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Flashcards in gre_7 Deck (999):
1

ultramundane

(记) ultra(超出,极端)+mundane(世俗的)→超俗的

2

fatal

(英) adj. 致命的(causing death);灾难性的(causing disaster) (例) a fatal accident

3

tundra

(英) n.冻原苔原(rolling treeless plain in Siberia and arctic North America)

4

reprehensible

(英) adj. 应受谴责的(deserving reprehension; culpable) (考) lamentable : pity \ reprehensible : censure(可怜的受同情\应受谴责的受责难)censure : blameless \ approbation : reprehensible(无可指责的不应受责难\应受谴责的不应受表扬) (例) The newspaper sharply criticized the mayor's reprehensible behavior.

5

frolic

(英) n.\v. 嬉戏(a lively party or game);雀跃(gaiety; fun) (例) The young lambs were frolicking in the field.

6

redoubtable

(英) adj. 可敬畏的(causing fear or alarm; formidable) (考) redoubtable : awe(regard)\ despicable : contempt(scorndisregard)(可敬畏的被敬畏\可鄙的被鄙视)exemplary : imitation \ redoubtable : regard \ culpable : blame(模范的值得效法\可敬的值得尊敬\该责备的值得责备)反义词:not formidable(不可怕的); (记) re(反复)+doubt(怀疑,疑虑)+able→行动时产生疑虑,说明对手是可怕的,可敬畏的 (例) redoubtable opponent

7

advanced

(英) adj. 远远在前的(far on in progress);高深的(not elementary) (例) advanced studies

8

piquancy

(考) 反义词:blandness(无味)

9

deference

(英) n. 敬意,尊重(courteous regard or respect) (考) 反义词:effrontery(厚颜无耻); contempt(蔑视) (记) 注意,它的动词为defer(v. 拖延,听从) (例) The babysitter demanded deference from the twins. to defer the expense of a new car until next year. to defer to your wishes.

10

encipher

(英) v. 译成密码(to convert a message into cipher) (记) en+cipher(密码); (同) 参考:decipher(破译)

11

improvident

(英) adj. 不顾将来的,不节俭的(lacking foresight or thrift) (记) im(不)+provident(节俭的,有远见的)

12

provenance

(英) n.(艺术等的)出处,起源(originsource) (记) pro(前面)+ven(来)+ance→前面来的东_西→起源_ (例) a word of French provenance

13

alkali

(同) 派生词: alkaline (adj. 碱性的)

14

treatise

(英) n.论文(a long written work dealing systematically with one subject) (记) treat(对待)+ise→对待问题→论文 (例) a treatise on population

15

stratosphere

(英) n. 平流层,同温层(the outer part of the air which surrounds the Earthstarting at about ten kilometers above the Earth)

16

cocoon

(英) n. 茧(silky covering made by an insect larva) (例) wrapped in a cocoon of blankets

17

estuary

(英) n. 河口,三角湾(an inlet or arm of the sea)

18

reshuffle

(英) v. 再洗牌(to shuffle cards again);改组(to reorganize) (记) re(再)+shuffle(洗牌) (例) reshuffle cabinet ministers(调整内阁阁员)

19

contrast

(英) v.\n. 对比(a comparison showing striking differences) (记) contra(反)+st=stand(站) →反站→对比 (例) Careful contrast of the two plans shows up some key differences.

20

hypotenuse

(记) hypo(在…下面)+ten(拉)+use→从下面拉到上面的一条线→斜边

21

ophthalmology

(记) ophthalm(眼)+ology→眼科学; (同) 参考:ophthalmia(眼炎) (例) The surgeon specialized in ophthalmology.

22

bewildering

(英) adj. 令人迷惑的; 费解的( puzzling )

23

proficient

(英) adj. 熟练的,精通的(well advanced in knowledge) (考) pest : irksome \ expert : proficient(讨厌的人讨厌\专家精通) (记) pro(在前)+ficient(做的)→做在别人前面→熟练的 (同) 同根词:sufficient(足够的);deficient(缺乏的)派生词: proficiency (n. 熟练,精通) (例) The linguist was proficient in five languages.

24

wage

(英) v.开始进行(战争运动)(begin and continue a war)

25

catastrophic

(英) adj. 灾难性的(full of great disaster ) (例) a catastrophic failure

26

moult

(英) v. 脱毛,换羽毛(to cast off or shed hair or feathers)

27

territory

(英) n. 领土,版图 (land) (记) terr(土地)+itory(表示场所,范围)→地的范围→领地

28

bumper

(考) protocol : blunder \ bumper : damage(学习礼节防止犯错\安装保险杠防止毁坏) (记) bump(碰撞)+er防止碰撞之物→保险杠 (同) 同根词: bumpy(崎岖的) (例) bumper to bumper (水泄不通)

29

slump

(英) v.猛然落下,暴跌 (to fall or sink suddenly) (例) Circulation slumped and the magazine closed(发行遽然下降杂志倒闭).

30

mason

(英) n. 泥瓦匠,石匠(a person whose work is building with stonebrick concreteetc) (例) The masons completed the brick wall in only two days.

31

inebriate

(英) v. 使醉(intoxicate);n. 酒鬼,酒徒(a drunkard) (记) in(进入)+ebri(醉)+ate→使…醉 (同) 同根词:inebriety(酗酒); inebriant(令人陶醉的) (例) The inebriated driver crashed into the stop sign.

32

accost

(英) v.贸然上前与人攀谈(approach and speak first to a person boldly) (记) 中间有cost(花费)和人认识后要化钱 (例) She was accosted by a complete stranger.

33

transmit

(英) v.传送,传播 (to send or convey from one person or place to anothe) (记) trans(横过)+mit(送)→送过去→传送 (例) transmit one's ideas to other people

34

wisp

(英) n.小束小捆(small bunch of hair)

35

provident

(英) adj.深谋远虑的(prudent);节俭的(frugal; thrifty) (考) 反义词:profligate(挥霍的) (记) pro(向前)+vid(看)+ent→向前看的→有远见的; (同) 参考:improvidence(浪费)派生词: providence (n.深谋远虑,远见)

36

perishing

(英) adj. (食物)易坏的(liable to spoil or decay) (例) Perishable food should be kept in the refrigerator.

37

substantiate

(英) v.证实,确证(to establish by proof or competent evidence;verify) (考) 反义词:controvert(反驳); disapprove(不赞成):disproof(反驳) (记) substant(事实,物质)+iate→用事实来证明; (同) 参考:substance(物质)

38

embezzlement

(考) forgery : counterfeit \ embezzlement : fraud(伪造物是一种赝品\贪污是一种欺骗)

39

ebullient

(英) adj. 兴冲冲的,热情奔放的( full of enthusiasm)

40

comedienne

(英) 说笑话演滑稽剧等的演员(entertainer who tells jokesperforms sketchesetc to amuse an audience) (记) 来自comedy(喜剧)+enne(女人)

41

congenital

(英) adj. (病等)先天的,天生的 (existing as such at birth; innate) (记) con+gen(产生)+ital→与生俱来的→天生的 (同) 同根词:genital(生殖的); progenitor(祖先) (例) congenital heart defect

42

dowdy

(英) adj. 不整洁的,过旧的(not neat or stylish; shabby) (记) 分割记忆: 把dow看作down(向下)dy看作tidy(干净)→不干净→不整洁 (例) The dowdy old woman always wears grey.

43

ridge

(英) 脊(如屋脊山脊等) (the line of intersection at the top between the opposites slopes or sides of a roof)隆起物 (an elongate elevation) (例) the ridge of a roof

44

distracted

(英) adj. 心烦意乱的,精神不集中的(diverted) (考) 反义词: rapt(全神贯注的) (记) dis+tract(拉)+ed→(精神)被拉开→心烦意乱的 (同) 同根词: tractable(温顺的随和的)

45

inclination

(英) n. 斜坡(an inclined surface);爱好(a liking or preference) (记) in(内向)+clin(倾斜)+ation→倾向于自己→癖好 (同) 同根词:decline(衰退下降)

46

symmetry

(英) n.对称;均衡(balanced proportions) (考) 反义词:disproportion(不对称) (记) sym(共同)+metry(测量)→两边测量相同→对称 (同) 派生词: symmetrical (adj.对称的)

47

blackmail

(英) n. v.敲诈,勒索(payment extorted by threatening) (记) black(黑)+mail(寄黑信)→敲诈

48

horrendous

(英) adj. 可怕的,令人惊惧的(horrible; frightful) (记) horr(可怕)+endous→可怕的 (同) 同根词:horrible(骇人听闻的); horrify(使恐惧) (例) The horrendous fire destroyed most of the town.

49

sanctuary

(英) n. 圣堂,避难所(a place of refuge or protection; asylum) (记) sanct(神圣)+uary(地方)→圣堂 (例) The cabin provided sanctuary from the rain.

50

indomitable

(英) adj. 坚强不屈的(unyielding; unconquerable) (考) implacable : appease \ indomitable : subdue(难平息的无法平息\难征服的无法征服) (记) in(不)+domit(统治,支配)+able→不可支配的→不可征服的; (同) 参考:dominate(支配)

51

interplay

(英) n. 相互影响(interaction)

52

unschooled

(记) un(不)+school(教育)+ed

53

raconteur

(英) n.善于讲故事的人(a person who excels in telling anecdotes) (考) raconteur : storytelling \ wordsmith : writing(善于讲故事的人喜欢讲故事\擅长文字者喜欢写作) (记) racont(=recount描述)+eur(人)→讲故事者

54

deserts

(英) n.应得到的事物或赏罚(what someone deserves)

55

artisan

(英) n. 技工(skilled work man or craftsman) (记) arti(技术)+san(人); 参考: partisan(党徒)

56

flax

(考) clay : porcelain \ flax : linen(瓷器由黏土制造\亚麻布由亚麻制造) (记) 和flex(弯曲)一起记

57

flirtatious

(考) supplicant : beseeching \ coquette : flirtatious(哀求者特征是哀求的\风骚的人特征是轻浮的) (例) a flirtatious young girl

58

sectarian

(英) adj. 宗派的,派系的(characteristic of a sect)

59

husk

(英) n. 外壳;皮荚(the dry outer covering)

60

respecter

(英) n. 趋炎附势者,尊敬者(one who respects) (记) 来自respect(尊敬) (例) a respecter of tradition

61

gorgeous

(英) adj. 美丽的,极好的(brilliantly showy; splendid) (记) 分割记忆:gorge (峡谷)+ous→峡谷是美丽的 (例) A gorgeous model won the beauty contest.

62

bruit

(英) v. 散布(谣言)(spread a rumor ) (考) 反义词:keep secret(保守秘密)

63

faultfinder

(考) faultfinder : criticize \ arbitrator : mediate(吹毛求疵者擅长批评\仲裁者擅长调停) (记) fault(犯错误欺骗)+find(发现)+er(表人) →喜欢发现错误的人

64

bludgeon

(英) n.大头短棒(club; heavy-headed weapon)

65

jurisprudence

(英) n. 法律学,法学(the science of law) (记) juris(法律)+prudence(谨慎,知识); (同) 参考:jurist(法学家);jury(陪审团)

66

hangdog

(英) adj.忧愁的低贱的(shamefaced) (考) 反义词: buoyant(轻快的)

67

centrifuge

(英) n. 离心机(rotating machine using centrifugal force to separate substances) (考) centrifuge : separate \ colander : drain(离心机可以用来分离\过滤器可以用来排液) (记) centr(中心)+fuge(逃)→逃离中心的→离心机

68

presenter

(英) n. 主持人(the person who brings sth. before the public) (记) present(介绍)+er→介绍的人→主持人 (例) The presenter announced the five nominees for Best Picture.

69

tarnish

(英) v.\n. 失去光泽,晦暗 (to dull or destroy the luster of by airdustor dirt) (考) silver : tarnish \ iron : rust(银受腐蚀失去光泽\铁受腐蚀生锈)tarnish : dull \ vitrify : smooth(失去光泽变阴暗\使成玻璃状变光滑) (记) tarn(隐藏)+ish→隐藏光泽 (例) The scandal tarnished his reputation.

70

poignant

(英) adj. 伤心的(painfully affecting the feelings);尖锐的(cutting) (记) poign(刺)+ant→刺的,尖锐的 (同) 派生词: poignancy (n. 辛酸事,尖锐) (例) poignant memories of my old life in another country

71

indebted

(英) adj. 感激的,感恩的(owing gratitude) (记) in(进入)+debt(债务)+ed→欠人债务的,引申为别人不催还债而→感激的 (例) I'm indebted to all the people who worked so hard to make the party a success.

72

trawl

(英) n.拖网; v.用拖网捕鱼,搜罗(to fish with a trawl) (例) As a result of a nationwide trawltwenty actors were enlisted.(搜罗全国,终于找到20名演员)

73

ancillary

(英) adj. 辅助的(subordinate; auxiliary);n. 助手(aid) (记) 来自ancilla(女仆)

74

internment

(同) 参考:internship实习期

75

genetic

(英) adj. 遗传的(having to do with genetics);起源的(of the genesis)

76

obligation

(英) n. 责任(a duty imposed legally or socially);债务欠的人情(the fact of being indebted) (记) 来自oblige(强迫,迫使)+ation→迫使做的事→责任 (例) The senator promised to uphold the obligations of his office.

77

verbatim

(考) paraphrase : verbatim \ approximate : precise(解释不是字面的\估计不是精确的)

78

indifferent

(英) adj. 不感兴趣的,漠不关心的(having or showing no partiality; detached; disinterested) (考) 反义词: avid(热情的) (记) in(不)+different(不同的)→任何不同之事都与己无关 (例) Jane may seem indifferent but she really does care.

79

mortuary

(英) 停尸间太平间(a place where dead bodies are kept before burial or cremationas a morgue or funeral home) (记) mort(死)+uary→死亡地方→停尸间 (例) A mortician(殡仪员) works in a mortuary.

80

ephemeral

(英) adj. 朝生暮死的(lasting very briefly);生命短暂的(transitorytra nsient) (考) ephemeral : endure \ repellent : attract \ inelastic : stretch(短暂的不会持久\讨厌的不会吸引\无弹性的不会伸展)convoluted : complexity \ permanent : perpetually \ ephemeral : transience(复杂的和复杂\持久的和持久\短暂的和短暂)反义词:enduring(持久的); permanent(永久的); perpetua (记) e+phem(出现)+eral→出现就消失 (同) 同根词:ephemeron (n. 蜉蝣,短命的东西) (例) Life is so ephemeral. It goes so quickly.

81

witch

(考) retainer : retinue \ witch : coven(家臣组成随从\女巫组成女巫集会)

82

underbid

(记) under(不够)+bid(出价)

83

aver

(英) v.极力声明;断言(state positively; affirm) (考) 反义词:deny(否认); belie(掩饰) (记) a+ver(真实)→说出真实→声明 (同) 同根词:verity(真实); veracious(诚实的真实的)

84

abnegate

(英) v. 克己,放弃(give up rights; self-deny; renunciate ) (考) 反义词: reaffirm(再次确认和肯定) (记) ab+neg(反对,否认)+ation→反对自己放纵→克制; (同) 派生词: abnegation(n. 放弃权利)同根词:negative(消极的,否认的),renege(背信弃义)

85

fragrant

(英) n. 芳香的愉快的(having a pleasant oder) (考) 反义词:noisome(有害的) (记) 和flagrant(恶名昭著的)一起记fragrant中间有两个'r' 像两朵花,所以是'芳香的' (例) fragrant herbsflowers

86

panegyric

(英) n. 颂词,颂扬(elaborate praise) (考) panegyric : eulogize \ lampoon : satirize \ valediction : farewell(颂词为了赞扬\讽刺文为了讽刺\告别词为了告别)反义词:anathema(诅咒) (记) pan(全部)+egyric(集中)→把赞扬的话集中→颂扬;_ (同) v. panegyrize

87

credible

(英) adj. 可信的可靠的(that can be believed) (记) cred(相信)+ible(能...的)→可靠的

88

urgency

(考) rail : vehemence \ entreat : urgency(抨击的特点是猛烈\恳求的特点是急切)

89

larva

(例) The caterpillar is the larva of the butterfly.

90

sash

(英) n. 肩带(an ornamental bandribbonor scarf worn over the shoulder)

91

perquisite

(英) n. 固定津贴,特权(a privilegegainor profit) (记) per(全部)+quisite(要求)→要求全部满足→特权

92

cavern

(英) n.大洞穴(a large cave) (考) cavern : spelunker \ ocean : diver(洞穴探险者喜欢进入洞穴\潜水者喜欢进入海洋)ditch : canyon \ burrow : cavern(程度: 小水渠对大峡谷\小洞对大洞穴) (记) 来自cave(洞)

93

reassurance

(考) anxious : reassurance \ perplexed : clarification(安心使不焦虑\澄清使不迷惑) (例) Mary's comforting words provided the reassurance I needed.

94

spoke

(英) n.(车轮上)辐条(small radiating bars inserted in the hub of a wheel to support the rim) (考) spoke : hub \ radius : center(轮辐到轮轴距离相同\半径到圆心距离相同) (记) 和speak的过去式spoke一样写 (例) put a spoke in sb's wheel(阻碍某人前进)

95

sill

(英) n.门槛(the threshold) (记) 联想记忆:silly去掉y

96

uphold

(英) v.维护,支持(to give support to) (考) 反义词:abrogate(废除) (记) up+hold(举)→举起来→支持 (例) He had sworn to uphold the law.

97

insatiable

(英) adj. 不能满足的贪心的(very greedy) (记) in(不)+sati(满)+able→不能满足的

98

quaint

(英) adj. 离奇有趣的(unusual and attractive) (例) quaint old customs

99

vitality

(英) n. 精神,活力 (spirit; cheerfulness) (考) decelerate : speed \ attenuate : thickness \ enervate : vitality(减速减少速度\变薄减少厚度\衰弱减少活力)dehydrate : water \ wither : vitality(脱水减少水\枯萎减少活力)enervation : vitality \ debase : value(衰弱减少活力\贬值减少价值) (记) vital(有活力的)+ity

100

traceable

(记) trace(追踪)+able

101

fatigue

(英) n.疲乏,劳累(physical or mental exhaustion; weariness) (考) fatigue : rest \ dehydration : water(疲惫需要休息\脱水需要水)guilt : expiation \ fatigue : repose(赎罪消除罪行\休息消除疲惫) (记) 分割记忆:fat(胖的),胖人容易劳累 (例) He was pale with fatigue after his sleepless night. A fat man is easy to have fatigue.

102

hike

(考) 反义词: backset(挫折)

103

miracle

(英) n. 奇迹奇事(a wonderful unexpected event) (考) prodigy : person \ miracle : occurrence(奇才是神奇的人\奇迹是神奇的事) (例) It's a miracle you weren't killed in that car crash !

104

flawless

(英) adj.完美的,无瑕疵的(without a defectfaultor an error) (考) anomaly : paradigmatic \ blemish : flawless(反常不是范例\污点不会无暇) (记) 组合词:flaw(缺陷)+less

105

thwart

(英) v.阻挠,使…受挫(defeat the hopes or aspirations of) (考) 反义词:facilitate(帮助); abet(鼓动); support(支持); aid(帮助) (例) She's trying to thwart his ambition.(她试图阻挠他的雄心)

106

prolific

(英) adj. 多产的,多结果的(fruitful; fertile) (记) 参考: a prolific writer(多产作家) (例) a prolific writer(多产作家)

107

mighty

(英) adj. 强有力的,强大的 (very great in powerstrengthsize) (记) might(力量)+y

108

logistics

(英) 后勤学(the branch of military science having to do with procuringmaintainingand transporting materialpersonneland facilities) (记) log(言语,思维)+istics→原指'逻辑计算',引申为'后勤的' (同) 同根词:logic(逻辑学); logocentric(以理性为中心的)

109

unjustified

(记) un(不)+justified(有正当理由的,合理的)

110

taxonomy

(英) n.(动植物的)分类学(the study of the general principles of scientific classification; systematics) (记) taxo(排列)+nomy(名称)→按名称排列→分类学

111

pulverize

(英) v.压成细粉(to reduce to very small particles; atomize);彻底击败(annihilate) (记) pulver(粉)+ize→压成粉; (同) 参考:pulverable(可研成粉末的) (例) pulverize an opponent(彻底打败对手)

112

hostile

(英) adj. 敌对的,敌意的(unfriendly; antagonistic)

113

affect

(英) v. 影响(have an influence on );感染(infect) (记) af(使)+fect(做制作)→使人做→影响 (同) influence ,infect

114

overture

(英) n. 前奏曲,序曲(a musical introduction to an opera) (考) veto : prohibitive \ caveat : warning \ overture : introductory(否决的目的是禁止\警告的目的是告戒\序曲的目的是引导) (记) o(出)+vert(转)+ure→从开头转出来→序曲 (例) I sensed that this was the overture to an argument.

115

definitive

(英) adj. 明确的有权威的(clear and having final authority ) (考) 反义词:provisional(临时的) (记) define+itive

116

interest

(考) interest : inveigle \ plan : scheme(用阴谋让人感兴趣是诱惑\用阴谋计划是密谋)fascination : interest \ adoration : fondness(着迷是十分有兴趣\爱慕是十分喜爱)usury : interest \ gouging : price(放高利贷收高利息\敲竹杠收高价格)反义词: obsession(沉迷)-perfunctory interest(

117

centaur

(英) n.人头马怪物(mythical figurehalf man and half horse)

118

orchid

(例) An un-sung editor deserves some of the orchids.

119

disguise

(英) v.假扮 (to make different from usual so as to be unrecognizable);掩饰 (to obscure real nature of) (考) disguise : identification \ camouflage : detection(掩饰是为了防止识别\伪装是为了防止发现)disguise : recognition \ padding : damage(伪装是为了防止认出\加入填料是为了防止损坏) (记) dis+guise (姿态,伪装)→掩饰,guise本身是一个单词 (例) Mary disguised the gift so that Bob could not guess what it was.

120

spate

(英) n.大批,大量 (a large number or amount);(水)泛滥(flood) (考) 反义词:trickling flow(细流); dearth(缺乏) (例) We had a spate of bad luck.(我们碰到一连串的不幸)

121

neutral

(英) 中间的中立的(not taking part or giving assistance in a dispute or war between others)

122

encumbrance

(英) n.妨碍物累赘(something that encumbers; impediment)

123

cartographer

(考) cartographer : map \ tailor : clothing \ lexicographer : dictionary(绘制地图者制作地图\裁缝制作衣服\词典编纂者制作字典) (记) (记)cart=card(纸,图)+graph(写)+er(画图者) (同) 同根词:carton(纸板箱); cartoon(漫画)

124

thespian

(英) adj.戏剧的,演戏的 (relating to drama; dramatic) (记) 来自古希腊悲剧创始者Thespis

125

sepulchral

(英) adj. 坟墓的,阴深的(suggestive of burial; deep and gloomy) (考) 反义词:merry(快乐的) (记) 来自sepulcher(坟墓) (例) a sepulchral look(阴沉的脸色)

126

offhand

(英) adv.\adj. 随便(的)(careless or disrespectful);事先无准备地(at once) (考) 反义词:premeditated(预谋的) (例) He was rather offhand with me.

127

itinerant

(英) adj. 巡回的,流动的(peripatetic; nomadic) (记) itiner(旅行巡游)+ant(巡游的) (同) 同根词:itinerary(旅行计划); itinerate(巡回) (例) an itinerant salesman

128

upholstery

(英) 室内装潢品(地毯窗帘等) (materials [as fabricpaddingand springs] used to make a soft coveringesp. for a seat) (记) up+holster(皮套)+y→为家具装好皮套等

129

strife

(英) n.纷争,倾轧(bitter conflict or dissension) (记) 可能来自strive(努力,奋斗) (例) a country torn by internal strife(被内乱弄得四分五裂的国家)

130

testimonial

(英) n.证明书,奖状(a statement testifying to benefits received)

131

hoodwink

(英) v. 蒙混,欺骗(to mislead or confuse by trickery; dupe) (考) 反义词:disabuse(纠正) (记) hood(帽兜)+wink(眨眼)→眨眼之间从帽兜中变出(像魔术中一样)→蒙骗 (例) He is such an easy person to hoodwink.

