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Flashcards in gre_6 Deck (1000):
1

mortar

(考) hammer : anvil \ pestle : mortar(配对工具[类比] 锤子在铁砧上加工东西\杵棒在乳钵中加工东西) (例) He ground the spices himself with a mortar and pestle. mortar['mO:tE]n. (砌砖用的)灰浆

2

centripetal

(英) adj. 向心的(moving or tending to move toward a center) (记) (记)centri(中心)+pet(追求)+al→追求中心→向心的 (同) 同根词: petition(请愿请求); competition(比赛)

3

jubilant

(英) adj. 喜悦的,欢呼的(elated; rejoicing) (考) 反义词:dolorous(忧伤的) (记) jubil(大叫)+ ant→高兴得大叫 (同) 派生词: jubilation (n. 喜悦,欢呼) (例) Bill was jubilant when he finally beat his older brother at chess.

4

gusto

(英) n. 爱好(tasting; liking);兴致勃勃(keen enjoyment) (例) embrace one's new life with gusto

5

dissident

(英) n. 唱反调者(a person who disagrees; dissenter) (记) dis+sid(坐)+ent→反着坐的(人)→唱反调者 (同) 同根词:preside(主持); subside(沉淀,平息)

6

fractional

(英) adj. 微小的,极小的(very small; unimportant) (例) a fractional difference

7

thorn

(英) n. 刺(a small sharp pointed growth on the stem of a plant) (考) 反义词: smooth(光滑的) (同) 派生词: thorny(多刺的)

8

atonal

(英) adj. (音乐)无调的(without a tonal center or key) (记) a+ton(声音)+al→无声的→无调的 (同) 同根词:monotone(单调); tonetics(声调学)

9

rib

(英) n. 肋骨; 伞骨(one of the stiff strips supporting an umbrella's fabric) (考) organ : kidney \ bone : rib(肾是一种器官\肋骨是一种骨骼) (例) the ribs of an umbrella(雨伞的伞骨)

10

ceremonious

(英) adj. 仪式隆重的(very formal ) (例) He unveiled the picture with a ceremonious gesture .

11

dormancy

(英) n. 休眠状态(state of being temporarily inactive) (考) 反义词: activity(活动) (记) dorm(睡眠)+ancy→在睡眠状态

12

evanescent

(英) adj. 迅速消失的短暂的(vanishing; ephemeral; transient ) (考) evanescent : disappear \ pliant : yield(短暂的容易消失\柔顺的容易屈从)evanescent : permanence \ archaic : currency(短暂的不持久\陈旧的不流行)反义词:lasting(长久的); perpetual(永久的); permanent(持久的) (记) e+van(空)+escent(开始…的)→出现就空了→短暂的;注意escent组词:adolescent(青少年的); efflorescent(开花期); senescent(年迈的) (例) as evanescent as snowflakes on a river

13

lullaby

(英) n. 摇篮曲(cradlesong) (考) lullady : song \ diatribe : discourse(摇篮曲是一种歌曲\抨击性演讲是一种演讲) (记) lull(安静)+aby是lull和goodbye的缩体

14

compensate

(英) v. 补偿,赔偿 (to make equivalent return to; recompense) (记) com+pens(挂,花费)+ate→全部给予花费→赔偿; (同) 同根词:expense(支出); dispense(分发分配)派生词: compensation (n. 补偿报偿) (例) The volunteers were not compensated for their time.

15

prophet

(英) n. 先知; 预言家(a person who claims to be able to tell the course of future events)

16

palpitate

(英) v.(心脏)急速而不规则地跳动(to beat rapidly; throb) (记) palp(摸)+itate→摸得着的心跳→心急跳 (同) n. palpitation

17

gloss

(英) n. 光泽(the brightness or luster; sheen);注解(words of explanation or translation) (考) blurb : notice \ gloss : explanation(大肆宣传是为了引起注意\注解是为了解释明白)

18

ordain

(英) v. 任命(神职);命令(to decree; order) (记) ord(命令)+ain→任命 (例) He was ordained priest.

19

tutelage

(英) n.监护,指导(serving as guardian or protector) (记) tutel(教导,监督)+age→监护 (同) 同根词:tutor(家庭教师,导师);tutee(受辅导者) (例) Private tutelage helped her pass calculus.

20

systematic

(英) 有系统的有条理的(based on orderly methods and careful organization) (考) 反义词:haphazard(偶然的) (记) system(系统)+atic

21

footnote

(英) n. 脚注(additional piece of information at the bottom of a page in a book)

22

agog

(英) adj. 兴奋的,有强烈兴趣的(in a state of eager anticipationexcitement) (考) interested : agog \ careful : meticulous(兴趣很强是急切渴望\十分小心是一丝不苟) (记) agog可以作词根,意为'引导',如: demagogue(煽动者)

23

meteoric

(英) adj. 流星的(consisting of meteors);昙花一现的(transientswift) (考) 反义词:gradual(逐渐的); plodding(缓慢进行的) (记) 来自meteor(流星,陨石)+ic (例) a meteoric success

24

gully

(考) gully : erosion \ callus : friction(侵蚀形成峡谷\摩擦形成老茧)

25

exemption

(英) n. 免除(immunity; impunity)

26

amass

(英) v. 积聚(collect together; to accumulate) (记) a+mass(一团)→变成一团→积聚 (同) 同根词:massive(巨大的); massacre(大屠杀)

27

wane

(英) v.减少,衰微(to decrease in sizeextentor degree; dwindle) (例) The moon wanes after it has become full.

28

chortle

(英) v.\n. 开心地笑 (utter with a gleeful chuckling sound) (例) The audience chortled throughout the funny movie.

29

messenger

(英) n. 信使 (a person who brings a message) (记) 来自名词message(消息)

30

temperamental

(英) adj.性情的 (arising from temperament);喜怒无常的(marked by impulsive changes of mood) (记) 来自temperament(气质,性情),tempera(脾气)+ment (例) temperamental indifference to neatness and order(生来不注意整洁和条理)

31

conditional

(英) adj. 有条件的(depending on sth) (记) 来自condition(n. 条件:con[共同]+dit[给予]+ion→共同给出的[条件])

32

fervor

(英) n.热诚,热心(great warmth of emotion; ardor) (考) fervor : zealot \ doubt : skeptic \ improvidence : spendthrift(狂热者特点是热情\怀疑者特点是怀疑\浪费者特点是浪费)ennui : enthusiastic \ fervor : apathetic(无聊无热情\热心无冷漠)反义词:apathy(冷漠); zealotry(狂热行为) (例) a fervent desire to win

33

personage

(英) n. 名人(a person of rank or distinction);(戏剧)角色(a dramaticfictionalor historical character) (记) person(人)+age名人 (例) an important personage

34

transfer

(英) n.\v. 转移( move from one placejobposition to another) (记) trans(转移)+fer(带)→转移过去→转移

35

vertical

(英) adj. 垂直的(perpendicular to the plane of the horizon;upright) (记) 来自vertex(顶点),从顶点向下→垂直的 (例) a vertical cliff(陡直的峭壁)

36

unanticipated

(记) un(不)+anticipate(预料)+ed

37

esteem

(英) v. 尊重尊敬(have a high opinion of sb\sth) (考) 反义词:stigma(耻辱的标志)-mark of esteem(尊敬的标志); odium(厌恶); abominate(憎恶) (例) I esteem his work.

38

noose

(英) n. 绳套,绞索(刑)(a loop formed in a rope) (记) 和noon(中午)一起记,中间的'oo'像绳套

39

sprain

(英) v. 扭伤(to injure by a sudden twist) (考) sprain : injure \ cold : contagion(扭伤是一种伤\感冒是一种传染病) (记) 分割记忆:sp+rain(雨),在雨中扭伤 (例) sprain one's ankle

40

chagrin

(英) n.\ v.失望,懊恼(a feeling of annoyance because one has been disappointed) (记) 分割记忆: cha-gringrin意为“苦笑”

41

chide

(英) v. 叱责,指责 (to scold; to reprove mildly) (考) chide : pillory \ humor : mollycoddle(程度: 过分斥责是严责\过分迎合是纵容) (记) 和child一起记(chide a child) (例) Mother chided me for eating junk food.

42

loner

(英) 单独的人(a person who spends a lot of time alone) (考) miser : stingy \ loner : solitary(吝啬鬼的特点是吝啬的\孤独者的特点是孤独的) (记) lone(孤独的)+er

43

invigorated

(考) 反义词:pine(憔悴)-become invigorated(变得有活力) (记) in(进入)+vigor(生命)+ate+ed→注入生命力的→精神焕发的

44

clam

(英) n. 超人的洞察力 (keen perception or insight) (记) clair(清楚clear)+voy(看)+cnce→看清楚→洞察力 (同) 同根词:clairaudience(超人的听力); voyage(航行,航海)

45

remediable

(英) adj. 可纠正的,可治疗的(capable of being relieved) (记) remedy(治疗)+able→可治疗的

46

ostensible

(英) adj. 表面上的(apparent; seeming; professed) (记) ostens(显现)+ible→显现出来的→表面上的 (例) His ostensible frankness covered a devious scheme.

47

recruit

(英) n. 新兵,新成员(a newcomer; a newly enlisted or drafted soldier);v. 征募(to seek to enroll) (考) professional : rookie \ soldier : recruit(专业人士相对新手\士兵相对新兵) (记) re(重新)+cruit(=cres成长)→重新成长→新兵 (例) The sergeant recruited college graduates to join the army.

48

temper

(英) v.锤炼 (toughen);缓和(to dilutequalifyor soften);n.脾气(disposition) (考) volatile : temper \ ready : wit(易变的脾气\敏捷的智慧)反义词:asperity(粗暴)-mildness of temper(脾气温和) (例) troops tempered in battle \ Temper wine with water(掺水使酒变淡)

49

electorate

(英) n.(全体)选民(the body of people entitled to vote) (记) elector(选举人)+ate

50

arena

(英) n. 竞技场(an Roman amphitheater where gladiatorial contests took place) (考) arena: gladiator\ court: lawyer(角斗士在竞技场上斗争\律师在法庭上斗争)

51

conjecture

(英) v.\ n. 推测,臆测 (prediction based on guesswork) (考) 反义词:restrain from the speculation(不准猜测); fact(事实) (记) con+ject(推,扔)+ure→全部是推测出来的→臆测 (同) 同根词:reject(拒绝); projectile(抛射体) (例) The origin of the human race is a matter for pure conjecture.

52

subsidize

(英) v. 津贴,资助( pay part of the costs of sth. for someone)

53

calculated

(英) adj. 蓄意的(intentional) (例) a calculated insult

54

enkindle

(英) v. 煽动点燃(感情怒气等)(to set on fire; inflame) (记) en+kindle(燃烧)→点燃; (同) 参考:rekindle(重新点燃)

55

articulate

(英) v. 清楚说话(to express clearly; enunciate);接合(to put together by joints) (考) articulate : speech \graceful : movement(发音清晰的演讲\优雅的运动)articulate : clearly \ shout : loudly(清楚说话特点是清楚\喊叫特点是大声)articulate : unclear \ elaborate : sketchy(清楚地说不会不清楚\详细阐述不会粗略)ratiocination : thinking \ articulation (记) articu(接合)+ate→连接得好→说话清楚 (同) 派生词: articulation (n. 发音; 连接关节) (例) The baby could not articulate specific words.

56

restriction

(英) n. 限制,约束 (the act of restricting) (记) 来自动词restrict(限制)

57

atheism

(英) n.无神论,不信神(the belief that there is no god) (记) a+the(神)+ism→无神论 (同) 派生词: atheistic adj.无神论者的同根词:pantheism(多神崇拜); theology(神学)

58

scar

(英) n. 伤痕,伤疤(a mark remaining on the skin from a wound (例) a face scarred by smallpox(麻子脸)

59

imponderable

(英) adj. (重量等)无法衡量的(that cannot be weighed or measured) (记) im(不)+ponder(重量)+able→没法测量重量的 (同) 同根词:ponderous(笨重的)

60

expressive

(英) adj. 表达的; 富有表情的(showing one's feelings or thoughts) (记) express+ive

61

spite

(英) n.怨恨,恶意(petty ill will or hatred) (记) 词组in spite of 的spite (例) bear sb. a spite(对某人怀恨在心)

62

prop

(英) n. 支撑物,靠山(support);v. 支持(to support) (例) use two sticks as props for a sagging tent.

63

roughen

(英) v. 变得粗糙,变得不平( make or become rough) (记) rough(粗糙的)+en

64

hunch

(英) n. 直觉,预感(a guess or feeling not based on known facts) (例) I have a hunch he won't arrive on time.

65

clairvoyance

(英) n. 超人的洞察力 (keen perception or insight) (记) clair(清楚clear)+voy(看)+cnce→看清楚→洞察力 (同) 同根词:clairaudience(超人的听力); voyage(航行,航海)

66

sprint

(英) n.短距离全速奔跑 (to run at top speed for a short distance) (记) s+print(印刷),像印刷一样快 (例) sprint for the finishing line(向终点线冲刺)

67

scads

(英) n. 大量,巨额(a very large number or amount) (考) 反义词:paucity(少量) (记) 不要和scab(痂,疤)相混 (例) He has hooked scads of fish.(他钓到了大量的鱼)

68

hone

(英) v. 磨刀(to sharpen with a hone) (考) 反义词:blunt(使变钝) (记) 注意不要和horn(号角)相混 (例) hone one's artistic skills(磨砺技艺)

69

enfeeble

(考) adulterate : purity \ enfeeble : vigor(掺假导致不纯洁\使衰弱导致没有活力)反义词: invigorate(鼓舞); tonic(激励的)-enfeebling(衰弱的)

70

galactic

(英) adj. 星系的,银河系的(pertaining to the Milky Way or some other galaxy) (记) gala(乳)+ctic银河像乳汁 (同) 同根词:galactic(乳液的); galactogogue(催乳剂)

71

deserted

(英) adj. 无人的(with no one present) (例) The office was quite deserted.

72

grating

(英) adj. (声音)刺耳的(harsh and rasping);恼人的(irritating or annoying) (考) grating : sound \ acrid : odor \ fetid : smell(刺耳的声音\苦涩的味道\恶臭的气味)

73

perfectionist

(记) 来自perfect(完美的)

74

arable

(英) adj. 可耕的,适合种植的(suitable for plowing and planting) (记) ara(耕种)+able→可耕的

75

purlieu

(英) n.〔常作复数〕邻近地区(environmentneighborhood) (考) 反义词: infrequently visited place(不常去的地方) (记) pur(附近)+lieu(场所)→附近的场所

76

conclude

(英) v. 使...结束(bring sth to an end) (考) 反义词:begin(开始); embark on(开始) (记) con(全部)+clude(关闭) →全部关掉→结束 (同) 同根词: exclude (排除在外); seclude(使孤立)派生词: conclusion (n. 结束结尾; 结论); conclusive (adj.结论性的证据确凿的)

77

doleful

(英) adj. 忧愁的,消沉的(full of sorrow or sadness)

78

doltish

(英) n. 傻瓜(a stupidslow-witted person) (考) wag : humorous \ dolt : stupid(爱说笑的人特点是幽默的\傻瓜特点是笨的) (例) His date turned out to be a dolt.

79

anticipate

(英) v.预期,期待(to look forward to;expect ) (考) 反义词: retrospective(回顾的);untoward (不利的) (记) anti(前)+cip(落下)+ate→提前落下→预期 (同) 派生词: anticipation (n. 预料); anticipatory (adj. 预期的)同根词: incipient(开始的); emancipate(解放) (例) We anticipated the storm and brought raincoats.

80

feud

(英) n.宿怨,不和(a bitterlong-continuedand deadly quarrel) (例) the feud between Romeo's family and Juliet's

81

cacophony

(英) n. 难听的声音(harshjarring sound; dissonance ) (考) cacophony : sound \ glare : light \ malodor : scent(刺耳是强烈声音\刺眼是强烈光线\恶臭强烈气味)反义词: mellifluous(声音甜美的); dulcet(美妙的); euphonious(悦耳的) (记) caco(坏)+phony(声音) →声音不好 (同) 派生词: cacophonous(adj. 声音难听的)同根词: euphonious(声音好听的); symphony(交响乐)

82

yeast

(英) n.酵母,兴奋(something that causes ferment or activity) (考) bacteria : decomposition \ yeast : fermentation(细菌造成腐烂\酵母造成发酵) (记) 分割记忆:y+east(东方)像东方一样升起 (例) act like a yeast(起着激励作用)

83

erudition

(考) prescience : future \ erudition : esoteric(预知知道未来的事\博学知道深奥的事)反义词:ignorance(无知) (例) Erudition is a fine quality in a professor.

84

deflect

(英) v. 偏离,转向(to turn to one side; bend; swerve) (记) de+flect(弯曲)→弯到旁边→偏离 (同) 同根词:reflection(反射);flexible(灵活的)

85

reluctance

(考) 反义词:alacrity(乐意) (例) He left us with reluctance.

86

detoxify

(英) n. 解毒(remove poison) (考) detoxify : poison \ dehydrate : water(解毒去除毒\脱水去除水) (记) de(去掉)+tox(毒)+ify→去掉毒

87

gloom

(英) n. 黑暗(darkness; dimness; obscurity);忧郁(deep sadness or hopelessness)

88

poetaster

(英) n. 蹩脚诗人(an inferior poet) (记) poet(诗人)+aster(小星星,小人物)→蹩脚诗人

89

transfuse

(英) v.输血(to transfer blood into a vein of a person);充满(permeate) (记) trans(横向)+fuse(流)→流到另一边→输血 (例) A blush transfused her face.(她满脸通红)

90

spore

(英) n. 孢子 (a very small seedlikesingle cell able to develop into a new plant )

91

pharisaic

(英) adj. 伪善的,伪装虔诚的(marked by hypercritical censorious self-righteousness) (记) 来自公元前后犹太教的一派法利赛人(Pharisee)以形式上遵守教义的伪善作风闻名

92

cornet

(英) n. 短号(a brass band instrument);圆锥形蛋卷(a corn-shaped piece of pastry) (记) 来自corn(角); (同) 参考:corner(拐角)

93

rapacious

(英) adj.强夺的,贪婪的(excessively grasping or covetous) (考) troubled : distraught \ covetous : rapacious(程度: distraught is extremely troubled\rapacious is extremely covetous) (记) rap(抓取)+aciou→抓得多→贪婪的 (同) 同根词:rape(强奸); rapine(抢夺)派生词: rapacity(n.掠夺,贪婪 )

94

narration

(英) n. 叙述,故事 (the telling of a story) (记) narrate(叙述)+ion

95

extend

(英) v. 延展延长(make sth longer or larger);舒展(肢体)(stretch out the body or a limb at full length) (考) 反义词:abbreviate(缩短) (记) ex(出)+tend(伸展) →伸出去→扩张 (同) 派生词: extension (n. 伸长延展提供)

96

shove

(英) v.推挤,猛推(to move something by using force) (记) 注意不要和shovel(铁锹)相混 (例) Police shoved the playwright and his wife into a van.

97

crystal

(英) n. 水晶(transparent colorless mineralsuch as quartz)

98

idolater

(考) reverent : idolater \ trusting : dupe(偶像崇拜者过分恭敬\受骗者过分相信)

99

weather

(英) v. 经受住; 平安度过危难(endure the effects of weather or other forces)

100

crook

(英) v. 使弯曲 (to bend or curve) (记) 注意不要和creek(小河)相混

101

deed

(英) n. 行为(action);(土地或建筑物的)转让契约、证书(a document which transfers a present interest in property) (考) meeting : minutes \ sale : deed(会议记录是对会议的记载\契据是对销售的记载)motive : deed \ doubt : question(动机产生行为\怀疑产生问题) (记) 主要要记住“契约、证书”的一意

102

proceeds

(英) n. 收入(the total amount brought in) (记) 来自proceed(继续前进,举行),pro(向前)+ceed(走),proceeds指举行某种活动而得的收入 (例) The proceeds from the auction were donated to charity.

103

makeshift

(英) n.\ adj. 权宜之计(的),代用品(a substitute; temporary expedient) (记) 组合词:make(作)+shift(转移,改变) (例) Buttons were the child's makeshifts for toys.

104

tangle

(英) v.\n. 缠结( become a confused mass of disordered and twisted threads);纷乱(a confused disordered state) (考) conundrum : solve \ tangle : unravel(解决难题\解开纠缠)

105

acrimony

(英) n.尖刻,刻薄(bitterness or harshness of temper; asperity) (考) 反义词: harmonious(和谐的和睦的)-acrimonious (adj.尖刻的) (记) acri(尖,酸)+mony(表示名词)→尖刻; (同) 派生词: acrimonious (adj.尖刻的)

106

exaggerate

(英) v. 夸张(overstate);夸大( overemphasize; intensify) (考) aphoristic : terse \ hyperbolic : exaggerated(格言的特点是简短的\夸张法的特点是夸张的)playful : banter \ exaggerated : hyperbole(玩笑的特点是诙谐的\夸张法的特点是夸张的)反义词:minimize(减少) (记) ex(出)+ag(一再)+ger(带)+ate→一再带出去→夸张 (例) Mary exaggerated the size of the fish she caught.

107

rhinestone

(记) rhine(莱茵河)+stone(石),一种透明无色的钻石仿制品,因首制于莱茵河畔而得名

108

glutton

(英) n. 贪吃者(a person who greedily eats too much; epicure) (考) glutton : overindulge \ ascetic : self-denial(贪吃者特点是放纵\禁欲者特点是自我克制)

109

entomology

(英) n.昆虫学(a branch of zoology that deals with insects) (记) entom(昆虫)+ology → 昆虫学

110

flora

(记) flor(花草)+a→植物群; (同) 参考:fauna(动物群)

111

artillery

(记) 分割记忆:art-ill-ery(艺术得病用大炮解决)

112

inexorable

(英) adj. 不为所动的(that cannot be moved or influenced);坚决不变的(that cannot be altered) (考) inexorable : dissuasion \ indomitable : conquest(不为所动的无法说服\不屈服的无法征服)反义词:relenting(温和的) (记) in(不)+exorable(可说服的)→不可说服的 (同) 同根词:oration(演讲)

113

stimulus

(同) 复:stimuli (例) Ambition is a great stimulus.

114

vagrancy

(英) n. 游荡,流浪(the state of being a vagrant)

115

gentleness

(考) truculent : gentleness\unregenerate:remorse(凶残的不温柔\不悔改的不后悔)

116

foreclosure

(英) n. 取消抵押品赎取权(act of foreclosing a mortgage) (记) 联系foreclose(v.取消抵押品赎取权;fore+close[关闭] →关闭抵押者的权力)

117

intimidating

(英) adj. 吓人的令人惊恐的(frightening) (记) in(进入)+timid(胆小)+ate+ing→使变得胆小的→吓人的

118

obstinate

(英) adj. 固执的,倔强的(unreasonably determined; stubborn; dogged) (考) obstinate : persevere \ tactless(insensitive) : offend(顽固的[人]坚持\笨拙的(迟钝的)[人]冒犯)unflappable : upset \ obstinate : persuade(镇定的人不易被扰乱\顽固的人不易被说服)反义词: tractable(驯良的) (记) ob+stin(=stand)+ate→坚决站着→固执的; (同) n. obstinacy (例) The obstinate juror refused to consider the evidence.

