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Flashcards in gre_8 Deck (1000):
1

outmoded

(英) adj. 不再流行的(no longer in fashion; obsolete) (考) 反义词:original(创新的) (记) out(出)+mode(时髦)+d→不再时髦的 (例) The poor children dressed in outmoded clothing.

2

granulate

(英) v. 使成颗粒(to form into grains or granules)

3

squat

(英) v.蹲下(crouch on the ground) (考) 反义词:tall and thin(瘦高的) (例) They squatted down to wait in the shade/a squat woman.

4

prevaricate

(英) v. 支吾其词,说谎(to deviate from the truth; equivocate) (记) pre(预先)+varic(=vary变化)+ate→预先想好变化之词→支吾,说谎

5

deify

(英) v. 奉为神(to worship as a god);崇拜(adore in an extreme way; idolize) [记]词根记忆:dei(神) + fy(化)同根词:deign(v. 屈尊);deicide(v. 杀神)

6

flinty

(英) adj.极坚硬的(extremely hard and firm) (记) 和fling(扔,掷)一起记(to fling a flint to make fire)

7

antithesis

(英) n. 对立;相对(a contrast or opposition) (记) anti+thes=set(放置)+is→反着放→对立 (同) 派生词: antithetic (adj. 对立的)同根词:thesis(论文); hypothesis(假设) (例) What he said is the antithesis of the truth.

8

array

(英) v. 部署(place armed forces in battle order);n. 数字排列; 陈列(impressive display ) (考) array : numbers \ formation : soldiers(数列是数字排列\队列是士兵排列) (例) an array of factsinformationstatistics

9

corrugation

(英) n. 波浪形状,起皱纹 (to shape or contract into parallel grooves and ridges; make wrinkles in; furrow)

10

institution

(英) 建立设立(instance of establishing [an inquirya customa rule]) (记) institute(v.制定设立;in[进入]+stitute[建立放]→建立进去→设立)+ion

11

rarity

(英) n. 稀罕,罕见; 罕见事物(something uncommon) (考) 反义词:frequency(频繁) (记) rare(稀罕的)+ity

12

sandal

(英) n. 凉鞋,拖鞋 (a light open sided shoe worn in warm weather)

13

redundant

(英) adj. 累赘的,多余的(exceeding what is necessary or normal; superfluous) (考) pertinent : relevance \ redundant : superfluity(相关的和相关\多余的和多余)digress : excursive \ reiterate : redundant(离题和离题的\反复说和罗嗦的)indigent : wealth \ redundant : indispensability(穷困缺乏财富\多余缺乏必要)反义词:economical(节俭的) (记) red(=re)+und(=undulate 波动)+ant→反复波动→反复出现→累赘的 (例) The editor deleted the redundant phrases from my article.

14

extol

(英) v.赞美(to praise highly; laud) (考) 反义词:lambaste(指责); pan(严厉批评); deprecate(抗议); excoriate(批判); censure(责难); disparage(贬损); condemn(谴责); impugn(打击); detract(贬低); malign(诽谤) (记) ex+tol(举起)→举出来→赞美; (同) 参考:exalt(赞赏) (例) He keeps extolling her goodness.

15

arboreal

(英) adj. 树木的(of or like a tree) (考) arboreal : trees \ sidereal : stars \ aquatic : water(树木的和树木\恒星的和恒星\水的和水) (记) arbor(树)+eal→树的

16

currish

(英) adj. 下贱的,杂种的(bad-tempered; mean; ill-bred)

17

contentious

(英) adj. 好辩的,善争吵的 (quarrelsome; belligerent) (考) 反义词:conciliatory(安抚的)

18

necessitate

(英) v. 使成为必需,需要(make necessary)

19

proximate

(英) adj.最接近的,直接的(immediately preceding or following; imminent) (记) proxim(接近)+ate→接近的; (同) 参考:approximate(大约的)

20

blasphemy

(英) n. 亵渎,渎神(profane or contemptuous speech; cursing) (考) castigation : disapproval \ blasphemy : irreverence(谴责表示十分不赞成\亵渎表示十分不敬) (记) (记)blas=blame(责备)+phem(出现)+y→受责备的事→亵渎 (同) 派生词: blasphemous (adj. 亵渎神明的)同根词:phenomenon(现象; 奇迹)

21

disaffection

(英) adj.(政治上)不满的,叛离的(unfriendlydiscontentedor disloyal) (考) officious : meddle \ disaffected : rebel(多管闲事的人喜欢干涉\不满的人喜欢反叛)反义词:win over(赢得好感) (记) dis+affect(友爱)→不再友爱→叛离的 (例) The people are becoming disaffected.

22

anthropology

(记) anthrop(人)+ology(学科)→人类学 (同) 派生词: anthropologist (n. 人类学家)

23

horticulture

(英) 园艺学(the art or science of growing flowersfruitsvegetablesor shrubsesp. in gardens or orchards) (考) tree : forestry \ flower : horticulture(林学研究树木\园艺学研究花) (记) horti(花园)+culture(培植)→园艺学 (同) 参考:hortitherapy(通过种花草而治病的园艺疗法)

24

choreography

(英) n. 舞蹈 (dancing);舞蹈编排 (the arrangement of the movements of a dance) (考) choreography : dance \ plot : story(舞蹈要编舞\故事要情节) (记) chore(歌舞)+graphy(写)→为歌舞编排动作 (同) 同根词:chorus(合唱队,歌舞团)

25

sleigh

(英) n.(马拉的)雪橇(large vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice)

26

skit

(英) n. 幽默讽刺短剧(a short humorous acted-out scene) (考) anecdote : story \ vignette : scene \ skit : play (drama)(轶事是一种故事\装饰图案是一种图案\幽默短剧是一种戏剧) (例) a skit on Macbeth

27

glitch

(考) glitch : flaw \ peccadillo : error(小故障和缺点\小错误和错误)

28

baseboard

(考) veneer : furniture \ baseboard : wall(镶板装在家具上\护壁板装在墙上)

29

incursion

(英) n. 侵犯,入侵(a suddenbrief invasion or raid) (考) 反义词:retreat(退却) (记) in(进入)+curs(跑)+ion→跑进来→入侵

30

horology

(英) n. 测时法,钟表制造术(the science or art of measuring time or making timepieces) (记) hor(=hour 时间)+ology→测时法

31

ostentatious

(英) n. 夸示,炫耀(showy display; pretentiousness) (记) ostent(显现)+ation→显现出来→炫耀 (例) the ostentation of a rich man

32

anarchy

(英) n. 无政府;政治上的混乱(political disorder) (考) 反义词: order(有序) (记) an+archy(统治)→不统治→无政府 (同) 派生词: anarchic (adj. 无政府的); anarchist (n. 无政府主义者)同根词:matriarchy(母权制); hierarchy(等级制度)

33

pilgrim

(英) n. 朝圣客,香客(one who travels to a shrine as a devotee) (考) shrine : pilgrim \ peak : climber(朝圣者去圣地\攀登者去顶峰) (例) Many pilgrims travel to a holy city.

34

bewail

(英) v. 悲哀(express sorrow over sth) (记) be+wail(哭恸哭) →使恸哭→悲哀

35

rend

(英) v. 撕裂(to split or tear apart);猛拉(to remove from place by violence; wrest) (考) 反义词:unite(使联合); mend(修补); repair(修理) (例) She wept and rent her garments.

36

testify

(英) v.见证,证实(to bear witness to: attest; prove) (记) test(验证,目击)+ify→见证 (例) refuse to testify against a friend(拒绝做不利于朋友的证词)

37

askew

(考) 反义词: aligned(排列成一行)

38

constellation

(英) n. 星座,星群 (an arbitrary configuration of stars) (考) constellation : star \ chord : note \ queue : person(星星组成星座\音符组成和音\人组成队伍) (记) con+stell(星星)+ation→星星在一起→星座、星群 (同) 同根词:stellar(星的,恒星的); interstellar(星际的)

39

anchorite

(英) n. 隐士(a person who lives alone ; hermit; recluse) (记) 分割记忆: anchor(铁锚)+rite(仪式) →像铁锚一样固定在一个地方不出来的人

40

bracket

(英) n. 托架(wooden or metal angle-shaped support) (考) buttress : wall \ bracket : shelf(扶壁用来支撑墙壁\支架用来支撑书架) (同) 近形词: racket(球拍)

41

accessory

(英) adj.附属的,次要的(extraadditional; supplementary; subsidiary) (考) 反义词:of primary importance(最重要的)

42

oversee

(英) v. 监督( watch to see that work is properly done) (记) over(在...上面)+see(看)→监督

43

herdsman

(英) n. 牧人(a person who keeps or tends a herd)

44

assuage

(英) v. 缓和,减轻(to lessenallayrelieve) (考) assuage : sorrow \ dampen : ardor \ muffle : sound(缓和减少痛苦\沮丧减少热情\蒙住减小声音)反义词:gall(使烦恼); intensify(强化); inflame(燃烧) ; harrow(使痛苦) (记) as+suage(甜)→变甜→缓和 (同) 同根词:suave(温和的,讨好人的)

45

streak

(英) n.线条,条纹(a line or mark of a different color or texture);v.加线条 (to have a streak) (例) The marble was streaked with green and grey.

46

definition

(英) (轮廓等)清晰定义(a putting or being in clearsharp outline) (考) amorphousness : definition \ lassitude : energy(无定形没有定形\疲乏没有精力) (记) de+fin(界限,结束)+ition→确定轮廓→清晰,定义; (同) 参考:affinity(吸引力)

47

grasping

(英) adj. 贪心的,贪婪的(eager for gain; avaricious; greedy) (记) 来自 grasp(抓取) (例) He is a grasping manalways eager to make more money.

48

weird

(英) adj.古怪的,荒唐的(oddfantastic) (例) a weird idea(怪念头)

49

subside

(英) v.(建筑物等)下陷(to tend downward;descend);(天气等)平息(to become quiet or less) (考) 反义词:promote(促进) (记) sub(下面)+side(坐)→坐下去→下陷 (例) The earth subsides.(地下陷)/The storm subsided.(暴风雨平息了)

50

transcribe

(英) v.抄写,转录 (to make a written copy) (记) trans(互相)+scribe(写)→照着写下→抄写 (同) 派生词: transcription (n. 抄写; 抄本) (例) transcribe a letter on the typewriter

51

fusion

(英) n. 融合; 聚变(union of atomic nuclei) (例) the fusion of copper and zinc to produce brass

52

humiliation

(考) catastrophe : mishap \ humiliation : embarrassment(灾难是大不幸\羞辱是大窘迫)

53

harbor

(英) n.港,避难所(retreat; shelter);v.包庇隐匿( to provide a place of protection to) (考) 反义词:evict(驱逐) (例) harbor a criminal(窝藏罪犯)\to harbor an ambition

54

retrogress

(英) v. 倒退,退化(to move backward; revert) (记) retro(向后)+gress(走)→倒退

55

fustian

(英) n. 空洞的话无意义的高调(bombast; rant) (例) Fustian can't disguise the author's meager plot.

56

puberty

(英) n.青春期,春情发动期(marked by maturing of the genital organs) (记) puber(成熟)+ty→进入成熟→青春期 (同) 同根词:pubescent(到达青春期的) (例) During pubertyboys′ voices get lower.

57

consign

(英) v. 托运 (to send or deliver);托人看管(to put in the care of another; entrust) (记) con+sign(签名)→签完名后交托→托运 (例) consign sb's name to oblivion(使某人默默无闻 )

58

undergird

(英) v. 加强(to strengthen from the bottom) (考) 反义词:undermine(削弱) (记) under(在...下面)+gird(束缚)

59

apparatus

(英) n. 仪器设备(set of instruments in scientific experiments) (例) laboratory apparatus

60

enmesh

(英) v.(通常被动)绊住陷入网(to catch or entangle in meshes) (考) 反义词:extricate(解脱) (记) en+mesh(网)→进入网中,mesh本身是一个单词意为'网眼罗网' (例) He was enmeshed in his own lies

61

scurvy

(英) adj. 卑鄙的,可鄙的(despicable) (考) 反义词:above reproach(无可指责的) (记) 不要和scurry(急赶)相混 (例) a scurvy fellow(卑鄙的家伙)

62

inconsistency

(英) 不一致不一贯(quality of being inconsistent) (记) in(不)+con(共同)+sist(站立)+ency→不站在一起→不一致

63

compress

(英) v. 压缩,浓缩 (to press together; contract) (考) 反义词: distention(膨胀); increase in volume(增大体积) (记) com+press(压)→全部压→压缩 (同) 同根词:depression(压抑,萧条); suppress(镇压)派生词: compression(n. 压缩)

64

bully

(英) v. 以强欺弱,威胁(to hurtfrightenor tyrannize); (考) instigator : incite \ bully : browbeat(煽动者煽动\欺凌弱小者欺辱)反义词:underdog(受压迫者) (记) bully 古意为'情人'在争夺情人的斗争中总是强的打败弱的所以有'欺负'之意 (同) n. bully(欺负别人者) (例) bullying smaller boys

65

oblique

(英) adj. 间接的( not straightforward);斜的(inclined) (考) 反义词:direct(直接的) (记) ob(躺)+lique(歪斜的)→斜的 (例) make oblique accusations(指桑骂槐)

66

arthritis

(记) arthr(连结,关节)+itis(炎症)→关节炎

67

fragrance

(英) n. 香料(pleasant or sweet smell) (例) Lavender has a delicate fragrance.

68

thatch

(英) n.茅草屋顶,茅草(a plant material used as a sheltering cover) (例) thatch huts of a fishing village(渔村茅舍)

69

meteorology

(英) n. 气象学 (the scientific study of weather conditions) (考) meteorology : weather \ pathology : disease \ demography : population(气象学研究天气\病理学研究疾病\人口统计学研究人口) (记) meteor(陨石; 天气)+ology

70

drawl

(英) v.\ n. 慢吞吞地说(to speak slowly) (考) lope : run \ drawl : speak(程度: 慢慢跑跑\慢慢说说)pontificate : pompous \ scoff : deisive \ drawl : slow \ bluster : loud \ prate :aimless(装腔作势讲话特点是华而不实\嘲弄的特点是嘲笑\慢吞吞说的特点是慢\咆哮的特点是大声\空谈特点是无目的) (记) 分割记忆: draw(抽)+l一点点抽出来→慢说 (例) My friends from Georgia have a southern drawl.

71

tempestuous

(英) adj.狂暴的(turbulentstormy) (考) 反义词:halcyon(宁静的)

72

hosepipe

(记) hose(软管)+pipe(管道)

73

irresolute

(英) adj. 优柔寡断的( showing uncertainty) (考) malleable : shape \ irresolute : opinion(可锻的形状可以改变\犹豫的观点可以改变) (记) ir(不)+resolute(adj. 坚决的)

74

eclecticism

(英) n. 折衷主义(an eclectic method or system of thought)

75

aggrandize

(英) v.增大,扩张(to make greatermore powerful) (考) 反义词:disparage(贬损) (记) ag+grand(大)+ize→增大 (同) 同根词:grandeur(宏伟); grandiloquent(说大话的)

76

appalling

(英) adj. 骇人的,可怕的(causing horrorshockor dismay) (同) 近形词: appealing(吸引人的)

77

perishable

(英) adj. (食物)易坏的(liable to spoil or decay) (例) Perishable food should be kept in the refrigerator.

78

gingerly

(英) adj. adv.小心的(地); 谨慎的(地)(very carefully)

79

pittance

(英) n.微薄的薪俸少量的收入(small allowance or wage) (考) 反义词:cornucopia(富饶) (例) He had received a mere pittance of education.(他只受过一点儿教育)

80

febrile

(英) adj.发烧的,热病的(of fever; feverish) (记) febr(热)+ile→发热的; (同) 参考:febrifugal(解热的)

81

astound

(英) v. 使震惊(overcome sb with surprise ) (例) We were astounded to read your letter.

