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Flashcards in gre_5 Deck (1000):
1

timorous

(英) adj.胆小的,胆怯的(of timid disposition;fearful) (考) 反义词:intrepid(无畏的); scrappy(好斗的) (记) tim(胆怯)+orous→胆怯的 (同) 同根词:timid(胆小的);intimidate(恐吓)

2

inclement

(英) adj. (天气)严酷的(severe; stormy);严厉的(rough; severe) (考) 反义词:balmy(温和的) (记) in+clement(仁慈的)→不仁慈的→严酷的,严厉的 (例) The game was canceled because of the inclement weather.

3

sedulity

(考) 反义词:lack of industriousness(缺乏勤奋)

4

skin

(考) apple : skin \ melon : rind(苹果和苹果皮\瓜和瓜皮)pediatrics : children \ dermatology : skin(儿科学的对象是儿童\皮肤病学的对象是皮肤)podiatrist : feet \ dermatologist : skin(足科医生检查脚\皮肤科医生检查皮肤)

5

expatriate

[记]词根记忆:ex + patri(父亲,国家) + ate→驱逐出国同根词:patriotism(n. 爱国主义);patricide(n. 杀父)

6

adulate

(英) v.谄媚,奉承(to praise or flatter sycophantically) (考) aversion : disinclination \ adulation : admiration(厌恶是强烈不喜欢\奉承是过分赞赏)scorn : reject \ adulate : flatter \ fulminate : criticize \disparage : ignore(不屑是强烈拒绝\谄媚是十分奉承\斥责是强烈批评\蔑视是十分忽视)反义词:scorn(轻蔑拒绝); disdain(轻蔑) (记) 和下面的adulterate(掺假)一起记,都可以看作是成人(adult)做的坏事; (同) n. adulation; adj. adulatory

7

incongruent

(考) incongruent : conform \ recalcitrant : obey(不和谐的不会一致\反抗的不会顺从)

8

scintillate

(英) v. 闪烁,(谈吐)流露机智(to emit sparks; sparkle) (记) scintill(火花)+ate→闪火花,闪烁 (例) The stars scintillated in the winter sky.

9

decant

(英) v. 将...自瓶中倒入另一容器(pour off gently)

10

summation

(英) n. 总结,概要(a summary);总数,合计 (a total) (记) summ(总)+ation

11

appease

(英) v. 使平静,安抚(to pacify or quiet) (考) implacable : appease \ indomitable : subdue(难平息的无法平息\难征服的无法征服)反义词:roil(煽动); vex(烦恼); rile(激怒) (记) ap+pease(和平)→变和平→平息 (同) 派生词: appeasement (n. 平息,满足) (例) John appease his angry boss by offering to work overtime.

12

baseness

(英) n.卑鄙(state of being mean) (记) base(低下基础)+ness(表名词) →品格低下→卑鄙

13

detriment

(英) n.损害,伤害(anything that causes damage or injury) (记) 分割记忆:de+trim(修剪)+ent→剪坏了→伤害

14

iniquity

(英) n.邪恶,不公正(lack of righteousness or justice; wickedness) (考) 反义词:rectitude(正直); disinterestedness(公正) (记) in(不)+iquit(=equit 公正)+ous→不公正的 (例) Those who are complacent about any iniquity in our society should be wary of the unsavory consequences for all.

15

sacrosanct

(英) adj. 神圣不可侵犯的(very sacredholyor inviolable) (记) sacro(神圣)+sanct(神圣)→十分神圣的 (同) 同根词:sanctity(圣洁,神圣);sanctum(圣所,私室)

16

manifesto

(英) n. 宣言,声明(a public declaration)

17

offstage

(英) adv.\adj. 台后的,幕后的(not on the open stage)

18

clapper

(英) n. 铃锤 (the moving part inside a bell; tongue); (记) clap(拍,打)+per→打(响)的东西→响板,铃舌

19

drowsiness

(英) n. 昏昏欲睡(state of being half asleep) (考) sedative : drowsiness \ anesthetic : numbness(镇静剂可以使人欲睡\麻醉剂可以使人麻木)

20

stealth

(英) n. 秘密的行动(the action of moving or acting secretly ) (考) furtive : stealth \ whimsical : caprice \discontent : unsatisfied(同义: 秘密的和秘密\易变的和易变\不满的和不满) (例) Tracking wild animals requires great stealth.

21

cardinal

(英) adj. 最重要的(most important); (考) 反义词:minor(次要的) (记) card(心脏的)+inal→心一样的→首要的

22

scarcity

(英) n. 不足,缺乏(a state of being scarce) (考) 反义词:plethora(过多) (记) scarce(缺乏的)+ity

23

misconstrue

(英) v. 误解,曲解(misinterpret) (考) misjudge : assess \ misconstrue : interpret(误判是判断失误\曲解是解释失误) (记) mis(错误)+construe(直译)→翻译错误,con+strue(=struct结构) (例) I'm sorry you misconstrued my meaning.

24

prelude

(英) n. 序幕,前奏(an introductory performanceactionor event) (考) 反义词:coda(尾声) (记) pre(前面)+lude(玩、弄)→前面演奏的音乐→序幕,前奏 (例) Having arrived at the concert hall latewe missed the prelude.

25

humor

(英) v. 纵容,迁就(to comply with the mood or whim; indulge) (考) chide : pillory \ humor : mollycoddle(程度: 指责→当众嘲笑\迁就→溺爱) (记) humor作为'幽默'一意大家都知道 (例) There was nothing to do but humor her when she's in one of those moods.

26

cow

(英) 母牛(fully-grown female of any animal to the ox familyesp the domestic kind kept by farmers to produce milk and beef) (考) 反义词:embolden(使有胆量); undaunted(勇敢的)-cowed(吓坏了的)

27

lush

(英) adj.繁茂的茂盛的(growing very well) (考) 反义词:sere(干枯的)

28

unconscious

(英) adj. 不省人事的(having lost consciousness);未意识到的(not knowing about something) (考) 反义词:sentient(有知觉的) (记) un(不)+conscious(有意识的)

29

omniscient

(英) adj. 无所不知的,博识的(knowing all things) (记) omni(全)+scient(知道的)→全知道的 (同) 同根词:prescient(预知);conscience(良心) (例) God is said to be omniscient and omnipotent.

30

riotous

(英) adj. 暴乱的,蛮横的 (turbulent) (记) 来自riot(暴乱)+ous→暴乱的 (例) riotous students(闹事的学生)

31

trenchant

(英) adj. 一针见血的(sharply perceptive;penetrating) (考) 反义词:vague(含糊的); dull(迟钝的) (记) trench(沟)+ant→说话像挖沟,入木三分 (例) a trenchant critic(一针见血的批评家)

32

elation

(英) n.得意,振奋(pathological euphoria) (考) 反义词: dejection(沮丧)

33

sling

(例) Stop slinging stones at the cat.

34

coach

(英) n. 运动员的教练(person who trains sportsmen esp for contests) (例) a tennis coach

35

mislead

(英) v. 误导 ( guide wrongly) (考) permicious : injure \ disingenuous : mislead(有害的造成伤害\不坦率的造成误导)epithet : disparage \ alias : mislead(贬低的话贬低\化名误导) (记) mis(错误)+lead(引导)

36

bile

(考) insulin : pancreas \ bile : liver(胰脏分泌胰岛素\肝脏分泌胆汁)

37

resumption

(英) n. 重新开始(recommencement) (例) The mediator urged a resumption in contract talks.

38

ecdysis

(英) n.(动物)蜕皮换羽毛(the shedding of an outer layer of skin or integument) (记) 由该单词组成另一单词: ecdysiast(脱衣舞舞女)

39

solidarity

(英) n.团结,一致(unity based on community of interests) (记) solid(固定的)+arity→固体状态→团结 (同) 参考:solidity(坚固);solidify(使凝固,巩固)

40

inhibited

(英) adj.拘谨的,拘束的(to hold back feelings) (记) 来自inhibit(禁止)in(不)+hibit(拿)→不许拿出→禁示 (同) 同根词:exhibit(展览); prohibit(阻止) (例) An introvert is a person with an inhibited personality.

41

eulogistic

(英) adj. 颂扬的,歌功颂德的(praising highly; laudatory) (记) eu(好)+log(说)+istic→说好话 (例) a eulogistic speech

42

burrow

(英) n. (兔子等)所掘的地洞(a hole or tunnel );v. 挖洞(to make a burrow) (考) ditch : canyon \ burrow : cavern(水沟和峡谷\小洞和巨洞) (同) 近形词: borrow(借); furrow(犁沟皱纹)

43

corpus

(英) n. 全集,全部资料 (a complete or comprehensive collection) (记) corp(躯体)+us→全身→全集,注意不要和corpse(尸体)相混 (例) the corpus of Shakespeare's works

44

conducive

(英) adj. 有助于…的 (that contributes or leading to) (考) conducive : foment \ tonic : invigorate(助长的[东西]煽动\营养的[东西]使健壮) (例) Plenty of exercise is conducive to good health.

45

denominate

(英) n. 命名,取名 (to give a specified name to; call) (记) de+nomin(名称)+ate→给予名称→使命名 (同) 同根词:niminate(提名);nominal(名义上的)

46

detergent

(英) adj.净化的 (cleansing) (记) de+terg(擦)+ent→擦掉→清洁剂 (例) Put the detergent in the dishwasher before starting it.

47

strengthen

(英) v. 加强,使坚强 ( become or make strong or stronger) (考) 反义词:enervate(使衰弱); attenuate(减弱) (记) strength(力量)+en

48

practitioner

(英) n. 开业者; 从事某种手艺者(a person who performs a skill or art) (考) 反义词:fledgling(无经验者); quack(假充内行者)

49

laundry

(英) n. 洗衣店; 要洗的衣物 (clothes that need to be washed) (考) mail : mailbox \ laundry : hamper(信箱用来装邮件\提篮用来装衣服)

50

playful

(英) adj. 爱打趣的,爱玩的 (happily active) (考) playful : banter \ exaggerated : hyperbole(戏谑的特点是逗乐\夸张法的特点是夸张) (记) play(玩)+ful

51

requisite

(英) n.\adj. 必需物,必要的 ([something that is] essentialnecessary) (记) re(反复)+quisite(寻求)→反复寻求的→必要的 (例) The employee completed the requisite training.

52

spur

(考) 反义词: deter(阻止)

53

culprit

(英) n.犯罪者(one guilty of a crime)

54

cognate

(英) adj. 同词源的 (related through the same source);同类的 (having the same nature or quality) (记) cogn(认识)+ate→认识的→同类的 (同) 同根词:cognizance(认识,观察); recognize(认出)

55

champion

(英) 冠军(personteamanimal or plant that has defeated others in a competition)斗士拥护者(person who speaks in support of another cause) (考) 反义词:impugn(指责); disparage(贬低) (例) a champion of the poor 's rights

56

exception

(英) n. 例外(omission; exclusion);异议(objection or opposition) (记) ex+cept(拿)+ion→拿出去→例外 (同) 同根词:reception(接待); precept(教训,命令书)

57

emerge

(英) v. 出现露出(to become manifest;to appear) (记) e(出)+merge(吞没)→吞没的东西露出→出现 (同) 同根词:submerge(潜水艇); merge(合并吞没)

58

audible

(英) adj. 听得见的(that can be heard clearly) (考) audible : stentorian \ discernable : obvious(听得见的 : 洪亮的\可见的 : 明显的) (例) Her voice was scarcely audible above the noise of the wind.

59

centurion

(英) n. 古罗马的百人队长(in ancient Roman officer commanding a unit of 100 soldiers) (同) 近形词: century(世纪)

60

perambulate

(英) v. 巡视(to make an official inspection on foot),漫步( to travel over on foot; traverse) (考) foot : perambulate \ eye : observe(脚用来漫步\眼用来观察) (记) per(到处)+ambul(行走)+ate→到处走→巡视

61

oppression

(英) n. 压迫,郁闷 (the condition of being oppressed) (考) 反义词:disagreement(争执)

62

cataract

(英) n.(大而陡的)瀑布(great waterfall)

63

sticky

(英) adj.粘的(viscousgluey) (例) The road was sticky after the rain.(雨后道路泥泞)

64

incarcerate

(英) v. 下狱,监禁(to imprison; confine) (考) 反义词:liberate(释放) (记) in(进入)+carcer(监狱)+ate→下狱 (例) She was incarcerated in her own sensibility.(她成了自身敏感的奴隶)

65

holster

(英) n. 手枪皮套(a pistol case) (考) dagger : scabbard \ pistol : holster(匕首装在剑鞘里\手枪装在手枪皮套里)

66

servitude

(英) n. 奴役,劳役(the condition of a slave who is forced to obey another)

67

lexicon

(英) n. 词典(a dictionaryesp. of an ancient language)

68

ornithology

(英) n. 鸟类学(the branch of zoology dealing with birds) (记) ornith(鸟)+ology

69

lesion

(英) n. 伤口(an injury);损害(damage) (记) 来自lese(冒犯,损害)+ion→损害 (例) The doctor bandaged my lesions carefully.

70

startle

(英) v. 使吃惊( give an unexpected slight shock) (考) 反义词:lull(使平静) (例) I was startled to hear his news.

71

folder

(英) n. 文件夹纸夹(cover for holding loose papers folded together) (考) folder : papers \ drawer : clothing(文件夹用来放文件\抽屉用来放衣服) (记) fold(折叠)+er

72

indent

(英) v. 切割成锯齿状(to cut tooth-like points; notch) (记) in(进入)+dent(牙齿)→成牙齿状 (例) Mary indented the first line of each paragraph.

73

trio

(英) 三人一组三件一套(a group of three people)三重奏三重唱(three singers or musicians performing together)

74

attach

(英) v. 将某物系在(另一物)上(fasten sth to sth) (记) at+tach(接触) (同) 派生词: attachment n.附着附带 (例) a young man attached himself to me at the party

75

dribble

(记) 可能来自drip(滴下), 注意不要和scribble(乱涂乱写)相混 (例) Our money seems to be dribbling away now that everything costs more.

76

mendacious

(英) adj. 不真的(false or untrue);撒谎的(telling lies habitually) (考) 反义词:honest(诚实的) (记) mend(修补)+acious→修补太多→不真的,撒谎的 (同) 同根词:mendable(可修理的); mender(修补者)

77

paramount

(英) adj. 最重要的,最高权力的(supreme; dominant) (考) painful : agonizing \ important : paramount(程度: 疼痛→极为疼痛\重要→极为重要) (记) para(超过)+amount(数量)→在量上超过别的→最重要的_ (例) the paramount concern(最需关注的事)

78

jettison

(记) 来自jet(喷出),分割记忆:jetti(扔)+son(儿子)→抛弃儿子→抛弃 (例) He will jettison anything - his principles or even his friends - in order to succeed in his work.

79

ramify

(英) v.分支,分叉(to split up into branches or constituents) (记) ram(=ramus分支)+ify (同) 派生词: ramification (n.分支,支流branchoffshoot) (例) Railways were ramified over the country.(铁路纵横交错)

80

sophistry

(英) n.诡辩 (subtly deceptive reasoning or argumentation )

81

defray

(英) v.付款(provide for the payment of) (例) My father has to defray my education.

82

improvise

(英) v. 即席而作(extemporize) (考) text : extemporize \ score : improvise(即兴演讲不需要原稿\即兴演奏不需要乐谱) (记) im(不)+pro(前)+vise(看)→没有预先看过→即席创作 (例) Mary improvised a delicious meal from leftover chicken.

83

kindness

(考) 反义词:truculence(残酷) (记) 来自形容词kind(仁慈的)+ness

84

ridiculous

(英) adj. 荒唐的,可笑的 (deserving ridicule) (考) 反义词:sublime(崇高的) (记) rid(笑)+ic+ulous(多...的)→多笑的→可笑的

85

derisive

(英) adj. 嘲弄的 (showing or provoking derision; ridiculous) (考) pontificate : pompous \ scoff : derisve \ drawl : slow \ bluster : loud \ prate : aimless(武断说话是夸张\嘲笑特点是嘲弄\慢慢说特点是慢\怒吼特点是大声\闲谈特点是无目的)

86

plenitude

(英) n. 完全(completeness);大量(a great sufficiency) (考) 反义词:vacuity(空虚); dearth(缺乏) (记) plen(满)+itude→充足,大量 (同) 同根词:plenteous(丰富的,丰产的); plenilune(满月)

87

saliferous

(英) adj. 含盐的,产盐的(producing or containing salt) (记) sali(盐)+fer(带有)+ous→含盐的 (同) 同根词:saline(盐的);desalinzation(脱盐)

88

purchase

(英) n.支点(阻止东西下滑)(a mechanical hold) (考) ballast : instability \ purchase : slippage(压舱物防止不稳定\支点防止滑落)prohibitive : purchase \ peremptory : dispute(昂贵的无法购买\专横的无法争论) (记) purchase作为'购买'一意大家都很熟悉

89

bore

(英) v.钻孔(to make a hole);n.孔(a hole);令人厌烦的人(a tiresomedull person) (考) die : shaping \ drill : boring(模子用来定型\钻用来钻孔)

90

bristle

(英) n. 短而硬的毛发(short stiff hair);v.(毛)竖起; 发怒(fur stand up stiffly in fear or anger ) (考) 反义词: cower(畏缩) (同) 近形词: brittle(易碎的); gristle(n.软骨) (例) The dog's fur bristled as it sensed danger .

91

corroborative

(英) n. 确证性的(tending to corroborate) (例) corroborative reportsevidence

92

cannibal

(英) n. 食人者,食同类的动物(a person who eats human flesh) (记) cannib 来自Cariban,是印第安人中一个有食人习惯的部族 (同) 派生词: cannibalism (n. 同类相食)

93

waver

(英) v.摇摆,犹豫(to fluctuate in opinionallegianceor direction) (考) flag : vigor \ lumber : grace \ waver : resolution(衰弱无精力\笨拙无优雅\动摇无坚决)demur : qualms \ waver : irresoluteness(因疑虑而反对\因犹豫而动摇) (例) He wavered between accepting and refusing.

94

desuetude

(英) n.废止,不用 (disuse) (记) de+suet=suit(适合)+ude→不再适合→废止; (同) 参考:suitable(得体的) (例) Those old laws has fallen into desuetude.

95

spleenish

(英) adj.脾气坏的(feeling angeroften suppressed) (记) spleen(脾,怒气)+ish

96

mold

(考) palpable : touch \ pliable : mold(可触摸的可以触摸\易变形的可以塑造) (例) to mold a head in clay(用粘土塑造头像)

97

slur

(英) v.含糊不清地讲(to slide over without due emphasis) (考) slur : speech \ smudge : writing(含糊讲话\模糊作品)反义词:pronounce clearly(清楚地发音) (记) 和blur(弄脏,变模糊)一起记 (例) Her speech slurred slightly from dinner wine.(她因喝酒说话有点含糊不清)

98

circulation

(英) 血液循环(movement of blood round the body from and back to the heart) (记) 来自circulate(v.循环流通;circ[圆环]+ulate)→绕圈走→循环

99

permissive

(英) adj. 过分纵容的(deficient in firmness; indulgent) (记) 来自permiss(允许),per(全部)+miss(放开)→全部放开→允许

100

addendum

(英) n.补充附录(addition; appendix to book) (记) add(增加)+endum(表名词) (例) The addendum contains many new words.

101

superannuated

(英) adj.老迈的(incapability or disqualified for active duty by advanced age) (记) super(超过)+annu(年)+ated

102

homogeneous

(英) adj. 同类的,相似的(similar or identical) (考) 反义词:disparate(全异的) (记) homo(相同)+gene(产生)+ous→产生相同→使一致 (例) a homogeneous book collection: all on the Civil War

103

monocle

(英) n. 单片眼镜 (an eyeglass for one eye only)

104

petulant

(英) adj. 性急的,暴躁的(insolent; peevish) (记) 来自pet(不高兴)+ulant→非常不高兴→暴躁的 (同) n.petulance (例) She becomes petulant when people disagree with her.

105

supple

(英) adj.伸屈自如的(readily adaptable or responsive to new situations) (考) emollient : suppleness \ desiccant : dryness(润肤剂很柔软\干燥剂很干燥)numb : sensation \ stiff : suppleness(麻木的没有感觉\坚硬的没有柔软) (记) 可能是supplicate(恳求、求饶)的变体 (同) 派生词: suppleness (n. 柔软) (例) a supple birch tree(易弯曲的桦树) \ a supple mind(最灵的头脑)

106

neurosis

(英) n. 精神病(mental functional disorders) (记) neur(神经)+osis(病)→精神病

107

jaundiced

(英) adj.有偏见的(prejudiced) (记) jaundice(黄疸,偏见)+d→有偏见的

108

grate

(英) v. 磨碎(to grind into shreds or particles);使人烦躁(to irritate; annoy; fret) (考) 反义词:soothe(使平静) (例) grated cheese. His whistling grated on her nerves.

109

anatomical

(英) 解剖学的(of scientific study of the structure of animal bodies) (记) 来自anatomy(解剖学): ana[分开]+tomy[切] →切开→解剖

110

pledge

(英) n. 誓言,保证 (a solemn promise ) (考) renounce : pledge \ rescind : order(放弃誓言\废除命令)

111

welter

(英) n. 混乱,杂乱无章(a disordered mixture) (考) 反义词:orderly arrangement(安排有序的)

112

hepatitis

(英) n. 肝炎(inflammation of the liver) (记) hepat(肝)+itis(炎症)→肝炎; (同) 参考:hepatic(肝的)

113

blatant

(英) adj. 喧哗的(boisterous; clamorous);显眼的(glaringly conspicuous or obtrusive) (考) ambiguous : understand \ blatant: ignore(模棱两可的难以理解\显眼的难以忽视)blatant : arresting \ odious : disgusting(炫耀的是引人注意的\厌恶的是令人反感的)反义词:unobtrusive(不显眼的); inconspicuous(不显眼的); unimpressive(无印象的); subtle(微妙的) (记) blat(闲聊)+ant→侃大山→喧哗的 (同) 同根词:blatter(大声快说) (例) blatant satisfaction(无耻的贪欲)

114

file

(英) v.锉平(to smooth with a file)

115

assemble

(英) v. 集合聚集(collect );装配安装(fit together the parts) (记) as(不断)+semble(和...相像) →不断使东西相同→组装(东西) (同) 同根词: resemble(和…相象); dissemble(掩盖假装)

116

approach

(英) v.接近靠近(come nearer);着手处理(begin to handle);n. 方法(method) (记) ap(一再)+proach(接近) →靠近 (同) 派生词: approachable (adj. 可接近的,随和的)同根词:reproach(指责)

117

persuasion

(英) n. 说服,劝服 (the act of persuading) (考) admonish : denounce \ persuade : convince(谴责比训诫程度深\使确信比使相信程度深)反义词:inveigle (诱骗) (记) 来自persuade(说服,劝服),per(始终)+suade(敦促)→始终敦促→劝说 (同) 同根词:dissuasion(劝阻,劝止)

118

acoustic

(英) adj.听觉的,有关声音的(having to do with hearing or sound )

119

subject

(考) 反义词:potentate(当权者)

120

devotional

(英) adj. 崇拜的(used in religious worship) (考) elegiac : sorrow \ devotional : reverence(哀伤的表示悲哀\崇拜的表示尊敬) (记) devotion(献身)+al

121

vagary

(英) n.奇想,异想天开(an erraticunpredictableor extravagant manifestation) (考) vagary : predict \ impossibility : execute(奇异的想法无法预测\不可能的事无法执行) (记) vag(游移)+ary→游移的思想→奇想 (例) the vagaries of a dream(梦中奇想)

122

succulent

(英) adj.多汁的(full of juice; juicy; toothsome) (记) succ(=suck吸汁)+ulent→多汁的 (例) a succulent mango(味甘汁多的芒果)

123

nitpick

(英) v. 挑剔,吹毛求疵(pay too much attention to petty details; niggle) (考) nitpick : criticize \ cavil : object(吹毛求疵是过分批评\无端指责是过分反对)fluent : glib \ meticulous : nitpick(finicky)(过分流畅为油腔滑调\过分精细为吹毛求疵)nitpicker : criticize \ preacher : sermon \ quibbler : cavil(吹毛求疵的人挑剔\传教士训诫\吹毛求疵的人 (记) nit(幼虫)+pick→挑小虫→挑剔 (例) a dull speech that contained nothing but nitpicking

124

gouge

(英) n. 半圆凿(a chisel);v. 挖出(to scoop out);敲竹杠(to cheat out of money) (考) usury : interest \ gouging : price(放高利贷是收取高利息\敲竹杠是收取高价格)hack : carve \ gouge : engrave(乱砍不是雕刻\挖凿不是铭刻) (记) 不要和gauge(准则,规范)相混 (例) doctors gouging on patients (敲病人竹杠的医生)

125

truncate

(英) v.把(某物)截短,去尾(to shorten by cutting off) (考) 反义词: prolong(延长) (记) 来自trunk(树干)+ate→截去树干→截短 (例) truncate a news item(删节新闻) \ a badly truncated report

126

bail

(英) n. 保释金(money paid for a person accused of a crime) (例) The magistrate granted him bail.