119

capsule

(英) n. 荚(seed-case of a plant);胶囊(small soluble case containing a dose of medicine)

120

scissors

(英) 剪刀(two sharp blades with handles at one endfastened at the center so that they can cut when they close) (考) saw : carpenter \ scissors : tailor(木匠的工具是锯\裁缝的工具是剪刀)

121

histocompatibility

(记) histo(细胞组织)+compatibility(兼容性)

122

remembrance

(英) 记忆回忆(the act of remembering)纪念物(something kept or given to remind one) (记) re(再)+membr(=member记忆)+ance→再记得→回忆

123

betray

(英) v.背叛(be a traitor to);暴露(to reveal; indicate) (考) juggernaut : crush \ quisling : betray(不可抗拒的力量摧毁\卖国贼背叛) (记) be+tray(背叛)→背叛; (同) 参考:traitor(叛徒) (例) Her red face betrayed her nervousness.(脸色通红暴露了她的不安)

124

tenure

(英) n.任期,终身职位(the right of holding something) (记) ten(拿住)+ure→任期 (例) He will be given tenure at Columbia University this year.

125

forestry

(考) tree : forestry \ flower : horticulture(林学研究树木\园艺学研究花草)

126

automobile

(考) mansion : residence \ limousine : automobile(公馆是豪华居所\轿车是豪华汽车)four-poster : bed \ convertible : automobile(四柱床是一种床\敞篷车是一种车)

127

transfigure

(英) v.美观,改观(transform outwardly for the better) (记) trans(改变)+figure(形象) (例) She was transfigured by love.(爱情使她容光焕发)

128

posterity

(英) n. 后代,子孙(all future generations) (记) post(后)+erity→后面的人→后代 (例) The author hoped her poems would survive for posterity.

129

waive

(英) v.放弃(to relinquish voluntarily);推迟考虑 (postpone) (例) waive honors(放弃荣誉) \ waive the problem aside

130

penultimate

(英) adj. 倒数第二的( next to the last) (记) pen(接近)+ultimate(最终的)→倒数第二的

131

pullulate

(英) v.繁殖(to breed or produce freely);剧增(teem) (记) pullul(小动物)+ate→生小动物→繁殖; (同) 参考:pullus(幼鸟,雏鸟)

132

suffocate

(英) v.(使)窒息而死(to die from being unable to breathe) (考) suffocate : oxygen \ starve : nutrients(窒息缺乏氧气\饥饿缺乏营养物) (记) suf(下面)+foc(喉咙)+ate→在喉咙下面→使…窒息 (例) She was nearly suffocated with tension.

133

atone

(英) v.赎罪,补偿(to make amends for a wrongdoing) (记) 分割分忆:at-one(一次性补偿) (同) 派生词: atonement n.赎罪,弥补 (例) Jane felt the need to atone for her misdeeds.

134

canine

(英) adj. 犬的,似犬的(of or like a dog) (记) 分割记忆:can-nine,一狗可以咬九人

135

permission

(英) n. 许可,批准 (an formal act of allowing)

136

inflamed

(英) adj. 发炎的(red and swollen because of infection) (例) John scratched his inflamed skin. The inflamed girl screamed.

137

proscribe

(英) v. 禁止(to forbid as harmful or unlawful; prohibit) (考) 反义词:permit(允许); sanction(批准) (记) pro(前面)+scribe(写)→写在前面→禁止 (同) 同根词:prescribe(开处方); circumscribe(限定) (例) The city council proscribed smoking in public places.

138

writ

(英) n.命令状,书面命令(an order in writing) (记) 联想记忆:write 去掉e (例) a writ for the arrest of sb.

139

dent

(英) n. 缺口,凹痕 (a slight hollow made in a surface);v. 弄凹(to make a dent in) (记) 比较:denture(假牙),indented(锯齿状的)

140

effervesce

(英) v. 冒泡(bubble; foam);热情洋溢(to be lively and high-spirited) (考) 反义词:be flat(平淡); still(平静) (记) ef+ferv(热)+esce→出热→热情洋溢 (同) 同根词: fervor(炽热热情) (例) the champagne will effervesce. \The children effervesced with excitement.

141

draftsmanship

(英) n. 草稿草案(preliminary written version of sth);汇票(written order to a bank to pay money to sb) (例) a draft on an American bank

142

parlous

(英) adj. 靠不住的,危险的(full of danger; hazardous) (记) perilous(危险的)变体

143

melon

(考) apple : skin \ melon : rind(苹果和苹果皮\甜瓜和甜瓜皮) (记) mel(甜)+on→甜的东西→甜瓜; (同) 参考:watermelon(西瓜)

144

outskirts

(英) n. 郊区,郊外(district remote from the center of a city) (考) page : margin \ city : outskirts(书页的边缘\城市的郊区) (例) on the outskirts of the city

145

polarity

(英) n. 极端性,二极分化(diametrical opposition) (记) polar(地极的)+ity (例) A growing polarity between the opinions of the government and those of th trade unions.

146

courtesy

(英) n. 礼貌客气(courteous behavior) (例) They didn't even have the courtesy to apologize.

147

glue

(英) n. 胶胶水(thick sticky liquid used for joining things) (考) glue : seal \ manure : fertilize(胶水有密封作用\肥料有施肥作用)etch : corrosive \ glue : adhesive(腐蚀剂用来蚀刻\粘贴剂由来粘) (例) He sticks to her like glue.

148

nonflammable

(考) impervious : friable \ nonflammable : combustible(坚韧的相对脆弱的\不燃的相对可燃的) (记) non(不)+flammble(易燃的); 注意不要和inflammable(易燃的)相混 (例) Children's clothing should be made from nonflammable material.

149

temptation

(英) 引诱诱惑物 (something tempting; enticement) (记) tempt(诱惑)+ation (例) yield to temptation(经不住诱惑)

150

pebble

(英) n. 小卵石,石子(a small usu. rounded stone) (考) droplet : deluge \ pebble : landslide(小雨和洪水\小石和山崩) 注意:pebble小,cobble大

151

excursion

(英) n. 短途旅游(short journeyas for pleasure; jaunt) (记) ex+curs(跑)+ion→跑出去→旅行 (同) 同根词:incursion(闯入); cursive(草书的)

152

choleric

(英) adj. 易怒的,暴躁的 (having irascible nature; irritable) (考) 反义词:difficult to provoke(难被激怒的) (记) choler(胆汁)+ic→胆汁多的→易怒的,choler本身是一个单词,意为'暴怒' (同) 同根词:cholecystitis(胆囊炎)

153

jury

(英) 陪审团(group of people in a lawcourt who have been chosen to listen to the facts in a case and to decide whether the accused person is guilty or not guilty) (记) jur(发誓法律)+y→发誓的人→陪审团

154

absorb

(英) 吸收吸进(take in);减轻…作用(reduce the effect of ) (考) absorb : sponge \ seal : caulk (海绵的功能是吸收\填塞物的功能是密封)反义词:emit(发射,喷出), radiate(发射,辐射), reflect(反射),exude(渗出) (记) ab(离去)+sorb(吸收)→吸收掉 (同) 派生词: absorbed(adj. 精神集中的); absorption (n. 吸收全神贯注) (例) His work suffered because of his total absorption in sport .

155

ballet

(考) instrumentalist : symphony \ dancer : ballet(乐器演奏者演奏交响乐\舞者表演芭蕾舞)

156

lank

(英) adj. 瘦削的(long and slender) (考) 反义词:stalwart(坚定的) (例) lank grass \ lank cattle

157

rodent

(考) kangaroo : marsupial \ squirrel : rodent(袋鼠是有袋动物\松鼠是啮齿动物) (记) rod(咬)+ent→咬的动物 (同) 同根词:erode(侵蚀);corrode(腐蚀)

158

obsolescent

(英) adj. 即将过时的(in the process of becoming obsolete) (记) 来自obsolete(废弃的)+escent(开始…的)→开始被废弃的→即将过时的 (例) obsolescent equipment(老化设备)

159

vinegared

(英) adj.酸的,尖刻的 (sour-tempered) (记) vinegar(醋)+ed→酸的 (例) a vinegared and ill tempered woman

160

earring

(记) 组合词: ear+ring(耳环)

161

recriminate

(英) v. 反责,反控(to accuse retaliatorily) (记) re(反)+crimin(罪)+ate→反告别人有罪 (同) 同根词:discriminate(区别,辨别); incriminate(牵连)

162

mural

(英) adj. 墙壁的(of a wall); (考) petrography : rock \ mural : wall(岩石记述学是在岩石上铭刻\壁画是在墙上画画) (记) mur(墙)+al→墙上的画→壁画 (同) 同根词:demur(反对); immure(监禁) (例) This mural depicts the first moon landing.

163

lagoon

(英) n.泻湖(shallow body of water or lake near a sea)

164

flagrant

(英) adj.臭的,恶名昭彰的(glaringly bad; notorious; outrageous) (记) 不要和fragrant(芳香的)相混 (例) The couple's flagrant display of affection.

165

yokel

(英) n.乡巴佬(a native or gullible inhabitant of a rural area) (考) yokel : sophistication \ coward : courage(乡下人不会世故\懦夫不会有勇气) (记) yoke(牛轭)+l

166

refractory

(英) adj. 难驾驭的(stubbornunmanageable);(病)难治的(resistant to treatment and cure) (考) adamant : flexibility \ refractory : control(坚硬的没有灵活\难驾御的没有控制)refractory (recalcitrant): authority \ reactionary : change(顽固的难接受权威\保守的难接受变化)反义词:responsive(有回答的灵活的) (记) re(重新)+fract(断裂)→宁折不弯→难驾驭的

167

renovate

(英) v. 修复,装修,翻新( put back into good condition) (考) 反义词:cause to decay(使腐烂)

168

diva

(英) n.歌剧中的女主角(operatic singer)

169

constitution

(英) n. 宪法(system of laws and principles according to which a state is governed) (记) constitute+ion (同) 派生词: constitutional (adj. 宪法的)

170

stuffy

(英) adj.(空气)不新鲜的,闷气的(oppressive to the breathing) (记) stuff(填满)+y→填满的,不通气的 (例) a stuffy room(闷热的房间)

171

windy

(考) windy : concise \ hackneyed : original(吹牛不会简明\迂腐不会创新)

172

vinyl

(英) n. 乙炔基; 软塑料(a firm bendable plastic used instead of leatherrubberwood)

173

connoisseur

(英) n. 鉴赏家,行家 (a person who has expert knowledge and keen discrimination in some field in the fine arts or in matters of taste) (考) credulity : dupe \ discrimination : connoisseur(易上当者轻信\鉴赏家有鉴赏力)selflessness : altruist \ expertise : connoisseur(利他主义者无私\鉴赏家专长)connoisseur : art \ gourmet : cuisine(鉴赏家鉴赏艺术\美食家鉴赏烹饪) (记) con+nois(知道)+seur→什么都知道的人→行家; 参考: agnostic(不可知的),gons=nois (同) 同根词:agnostic(不可知的)gons=nois

174

artificial

(英) adj. 人造的假的(unnatural ) (记) artifice(技巧)+ial→用技巧做出的人→人工的

175

hue

(英) n. 色彩,色泽(color) (例) the hues of the rainbow(彩虹的颜色)

176

dependent

(英) adj. 依靠的(needing support from SB) (考) minion : dependent \ groveler : petitioner(奴才是过分依赖者\奴颜婢膝者是过分请求者) (记) de(加强)+pend(悬挂)+ent→依赖的

177

weasel

(英) v. 逃避(to evade a situation or obligation)

178

bracing

(考) 反义词: vapid(索然无味的)

179

extracurricular

(英) adj. 课外的(outside the regular course of work or studies) (记) 联系extracurriculum(adj.课外的;extra[超过的]+curriculum[课程表])

180

volt

(考) decibel : sound \ volt : electricity(声音的单位是分贝\电的单位是伏特)

181

stew

(英) v. 炖,焖(cook slowly and gently)

182

contumely

(英) n. 无礼,傲慢 (haughty and contemptuous rudeness); (记) co+tume(骄傲)+ly→傲慢

183

incontinent

(英) adj. 无力控制(自己)的(incapable of containing);纵欲的(without self-restrain) (记) in(不)+continent(节制的)

184

suspense

(英) n.悬念(pleasant excitement as to a decision or outcome);挂念(mental uncertainty; anxiety) (记) sus(下面)+pense(挂)→(一颗心)挂着 (同) 参考: suspension(悬挂,暂停);suspicion(怀疑) (例) She waited in suspense for the return of her husband.

185

legislative

(英) adj. 立法的(having the power and duty to make law)

186

opulent

(英) adj. 富裕的(very wealthy);充足的(profuse; luxuriant) (记) opul(财富)+ent→富裕的 (同) 派生词: opulence (n. 富裕) (例) The owner of the company owned two opulent houses.

187

meander

[记]来自the Meander(米安德河),以其蜿蜒曲折而著名反义词:move purposively(有目的地走)

188

overestimate

(英) v. 对...估计过高 ( guess too high a value for); (记) over(过分)+estimate(估计)

189

saboteur

(英) n.从事破坏活动者(one who commits sabotage) (考) saboteur : disrupt \ apologist : defend(破坏者破坏\辩护者辩护)

190

lobby

(英) n. 大厅,休息厅(a hall or large anteroom) (记) lob(叶)+by→作为剧院等地方的→休息厅

191

attract

(考) repellent : attract \ ephemeral : endure(讨厌的不吸引人\短暂的不持久)

192

bilingual

(英) adj. (说)两种语言的(of two languages) (记) bi(两个)+lingu(语言)+al→两种语言的 (同) 同根词:linguistics(语言学)

193

locus

(英) n. 地点,所在地(a place) (记) loc(地方)+us (例) the locus of power(权力中心)

194

sham

(英) n.虚假(hypocrisy;hoax);v.伪装(feign) (记) 把shame(害臊)的e去掉,成sham (例) Her illness was a sham to gain sympathy.

195

obsequious

(英) adj. 逢迎的,谄媚的(showing too great a willingness to serve or obey) (考) obsequious : fawn \ compliant : yield \ condescending :patronize(逢迎的[人]喜欢奉承\顺从的[人]喜欢屈服\屈尊的[人]喜欢庇护)libertine : dissolute \ narcissist : self-absorbed \ sycophant : obsequious(放荡的人是放荡的\自恋的人是自恋的\逢迎的人是逢迎的)反义词: supercilious(自大的) (例) an obsequious compliment

196

spear

(英) n.矛(a thrusting or throwing weapon);嫩叶(a young shootor sprout);v.刺戳 (to thrust with a spear) (例) His reproachful gaze speared into my heart. (他那谴责的目光刺穿我的心)

197

braid

(英) 发辫(plait)

198

cast

(英) 扔投掷(throw sthesp deliberately or with force)脱落掉(allow sth to fall)扔投掷(act of throwing sth)铸件塑件(object made by pouring soft material into a mould) (考) choir : singer \ cast : actor(歌手组成合唱团\演员组成剧团)反义词:tout(极力赞扬)-cast aspersions on(诽谤)

199

zoology

(英) n. 动物学 (the scientific study of the different kinds of animals) (记) zoo(动物)+ology(学科)

200

diurnal

(英) adj. 白昼的,白天的(of daytime) (考) 反义词:chiefly active at night(主要在夜间活动的); occurring at night(夜间发生的); nocturnal(夜间的) (记) di(白天)+urnal(…的)→白天的; (同) 参考:nocturnal(夜间的)同根词: diary(日记)dial(日晷)

201

shuck

(英) n.(植物的)壳,夹 (the outer covering of a nut)无用之物 (something of little value)

202

conference

(英) n. 讨论会协商会(meeting for exchange of views) (记) confer+ence

203

attribute

(英) n.属性,品质(a characteristic or quality);v.把…归于(to assign or ascribe to) (考) 反义词:exculpate(使无罪)-attribute guilt(归罪) (记) at+tribu+te(给与)→把…归于 (同) 派生词: attribution n.归属同根词:distribute(分发); tribute(赞扬贡品) (例) Jim attributes his success to hard work.

204

censor

(英) v.审查检查(书报)(to subject to censorship) (考) vendor : purvey \ censor : expurgate(卖主提供货物\审查员删除内容) (记) cens(评估)+or→评估之人→检查员 (同) 同根词:censure(指责,非难)

205

peccadillo

(英) n. 小过失(a slight offense) (考) peccadillo : sin(erroroffense)\glitch : flaw\admonishment :castigation\cameo : sculpture(小罪和罪\小故障和故障\警告和惩罚\小雕塑和雕塑) (记) pecca(过失,罪行)+dillo(小)→小罪→小过失 (同) 同根词:peccable(易犯罪的); peccant(有罪的); impeccable(没有瑕疵的)

206

recuperate

(英) v. 恢复(健康),复原(to recover health or strength) (记) re(重新)+cuper(=gain获得)+ate (同) 派生词:recuperative (adj. 有助恢复健康的restorative) (例) Her child is recuperating from the measles.

207

detraction

(英) n. 贬低诽谤(unfair criticism of sb\sth) (记) de(坏)+tract(拉拖)+ion→拉坏→降低

208

remnant

(英) n. 残余物(remainder) (记) 可能是remain(剩余)的变体 (例) the remnants of the sun(残阳)\remnant of silks(丝绸零料)

209

spackle

(英) v.闪光(to glitter;sparkle) (例) Her evening dress was covered with spangles.

210

deduct

(英) v. 减去扣除(take away an amount or a part) (记) de(去掉)+duct(引导) →引导去掉→减去

211

slate

(英) n.石板;候选人名单(a list of candidates for nomination or election);v.提名 (to designate) (考) roster : personnel \ slate : candidate(员工的花名册\候选人的名单) (记) 来自slat(板条)+e→石板,古希腊选举时在石板上刻上候选人名单

212

gloaming

(英) n. 黄昏,薄暮(evening dust; twilight)

213

meritorious

(英) adj. 值得赞赏的(deserving praiseesteem) (记) merit(优点,长处)+orious(多…的)→长处很多→值得赞美的 (例) My boss thanked me for my meritorious efforts.

214

glossy

(英) adj. 光泽的,光滑的(having a smoothshiny appearance) (考) varnish : glossy \ sand : smooth(上清漆会光亮\用沙纸打磨会平坦) (记) 可能来自 glow (闪光),注意不要和 gross(总的,粗略的)相混 (例) Our cat has glossy black fur.

215

locomotion

(英) n. 运动,移位(motion from one place to another) (记) loco(地方)+mot(动)+ion→从一地方动到另一地方→移位

216

checkered

(英) adj.盛衰无常的(with many changes of fortuene) (例) He'd had a checkered past but was now determined to be successful.

217

incurable

(英) adj. 无可救药的(that cannot be remedied or corrected) (记) in(不)+curable(可治疗的)

218

circumstance

(英) n. 环境情况(condition connected with an event ) (记) circum+stance(站) →站在周围→环境

219

graphite

(英) n.石墨(black form of carbon used in lead pencils)

220

abode

(英) n. 住处,住所( home; residence) (记) 不要和adobe(土坯)相混

221

myth

(英) n.神话故事(a legendary story; legend)

222

destructive

(英) adj. 毁灭性的(causing serious damage) (记) de+struct+ive

223

glossary

(英) n. 字汇表,难词表(a list of difficulttechnicalor foreign terms with definitions or translations) (考) glossary : text \ legend : map(教科书后附生词表\地图后附图例) (记) gloss(舌头,语言)+ary→字汇表 (同) 同根词:glossal(舌的); glossography(注释写作)

224

brute

(英) n.野兽(an animal);残忍的人(a person who is brutal)

225

eschew

(英) v. 避开,戒绝(shun; avoid; abstain from) (考) 反义词:seek(寻找); habitually indulge in(沉溺); embrace(拥抱); greet(欢迎); welcome(欢迎) (记) 分割记忆:es(出)+chew(咀嚼,深思)→ 通过深思而去掉→戒绝 (例) eschew bad company\alcoholic drinks

226

tainted

(考) 反义词:wholesome(有益健康的); unspoiled(未损坏的)

227

oppose

(英) v. 反对 ( be or act against) (考) oppose : thwart \ treat : cure(反对是为了阻碍\治疗是为了治愈) (记) op(对)+pose(放) (同) 派生词: opposition (n. 反对,敌对)

228

dermatologist

(英) n. 皮肤病专家(expert in dermatology) (考) dermatologist : skin \ podiatrist : feet(皮肤科医生看皮肤\足科医生看脚) (记) dermat(皮肤)+ologist(学者) →皮肤病专家

229

eminence

(英) n.卓越,杰出(a position of prominence or superiority) (考) expert : experience \ luminary : eminence(行家的特点是有经验的\名人的特点是显赫的) (例) to win eminence as a painter.

230

illustrate

(英) v. 为... 作插图或图表;说明阐明 (explain by examplesdiagramspictures) (考) illustrate : pictures \ particularize : details(用图说明用图画\详细说明用细节) (记) il(不断)+lustr(照亮光)+ate→不断给光明→说明 (同) 派生词: illustration (n. 举例说明;图解)

231

maestro

(英) n. 艺术大师(a master in any art) (记) 意大利语,等于master (例) The maestro spent his extra time teaching children how to play the violin.

232

rasp

(英) v.(声音)像挫东西一样刺耳(make a harsh noise)

233

arrhythmic

(英) adj. 无节奏的不规则的(having no regulation) (考) arrhythmic : regularity \ apathetic : concern(无节奏的无规则\冷漠的无关心)反义词:regular(规则的);exhibiting regularity(展现规则的) (记) ar(无)+rhythm(节奏) +ic→无节奏的心率不齐的

234

trek

(英) v.长途跋涉(to make one's way arduously) (例) We trekked for five days along the banks of the Yellow River.

235

skein

(英) n.一束(线或纱) (a loosely coiled length of yarn or thread) (例) a skein of wool(一束毛线)

236

whine

(英) v.哀号,号哭 (to utter a high-pitched plaintive or distressed cry) (例) The prisoner whined his innocence.

237

polymath

(英) n. 知识广博者(a person of encyclopedic learning) (记) poly(多)+math(学习)→学得多→知识广博

238

reputable

(英) adj. 名誉好的(enjoying good repute; held in esteem) (例) This hotel is not expensivebut it is quite reputable.

239

timely

(英) adj.适时的,及时的(appropriate or adapted to the times or the occasion) (例) give sb. a timely warning

240

distend

(英) v.(使)膨胀,胀大(to stretch out; become swollen; expand) (考) 反义词:compress(压缩) (记) dis+tend( 拉)→向四面拉→膨胀 (同) 同根词: contend(争论,竞争)

241

gerrymander

(英) (为使某政党在选举中取得优势)不公正地将(某地区)划成选区(arrange the boundaries of or divide an area for voting in order to give unfair advantages to one party in an election) (考) rig : contest \ gerrymander : district(竞赛舞弊\选区作弊)

242

martyr

(英) n. 烈士,殉道者(any of those persons who choose to suffer or die rather than give up their faith or principles) (记) 分割记忆:mar(损伤),tyr看作tyre(轮胎),在轮胎下牺牲 (例) The pope declared the martyr to be a saint.

243

sprightly

(英) adj.愉快的,活泼的(marked by a gay lightness and vivacity) (考) dodder : unsteady \ cavort : sprightly(不稳定的蹒跚\活泼的跳跃) (记) 分割记忆:spring+brightly→明快的春天 (例) She seems very sprightly after her holiday.