132

stipple

(英) v.点画,点描 (to apply paint by repeated small touches) (考) stipple : dot \ striate : band(点画用点画画\加条纹用条画画) (记) stip(点)+ple→用点刻画

133

gazetteer

(英) n. 地名词典,地名表(a dictionary or index of geographical name) (记) 来自 gazette(报纸,公报)+er→公报作者→引申为地名词典

134

lucubrate

(英) v. 刻苦攻读,埋头苦干(to workstudyor write laboriously) (记) luc(灯光)+ubrate→在灯光下工作→刻苦攻读 (同) 同根词:luculent(清楚的,易懂的)

135

musicologist

(记) 来自名词musicology(音乐学)

136

throwback

(英) n. 返祖现象,复旧(a return to something in the past)

137

superstructure

(英) 上层结构(a structure that is built up on top of a base)上层体系上层建筑(an arrangementsystemetc.which has grown from a simpler base) (记) super(在...上面)+structure(结构)

138

theology

(英) n.神学(the study of religious faithpracticeand experience) (考) conservatory: music \ seminary : theology \ observatory : astronomy(音乐学院研究音乐\神学院研究神学\天文台研究天文学) (记) theo(神)+ology(学科)

139

perversion

(例) This movie is a perversion of the author's book.

140

apothegm

(英) n.格言警句(pithycompact saying)

141

optimum

(英) adj. 最好的,最有利的(more favorable or desirable) (记) optim(最好)+um→最好的 (例) the optimum temperature for keeping vegetables fresh in the fridge

142

methodical

(英) adj. 细心的,有条不紊的 (doing thing carefully using an ordered system) (考) 反义词:desultory(散漫的随意的); haphazard(偶然的) (例) methodical workstudy

143

piercing

(英) adj. 刺骨的(penetratingly cold);敏锐的(perceptive) (例) Suddenlythere was a piercing scream from next room.

144

cleanse

(英) v. 清洗清除( make thoroughly clean) (例) cleanse the garden of weed(清除园内杂草)

145

crustacean

(记) crus(壳)+acean(…类的)→甲壳类的(动物); (同) 参考:crusty(有外壳的,顽固的)

146

screw

(考) gear : tooth \ screw : thread(齿轮的齿\螺丝钉的螺纹)

147

eligible

(英) adj. 合格的(qualified to be chosen; suitable) (记) e+lig(=lict选择)+ible→能够选出来的→合格的 (例) an eligible place for a holiday

148

vista

(英) n.远景(a distant view;prospect);展望(an extensive mental view) (考) placebo : painkiller \ backdrop : vista(安慰剂是一种假止疼药\舞台背景是一种假风景) (记) vis(看)+ta (例) a rolling vista of hills(群山连绵起伏的景色)

149

inconsonant

(考) 反义词:in agreement(一致的) (记) in(不)+con(共同)+son(声音)+ant→声音不相同的

150

coordinate

(英) v.使各部分协调(cause different partslimbs to function together efficiently) (记) co +ordin(顺序)+ate→顺序一样→同等的;引申为平等;协调

151

depravity

(英) n. 堕落,恶习 (a morally bad condition; corruption; wickedness) (考) doldrums : energy \ depravity : virtue(消沉缺乏活力\堕落缺乏美德) (记) de+prav(坏)+ity→变坏→堕落;注意不要和deprivation(剥夺)相混

152

bewilder

(英) v. 迷惑混乱(confuse) (记) be(使...成为)+wilder(迷惑) →使...迷惑→混乱

153

mutton

(同) 参考:beef(牛肉); pork(猪肉); venison(鹿肉)

154

insalubrity

(考) 反义词: healthfulness(有益健康)

155

confound

(英) v. 使迷惑(puzzle and surprise sb) (考) indistinguishable : confound \ equivalent : interchange(不能区别的可以混淆\等价的可以互换)反义词:discriminate between(区分) (例) His behavior amazed and confounded her .

156

ingenue

(英) n.天真无邪的少女(young innocent girl) (考) ingenue : spohistication \ cynic : rustfulness(无邪少女无世故\愤世嫉俗者朴素)

157

bohemian

(英) n.\adj.放荡不羁的(人)(unconventional) (记) 来自波西米亚人有流浪的传统

158

dexterous

(英) adj.灵巧的,熟练的(adroit; handy) (记) dexter(右边的)+ous→像右手一样→灵巧的 (同) 同根词:ambidexterous (十分熟练的); dextrorotation(右旋)

159

centrifugal

(英) adj. 离心的(moving or tending to move away from a center) (记) centri(中心)+fug(逃跑)+al→逃离中心的→离心的 (同) 同根词:refugee(避难者); fugitive(逃犯)

160

tipple

(英) v.酗酒( drink alcoholic beverages frequently);n.烈酒( alcoholic drink) (例) He started tippling when his wife left him.

161

consult

(英) v. 请教查阅(go to a personbook etc for informationadvice) (记) consult one's lawyer (同) 派生词: consultant(顾问); consultation (n. 请教咨询)

162

augment

(英) v.增大,增值(to become greater; increase) (考) 反义词:abate(减少); abrade(磨损); decrease(降低) (记) aug(提高)+ment→提高→增大 (同) 派生词: augmentation (n.增加) (例) to augment something's value

163

incommodious

(英) adj. 不方便的(causing inconvenience)狭小的(inconveniently small) (记) in(不)+commodious(宽敞的)→不宽敞的

164

open-minded

(英) adj. 思想开明的 (willing to consider new ideas) (记) 组合词:open(开)+mind(思想)+ed

165

ferry

(英) v.运送(to take across a river ) (记) fer(带)+ry→(把人)带来带去的东西→渡船 (同) 同根词:floriferous(有花的); differ(不同) (例) ferrying the children to and from school in the car

166

upstage

(英) adj.骄傲的,高傲的 (haughty) (记) up+stage(舞台)→在舞台上→高高在上的 (例) She wasn't the least upstage about it.

167

lecherous

(英) adj. 好色的(lustful)

168

derivation

(英) n. 发展,起源(development or origin of words)词源(first form and meaning of a word) (记) 它的动词: derive(派生得出)来自词根:riv(河流)

169

indolent

(英) adj. 懒惰的 (idle; lazy) (考) rectitude : transgression \ indolence : diligence(正直不犯罪\懒惰不勤奋) (记) in(不)+dol(悲痛)+ent→不悲痛的,指不因为浪费时间等而悲痛→懒隋的 (同) 同根词:condolence(安慰) (例) The boss fired the indolent employee.

170

pleonastic

(英) adj. 罗嗦的(using more words than necessary) (记) pleon(太多)+astic→太多的话→罗嗦的

171

verbosity

(考) verbosity : words \ floridness : embellishments(过多词语是罗嗦\过多装饰是花哨)反义词:laconism(简洁); succinctness(简洁)

172

inexhaustible

(英) adj. 用不完的,取之不竭的(that cannot be used up or emptied) (记) in(不)+exhaust(耗尽)+ible→耗不尽的

173

arresting

(英) adj. 显著的引人注意的(attracting attention ) (考) blatant : arresting \ odious : disgusting(炫耀的[东西]引人注意\讨厌的[东西]令人厌恶)反义词:banal(陈腐的) (例) an arresting smile

174

estrangement

(考) 反义词:reconciliation(和解); rapprochement(和睦)

175

renegade

(英) n. 叛教者,叛徒(a deserter from a faithcauseor allegiance) (考) renegade : allegiance \ apostate : faith(叛徒不会有忠诚\叛教者不会有信仰) (例) I was a renegade who preferred to do things my own way rather than obey someone else.

176

boycott

(英) v.抵制(贸易)(to refuse to buysellor use) (考) 反义词:patronize(资助) (记) 来自人名'Boycott',1897英国驻爱尔兰官员,因拒绝降低房租(地租)而被爱尔兰人抵制及驱逐(ostracize) (例) All the angry customers boycotted the grocery store.

177

empathy

(英) v. 心意相通(感情等)融为一体(the mental ability of sharing other people's ideas and feelings) (记) em+pathy(感情)→进入感情 (同) 同根词:antipathy(反感); apathetic(冷漠的) (例) She feels great empathy with her little son.

178

stygian

(英) adj. 阴暗的,阴森森的 (unpleasantly dark) (考) stygian : dark \ abysmal : low(极暗的和暗\极低的和低) (例) the stygian blackness of the night

179

drone

(英) v. 嗡嗡地响(make monotonous humming or buzzing sound);n.单调的低音(a bass voice) (考) mutter : indistinct \ hiss : sibilant \drone : monotonous(嘟囔的特点是不清晰\咝咝声的特点是咝咝\嗡嗡声的特点是单调)反义词:speak animatedly(生动地说) (例) The airplane engine droned.

180

deform

(英) v. 毁坏形状或外观(spoil the shape or appearance of sth) (记) de(变坏)+form(形状) →毁坏形状

181

appellation

(英) n. 名称,称呼(a name or title; de signation) (记) 实际来自appeal(恳求),转化为appellant(上诉人),再成为appellation

182

poem

(考) stanza : poem \ act : opera(诗的一节\剧的一幕)tango : dance \ elegy : poem(探戈是一种舞蹈\哀诗是一种诗)limerick : poem \ lampoon : satire(打油诗是一种诗\讽刺文章是一种讽刺作品)statue : sculpture \ ode : poem(雕像是一种雕塑\颂诗是一种诗)

183

casualty

(英) n.伤亡事故(serious or fatal accident);伤亡者( person killed or wounded in an accident or battle)

184

drabness

(英) n. 乏味,无聊(dullnessdreariness)

185

intractable

(英) adj. 倔强的(unruly or stubborn);难管的(hard to manage) (考) intractable : manage \ phlegmatic : provoke(倔强的难以管理\冷漠的难以激起) (记) in(不)+tract(拉)+able→拉不动的→倔强的

186

disaffected

(英) adj.(政治上)不满的,叛离的(unfriendlydiscontentedor disloyal) (考) officious : meddle \ disaffected : rebel(多管闲事的人喜欢干涉\不满的人喜欢反叛)反义词:win over(赢得好感) (记) dis+affect(友爱)→不再友爱→叛离的 (例) The people are becoming disaffected.

187

cheetah

(记) 和cheese(奶酪)一起记(A cheetah likes to eat cheese)

188

agronomy

(英) n. 农学农艺学(science of controlling the soil to produce crops) (记) agro(田地农业)+nomy(学科) →农学; (同) 派生词: agronomist (n. 农学家)

189

intersperse

(英) v. 散布(to scatter among other things);点缀(to decorate with things scattered here and there) (记) inter+sperse(散布)→在中间散布→点缀 (例) The pattern was interspersed with small dots.

190

caret

(考) caret : insertion \ comma : pause(加字符号表示插入\逗号表示暂停)

191

skimpy

(英) adj.吝啬的,贫乏的(deficient in supply;scanty)

192

disingenuousness

(英) adj.不坦白的,不真诚的 (not straightforward; insincere) (考) pernicious : injure \ disingenuous : mislead(有害的[东西]伤害\不真诚的[东西]误导)ingratiating : win favor \ disingenuous : deceive(迷人的让人喜欢\不真诚的让人受骗) (记) dis+ingenuous(真诚的)→不坦白的; 注意:ingenious(聪慧的)

193

preoccupied

(英) adj. 心事重重的,出神的(lost in thought; absorbed in some preoccupation) (记) pre(预先)+occupied(专心的)→十分专心的 (例) The preoccupied leader didn't hear the telephone ring.

194

demote

(英) v. 降级,降职 (to reduce to a lower grade) (记) de+mote(动)→动下去→降级 (同) 同根词:promote(提升); commotion(动乱)

195

underplay

(英) v. 淡化...的重要性( make something appear less important than it really is);表演(角色)不充分 ( underact) (记) under(不够)+play(玩)→没玩够→说得不够

196

aspiration

(英) n. 抱负,热望(strong desire or ambition) (考) audacious : trepidation \ apathetic : aspiration(大胆的不会颤抖\冷漠的不会热望) (记) a+spir(呼吸)+ation →屏住呼吸等待→渴望 (同) 同根词:respiration(呼吸); conspire(同谋)

197

demean

(英) v. 贬抑,降低 (to lower in status or character; degrade; humble) (记) de+mean(低下)→使低下→贬抑,mean本身是一个单词 (例) Such behaviour demeans you in my eyes.

198

conifer

(英) n. 针叶树(a tree that has leaves like needles) (考) epidermis : mammal \ bark : conifer(哺乳动物的表皮\针叶植物的树皮) (记) con=cone(圆锥,松果)+fer(带来)→带来松果的树→针叶树 (同) 同根词:coniform(圆锥形); conference(大会)

199

foundation

(英) 建立创立(act of founding an institutionorganizationetc)地基基础(organization set up to provide sums of money for researchcharity) (考) foundation : house \ pedestal : statue(房屋建在地基上\雕像建在底座上) (记) found(基础)+ation

200

deadlock

(英) n. 相持不下,僵局 (standstill;stalemate) (记) 组合词:dead(死)+lock(锁)→僵局 (例) The union and management reached a deadlock over fringe benefits.(劳贸双方在附加福利问题上陷入僵局)

201

poetry

(考) dirge : music \ elegy : poetry(挽歌是一种悲伤的音乐\哀诗是一种悲伤的诗)prose : paragraph \ poetry : stanza(散文由段落组成\诗由诗节组成)

202

mercurial

(英) adj. 善变的(changeable; fickle);活泼的(animated; sprightly) (考) mercurial : mood \fickle : affection \ whimsical : behavior(易变的情绪\易变的感情\易变的行为)mercurial : committed \ profligate : solvent(反复无常的[人]不会一诺千金\挥霍浪费的[人]不会有偿债能力)反义词:constant(恒定的) (记) 来自mercury(水银),水银流动性极强

203

squall

(考) squall : commotion \ flash : illumination(骚乱是突然暴乱\闪光是瞬间照明)

204

insecure

(英) adj. 不安全的不稳定的(not secure);信心不足的(lacking confidence) (记) in(不)+secure(安全的)→不安全的

205

banquet

(英) n. 宴会盛宴(elaborate formal meal) (例) a wedding banquet

206

exaltation

(英) n. (成功带来的)得意,高兴(elation; rapture)

207

gridiron

(英) n. 烤架(grill );橄榄球场(a football field) (记) 来自 grid(烤架)+iron(铁)

208

sock

(英) v.重击,痛打(to hitstrikeor apply forcefully) (记) sock作为'短袜'一意大家都熟悉 (例) sock sb on the head(用拳头重击某人的头)

209

spineless

(英) adj.没骨气的,懦弱的(lacking strength of character) (记) spine(脊椎,刺)+less→无脊椎的→没骨气的 (例) You're a spineless worm. (你是个没有骨气的可怜虫)

210

augury

(英) n.预言,征兆,占卜(portent; indication) (考) worship : sacrifice \ prediction : augury(用牺牲品崇拜\用占卜预测) (记) 来自augur(v.占卜,预言),aug(提高)+ury→显露出来→征兆;

211

sieve

(英) 滤出(sift) (记) 和siege(围攻)一起记; 参考:sift(筛) (例) shake flour through sieve

212

surmise

(英) n.推测,猜测(conjecture);v.推测(infer on slight ground) (记) sur(下面)+mise(放)→放下想法→推测 (例) surmise sb's thoughts

213

salmon

(考) egg : chicken \ roe : salmon(鸡生鸡蛋\鲑鱼生鱼卵)salmon : ichthyologist \ chameleon : herpetologist(鱼类学家研究鲑鱼\爬虫学家研究变色龙)

214

authenticate

(英) v.证明(某物)为真(to prove to be genuine; confirm) (例) They authenticated the famous athlete's signature.

215

showy

(英) adj.鲜艳的,显眼的 (making an attractive show) (例) a showy bracelet and earrings

216

underestimated

(记) 来自动词underestimate(低估)

217

rustler

(英) n. 偷牛(马)贼(a person who steals cattlehorsesetc.) (考) plagiarism : ideas \ rustling : cattle(剽窃偷思想\窃牛偷牛) (记) rustle(沙沙声,急忙)+r→急忙把牛赶走→偷牛贼,rustle可能来自rush(匆忙)+hustle(快做)

218

respective

(英) adj. 个别的,各自的 (particularseparate) (记) re(重复)+spect(看)+ive→一个一个看→个别的 (例) We took our respective ways home.

219

slovenly

(英) adj.不整洁的 (untidy);马虎的 (lazily slipshod) (考) 反义词:tidy(整洁) (例) be slovenly in thought(思想懒散)

220

inverse

(英) adj. 相反的(directly opposite);倒转的(inverted) (记) in(反)+verse(转)→反转→相反的

221

claim

(英) v. 要求或索要(request sth ); (考) claim : legitimated \ hypothesis : confirmed(声称还没有被合法化\假设还没有被证实)lien : claim \ subpoena : command(扣押权是一种权利\传票是一种命令)反义词;renounce(放弃) (记) reclaim(开垦荒地); acclaim(欢呼)

222

remarkable

(英) adj. 值得注意的,出众的(worth mentioning) (记) re(再)+mark(记号)+able→再做记号→值得注意的

223

inappropriate

(英) adj. 不适合的(not suitable for sb\sth) (考) 反义词:germane(恰当的); apt(适当的) (记) in(不)+appropriate(adj.适当的)

224

synchronize

(英) v.使同步 (to happen at the same time) (记) syn(共同)+chron(时间)ize→同时间→同步 (例) Their steps synchronize.(他们步伐一致)

225

stigmatize

(英) adj. 污蔑,玷污 (to describe opprobrious terms) (记) stigma(耻辱,诋毁)+tize (例) His prison record stigmatized his parents.

226

penchant

(英) n. 爱好,嗜好(a strong and continued inclination) (考) 反义词:aversion(厌恶); dislike(讨厌) (记) pench(=pend 挂)+ant→对…挂着一颗心→爱好 (例) My roommate has a penchant for cooking elaborate dinners.

227

ditty

(英) n. 小曲小调(short simple song) (考) ditty : oratorio \ anecdote : novel(小曲短清唱剧很长\轶事短小说长)fable : tale \ ditty : song(寓言是一种故事\小曲是一种歌)

228

solid-colored

(记) 组合词:solid(纯粹的)+color(颜色)+ed

229

acrid

(英) adj.辣的,刻薄的(bitter; sharp; bitterly pungent) (考) 反义词:gentle(温和的)

230

foment

(英) v. 煽动,助长(坏事)(to stir up trouble; instigate; incite) (考) disseminate : information \ foment : discontentment(传播使消息扩散\煽动使不满扩散)conducive : foment \ tonic : invigorate(助长的起煽动作用\营养的起激励作用)反义词:inhibit(抑制); quell(镇压); squelch(压制); stifle(抑制); defuse(熄灭) (记) 注意不要和ferment(酶,酝酿)相混

231

churl

(英) n. 粗鄙之人 (a surlyill_bred person; boor) (考) annoying : gadfly \ rude : churl(烦人的人特点是烦人\粗人的特点是粗鲁)反义词: complaisance(温顺) (记) 和church(教堂)一起记(A churl does not fit in a church.) (同) 派生词: churlish (adj. 脾气暴躁的surly; boorish); churlishness(n. 粗野)

232

slacken

(英) v.(使)松弛,放松(to make less active) (考) slacken : tension \ blunt : sharpness(使松懈是不再紧张\使变钝是不再锋利)slacken : tautness \ dilute : strength(放松不紧\稀释不浓)反义词:tauten(绑紧) (记) 和slack(松弛的)+en (例) His business slackens in the winter.

233

recoil

(英) v. 退却,退缩(to shrink back physically or emotionally; wince; quail) (记) re(重新)+coil(卷,盘绕)→卷回去→退缩 (例) She recoiled at the sight of the snake.

234

agrarian

(英) adj. 土地的(of land) (考) agrarian : farming \ mercantile : trade(农业的做农业\商业的做贸易) (记) agr(田地农业)+arian(表形容词)→土地的

235

hoary

(英) adj. (头发)灰白的(whitegray);古老的(very old) (例) hoary traditions(古老的传统)

236

axis

(英) n.轴(常为虚构之线,如地球轴)(a real or imaginary straight line on which an object rotates)

237

unstable

(英) adj. 不坚固的; 不稳定的(likely to change or fail) (记) un(不)+stable(稳定的)

238

mortgage

(英) 抵押贷款(the pledging of property to a creditor as security for the payment of a debt);抵押证书(the deed by which this pledge is made);抵押(to pledge[a property] by a mortgage) (记) mort(死亡)+gage(抵押品) (例) He will have to mortgage his land for a loan.

239

instruction

(英) 教授传授(process of teaching)命令指示(order or direction given) (考) tuition : instruction \ fare : transportation(教育要收取学费\运输要收取运费)anecdote : amusement \ lecture : instruction(轶事是带来消遣\讲座带来教育) (记) in+struct+ion

240

bombardment

(英) n.炮炸炮轰(attack (as with missiles or bombs)) (记) 来自动词bombard(炮轰)

241

detection

(英) n. 查出,探获 (finding out or being found out) (考) disguise : identification \ camouflage : detection(掩饰防止识别\伪装防止发现) (记) 来自detect(察觉,发现),de+tect(遮盖)→去掉遮盖→发现 (同) 同根词:protection(保护)

242

odium

(英) n. 憎恶,反感(hatred) (考) 反义词:hankering(渴望); infatuation(迷恋); esteem(尊敬)

243

poised

(英) adj. 镇定的,沉着的 (having or showing poise);平衡的 (carefully balanced)

244

purblind

(英) adj.愚钝的(lacking in vision; obtuse);视力不佳的(partly blind) (记) pur(=pure纯粹的)+blind; 古意为'全瞎的',后来变为'半瞎的'

245

slapdash

(英) adv.\adj. 马虎地(的) (haphazardslipshod) (记) slap(拍打)+dash(溅)→拍打把水溅出来→草率的 (例) a slapdash painting(草草作就的画)

246

gene

(英) n. 基因(unit in a chromosome which controls heredity)

247

exhaust

(英) v. 使非常疲倦(make a person or an animal very tired) (考) infinite : exhaust \ discrete : overlap(无限的不会耗尽\离散的不会重叠) (例) The long cycleride exharsted her.

248

soar

(英) v. 高飞,翱翔( fly high);猛增( rise rapidly )

249

stereotype

(英) n.固定形式,老套(sth. conforming to a fixed or general pattern) (记) stereo(立体)+type(形状) (例) break through the stereotypes(打破陈规)

250

loaf

(英) v. 虚度光阴(idledawdle) (例) three loafs of bread \ dandies loafing at street corners

251

inspired

(英) adj. 有创见的,有灵感的(aroused creative thought and action) (记) in(进入)+spir(呼吸)+ation→吸入(灵气)→灵感 (同) 同根词:expire(期满断气); aspiration(热望)

252

maturity

(英) n. 成熟(fully grown or developed) (考) ripen : maturity \ harden : solidity(使成熟[的结果]是成熟\使坚硬[的结果]是坚硬)frank : secretiveness \ callow : maturity(坦率的[人]没有隐匿\无经验的[人]没有成熟) (例) The maturity of the fruit can be judged by the color of its skin.

253

framework

(英) n.框架结构(structure);社会制度(social order or system) (例) civil unrest which shook the framework of the old system

254

pastel

(英) n. 彩色粉笔或蜡笔画(a drawing in crayons);柔和的色彩(any of various pale or light colors) (记) paste(浆糊)+l→用糊状物制作的粉笔→彩色粉笔(画) (同) 同根词:toothpaste(牙膏); pastiche(集成曲) (例) Mary's bedroom was decorated in pastels.