127

underhanded

(英) adj. 不光明的,卑鄙的(marked by secrecychicaneryand deception; sly) (记) under(下面)+handed→在下面做手脚→不光明

128

colon

(英) n.冒号(punctuation mark[:])

129

conscientious

(英) adj. 尽责的(careful to do what one ought to do) (记) con+sci(知道)+entious(多...的) →知道关心多→有责任心的

130

rookie

(英) n. 新兵,新球员(an inexperienced recruit; any novice) (考) professional : rookie \ soldier : recruit(专业人员不是新手\老兵不是新兵) (记) 分割记忆:rook(秃鼻乌鸦)+ie

131

gaggle

(英) n. 鹅群(a flock of geese) (记) 原指鹅的嘎嘎叫(gaggle)是象声词

132

descendant

(英) n. 后代,后裔 (offspring of a certain ancestorfamilygroupetc.) (考) 反义词:forbears(前辈)

133

voting

(考) voting : roll call \ termination : cloture(唱名是一种投票过程\辩论结束是一种终止)

134

redress

(英) n. 改正,修正(correctionremedy) (记) re(重新)+dress(穿衣,整理)→重新整理→改正 (例) The slandered celebrity demanded redress.

135

dupe

(英) n. 上当者(a person easily tricked or fooled) (考) credulity : dupe \ discrimination : connoisseur(易上当者特点是轻信\鉴赏家特点是有鉴别力)credulous : dupe \ insensitive : boor(易上当者特点是轻信的\鲁钝的人特点是感觉迟钝的)coward : craven \ dupe : gullible(懦夫的特点是懦弱的\易上当者的特点是轻信的)reverent : idolater \ tru

136

uncouth

(英) adj. 粗野笨拙的(boorish; clumsy in speech or behavior) (考) 反义词:seemly(适宜的) (例) uncouth manners(粗野的态度)

137

entertainment

(英) n. 宴客娱乐(being entertained) (考) impresario : entertainment \ broker : trade(娱乐经纪人经营娱乐\贸易经纪人经营贸易) (例) entertainment of a group of foreign visitors

138

agony

(英) n. 极大痛苦(very great mental or physical pain) (考) agonized : distress \ obsessed : concern(极度痛苦和一般痛苦\着迷和一般关心)painful : agonizing \ important : paramount(程度: 痛苦的 : 极度痛苦的\重要的 : 极为重要的) (记) agon(挣扎)+y→拼命挣扎→痛苦 (同) 同根词:agonizing(引起大痛苦的); antagonistic(对抗性的)

139

ken

(考) earshot : hear \ ken : see(听力所及范围能听到\目力所及范围能看到) (例) Abstract words are beyond the ken of young children.

140

tenderize

(英) v. 把...烹制得软嫩( make tender by special preparation) (记) tender(嫩)+ize

141

solo

(英) adj. 单独的 (without companion); (考) 反义词:ensemble(合唱) (记) sol(单独)+o→独唱

142

parlance

(英) n.说法用语词汇(manner of speaking; idiom) (考) parlance : speak \ gait : walk(说话的说法\走路的步法)

143

patchwork

(英) 缝缀布片补缀的手工(sewn work made by joining together a number of pieces of cloth of different colorspatternsand shapes) (考) wood : parquet \ cloth : patchwork(木头拼成镶木地板\布料拼成补缀作品) (记) patch(补丁)+work(作品)

144

dismantle

(英) v.拆除(take apart; disassemble)

145

figurehead

(英) 名义领袖(a person put in a portion of leadership because of nameranketc. but having no real powerauthorityor responsibility) (考) nominal : figurehead \ absolute : autocrat(傀儡是有名无实的\独裁者是绝对的) (记) 组合词:figure(象征)+head(头)→象征性的领袖

146

mine

(英) 矿井(a deep hole under the ground from which coalgoldtinor other mineral substances are dug)开采(dig a mine) (考) quarry : rock \ mine : ore(采石场可以采掘岩石\矿井可以采掘矿石)

147

adorable

(英) adj.迷人的,可爱的(delightful; charming);

148

caustic

(英) adj.腐蚀性的(corrosive);刻薄的(biting; sarcastic) (考) caustic : eat away \ desiccant : dry(腐蚀剂的作用是腐蚀\干燥剂的作用是干燥)pungent : odor \ caustic : comment(辛辣的气味\尖刻的评论)barb : caustic \ pan : harsh(尖刻言论是刻薄的\严厉批评是严厉的)反义词:innocuous(无意冒犯的); palliating(缓和的); genial(亲切的) (记) 比较:cause(原因引起) (例) John's always making caustic remarks about other people.

149

prose

(英) n. 散文 (written language in its usual form) (考) prose : paragraph \ poetry : stanza(散文由段落组成\诗由诗节组成)

150

heterodox

(英) adj. 异端的,非正统的(unorthodox) (考) 反义词:canonical(正统的规范的) (记) hetero(异种)+dox(思想)→异端思想 (同) 同根词:orthodox(正统思想)

151

impalpable

(英) adj. 无法触及的;不易理解的(too slight or subtle to be grasped) (记) im(不)+palpable(可触摸的)→不可触摸的 (同) 参考:palpitate(心突突跳,能摸着的心跳)

152

travail

(英) n.艰苦劳动(toil; agonytorment) (记) 原指妇女分娩的阵痛 (例) He has devoted his life to his artistic travail.

153

vertigo

(英) n.眩晕(a dizzy,confused state of mind) (考) hemorrhage : bleeding \ vertigo : dizziness(程度: 大出血→流血\眩晕→头昏) (记) verti(转)+go(走)→转着走→眩晕 (例) Looking out of the window still gives him vertigo.(从窗户往外望仍会使他眩晕)

154

invidious

(英) adj. 惹人反感的,招人嫉妒的(causing ill will or envy) (考) 反义词:beneficial(有益的) (记) in(不)+vid(看)+ious→不看的→不满意的→反感的 (同) 同根词:provident(有远见的) (例) invidious criticism(引起反感的批评)

155

puddle

(英) n.水坑,洼(a very small pool of dirty or muddy water) (记) 注意不要和peddle(沿街叫卖)相混

156

grumpy

(英) adj. 脾气暴躁的(grouchy; peevish) (记) 来自grump(发脾气,生气) (例) I hate to ask her anythingbecause she has become so grumpy.

157

yielding

(英) adj.弯曲自如的(lacking rigidity or stiffness; flexible) (记) 来自yield(顺从,屈服)+ing (例) be made of a yielding rubber(用柔性橡胶制成)

158

banter

(英) n.打趣玩笑(playfulgood-humoured teasing) (考) playful : banter \ exaggerated : hyperbole(玩笑是诙谐的\夸张法是夸张的) (同) 近形词: barter(易货贸易); batter(猛击) (例) players exchanging light-hearted banter with the crowd

159

admissible

(英) adj. 可容许的(that can be allowed) (记) 来自admit(允许承认) (例) Such behavior is not admissible among our staff.

160

emasculate

(英) v.削弱(weaken);阉割(castrate); (记) e+mascul(男人)+ate→不让做男人→阉割

161

indiscernible

(英) adj. 看不清的(that cannot be discerned; imperceptible) (记) in(不)+discernible(能分辨出来的) (例) a path almost indiscernible in the mist

162

previous

(英) adj. 在先的,以前的 (existing before the one mentioned) (记) pre(以前)+vi(道路)+ous

163

evacuate

(英) v. 撤退(withdraw from);撤离(to remove inhabitants from a place for protective purposes) (考) 反义词:fill up(填满) (记) e+vacu(空)+ate→空出去→撤离 (同) 同根词:vacant(空的); vacuum(真空)派生词: evacuation (n. 疏散撤离) (例) The police evacuated the citizens before the hurricane came.

164

refutable

(考) 反义词:indisputable(无可辩驳的)

165

pelt

(英) n. 毛皮(skin with its hair);v. 投掷(hurlthrow); (例) The children chased each other and pelted snowballs.

166

flatterer

(英) n. 谄媚者奉承者(person who flatters) (例) Don't believe him -he's a real flatterer.

167

collusion

(考) collusion : conspirators \ cooperation : partners(同谋者一起合谋\搭档一起合作)

168

screed

(英) n. 冗长的演说,长篇大论的文章(a lengthy discourse) (记) 可能来自speech(讲话)和creed(信条)的缩合

169

corroborate

(英) v. 支持或证实(confirm; bolster; support);强化(to strengthen) (考) corroborate : evidence \ calumniate : falsehood(用证据来证明\用谎言来诽谤)反义词:controvert(反驳); deny(否认) (记) cor+robor(力量strength)+ate→加强力量→支持,强化 (同) 同根词:corroborant(确证的,健身药); roborant(强壮剂) (例) The witness corroborated the suspect's story.

170

amuse

(英) v. 逗某人笑(make sb smile) (考) didactic : instruct \ comic : amuse (说教的用来教导人\喜剧的用来取悦人) (记) a+muse(缪斯古希腊文艺女神) (同) 派生词: amused (adj. 被逗乐的); amusement (n. 娱乐品消遣); amusing (adj. 好笑的有趣的) (例) Everyone was amused at\by the story about the dog.

171

dappled

(英) adj. 有斑点的,斑驳的 (covered with spots of a different color) (考) striated : groove \ mottled(dappled) : spot(划条纹的有刻痕\斑驳的有斑点) (记) 分割记忆:d-apple-d,'苹果'上有时有斑点 (例) a dappled horse. the dappled shade of a tree.

172

hedgehog

(记) 组合词:hedge(树篱)+hog(猪)

173

regimen

(英) n. 养生法,生活规则(a systematic plan of diet or medication to improve and maintain the health of a patient) (考) regimen : health \ budget : solvency \ mnemonics : memory(养生法帮助健康\预算帮助偿付\记忆法帮助记忆) (记) regi(统治)+men(表示名词)→统治人生活的东西→生活规则 (例) to follow a strict regimen

174

alcohol

(英) n. 酒酒精( beerwinebrandy and whisky) (考) ascetic : luxury \ teetotaler : alcohol (苦行者不会奢华\禁酒者不会饮酒)

175

maintain

(考) 反义词:swerve(突然转弯)-maintain direction

176

invalid

(英) adj. 无效力的(not valid; null or void) (记) in(无)+valid(有效的)→无效的

177

bumptious

(考) dour : geniality \ impetuous : vacillation(hesitation)\bumptious : humbleness(严厉的不亲切\冲动的不犹豫\傲慢的不谦逊)反义词: humble(谦逊的)

178

muffle

(考) muffle : sound \ assuage : grief(减弱声音使声音减少\抚慰悲伤使悲伤减少) (例) muffled foot steps (压低的脚步声)

179

fugitive

(英) adj. 逃亡的(fleeing);易逝的(fleeting; evanescent);n. 逃犯,逃亡者(a person who flees) (记) fug(逃)+itive→逃跑的 (同) 同根词:fugacious(短暂的); fugue(音乐:赋格曲) (例) The fugitive criminal fled to the mountains.

180

portion

(英) n. 一部分 (a part of something larger) (记) port(部分)+ion

181

stressful

(英) adj. 充满压力的(full of problems that cause great worry) (记) stress(压力)+ful

182

microscope

(英) 显微镜(a scientific instrument that makes extremely small things look larger) (考) microscope : small \ telescope : distant(显微镜观看小的[东西]\望远镜观看远的[东西])

183

prim

(英) adj. 端庄的,整洁的(neattrimdecorous) (记) 来自词根prim(最初的,最好的) (例) She's much too prim and proper to enjoy such a rude joke.

184

respite

(英) n. 休息(an interval of rest or relief)中止(a period of temporary delay; reprieve) (考) plateau : change \ respite : activity(平稳没有变化\中止没有活动)fast : eat \ respite : labor(斋戒暂停进食\休息暂停劳动) (记) re(再)+spite(=spect看)→再次看→再审→暂缓(死刑),休息 (例) work without respite(不停地工作)

185

archaism

(英) n. 古字古语(archaic word or expression) (考) 反义词: neologism(新词语)

186

explosion

(英) n. 爆裂(声)(loud noise caused by sudden and violent bursting) (例) a bomb explosion

187

amity

(英) n. (人或国之间的)友好关系(friendly relationship between people or countries) (记) am(爱情爱)+ity→爱的状态→和睦

188

chipmunk

(英) adj.荒诞不经的 (absurd);梦幻的 (imaginary; fantastic)

189

husband

(考) 反义词:squander(浪费)

190

voluptuous

(英) adj.撩人的(suggesting sensual pleasure);沉溺酒色的(abandoned to enjoyments of luxurypleasureor sensual gratification) (考) 反义词:ascetic(禁欲的); spartan(简朴的); self-contained(自制的) (记) volupt(享乐,快感)+uous→快感的 (同) 派生词: voluptuary (n.耽于逸乐的人) (例) a voluptuous woman(性感女郎) \ a voluptuous life

191

penicillin

(英) 青霉素盘尼西林(a substance used as a medicine to destroy certain bacteria in people and animals)

192

laceration

(英) n. 撕裂;裂口(jagged tear or wound)

193

chartered

(例) chartered airplane

194

stream

(英) 小溪(a natural flow of water moving across country between banksnarrower than a river)水流(a current of water)倾注涌流(flow fast and strongly)川流不息(move in a continuous flowing mass) (考) stream : eddy \ anomaly : trend(旋涡是水流的反常\异常是正常趋势的反常)confluence : streams \ junction : roads(汇流是河流交汇点\叉路是道路交汇点)

195

satirical

(英) adj. 讽刺的,爱挖苦的(indulging in satire) (例) The satirical article about the prime minister was censored.

196

drought

(英) n. 干旱时期(period of continuous dry weather) (例) areas of Africa affected by drought

197

typhoon

(英) n. 台风(tropical hurricane or cyclone)

198

interweave

(英) v. 交织,编结(to weave together; interlace) (记) inter+weave(编织) (例) Our lives are interwoven.(我们的生命互相交织在一起)

199

headlong

(英) adj.adv.轻率的(地)迅猛的(地)(hasty; rash)

200

mannerism

(英) n. 矫揉造作成癖(a particular and odd way of behaving and speaking that has become a habit) (记) manner(方式,习惯)+ism

201

acclimate

(英) v.使服水土;使适应( adjust to climate; adapt) (考) 反义词:make unfamiliar with(不习惯) (记) ac+climate(气候) →适应气候→服水土 (例) We lived in Africa for five yearsbut we never really got acclimated to the hot weathers.

202

natation

(英) n.游泳游泳术(swimming)

203

backdrop

(英) n. 背景幕布(printed cloth hung at the back of a theatre) (考) placebo : painkiller \ backdrop : vista(安慰剂是一种假止痛药\舞台背景是一种假风景)

204

incertitude

(英) n. 疑惑,不确定(uncertainty) (记) in(不)+cert(肯定)+itude(状态)→不肯定状态 (同) 同根词:certify(证明); certain(无疑的)

205

ineluctable

(英) adj. 不能逃避的(certain; inevitable ) (考) irrevocable : repeal \ impervious : penetrate \ ineluctable : avoid(不能取消的无法废止\不能穿透的无法穿透\不能避免的无法避免)serendipitous : effort \ ineluctable : chance(偶然发现的不需要努力\不可避免的不需要机遇) (记) in(不)+eluctable(逃避的)→不可避免的,

206

uncharitableness

(记) 来自形容词uncharitable(严厉的)

207

bauble

(英) n.花哨的小玩意儿;没价值的东西(a showy but worthless thing; trinket) (例) Wealth and social position are only baubleswe cannot take them with us when we die.

208

steeple

(英) n.尖塔,尖阁(a tall structure having a small spire) (记) steep(陡峭的)+le

209

sideshow

(英) n. 杂耍,穿插表演(a separate small show at a circus)

210

elbow

(英) n. 肘肘部(outer part of the joint where the arm bends) (考) elbow : joint \ heart : organ(肘是一种关节\心脏是一种器官) (例) He sat with his elbows on the table.

211

oculist

(英) n. 眼科医生(early term for ophthalmologist)_

212

facilities

(英) n.(使事情便利的)设备、工具(the means by which something can be done)

213

diabolical

(英) adj. 恶毒的,狠毒的(very wicked or cruel; fiendish) (记) 来自diabol (恶魔) (例) The burglar concocted a diabolical play to rob the museum.

214

repel

(英) v. 击退(fight against; resist),使…反感(to cause aversion) (考) cogent : convince \ repugnant : repel(使人信服的让人信服\讨厌的使人反感)反义词:court(追求)-repel intentionally(有意使反感); entrancing(使人入神的) (记) re(反)+pel(推)→反推→击退 (例) The soldiers repelled the enemies.

215

veto

(英) n.否决,禁止(an authoritative prohibition;interdiction) (考) veto : prohibitive \ overture : introductory(否决是禁止性的\提案是介绍性的)反义词:consent(同意) (记) 注意比较vote(选举) (例) exercise a veto over a policy(对一项政策行使否决权)

216

dislocate

(英) v.使脱臼 (to displace a bone from its proper position at a joint);把…弄乱 (disarrange; disrupt) (记) dis+locate(安置)→不安置→脱节,弄乱

217

necessitous

(英) adj. 贫困的(needyindigent);急需的(urgent) (记) necessit(需要)+ous→需要的→贫困的 (同) 同根词:necessary(必需的); necessity(必需品)

218

cling

(英) v. 紧抓住(hold on tightly);舍不得放弃(unwilling to abandon) (例) cling to a beliefan opinion

219

executor

(英) n. 遗嘱执行人(a person appointed to carry out the provisions and directions in a testator's will) (考) executor : will \ soldier : order(遗嘱执行者执行遗嘱\士兵执行命令) (记) 以上三个词都来自execute(执行,实施),来自拉丁文exsecutussecu(跟随),ex(出来)→跟着出来→实施,执行

220

redolent

(英) adj. 芬芳的,芳香的(scented;aromatic) (考) redolent : smell \ piquant : taste(芳香的气味\辛辣的味道)反义词:unscented(无香味的) (记) red(=re反复)+ol(=olfaction 嗅觉)+ent→反复闻→芳香的

221

rein

(英) n. 缰绳(a strap controls an animal);v. 控制(to control with reins) (考) 反义词:prod(激励) (例) rein your tongue(管住你的舌头)

222

circumstantial

(英) adj. 描述详细的(giving full details) (记) circum+stant(站立)+ial→站在周围的→能描述详细的 (同) 派生词: circumstantiality (n.详尽细节)

223

superiority

(记) 来自形容词superior(优越的)+ity

224

contravene

(英) v. 违背(法规,习俗等) (to conflict with; violate) (考) 反义词: support(支持); buttress(支持) (记) contra(反)+vene(走)→反着走→违背 (同) 同根词:intervene(干涉)

225

ailment

(英) n.(不严重的)疾病(a mildchronic disease) (考) malinger : ail \ flatter : appreciate (装病和真病\奉承和真赞扬) (记) ail(小病)+ment

226

figurative

(英) adj.比喻的,借喻的(metaphoric) (记) 来自figure(外形,象征)+ative→象征性的→比喻的 (例) 'A sweet temper' is a figurative expression.

227

tentative

(记) tent(测试)+ative→测试性的 (例) a tentative plan \ a tentative explanation

228

bovine

(英) adj. (似)牛的(of an ox);迟钝的(slowstolid) (记) bov(牛)+ine→牛的

229

momentary

(英) adj. 短暂的,瞬间的(lasting but a moment) (记) moment(时刻)+ary→时刻的→短暂的

230

arduous

(英) adj. 费力的,艰难的(difficult to do; laborious; onerous) (考) 反义词:sinecure(闲职)-arduous employment(劳苦工作) (记) ard(热)+uous (多…的)→多热,出汗→费力的 (例) The arduous journey across the desert.

231

contagion

(英) n. 传染(病) (the spreading of disease by direct or indirect contact) (考) quarantine : contagion \ embargo : commerce(隔离防止传染\禁运防止贸易)sprain : injure \ cold : contagion(扭伤是一种伤\伤风是一种传染病) (记) con+tag(接触)→ion→接触传染 (例) The flu is a highly contagious disease.

232

erstwhile

(英) 往日的以前的(former) (例) one's eistwhile friends and allies

233

tendentious

(英) adj.有偏见的(marked by a tendency in favor of a particular point of view;biased) (考) 反义词:unbiased(无偏见的) (记) tendent(趋势,倾向)+ious→有倾向的; (同) 参考:tendency(趋势,倾向) (例) tendentious statements about sb.(对某人有偏见)

234

calipers

(英) n. 测径器双脚规(instrument for measuring the diameter of tubes or round objects)

235

extradition

(英) n. 引渡(act of giving up or sending back sb accused or convicted of a crime to the country where the crime was said to be committed)

236

daubster

(英) v. 涂抹 (to cover or smear with stickysoft mattersuch as plaster or grease) ;乱画 (to paint coarsely or unskillfully) (例) to daub the wall with paints

237

exiguous

(英) adj.太少的,不足的(scantysmallmeager) (同) 近形词: contiguous(比邻的); ambiguous(模棱两可的) (例) an exiguous meal of bread and cheese

238

remunerate

(英) v. 报酬,补偿(to pay or compensate a person for; reward) (记) re(重新)+muner(礼物)+ate→回报人礼物→报酬_ (例) remunerate sb. for his toil(报偿某人的辛劳)

239

apprise

(英) v. 通知,告诉(to inform or notify) (考) apprise : information \ admonish : warning (通知传达消息\警告传达警示)反义词:withhold information(保留消息) (记) ap+prise(学习)→学到→告诉

240

numb

(英) adj. 麻木的(devoid of emotions) (考) numb : insensible \ burnish : lustrous(使麻木是使人没有知觉\磨光是使东西有光泽的)numb : sensation \ stiff : suppleness(麻木是没有感觉\僵硬是没有柔软) (记) number去掉er,成为numb (例) finger numb with cold

241

firearm

(英) n. (便携式)枪支(portable gun of any sort) (考) daguerreotype : photograph \ musket : firearm(银板照相是早期相片\毛瑟枪是早期火器) (记) fire(火)+arm(武器)

242

incense

(英) n. 香,香味(any pleasant fragrance);v. 激怒(to arouse the wrath of) (考) 反义词:propitiate(讨好) (记) in(进入)+cense(=cand 发光)→焚烧的香,引申为点燃怒气→激怒 (例) Such careless waste incensed her.

