger) (考) wary : gulled \ exacting : satisfied \ vigilant : ambushed(谨慎的不易被骗\挑剔的不易满足\警觉的不易中埋伏)反义词:supine(懒散的); oblivious(不在意的); unalert(不警觉的); negligible(可忽略的) (记) vigil(警觉)+ant→警觉的 (同) 同根词:vigilante(警戒会员私刑分子)

925

mania

(英) n. 癫狂(wild or violent mental disorder);狂热(an excessivepersistent enthusiasm; delirium; frenzy; hysteria) (考) mania : enthusiasm \ doting : fondness \ paranoia : suspicion(狂热是过分热情\溺爱是过分喜爱\多疑是过分怀疑) (记) man(疯狂)+ia(病)→狂热; (同) 参考:kleptomania(盗窃狂); bibliomania(爱书癖)

926

byline

(英) n.(列作者名字的)报刊文章首行(a line identifying the writer) (考) credits : movie \ byline : article(片头字幕介绍电影的演员\标题下署名行介绍文章的作者) (记) by+line(字行) →第二行→大标题下面作家姓名一行

927

gaucherie

(英) n. 笨拙(awkwardness; tactlessness) (考) urbane : gaucherie \ guileless : chicanery(文雅的不粗鲁\诚实的不狡诈)

928

ambience

(英) n.环境气氛(environment; atmosphere) (同) 派生词: ambient (adj.周围的四面八方的)

929

shale

(英) n.页岩 (a stratified fissile rock) (考) shale : lode \ well : aquifer(矿脉中含页岩\水土层中含源泉) (记) 可能是shell(贝壳)的变体

930

slumberous

(英) adj. 昏昏欲睡的 (sleepy)

931

violet

(英) 紫罗兰(a small plant with sweet-smelling dark purplish-blue flowers)紫罗兰色的(having a purplish-blue color) (考) gem : turquoise \ flower : violet(绿松石是一种宝石\紫罗兰是一种花)

932

canyon

(英) n. 峡谷(a longnarrow valley between cliffs) (考) ditch : canyon \ burrow : cavern(水沟对峡谷\小洞穴对巨洞) (记) 表示峡谷的其他一些单词:gorge,gully,ravine,valley

933

deleterious

(英) adj. (对身心)有害的,有毒的(harmful to health; injurious; pernicious) (考) 反义词:wholesome(健康的); salutary \ salubrious(有益健康的) (同) n. deleteriousness (例) deleterious effects of bad books

934

provision

(英) n.(粮食)供应(a stock of needed materials or supplies);(法律等)条款(stipulation) (记) provide(提供)的名词,pro(向前)+vide(看) (例) the provisions of the agreement

935

turret

(英) n.塔楼,角塔(a little tower)

936

deteriorate

(英) v. (使)变坏,恶化 (to make or become worse; depreciate) (考) 反义词:improvement(改进) (记) 来自拉丁文deterior(糟糕的)+ate→变糟,恶化; (同) 参考:superior(高级的);inferior(低级的)派生词:deterioration(n.恶化)

937

detached

(英) adj.分开的(not connected; separate);超然的(impartial; indifferent) (记) 来自detach(分离,拆开),de+tach(接触)→不接触→分开 (同) 同根词:attachment(附件,依恋) (例) The detached nozzle of the hose lay in the grass. \The detached spectator didn't care which side to win.

938

noisome

(英) adj. 恶臭的(foul smelling) (考) 反义词:appealing(吸引人的); beneficial(有益的); pleasant(愉快的); healthy(有益健康的) (记) noi(=annoy讨厌)+some→讨厌的,有害的 (例) a noisome environment(不卫生的环境)

939

hanger

(英) adj.忧愁的低贱的(shamefaced) (考) 反义词: buoyant(轻快的)

940

beatific

(英) adj.祝福的,有福的(blissful or blessed; delightful) (记) beat(幸福)+ific→幸福的

941

scurry

(英) v. 急跑,疾行 (to move in a brisk pace: scamper) (例) scurry off to find a doctor(急忙赶去找医生)

942

prevision

(英) n. 先见,预感(foresightprescience) (记) pre(预先)+vis(看)+ion→预先看到

943

disciple

(英) n.信徒,弟子(a pupil or follower of any teacher) (记) 记住discipline(纪律)就能记住disciple;学徒必须有纪律

944

paunchy

(英) adj.大肚子的(protruding belly) (考) 反义词:svelte(苗条的)

945

enhancement

(英) 增加提高(increaseesp. in valuequalitydesirabilityor attractiveness; heighten) (记) 来自enhance(提高)en+hance(高)→提高

946

vigorously

(考) 反义词:loll(懒散地走)-move vigorously(充满活力地走动) (记) 来自形容词vigorous(精力旺盛的)

947

defuse

(英) v. 去掉…的雷管; 熄…怒火(fuse: 导火线) (考) 反义词: foment(煽动)

948

unfasten

(考) 反义词:secure(固定) (记) un(不)+fasten(扎牢,扣紧)

949

hallmark

(英) n. 特征(distinctive feature) (考) 反义词:uncharacteristic feature(无特点的标志) (例) Attention to detail ishte hallmark of a fire craftsman.