255

introvert

(英) n. 内向的人(introspective person) (记) intro(向内)+vert(转)→内向; (同) 参考:extrovert(外向的人)

256

jockey

(英) n. 骑师; v.用计谋获取(manoeuvre to gain an avantage) (例) jockey for position

257

rally

(英) v. 召集,集会(to muster);n. 召集;集会( a mass meeting) (记) 可能来自ally(联合,联盟),r+ally

258

sidestep

(英) v. 横跨一步以躲避( take a step to the side to avoid);回避(avoid) (考) 反义词:confront directly(直接面对) (例) He side-stepped the issue by saying it was not part of his responsibilities.

259

antecedence

(英) n. 居先,优先(being prior; precedence) (记) ante(前面)+ced(走)+ence→走到面前 (同) 同根词:recede(后退); accede(答应同意)

260

fracas

(英) n. 喧嚷,吵闹(a noisy fight or loud quarrel; brawl) (考) 反义词:peaceful situation(平静的状态); peaceable discussion(平和的讨论) (记) frac(碎裂)+as→碎裂一样→喧嚷 (同) 同根词:fraction(小部分,碎片);fracture(断裂,骨折)

261

self-evidently

(记) self(自己)+evidently(明显地)

262

tractable

(英) adj. 易于驾驭的,温顺的(capable of being easily taught or controlled;docile) (考) subtle : overlook \ tractable : lead(细微的容易忽视\驯服的容易领导)testy : annoy \ tractable : control(易怒的容易激怒\驯服的容易控制)反义词:headstrong(倔强的); obstinate(固执的); incorrigible(难于管理的); balky(倔强的); (记) tract(拉)+able→拉得动的,温顺的; (同) 参考:tractor(拖拉机)

263

recording

(英) 录制品(a performancespeechor piece of music that has been recorded) (考) listen : recording \ view : photograph(听唱片\看照片)photograph : light \ recording : sound(照片由光形成\唱片由声形成) (记) 来自动词record(录音)

264

discontentment

(考) disseminate : information \ foment : discontentment(传播使消息扩散\煽动使不满扩散)

265

cohesion

(英) n. 内聚力; 凝聚 (tendency to stick together)

266

taper

(英) n.细蜡烛(very thin candle) (例) The upper part tapers to a point.(上部逐渐变细,成一尖梢)

267

convergent

(考) 反义词:moving apart(移动开); discrepant(有差异的)

268

necklace

(英) n. 项链,项圈 (a decorative chain worn around the neck) (记) 组合词neck(颈)+lace(带)

269

mammal

(考) epidermis : mammal \ bark : conifer(哺乳动物的皮叫表皮\针叶树的皮叫树皮) (记) mamma(乳房)+l→哺乳动物; (同) 参考:mamilla(乳头);mammalogy(哺乳动物学) (例) Whales and dolphins are marine mammals.

270

hard-nosed

(英) adj. 顽强的不屈的(tough and unyielding) (例) a hard-nosed businessman

271

spunk

(英) n.勇气,胆量 (mettlepluck) (例) She got her spunk up and left the country.(她鼓起勇气,离开了这个国家)

272

quiescence

(考) 反义词:restless activity(不停的活动); action(行动); tumult(喧闹)

273

bead

(英) 小珠子(small piece of material with a hole through itfor threading wih others on a string)

274

regimentation

(英) n. 严格控制,纪律(rigid organization)

275

graze

(英) v. (动物)吃(地上长的)草(to feed on growing grass);放牧(to put livestock to feed on [growing grassherbageetc.]) (考) grazing : foragers \ stalking : hunters(放牧者放牧\猎人打猎) (记) 来自 grass(草),和 glaze(装玻璃,上釉彩)一起记 (例) Sheep graze in the pasture.

276

acronym

(英) n.首字母简略词,简称(a word formed from the first letters of a series of words) (记) acro(高)+nym(名称)→把高出小写字母的大写字母放在一起,如: GRE,TOEFL,GMAT.

277

enormous

(英) adj. 极大的巨大的(shocking)

278

egregious

(英) adj.(缺点等)过分的,惊人的(conspicuously bad; flagrant) (记) e(出)+greg(团体)→ious→超出一般人→过分的 (同) 同根词:gregarious(喜社交的); aggregate(集合)

279

pelf

(英) n. 财富,钱(moneyriches)

280

extricable

(英) adj. 可解救的能脱险的(can be freed from difficulty)

281

generic

(英) adj. 种类的,类属的(of or characteristic of a genus) (记) 来自genus(种类),注意不要和genetic(遗传的,起源的)相混

282

provender

(英) n.(牛马吃的)草料,粮秣(dry food for domestic animals) (记) 来自provide(提供)的变体

283

creep

(英) v.匍匐(move with body close to the ground);悄悄地移动( move stealthily or slowly)

284

tinge

(考) 反义词: colorless(无色的)-tinged(染色的) (例) Just one drop of ink tinged the water blue(一点墨水便把水染成了蓝色)

285

libel

(英) (文字)诽谤中伤(any false and malicious written or printed statementor any signpictureor effigytending to expose a person to public ridiculehatredor contempt or to injure a person's reputation in any way) (记) lib(文字)+el→(用文字)诽谤;注意:slander(口头诽谤);请不要和label(标签)相混 (例) The newspaper editors are careful not to libel anyone.

286

nova

(英) n.新星(star that suddenly becomes much brighter and then returns to its original brightness)

287

undistinguished

(记) un(不)+distinguished(著名的)

288

factitious

(英) adj.人为的,不真实的(not natural; forced or artificial) (记) fact(做)+itious→做出来的→人为的

289

minion

(英) n. 奴才,低下之人(a servile follower or subordinate) (考) minion : dependent \ groveler : petitioner(奴才是过分依赖者\乞求者是过分请求者) (记) mini(小)+on被看小的人→奴才

290

dampness

(英) n. 潮湿(state of slightly wet)

291

raze

(英) v.彻底破坏(destroy completely) (考) 反义词:build(建造)

292

undeniable

(英) adj. 不可否认的(clear and certain) (记) un(不)+deniable(可否认的)

293

serrated

(英) adj.呈锯齿状的(having marginal teeth) (考) 反义词:without notches(无刻痕的); smooth(平滑的) (记) serr(=saw锯子)+ated→锯齿状的 (同) 同根词:serration(锯齿状);serried(密集的) (例) a serrated leaf

294

compost

(英) n. 混合肥料(mixture of decayed organic matter)

295

bevy

(英) n. 一群(少女)(a group of girls or women)

296

escalate

(英) v. (战争等)升级(to make a conflict more serious);扩大,上升(to grow or increase rapidly) (考) 反义词:diminish(减小) (记) 来自Escalator,原来是自动电梯的商标,后来才出现了动词 escalate (例) The cost of living is escalating.

297

boorish

(英) adj.粗野的 (like a boor; rude; ill-mannered) (考) indecorous : propriety \ boorish : sensitivity(无礼的缺乏礼貌\鲁钝的缺乏敏感) (同) 派生词: boorishness (n.粗鲁粗野) (例) The boorish guest ruined the banquet.

298

gloat

(英) v. 幸灾乐祸地看,窃喜(to gaze or think with exultationavariceor malicious pleasure) (考) primp : vain \ gloat : smug(打扮是虚荣\幸灾乐祸是沾沾自喜) (例) gloat over each other's difficulties(幸灾乐祸地看对方的困难)

299

livid

(英) adj. 青灰色的(撞伤);(脸色)苍白的(white; pale) (例) a face livid with cold

300

scab

(英) n. 创口上所结的疤、痂(a crust that forms over a sore or wound)

301

unwieldy

(英) adj.笨重的,笨拙的(not easily managed or used;cumbersome) (记) un(不)+wieldy(支配的,控制的)→不可控制的→笨重的

302

jeopardize

(英) v. 危及,危害(to put into jeopardy; endanger) (例) jeopardize one's life to do sth.

303

reaction

(英) n. 反应,回应 (response) (考) allergy : reaction \ lancet : instrument(过敏是一种反应\柳叶刀是一种工具)

304

hull

(英) n. 外壳(the outer covering) (考) carapace : turtle \ hull : seed \ membrane : cell(乌龟有甲壳保护\种子有外壳保护\细胞有薄膜保护) (例) The old hull was rusting in the harbor. to break the hull off the peanut = to hull the peanut

305

laud

(英) v. 称赞(praiseextol) (考) recommend : laud \ sanction : foster(推荐是一种称赞\批准是一种促进) (例) laud sb. for his accomplishments

306

hoe

(英) 耘锄(long-handled tool with a bladeused for loosening the soil and removing weeds) (考) list : discography \ tool : hoe(唱片目录是一种列表\锄头是一种工具)

307

aquiline

(英) adj. 鹰的,似鹰的(of or like an eagle) (记) aquil(鹰)+ine→鹰的(aquiline nose 鹰钩鼻)

308

unbidden

(英) adj.未经邀请的 (unaskeduninvited) (记) un(不)+bidden(被邀请的)

309

deforestation

(考) sterilization; microorganisms \ deforestation : trees(杀菌是消灭微生物\砍伐森林是消灭树木) (记) 来自deforest(v.滥伐...的森林;de[去掉]+forest[森林])

310

ignominious

(英) adj. 可耻的(contemptible; despicable);耻辱的(shameful) (考) 反义词:lofty(崇高的); honorable(可敬的)

311

courageous

(英) adj. 勇敢的无畏的(bravefearless) (考) courageous : bravado \ complimentary : fulsomeness(故作勇敢不是真的勇敢\过分恭维不是真的称赞) (例) It was courageous of her to oppose her boss.

312

retributive

(英) n. 报应,罚(something given as punishment) (记) re(反)+tribut(给予)+ion→反过来给予→报应 (同) 同根词:contribution(贡献);attribute(把…归因于) (例) Tom believed that his misfortunes were retribution for all the bad things he had done.

313

patina

(英) n. 绿锈(green film formed naturally on copper and bronze);光亮的外表(a beautiful covering or exterior) (考) 反义词:essential quality(本质实质) (记) 原指古罗马人用的大铜盘(patina)

314

inhibition

(英) n. 抑制阻止(being inhibited) (考) abandon : inhibition \ tranquillity : agitation(放纵不抑制\宁静不骚动) (记) in(里面)+hibit(拿住)+ion→在里面拿住→抑制

315

irrefutable

(英) adj. 驳不倒的(that cannot be proved false) (记) ir+refute(反驳)+able→不能反驳的

316

asynchronous

(英) adj.不同时的(not occuring at the same time)

317

ratify

(英) v.批准(协定等)(approve formally; confirm; verify)

318

chivalry

(英) n. 骑士制度 (the medieval system of knighthood)

319

unidimensional

(记) uni(一个)+dimensional(空间的)

320

herd

(英) n. 兽群(a number of cattleetc.)v. 聚集(to gather together) (例) to herb the cows to the corrals\to herb cattle for a living

321

outstrip

(英) v. 超过(excel; surpass);跑过(get ahead of) (记) out(出)+strip(剥去,夺去)→比别人夺得多→超过 (例) The demand for food outstripped supply.

322

sympathetic

(英) adj. 同情的 (showing sympathy);合意的(similar to what one likes) (记) 来自名词sympathy(同情); sym(共同)+pathy(感情)

323

scurrilous

(英) adj. 下流的(being vulgar and evil) (记) scurril(下流)+ous→下流的;可以和scurry(急奔)一起记 (例) a scurrilous jest(下流庸俗的笑话)

324

fictitious

(英) adj.假的(not real; false);虚构的(imaginary; fabulous) (考) 反义词:factual(事实的) (记) fict(做)+itious→做出来的→假的 (同) 同根词:fiction(小说); figment(虚构) (例) a fictitious character(虚构人物)

325

derivative

(英) adj. 派生的,无创意的(derived; not original) (考) 反义词:precursory(先驱的); innovative(创新的); seminal(创新的) (记) 来自derive(派生,推知),de+rive(=river河流)→支流→派生

326

sympathize

(英) v. 同情,赞成 ( show sympathy or approval) (例) I sympathize with you ;I've had a similar unhappy experience myself.

327

drench

(考) 反义词:desiccate(使干燥)

328

passionate

(英) adj. 充满激情的 (showing or filled with passion) (记) passion(激情)+ate

329

peppery

(英) adj. 胡椒味的(hotpungent);暴躁的(having a hot temper) (记) pepper(胡椒)+y (例) a peppery temper(暴躁的脾气)

330

paean

(英) n. 赞美歌,颂歌(a song of joypraisetriumph) (考) 反义词:harshly lampoon(强烈讽刺) (记) 参考:hymn(赞美歌)

331

refinery

(英) n. 提炼厂,精炼厂(a building and apparatus for refining metalsoilsugaretc.) (考) refinery : petroleum \ mill : grain(精炼厂加工石油\磨房加工谷物)

332

flammable

(英) adj.易燃的(easily set on fine; combustible) (考) fragile : break \ flammable : burn(易碎的容易打碎\易燃的容易燃烧) (记) flam(火)+mable→易燃的; flammable = inflammable但后者多一层意思,即'容易激动的' (例) Gasoline is an extremely flammable liquid.

333

simplify

(英) v. 简化( make plainereasieror less full of detail) (考) 反义词:elaborate(详述) (记) simple(简单的)+ify

334

uninspired

(英) adj. 缺乏想象力的(not showing imagination) (记) un(不)+inspired(有灵感的)

335

rendering

(英) n. 演出(performance);翻译( translation) (例) correct rendering(正确的翻译)

336

enthusiasm

(英) n. 热爱热心(strong feeling of admiration ) (考) mania : enthusiasm \ doting : fondness \ paranoia : suspicion(狂热是过分有热情\溺爱是过分喜爱\多疑是过分怀疑)reverence : respect \ avidity : enthusiasm(崇敬是十分尊敬\热望是十分热情)ennui : enthusiastic \ fervor : apathetic(无聊没有兴奋\热情没有冷漠)反义词:ennui(无 (例) The proposal aroused little enthusiasm in the group.

337

cosmos

(英) n. 宇宙 (the universe considered as a harmonious and orderly system) (记) cosm(宇宙)+os→宇宙 (同) 同根词:cosmopolis(国际都市)

338

fuss

(英) n. 大惊小怪(a flurry of nervousexcited activity; needless bother; bustle) (考) assert : belabor \ tend : fuss(罗嗦是过分主张\大惊小怪是过分注意) (记) 注意不要和fuzz(绒毛,模糊)相混 (例) make much fuss over losing a penny

339

emaciation

(英) n. 消瘦衰弱(state of being weaker) (考) 反义词:invigoration(鼓舞) (记) 来自词根: maci(瘦)

340

worldly

(英) adj.尘世的世俗的(not spiritual; of the material world) (考) 反义词:singular(异常的); naive(天真的)

341

repine

(英) v. 不满,心中抱怨(to feel or express discontent) (考) 反义词:express joy(表达高兴) (记) re(重新)+pine(憔悴)→因苦恼、不满而憔悴 (例) to repine against his cruel fate

342

setting

(英) n.背景,环境(a background)

343

faction

(英) n. 派系斗争(partisan conflict)

344

emancipate

(英) v. 解放解除(to free from restraint) (考) 反义词:shackle(加枷锁) (记) e+man(手)+cip(落下)+ate→把手(从锁链中)放下→解放 (同) 同根词:manuscript(手稿); manumiss(释放)派生词: emancipation (n.释放解脱) (例) Abraham Lincoln emancipated the slaves.

345

cane

(英) adj. 犬的,似犬的(of or like a dog) (记) 分割记忆:can-nine,一狗可以咬九人

346

protean

(英) adj. 变化多端的,多变的 (continually changing) (考) circular : asymmetrical \ protean : rigid(圆形的不是非对称的\变化多端的不是死板的)反义词: static(静态的) (记) 来自海神Proteus喻海的变化无常 (例) the protean changes of nature(自然界的千变万化)

347

animus

(英) n. 憎恨(animosity)

348

cruelty

(英) n. 残暴残忍(readiness to cause pain or suffering to others) (记) 来自cruel (adj.残暴的残忍的)

349

simulate

(英) v.假装,模仿(to assume the appearance with the intent to deceive) (记) simul(相同)+ ate (例) simulate indignation(假装愤慨)

350

opalescence

(英) v. 慢慢地流,渗出,(leak out slowly; eep); (例) Their courage oozed away.

351

broil

(英) v. 烧烤(cook by direct heat) (例) broil chicken over a small fire(在小火上烤鸡肉)n.v.争吵,怒骂

352

bawdy

(英) adj.淫猥的(indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way) (考) 反义词:decorous(端庄的) (记) 联系bawd (鸨母)

353

reproduction

(英) n. 生殖 (plants and animals give rise to offspring);复制 (something reproduced; copy) (例) a fine reproduction of the original

354

byproduct

(英) n. 副产品; 副作用(side effect) (记) by(在旁边副的)+product(产品) →副产品

355

vindication

(英) n.洗冤;证实(justification against denial or censure;defense)

356

galaxy

(英) n.步法步态(manner of walking or running) (考) gait : walk \ parlance : speak(走路有步法\说话有说法)

357

focus

(考) 反义词: diffuse(散射); disperse(驱散)

358

soothe

(英) v. 抚慰( comfort or calm);减轻( make less painful) (考) emollient : soothe \ dynamo : generate(缓和剂的作用是缓和\发电机的作用是发电)反义词:agitate(鼓动); grate(使烦躁); vex(烦恼) (例) soothe somebody's toothache

359

fulsomeness

(考) courageous : bravado \ complimentary : fulsomeness(虚张声势是假勇敢\虚情假意是假称赞) (记) 组合词:ful(满)+some(带有...的)→丰满的

360

linguistics

(英) n.语言学( the science of language) (记) lingu(语言)+istics(学科)→语言学 (同) 同根词:bilingual(双语言的)

361

helot

(英) n. 奴隶(any serf or slave) (记) 来自 Helot(希洛人),古斯巴达国的奴隶

362

thrall

(英) n.奴隶,农奴(a servant slave;bondman) (记) 注意thrall构词:enthrall(迷住,吸引住)

363

elevation

(英) 提高被提高(elevated) (考) 反义词:debasement(降低) (记) elevate+ion

364

sensitivity

(考) neophyte : experience \ boor : sensitivity(新手不会有经验\愚钝的人不会敏感)indecorous : propriety \ boorish : sensitivity(无礼的人缺乏礼貌\愚钝的人缺乏敏感)反义词:analgesia(无痛觉)-sensitivity to pain(对疼痛敏感) (记) sensitive(敏感的)+ity

365

dregs

(英) n. 糟粕沉淀废物(the particles of solid matter that settle at the bottom in a liquid) (例) Murderers and thieves belong to the dregs of society.

366

bibliography

(英) n.文献学;参考书目(a list of the booksarticles) (考) bibliophile : books \ gourmet : food(爱书者喜爱书籍\美食家喜爱食物) (记) biblio(书)+graphy(写)写书时用的书→参考书目 (同) 同根词:bibliophile(珍爱书籍者)

367

persecute

(英) v.迫害(to oppress or haress with ill-treatment) (考) badger : bother \persecute : injure (纠缠是不断烦扰\迫害是不断伤害) (记) per(全部)+secu(跟随)+te→从头到尾跟随→迫害; 参考:prosecute(控告) (例) Millions of Jews were persecuted during World War II.

368

humble

(英) adj. 卑微的(modest);v.使谦卑(to make humble) (考) dour : geniality \ impetuous : vacillation(hesitation) \ bumptious :humbleness(严厉的不亲切\冲动的不犹豫\自大的不谦逊)反义词:presumptuous(专横的); supercilious(傲慢的); bumptious(自大的) (记) hum(地)+ble→接近地的→低下的 (同) 同根词:exhume(挖掘); humility(谦逊)派生词: humbleness(n.谦逊)

369

incommunicative

(英) adj. 不爱交际的,沉默寡言的(reserved; taciturn) (记) in(不)+communicative(爱交际的)

370

nemesis

(英) n. 报应,天罚(an agent or act of retribution) (记) 来自希腊神话中的复仇女神Nemesis

371

selectivity

(考) industriousness : activity \ fastidiousness : selectivity(过分活动是刻苦\过分选择是挑剔)

372

attraction

(英) n.吸引力(power to attract; charm or fascination) (考) 反义词:repulsion(排斥,厌恶)

373

insensitive

(英) adj. 未意识到的感觉迟钝的(not realizing) (考) credulous : dupe \ insensitive : boor \ mischievous : imp(易上当的人特点是轻信\鲁钝的人特点是迟钝\顽童的特点是顽皮) (记) in+sens+itive

374

collective

(英) adj. 集体的共有的( relating to a group or society as a whole)

375

shield

(英) v. 掩护,遮挡( protect from harm) (考) epitaph : tombstone \ motto : shield(墓志铭刻在墓碑上\题铭刻在盾牌上)earplug : noise \ shield : impact(耳塞挡住噪音\盾牌挡住攻击)

376

photograph

(考) listen : recording \ view : photograph(听唱片\看照片)photograph : light \ recording : sound(照片通过光记录\录音通过声音记录)daguerreotype : photograph \ musket : firearm(银板照相是早期的照片\毛瑟枪是早期的火器)

377

court

(考) 反义词:repel intentionally(故意排斥); repulse intentionally(故意拒绝); snub(故意怠慢); spurn(弃绝)

378

beam

(英) n.(房屋等)大梁;光线(a shaft or stream of light) (记) 分割记忆:be-am; 尤其注意GRE中常考的“大梁”一义

379

shudder

(英) v. 发抖,战栗 ( shake uncontrollably for a moment) (考) macabre : shudder \ hilarious : laugh(因为可怕而颤抖\因为可笑而笑)

380

protest

(英) v.\n. 抗议,反对(organized public demonstration of disapproval) (考) protest : dissuade \ supplicate : entreat(抗议为了劝止\哀恳为了恳求) (记) pro(在前面)+test(=assert断言)→在前面抗议;注意:protect(保护) (例) The workers protested the reductions in their benefits.

381

trophy

(英) n.奖品,战利品(something gained or given in victory or conquest) (考) athlete : trophy \ soldier : medal(运动员获得奖品\士兵获得勋章)trophy : contestant \ honors : student(参赛者获得奖品\学生获得荣誉) (记) 注意不要和atrophy(萎缩)相混

382

piquant

(英) adj. 辛辣的,开胃的(agreeably stimulating to the palate; spicy; pungent) (考) redolent : smell \ piquant : taste(芳香的气味\辛辣的味道) (记) piqu(刺激)+ant→刺激的,辣味的

383

insufferable

(英) adj. 无法忍受的(intolerable; unbearable) (记) in(不)+suffer(遭受忍受)+able

384

predicament

(英) n. 困境,窘境(dilemma; quandary) (记) pre(预先)+dica(命令)+ment→被预先命令的状态→不灵活→困境; (同) 近形词:predication(断言,肯定); prediction(预言)

385

inherent

(英) adj.固有的,与生俱来的(innate; basic; inborn) (记) in(内在)+her(继承)+ent→天生继承下来的inherent(adj.天赋的生来的;in[里面]+her[粘附]+ent→天生[与身体连着] →天赋的)+ly

386

impede

(英) v. 妨碍(to bar or hinder the progress of; obstruct) (考) blandishment : cajole \ obstacle : impede(甜言蜜语是为了哄骗\障碍是为了阻碍)反义词:assist(支持); abet(支持); facilitate(推动) (记) im(进入)+pede(脚)→把脚放入→妨碍 (同) 同根词:centipede(蜈蚣); podiatry(足病学)

387

exemplify

(英) v. 是...的典型(be a typical example of sth) (例) This painting exemplifies the artist's early style .

388

rashness

(英) n.轻率,鲁莽(undue haste or lack of deliberation or caution) (考) courage : rashness \ generosity : prodigality(鲁莽是过分有勇气\挥霍是过分慷慨) (记) 来自rash(鲁莽的)+ness

389

gruesome

(英) adj. 令人毛骨悚然的,恶心的(causing horror or disgust; grisly) (记) 来自grue(可怕)+some(…的)→可怕的 (例) the gruesome details of a murder

390

guttle

(英) v. 狼吞虎咽(quaff) (记) 是guzzle(狂饮)的变体

391

gnaw

(英) v. 啃,咬(to bite bit by bit with the teeth) (例) Grief gnaws my heart.