82

liturgy

(英) n. 礼拜形式(prescribed forms or ritual for public worship) (记) lit(可能来自litter一群)+urg(工作)+y→一群人一起工作→作礼拜

83

rave

(英) n. \v.热切赞扬(an extravagantly favorable criticism);倾倒(talk irrationally indelirium) (考) 反义词:pan(严厉批评) (例) All the girls raved about the new singer.

84

enigmatic

(英) adj. 神秘的难解的(mysterious) (考) 反义词:free of ambiguity(清楚的); broadly known(广泛知道的); wildly accepted(广泛接受的); readily understood(易懂的) (例) the enigmatic Egyptian pyramids

85

unprepossessing

(考) 反义词:entrancing(使人入神的); winsome(迷人的) (记) un(不)+prepossessing(引人注意的)

86

diagnose

(英) v. 判断诊断(find out the nature of an illness by observing its symptoms) (记) dia(穿过二者之间)+gnose(知道)→穿过(皮肤)知道→诊断

87

desertification

(英) n. 背弃者逃亡者(person who deserts)

88

analgesic

(英) 镇痛剂(a drug that produces a fully conscious state in which a person does not feel painful stimuli); (考) analgesic : pain \ anesthetic : sensation \ palliative : symptom(镇痛剂可以消除疼痛\麻醉剂可以消除感觉\缓和剂可以消除症状)aseptic : disinfection \ anesthetic : numbness(消毒剂可以用来消毒\麻醉剂可以用来麻醉)tonic : invigorate \ analgesic : deaden(滋补品可以使强壮\镇痛剂可以使疼痛减 (记) an(没有)+alg(痛)+esic(药)→止痛药 (同) 同根词:nostalgia(怀旧); neuralgia(神经痛) (例) an analgesic medicine for one's headache

89

desirous

(英) adj. 渴望的( having or characterized by desire) (记) 注意desirable和desirous两个单词的意义不同,看下面的例句: (例) For this job it's desirable to know something about medicine.\ She has always been desirous of fame.

90

defile

(英) v. 弄污,弄脏 (to make filthy or dirty; pollute);n. (山间)小道(any narrow valley or mountain pass) (考) precipice : steepness \ defile : narrowness(山崖特点是陡峭\小道特点是狭窄) (记) de+file(=vile卑鄙的)→使…卑下→弄污 (例) Evil books defile the mind.

91

tamp

(英) v.捣实,砸实(to drive in or down by a succession of light or medium blows) (例) tamp the earth around the base of the seedlings

92

arcade

(英) n. 拱廊(a covered passageway usually lined with shops)

93

duct

(英) n. 管道槽(tube or channel carrying liquidgaselectric) (考) splint : immobilize \ duct : convey(夹板用来固定\管道用来运输) (记) duct本身就是词根意思是: 引导带来

94

accelerate

(英) v. 加速(to increase the speed);促进( to develop more quickly) (考) expedite : process \ accelerate : pace(加速进程\加快步伐)accelerate : speed \ prolong : duration (加快速度\延长时间)crescendo : sound \ acceleration : tempo(声音渐强增强的是声音\加速增加的是速度)反义词:retard(减速) (记) ac+celer(速度)+ate→加速 (同) 派生词:acceleration(n.加速);accelerating (adj. 加速的)同根词:celerity(速度迅速)decelerate(减速)

95

frank

(英) adj. 直率的(showing thoughts and feelings openly) (考) frank : secretiveness \ callow : maturity(坦率的对不坦率\不成熟的对成熟) (例) a frank reply

96

indemnify

(英) v. 赔偿,偿付(compensate for a loss; reimburse) (记) in+demn(损坏)+ify→使损坏消除→赔偿 (同) 同根词:condemn(谴责)

97

implicate

(英) v. 牵连(于罪行中)( involve in a crime) (记) im(进入)+plic(重叠)+ate→重叠进去→牵连 (同) 派生词: implication (n.牵连;暗示)

98

equestrian

(英) n.骑师(rider on horseback);adj.骑马的(of horse-riding)

99

pneumonia

(记) pneumon(肺,元气)+ia→肺炎 (同) 同根词:pneuma(元气,精神) ; pneumatic(元气的,精神的)

100

disbelieve

(英) v. 不相信(某人某事物)(refuse to believe sb\sth) (记) dis+believe(相信)

101

cumulus

(英) n. 积云(cloud formed ofroundedmassedheaped on a flat base) (记) 来自词根:cumul(堆积) (例) 积云(cloud formed of rounded massed heaped on a flat base)

102

plaintiff

(英) n. 原告(a person who brings a legal action) (记) plaint(哀诉,抱怨)+iff→哀诉的一方→原告 (同) 同根词:plaint(哀诉,起诉); complain(抱怨) (例) The plaintiff is suing the defendant for $100000._

103

jog

(英) v. 慢而平静地前进(to go on in a slowsteady manner) (考) jog : exercise \ barter : trade(慢跑是一种锻炼\易货贸易是一种贸易) (例) Our lives jog along from day to day.

104

elastic

(英) adj. 有弹性的灵活的(flexibleadaptiveresilientsupple) (考) ephemeral : endure \ inelastic : stretch(短暂的不持久\无弹性的不伸展)elastic : expand \ viable : live(有弹性的可以伸展\能活的可以活) (记) e+last(延长)+ic→可延长出去→有弹性的 (例) Rubber bands are very elastic.

105

chauvinism

(英) n. 沙文主义,盲目爱国主义 (fanatic patriotism; jingoism) (记) 来自一剧中人名:Chauvin,因其过分的爱国主义和对拿破仑的忠诚而闻名;

106

denude

(英) v. 脱去,剥蚀,剥夺 (to make bare or naked) (考) 反义词:cover(覆盖) (记) de+nude(=naked赤裸的)→完全赤裸→脱去 (同) 同根词:nudism(裸体主义);nudity(裸体) (例) He was denuded of all pride.

107

emphasize

(英) v. 强调着重(stress) (例) Which word should I emphasize

108

exacerbate

(英) v. 加重,恶化(aggravate diseasepainannoyanceetc.) (考) 反义词:alleviate(减轻); mitigate(减轻) (记) ex+acerb(苦涩)+ate→出现了苦涩→恶化 (同) 同根词:acerbic(酸苦的); acerbate(激怒) (例) The accident exacerbated the slow flow of traffic.

109

incite

(英) v. 激发,刺激(to stimulate to action; foment) (考) instigator : incite \ bully : browbeat(煽动者煽动\欺凌弱小者恫吓)exhortation : motivate \ persiflage : incite(劝告为了激发\挖苦为了刺激) (记) in(进入)+cite(唤起)→唤起情绪→激发 (同) 同根词:excite(兴奋); recite(背诵) (例) His words incited anger among the soldiers_

110

vegetation

(英) n.植物,草木,植被(plant life or total plant cover)

111

associate

(英) adj. 联合的(joined);n.合伙人(partnercolleague);v. 将人或事物联系起来(join people or things together) (考) politic : offend \ aloof : associate(精明的[人]不易冒犯\冷漠的[人]不易合作) (记) as(加强)+soci(同伴引申为'社会')+ate→成为社团→联合 (同) 派生词: association (n. 联合联盟协会))

112

indemnification

(英) n. 赔偿,赔偿金(recompense; reparation)

113

subjection

(英) n. 镇压(the act of subjecting);顺从(a state of dependence) (记) subject(服从的);sub[在...下面]+ject[扔] →扔下去→服从的)+ion

114

summarily

(英) adv.概括地(covering the main points);仓促地(quickly executed) (考) 反义词:after long deliberation(长时间考虑的) (记) summary(概括)+ly (例) be summarily executed(被仓促处决)

115

cushion

(英) n. 坐垫(a pillow or soft pad for sitting or kneeling on);v. 缓冲(to act as a cushion) (例) Nothing can cushion the severity of the electoral defeat.

116

incessant

(英) adj. 无间断的,连续的(continuing without interruption) (记) in(不)+cess(停止)+ant→不停止的→连续的 (同) 同根词:concession(让步); cessation(停止) (例) Jane bores me with her incessant talking.

117

wrench

(英) v.扭,拧 (to move with a violent twist) (例) wrench a screw off(用力拧下螺钉)

118

abacus

(考) abacus: calculate \ sextant: navigate(算盘用来计算\六分仪用来航海)

119

retentive

(英) adj. 有记忆力的(capable of keeping the memory of) (例) a retentive mind(记忆力强的脑子)

120

hearten

(英) v. 鼓励激励(make sb feel cheerful and encouraged) (考) mollify : anger \ hearten : dejection(平息消除愤怒\激励消除沮丧)反义词:dismay(沮丧) (例) We are much heartened by the latest developments.

121

crush

(英) v. 压坏(press or squeeze hard so that there is breakage or injury) (考) juggernaut : crush \ quisling : betray(不可抗拒力压倒\卖国贼背叛) (例) Don't crush the box; it has flowers in it.

122

epic

(英) 叙事诗史诗(long poem about the deeds of one or more great heroesor a nation's past history) (考) 反义词:modest(一般的; 适度的) (例) Homer's Iliad is a famous epic.

123

needle

(考) needle : knit \ loom : weave(针用来编织\织布机用来织布)leaf : oak \ needle : pine \ frond : fern(橡树上的树叶\松树上的针叶\蕨类植物的复叶)

124

bent

(英) n. 特长爱好(natural skill at sth ) (考) 反义词:ineptitude(愚笨) (例) a bent copper

125

wade

(英) v.涉水 (to step in water) (例) Let's wade across the water.

126

orthodontics

(记) ortho(正)+dont(=dent牙齿)+ics (例) My dentist specializes in orthodontics.

127

sufficient

(英) adj.足够的 (enough to meet the needs)

128

fauna

(英) n. 动物区系(the animals of a specified region or time) (记) 来自Fannus(潘纳斯),罗马神话中动物之神; (同) 参考:flora(植物区系)

129

crux

(英) n. 关键症结所在(essential or main point) (考) 反义词:peripheral element(外围要素)

130

bewitch

(英) v.对...施魔法;蛊惑(cast a spell over);令...心醉(captivate) (记) be+witch(女巫;迷人的女子) →使...被迷住 (例) He was bewitched by her beauty.

131

brattish

(考) tightfisted : parsimonious \ brattish : mischievous(同义: 吝啬的=吝啬的\淘气的=淘气的)

132

stanch

(英) v.制止(血液),止住(to check or stop the flowing) (考) damp : vibration \ stanch : flow(制止振动\制止流动) (记) stan(站)+ch→让(血液)站住→止住 (例) stanch a leak in a ship(堵住船上的漏洞)

133

laudatory

(英) adj. 表扬的,赞扬的(commendatory) (考) counsel : advice \ laud : homage(忠告给予建议\赞美给予敬意)反义词:invective(辱骂); diatribe(恶骂); execrable(极坏的); pejorative(变坏的)

134

mollify

(英) v. 安慰,安抚(to soften in feeling or temper; appease) (考) mollify : anger \ hearten : dejection(安抚减少愤怒\加油减少沮丧)反义词:ire(激怒); pique(激怒); rouse(激起); antagonize(对抗); discommode(使为难); vex(使烦恼) (记) moll(软)+ify→软化→安慰 (同) 同根词:emollient(润肤剂); mollescent(变软的) (例) The waiter mollified the angry diners with a free bottle of wine.

135

decode

(英) v. 译解(密码) (to translate a coded message ) (考) tacit : infer \ encoded : decode(含蓄的须推断\加密的须解密) (记) de+code(密码)→去密

136

horn

(考) trumpet : horn \ tambourine : drum(小号是一种号角\手鼓是一种鼓)horn : blow \ harp : pluck(吹喇叭\拔竖琴)

137

hydrate

(考) aerate : oxygen \ hydrate : water(充气需要氧气\水化需要水)反义词:desiccate(变干) (记) hydr(水)+ate→使水化→水化物

138

incorrigible

(英) adj. 积习难改的,不可救药的(that cannot be corrected) (考) incorrigible : reformed \ inscrutable : understood(难以纠正的无法被纠正\难以理解的无法被理解)反义词:tractable(易于管教的) (记) in(不)+corrigible(可以改正的) (例) an incorrigible liar

139

infertility

(英) n. 贫瘠(state of being barren) (记) in(不)+fertility(n.肥沃多产)

140

vitalize

(英) v. 激发(to endow with life) (考) 反义词:arrest(阻碍) (记) vital(有活力的)+ize

141

conscript

(英) v. 强行征兵,征召(to enroll for compulsory service in the armed forces; draft) (考) subpoena : witness \ conscript : soldier(传票召证人\征兵召士兵)emigrate : exile \ enlist : conscript(自动移居和驱逐\自动从军和强行征兵) (记) con+script(写)→把(名字)写入名单→征兵 (同) 同根词:prescription(处方; 命令); scripture(圣经圣典) (例) The soldier had been conscripted by the army against his will.

142

audacious

(英) adj.大胆的,愚勇的(daring; fearless; brave) (考) audacious : trepidation \ shiftless : aspiration(大胆的不会颤抖\无雄心的不会有热望)反义词:circumspect(慎重的);timid(胆小的) (记) aud(大胆)+acious(多…的)→大胆的 (例) The audacious employee asked the manager for a second raise.

143

tenable

(英) adj.站得住脚的,无懈可击的(defensiblereasonable) (考) ineluctable(inevitable) : avoid \ untenable : defend(不可避免的无法避免\不可防守的无法保护)反义词:unjustified(未经证明的); unsound(谬误的) (记) ten(拿住)+able→能够拿住的→站得住脚的 (例) Your plan is tenable and well-thought-out.

144

snob

(英) n.势利小人(one who blatantly imitatesfawningly admiresor vulgarly seeks association with those regarded as social superiors)

145

expedite

(英) v.使加速,促进(to speed up the process of) (考) expedite : process \ acclerate : pace(促进是加快过程\加速是加快步伐)反义词:retard(延迟) (记) ex+ped(脚)+ite→把脚跨出去→加速 (例) He used my credit card to expedite the ticket purchase.

146

sever

(英) v.切断,脱离 (divide) (记) 和severe(严重的)一起记 (同) 派生词: severance (n.切断,分离)

147

fledgling

(英) n. 正在学习飞行的幼鸟(a young bird just fledged);无经验的人(a younginexperienced person) (考) 反义词:experienced practitioner(有经验的从业者) (记) 分割记忆:fl看作 flyedge(边缘)鸟沿着边缘飞→刚学飞的幼鸟→羽毛长成的 (例) The young birds left the nest after they fledged.

148

characteristic

(英) 典型性的(forming part of the character of a person)与众不同的特征(distinguishing feature) (例) What characteristics distinguish the Americans from the Canadians ?

149

fidgety

(英) adj.烦躁的,不安的(nervous; uneasy)

150

asparagus

(考) 反义词: aligned(排列成一行)

151

hawker

(英) n. 沿街叫卖之小贩(a peddler or huckster)

152

summarize

(英) v. 总结,概括( make a short general statement)

153

avarice

(英) n.贪财,贪婪(too great a desire to have wealth; cupidity) (考) avarice : money \ gluttony : food(贪财喜欢钱财\贪食喜欢食物) (记) avar(渴望)+ice→渴求,贪婪;avid(渴望的)是同源词

154

pretentious

(英) adj. 自抬身价的(expressive of affectedunwarrantedor exaggerated importance) (例) He always uses pretentious language.

155

rakish

(英) adj. 潇洒的放荡的(jaunty; stylish; sporty; dissolute)

156

guileless

(考) 反义词:manipulative(耍手段的)

157

infliction

(英) n. (强加于人身的)痛苦,刑罚(something inflicted as punishment) (记) in(进入)+flict(打击)+ion→打击,痛苦 (同) 同根词:affliction(苦恼); conflict(冲突) (例) He endured many inflictions with patience.