244

dissolve

(英) v. 使固体溶解(make a solid become liquid) (考) buoyant : sink \ insoluble : dissolve(有浮力的不会下沉\不能溶解的不会溶解)volatile : evaporate \ soluble : dissolve(易挥发的容易挥发\易溶解的容易溶解)coagulant : thicken \ solvent : dissolve(凝结剂有凝结作用\溶剂有溶解作用) (记) dis(分开)+solve(松开) →松开分散→溶解

245

philanthropic

(考) resourceful : inventiveness \ philanthropic : geniality(足智多谋的[人]创造\博爱的[人]亲切)

246

disprove

(英) v. 证明...有误(show that sth is wrong ) (记) dis+prove(证实) →不能证实

247

loathing

(英) n. 厌恶,憎恨 (a feeling of disgust) (考) dislike : loathing \ pleasure : bliss(程度:不喜欢憎恨\高兴极乐)

248

quiet

(英) adj.安静的 (考) 反义词:boisterous(喧闹的)

249

extort

(英) v.强索(to get money from someone by violence or threats; extract) (记) ex+tort(扭)→扭出来→强取 (同) 同根词:distort(歪曲); tortuous(弯弯曲曲的)派生词: extortion (n.强取) (例) to extort money from him

250

tempo

(英) n.(动作、生活的)步调,速度(rate of motion or activity) (考) crescendo : sound \ acceleration : tempo(渐增强增强声音\加速加快速度) (记) 来自tempor(时间) (例) the tempo of city life(都市生活的节奏)

251

philander

(英) v. 调戏追逐女人(to have many love affairs) (记) phil(爱)+ander(=andre男子)→乱爱的男子→追逐女人 (例) Belles and beaux philandered in the hotels.(美女和花花公子在旅馆调情)

252

filibuster

(英) v.\n. 妨碍议事,阻挠(to obstruct the passage of) (考) hoax : deceive \ filibuster : delay (愚弄是欺骗\阻碍立法是阻碍) (记) 分割记忆:fili-buster(破坏者),破坏者阻挠别人发展 (例) If you want to delay the billI suggest you filibuster.

253

precedence

(英) n. 优先权 (the right to be put or dealt with before others) (考) preempt : precedence \ acquire : possession(先占取得优先权\获得取得所有权)

254

colossus

(英) n. 巨人 (any important person or thing);巨型雕像 (a gigantic statue) (考) colossus : figurine \ boulder : pebble(巨型雕像对小雕像\大卵石对小卵石)

255

blockage

(英) n.障碍物(thing that blocks) (例) a blockage in an artery

256

worship

(英) v.\n. 崇拜,敬仰(strong feelings of loverespectand admiration) (考) worship : sacrifice \ prediction : augury(宰牲祭神是一种敬神活动\占卜是一种预测)

257

torpid

(英) adj.懒散的,死气沉沉的(lacking in energy or vigor;apatheticdull) (考) 反义词:responsive(响应的) (例) a torpid mind(迟钝的头脑)

258

knoll

(英) n. 小山; 小圆丘(a hillock; mound) (记) 与knot(结)有关,可能是knot的变体

259

abandon

(英) v.\n.放弃(to give up completely; desertforsake);放纵(unrestrained freedom or emotion) (考) inhibition: abandon \ agitation: tranquility(禁欲不放纵 \ 躁动不宁静)abandon : inhibition \ despair : hope(放纵无禁止\绝望无希望) (记) 尤其要记住GRE中常考的'放纵'一义(abandoned behavior) (同) n. abandonment

260

intent

(英) adj. 专心的渴望的(full of eager interest);目的意向(purpose) (记) 来自intend (v.打算)

261

hemorrhage

(英) n. 出血(尤指大出血)( heavy bleeding) (考) hemorrgage : bleeding \ vertigo : dizziness(程度: 大出血→流血\严重眩晕→头昏眼花) (记) hemo(血)+rrhage(超量流出)→超量流血→大出血

262

hale

(英) adj. 健壮的矍铄的(sound and healthy) (考) 反义词:infirm(弱的); effete(疲惫的); blighted(毁灭的) (记) 联系词根:hal(呼吸);hale(呼吸得很好的→精神矍铄的)

263

trauma

(英) n.精神创伤(long-lasting harm due to emotional shock; mental wound) (同) traumatic adj.受创伤的外伤的 (例) His first love affair proved rather traumatic.

264

vocational

(英) adj. 职业的( preparing one for a job) (记) vocation(职业)+al

265

conjugal

(英) adj.婚姻的夫妻之间的(pertaining to marriage) (记) con+jug(牛轭)+al→共在牛轭下→结婚的 (同) 同根词: conjugate(结合配对); subjugate(征服抑制) (例) conjugal happiness(婚姻的美满)

266

forwardness

(英) adj.孟浪的莽撞的 (presumptuous or bold)

267

preeminent

(英) adj. 出类拔萃的(having paramount rank or importance;outstanding) (记) pre(前面)+eminent(著名的)→在著名的人前面→出类拔萃的

268

discomfited

(考) discomfited : blush \ contemptuous : sneer(脸红表现出狼狈\讥笑表现出蔑视) (例) The professor was discomfited by a question he couldn't answer.

269

whisper

(英) v.耳语,低声说话 (to speak softly) (考) chuckle : laughing \ whisper : speaking(轻声笑和笑\轻声说和说) (例) The leaves whispered in the breeze.

270

appetizing

(英) adj. 开胃的(stimulating the appetite)

271

criticized

(考) exemplary : criticized \ erratic : predicted(模范的不会被批评\古怪的不会被预测)

272

eugenic

(英) adj. 优生(学)的(relating toor improved by eugenics) (记) eu(优,好)+gen(产生)+ic→优生的 (同) 同根词:euphoria(欣快症)

273

fetid

(英) adj. 有恶臭的(having a bad smellas of decay; stinkingputrid) (考) fetid : smell \ grating : sound \ugly : appearance(恶臭的形容气味\刺耳的形容声音\丑陋的形容外貌)反义词:having a pleasant smell(好闻的) (例) the fetid breath of a wild animal

274

linoleum

(英) 油毡(a hard smoothwashable floor coveringformerly much usedesp. in kitchens) (考) varnish : wood \ wax : linoleum(木头刷漆防止损坏\油毡打蜡防止损坏) (记) lin(=linen亚麻)+oleum(=petroleum石油)→在亚麻布上涂上石油→油毡

275

ecumenical

(考) ecumenical : generality \ entire : integrity(一般的有一般性\完整的有完整性)反义词: diocesan(主教管区的)

276

plasticity

(英) n. 可塑性(capacity for being molded or altered) (考) dormant : inactivity \ malleable : plasticity(休眠的具有不活动性\可塑的具有可塑性)反义词:rigidity(坚硬,刻板) (记) plast(塑造)+ic→可塑的

277

dinghy

(记) 有时也写作dingy刚好和下面的dingy(肮脏的)一样拼写

278

woodpile

(考) bouquet : flowers \ woodpile : logs(花组成花束\木头组成木堆) (记) 组合词: wood(木头)+pile(堆)

279

incipient

(英) adj. 初期的,刚出现的(beginning to exist or appear) (考) immature : developed \ incipient(inchoate): realized(不成熟还没有发展\未成形的还没有实现)反义词:full-blown(充分发展的) (记) in+cip(掉)+ient→掉进来的→刚出现的 (同) 同根词:precipitate(加速促进) (例) The project we are working on is an incipient disaster.

280

hatch

(英) n. 船舱盖(a covering for a ship's hatchway) (考) door : room \ hatch : hold(房间从门进入\船舱从舱盖进入) (记) hatch 作为'孵出'一意大家并不陌生,但'船舱盖'一意必须记住

281

prolix

(英) adj. 罗嗦的,冗长的(unduly prolonged) (考) 反义词:pithy(精练的); taciturn(沉默寡言的) (记) pro(向前)+lix(可能来自lex,词语)→话语太多→冗长的 (同) n. prolixity

282

membrane

(英) n. 薄膜(pliable material used as a filterseparatorresonator); (考) cell : membrane \ seed : hull(细胞外表是细胞膜\种子外表是壳) (记) 分割记忆:membr看作memberbrane看作brain(头脑) (例) The silk membrane tore easily.

283

impregnable

(英) adj. 攻不破的,征服不了的(not capable of being captured or entered by force) (记) im(不)+pregn(拿住)+able→拿不住的→征服不了的 (同) 同根词:pregnant(怀孕)

284

reserve

(英) n. 谨慎话语不多(restraintclosenessor caution);储备(stock) (考) maverick : conformity \ extrovert : reserve(与众不同的人不会一致\外向的人不会沉默寡言) (记) re(反复)+serve(保存)→保留观点→谨慎 (例) mistake sb's reserve for haughtiness(把某人的沉默寡言误以为高傲)

285

schism

(英) n. 组织分裂 (divisionseparation; discord) (记) a schism in a political party (同) 派生词: schismatic (adj. 分裂的) (例) a schism in a political party

286

reciprocating

(考) 反义词:moving unidirectionally(单向运动的)

287

effulgence

(英) adj. 灿烂的(of great brightness) (考) bootless : futility \ efflugent : resplendence(无用的无用\灿烂的灿烂) (记) ef+fulg(闪亮)+ent→闪亮的→灿烂的

288

dazzling

(英) adj. 耀眼的眩目的(very bright) (例) a dazzling display of sporting skill

289

depraved

(英) adj. 堕落的腐化的(morally badcorrupt) (例) depraved thoughtsmoralscompanions

290

operetta

(英) n. 小歌剧(a lightamusing opera) (记) oper(=opera歌剧)+etta(小)→小歌剧

291

repentant

(英) adj. 感到悔恨的(experiencing repentance; penitent)

292

purebred

(英) adj. (动物)纯种的(bred from members of a recognized breed) (考) 反义词:mongrel(杂种的) (记) pure(纯)+bred(=breed饲养)

293

initial

(英) adj. 开始的最初的( at the beginning);n.(姓名的)首字母(initial letter of a name) (例) the initial letter of a word

294

affront

(英) v.侮辱,冒犯( to confront defiantly; offend) (记) af+front(前面,脸面)→冲着别人的脸→冒犯 (同) 同根词:effrontery (厚颜无耻); confront(当面对抗)

295

rife

(英) adj. 流行的,普遍的(prevalent to an increasing degree) (考) 反义词:sparse(极少的) (记) 和life(生命)一起记,生命是普遍的 (例) This article is rife with errors.

296

guffaw

(英) n.\v. 哄笑,大笑(a loudcoarse burst of laughter) (记) 可能是象声词gu-ffaw(哈嘿)→大笑

297

sedate

(英) adj. 镇静的(keeping a quiet steady attitude;unruffled) (考) 反义词: riot(骚动) (记) sed(=sid 坐下)+ate→坐下来的→安静的

298

vendetta

(英) n.世仇,宿怨 (blood feud) (记) vend(=vindic复仇)+etta→世仇 (例) There has been a bitter vendetta between the two families.

299

heirloom

(考) heirloom : ancestor \ bequest : testator(祖先留下传家宝\立遗嘱之人留下遗产)

300

astronomy

(英) n. 天文学(scientific study of the sunmoonstarsplanets) (考) observatory : astronomy \ conservatory : music(天文台是研究天文的地方\音乐学院是研究音乐的地方)scalpel : surgeon \ telescope : astronomer(外科医生的工具是手术刀\天文学家的工具是望远镜) (记) astro(星星)+nomy(学科) →研究星星的学科→天文学 (同) 派生词: astronomer ( n. 天文学家)); astronomical (adj. 天文学的)

301

rhubarb

(英) n.\v.喧闹(a heated dispute or controversy) (例) a Roman mob rhubarbing at the Palace door(冲着宫殿大门乱嚷嚷的一群罗马暴民)

302

eclat

(英) n. 回声回音(reflection and repetition of a sound) (考) reflection : light \ echo : sound(光产生反射\声音产生回声) (例) The valley echoed back his song.

303

flattering

(英) adj. 使一个人美过其实的(that flatters a person) (考) 反义词:calumnious(毁谤的)sabbatical : leave \ flattering : infatuation(休假的带来假期\恭维的使人醉心) (例) That's a very flattering dress Ann's wearing.

304

succinctness

(考) 反义词:circumlocution(话语冗长); prolixity(冗长)

305

despise

(英) v. 鄙视藐视(feel contempt for sb\sth) (考) lionize : admire \ vituperate : despise(崇拜是十分钦佩\辱骂是十分鄙视) (例) despise his hypocrisymeannessconceit

306

soil

(英) v.弄脏,污损(become dirty) (例) soil one's good name(玷污自己的好名声)

307

jeopardy

(英) n. 危险(great danger; peril) (考) sequester : seclusion \ endanger : jeopardy(隐居进入隐居中\危及进入危险中)

308

audit

(英) v. 审计,核对(to examine and check account) (例) The company hired an accounting firm to audit the books.Some students are auditing the art classbut most are taking it for credit.

309

solitary

(英) adj.孤独的(without companions);n.隐士(recluse) (考) miser : stingy \ loner : solitary(吝啬鬼吝啬\孤独者孤独) (记) solit(单独)+ary→单独的 (例) solitary ruins(荒凉的废墟)

310

tenet

(英) n.信念,信条(a principlebeliefor doctrine generally held to be true ) (记) ten(握住)+et→(握住的)信念 (例) follow the tenets of unitysimplicity and industry(信奉团结、俭朴、勤奋的原则)

311

erudite

(英) adj. 博学的,饱学的(learnedscholarly) (考) literate : erudite \ agitated : frenetic(程度: 有文化的博学的\不安的狂乱的)erudite : fathom \ oblivious : neglect(博学的[人]深入了解\粗心的[人]疏忽)反义词:smattering of knowledge(知识贫乏的); ignorant(无知的);unlettered(文盲的) (记) e(出)+rud(原始,无知)+ite→走出无知→博学的 (同) 同根词:rudiments(基础知识)

312

self-possession

(英) n. 沉着,镇定(composure) (例) regain one's self-possession(恢复镇定)

313

sensible

(英) adj. 明智的,合理的 (reasonable);可感觉到的(noticeable) (记) sens(感觉)+ible

314

titillate

(英) v.刺激(某人)(尤指性欲)(tickle; excite pleasantly) (例) The book has no artistic merit-- its sole aim is to titillate the reader.

315

untapped

(英) adj. 未开发的,未利用的 (not yet put to use) (记) un(不)+tap(开发,利用)+ed

316

mate

(英) n. 伙伴(a friend);配偶(one of a male-female pair);v. 交配(make into a pair)

317

aggravating

(英) adj. 激怒的惹恼的(annoying)

318

ardent

(英) adj. 热心的,热烈的(intensely enthusiastic or devoted; passionate) (记) ard (热)+ent→热心的,热烈的 (同) 同根词:arduous(费力的); ardor(热心) (例) Jane's ardent admirer sent her flowers every day.

319

guilty

(英) adj. 有罪的(having done wrong) (考) 反义词:exonerate(证明无罪)-prove guilty(证明有罪) (例) plead guilty to a crime

320

encumber

(英) v. 妨害阻碍(to impede or hamper) (记) en+cumber(躺)→躺在里边→妨害 (同) 同根词:recumbent(斜躺的) (例) He is encumbered with debts.

321

forebode

(英) v. 预感,凶兆(foretellpredict) (记) fore(提前)+bode(兆头)→前兆; (同) 参考:bodement(兆头,预言)

322

mutilate

(英) v. 残害(to injure or disfigure) (记) mutil(砍掉)+ate; (同) 参考:maim(伤残) (例) She was mutilated in the accident and has only one leg.

323

impasse

(英) n. 僵局(deadlock);死路( blind alley) (记) im(不)+passe(通过)→通不过→僵局

324

kidney

(英) 肾(either of the pair of bodily organs in the lower back areawhich separate waste liquid from the blood) (考) organ : kidney \ bone : rib(肾是一种器官\肋骨是一种骨骼)

325

indefinite

(英) adj. 模糊的(not precise; vague);不确定的(uncertain) (记) in(不)+definite(确定的)

326

hermetic

(英) adj. 密封的(completely sealed by fusion; airtight) (考) 反义词:easily comprehended(易被理解的)

327

opacity

(英) n. 不透明性,晦涩(the quality of being opaque) (考) opacity : light \ impermeability : fluid(不透明光透不过\不可渗透液体透不过)反义词:transparency(透明性) (例) the opacity of frosted glass

328

caste

(英) n.社会等级,等级(rigid class distinction) (记) 原指印度教的种姓制度

329

covert

(英) adj. 秘密的,隐密的 (concealedhiddendisguised) (考) 反义词: open(公开的) (记) cover(遮盖)+t→盖住的→秘密的; (同) 参考:overt(公开的) (例) The gangsters arranged a covert meeting.

330

retiring

(英) adj. 隐居的,不喜社交的(reservedshy) (记) 来自retire(退休,隐居),re(回)+tire(拉)→拉回去了→隐居

331

tether

(英) v.用绳或链拴住(牲畜)(tie an animal with a rope or tether);n.(拴牲畜的)绳或链( rope or chain); 限度范围( limit of one's endurance) (考) 反义词:detach(分割); loose(放松); tear(撕破)

332

saintly

(英) adj. 圣徒似的,极为圣洁的(oflikeor suitable to a saint) (考) 反义词:turpitude(卑劣)-saintly behavior(高尚的行为) (记) saint(圣徒)+ly

333

wink

(英) v. 使眼色( close and open one eye quickly as a signal between people);n. 眨眼 (a winking movement of the eye)

334

composed

(英) adj. 镇定的沉着的 (tranquilself-possessed) (考) 反义词:distraught(发狂的) (例) Water is composed of hydrogen and oxygen.

335

restorative

(英) adj. 恢复健康的(having power to restore) (记) re(重新)+stor(=store储存)+ative→重新储存能量→恢复健康的

336

inventiveness

(考) 反义词: ingenuity(独创性)-lack of inventiveness(缺乏创造性) (记) inventive+ness

337

sentient

(英) adj. 有知觉的(conscious of sense impressions)知悉的(aware) (考) 反义词:unconscious(无知觉的) (记) sent(感觉)+ient→有感觉的 (例) be sentient of a tense atmosphere(意识到一种紧张气氛)

338

merge

(英) v. 合并(to cause to coalesce; unite) (记) 参考:submerge(淹没); emerge(出现) (同) 同根词:submerge(淹没);emerge(出现) (例) One color merged into the other.

339

bedraggled

(英) adj.(衣服、头发等)弄湿的,凌乱不堪的(made wet and dirty) (记) be+draggled(凌乱的)

340

preamble

(英) n. 前言,序言(the introductory part of a constitution or statute) (考) oveture : opera \ prolgue : novel \ preamdle : statute(序曲是歌剧开头\前言是小说开头\序言是法律开头) (记) pre(前)+amble(跑)→跑在前面→前言 (例) without preamble(开门见山的单刀直入的)

341

tramp

(英) v.重步走,长途跋涉(to walktreador step heavily) (例) I have tramped all day.(我长途跋涉了一整天)

342

migrant

(英) n. 移民,候鸟(a person or animal that moves from one place to another) (记) migr(移动)+ant→移动的人或物→移民 (同) 同根词:immigrant(移入民); emigrant(移出)派生词: migration (n. 迁移,移居); migratory (adj. 迁移的)

343

propel

(英) v. 推进(to drive forward or onward; push ) (记) pro(向前)+pel(推)→推进 (例) The rocket was propelled into space from the launching pad.

344

headway

(英) n. 进步进展(progress) (例) We are making little headway with the negotiations.

345

bawl

(英) v.大叫,大喊(to shout or call out noisily; bellow) (记) 联想: b+awl(尖钻),被尖钻戳到而大喊 (例) The captain bawled out an order.

346

capitation

(英) n. 人头税,丁税(payment per capita) (记) capit(头)+ation→按人收税→人头税

347

nonviscous

(记) non(不)+viscous(粘性的)

348

unaffected

(英) adj. 自然的,不矫揉造作的(free from affectation;genuine) (考) posturer : unaffected \ bigot : tolerant(做作者不自然\固执己见者不宽容) (记) un(不)+affected(做作的)

349

tenuous

(英) adj.细薄的,稀薄的(not denserare);空洞的(flimsyweak) (考) 反义词:substantial(坚固的) (记) ten(薄,细)+uous→细薄的 (同) 同根词:attenuate(变细薄);extenuate(减轻,掩饰) (例) a tenuous hope \ a tenuous contact(若即若离的关系)

350

nerveless

(英) adj. 无力的(weak);无勇气的(lacking courage)

351

referee

(英) 裁判员( a sports official in administering a game);仲裁者(a person to whom a legal matter is referred for settlement) (考) referee : field \ judge : courtroom(裁判在球场裁决\法官在法庭裁决)judge : gavel \ referee : whistle(法官用小木槌\裁判用口哨) (记) refer(参考,提到)+ee(人); (同) 参考:reference(参考,推荐) (例) The basketball referee blew his whistle.

352

alcove

(英) n. 凹室(a recessed section of a room) (考) alcove : recess \ dome : roof (凹室是一种壁凹\圆屋顶是一种屋顶) (记) al+cove(拱)→拱入→凹入;常考的同义词有:recess(壁凹),niche(壁龛)

353

souvenir

(英) n. 纪念品(sth. that serves as a remainder;memento) (记) 分割记忆:sou看作south+venir(来的东西)南方带回来的东西→纪念物

354

divest

(英) (of) v. 卸下盛装(to strip)剥夺(to deprive or dispossess) (考) 反义词:endow(赋予) (记) di(去掉)+vest(穿衣)→脱衣→剥夺 (同) 同根词: vested(穿着衣服的); vestment(外衣法衣) (例) They divested the king of all his power.

355

minatory

(英) adj. 威胁的,恫吓的(threateningmenacing) (考) 反义词:reassuring(使安心的); unthreatening(没有威胁的); nonthreatening(没有威胁的) (记) minat(威胁)+ory→威胁的 (同) 同根词:minacious(恫吓的); minacity(威胁性)

356

divestiture

(考) 反义词: acquisition(获得) (记) 联系动词:divest(脱去剥夺;di[去掉]+vest[衣服] →去掉衣服→脱去)

357

fructify

(英) v. 结果实,成功(to bear fruit; become fruitful) (记) fruct(=fruit果实)+ify→结果实

358

indenture

(英) n. 契约,合同(a written contract or agreement) (记) in(进入)+dent(牙齿)+ure(状态),原指古代师徒间分割成锯齿状的契约

359

lunatic

(英) n. 疯子(an insane person);adj. 极蠢的(utterly foolish) (记) luna(月亮)+cy→人们认为精神病与月盈亏有关→疯狂_ (同) 同根词:lunar(月球的); lunula(新月状物); Luna原指罗马神话中的月亮女神 (例) A lunatic escaped from the mental hospital.

360

apprentice

(英) 学徒(person who has agreed to work for a skilled employer for a fixed period in return for being taught his trade) (例) an apprentice plumber

361

bluff

(英) n. 虚张声势(pretense of strength);悬崖峭壁( high cliff) (例) She threatened to sack mebut it's all a bluff.

362

sullen

(英) adj.忧郁的(gloomily or resentfully silent or repressed) (例) a sullen disposition(抑郁的性格)

363

parvenu

(记) par(=per全部)+ven(来)+u→一下子得到→暴发_

364

trickery

(英) n.欺骗,诡计(deceptioncheating) (例) She couldn't stand his trickeries.

365

exhibitionist

(英) n. 风头主义(a tendency to call attention to oneself or show one's talents)

366

disjunctive

(英) adj. 分离的转折的(showing opposition or contrast between two ideas) (考) nominal : significance \ disjunctive : unity(不重要的不会有重要性\分离的不会统一)

367

incorporate

(英) v. 合并,并入(to combine or join with something already formed; include; embody) (记) in(进入)+corpor(团体)→进入团体→合并 (例) I incorporated the new peans with the old.