243

pecuniary

(英) adj. 金钱的(monetary; financial) (记) pecuni(钱财)+ary (例) pecuniary considerations(金钱方面的考虑)

244

acquired

(英) adj. 后天习得的(gained through one's own efforts or actions); (考) 反义词:indigenous(天生的) (记) ac+quir(寻求)+ed→一再寻求→努力得到

245

imbroglio

(英) n. 纠纷,纠葛(confused misunderstanding or disagreement) (考) 反义词:harmony(协调) (记) im(进入)+broglio(混乱),原是意大利语 (例) an imbroglio of papers and books

246

narrative

(英) 记叙(that which is narrated) (记) 来自动词narrate(叙述)

247

nestling

(英) n. 尚未离巢的小鸟(a bird too young to leave the nest) (记) nest(鸟窝)+ling(小东西)

248

plinth

(英) n. 柱脚,底座(a square block serving as a base) (记) 参考:pedestal(基座)

249

anguish

(英) n. 极大痛苦(great suffering;distress) (记) angu(痛苦)+ish; (同) 参考:anger(愤怒)

250

cavalier

(英) n.骑兵队(a procession of horsemen or carriages) (记) 可以看出caval有'骑马'之意

251

bravado

(英) n.故作勇敢,虚张声势(pretended courage) (考) courageous : bravado \ complimentary : fulsomeness(虚张声势是虚假勇敢\恭维是虚假称赞)swagger : bravado \ caress : affection(大摇大摆是虚张声势的表现\爱抚是爱的表现) (记) brav(勇敢)+ado→故作勇敢 (同) 同根词:bravura(演出等精彩,热烈),来自bravo(欢呼:好极了)

252

blasé

(考) miser : munificent \ zealot : blasé(吝啬鬼不会大方的\狂热者不会冷漠的)

253

convulsion

(英) n. 骚动 (any violent disturbance);痉挛 (a violentinvoluntary contraction or spasm of the muscles) (考) convulsion : contraction \ frenzy : emotion(痉挛是强烈收缩\疯狂是强烈感情) (例) The children collapsed on the floor in convulsions of laughter.

254

intercessor

(考) intercessor : mediate \ augur : predict\ translator : interpret(仲裁者仲裁\预言家预言\翻译家翻译)

255

tremor

(英) 震动地震 (a trembling or shaking usu. from physical weaknessemotional stressor disease) (记) trem(抖动)+or→地震

256

intangible

(英) adj. 不可捉摸的(incorporeal; impalpable) (考) 反义词:corporeal(物质的) (记) in(不)+tangible(可触摸的)

257

exclude

(英) v. 排斥(to refuse to admit; shut out);排除(to force out; expel) (记) ex+clude(关闭)→关出去→排斥 (同) 同根词:occlude(堵塞); preclude(预防,排除)派生词: exclusion (n. 拒绝,排斥)

258

coeval

(英) adj. 同年代的(existing at the same time ) (考) congruent : dimensions \ coeval : age(全等是大小相同\同时代是时代相同) (记) co(共同)+ev(时代)+al→同时代的

259

desultory

(英) adj.不连贯的,散漫的 (disconnected; not methodical; random) (考) 反义词:assiduous(勤奋的); strictly methodical(有严格系统的) (记) de+sult(拿住)+ory→拿不住→散漫的 (同) 同根词:consult(咨询、忠告);insult(侮辱) (例) If she continues to work in that desultory wayshe will never finish anything.

260

mar

(英) v. 破坏,损伤(to injure or damage; spoil; impair) (例) The noise marred the peace of the night.

261

castle

(考) drawbridge : castle \ gangway : ship(进入城堡要通过吊桥\进入船要通过跳板)

262

commentary

(英) n. 实况报道(spoken description of an event as it happens);(对书等的)集注(set of explanatory notes on a book) (例) a Bible commentary

263

relegate

(英) v. 降级,贬谪(to send to exile; banish; to assign to oblivion) (考) 反义词:aggrandize(扩大权利) (记) re(重新)+leg(选择)+ate→重新选择职_位→降级_ (同) 同根词:delegate(代表); allegation(断言)

264

nutrition

(英) n. 营养,滋养 (nourishment)

265

shanty

(英) n.简陋的小木屋(a small crudely built dwelling or shelter) (记) 参考:shack(小木屋)

266

resurrect

(英) v. 使复活 (to raise from the dead);复兴(to bring to view) (记) re(重新)+sur(下面)+rect(直)→再次从下面直立起来→复活

267

befuddlement

(英) n. 迷惑不解(state of being confused) (记) be(使...成为)+fuddle(使错乱)+ment→使错乱

268

investigate

(英) v. 调查侦查(to examine) (考) cavil : critcize \ probe : investigate(吹毛求疵是批评过分\详细探察是认真调查) (记) in(进入)+vestig(踪迹)+ate→根据踪迹调查→调查

269

roster

(英) n. 值班表,花名册(a list of military or naval personnel or groups; any list; roll) (考) roster : personnel \ slate : candidate(职员花名册\候选人名录) (记) 不要和rooster(公鸡)相混 (例) a membership roster

270

upshot

(英) n.结果;结局(outcome; final result)

271

hegemony

(英) n. 霸权,领导权(the leadership or dominance) (考) 反义词:lack of authority(缺乏权威) (例) hegemony over these islands(对这些岛屿的统治权)

272

fray

(英) n. 吵架,打斗(a noisy quarrel or fight; brawl);v. 磨破(become wornragged or raveled by rubbing) (记) 和flay(剥皮)一起记 (例) rush into the fray. The electric wire is fraying.(电线磨损).

273

morality

(英) n. 道德 (rightness or honesty of behavior) (考) transgression : morality \ presumption : propriety(犯罪是没有道德\傲慢是没有礼貌)

274

winding

(英) adj.蜿蜒的,迂回的(having a curved or spiral course or form) (例) a winding path

275

debacle

(英) n. 解冻 (breaking up of ice);崩溃(a total collapse or failure) (考) 反义词:complete success(完全成功) (记) 来自法语,de+bacle(阻挡)→阻挡不住→崩溃; (同) 参考:debar(阻拦,禁止)

276

precipitation

(英) n. 急躁(hastiness);降水(量)(fall of rainsleetsnow or hail) (考) snow : precipitation \ hurricane : cyclone(雪是降水的一种\飓风是卷风的一种)

277

masticate

(英) v. 咀嚼 (to chew up food);把…磨成浆(to grind to a pulp) (记) mast(乳房)+icate→原指小孩吃奶→咀嚼 (同) 同根词:mastitis(乳腺炎); mastodon(乳齿象)

278

communal

(英) adj.全体共用的共享的(held in common) (记) com+mun(公共)+al→公共的 (例) The flat has four separate bedrooms and a communal kitchen.

279

genuine

(英) adj. 真的(real);真诚的(sincere) (考) genuine : authenticity \ honest : trust(真的真实\诚实的可信)反义词:feigned(假的); spurious(伪造的) (记) genu(出生产生)+ine→产生→来源清楚→真正的

280

arsenal

(英) n. 军械场(place where weapons and ammunition are stored) (考) archive : manuscript \ arsenal : weapon \ museum : paintings\ library : books(档案室保管手稿\军火库保管武器\美术馆保管画\图书馆保管书)

281

grovel

(英) v. 摇尾乞怜,奴颜婢膝(to behave humbly or abjectly; stoop) (考) pluck : quit \ pride : grovel(放弃不会有勇气\奴颜婢膝不会有傲气) (例) He said he would never grovel before a conqueror.

282

dwelling

(英) n. 住宅公寓(place of residence) (考) deportation : country \ eviction : dwelling(驱逐从国家赶出\逐出从住宅赶出)potable : beverage \ habitable : dwelling(饮料是可饮用的\住宅是可住宿的) (例) my humble dweller

283

inextricable

(英) adj. 无法摆脱的(that cannot be disentangled) (记) in(不)+extric(摆脱)+able→不能摆脱的; (同) 参考:extricate(拯救,摆脱)

284

intact

(英) adj. 完整的,未动过的(unimpaired; complete) (考) 反义词:riven(被撕裂的) (记) in(不)+tact(接触)→未接触过→完整的 (同) 同根词:contact(接触); tactile(接触的)

285

hostility

(英) n. 敌对状态,敌意(a feeling of enmity) (例) His colleagues were hostile to his suggestions.

286

humorous

(英) adj. 幽默的诙谐的(amusingfunny) (考) wag : humorous \ dolt : stupid(爱说笑的人是幽默的\傻瓜是笨的) (例) a humorous writer

287

malapropism

(英) n. 字的误用(ludicrous misuse of words) (考) malapropism : verbal \ gaffe : social(词语误用是言辞的[错误]\社交失礼是社交的[错误]) (记) mal(坏)+approp(恰当)+ism→用字不恰当;源自Malaprop爱尔兰喜剧《情敌》中的人物马勒普太太,以荒唐地误用词语而出名

288

inveterate

(英) adj. 积习已深的(habitual; chronic ) (考) 反义词:casual(偶然的); occasional(偶然的); uninitiated(无经验的) (记) in(进入)+veter(老)+ate→变老了→积习已深的 (同) 同根词:veteran(老兵) (例) an inveterate liar\inveterate hatred

289

bravery

(英) n. 勇气胆量(being bravecourage) (例) a medal for bravery in battle

290

candidacy

(英) n. 候选人的资格(the state of being a candidate) (考) rescind : law \ withdraw : candidacy(废除法律\取消候选人资格) (记) 来自candidate(候选人)

291

granular

(英) adj. 粒状的(like grains or granules) (例) the granular texture of the cereal

292

psychopathic

(英) adj.患精神病的(pertaining to mental dearrangement) (记) psycho(精神)+path(病)+ic

293

luscious

(英) adj. 美味的(delicious);肉感的(voluptuous) (记) lush(鲜美多汁的)+delicious(美味的),二词的缩略变体 (例) the luscious beauty of tone

294

upbraid

(英) v.斥责,责骂(to criticize severely; scold vehemently) (考) upbraid : disapproval \ lament : grief \ dote : like(极度不赞成是谴责\极度悲伤是悲叹\极度喜爱是溺爱)反义词:laud(赞美); extol(赞扬) (记) up(向上)+braid(辫子)→揪辫子→责骂 (例) The teacher upbraided the student for being habitually late.

295

minuscule

(英) adj. 极小的 (extremely small) (考) small : minuscule \ moist : staturated(小的极小的\湿的湿透的)反义词:gargantuan(巨大的)

296

effusive

(英) adj. 流出的(pouring out);感情奔放的(expressing excessive emotion) (考) gush : effusive \ rage : irate(同义: 感情迸发和感情迸发的\愤怒和发怒的)emotion : effusive \ liberty : licentious(奔放的感情\放肆的自由) (记) ef+fus(流)+ive→流出的 (例) She is very jolly and has an effusive personality.

297

arbitrate

(英) v. 仲裁,公断(to decide [a dispute] as an arbitrator) (考) arbitrator : disputants \ judge : litigants(仲裁者为争论者裁决\法官为诉讼人裁决)faultfinder : criticize \ arbitrator : mediate(吹毛求疵的人擅长批评\仲裁者擅长调停) (同) 派生词: arbitration (n. 仲裁公断); arbitrator (n. 公断人) (例) A team of lawyers arbitrated the property dispute.

298

hermit

(英) n. 隐士,修道者(recluse) (考) vegetarian : meat \ hermit : society(素食者不会吃肉\隐居者不会进入社会)

299

deracinate

(英) v. 根除杜绝(pull up by the rootseradicate) (考) 反义词: plant(种植) (记) de+rac(=race种族)+inate→灭种族

300

jollity

(英) n. 快乐,欢乐(the state of being happy and cheerful)

301

fluent

(英) (指人)语言流利的(of a person able to speak or write a language smoothlyaccurately and with ease) (考) fluent : glib \ meticulous : nitpick(fincky)(程度: 流利的油嘴滑舌的\仔细的挑剔的)反义词:halting(犹豫的) (记) flu=flow(流动)+ent

302

percussionist

(英) n. 敲击乐器乐师(one skilled in the playing of percussion instruments)

303

drift

(英) n. 漂漂动(drifting movement);倾向趋势(continuous uncontrolled tendency);v.飘移(be carried along gently) (例) We switched off the motor and started to drift.

304

pose

(英) v. 摆姿势(to assume a posture);造作(to affect an attitude to impress) (例) She posed and smiled for the cameraman.

305

irreconcilable

(英) adj. 不能妥协的,不能和解的(incompatible; conflicting) (记) ir(不)+reconcilable(可以和解的) (例) The couple divorced because of irreconcilable differences.

306

mariner

(英) n. 水手,海员(a sailor; seaman) (例) A few weary mariners relaxed on the deck of the ship.

307

transmogrify

(英) v.变得古怪,变形(alter greatly with grotesque or humorous effect) (记) trans(变化)+mogr(=morph形状)+ify→变形

308

unobservable

(记) un(不)+observable(看得见的)

309

reverently

(英) adv. 虔诚地 (考) 反义词:profane(亵渎)-treat reverently(虔诚地对待)

310

assent

(英) v. 同意,赞成(to express acceptance; concurconsent ) (考) 反义词:buck(反对) (记) as+sent(感觉) →感觉一致→同意 (同) 同根词:dissent(反对); resent(怨恨) (例) John refused to assent to the proposal.

311

noticeable

(英) adj. 值得注意的(worth noticing) (记) note(注意)+able

312

impartial

(英) adj. 公平的,无私的( without prejudice or bias) (记) im(不)+partial(偏见的)→没有偏见的 (例) An umpire must remain impartial throughout the game.

313

submit

(英) v. 屈服( admit defeat);提交,呈递(offer for consideration)

314

repellent

(英) adj. 令人厌恶的(arousing aversion or disgust; repulsive) (考) repellent : attract \ ephemeral : endure(讨厌的不会吸引人\短暂的不会持久) (例) His spotty face was repellent to her.

315

sleight

(英) n.巧妙手法,巧计,灵巧 (dexterityskill) (记) 分割记忆:s(看作sly)+eight八面玲珑→巧计 (例) sleight of mind(心思的灵巧)

316

investiture

(记) in(进入)+vest(衣服)+iture→穿上官服→授权; 注意investment(投资)

317

luxury

(英) n. 奢侈 (great comfort); (考) ascetic : luxury \ teetotaler : alcohol(苦行者不会奢华\禁酒者不会饮酒)

318

measurement

(英) 测量计量(the act of measuring)(量得的)尺寸(a lengthheightfound by measuring)

319

squalid

(英) adj.污秽的,肮脏的 (filthy and degraded from neglect or poverty) (考) shipshape : disarray \ squalid : cleanliness(反义: 整齐的对杂乱\肮脏的对洁净)反义词:pristine(纯洁的) (例) a squalid district(肮脏的地区)

320

gamely

(英) adv.勇敢地敢作敢为的(in a spirited manner; with courage)

321

self-deprecation

(记) self(自己)+deprecation(贬低,轻视)

322

loose

(考) loose : confinement \ disabuse : misconception(释放使不再拘禁\纠正使不再错误)反义词: taut(拉紧的)

323

apiculture

(记) api(蜂)+ary(场所)→养蜂场 (同) 同根词:aviary(养鸟场)

324

tattered

(英) adj.衣衫褴褛的(wearing ragged clothes);破旧的(dilapidated) (记) tatter(破布条)+ed (例) a tattered book \ a tattered cottage

325

scorn

(英) n. 轻蔑(disrespect or derision mixed with indignation);v. 轻蔑,瞧不起(to reject or dismiss as contemptible) (考) venerable : reverence \ redoubtable : regard(awe)\despicable :scorn(contemptdisregard)(可敬的被尊敬\可怕的被敬畏\可鄙的被鄙视)scorn : reject \ adulate : flatter \ disparage : ignore(程度: 不屑做→放弃\谄媚→奉承\轻蔑→忽视)(例) dismiss a suggestion with scorn

326

obsessed

(考) agonized : distress \ obsessed : concern(苦闷的是有过多苦恼\着迷的是有过多关爱)firm : intransigent \ concerned : obsessed(程度: 坚定的→固执的\关心的→着迷的)obsessed : attracted \ rash : adventurous(着迷的是被过分吸引\鲁莽的是过分冒险)

327

absentmindedness

(英) n. 心不在焉(state of forgetfulness) (记) absent(茫然的)+minded(心思)+ness→心思恍惚

328

pestilent

(英) adj. 致死的(deadly);有害的(pernicious)

329

spasmodic

(英) adj.痉挛的(of a spasm);间歇性的(intermittent) (例) His interest in painting is spasmodic.

330

fulfil

(英) v. 履行(perform sth to completion);满足符合(satisfy) (考) 反义词:default(不履行责任)-fulfil an obligation(履行义务) (例) fulfil a desireprayerhopeneeddream

331

stowaway

(英) (藏于轮船、飞机中的)偷乘者 (one who secretes oneself aboard a vehicle as a means of obtaining transportation) (考) smuggler : tariff \ stowaway : fare(走私者逃避关税\偷乘者逃避交通费) (记) 组合词:stow(装载,偷乘)+away

332

intervene

(英) v. 介入,干涉(to come between as an influence) (记) inter+vene(来)→来到中间→干涉 (同) 派生词: intervention (n. 干涉any interference)

333

retrace

(记) re(回)+trace(踪迹)→找回踪迹→回顾 (例) retrace past events in one's mind

334

ensemble

(英) 全体大合唱(a group producing a single effect as concerted music of two or more parts) (考) 反义词:solo(独唱) (记) en+semble(相同)→唱相同(的歌)→大合唱 (同) 同根词:resemble(相似); dissemble(掩饰)

335

irritating

(英) v. 激怒(annoy; exasperate);刺激(provoke; nettle; peeve ) (考) 反义词:balm(安慰物)-irritant(致痒物) (记) 注意:irritant(n.致痒物) (例) The smoke irritated my eyes. He was irritated by the noise.

336

beneficent

(英) adj. 行善的(showing active kindnesscharitable) (考) beneficent : harm \ tenacious : yield(行善的不会伤害\顽强的不会屈服)philanthropist : beneficence \ comedian : humor(慈善家特点是慈善\喜剧演员特点是幽默)反义词:baleful(恶意的); noxious(有害的); toxic(有毒的) (记) bene(善好)+fic(做)+ent→做好事的

337

vicinity

(英) n.附近,接近(proximity;neighborhood) (记) vicin(邻近)+ity→邻近(地区); (同) 参考:vicinage(周围地区) (例) The vicinity of the apartment to his office was an advantage on rainy days.

338

masterpiece

(英) 杰作名作(a piece of work done with extreme skillwhich is the best that a particular person has done)

339

hirsute

(英) adj. 多毛的(hairy; shaggy; bristly) (记) hirs(=hair 毛)+ute→多毛的

340

recital

(英) n. 独奏(a concert given by an individual musician or dancer) (记) 来自recite(背诵), re(重新)+cite(引)→重新引出→背诵 (同) 同根词:excite(兴奋); incite(激励,促成)派生词: recitalist(n. 独奏家) (例) The cellist performed in a recital at the Lincoln Center. John's grandchildren are never tired of the recital of his stories.

341

transport

(英) v.\n. 运输; 狂喜(great joy) (记) trans(转移)+port(搬运)→搬运转移→运输

342

simultaneous

(英) adj.同时发生的(exactly coincident) (考) contiguous : abut \ simultaneous : coincide(接触的和接触\同时发生的和同时发生) (记) simult(相同)+aneous→时间相同的 (例) a simultaneous interpreter(同声传译员)

343

abominable

(英) 可恶的(nasty and disgusting; loathsome);极坏的(highly unpleasant; disagreeable)

344

requiem

(英) n. 安魂弥撒 (a mass for the dead) (记) re(使)+quie(=quiet 安静)+m→使死者安静的东西

345

tutelary

(英) adj. 监护的,保护的(having the guardianship)

346

odious

(英) adj. 可憎的,讨厌的(disgusting; offensive) (考) odious : disgust(repugnance)\ menacing : fear(讨厌的使人厌恶\恐吓的使人害怕)blatant : arresting \ odious : disgusting(俗丽的[人]令人注意\可憎的[人]令人憎恶) (记) 注意不要和odor(气味)相混 (例) an odious associate(讨厌的同伴)

347

pilfer

(英) v. 偷窃(esp. to steal in small quantities) (考) abscond : depart \ pilfer : take(逃跑是偷偷离开\偷窃是偷偷获取) (记) 可能是pelf(钱财)+er→拿钱财→偷窃 (例) Jimmy pilfered a few cookies when his mother wasn't looking.

348

gregariousness

(考) poseur : sincerity \ recluse : gregariousness(装腔作势者不会真诚\隐士不会群居) (记) gregarious(adj.群居的爱社交的;greg[群体]+arious[爱...的] →爱群体的)+ness

349

embellishment

(英) n. 装饰之物(artistic addition) (考) verbosity : words \ floridness : embellishments(罗嗦是言语过多\花哨是装饰过多) (记) embellish(v.装饰;em[进入]+bell[美好]+ish→进入美好→装饰)+ment

350

preclude

(英) v. 避免,排除(rule out in advance; prevent) (记) pre(预先)+clude(关闭)→提前关掉→排除 (同) 同根词:occlude(堵塞); exclude(排除) (例) Let's be exact in what we say so as to preclude any possibility of misunderstanding.

351

yaw

(英) v.(船,飞机等)偏航(to deviate erratically from a course) (记) yawn(打呵欠)去掉n,联想:因为打呵欠所以偏航

352

contrary

(英) adj. 相违的(opposite in nature);n. 反面(the opposite) (记) contra(反对相反)+ary→相反的

353

habitat

(英) n. 自然环境,栖息地(native environment) (记) habit(住)+at→住的地方→栖息地 (同) 同根词:habitant(居民); habitable(可居住的)

354

pendent

(英) adj. 吊着的,悬挂的(something suspended) (记) pend(挂)+ent→挂着的,吊着的 (例) a pendent camp(吊灯)

355

blizzard

(英) n.暴风雪(a severe snowstorm) (记) 请和bizarre(古怪的)一起记 (同) 近形词: lizard(蜥蜴)

356

convoy

(英) v. 护航,护送 (escort; accompany) (记) con+voy(路,看)→一路(照看)→护送 (同) 近形词:convey(搬运,传达)

357

vituperate

(英) v.痛斥,辱骂(to abuse or censure severely or abusively; berate) (考) lionize : admire \ vituperate : despise(崇拜是十分钦佩\辱骂是十分鄙视)反义词:praise(赞扬) (记) vitu(邪恶)+per(=prepare准备)+ate→辱骂

358

obligatory

(英) adj. 强制性的,义务的(legally or morally binding; required) (考) 反义词:discretionary(自由决定的); selective(选择性的) (例) It is not obligatory to answer. (并非一定要回答)

359

incrustation

(英) n.硬壳外层(hard coating or crust)

360

stagnant

(英) adj. 停滞的(not advancing or developing) (考) 反义词:flowing(流动的) (记) stagn(=stand站住)+ant→不动的 (例) a stagnant pool of water

361

rebuttal

(英) adj.反驳,反证(countervailing proof) (记) 来自rebut(反驳),re(反)+but(=butt顶撞)→反顶撞→反驳 (例) In rebuttalshe proved them all wrong.

362

murmur

(英) v. 柔声地说,喃喃而言(to express in murmurs) (考) glimmer : dazzle \ murmur : resound(微光和强光\低声说和高声说)croon : sing \ murmur : speak(低声唱和唱\低声说和说) (记) 象声词:mur-mur (例) the murmur of a distant brook

363

flounder

(英) v.挣扎(plunge about in a stumbling manner);艰苦地移动(to struggle awkwardly to moveas in deep mud or snow) (考) 反义词:act gracefully(优雅地行动); slide(滑行) (记) 分割记忆:flo看作flow(流)under(在…下面),在下面流动→挣扎 (例) The horse and its rider floundered through the deep snow. flounder['flaUndE]n. 比目鱼 (英) n. 比目鱼(flatfish) (记) 分割记忆:flo看作flow(流)under(在...下面)在下面流动→挣扎

364

informer

(英) n.告发者,告密者(a person who secretly accuses) (记) inform(通知)+er→通知者

365

compose

(英) v. 写创作(write [music operaetc]);组成(of elements of sth form a whole) (考) construct : remodel \ compose : edit(改建是对原来建造的进行修改\剪辑是对原来创作的进行修改)sonnet : poet \ symphony : composer(诗人写十四行诗\作曲家写交响乐) (记) com(一起)+pose(放) →放到一起→组成 (同) 派生词: composer (n. 创作者作曲家); composition (n. 作品)

366

sophistication

(考) fickle : constancy \ naive : sophistication(易变的无恒定\纯真的无世故)yokel : sophistication \ coward : courage(乡下人无世故\懦夫无勇敢)ingnue : sophistication \ cynic : trustfulness(纯真的人无世故\愤世嫉俗者无信赖)反义词:callow(幼稚的); unsophisticated(无世

367

downgrade

(英) v. 使…降低(reduce to a lower graderank or level of importance) (例) She has been downgraged from pricipal to deputy.