158

remunerative

(英) adj. 报酬高的,有利润的(providing payment; profitable) (考) 反义词:unrequited(无报酬的) (例) remunerate sb. For his toil (报偿某人的辛劳)

159

synonymous

(英) adj.同义的(alike in meaning or significance) (考) synonymous : meaning \ interchangeable : function(同义的意义相同\可互换的功能相同) (记) 来自synonym(同义词),syn(共同)+onym(名字)

160

lacerate

(英) v. 撕裂(to tear jaggedly) (记) lacer(撕)+ate→撕开 (例) The fierce dog's teeth lacerated his leg.

161

pal

(英) n. 伙伴,好朋友(an intimate friend) (例) pal around with the kid next door(和邻家孩子结伴一起玩)

162

colorless

(英) adj. 无色的(without color);呆板而无趣的(dull and uninteresting) (考) 反义词:chromatic(彩色的) (例) a colorless character

163

cursory

(英) adj. 粗略的,草率的 (performed rapidly with little attention to detail; superficial) (考) 反义词:painstakingly thorough(仔细彻底的); slow and thorough(慢而彻底的); lucubration(沉思)-cursory consideration(草率考虑);fastidious(苛求的) (记) curs(跑)+ory→跑过去→粗略的 (同) 同根词:excursion(远足,旅游) (例) The busy manager gave the report a cursory glance.

164

foreboding

(英) n. 预感,预兆(to have a presentiment of something bad or harmful) (例) She had a foreboding that she'd never see him again.

165

reimburse

(英) v. 偿还(to pay back to someone; repay) (记) re(重新)+im(进入)+burse(钱包)→重新进入钱包→偿还 (同) 派生词: reimbursement (n. 偿还[的款项]) (例) We will reimburse you the cost.

166

rustle

(英) v.(使某物)发出轻而爽的声音(make slight sounds like silk moving or being rubbed together)

167

notoriety

(记) not(知道)+oriety(多)→人所共知 (例) The convicted criminal's sudden notoriety surprised us all.

168

blessing

(英) n. 神恩(God's favor and protection);祝愿(good wishes) (考) 反义词:bane(祸根) (例) I cannot give my blessing to such a proposal .

169

peremptory

(英) adj. 不容反抗的; 专横的(of imperious or arrogant self-assurance) (考) prohibitive : purchase \ peremptory : dispute(昂贵的无法购买\专横的无法争论)parsimonious : spent \ peremptory : fawn(小气的人不化钱\专横的人不低三下四)反义词:open to chanllenge(愿意接受挑战的) (记) per(全部)+empt(买)+ory→全部买下来_的→专横的_ (同) 同根词:preempt(优先取得); exemption(免除)

170

decency

(英) n. 正派端庄(quality of being respectable people would wish) (例) an offence against decency

171

meditation

(英) n. 沉思,冥想 (solemn reflection; deep thought) (记) 来自meditate(沉思),medit(中间)+ate→思考之中

172

spent

(考) precarious : stablility \ spent : efficacy(不稳定的无稳定\失去效能的无效能)

173

midget

(英) n. 侏儒( an extremely small person; dwarf) (记) 分割记忆:mid(中间)+get(得到)→到达中间状态→没长高→侏儒;注意dget结尾的单词:gadget(小工具),budget(预算) (例) The door was so low that only a midget could get through.

174

exuberant

(英) adj. (人)充满活力的(having good health and high spirits);(植物)茂盛的(growing profusely) (记) ex+uber(果实)+ant→出果实的→充满活力的 (同) 参考:udder(牛羊等的乳房)udder=uber (例) an exuberant young man(精力旺盛的年轻人)

175

bother

(英) v.打扰或烦扰某人(cause trouble to sb) (例) I am sorry to bother youbut could you tell me the way to the station ?

176

albeit

(英) conj. 虽然尽管(although) (例) I triedalbeit unsuccessfullyto contact him.

177

severe

(考) mitigate : severe \ qualify : general(缓和排除严重\限制排除一般)

178

wilt

(英) v.使…凋谢,枯萎 (to lose vigor from lack of water) (例) The crops wilted under the hot sun.(庄稼在烈日下枯萎了)

179

hapless

(英) adj. 不幸的(unfortunate; unlucky; luckless) (考) 反义词:fortunate(幸运的) (记) hap(运气)+less→无运气的 (同) 同根词:mishap(不幸); happy(高兴的)

180

blowhard

(英) n.自吹自擂者(a loudly boastful personbraggard) (考) blowhard : boastful \ toady : obsequious(吹牛者擅长吹牛\谄媚者擅长谄媚) (记) 分割记忆:blow-hard: 使劲吹→吹牛者

181

chimerical

(英) adj.荒诞不经的 (absurd);梦幻的 (imaginary; fantastic)

182

grain

(英) n. 谷物(small hard seeds of food plants);小的硬粒(tiny hard bit) (考) dross : metal \ chaff : grain(锻造金属去除浮渣\扬谷去除谷壳)catch : fish \ harvest : grain(捕捉获得鱼\收割获得谷物)miller : grain \ tanner : hide(磨房工人加工谷物\鞣革工人加工皮革)refinery : petroleum \ mill : grain(炼油厂加工石油\磨房加工谷物) (例) a grain of sandgold

183

respect

(英) n. 尊敬(admire or have a high opnion of sb\sth) (考) flip : respect \ nonchalant : concern(不尊敬缺乏尊敬\不关心缺乏关心)reverence : respect \ avidity : enthusiasm(程度:崇敬→尊敬\热望→热情)反义词:deride(嘲笑)

184

smother

(英) v.覆盖 (to cover thickly);(使)闷死(to kill through lack of air) (例) They were smothered by the dust after explosion. (他们被爆炸后的尘土憋得透不过气来)

185

originate

(英) v. 开始,起因,发源( have as an established starting point)

186

mysterious

(英) adj. 神秘的,难以理解的 (full of mystery) (考) 反义词:scrutable(可理解的) (记) 来自名词mystery(神秘)

187

vapid

(英) adj.索然无味的 (lacking liveliness; flatdull) (考) 反义词:bracing(令人鼓舞的); zealous(热情的) (记) vap(蒸气)+id→像蒸气的→乏味的 (同) 同根词:vaporous(有蒸气的);vapidity(乏味)

188

discontinuous

(英) adj. 不连续的(intermittent)

189

homage

(英) n. 效忠,崇敬(honor; allegiance) (考) counsel : advice \ laud : homage(忠告为了给建议\称赞为了表崇敬)反义词:disrespect(不尊重) (记) hom(=hum 人)+age→把别人当人看 (同) 同根词:homicide(杀人犯) (例) pay homage to sb

190

gem

(考) gem : turquoise \ flower : violet(土耳其玉是一种宝石\紫罗兰是一种花)

191

hurricane

(考) fire : inferno \ storm : hurricane(程度: 火→火海\暴风→飓风)snow : precipitation \ hurricane : cyclone(雪是一种降水\飓风是一种暴风)rain : deluge \ wind : hurricane(大雨形成暴雨\大风形成飓风)

192

crestfallen

(英) adj. 挫败的,失望的(dejecteddisheartenedor humbled) (记) crest(鸡冠)+fallen→鸡冠下垂→斗败了的

193

skeptical

(英) adj.怀疑的(having an attitude of doubt) (考) lethargic : stimulate \ skeptical : convince(刺激消除困乏\说服消除怀疑) (记) 参考:sceptical(怀疑的)

194

junction

(英) 交叉路口(place where roads or railway lines meet)连接(instance of joining or being joined) (考) confluence : streams \ junction : roads(河流在汇流处相交\道路在交叉点相交) (记) junct(连接)+ion→交会点

195

debutante

(英) n. 初次参加社交活动的少女(a girl or woman making a debut into society)

196

betrayal

(英) n. 背叛或被出卖(action of showing disloyalty) (记) 来自betray(v.出卖或背叛)

197

virulent

(英) adj. 剧毒的(extremely poisonous or venomous);恶毒的(full of malice) (考) 反义词:salubrious(有益健康的) (记) vir(=virus病毒)+ulent(多…的)→剧毒的 (例) virulent rumors(恶毒的谣言)

198

integrity

(英) n. 正直,诚实(honesty and sincerity);完整(entirety) (考) ecumenical : generality \ entire : integrity(一般的有一般性\整体的有整体性)反义词:incompleteness(不完全)

199

buxom

(英) adj. 体态丰满的(having a shapelyfull-bosomed figure)

200

anthology

(英) n. 诗集,文选(a collection of poemsstoriessongs) (考) compendium : summary \ anthology : collection(纲要是一种总结\诗选是一种文集) (记) anth(花)+ology→像花一样的文章→文选 (同) 同根词:anthesis(开花期); chrysanthemum(菊花)

201

retain

(英) v. 保留,保持 ( keep possession of);留住( hold in place) (考) 反义词:discard(扔掉) (记) re(回)+tain(拿)→拿回来→保留

202

disinfectant

(英) v. 为某物杀菌或消毒(clean by destroying germs that cause disease) (考) oil : lubricate \ antiseptic : disinfect(油有润滑作用\杀菌剂有消毒作用) (记) dis+infect(感染) →消除感染→消毒

203

magistrate

(英) n. 地方保安官(a minor official with limited judicial powers) (记) magistr(主人)+ate→作主人→地方官 (例) The magistrate performed the wedding ceremony.

204

molar

(记) mol(磨)+ar→磨的牙→臼齿

205

barrage

(英) n. 弹幕(a curtain of artillery fire)堰拦河坝(barrier built to store water for irrigation) (考) barrage : explosives \ deluge : rain(连续发炮形成弹幕\连续降雨形成暴雨)

206

cataclysm

(英) n.剧变,灾难(常指大洪水或地震)(any great upheaval; disaster) (记) cata(向下)+clysm(洗)→洗掉→大洪水 (同) 同根词:catacomb(地下墓穴); catalogue(分类目录)

207

repulsion

(英) n. 厌恶,反感 (very strong dislike);排斥力(the force by which one object drives another away from it) (考) 反义词:attraction(吸引力)

208

diminish

(英) v. 变小变少(cause sth to become smaller or less) (考) erode : diminish \ accrete : enlarge(侵蚀使减少\增加使扩大) (记) di(向下)+mini(小)+ish→小下去→缩小

209

debase

(英) v. 贬低,贬损(to make lower in valuequalitycharacterdignity) (考) debase : value \ enervate : vitality \ attenuate : force(降低价值\减少活力\削弱力量) (记) de+base(低)→低下去→贬低 (同) 同根词:basement(地下室); basis(基础) (例) Such unkind action debased you.

210

adduce

(英) v. 给予(理由)(to give as reason or proof);举出(例证)(cite as an example) (记) ad+duce(引导)→引导出→举出 (同) 同根词:induce(引诱)education(教育)

211

freight

(英) n. 货物; v.装货于船等(load a ship with freight) (例) a barge freighted with bananas

212

fermentation

(考) bacteria : decomposition \ yeast : fermentation(细菌有解体作用\酵母有发酵作用)

213

noxious

(英) adj. 有害的,有毒的(injurious; pernicious) (考) 反义词:beneficial(有益的) (记) nox(毒)+ious→有毒的; (同) 参考:nocuous(有害的) (例) The rats were poisoned by noxious fumes.

214

unscathed

(英) adj.未受损伤的,未遭伤害的 (wholly unharmed) (记) un(不)+scathed(损伤的) (例) He escaped unscathed from the car wreck.

215

decry

(英) v. 责难(to speak out against strongly and openly; denounce);贬低(价值) (to depreciate officially; disparage) (记) de+cry(喊)→向下喊→贬低; 注意不要和descry(看见,望到)相混

216

deliberately

(记) de(坏)+liberate(解放释放)+ly→释放坏(心思)→故意地

217

elongation

(英) n.延伸(the process of growing in length) (考) torque : rotation \ tension : elongation(力矩可以使旋转\张力可以使伸长)

218

safeguard

(英) n. 防卫措施,防范措施(guard against loss or injury) (考) safeguard : accident \ quarantine : contamination \ hedge : loss(警卫避免事故\隔离避免传染\篱笆避免损失) (记) 组合词:safe(安全的)+guard(保卫) (例) smear one's skin with suntan lotion as a safeguard against sunburn.

219

primate

(英) n. 灵长类(动物)(any of an order of mammals comprising humansapesmonkeys) (记) prim(最早的)+ate→最早的动物→灵长类

220

gangrene

(英) n.坏疽(decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply)

221

effluvia

(英) n.气味恶臭(stink);废料(a byproduct or residue) (考) 反义词:desired products(要求的产品) (记) ef(出)+fluv=flu(指流出不好的东西)+ia→流污水→恶臭

222

evolve

(英) v. 使逐渐形成进化(cause to develop naturally and gradually) (记) e(出)+volve(卷转) →转出来→发展进化 (同) 派生词: evolution (n. 进化进化论)

223

disruptive

(英) adj. 制造混乱的(causing disruption) (记) disrupt+ive

224

connive

(英) v. 默许(feign ignorance of another's wrongdoing);共谋(conspire) (记) con+nive(眨眼睛)→互相眨眼睛→共谋,纵容 (同) 派生词: connivance (n. 共谋,纵容); conniving (adj.搞阴谋的)

225

tantamount

(英) adj.与…相等的(equivalent in valuesignificanceor effect) (考) 反义词:incommensurate(不相称的) (记) tant(相等)+amount(数量)→等量的 (例) He considered the note tantamount to a declaration of war.

226

fusillade

(英) n.\v. (枪炮)齐射,连发(a simultaneous or rapid and continuous discharge of many firearms) (考) armada : vehicles \ fusillade : projectiles(船只组成舰队\炮弹组成连发) (记) 来自fusilier(火枪手)

227

secretive

(英) adj. 守口如瓶的(liking to keep one's thoughtsintentionsor actions hidden from other people) (考) 反义词:grandiloquent(夸大的,张扬的)

228

boor

(英) n.举止粗野的人(a rudeawkward person);乡下人(a peasant) (考) credulous : dupe \ insensitive : boor \ mischievous : imp(易上当之人轻信\鲁钝之人感觉迟钝\顽童顽皮)neophyte : experience \ boor : sensitivity(新手缺乏经验\鲁钝之人缺乏敏感)反义词: civil person(有礼貌的人)

229

calculus

(英) 微积分学(branch of mathematicsdivided into two parts that deals with problems involving rates of variation)

230

intolerant

(英) adj. 不容异己的(not tolerant; bigoted; illiberal) (记) 来自intolerate(不容忍)in(不)+tolerate(宽容)

231

thrust

(英) v. 猛力推(to push or drive with force);刺,戳(stabpierce) (例) He thrust his spade into the ground.

232

economize

(英) v. 节省(钱、时间)(to avoid waste or needless expenditure) (记) 来自 economy(经济节约)

233

saccharin

(考) butter : margarine \ sugar : saccharin(黄油和人造黄油\糖和人造糖精) (记) sacchar(糖)+in→糖精 (同) 同根词:saccharine(声调极甜的);saccharize(使糖化)

234

trilogy

(英) n. 三部曲(a group of three related books) (记) tri(三)+logy

235

hinge

(英) n. 铰链(a joint);关键(pivot) (例) The home is the hinge on which family life turns.

236

incubus

(英) n. 恶梦(a nightmare),梦魇般的精神压力,负担(burden) (记) in+cub(睡)+us,原指在妇女睡觉时和妇女同眠的怪物

237

skulduggery

(英) n.舞弊(underhanded or unscrupulous behavior) (记) 分割记忆:skul(=skull头颅,脑袋)+dug(挖)+gery→挖脑袋→想方设法作假

238

crumb

(英) n. 饼屑,面包屑(small particles of bread or cake);碎裂的东西(any bit or scrap) (考) pottery : shard \ bread : crumd(陶器和陶器碎片\面包和面包屑) (记) 和下面的crumble(弄碎)一起记,把面包弄碎(crumble the bread into crumbs) (例) Sweep up the crumbs from under the table.