368

rouse

(英) v. 唤醒,使觉醒( waken);鼓舞( make more active) (考) 反义词:mollify(抚慰); quell(镇压)

369

pellmell

(英) adv. 混乱地(in mingled confusion or disorder)

370

align

(英) v. 将某物排列在一条直线上; 与某人结盟(join as an ally) (考) 反义词:improperly adjusted(调整不当); irregular(不规则的); curved(曲的); askew(歪斜的) (记) a+lign(木头) →[放]在[直的]木头旁边→在一条直线上→结盟

371

pundit

(英) n.权威人士,专家(one who gives opinions in an authoritative manner) (考) authoritativeness : pundits \ allegiance : partisans(权威具有权威性\死党具有忠诚性)augur : predict \ pundit : opine(占卜家预测\权威表达意见)miser : hoard \ dandy : preen \ sycophant : fawn \ pundit : opinion(吝啬鬼喜欢储藏\花花公子喜欢打扮\马屁精喜欢奉承\权威喜欢提意见) (记) 可能是pedant(书呆子)的变体 (例) a pundit on local history(地方史的权威)

372

comet

(英) 彗星(object that moves round the sun and looks like a bright star with a longless bright tail)

373

fulminate

(英) v. 猛烈抨击,严厉谴责(to shout forth denunciations) (考) fulminate : criticize \ adulate : flatter(斥责是严厉批评\谄媚是过分奉承) (记) fuimin(闪电,雷声)+ate→像雷电一样→谴责 (同) 同根词:fulminic(爆炸的)

374

charisma

(英) n.(大众爱戴的)领袖气质(a special quality of leadership);魅力(a special charm or allure that inspires devotion) (记) 分割联想:cha→china,ris→rise,ma→mao,中国升起毛(泽东)→个人魅力,气质

375

gait

(英) n.步法步态(manner of walking or running) (考) gait : walk \ parlance : speak(走路有步法\说话有说法)

376

condemn

(英) v. 极力谴责 (disapprove of strongly; censure);判刑(inflict a penalty upon) (考) 反义词:countenance(支持); approbation(认可)-condemnation(谴责)exaltation(提升); extol(赞美) (记) con+demn=damn(诅咒)→大家诅咒→谴责 (同) 同根词:damnify(损害); indemnify(赔偿补偿)派生词: condemnation (n. 谴责,定罪) (例) Most people are willing to condemn violence of any sort.

377

desperate

(英) adj. 不顾死活的拼命的(showing great despair and ready to do anything regardless of danger) (记) de(去掉)+sper(希望)+ate→去掉希望→绝望的

378

kleptomania

(英) n. 盗窃癖(an abnormalpersistent impulse to steal) (记) klepto(偷)+mania(狂热)→偷窃狂;klepto来自klepht原指希腊的绿林好汉

379

perspective

(英) n. (判断事物的)角度,方法(point of view) (记) per(全部)+spect(看)+ive从各方面看 (例) He tends to view most issues from a religious perspective.

380

incriminate

(英) v. 连累,牵连(to involve in) (考) 反义词:exoneration(免除) (记) in(进入)+crimin(罪行)+ate→被牵连罪行中 (同) 派生词: incrimination(n. 控告)

381

braggart

(英) n.吹牛者(person who brags)

382

devise

(英) v. 想出设计发明(think out a plansystemtool)

383

illusive

(英) adj. 幻觉的(deceptive) (考) specious : genuineness \ illusory : reality(似是而非的不真实\虚幻的不现实)

384

mediation

(考) mediation : compromise \ prosecution : conviction(调停为了和解\起诉为了定罪)

385

hindrance

(英) n. 妨碍,阻碍(obstruction; impediment; obstacle) (例) Lack of money is a real hindrance to my plans for travelling.

386

setback

(英) n. 挫折(something that prevents successful progress)

387

pander

(英) v. 怂恿迎合(不良欲望)(cater to the low desires of others) (例) The newspapers here pander to people's interest in sex scandals.

388

penalty

(考) exempt : liability \ pardon : penalty(免除责任\解除处罚) (例) In this citythe penalty for speeding is a $50 fine.

389

decorum

(英) n. 礼节,礼貌 (propriety and good taste in behaviordress; decency; etiquette) (考) miscalculation : judgment \ gaffe : decorum(计算错误是一种判断错误\社交失礼是一种礼节错误)反义词:effrontery(厚颜无耻); impropriety(不得体) (例) Tom found the decorum at the banquet to be formal and tedious.

390

nonsensical

(考) nonsensical : drivel \ pompous : bombast(荒唐的胡说\夸张的夸口)

391

dampen

(英) v. (使)潮湿(to make damp; moisten)使沮丧,泼凉水(to deadendepressreduceor lessen) (考) assuage : sorrow \ dampen : ardor(抚慰使痛苦减少\使沮丧使热情减少) (记) 来自damp(潮湿的)+en→使…潮湿 (例) Nothing can dampen my spirits on this glorious morning.

392

cower

(英) v. 畏缩,蜷缩 (to crouch or huddle up from fear or cold) (考) fear : cower \ anger : rant(畏缩是害怕的表现\咆哮是愤怒的表现)反义词:brazenly confront(悍然面对); bristle(怒发冲冠) (例) The dog cowered when its master beat it.

393

jamb

(记) 分割记忆:jam(果酱)+b

394

iota

(英) n. 极小量,极少(a very small quantity) (记) 来自希腊语第九个字母,相当于英语的(i) (例) There's not an iota of truth in that.

395

virtuoso

(英) n.演艺精湛的人(a person who has great skill at some endeavor) (考) virtuoso : skill \ potentate : power(艺术家要有技能\当权者要有权利)反义词:mediocrity(平庸之才) (记) virtu(好,美德)+oso (例) a virtuoso at the violin

396

scalpel

(英) n. 外科手术刀,解剖刀 (a small straight thin-bladed knife used in surgery) (考) scalpel : surgeon \ telescope : astronomer(外科医生用手术刀\天文学家用望远镜)tackiness : adhesive \ sharpness : scalpel(黏合剂的特点是粘\手术刀的特点是锋利) (记) 分割记忆:scalp(头皮)+el

397

primer

(英) n. 启蒙书,识字课本(a small book for teaching children to read) (例) The children took their primers from their school desks.

398

mite

(英) n. 极小量(a very small contribution or sum of money) (考) mite : creature \ speck : amount(螨虫是小生物\微粒是小量) (记) mite原意'螨虫',词组:a mite on an elephant(大象身上一小虫),引申为'小量,一点点' (例) Anybody with a mite of common sense could see how useless it was.

399

grin

(英) v. 露齿而笑(smile broadly) (考) 反义词:pout(生气) (例) He grinned at meas if sharing a secret joke.

400

terrain

(英) n.地势,地形 (the physical features of a tract of land) (记) terr(地)+ain→地形 (例) This is difficult terrain to travel across.(这里是不易通过的地带)

401

ally

(英) n. 盟国,支持者(countries etc. joined for a common purpose) (考) ally : war \ teammate : game (战争中联合成为盟军\比赛中联合成为队友)反义词:adversary (对手)

402

empirical

(英) adj. 经验的,实证的(based on observation or experience) (记) 来自empiric原指单凭经验而行医的医生,分割记忆:empire(帝国)+ical (例) Lisa's argument was proven by empirical data.

403

concurrent

(英) adj. 同时发生的,一致的 (occuring at the same time) (记) con+curr(跑)→共同跑的→同时发生的 (同) 同根词: occurrence (发生的事件); curriculum(课程表)派生词: concurrence (n. 同意一致agreement)

404

pejorative

(英) adj. 带有轻蔑意义的,贬低的(tending to disparage or belittle; depreciatory) (考) 反义词:laudatory(赞美的) (记) pejor(坏)+ative→变坏的→贬低的; (同) 参考:pejorate(恶化) (例) a pejorative title(贬损性的称号)

405

spurn

(英) v.拒绝,摈弃 (to reject with disdain or contempt) (考) 反义词: welcome willingly(主动欢迎); court(献殷勤); crave(渴望); embrace(拥抱); guard(守卫) (例) The committee has spurned his appeals.\ a person spurned by society

406

iridescent

(英) adj. 闪光的,现晕光的(showing shifting changes in coloras when seen from different angles) (记) iri(=iris 虹光)+escent(开始…的)→发闪光的 (例) an iridescent butterfly(彩虹色的蝴蝶)

407

acknowledge

(英) v. 承认供认(accept the truth of sth) (记) ac+knowledge(知识知道) →已知道→承认 (例) acknowledge(receipt of)a letter

408

ceramics

(考) mosaic : ceramic \ patchwork : cloth(马赛克是陶瓷片的拼合\拼缝物是布料的拼合)

409

utter

(英) adj. 完全的(complete);v. 发出声音( make a sound or produce words) (考) 反义词:partial(部分的) (例) utter a sigh of pain

410

mandatory

(英) adj. 命令的,强迫的(authoritatively commanded; obligatory) (考) mandatory : comply \ forbidden : abstain(命令的[东西]要服从\禁止的[东西]要戒绝) (例) Many colleges have mandatory foreign-language requirements.

411

distraught

(英) adj. 心神狂乱的(mentally confused; distressed) (考) troubled : distraught \ covetous : rapacious(程度:不安的→狂乱的\贪婪的→十分贪婪的)反义词:composed(镇定的) (记) 由distract(分散注意发狂)变化而来 (例) I tried to console the distraught family in the hospital.

412

syringe

(英) n.注射器(a device used to inject fluids into)

413

serviceable

(英) adj. 可用的,耐用的 (fit for use) (记) service(服务)+able

414

battalion

(英) n. (部队)营(part of a regiment or brigade)

415

fickle

(英) adj.(爱情或友谊上)易变的,不坚定的(changeable or unstable in affection; capricious; inconstant) (考) fickle : constancy \ naive : sophistication(易变的不恒定\纯真的不世故)mercurial : mood \ fickle : affection(易变的情绪\易变的感情) (记) 和tickle(呵痒)一起记 (例) She turned out to be fickle.

416

chiromancy

(英) n. 手相术 (palmistry) (记) chiro(手)+mancy(非科学的技术)→手相术 (同) 同根词:chiropodist(手足病医生); nacromancy(通灵术)

417

thunderbolt

(英) n. 雷电,霹雳(a flash of lightning and crash of thunder together)

418

shear

(英) v.剪(羊毛),剪发(to cut off the hair from) (记) 分割记忆:she+ear(她的耳朵)→把耳朵边上的头发剪掉→剪发 (同) 派生词: shears (n.大剪刀)

419

motley

(英) adj. 混杂的( heterogeneous);杂色的(of many colors) (考) 反义词: colorless(无色的); unique(唯一的) (记) mot (=mote 微粒)+ley→各种微粒混合→混杂的; (同) 参考:medley(混合物) (例) There's a motley collection of books on the shelf.

420

hortative

(英) adj. 激励的(serving to encourage or urge) (考) didactic : teach \ hortatory : urge(教诲的为了教导\激励的为了敦促)hortative : encourage \ exculpatory : absolve(激励的为了鼓励\申辩的为了赦免) (记) hort(敦促)+ative→激励的 (同) 同根词:exhort(规劝); hortation(勉励)

421

miscalculation

(考) miscalculation : judgment \ gaffe : decorum(计算错误是一种判断失误\社交失礼是一种礼仪失误) (记) mis(错误)+calculate(计算)+ion

422

rude

(英) adj. 不礼貌的,粗鲁的 (intentionally bad-mannered)

423

genesis

(英) n. 创始,起源(beginning; origin) (记) gene(产生,基因)+sis→创始,大写 Genesis 专指《圣经》中的《创世纪》 (例) the genesis of an idea

424

mermaid

(记) mer(=mar海洋)+maid(少女)→美人鱼

425

disrupt

(英) v. 弄乱扰乱(cause disorder in sth) (考) saboteur : disrupt \ apologist : defend(破坏者破坏\辩护者辩护) (记) dis(分开)+rupt(断) →使分开断裂→扰乱

426

askance

(英) adv. 侧目而视瞟(with a sideways or indirect look ) (例) She looks askance at the price.

427

bereave

(英) v.丧亲,夺去(to deprive; dispossess) (记) be+reave(抢夺)→抢夺掉→丧失;reave本身是一个单词 (例) He was bereft of his beloved wife(注意用法: be bereft of).

428

errand

(英) n. 差使(a trip to do a definite thing ) (记) err(跑)+and→跑的事情→差使 (同) 参考:aberration(跑偏,越轨) (例) I've got a few errands to do in the town.

429

convoke

(英) v. 召集会议 (summon to assemble; convene) (考) 反义词:adjourn(休会)

430

replenish

(英) v. 补充,再装满(to fill or build up again) (记) re(重新)+plen(满)+ish→重新安装 (例) to replenish the food cupboard

431

drizzly

(记) 虽然以ly结尾,但不是副词而是形容词 (例) a drizzly day

432

shun

(英) v.避免,闪避(to avoid deliberately) (考) 反义词:seek actively(积极寻找) (例) He was shunned by his former friends.(他的老朋友们都回避着他)

433

cynicism

(记) 来自古希腊哲学流派'犬儒主义';cyn原意为'犬'; (同) 参考:cynophobia(恐犬病)

434

crumple

(英) v. 弄皱 (to crush together into creases or wrinkles) (例) Take care not to crumple your dress by packing it carelessly.

435

boundary

(英) n. 界限(line that marks a limit) (例) The fence marks the boundary between my land and hers .

436

lusty

(英) adj. 精力充沛的(full of vigor) (例) The hunter was a stoutlusty fellow.

437

intestine

(记) in(内)+test(外壳)+ine→在外壳之内→内脏; (同) 参考:test(虫的介壳)

438

jigsaw puzzle

(考) piece : jigsaw puzzle \ tile : mosaic(拼图游戏由块组成\马赛克由瓷砖组成)

439

unthreatening

(考) 反义词:minatory(威胁的) (记) un(不)+threatening(威胁的)

440

sanity

(英) n. 神志清楚(soundness of mind and judgement) (例) Many soldiers lost their sanity during the war.

441

explosive

(英) adj. 使人冲动的(that arouses strong feelings ) (考) barrage : explosives \ deluge : rain(大量炸药形成弹幕\大量降雨形成暴雨) (例) an explosive mixture of chemicals

442

deadpan

(英) adj.无表情的(wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling) (考) impudence : brazen \ deadpan : impassive(同义: 厚颜无耻和厚颜无耻的\无表情和冷漠的)

443

contrition

(英) n. 悔罪,痛悔 (remorse for having done wrong)

444

obituary

(英) n.讣闻讣告(death notice in a newspaper))

445

whittle

(英) v.削(木头) (to pare or cut off chips);削减(to reduce; pare) (例) whittle a branch into a whip handle \ whittle down expenses

446

circular

(考) circular : asymmetrical \ protean : rigid(圆形的不是非对称的\变化多端的不是僵硬死板的)

447

conversant

(英) adj. 精通的,熟知的(familiar or acquainted; versed) (考) 反义词: lack of familiarity(不熟悉)-conversance(熟悉) (记) con+vers(转)+ant→全方位转→精通的注意不要和conversation(对话)相混; (同) 派生词: n. conversanceconversancy(精通) (例) be conversant with that type of computer system

448

principle

(英) n. 原则,原理(a truth or belief that is accepted as a base for reasoning or action); 道德,准则 (a moral rule or set of ideas which guides behavior)

449

craggy

(英) adj. 有峭壁的 (having many crags; steep and rugged)

450

veneer

(英) n.(镶于劣质东西上的)镶面板(a layer of wood of superior value or excellent grain to be glued to an inferior wood);外表 (a superficial or deceptively attractive appearance;facadegloss) (考) foil : metal \ veneer : wood(金属压成片为箔\木头压成片为镶面板)veneer : furniture \ baseboard : wall(镶面板镶在家具上\护壁板镶在墙上) (例) a table made of plywood covered in teak veneer(柚木镶板饰面的胶合板桌子)

451

inimical

(英) adj.敌意的,不友善的(hostile; unfriendly) (考) 反义词:friendly(友好的); amiable(亲切的); amicable(友善的) (记) inim(=enemy敌人)+ical→敌人的→敌对的

452

disparity

(英) n.不同,差异 (inequality or difference)

453

dismay

(英) n. 惊愕气馁(feeling of shock and discouragement) (考) 反义词:hearten(鼓励) (例) be filled with dismay

454

collection

(英) n. 收藏品(group of objects that have been collected) (考) compendium : summary \ anthology : collection(概要是一种总结\选集是一种文集) (记) 来自collect

455

vertiginous

(英) adj.令人眩晕的(tending to cause dizziness)

456

pod

(英) n. 豆荚(long seed vessel of various plantsesp. peas and beans);v. 剥掉(豆荚 )(take [peas] out of pods)

457

loathsome

(英) adj. 令人作呕的(disgusting; abhorrent; detestable)

458

ontology

(记) onto(存在)+ology→研究存在的学说→本体论

459

maverick

(英) n. 想法与众不同的人(a person who takes an independent stand as in politicsrefusing to conform to that of a party or group) (考) maverick : conformity \ extrovert : reserve(独行者不从众\外向者不沉默寡言)dogma : iconoclast \ convention : maverick(攻击传统的人不遵循教条\独行者不遵循传统) (记) 来自人名Maverick19世纪得克萨斯州大牧场主,其牲畜皆不烙印 (例) The maverick was admired by some for holding to his own beliefs.

460

plutocracy

(英) n. 财阀统治(government by the wealthy) (考) plutocracy : wealth \ gerontocracy : age(财阀统治是有财富的人统治\老人政治是有年龄的人统治) (记) pluto(财富)+cracy(统治)→财阀统治,来自Plutus(希腊神话中的财神) (同) 同根词:plutolatry(拜金主义); plutonomy(政治经济学)

461

paranoia

(英) n. 偏执狂(a psychosis characterized by systemized delusions of persecution or grandeur);多疑症(irrational suspiciousness and distrustfulness of others) (考) enthusiasm : mania \ suspicion : paranoia(程度: 热情→狂热\怀疑→多疑) (记) para(旁边)+no(=noos精神)+ia→精神偏向的病→偏执狂

462

brittle

(记) 分拆联想:br想成bring + ittle想成little→带来很少→脆弱的人带来很少成功派生词:brittleness (n. 脆弱 fragility)

463

avoid

(英) v.避开躲避(keep oneself away from) (考) irrevocable : repeal \ ineluctable : avoid \ impervious : penetrate(不能取消的就不能废止\不能避免的就不能避免\不能穿透的就不能穿透)untenable : defended \ inevitable : avoided(难以防守无法被防守\不可避免无法被避免) (记) a+void(空) →弄空→避开 (同) 派生词: avoidable (adj.可避免的); avoidance (n.回避躲避)同根词: void(空空虚); devoid of(缺乏...的) (例) I think he is avoiding me.

464

monumental

(英) adj. 极大的(massive; impressively large);纪念碑的( built as a monument) (记) monu(警告提醒)+ment+al→起提醒作用→纪念物的

465

vacillation

(英) n. 犹豫(continually changing from one opinion or feeling to another) (考) 反义词:motionless balance(静态平衡); tenacity(顽固); pertinacity(执着)

466

exemplar

(英) n. 模范典型(model)

467

vile

(英) adj. 恶劣的卑鄙的(morally despicable or abhorrent)

468

contract

(英) n. 合同 (a formal agreement);v. 订合同 (to make a contract);收缩 (shrink; condense; compress; deflate) (考) oath : promise \ contract : agreement(宣誓是严肃诺言\合同是严肃协议)contract : implode \ descend : plummet(收缩和急剧收缩\下降和急剧下降)astringent : contraction \ anesthetic : insensibility(收缩剂用来收缩\麻醉剂用来麻醉)convulsion : contraction \ frenzy (记) con+tract(拉)→拉到一起→收缩,订合同 (同) 派生词: contraction (n. 收缩)

469

stimulate

(考) lethargic : stimulate \ skeptical : convince(刺激消除困乏\说服消除怀疑)tonic : stimulate \ analgesic : deaden(补药可以激发\麻醉剂可以麻醉)galvanize : stimulate \ irrigate : flush(通电以刺激\灌溉以淹没)

470

subtraction

(英) n. 减,减法(the state of being subtracted) (考) remainder : subtraction \ residue : evaporation(减去剩下剩余物\蒸发剩下残留物) (记) 来自动词subtract(减去)

471

poll

(英) n. 民意测验; 选举投票 (the giving of votes in writing)

472

celibate

(英) n.\adj. 独身者,不结婚的(an unmarried person) (记) celib(独身)+ate→独身的(人)

473

doggerel

(英) n. 歪诗,打油诗(trivial and satirical verse) (考) calligraphy : scribble \ sonnet : doggerel(书法不是乱涂乱写\十四行诗不是打油诗)doggerel : verse \ burlesque : play(打油诗是一种诗\讽刺剧是一种剧) (记) 可能由dog(狗)而来; 参考: doggery(狗性)

474

blurt

(英) v.脱口而出(utter impulsively) (例) He blurted out the bad news before I could stop him.

475

quaver

(英) v. 发颤音,颤抖( shake; tremble); (考) voice : quaver \ hand : tremble(声音发抖\手颤抖) (例) in a quavering voice

476

decorate

(英) v. 装饰某事物(make sth more beautiful by adding ornaments to it) (考) abstemious : indulge \ austere : decorate(节制的[人]不放纵\朴素的[人]装饰) (例) Bright posters decorate the streets.

477

margin

(考) outskirts : town \ shoulder : roadway \ margin : page(郊区在城镇边缘\路肩在马路边缘\书页空白在书页边缘)

478

sere

(英) adj.干枯的,凋萎的(being dried and withered) (考) 反义词:verdant(翠绿的); lush(青翠的); damp(潮湿的) (记) 不要和sear(烧灼)相混 (例) Leaves become sere under the searing sun.

479

locomotive

(英) 运动的(moving or capable of moving fromone place to another; not stationary);机车(an engine that can move about by its own power) (考) locomotive : flatcar \ tugboat : barge(机车拖平台货车\拖船拖平底货船)

480

magnetism

(英) n. 磁性;吸引力(power to attract) (记) 来自magnet(吸铁石)+ism (例) The senator's magnetism propelled him to the White House.

481

sequestrate

(英) v. (使)隐退,隐居(secludewithdraw) (考) sequester : seclusion \ endanger : jeopardy(使引退进入隐居\使危及进入危险)反义词:permit to mingle(使混合) (记) 注意不要和sequestrate(扣押)相混,两个单词均来自sequ(跟随) (例) sequester oneself from the world

482

ineptitude

(考) 反义词:bent(爱好); finesse(灵巧)

483

enflame

(英) v. 使愤怒或激动(cause sb\sth to become angry or over-excited) (记) en(进入)+flame(燃烧) →进入燃烧→怒火冲天

484

prejudiced

(英) adj. 有偏见的,有成见的 (feeling or showing prejudice) (考) 反义词: disinterested(公正的)

485

increment

(英) n. 增值,增加(increase; gain; growth) (记) in(进入)+cre(增加)+ment→使增加→增加 (同) 同根词:accretion(自然增大); incretion(内分泌)

486

insulate

(英) v. 使绝缘(to separate or cover with a nonconducting material);使隔离(isolate) (考) 反义词:expose(暴露) (记) insul(岛)+ate→成为岛一样→隔离 (例) We are not insulated from the real world the way we were.

487

loop

(例) wind the garden hose in loops(把浇水软管绕成圈)

488

counterfeit

(英) v. 伪造,仿造 (to make an imitation of moneypictureetc. usually in order to deceive or defraud) (考) sophism : reasoning \ counterfeit : money(诡辩是假推理\伪钞是假钱)forgery : counterfeit \ embezzlement : fraud(伪造品是赝品\贪污是欺诈行为) (记) counter(反)+feit(做=fact)→反着做→伪造 (例) It is against the law to counterfeit money.

489

plankton

(英) n. 浮游生物(minute animal and plant life of a body of water)

490

outlet

(英) n. 出口 (a way through which something may go out) (例) an outlet for water

491

flatten

(英) v. 变平(become or make sth flat);彻底打败某人(defeat sb completely) (考) 反义词:emboss(使凹下或凸出) (例) He was totally flattened by her sarcasm.