368

cryptogram

(英) n. 暗号,密码 (something written in code or cipher)

369

compelling

(英) adj. 引起兴趣的 (keenly interesting; captivating) (例) a compelling story

370

bookcase

(英) n.书橱书柜(piece of furniture with shelves for books) (考) wardrobe : clothes \ bookcase : books(衣柜用来装衣服\书柜用来装书)

371

impersonal

(英) adj. 冷淡的(not showing or involving human feelings) (记) im(不)+person(个人)+al→不进入个人感情的→冷淡的

372

sow

(英) n.母猪 (an adult female swine);v.播种 (to plant seed by scattering) (例) sow clover in the field(在田里播种苜蓿)

373

delectable

(英) adj. 赏心悦目的(pleasing to the taste; delicious; luscious) (记) delect(高兴delight)+able→高兴的

374

unavailable

(记) un(不)+available(可获得的)

375

huddle

(英) v. 挤成一堆(to crowd or nestle close together); (记) 注意不要和puddle(水坑)相混 (例) Don't huddle all the boxes into one cupboard.

376

insufficient

(英) adj. 不足的(not enough; inadequate) (考) 反义词:surfeit(过度的) (记) in(不)+sufficient(足够的)

377

discard

(英) v. 扔掉抛弃(throw sth out ) (考) 反义词:retain(保留) (记) dis(去掉)+card(纸片) →把(废纸)扔掉→抛弃

378

prehistoric

(英) adj. 史前的 (of a time before recorded history) (记) pre(在...前的)+historic(历史的)

379

informality

(英) n. 非正式衣着随便(being informal) (记) informal+ity

380

despotism

(英) n.专制,暴政 (rule or domination by an absolute ruler; autocracy; tyranny) (例) The people hated the despotism of the ruler.

381

formula

(英) n. 套语惯用语(fixed arrangement of words) (记) form+ula(表名词) →形成的东西→公式

382

exterminate

(英) v.消灭,灭绝(wipe out; annihilate; extirpate ; eradicate) (记) ex+termin(范围,结束)→从范围中出去→消灭 (同) 同根词:terminate(结束,中止); terminus(终点站)

383

cape

(英) n. 披肩短斗篷( a cloak) (记) 来自词根cap(头); cape(海角;像头一样伸向海里)

384

tend

(英) v.照料,看顾 (to act as an attendant;serve) (考) assert : belabor \ tend : fuss(程度: 声明→过分声明\照顾→过分关心) (例) tend plants(照料植物) \ tend to the other guests(关照其他客人)

385

palatable

(英) adj. 美味的(pleasant or acceptable) (考) palatable : savory \ discernible : manifest(美味的是可口的\可分辨的是明了的) (记) 来自palate(上腭,爱好)+able→好吃的 (例) a palatable lunch

386

chaos

(英) n.混乱(extreme confusion or disorder)

387

belie

(英) v.掩饰(disguise or misrepresent);证明为假(prove false) (考) 反义词:aver(断言); affirm(肯定) (记) be-lie(谎言)→使…成谎言→证明…为假 (例) The poor sales of the product belied our high hopes for it.

388

leonine

(英) adj. 狮子的(of or like a lion) (记) leon(lion狮子)+ine→狮子的

389

dire

(英) adj.可怕的(dreadfulmiserable) (考) 反义词: pleasant(舒适的)

390

indigenous

(英) adj. 土产的,本地的(native) (考) 反义词:acquired(后天获得的); exotic(外来的); nonnative(非本土的) (记) indi(内部)+gen(产生)+ous→内部产生的→本地的

391

taut

(英) adj. 绷紧的 (having no slack;tightly drawn) (考) 反义词:loose or unfirm(松或不稳的); slack(松的) (例) a taut string \ Her nerves are rather taut.

392

commencement

(英) n. 开始,(大学的)毕业典礼 (the ceremonies at which degrees or diplomas are conferred at a school or college) (考) 反义词:cessation(停止); cease(停止); matriculation(录取入学) (记) com(共同)+mence(说做)→一起说做→开始倡导 (同) 同根词:mention(提到)

393

alliteration

(英) n.头韵(repetition of beginning sound in poetry)

394

fatuous

(英) adj.愚昧而不自知的(complacently stupid or inane) (记) fatu(笨)+ous笨的 (例) a fatuous person

395

factorable

(考) 反义词: irreducible(不能分解成因子的)

396

comparison

(英) n. 比较(comparing) (记) compare(比较对照)+ison

397

imminent

(英) adj. 即将发生的,逼近的(impending) (记) im(进入)+min(突出)+ent→突进来→逼近的 (同) 同根词:eminent(出众的);prominent(杰出的) (例) Black clouds usually mean rain is imminent.

398

rotten

(英) adj. 腐败的(gone bad);糟糕的(unsatisfactory) (考) homogenization : uniform \ putrefaction : rotten(一致化导致一致\腐败导致腐烂) (记) rot(腐败)+en

399

reflect

(英) v. 反射(to cause light to change direction);仔细考虑(meditate) (考) reflection : light \ echo : sound(光的反射\声的回音)反义词: absorb(吸收) (记) re(反)+flect(弯曲)→弯曲过来→反射 (例) The mirror reflected my image. Let me reflect your idea for a while.

400

aerate

(英) v.充气,让空气进入(cause air to circulate through) (考) aerate : oxygen \ hydrate : water(充气需要氧气\水化需要水) (记) aer(气)+ate(表示动作)→充气 (同) n. aeration

401

strait

(英) n.海峡; adj. 狭窄的(narrow) (考) isthmus : land \ strait : water(地峡是两海间的陆地通道\海峡是两陆地间的水域通道) (记) 参考:isthmus(地峡) (同) 参考:isthmus(地峡)

402

debarkation

(记) 参考: embark(上船上飞机)

403

medley

(英) n. 混杂(heterogeneous assortment or collection) (记) med(可能来自meddle:干涉,乱弄)+ley→弄乱,混杂 (例) a medley of different ideas

404

astrolabe

(考) astrolabe : nautical \ colander : culinary(星盘是航海工具\滤器是烹调工具) (记) astro(星)+labe(结构成分,表示名词)

405

pretence

(英) n.虚伪(mere ostentation);借口(pretext) (考) pretence : deceive \ admonition : reprove(找借口是为了欺骗\提训诫是为了责备) (记) pre(预先)+tence(=tend倾向)→预先装出的→虚伪 (例) make a pretence of affection(假装多情)

406

fetus

(记) foet(=fet胎儿)+us→胎儿 (同) 同根词:fetology (胎儿学); feticide(堕胎)

407

laxative

(英) n. 轻泻药(any laxative medicine) (记) lax(松)+ative→放松的→轻泻药

408

fertilize

(英) v. 施肥(make soil productive) (考) glue : seal \ manure : fertilize(胶水用来密封\肥料用来施肥)fertilize : grow \ immunize : resist(施肥目的是使成长\免疫目的是使抵抗) (记) fertile(adj.肥沃的多产的;fert=fer[带来拿来]+ile→能带来粮食→肥沃的)+ize(表动词→施肥带来粮食)

409

gimmick

(英) n. 吸引人的花招,噱头(an attention getting device or feature) (例) a political gimmick(政治花招)

410

exorbitant

(英) adj.过分的,过度的(exceeding the bounds of customproprietyor reason) (考) exorbitant : moderation \ perfidious : loyalty(过度的不节制\不忠的不忠诚) (记) ex+orbit(轨道,常规)+ant→走出常规→过分的 (例) The hotel charges exorbitant prices.

411

placate

(英) v. 抚慰,平息(愤怒)(to soothe or mollify) (考) stratagem : deceive \ concession : placate(谋略达到欺骗的目的\让步达到抚慰的目的)inalienable : surrendered \ implacable : propitiated(不让步的无法降服\不平静的无法缓和)反义词:antagonize(对抗); peeve(触怒); gall(烦恼) (记) plac(平静)+ate→使平静,平息 (同) 同根词:implacable(难以平息的); complacent(自满的) (例) John placated his landlord by paying half of the overdue rent.

412

digressive

(考) digressive : topic(subject)\ stray : group(离题的离开了主题(话题)\迷路的离开了人群)digressive : statement \ circuitous : route(离题的陈述\绕行的路线) (记) 来自digress(v.离题;di[离开]+gress[走] →走开→离题)

413

measles

(例) The measles cause a high fever and a skin rash of small red dots.

414

psychotic

(记) 来自psychosis(精神病),注意不要和psychic(精神的)相混

415

deserter

(英) n. 背弃者逃亡者(person who deserts)

416

unintelligible

(记) un(不)+intelligible(可理解的)

417

acquisitive

(英) adj.贪得的,物欲重的(eager to acquire; grasping; greedy ) (记) ac+quisit(得到)+ive→一再想得到→贪婪的; (同) 同根词:requisite(必需品)prerequisite(先决条件)

418

exuberance

(英) n. 愉快茁壮(quality of being cheerful) (考) 反义词:ennui(厌倦) (例) the natural exuberance of young children

419

jocular

(英) adj. 滑稽的诙谐的(humorous);嬉戏的(playful) (考) 反义词:serious(严肃的) (记) joc(笑话)+ular→爱开玩笑的

420

relinquish

(英) v. 放弃,废除(give up; to withdraw or retreat from) (考) 反义词:procure (获得); cling to(结合); cooperate(协作); reward(报酬) (记) re(再次)+linqu(=leave 离开)+ish→再次离开→放弃 (例) to relinquish hopes

421

foresee

(英) v. 预见( know that this going to happen in the future) (记) fore(预先)+see(看) →提前看见

422

liar

(英) n. 说谎者 (a person who tells lies) (考) bigot : tolerance \ liar : honesty(固执己见者不会宽容\说谎者不会诚实)

423

pathetic

(英) adj. 引起怜悯的;令人难过的(marked by sorrow or melancholy) (记) path(感情)+etic→有感情的→引起怜悯的 (同) 同根词:apathetic(冷漠的); antipathy(反感) (例) It was pathetic to watch her condition deteriorate day by day.

424

sacrament

(英) n. 圣礼,圣事(any of certain rites instituted by Jesus) (记) sacra(神圣)+ment (同) 同根词:sacrarium(教堂内殿,圣堂);sacrifice(献祭,牺牲)

425

gallant

(英) adj. 勇敢的(brave and noble);(向女人)献殷勤的(polite and attentive to women) (记) gall(胆)+ant→有胆的→勇敢 的 (同) 派生词: gallantry (n. 勇敢,殷勤) (例) a gallant soldier. gallant to woman

426

flare

(英) n.\v. (火焰)摇曳,闪耀(to burn unsteadilyas a flame whipped about by the wind ) (考) gust : wind \ flare : light(阵风是短暂的刮风\闪光是短暂的发光) (记) 和flame(火焰)一起记 (例) a sudden flare as she lit the gas

427

disingenuous

(英) adj.不坦白的,不真诚的 (not straightforward; insincere) (考) pernicious : injure \ disingenuous : mislead(有害的[东西]伤害\不真诚的[东西]误导)ingratiating : win favor \ disingenuous : deceive(迷人的让人喜欢\不真诚的让人受骗) (记) dis+ingenuous(真诚的)→不坦白的; 注意:ingenious(聪慧的)

428

acquiesce

(英) v.勉强同意,默认(to agree or consent quietly without protest; consent) (考) intransigent : acquiesce \ deferential : offend(不妥协的不会同意\恭顺的不会冒犯)反义词:defy(反抗); resist(拒绝) (记) ac+quiesce(安静)→保持安静→默认 (同) 同根词:quiescent(不动的,静止的)quietude(安静);派生词: acquiescent(adj.默认的,顺从的); acquiescence(n. 默许) (例) He acquiesced in the plans his parents had made for him.

429

sinew

(英) n.腱(tendon);力量(solid resilient strength) (考) 反义词:weakness(弱) (记) 分割记忆:sin+new (例) intellectual and moral sinew(智慧和道德力量)

430

mutable

(英) adj. 易变的,可变的 (able or likely to change) (记) mut(变)+able; 参考: mutation(突变) (同) 派生词: mutability (n. 易变性)

431

allopathy

(英) n.(医)对抗疗法(treatment of disease by remedies that produce effects opposite to those produced by the disease) (考) 反义词:homeopathy(顺势疗法)

432

advent

(英) n.到来,来临(coming or arrival) (记) ad+vent(到来); 注意词组: with the advent of(随着…的来临) (同) 同根词:intervention(干涉); convention(大会)

433

tauten

(英) v. 拉紧,绷紧 ( make taut) (考) 反义词:loosen(松开); slacken(减弱)

434

airy

(英) adj. 通风的(open to the fresh air);不切实际的无实质的( unrealimmaterial );无忧无虑的( high in the air)

435

escort

(英) v. 护送(accompany to protect or show honor or courtesy) (例) May I escort you to the dance?

436

exclusive

(英) adj. (人)孤僻的,(物)专用的(not shared or divided; sole) (例) an exclusive man's shop

437

onset

(英) n. (坏情况)开始发作(the first attack or beginning of something bad) (例) the onset of glandular fever

438

absolve

(英) v.赦免,免除( free from guilt or obligation; forgive) (考) exculpatory : absolve \ hortative : encourage \ motivational: stir(用辩明无罪的东西来赦免罪行\用激励的东西来给予勇气\用鼓励斗志的东西来激发斗志)反义词:inculpate(控告) (记) ab+solve(解决)+ion→不再解决→免除,注意不要和solve(解决)相混 (同) 派生词: absolution(n. 赦免免罪)同根词: solvent(有溶解力的有还债能力的)dissolution(溶解分解)resolute(坚决的)

439

concave

(英) adj. 凹的 (hollow and curved like the inside of a bowl) (考) 反义词:convex (凸出的)scoop : concave \ spatula : flat(勺子的形状是凹的\刮刀的形状是平的) (记) con+cave(空,洞)→全部是洞→凹的;

440

amethyst

(英) n. 带来愉快的设施; 适意(a desirable feature; convenience) (考) amenity: comfortable \ honorarium : grateful(适意表示舒服\酬金表示感谢) (记) 和amenable一起记,都是以amen开头 (例) The hotel's amenities included a whirlpool.

441

inheritor

(记) inherit(继承)+or(人)

442

homeopathy

(英) n. (医)顺势疗法(A system of medical practice that treats a disease especially by the administration of minute doses of a remedy that would in healthy persons produce symptoms similar to those of the disease.) (记) homeo(相同)+path(病)+y→顺势疗法; 注意:allopathy(对抗疗法)参考:homeothermal(同温的恒温的)

443

restive

(英) adj. 不安静的,不安宁的 (marked by impatience; fidgety) (考) restive : calm \ piddling : considerable \ keen : obtuse(不安的不平静\不重要的不重要\锋利的不钝)incogitant : thoughtful \ restive : calm(反义: 粗心对深思\不安对平静)反义词:calm(平静的); imperturbable(平静的) (记) 注意不要看成是'休息的'意思,restive=restless (例) a restive mood(不安心的心境)

444

horrific

(英) adj. 可怕的(causing horror) (记) horr(颤抖害怕)+f+ic

445

fecund

(英) adj.肥沃的,多产的(fruitful or fertile; productive; prolific)

446

anticlimax

(英) n. 令人扫兴的结局(disappointing end to a series of events which had seemed likely to become more interestingexciting or impressive) (记) anti(反对相反)+climax(高潮结局) →与高潮相反→没有高潮

447

embargo

(英) n.禁运令封港令(a legal prohibition on commerce) (考) quarantine : contagion(contact)\ embargo : commerce(隔离防止传染\禁运防止贸易) (记) em+bar(阻挡)+go→阻拦(船等)进入→禁运令 (例) to lay an embargo on trade with an enemy country

448

perturbation

(英) n. 烦乱,扰乱(the action of perturbing; agitation) (考) 反义词:equanimity(镇静) (记) 来自perturb(干扰,烦恼),per(始终)+turb(搅混)→搅得心烦意乱 (同) 同根词:disturb(干扰); turbulence(骚乱,狂暴)

449

mulct

(英) v.诈取诈骗(defraud a person of something; swindle)

450

diffuse

(英) v. 散布,(光等)漫射(disperse in every direction);adj. 漫射的,散漫的(spread out or dispersed) (考) euphemism : offensive \ aphorism : diffuse(委婉语不会冒犯\格言不会散漫)反义词:focus(集中) (记) dif(不同)+fuse(流)→向不同方向→漫射 (同) 同根词:confuse(混淆);transfuse(输血) (例) to diffuse knowledge; \a diffuse article

451

probation

(英) n. 试用(期),试验(a period of testing and trial to ascertain fitnes) (记) probe(探索)+ation→探索时期 (同) 同根词:approbation(认可,批准); probe(探索调查) (例) John managed to stay out of trouble during his probation.

452

incredible

(英) adj. 不可相信的(impossible to believe) (记) in(不)+cred(相信)+ible→不可相信的

453

ultimate

(英) adj. 最后的,最终的 (most remote in space or time) (记) ultim(最远,落后)+ate; (同) 参考:ultimatum(最后通牒)

454

suggestive

(英) adj. 暗示的(which leads the mind into a particular way of thinking) (记) suggest(暗示)+ive

455

smirch

(英) v.玷污(to make dirtystainedor discolored); n.污点 (记) 和smirk(假笑,得意地笑)一起记 (例) smirch sb's name

456

perfidy

(英) n. 不忠,背叛(the quality of being faithless; treachery) (考) 反义词:loyalty(忠诚)

457

crinkle

(英) v. (使)变皱 (cause to be full of wrinklestwistsor ripples);n. 皱纹(a wrinkletwistor ripple) (记) 从wrinkle(皱纹)变化而来 (例) I can't wear this dress to the dance. It's all crinkled_

458

zealous

(英) adj.热心的,一心一意的(filled with eagerness and ardent interest in pursuit of something) (考) zealous : enthusiastic \ idolatrous : devoted(狂热是过分热情的\\崇拜是过分钟爱)devoted : zealous \ careful : fastidious(热衷过分是狂热\仔细过分是挑剔)

459

invalidate

(英) v. 使无效力(deprive of legal force);证明无效(to make invalid) (例) His attorney asked the higher court to invalidate the conviction because of the flagrant bias of the presiding judge.

460

matrix

(英) n. 模子;矩阵(a set of numbers or terms) (考) matrix : number \ crystal : atoms(数字有规则排列组成矩阵\原子有规则排列组成晶体) (记) matr(母)+ix,原指'子宫',引申为模子和矩阵

461

flunk

(英) v.考试不及格(to fail in[schoolwork]) (例) Her not following the instructions flunked her.

462

excitability

(英) n. 易兴奋性易激动性(quality of being excitable) (考) 反义词:torpor(无精打采); equanimity(镇静) (记) excite(v.使兴奋;ex[出]+cite[引用唤起] →引出[情绪])+ability

463

restate

(英) v. 复述,重说 ( state again ) (记) re(重新)+state(陈述)

464

plank

(英) n. 厚木板(a heavy thick board);要点(a principal item) (例) a plank on foreign policy(对外政策的要点)

465

quest

(英) v. 搜寻,探求(to search for);n. 探求(investigationpursuit) (记) question(问题),去掉ion成为quest (例) the quest for truth(对真理的寻求)

466

valve

(英) 活门阀门 (a structure that closes temporarily a passage or orifice or permits movement of fluid in one direction only) (考) liquid : valve \ electric current : switch(液体用阀门控制\电流用开关控制)

467

commend

(英) v. 称赞,颂扬 (to express approval of; praise) (考) 反义词:censure(责难) (记) com+mend(相信)→大家相信→称赞; (同) 参考:recommendation(推荐) (例) The employee was commended with a bonus.

468

effortless

(英) adj. 不费力(requiring virtually no effort) (考) 反义词:grueling(筋疲力尽的) (记) effort(努力)+less(不)→不用努力→不费力

469

disposable

(英) adj. 一次性使用的(made to be thrown away after use);可动用的(available for use) (例) disposable assetscapitalresources

470

expenditure

(英) 花费使用(action of spending or using)支出额(amount esp of money spent) (考) extravagance : expenditure \ loquaciousness : talk(挥霍是花费很大\多话是说话很多) (记) expend(v.花费;ex[出]+pend[花费] →花钱出去)+iture

471

limp

(英) adj. 无力的,松软的(flacciddroopingwilted) (考) limp : walk \ stutter : talk(跛行是很困难地走\口吃是很困难地说)反义词:firm(坚固的) (例) a limp handshake(无力的握手)

472

prig

(英) n. 道学先生,自命不凡者(one who offends or irritates by observance of proprieties to an obnoxious degree)

473

pyromania

(英) n.纵火狂(an irresistible impulse to start fires) (记) pyro(火)+mania(狂)

474

depute

(英) v. 派…为代表或代理(to give authority to someone else as deputy) (记) de+pute(放)→放某人出去→派…为代表 (同) 同根词:repute(名声); dispute(反驳) (例) I deputed john to take charge of the younger boys at the concert.

475

transportation

(英) 运输(the act of transporting)交通(a system of carrying passengers or goods from one place to another) (考) tuition : instruction \ fare : transportation(教育收取学费\运输收取车费) (记) transport(运输)+ation

476

exact

(英) adj. 精确的(correct in every detail)款 (考) 反义词:forgive(宽免) (记) ex(出) +act(行动做) →(要求)做出来→精确的

477

dietician

(英) n.营养学家(an expert in dietetics)

478

grove

(英) n. 小树林,树丛(a small wood or group of trees) (记) 分割记忆:gro看作growve 看作 fivegrow five trees→五棵树长在一起→小树林;可以和 grovel(奴颜婢膝)一起记

479

suffice

(英) v.足够,(食物)满足(to meet or satisfy a need) (记) suf(下面)+fice(做)→做出来→足够 (例) One glass suffices me.(我一杯就够)

480

ringlet

(英) n. 卷发 (a long curl of hair) (记) ring(卷)+let(小)→小卷发 (例) a pretty child with golden ringlets

481

tickler

(英) n.棘手的问题,难题(a person or condition that causes uneasiness) (记) 来自tickle(呵痒)+er→让人感到痒的问题→难题

482

explicate

(英) v.详细解说(to make clear or explicit; explain fully)

483

conservation

(英) n. 保存保护(prevention of lossdamagedestruction ) (记) con(全部)+serve(服务保持)+ation→服务好→保存 (同) 同根词: preservative(防腐剂); reservation(保留预定)

484

propensity

(英) n. 嗜好,习性(an often intense natural inclination or preference) (考) 反义词:predilection(偏爱)-propensity to dislike; antipathy(厌恶); aversion(厌恶) (记) pro(向前)+pens(挂)+ity→预先挂好了→癖好 (例) Bill's friends are aware of his propensity for gossiping.

485

unrequited

(考) 反义词: remunerative(有报酬的)

486

crawl

(英) v. 爬行(move slowlywith the body on or close to the round) (考) crawl : proceed \ dwindle : decrease(爬是缓慢前进\缩小是缓慢减少) (例) a snake crawling along the ground

487

offset

(英) v. 补偿,抵消 ( make up for) (例) He put up his prices to offset the increased cost of materials.