239

lionize

(英) v. 崇拜,看重(to treat as a celebrity) (考) lionize : admire \ vituperate : despise(崇拜是十分钦佩\辱骂是十分鄙视) (记) lion(狮子)+ize→把人看作狮子→崇拜

240

resumed

(考) 反义词:truce(休战)-resumed fighting(继续战斗)

241

scramble

(英) v. 攀登(to move or climb hastily);争夺(to struggle eagerly for possession of sth.) (记) 分割记忆:scr看作scale(攀登)+amble(快走) (例) scramble up the ladder(爬上梯子)

242

amiable

(英) n. 和蔼的,亲切的(good naturedaffablegenialcordial) (考) 反义词:inimical(敌意的) (同) 派生词: amiability (n. 友好和蔼可亲) (例) She is amiablenot aloof.

243

destructible

(英) adj. 可破坏的(that can be destroyed) (记) de(坏)+struct(建立)+ible→把建造的东西弄坏→毁坏的

244

canary

(英) n. 谣言,假新闻(a false malicious report) (记) 和下面的canary一起记,联想:金丝雀特别会叫,似乎造谣(canary makes canard )

245

thrive

(考) 反义词:languish(衰弱); wizened(枯萎)

246

habituate

(英) v. 使习惯于(to make used to; accustom) (考) sensitization: allergic\habituation: inured(敏感化造成过敏\习惯化造成习惯) (记) habit(住,习惯)+uate习惯于; (同) 参考:habitude(习惯的行为方式)派生词: habituation (n. 习惯)

247

flinch

(英) v.畏缩,退缩(to draw back; to wince; cower; cringe) (考) droll : laugh \ grisly : flinch(滑稽的使人发笑\恐怖的使人畏缩) (记) 分割记忆:fl看作fly+inch(寸),一寸一寸向后飞→退缩 (例) We all flinched when we saw the cars collide.

248

dehydrate

(英) v. 除去水分,脱水(to remove water from) (考) detoxify : poison \ dehydrate : water(解毒去除毒素\脱水去除水)abraded : friction \ desiccated : dehydration(磨擦造成磨损\脱水造成干燥)dehydrate : water \ wither : vitality \ fade : brightening(脱水使水减少\衰退使精力减少\褪色使亮度减少)fatigue : rest \ de (记) de+hydr(水)+ate→去水,脱水; (同) 派生词: dehydration (n. 脱水)同根词:hydrant(水龙头); anhydrous(无水的)

249

permanence

(考) evanescent : permanence \ archaic : currency(易逝的对永久\陈旧的对现行)反义词:transience(短暂)

250

ingestion

(记) in(内)+gest(带来产生)+ion→带到里面→摄取

251

lithe

(英) adj. 柔软的,易弯曲的(flexible; supple; limber; lissome) (记) 参考blithe(欢乐的,轻快的)

252

unbridled

(英) adj.放纵的(violent; uncontrolled) (例) His unbridled tongue has often got him into trouble.

253

antipathy

(英) n. 反感厌恶(strong dislike) (考) 反义词:affection(友爱);benevolence (善意); settled fondness (坚定的喜爱); propensity (偏好) (记) anti+pathy(感情) →反感 (同) 同根词: apathy(冷漠); sympathy(同情)

254

scuff

(考) scuff : abrasion \ heat : vaporization(拖着走使磨损\加热使蒸发)

255

unconventionality

(考) 反义词:fidelity to custom(忠实于传统) (记) 来自形容词unconventional(非常规的)+ity

256

identification

(考) disguise : identification \ camouflage : detection(掩饰是为了防止识别\伪装是为了防止发现) (记) iden(相同)+tification→使东西相同→确认; (同) 参考:identical(同一的)

257

matriarchy

(英) n. 母权制;妇女统治(domination by woman) (记) matri(母)+archy(统治) (同) 同根词:matriculate(录取入学); matron(妻子,主妇)

258

manifold

(英) adj. 繁多的(having many and various forms);多种的(of many sorts) (记) mani(=many许多)+fold(折叠,层次)→多种的 (例) The newlywed couple received manifold blessings of their friends and relatives.

259

rag

(英) n. 旧布,碎布 (old cloth);破旧衣服(an old worn-out garment)

260

grandiloquent

(英) adj.(语言等)夸张的,夸大的(using high-flownpompousbombastic words) (考) gaudy : apparel \ grandiloquent : speak(俗丽的衣服\浮夸的语言)反义词:secretive(遮掩的) (记) grandi(大的)+log(说话)+ent_说大话的 (例) What he said were more grandiloquent than substantial.(他说的话流于浮夸)

261

annoying

(英) adj. 使人颇为生气的(causing slight anger ) (考) annoying : gadfly \ rude : churl(牛虻[讨厌的人]很烦人\乡下人很粗鲁) (例) This interruption is very annoying.

262

abstracted

(英) adj. 心不在焉的(withdrawn; absentminded)

263

gleanable

(英) v. 拾落穗(to gather grains left by reapers);收集(材料等)(to collect or find out) (例) glean information about sb's family

264

analytical

(英) adj. 分析的,分解的(of or using analysis) (记) 来自analysis(分析): ana+lysis(分开) →分开来→分析

265

probity

(英) n. 刚直,正直(uprightness; honesty) (考) disinterested : partisanship \ venal : probity(公正的不会有党派偏见\贪污的不会正直)反义词:turpitude(卑鄙); unscrupulousness(肆无忌惮)

266

hydroelectric

(英) adj. 水力发电的(using water-power to produce electricity) (记) hydro(水)+electric(电)

267

declaration

(英) n. 宣言宣布(formally announcing) (记) declare(宣称断言)+ation

268

periphery

(英) n. 外围,不重要的部分(the external boundary or surface) (记) peri(周围)+pher(带)+y→带到周围→外围 (例) Bill lives on the periphery of a big cityand he takes a bus downtown every day to work.

269

freeway

(英) n. 高速公路(a multiple-lane highway) (记) free(自由)+way→自由路→高速路; (同) 参考:free 所组合的词:freethinker(自由思想家),free-lance(自由作家)free-minded(心情轻松的)

270

moldy

(英) adj. 发霉的 ( covered with mold)

271

cuticle

(英) n. 表皮(the outer layer of the skin; epidermis)

272

scalding

(英) adj. 滚烫的(hot enough to scald)

273

insouciance

(记) in(不)+souci(担心)+ance→不担心→漠不关心

274

feeble

(英) adj.虚弱的(weakfaint) (例) a feeble old man

275

scepter

(英) n. 权利杖 (a staff as an emblem of authority);君权(sovereignty)

276

consort

(英) v. 结交(associate with);n. 配偶( husband or wife) (记) con(共同)+sort(类型) →同类相聚 (同) 同根词: assorted(各式各样的); resort(度假胜地常去地)

277

incinerate

(英) v. 焚化,毁弃(to burn to ashes; cremate) (记) in(进入)+ciner(灰)+ate→变成灰→焚化 (同) 同根词:cinerary(灰的,骨灰的)

278

bale

(英) n.大包裹(a large bundle);灾祸,不幸(evil; disaster) (记) bale来自ball(球)→大包裹,负担→不幸

279

greenhouse

(考) greenhouse : plant \ incubator : infant(植物在温室中成长\婴儿在保育器中成长)

280

languish

(英) v. 衰弱(to lose vigor or vitality); (考) 反义词:thrive(茁壮成长) (例) She languished for his love and gave him languishing looks.

281

catalyst

(英) 催化剂促使事情发展的因素(a person or thing acting as the stimulus in bringing about or hastening a result) (考) enzyme : catalyst \ bacterium : microbe(酶是一种催化剂\细菌是一种微生物)反义词:inhibitor(抑制剂) (记) cata(下面)+lyst=(溶解)→起溶解作用→催化

282

venture

(英) n. 风险投资,冒险事业; v. 冒险( risk something dangerous) (记) vent(来到)+ure→来到危险→冒险

283

dock

(英) v. 剪短(to shorten the tail by cutting)扣除…的一部分(to deduct a part from wages) (例) Bob's pay was docked for being late.

284

rescript

(英) n. 公告,法令 (an authoritative orderdecree);重抄(the act of rewriting) (记) re(重新)+script(写)→重抄,公告

285

instruct

(英) v. 教授科目或技巧; 指导(give orders or directions) (考) didactic : instruct \ comic : amuse(教诲的目的是教导\喜剧的目的是娱乐) (记) in(进)+struct(建立) →把知识建立进去→指导

286

table

(英) v.搁置,不加考虑(to remove from consideration indefinitely) (考) 反义词:consider(考虑) (例) The investigation was temporarily tabled due to more pressing business.

287

subscribe

(英) v.捐助( to give something in accordance with a promise);订购 (to enter one's name for a publication or service) (记) sub(下面)+scribe(写)→签署,写下订单→订购 (例) subscribe a large sum to the flood relief fund/subscribe a journal(订刊物)

288

deductive

(英) adj. 推理的(reasoning by deduction) (记) deduce+tive

289

verbal

(英) adj. 口头的 (spoken) (记) verb(词语)+al

290

deferential

(英) adj. 顺从的恭顺的(showing deference) (考) deferential : offend \ intransigent : acquiesce \ scornful : respect(顺从的不会冒犯\不妥协的不会同意\轻蔑的不会尊敬) (记) 来自defer(v.延期敬从;de[坏]+fer[带来] →带来坏→延期;de[强调]+fer→一再带来敬意)

291

hubris

(英) n. 过分自傲,目中无人(wanton insolence or arrogance) (考) hubris : pride \ flattery : praise(自大是过分骄傲\奉承是过分赞扬)parsimony : frugal \ hubris : proud(吝啬是过分节敛\狂妄是过分骄傲)反义词:humility(谦卑) (记) 分割记忆:hub(中心)+ris 看作 rise→中心升起→以(自我)为中心→目中无人

292

decoy

(英) v.诱骗(lure or bait) (例) They decoyed him into a dark street.(他们诱骗他走进一条黑黝黝的街道)

293

philology

(记) phil(爱)+ology(语言)→语言学

294

obstruct

(英) v. 阻塞,截断(to block with obstacles; clog) (考) 反义词:facilitate(加速进行); unocclude(顺畅的)-obstructed (记) ob(反)+struct(建造)→反对建造→阻塞 (同) 派生词: obstruction (n. 阻挠,障碍); obstructionist (n. 妨碍者) (例) The crash obstructed the road for several hours.

295

throttle

(英) v.掐脖子(choke); 扼杀(suppress);n.节流阀(a valve for regulating the supply of a fluid to an engine) (记) throt(=throat喉)+tle→掐脖子 (例) The thief throttled the dog to keep it from barking.

296

sluice

(英) v.冲洗(to wash with water) (例) sluice a deck with hoses(用水龙带冲洗甲板)

297

knit

(英) 编结针织(to make [cloth or a piece of clothing] by looping yarn or thread together with special needles) (考) needle : knit \ loom : weave(针用来编织\织布机用来织布)knit : yarn \ plait : hair(编织用纱线\编辫用头发)反义词:ravel (拆开) (例) to knit scarves \ to knit one's brow when confused

298

mores

(英) n. 风俗习惯,道德观念(folkways conductive to the welfare of society) (记) 分割记忆:more+s,mor(道德); (同) 参考:moral(道德的) (例) the mores of an author(作者的道德观)

299

primeval

(英) adj. 原始的早期的(of the earliest times) (记) prim(最早)+ev(时间)+al

300

fallacious

(英) adj.欺骗的(misleading or deceptive);谬误的(erroneous) (考) 反义词:valid(正确的) (例) the fallacious gossip about the movie star

301

frowzy

(英) adj. 不整洁的,污秽的(dirty and untidy; slovenly; unkempt) (考) 反义词:dapper(整洁的) (记) 也作 frowsy; 联想记忆:frow(家庭主妇)或 frown(皱眉头),家庭主妇做家务,所以不整洁(frow→frowzy),不整洁所以皱眉头(frown)

302

inapparent

(英) adj. 不明显的不显著的(not clear) (考) 反义词:ostensible(表面的) (记) in(不)+apparent(adj.显而易见的)

303

moderate

(英) adj. 不过分的,有节制的(not extremeexcessiveorintense);v. 减轻,节制(to make temperate; reasonable) (考) moderate : intensity \ extenuate : seriousness(缓和是消除强度\减轻是消除严重) (例) The wind was strong all daybut it moderated after sunset.

304

slanderous

(英) adj.诽谤的(false and defamatory oral statement) (记) slander(诽谤)+ousslander可能来自 scandal(丑闻,诽谤)

305

beat

(英) v.心跳(pulsatevibrate);搅拌(to mix by stirring; whip) (考) grow : burgeon \ beat : palpitate(成长和快速成长\跳动和快速跳动) (同) 派生词: beater (n. 搅拌器)

306

condign

(英) adj.罪有应得的;适宜的([of punishment] severe and well deserved) (考) 反义词:undeserved(不应该的); unmerited(不配的) (记) con+dign(高贵)→惩罚罪行,弘扬高贵 (同) 同根词:indignant(愤怒的);indignity(侮辱)

307

impertinent

(英) adj. 不恰当的,粗鲁的(saucy; insolent; impudent) (考) 反义词:obeisant(尊敬的) (记) im(不)+pertinent(恰当的)→不恰当的 (例) You should apologize for your impertinent behavior.

308

loathe

(英) v. 憎恨,厌恶(abhor; detest; hate) (记) 来自loath(不愿意的,厌恶的)分割记忆:l(看作leave)+oath(誓言)→发誓离开→憎恨 (例) Tom loathes travelling by air.

309

partition

(英) n. 隔开; 隔墙(division) (记) part(部分)+ition→分成部分→分开 (例) Mary hung a calendar on her partition at work.

310

alert

(英) adj. 警惕的机警的(quick to think or act);n. 警报(warning); (考) stupor : alert \ despair : hopeful (昏迷不再机警\绝望不再有希望) (同) 派生词: alertness (n. 警戒戒备)

311

sermonize

(英) v.说教,讲道(to compose or deliver a sermon) (记) sermon(布道)+ize; (同) 参考:homiletics(布道学)

312

euphoria

(英) n. 幸福愉快感(feeling of vigorwell-beingor high spirits) (记) eu(好)+phor(带来)+ia(病)→带来好处的病→欣快 (同) 同根词:semaphore(信号灯)

313

edify

(英) v. 陶冶启发(to enlightenor uplift morally or spiritually) (记) ed(吃)+ify(表示动作)→吃下去→启发,陶冶 (同) 同根词: edible(可食的); edacious(暴食的)派生词: edification (n. 陶治,教诲); edifying (adj 开导的启发的) (例) He reads edifying books to improve his mind.

314

retroactive

(例) The new law was made retroactive to 1 January.