392

precarious

(英) adj. 不稳的,危险的(unsafeuncertain) (考) precarious : stability \ spent : efficacy(不稳的无稳定\用尽的无功效)反义词: firmly grounded(理由充分的); safe(安全的); secure(安全); stable(稳定) (记) pre(前)+car(=care小心)+ious→要预先小心→危险的

393

caffeine

(英) n. 咖啡因(stimulant drug found in tea coffee beans) (考) nicotine : tobacco \ caffeine : coffee(烟草中含有尼古丁\咖啡中含有咖啡因)

394

sacrifice

(考) worship : sacrifice \ prediction : augury(宰牲祭神是一种敬神活动\占卜是一种预测)

395

gambit

(英) (国际象棋的)开局让棋法(opening moves in chess in which a player sacrifices a piece in order to win an advantage later)为获得优势采取的第一步行动(opening move in any situation that is calculated to win an advantage) (例) His opening gambit at the debate was a direct attack on Government policy .

396

scourge

(英) n. 鞭笞(whip);磨难(a cause of great affliction); (记) 和courage(勇气)一起记,也可分割记忆scour(擦亮)+urge(敦促)

397

inexpedient

(英) adj. 不适当的,不明智的(inadvisable; unwise) (记) in(不)+expedient(得当的) (例) It would be inexpedient to set out in the rain.

398

distinction

(英) n. 区别,差别(difference);知名(fame; eminence) (考) nuance : distinction \ hint : suggestion(程度: 细微差别→差别\暗示→建议)反义词:repute(名望)-lack of distinction(不知名); nebulous(模糊的) (记) di+stinct(促使=sting)+ion→促使分开→区别

399

toady

(英) n.谄媚者,马屁精 (one who flatters;syncophant) (考) blowhard : boastful \ toady : obsequious(吹牛者吹牛\谄媚者谄媚) (记) 分割记忆:toad(癞蛤蟆)+y,像蛤蟆一样趴在地上的人→马屁精

400

strangulation

(英) n.扼杀,勒死(killing by squeezing the throat) (记) 来自strangle(扼杀,抑制)+ulation把strangle和strange一起记 (例) the strangulation of a revolution

401

peripatetic

(英) adj. 巡游的(travelling from place to place; itinerant) (考) 反义词:stationary(静止的); rooted(固定的) (记) peri(周围)+patet(走)+ic→巡游的

402

forswear

(英) v. 誓绝,放弃(to renounce on oath ) (记) for(出去)+swear(发誓)→发誓抛弃→誓绝; (同) 参考:abjure(绝誓) (例) forswear wealth and marriage(发誓放弃财富和婚姻)

403

levee

(英) n. 防洪堤(an embankmen);堤岸(bank of a river) (考) rampart : invasion \ levee : flood(堡垒防止入侵\河堤防止洪水)levee : river \ cordon : crowd(河堤阻挡河流\警戒线阻挡人群) (记) 注意不要和lever(杠杆)相混

404

circumspect

(英) adj. 慎重的,仔细的 (careful to consider; cautious) (考) circumspect : prudence \ urbane : polish(谨慎的[人]谨慎\文雅的[人]文雅)反义词: temerity(鲁莽); audacious(大胆的); reckless(不管后果的) (记) circum(周围)+spect(看)→向周围看→小心的 (同) 派生词: circumspection (n. 小心谨慎prudence) (例) Never circumspect in expressing his viewsHerb annoyed everyone.

405

civilian

(英) n. 平民 (any person not an active member of the armed forces or police) (考) bacterium : colony \ citizen : nation(细菌组成菌落\公民组成国家) (记) civil(=citizen市民)+ian→市民的,平民 (同) 同根词:civilization(文明,教化)

406

gist

(英) n. 要点,要旨(the essence or main point) (考) 反义词:tangential point(非要点); trivial point(不重要的点) (例) the gist of a report

407

scenario

(英) n. 剧情说明书(an outline or synopsis of a play)剧本(screenplay) (记) scen(=scene 场景)+ario→剧情梗概

408

nihilism

(记) nihil(无)+ism→虚无主义 (同) 同根词:annihilate(消灭); nihil(无虚无)

409

self-effacing

(英) adj. 不爱抛头露面的(keeping oneself from attracting attention) (记) self(自己)+efface(抹掉)+ing

410

document

(英) 文件公文(paperform booketc giving information about sthevidence to proof of sth) (考) curator : art \ archivist : documents(博物馆管理员看管艺术品\档案管馆管理员看管档案) (记) docu=doc(教)+ment→用来教的东西→文件

411

demand

(英) v. 要求苛求(ask for sth as of one is commanding ) (考) 反义词:supplicate(乞求) (记) de(一再)+mand(命令) →一再令人做→苛求

412

wrinkle

(英) n.皱纹(a small ridge or furrow formed by the shrinking or contraction of a smooth substance; crease);窍门(a change in a customary procedure or method) (例) give sb a wrinkle or two (给某人出几个点子)

413

ductile

(英) adj. 易拉长的,易变形的(that can be stretcheddrawnor hammered; not brittle);可塑的(easily molded; plastic; pliant; pliable) (记) duct(引导)+ile→可引导的→可塑的; 参考: induction(就职入伍)

414

dubious

(英) adj. 可疑的(slightly suspicious about);名声不大好的(probably dishonest) (考) disaffected : contentment \ dubious : conviction(不满的没有满足\怀疑的没有坚信)反义词:certain(肯定的) (记) dub(二双)+ious→二种状态→不肯定怀疑的 (同) 派生词: dubiety (n. 怀疑疑惑)

415

replacement

(英) n. 代替,替换(the act of replacing) (记) 来自replace(取代,更换) (例) The replacement of the retiring worker would be a difficult task.

416

conceal

(英) 隐藏掩盖某事物某人(keep sth\SB from being seen or known about) (考) 反义词: evince(表明); unearth(发现) (记) con(共同)+ceal(藏)→隐藏

417

dredge

(英) n. 疏通(to enlargedeepen or clean out a riverchannelharbor) (记) 注意不要和drudge(做苦事)相混;联想:挖泥疏通(河道)是苦事(to dredge is to drudge) (同) 派生词: dredger(n. 疏通机) (例) The police dredged the channel to make it deeper.

418

flaring

(英) adj.火焰摇曳的(blazing unsteadily);过分艳丽的(gaudy; lurid)

419

fishery

(记) fish(鱼)+ery(=ary 场地)→渔场 (同) 参考:aviary(养鸟场); apiary(养蜂场)

420

lore

(英) n. 知识(knowledge);全部传说(gamut ) (记) the lore of herbs(草木植物知识); (同) 参考:folklore(民间传说)

421

respiration

(英) n. 呼吸 (breathing) (记) re(来回)+spir(呼吸)+ation→呼吸 (例) The thinning air hindered the climbers' respiration.

422

bleak

(英) adj. 寒冷的; 阴沉的(cold; frigid);阴郁的暗淡的(depressing) (例) The future looks bleak.

423

expiration

(同) 同根词:inspiration(灵感); aspiration(热望) (例) The trade agreement will expire next year.

424

goodwill

(考) 反义词: rancor(怨怒); spleen(恨意)

425

grill

(英) v. 烤(broil);拷问(to question relentlessly) (考) entangle : involve \ scrutinize : observe \grill : question(纠缠是卷入很深\细察是观察很深\盘问是询问很深) (例) He grilled candidates for the job seriously.

426

rehabilitate

(英) v. 修复,恢复(职业等)(to restore to a former capacity ) (考) disabuse : error \ rehabilitate : addiction(纠正错误\解除毒隐)recycle : disposal \ rehabilitate : demolition(再循环是不丢弃\恢复是不毁坏) (记) reh(重新)+abilit(能力)+ate; (同) 参考:debilitate(使衰弱) (例) He was suddenly let out of prison and rehabilitated as chief minister.

427

superficial

(英) adj.表面的,肤浅的 (shallow) (考) 反义词:pith(精髓)-superficial element(表面的因素); central(核心的) (记) super(超过)+fic(做)+ial→在上面做→表面的

428

decent

(英) adj. 适当的可接受的(properacceptable);得体的(not likely to embarrass others) (考) 反义词:seamy(丑恶的) (例) That dress isn't decent !

429

munificence

(考) 反义词:stinginess(吝啬)

430

aboveboard

(英) adj.\adv. 光明正大的(honest and open) (考) 反义词: chicanery(诡计狡诈); surreptitious(秘密的) (记) above(在上面)+board(木板)→一切都放到桌面上谈→光明正大的 (例) The deal was completely aboveboard.

431

meter

(英) n.(诗的)音步韵律(arrangement of words in the form of poetry by accentual rhythm)

432

triviality

(英) n. 琐碎; 琐事(something trivial)

433

arithmetic

(记) arithm(数字)+etic →算数→算术

434

rejoinder

(英) n. 回答(an answer to a reply)

435

kennel

(英) n. 狗舍, 狗窝(a doghouse) (记) ken(=can犬)+nel→狗窝; (同) 参考:canine(犬的);注意:不要和kernel(核心)相混

436

inflame

(英) v. 使燃烧(to set on fire);激怒(某人)( excite intensely with anger) (考) 反义词:assuage(缓和); subdue(征服)

437

relaxation

(英) n. 松弛,消遣(a relaxing activityor pastime; diversion) (记) 来自relax(放松的)lax(松的) (例) He plays the piano for a bit of relaxation.

438

culmination

(英) n. 结局结果(eventual conclusion or result) (例) the successful culmination of a long campaign

439

dissolute

(英) adj. 放荡的,无节制的(dissipated and immoral; profligatedebauched) (考) libertine : dissolute \ sycophant : obsequious \ buffoon : ludicrous \ wag :humorous(放纵者特点是放荡的\马屁精特点是逢迎的\小丑特点是滑稽的\爱打趣的人特点是幽默的) (记) dis+solute(溶解)→(精力)溶解掉→放荡的;注意不要和dissoluble(可溶解的)相混

440

blur

(英) n.模糊不清的事物(anything indistinct or hazy);v.使… 模糊(to make or become hazy or indistinct) (记) 比较:slur(含糊不清地说) (例) a very blurred photograph

441

besmirch

(英) v. 诽谤(defile; make dirty) (考) 反义词:honor(荣誉) (记) be+smirch(污点) (例) What he did besmirched his image.(他的所作所为损害了他的形象)

442

advocate

(英) v. 拥护支持(speak publicly in favor)n.支持者拥护者(person who supports) (考) exponent : advocate \ pollster : canvass(支持者主要动作是支持\民意测验者主要动作是调查)反义词:denounce(谴责) (记) ad(增强)+voc(叫喊声音)+ate→增强声音→拥护; (同) 派生词: advocacy (n. 拥护提倡)同根词: equivocal(说话含糊的)revocable(可废除的)

443

corrode

(英) v. 腐蚀侵蚀(destroy slowly by chemical action) (记) cor(全部)+rode(咬) →全部咬掉→腐蚀

444

bower

(英) n.凉亭,树荫下凉快之处(a place enclosed by overhanging boughs of trees; arbor) (记) 联想:bow-er,弓:凉亭的顶常是'弓'形的

445

strident

(英) adj.尖声的,刺耳的(characterized by harshinsistentand discordant sound) (记) 分割记忆:stride(大步走)+dent(凹痕) (例) a strident voice/a turbulent and strident election

446

colonize

(英) v. 在一地区建立殖民地(establish a colony in an area) (同) 派生词: colonization (n. 殖民地化) (例) Britain colonized many parts of Africa.

447

enzyme

(考) enzyme : catalyst \ bacterium : microbe(酶是一种催化剂\细菌是一种微生物) (记) en+zyme(酶) (同) 同根词:zymurgy(酿造学); zymic(酶的酵母的)

448

nostalgic

(英) n. 怀旧之情;思乡病(homesick) (记) nost(家)+alg(痛)+ia→想家病; (同) 参考:nostrum(民间药方) (例) The old man remembered his college days with nostalgia.

449

repress

(英) v. 抑制,镇压 (to hinder by pressure or force; curb) (考) 反义词:foster(促进) (记) re(反复)+press(压)→压下去 (例) Mary repressed her desire to laugh during the ceremony.

450

libellous

(英) adj. 诽谤的(publishing libels)

451

traduce

(英) v.中伤,诽谤(slander or defame) (记) tra(=trans横)+duce(引导)→引到歪里去→诽谤 (例) traduce one's friend

452

petrifaction

(英) n. 石化;目瞪口呆(the state of being petrified)

453

deviate

(英) v. 越轨,脱离 (diverge; digress; veer) (记) de[偏离]+via[道路]+ate→偏离道路的→越轨 (同) 派生词: deviation (n.偏向偏差) (例) deviate from the rules

454

allegory

(英) n.寓言( fable)

455

conspicuous

(英) adj. 显著的,显而易见的(easy to perceive; obvious) (考) authoritative : acceptance \ conspicuous : attention(权威的让人接受\引人注目的让人注意)conspicuous : see \ transparent : understand(引人注目的让人看见\易懂的让人理解)反义词:blatant(炫耀的); salient(突出的) (记) con(共同)+spic(看)+uous→大家看到→显著的 (同) 同根词:perspicacious(有洞察力的); suspicious(怀疑的) (例) She's always conspicuous because of her fashionable clothes.

456

frown

(英) v. 皱眉蹙额(bring the eyebrows together when angryworried) (考) embrace : affection \ frown : displeasure(拥抱表示爱\皱眉表示不高兴) (例) She looked up from her exam paper with a worried frown.

457

ordination

(英) n. 授任圣职(being ordained to the religious ministry) (记) ordin(=ordain)+ation→授圣职 (例) attend the ordination of a priest

458

proffer

(英) v. 献出,赠送(to present for acceptance; tenderoffer);n. 提议,建议(offer suggestion) (考) 反义词:retain(保留) (记) pro(向前)+offer(提供)→向前提供→献出 (例) He refused the proffered drink.

459

eradicate

(英) v. 根除(to tear out by the roots; uproot);扑灭(exterminatedestroy) (考) 反义词:engender(产生) (记) e+radic(根)+ate→根出来→根除 (同) 同根词:radical(基本的); radix(根本)派生词: eradication (n. 根除消灭) (例) The mayor wanted to eradicate crime within five years.

460

delicate

(英) adj. 柔软的娇嫩的(tender when touched);精致的优美的(very carefully made ) (记) de (一再)+lic(引诱)+ate→一再引诱人的→精美的

461

offend

(英) v. 冒犯,使不快 ( cause displeasure to) (考) deferential : offend \ intransigent : acquiesce \scornful : respect(恭敬的[人]不冒犯\不妥协的[人]不勉强\轻蔑的[人]不敬重)equivocation : truth \ euphemism : offense \ obfuscation : clarity(模棱两可不真实\委婉之词不冒犯\迷惑糊涂不清晰)euphemism : offend \ invulnerable : injure(婉转的话 : 冒犯 = 不受伤害的 : 伤害)

462

acceptance

(英) n. 接受认可(act of taking sth offered willingly) (考) tender : acceptance \ exhibit : inspection(提出是为了别人接受\展览是为了别人参观)authoritative : acceptance \ conspicuous : attention(权威的容易让人接受\引人注目的容易让人注意)

463

sidle

(英) v.(偷偷地)侧身而行 (to go one side foremost in a furtive advance) (记) side(旁边)+le→用侧面走 (例) A man sidled up to me and asked if I wanted a ticket for the football match.

464

rollcall

(考) voting : roll call \ termination : cloture(唱名是一种选举过程\辩论结束是一种终止)

465

underling

(英) n.下属,手下(subordinateinferior) (记) under(下面)+ling(小)→部下

466

abridge

(英) 删减(to reduce in scopeextent);缩短(to shorten by using fewer words; condense) (考) 反义词:amplify(放大) (记) a+bridge(短桥)→弄短→删减;联想记忆:a+bridge一座桥把路缩短了

467

guillotine

(英) 断头台(an instrument for beheading by means of a heavy blade dropped between two grooved uprights) (考) pillory : ridicule \ guillotine:execute(颈手枷用来示众嘲弄\断头台用来处死) (记) 来自法国医生Guillotin,他发明了断头台

468

frisk

(英) n.\v. 蹦跳,娱乐(a livelyplayful movement; frolic; gambol)

469

mosque

(考) spire : church \ minaret : mosque(spire是教堂的顶端\minaret是清真寺的顶端)

470

dour

(英) adj.严厉的脸色阴沉的(sullen; gloomy; stubborn) (考) dour : geniality \ bumptious : humbleness(阴沉的不亲切\自大的不谦逊)反义词: congenial(适意的); genial(亲切的)

471

atlas

(英) n.地图集(a book of maps) (记) 来自希腊神话人物Atlas'阿特拉斯',他被天神宙斯惩罚在肩上扛着地球

472

mausoleum

(英) n.陵墓(monumental tomb; large stately tomb)

473

nurture

(英) n. 教养,训练 (training and care);v. 养育,培育( give care and food to) (考) 反义词: withhold sustenance from(停止供给食物); disregard[ignore; neglect; overlook; pass over](忽视,漠视)nurture : child\ cultivate : crop(抚育孩子\培育庄稼) (例) children nurtured by loving parents

474

vituperative

(英) adj.辱骂的(characterized by verbal abuse) (考) 反义词:complimentary(称赞的)

475

attic

(记) 比较:antic(古怪的) (同) 近形词: antic(古怪的)

476

superficiality

(考) dilettante : superficiality \ partisan : bias(外行肤浅\党徒偏见)反义词:profundity(深刻)

477

exhibitionism

(英) n. 风头主义(a tendency to call attention to oneself or show one's talents)

478

ejaculate

(英) v. 突然叫出或说出射出(to eject from a living body; discharge) (记) e+jacul(喷射)+ate→喷发→突然说出 (同) 同根词:jaculate(把...向前扔)

479

torrid

(英) adj.酷热的 (giving off intense heat;scorching) (考) 反义词:arctic(北极的; 极寒的) (记) torr(热)+id→炎热的; (同) 同根词:torrefy(焙烧) (例) the torrid heat of the summer(夏天的炎热)

480

notorious

(例) English has been notorious as a word borrower._

481

endure

(英) v. 忍受忍耐(suffer sth painful or uncomfortable patiently) (考) ephemeral : endure \ repellent : attract \ inelastic : stretch(短暂的不会持久\讨厌的不会吸引人\无弹性的不会伸展)transitory : endure \ immutable : change(短暂的不会持久\不变的不会变化) (记) en(进入)+dure(持久坚硬) →进入持久→耐久 (同) 派生词: endurance (n. 忍耐力)

482

disobedient

(英) adj. 不顺从的不服从的( not obedient) (记) dis+obedient(顺从

483

collision

(记) col+lide(受伤)→共同受伤→碰撞; 比较:collusion(串通勾结) (同) 近形词: collusion(串通勾结)

484

factionalism

(考) consensus : factionalism \ confusion : clarity(派系斗争是意见不一致\混乱是不清晰)

485

adversity

(英) n.不幸,灾难( wretchedness or misfortune; poverty) (记) ad+vers(转)+ity→转来坏运气→不幸

486

depression

(英) n. 忧愁消沉(low spirits) (考) 反义词:surfeit(过度) (记) depress+ion

487

parabola

(英) 抛物线(a curve like the line made by a ball when it is thrown in the air and falls to the ground)

488

ossify

(英) v. 硬化,骨化(to change or develop into bone) (考) depreciation : value \ ossification : flexibility(减价降低价值\硬化降低弹性)反义词:transcend conventions(超越传统) (同) n. ossification

489

anecdote

(英) n. 短故事(a shortentertaining account);轶事(entertaining facts of history) (考) anecdote : amusement \ lecture : instruction(轶事是为了娱乐\讲课是为了教育)anecdote : story \ skit : play(轶事是故事的一种\幽默短剧是戏剧的一种)ditty : oratorio \ anecdote : novel(短曲对长调\短轶事对长故事) (同) 派生词: anecdotal (adj. 轶事的趣闻的)

490

climactic

(英) adj. 高潮的(relating to the highest point)

491

clot

(英) n. 凝块 (a thickened lump formed within a liquid);v. 使凝成块 (to thicken into a clot; coagulate) (考) clot : dissolved \ crowd : dispersed(凝块被溶解\人群被驱散) (记) 比较:cloy(甜得发腻)colt(小马) (同) 近形词:cloy(甜得发腻); colt(小马); plot(情节阴谋); slot(狭缝; 投币口)

492

inundate

(英) v. 淹没(to cover or engulf with a flood);泛滥(to overwhelm with a great amount) (考) 反义词:drain(排水) (记) in(进入)+unda(波浪)+ate→进入波浪→淹没 (同) 同根词:undultant(波浪形的) (例) My desk is inundated with paperwork.

493

whit

(英) n.一点儿,少量(the smallest part imaginable; bit) (记) 和whet(磨快)一起记 (例) not a whit of common sense

494

dullness

(考) 反义词:brilliance(才华横溢)

495

capillary

(英) n. 毛细血管(any of the very narrow blood vessels)

496

belligerent

(英) adj. (国家等)交战的(at war);挑衅的(bellicosepugnacious) (同) 派生词: belligerence (n.好战性;战斗) (例) The belligerent boy was sent to the principal's office.

497

primordial

(英) adj. 最初的(first created or developed) (考) 反义词:most recent(最近的) (记) prim(最早的)+ord(顺序)+ial (例) Scientists used to believe that all the stars developed from a primordial mass of gases.

498

modify

(英) v. 修改,变更(alter partially; amend) (记) mod(=mode方式,时髦)+ify→使改变方式→修改 (同) 派生词: modification (n. 修改,修饰) (例) The bus route was modified to provide service to the mall.

499

definite

(英) adj. 清楚的明确的(clearnot doubtful ) (考) 反义词:indeterminate(不确定的) (记) define+ite→下了定义的→清楚的明确的

500

undermine

(英) v.破坏,损坏 (to subvert or weaken insidiously) (考) 反义词:reinforce(加强); bolster(支持); undergird(支持) (记) under(在下面)+mine(挖)→在下面挖→破坏

501

poke

(英) v. 刺,戳(prodstabthrust);嘲弄(ridiculemock) (例) He poked me with his umbrella.

502

occidental

(记) oc(下)+cid(落)+ental→太阳落下的→西方的; (同) 参考:oriental(东方的)

503

infringe

(英) v.违反,侵害(to break a law; violate; trespass) (记) in(不)+fringe( 界限)→不在界限之内→违反 (例) We'll sue your company if it infringes our agreement.

504

momentum

(英) n. 推进力,势头(force or speed of movementimpetus) (考) oscillation: swing \ momentum : scooter(秋千通过震荡摇摆\滑行车通过冲力运动) (记) moment(=movement)+um→动力 (例) The national struggle for independence is gaining momentum every day.

505

expiate

(英) v.赎罪,补偿(to make amends or reparation for; atone for) (考) expiate : guilt \ correct : error(赎罪消除罪行\改错消除错误) (记) ex+pi(=pious虔诚)+ate→显出虔诚→赎罪 (同) 同根词:piety(虔诚); impious(不虔诚的) (例) He tried to expiate his crimes by giving money to the church.

506

reject

(英) v. 拒绝 ( refuse to accept);丢弃 ( throw away); (考) scorn : reject \ adulate : flatter(程度: 轻蔑拒绝→拒绝\谄媚→奉承) (记) re(回)+ject(扔)→扔回来→拒绝

507

mediator

(考) mediation : compromise \ prosecution : conviction(调停为了和解\起诉为了定罪)

508

perfidious

(英) adj. 不忠的,背信弃义的(faithless) (考) exorbitant : moderation \ perfidious : loyalty(过度的缺乏节制\不忠的缺乏忠诚)反义词:faithful(忠诚的); loyal(忠心的) (记) per(表面)+fid(相信)+ious→表面忠诚→不忠的; (同) 参考:perjury(伪证)

509

misunderstand

(英) v. 误解,误会 ( understand wrongly) (记) mis(错误)+understand(理解)

510

presumed

(英) adj. 可能的,可假定的(acceptable as an assumption) (记) 来自presume(推测,认定),pre(提前)+sume(=sum结论)→提前结论→假定

511

inherit

(英) v. 继承(receive property) (例) The eldest son will inherit the title.