488

passivity

(英) n. 被动性(the quality of being passive) (记) 来自形容词passive(被动的)+ity

489

quay

(英) n.码头(dock; wharf; pier)

490

illegal

(英) adj. 违法的(against the law) (记) il(不)+legal(合法的) →不合法的

491

generous

(考) despotic : tyranny \ generous : liberality(专制的[人]专制\慷慨的[人]慷慨)

492

peeve

(英) n. 同等之人,同辈(one belonging to the same societal group) (例) A student of high caliberhe easily exceled his peers.

493

talkative

(英) adj. 爱说话的,健谈的 (liking to talk a lot) (考) garrulous : talkative \ cloying : sweet(过分健谈是喋喋不休\过分甜蜜是腻) (记) talk(说话)+ative

494

malodorous

(英) adj. 有臭味的(stinking) (记) mal(坏)+odor(气味)+ous→气味极坏的

495

yoke

(英) n.牛轭;v.控制,束缚(to put a yoke on) (考) 反义词:sunder(分离) (例) the yoke of old habits(旧习惯的羁绊)

496

priority

(英) n. 在先,居前(precedence in date; superiority in rankpositionor privilege); (记) prior(在前的)+ity→在前的状态→优先权 (例) Going to the movies is not a priority this week.

497

stance

(英) n. 站姿(posture);立场(intellectual or emotional attitude) (记) stan(站)+ce (例) take a tough stance on human rights(在人权问题上采取强硬态度)

498

crudity

(考) 反义词:delicacy(精美)

499

well-informed

(记)well(好)+inform(告知)+ed

500

unavailing

(英) adj. 无结果的,徒劳无功的 (futileuseless) (记) un(不)+availing(获得的) (例) unavailing efforts(徒劳)

501

infirm

(英) adj. 虚弱的(physically weak) (考) 反义词:hale(强壮的) (记) in(不)+firm(坚定) →不坚定的 (同) 派生词: infirmity n. (虚弱feebleness; weakness)

502

fester

(英) v. (指伤口)溃烂化脓(become infected and filled with pus) (考) 反义词:heal(治愈) (例) a festering sore

503

wile

(英) n.诡计,花言巧语(a beguiling or playful trick) (记) 参考: wily(狡诈的) (例) be tricked by the salesman's wiles into buying worthless goods

504

procession

(英) n. 行列(a group of individuals moving along);前进(progression) (记) pro(向前)+cess(走)+ion→前进 (例) There was a long procession of actors at the open auditions.

505

vouch

(英) vi. 担保证明(guarantee the reliability of) (考) 反义词: refuse to guarantee(拒绝担保)

506

debris

(英) n. 废墟,残骸 (roughbroken bits and pieces of stonewoodglass after destruction; rubble)

507

gardenia

(记) 分割记忆:garden(花园)+ia→花园之花→栀子花

508

genteel

(英) adj. 上流社会的(well-bred; elegant);装作彬彬有礼的( striving to convey an appearance of refinement) (考) genteel : vulgarity \ intrepid : fear(有教养的不粗俗\大胆的不恐惧)

509

bark

(英) v.狗吠(cry of a dog);n.树皮(the outside covering of trees) (考) epidermis : mammal \ bark : conifer(哺乳动物和表皮\针叶植物和树皮) (记) GRE中主要考“树皮”一意

510

infinity

(英) 无限的时间或空间(endless or unlimited spacetimedistancequantityetc.) (考) 反义词:bounded space(有限空间) (记) in(无)+fin(结束)+ity→没有结束→无穷

511

depart

(英) v. 走开离开(go away) (考) lurk : wait \ abscond : depart \ secrete : store \ purloin : appropriate \ pilfer : take(潜伏是偷偷等待\潜逃是偷偷离开\隐藏是偷偷储藏\盗取是偷偷取得\盗窃是偷偷拿走) (记) de(分开)+part(部分分开) →部门分开→离开

512

gild

(英) v.虚饰镀金(to give a deceptive appearance to) (考) 反义词: represent accurately(精确地表达)

513

unorthodox

(英) adj. 非正统的(different from usual or ordinary beliefs) (记) un(不)+orthodox(正统的)

514

salvation

(英) n. 得救,拯救(a saving ; rescue) (记) salv(救)+ation (例) seek salvation from trouble(寻求摆脱麻烦)

515

grotesque

(英) adj. (外形或方式)怪诞的,古怪的(bizarre; fantastic) (考) objective : fact \ grotesque : fantasy(客观的事实\古怪的幻想) (记) 来自grotto(岩洞)+picturesque(图画的)原意为'岩洞里的图画'→(绘画,雕刻等) 怪诞的 (例) the grotesque monster

516

pacify

(英) v. 使安静,抚慰( make calmquietand satisfied) (考) solace : grief \ pacification : anger(安抚消除痛苦\讲和消除愤怒)反义词:rankle(激怒); tantrum(发怒); vex(恼怒); discommode(使为难) (记) pac(和平,平静)+ify(化) (同) 同根词:pacific(和平的);pacifism(和平主义)派生词: pacification (n. 和解,平定); pacifier (n. 调停者,和解人); pacifist (n. 和平主义者

517

frond

(考) frond : fern \ needle : pine(复叶是厥类植物的叶子\针叶是松树的叶子)frond : leaf \ boulder : rock(厥类的叶是一种叶子\大圆石是一种石头) (记) 和front(前面)一起记

518

enticement

(考) command : entreaty \ goad : enticement(强行命令不是恳求\强行刺激不是诱使)

519

impatience

(考) 反义词:forbearance(忍耐) (记) im(无)+patience(耐性) →无耐性

520

tycoon

(英) n.有钱有势的企业家,大亨(_a businessman of exceptional wealth and power; magnate) (记) 日本语'太君'而来 (例) a newspaper tycoon(报业巨头)

521

cauterize

(英) (用腐蚀性物质或烙铁)烧灼(表皮组织)以消毒或止血(burn the surface of body tissue with a caustic substance to destroy infection or stop bleeding) (例) cauterize a snake-bite

522

vessel

(英) n.血管;容器 (a container);船只 (a watercraft) (考) vessel : blood \ pipeline : gas \ aqueduct : water(血管流血\管道流气\水管流水) (记) 注意不要和vassal(陪臣,诸侯)相混

523

oatmeal

(英) n.燕麦片(crushed oats used for making porridge)

524

corral

(英) n. (牛、马等)畜栏(an enclosure for holding horsescattlesor other animals; pen) (考) corral : horses \ coop : chickens(马养在蓄栏里\鸡养在笼子里) (记) corr(跑=curr)+al→(不让)动物跑掉→畜栏,比较:coral(珊瑚)

525

repugnance

(英) n. 嫌恶,反感 (strong dislikedistasteor antagonism) (考) odious : repugnance \ menacing : fear(可憎的使人反感\威胁的使人恐惧)

526

impromptu

(英) adj. 即席的,即兴的(without preparation; offhand; extemporaneous) (考) ad-lib : impromptu \ aside : divergent(即兴演讲特点是即兴的\旁白特点是旁义的)反义词:carefully rehearsed(仔细排练的) (记) im(不)+promptu(时间)→不在(安排的)时间之内→即席的 (例) The pianist gave impromptu performance at the party.

527

stroke

(英) v. 抚摸( pass the hand over gently)n. 击,打(a hit);一笔(a line made by a single movement of a pen or brush in writing or painting)

528

stake

(英) n.柱子 (a pointed piece of wood driven into the ground);赌注(something staked for gain or loss) (考) invest : capital \ gamble : stake(投资投入资本\赌博投入赌注) (例) He and his friends enjoy playing cards for low stakes.

529

inquisitive

(英) adj. 过分好问的(prying) (记) in(进入)+quisit(询问)+ive→问进去→好问的 (同) 同根词:prerequisite(先决条件); inquisition(调查) (例) The teacher enjoyed teaching the inquisitive class.

530

bait

(英) n.诱饵(lure; enticement);v.逗弄激怒(to tease; to provoke a reaction) (考) 反义词:disarm(缓和) (例) Cheese is good bait for catfish.Don't bait your little sister.

531

chisel

(英) v.凿; 欺骗(swindle or cheat) (考) brush : painting \ chisel : sculpture(画笔是画画的工具\凿子是雕刻的工具)

532

dotage

(英) n. 老年糊涂(senility);溺爱(foolish or excessive affection)

533

classic

(英) adj. 典型的(very typical); (例) This novel may well become a classic.

534

atom

(考) molecule : atoms \ tissue : cells(原子构成分子\细胞构成组织)matrix : numbers \ crystal : atoms(数字排列形成矩阵\原子排列形成晶体)

535

dissonant

(英) adj. 不和谐的,不协调的(opposing in opiniontemperament; discordant) (记) dis+son(声音)+ant→声音分散的

536

unearthly

(英) adj. 奇异的(very strange and unnatural) (考) 反义词:mundane (世俗的) (记) un(不)+earthly(尘世的,可能的)

537

recourse

(英) n. 求助,依靠(the use of someone or something as a means of help) (例) have recourse to the law(求助于法律)

538

premature

(英) adj. 过早的早熟的(developing or happening before the natural or proper time) (记) pre(提前)+mature(成熟的)

539

theocracy

(英) n.神权政治(government of a state by immediate divine guidance) (考) anathema : curse \ theocracy : state(anathema是神诅咒\theocracy是神统治国家) (记) theo(神)+cracy(统治); (同) 参考:autocracy(独裁统治)

540

reportorial

(考) 反义词:imaginative(想象的) (记) report(报导)+orial

541

whimsical

(英) adj.古怪的,异想天开的(exhibiting whims) (考) furtive : stealth \ whimsical : caprice\acute : perspicacity(秘密的和秘密\易变的和易变\敏锐的和敏锐)mercurial : mood \ whimsical : behavior(易变的情绪\无常的行为)

542

vitreous

(英) adj.玻璃状的(pertaining to or resembling glass)

543

throng

(英) n.一大群 (a large number);v.拥挤 (to crowd together) (考) protract : length \ throng : number(延长使长度增加\群集使数量增加) (例) A patient throng was waiting in silence. The streets were thronged with people.

544

skeptic

(英) n. 怀疑论者(a person who is sceptical) (考) fervor : zealot \ doubt : skeptic(狂热者喜欢狂热\怀疑者喜欢怀疑)反义词:votary(信仰者)

545

monotonous

(英) adj. 单调的,无聊的(lacking in variety; tediously unvarying) (考) mutter : indistinct \ drone : monotonous \ hiss : sibilant(嘟囔声是不清楚的\嗡嗡声是单调的\咝咝声是咝咝的) (记) mono(单个)+ton(声音)+ous→一个声音的

546

bashful

(英) adj.害羞的,羞怯的(timideasily embarrassed; shy) (记) bash(羞)+ful; (同) 同根词:abash(使…害羞)

547

simpleton

(英) n.笨蛋(a fool) (考) prudence : daredevil \ sagacity : simpleton(蛮勇的人不会谨慎\傻瓜不会睿智)

548

immemorial

(英) adj. 太古的,极古的(extending beyond memory or record; ancient) (考) 反义词:recent(近来的) (记) im(不)+memor(记住)+ial→记不住的过去→太古的

549

disordered

(英) adj. 错乱的失调的(suffering from lack of order ) (例) a disordered imaginatonflow of control

550

lucubration

(英) 刻苦研究(the act of lucubrating; laborious workstudyor writingesp. that done at night) (考) 反义词:cursory consideration(草率的考虑)

551

racy

(英) adj. 活泼的,生动的 (amusingfull of life) (考) 反义词:tame(枯燥的) (同) 派生词: raciness (n. 生动活泼) (例) a racy account of his adventures

552

confiscate

(英) v. 没收,充公 (to seize private property for the public treasury) (记) con+fisc(钱财)+ate→钱财归大家→充公 (同) 同根词:fiscal(财政的,国库的); confiscation(没收) (例) Confiscated property should be kept by the state for public use.

553

diaphanous

(英) adj.(布)精致的,半透明的(so fine or gauzy in texture as to be transparent or translucent) (考) 反义词:substantial(实质性的结实的) (记) dia(对面)+phan(呈现)+ous→对面显现→半透明的 (同) 同根词:phantom(幽灵、幻影)

554

eclipse

(英) n.(日月)蚀 (complete or partial disapperance of sunlight or moonlight);名声跌落(a dimming or extinction of fame or glory) (考) eclipse : prestige \ enervation : vigor(名声跌落是使名声降低\削弱是使精力降低) (记) ec+lipse(离去=leave)→(名声等)离去; 参考: lapse(时间流逝失误) (例) She used to be a famous actressbut she's now in eclipse.

555

verdict

(英) n.判决,决定(the finding or decision of a jury) (记) ver(真实)+dict(说)→认真地说→判决 (例) a verdict for the plaintiff(原告胜诉的裁定)

556

robust

(英) adj. 健壮的(having or exhibiting strength) (记) 分割记忆:ro看作roundbust(半身像)→圆圆的半身像→健壮的 (例) If you want to be healthy and robustget lots of exercise.

557

actuate

(英) v.驱使激励(motivate; activate ) (记) act(行动)+uate(动词后缀) →使...行动 (例) He is actuated not by kindness but by ambition.

558

liability

(英) n. 倾向(the state of being liable);债务(obligationdebt) (考) exempt : liability \ pardon : penalty(免除债务\赦免刑罚)反义词:asset(资产); immunity(免债务) (记) 分割记忆:li看作lie+ability→依赖能力→倾向 (例) Heavy liabilities forced the company into bankruptcy.

559

mangle

(英) v. 撕成碎片,压碎(to mutilate or disfigure by hacking or crushing; maim) (同) 近形词: mingle(混合); wangle(哄骗); tangle(纠缠) (例) My kite was mangled when it blew into the tree.

560

gastritis

(英) n. 胃炎(inflammation of the stomach) (记) gastr(胃)+ic→胃的 (同) 同根词:gastrology(胃病学); gastronomy(美食学)

561

incontrovertible

(英) adj. 无可辩驳的(cannot be disputed ) (考) incontrovertible : disputed \ untenable : defended \ ravenous : satisfied \intrepid : feared(无可辩驳的无法争论\不能防守的无法保护\贪婪的无法满足\无畏的无法恐吓) (记) in(不)+contro(反对)+vert(转)+ible→不能反着转的→无可辩驳的

562

challenging

(英) adj. 激励的挑战的(offering problems that test sb's ability) (例) a challenging job

563

duplicate

(英) adj. 完全相同的(exactly like something else);v.复制(make an exact copy) (记) du(二双)+plic(重复)+ity→二种重复状态→复制

564

emigration

(考) repatriate : emigration \ repeal : ratification(反义: 遣返回国和移民出境\废除和批准) (记) e(出)+migr(迁移)+ation→移出

565

smart

adj.巧妙的聪明的漂亮的潇洒的刺痛的剧烈的厉害的敏捷的vi.刺痛懊恼轻快地严厉地灵巧地精确的时髦地大大的

566

implode

(英) v. 内爆,剧减(burst inwardundergo violent compression) (考) contract : implode \ descend : plummet(收缩和急剧收缩\下降和急剧下降)collapse : implode \ divide : sunder(向内破裂使倒塌\切开使分开) (记) im(向内)+plode(爆炸)→内爆

567

magisterial

(英) adj. 有权威的(authoritative; official) (记) magister(=master主人)+ial→主人的→有权威的

568

blazon

(英) n. 纹章装饰; v. 精确描绘(to paint or depict with accurate details) (考) blazon : adorn \ pillar : support(纹章用来装饰\支柱用来支撑)反义词: efface(抹掉)

569

decomposition

(考) bacteria : decomposition \ yeast : fermentation(细菌有分解的作用\酵母有发酵的作用)

570

despicable

(英) adj. 可鄙的,卑劣的 (deserving to be despised; contemptible) (考) redoubtable : awe (regard)\ despicable : scorn(contemptdisregard)(可怕的让人敬畏\可鄙的让人蔑视)venerable : reverence \ despicable : scorn(可敬的让人尊敬\可鄙的让人鄙视)despicable : value \ mulish : flexibility(卑劣的没有价值\执拗的[人]没有灵活性)(记) de+spic(看)+able→不值得看的→卑劣的 (同) 参考:despise(轻视); conspicuous(显著的) (例) The despicable child trampled my flower.

571

deceit

(英) n. 欺骗,欺诈(a dishonest action or trick; fraud or lie) (记) de+ceit(拿)→在(底下)拿→欺骗 (同) 同根词:conceit(自负); conceive(设想)

572

waft

(英) v.飘浮,飘荡(to move or go lightly by the impulse of wind or waves) (考) waft : plummet \ meander : dash(飘落对突然落下\蜿蜒而流对奔流而下) (例) The gentle breeze wafted the sound of music to our ears.

573

apprehend

(英) v.逮捕(capture or arrest);恐惧(to anticipate with anxiety;dread) (考) apprehension : terror \ affection : adoration(担忧过分是恐惧\喜欢过分是爱慕)反义词:intrepid(无畏的) (记) ap+prehend(抓住)→抓住不放→逮捕 (同) 派生词: apprehension (n. 焦虑,担忧); apprehensive (adj. 恐惧的uneasy)同根词:prehensile(能抓住的); comprehensive(综合性的)

574

contaminate

(英) v. 使...受污染(make impure; pollutesmudge) (考) hedge : loss \ quarantine : contamination \ safeguard : accident(栅栏防止损失\隔离防止传染\保护防止事故)反义词:purify(净化); sterilize(杀菌) (同) 派生词: contamination (n. 污染) (例) contaiminated clothing

575

gum

(考) resin : tree \ gum : rubber plant(树分泌树脂\橡胶植物分泌树胶)

576

glib

(英) adj. 流利圆滑的,善辩的(speaking or spoken in a smoothfluenteasy manneroften in a way that is hardly convincing) (考) maladroiot : skill \ glib : profundity(笨拙的无技巧\肤浅的无深刻)fluent : glib \ meticulous : nitpick(finicky)(流利过分油嘴滑舌\仔细过分挑剔)反义词:labored(费力的); awkward(笨拙的) (例) glib excuses. a glib tongue.

577

careful

(考) interested : agog \ careful : meticulous(程度: 有兴趣和十分感兴趣\小心和十分小心)devoted : zealous \ careful : fastidious(程度: 热衷的和狂热的\细心的和挑剔的)反义词: derelict(玩忽职守的); inadvertence(漫不经心)-careful attention(小心留意)

578

dependable

(英) adj. 可信赖的(that may be depended) (考) 反义词:unpredictable(不可预知的) (记) de(加强)+pend(悬挂)+able→挂在...上面→可靠的

579

curt

(英) adj. (言词、行为)简略而草率的(briefesp. to the point of rudeness; terse or brusque) (考) curt : words \ parsimonious : resource(词语过简\资源过省) (例) a curt reply. a curt manner.

580

espionage

(英) n. 间谍活动(the act of spying) (记) e+speon(=spy看)+age→出去看→间谍活动

581

lumberjack

(英) n. 伐木工 (a person who cuts down trees for wood)

582

nib

(英) n. 钢笔尖(a penpoint)

583

bulge

(英) v.\n. 膨胀,鼓起(to swell; protrude or project) (考) 反义词:depressed region(凹陷的地方) (记) 比较: budge(让步)bilge(船底)bugle(军号) (同) 近形词: budge(让步)bilge(船底)bugle(军号) (例) The population bulge after the war made more schools necessary.

584

piety

(英) n. 虔诚(dutifulness in religion; devoutness) (记) pious(虔诚的)名词; (同) 参考:impious(不敬的)

585

enamored

(英) adj. 珍爱的喜爱的(inflamed with love; fascinated) (记) en+amour(爱)→进入爱意

586

mechanical

(英) adj. 机械的; 呆板的 (done without thought or feeling) (例) She was quite mechanical and unthinking in the way she ironed the shirts.

587

leak

(考) foolproof : fail \ airtight : leak(极简单的不会出错\密封的不会泄露)

588

basement

(英) n.地下室(lowest room below ground level )

589

hybrid

(考) 反义词:of unmixed extraction(纯血统) (例) The hybrid from a donkey and a horse is called a mule.

590

walrus

(英) v.\n.(猪等)在泥水中打滚 (to roll about in mud);沉溺于(to take unrestrained pleasure) (记) 分割记忆:wall(墙)+low(低下的) (例) wallow in the mire(在泥沼中打滚)

591

appall

(英) v. 使惊骇,使恐怖(to fill with horror or dismay; shock) (考) 反义词:embolden(使勇敢); nerve(鼓起勇气); encourage(鼓励) (记) ap+pal=pale(苍白)→脸色变白→惊骇

592

exhaustion

(英) n. 疲惫(great fatigue or weariness) (记) ex+haust(拉)+ion→(用力)拉出→疲惫 (同) 同根词:exhaustive(彻底的)

593

occurrence

(英) n. 事件(eventincident),发生(fact of occurring) (考) prodigy : person \ miracle : occurrence(奇才是奇特的人\奇迹是奇特的事) (记) 来自occur(发生)+rence

594

fraught

(英) adj. 充满(filledchargedor loaded) (考) 反义词:idyll(田园生活)-experience fraught with tension(充满紧张的经历) (记) 可能来自freight(装运的货物) (例) The long journey through the forest was fraught with difficulties and danger.

595

foible

(英) n. 小缺点,小毛病(a small weakness; fault) (考) foible : flaw \ quibble : objection(程度: 小缺点缺点\轻微反对反对)tiff : squabble \ foible : failing(程度: 小争吵争吵\小缺点缺点) (记) 可能来自feeble(脆弱的)

596

abrasion

(英) 表面磨损(scraping or rubbing offas of skin) (考) scuff : abrasion \ heat : vaporization(使磨损导致磨损\加热导致蒸发)

597

documentary

(英) 文件的文献的(consisting of documents)记实的记录的(giving a factual report of some subject or activity)记录片(documentary filmor radio or TV programme) (例) a documentary on drug abuse

598

sententious

(英) adj. 好说教的(abounding in excessive moralizing);简要的(terse; pithy) (记) sentence(句子)+ious→一个句子说完→简要的

599

firefly

(记) 组合词:fire+fly(蝇)→火蝇→萤火虫

600

treason

(英) 叛国罪 (the offense of attempting by overt acts to overthrow the government of the state to which the offender owes allegiance) (例) They were convicted of treason.(他们被判叛国罪)

601

intensify

(英) v. 加剧(cause to become more intense ) (考) 反义词:assuage(缓和); abate(减少) (记) intense+ify

602

surge

(英) v.波涛汹涌,波动 (to rise or fall actively;toss) (记) 注意:surge 组词:insurgent(叛乱的) (例) The floods surged over the valley.

603

rehabilitation

(考) recidivism : relapse \ rehabilitation : convalescence(累犯是指再次犯罪\复原是指再次康复)

604

macabre

(英) adj. 骇人的,可怖的(grim and horrible; gruesome) (考) macabre : shudder \ hilarious : laugh(可怕的[东西]让人颤抖\可笑的[东西]让人发笑) (记) 来自法语,原指'骷髅舞蹈' (例) a macabre

605

corruption

(英) n. 堕落腐化(being corrupted) (记) cor+rupt(断)+ion

606

ensnare

(英) v. 诱入陷阱进入罗网(to take in a snare; catchtrap) (记) en+snare(罗网陷阱)

607

compliment

(英) v.\n. 恭维,称赞 (praiseor flattery) (考) compliment : flattery \ deference : subservience(过分称赞成为奉承\过分尊敬成为阿谀)apologize : contrite \ compliment : impressed(由于后悔才道歉\由于被打动才称赞)courageous : bravado \ complimentary : fulsomeness(故作勇敢的不是真的勇敢\故作恭维的不是真的称赞)反义词: sc (记) 不要和complement(补充)相混 (同) 派生词: complimentary (adj. 赞赏的)近形词: complement(补充); implement(工具实现)

608

reckless

(英) adj. 轻率的,鲁莽的(careless of consequences) (考) 反义词:circumspect(谨慎的) (记) reck(顾忌介意)+less→不介意→轻率的;注意不要和feckless(无目标计划的)相混 (例) The reckless driver drove above the speed limit.