315

profusion

(英) n. 丰富,大量(great quantity);浪费(lavish expenditure) (考) 反义词:paucity(稀少) (例) a profuse spender(大手大脚化钱的人)

316

crescendo

(英) n. (音乐)渐强,高潮 (a gradual increase in loudness) (考) crescendo : sound \ acceleration : tempo(渐强是加强声音\加速是加快速度) (记) crescend(成长,上升)+o→(音乐)渐强 (同) 同根词:crescent(新月)

317

apolitical

(英) adj. 不关心政治的(not interested in politics) (记) 分割记忆: apo(离开远离)apolitical→远离政治的→不关心政治的

318

equation

(英) n. 等式(two expressions connected by the sign'=');等同相等(action of making equal ) (记) equate+ion

319

radius

(英) n. 半径 (a straight line going from the side of a circle to the center) (考) spoke : hub \ radius : center(轮辐到轮轴距离相同\半径到圆心距离相同)

320

elixir

(英) n.万灵药长生不老药(cure-all; panacea)

321

loiter

(英) v. 游荡(to linger);走走停停(to walk or move slowly and indolently (例) The tourists loitered about the town squarebrowsing through several of the shops. (browsing: 浏览)

322

corporate

(英) adj. 团体的 (having the nature of a corporation);共同的(shared by all members of a unified group) (记) corpor(身体团体)+ate→是一个团体的 (例) a company's corporate policies

323

apparition

(英) n. 幽灵,神奇的现象(a strange figure appearing suddenly and thought to be a ghost) (记) appar(出现)+ition→出现的幽灵; (同) 参考:appearance(出现,外貌),来自同一词源

324

exhortation

(考) exhortation : motivate \ invective : discredit \ persiflage :incite(劝告为了激发\指责为了羞辱\嘲弄为了激起情绪)exhortative : urge \ didactic : teach(力劝的[东西]敦促\教悔的[东西]教育)

325

generator

(英) n. 发电机(dynamo)

326

torridness

(考) 反义词:frigidity(寒冷)

327

tirade

(英) n.长篇的攻击性讲话 (longangry speech) (考) bombast : pompous \ tirade : critcal(夸大言辞是夸大的\攻击性演说是批评的)anger : tirade \ exaggeration : hyperbole(攻击性演说表达愤怒\夸张法表示夸张)反义词:dispassionate speech(心平气和的演说) (记) tir(拉)+ade→拉长的话→长篇演说

328

hoist

(英) 吊高升起(to lift or pull up by means of a cablepulleycraneetc. );起重机(an apparatus for raising heavy things; elevator; tackle) (考) bolster : support \ tackle : hoist(枕梁起到支撑作用\滑索起到拉升作用) (例) The war hoisted prices.(战争使物价上涨)

329

deposition

(英) n. 免职(removal from office or position);沉积 (the laying down of matter);作证(to make a testimony) (考) 反义词:perjury(伪证); process of eroding(侵蚀过程) (例) The head of state was deposed by the army.

330

syllogism

(英) n. 三段论法(a reasoned argument in which there are two statements which must lead to a third statement) (考) remonstrance : offend \ syllogism : disprove(抗议是为了反对\三段论是为了反驳)

331

dwarf

(英) 侏儒矮小的植物(any human beinganimalor plant that is much smaller than the usual one of its species) (例) a dwarf apple tree\ the art of dwarfing trees.

332

exhilaration

(记) exhilarate(v.使高兴;ex[出]+hilar[高兴]+ate→高兴溢于言表)+ation

333

dynamic

(英) adj. 动态的(opposed to static);有活力的(energetic; vigorous) (记) dynam(力量)+ic→有活力的; n. dynamics(力学) (同) 同根词: dynamo(发电机); dynamite(炸药) (例) a dynamic dancer

334

patch

(英) n. 补丁(a piece of material used to mend or cover a hole);一小片(土地)(a small piece) (例) a patch of cloud in the blue sky \ a patch of cabbages

335

troth

(英) n.(婚姻)宣誓(pledge of good faith in betrothal)

336

clarion

(英) n.尖音小号声(shrilltrumpetlike sound) (考) 反义词:soft and undistinct(低声难辨的)

337

forebear

(英) n. 祖宗祖先(person from whom one is descended)

338

ebb

(英) v. 退潮(to flow back; recede);衰退(decline; wane) (例) Water washed up on the shorethen slowly ebbed away. The politician's popularity has ebbed.

339

acclaimed

(英) 欢呼的称赞的 (记) 来自acclaim(v.欢呼喝彩 ac[一再]+claim[呼喊] →一再喊→欢呼)

340

upheaval

(英) n.动乱,大变动 (extreme agitation or disorder) (记) 来自upheave(举起,鼓起),up+heave(举起,胀起) (例) political upheavals(政治动乱)

341

putrefy

(英) v.使腐烂(to make putrid) (记) putr(腐烂)+efy→使腐烂,注意不要和petrify(石化)相混

342

dynamite

(英) adj. 动人心弦的(exeremely inspiring);n.炸药(explosives) (例) That news story is really a dynamite.

343

crockery

(英) n. 陶器瓦器(cupsplatesdishes made of baked clay)

344

harp

(考) horn : blow \ harp : pluck(吹喇叭\拔竖琴)

345

fertilizer

(英) n.肥料化肥(natural or artificial substance added to soil to make it more productive) (记) 来自fertilize

346

memento

(英) n. 纪念品(souvenir) (记) mement(时刻)+o→记住那一时刻→纪念品

347

designation

(英) n. 指定(pointing out or marking out; indication);名称,称呼(title) (记) de+sign(标出)+ation→标出来→指定; (同) 参考:design(设计)

348

receptive

(英) adj.善于接受的(open and responsive) (考) patriotic : chauvinistic \ receptive : gullible(沙文主义是过分爱国\轻信是过分易接受) (记) recept(接受)+ive (例) He's not very receptive to my suggestions.

349

stout

(英) adj.肥胖的(bulky in body);强壮的(sturdyvigorous) (例) a stout wall(坚固的墙)/stout legs(粗壮的腿)

350

pedagogy

(英) n. 教育学,教学法(the artscience of teaching) (记) ped(儿童)+agog(引导)+y→引导儿童之学→教学 (同) 同根词:demagogue(煽动者) (例) The old-fashioned teacher dismissed modern methods of pedagogy.

351

valor

(英) n.英勇 (personal bravery) (记) val(强大)+our→强壮,勇敢 (同) 同根词:valid(有效的);valorous(英勇的)

352

wrongdoing

(英) n. 不道德的行为,坏事(badevilor illegal behavior) (例) such wrongdoing should be punished

353

fraud

(英) n. 欺诈,欺骗(deceit; trickery);骗子(impostor; cheat) (考) forgery : counterfeit \ embezzlement : fraud(伪造品是一种赝品\贪污是一种欺骗)

354

impostor

(英) n. 冒充者,骗子(person who deceives under false name) (记) im(进入)+post(放)+or→把自己放入别人的角色→冒充者 (同) 派生词: imposture (n. 冒名顶替,欺骗)

355

figurine

(英) n.小塑像,小雕像(a small sculptured or molded figure; statuette) (考) colossus : figurine \ boulder : pebble(大小: 巨型雕像小雕像\大卵石小卵石)vestige : remainder \ figurine : statue(遗迹是一种遗物\小雕像是一种雕像) (记) figure(人物)+ine(小的)→小人物→小雕像

356

reenact

(记) re(再)+enact(制定,扮演)

357

adaptable

(英) adj.有适应能力的(able to adjust oneself to new circumstances);可改编的,可改写的(that can be adapted) (记) adapt(适应)+able(能…的);注意: adept(adj. 老练的); (同) 派生词: adapt(v.适应改写);adaptor(变压器)同根词:aptitude(能力); ineptitude(无能ept=apt)

358

exactitude

(英) n. 极端的正确性或精确性(over-correctness) (考) 反义词:imprecision(不精确) (记) exact(精确的)+itude

359

benevolent

(英) adj. 善心的,仁心的(kindlycharitable) (考) sage : wisdom \ philanthropist : benevolence(哲人有智慧\慈善家有善心)反义词: antipathy(厌恶); truculence(凶残) (记) bene(好)+vol(意志)+ent→好意的 (同) 派生词: benevolence (n. 善心,仁心)同根词: volition(意志决心); malevolent(恶意的)

360

duplication

(英) n. 复制重复(being duplicated) (例) Duplication of effort is a waste of time.

361

sovereign

(英) n.最高统治者,元首(one that exercises supreme authority) (记) sove(=over超过)+reign(统治) (例) The true sovereigns of a country are those who determine its mode of thinking.

362

confess

(英) v. 承认,供认(admit that one has done wrong) (考) recantation : error \ confession : crime(认错是承认错误\供认是供认罪行) (记) con(全部)+fess(说) →全部说出→坦白 (同) 同根词: profess(声称讲授); professor(教授)派生词: confession(自白招供)

363

mildew

(英) 霉(因潮湿而生)(a disease of plant; whitish coating on the affected partscaused by any of various fungi) (记) mild(潮湿)+dew(露珠)→潮湿的露珠产生霉 (同) 派生词: mildewed (adj. 陈腐的) (例) a mildewed joke(陈腐的笑话); \ a mildewed book

364

treaty

(英) n. 条约(an agreement made between countries);协议(agreement between people) (考) rectify : treaty \ confirm : hypothesis(调整协议\确认假设) (记) treat(处理)+y→做出处理的文件→条约

365

belongings

(英) n.所有物,财产(possessions; property)

366

evaporate

(英) v. (使某物)蒸发掉(cause sth to change into vapor and disappear) (考) evaporate : vapor \ petrify : stone(蒸发产生蒸汽\石化产生石头)volatile : evaporate \ soluble : dissolve(易挥发的容易挥发\易溶解的容易溶解) (记) e(出) +vapor(水汽)+ate→使水汽出来→蒸发

367

deduce

(英) v. 演绎推断(arrive at a theory by reasoning) (记) de(向下)+duce(引导) →向下引→推论

368

dissolved

(考) clot : dissolved \ crowd : dispersed(凝块被溶解\人群被驱散)

369

melancholy

(英) adj. 忧郁的(depressed);令人悲伤的(causing depression) (记) melan(黑色)+chol(=bile胆汁)+y→胆汁发黑→忧郁的 (同) 派生词: melancholic (adj. 忧郁的 ) (例) The melancholy song made me cry.

370

stature

(英) n. 身高,身材 (nature height in an upright position) (记) stat(站)+ure(状态)→站的状态→身高 (例) She was rather small in stature.

371

dodge

(英) v. 闪开,躲避(shift suddenly to avoid a blow) (考) escape : capture \ dodge : blow(逃跑是为了防止被捕获\躲避是为了防止被打击) (例) Mike dodged the cars. to dodge controversial issues.

372

medium

(英) n. 媒介(something intermediate);(细菌等)生存环境(any surrounding or pervading substance in which bodies exist or move) (考) plant : soil \ organism(bacterium): medium \ parasite : host(植物生长在土壤中\生物体(细菌)生长在培养基中\寄生虫生长在宿主身上) (记) medi(中间)+um→中间物,媒介 (例) A fish in water is in its natural medium.

373

primary

(英) adj. 首要的(chief; main; principal);起初的(earliest in time)

374

anachronistic

(英) adj. 时代错误的落伍过时的(old-fashioned) (考) anachronistic : time \ discordant : sound(年代错误是时间错误\不和谐是声音错误) (记) 联系anachronism(n.时代错误;ana[错误在旁边]+chron[时间]+ism→时代错误)

375

relocate

(英) v. 重新安置,迁徙(establish in a new place) (记) re(重新)+locate(定位)

376

actuarial

(英) adj. (保险)精算的;保险计算的(calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics) (记) actual(精确的实际的)+arial; (同) 派生词: actuary (n.精算师)

377

ersatz

(英) adj. 代用的,假的(substitute or synthetic; artificial)

378

perseverance

(英) n. 不屈不挠,坚持不懈 (continual steady effort) (考) 反义词:cessation of effort(停止努力)

379

indispensability

(考) indigent : wealth \ redundant : indispensability(穷困的没有财富\多余的不是不可缺少)

380

rive

(考) 反义词:unite(联合)

381

immoderate

(英) adj. 无节制的,过度的(without restraint; excessive) (记) im(不)+moderate(节制的)→不节制的 (例) She never drinks an immoderate amount of beer.

382

inestimable

(英) adj. 无法评价的难以估量的(too greatprecious to be estimated) (记) in(不)+estimable(可估量的)

383

distinguished

(英) adj. 著名的,卓越的(celebrated; eminent) (记) 来自 distinguish(区别)dis+stingu(刺激)+ish (同) 同根词: instigate(教唆煽动); extinguish(熄灭) (例) A distinguished actor starred in the play.

384

lurk

(英) v. 潜伏,埋伏(to stay hidden; lie in wait) (考) lurk : wait \ abscond : depart \ hoard : save(潜伏是偷偷地等\潜逃是偷偷地走\隐藏是偷偷地藏) (例) A snake was lurking in the grass. Guerrillas lurk in the forests.

385

candid

(英) adj. 率直的(not hiding one's thoughts) (考) 反义词: dissembling(掩饰的) (记) cand(白发光)+id→白的→坦白的

386

defunct

(英) adj. 死亡的 (dead or extinct) (记) de+funct(功能)→无功能→过时的 (同) 同根词:dysfunction(功能失调) (例) defunct ideas

387

metaphysics

(英) n. 形而上学,玄学(a branch of philosophy) (考) insect : butterfly \ philosophy : metaphysics(蝴蝶是一种昆虫\形而上学是一种哲学) (记) meta(变化,超过)+physics(物理)→在物理之上→形而上学

388

unspoken

(记) un(不)+spoken(说出的)

389

fathomable

(考) 反义词:occult(神秘的); measurable(可测量的)

390

demographic

(记) 来自demography(n. 人口统计学;demo[人民]+graphy[学科] →人口学)

391

mortification

(英) n. 耻辱,屈辱(shamehumiliationchagrin)

392

hitherto

(英) adv. 到目前为止(until now) (例) a woman referred to hitherto as Mrs X

393

compass

(英) n. 指南针罗盘; 界限范围(scoperange) (考) thermometer : temperature \ compass : direction(温度计用来测温度\指南针用来指方向) (记) com(共同)+pass(通过) →共同的地方→做事的范围

394

surrender

(英) v. 投降( give in to the power);放弃( give up possession or control of ) (考) inalienable : surrendered \ implacable : propitiated(无法剥夺的不能放弃\无法平静的不能安抚)反义词:appropriate(挪用侵占) (记) sur(在...下面)+render(给予)→把(枪)放下去→投降

395

reparation

(英) n. 赔偿,补偿(repairingrestorationcompensation)

396

void

(英) adj. 空的,缺乏的(empty) (例) an aching void left by the death of her child

397

musket

(英) n. 旧式步枪 (a type of gun used in former times) (考) daguerreotype : photograph \ musket : firearm(早期银板相片是老相片\早期步枪是老枪炮)

398

encomiastic

(英) adj.赞颂的赞颂者的(praising; eulogistic)

399

elaborate

(英) adj. 精致的,复杂的(fullness of detail or ornateness; exquisite) (考) 反义词:abstract(抽象的摘要的) (记) e+labor(劳动)+ate→(努力)劳动出来的→精致的 elaborate[I'lXbEreIt]v. 详尽地说明阐明 (英) v. 详尽地说明阐明(to describe in detail; elucidate) (考) fawn : imperiousness \ equivocate : directness \ articulate : unclear \ elaborate : sketchy(奉承的反面特征是傲慢\含糊其词反面特征是直接\清楚地说反面特征是不清楚\详述的反面特征是粗略)反义词:simplify(简化) (例) Don't elaborate! I don't want to hear every little detail.

400

preside

(英) v. 任主席; 负责(act as presidentchairman);指挥(to exercise control) (记) pre(前面)+side(坐)→坐在前面→主持,指挥; (同) 参考:president(总统,校长) (例) When court is in sessionthe judge presides.

401

perilous

(英) adj. 危险的,冒险的(full of peril; hazardous) (例) The journey through the jungle was perilous.

402

oscillate

(英) v. 摆动(to swing regularly);犹豫(vacillate; swing) (考) oscillation : swing \ momentum : scooter(振荡使秋千运动\动力使滑车运动) (记) oscil(摆动)+late→摆动 (同) 同根词:oscillatory(摇摆不定的); oscilloscope(示波计)派生词: oscillation (n. 振动,踌躇) (例) The seismograph needle

403

hindmost

(英) adj. 最后面的(furthest behind)

404

defalcate

(英) v.盗用公款(embezzle) (例) He has defalcated with $10000 of the company's money.