512

victimize

(英) v. 使受害,迫害 ( cause someone to suffer unfairly) (例) Union leaders claimed that some members had been victimized for taking part in the strike.

513

lottery

(英) n. 彩票,抽彩给奖法(a game of chance) (记) 来自意大利文lotto,指一种抽数码的赌戏 (例) He has won a car in the lottery. Marriage is a lottery.(婚姻全靠缘分)

514

discontent

(英) n. 不满意(lack of satisfaction) (考) gripe : discontent \ praise : admiration(抱怨表示不满\赞扬表示钦佩) (记) dis+content(满意)

515

stentorian

(英) adj.(指声音)极响亮的(extremely loud) (考) audible : stentorian \ discernable : obvious(程度: 听得见到洪亮\ 分别得清到明显)反义词:faint(微弱的) (记) 希腊神话中的特洛伊战争中的传令官Stentor其声音极其洪亮

516

ebullience

(英) n. 兴冲冲,亢奋(high spirits; exuberance) (考) 反义词:impassivity(冷漠); calm restraint(平静的克制); impassiveness(冷漠) (记) e(出)+bull(煮、冒气)+ience→冒出热气→兴冲冲

517

healthfulness

(考) 反义词:insalubrity(不健康)

518

slippery

(英) adj. 滑的; 狡猾的 (not to be trusted) (考) slippery : elude \ alluring : entice(滑的易逃走\迷人的易诱惑)dingy : glisten \ slippery : adhere(肮脏的[东西]不闪光\滑的[东西]不粘连) (记) 来自动词slip(滑)

519

enchant

(英) v. 使迷醉(rouse to ecstatic admiration);施魔法于(bewitch) (记) en+chant(单调的唱歌)→(巫婆)单调唱歌以施魔法 (同) 派生词: enchantment (n.着魔喜悦) (例) Susan enchanted us with her singing.

520

hedonist

(英) n. 享乐主义者(believer in pleasure) (考) hedonist : please \ recluse : privacy(享乐主义者喜欢快乐\隐士喜欢独处)

521

azure

(英) adj. 蔚蓝的(sky blue)

522

mediocre

(英) adj. 平庸的,平凡的(ordinary; average) (记) medi(中间)+ocre→中间状态→平庸的 (例) The meal on the airplane was just mediocre.

523

nethermost

(英) adj. 最低的,最下方的(lowest;the farthest down) (记) nether(下面的)+most→最下面的

524

expound

(英) v.解释(to explain or interpret);阐述(state in detail) (记) ex+pound(=pon放)→把(道理)放出来→解释 (例) The priest expounded his religion to us.

525

glitter

(英) v.闪烁闪耀(shine brightly);n.灿烂的光华(sparkling light);诱惑力魅力(attractiveness)

526

roost

(英) v.\n. 栖息,鸟巢(a perch on which birds can rest and sleep) (记) 注意不要和rooster(公鸡)相混 (例) A sparrow roosted on the small tree branch.

527

calibre

(英) n.(枪等)口径;(人或事)品德,才能(valuequality or ability)

528

ceiling

(英) n. 天花板(top inner surface of a room) (记) 来自词根:cel(天空)

529

lizard

(英) n. 蜥蜴 (a small reptile)

530

propitiatory

(英) adj. 讨好的,调解的(intended to propitiate; expiatory)

531

reconstruct

(英) v. 重建,再建 ( rebuild after damage) (记) re(重新)+construct(建设)

532

resplendent

(英) adj. 华丽的,辉煌的 (shining brilliantly) (考) bravura : performance \ resplendent : appearance(华美的演奏\灿烂的外表)bootless : futility \ effulgent : resplendence(无用的无用\辉煌的辉煌)反义词:dull(阴暗的) (记) re(再)+splend(发光)+ent→不断发光→辉煌的 (例) the resplendent rays of the sun

533

terror

(英) n. 恐怖 (extreme fear) (考) apprehension : terror \ affection : adoration(过分忧虑是恐惧\过分喜欢是崇拜)terror : fear \ craving : desire(惊恐是十分害怕\热望是十分渴望) (例) Death holds no terrors for me.

534

irreproachable

(英) adj. 不可指责的(beyond reproach; blameless) (考) 反义词:opprobrious(坏名声的) (记) ir(不)+reproach(指责)+able→无可指责的

535

boudoir

(英) n.(女人的)化妆室,闺房(a woman's bedroom)

536

commentator

(英) 实况报道的解说员(person who commentates)评论员(person who comments)集注的作者(writer of a commentary)

537

porcine

(英) adj. 猪的,似猪的(suggesting swine) (记) porc(猪)+ine→猪的 (同) 同根词:porcupine(豪猪); pork(猪肉)

538

spectral

(英) adj.幽灵的(ghostly)

539

disgrace

(英) n. 出丑丢脸(behave badly and no longer deserves respect) (记) dis(消失)+grace(风度) →风度消失→出丑

540

disproportion

(考) 反义词:symmetry(对称)

541

adore

(英) v.崇拜(to worship as divine) ;热爱(to love greatly; idolize; revere) (考) abhorrence : dislike \ adoration : fondness \ fascination : interest(厌恶是十分不喜欢\热爱是十分喜爱\入迷是十分有兴趣)adulate : fawn \ woo : adore(谄媚是很奉承\求爱是很爱慕)apprehension : terror \ affection : adoration(担忧过分是恐惧\情感很强是热爱) (记) ad+ore(讲话)→不断想对某人讲话→热爱(某人); (同) 派生词: adoration (n.爱慕崇拜)同根词:oration(演讲)inexorable(说不动的无情的)

542

persist

(英) v. 坚持,执意 ( continue in a way of behaving in spite of opposition )

543

hoop

(英) n. (桶之)箍,铁环(a circular band or ring for holding together the staves of a barrel) (例) hoop a barrel(箍桶)

544

preternatural

(英) adj. 异常的(extraordinary);超自然的(existing outside of nature) (考) 反义词:ordinary(常见的) (记) preter(超过)+natural(自然的) (同) 同根词:preterlegal(超越法律); pretersensual(超越感觉的)

545

precision

(英) n. 精确,准确 (exactness) (记) 来自形容词precise(精确的;pre[预先]+cise[切] →预先切好的→精确的)+ion

546

wrest

(英) v.奋力从某人处获得某事物(obtain by pulling violently) (例) Foreign investors are trying to wrest control of the firm from the family.

547

emulate

(英) v. 努力赶上或超越(to strive to equal or excel) (考) emulate : exemplary \ obviate : unnecessary(可效仿的值得效仿\不必要的值得除去) (记) emul(竞争)+ate; (同) 参考:emulous(好胜的)派生词: emulation (n.竞争,好胜;仿效)

548

interlude

(英) n. (活动间的)暂时休息(time between two events) (记) inter(在中间)+lude(玩耍)→在玩闹之间→休息 (例) Holidays are such short interludes in a life of work.

549

recede

(英) v.后退,收回(诺言)(to move back; withdraw) (记) re(反)+cede(走)→反着走→后退 (例) recede from an engagement(撤回婚约)

550

adept

(英) adj.老练的,精通的(highly skilled; expert) (记) ad+ept(能力)→老练的;注意分辨: adopt(采纳,收养),adapt(适应)inept(无能) (同) n. adept(老手)adeptness; 注意分辨adopt(采纳收养)adapt(适应

551

multitude

(英) n. 多数(numerousness);大众,平民(populace; crowd) (记) multi(多)+itude→多的状态→多数,大众 (例) A great multitude gathered in the street.

552

instrumental

(英) adj. 有帮助的,有作用的(helpful in bringing something about) (考) orchestra : instrumental \ choir : vocal(管弦乐队是用乐器演奏的\合唱团是用嗓子歌唱的) (记) instrument(器具手段)+al→像工具一样→有帮助的 (例) Tom's good manners were instrumental in getting him the job.

553

ridicule

(英) n. 奚落(unkind expression of amusement);v. 嘲笑( laugh unkindly at) (考) pillory : ridicule \ guillotine : execute(颈手枷用来嘲弄\断头台用来处决)satire : ridicule \ elegy : sorrow(讽刺作品的目的是嘲笑\哀诗的目的是哀悼) (记) rid(笑)+ic+ule

554

superimpose

(英) v.加在上面(to place or lay over or above something) (考) superimpose : above \ insert : between(从上面强加\从中间插入) (记) super(在…上面)+impose(强加)

555

woodcutter

(英) n. 伐木者(a man whose job is to cut down trees in a forest) (考) scythe : reaper \ axe : woodcutter(收割者的工具是镰刀\伐木工的工具是斧头)

556

recalcitration

(英) adj.顽抗的(obstinately defiant of authority or restraint; unruly) (考) recalcitrant(refractory): authority \ implacable : conciliation \ reactionary :change(顽固的难以施加权威\不安静的难以安抚\保守的难以改变)incongruent : conform \ recalcitrant : obey(不一致的难以统一\顽固的难以服从)反义词: submissive(顺从的); amenable(顺从的) (记) re(重新)+calcitr(=calc石头)+ant→变成石头→固执的

557

reliance

(英) n. 信赖,信任(the state of being dependent on or having confidence in) (记) 来自rely(依赖) (例) I place complete reliance on his judgment.

558

crouch

(英) v. 蹲伏,弯腰 (to stoop or bend low) (考) hover : plunge \ crouch : spring(盘旋是为俯冲准备\蹲伏是为跳起准备) (记) 注意不要和couch(长沙发)相混 (例) The cat saw the bird and crouched down ready to jump.

559

adlib

(考) ad-lib : impromptu \ aside : divergent(即兴演讲特点是即兴的\旁白特点是旁意的)

560

vandalize

(英) v.肆意破坏(to subject to vandalism; damage) (记) 来自日耳曼民族一支汪达尔人Vandal以故意毁坏文物著名 (例) The lifts are vandalized.(电梯被毁了)

561

dulcet

(英) adj. 美妙的(soothing or pleasant to hear; melodious) (考) 反义词:cacophonous(刺耳的) (记) dulc(甜sweet)+et→声音甜的 (同) 同根词: dulcify(把弄甜使愉快);dulcimer(洋琴)

562

garment

(英) n. 衣服(any article of clothing) (考) hem : garment \ ruffle : shirt \ molding : cabinet(折边修饰衣服\褶皱修饰衬衫\嵌线修饰壁橱) (记) 分割记忆:gar(花)+ment

563

dune

(英) n. 沙丘(a rounded hill or ridge of sand) (考) river : gorge\ wind : dune(河流流过形成峡谷\风吹过形成沙丘) (例) The desert is filled with huge sand dunes.

564

disfigure

(英) v. 毁容(mar the appearance of; spoil)

565

negative

(英) 否定的(containing one of the words 'no''not''nothing''never'etc.)消极的(without any activeusefulor helpful qualities)

566

rain

(考) rain : deluge \ wind : hurricane(下雨和暴雨\刮风和飓风)

567

facsimile

(英) n.复制本,摹本(exact reproduction or copy) (记) fac(做)+simile(相同)→做出相同的东西→复制本

568

punctuation

(英) n. 标点法; 标点符号 (the marks used in doing this)

569

delicacy

(英) n. 柔软细嫩( tenderness when touched);精致优雅(fineness) (考) 反义词:crudity(粗糙) (记) de(一再)+lic(引诱)+acy→精致优美

570

displace

(英) v. 移置; 使某人某物离开原位(move from the usual or correct place) (考) 反义词:ensconce(安置) (记) dis(分开离开)+place(地方位置) →离开原位

571

modulate

(英) v. 调整(音的强弱)(to regulate by or adjust to) (记) mod(方式)+ulate→改变方式→调整 (例) Some people are able to modulate their voices according to the size of the room in which they speak.

572

visage

(英) n.脸,面貌(the facecountenanceor appearance) (记) vis(看)+age→面容 (例) a grim visage(铁板的脸)

573

bigot

(英) n. (宗教,政治等的)盲信者(a person who holds blindly to a particular creed) ;心胸狭窄者,偏执的人(a narrow minded person; zealot) (考) recluse : withdrawn \ bigot : biased(隐士隐居\固执己见者有偏见)bigot : tolerance \ liar : honesty \ turncoat : constancy(固执己见者无宽容\说谎者无诚实\变节者无坚定不移)posturer : unaffected \ bigot : tolerant(做作者不会自然\固执己见者不会宽容)bigoted : advice \ (记) 分割记忆:big-got得到不放的人

574

confirm

(英) v. 证实证明(provide evidence for; substantiate ) (考) claim : legitimated \ hypothesis : confirmed(声称的权利被合法化\假设被证实) (记) con(全部)+firm(坚定) →全部坚定→确证 (同) 派生词: confirmation (n. 证实,批准); confirmed (adj. 根深蒂固的)

575

emergency

(英) n.紧急事件(exigency) (记) 注意不要和emergence(出现)相混

576

authority

(考) contumacious : authority \ reactionary(hidebound; conservative):change(innovation; novelty)(不服从的不信权威\保守的(死板的)不愿意变化(改革))cornucopia : abundance \ mace : authority(丰饶角象征富饶\权杖象征权势)

577

alimony

(英) n. 离婚赡养费(payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce )

578

rectangular

(英) 长方形的矩形的(in the shape of a rectangle) (记) 来自名词rectangle(长方形)

579

nimble

(英) adj. 敏捷的,灵活的(moving quickly and lightly) (记) 来自nim(偷窃),偷窃需要手脚灵活 (例) a piano player with nimble fingers

580

dispirited

(英) adj. 心灰意懒的(depressed) (记) 来自dispirit

581

disapprobation

(英) n. 反对非难(disapproval) (考) 反义词:accolade(赞美)

582

equipoise

(英) n.平衡状态(balanced state of the mind);平衡物(thing that counterbalances)

583

tribute

(英) n.贡物 (a payment in acknowledgement of submission);赞辞(eulogy) (考) 反义词:denunciation(谴责); aspersion(诽谤之词) (记) tribut(给予)+e→贡物 (例) pay tribute to sb's great achievements(赞扬某人的伟大成就)

584

butterfly

(英) 蝴蝶(insect with a long thin body and four wings)无恒心的人(person who never settles down to one job for long) (例) a social butterfly

585

muzzy

(英) adj. 头脑糊涂的(muddled; mentally hazy) (例) I'm feeling a bit muzzy in the head.

586

article

(考) article : byline \ movie : credits(姓名行表明文章作者\片头字幕表明电影制作名单)

587

legerdemain

(英) n. 手法(sleight of hand),戏法(tricks of a stage magician) (记) 来自法语leger de main=light of hand 手轻巧→手法,花招; (同) 参考:legerity(轻巧,灵敏)

588

redemption

(同) 参考:preempt(优先取得); peremptory(断然的)

589

lounge

(英) v.懒散地斜靠(to standmovesitlie in a relaxed or lazy way; loll); (例) She lounged the afternoon away at the beach.

590

methodology

(英) 方法论(the set of methods used for study or action in a particular subjectas in science or education)教学法(a set of methods used in teaching) (例) an oral-based methodology

591

massacre

(英) n. 大屠杀(the indiscriminatemerciless killing of a number of human beings) (记) 分割记忆: mass(大批)+acre(英亩) →把一大批人在一英亩的地方杀掉 (例) The horrendous massacre was condemned by the United Nations.

592

enduring

(英) adj. 持续的(lasting) (考) ephemeral : enduring \ inanimate : living(短暂对持久\无生命对生活)反义词:ephemeral(短暂的); transitory(短时间的) (例) enduring memories

593

scripture

(英) n. 经文,圣典(a boby of writing considered sacred or authoritative) (考) diary : biographer \ scripture : theologian(传记作家研究日记\神学家研究经文) (记) scrip(写)+ure→写出的东西→经典 (同) 参考:script(笔迹、手书);scripted(照稿念的)

594

extraordinary

(英) adj. 不平常的格外的(very unusual)] (考) 反义词:quotidian(平凡的); prosaic(平凡的) (记) extra(超过的)+ordinary(普通的) →超出普通

595

loft

(英) n.阁楼,顶楼(an attic or attic-like space) (例) He sleeps in the loft.

596

juncture

(英) n.关键时刻危机关头(crisis);结合处( joining point)

597

harassment

(例) sexual harassment 性骚扰

598

ulcerate

(英) v.溃烂,生恶疮(to affect with an ulcer) (记) ulcer(溃疡)+ate (例) continued worry ulcerated his stomach

599

sagacious

(英) adj. 聪明的,睿智的(showing keen perception and foresight) (考) 反义词:without wisdom(无智商的); puerile(幼稚的) (记) sag(敏锐)+acious→敏锐的,聪明的

600

burial

(英) n. 埋葬(buryingesp of a dead body) (考) inter : burial \ obliterate : removal(同义: 埋葬=埋葬\删节=去除) (例) Cremation(火葬) is more common than burial in some countries .

601

stern

(英) n.船尾 (the rear end of a boat) (记) stern作为'严厉的'一意大家都熟悉; (同) 参考:bow(船头) (例) She seated herself in the stern.

602

parch

(英) v. 烘烤(to toast);烤焦(to become scorched) (考) 反义词:steep(浸泡) (记) 起源不明和perch(栖息)一起记 (同) 近形词: perch(栖息); porch(门廊) (例) The hot sun parched the bare earth below.

603

shoplift

(英) v. 在商店里偷窃货品( take goods from a shop without paying) (同) 派生词: shoplifter (n. 商店扒手) (例) started to shoplift as a fifteen-year-old

604

restiveness

(英) 不安宁不满足(uncontented) (考) 反义词:contentment(愿意,顺从)

605

auspicious

(英) adj.幸运的(favored by future; successful);吉兆的(favorable; propitious) (考) 反义词:boding ill(凶兆的);ill-omened(凶兆的) (记) au+spic(看)+ious→看到的(好事)→吉兆的 (同) 同根词:conspicuous(明显的) (例) Spring is an auspicious time for new activities.

606

taxonomist

(考) taxonomist : classify \ carpenter : build(分类学家分类\木匠建造)

607

automatism

(英) n.无意识行动(如梦游)(automatic action)

608

speculative

(英) 投机的冒风险的(based on speculation)推理的思索的(based on reason alone and not facts about the world)

609

purposively

(英) adv. 有目的地;有决心地 (考) 反义词:meander(漫步)-move purposively(有目的地走动) (记) 来自形容词purposive(有目的的,有决心的)

610

toss

(英) v. 扔,掷 ( throw);辗转反侧( move about continuously (例) a disdainful toss of the head

611

biped

(英) n. 二足动物(animal with two feet) (记) bi(二个两)+ped(足脚) →两足动物 (同) 同根词: centipede(蜈蚣); podiatrist(足病医生)

612

elusive

(英) adj. 难懂的(hard to comprehend or define)

613

gallop

(英) n.\v. (马)飞奔(the fastest gait of a horse);疾驰(any fast pace) (记) 和gallon(加仑,液量单位)一起记;可以参考法国的古名称 Gallo(高卢)一起记 (例) The horse galloped down the hill.

614

competent

(英) adj. 指人能干的(having the necessary ability );不错的(quite good) (记) compete(竞争)+ent→有竞争力的

615

recipient

(英) n. 接受者,收受者 (a person who receives) (记) re(再)+cip(拿)+ient

616

purloin

(英) v.偷窃(to appropriate wrongfully; steal) (考) lurk : wait \ purloin : appropriate \ abscond : depart(潜伏是偷偷等\偷窃是偷偷获得\潜逃是偷偷离开) (记) pur(附近)+loin(=long长久)→把附近的带到远方→偷窃; 不要和purlieu(附近)相混 (例) One of the guests has purloined a piece of my good silverware.

617

flabby

(英) adj.(肌肉)松软的(limp and soft; flaccid);意志薄弱的(lacking forceweak) (记) 和flaggy(枯萎的)一词一起记 (例) a flabby character

618

milestone

(英) 里程碑(a stone at the side of a roadon which is marked the number of miles to the next town)转折点(an important event which changes the course of someone's lifeor of history) (记) 组合词:mile(里)+stone(石头)

619

punch

(英) v.以拳猛击(to strike with the fist);打洞(to make a holepierce) (例) He punched the man on the nose. Did he punch a hole in your ticket?

620

abdicate

(英) v.让位,辞职,放弃(to give up a throneauthority) (考) abdicate : throne \ resign : office(放弃王位\放弃职位)反义词: usurp(篡夺); assume(担当官位);constitute(任命) (记) ab+dic(说话,命令)+ate→不再命令→退位; (同) 派生词: abdication(n. 退位)abdicator(n. 退位者)同根词:dictator(命令者,独裁者); indicate(表示暗示)

621

scorching

(例) The slight haze presages another scorching day(薄雾预示酷热的一天).

622

yen

(英) n.渴望热望(strong desire; longing; urge) (例) I've always had a yen to visit Australia.

623

unreserved

(英) adj. 无限制的(without limited);未被预定的(not reserved) (记) un(不)+reserved(保留的)

624

humiliate

(英) v. 使屈辱(to hurt the pride or dignity; mortify; degrade) (记) hum(地)+iliate(使…)→使人靠近地面→使屈辱

625

declivity

(英) n. 倾斜面,斜坡 (a downward slope; opposed to acclivity) (记) de+cliv(斜坡)+ity; (同) 参考:proclivity(癖好)

626

maze

(英) n. 迷宫(a confusingintricate network of winding pathways; labyrinth) (同) 近形词: maize(玉米); amaze(使吃惊); daze(使眼花缭乱); gaze(凝视); haze(薄雾); raze(摧毁) (例) It's easy to get lost in Boston's maze of streets.

627

prolixity

(英) n.罗嗦(tedious wordiness; verbosity) (考) 反义词:extreme brevity(极为简洁); conciseness(简洁); succinctness(简洁)

628

evict

(英) v. (依法)驱逐(to remove a tenant from leased premises by legal procedure) (考) evict : residence \ banish : country(逐出住所\流放出国家)反义词:harbor(庇护) (记) e+vict(征服)→把…征服出去→驱逐 (同) 同根词:victor(胜利者); victory(胜利) (例) If you don't pay your rent you'll be evicted.

629

coincide

(英) v. 巧合 (to occur at the same time);一致 (correspond exactly) (考) contiguous : abut \ simultaneous : coincide(接触的是接壤\同时发生的是巧合) (记) co+in+cide(落下)→共同落下→巧合 (例) Our vacations coincidedso we traveled together.

630

foliage

(英) n. 叶子(总称)(mass of leaves; leafage) (记) foil(树叶)+age→叶子 (同) 同根词:portfolio(文件夹); folivore(食叶动物)

631

satire

(英) n. 讽刺(作品)(the use of ridiculesarcasmirony to exposeattackor deride vicesfollies) (考) limerick : poem \ lampoon : satire(打油诗是一种诗\讽刺文章是一种讽刺作品)satire : ridicule \ elegy : sorrow(讽刺作品表达嘲弄\哀诗表达哀伤) (记) 可能来自sat(满足)+tire(拉长)→不断地(讽刺)而满足 (例) This TV show is a satire of the ideal family.

632

insular

(英) adj. 岛屿的,心胸狭窄的(narrow-mindedilliberal) (考) 反义词:cosmopolitan(世界性的) (记) insul(岛)+ar→岛屿的; (同) 同根词:peninsular(半岛的)

633

infest

(英) v. 骚扰,扰乱(to overrun or inhabit in large numbers; swarm in or over) (记) in(进入)+fest(匆忙)→匆忙起来→骚扰 (同) 同根词:festinate(赶快加速) (例) Mice infested the old house.