950

eavesdropper

(考) listener : eavesdropper \ observer : spy(偷听者是偷偷听的人\间谍是偷偷观察的人)

951

dislike

(英) v. 不喜欢(not like) (考) dislike : loathing \ pleasure : bliss(程度: 不喜欢→憎恨\高兴→极乐)反义词:penchant(片好); predilection(偏爱) (例) My mother dislikes seeing you with me.

952

abut

(英) v. 接界,毗连(border upon) (考) contiguous : abut \ simultaneous : coincide(临近的是两物毗连\同时的是两事巧合) (记) 注意不要和abet(教唆)相混; (同) n. abutment

953

decline

(英) v. 拒绝(refuse sth offered politely);变弱变小(become smallerweakerfewer);n.消减(gradual and continuous loss of strengthpowernumbers) (记) de(向下)+cline(倾斜斜坡) →向下斜→消减

954

rove

(英) v. 流浪,漂泊(to wander about; roam) (例) rove over sea and land\rove the moors(流浪荒野)

955

predilection

(英) n. 偏好(an established preference for something) (考) 反义词:propensity to dislike(厌恶的倾向) (记) pre(预先)+dilect(喜爱)+ion→偏好 (同) 同根词:delectable(美味的) (例) Many young people have a predilection for dangerous sports.

956

deliberate

(英) adj. 深思熟虑的,故意的(carefully thought out and formedor done on purpose);v. 慎重考虑 (to think or consider carefully and fully) (考) apophasis : claim \ caprice : deliberate(委婉表达不是直接要求\反复无常没有深思熟虑)反义词:impetuous(冲动的); precipitate(仓促的); hasty(匆忙的);summarily(迅速地) (记) de+liber(自由)+ate→非自由的→思考的 (同) 派生词: deliberateness; deliberation(n. 故意; 深思熟虑)同根词:liberality(自由,慷慨); liberty(自由) (例) a deliberate decision

957

collapse

(英) v. 坍塌塌陷(break into pieces and fall down suddenly);指人晕倒(become unconscious because of illness) (考) collapse : volume \ attenuate : thickness(倒塌减少体积\使稀薄减少浓度)collapse : implode \ divide : sunder(向内破裂倒塌\切成二半分开) (记) col+lapse(滑倒) →全部滑倒→倒塌

958

compassionate

(英) adj. 有同情心的(sympathetic) (记) com+pass(感情)+ion→一起感情→同情 (同) 同根词:dispassionate(心平气和的) (例) He is compassionate and likes to help those less fortunate than himself.

959

harass

(英) v. 侵扰,烦忧(to trouble with caresdebtsrepeated questions) (记) 分割记忆:har 看作 hardass(驴子)hard-ass→倔驴→烦扰; (例) Pirates harassed the villages along the coast.

960

padding

(英) n. 衬垫,填料 (material used to pad something) (考) padding : damage \ disguise : recognition(填料防止损坏\掩饰防止识别)

961

savanna

(英) n. 热带或亚热带之大草原(treeless grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions)

962

blast

(考) blast : whiff \ gush : trickle(大风对微风\涌出对滴流)

963

reconnaissance

(英) n. 侦察,预先探索(a preliminary survey to gain information) (例) The military reconnaissance was a secret mission.

964

snide

(英) adj. 讽刺的,含沙射影(slyly disparaging;insinuating) (例) a snide remark(刻毒的话)

965

phial

(英) n. 小瓶(药水瓶)(vial)

966

muniments

(记) muni(礼物,加强)+ments→加强买卖关系的东西→契据

967

bilious

(考) insulin : pancreas \ bile : liver(胰脏分泌胰岛素\肝脏分泌胆汁)

968

disorientation

(记) dis+orientation(确定方位) →不能再确定方位

969

derangement

(英) n. 精神错乱 (insanity) (记) de+range(排列)+ment→没有排列→精神错乱 (同) 参考:arrange(安排);deranged(精神错乱的)

970

refined

(考) attentive : officious \ refined : snobbish(过分关心是多管闲事\过分文雅是假装绅士)反义词: crass(粗鲁的)

971

scavenge

(英) v. (在废物中)寻觅(salvage useful materials);(动物)食腐肉(to feed on carrion or refuse) (记) 和revenge(报复,复仇)一起记 (同) 派生词: scavenger (n. 食腐动物;拣破烂的人)

972

academician

(英) n. 院士学会会员(member of an academy)

973

apposite

(英) adj. 适当的,恰切的( appropriateaptrelevant) (考) 反义词:opposite(相反的); extraneous(外来的) (记) ap+pos(放)+ite→放一起→适当的

974

towering

(英) adj.耸立的(impressively high or great;imposing) (记) 来自tower(塔)+ing (例) a towering basketball player

975

expressly

(英) adv.清楚地(explicitly);特意地(particularly) (记) 来自express(表达,明白的,特殊的) (例) This book was written expressly for the GRE test.