609

disembodied

(英) adj.无实体的,空洞的 (free from bodily existence; incoporeal) (记) dis+embodied(实体的)→没有实体的; (同) 参考:embodiment(体现,化身) (例) the disembodied spirits. disembodied voice

610

reel

(考) reel : winging \ die : shaping(卷轴用来卷绕\模子用来定形)

611

modicum

(英) n. 少量(a moderate or small amount) (考) 反义词:large amount(大量) (例) If he had a modicum of sensehe wouldn't have done such a foolish thing.

612

fortify

(英) v. 加强防卫(strengthen a place against attack) (考) 反义词: sap(削弱); enervate(使衰弱); vitiate(使堕落); debilitate(使衰弱) (记) fort(强大)+ify→力量化→加强

613

executioner

(英) n. 刽子手(a person who carries out the death penalty)

614

down

(英) n. 绒毛,汗毛(softfluffy feathers on young birds)

615

papyrus

(英) 莎草莎草纸(the pith of a papyrus plant esp. when cut in strips and pressed into a material to write on) (记) 古埃及用来书写的一种草纸; (同) 参考:papyrology(古代文稿研究学)

616

gauche

(英) adj. 笨拙的,不会社交的(lacking grace; awkward; tactless) (考) 反义词:polished(优雅) (例) He is tongue-tied and gauche.

617

embed

(英) v. 牢牢插入嵌于(to set or fix firmly in a surrounding mass; wedge) (考) 反义词:extract(拔出) (例) a gold crown embedded with jewel

618

supremacy

(英) 至高无上霸权(the state of being supreme) (记) supreme(至高的)+acy

619

harsh

(考) barb : caustic \ pan : harsh(刻薄的批评\苛刻的指责)

620

valetudinarian

(记) valetud(健康状态)+inarian(担心的人)→担心健康的人

621

encourage

(英) v. 鼓励或支持某人(give supportconfidence or hope to sb) (考) 反义词:scotch(镇压) (记) en(进入)+courage(勇气) →进入勇气的状态→鼓励

622

prowess

(英) n.勇敢(distinguished bravery);不凡的能力(extraordinary ability) (考) 反义词:timidity(胆小) (记) 来自prow(英勇的),是proud 的变体 (例) The tribesmen sang a song of victorydescribing their prowess in battle.

623

scion

(英) n. 嫩芽(a detached living portion of a plant joined to a stock in grafting);子孙 (descendantchild) (例) Ford was a scion of a wealthy stock. (福特是一位富家子弟)

624

ruminate

(英) v. 反刍; 深思(to turn sth. over in the mind; meditate) (例) The owner ruminated about giving the workers a raise.

625

designer

(记) de(着重)+sign(记号信号)+er(表人) →着重做记号的人→设计者

626

possession

(英) n. 占有(owning something);个人财产所有权(personal property) (考) preempt : precedence \ acquire : possession(先占就是取得优先权\获得就是取得所有权)

627

overact

(英) v. 把(角色)表演得过火(to act in an exaggerated way) (记) over(超过)+act(表演)→过分表演

628

preempt

(英) v. 以先买权取得(to acquire by preemption);取代(to replace with) (考) preempt : precedence \ acquire : possession(先买取得优先权\获得取得所有权) (记) pre(预先)+empt(买)→先买; (同) 参考:peremptory(断然的,专横的)派生词:preemption (n. 先买权)

629

lull

(考) 反义词: increased activity(增加的活动); goad(刺激); startle(使吃惊)

630

entity

(英) n.实体统一体(separateor self-contained existence)

631

enticing

(英) adj. 有吸引力的迷人的(attractive ) (例) quite an enticing offer

632

intrude

(英) v. 强行引入 (to force upon others);闯入 (obtrude; interlope) (记) in(进入)+trude(突出)→突进去→闯入 (同) 同根词:extrude(压出,逐出) (例) He intruded his own ideas into the argument.

633

curd

(英) n. 凝乳 (the coagulated part of milkfrom which cheese is made) (记) soybean curds(豆腐)大家应该很熟悉

634

abreast

(英) 并列并排(side by side);跟上某事物( remain up to date with sth.) (记) a+breast(胸) →胸和胸并排 (例) keep abreast of current affairs

635

elaboration

(英) adj. 精致的,复杂的(fullness of detail or ornateness; exquisite) (考) 反义词:abstract(抽象的摘要的) (记) e+labor(劳动)+ate→(努力)劳动出来的→精致的 elaborate[I'lXbEreIt]v. 详尽地说明阐明 (英) v. 详尽地说明阐明(to describe in detail; elucidate) (考) fawn : imperiousness \ equivocate : directness \ articulate : unclear \ elaborate : sketchy(奉承的反面特征是傲慢\含糊其词反面特征是直接\清楚地说反面特征是不清楚\详述的反面特征是粗略)反义词:simplify(简化) (例) Don't elaborate! I don't want to hear every little detail.

636

tertiary

(英) adj.第三等的(third in order or rank)

637

dogmatism

(英) n. 教条主义武断([quality of] being dogmatic) (记) dogma(教条)+t+ism(表主义) →教条主义

638

carrion

(英) n. 腐肉(the decaying flesh of a dead body) (记) carr=carn(肉)+ion→腐肉;

639

synchronous

(英) adj.同时发生的(happening at precisely the same time) (考) 反义词:out-of-phase(不同步的); occurring at different times(不同时发生的); noncontemporaneous(不同时代的)

640

repulsive

(英) adj. 令人厌恶的(arousing disgust or aversion);驱逐的(tending to repel or reject) (例) a repulsive character in the novel

641

exhilarate

(英) v. 使高兴(to make cheerfulmerryor lively; to invigorate or stimulate; animate) (考) 反义词:sadden(使悲伤) (记) ex+hilar(高兴)+ate→出现高兴→使(人)高兴 (同) 同根词:hilarious(高兴的;愉快的) (例) I was exhilarated by her visit.

642

splint

(英) (固定断骨的)夹板托板 (material or a device used to protect and immobilize a body part [as a broken arm]) (考) splint : mobility \ lubricant : friction\ballast : instability \ purchase :slippery(夹板防止动\润滑油防止摩擦\压舱物防止不稳定\支点防止滑动)splint : immobilize \ duct : convey(夹板用来固定\管道用来输送) (记) splint和split(分裂)有关,指裂开的木板→夹板

643

serendipity

(英) n.善于发掘新奇事物的天赋(the ability to find valuable or agreeable things not sought for ) (考) serendipitous : effort \ inevitable : chance(偶然的不需要努力\不可避免的不需要运气) (记) 出自18世纪英国作家Horace(荷拉斯)的童话故事the Three Princes of Serendip,书中主人公具有随处发现珍宝的本领 (同) 派生词:serendipitous(偶然发现的)

644

recline

(英) v.斜倚躺卧(lie down) (记) re(回)+cline(倾斜斜坡) →斜回去→斜靠

645

qualify

(英) v. 具有资格; 限制,修饰(limit the force or meaning of something stated) (考) mitigate : severe \ qualify : general(减轻消除严重\限制消除普遍)

646

chop

(英) n. (用斧头等)砍 (cutting with an axe or other sharp tool);( 风)突然改变方向 (change direction)

647

ungainly

(英) adj.笨拙的(lacking in smooth or dexterity;clumsy) (考) loquacious : succinct \ adroit : ungainly(多话的不简洁\灵巧的不笨拙)反义词:lissome(敏捷的); adroit(机敏的) (记) un(不)+gainly(优雅的) (例) ungainly strides(笨拙的大步子)

648

aghast

(英) adj. 惊骇的,吓呆的(feeling great horror or dismay; terrified) (记) a+ghast(=ghost鬼害怕)→害怕的,吓呆的

649

theologian

(英) n. 神学家,宗教研究家(a person who has studied theology) (考) seminary : theologian \ conservatory : artist(神学院培养神学家\音乐学院培养艺术家)diary : biographer \ scripture : theologian(传记作家研究日记\神学家研究经文)

650

marsh

(英) n. 沼泽地,湿地(a tract of lowwetsoft land; swamp; bog; morass) (考) marsh : sodden \ desert : arid(沼泽是湿透的\沙漠是干燥的) (记) 注意不要和march(行军)相混 (例) I paddled my canoe through the marsh.

651

glacial

(英) adj. 冰期的冰河期的(of the Ice Age);寒冷的(very cold) (考) glacial : cold \ profound : deep(极冷是很冷\极深是很深) (记) glaci(冰)+al

652

reprobate

(英) v. 谴责,指责 (to condemn strongly);adj.\n. 堕落的(人) (a person morally corrupt) (考) objectivity : partisan \ temperance : reprobate(党徒不会客观\堕落者不会节制)reprobate : misbehave \ sycophant : fawn(无赖汉行为不端\奉承者奉承)反义词:righteous individual(正直的人) (记) re(反)+prob(赞扬)+ate→反赞扬→指责 (同) 同根词:approbation(赞扬) (例) We reprobate his evil behavior.

653

lurid

(英) adj. 耀眼的,炫丽的 (unnaturally bright);骇人听闻的(shocking) (例) a lurid tale

654

ingest

(英) v.咽下,吞下(to take into the body by swallowing) (考) 反义词:expel(排出); disgorge(呕吐); excrete(排泄) (记) in(进入)+gest(带)→带进去→咽下去 (同) 同根词:congestion(拥挤); digest(消化)

655

misdirect

(英) v. 写错地址误引 ( direct wrongly) (记) mis(错误)+direct(指引)

656

distension

(英) n. 膨胀(inflation; expansion) (考) 反义词:compression(压缩)

657

settled

(英) adj. 固定的 (fixed) (考) 反义词:nomadic(游牧的) (记) 来自动词settle(安定)

658

zealot

(英) n.狂热分子,热心者(a zealous person; a fanatical partisan) (考) fervor : zealot \ doubt : skeptic \ improvidence : spendthrift(狂热者热烈\怀疑者怀疑\浪费者浪费)fanatic : admirer \ zealot : adherent(狂热者是过分崇拜者\热心者是强烈追随者)miser : munificent \ zealot : blas(吝啬鬼不会大方\热心者不会冷漠) (记) zeal(热心,热情)+ot

659

feckless

(英) adj.无目标无计划的(carelessirresponsible) (考) 反义词:responsible(可靠的) (记) feck(=effect效果)+less→没有效果; 注意不要和reckless(轻率的)相混

660

sojourn

(英) v.\ n.逗留,寄居(a temporary stay) (记) 分割记忆:so+journ(=journey) (例) sojourn for a month at a health resort

661

viscous

(考) 反义词:glutinous(粘性的)-non viscous(无粘性的)

662

log

(英) n.\v. 日志,记录(a daily record) (考) agenda : minutes \ itinerary : log(会议议程通过会议记录记载\旅行行程通过旅行日志记载)log : ship \ diary : person(日志记录船的活动\日记记录人的活动)bouquet : flowers \ woodpile : logs(花组成花束\木头组成木堆) (例) to enter or record in a log \ log a day's events(把一天发生的事记入日志)

663

cranky

(英) adj. 怪癖的 (queereccentric);不稳的 (unsteady)

664

slouch

(英) n. 没精打采的样子(a tired-looking round-shouder way) (考) 反义词:stand erect(直立)

665

request

(英) n. 要求,请求 (an act of asking politely) (考) request : command \ propose : stipulate \ invite : summon(命令比要求更强烈\规定比建议更强烈\召唤比邀请更强烈)importune : request \ pry : inquiry(强求是过分请求\刺探是过分询问)反义词:inveigle(诱骗)-request directly(直接要求)

666

lament

(英) v.\n. 悲伤(grieve; to express deep sorrow for)哀悼(mourn) (考) upbraid : disapproval \ lament : grief(谴责表示不赞成\哀伤表示悲哀)eulogy : praise \ elegy : lament(颂词表达赞扬\哀诗表达哀伤) (例) He lamented to me about long range dangers of the layoffs.

667

deprivation

(英) 剥夺丧失(a depriving or being deprived; a loss) (考) 反义词:surfeit(过度); fecundity(丰饶) (记) de+priv(私人的)+ation→从私人那里拿掉→剥夺 (同) 同根词:privacy(独处,私下); privation(贫乏)

668

obsolete

(英) adj. 废弃的(no longer in use),过时的(out of date; old) (记) ob(不)+solete(使用)→不再使用→过时的 (例) The news was already obsolete.

669

stonewall

(英) v. 拖延议事,设置障碍( intentionally delay in a discussion or argument) (考) 反义词:cooperate fully(完全合作) (例) He was stonewalling and everybody knew it.(他在阻碍议事每人都能看出来)

670

libido

(英) n. 性欲(the sexual urge or instinct) (记) 直译为'里比多',弗洛伊德用语,指性本能后的一种潜在力量,libi可能是liber 的变体

671

ledger

(记) 分割记忆:l+edge(边)+r

672

tapestry

(英) n.挂毯(textile used for hangingscurtainsand upholstery and characterized by complicated pictorial designs) (考) chiaroscuro : contrast \ tapestry : intricacy \ filigree : delicacy(明暗法对比\织锦复杂\金银丝工艺精细) (记) 分割记忆:tapes(磁带)+try

673

fabric

(英) n. 结构(the framework of basic structure) (考) apple : fruit \ wool : fabric(苹果是一种水果\毛织品是一种织物) (例) cotton fabrics. the fabric of society.

674

loon

(英) n. 愚人(a clumsystupid person) (记) 比较:loom(织布机),loop(圈,环),loot(战利物)

675

misread

(英) v. 读错,看错 ( read something wrongly) (考) 反义词:interpret correctly(正确的解释) (记) mis(错误)+read(读)

676

antagonize

(英) v. 使对抗; 与…对抗(arouse hostility; show opposition ) (考) 反义词:placate(安抚); synergic(合作的); propitiate(劝解); mollify(平息) (记) ant(反)+agon(打斗,比赛)+ize→对着打→对抗 (同) 派生词: antagonism (n.对抗,敌对opposition; enmity); antagonist (n. 敌手,对手); antagonistic (adj. 对抗的敌对的) (例) It would be dangerous to antagonize him.

677

mean

反义词:noble(高贵的);lavish(a. 过分大方的)

678

corny

(英) adj. 平淡无奇的,乡巴佬的 (unsophisticated; old-fashioned) (记) 联想:corn(角),带角的动物随处可见,所以平淡无奇

679

forecast

(英) v. 预报预测(tell in advance);n. 预测 (statement that predicts) (记) fore(前面)+cast(扔) →预先扔下→预料

680

flaunt

(英) v.炫耀(to show off proudly);张扬(to make a gaudyostentatious display) (记) 分割记忆:fl看作fly+aunt(姑姑),飞一样的姑姑→到处炫耀 (例) to flaunt one's new furcoat. to flaunt one's charm.

681

satiated

(考) satiated : food \ saturated : moisture(食物过多导致饱足\湿度过高导致湿透)

682

cygnet

(英) n. 幼天鹅(young swan)

683

packed

(英) adj. 充满人的,拥挤的(crowded; crammed) (记) pack(打包)+ed→像打的包一样→拥挤的 (例) Churches are packed on Sundays

684

obnoxious

(英) adj. 令人不愉快的,可憎的(very unpleasant) (记) ob(坏)+nox(毒)+ious→有毒的,令人不快的 (例) an obnoxious habit

685

extrude

(英) v.挤出逐出(force or push out; thrust out)

686

awareness

(英) n.意识觉察; 见闻广博(consciousness)

687

kitten

(英) n. 小猫(a young cat) (考) adult : child \ cat : kitten(大人和儿童\猫和小猫)

688

stubborn

(英) adj. 固执的 (determined);难以改变的(difficult to change) (记) stub(根)+born(生)→生根

689

disinclined

(英) adj.不愿的 (unwilling; reluctant) (考) 反义词:disposed(偏好的) (记) dis+inclined(愿意的)→不愿意的; (同) 参考:inclination(偏好) (例) I feel disinclined for exercise.

690

detractor

(英) n. 贬低者诽谤者(a person who belittles or disparages) (考) 反义词:proponent(支持者); apologist(辩护者) (记) de+tract (拉)+or→向下拉的人→贬低者 (同) v. detract

691

dialect

(英) n. 方言(form of a language used in a part of a country ) (记) dia+lect(讲) →对面讲话→方言

692

disturbance

(英) n. 扰乱,骚动(disorder) (记) dis+turb(搅乱)+ ance →搅乱的状态→骚乱 (同) 同根词: turbid(混浊的);perturb(使不安烦忧) (例) Those men were causing a disturbance.

693

invariable

(英) adj. 始终如一的(always the same) (记) in(不)+variable(变化不定的) →不再变化的

694

marsupial

(英) n. 沼泽地,湿地(a tract of lowwetsoft land; swamp; bog; morass) (考) marsh : sodden \ desert : arid(沼泽是湿透的\沙漠是干燥的) (记) 注意不要和march(行军)相混 (例) I paddled my canoe through the marsh.

695

adage

(英) n.格言,古训(an old saying accepted as a truth) (记) 分割记忆:ad+age(年龄) →有年龄→有智慧

696

penetrate

(英) v. 刺穿(pierce);渗入(to pass in);了解(to discover the meaning of) (考) impervious : penetrate \ ineluctable : avoid(不可穿透的不能刺穿\不可避免的不能避免)knead : malleable \ penetrate : permeable(具有延展性可捏制\具有可渗透性可穿透) (记) pen(全部)+etr(=enter进入)+ate→全部进入→刺穿 (例) Water penetrated the rugs and ruined the floor.

697

immorality

(英) n. 不道德淫荡(immoral behavior) (记) im(不)+moral(道德的)+ity→不道德

698

all-consuming

(英) adj. 消耗一切的(consuming timeenergy etc.)

699

bystander

(英) 旁观者(person standing nearbut not taking partwhen sth happens) (记) by +stander(站立者) →站在旁边的人→旁观者

700

disgorge

(英) v.呕出 (vomit);(水)流走 (to pour forth ) (考) 反义词:ingest(摄取); swallow(吞咽) (记) dis+gorge(吞吐)→呕出 (例) The Mississippi disgorges into the Gulf of Mexico.

701

dictum

(英) n.格言,声明(a formal statement of factopinionprinciple or judgement)

702

evade

(英) v. 逃避(to avoid or escape from by deceit or cleverness; elude);规避(get around) (考) evade : answer \ goldbrick : work(规避避免回答问题\称病避免从事工作) (记) e+vade(走)→走出去→撤离 (同) 同根词:pervade(遍及); invade(入侵)派生词: evasion (n. 规避逃避) evasive (adj. 逃避的) (例) to evade an enemy. to evade taxes

703

agnostic

(英) 不可知论的(of a person who believes that the human mind cannot know whether there is a God or an ultimate causeor anything beyond material phenomena) (记) a+gnost(知道)+ic→不知道→不可知的 (同) 同根词:diagnostic(诊断的); ignorance(愚昧) (例) My agnostic friend believes that we can't know whether or not there is a God.

704

clumsily

(英) adv. (行动或形状)笨拙而难看地(awkwardly)

705

solitude

(英) n.孤独(being alone or remote from society)

706

decapitate

(英) v.杀头(behead) (记) de(去掉)+capit(头)+ate→把头去掉→杀头

707

anathema

(英) n. 诅咒(a solemn ecclesiastical condemnation) (考) anathema : curse \ theocracy : state(anathema是神的诅咒\theocracy是神权政权)反义词:panegyric(颂词) (记) 联想记忆:ana-them-a,骂他们啊→诅咒 (例) Taxes are anathema to the people of this district.

708

parallel

(英) 平行的(running side by side but never getting nearer to or further away from each other)类似的(of the same type and happening or done at the same time)平行线(a parallel line or surface)类似(similarity)与...相似(to be similar to) (例) Her experiences parallel mine in many instances.

709

unfashionable

(记) un(不)+fashionable(流行的)

710

motif

(英) n. (作品)主题,主旨(a main theme or subject) (记) 可能是motive(动机)的变体 (例) The lively and attractive child is the motif through the book.

711

meet

(英) adj. 合适的(suitableappropriate) (考) 反义词:inappropriate(不合适的); unsuitable(不合适的)

712

slurp

(英) v. 大声地啜喝(drink with the sound of noisy sucking) (例) stop slurping

713

locate

(英) v. 找到...的位置( find the position of);使...坐落于( set in a certain place) (例) locate an electrical fault

714

recumbent

(英) adj. 侧卧的(lying down; prone);休息的(resting) (考) 反义词:standing up(站立的) (记) re(重新)+cumb(躺)+ent→斜靠的; (同) 参考:incumbent(任职者)

715

colt

(同) 近形词: bolt(门闩); cult(崇拜); dolt(笨蛋); molt(脱毛)

716

bulk

(英) n. 体积数量(sizequantity); (例) He heaved(举起) his huge bulk out of the chair .

717

timber

(英) n.木材(wood suitable for carpentry);(人)品质(personal qualification) (考) quarry : stone \ fell : timber(采石采掘石头\伐木砍伐木头) (例) That young man has good timber in him.(那个年轻人素质好)

718

unconscionable

(英) adj. 无节制的,过度的(unscrupulous; excessiveunreasonable) (记) un(不)+conscionable(有节制的)

719

suppress

(英) v. 镇压( bring to an end by force);忍住( prevent from being shown);查禁(prevent from being printed) (记) sup(在...下面)+press(压)→压下去 (同) 派生词:suppression (n. 镇压,抑制)

720

periphrastic

(英) adj. 迂回的,冗赘的(the use of a longer phrasing) (记) peri(周围)+phras(=phrase,句子,词语)+tic→绕圈子说话→迂回的

721

heterogeneous

(英) adj. 异类的,不同的(dissimilar; incongruous; foreign) (记) hetero(异)+gene(产生)+ous→产生相异的→不同的

722

desolate

(英) adj. 荒凉的,被遗弃的 (left alone; solitary; deserted) (记) de+sol(孤独)+ate→变得孤独→被遗弃的; (同) 参考:solitude(孤独);solo(独唱)派生词: desolation(n. 遗弃荒凉; 孤寂凄凉) (例) The desolate mining town was once a booming center of activity.

723

prattle

(英) v. 闲聊,空谈(to say in an unaffected or childish manner) (例) The girls prattled on about their clothes.

724

demolition

(英) v. 拆除 (destruction by explosives) (考) recycle : disposal \ rehabilitate : demolition(再利用是不扔掉\再复修是不毁坏) (记) de+mote(动)→动下去→降级; 同根词:promote(提升); commotion(动乱) (同) n. demotion (例) The sergeant threatened to demote the corporal.

725

propagation

(考) 反义词:extirpation(灭绝)

726

sluggard

(英) n.懒鬼 (an habitually lazy person) (记) slug(蛞蝓:一种行动缓慢的虫)+gard

727

effigy

(英) n. 模拟像(a portrait statue of a person) (记) ef+fig(形状)+y→照形造出的→假人 (同) 同根词: figment(虚构)

728

abiding

(英) adj. 永久的持久的(enduringfor a long time) (考) 反义词: evanescent(短暂的)-abiding(永久的)

729

perpetuate

(英) v. 使永存,使永记不忘(to make perpetual) (记) per(全部)+pet(追求)+uate→永远追求→永存 (例) Storytellers have perpetuated ancient tales and legends since early times.

730

expansive

(英) adj.(指人)健谈的开朗的(outgoing and sociable);可扩大的 ;可伸展的(broad and extensive) (考) 反义词:reserved(保守的); taciturn(沉默的); withdrawn(内向的)

731

hummingbird

(记) 组合词:humming(嗡嗡声)+bird→有嗡嗡声的鸟→蜂鸟

732

cherubic

(英) adj.(尤指孩子)胖乎乎而天真无邪的(angelic; innocent-looking) (考) 反义词:somber(忧郁的) (记) 来自cherub(小天使)

733

charismatic

(英) n.(大众爱戴的)领袖气质(a special quality of leadership);魅力(a special charm or allure that inspires devotion) (记) 分割联想:cha→china,ris→rise,ma→mao,中国升起毛(泽东)→个人魅力,气质

734

craving

(英) n. 强烈的欲望(an intense and prolonged desire) (考) terror : fear \ craving : desire(惊恐比害怕程度深\渴望比愿望程度深)反义词:spurn(弃绝) (例) I have a craving for a cup of tea.