405

missive

(英) n.信件;(尤)公函(letter; written statement)

406

bland

(英) adj. (人)情绪平稳的 (pleasantly smooth);(食物)无味的(insipid))(考) 反义词:pungency(刺激)-blandness(平淡); tangy(刺激性的) (记) bland本身可作词根意为“温和奉承”; 参考:blandishments

407

spongy

(英) adj.像海绵 (resembling a sponge);不坚实的not firm or solid) (记) 来自sponge(海绵)+y

408

unitary

(记) uni(单一)+tary

409

context

(英) n. 语句等的上下文(words that come before and after a wordphrasestatement) (记) con(共同)+text(编织) →共同编织在一起的→上下文 (同) 同根词: textile(纺织品); texture(质地结构)

410

dignity

(英) n. 尊严尊贵(quality that deserves respect) (记) dign(值得高贵)+ity→威严庄严 (同) 同根词: indignant(愤慨的); dignify(使高贵)

411

nutritious

(英) adj. 有营养的,滋养的 (nourishing) (例) a nutritious snack

412

ensure

(英) v. 确保担保(make sure) (记) en+sure(确定的) →进入确定→确保

413

invert

(英) v. 上下倒置,相反放置(to turn upside down) (例) I inverted the glasses so the water would drain out of them.

414

obeisance

(英) n. 鞠躬,敬礼(a gesture of respect or reverence) (考) obeisance : reverence \ embrace : affection(鞠躬表示敬意\拥抱表示友情)反义词:impertinent(鲁莽的)-obeisant(有礼的) (记) obey(服从)+sance→服从的态度→鞠躬 (例) They made the traditional obeisance to their monarch.

415

effete

(英) adj. 无生产力的(spent and sterile);虚弱的(lacking vigor) (考) 反义词:hale(强健的) (记) ef(出)+fete(=fetus 胎儿)→不再出胎儿→不生育的

416

quadrangle

(英) n.四边形(quadrilateral) (记) quadr(四)+angle(角)

417

mediate

(英) v. 调停(to bring about by conciliation) (考) faultfinder : criticize \ arbitrator : mediate(吹毛求疵者批评\仲裁者调停) (记) medi(中间)+ate→在中间→调停,调解,注意不要和meditate(沉思)相混 (例) The government mediated between the workers and the employer.

418

veil

(英) 面纱(a covering of thin material for the head or face)遮蔽物掩蔽物(something which covers or hides something else)以面纱掩盖(cover with a veil) (考) curtain : stage \ veil : face(幕布遮挡舞台\面纱遮挡脸)

419

podiatry

(英) n. 足病科(the medical care and treatment of the human foot) (考) dermatologist : skin \ podiatrist : feet(皮肤科医生看皮肤\足科医生看脚) (记) pod(足,脚)+iatry(医学科)→足病科; (同) 参考:podiatrist(足病医生)

420

assured

(英) adj. 自信的(confident);确定的(made sure; certain) (同) 派生词: assuredness (n. 镇静沉着)

421

mock

(英) v. 嘲笑(to treat with ridicule; deride);模仿地嘲弄(to mimic; imitate) (考) mock : imitate \ taunt : challenge(mock是模仿性嘲弄\taunt是挑衅性嘲弄) (例) He made all the other boys laugh by mocking the way the teacher spoke and walked.

422

horizontal

(英) adj. 水平的(horizontal linebaretc) (考) 反义词:plumb(垂直的) (记) horizon(地平线)+t+al

423

consternation

(英) n. 大为吃惊,惊骇(great fear or shock) (记) con+stern(僵硬)+ation→全身僵硬→惊骇; (同) 参考:stern(严厉的)

424

stifle

(英) v. 感到窒息(be unable to breathe comfortably);抑止(prevent from happening) (考) 反义词:foment(激起) (例) stifle a rebellion

425

frail

(英) adj. 脆弱的(fragile; delicate);不坚实的(slender and delicate) (记) 可能是fragile的变体 (例) frail hands(虚弱的手)

426

tact

(英) n. 机智; 圆滑(a keen sense of what to do or say in order to maintain good relations with others or avoid offense) (考) tact : offensive \ money : poor(圆滑的人不会冒犯\有钱的人不会贫穷)diplomat : tact \ inventor : ingenuity(外交官机智\发明家创新) (例) a man of great tact(极为机敏的人)

427

alienate

(英) v. 疏远离间某人(cause to become unfriendly or indifferent) (考) 反义词:reunite(使再结合) (记) alien(外国的)+ate→把别人当外国人→疏远; (同) 派生词: alienated (adj. 疏远的,被隔开的); alienation (n. 疏远离间)

428

instinctive

(英) 天生的直觉的(not coming from training or based on reasoning) (记) instinct+ive

429

core

(英) n. 果心(centre of fruits);核心(most important part);v. 去掉某物的中心部分(take out th core of sth) (例) core an apple

430

vex

(英) vt.\n. 恼火(to bring agitation to) (考) 反义词:conciliate(安慰); pacify(安抚); appease(平息); soothe(平静); conciliate(安抚); mollify(平息)

431

dispel

(英) v.驱散,消除 (to scatter and drive away; disperse) (记) dis+pel(推)→推掉→驱散 (同) 同根词:propel(推进); expel(驱逐) (例) The sun soon dispelled the mist.

432

unabashed

(英) adj. 不畏惧的,不害臊的(undisguisedunapologetic) (考) unabashed : embarrassment \ unheralded : announcement(不害臊的无害臊\未宣布的无公布)

433

pawn

(例) John was brokeso he pawned his wedding ring.

434

ambrosia

(英) n.神的食物(food of the gods) (考) mellifluous : music \ ambrosial : food(流畅的音乐\美味的食品)

435

instigator

(英) n. 发起者煽动者(person who instigates) (考) instigator : incite \ bully : browbeat(煽动者擅长煽动\欺凌弱小者擅长恫吓) (例) He is the instigator of this organization.

436

contingent

(英) adj. 意外的 (accidental; fortuitous);视情况条件而定的 (conditional) (记) con+ting(接触=tig)+ent→接触情况→视…情况而定_ (例) Whether or not we arrive on time is contingent on the weather.

437

feline

(记) 来自felid(猫科动物)

438

impact

(英) 冲击(hitting of one object against another)将某物压入或插入另一物(pressdrive or wedge sth firmly into sth) (考) earplug : noise \ shield : impact(耳塞为避免噪音\盾牌为避免冲击) (记) im(进入)+pact(紧的) →压进去的力量→影响力

439

regard

(考) exemplary : imitation \ redoubtable : regard(awe) \ culpable : blame \ despicable : scorn(contemptdisregard)(模范的应该仿效\可敬的应该尊敬\有罪的应该责备\可鄙的应该鄙视)flout : disregard \ taunt : challenge(表示漠视的嘲弄\表示挑战的嘲讽)

440

callous

(英) adj. 结硬块的(thick and hardened);无情的(lacking pity; unfeeling) (记) 来自callus(老茧)

441

rendezvous

(英) n. 约会(a meeting at an appointed place and time);约会地点(a place appointed for meeting) (记) 法语:rendez(=present)+vous(=yourself)→现出你自己→约会 (例) Let's make a rendezvous—where and when can we meet?

442

choir

(英) n. (教堂的)歌唱队 (a group of singers in a church) (记) 参考:choregraphy(舞蹈)

443

pathology

(英) n. 病理学(the study of the essential nature of diseases) (考) 反义词:normal(正常的)-pathological(病态的) (记) path(病)+ology(学科)→病理学 (同) 派生词:pathological(病理的,病态的)

444

stalk

(英) v. 隐伏跟踪(猎物) (to pursue quarry stealthily) (考) grazing : foragers \ stalking : hunters(放牧者放牧\猎人打猎) (记) stalk作为'茎、秆'之意大家都熟悉 (例) There are sharks stalking in those waters. (那片水域有追寻猎物的鲨鱼出没)

445

implausible

(考) 反义词: believable(令人相信的); verisimilar(似乎真实的)

446

deputize

(英) v.代替某人行事或说话(work or appoint as a deputy) (例) Dr Mitchell's ill so I'm deputizing for her.

447

custodian

(英) n. 管理员,监护人(a person who has the custody or care of something; caretaker)

448

gastronomy

(英) n. 美食法(the art or science of good eating; epicurism)

449

blemish

(英) v.损害,玷污(to mar; spoil the perfection of );n.瑕疵,缺点(defect) (考) anomaly : paradigmatic \ blemish : flawless(反常不是范例的\污点不是无瑕的)blemish : impeccable \ guile : artless(反义: 玷污对无瑕\狡诈对朴实) (记) blem(弄伤)+ish→把…弄伤→损害,玷污 (例) One illness will blemish your perfect attendance record.

450

pierce

(英) v. 刺透(to run into or through; stab);穿过(to force through) (考) awl : pierce \ pestle : mash(锥子用来刺穿\研棒用来捣碎) (例) The needle pierced his finger.

451

prate

(英) v. 瞎扯,胡说(to talk long and idly: chatter) (考) prate : speak \ saunter : walk(闲聊是无目的地说\闲逛是无目的地走) (记) 参考:prattle(闲聊) (例) prate without ceasing(唠叨个不停)

452

moment

(考) 反义词:insignificance(不重要)

453

propound

(英) v. 提出...供考虑 (put forward as a matter for consideration) (例) propound an idea

454

witticism

(英) n.诙谐的言语(witty saying; wisecrack)

455

infallible

(英) adj. 绝不会错的(incapable of error),绝对可靠的(dependable) (记) in(不)+fallible(错误的)

456

skim

(英) v. 从液体表面撇去( remove floating fat or solids from the surface of a liquid);浏览,略读 ( read quickly to get the main ideas)

457

integral

(英) adj. 构成整体所必需的(necessary for completeness);完整的(whole) (考) 反义词:superfluous(多余的) (记) integr(完整)+al

458

crate

(考) envelope : letter \ crate : produce(信装在信封里\农产品装在柳条箱里) (记) 比较:crater(火山口),curate(牧师助理),curator(博物馆长)

459

tightwad

(英) n.守财奴(miser; excessively frugal person)

460

avid

(英) adj.渴望的(having an intense craving);热心的(eager) (考) reverence : respect \ avidity : enthusiasm(尊重是很尊敬\热望是很热情)反义词:indifferent(不关心的) (同) 派生词: avidity (n.热望贪婪) (例) He is avid for praise.

461

inter

(英) v. 埋葬(to put into a grave or tomb; bury) (考) submerge : water \ inter : earth(被水淹没\被土掩埋) (记) in(进入)+ter(=terr 泥土)→埋进泥土 (同) 同根词:terrain(地形); subterranean(地下的)

462

flippant

(英) adj. 无礼的(frivolous and disrespectful) (考) 反义词:earnest(认真的) (记) 来自flip(蹦跳 )蹦蹦跳跳的→不严肃的 (例) If your flippant attitude doesn't improveyou will be fired.

463

census

(英) n.人口统计(official counting of a country's population) (考) census : population \ inventory : merchandise(stock)(人口普查是清查人口\盘点是清查货物)

464

unfailing

(英) adj. 无尽的,无穷的 (constanteverlastinginexhaustible) (例) unfailing pleasure(无穷的乐趣)\with unfailing energy(精力充沛的)

465

lineal

(英) adj. 直系的,嫡系的(in the direct line of descent from an ancestor)

466

meditative

(英) adj. 沉思的(thinking deeply; pensive) (记) 来自meditate(沉思)medit(中间)+ate→思考之中

467

immature

(英) 不够老练的(not sensible in controlling one's feelings) (考) immature : developed \ incipient : realized(不成熟的还没有发展\开始的还没有实现) (记) im(不)+mature(成熟) →不成熟的

468

illegality

(记) il(不)+leg(法律)+ality(状态)→非法; (同) 参考:legal(合法的); legislation(立法)

469

adopt

(英) v.收养( to take as one's own child);采纳 (记) ad+opt(选择)→通过选择→采用 (同) 同根词:option(选择)adoptable(可采纳的)

470

enfetter

(考) 反义词:enfranchise(解放给予选举权) (例) enfetter people's minds

471

contrite

(英) adj. 悔罪的,痛悔的 (feeling contrition; repentant) (考) apologize : contrite \ compliment : impressed(道歉表示后悔的\称赞表示被打动的) (记) con+trite(摩擦)→(心灵)摩擦→痛悔的 (同) 同根词:attrition(磨损); triturate(磨碎,捣碎) (例) The driver who caused the car accident was very contrite.

472

subvention

(英) n.补助金,津贴(the provision of assistance or financial support) (记) sub(下面)+vent(来)+ion→来到下面作为帮助→补助金

473

grudge

(英) v. 吝啬(to give with reluctance);不满(begrudge)

474

experimental

(英) adj. 实验的(based on experiment) (记) experiment(n.实验;ex[出]+peri[尝试]+ment)+al

475

throne

(英) n. 宝座(the ceremonial chair of a kingqueen or bishop);王位(the rank of a king or queen)

476

turbid

(英) adj. 混浊的(thick or opaque with roiled sediment);紊乱的(producing obscurity) (考) 反义词:limpid(清澈的) (记) turb(搅动)+id→搅混的 (同) 同根词:disturb(打扰); imperturbable(平静的)

477

engross

(英) v. 全神贯注于(occupy completely) (考) attentive : officious \ refined : snobbish \ absorded : engrossed(过分关心是多管闲事\过分文雅是假充绅士\过分专心是全神贯注) (记) 分割记忆:en+gross意为'总的、粗壮的',全部进入状态→入迷 (例) be engrossed in one's work

478

complement

(英) n. 补足物(that which completes) (记) com(全部)+ple(满填满)+ment→全部满→补足 (同) 派生词: complementary(adj. 补充的)

479

affectionate

(英) adj. 挚爱的 (full of affection; tender and loving) (例) an affectionate hug

480

floe

(英) n.大块浮冰(flat mass of floating ice)

481

extenuate

(英) v.掩饰(罪行),减轻罪过(to lessen the seriousness of an offenseguilt by giving excuses) (考) moderate : intensity \ extenuate : seriousness(缓和为了降低强度\减轻为了降低严重性)反义词: aggravating(恶化的) (记) ex+tenu(细薄)+ate→使…微不足道→掩饰(罪行) (同) 同根词:attenuate(变细,变薄)

482

limbo

(英) n. 不稳定,中间状态(any intermediateindeterminate state or condition) (记) 原指地狱的边境,分割记忆:limb+o

483

nauseate

(同) 派生词: nauseating (adj. 令人作呕的) (例) nauseating hypocrisy(令人作呕的虚伪)

484

nadir

(英) n. 最低点(the lowest point) (考) 反义词:topmost point(最高点); zenith(最高点); summit(最高点) acme(顶点) (同) 反义词:zenith(最高点)

485

tantrum

(英) n.脾气发作(尤指儿童)(outburst of bad temperesp. in a child) (例) temper tantrum \ She began to throw tantrums.(她开始发脾气了)

486

cite

[记] 来自词根:cit(引用,唤起);如:incite(v. 刺激,激励)

487

poky

(英) adj. (地方)狭小的,不舒适的(small and cramped) (例) a poky little room

488

dread

(英) v.\n. 恐惧畏惧(great fear) (考) fidget : nervousness \ cringe : dread(坐立不安表示焦躁\畏缩表示害怕) (例) dread illness

489

sparing

(英) adj.节俭的(marked by careful restraint) (记) 来自spare(节约) +ing;注意不要和sparring(拳击)相混

490

magpie

(英) n. 鹊,饶舌的人(a person who chatters)

491

proselytize

(英) v. 使…皈依(to recruit or convert to a new faith)

492

rhythmic

(英) adj. 有节奏的 (marked by pronounced rhythm) (记) rhythm(节奏)+ic; (同) 参考: arrhythmic(无节奏的) (例) We danced to the rhythmic drum.

493

profile

(英) n. 外形,轮廓侧面像(something in outline; a human head or face seen in a side view) (记) pro(前面)+file(=fili线条)→前部的线条→外形,轮廓 (例) He drew her profile.