976

nonviolent

(记) non+violent(暴行的)→不用暴力的 (例) The minister led the nonviolent marchers to city hall.

977

ejaculation

(英) n.突然大叫(a short sudden emotional utterance) (例) Everyone in the room heard my ejaculation.

978

trowel

(英) n.泥刀,小铲子(any of various hand tools) (记) towel(毛巾)中间加个r

979

patrimony

(英) n.祖传的财产(property inherited from a father)

980

frieze

(英) (在墙顶与天花板间起装饰作用的)横条饰带(a decoration or series of decorations forming an ornamental band around a roommanteletc.) (考) frieze : ornament \ pillar : support(横饰带用来装饰\柱子用来支撑)frieze : building \ illumination : maunuscript(横饰带用来装饰建筑物\装饰图案用来装饰手稿) (记) 和freeze(冰冻)一起记

981

virtuous

(英) adj. 有美德的 (showing virtue); (考) 反义词:nefarious(邪恶的) (记) 来自名词virtue(美德)

982

expatiate

(英) v.细说详述(speak or write in detail) (记) ex+pat(=space)+iate→占地方→详细讲或写

983

discernment

(英) n.眼光,洞察力(keen perception or judgment; insight; a cumen) (考) 反义词:lack of insight(缺乏洞察力) (例) He showed great discernment in the choice of wine.

984

lechery

(英) n. 好色,纵欲(excessive indulgence of sexual desires) (记) 来自lecher(好色之徒),由licker(舔东西的人)而来

985

suffuse

(英) v.(色彩等)弥漫,染遍(to spread over or through; flushfill) (考) tint : suffuse \ amble : wander(染遍是完全着色\漫游是到处走遍) (记) suf(下面)+fuse(流)→流遍 (同) 同根词:effusive(流出的,奔放的) (例) The light of the setting sun suffused the clouds.

986

invade

(英) v. 侵犯侵入(enter a country or territory with armed forces) (记) in(进入)+vade(走)→走进来→侵略

987

decipher

(英) v. 解开(疑团) (to make out the meaning of );破译(密码) (decode) (考) decipher : hieroglyph \ break : code(解释象形文字使人明白象形文字意义\破译编码使人明白编码意义) (同) adj. decipherable

988

fastidiousness

(考) industriousness : activity \ fastidiousness : selectivity(勤奋是很喜欢活动\挑剔是很喜欢选择) (记) fastidious(仔细挑选的)+ness

989

indescribable

(英) adj. (美得)无法形容的(beyond the power of description) (记) in(不)+describ(描绘)+able→无法描绘的

990

palette

(考) palette : color \ repertoire : play(调色板上有各色颜料\表演剧目中有各种戏剧)

991

sorcery

(英) n.巫术,魔法(the use of evil magical power) (记) sorc(巫术)+ery; (同) 同根词:exorcise(用魔法驱邪)

992

slack

(英) adj.懒散的懈怠的(sluggish; inactive);(绳)松弛的(loose); (考) 反义词:taut(紧张的)

993

unmoved

(英) 无动于衷的冷漠的(showing no pity or sympathy)镇定的(not worried) (记) un(不)+moved(感动的)

994

overflow

(英) v. 溢出( flow over the edges);洋溢 ( be very full) (记) over(过度)+flow(流)

995

prickly

(英) adj. 易生气的(easily irritated);多刺的(covered with prickles)

996

scour

(英) v. 擦洗,擦亮(to rub hard with a rough material for cleansing) (例) (1) scour the saucepans so that they shine(把长柄锅擦亮) (2) They scoured the grounds for the missing keys. scour['skaUE]v. 四处搜索 (英) v. 四处搜索(to go through or range over in a search) (例) They scoured the grounds for the missing keys.

997

demonstrable

(英) adj. 可表明的(that can be shown or proved)

998

denigrate

(英) v. 污蔑,诽谤 (to disparage the character or reputation of; defame; blacken) (考) 反义词:honor(尊敬) (记) de+nigr(黑)+ate→弄黑→诽谤 (同) 同根词:negrophile(同黑人友好者); nigrify(使变黑)派生词: denigration (n. 诋毁贬低belittlement)

999

resilient

(英) 有弹性的(able to spring back to the former shape or position when pressure is removed)能恢复活力的适应力强的(able to return quickly to usual health or good spirits after going through difficultydiseasechangeetc.)

1000

abhorrent

(英) adj. 可恨的,可厌的(causing disgust or hatred; detestable; hateful); (考) abhorrence : dislike \ adoration : fondness(憎恶是十分讨厌\爱慕是十分喜欢) (同) 派生词: abhorrence(n.憎恶)