634

sheath

(英) n.(刀、剑)鞘、套(a case for a blade) (例) draw a sword from its sheath

635

resilience

(英) n. 弹性,弹力(the capability of a strained body to recover its size and shape after deformation caused by compressive stress) (考) 反义词:elasticity(弹性)-lack of resilience(缺乏弹性); inelasticity(无弹性) (记) 来自resile(弹回,恢复活力),re(再)+sile_(跳)→再次跳起→弹回

636

prodigality

(考) prodigality : spending \ gluttony : eating(挥霍是过分花费\暴食是过分吃)mean : prodigality \ meek : arrogance(反义: 吝啬对挥霍\谦逊对自大)courage : rashness \ generosity : prodigality(过分勇敢是鲁莽\过分慷慨是挥霍)反义词:penury(吝啬); husbandry(节约)

637

pontifical

(英) adj. 自以为是的(pompous);武断的(pretentiously dogmatic) (记) 来自pontiff(教皇,主教);v. pontificate (武断发表意见) (例) say in pontifical tones(用自以为是的口气说)

638

indocile

(英) adj. 不听话的,难驯服的(not easy to teach or discipline) (记) in(不)+docile(温顺的)

639

extinction

(英) n.熄灭(putting out a fire);消灭( annihilation; abolition) (考) 反义词:perpetuation(不朽) (例) extinct animals\the extinction of his hopes

640

nettle

(英) v. 烦忧,激恼(to irritateprovoke) (记) 分割记忆:net (网)+tle (例) be nettled by sb's refusal to help

641

apoplectic

(考) 反义词: calm(平静的)

642

dandy

(英) n. 花花公子,好打扮的人(a man who pays too much attention to his clothes and appearance; fop) (记) 可能来自一种比较漂亮的叫做'Dandie'的狗 (同) 派生词: dandified (adj. 打扮得像花花公子的)

643

nightmare

(英) n. 恶梦(a terrifying dream) (记) 组合词:night+mare(母马,恶魔); (同) 参考:mare(母马) (例) I awoke screaming from a horrible nightmare.

644

homograph

(记) homo(相同)+graph(写)→写起来相同但意义不同的词

645

dross

(英) n. 浮渣(a scum);糟粕(waste matter) (考) dross : metal \ chaff : grain(金属的浮渣\谷物的糠秕)purification: dross \ desalinization : salt(提纯去除杂质\脱盐去除盐) (例) discard the dross and select the essential(去粗取精)

646

crater

(英) n. 火山口(a bowl-shaped cavity);弹坑(a pit made by an exploding bomb)

647

colloquial

(英) 口语的口头的(of wordsphrases belonging to normal conversation but not formal speech or writing) (记) col+loqu(说)+ial→两人一起说→口语会话的

648

alluring

(英) adj. 吸引人的迷人的(attractivecharming) (考) slippery : elude \ alluring : entice (狡猾的人会逃避\迷人的人会诱惑) (记) 来自动词allure(引诱): al+lure(吸引力魅力); lure本身是一个单词. (例) an alluring smileprospect or promise

649

ovoid

(英) adj. \n. 卵行的卵形体(egg-shaped)

650

biosphere

(记) bio(生命)+sphere(球,圈)→生物圈 (同) 同根词:atmosphere(大气层); hemisphere(半球)

651

craven

(考) coward : craven \ dupe : gullible(懦夫是懦弱的\易受骗者是轻信的)craven : heroic \ volatile : constant \ permanent : erratic(懦弱对英勇\易变对不变\永久对不稳定)craven : admirable \ deft : awkward(怯懦对可敬\灵巧对笨拙)craven : hero \ parsimonious : spen

652

estrange

(英) v. 使疏远(alienate the affections) (记) e+strange(陌生)→使…陌生→疏远 (例) His behavior estranged his brother.

653

solicitude

(英) n. 关怀,牵挂(anxiouskindor eager care) (考) 反义词:indifference(不关心)

654

pastiche

(考) 反义词:original work(原作)

655

caress

(英) n. 爱抚抚摩(loving touch); (考) swagger : bravado \ caress : affection(大摇大摆是虚张声势的表现\爱抚是爱的表现) (记) car(可爱的)+ess→爱抚

656

growl

(英) v. (动物)咆哮,吼叫( to make a lowrumblingmenacing sound) (记) 分割记忆:grow-owl(猫头鹰)猫头鹰叫→吼叫 (例) growling thunder(隆隆雷声). a growl of anger.

657

stilted

(英) adj. (文章,谈话)不自然的; 夸张的(pompouslofty) (记) 来自stilt(高跷)+ed (例) talk in a stilted way(很不自然地说话)

658

status

(英) n. 身分,地位(social standingpresent condition) (记) stat(站)+us→站的位置→身分 (例) The award enhanced the masician's status.

659

wily

(英) adj.狡猾的 (full of wiles;crafty) (例) a wily fraud(狡猾的骗子)

660

killjoy

(英) n. 令人扫兴的人(a person who intentionally spoils the pleasure of other people)

661

originality

(英) n. 创造性,独特性(the ability to be originalcreative or inventive) (考) babble : sense \ parrot : originality(胡言乱语没有理性\学舌没有创造性) (记) origin(起源)+ality→首创性 (例) Mary's originality as an architect made her very successful.

662

loam

(英) n. 沃土(a rich soil) (记) 和roam(漫游)一起记

663

hedge

(英) n. 树篱;限制(restriction or defense) (考) prune : hedge \ trim : hair(修剪树篱\修剪头发)hedge : loss \ quarantine : contamination \ safeguard : accident(树篱防止损失\隔离防止传染\保护防止事故) (例) a hedge of convention (习俗的束缚)

664

indentation

(英) n. 锯齿状,缺口(a dentor slight hollow)

665

anaerobic

(考) 反义词: living in oxygen(生活在氧气中的); respiration(呼吸)

666

eddy

(英) n. 漩涡,涡流(little whirlpool or whirlwind) (考) stream : eddy \ trend : anomaly(旋涡与溪流方向相反\异常与趋势方向相反)

667

pitfall

(英) n. 陷阱(trap)未料到的危险或困难(a hidden or not easily recognized danger or difficulty) (记) pit(坑,洞)+fall(落下)→落下的坑→陷阱 (例) Lisa was not aware of all the pitfalls she would encounter on her new job.

668

inflammation

(英) 激怒炽热;炎症(condition in which a part of the body is redswollen and soreesp because of infection) (考) 反义词:mollification(缓和) (记) in(进入)+flam(火焰)+m+ation→进入火焰→炽热

669

ethics

(英) n. 伦理学(science that deals with morals );道德规范(moral correctness) (考) logic : reasoning \ ethics : behavior(逻辑学研究推理\伦理学研究行为) (例) The ethics of his decision are doubtful.

670

assiduous

(英) adj. 勤勉的(diligent; persevering) (考) 反义词:remiss(玩忽职守的);desultory(散漫的) (记) as+sid (坐)+uous→坐得多的→勤勉的 (同) 派生词: assiduity (n. 勤勉)同根词:preside(主持); insidious(阴险的)

671

sprout

(英) v. 长出,萌芽 ( growspring up);n. 嫩芽(a young shoot) (记) 和spout(喷出)一起记 (例) Leaves are beginning to sprout from trees.

672

gadfly

(考) annoying : gadfly \ rude : churl(烦人的人特点是烦人的\粗人特点是粗鲁的)gadfly : goad \ humorist : amuse(牛虻可以刺激\幽默家可以使发笑) (记) 组合词:gad(尖头棒)+fly(蝇)→牛虻

673

relevance

(英) n. 相关(pertinence) (考) pertinent : relevance \ redundant : superfluity(同义: 相关的和相关\多余的和多余)immaterial : relevance \ peripheral : center \ circuitous : directness(反义: 无关对相关\外围对中心\迂回对直接) (记) 来自relevant(相关的)re(重新)+lev(轻举起)+ant→重新举起来→相关的 (同) 亦作relevancy (例) What you say has no relevance to what we're talking about.

674

detonate

(英) v.(使)爆炸,引爆 (to cause a bombdynamite to explode) (记) de+ton(声音,雷声)+ate→雷声四散→爆炸 (同) 同根词:monotone(单调)派生词: detonation (n. 爆炸[声]) (例) A fire caused the fireworks to detonate.

675

splendor

(英) n.壮丽 (magnificence);辉煌(brilliancy) (考) 反义词:squalor(肮脏; 悲惨)

676

revelry

(英) n. 狂欢 (noisy partying or merrymaking) (记) 来自revel(陶醉,狂欢),可能是rebel(造反)的变体,人喧闹如造反→狂欢

677

plastic

(英) adj. 可塑的(capable of being molded: pliable) (例) The sculptor molded the plastic clay with her hand.

678

catalyze

(英) v.催化; 促进刺激(stimulate) (考) 反义词:inhibit(抑制); retard(延迟) (例) The technology bred of science has catalyzed stupendous economic growth

679

morose

(英) adj. 阴郁的(sullenly melancholy) (考) 反义词:cheerful(高兴的); lighthearted(轻松愉快的); sanguine(乐观的) (记) mo(记成'没')+rose(记成玫瑰) →没有玫瑰的→不高兴的 (例) The runner who lost the race was morose for the rest of the day.

680

facade

(英) n.建筑物的正面(the front of a building ); (记) fac(=face正面)+ade→正面 (例) a facade of honesty (装诚实的虚伪外表)

681

despotic

(英) adj. 专横的,暴虐的(autocratic; tyrannical) (考) despotic : tyranny \ generous : liberality(专制的和专制\慷慨的和慷慨) (记) 来自despot(暴君),des(出现)+pot(力量)→展示力量的人→暴君; (同) 同根词:potent(有力的)

682

stratagem

(英) n.谋略,策略(a cleverly contrived trick or scheme) (考) stratagem : deceive \ concession : placate(谋略是为了欺骗\让步是为了抚慰) (记) strata(层次)+gem→有层次的计划→谋略; (同) 参考:strategic(战略上的)

683

philistine

(英) n. 庸人,市侩(a person who is guided by materialism and is usually disdainful of intellectual or artistic values) (考) 反义词:aesthete(唯美主义者) (记) 来自腓力斯丁人(Philistia),是庸俗的市侩阶层

684

hoof

(英) n. (牛马的)蹄(the entire foot of ungulate animals) (记) 比较记忆:hood(帽兜)hook(挂钩)hoop(环,圈)

685

gnomic

(英) adj. 格言的,精辟的(wise and pithy; full of aphorisms)

686

contumacious

(考) contumacious : authority \ reactionary(hideboundconservative): change(innovationnovelty)(顽固的不相信权威\反动的(死板的保守的)不相信变化(创新))反义词:obedient(顺从的) (记) con+tum(肿胀,骄傲)+acious→骄傲,不服从 (同) 同根词:tumid(肿大的);tumor(肿块)

687

bacon

(英) n. 熏猪肉(salted and smoked meat)

688

refute

(英) v. 驳斥(to prove wrong by argument or evidence; disprove) (考) 反义词:prove(证明) (记) re(反)+fute(打)→反过来打→反驳 (同) 同根词:refutable(可驳倒的); futile(无用的) (例) I refuted his claim that the world was flat.

689

fluctuate

(英) v.波动(undulateas waves);变化(to be continually changing) (考) 反义词:stabilize(使稳定); remain steady(保持稳定) (记) fluct(=flu流动)+uate→波动,变化 (例) fluctuate between staying and leaving

690

angular

(英) adj. 有角的(having angles);(指人)瘦削的( thin and bony) (同) 派生词: angularity (n. 有角性多角)

691

affection

(英) n. 亲情,柔情(fond or tender feeling) (考) affection : embrace \ submission : obeisance \ displeasure : frown\ indifference : shrug(拥抱是爱的表示\鞠躬是谦恭的表示\皱眉是不高兴的表示\耸肩是不关心的表示)caress : affection \ swagger : bravado(爱抚是爱的表示\大摇大摆是虚张声势的表示)mercurial : mood \ fickle : affection{ENT (例) The baby is full of affection for its mother.

692

astringent

(英) adj. 止血的,收缩的(that contracts body tissue and checks secretions or bleeding)n. 收缩剂,止血剂(an astringent substance ) (考) astringent : pucker(contraction) \ spark : ignition \ anesthetic : insensibility(收缩剂造成收缩\火花造成点燃\麻醉剂造成麻木) (记) a+string(绑紧)+ent→绑紧的→收缩的 (同) 同根词:stringent(严格的,严厉的)

693

heal

(考) 反义词: fester(溃烂)

694

haphazard

(英) adj. 任意的(without plan or order) (考) 反义词:methodical(有系统的); systematic(系统的) (记) hap(机会运气)+hazard(游戏) →运气+游戏→偶然的

695

overtake

(英) v. 赶上并超过(come up and pass) (例) Disaster overtook the project.

696

forbidding

(英) adj. (表情)冷峻的,形势险恶的(looking dangerousthreateningor disagreeable) (记) 来自forbid(禁止,不准),for(出去)+bid(命令)→命令出去→不许; (同) 参考:bid(命令,恳求) (例) a forbidding manner. a forbidding range of mountains.

697

iterate

(英) v. 重做,反复重申(to utter or do repeatedly) (记) iter(=again 再)+ate→再来一次→重做; (同) 参考:iterant(重复的)

698

ribald

(英) adj. 下流的,粗鄙的 (crudeusing coarse indecent humor) (考) 反义词:seemly(适宜的) (记) 分割记忆:rib(肋骨)+bald(秃头的)→肋骨露了出来→下流的 (同) 派生词:ribaldry (n. 粗俗下流的言词或笑话) (例) a ribald joke(粗俗的笑话)

699

tarry

(英) v.徘徊耽搁(linger; delay in starting or going; dawdle) (例) Tarry a while at this charming country inn(在乡村酒店逗留一会).

700

convict

(英) v. 定罪 (find guilty of an offence)n. 罪犯(a person found guilty of a crime and sentenced by a court)

701

cordially

(英) adv. 热诚地(sincerely) (记) 来自词根:cord(心脏一致); cordially(从内心发出来的热诚地)

702

secure

(英) adj. 安全的 (safe); 稳固的; v. 固定(hold or close tightly); 使安全(make safe) (考) 反义词:unfasten(松开)

703

dichotomy

(英) n.二分,本质对立(division into two opposing partsgroupsor classes) (记) dicho(二分)+tom(切、割)+y→切成二分→二分; (同) adj. dichotomous; adv. dichotomously

704

barricade

(英) v.设栅阻挡(to obstruct\to shut in );n. 栅栏(any barrier or obstruction) (考) 反义词:permit passage(允许通过) (记) barric(阻止)+ade→阻止物→栅栏; bar作为单词意为'阻挡' (例) The police barricaded the crime scene.

705

carnival

(英) n.狂欢节(festivity ; merrymaking) (记) carn(肉)+ival(节日)→肉的节日→狂欢节

706

contestant

(英) n. 竞争者(person who is in a contest) (考) trophy : contestant \ honors : student(奖品是奖给优秀参赛者\荣誉是奖给优秀学生) (记) contest+ant

707

mogul

(英) n. 显要人物,权势之人(an influential or powerful person) (考) 反义词:nonentity(无足轻重者) (记) 来自Mogul(莫卧儿人,蒙古人),因比较高大而引申为'显要人物' (例) a literary mogul(文坛巨擘)

708

disinclination

(英) n. 不喜欢; 勉强(reluctance) (考) aversion : disinclinatioin \ adulation : admiration(厌恶是十分不喜欢\奉承是过分赞赏) (记) dis+inclination(倾斜癖好) →不喜欢只能勉力为之

709

obliging

(英) adj. 恳切的,热心助人的(helpful; accommodating) (考) visionary : idealistic \ officious : obliging(程度: 幻想→空想\过分插手→热心) (记) oblige(表示好意)+ing→热心助人的 (例) He is very obliging and offers to do anything in his power.

710

preponderance

(英) n. 优势(a superiority in weightpowerimportance);多数( majority) (考) preeminence : importance \ preponderance : weight(卓越是有重要性\优势是有分量)反义词:commensurate(相等的) (例) The preponderance of public sentiment is with the victim.

711

melody

(英) n. 旋律(musical sounds in agreeable succession) (考) metaphor : literal \ melody : spoken(隐喻不用字面上的意义\旋律不用语言上的意义) (记) mel(甜)+ody(唱)→旋律 (同) 派生词: melodious (adj. 旋律优美的,悦耳的) (例) I whistled a happy melody as I walked down the street.

712

medicate

(记) 来自medicine(药) (例) medicate a cold

713

cantata

(记) cant(唱)+ata(表示音乐类作品); (同) 参考:sonata(奏鸣曲)

714

accidental

(英) adj. 意外的,偶然的(fortuitousincidentaladventitiouscasual) (考) inventiveness : accidental \ effect : casual(偶然的发明\意外的结果)safeguard : accident \ hedge : loss(保护为了防止意外\围栏为了防止损失)intentional : accidental \ arrogant : humble(故意的不是偶然的\傲慢的不是谦虚的) (记) 来自accident(事故,意外):ac+cid(落下)+ental→意外的 (同) 同根词:deciduous(落叶的)incident(偶然事件)

715

plush

(英) adj. 豪华的(notably luxurious) (记) 注意不要和blush(脸红)相混 (同) 近形词: blush(脸红); flush(丰足的; 冲洗); lush(青翠的) (例) plush mansions(豪华大厦)

716

refulgent

(英) adj. 辉煌的,灿烂的(shining radiantly) (考) 反义词:lackluster(无光泽的) (记) re(重新)+flug(发光)+ent→光辉的 (同) 同根词:fulgurate(发光,闪光)

717

gratuity

(英) n. 赏钱,小费(a gift of money to a waitressporteretc.for a service or a favor; tip)

718

flick

(英) n.\v. 轻打,轻弹(a lightquick strokeas with a whip) (记) 分割记忆:f 作为 forlick(舔),为了舔一下→轻弹一下 (例) She flicked him a blow on the face.

719

encapsulate

(英) v. 装入胶囊(to enclose in a capsule);压缩(summarizeepitomize) (记) en+capsul(胶囊)+ate→装入胶囊

720

limn

(英) v. 描述(describe),绘画(to paint or draw) (考) enunciate : words \ limn : lines(发音发出词语\描绘画出线条)

721

unpromising

(记) un(不)+promising(有前途的)

722

pictorial

(英) adj. 有图片的,用图片表示的 (havingor expressed in pictures) (考) restive : calmness \ pidding : considerable(反义: 不安的→平静的\无用的→重要的) (记) 来自名词picture(图片)pidding adj.无用的,琐碎的(trivial)

723

statutory

(英) adj.法定的;受法令所约束的(regulated by statute)

724

dilapidation

(英) n. 破旧,荒废(a dilapidated condition; ruin)

725

interpret

(英) v. 解释说明(explain);理解(understand) (考) misjudge : assess \ misconstrue : interpret(判断错误是评估错误\误解是解释错误)反义词:misread(错误地解释)-interpret correctly(正确地解释) (例) We interpreted his silence as a refusal.

726

dabble

(英) v. 涉足,浅赏(to do something superficiallynot seriously) (考) 反义词:dedicate(致力); devote(投身于) (记) 不要和babble(说蠢话)相混 (例) to dabble in politics

727

freckle

(英) n. 雀斑,斑点(a smallbrownish spot on the skin) (记) 和heckle(诘问,责问)一起记 (例) a freckled nose

728

consul

(英) n. 领事(official appointed by a state to live in a foreign city) (例) the British Consul in Marseilles

729

legislate

(英) v. 制定法律(to make or pass a law) (记) legis(法律)+late(放)→放出法律→制定法律 (例) Congress legislated new income-tax rates.

730

caption

(英) n. 标题(short title of an article) (记) cap(拿抓)+ion→抓住主要内容→标题

731

prescription

(英) n. 处方(上的药)(a written direction for the preparation and use of a medicine; a prescribed medicine) (考) overdose : prescription \ indiscretion : convention(用药过量没有依照处方\行为不慎没有依照习俗)

732

lighthearted

(英) adj. 愉快的 (cheerfulhappy) (考) 反义词:morose(忧郁的) (记) light(轻的)+heart(心)+ed

733

exigent

(英) adj. 需要立即采取行动的(requiring immediate action) (考) 反义词:deferrable(可拖延的) (例) an exigent set of circumstances

734

halt

(英) v. 暂停前进,停止(stop temporarily) (例) The project halted for lack of funds.

735

diabetes

(英) n.纯熟灵巧 (skill in using one's hands or body; adroitness) (考) surgeon : dexterity \ acrobat : agility(外科医生的特点是熟练\杂技演员的特点是敏捷)

736

guile

(英) n. 欺诈狡猾(deceit; cunning) (考) shiftless : ambition \ impeccable : flaw \ ingenuous : guile(懒散的不会有雄心\无瑕疵的不会有瑕疵\真诚的不会有诡计)acrid : gentleness \ forthright : guile(尖刻的不柔和\直接的不狡诈)blemish : impeccable \ guile : artless(瑕疵不是无瑕的\狡诈不是朴实的)反义词:artlessness (例) a man full of guile

737

misnomer

(英) n. 名字的误用 (a wrong or unsuitable name) (记) mis+nom(名字)+er (例) ' Road ' was a misnomer for the rough track along which we had to drive.

738

squelch

(英) v. 压制,镇压(to completely suppress;quell) (考) 反义词:foment(煽动) (记) 参考:quench(熄灭压制) (同) 参考:quench(熄灭,压制) (例) Squelch a student demonstration.

739

differentiate

(英) v. 辨别区别(show two things to be different) (记) different+iate→不同化

740

unspotted

(英) adj. 清白的,无污点的(without spotflawless) (考) 反义词:maculated(有污点的) (例) an unspotted reputation(清白的名声)

741

bespeak

(英) v.显示表示(to be indicative of ;show) (记) be+speak(讲话)→讲出来→表示 (例) His skill at singing bespeaks much good training.

742

hub

(英) n. 轴心(the center part of a wheel );中心(a center) (考) spoke : hub \ radius : center(轮辐到轮轴距离相等\半径到圆心距离相等) (例) a hub of learning and culture(学术文化中心)

743

trim

(英) v. 修剪(to make neat by cutting or clipping) (考) prune : hedge \ trim : hair(修剪树篱\修剪头发) (例) He has his hair trimmed.(他修剪了头发) \ a trim cabin(整洁的船舱)

744

prefatory

(英) adj.作为开场白的(introductory; of a preface) (考) 反义词:conclusive(最后的)

745

doctrinaire

(英) adj.教条的,迂腐的(stubbornly adhering to a doctrine) (记) 来自doctrine(教条)→来自doctor(博士)

746

misbehave

(考) castigation : disapproval \ crime : misbehave(指责比不赞成严重\犯罪比行为不端严重)lapse : error \ misbehavior : criminality(失误比错误程度轻\行为不端比犯罪程度轻)reprobate : misbehave \ sycophant : fawn(堕落的人行为不端\谄媚的人拍马屁) (同) 派生词: misbehavior(行为不端不守规矩)

747

demobilize

(英) v. 遣散(军人),复员 (to discharge a person from the armed forces) (记) de+mobilize(动员)→反动员→遣散,mob(动) (同) 同根词:mobility(能动性); mob(暴民) (例) The government demobilized the military base.