735

aesthete

(英) n.审美家(connoisseurvirtuoso) (考) aesthetics : beauty \ epistemology : knowledge(美学研究美\认识论研究认识)反义词: philistine(俗气的人) (记) a+esthete(感觉); 参考: anesthetic(麻醉剂); 派生词: aesthetically (adv. 悦目地雅致地); aesthetics (n.美学) (同) connoisseur,virtuoso(反) philistine(注) epistemology(n. 认识论)

736

relate

(英) v. 讲述( tell);有关联( show a connection between) (例) It is difficulty to relate cause and effect in this case(因果关系没法相连).

737

smolder

(英) v.无火焰地闷烧(to burn sluggishlywithout flame);压抑 (to exist in suppressed activity) (记) 分割记忆:smo看作smoke+older (例) a butt smoldering in the ashtray (烟缸里闷烧的烟蒂)

738

entertaining

(英) adj. 使人愉快的(amusing and pleasing) (考) 反义词:tedious(沉闷的) (例) a very entertaining film

739

undemanding

(记) un(不)+demanding(过分要求的,苛求的)

740

notability

(英) n. 著名,显著(the quality of being notable) (记) notable(注意到的)+ility→显著

741

woe

(英) n.悲痛,苦难(deep suffering from misfortuneafflictionor grief)

742

fissile

(英) adj.易分裂的(that can be split; fissionable) (记) fiss(分裂)+ile(能…的)→易分裂的 (同) 同根词:fissure(裂缝); fissiparous(有分裂的倾向的) (例) fissile wood

743

mundane

(英) adj. 现世的,世俗的(pertaining to this world; worldly; earthly) (考) 反义词:exotic(奇异的); unearthly(超脱自然的) (例) He is nothing but a mundane businessman.

744

offense

(英) n. 得罪错事(the breach of the moralsocial or legal code) (考) peccadillo : offense \ cameo : sculpture(小错是一种错\宝石浮雕是一种雕刻) (例) Certain offenses are misdemeanorsothers are felonies.

745

cleft

(英) n. 裂缝 (an opening; crack; crevice) (考) cleft : chasm \ cut : gash(程度: 裂缝→深坑\切口→很深的伤口) (记) 参考theft(偷窃)一起记

746

embrace

(英) v. 拥抱(take a person into one's arms as a sign of affection) (考) submission : obeisance \ affection : embrace(鞠躬表示谦恭\拥抱表示爱)embrace : affection \ frown : displeasure \ shrug : indifference(拥抱表示爱\皱眉表示不高兴\耸肩表示不关心)反义词:eschew(避开); ostracize(放逐); spurn(弃绝) (记) em(进入)+brace(胳膊) →进入怀抱

747

reek

(英) v.有臭味(give off an unpleasant odor);冒烟( give out smoke)

748

fad

(英) n.(流行一时的)狂热,时尚(a customstyle in a short time; fashion)

749

yeoman

(英) n.自耕农,乡下人(a person who owns and cultivates a small farm) (记) 由young man 变化而来

750

palter

(英) vi. 含糊其词(equivocatetalk insincerely) (考) palter : candor \ diehard : budge(含糊其词不会真诚\顽固不会让步)

751

kiosk

(记) 来自土耳其语kosk

752

perceptible

(英) adj. 可以感觉到的,可见的(palpable; tangible; appreciable) (考) relevant:crucial \ perceptible:obvious(关键的是十分相关\明显的是十分可见)反义词:subliminal(不能感觉的) (记) 来自percept(感知,认识),per(全部)+cept(拿) (同) 同根词:concept(概念); precept(格言)派生词: perceptibility (n. 可感知,可感觉) (例) The difference between those two very similar colors is barely perceptible.

753

addition

(英) 加(act of putting sth together with sth else so as to increase the sizenumberamount) (考) disabuse : error \ rehabilitate : addiction(纠正错误是为了根除错误\恢复健康是为了根除毒隐) (记) add(增加)+ition; (同) 派生词: additional (adj.附加的外加的)

754

hermetical

(英) adj. 炼金术的(magicalalchemic) (记) 来自希腊神话中 Hermes(赫耳墨斯)之神,该神掌管炼金术等

755

stupefy

(英) v.(使)茫然,吓呆(astonishastound) (记) stup(笨,呆)+efy→吓呆 (同) 同根词:stupid(愚笨的);stupor(昏迷)

756

fulmination

(考) 反义词:praise(表扬)

757

jagged

(英) adj. 锯齿状的,不整齐的(notched or ragged) (记) jag(齿状)+ged→锯齿状的 (例) The jagged edges of the fence need to be filed down.

758

righteous

(英) 正直的正派的(morally good and just)正当的(having just cause) (考) 反义词:reprobate(堕落者)-righteous individual(正直的人)

759

predisposition

(英) n. 倾向,癖性(state of mind or body favorable to) (记) pre(预先)+disposition(性情,倾向)

760

oblation

(英) n. 宗教的供品,祭品(an offering of sacrifice) (记) ob+lat(放)+ion→放上去的东西→祭品

761

scythe

(英) n. 大镰刀(an implement used for mowing) (考) scythe : reaper \ axe : woodcutter(收割者的工具是镰刀\伐木工的工具是斧头)

762

envisage

(英) v. 正视(face; confront)想象(visualize; imagine) (记) en+vis(看)+age→进入看的状态→ 正视 (同) 同根词:envision(想象,展望) (例) Susan envisaged her graduation day.

763

plunder

(英) v. 抢劫,掠夺(to take the goods by force: pillage) (记) 分割记忆:pl看作place(放)+under(在…下面)放在自己下面→抢劫 (例) They plundered all the valuable things they could find.

764

peon

(英) n.劳工苦工(bond servant; menial worker)

765

inexplicit

(记) in(不)+explicit(明确的)→措词含糊的

766

outfit

(英) n.(为特种目的)全套用品(clothing or equipment for a special purpose)

767

stroll

(英) v.漫步,闲逛 (to walk in a idle manner;ramble) (记) 分割记忆:st看作streetroll 在大街上转悠→闲逛 (同) 近形词:scroll(画卷)

768

grandstand

(英) v. 哗众取宠(act ostentatiously to impress others) (考) grandstand : impress \ equivocate : deceive(哗众取宠是为了留下印象\含糊其词是为了欺骗) (例) a grandstand view or French post-war history

769

withhold

(英) v. 扣留,保留 ( keep on purpose) (考) 反义词:apprise(通知)-withhold information(不通报信息); grant(承认; 授予) (例) withhold one's permission

770

pillage

(英) n.\v. 抢劫,掠夺( looting; plundering; ravage) (记) 来自pill(抢劫)+age

771

baton

(英) n.警棍(truncheon) (记) bat(打)+on→打的东西→警棍

772

rift

(英) n.裂缝,隙缝 (fissurecrevasse) (考) 反义词:reconciliation(和解) (例) a deep marital rift(夫妇间深深的裂痕)

773

reversal

(英) n. 反向,反转 (being reversed);运气不好(a piece of bad luck)

774

sin

(英) n. 罪 (an offence against God);过错(something that is regarded as wrong);v. 犯过失 ( do wrong) (考) peccadillo : sin \ admonishment : castigation(程度: 小过失→罪恶\训诫→严责)

775

vestment

(英) n.(作礼拜时教士)法衣,官服 (a robe of ceremony or office) (记) vest(衣服)+ment

776

pseudonym

(英) n.假名,笔名(a fictitious name; esp. pen name) (考) mask : face \ pseudonym : name(面具是假脸\笔名是假姓名) (记) pseudo(假)+nym(名字)→假名; (同) 参考:pseudoscience(伪科学) (例) Jane used a pseudonym when she wrote romance novels.

777

sluggish

(英) adj.行动迟钝的,缓慢的(markedly slow in movement)

778

fossilize

(英) v. 使...成为化石(cause sth to become a fossil);使...过时(make sth out of date ) (例) fossilized leaves

779

conceit

(英) n. 自负,自大 (an exaggerated opinion of oneself; vanity) (记) con+ceit=ceive(拿)→拿出架子→自负 (同) 派生词: conceited (adj. 自负的,自高自大的) (例) That girl's full of conceit.

780

discompose

(英) v.使失态,慌张 (to disturb the calm or poise of) (考) discompose : pacific \ fabricate : authentic(使不安没有平静\捏造没有真实) (记) dis+compose(组合,沉着)→不沉着→慌张

781

condor

(英) n. 秃鹰; 神鹰(type of large vulture)

782

spindly

(英) adj.细长的,纤弱的 (very long and thin) (考) limber : flexibility \ spindly : frailty(柔软的有灵活性\脆弱的有脆弱性) (记) 来自spindle(纺锤,形状细长) (例) a weak and spindly youth

783

hamper

(英) v. 妨碍,阻挠(hinder; impede; encumber);n. 有盖提篮(a large basketesp. with a cover) (考) mail : mailbox \ laundry : hamper(信箱用来装邮件\提篮用来装衣服)反义词:seminal(发展的)-hampering further development(阻碍进一步发展的); facilitate(促进) (例) hamper progress (阻 碍 进 步)\a Christmas hamper(圣诞礼物篮)

784

undeserving

(记) un(不)+deserving(应得的)

785

assignment

(英) n.指定给某人的任务或职责(task or duty that is assigned to sb ) (例) Your next assignment will be to find these missing persons.

786

emaciate

(英) v. 使瘦弱(become very thin) (考) 反义词:fatten(养肥) (记) e+maci(瘦)+ate →瘦出去使…瘦弱

787

aquatic

(英) adj. 水生的,水中的(growing or living in or upon water) (考) aerial : air \ aquatic : water \ arboreal : trees(空气的和空气\水的和水\树木的和树木) (记) aqu (水)+atic→水中的 (同) 同根词:aqueous(水的); aquarium(水族馆) (例) Aquatic animals can be seen at the aquarium.

788

patronage

(英) n. 赞助,惠顾(kindness done with an air of superiority) (记) patron(赞助人)+age→赞助 (例) with the patronage of sb \ receive lavish patronage

789

combatant

(英) n. 参战者战士(person involved in fighting in a war) (例) In modern warsboth combatants and non-combatants are killed .

790

inflate

(英) v.使膨胀(fill with air) (考) inflate : burst \ pull : tear(使膨胀最终爆裂\拉最终撕裂)反义词:minimize(减到最小)

791

recitation

(英) n. 背诵 (the act of reciting);背诵的文学作品(a piece of literature that is recited)

792

signatory

(英) n. 签署者,签署国(any of the signers of an agreement)

793

subsume

(英) v.包含,包容(to include within; to encompass as a subordinate) (记) sub(下面)+sume(拿)→拿在下面→包容 (同) 同根词:assume(假定,设想);resume(恢复,重来)

794

orator

(英) n. 演说者 (a person who speaks in public)

795

scud

(英) v. 疾行,疾驶 (to move or run swiftly) (例) The boat scudded before the strong west wind.

796

inferno

(英) n. 火海,地狱般的场所(hell or any place characterized by great heat or flames) (考) fire : inferno \ storm : hurricane(程度: 火,火海\风,飓风) (记) infern(地狱)+o→地狱,火海

797

prevailing

(英) v. 战胜(to gain ascendancy ; triumph);盛行(predominate) (记) pre(前面)+vail(=val力量)→力量在别人前面→战胜 (例) Despite crimes in the newsI believe that kindness prevails.

798

abortive

(英) adj. 无结果的,失败的(unsuccessful; fruitless; futile) (记) ab+or=ori(产生)+tive→没有产生→无结果的; (同) 派生词: abortion(n. 流产失败)

799

fancier

(英) n. 爱好者; 驯养者(breeder or dealer of animals)

800

ointment

(英) n. 油膏,软膏(salve; unguent) (记) oint(=oil)+ment→油膏; (同) 参考:unguent(软膏)

801

stoical

(英) adj. 不以苦乐为意的(patient when suffering)

802

anesthetic

(英) 麻醉剂(a druggasetc. used to produce anesthesiaas before surgery) (考) analgesic : pain \ anesthetic : sensation(镇痛剂消除疼痛\麻醉剂消除感觉)aseptic : disinfection \ anesthetic : numbness(消毒剂用来消毒\麻醉剂用来麻醉)anesthetic : numbness\intoxicant : drunkenness\sedative :drowsiness\astringent : contraction(麻醉剂使麻木\酒精可以使人沉醉\收缩剂造成收缩)(记) an+esthet(感觉)+ic→无感觉→麻醉 (同) 同根词:aesthetic(美学)

803

overpowering

(英) adj. 压倒性的,不可抗拒的 (very strong) (记) 来自动词overpower(制服压倒)+ing

804

charming

(英) adj. 迷人的; 令人高兴的(delightful) (例) a charming manvillagesong

805

acquaintance

(英) n.熟知(knowledge from personal experience);熟人(a person whom one knowsbut not intimately) (记) ac+quaint(知道)+ance→熟知;注意: quaint(adj. 奇妙的古怪的); acquaint(v. 和…相知) (同) v. acquaint

806

majestic

(英) adj. 雄伟的,庄严的 (showing majesty) (例) The great ship looked majestic in her new colours.

807

money

(考) sophism : reasoning \ counterfeit : money(诡辩是假推理\伪钞是假钱)mercenary : money \ vindictive : revenge(惟利是图的人想要钱\怀恨的人想要报仇)tact : offensive \ money : poor(圆滑的人不会冒犯\有钱的人不会贫穷)dally : time \ squander : money(虚度时间\挥霍金

808

ample

(英) adj. 富足的(abundant)充足的(enough; adequate) (记) ampl(大、多)+e (同) 同根词:amplify(放大); amplitude(广阔充足)

809

improbity

(英) n. 不正直不诚实(dishonesty) (考) 反义词:honesty(正直) (记) im(不)+prob(证明)+ity →(人)经不起证明和试验→不正直

810

uncharted

(英) adj. 地图上没标明的 (not recorded or plotted on a map) (记) un(不)+charted(在图上标明的)

811

nutrient

(英) 营养物营养的([a chemical or food] providing what is needed for life and growth) (例) Plants draw minerals and other nutrients from the soil.

812

paleontologist

(记) 来自paleontology(古生物学;paleo[古]+ontology[存在学] →古代存在学→古生物学)

813

sardonic

(英) adj. 嘲笑的(disdainfully sneeringironicor sarcastic) (记) 来自sardinian plant(撒丁岛植物),据说吃后让人狂笑而死 (例) a sardonic comment(嘲讽的评语)

814

fastness

(英) n.要塞,城堡(a secure place; stronghold) (记) fast 没有名词,要用speed 或 quickness 代替

815

malfeasance

(英) n.不法行为渎职(misconduct by a public official)

816

neologism

(英) n. 新字,新义( a new word or phrase) (记) neo(新)+log(话语)+ism→新话语→新字 (例) In the 17th centurygaswas a scientific neologism.

817

amphibian

(英) 两栖动物(animal able to live both on land and in water)水陆两用飞行器(aircraft that can take off from on either land or water) (考) eagle : bird \ frog : amphibian(鹰是一种鸟\青蛙是一种两栖动物) (记) amphi(两个两种)+bi(生命)+an→两个生命→两栖动物 (同) 派生词: amphibious (adj. 两栖的水陆两用的)

818

finch

(记) 来自fin(鱼鳍,尾翅)+ch→雀科

819

sway

(英) v. 摇动,摇摆( swing from side to side);影响使改变(influence someone so that they change their opinion);n. 摇动(swaying movement) (记) s+way(路) →从路这边到路那边→摆动

820

desiccant

(英) n. 干燥剂 (a substance used as a drying agent) (考) caustic : eat away \ desiccant : dry(腐蚀剂有腐蚀作用\干燥剂有干燥作用)emollient : suppleness \ desiccant : dryness(润肤剂可以使柔软\干燥剂可以使干燥)

821

vault

(英) n.拱顶 (an arched structure);地窖 (an underground storage compartment) (考) larder : provisions \ vault : valuables(食品柜储藏食品\地窖储藏贵重物品) (例) the vault of heaven(天穹) \ wine vaults(酒窖)

822

ford

(记) 不要和fort(堡垒)相混

823

croon

(英) v.低声歌唱(to sing in a soft manner) (考) croon : sing \ murmur : speak(低声歌唱和歌唱\低声说话和说话)

824

liquidate

(英) v. 清除(to dispose of);清偿(to pay or settle a debt) (记) liquid(清澈的)+ate→弄清澈→清除,清偿 (例) liquidate a partnership(断绝伙伴关系)

825

orientation

(英) 定向(position with relation to the point of the compass) (例) The winding trail caused the hikers to lose their orientation.

826

rhapsody

(英) n. 溢美之词 (extravagant praise) (记) rhapso(缝)+ody(颂歌)→把颂歌连接起来→赞美 (例) She went into rhapsodies over the beauty of the scene. (她赞美风景之美)

827

remains

(英) n. 遗址,废墟(a remaining part or trace) (例) the remains of an old castle

828

hatchet

(记) 分割记忆:hatch-et.

829

immure

(英) v. 监禁(imprisonconfineor seclude) (考) 反义词:release(释放) (记) im(进入)+mure(墙)→进入墙→监禁 (同) 同根词:mural(壁画);demure(一本正经的)

830

query

(英) n.\v. 质问,疑问,询问(questioninquirydoubt) (例) accept a check without query(不加询问地接受支票)

831

clip

(英) n.夹子,别针(metal devices for holding things together);v.修剪(cut sth with scissors or shears) (例) clip one's finger-nails

832

gravity

(英) n. 严肃,正经(solemnity or sedateness; earnestness) (考) frivolous : gravity \ brash : discretion(轻浮的不严肃\仓促的不谨慎)反义词: levity(轻浮) (记) grav(重)+ity→庄重 (同) 同根词:aggravate(加重)

833

inaugurate

(英) v. 举行就职典礼(install);开创(initiate; commence ) (考) inaugurate : president \ install : official \ crown : king(总统就职\官员就职\皇帝加冕)inauguration : offical \ matriculation : student(就职典礼成为官员\注册入学成为学生)反义词:cease(停止) (记) in(进入)+augur(预示,开始)+ate→开始进入→就职 (同) 派生词: inauguration(n. 就职就职典礼) (例) to inaugurate the opening of the new bridge

834

creed

(英) n. 信条,教义 (a statement of beliefprinciplesor opinions) (记) creed=cred(相信)→信条

835

ordnance

(英) n. 大炮(cannon or artillery);军械(all military weapons) (记) ord(命令,顺序)+nance→大炮常排列整齐,故名

836

whim

(英) n.多变,怪念头 (a sudden idea;fancy) (考) capricious : whim \ objective : fact(易变的[人]反复无常\客观的[人]讲事实) (例) have a whim for doing sth(心血来潮想做某事)

837

fatality

(英) n.宿命(subjection to fate);致命性(deadliness) (记) fat=(fate命运)+ality→宿命; (同) 参考:fatal(致命的)

838

potpourri

(英) n. 混杂,杂文集(a miscellaneous collection: medley) (记) 分割记忆:pot(锅)+pour(倾倒)+ri→倒在一锅里→混杂

839

tuxedo

(英) n.礼服,无尾礼服(black or blackish blue jacket) (记) 来自纽约的一家乡间俱乐部Tuxedo Park此服式最先在此穿出

840

temperate

(英) adj.自制的 (marked by moderation) (考) temperate : restrain \ tenacious : persist(节制的人节制\顽固的人坚持)

841

lamentation

(英) n. 悲伤,哀悼 (an expression of deep sorrow) (记) lament(哀悼)+ation

842

superstition

(记) super(超过)+stit(站)+ion→超越人理智的东西→迷信 (例) They were filled with ignorance and superstition.

843

psychiatry

(英) n.精神病学(a branch of medicine that deals with mentalemotionalor behavioral disorders) (记) psychi(精神)+atry(病学科)→精神病学 (同) 派生词:psychiatric (n.精神病的) (例) David resorted to psychiatry to help cure his depression.

844

piecemeal

(英) adj.一件一件的零碎的(one part at a time; gradually)

845

axiom

(英) n.公理(maxim);定理(an established principle)

846

furtive

(英) adj. 偷偷的,秘密的(done or acting in a stealthy manner; surreptitious; stealthy; sneaky) (考) furtive : stealith .\ whimsical : caprice \ unsatisfied : discontent(同义: 秘密的和秘密\易变的和易变\不满的和不满)反义词:open(公开的); forthright(直率的); brassy(厚脸皮的) (例) The thief was furtive in his movements.

847

sloppy

(英) adj. 邋遢的,不整洁的(slovenlycareless) (考) 反义词:natty(整洁的) (记) slop(溅出,弄脏)+py→弄脏的 (例) a sloppy dresser(穿着邋遢的人)

848

auxiliary

(英) adj.辅助的,协助的(subordinateadditionalsupplementary) (记) aux=aug(提高)+iliary(形容词后缀)→提高的→辅助的 (同) 同根词:auxin(生长素) (例) The auxiliary power unit turned on in the storm.

849

inerrancy

(考) 反义词:fallibility(易错) (记) in(不)+err(出错)+ancy→不出错

850

somatic

(英) adj. 肉体的(relating to the body ) (考) 反义词:nonphysical(精神上的) (记) somat(躯体)+ic→躯体的; (同) 参考:somatology(身体学)

851

element

(英) n. 要素特色(necessary part of sth) (考) soldier : army \ element : compound(士兵组成军队\元素组成化合物)反义词:pith(精髓)-superficial element(表面因素); adjunct(附属物)-essential element(要素) (例) Justice is an important element of good government.

852

imputation

(英) n. 归咎,归罪(an attribution of fault or crime; accusation) (记) im(进入)+put(计算)+ation→计算别人→归罪

853

egress

(英) n.出去出口(a place or means of going out; exit) (考) 反义词:entrance(入口) (记) e+gress(走)→走出去 (同) 同根词:digress(离题); aggressive(进取的)

854

outrage

(英) n. 暴行(an extremely vicious or violent act) (记) out(出)+rage(狂怒,狂暴)→过分狂暴→暴行

855

deceitful

(英) adj. 不诚实的(often deceiving peopledishonest) (记) de(坏)+ceit=ceive(拿)+ful→拿坏的东西→欺骗性的→不诚实的

856

expendable

(英) adj.可耗尽的(that can be expended);可牺牲的(worth sacrificing to gain an objective) (例) The paper cups are expendable. We have lots of them.

857

impuissance

(考) 反义词:clout(打击; 力量)

858

lust

(英) n. 强烈的欲望(overmastering desire) (例) an insatiable lust for personal power

859

awe

(英) v.敬畏(to cause a mixed feeling of reverence and fear) (考) redoubtable : regard(awe)\ despicable : scorn(contempt; disregard)(可怕的让人敬畏\可鄙的让人鄙视)反义词:irreverence(不尊敬) (例) The campers were always awed by the beautiful sunset.

860

topmost

(英) adj. 最高的,顶端的 (highest) (考) 反义词:nadir(最低点) (记) 组合词:top(高的)+most(最)

861

purge

(英) v.清洗,洗涤( to make free of something unwanted) (记) pure(纯)+ge→弄干净 (例) The plumber purged dirty water from the tank.

862

politic

(英) adj. 考虑周到的,明智的 (well-judged) (考) politic : offend \ aloof : associate(精明的人不会冒犯\冷淡的人不会合作)反义词:unsophisticated(不老练的); officious(多管闲事的) (例) When the fight beganhe thought it politic to leave.