492

nerve

(考) 反义词:appall(使害怕)

493

splurge

(英) n.炫耀,摆阔(an ostentatious effortdisplayor expenditure) (记) 缩合组词:spl=splash(溅水)+(s)urge(浪潮)→像泼水般花钱→挥霍 (例) splurge out regally(像帝王般花钱)

494

introspection

(英) 内省反省(a looking into one's own mindfeelingsetc.; observation and analysis of oneself); (记) intro(向内)+spect(看)+ion (同) 派生词: introspective (adj. 反省的)

495

privilege

(英) n. 特权,特别利益(beprerogative) (记) privi(分开个人)+lege(法律)→有个人的法律→特权 (例) Privilege and power are in the hands of only a few people.

496

gustation

(英) n. 品尝;味觉(the sense of taste) (考) olfaction : odor \ gustation : flavor(嗅觉辨别气味\味觉辨别味道) (记) 来自 gust(古代意义为'趣味,味觉'); (同) 参考:gusto(爱好)

497

tambourine

(英) n.铃鼓,手鼓(a small drum played by shaking or striking with the hand) (考) trumpet : horn \ tambourine : drum(小号是一种号角\手鼓是一种鼓) (记) 来自tambour(鼓),源自timbre(木材,音质)

498

base

(考) debase : value \ attenuate : force(降价减少价值\削弱减少力量)反义词: sublime(高尚的); virtuous(贞洁的); noble(高尚的)

499

precedent

(英) n. 先例,前例(something said or done that may serve as an example or rule) (考) unexceptionable : oppose \ infinite : end \ unique : precedent(无懈可击的不会有反对\无限的不会有结束\独特的不会有先例) (记) pre(前)+cede(走)→走在前面 (例) Mary set a precedent by allowing Jimmy to stay up until _9:00_ p.m.

500

obese

(英) adj. 极肥胖的(very fat; stout; corpulent) (同) 派生词: obesity (n. 肥胖) (例) A bench at the mall broke when an obese customer sat on it.

501

estate

(英) n. 不动产; 地产(landed property) (记) e+state(站)→站出来(的位置)→等级

502

nibble

(英) v. 一点点地咬,慢慢啃(to bite off small bits) (考) quaff(swill): sip \ gobble : nibble(大口饮相对小口饮\大口吃相对小口吃) (记) nib(小)+ble→小咬→一点点啃; 注意不要和nipple(乳头)相混 (例) Food and rent nibbled away the money they had saved.

503

demolish

(英) v. 破坏(to destroy; ruin; bring to naught)拆除(to pull down) (记) demol(破坏)+ish→摧毁,比较demon(魔鬼) (例) They're going to demolish that old building and put up a new one.

504

compulsion

(英) n. 强迫 (that which compels);难以抗拒的冲动 (an irresistibleirrational impulse to perform some act) (记) com+puls(推,冲)+ion→一起推→冲动,压力 (同) 同根词:repulse(反击,击退); repulsive(排斥的)

505

chapel

(英) n.小教堂或房间(small building used for Christian worship) (例) a college chapel

506

crumble

(英) v. 弄碎 (to break into crumbs or small pieces);崩毁(to fall to pieces; disintegrate) (考) friable : crumble \ malleable : alter(易碎的容易破碎\可改变的容易改变)反义词:friable(易碎的)-not easily crumbled(不易破碎的) (例) crumble the bread \ a crumbling church.

507

full-fledged

(英) adj. 羽毛丰满的;成熟的(completely developed or trained)

508

rebuff

(英) v.断然拒绝(to reject or criticize sharply; snub) (考) 反义词:welcome(欢迎); approve(同意) (记) re(反)+buff(=puff喷,吹)→反过喷气→拒绝 (例) She rebuffed all my offers of friendship.

509

matrimony

(英) n.婚姻(生活)(state of being married)

510

expository

(英) adj.说明的(explanatory; serving to explain)

511

simulation

(英) n. 假装,模仿(representation; imitation) (考) 反义词:authentic article(真实)

512

correspondingly

(例) The new exam is longer and correspondingly more difficult to pass .

513

disembark

(英) v.(指人)下船或下飞机(debark; go ashore)

514

satisfaction

(英) n. 满意(a feeling of happiness or pleasure);满足(fulfillment of a needdesire) (记) 来自动词satisfy(使满足;satis[足够]+fy[化])

515

applicable

(英) adj. 生效的,适合的(that can be appliedappropriate; relevant) (记) 来自apply 一词 (同) 派生词: applicability (n. 适用性) (例) The new law is applicable from next Monday.

516

slant

(英) v.倾斜; n.斜面(a slanting direction);看法(a peculiar or personal point of view) (例) slant the roof to allow water to run off(倾斜屋顶使水流下).

517

nonplus

(英) v. 使窘困迷惑(to put in perplexitybewilder) (记) non(不)+plus(增加,有利的)→不利的→窘困 (同) 派生词: nonplussed (adj. 窘困迷惑的) (例) The speaker looked very nonplussed.

518

potentiate

(考) 反义词:deactivate(使无效) (例) A novelist's work may be potentiated by his experience of war and of suffering.

519

pastry

(英) n. 糕点,点心(sweet baked goods) (记) paste(浆糊)+ry→面糊做成的糕点

520

antedate

(英) v. (在信、文件上) 写上较早日期;早于(to happen at an earlier date than) (记) ante(前面)+date(日期)

521

dispensable

(英) adj.不必要的,可有可无的 (that can be dispensed with) (记) dis+pens(挂)+able→可挂掉的→不必要的; (同) 参考:indispensable(必不可少的) (例) This magazine is dispensable. Let's discontinue our subscription.

522

pulchritude

(英) n.美丽(physical comeliness) (考) 反义词:ungliness(丑的); hideous(可怕的) (记) pulchr(美丽)+itude

523

perimeter

(英) n. 周长(the boundary of a closed plane figure or the length of it) (考) circumference : cirle \ perimeter : rectangle \ border : country(圆周是圆边的总长\周长是矩形边的总长\边界是国家边的总长) (记) peri(周围)+meter(测量)→周长

524

unsophisticated

(英) adj. 不懂世故的,单纯的(not sophisticated) (记) un(不)+sophisticated(老于世故的,复杂的)

525

nudge

(英) v. (用肘)轻触,轻推(to push or poke gently)_ (例) He nudged his friend to let him know it was time to leave.

526

leery

(英) adj.机警的怀疑的(suspicious; wary; cautious)

527

recurrence

(英) n. 重现,反复(occurring again after an interval) (记) re(重新)+curr(跑)+ence→跑回来→重现 (例) The frequent recurrence of the pain.

528

pollster

(英) n. 民意测验家(one that conducts a poll) (考) exponent : advocate \ pollster : canvass(鼓吹者善于鼓吹\民意测验家善于调查) (记) poll(民意调查)+ster(人)

529

emolument

(英) n.报酬薪水(remuneration) (记) e+molu(碾碎)+ment原指磨坊主加工粮食后所得的钱; (同) 参考:molar(磨牙臼牙) (例) a small weekly emolument

530

arraign

(英) v.传讯( charge in court; indict) (记) 由arrange(安排)到arraign(审讯) →安排对犯人审讯

531

antecedent

(英) n. 前事前情(thing that comes before another) (记) ante(前面先)+ced(走)+ent→走在前面的(事) →前事

532

cascade

(英) n.小瀑布(a smallsteep waterfall) (记) cas(落下)+cad(落下)→一再落下→瀑布 (同) 同根词:casual(偶然的); decadent(颓废的)

533

range

(英) n. 范围 (the measurable limits);脉,排,列 (connected line or row of mountainshillsetc.);v. 排列( put in position or order) (考) range : mountain \ chain : link \ archipelago : island(山组成山脉\结组成链条\岛组成群岛)

534

baneful

(英) adj.有害的,致祸的(causing distress; deadly; pernicious)

535

cognomen

(英) n. 姓 (any family name; surname) (记) cogn(认识)+nomen(名字)→认同的名字→姓 (同) 同根词:nominal(名义上的); nominate(提名)

536

heretical

(考) doctrine : heretical \ course : errant(异教的没有教条\错误的没有方针)

537

successively

(记) 来自形容词successive(连续的)

538

refectory

(英) n. 餐厅,食堂(a large room in a school or college in which meals are served)

539

quill

(英) n.(豪猪等动物的)刺(longsharpstiff spine of a porcupine) (记) 和quell(镇压)一起记 (同) 近形词: quell(镇压)

540

zealotry

(考) 反义词:lack of fervor(缺乏热情)

541

innocuous

(英) adj. (行为,言论等)无害的(harmless) (考) placebo : innocuous \ salve : unctuous \ venom : toxious(安慰剂是无毒的\油膏剂是油质的\毒液是有毒的)反义词:noxious(有害的); caustic(尖刻的) (记) in(无)+noc(毒害)+uous→无毒的 (同) 同根词:obnoxious(引起反感的) (例) There appears to be no such thing as an innocuous heresy.

542

tedium

(英) n.单调乏味 (例: the tedium of a long journey) (例) the tedium of a long journey

543

veracious

(英) adj.诚实的,说真话的 (truthful, honest) (考) 反义词:mendacious(虚假的)

544

presumable

(英) adj. 可能的,可假定的(acceptable as an assumption) (记) 来自presume(推测,认定),pre(提前)+sume(=sum结论)→提前结论→假定

545

inequity

(英) n. 不公正不公平(injustice or unfairness) (考) illiteracy : education \ inequity : redistribution(教育消除文盲\重新分配消除不公平) (记) in(不)+equal(相等)+ity→不相等

546

suspect

(英) v. 怀疑 ( doubt the truth or value of);n. 嫌疑犯 (a person who is suspected of guil in a crime); adj. 可疑的 (of uncertain truthqualitylegalityetc.) (记) sus(在...下面)+spect(看)→在下面看一看→怀疑

547

essence

(英) n. 本质精髓(that which makes a thing what it is) (例) The essence of his argument is that capitalism cannot succeed.

548

infatuated

(英) adj. 迷恋(人)的(completely carried away by foolish or shallow love or affection)

549

ascent

(英) n. 上升攀登(rising or climbing)

550

refrain

(英) v. 抑制,避免(curbrestrain);n. 歌曲的反复句,叠句(a regular recurring phrase or verse) (记) re(重新)+frain(笼头)→上笼头→抑制 (例) She refrained from scolding her child until the company left.

551

futility

(英) n. 无用,无益(the quality of being futile) (考) bootless : futility \ effulgent : resplendence(无用的[东西]无用\灿烂的[东西]灿烂)interesting : intriguing \ bootless : futile(同义: 有趣的=有趣的\无用的=无用的) (记) 来自futile(无用的),fut(流出,倒出)+ile(能…的)→能出去的→无用的 (同) 同根词:refute(反驳,驳倒)

552

sheaf

(英) n.一捆,一束(a bundle) (例) She stands after a sheaf of lilies.(她站在一束百合花后面)

553

entrench

(英) v. 挖壕沟;确立(establish firmly) (记) en+trench(壕沟)→使壕沟产生→挖沟 (例) The new policy serves only to entrench the existing management

554

insertion

(考) caret : insertion \ comma : pause(插字符表示插入\逗号表示暂停)

555

ratification

(考) repatriate : emigration \ repeal : ratification(反义:遣返回国相对移民出境\废除相对批准) (记) ratify(正式批准)+ic+ation

556

monomania

(英) n. 偏狂症,狂热病(a condition of the mind in which a person keeps thinking of one particular idea or subject)

557

wreak

(英) v. 发泄怒火报仇(to inflict vengeance upon; to express anger) (例) The boss wreaked his anger on the workmen.(老板拿工人出气)

558

reconstitute

(英) v. 再组成( bring back into existence);用水泡(to restore by adding water) (考) 反义词:dehydrate(脱水) (记) re(再)+constitute(组成)

559

counteract

(英) v. 消除,抵消 (to act directly against; neutralizeor undo the effect of opposing action) (记) counter(反)+act(动作)→消除 (例) This drug should counteract the snake's poison.

560

colander

(英) n. 滤器,漏勺 (a perforated pan) (考) astrolabe : nautical \ colander : culinary(星盘是航海的工具\滤器是烹饪的工具)centrifuge : separate \ colander : drain(离心机有分离作用\滤器有排液作用) (记) 参考calender(历法);分割记忆co-land-er (同) 近形词: calender(历法);cylinder(圆筒)

561

rampart

(英) n.壁垒(a protective barrier; bulwark);城墙( a broad embarkment raised as a fortification) (考) rampart : invasion \ levee : flood(堡垒防止入侵\河堤防止洪水)tower : edifice \ rampart : barrier(塔楼是一种建筑物\城墙是一种障碍物) (例) the ramparts of freedom(自由的堡垒)

562

disgust

(英) n. 反感厌恶(strong dislike ) (考) blatant : arresting \ odious : disgusting(显眼的很引人注意\可憎很令人厌恶)odious : disgust \ menacing : fear(可憎的令人厌恶\恐吓的令人害怕)反义词:entrancing(使人入神的) (例) The use of torture must disgust any civilized person.

563

dote

(英) v. 溺爱(to be excessively or foolishly fond);昏聩(to be foolish or weak-minded) (考) upbraid : reproach \ dote : like(谴责是严厉责备\溺爱是过分喜爱) (例) The newlywed doted on each other.

564

honesty

(英) n. 诚实老实(truthfulness) (考) bigot : tolerance \ liar : honesty(固执己见者不会宽容\说谎者不会诚实)dissemble : honesty \ snub : politeness(掩饰是没有诚实\怠慢是没有礼貌)反义词:improbity(不诚实)

565

hubbub

(英) n. 嘈杂,喧哗(uproar; tumult; noise) (记) 象声词:hub+bub (例) the hubbub of the traffic

566

furlough

(英) n. (军人)休假(a leave granted to military enlisted personnel) (记) fur=forlough=leavefor leave(请假)→休假 (例) He's home on furlough.

567

nonradioactive

(记) non(不)+radioactive(放射性的)

568

overdue

(英) adj. 过期未付的(left unpaid too long);逾期的(later than expected)

569

odometer

(英) 里程表(an instrument fitted in a car to record the number of miles it travels)

570

interchangeable

(英) adj. 可互换的(that can be interchanged) (考) synonymous : meaning \ interchangeable : function(意义相同的是同义的\功能相同是可互换的) (记) interchange(交换,互换)+able→能互换的

571

dynamo

(英) n. 发电机(electric generator) (考) emollient : soothe \ dynamo : generate(缓和剂缓和\发电机发电)

572

transparent

(英) adj. 透明的(allowing light to pass through) (考) porous : liquid \ transparent : light(能渗透的可以透过液体\透明的可以透过光线)conspicuous : see \ manifest(lucid) : perceive \ transparent : understand(引人注目的容易看见\显然的容易察觉\明晰的容易理解)反义词:opaque(不透明的); deceitful(欺诈的); delusive(欺骗的) (记) trans(穿过)+par(平等,一样)+ent→穿过去看形状一样→透明的 (同) 派生词: transparency (n. 透明; 幻灯片)

573

extant

(英) adj.现存的,传世的(still existing; not extinct) (考) 反义词:extinct(灭绝的); lost(错过的) (记) ex+stant(站)→站出来→现存的

574

rustic

(英) dj. 乡村的,乡土气的(lacking refinementelegancepolishor sophistication) (考) 反义词:polished(雅致的); urbane(优雅的) (记) rust(乡村)+ic→乡村的 (同) 同根词:rusticity(乡村风味,笨拙) (例) David owned a rustic inn near the lake.

575

maraud

(英) v. 抢劫,掠夺(to rove in search of plunder; pillage) (记) 分割记忆:mara(野兔)+ud(看作under)→野兔在下面吃东西→掠夺,抢劫 (例) The Roman Empire was attacked by marauding Goths and Huns.(罗马帝国遭受到处抢劫的哥特人和匈奴人的攻击)

576

predominate

(英) v. 支配,统治 ( have the main power or influence)占优势 ( be greater in force)

577

accessible

(英) adj.易达到的(easy to approach);易受影响的(open to the influence of) (考) 反义词:abstruse(奥妙的) (同) n. accessibility

578

promenade

(英) n.\v. 散步,开车兜风(a leisurely walk or ride for pleasure or display) (记) pro(向前)+menade(=walkdrive)→向前走→散步 (例) take a promenade in the street

579

opine

(考) augur : predict \ pundit : opine(占卜家预测\博学者思想)

580

nonesuch

(英) n. 无匹敌的人(a person or thing unrivalled or unequaled) (记) 组合词:none+such→没有这种人

581

anhydrous

(英) adj. 无水的(shortage of water) (考) 反义词:wet(湿的) (记) an(无)+hydr (水)+ ous→无水的 (同) 同根词: dehydrate(脱水); carbohydrate(碳水化合物)

582

retaliate

(英) v. 报复,反击(to get revenge) (考) remuneration : service \ retaliation : injury(服务得到报酬\伤害得到报复) (记) re(反)+tail(邪恶)+ate→把邪恶还回去→报复 (同) 参考:talisman(避邪物);retaliatory(报复性的) (例) When the mayor criticized the newspaperit retaliated by endorsing his opponent.

583

counterbalance

(英) v. 起平衡作用(act as a balance to sb\sth) (记) counter(反对相反)+balance(平衡) →两边一样→达到平衡

584

raffle

(英) n.(尤指为公益事业举办的)对奖售物(活动)(lottery) (考) lottery : raffle \ ticket : admission(抽彩是一种对奖活动\门票是一种通行允许)

585

repository

(英) n. 贮藏室,仓库(depository) (记) re(反复)+pos(放)+itory→放东西的地方→仓库 (例) a repository for merchandise(货栈)

586

purification

(考) purification : dross \ desalinization : salt(提纯除去杂质\脱盐除去盐份)refine : purification \ attenuate : rarefaction(提纯导致纯化\变稀薄导致稀薄化)反义词:adulteration(掺假) (记) 来自动词purify(净化)+cation

587

urge

(英) v. 催促,怂恿( try very hard to persuade);强烈要求( suggest very strongly) (考) irk : enrage \ suggest : urge(激怒比使烦恼更强烈\敦促比建议更强烈)

588

obtain

(英) v. 获得,得到 ( become the owner of) (记) ob(加强动作)+tain(拿住)→拿到→获得

589

trivial

(英) adj. 琐细的(commonplaceordinary; of little worth) (考) 反义词:gist(要点); substantive(实质的); massive(宏伟的) (例) raise trivial objections(提出无关紧要的反对)

590

scant

(英) adj. 不足的,缺乏的(barely or scarcely sufficient) (考) 反义词:profuse(丰富的) (例) scant knowledge \ scant sleep

591

remit

(英) v. 免除(refrain from inflicting)宽恕(to release from the guilt or penalty of)汇款(to send money) (例) Please remit your rent before the first of each month.

592

revive

(英) v. 使苏醒( become conscious again);再流行( come or bring back into use) (考) 反义词:wither(枯萎); lull(使麻痹)

593

muse

(英) v. 沉思,冥想(to think or meditate in silence) (记) 联想记忆:Muse (希腊神话中缪斯女神) (例) She sat musing for hours.

594

bassoon

(记) bass(低)+oon→低音管;bass本身是一个单词,意为'低沉的声音'

595

homogeneity

(英) n. 同种同质(quality of being alike) (记) homo(同类的)+gene(基因)+ity(表性质) →具有同种基因→同质

596

footloose

(英) adj. 自由自在的,无拘束的(to go wherever one likes or to do as one likes) (考) dauntless : trepidation \ footloose : attachment(大胆的不胆小\自由的不依附)反义词:attached(附着的)

597

bare

(英) v. 暴露(to make or lay bare; uncover) (考) 反义词: occult(隐藏)

598

epilogue

(英) n. 收场白; 尾声(a closing section) (考) epilogue : novel \ coda : symphony(后记是小说的结尾\尾声是交响乐的结尾)dessert : meal \ epilogue : play \ coda : sonata(正餐的结束是甜点\戏剧的结束是收场白\奏鸣曲的结束是完结部)反义词:prologue(前言); preface(前言) (记) epi(在…后)+logue(说话)→在后面说话→尾声; (同) 参考:prologue(开场白) (例) The murderer's name was revealed in the mystery's epilogue.

599

formality

(英) n. 遵循的规范(careful observance of rules) (考) skirmish : insignificance \ duel : formality(小战斗的特点是不重要\决斗的特点是正式) (记) form[形状]+al+ity(表性质)→正式性质→规范

600

welsh

(英) v.赖债不还 (to avoid payment);失信 (to break one's word) (记) 和威尔士人(Welsh)的拼写一样 (例) welsh on one's debts(赖债)

601

sustain

(英) v.承受(困难),支撑(重量) (carry or withstand a weight or pressure) (记) sus(下面)+tain→在下面支撑住 (例) An unshakable faith sustained me(不可动摇的信念支撑着我).

602

throes

(英) n. 剧痛(violent anguish)

603

heckle

(英) v. 诘问,困扰(to annoy or harass by interrupting with questions or taunts; bait) (记) 来自heck(加强语气词,表示骂)+le (例) heckle the performers with shouts

604

affirm

(英) v. 赞成(confirm );肯定(being confident in asserting) (考) 反义词:recant (放弃信仰、主张); abjure (放弃意见); gainsay (否定、否认) (记) af+firm(坚定)→再坚定→肯定; (同) 派生词: affirmative(adj. 赞成的肯定的)

605

buoyant

(英) adj. 有浮力的,快乐的(showing buoyancy; cheerful) (考) buoyant : sink \ insoluble : dissolve(有浮力不会下沉\不能溶解的不会溶解)bend : rigid \ submerge : buoyant \ dissolve : insoluble(顽固的无法弯曲\浮动的无法下沉\难溶的无法溶解) (记) buoy(浮标)+ant (同) 派生词: buoyancy (n. 浮动,快乐)

606

satiny

(英) adj. 光滑的,柔细的(smoothsoftand glossy) (记) satin(缎子)+y→像缎子一样的,光滑的

607

objection

(英) n. 厌恶反对(disapproval or dislike) (记) ob(反)+ject(扔,射)+ion→反过来扔→厌恶,反对

608

ineligible

(英) adj. 没有资格的(not legally or morally qualified) (记) in(不)+eligible(有资格的)

609

bask

(英) v.晒太阳,取暖(to warm oneself pleasantly in the sunlight) (记) 联想:把basket去掉et就是bask→拎着篮子晒太阳 (例) I like to lie on the sandbasking in the sunshine.

610

bankrupt

(英) adj.破产的(unable to pay debts; insolvent) (考) 反义词: solvency(有尝债能力)-bankruptcy(破产) (记) bank(银行)+rupt(断)→破产 (同) 派生词: bankruptcy (n.破产)同根词:corruption(腐败); interrupt(打断)

611

aggrieved

(英) adj. 愤愤不平的,痛心的(having a grievance; offended) (记) ag+griev(悲伤)+ed→悲伤的 (同) 同根词:grievous(令人悲痛的,伤害严重的); grief(悲伤)

612

fare

(英) 交通费(money paid for transportation in a traintaxiplaneetc.);食物(food) (考) tuition : instruction \ fare : transportation(教育要收学费\运输要收车费)smuggler : tariff \ stowaway : fare(走私者逃避关税\偷乘者逃避交通费) (例) a taxi fare. simple fare(简单的食物)

613

slight

(英) adj. 微小的(small in degree);n.\v. 轻蔑( treat rudely without respect) (考) celebration : lamentful \ slight : respectful(庆祝没有悲哀\轻蔑没有尊敬)反义词:show respect to(表示敬意); ponderous(重的); grievous(严重的); prodigious(巨大的); cosset(宠爱) (例) My remark was not meant as a slight on you.