748

gerontology

(英) n. 老人病学(the scientific study of aging and of the problems of the aged people) (考) plutocracy : wealth \ gerontocracy : age(富豪统治是由财富决定的统治\老人统治是由年龄决定的统治) (记) geront(老人,老年)+ology→老年病学 (同) 同根词:gerontic(老年的,衰老的);gerontocracy(老人统治)

749

preeminence

(考) preeminence : importance \ preponderance : weight(卓越是有重要性\优势是有分量)

750

immutable

(英) adj. 不变的(unchangeable) (考) immutable : altered \ implacable : propitiated(不变的不能变化\不缓和的不能劝解)transitory : endure \ immutable : change(短暂的不持久\不变的不变化)反义词:variable(变化的) (记) im(不)+mut(变化)+able→不变的 (同) 同根词:mutation(变化); commute(交换,改变)

751

taxing

(英) adj. 繁重的(burdensome) (考) 反义词: light (轻的)

752

impetus

(英) n. 推动力; 刺激(incentive; impulse) (记) im(进入)+pet (追求)+us→内心追求→推动力 (同) 同根词:competition(竞争,角逐)

753

lode

(英) n.矿藏(metal-bearing vein)

754

incredulous

(英) adj. 不肯轻信的(not willing to believe) (记) in(不)+cred(相信)+ulous(多...) →不肯多相信的

755

bifurcate

(英) v.分为两支,分叉(to divide into two parts or branches) (考) 反义词:coalesce(接合) (记) bi(两个)+furc(叉fork)+ate→分为两叉 (同) 同根词:furcate(分叉的)

756

facilitate

(英) v.使容易,帮助(to make easy or easier) (考) 反义词:hamper(妨碍); thwart(阻碍); obstructionist(阻碍者)-one who facilitates(促进者); obstruct(阻碍) (记) 来自facile(容易的) (例) The broken lock facilitated my entrance into the empty house.

757

cadaverous

(英) adj. 像尸体的(paleghastlyor gaunt and haggard)

758

patronize

(英) v. 以高人一等的态度对待 ( behave towards sb as if one were better or more important than them)光顾,惠顾 (to be a patron of) (考) patronize : condescension \ deride : mockery(patronize用的是condescension[屈尊俯就]的态度\deride用的是mockery[嘲弄]的态度)condescending : patronize \ obsequious : fawn(资助是叫人欠情的\谄媚是低三下四的)

759

glut

(英) 供过于求过多(a supply of certain goods that is greater than the demand; satiate ) (考) 反义词:dearth(缺乏) (记) 参考glutton(贪吃的人) (例) There was a glut of eggs on the market a few months ago.

760

overhaul

(英) v.\n. 彻底检查(to check thoroughly);大修(thorough restoration) (记) over(全部)+haul(拉,拖)→全部拉上来修理→大修_ (例) The old system of education should be overhauled.

761

behold

(英) v.目睹,看见(to hold in view ; look at) (记) be+hold(拿住)→被拿住→看到 (同) 派生词: beholder (n. 目睹者) (例) She screamed when she behold the mess in the kitchen.

762

palmy

(考) palmy : prosperity \ draconian : severity(繁荣的和繁荣\严峻的和严峻)

763

accomplished

(英) adj.有技巧的有造诣的(skilled);完成了的(being achieved)

764

apron

(英) adj. 大约的,估计的(much like; more or less correct or exact) (考) paraphrase : verbatim \ approximate : precise(意译不是逐字的\估计不是精确的)stickler : approximation(imprecision)\ purist : adulteration(坚持细节的人不估计\纯粹者不掺假) (记) ap+proxim(接近)+ate→接近的,大约的 (同) 派生词: approximately (adv. 大约地); approximation (n. 近似值)同根词:proximity(接近)

765

acceptable

(英) adj. 合意的令人满意的( satisfactory) (记) accept(接受)+able(能...的) →可接受的→令人满意的

766

inaugural

(英) adj. 就职的开幕的(for an inauguration) (例) an inaugural speechlecturemeeting(就职演说)

767

lair

(英) n. 野兽的巢穴(resting place of a wild animal)

768

perspire

(英) n. 出汗(the act of perspiring; sweat) (记) per(全部)+spir(呼吸)+ation全身都呼吸出汗 (同) 同根词:inspiration(灵感); expire(期满断气)

769

surveyor

(英) n. 测量员(a person whose job is to survey buildings or land) (记) survey(测量)+or

770

labyrinth

(英) 迷宫(a structure containing an intricate network of winding passages hard to follow without losing one's way) (考) labyrinty : tortuous \ ornament : decorative(迷宫的特点是曲折的\装饰品的特点是装饰的) (记) labyr(=labour)+inth(里面)→在里面努力→迷宫

771

coop

(英) n. (鸡)笼、栏 (a small cagepenor building for poultry) (考) corral : horses \ coop : chickens(马养在蓄栏里\鸡养在笼子里)

772

ignore

(英) 忽视(take no notice of sb\sth) (考) ambiguous : understand \ blatant : ignore(模棱两可的不容易理解\显眼的不容易忽视)subtle : ignore \ salient : observe(微妙的容易让人忽略\显著的容易让人观察) (例) You've been ignoring me.

773

mnemonics

(英) n. 记忆法,记忆规则(the technique of developing the memory) (考) regimen : health \ mnemonics : memory(养生法帮助健康\记忆法帮助记忆) (记) mnemo(记忆)+nics→记忆法 (同) 同根词:amnesia(健忘症);mnemonist(记忆能手)

774

scamper

(英) v. 奔跑,快跑(to run nimbly and playfully about) (记) 来自scamp(强盗)+er, 强盗抢了东西就跑 (例) The mouse scampered into its hole.

775

wield

(英) v.支配,掌权(to have at one's command or disposal) (记) 参考:unwieldy(笨重的) (同) 参考:unwieldy(笨重的) (例) Wield the two languages with equal facility.

776

ransom

(英) v.赎回(to free from captivity or punishment by paying a price) (例) The hijackers demanded a ransom of a million pounds.

777

resigned

(考) stickler : exacting \ defeatist : resigned(坚持细节的人严格\失败主义者屈从)

778

endearment

(英) n. 亲爱的行为或话语(a word or an act expressing affection) (记) en+dear→(亲爱)+ment→进入亲爱状态

779

argument

(考) sermon : homiletics \ argument : logic(布道术学布道\逻辑学学辩论)反义词:fallacy(谬误)-valid argument(正确论点)

780

descend

(英) v. 下来,下降 (to come down) (考) contract : implode \ descend : plummet(收缩和急剧收缩\下降和急剧下降) (记) de+scend(爬)→爬下→下降; (同) 参考:ascend(上升) (例) The sun descended behind the hills.

781

jerk

(英) n.\v. 猛拉(to pull with a suddensharp movement) (例) give a firm jerk on the rope(使劲猛拉绳子)

782

imagination

(考) insipid : invention \ prosaic : imagination(乏味的没有创新\单调的没有想象力)

783

calloused

(英) adj. 茧子的(of the skin hardened) (记) 来自callous(adj.冷漠的无感觉的;call[硬皮]+ous)

784

earnest

(考) 反义词:flippant(轻率的); facetious(玩笑的)

785

planetary

(记) 来自名词planet(行星)+ary

786

conservative

(英) adj. 保守的守旧的(opposed to great or sudden change) (考) bigoted : advice \ conservative : change(顽固的[人]不接受建议\保守的[人]不接受改变)contumacious : authority \reactionary(hideboundconservative):change(innovationnovelty)(顽固的不相信权威\反动的[死板的保守的]不相信改变[创新]) (记) conserve+ative

787

stodgy

(英) adj. 乏味的 (boringdull) (考) 反义词:exciting(令人激动的) (记) 来自stodge(淀粉类食物)+y→像淀粉食物一样乏味→单调乏味的 (例) a stodgy book

788

fallible

(英) adj.会犯错的,易犯错的(liable to be mistaken or deceived) (记) 上面的fallacious指本身是错的或假的,如:a fallacious argument; fallible 指人有可能犯错误,如:All men are fallible. (例) All of you are fallibleso please check each other's work.

789

redirect

(英) v. 改寄(信件) ( send in a new direction) (记) re(重新)+direct(指)

790

scathing

(英) adj. 苛刻的,严厉的(bitterly severe) (考) 反义词:calmly complimentary(冷静赞扬的) (例) a scathing condemnation(严厉的谴责)

791

profane

(英) v. 亵渎,玷污(to treat with abuseirreverenceor contempt; desecrate) (考) pierce : impenetrable \ profane : inviolable(不可穿透的不能刺透\神圣的不能亵渎)反义词:revere(崇敬); treat reverently(虔诚地对待); inviolable(神圣的) (记) pro(在前)+fane(神庙)→在神庙前(做坏事)→亵渎 (同) 派生词: profanity (n. 不敬,渎神blasphemy) (例) Please don't profane things that are sacred to other people.

792

disarray

(英) n.混乱,漫无秩序(an untidy condition; disorder; confusion) (考) shipshape : disarray \ squalid : cleanliness(整齐的不杂乱\肮脏的不干净) (记) dis+array(排列,装扮)→漫无秩序,array本身是一个单词 (例) She rushed out of the burning house with her clothes in disarray.

793

permeate

(英) v. 扩散(to spread or diffuse through);渗透(to pass through the pores or interstices ) (例) Nasty water from the flood permeated our carpeting.

794

essential

(英) adj. 必要的(necessary; indispensable);n. 要素,要点(fundamentally necessary element ) (考) 反义词: patina(表面特征)-essential quality(本质特征);adjunct(附属物)-essentialelement(要素) (例) A knowledge of French is an absolute essential.

795

sagacity

(英) n. 聪慧(penetrating intelligence and sound judgement) (考) prudence : daredevil \ constancy : turncoat \ sagacity : simpleton(蛮勇者不会谨慎\变节者不会坚持\傻子不会睿智)反义词:fatuity(愚蠢); folly(愚蠢)

796

surrealism

(英) n. 超现实主义(a modern type of art and literature in which the artist connects unrelated images and objects) (记) sur(超过)+realism(现实主义)

797

proximity

(英) n.接近,附近(the quality of proximate; closeness) (例) Due to Bob's proximity to the microphonehis words were clearly recorded.

798

grounded

(考) 反义词:precarious(不确定的); aloft(在空中地)

799

exploit

(英) v.剥削(to make profit from);开发利用(utilize productively) (考) milk : extract \ exploit : utilize(榨取提取\剥削利用) (记) ex+ploit(=plic重叠)→从重叠中拿出→开发 (例) to exploit the oil under the sea

800

averse

(英) adj. 厌恶的,反对的(not willing or inclined; opposed) (记) a+verse(转)→转开→厌恶的 (同) 同根词:adverse(不利的); controversy(争论辩论)

801

bouquet

(英) n.花束(a bunch of cut flowers);芳香(fragrance) (考) bouquet : flowers \ woodpile : logs(花束由花组成\木料堆由木头组成)singer : choir \ flower : bouquet(歌手组成合唱团\花组成花束) (记) 比较:banquet(宴会) (同) 近形词:banquet(宴会)

802

whelp

(英) n.犬科的幼兽(young wolfdogtiger)

803

slaver

(英) v.流口水渴望(droolslobber);n.口水(saliva) (记) 分割记忆:slave(奴隶)+er

804

alleviate

(英) v.缓和,减轻(lighten or relieve[painsuffering]) (考) abate : tax \ alleviate : distress(减少税收\减轻痛苦)反义词:exacerbate(恶化) (记) al+lev(轻)+iate→减轻 (同) 同根词:levity(轻率)elevate(举起升高) (例) Winning the lottery alleviated the couple's financial problems.

805

nugatory

(英) adj. 无价值的,琐碎的(trifling; worthless) (记) 来自nugae(无价值的东西)+tory→无价值的

806

fussy

(英) adj. 爱挑剔的(overly exacting and hard to please)

807

polyglot

(英) n.\adj. 通晓多种语言的(人)(multilingual) (记) poly(多)+glot(声门,语言)→多语言的(人)

808

plumb

(英) adv. 精确地(exactly vertical or true)v.了解意义(to examine minutely and critically);测水深(to measure the depth with a plumb) (考) measure : dimensions \ calibrate : diameter \ gauge : pressure \ plumb :depth(量尺寸\测直径\量压力\测深度)assess : value \ plumb : depth(评估价值\测量深度)反义词:horizontal(水平的) ;examine superficially(肤浅地检查); examine curiously(好奇地查看) (记) 由plumb(铅锤)意义转化而来 (例) It's not plumb impossible.(这并不是完全不可能的) \ plumb the complexities of a book(了解一本书的复杂性)

809

plunge

(英) v. 向前倒下; 俯冲( move suddenly forwards and downwards) (考) hover : plunge \ crouch : spring(俯冲之前盘旋\跳起之前蹲伏) (例) a plunge into the sea from the rocks

810

posit

(英) v. 假定,认为(to assume or affirm the existence of;postulate) (考) 反义词:deny(否认) (记) position反推成posit

811

comma

(英) n. 逗号(punctuation mark[]to indicate a light pause) (考) caret : insertion \ comma : pause(插字符表示插入\逗号表示暂停)enclose : parentheses \ separate : comma(括号起包括作用\逗号起分隔作用)

812

wholesome

(英) adj. 促进健康的(good for the body or likely to produce health) (考) 反义词:tainted(被污染的); deleterious(有害的); insalubrious(有害的); morbid(病态的); noxious(有害的) (记) whole(完整,健康)+some

813

obscurity

(英) n. 费解,不出名(the quality of being obscure) (考) 反义词:celebrity(名人) (例) I stopped reading the textbook because of its obscurity.

814

fertility

(英) n.肥沃,丰饶(fecundity) (同) 同根词:infertile (不生育的,不毛的);fertilize(施肥) (例) the fertility of the soil.

815

humanity

(英) n. 人类(mankind);人文学科(literaturephilosophyhistoryetc.) (考) malingerer : duty \ recluse : humanity(装病者为了逃避责任\隐士为了逃避人类)

816

addle

(英) v.使腐坏(to make rotten);使昏乱(become muddled or confused ) (记) addled (adj.头脑混乱的); 联想记忆:add(增加)→事情增加容易混乱

817

fabricate

(英) v. 捏造(to make up; invent; lie);制造(to make by assembling parts) (考) discompose : pacific \ fabricate : authentic(使人烦乱不平静\捏造不真实) (记) fabric(构造)+ate→构造出来→捏造; (同) 参考:prefabricate(预制)派生词: fabrication ( n. 编造捏造;伪造的事物) (例) to fabricate a car. to fabricate an excuse.

818

umpire

(英) n.裁判(one having authority to decide finally) (例) umpire a dispute(仲裁纠纷)

819

leprosy

(记) lepr(=lepid鳞)+osy→有鳞的(病)→麻疯病 (同) 同根词:leopard(豹子)

820

discombobulated

(考) discombobulated : order \ erratic : consistency(混乱的没有秩序\不稳定的没有一致性) (例) I felt all discombobulated when I moved to the new town.

821

concomitant

(英) adj. 伴随而来的 (accompanying; attendant) (记) con+comit(伴随)+ant→伴随而来的;分割记忆:con(共同)+comit=come(来)→一起来→伴随而来 (同) 同根词:comity(礼貌,礼节); comely(美丽动人的) (例) war with all its concomitant sufferings

822

intimate

(英) adj. 亲密的(closely acquainted);n. 密友(an intimate friend or companion) (考) clique : intimates \ flock : sheep(密友形成小集团\羊形成羊群) (记) intim(内部)+ate→内部状态→亲密的私下的 intimate['IntImeIt]v. 暗示 (英) v. 暗示(hint or imply; suggest) (考) 反义词:communicate directly(直接表达) (例) He intimated a wish to go by saying that it was late.

823

resin

(考) resin : tree \ gum : rubber plant(树脂在树上\橡胶在橡胶树上)

824

lambaste

(英) v. 痛打(to beat soundly);痛骂(to scold or denounce severely) (考) 反义词:extol(赞美) (记) lam(鞭打)+baste(烤)→又烤又打; (同) 参考:baste(浇油脂于肉上烤)

825

skeleton

(英) 骨骼(the structure consisting of all the bones in a human or animal body)骨架框架(something forming a structure on which more is built or added)最基本的骨干的(enough to keep an operation or organization goingand no more) (考) skeleon : animal \ framing : building(动物有骨架支撑\建筑物有框架结构支撑)

826

peril

(英) n. 危险( exposure to the risk ; danger)

827

severity

(英) n.严肃严厉(harshness; sternness);朴素( austerity) (考) palmy : prosperity \draconian : severity(同义: 繁荣的和繁荣\严峻的和严峻)

828

earthy

(英) adj.粗俗的(unrefined; coarse);泥土的( of earth)

829

curator

(英) n.(博物馆等)馆长(a person in charge of a museumlibraryetc.) (考) curators : paintings \ librarians : books(博物馆管理员看管画\图书管理员看管书)curator : art \ archivist : documents(博物馆管理员看管艺术品\档案馆管理员看管档案)ranger : forest \ curator : museum(护林员看管森林\馆长看管博物馆) (记) cur=(治疗)+ator→照看(艺术品)之人→馆长 (同) 同根词:curable(可治疗的);curate(牧师助理)

830

disturbing

(考) tedious : energy \ disturbing : composure(沉闷的使人无精力\扰乱的使人无镇定) (例) The news from the front is very disturbing.

831

hemostat

(英) n. 止血器;止血剂(a medicine that hastens clotting) (记) hemo(血)+stat(站住)→止血器

832

cereal

(英) n.谷类(any grain used for food);谷类食品(food made from grain) (记) 分割记忆:ce-real,'真正的好东西'→食品

833

satiety

(英) n. 饱足,满足(the state of being satiated; surfeit)

834

insolate

(英) v. 使暴晒(to expose to the rays of the sun) (记) in(进入)+sol(太阳)+ate→进入太阳→暴晒; 参考: solar(太阳的) (同) 同根词:solarium(日光浴室)

835

compatriot

(英) n. 同胞同国人(person who was born in the same country) (记) com(共同)+patriot(爱国者)→共同热爱祖国的人→同胞

836

dissenter

(英) n. 持异议者(a person who dissents)

837

conduit

(英) n.沟渠; 水管(aqueduct; passageway for fluids)

838

terminate

(英) v.终止,结束 (to bring to an end;close)

839

dyslexia

(英) n. 阅读障碍(impairment of the ability to read) (考) insomnia : sleep \ dyslexia: read(失眠症是无法睡觉\阅读障碍症是无法阅读) (记) dys(不良)+lex(词语)+ia(病)→阅读障碍 (同) 同根词: dysfunction(机能障碍); dysphoria(烦躁不安); lexicon(词典)

840

timidity

(考) 反义词:effrontery(厚颜无耻)

841

continuation

(英) n. 继续延续(without stopping) (考) 反义词;metamorphosis(变形)-continuation without change(持续不变) (例) He arguedfor a continuation of the search.

842

schematic

(英) adj. 纲要的,图解的(of or relating to an outline) (记) 来自schema(图表,纲要)+tic→纲要的

843

loutish

(考) coltish : discipline \ loutish : grace(放荡的不会有纪律\粗野的不会优雅)

844

fret

(英) v.\n. (使)烦躁,焦虑(to irritate; vex; annoy; worry) (例) He fretted all the time for news of her.

845

dexterity

(英) n.纯熟灵巧 (skill in using one's hands or body; adroitness) (考) surgeon : dexterity \ acrobat : agility(外科医生的特点是熟练\杂技演员的特点是敏捷)

846

compile

(英) v. 汇集 (to gather and put together);编辑(to compose of materials gathered from various sources ) (记) com+pile(堆)→堆积一起→汇集

847

emergence

(英) n.出现(the act or an incidence of emerging)

848

graft

(英) v. 嫁接,移植(to cause a scion to unite with a stock);n. 贪污(dishonestly in politics) (考) 反义词:abscission(剪除)-process of grafting(嫁接) (记) 分割记忆:g-raft(木筏) (例) Apples are easily grafted. try to clear the graft out of government(努力消灭政府中的贪赃枉法)

849

ecosystem

(英) 生态系统(ecological unit consisting of a group of plants and living creatures interacting with each other and with their surroundings)

850

approbation

(英) n.称赞认可(official approvalsanctionor commendation) (考) praise : approbation \ demur : objection(赞扬表示认可\异议表示反对)censure : blameless \ approbation : reprehensible(无过失的不应该受责难\应谴责的不应该受称赞)反义词:opprobrium(谴责,恶名声);condemnation(谴责); castigation(斥责) (记) ap+prob=prove( 证实)+ation→证实是好的→称赞

851

soprano

(英) n.女高音(the highest singing voice of women) (记) sopor(=super超过)+ano→声音超过别人→女高音

852

augur

(英) n.占卜师(soothsayer) (考) augur : predict \ pundit : opine(占卜师擅长预测\博学者擅长思考)intercessor : mediate \ augur : prediction \ pundit : opinion(仲裁者擅长调解\占卜师擅长预测\博学者擅长思考)

853

resurgent

(英) adj. 再起的,复活的(tending to produce resurgence) (记) re(重新)+surg(=surge 浪潮)+ent→重起浪潮→复兴的 (例) The resurgent politician returned to office after a four-year absence.

854

pestle

(英) n. 杵,乳钵槌(a club-shaped implementation for pounding or grinding substances in a mortar) (考) awl : pierce \ pestle : mash(锥子用来刺穿\研棒用来捣碎)hammer : anvil \ pestle : mortar(在铁砧上用锤子砸东西\在研钵中用研棒研东西)pestle : grind \ whetstone : sharpen \ spice : flavor \ spoon : stir(研棒用来研磨\磨刀石用来使锋利\调味品用来调味\勺子用来搅动)

855

personable

(英) adj. 英俊的,风度好的(pleasant and amiable in person) (考) 反义词:unattractive(没有吸引力的) (例) a personable young man(翩翩少年)

856

seedy

(英) adj. 衣衫褴褛的(run-down; decrepit)

857

trademark

(英) 商标(a special mark or a name for a product to show that it is made by a particular producer)特征特点(a particular signway of acting by which a person or thing may habitually be recognized) (考) flag : country \ trademark : company(国旗是国家的标志\商标是公司的标志) (记) trade(贸易)+mark(记号,符号)

858

coalition

(英) n. 结合,联合 (a combination; union; alliance)

859

forbore

(英) v.克制自制(refrained from doing or saying ) (例) He forbore to mention the matter again.

860

disregard

(英) v. 不理会忽视(pay no attention to ) (考) flout : disregard \ taunt : challenge(嘲弄性的轻视和轻视\嘲弄性的挑衅和挑衅) (记) dis+regard(注意)→不注意的

861

self-reliant

(英) adj. 自力更生的(able to act without depending on the help of others) (记) self(自己)+reliant(依靠的)

862

allergy

(英) n. 过敏症(a hypersensitivity to a specific substance);厌恶(a strong aversion) (考) allergy : reaction \ lancet : instrument(过敏是一种反应\柳叶刀是一种工具) (记) all(其他)+erg(起作用,工作)+y→起其他作用→过敏

863

archaic

(英) adj. 古代的( ancient);已不通用的(no longer in current use) (考) evanescent : permanence \ archaic : currency(转瞬即逝的不永久\古老的不现代)反义词:current(现在的)

864

bodyguard

(英) 保镖侍卫(a person or group of persons assigned to protect someone from harm) (考) bodyguard : person \ soldier : country(保镖保护个人\士兵保护国家)

865

recreation

(英) n. 娱乐,消遣(refreshment of strength and spirits after work; hobby) (记) re(重新)+creat(创造)+ion→重新创造活力→娱乐 (例) Gardening is one of her recreations.

866

slobber

(英) n.口水(saliva drooled from the mouth)

867

covetous

(英) adj. 贪婪的(tending to covet; greedy; avaricious) (考) troubled : distraught \ covetous : rapacious(程度: 不安的→狂乱的\贪婪的→十分贪婪)covetous : desire \ prodigal : spend(贪婪的过分渴望\挥霍的过分花费) (同) 参考:cupidity(贪婪) (例) Never covet wealth and power.

868

gratis

(英) adj. 不付款的免费的(free; without charge) (例) The service was gratis to clubmembers(该项服务对俱乐部成员免费)

869

tumultuous

(英) adj. 乱哄哄的(violently noisy and chaotic) (考) tumultuous : bedlam \ active : hive(混乱地方混乱\热闹场所热闹)反义词: quiescence(静止); quietude(平静)-tumult(吵闹) (记) 来自tumult(吵闹)+uous (例) a tumultuous reception(喧闹的招待会)

870

prophylactic

(英) adj. 预防疾病的(preventing disease) (记) pro(预先)+phylact(保护)+ic (例) vaccination and other prophylactic measures.