494

ignorance

(英) n. 无知(lack of knowledgeeducationetc.) (考) illuminate : darkness \ educate : ignorance(照亮消除黑暗\教育消除无知)反义词:erudition(博学)

495

prurient

(英) adj.好色的,淫乱的(arousingor appealing to unusual sexual desire) (记) pruri(痒)+ent→心里痒痒→渴望的,好色的 (同) 派生词: prurience (n.好色,淫乱)

496

militant

(英) adj. 好战的,好暴力的(aggressiveand often combative) (考) martial : military \ runic : mysterious(同义词[类比] 军事对军事\神秘对神秘) (记) milit(军事,打斗)+ant→好战的 (同) 同根词:military(军事的); militate(产生影响或作用) (例) Management ignored the militant workers' demands.

497

espy

(英) v. (从远处等)突然看到(to catch sight of; spy; descry) (例) One day he espied a footprint in the sand.

498

molten

(英) adj.熔化的(melted)

499

engagement

(英) n. 订婚(agreement to marry) (例) Their engagement was announced in the local paper.

500

crusader

(英) n. 十字军战士斗士(person taking part in a crusade) (记) crusade(十字军)+er→十字军战士

501

grandiose

(英) adj. 浮夸的,夸大的(characterized by affectation or exaggeration) (考) ephemeral : longevity \ grandiose : humility(短命的不长寿\夸大的不谦卑) (记) grandi(大的)+ose(多…的)→多大(话)的 (例) grandiose scale(大规模)\grandiose vision(宏伟设想)

502

incise

(英) v. 切,切割(to cut into)

503

subdue

(英) v.征服(to conquer;vanquish);压制(to bring under control; curb);减轻(to reduce the intensity or degree of) (考) implacable : appease \ indomitable : subdue(难平息的无法平息\难征服的无法征服)反义词:inflame(燃烧); burgeon(萌芽; 发芽) (记) sub(在下面)+due(=duce)引导→引到下_面→征_服 (例) subdue nature(征服自然)/subdue a fever(退热)

504

traumatic

(英) adj. 受创伤的,外伤的 (例) His first love affair proved rather traumatic.

505

sanitary

(英) adj. 卫生的,清洁的(in a cleanhealthy condition; hygienic) (考) 反义词: noxious(有害的) (记) sanit(=sanat 健康)+ary→健康的→卫生的 (同) 同根词:sanitizer(消毒剂)

506

adamant

(英) adj. 强硬的(too hard to be broken);固执的(unyielding ; inflexible) (考) adamant : flexibility \ refractory : control(固执的无弹性\难控制的无控制)impossible : execute \ adamant : moved(不可能的无法执行\固执的无法打动)adamant : yield \ cautious : gamble(固执的不会屈服\谨慎的不会赌博)反义词:vacillatory(犹豫不决的); moved(打动的) (记) 联想记忆:adam(亚当)+ant(蚂蚁),'亚当'和'蚂蚁'都有坚定的性格。

507

grant

(英) v. 同意给予(agree to give what is asked for) (考) 反义词:concede(勉强); withhold(抑制) (例) grant a favor

508

ramp

(英) n.人造斜坡坡度(slope; inclined plane or roadway) (例) Drive the car up the ramp.

509

straightforward

(英) adj. 正直的(honest and open);易懂的(not difficult to understand) (考) 反义词:tortuous(弯曲的); convoluted(错综的); byzantine(错综复杂的)

510

glamorous

(英) adj. 迷人的,富有魅力的(full of glamour; fascination; alluring) (记) 来自苏格兰语 glamour(魔法),因作家司各特常用 cast the glamour(施魔法)这一习语而成为人所共知的单词

511

mature

(英) adj. 成熟的 (fully developed);深思熟虑的 (carefully decided) (考) 反义词:nascent(新生的)

512

peculiarity

(英) n. 独特性,特色; 怪癖 (a strange habitquality) (记) peculiar(独特的)+ity

513

unlettered

(英) adj. 无学问的 (not well educated);文盲的 (not able to read) (考) 反义词:erudite(博学的) (记) un(不)+lettered(有学问的)

514

promiscuous

(英) adj. 滥交的(not restricted to one's sexual partner);杂乱的(indiscriminate) (记) pro(向前)+miscu(混乱)+ity→杂乱 (同) 同根词:miscellaneous(混杂的)派生词: promiscuity (n. 滥交;混杂) (例) The promiscuous man spread herpes to his sex partners.

515

glide

(英) v. 滑行,滑动(to flow or move smoothly and easily) (考) 反义词:lumber(笨拙地移动) (例) The boat glided over the river.

516

blend

(英) v. 混合搀和(mix different type); (例) Which blend of coffee would you like ?

517

phlegmatic

(英) adj. 冷静的,冷淡的(of slow and stolid temperature; impassive) (考) intractable : manage \ phlegmatic : provoke(倔强的不易管理\冷漠的不易激起)反义词:vivacious(活泼的); spirited(生气勃勃的) (记) 来自phlegma(痰)+atic→西方人认为痰多的人不易动感情 (例) Bob seems phlegmaticbut if something interests himhe gets excited.

518

impenitent

(英) adj. 不悔悟的(without regret; unrepentant) (考) 反义词:rueful(悔恨的) (记) im(不)+penitent(悔恨的)→死不悔改的

519

rote

(英) n. 死记硬背(a fixedmechanical way of doing something) (记) rot(转)+e→来回转→反复转→死记硬背 (例) speak one's lines by rote

520

wastrel

(英) n. 挥霍无度的人 (one who spends resources foolishly and self-indulgently; profligate) (考) inexperience : neophyte \ irresponsibility : wastrel(新手是无经验的\败家子是无责任心的) (记) waste(浪费)+rel; (同) 参考:wastry(挥霍)

521

havoc

(英) n. 大破坏,混乱(great destruction and devastation) (考) 反义词:serenity(平静) (记) 分割记忆:hav看作haveoc看作occur(发生)→有事发生→混乱 (例) His ideas are causing havoc in the office.

522

gainsay

(英) v. 否认(to deny) (考) 反义词:speak in support of(支持); concur(同意); affirm(确认) (记) 分割记忆:gain+saygain=against (例) There is no gainsaying his ability.

523

insensitivity

(英) adj. 未意识到的感觉迟钝的(not realizing) (考) credulous : dupe \ insensitive : boor \ mischievous : imp(易上当的人特点是轻信\鲁钝的人特点是迟钝\顽童的特点是顽皮) (记) in+sens+itive

524

cleave

(英) v. 劈开 (to divide with an ax);分裂 (to split; separate) (记) 分割记忆: c+leave(分开) (同) adj. cleavable (例) He cleaved the logs with his axe.

525

servile

(英) adj.奴性的,百依百顺的(meanly or cravenly submissive; abject) (考) compliant : servile \ trusting : gullible(过分服从是奴性\过分信任易受骗)gullible : chicanery \ servile : domination(易受骗的容易受诈骗\奴性的容易受控制)imperious : servile \ bellicose : peaceable(反义: 专横对奴性\好斗对和平)bigoted : tolerant \ provincial (记) serv(=slave 奴隶)+ile (例) servile obedience(奴性的顺从)

526

superlative

(英) adj.最佳的 (surpassing all others;supreme) (记) super(在…上面)+lat(放)+ive→放在别的上面→最好的,最佳的 (例) He has superlative technical skills.

527

four-poster

(考) four-poster : bed \ convertible : automobile(四柱床是一种床\敞篷车是一种车) (记) 组合词:four+post(柱子)+er;注意:poster(广告招贴)

528

nascent

(英) adj. 初生的,萌芽的(beginning to exist or develop) (考) 反义词:fully established(完全形成的); mature(成熟的); moribund(垂死的) (记) nasc(出生)+ent→出生的 (同) 同根词:renascent(复活的); nascency(诞生,起源)

529

sketchy

(英) adj.概略的,粗略的(lacking thoroughness or detail) (考) articulate : unclear \ fawn : imperiousness \ elaborate : sketchy(清楚地说不会不清楚\奉承不会专横\详述不会粗略) (记) 来自sketch(素描)+y (例) be sketchy about some important details(对重要细节一带而过)

530

benefit

(英) n. 利益实惠(profitgain);保险金(allowance of money from an insurance policy ) (记) bene+fit(做) →做事后的好处

531

artifice

(英) n. 巧办法(skill or ingenuity);诡计(a sly trick) (考) 反义词:candor(坦白) (记) arti(技巧)+fice(做)→做的技巧 (例) The use of mirrors in a room is an artifice to make the room look larger.

532

dissimulate

(英) v.隐藏、掩饰(to hide one's feelingsmotives by pretense; dissemble)

533

transcendental

(英) adj.超越经验的(being beyond the limits of all possible experience and knowledge)

534

burdensome

(英) adj. 令人困扰的(hard to bear) (记) burden(重负)+some(充满...的具有...的倾向) →成为负担的→令人困扰的

535

fraternity

(英) n. 同类人(a group of people with the same beliefsinterestsworketc.);友爱(fraternal relationship or spirit)

536

bumble

(英) v. 说话含糊(to stumble) (同) 近形词: humble(谦虚的); stumble(跌倒结巴地说)bumblebee(大黄蜂)

537

despair

(英) n. 绝望(state of having lost all hope) (考) stupor : alert \ despair : hopeful(昏迷无机警\失望无希望)abandon : inhibition \ despair : hope(放纵无禁止\绝望无希望) (例) Your stupidity will drive me to despair.

538

abrogate

(英) v.废止,废除(to repeal by authority; annul; abolish) (考) 反义词:embrace(拥护); institute(创立); uphold(支持) (记) ab+rog(问)+ate→不再问→废除 (同) 同根词:interrogative(审问的)arrogant(傲慢的)

539

championship

(英) n. 冠军赛(contest to decide who is the champion) (例) win the world championship

540

phobia

(英) n. 恐惧症(an exaggerated illogical fear) (记) phob(恐惧)+ia; (同) 参考:xenophobe(排外) (例) Bill always stays at home because of his phobia for crowds.

541

keen

(英) adj. 热心的; 敏锐的(quick at understanding) (考) 反义词:ennui(厌倦)

542

carbonated

(英) adj. 含二氧化碳的(containing carbon dioxide) (例) carbonated drinks

543

condensed

(考) synopsis : condensed \ appendix : supplementary(概要特点是浓缩\附录特点是补充)

544

guilelessness

(考) 反义词:disingenuousness(不坦率)

545

languor

(英) n. 身心疲惫(a lack of vigor or vitalityweakness)

546

spin

(英) v. 快速旋转(turn round and round fast);纺纱(make thread)

547

botany

(英) 植物学(the branch of biology that studies plantstheir lifestructuregrowthclassificationetc.) (记) botan(草)+y→植物学 (同) 派生词: botanical (adj.植物学的)

548

snowdrift

(英) n. 雪堆 (a bank of drifted snow) (记) 组合词:snow+drift(漂流物,吹积物)

549

insecticide

(英) n. 杀虫剂(substance used for killing insects) (记) insect(昆虫)+I+cide(杀) →杀昆虫的东西→杀虫剂

550

disconcert

(英) v.使...尴尬(confuse; upset; embarrass) (例) He was disconcerted to find the other guests formally dressed.

551

rivet

(英) v. 吸引(注意力) (to attract completely) (例) The movie riveted the audience's attention.

552

authorize

(英) v.授权(empower; commission),批准(to give official approval; accredit; license) (同) 派生词: authorization (n. 授权委任状) (例) I authorized the man to act for me while I was away.

553

deportation

(英) n. 驱逐出境(instance of being deported) (考) deportation : country \ eviction : dwelling(驱逐出境强迫离开国家\逐出强迫离开住处) (记) deport+ation

554

lingual

(英) adj. 舌的(of the tongue);语言的(of language) (记) 参考linguist(语言学家)

555

complacent

(英) adj. 自满的,得意的 (self-satisfiedor smug) (记) com+plac(平静,满足)+ent→全部满足→自满的; 注意不要和complaisant(随和的)相混 (同) 派生词: complacency (n. 自满,自得)

556

peck

(英) n. 啄食; 轻啄(to strike with a beak) (考) peck: kiss \ glance : look (轻啄和接吻\一瞥和观看)

557

tassel

(英) n.流苏,穗 (a dangling ornament) (例) a cushion with a tassel at each corner(四角饰有流苏的靠垫)

558

pulpit

(英) n. 讲坛(raised platform used in preaching)

559

repute

(考) 反义词:opprobrium(污名); lack of distinction(不知名)

560

toupee

(英) n.男用假发 (a wig or section of hair worm to cover a bald spot) (考) denture : teeth \ toupee : hair(假牙是假的牙齿\假发是假的发) (例) Does he wear a toupee?

561

suede

(英) n.表面粗糙的软皮革(leather with a napped surface) (例) suede gloves(软皮手套)

562

queasy

(英) adj.令人恶心的(experiencing nausea; nauseated) (例) the queasy rolling of the ship(引起呕吐的轮船摇晃)

563

lettering

(英) n. 刻字,烫印(the art of writing or drawing letters) (考) stencil : lettering \ pattern : sewing(依照模板来刻字\依照衣服图案来缝纫) (记) letter(文字)+ing

564

pare

(英) v. 削 (peel); 修剪(trim) (例) pare an apple(削苹果皮)

565

spruce

(英) adj.整洁的(neat or smart;trim) (例) You've looking very spruce in your new suit.

566

astray

(英) adj. 迷路的,误入歧途的(off the right path or way) (记) a+stray(走离),stray(走离,迷路)也是一个单词

567

even-tempered

(英) adj. 性情平和的; 不易生气的adj. 性情平和的(placid; calm);不易生气的(not quickly angered or excited)

568

ragged

(英) adj.破烂的(torn or worn to tatters) (考) cloth : ragged \ furniture : rickety(破烂的布料\破旧的家具) (例) ragged clothes \ ragged rocks

569

gratification

(英) v. 使高兴,使满足(to give pleasure or satisfaction) (考) gratify : desire \ slake : thirsty(使满足消除欲望\解渴消除口渴)反义词: aggrieve(使苦恼); irk(使苦恼) (记) grat(高兴)+ify→使高兴 (同) 同根词:gratulant(表示高兴的); gratitude(感激之情) (例) Anne was gratified by his efforts to help her.

570

entrenched

(英) adj. (权力,风俗等)确立的,确定的(securely established) (同) n. entrenchment (例) The company enjoyed its firm entrenchment in this field.

571

molecule

(英) 分子(the smallest unit into which any substance can be divided without losing its own chemical nature) (考) molecule : atoms \ tissue : cells(分子由原子组成\细胞组织由细胞组成) (记) mol(=heap堆)+cule

572

beguile

(英) v.欺骗,诱骗(mislead; cheat; deceive) (记) be+guile(欺诈)→欺骗;guile本身也是一个常考单词 (同) 派生词: beguiling (adj.欺骗的deceiving;迷人的luring)

573

argue

(考) box : fight \ debate : argue(拳击是互相打斗\辩论是互相争论)

574

coherent

(英) adj. 连贯的,一致的 (consistent; clearly articulated) (记) co+her(粘连)+ent→共同粘连→连贯的

575

intersect

(英) v. 横截,横断(to divide into two parts; cut across) (记) inter+sect(切,割)→从中间切→横截 (同) 同根词:dissect(解剖); section(部分)派生词: intersection (n. 横断,十字路口)

576

install

(英) v. 安装装置(fix equipment etc) (记) in(进)+stall(放) →放进去→安装 (同) 派生词: installation (n. 就职,安装)

577

impugn

(英) v. 指责,对…表示怀疑(challenge as false or questionable; deny) (考) 反义词:champion(支持); vindicate(辩护); endorse(赞同) (记) im(进入)+pugn(打斗)→打进去→指责 (同) 同根词:pugnacious(好斗的) (例) impugn the present system of education

578

exotic

(英) adj.珍奇的(strikingly unusual);来自异国的(not native; foreign) (考) 反义词:endemic(地方的); indigenous(本土的); mundane(世俗的) (记) exo(外面)+tic→外面来的 (例) exotic bird species. warmexotic evenings in the tropics.