614

kinetic

(英) adj. 运动的(of or resulting from motion) (记) kinet(动)+jc→运动的 (同) 同根词:kinescope(显像管); kinematics(运动学)

615

literal

(英) adj. 字面上的精确的(accurate) (考) metaphor : literal \ melody : spoken(隐喻不是字面上的\曲调不是口语化的) (记) liter(文字)+al→按照字面意思的→忠实原义的 (同) 同根词:literacy(识字); literary(文学上的) (例) The literal interpretation of idioms is often funny.

616

falsehood

(英) n. 谎言(untrue statement) (考) corroborate : evidence \ calumniate : falsehood(用证据证明\用谎言诽谤) (记) false(错假)+hood(时期性质)

617

contort

(英) v. (使)扭曲; 曲解(to twist or wrench into grotesque form; deform) (记) con+tort(弯曲)→全部弯曲→扭曲 (同) 同根词:distort(歪曲); tortuous(弯弯曲曲的); torture(折磨)派生词: contortion (n. 扭曲,弯曲) (例) trees with contorted branches

618

disband

(英) v.解散(团体) (to break up an association or organization) (记) dis+band(团体、乐队)→解散团体 (例) The club has disbanded.

619

abduct

(英) v.绑架,拐走(to take[a person]away unlawfully; kidnap) (记) ab+duct(引导)→把人带走→绑架; (同) 派生词: abduction(n. 绑架)同根词:viaduct(高架桥)introduction(介绍引入)

620

dislodge

(英) v.逐出,取出(to force from a position where lodged; drive out) (考) 反义词:anchor(固定) (记) dis+lodge(小屋)→逐出(小屋等) (例) dislodge a fishbone from a cat's throat

621

seasoned

(英) adj.有经验的训练有素的(experienced)

622

potent

(英) adj. 强有力的(having or wielding force: powerful) (同) 同根词:potential(有潜在力量的) (例) John longed to be potent again.

623

swallow

(英) v. 吞下,咽下; 忍受( accept patiently or without question) (考) 反义词:disgorge(呕吐) (例) He swallowed all the criticism without saying a thing.

624

copyright

(考) sound : air \ electricity : copper(声音可以通过空气传播\电可以通过铜传播)

625

erase

(英) v. 擦掉,抹去 (to rubscrapeor wipe out; effaceexpungeobliteratedelete) (记) e+rase(擦)→擦掉; 参考: abrasion(磨损); erasable ( 可消除的可抹去的)

626

chalice

(英) n.大酒杯圣餐杯(goblet; consecrated cup)

627

lactic

(英) adj. 乳汁的(of or obtained from milk) (记) lact(乳)+ic→乳汁的 (同) 同根词:lactate(哺乳); lactogenic(催乳的)

628

recondite

(英) adj. 深奥的(difficult or impossible for understanding) (考) 反义词:widely understood(被广泛理解的); patent(明显的); self explain(明晰的) (记) re(反)+con(共同)+dite(说)→不是对所有人都能说→深奥的

629

disciplinarian

(英) n.严行纪律的人(a person who believes in enforcing strict discipline) (记) 比较同义词:martinet (厉行纪律的人)

630

indignity

(英) n.侮辱轻蔑; 侮辱性的言行(humiliating or degrading treatment)

631

wheat

(英) n. 小麦 (a plant from whose grain flour is made) (考) winnow : wheat \ refine : oil(去小麦的糠秕\提炼油)chaff : wheat \ shell : pecan(小麦有谷壳\山核桃有外壳)

632

compellation

(英) n. 姓名,头衔 (appellation)

633

replete

(英) adj. 饱满的,塞满的(fully or abundantly provided or filled) (记) re(重新)+plete(满)

634

insider

(英) n. 局内人,圈内人(a person inside a given place or group)

635

seascape

(英) n. 海景 (a view of the sea) (同) 参考:landscape(风景);cityscape(城市景色)

636

ravel

(英) v. 纠缠,纠结 (become twisted and knotted);拆开,拆散( unravel) (考) 反义词:knit(编织) (例) ravel out a rope's end

637

tile

(英) 瓷砖(a thin shaped piece of baked clay used for covering roofswallsfloorsetc.)铺瓦于贴瓷砖于(cover with tiles) (考) piece : jigsaw puzzle \ stitch : sampler \ tile : mosaic(拼图游戏由块组成\刺绣花样由针脚组成\马赛克由瓷砖组成)

638

hinterland

(英) n. 内地(an inland region);穷乡僻壤(back country) (记) hinter(=hinder 后面的)+land(土地)

639

municipality

(英) 自治市镇(town or district having local self-government)

640

rectify

(英) v. 改正,调正(correct by removing errors; adjust);提纯(to purify by repeated distillation) (记) rect(直)+ify→使…直→纠正 (同) 派生词: rectification (n. 改正,校正,提纯) (例) The store rectified its error by giving me the product for free.

641

avuncular

(英) adj. 伯(叔)父的(of an uncle) (记) av(女方)+uncul(叔伯)+ar→女方的叔伯→伯父的; (同) 参考:uncle(叔叔)

642

diameter

(英) 直径(length of a straight line connecting the center of a circle or sphere to two points on its side) (考) diameter : circle \ diagonal : rectangle(直径是圆形内最长直线\对角线是矩形内最长直线) (记) dia(对面)+meter(计量测量) →量到对面的线→直径

643

squalor

(英) n.不洁,污秽 (state of being squalid) (考) 反义词:splendor(显赫)

644

overwhelm

(英) v. 泛滥(to pour down upon);压倒(crush; overpower) (考) usurp : take \ overwhelm : defeat(篡夺是强行获取\压倒性胜利是强力打败) (记) over (在…之上)+whelm(淹没,压倒) (例) be overwhelmed with excitement \ Emotions overwhelmed the actor when he won an award.

645

gambol

(英) n.\v. 雀跃,嬉戏(a jumping and skipping about in play; frolic) (考) 反义词:plod(沉重地走) (记) 来自gamb(腿)+ol→腿跳跃→雀跃,不要和gamble(赌博)相混

646

roe

(英) n. 鱼卵(the eggs of a fish in the ovarian membrane) (考) egg : chicken \ roe : silmon(鸡生鸡蛋\鲑鱼生鱼卵)

647

convulse

(英) v使震动,震惊 (to shake or disturb violently; agitate) (记) con+vulse(可能来自pulse'推')→共同推→震动 (同) 参考:vulnerable(易受影响的,脆弱的)

648

internecine

(英) adj. 内讧的,两败俱伤的(deadly or harmful to both sides of a group) (记) inter(相互)+nec(杀)+ine→互相杀→自相残杀 (例) Soon after the internecine for control beganthe empire sank into lassitude.

649

ominous

(英) adj. 预兆的,不祥的(of an evil omen; portentous) (记) 来自omen(预兆征兆) (例) The nation is worried about the ominous signs of civil war.

650

condiment

(英) n. 调味品,佐料 (a seasoning or relish for food) (记) condi(隐藏)+ment→隐藏(坏味道)的东西→佐料 (同) 同根词:abscond(潜逃);recondite(深奥的)

651

allocate

(英) v.配给分配(assign sth for a special purpose ; distribute) (记) al(一再)+loc (地方)+ ate→不断送给地方→分配[东西]; (同) 派生词: allocation ( n. 拨给,分配)同根词: location(地理位置); locomotive(机车火车头)

652

char

(英) v.烧焦(make or become black by burning)

653

epitome

(英) n. 典型(sb\sth. shows all the typical qualities of something)梗概(abstract; summaryabridgment) (考) epitomize : brevity \ embellish : ornamentation(概括的特点是简短的\装饰的特点是装饰的) (记) epi(在…后)+tome(一卷书)→在一卷书后的话→梗概,tome 本身是一个单词,意为“卷、册” (同) 派生词:epitomize (v.概括; 成为…的缩影) (例) The work you've done epitomizes sloppiness and ignorance.

654

induce

(英) v. 诱导(to lead on to some action);引起(to bring out) (记) in(进入)+duce(引导)→引入,引起 (例) Too much food induced sleepiness.

655

detoxification

(英) n. 解毒(action of removing poison ) (考) detoxification : poison \ neutralization : acid(解毒解除毒素\中和解除酸性) (记) 来自detoxify

656

upgrade

(英) v. 提升,给...升级( give a position of more importance to) (记) up(向上)+grade(等级)→升级

657

sprinkling

(英) n.点滴,少数(a limited quantity or amount) (例) a sprinkling of rain(几滴雨)

658

gusher

(英) n. 滔滔不绝的说话者(a person who gushes);喷油井(an oil well)

659

vanquished

(考) attack : vanquished \ goad : provoked(进攻可以使被征服\刺激可以使被激起)

660

environs

(英) n. 郊外,郊区(suburbs or outskirts) (记) environment(环境)的前半部environ即是郊区,en+viron(圆)→进入圆→城市周围→郊区 (例) the city and its adjacent environs

661

fell

(英) n.兽皮(an animal's hide or skin);v.砍伐(to cut down a tree or trees) (考) quarry : stone \ fell : timber(采石目标是石头\伐木目标是木头) (记) 和fall 的过去式fell拼写一致 (例) a felled oak

662

didactics

(英) n.教学法 (the art or science of teaching; pedagogy)

663

elated

(英) adj. 得意洋洋的振奋的(marked by high spirits; exultant) (考) 反义词:despondent(丧气的) (记) e+lat(放)+ed→放出(高兴神态)→得意的 (例) The people seem elated at the victory.

664

careworn

(考) 反义词:repulse(憎恶)

665

bygone

(英) adj. 过去的(past) (记) by(经过)+gone(过去的) →过时的

666

latency

(英) n. 潜伏期(latent period) (考) latency : response \ incubation : disase(反应和反应潜伏期\疾病和疾病潜伏期)

667

infiltrate

(英) v. 渗透,渗入(to pass through) (考) infiltrate : enter \ insinuate : say(渗透是不知不觉进入\暗示是不知不觉说出) (记) in(进入)+filtr(过滤)+ate→过滤进去→渗透; (同) 参考:filter(过滤) (例) Water has infiltrated the soil surface.

668

garishness

(考) stridency : sound \ garishness : appearance(刺耳声音\俗丽外表)

669

retrospective

(考) 反义词:anticipatory(预想的) (例) The book gave us a retrospective view of our grandparents' lives.

670

disputatious

(英) adj.好争辩的(fond of arguing; contentious) (考) polemic : disputatious \ invective : abusive(同义: 争论和争论的\辱骂和辱骂的) (记) 来自dispute(争论,争执),dis+pute(=think想)→反着想→争论 (同) 同根词:putative(被公认的),repute(认为,名声)

671

instinct

(英) n. 本能(natural inborn tendency) (考) 反义词:learned response(学到的反应) (记) in(内)+stinct(刺刺激) →内在的刺激

672

mythical

(英) adj. 神话的 ( in a myth);虚构的 (not real)

673

psychoanalysis

(英) n.精神分析( a method of analyzing psychic phenomena) (记) psycho(精神)+analysis(分析) (例) The lecture on psychoanalysis explained the importance of dreams.

674

agglomerate

(英) v. 凝聚,结块(to gather into a clustermassor ball) (记) ag+glomer(球)+ate→滚成球→凝聚; 参考: conglomerate(凝聚成团)

675

rollicking

(英) adj. 欢乐的(noisy and jolly) (记) 分割记忆:rol(卷)+lick(舔)+ing

676

reminder

(英) n.提醒人记忆之物(something that makes one remember) (记) 来自动词remind(提醒)

677

chrysanthemum

(记) chrys(金黄色)+anth(花)+emum(名词后缀)→金黄色的花→菊花 (同) 同根词: anthology(文集); chrysalis(蛹蚕)

678

presumptuous

(英) adj. 专横的,冒昧的(overstepping propriety or courtesy) (考) 反义词:humble(谦恭的) (记) 来自presume(擅自,放肆) (例) The bold student asked his teacher a presumptuous personal question.

679

unambiguous

(记) un(不)+ambiguous(含糊不清的)

680

dissolution

(英) n. 溶解瓦解(breaking up of sth) (记) dis(分开)+solut(松开)+ion→松开分散→瓦解

681

stitch

(英) (缝纫时的)一针一钩 (one in-and-out movement of a threaded needle in sewingembroideringor suturing);v.缝合 (to fastenjoinor close with stitches) (考) tile : mosaic \ stitch : sampler(马赛克由瓷砖组成\刺绣花样由针脚组成) (例) He needed five stitches in a cut on his head. (他头上的伤口需要缝五针)

682

viral

(英) adj. 病毒性的 ( caused by a virus)

683

nicety

(英) n.准确精确(precision; accuracy) (考) nicety : precision \ illusion : fantasy(精确和精确\幻想和幻想)

684

paragon

(英) n. 模范,典型(a model of excellence or perfection) (考) paragon : admire \ pariah : contempt(模范被尊敬\贱民被轻视)反义词:travesty(滑稽而歪曲模仿) (记) para(旁边)+gon(角,样子)→作为旁边人学的样子→模范 (同) 同根词:trigon(三角形); polygon(多角形)

685

permeable

(英) adj. 可渗透的(penetrablehaving pores or openings) (考) knead : malleable \ penetrate : permeable(可塑的可以捏制\可渗透的可以穿透)opacity : light \ impermeablilty : fluid(不透明无法让光线进入\不可渗透无法让液体进入)反义词:waterproof(防水的) (记) per(全部)+mea(通过)+able→通过的→渗透的 (同) 派生词: permeability (n. 渗透性) (例) a permeable membrane(渗透膜)

686

harmony

(英) n.相符一致(agreement);协调匀称(a pleasing combination of related things) (考) 反义词:imbroglio(纠葛); discord(不一致) (记) harm(适合)+ony→彼此合适→协调

687

brawl

(英) v.\n.争吵,打架(a roughnoisy quarrel or fight) (记) 和下面的brawny一起记,'强壮的'人容易'吵架'(someone who is brawny is easy to brawl) (同) 近形词: crawl(爬行); awl(尖钻) (例) The children brawled with each other constantly.

688

rubble

(英) n.(一堆)碎石,瓦砾(rough and loose fragments of rockor debris from buildings) (例) a building reduced to rubble by bombing

689

closet

(考) pantry : food \ closet : clothes(储藏室用来放食品\壁橱用来放衣服)

690

equable

(英) adj. 稳定的,不变的(not varying or fluctuating; steady);(脾气)温和的(tranquil; serene) (考) 反义词:intemperate(放纵的) (记) equ(平等 )+able→能够平等的→稳定的 (例) an equable temperature. an equable person.

691

impress

(英) 给予某人印象深刻(have a favorable effect on sb)盖印(press sth hard into a soft surfaceleaving a mark)压痕印记(mark left by pressing sth hard into a soft surface) (考) grandstand : impress \ equivocate : deceive(哗众取宠是为了留下印象\含糊其词是为了欺骗) (记) im(进)+press(挤压) →压进去→盖印→印入头脑

692

supine

(英) adj. 仰卧的(lying on the back);懒散的(mentally or morally slack) (考) 反义词:vigilant(警觉的) (记) sup(=super 在…上面)+ine→(肚子)在上面→仰卧的; (同) 参考:prone(俯卧的)

693

revelation

(英) n. 显示 (an act of making sth. known or seen) (记) revel(=reveal 揭露)+ation→揭露,显示 (例) Revelation of the new tax increase angered the voters.

694

quarantine

(英) n.隔离检疫期,隔离(enforced isolation to prevent the spread of disease or pests) (考) quarantine : contagion(contactcontamination)\hedge : loss \ embargo :commerce\ safeguard : accident(隔离防止传染(接触污染)\树篱防止丢失\禁运防止贸易\安全设施防止事故) (记) quarant(四十)+ine原意指隔开40天 (例) During the quarantineno one could leave the afflicted village.

695

identify

(英) v. 认明,认出(treat as the same) (考) anonymous : identify \ nonchalant : excite(匿名的不容易识别\冷漠的不容易激动)

696

equine

(英) adj. 马的,似马的(characteristics of a horse) (记) 参考后面的equitation(骑马术)

697

ungenerous

(记) un(不)+generous(慷慨的)

698

remuneration

(考) remuneration : service \ retaliation : injury(服务得到报酬\伤害得到报复)

699

garrulous

(英) adj. 唠叨的,多话的(loquacious; talkative);喋喋不休的(talking too much)(记) 来自词根:garr(唠叨)(考) garrulous : talkative \ cloying : sweet(喋喋不休是过分多话\腻是过分甜)反义词:laconic(简洁的) (记) garr(闲聊)+ulous→唠叨的 (例) It is very difficult to interrupt a garrulous person.

700

enclave

(英) v. 译成密码(to convert a message into cipher) (记) en+cipher(密码); (同) 参考:decipher(破译)

701

prosperous

(考) 反义词:depressed(沮丧的); impecunious(贫穷的) (例) The prosperous nation received its revenues from oil.

702

razor

(英) n.剃刀,刮胡刀(a keen cutting instrument for shaving) (考) bit : drill \ blade : razor(钻用钻头来钻\剃刀用刀锋来剃) (记) raze(夷平,抹掉)+or→剃刀

703

quixotic

(英) adj.不切实际的,空想的(foolishly impractical ) (考) quixotic : idealistic \ touchy : sensitive(空想是过分理想\一触即发是过分敏感)反义词:displaying consistently practical behavior(实干的) (记) 来自Don Quixote(堂·吉诃德); 亦作quixotical

704

fringe

(英) n. (窗帘等)须边;边缘(an outer edge; border; margin) (考) 反义词:center(中心) (记) 和flange(凸出的轮缘)一起记; 参考: on the fringes of a city (在城市边缘) (例) on the fringes of a city (在城市边缘)

705

ichthyologist

(考) salmon : ichthyologist \ chameleon : herpetologist(鱼类学家研究鳜鱼\爬虫学者研究变色龙)

706

puckish

(英) adj. 淘气的(mischievous) (考) 反义词:sober(严肃的); grave(严重的)

707

supplementary

(英) adj. 补充的,附加的(additional) (考) synopsis : condensed \ appendix : supplementary(概要是浓缩的\附录是补充的)

708

wrist

(英) n. 腕,腕关节(the joint between the hand and the lower part of the arm)

709

hiss

(英) v. 作嘘声;(蛇等)发出嘶嘶声(to make a sound like prolonged 's') (考) hiss : sibilant \ drone : monotonous(发咝咝声特点是咝咝的\发翁翁声特点是单调的) (记) 比较:piss(撒尿) (例) The crowd hissed the speaker when he said taxes should be increased.

710

tactile

(英) adj.有触觉的 (relating to the sense of touch) (考) tactile : touch \ affective : emotion(有触觉的→触觉\有感情的→感情) (记) tact(接触)+ile→触觉的 (同) 同根词:contact(联系);tactometer(触觉测量器)

711

secular

(英) adj. 世俗的,尘世的(of the worldly or temporal) (例) secular affairs(世事)\secular drama(世俗戏剧)

712

dissipation

(英) n.放荡的生活(dissipated living) (考) 反义词:accumulation(积聚) (例) Year of dissipation had ruined his health.

713

adjutant

(英) n.(军队的)副官(an administrative assistant to the commanding officer) (记) 请和adjust(调整)一起记

714

barometer

(记) baro(重压)+meter(仪表)→气压计

715

unadorned

(记) un(不)+adorn(装饰)+ed

716

saliva

(英) adj. 含盐的,产盐的(producing or containing salt) (记) sali(盐)+fer(带有)+ous→含盐的 (同) 同根词:saline(盐的);desalinzation(脱盐)

717

abate

(英) v.减轻,减少(to make less in amount; wane) (考) abate : tax \ alleviate : distress(减少税收\减轻压力)反义词: augment(增加); intensify(加强); promote(促进) (记) a+bate(走,打)→走下去→减轻 (同) 同根词:rebate(回扣)debate(辩论)

718

nonconformist

(英) 不遵照传统生活的(人) (not following established customsbeliefsetc. ) (例) The nonconformist poet satirized American culture.

719

uptight

(英) adj.焦虑不安的(being tightnervousor uneasy) (记) up+tight(紧的) (例) People are uptight about the war and things like that.

720

cavalry

(英) n.骑兵部队装甲部队(combat troops mounted originally on horses but now often riding in motorized armored vehicles) (记) 可以看出caval有“骑马”之意

721

suggestible

(英) adj.易受影响的(easily influenced by suggestions) (例) be too suggestible to possess a style of one's own

722

pressing

(英) adj. 紧迫的,迫切的 (urgent);恳切要求的(asking for something strongly)

723

statuette

(英) n. 小雕像 (a small statue) (记) statue(雕像)+ette(小)→小雕像

724

metamorphosis

(英) n. 变形,变态(as change of form or structure) (考) 反义词:continuation without change(持续不变) (记) meta(变化)+morph(形状)+osis→变形 (例) The process of a caterpillar changing into a butterfly is metamorphosis.

725

errant

(英) adj. 错误的,脱离正途的(erring or straying from what is right) (考) errant : course \ heretical : doctrine(脱离正途的偏离正道\异端邪说的偏离正统教条) (记) err(错)+ant→错的; (同) 参考:error(错误)

726

insidious

(英) adj.隐藏诡计的(more dangerous than seems evident) (记) in+(里面)+sid(坐)+ious→(祸害)坐在里面的 (同) 同根词:assiduous(勤勉的); preside(主持) (例) The glib salesman sells products in some insidious way.

727

lance

(英) n. 长矛(light spear);鱼叉(fish spear)

728

penumbra

(英) n. 半明半暗之处(a space of partial illumination);边缘部分( fringe) (记) pen(接近)+umbra(影子)→接近影子→明暗交界处 (同) 同根词:adumbrate(预示); umbrella(雨伞) (例) a mystical penumbra(一种神秘的气氛)

729

synoptic

(英) adj.摘要的(affording a general view of a whole)

730

apostrophe

(考) apostrophes : word \ ellipsis : sentence(撇号省略字\省略号省略句子) (记) apo+strophe(转)→用'把字语省略 (同) 同根词:strophe(诗节,轮流唱的诗); catastrophe(大灾难)

731

defense

(英) n.防御防护(fighting against attack) (记) defend 的名词

732

prevalent

(英) adj. 普遍的,流行的(widespreaddominant) (考) 反义词:unusual(不寻常的) (记) pre(前面)+val(力量)+ent (例) Eye diseases are prevalent in some tropical countries.

733

divulge

(英) v. 泄露,透露(to make known; disclose) (考) 反义词:keep secret(保密) (记) di+vulge(普通)→使…普通→透露 (同) 同根词: vulgar(粗俗的普通的) (例) Betraying a confidenceJohn divulged the secret to others.

734

osseous

(英) adj. 骨的,多骨的(composed of bone; bony) (记) oss(骨)+eous→骨头的 (同) 同根词:ossiferous(含骨化石的); ossify(骨化)

735

ascetic

(英) adj. 禁欲的(self-denying; austere);n. 苦行者(anyone who lives with strict self-discipline) (考) glutton : overindulgence \ ascetic : self-denial(暴食者特点是过分放纵\禁欲者特点是过分自律)indulge : ascetic \ restrain : libertine(禁欲者不放纵\放荡者不克己)ascetic : luxury \ teetotaler : alcohol(苦行者不讲奢华\禁酒者不饮酒)反义词:sybarite(纵情享乐者); voluptuary( (记) 直接来自希腊文,原意是'刻苦锻炼并隐居的人' (同) 派生词: asceticism (n.禁欲主义)

736

gloomy

(英) adj. 阴暗的( enveloped in darkness or dimness);没有希望的(very sad or dejected; hopeless) (例) The news cast a gloom over him. a gloomy mood(悲观情绪)

737

pawnbroker

(英) 典当商当铺老板(one who lends money on the security of personal property)

738

economical

(英) adj. 经济的节约的(careful in the spending of money) (考) 反义词:redundant(多余的) (例) an economical car to run

739

flicker

(英) v.闪烁,摇曳(to burn or shine unsteadily) (记) 和flick(轻弹)一起记 (例) The wind blew the flickering candle out.