863

recompense

(英) v. 报酬,赔偿(to give by way of compensation) (记) re(重新)+compense(补偿)→重新补偿→赔偿 (例) recompense sb. for his trouble(酬谢某人费心)

864

constrict

(英) v. 压缩收缩(make sth tightsmaller or narrower) (考) 反义词:dilate(膨胀); distend(膨胀) (记) con(一起)+strict(拉紧) →拉到一起→收缩 (同) 同根词: restriction(限制); stricture(狭窄指责)

865

bald

(英) adj. 秃头的(having no hair; bare) (同) 近形词: bold(大胆的)

866

airtight

(英) adj. 密封的(too tight for air or gas to enter or escape) (考) foolproof : fail \ airtight : leak (十分简单的不会出错\密封的不会泄露)

867

idolatry

(英) n.偶像崇拜(worship of idols) (记) idol(形象偶像)+atry(表名词)

868

approximate

(英) adj. 大约的,估计的(much like; more or less correct or exact) (考) paraphrase : verbatim \ approximate : precise(意译不是逐字的\估计不是精确的)stickler : approximation(imprecision)\ purist : adulteration(坚持细节的人不估计\纯粹者不掺假) (记) ap+proxim(接近)+ate→接近的,大约的 (同) 派生词: approximately (adv. 大约地); approximation (n. 近似值)同根词:proximity(接近)

869

beleaguer

(英) v. 围攻(to besiege by encircling) (考) 反义词:delight(高兴) (记) be+leaguer(围攻的部队或兵营)→围攻

870

idiot

(英) n. 愚蠢的人,白痴(a very foolish or stupid person)

871

rupture

(英) n.\v. 破裂,断裂(to break apart or burst) (记) rupt(断)+ure→断裂 (同) 同根词:erupt(喷发);corrupt(腐败的)

872

sewer

(记) 和缝纫者(sewer)一样拼写

873

kernel

(英) n. 果仁;核心(the centralmost important part; essence) (记) kern(=corn种子)+el→核心

874

mumble

(英) v. 咕哝,含糊不清地说( speak or say unclearly) (考) scribble : write \ mumble : talk(胡写和写\胡说和说)enunciate : mumbling \ clarify : confusing(清楚说相对含糊说\澄清相对混淆)反义词:enunicate(清楚地说)

875

virtue

(英) n. 美德(a good quality of character or behavior);好处(advantage) (考) doldrums : energy \ depravity : virtue(消沉没有活力\堕落没有美德)

876

cactus

(同) 复数为cacti)

877

lugubriousness

(考) 反义词:cheerfulness(高兴)

878

bilk

(英) v. 躲某人的债(avoid paying money);骗取( cheat sb out of sth) (例) He bilked us of all our money .

879

population

(考) census : population \ inventory : merchandise(stock)(人口普查查人口\货物盘点查商品(存货))demography : population \ meteorology : weather(人口统计学研究人口\气象学研究天气)

880

potshot

(英) n. 乱射,任意射击 (a carelessly aimed shot)

881

pensive

(英) adj. 沉思的(reflective; meditative);愁眉苦脸的(suggestive of sad thoughtfulness) (记) pens(挂)+ive→挂在心上→沉思的 (例) look pensive(显得心事重重)

882

menial

(英) adj. 仆人的卑微的(of servants; humble);n.家仆(a domestic servant) (例) the menial work concerned in turning a house(料理家务的琐碎工作)

883

steadfast

(英) adj. 忠实的(faithful);不变的(not moving or movable) (考) 反义词:capricious(多变的) (记) stead(=stand站)+fast(稳固的)

884

upswing

(英) n.上升,增长(a marked increase or improvement) (记) up+swing(摆动)→向上摆动→上升 (例) The economy is on the upswing now.

885

dismal

(英) adj. 使人悲伤的(showing sadness) (例) dismal weathercountryside

886

debatable

(英) adj. 不肯定的可争议的(not certainopen to question)

887

quack

(英) n.冒充内行之人(charlatan);庸医(a pretender to medical skill) (考) 反义词:honest practitioner(诚实的从业者) (记) 和quick(快)一起记,庸医骗完钱就走 (例) The quack's remedy made the sick man feel even worse.

888

meticulous

(英) adj. 细心的,一丝不苟的(taking extreme care about minute details; precise) (考) interested : agog \ careful : meticulous(十分有兴趣是热切的\十分小心是一丝不苟的)fluent : glib \ meticulous : finicky(过分流利是油腔滑调\过分细心是挑剔讲究) (记) metic(害怕的)+ulous(多…的)→多害怕的→细心的_ (例) The inspector's meticulous questioning made me nervous.

889

swell

(英) v.肿胀,增强(to expand gradually beyond a normal or original limit) (例) The wind swelled into a tempest.

890

bolster

(英) n.枕垫(cushion or pillow);v. 支持,鼓励(supportstrengthenor reinforce) (考) bolster : support \ tackle : hoist(枕梁是用来支撑\滑索是用来拉升)反义词:undermine(削弱); decrease support of(减少支持); sap(削弱) (例) Dave bolstered his courage to ask for a raise.

891

transaction

(英) n.办理,交易(an exchange or transfer of goodsservicesor funds) (记) trans(交换)+action(行动) (例) the business transaction of a firm(公司的业务)

892

fortresslike

(记) fortress(n.堡垒;fort[强大力量]+ress[通常表示女性这里指凹进去的堡垒])+like(像...一样)

893

pan

(英) v. 严厉批评(to criticize severely); (考) barb : caustic \ pan : harsh(barb是尖刻的讲话\pan是严厉的批评)反义词:rave(狂热赞扬) (例) I've never heard her pan anyone.

894

ludicrous

(英) adj. 荒唐可笑的 (so foolish as to cause disrespectful laughter) (记) ludicr(=lud玩)+ous→闹着玩的→可笑的

895

axle

(英) n.轮轴(连接两个车轮的轴)(a bar connecting two opposite wheels) (记) 记住这两个字含义的方法;联想:axis的'i'像虚线→虚构的轴; axle的'l'像 一根车轮的轴

896

claustrophobia

(英) n.幽闭恐怖症(fear of being locked in) (记) claustro(关闭)+phob(害怕)+ia(病)

897

coincidence

(英) v. 巧合 (to occur at the same time);一致 (correspond exactly) (考) contiguous : abut \ simultaneous : coincide(接触的是接壤\同时发生的是巧合) (记) co+in+cide(落下)→共同落下→巧合 (例) Our vacations coincidedso we traveled together.

898

artful

(英) adj.狡猾的奸诈的(exhibiting art or skill; deceitful; cunning) (同) 派生词: artfulness (adj. 狡猾欺诈slyness )

899

quarry

(英) n.猎物,追求物(one that is sought or pursued; prey) (考) hunter : quarry \ proselytizer : convert(猎人的目标是猎物\劝诱改教者目标是皈依者) (记) 和quarrel(争吵)一起记 (例) The hunter shot his quarry.quarry['kwOrI]n.采石场;v.采石 (英) n.采石场(an open excavation for obtaining building stone) (考) quarry : rock \ mine : ore(采石场采岩石\矿厂采矿石)quarry : stone \ fell : timber(采岩石\伐木料) (例) They have been quarrying granite here for hundreds of years.

900

enslave

(考) 反义词: manumit(解放)

901

precipice

(英) n. 悬崖(a very steep or overhanging place) (考) precipice : steepness \ defile : narrowness(断崖很险峻\狭谷很狭窄) (记) pre(前面)+cip(落下)+ice→前面(突然)落下→悬崖 (例) The mountain climbers inched up the precipice.

902

emote

(英) v. 激动地表达感情(to act in an emotional or theatrical manner) (记) e+mote(动)感动地说出来; 参考: emotion(感动情感) (同) 同根词:demote(降级); promote(提升)

903

vehement

(英) adj.猛烈的,强烈的(marked by forceful energy; powerful) (记) vehe(带来)+ment→带来情绪的→猛烈的; (同) 参考:vehicle(交通工具) (例) a vehement desire(急切的欲望)

904

haggard

(英) adj. 憔悴的,消瘦的(gaunt; drawn) (记) 可能来自 hag(巫婆)+gard→像巫婆一样→形容枯槁的 (例) The last haggard runner finally stumbled across the finish line.

905

idiosyncrasy

(英) n. 特殊癖性或行为(any personal peculiarity; eccentricity) (记) idio(个人,独特)+syn(共同)+crasy(混合)→混合了个人特性的独特行为→癖好,特有的习性 (同) 同根词:idiom(习语); idiopathy(特发病)

906

snappy

(英) adj. 精力充沛的(marked by vigor or liveliness);潇洒的(stylishsmart) (例) a snappy conversation(活跃的谈话)

907

implosion

(考) 反义词:rapid outward movement(快速的向外运动) (记) 来自动词:implode(内聚爆炸;im[内]+plode[大声音] →向内爆炸)

908

renown

(英) n. 名望,声誉(widely acclaimed and highly honored) (记) re(反复)+nown(=nomen名字)→名字反复出现→名望

909

devastate

(英) v. 摧毁,破坏(make desolate; ravage; destroy) (记) de+vast(大量)+ate→大量弄坏→破坏; vast本身是一个单词,意为'广阔的、大量的' (同) 派生词: devastating (adj.破坏性的) (例) The loss of her family devastated her.

910

lever

(英) v. 撬动 ( move with a lever) (记) lev(举)+er

911

gulp

(英) v. 吞食,咽下(to swallow hastilygreedily) (例) Don't gulp your food.

912

nostalgia

(英) n. 怀旧之情;思乡病(homesick) (记) nost(家)+alg(痛)+ia→想家病; (同) 参考:nostrum(民间药方) (例) The old man remembered his college days with nostalgia.

913

protocol

(英) n.外交礼节(a code to correct etiquette and precedence);协议(an original draft of a document or transaction) (考) protocol : blunder \ bumper : damage(礼节是为了防止社交错误\保险杠是为了防止毁坏)grammar : language \ protocol : conduct(语法是语言的规则\礼节是行为的规则) (记) proto(首要)+col→首要的东西→礼节 (例) The worker was reprimanded for not following proper protocol.

914

clipper

(英) n.快速帆船(sailing vessel built for great speed)

915

wince

(英) v.避开,畏缩 (to shrink back; flinch) (考) wince : pain \ smile : pleasure \ pout : displeasure \ sneer : contempt(因疼痛而退缩\因高兴而微笑\因不高兴而绷脸\因轻视而讥笑) (例) bear pain without wincing(毫不畏缩地忍受疼痛)

916

mockery

(英) n. 嘲笑,愚弄 (scorn or ridicule) (考) patronize : condescension \ deride : mockery(用恩赐态度去庇护别人\用嘲弄态度去嘲笑别人)diatribe : abuse \ burlesque : mockery(指责演讲是一种辱骂\滑稽戏是一种嘲弄) (记) 来自动词mock(嘲笑)+ery

917

remove

(英) v. 移走,脱掉( take away);迁移( go to live or work in another place) (考) 反义词:aerate(充气)-remove air from(放气); insert(插入) (记) re+move(移动)→移开

918

unsubstantiated

(考) 反义词:verified(证明的) (记) un(不)+substantiate(证实)+ed

919

perceiving

(考) 反义词:insentient(无知觉的)

920

sustenance

(英) n.食物,粮食 (foodprovisions);生计(means of supportmaintenanceor subsistence)

921

optimistic

(英) 乐观主义(the tendency to take the most hopeful or cheerful views of matters or to expect the best outcome) (记) optim(最好)+ism; (同) 参考:optimize(使完善) (例) a man of great optimism

922

pastor

(英) n. 牧师(a clergyman serving a local parish);牧人(herdsman) (记) 来自pasture(牧草,牧场),人比作羊,牧师自然成了牧羊人 (例) The pastor baptized our baby.

923

acerbic

(英) adj.苦涩的( sourastringent);刻薄的(sharpbitteror harsh) (记) acerb(尖,酸)+ic→尖酸的; (同) 派生词: acerbity (n.苦涩刻薄)

924

fungi

(英) n.菌类(fungus的复数) (考) fungi : ecologist \ motivation : psychologist(生态学家研究菌类\心理学家研究动机)

925

subsist

(英) v.生存下去(exist; maintain life at a meager level) (记) sub(下面)+sist→站下去→活下去→生存 (同) 派生词: subsistence (n.生存生计existence; livelihood)

926

mace

(英) n. 权杖(a staff used as a symbol of authority) _ (考) cornucopia : abundance \ mace : authority(丰饶角象征富饶\权杖象征权力) (记) 原意为'狼牙棒',以狼牙棒取得政权,用权杖统治

927

cuff

(英) n.袖口(band or fold at the end of a sleeve);v. 用巴掌拍(to strike with the open hand; slap) (记) 大家对于handcuffs(手铐)一定不陌生 (例) Mother cuffed the dog when she found it asleep on a chair.

928

entrust

(英) v. 委托 (to invest with a trust or duty );托付(to assign the care of) (记) en+trust(相信)→给予信任→委托 (例) I entrusted the child to your care.

929

compel

(英) v. 强迫 (to force or constrainas to do something) (记) com+pel(推)→共同推→强迫 (同) 同根词:repel(打退);expel(开除) (例) The boss compelled us to work over the weekend.

930

palliate

(英) v. 减轻(痛苦)(to reduce; abate);掩饰(罪行)(extenuate) (考) pain : analgesic \ symptom : palliative(止痛剂减轻疼痛\缓释剂减轻症状)反义词:exacerbate(恶化); caustic(尖刻的)-palliating(令人安慰的) (记) pall(罩子)+iate→盖上(罪行)→减轻 (同) 派生词: palliation (n. 减轻,缓和); palliative(n. 缓释剂)

931

flail

(英) n.连枷(打谷工具); v.打,打击(to strike or beat as with a flail) (记) 和frail(脆弱的)一起记,flail中的'l'像根棍子,所以可看作'打击',frail中 的'r'像朵花,所以可看作'脆弱的'

932

sensibleness

(考) 反义词:fatuousness(愚蠢) (记) sensible(明智的)+ness

933

haunt

(英) 常到(to visit [a place] often and continuously);鬼魂出没( [of a ghost] to appear in a strange form)(事情)萦绕心头(to appear or recur repeatedlyoften to a point of obsession);n. 常去的地方(a place often visited) (记) 比较:gaunt(憔悴的) (同) 近形词:gaunt(憔悴的); taunt(嘲弄); vaunt(自夸) (例) haunt the theatre (常去戏院) \ make the library one's haunt(图书馆作为常去之地)

934

fidget

(英) v.坐立不安(to make restless or uneasy);n.烦躁之人(a fidgety person) (考) fidget : nervousness \ cringe : dread(因为紧张而焦躁\因为害怕而畏缩) (记) 分割记忆:fid-get,想得到而得不到→烦躁 (例) After listening for so long we started to fidget.

935

technocrat

(英) n.技术管理人员(a technical expert; esp. one exercising managerial authority) (记) techno(技术)+crat(统治) (例) be short of technocrats and skilled workers

936

depreciate

(英) v. 贬低(to make seem less important; belittle; disparage);贬值 (to reduce or drop in value or price) (考) fawn : hauteur \ self-depreciate : swagger(奉承[的人]不会傲慢\自贬[的人]不会吹嘘)depreciation : valuable \ ossification : flexible(贬值使价值降低\僵化使灵活性降低) (记) de+preci(价值)+ate→贬低 (同) 同根词:appreciate(赞成) (例) People don't want their property to depreciate.

937

measured

(英) adj. 精确的(proportioned by a standard);慎重的(calculatedrestrained) (记) 来自measure(测量) (例) The mayor's measured reply offended no one.

938

rip

(英) v. 撕裂,撕破 (to tear or split apart or open) (例) I ripped the letter open.

939

flimsy

(英) adj.轻而薄的(thin and easily broken or damaged);脆弱的(poorly made and fragile) (记) 联想记忆:把flim看作film+sy→像胶卷一样的东西→易损坏的→脆弱的 (例) flimsy cloth. flimsy argument.

940

misinterpret

(英) v. 误解,曲解 ( explain wrongly) (记) mis(错误)+interpret(解释)

941

interloper

(英) n.闯入者(intruder; one who interferes)

942

bog

(英) n.沼泽(soft wet land);v.使...陷入泥沼( hinder or be hindered) (例) The tank got bogged down in the mud.

943

quagmire

(英) n.沼泽地(soft miry land);困境(predicament) (记) quag(沼泽)+mire(泥潭) (例) The country slipped into an economic quagmire.

944

stamina

(英) n.体力,耐力(staying powerendurance)

945

fallacy

(英) n.谬误,错误(an error in reasoning ) (考) anachronism : chronology \ fallacy : logic(年代错误是年代学中的错误\谬误是逻辑学中的错误)disabuse : fallacy \ cure : disease(改正消除错误\治疗消除疾病)反义词:valid argument(正确的论证); valid reasoning(正确的推理) (记) fall(错误)+acy→谬误 (同) 同根词:fallible(易犯错误的)

946

undercut

(英) v. 削价与(竞争者)抢生意( sell goods or services more cheaply than a competitor) (记) under(在...下面)+cut(砍)

947

malnutrition

(英) n. 营养不良(inadequate nutrition) (记) mal(坏)+nutrition(营养)→营养不良 (例) Malnutrition is a serious global problem.

948

misogamy

(英) n.[心]厌婚症(hatred of marriage) (记) miso(恨)+gamy(结婚)

949

liquefy

(英) v. 液化,溶解(to make or become liquid; melt) (记) liqu(液体)+dfy→液化 (同) 同根词:liquid(液体); liquor(含酒精饮料)

950

negligence

(英) n. 疏忽,粗心(disregard of duty; neglect) (记) neg(不)+lig(选择)+ence→不加选择→大意 (例) The parents of the starving child were charged with negligence.

951

seductive

(英) adj. 诱人的(having alluring or tempting qualities)

952

opiate

(英) n. 安眠药,鸦片制剂(any medicine containing opium) (记) opium(鸦片)

953

groove

(英) n. 凹线(a longnarrow furrow);(刻出的)线条;习惯(habitual way) (考) striated : groove \ braided : strand \ dappled : spot(凹线形成有条纹的\股形成辫的\点形成有斑点的) (记) 不要和grove( 树丛)相混 (例) It is hard for him to get out of a groove.(摆脱老习惯很难)

954

penitent

(英) adj. 后悔的,忏悔的(expressing regretful pain; repentant) (例) Those who were penitent obtained absolution.(悔过者获得了赦免)

955

heir

(英) n. 继承人(a person who is legally entitled to inherit another's property) (例) He is heir to a large fortune.

956

arrears

(英) n.欠款(money that should have been paid);未完成的工作(work that should have been done) (例) arrears of taxes(积欠税款)

957

rival

(英) n. 竞争者,对手(one competes);v. 与...匹敌( equal) (考) rival : competition \ sycophant : flattery(竞争者竞争\马屁精奉承)

958

virile

(英) adj.有男子气的,雄健的(masculine) (记) vir(力量)+ile→有力量的 (例) a new and virile leadership(强有力的新领导)

959

diverge

(英) v. 分歧,分开(to go or move in different directions; deviate) (考) diverge : apart \ traverse : across(分歧特点是分开\横穿特点是横向)反义词:come together(聚拢) (记) di+verg(转向)+e→分开转→分歧 (同) 同根词: converge(聚集集中)

960

clamp

(英) n. 钳子 (a device for clasping things together);v. 钳紧 (to gripfastenor brace with a clamp) (记) 和clam(蛤蛎)一起记(clamp the clam with a clamp,用钳子夹紧毛蚶)

961

umbrage

(英) n.不快,愤怒 (a feeling of piqueresentment or insult) (记) umbra(影子)+age→心里的影子→不快 (同) 同根词:adumbrate(预示);umbrose(浓荫的) (例) feel umbrage at a social snub(因社交上受到冷落而感到不高兴)

962

continental

(英) adj.大陆的大陆性的(typical of a continent)

963

scatter

(英) v. 散开,驱散( separate or cause to separate widely) (考) 反义词:collect(收集); nucleate(聚合)

964

flamboyant

(英) adj.艳丽的,炫耀的(too showy or ornate; florid extravagant) (考) 反义词:subdued(柔和的); understate(保守的) (记) flamb(=flame火焰)+oyant→火焰一般的;分割记忆:flam(火)boy(男孩)ant(蚂蚁) (例) a flamboyant orange shirt

965

insurgent

(英) adj. 叛乱的,起事的(rebellious);n. 叛乱分子(a person engaged in insurgent activity) (考) parsimony : miser \ rebelliousness : insurgent(吝啬鬼的特点是小气\反叛者特点是反叛) (记) in(内部)+surge(浪涛,升起)+ent→内部起浪潮→叛乱的; (同) 参考:surge(巨浪汹涌)

966

avocation

(英) n.副业,嗜好(hobby) (记) a+vocation(职业)→非正规职业→副业

967

prudish

(英) adj.过分守礼的,假道学的(marked by prudery; priggish) (考) prudish : propriety \ finicky : quality(拘谨是过分注意礼节\挑剔是过分注意质量) (例) The prudish minister thought dancing was sinful.

968

uncanny

(英) adj. 神秘的,不可思议的(weirdsupernatural) (记) un(不)+canny(安静的,谨慎的) (例) an uncanny ability to foresee the future(预见未来的超人本领)

969

petrology

(记) petro(石头)+ology→岩石学

970

disconnected

(英) adj. 不连贯的(incoherent) (考) 反义词:nexus(连结)-disconnected components(不相连的元素) (例) the disconnected ramblings of an old man

971

unadulterated

(英) adj. 没有搀杂的,纯的(not mixed with impure or less pure substances) (记) un(不)+adulterated(搀杂的)

972

conduce

(英) (to) v.有助于; 有益于(to contribute to) (记) con+duce(引导)→引到(好的一面)→有助于… (同) 同根词:induce(引诱); traduce(v.诽谤)

973

cliche

(英) n. 陈词滥调(phrase which has become stale) (考) hodgepodge : uniformity \ clich : original(大杂烩不会统一\陈词滥调不会创新) (例) a cliche-ridden style

974

graceful

(英) adj. 优雅的优美的(showing a pleasing beauty of form,movement or manner) (考) articulate : speech \ graceful : movement \ euphonious : sound(发音清晰的演讲\优雅的运动\悦耳的声音) (例) a graceful dancer

975

malicious

(英) adj. 恶意的,怨毒的(spiteful; intentionally mischievous or harmful) (考) malicious : ill will \ exaggerating : hyperbole(恶意的[人]显示恶意\夸大的[人]显示夸张) (记) malic(恶,坏)+ious→恶意的 (例) Some malicious person slashed my car tires.

976

sequacious

(英) adj.盲从的(intellectually servile) (记) sequ(跟随)+acious(多…)

977

rescue

(英) n.\v. 解救,救援(save or set free from harmdangeror loss) (考) 反义词: enactment(制定) (例) an attempt at a rescue

978

secretiveness

(考) frank : secretiveness \ callow : maturity(坦率的无隐匿\幼稚的无成熟)

979

lassitude

(英) n. 无力(weariness);没精打采(listlessness) (考) amorphousness : definition \ lassitude : energy(不定形无定形\疲倦无精力)反义词:a feeling of vigor(精力充沛的感觉); vim(活力); animation(活泼) (记) 可能来自lassie(情人)+itude→情人状态→(娇)无力

980

vying

(英) adj.竞争的(contendingcompeting) (记) vie(竞争)的现在分词

981

emphatic

(英) adj. 重视的强调的(showing or using emphasis) (例) an emphatic denial

982

cistern

(考) cistern : liquids \ landfill : refuse(水箱盛液体\垃圾场盛垃圾)

983

vicissitudinous

(考) 反义词:unchanging(无变化的)

984

certainty

(英) n. 确定的事情(thing that is certain) (考) 反义词:quandary(困惑); supposition(推测); misgiving(疑虑); indecision(犹豫不决)

985

hurdle

(英) n. 跳栏;障碍(obstacle) (例) overcome a language hurdle(克服语言障碍)

986

paraphrase

(英) n.\v. 释义,意译 (a restatement in different words) (考) paraphrase : verbatim \ approximate : precise(意译不是逐字的\约等于不是精确的) (例) a paraphrase of the sonnet