871

concentric

(英) adj.(指数个圆)有同一中心的(having a common center) (记) con+centr(中心)+ic→共同中心的 (同) 同根词: concentrate(集中); eccentric(古怪的)

872

eagle

(英) n. 雕鹰(large strong bird of prey) (考) talon : eagle \ claw : panther(鹰和鹰爪\豹和豹爪)

873

psychiatrist

(英) n. 精神科医生(a doctor trained in psychiatry)

874

harrow

(考) 反义词:assuage(缓和) (记) 和hallow(使神圣)一起记;注意 barrow(独轮车)

875

impresario

(英) n. (剧院或乐团等)经理人,主办者(the organizermanageror director of an opera or ballet company) (考) impresario : entertainment \ broker : trade(经纪人从事演出\经纪人从事贸易) (记) impresar(经营)+io→经营者 (例) circus impresario马戏团经理

876

precede

(英) v. 在…之前,早于(to be earlier than) (例) Are you certain the minister's statement preceded that of the president?

877

coltish

(英) adj. 似小马的; 不受拘束的 (friskyfrolicsome) (考) coltish : discipline \ loutish : grace(无拘束的不会有纪律\粗野的不会优雅) (记) 注意不要和clot(凝块)相混

878

vestige

(英) n. 痕迹,遗迹 (the very small slight remains of something) (例) Not a vestige of the abbey ramains. vestige['vestIdZ]n. 痕迹形迹 (英) 痕迹形迹(tracetrack) (考) vestige : remainder \ figurine : statue(遗迹是一种遗留物\小雕像是一种雕像)

879

hulk

(英) n. 废船(the hull of an dismantled ship)

880

prod

(英) v.刺捅(poke);激励( stir up; urge) (考) 反义词:rein(抑制) (例) She is a fairly good workerbut she needs prodding occasinoally.

881

kaleidoscopic

(英) adj. 千变万化的(changing constantly) (记) 来自kaleidoscope(万花筒); kaleido(=beautiful)

882

defeatist

(英) n. 失败主义者(person who shows defeatism) (考) stickler : exacting \ defeatist : resigned(坚持细节者特点是苛刻的\失败主义者特点是认命的) (例) I don't approve of your defeatist attitude.

883

nexus

(英) n. (看法等的)联系,连结(a means of connection) (记) nex(=nect连系)+us→连结 (例) the traditional nexus between work and income

884

loll

(英) v. 懒洋洋地坐或卧(to lean or lounge about in a lazy manner) (考) 反义词:move vigorously(充满活力地走动) (记) 和lull(安静)一起记 (例) loll back in an armchair

885

neutron

(英) n. 中子 (particle carrying no electric charge)

886

rant

(英) v. 咆哮; 口出狂言( talk in a loud excited way) (考) fear : cower \ anger : rant(畏缩是害怕的表现\咆哮是愤怒的表现) (例) He ranted at me about my mistakes.

887

enjoin

(英) v. 命令吩咐(to direct or impose by authoritative order; command) (记) en+join(参加)→使(别人)参加→命令; (同) 参考:rejoin(再结合) (例) He enjoined obedience on the soldiers.

888

aloft

(英) adv. 在空中在头顶上(upward; high up in the air ) (考) 反义词:grounded(接地的) (记) a+loft(阁楼鸽房)

889

unfold

(英) v. 展开,打开( open from a folded position) (记) un(不)+fold(折叠)

890

embezzle

(英) v. 盗用侵吞(to appropriate fraudulently to one's own use; peculate) (考) embezzle : funds \ usurp : power(贪污是滥用资金\篡夺是滥用权力) (记) em+bezzle(破坏)→被坏掉→盗用 (例) The clerk embezzled money from the bank.

891

xenophobia

(英) n.仇外,排外(fear and hatred of strangers or foreigners) (记) xeno(外国人)+phob(恨)+ia; (同) 参考:xenomania(媚外)

892

coarsen

(英) v. 使某物变粗糙(cause sth to become coarse) (例) The sea air coarsened her skin.

893

agile

(英) adj. 敏捷的灵活的(able to move quickly and easily) (记) ag(做)+ile→能做的→敏捷的; (同) 派生词: agility (n.敏捷) (例) as agile as a monkey

894

immaterial

(英) adj. 无关紧要的(unimportant);非实体的(incorporeal; spiritual) (考) immaterial : relevance \ circuitous : directness \ peripheral : center(无关的不相关\绕行的不直接\外围的无中心)反义词:relevant(相关的); corporeal(物质的) (记) im(不)+material(实体)→非实体的 (例) The judge ordered to remove the immaterial comments from the record.

895

proselytizer

(考) hunter : quarry \ proselytizer : convert(猎人猎取\改变宗教信仰者改变信仰)

896

qualm

(英) n.疑惧(a sudden access of disturbing emotion);紧张不安(a feeling of uneasiness) (考) demur : qualms \ waver : irresoluteness(因疑虑而反对\因犹豫而动摇) (例) He tried the test with some qualms.(他怀着疑惧做了试验)

897

flak

(英) n.高射炮,指责(strongclamorous criticism) (记) 和flake(薄片,雪片)一起记(snowflake雪花)

898

beholden

(英) adj.感激某人的;欠人情的(obligated; indebted) (例) We were much beholden to him for his kindness.

899

jaunty

(英) adj. 愉快的,满足的(gay and carefree; sprightly) (考) 反义词:staid(严肃的) (记) 来自jaunt(短途旅行) (例) a fun-loving and jaunty personality

900

sermon

(考) sermon : homiletics \ argument : logic(学布道术为布道\学逻辑学为辩论)nitpicker : criticize \ preacher : sermon \ quibbler : cavil(吹毛求疵者喜欢批评\传道士喜欢布道\吹毛求疵者喜欢挑错)

901

certitude

(英) n. 确定无疑(lack of doubt) (记) cert(确定)+itude(状态) →确定状态→确信

902

rancor

(英) n.深仇,怨恨(bitter deep-seated ill will; malice) (考) 反义词:goodwill(友好); charitableness(仁慈) (记) ranc(臭,仇)+or→臭气,怨气→怨仇 (例) She divorced him without rancor.

903

exhibit

(英) n. 展览品陈列品(collection of objects displayed for the public);v.当众展出( display sth for the public) (考) tender : acceptance \ exhibit : inspection(提出为了接受\展览为了参观) (记) ex(出)+hibit(拿住) →拿出→展览

904

primitive

(英) adj. 原始的,简单的(not derived; originalprimary) (记) prim(最早的)+titive (例) The museum displayed the skeleton of a primitive ape.

905

affiliate

(英) v. 加入(to join);联合(to connect or associate) (考) 反义词: dissociation(分裂) (记) af+fili(儿子)+ate→成为儿子→加入; (同) 派生词: affiliation (n.入会,加入)同根词:filial(子女的); (例) We chose not to affiliate with our competitor.

906

lave

(英) n. 洗浴(to wash or bathe);慢慢冲刷(to flow along or against) (记) lav(洗)+e→洗浴 (同) 同根词:lavatory(厕所,洗手盆); lavish(浪费)

907

perspicacity

(英) n. 敏锐 (考) perspicacity : acute \ caprice : whimsical(同义: 敏锐→敏锐的\易变→易变的)

908

reverberate

(英) v. 起回声,反响 (resoundecho) (记) re(回)+verber(打,振动)+ate→振动回来→起回声 (例) The explosion reverberated through the building.

909

fatten

(考) 反义词:emaciate(使消瘦) (例) fatten cattle for the market

910

diligence

(英) n. 勤勉勤奋(steady effort) (考) 反义词: procrastination(拖延) (例) She shows great diligence in her school work.

911

bulb

(英) n. 植物的球茎(an underground bud as in a lilyonion) (记) 比较: light bulb(灯泡)bulb首先是圆的意思如bulbous(又胖又圆)

912

coincident

(英) adj. 巧合的(happening at the same time by chance) (记) 来自coincide(v.一致符合;co+in[进]+cide[掉下] →共同掉进来→巧合)

913

dominant

(考) 反义词:recessive(隐性的)

914

undaunted

(考) 反义词:cowed(被吓住的) (记) un(不)+daunted(被吓坏了的)

915

portent

(英) n. 凶兆,异兆(something that foreshadows a coming event: omen) (记) 来自portend(预兆) (例) a portent for further trouble

916

composure

(英) n. 镇静,沉着 ,自若 (tranquillity; equanimity) (考) chary : caution \ imperturbable : composure(谨慎的[人]谨慎\镇静的[人]镇静)tedious : energy \ disturbing : composure(沉闷的东西使人失去精力\扰乱的东西使人失去镇静) (记) com+pos (放)+ure(状态)→放在一起的状态→沉着

917

waddle

(英) v.(鸭子等)摇摇摆摆地走(to walk with short steps from side to side) (考) slither : snake \ waddle : duck(蛇滑行\鸭子摇摇摆摆地走) (例) The fat woman waddled out to prepare coffee.

918

prognosticate

(英) v. 预测,预示(to foretell from signs or symptoms; predict) (记) pro(提前)+gnostic(知道)+ate→预测 (同) 同根词:diagnostic(诊断的); agnostic(不可知论者)

919

dereliction

(英) n. 遗弃弃置(being deserted) (例) a house in a state of dereliction

920

adorn

(英) v. 装饰(decorateembellishbeautify) (记) ad+orn(装饰); (同) 派生词: adornment (n.装饰装饰品)同根词:suborn(贿赂)ornate(华丽的)

921

lubricious

(英) adj. 光滑的(slippery; smooth)好色的(lewd) (记) lubric(光滑)+ious→光滑的

922

scenery

(英) n. 风景,景色(natural surroundings)

923

accuse

(英) v. 谴责指责(say that sb is guilty or has broken the law) (记) ac+cuse(理由) →有理由说别人→指责; (同) 派生词: accusation (n.指控指责); accused (adj.\n.被控告的;被告)同根词: excuse(借口) (例) accuse SB of cheatingcowardicetheft

924

preposterous

(英) adj. 荒谬的(contradictory to nature or common sense; absurd) (考) 反义词:commonsensical(明智的) (记) pre(前面)+poster(招贴)+ous;联想:像玩牌时在额前贴上纸条一样→可笑的 (例) a preposterous idea(荒谬的想法)

925

fledge

(考) 反义词:molt(脱羽) (记) 分割记忆:fl看作 flyedge(边缘)鸟沿着边缘飞→刚学飞的幼鸟→羽毛长成的

926

respectful

(英) adj. 恭敬的,有礼的 (showing respect)

927

sentiment

(英) 多愁善感(tender feelings of pitylovesadness or imaginative remembrance of such feelings in the past)思想感情情绪(thought of judgment caused by feeling) (记) senti(感觉)+ment→感觉→感情

928

sublime

(英) adj.崇高的(loftygrandor exalted in thoughtexpressionor manner) (考) 反义词:base(卑鄙的); despicable(可鄙的); ridiculous(荒谬的); common(普通的) (记) sub(没有)+lime(可能来自limit限制)→没有限制→崇高的 (例) a sublime spirit of self-sacrifice

929

disinter

(英) v.挖出,掘土 (to remove from a gravetomb) (考) 反义词:bury(埋葬) (记) dis+inter(埋葬)→把埋葬的(东西)掘出

930

calf

(英) n.小牛犊(young of cattle)

931

finite

(英) adj. 有限的(having bounds) (记) fin(结束范围)+ite(表形容词)

932

grueling

(英) adj. 繁重而累人的(extremely trying; exhausting) (考) 反义词: effortless(不费力气的) (记) 来自 gruel(逼供)+(l)ing;注意:gruel也是稀粥的意思

933

lofty

(英) adj. 崇高的,高尚的(elevated; noble; sublime) (例) the lofty clouds \ the lofty goals

934

permutation

(英) n. (数学中)排列变化,彻底改变(major or fundamental change based primarily on rearrangement of existent elements) (记) per(全部)+mut(改变)+ation→全部改变

935

susceptibility

(考) 反义词:immunity(免疫)

936

dissection

(英) v.解剖剖析(analysis; cutting apart)

937

forestall

(英) v. 先发制人,预先阻止(to prevent or hinder by doing something ahead of time; prevent) (考) 反义词:precipitate(促成); abet(支持) (记) fore(前面)+stall(停止)→预先阻止 (同) 参考:install(安置) (例) She forestalled their attempt.

938

lineaments

(英) n.(面部等的)特征轮廓(features especially of the face)

939

galley

(英) n. 船上的厨房(the kitchen of a shipboator airplane) (考) galley : ship \ kitchen : house(船上的厨房在船上\房内的厨房在房内) (记) 原指奴隶船,引申为船上的厨房,注意不要和gallery(走廊,画廊)相混

940

distribute

(英) v.分发分配某事物(separate sth into part and give a share to each person) (记) dis(分开)+tribute(给予) →分开给→分配 (同) 派生词: distribution (n. 分发分送)

941

austerity

(英) n.朴素,艰苦(tight economy) (考) 反义词:ostentation(炫耀)

942

legitimated

(考) claim : legitimated \ hypothesis : confirmed(声称的权利要被合法化\假设要被证实)

943

asphyxia

(英) n. 窒息(loss of consciousness)

944

disloyalty

(考) snub : disdain \ double-cross : disloyalty(怠慢是一种轻蔑\欺骗是一种不忠)

945

equanimity

(英) n. 镇定,沉着(evenness of mind or temper) (考) 反义词:excitability(激动); agitation(慌乱); perturbation(慌乱) (记) equ+anim(精神,生命) +ity→精神平静→沉着 (同) 同根词:animate(使活泼); unanimous(一致的)

946

sensual

(英) adj. 肉欲的,淫荡的(consisting in the gratification of the senses) (记) sens(感觉)+ual (例) sensual appetites(情欲)

947

elegiac

(英) adj. 挽歌的(suitable for elegies);哀悼的(mournful) (考) elegiac : sorrow \ devotional : reverence(哀悼的特点是悲伤\忠诚的特点是崇敬) (例) Her poerty has an elegiac quality.

948

immerse

(英) v. 浸入(to plungedropor dip into liquid);沉浸于(engross) (记) im(进入)+merse(merge 浸入) →浸入 (例) I immersed myself in work so as to stop thinking about her.

949

pertain

(英) v. 属于(to belong as a part);关于(to have reference) (考) 反义词:be irrelevant(不相关) (记) per(全部)+tain(拿住)→全部拿住→属于 (例) a book pertaining to birds(有关鸟类的书)

950

mope

(英) v.\n. 抑郁不乐,生闷气(to be gloomy and dispirited) (记) 和mop(拖把)一起记 (例) She's always complaining; there's nothing she enjoys better than a good mope.

951

unsettled

(英) adj. 未解决的; 不稳定的(changeable) (记) 来自动词unsettle(使不安)

952

wicked

(英) adj. 极坏的(extremely bad);淘气的(playful in a rather troublesome way) (考) nefarious : wickedness \ generous : liberality(邪恶体现邪恶\慷慨体现大方)

953

domination

(考) gullible : chicanery \ servile : domination(易受骗的容易被诈骗\奴性的容易被控制

954

saddle

(英) n. 鞍,马鞍(a seat of a rider on a horse)

955

disport

(英) v.玩耍,嬉戏 (to indulge in amusement; frolic) (记) dis+port(带)→带走(时间)→玩耍 (同) 同根词:comport(举动);deport(驱逐) (例) disporting(themselves) on the seashore

956

school

(考) deport : nation \ expel : school(驱逐出国家\开除出学校)school : fish \ flock : birds \ crowd : people(鱼组成鱼群\鸟组成鸟群\人组成人群)

957

deification

(例) the deification of all those young singers

958

discommode

(英) v. 使为难使不方便(to put to inconvenienceto trouble) (考) 反义词: assist(帮助); pacificate(安抚); ease(安心)

959

ogle

(英) v. 送秋波(make eyes);n. 媚眼(an ogling eye) (例) The men ogled her lasciviously(好色地).

960

controversial

(英) adj.引起或可能引起争论的(causing cause controversy) (考) 反义词:axiomatic(不言自明的) (记) contro(相反)+vers(转)+ial→反着转→引起争论的

961

salutary

(英) adj. 有益的,有益健康的(promoting or conducive to health) (考) 反义词:unhealthy(不利健康的); deleterious(有害健康的) (记) salut(健康)+ary→有益健康的,有利的

962

approve

(英) v. 赞成认可(say that sth is good ) (考) mirth : laughter \ approval : applause(欢笑表达高兴\鼓掌表示认可)endow : income \ endorse : approval(捐赠获得收入\背书获得认可) (记) ap+prove(测试证明) →证明可行→赞成 (同) 派生词: approval (n. 赞成同意)

963

insensibility

(英) n. 无知觉无意识(unconsciousness) (考) astringent : contraction \ anesthetic : insensibility(收缩剂的作用是收缩\麻醉剂的作用是麻醉) (记) insensible+ity

964

retract

(英) v. 缩回,收回 (to take back or withdraw) (考) retract : statement \ repeal : legislation(收回声明\废除法律)misunderstood : clarify \ erroneous : retract(澄清被误解的\撤消错误的)反义词:foster(鼓励) (记) re(回)+tract(拉)→拉回去→缩回 (同) 派生词: retraction (n. 收回缩回) (例) He retracted his confession and pleaded not guilty.(他翻供并申辩无罪)

965

indite

(英) v.写赋(诗文)(write; compose)

966

unarticulated

(记) un(不)+articulated(发音清楚的)

967

replica

(英) n. 复制品(a copy in exact details) (记) re(重新)+plic(重叠)+a

968

insubordinate

(英) adj. 不服从的,反抗的(disobedient) (考) 反义词:tractable(易驾驭的) (记) in(不)+subordinate(服从的,下属的)

969

showpiece

(英) n.陈列品,精品(a prime or outstanding example used for exhibition) (记) 组合词:show(展览)+piece(物品)

970

illiterate

(英) adj. 文盲的(ignorant; uneducated) (记) il+literate(识字的)→不识字的

971

separate

(英) v. 使分开( move apart);adj. 不同的(not the same);独自的(not shared with another) (考) enclose : parentheses \ separate : comma(括号用来包括\逗号用来分隔)centrifuge : separate \ colander : drain(离心机用来分离\滤器用来排液)反义词:amalgamate(合并); compound(混合); meld(合并); concatenate(连接); serried(密集的)

972

eloquent

(英) adj. 雄辩的(of forceful and fluent expression);演说动人的(vividly or movingly expressive or revealing) (记) e+loqu(说)+ent→说出的→雄辩的; (同) 参考:elocation(演讲术)派生词: eloquence (n.雄辩; 口才) (例) The eloquent lecturer was interesting to listen to.

973

sunder

(英) v.分裂,分离 (to separate by violence or by intervening time or space) (考) 反义词:link(连接); connect(连接); combine(结合); yoke(束缚); bond(结合) (记) 分割记忆:s看作split(分裂)+under; (同) 参考:asunder(分开的) (例) Time and distance often sunder friends.

974

pullet

(英) n. 小母鸡 (a young hen during its first year of laying eggs) (考) filly : horse \ pullet : chicken(小母马和马\小母鸡和鸡)

975

elysium

(英) n.极乐世界天堂(place or condition of bliss)

976

unitize

(记) uni(单一)+tize

977

self-assurance

(记) self(自己)+assurance(信心)

978

congruous

(英) adj. 全等的一致的(having identical shape and size) (考) congruent : dimensions \ coeval : age(大小相同是全等的\时代相同是同时代的)反义词:variane(变化变量) (记) con+gru=gree(一致)+ent→一致的,全等的 (同) 派生词: congruity (n. 全等; 一致)

979

convalescence

(考) recidivism : relapse \ rehabilitation : convalescence(累犯是指再次犯罪\复原是指再次康复)

980

patrician

(英) n. 贵族(a person of high birth; aristocrat) (记) patric(父亲)+ian→像父亲一样威严之人→贵族

981

reciprocate

(英) v. 答谢,回报(to return in kind or degree) (例) He reciprocated my good wishes.

982

fluorescent

(英) adj. 萤光的,发光的(producing light) (记) fluor(荧光)+escent(发生…的)→发萤光的 (同) 同根词:fluorometry (荧光计)

983

conventionality

(英) n. 陈规陋习 (conventional behavior or act);因袭传统(thequality of being conventional) (记) 来自convention(传统习俗)

984

inevitable

(英) adj. 不可避免的(that cannot be avoid) (考) inevitable : chance \ absolute : variability(不可避免的不是机会\绝对的不是可变)untenable : defended \ inevitable : avoided(难以防守的无法被防守\难以

985

shingle

(英) v.闪烁,微微发亮 (to shine with a soft tremulous light;glimmer) (记) shim(=shine发光)+mer (例) Moonlight shimmering on the sea.

986

construct

(英) v. 建筑构成(build sth) (考) construct : remodel \ compose : edit(改造是重新建造\编辑是重新创作) (记) con(共同)+struct(建立) →共同建立→建造 (同) 同根词: destruction(n .破坏); obstruct(妨碍阻塞)派生词: construction (n. 建筑施工); constructive (adj. 建设性的)

987

thermometer

(英) n. 温度计,体温计(an instrument for measuring and showing temperature) (考) thermometer : temperature \ compass : direction(温度计用来测温度\指南针用来测方向) (记) thermo(温度)+meter(测量)

988

relapse

(英) n. 旧病复发(a recurrence of symptoms of a disease);再恶化(backsliding);v. 旧病复发,再恶化(to slip or fall into a former worse state) (考) recidivism : relapse \ rehabilitation : convalescence(累犯是指再次犯罪\复原是指再次康复) (记) re(重新)+lapse(过失,错误)→再犯错误; (同) 参考:recidivism(累犯) (例) When Jane relapsedshe had to return to the hospital.

989

forger

(英) n. 伪造者(one who commits forgery);打铁匠(one who forges metal)

990

generalize

(英) v. 归纳(draw a general conclusion from particular examples)

991

omission

(英) n. 遗漏,省略(an omitting) (记) o(出)+miss(放)+ion→放出去→省略 (例) Due to an omissionthe author wasn't credited for her work.

992

liberality

(英) n. 慷慨(generosity);心胸开阔(absence of narrowness or prejudice) (考) despotic : tyranny \ generous : liberality(专制的[人]专制\慷慨的[人]慷慨) (记) 来自liberal(慷慨的,开明的); liber(自由) (同) 同根词:liberate(解放); libertine(浪荡子)

993

coddle

(英) v. 溺爱; 悉心照料(treat with great care and tenderness) (例) He'll need to be coddled after his illness .drf cfsdfdfsddgdg

994

titanic

(英) adj.巨人的,力大无比的 (colossal) (记) 来自希腊神话中的巨神Titan,联想Titanic号沉船

995

civility

(英) n. 彬彬有礼,斯文 (politeness) (考) 反义词:rudeness(无礼) (记) civil(=citizen)→市民的平民 (同) 同根词:civilization(文明教化)

996

amortize

(英) v.分期偿还(to put money for gradual payment of a debt) (考) 反义词:suddenly increase one's indebtedness(突然不负债) (记) a+mort(死亡)+ize→使死亡→偿还 (同) 同根词:immortal(不朽的); mortality(死亡率) (例) They amortized the debt over a ten-year period._

997

presage

(英) n. 预感(an intuition or feeling of the future);v. 预示(foreshadowforetell) (考) harbinger : presage \ archetype : exemplify(预兆有预测作用\原型有示范作用) (记) pre(预先)+sage(智者,智慧)→预知 (例) Some people say that the appearance of a black cat presages good luck.

998

defective

(英) adj. 有缺点的(imperfect or incomplete) (记) de(坏)+fect(做)+ive→做坏了的→有缺陷的

999

xerophyte

(英) n.旱生植物(a plant structurally adapted for life and growth with a limited water supply) (记) xero(干燥)+phyte(植物)