740

rivulet

(英) n. 小溪,小河 (a small stream) (记) rivu(=river 河)+let(小)→小河

741

aeronautics

(记) aero(空气 )+naut(航行)+ics→航空学

742

temperately

(考) 反义词:harangue(发表激烈的演说)-speak temperately(有节制的说)

743

lexicographer

(英) n. 词典编纂人(a person who writes or compiles a dictionary) (考) cartographer : map \ weaver : cloth \ lexicographer : dictionary(制图者制地图\织布者织布\编字典者编字典)

744

intransigence

(考) 反义词: pliancy(顺从)

745

delirious

(英) n. 精神错乱(a temporary state of extreme mental disorder; insanity; mania ) (考) coma : unconsciousness \ delirium : confusion(昏迷是一种无知觉状态\精神错乱是一种混淆状态)

746

retort

(英) v. 反驳 (to answer by a counter argument) (考) repartee : retort \ debate : issue(巧妙回答为了反驳\争论为了进行辩护) (记) re(反)+tort(扭)→反扭,反驳 (同) 同根词:distort(歪曲);tortuous(弯曲的) (例) When I asked my boss for a raisehe retorted: No!

747

disrespect

(英) n. 不尊敬无礼(rudeness) (记) dis+respect(尊敬) →不尊敬

748

limber

(英) adj. (肌肉)松软的,敏捷的(easily bent; flexible; pliant) (考) limber : flexibility \ spindly : frailty(柔软的有灵活性\脆弱的有脆弱性) (记) limb(肢)+er→像四肢一样易弯曲的 (例) the piano player's limber finger

749

prophecy

(英) n. 预言 (a statement telling something that will happen in the future) (考) mentor : guidance \ oracle : prophecy(良师指导\预言者预言) (例) He seemed to have the gift of prophecy.

750

well-established

(记) well(好)+establish(建立,确定)+ed反义词:neologism(新词)-well-established expression(长期使用的表达)

751

deaden

(英) v. 减低某物的力量或强度(lessen the intensity of sth) (考) tonic : stimulate \ analgesic : deaden(补药使激发\麻醉剂使麻木) (例) drugs to deaden the pain

752

mobile

(英) adj. 易于移动的 (not fixed in one position) (记) mob(动)+ile

753

echelon

(英) n.(动物)蜕皮换羽毛(the shedding of an outer layer of skin or integument) (记) 由该单词组成另一单词: ecdysiast(脱衣舞舞女)

754

conviviality

(英) n. 欢乐交游(cheerfulnesssociability) (记) 联系convival(adj.欢乐的欢宴的;con[共同]+vivi[生命]+al→共同活跃→欢乐的)

755

seine

(英) n. 拉网,大捕鱼网(a large net) (考) bird : snare \ fish : seine(罗网捕鸟\鱼网捕鱼)

756

harangue

(英) n. [贬]长篇演说(a longscolding speech; tirade) (考) 反义词:speak temperately(有节制地说) (记) 分割记忆:har看作hardangue看作arguehard-argue→强硬的辩论→长篇演说

757

contradict

(英) v. 反驳驳斥(affirm the contrary of a statementetc) (记) contra(反)+dict(说话断言)→反说→反驳 (同) 派生词: contradiction (n.反驳矛盾); contradictory (adj.互相矛盾的)

758

externalize

(英) v. 使...表面化(make sth external) (例) externalize one's thoughtsemotions(把思想感情表达出来)

759

laconism

(考) 反义词:verbosity(冗长)

760

toxic

(英) adj.有毒的,中毒的 (of a poison or toxin) (考) 反义词:beneficial(有益的) (记) tox(毒)+ic→有毒的 (同) 同根词:detoxify(解毒);toxication(中毒)

761

locution

(英) n. 说话的方式或语气(a particular style of speech) (记) locu(说话)+tion; (同) 参考:circumlocution(累赘的表述)

762

septic

(英) adj. 受感染的,腐败的(causing infection) (考) 反义词:free of infection(未受感染的) (记) sept(细菌,腐烂)+ic (同) 同根词:antiseptic(杀菌的,防腐的)

763

noncontemporaneous

(记) non(不)+contemporaneous(同时期的)

764

crutch

(考) crutch : walk \ glasses : see(拐杖协助走路\眼镜协助观看)

765

dolt

(英) n. 傻瓜(a stupidslow-witted person) (考) wag : humorous \ dolt : stupid(爱说笑的人特点是幽默的\傻瓜特点是笨的) (例) His date turned out to be a dolt.

766

limited

(英) adj. 有限的 (not very great in amountpower) (考) 反义词:slew(大量); pandemic(普遍的); versatile(多用的) (记) limit(限制)+ed

767

feat

(英) n.功绩,壮举(remarkable deed) (例) It was quite a feat to move that piano by yourself.

768

aggression

(英) n. 侵略(the practice of attacks);敌对的情绪或行为(hostile feelings or behavior) (记) ag+gress(走)+ion→一再走→侵略 (同) 同根词:egress(出口); progress(进步); transgress(违背) (例) She was always full of aggression as a child.

769

repatriate

(英) v.(自异国)遣返(return to the country of originallegianceor citizenship) (考) repatriate : emigration \ repeal : ratification(反义:遣返对移出\废除对批准) (记) re(重新)+patr(父亲,祖国)+iate→重回祖国→遣返 (例) Prisoners of war were repatriated.

770

cleavage

(英) n. 裂缝,分裂 (a cleft; fissure; division) (记) 参考leave(离开)一起记

771

blossom

(例) The cherry trees blossomed earlier this year. (樱桃花今年开得早)

772

teammate

(英) n. 队友(参考: roommate[室友]) (考) ally : war \ teammate : game(战争结成盟国\比赛结成队友) (记) team(队)+mate(伙伴)

773

soot

(英) n.黑烟灰,油烟 (black powder out of smoke ) (考) soot : combustion \ sawdust : woodcutting(燃烧产生烟尘\锯木头产生锯屑)

774

irony

(英) n. 反话;出人意料的事情或情况(the opposite of what is expected)

775

insignia

(英) n. 徽章,袖章(badgesemblemsetc.) (记) in(作为)+sign(标志,记号)+ia→作为标志的东西

776

familiarity

(英) n.精通(close acquaintance);亲近(close association);不拘礼仪(free and intimate behavior) (考) 反义词:conversance(精通)-lack of familiarity(不熟悉) (记) 来自familiar(熟悉的)

777

finable

(英) adj.应罚款的(liable to a fine) (记) 来自fine(罚款)+able→应罚款的 (例) a finable offense

778

perjure

(英) v. 作伪证,发假誓(to tell a lie under oath) (考) 反义词:depose(作证) (记) per(表面)+jure(发誓)→发假誓

779

wordsmith

(考) raconteur : storytelling \ wordsmith : writing(健谈者擅长讲故事\文字创造者擅长写作)

780

wean

(英) v.(孩子)断奶; 戒掉(to free from a unwholesome habit or interest) (例) Wean young people from hooliganism(使年轻人戒除流氓习气)

781

abject

(英) 极可怜的(miserable; wretched);卑下的(lacking self-respect; degraded; base) (考) 反义词:exultant(欢跃的) (记) ab+ject(抛扔)→抛掉的→可怜的 (同) 同根词:reject(抛弃,拒绝), projectile(投射物)

782

haft

(英) n. 柄,把柄(a handle or hilt of a knife) (记) 参考shaft(矛柄)

783

inconsolable

(英) adj.极度沮丧的(that cannot be consoled) (记) in(不)+consol(安慰)+able→不能被安慰的

784

abase

(记)a+base(降低) →贬低(同) 同根词:debase(贬低); basement(地下室)

785

pervasive

(英) 遍及弥漫的(that pervades or tends to pervade) (例) A pervasive feeling of anger was evident through the jail.

786

compassion

[记]词根记忆:com + pass(感情) + ion→一起感情→同情同根词:dispassionate(a. 心平气和的);impassive(a. 冷漠的)反义词:indifference(n. 不关心的)

787

pinpoint

(英) v. 精确地找出或描述 (find or describe exactly);adj. 非常精确的 (very exact) (例) pinpoint precision

788

irrigate

(英) v. 灌溉(to supply land with water) (考) stoke : fuel \ irrigate : water(司炉是添加燃料\灌溉是添加水)galvanize : stimulate \ irrigate : flush(通电刺激是刺激\冲洗伤口是冲洗) (记) ir(进入)+rig(引水)+ate→把水引进→灌溉

789

nervousness

(记) nervous(紧张的)+ness

790

stranded

(英) adj.搁浅的,进退两难的(caught in a difficult situation) (记) strand(海滩)+ed→搁浅的,注意strand的另一层意思:'一股,一缕'

791

tremble

(英) v. 颤抖( shake uncontrollably);焦虑( feel great fear and anxiety) (考) voice : quaver \ hand : tremble(声音颤抖\手颤抖) (记) trem(发抖)+ble

792

hoarse

(英) adj. 嘶哑的,粗哑的(sounding rough and husky) (例) have a sore throat and a hoarse voice

793

epitaph

(英) n. 墓志铭 (an inscription on a tomb or gravestone) (考) epitaph : tombstone \ motto : shield(碑文刻在墓碑上\题铭刻在盾上) (记) epi(在…上)+taph(=tomb墓)→在墓碑上刻的字→墓志铭

794

tasty

(英) adj. 味道好的(having a pleasant noticeable taste) (考) 反义词:uninteresting(无趣的) (记) taste(味道)+y

795

dorsal

(英) adj. 背部的(ofonor near the back) (记) dors(背)+al→背部的 (同) 同根词: endorse(v. 背书批准)

796

validate

[记] valid(有效) + ate →使有效

797

craft

(英) n. 行业手艺(occupationesp one that needs skill) (同) 参考:craftsman(手艺人) (例) the potter's craft

798

antitoxic

(英) adj. 抗毒素的(acts against a poisonous substance and prevents it from having a harmful effect) (记) anti+tox(毒)+ic→抗毒素的 (同) 同根词: detoxify(解毒); intoxicate(使中毒使陶醉)

799

merger

(英) n.合并(combination of two business corporations)

800

refurbish

(英) v. 刷新,擦亮(to brighten or freshen up; renovate) (记) re(重新)+furbish(磨光,磨亮) (例) He's going to Paris to refurbish his French.

801

brusque

(英) adj.唐突的,鲁莽的(rough or abrupt; curtblunt) (记) brus=brut(野兽的)+que→像野兽的→唐突的 (同) 同根词:brutal(残忍的) (例) brusque behavior

802

pillar

(英) n. 柱子 (a tall upright round post) (考) frieze : ornament \ pillar : support \ stockade : enclosure(横饰带用来装饰\柱子用来支撑\栅栏用来包围)colonnade : pillar \ queue : person(柱子组成柱廊\人组成队列)反义词:derelict(废物)-pillar of society(社会栋梁)

803

frantic

(英) adj. 疯狂的,狂乱的(wild with anger; frenzied) (记) 是frenetic(狂热的)变化而来,可以和frank(坦率的)一起记 (例) frantic with grief. a frantic rush (忙乱).

804

merchandise

(英) n. 商品(commodities);存货(the stock of goods) (考) census : population \ inventory : merchandise(人口普查清查人口\货物清单查清商品) (记) 来自merchant(商人)+dise (例) The store has a lot of merchandise on sale.

805

poniard

(英) adj. 匕首,短剑(a dagger with a slender blade)

806

banish

(英) v. 放逐某人(send sb out of the country as a punishment) (考) evict : residence \ banish : country(驱逐从住处赶出\流放从国家赶出) (例) He was banished for life .

807

fondness

(考) mania : enthusiasm \ doting : fondness(狂热是过分热情\溺爱是过分喜爱)fascination : interest \ adoration : fondness(着迷是十分感兴趣\爱慕是十分喜欢)反义词: antipathy(憎恶)

808

hawser

(英) n. 粗绳,大钢索(a large rope used for towing or mooring a ship)

809

greenhorn

(英) n. 初学者(beginner; novice);容易受骗的人(dupe) (记) 组合词:green(绿色)+horn(角),原指初生牛犊等动物

810

chuckle

(英) v. 轻声地笑 (to laugh softly in a low tone) (考) chuckle : laughing \ whisper : speaking(轻声笑比笑小声\轻声说比说小声) (记) 比较:chortle(哈哈大笑); grin(露齿笑); guffaw(哄堂大笑) (例) The comedian couldn't get even a chuckle out of the audience.

811

despondent

(英) adj. 失望的,意气消沉的(disheartened; depressed; dejected; hopeless) (考) 反义词:elated(兴高采烈的); sanguine(满怀希望的) (记) de+spond(允诺)+ent→没有得到的允诺→失望的 (同) 同根词:respond(反应); responsible(负责任的) (例) He's despondent about his poor health.

812

raffish

(考) ingenuous : dissemble \ raffish : preen \ polite : snub(自然的不会掩饰\俗艳的不会打扮\礼貌的不会怠慢)

813

curfew

(英) n.宵禁(regulation requiring all people to leave the streets at stated times)

814

apologize

(英) v. 道歉(say one is sorry ) (考) apologize : contrite \ compliment : impressed(道歉表达后悔\称赞表达被打动) (记) apo(远离)+log(说话)+ize →离(别人)远一点说话→不面对面骂→道歉

815

abnormal

(英) adj. 不正常的,变态的(not normal; irregular ) (记) ab+norm(标准)+al→不正常的;注意比较:anomaly(反常)

816

verve

(英) n.(艺术作品的)神韵(vivacity);(人)生机(energyvitality) (例) go at one's job with all the verve of a youngster(拿出年轻人的全部干劲来做工作)

817

wangle

(英) v.用巧计或花言巧语获得某事物(achieve by cleverness or trick) (例) He always managed to wangle the easy jobs.(他总是设法谋到不费力的活儿)

818

format

(英) n. 样式,形式(the shapesizebindingtypeface of a bookmagazineetc.) (同) 同根词: formula(俗套语,常规),formality (拘泥形式,正式) (例) the format of the exam

819

unpalatable

(英) adj. 令人讨厌的(unpleasant and difficult for the mind to accept) (记) un(不)+palatable(合意的)

820

quash

(英) v.取消,拒绝接受(to nullify by judicial action) (考) 反义词:engender(造成) (例) The high court judge quashed the decision of the lower court.

821

endorsement

(英) 背书(the act or process of writing on the back of[a document]);赞同(sanctionapproval) (考) rider : bill \ endorsement : policy(法案和其附加条款\保险单和其附加条款) (记) en+dorsee(背)→在背后签名→赞同 (例) I don't endorse your choice. He endorsed his paycheck.

822

bulwark

(英) n. 堡垒,保障(fortified rampart) (记) bul(厚木块 plank)+wark(工作)→用厚木板工作→加固堡垒

823

stoic

(英) n.坚忍克己之人(firmly restraining response to pain or distress) (考) stoic : perturb(flinch) \ avaricious : satisfy(冷静的不易打扰\贪婪的不易满足) (记) 来自希腊哲学流派Stoic(斯多葛派),主张坚忍克己 (例) a stoic indifference to reproaches(对责备坦然处之)

824

equate

(英) v. 认为...相等或相仿(consider sth as equal to sth else) (记) equ(相等)+ate(表动词) →使平等

825

ablution

(英) n. (宗教的)净礼,沐浴(a washing of the body as a religious ceremony) (记) ab+lut(冲,洗)+ion→沐浴 (同) 同根词:dilute(冲淡,稀释), antediluvian(史前的,大洪水以前的,luv=lut)

826

spider

(英) 蜘蛛(a small eight-legged creature which makes silk threadsusu.into cobwebs for catching insects to eat) (考) web : spider \ nest : bird(蜘蛛在网上\鸟在巢中)

827

score

(英) n. 乐谱 (musical composition in written or printed notation) (考) symbols : rebus \ notes : score(画迷由符号组成\乐谱由音符组成)text : extemporize \ score : improvise(即兴演讲不需原稿\即兴演出不需乐谱) (记) score作为'分数、得分'大家都很熟悉 (例) the score of an opera(歌剧总谱)

828

hardihood

(英) n. 大胆,鲁莽(boldnessfortitude) (记) 来自hardy(强壮的,勇敢的)

829

vacuum

(英) n. 真空; 空虚(a feeling of emptiness or loss) (考) nil : quantity \ vacuum : matter(零是没有数量\空是没有物质) (记) vac(空,无)+cum

830

purgatory

(英) n. 炼狱; 受苦受难的地方(a place of great suffering) (例) It's purgatory to have to listen to her sing.(不得不听她唱歌真是受罪)

831

attorney

(英) n.律师(any person legally empowered to act as agent) (考) attorney : disbar \ student : expel(取消律师资格不能做律师\开除学籍不能做学生) (记) at+torn(转)+ey→转的人→能说会道的人→律师 (同) 同根词:tornado(龙卷风)

832

unpretentious

(英) adj. 不炫耀的(not attempting to seem specialimportantwealthy) (考) 反义词:bombastic(夸大的) (记) un(不)+pretentious(自命不凡的)

833

disfunctional

(英) v.剥夺…的权力(尤指选举权或公民权)(to deprive of the rights of citizenship) (记) dis+franchise(选举权)→剥夺权力

834

mincing

(英) adj.做作的装腔作势的(affectedly dainty );

835

morsel

(英) n. 一小块(食物)(a small bite or portion of food);小量(a small piece or amount) (例) morsels of news(点滴新闻)

836

artless

(英) adj. 粗俗的(uncultured; ignorant)自然的(without artificiality) (考) blemish : impeccable \ guile : artless(无瑕疵的无瑕疵\朴实的无狡诈)反义词:cunning(狡猾的); disingenuous(无诚意的) (例) an artless village girl(纯朴的村姑)

837

cultivation

(英) n.耕作耕种(being cultivated) (记) cultivate(v.耕作培养;cult[耕种]+ivate[表动词])+ion

838

reassess

(记) re(再,重新)+assess(评价)

839

supposition

(英) n.猜想,推测(something that is supposed;hypothesis) (考) 反义词:certainty(确信) (记) 来自suppose(假定,料想),sup(下面)+pose(放)

840

brochure

(英) n. 小册子(booklet or pamphlet) (例) a travel brochure

841

fruition

(英) n. 实现,完成(fulfillment of hopesplansetc) (记) fruit+ion→有果实→有成果

842

woo

(英) v.向(女人)求爱(to sue for the affection; court),争取…的支持(to solicit or entreat with importunity) (考) adulate : fawn \ woo : adore(程度: 谄媚→奉承\追求→爱慕) (例) woo fame and fortune (追逐名利) \ woo the voters before an election(在选举前争取选民)

843

hector

(英) v. 凌辱,威吓(to browbeat; bully) (记) hect(许多)+or→装出有许多力量的人→虚张声势的人→威吓 (例) The bully began hectoring the younger students.

844

maelstrom

(英) n. 大漩涡(violent whirlpool);大混乱(a violently agitated state of mindemotionetc) (考) maelstrom : turbulent \ mirage : illusory(大旋涡的特点是汹涌\海市蜃楼的特点是虚幻) (记) mael(=mal坏)+strom(水流,旋转) (例) the maelstrom of thinking(思想上的极端混乱)

845

subdued

(英) adj. (光和声)柔和的,缓和的; (人)温和的(unnaturally or unusually quiet in behavior) (考) 反义词:flamboyant(华丽的); unruly(蛮横的); flamboyant(火焰似的)

846

malaise

(英) n. 不适,不舒服 (a feeling of illness) (记) mal(坏的)+aise(=comfort)

847

pinnacle

(英) n. 尖塔(spire);山峰,顶峰(a lofty peak; summit) (记) 来自pin(针)+(n)acle→像针一样尖的东西→山峰_ (例) Receiving the prestigious award became the pinnacle of the actor's career.

848

crotchety

(英) adj. 脾气坏的(of someone old) eccentric; whimsical)

849

lumen

(考) decibel : sound \ lumen : light(分贝是声音的单位\流明是光的单位)

850

screen

(英) 屏风幕(an upright frame used as a small movable wall for dividing a roomprotecting people from viewfrom cold airfrom fires)掩蔽物屏障(something that protectssheltersor hides)遮蔽(protects from lightwind) (考) screen : movie \ stage : play(电影在荧幕上演出\戏剧在舞台上演出)

851

contention

(英) n. 争论 (the act of dispute; discord);论点 (a statement one argues for as valid) (记) con+tent(拉)+ion→你拉我夺→争论 (同) 同根词:abstention(节制); attentive(关心的)

852

cessation

(英) n.中止,(短暂的)停止(a ceasingor stopping) (考) 反义词:perseverance(坚定不移); commencement(开始) (记) cess(停止)+ation→不走的状态→中止 (同) 近形词:cession(割让); concession(让步)

853

termination

(英) n. 结束,终止 (act of terminating) (考) voting : roll call \ termination : cloture(唱名是一种选举过程\辩论结束是一种终止)inception : termination \ matriculation : graduation(反义: 开始对结束\开学对结业)

854

almond

(同) 近形词: alimony(赡养费)

855

unregenerate

(英) adj. 不知悔改的 (making no attempt to change one's bad practices) (考) truculent : gentleness \ unregenerate : remorse(凶残的不温柔\不悔改的不后悔) (记) un(不)+regenerate(更新的)

856

holocaust

(英) n. 大屠杀,浩劫(great or total destruction of life by fire) (记) holo(全部)+caust(烧)→全部烧掉→大屠杀 (同) 同根词:caustic (腐蚀性的); cauterize(烧灼) (例) All countries must work together to avoid a nuclear holocaust.

857

resonant

(英) adj. (声音)洪亮的(enriched by resonance);共鸣的 (echoing) (考) full-bodied : flavor \ resonant : sound(浓烈的味道\洪亮的声音) (记) re(回)+son(声音)+ant→回声→洪亮的 (同) 同根词:dissonant(不和谐的); supersonic(超音波的)派生词: resonance (n. 回响,共鸣) (例) John's resonant laughter carried across the room.

858

adjacent

(英) adj.接近的,毗连的(adjoiningcontiguousneighboring) (记) ad+jacent(to lie躺)→躺在附近→接近的; (同) n. adjacency(毗邻)

859

propriety

(英) n. 礼节,适当(appropriateness; decorum) (考) transgression : morality \ presumption : propriety(犯罪不讲道德\傲慢不讲礼貌)prudish : propriety \ finicky : quality(过分注意礼节\过分挑剔质量)indecorous : propriety \ boorish : sensitivity(无礼的[人]没有礼貌\鲁钝的[人]没有敏感) (记) propriet(拥有)+y→拥有得体的行为 (例) a breach of propriety(失礼行为)

860

disbarment

(英) v.取消律师资格 (to expel a lawyer from the bar; exclude) (考) attorney : disbar \ student : expel(逐出律师界不能再当律师\开除学籍不能再当学生) (记) dis+bar(律师界)→逐出律师界 (例) The judge threatened to disbar the troublesome attorney.

861

truancy

(英) n.逃学,旷课 (an act staying out of school without permission) (记) 来自truant(逃学者)+cy (例) His many truancies troubled his parents.

862

gripping

(英) adj. 紧紧抓住注意力的(holding the interest strongly) (记) 来自grip(抓住,控制) (例) I found a gripping film.

863

caricature

(英) 讽刺画滑稽模仿(a picture or imitation of a personliterary styleetc. in which certain features or mannerisms are exaggerated for satirical effect) (考) pithiness : aphorism \ exaggeration : caricature \epigram : brevity(格言的特点是简洁\讽刺画的特点是夸张\警句的特点是简洁)brevity : aphorism \ distortion : caricature(格言的特点是简洁\讽刺画的特点是扭曲) (记) 分解出三个单词: car-i-cat-ure我在汽车和猫之间

864

euphony

(英) n. 悦耳的语音(pleasant sounds in spoken words)

865

unfeigned

(记) un(不)+feigned(假的)

866

invulnerable

[记]in(不) + vulnerable(脆弱的)

867

axiomatic

(英) adj. 不需证明的,不言自明的(self-evident or aphoristic) (考) 反义词:controversial(有争议的)

868

heliotrope

(记) helio(太阳)+trope(转)→转向太阳的植物 (同) 同根词:heliosis(中暑); heliocentric(以太阳为中心的)

869

buckle

(英) v. 扣紧(to fasten or join with a buckle) (记) buckle up扣紧安全带

870

mesmerize

(英) v. 对…催眠(to hypnotize);迷住(to fascinate) (记) 来自奥地利医生Mesmer始创催眠术 (例) get mesmerized by television(被电视所迷)

871

laudable

(英) adj. 值得称赞的(worthy of being lauded)

872

aegis

(英) n.保护支持(shield; protection; defense) (例) Medical supplies are being flown in under the aegis of the Red Cross.

873

doodle

(英) v. 胡划胡写(make meaningless drawings) (考) draw : doodle \ travel : ramble(无目的的绘画是乱画\无目的的旅行是闲逛) (例) Stop doodling on my notebook !

874

renascent

(英) adj. 再生的(reborn after being forgoten) (例) He felt a renascent love for his children.

875

limpid

(英) adj. 清澈的,透明的(perfectly clear; transparent) (考) 反义词:turbid(混浊的); murky(混浊的) (例) a limpid stream \ a limpid conscience(宁静的内心)

876

considerable

(英) adj. 可观的相当多的(great in amount or size) (考) restive : calmness \ piddling : importance(不安静的无安静\不重要的无重要性) (例) a considerable quanitysumdistance

877

repent

(英) v. 懊悔,后悔(to feel regret or contrition) (记) re(重新)+pent(后悔)→再次后悔→懊悔 (同) 同根词:penitence(后悔,忏悔)派生词:repentance (n. 悔恨) (例) The sinners repented and became good citizens.

878

refresh

(英) v. 消除...的疲劳,使恢复精神( bring back strength and freshness to) (考) 反义词:disgruntle(使不高兴) (记) re(再)+fresh(新鲜的)

879

captivate

(英) v. 迷惑,吸引(fascinate; charm; attract) (考) 反义词: repulse(拒绝) (记) 来自captive(俘虏)+ate→成了美的俘虏→用美丽迷惑 (同) 派生词: captivation (n. 吸引力,魅力)

880

factional

(考) 反义词:disinterested(公正的) (例) factional disputes within the party

881

discredit

(英) v.怀疑(to reject as untrue; disbelieve)n.丧失名誉(disgrace;dishonor) (例) The idea that the sun goes round the earth has long been discredited.

882

devoid

(英) adj. 空的,缺少的(empty or destitute of) (记) de+void(空)→空的 (同) 同根词:void(避免); voidance(排泄,取消) (例) This house is totally devoid of furniture.

883

dissonance

(英) n. 不和谐(的音调)(an inharmonious sound ) (考) 反义词:concord(一致)

884

empyrean

(英) n.天空,天神居处(firmament; the highest heaven) (记) em+pyr(火)+ean→进入火中(太阳的地方)→天空 (同) 同根词:pyre(火葬柴堆); pyrogenic(发热的)

885

persistence

(英) v. 坚持,执意 ( continue in a way of behaving in spite of opposition )

886

undulate

(英) v.波动,起伏 (to form or move in waves;fluctuate) (记) undu(波浪)+ulate→波动,起伏 (例) a field of wheat undulating in the breeze

887

fertile

(英) n.多产的(producing abundantly);肥沃的( fecund; prolific) (记) fert(=fer带来,结果)+ile→可带来果实的→多产的 (例) fertile soil.

888

colloquy

(英) n.(非正式的)交谈会谈(informal discussion; conversation)

889

hilarious

(英) adj. 充满欢乐的(noisily merry);引起大笑的(producing great merriment) (考) macabre : shudder \ hilarious : laugh(可怕的让人颤抖\可笑的让人发笑) (记) hilar(高兴)+ious→高兴的 (同) 同根词:exhilarate(使高兴,使兴奋) (例) The audience roared at the hilarious comedy.

890

imperturbable

(英) adj. 冷静的,沉着的(that cannot be disturbed; impassive) (考) chary : caution \ imperturbable : composure(谨慎的[人]谨慎\镇静的[人]镇静)反义词:tickish(极敏感的); restive(不安的; 难控制的) (记) im(不)+perturb(打扰)+able→不能被打扰的→沉着的; (同) 参考:perturbation(不安,扰乱)

891

seclusion

(英) n. 隐遁,隔离 (the condition of being secluded) (考) sequester : seclusion \ endanger : jeopardy(使隐退进入隐居\使危及进入危险)

892

eucalyptus

(英) n. 语源学(the branch of linguistics dealing with word origin and development) (记) 来自etymon(词源,词根)

893

carcinogen

(英) n. 致癌物(substance that produces cancer) (记) carcinoma(n.癌)+词根gen(产生)

894

paradox

(英) n. 矛盾,似矛盾而正确的说法(a self-contradictory statement) (考) paradox : contradictory \ epigram : wise(自相矛盾的话是矛盾的\警句格言是智慧的) (记) para(旁边)+dox(观点)→不正规的观点→矛盾; (同) 同根词:orthodox(正统的); heterodox(异端的)

895

bonnet

(记) bon(好)+net→好东西→帽子 (同) 同根词:bonny(吸引人的); bonus(奖金)

896

dispatch

(英) v.派遣 (to send off or out promptly);一下子做完、吃完(to eat up quickly);n.迅速 (promptness; haste) (考) 反义词:leisureliness(从容) (记) dis+patch (妨碍)→去掉妨碍→迅速完成; (同) 参考:patch (补丁→有碍外观) (例) We soon dispatched the chocolate cake. \He did the job with great dispatch.

897

eulogize

(英) v. 称赞颂扬(praise highly in speech or writing) (考) panegyric : eulogize \ lampoon : satirize(颂词是为了赞扬\讽刺文章是为了讽刺)encomiast : enlogize \ quibbler : cavil(赞扬者擅长赞扬\吹毛求疵者擅长挑剔) (记) eu(好)+log(说)+ize→说好话

898

realm

(英) n. 王国 (a country ruled over by a king or queen);领域,范围 (an area of activitystudyetc.)

899

capsize

(英) v.使船翻;倾覆([of a boat] turn over) (例) The boat capsized in heavy sea.

900

giggle

(英) v. 咯咯笑(laugh lightly in a nervous or silly way) (例) What a giggle !

901

mirage

(英) n. 幻影,海市蜃楼(an optical illusion) (考) maelstrom : turbulent \ mirage : illusory(大旋涡[的特点]是狂暴\海市蜃楼[的特点]是虚幻) (记) mir(惊奇)+age→使人惊奇之物→海市蜃楼 (同) 同根词:miraculous(神奇的);mirror(镜子) (例) The image of an oasis was just a mirage.

902

waffle

(英) n. 蛋奶烘饼; v. 胡扯,唠叨( talk or write meaninglessly) (考) 反义词:speak unequivocally(清楚地说) (例) What's she waffling about?(她在胡说些什么)

903

community

(英) n. 社区集体(the people living in one place) (记) commun(公共的)+ity(状态) →公共状态→社区社会

904

controllable

(英) adj. 可操纵的(that can be ordered) (例) Drugs can make violent patients controllable.

905

bench

(英) 长凳(long seat made of wood) (考) 类比; rostrum : orator \ bench : judge(演讲者在讲台上演讲\法官在法官席上审判) (例) a park bench

906

hypnotic

(考) 反义词: conscious(有意识的); stimulant(刺激物)

907

vernacular

(英) adj.本国语,地方语(dialect) (考) vernacular : place \ jargon : profession(方言是地方语言\行话是行业语言) (例) They spoke to each other in the vernacular of the region.(他们用本地话互相交谈)

908

antihistamine

(英) 抗组胺剂(any of a variety of drugs used to treat allergies)

909

expend

(英) v.花费(to pay out; spend);用光(to use up) (考) 反义词:store up(储存) (记) ex+pend(称,挂)→称重量付钱→花费 (同) 同根词:suspend(悬吊,暂停)

910

fitful

(英) adj. 一阵阵的不安的(restless) (记) fit(一阵)+ful→一阵阵的→间歇的,不安定的 (例) a fitful night

911

arrogant

(英) adj. 傲慢的,自大的(overbearinghaughtyproud) (考) mean : prodigality \ meek : arrogance(吝啬的不挥霍.温顺的不傲慢)confidence : arrogant \ inquiry : interrogatory(过分自信是傲慢\过分询问是质问)intentional : accidental \ arrogant : humble(故意的不是偶然的\傲慢的不是谦逊的)frugal : miserly \ confident : ar (记) ar+rog(要求)+ant→一再要求→傲慢的 (同) 派生词: arrogance (n. 傲慢,自大)同根词:abrogate(废除); interrogate(审问) (例) The tennis player's arrogant reaction offended the fans.

912

barren

(英) adj.不育的,贫瘠的不结果实的(sterile bare) (记) bar=bare(光光的)+ ren→一无所有的→不孕的

913

levitate

(英) v. (使)浮于空中(to cause to rise and float in the air) (记) lev(升起)+itate→升空,飘浮 (例) A sleeping lady was levitated over the magician's audience.

914

lout

(英) n. 粗人(a clumsystupid fellow; boor) (记) 可能来自loot(掠夺)

915

dominate

(考) 反义词:have no control over(对…无法控制)

916

raiment

(英) n.衣服(clothinggarments)

917

recount

(英) v. 描述,叙述(to relate in detail; narrate) (记) re(重新)+count(点数)→重新点数→再讲→描述 (例) The explorer recounted his adventure in a number of books.

918

notch

(英) n. V字形刻痕(a concave or V-shaped cut or indentation (考) 反义词: serrated(锯齿状的)-without notches (没有刻痕的)

919

quote

(英) v. 引用,引述 ( repeat in speech or writing the words of a person or a book) (例) He's always quoting verses from the Bible.

920

cabal

(考) cabal : association \ plot : plan(阴谋集团是秘密协会\密谋是秘密计划)

921

layman

(英) n. 门外汉(not in a profession) (记) 参考laity (信徒,门外汉)

922

installment

(英) n. 分期付款; 安装( installation) (记) in(不)+stall(停止)+ment→不停地(给钱)→分期付款_

923

ritual

(英) n. 仪式,例行习惯(ceremonial act or action) (记) rite(仪式)+ual→仪式 (例) Our society has many rituals of greetingfarewell and celebration.

924

pall

(英) v.令人发腻失去吸引力(become boring) (考) 反义词:interest(有兴趣); intrigue(引起兴趣) (例) I find his books begin to pall after a while - they're all very similar.

925

skimp

(英) v.节省花费(to give insufficient or barely sufficient funds for) (考) parsimonious : skimp \ malingering : shirk(吝啬的[人]节约\装病的[人]逃避) (例) to skimp on food to save money

926

incapable

(英) adj.不能胜任的(unable to do anything well) (记) in(无)+capable(有能力的)

927

parse

(英) v. 对…作语法分析 ( state the part or speechthe grammatical formand the use in a particular sentence of a word) (考) scan : metrical \ parse : grammatical(scan是对韵律的分析\parse是对语法的分析)specimen : dissect \ sentence : parse(解剖分析物种\拆解语法分析句子)

928

hypnosis

(英) n. 催眠状态(a trance-like condition)

929

deportment

(英) n. (尤指少女的)风度,举止(behavior ; demeanor; bearing) (记) de+port(拿)+ment→拿出姿态→举止; (同) 参考:comport(举动,表现) (例) She learnt good deportment when she was quite young.

930

import

(英) 进口输入(bring goodsideasetc from a foreign country into one's own country)进口货(imported goodsservicesetc)进口输入(action of importing goods) (考) smuggler : import \ embezzler : appropriate(走私者偷偷进口\贪污者偷偷挪用) (记) im(进)+port(拿运) →拿进港口

931

bend

(英) v. 使弯曲(force sth straight into an angle) (考) bend : rigid \ submerge : buoyant \ dissolve : insoluble(刚毅的不会弯曲\有浮力的不会沉没\不能溶解的不会溶解) (例) a slight bend

932

obfuscation

(考) equivocation : truth \ euphemism : offense \ obfuscation : clarity(真理不会含糊\冒犯不会委婉\清晰不会迷惑)

933

unassuming

(英) adj. 不摆架子的,不造作的(not arrogant or presuming; modestretiring) (记) un(不)+assuming(傲慢的) (例) an unassuming manner(谦逊的态度)

934

bizarre

(英) adj. 奇异的,古怪的(grotesquefantastic) (记) 比较:bazaar(集市),集市上有各种古怪的东西 (例) Bazaars can be bizarre.A bizarre series of events preceded the murder.

935

rancid

(英) adj.不新鲜的,变味的(rank; stinking) (记) ranc(臭)+id→臭的 (例) Rancid cheese smells very bad.

936

seditious

(英) adj. 煽动性的(tending towards sedition)

937

inalienable

(英) adj. 不可剥夺的(not transferable to another or capable of being repudiated) (考) inalienable : surrendered \ implacable : propitiated(不可剥夺的不能被让与\难以平息的不能被劝解) (记) in(不)+alien(疏远)+able→不可疏远→不可分割的 (例) an inalienable part of the territory of a country

938

utilize

(英) v.利用,使用 (to make use of) (考) milk : extract \ exploit : utilize(榨取是过分提取\剥削是过分利用) (记) ut(用)+ilize→利用 (例) utilize one's abilities in a suitable job

939

isthmus

(英) n. 地峡(a narrow strip of land) (考) isthmus : land \ strait : water(地峡是两海间狭窄的陆地\海峡是两地间狭窄的水道) (记) 希腊语,原意为'脖子'; (同) 参考:strait(海峡)

940

collude

(英) v. 串通,共谋 (to act in conspire) (考) collude : cooperate \ smuggle : convey(串通是偷偷合作\走私是偷偷运输) (记) col+lude(玩弄)→共同玩弄→串通 (同) 同根词:ludicrous(荒谬可笑的)

941

rejoicing

(英) n. 欢乐,狂喜(expression of joy; festivity) (例) After the war endedthere was much rejoicing.

942

encompass

(英) v. 包围、围绕(encloseenvelop) (考) 反义词:exclude(排斥) (记) en+compass(罗盘、范围)→进入范围→包围 (例) He is encompassed with doubts.

943

maxim

(英) n. 格言,普遍真理(a concisely expressed principle or rule of conduct) (记) maxim作为词根是'大、高'的意思,如: maximal(最大的),maximum(最大量) (例) Grandpa always gave advice in the form of maxims.

944

ascendancy

(英) n. 统治权,支配力量(supremacy; dom ination)

945

temporary

(英) adj.短暂的,暂时的 (lasting for a limited time)

946

homely

(英) adj. 朴素的(simple and unpretentious);不漂亮的(plain or unattractive) (记) home(家)+ly→家庭用的→朴素的

947

cringe

(英) v. 畏缩(shrink from something dangerous or painful);谄媚(to act in a timidservile manner; fawn) (考) fidget : nervousness \ cringe : dread(焦躁是因为紧张\畏缩是因为害怕) (记) 注意cringe的两种含义都是GRE中常考的 (例) The child cringed at the sight of the enormous dog.

948

bane

(英) n.祸根(the cause of distressdeathor ruin) (考) 反义词:blessing(福源) (记) ban(挡住)+e→挡住(运气的)东西→祸根

949

dependency

(英) n. 附属国附属地(country controlled by another) (记) de+pend+ency→挂在一起的→附属地

950

relict

(英) adj. 残存的(persistent remnant of an otherwise extinct flora or fauna) (例) a relict species of fish

951

subservient

(英) adj.恭顺的(obsequiously submissive;truckling) (记) sub(下面)+serv(服务)+ient→在下面服务→恭顺的

952

epistemology

(英) n. 认识论(对知识本质的研究)(the study or theory of the naturesourcesand limits of knowledge) (考) aesthetics : beauty \ epistemology : knowledge(美学研究美\认识论研究知识) (记) epi(在…后)+stem(站)+ology(学科)→研究站在知识后面的原因的学科

953

longevity

(英) n. 长寿(long life; great span of life) (记) long(长)+ev(时间)+ity→活得时间长→长寿 (同) 同根词:medieval(中世纪的); primeval(原始的)

954

careen

(英) v. (船)倾斜(to lean sideways);使倾斜(to cause a ship to lean) (同) 近形词: career(职业) (例) As the carriage careened down the hill,the passengers were thrown roughly from side to side.

955

officious

(英) adj. 爱发命令的,好忠告的(meddlesome in a highhanded or overbearing way) (考) attentive : officious \ refined : snobbish(过分关心是多管闲事\过分优雅是势利俗气)officious : meddle \ disaffected : rebel(多管闲事的爱干预\不满的爱反抗)visionary : idealistic \ officious : obliging(程度:空想的→理想的\热心的→多管闲事的)反义词:politic(慎重的策略的) (记) 来自officer(官员)+ious→当官的爱发号施令 (例) My officious neighbor kept asking me personal questions.

956

luxuriant

(英) adj. 繁茂的(lush; teeming);肥沃的(fertile luxuriant soil; profuse) (记) luxur(丰富,精美)+iant→ 丰富的,茂盛的 (同) 同根词:luxuriate(纵情享乐); luxurious(奢侈的,丰富的)

957

lewd

(英) adj. 好色的,猥亵的(showing lust or sexual desire; lascivious) (例) a lewd remark(下流话)

958

lethargy

(英) n. 昏睡(abnormal drowsiness or torpor);倦怠(dullnessapathy) (考) antidote : poison \ tonic : lethargy(解毒剂用来解除毒\补药用来解除困乏)反义词:vigor(活力) (记) leth(死)+argy→昏睡,无生气 (例) John is still in bed due to lethargy.

959

implant

(英) v. 注入(to plant firmly or deeply);灌输(instill; inculcate) (记) im(进入)+plant(种植)→种入→灌输 (例) to implant all words in your mind by repetition

960

sceptical

(英) adj. 怀疑的,不相信的(of an attitude of doubt) (记) 通常写作skepticalscept(怀疑)+ical (同) 同根词:sceptism(怀疑主义);sceptic(怀疑者)

961

asthma

(记) 按发音分割记忆:as-th-ma中间的th不发音

962

indoctrinate

(英) v.教导; 灌输思想(to imbue with doctrines) (考) stickler : exact \ pedagogue : indoctrinate(吹毛求疵者特点是苛刻的\学究特点是教导) (记) in(进入)+doctrin(教条,思想)+ate→使思想进入→灌输

963

unexceptionable

(英) adj. 无可非议的 (that cannot be disapproved of) (考) unexceptionable : oppose \ unique : precedent(无可非议的没有反对\唯一的没有先例) (记) un(不)+exceptionable(可反对的)来自形容词unexpected(意外的)

964

hack

(英) v. 乱劈,乱砍(to chop or cut crudely) (考) hack: carve \ gouge : engrave(乱砍不是雕刻\凿不是铭刻)mercenary : soldier \ hack : writer(雇佣兵是出钱雇来的士兵\雇佣文人是出钱雇来的作家) (例) hack a farm out of the wilderness

965

oppress

(英) v. 压迫,压制 ( rule in a hard and cruel way) (记) op+press(压)→压下去→压迫 (同) 同根词:depress(降低,抑制); impressive(影象深刻的)

966

decisive

(英) adj. 有决定性效果(having a conclusive effect);果断的(showing the ability to decide quickly) (例) a decisive personanswermanner

967

infernal

(英) adj. 地狱的(of hell);可恶的(hateful; outrageous) (记) infern(低)+al→低的地方→地狱的 (同) 同根词:inferior(低下的)

968

mulch

(英) 覆盖料护根(a covering of material used to improve soil and protect the roots of plants)用覆盖料覆盖(cover with a mulch)

969

buffet

(英) v.把...打来打去(strike forcefully; slap) (例) We were buffeted by the wind and the rain.

970

ferret

(英) v.搜寻(to search for persistently and discover) (例) I ferreted out some clues about his past by looking through his files.

971

unfathomed

(英) adj.深不可测的 (immeasurable);无法理解的 (impossible to comprehend) (记) un+fathomed(可测的,理解的) (例) the dark unfathomed caves of ocean

972

irrevocable

(英) adj. 不能改变的(unalterable);无法取消的(that cannot be revoked) (考) irrevocable : repeal \ ineluctable : avoid(不能取消的无法废止\不可避免的无法避免) (记) ir(不)+revoc(=revoke 取消)+able

973

sinewy

(英) adj.多腱的 (toughstringy);强壮有力的(strong) (考) 反义词:weak(虚弱的)

974

underutilized

(记) under(不够)+utilize(利用)+ed

975

expeditious

(英) adj.迅速的,敏捷的(prompt; quick)

976

drudge

(英) v. 劳碌(to do hardmenial or tedious work) (记) 比较: dredge(挖泥疏通) (例) All day longI drudged through my boring job.

977

corporation

(英) n. 法人团体公司(group of people authorized to act as an individual ) (记) corpor+ation(表名词)

978

misconduct

(英) n. 不端行为 (intentional bad behavior) (记) mis(坏)+conduct(行为)

979

antigen

(英) 抗原(substance whichwhen it is put into the bodycauses it to produce antibodies) (记) anti(反对)+gen(出生生产)→[能]产生对抗物质的东西→抗原

980

quip

(英) adj.俏皮话妙语(taunt; clever sarcastic remark)

981

congruent

(英) adj. 全等的一致的(having identical shape and size) (考) congruent : dimensions \ coeval : age(大小相同是全等的\时代相同是同时代的)反义词:variane(变化变量) (记) con+gru=gree(一致)+ent→一致的,全等的 (同) 派生词: congruity (n. 全等; 一致)

982

cynic

(英) n. 愤世嫉俗者(person who believes that people do things only for their own advantage) (考) ingenue : sophistication \ cynic : trusfulness(清纯少女不会世故\愤世嫉俗者不会信任) (记) cyn(狗)+ic→像狗一样活着的人→犬儒主义者

983

contraband

(英) n. 违禁品走私货(illegal trade; smuggled goods) (记) contra(违反)+band(规矩) →违禁品

984

slither

(英) v.(蛇)滑动,扭动前进(to slop or slide like a snake) (考) slither : snake \ waddle : duck(蛇滑行\鸭子摇摆走) (记) 分割记忆:slit(裂缝)+her(她 ) (例) The snake slithered into the weeds.

985

indicative

(英) adj.暗示的(suggestive; implying) (例) Their failure to act is indicative of their lack of interest.

986

pedagogue

(英) n.教师,教育者(a teacherpedant) (考) stickler : exact \ pedagogue : indoctrinate(固执者喜欢苛求\教育者喜欢灌输)

987

husbandry

(英) n. 耕种,务农; 节敛管理 (考) husbandry : dissipate \ alacrity : procrastinate(管理不浪费\敏捷不延迟)反义词:squander(浪费); prodigality(浪费) (记) husband(丈夫)+ry→丈夫所干的活→耕种

988

apathy