579

lampooner

(英) n. 讽刺作家(writer of lampoon)

580

abuse

(英) v. \n. 辱骂(to use insulting language; revile);滥用(to use wrongly; misuse) (考) diatribe : abuse \ declamation : grandiloquence \ burlesque : mockery(辱骂之词用在抨击性演讲\夸大之词用在高谈阔论\嘲弄之词用在滑稽表演)polemic : disputatious \ invective : abusive(同义: 争论的=好争辩的\辱骂的=漫骂的) (记) ab+use(用) →用不好→滥用; 注意:disabuse(打消…错误念头) (同) 派生词:abusive(adj.辱骂的)

581

cumbersome

(英) adj. 笨重的 (hard to handle or deal with; unwieldly; clumsy; heavy) (考) 反义词:easy to handle(易于处理的) (记) cumb(睡)+er→睡在(路上)的→妨碍 (同) 同根词:recumbent(斜躺的) (例) a cumbersome parcel

582

submissive

(英) adj. 恭顺的 (submitting to others) (考) 反义词:recalcitrant(不服从)

583

pivotal

(英) adj. 枢轴的(of a pivot);中枢的( central);关键的(crucial)

584

hexagon

(记) hexa(六)+gon(角) (同) 参考:hexapod(昆虫,有六足的节肢动物)

585

restored

(考) 反义词: dilapidated(荒废的)

586

compromise

(英) v. 妥协 (to settle by concessions);危害(to lay open to danger or disrepute) (考) implacable : compromise \ honest : swindle(难以抚慰的不会妥协\诚实的不会诈骗)mediation : compromise \ prosecution : conviction(调停为了达成和解\起诉为了定罪)反义词:intransigent(不妥协的)-open to compromise(寻求和解的) (记) com+promise(保证)→相互保证→妥协尤其要注意'危害'一意 (例) John felt compromised by what Jean had said about his friendship with the crimina

587

mayhem

(英) n. 严重伤害罪(the intentional mutilation of another's body) (记) 和maim(伤残)有关;分割记忆:may+hem(边缘) (例) The violent criminal was charged with mayhem.

588

pageant

(英) n. 壮观的游行(a spectacular exhibition) (记) 分割记忆:page(页)+ant(蚂蚁)一页蚂蚁→游行_ (例) There was one contestant from each state at the beauty pageant.

589

verisimilitude

(英) n.逼真可能性(the quality of having the appearance of truth) (记) veri(真实)+simil(相象)+itude (例) He performed with great verisimilitude.

590

ballad

(英) n.歌谣,小曲(a song or poem that tells a story in short stanzas) (考) ballad : stanza \ novel : chapter(歌谣由歌节组成\小说由章节组成) (记) 联想:ball(球)+ad→像球一样一代代滚下来→歌谣

591

dawdle

(英) v. 闲荡,虚度 (to waste time in trifling ; idle; loiter) (考) 反义词:hie(催促急忙) (同) 派生词: dawdler(n. 闲逛者) (例) He dawdled all morning.

592

relic

(英) n. 遗物,遗迹(a survivor or remnant left after decaydisintegrationor disappearance) (例) This stone axe is a relic of ancient times.

593

procrastinate

(英) v. 耽搁,拖延(to put off intentionally and habitually) (考) equivocate : commitment \ procrastinate : action(含糊其词不想实现承诺\拖延不想采取行动)dilatory : procrastinate \ malcontent : complain(拖拉的[人]耽误\不满的[人]抱怨)husbandry: dissipate \ alacrity : procrastinate(管理使不散漫\敏捷使不拖延) (记) pro(向前)+crastin(明天)+ate→直到明天再干→拖延 (例) I procrastinated returning the library book until it was overdue.

594

acquisition

(英) n. 获得(action of acquiring);获得物(thing acquired) (考) 反义词:divestiture(剥夺) (记) ac+quisit(寻求询问)+ion→一再寻求后得到→获得

595

avow

(英) v.承认(to acknowledge or claim);公开宣称(to declare openly) (记) a+vow(誓言)→发誓→承认,vow(誓言)本身是个单词 (同) 派生词: avowal (n.公开承认) (例) The prisoner avowed his guilt.

596

interdisciplinary

(英) adj. 跨学科的(covering more than one area of study) (记) inter(在中间)+disciplinary(学科的)

597

cement

(英) 水泥(grey powdermade by burning lime and claythat sets hard after mixing with water) (考) 反义词:fracture(破裂)

598

tryst

(英) n. 约会幽会(meeting arranged by lovers)

599

complexity

(英) n. 复杂性(state of being complex) (记) 来自complex (adj.复杂的;com[全部]+plex[重叠])→全部重叠→复杂

600

snicker

(英) v.\n.暗笑(suppressed laugh)

601

unversed

(记) un(不)+versed(精通的) (例) an unversed girl(无阅历的姑娘)

602

blunder

(英) v.犯大错(to do clumsily; bungle);n.愚蠢之举(a foolish or stupid mistake) (考) protocol : blunder \ bumper : damage(学习礼节防止愚蠢之举\安装保险杠防止毁坏) (记) 分割记忆:bl-under把bl看作blow,被打到下面,犯了大错 (例) Columbus wanted to reach India but blundered into North America.

603

strut

(英) v. 趾高气扬地走( walk proudly and stiffly);支柱(support) (考) strut : wing \ buttress : wall \ guy : pylon(支杆支撑机翼\扶墙支撑墙\支索支撑高压塔)pontificate : speak \ strut : walk(程度: 傲慢地说和说\趾高气昂地走和走) (例) A peacock strutted on the lawn.(孔雀在草地上昂首行走)

604

parity

(英) n.(水平地位数量等的)同等相等(equality) (考) 反义词:inequality(不等)

605

testiness

(考) 反义词:patience(耐心)

606

insubstantial

(英) adj.非实体的( immaterial);薄弱的( frail)

607

rankle

(英) v.(怨恨,失望等)难以释怀(to feel anger and irritation) (考) 反义词:pacify(使平静); calm(使平静) (记) rank(=ranc仇怨)+le→保持怨恨; 参考: ankle(脚脖子) (例) Their defeat still rankles.

608

appreciate

(英) v. 欣赏(understand and enjoy);感激(gratefully recognize) (记) ap+preci(价值)+ate→给以价值→评价欣赏 (同) 派生词: appreciation(n. 欣赏感激); appreciative (adj. 感谢的,赞赏的)

609

elm

(英) 晦涩的(ambiguous) (考) 反义词:palpable(明显的)

610

objectivity

(英) adj. 客观的 (not influenced by personal opinions);n. 目标 (an aim)

611

abstain

(英) v. 自动戒绝,抑制(to hold oneself back; refrain from) (考) mandatory : comply \ forbidden : abstain(命令的让人遵守\禁止的让人戒绝) (记) abs(不)+tain(拿住)→不拿住→放弃 (同) 派生词: abstentionabstinence(n. 戒绝节制)同根词:retain(保留)attain(获得)

612

howler

(英) n. 滑稽可笑的错误(a ludicrous blunder)

613

penetrating

(英) adj. 敏锐的,尖锐的(pervading; acutediscerning) (例) The article took a penetrating look at crime.

614

sadden

(英) v. 使伤心,使悲哀 ( make sad) (考) 反义词:exhilarate(使高兴) (记) sad(悲哀的)+en

615

tresses

(英) n.(复数)女人的长发(the long unbounded hair of a woman) (例) A hat covered her golden tresses.(帽子遮盖了她一头金发)

616

tare

(英) n.莠草,杂草(any of several vetches[野草]) (记) 联想记忆:stare(盯着看)去掉s成为tare

617

fluffy

(英) adj.有绒毛的(covered with fluff);空洞的(disembodied) (记) 来自fluff(绒毛)

618

brisk

(英) adj. 敏捷的活泼的(quick);清新健康的(giving a healthy feeling ) (考) 反义词:ponderous(沉重的) (例) a brisk breeze

619

speck

(英) n. 斑点(a small spot from stain or decay);少量(a very small amount) (考) mite : creature \ speck : amount(螨虫是小生物\少量是很小量) (记) 可能是pecc(污点)的变体; (同) 参考:peccadillo(小过失) (例) a reputation without a speck(清白无瑕的名誉)

620

venom

(英) n.毒液 (poisonous matter);恶毒,痛恨(ill willmalevolence) (考) venom : toxin \ milk : nutrient(毒液含有毒素\牛奶含有营养成分) (例) The venom of jealousy has poisoned many a relationship.(妒忌毒化了许多人的关系)

621

itinerary

(英) 行程表(a detailed outline for a proposed journey);旅行路线(a rout of traveling) (考) itinerary : trip \ syllabus : course \ agenda : meeting(旅行行程指导旅行\教学大纲指导课程\会议议程指导会议)agenda : minutes \ itinerary : log(会议议程和会议记录\旅行行程和旅行日志) (例) A road map helped me plan my itinerary.

622

misguide

(记) mis(错误)+guide(指导)

623

garnish

(英) v.装饰(to decorate;embellish) (例) a boiled fish garnished with pieces of potato

624

appetizer

(英) n. 开胃品(thing eaten to stimulate the appetite) (例) Small savoury biscuits provide a simple appetizer.

625

auditory

(英) v. 审计,核对(to examine and check account) (例) The company hired an accounting firm to audit the books.Some students are auditing the art classbut most are taking it for credit.

626

immobility

(英) n. 固定不能动(state of being immobile) (记) im+mobile(adj. 活动的)+ity(表名词) →不活动

627

extrinsic

(英) adj.外在的,外部的(extraneous; alien) (记) 参考intrinsic(内部的) (例) the extrinsic difficulties caused by unknown outside forces

628

physiognomy

(英) n.面容学人相学(face as showing the character and the mind)

629

brim

(英) n. (杯)边,缘(the topmost edge of a cup);v. 盈满(to fill to the brim) (记) rim(边框); 参考: grim(严厉的坚定的); trim(修剪) (同) 派生词: brimful (adj.充满的,盈满的)

630

aversion

(英) n.嫌恶,憎恨(an intense dislike; repugnance; loathing) (考) aversion : disinclination \ adulation : admiration(厌恶是很不喜欢\奉承是过分赞扬)反义词:affinity(密切关系); court(奉承); penchant(偏好); propensity(偏好)

631

tinder

(英) n.火绒,火种(something that serves to incite or inflame) (记) 可能和kindle(点燃)有关 (例) The plants are as dry as tinder after this long hot summer.

632

guru

(英) n. 古鲁(印度的宗教领袖); (受尊敬的)教师或权威(respected and influential teacher or authority)

633

unexampled

(英) adj. 空前的,无前例的 (unprecedented) (记) un(没有)+exampled(有例子的) (例) a time of unexampled prosperity

634

corrugated

(英) adj. 起皱纹的(foldedwrinkled or furrowed) (考) 反义词:smooth(平滑的) (记) 来自corrugate(v.起皱;cor[一起]+rug[皱] →皱到一起)

635

extraneous

(英) adj.外来的(coming from outside);无关的(not pertinent; extrinsic) (考) 反义词:relevant(相关的); apposite(适当的); intrinsic(本质的); essential(本质的) (记) extran(外面)+eous→外来的 (例) The editor cut the extraneous materials.

636

polarization

(英) n. 极化分裂(division into two opposites)

637

indisputable

(考) 反义词: refutable(可反驳的)

638

studio

(考) studio : artist \ laboratory : scientist(画家在画室工作\科学家在实验室工作)

639

adventurous

(英) adj. 渴望冒险的(eager for adventure);充满危险和刺激的(full of danger and excitement)

640

remedy

(考) alchemy : science \ nostrum : remedy(炼金术不是科学\万灵药不是药)

641

tiff

(英) n.吵嘴,呕气(a petty quarrel) (考) offense : peccadillo \ quarrel : tiff(犯罪和小过失\争吵和小争吵)tiff : squabble \ foible : failing(小争吵和争吵\小缺点和缺点) (例) He had a tiff with his girlfriend.(他和女朋友吵了嘴)

642

foodstuff

(英) n. 食料,食品(any substance used as food) (记) 组合词:food(食物)+stuff(东西)→食品 foolhardy['fU:lha:dI]adj. 鲁莽的有勇无谋的 (英) adj. 鲁莽的,有勇无谋的(rash; reckless) (记) 组合词:fool(笨)+hardy(勇敢的)→笨而勇敢 (例) a foolhardy general

643

delinquency

(英) n. 失职,罪行(failure or neglect to do what duty or law requires; misdeed)

644

farrow

(英) v.(母猪)生产(to give birth to a litter of pigs);n.一窝小猪(a litter of pigs) (记) 不要和fallow (休闲的)相混

645

commandment

(英) n. 命令; 戒律 (mandate; precept) (记) com+mand(命令)+ment→共同的命令→戒律

646

praise

(考) panegyric(eulopy hymn paean) : praise \ valediction : farewell \ elegy : \lament \ dirge : grief \ autobiography : reminisce(颂词表示赞扬\告别词表示告别\哀诗表示哀伤\挽歌表示悲伤\自传表示回忆)hubris : pride \ flattery : praise(自大是过分自豪\奉承是过分赞扬)

647

clamorous

(英) adj. 吵闹的,喧哗的 (noisy; vociferous)

648

heresy

(英) n. 异端邪说(a religious belief opposed to the orthodox doctrines ) (考) apostasy : faith \ recantation : heresy(叛教背叛信仰\皈依背叛异教)反义词:dogma(正统教条) (记) here(异)+sy; (同) 参考:heretic(异教徒)

649

preserve

(英) v. 保护(protect);保藏(to keep alive or intact; maintain) (记) pre(预先)+serve(保存) (同) 同根词:reserve(保留,储备); conserve(保存) (例) Max eats only good thingshoping to preserve his health.

650

underscore

(英) v. 在...之下划线( draw a line under a word to show its importance );强调( give force to) (考) underscore : emphasis \ brand : ownership(下划线表示强调\烙印表示所有权) (记) under(在...下面)+score(划线)

651

dauntless

(英) adj. 勇敢的,无畏的 (that cannot be daunted or intimidated; fearless) (考) 反义词:pusillanimous(胆怯的); craven(胆小的); easily discouraged(容易气馁的); trepid(惊恐的) (例) The dauntless pilot flew through the rough storms.

652

provincial

(英) adj.偏狭的,粗俗的(limited in outlook; narrow) (考) bigoted : tolerant \ provincial : cosmopolitan \ servile : domination(顽固的不容忍\偏狭的无世界性\奴性的不统治) (记) 来自province(省)→地方性的→偏狭的 (例) John's prejudice is an example of his provincial thinking.

653

crevice

(英) n. 缺口,裂缝 (a narrow opening caused by a crack or split; fissure) (记) crev(裂缝)+ice→裂缝 (同) 同根词:crevasse(隙,裂口)

654

subterranean

(英) adj.地下的(being under the surface of the earth) (记) sub(下面)+terr(地)+anean→地下的 (同) 同根词:terrain(地形);terrace(梯田)

655

wasteland

(英) n. 荒原,荒地(emptyunproductiveugly land) (记) 组合词:waste(废弃的,荒芜的)+land(地)

656

insolvency

(英) n. 破产( bankruptcy) (考) 反义词:ability to pay one's debts(有偿还能力) (记) in(无)+solvency(n.还债能力)→无还债能力

657

commute

(英) v.交换(to change or exchange) (记) com[共同]+mut[改变] →坐车换车→坐公共车)

658

florescence

(英) n.繁花时期(condition or period of flowering)

659

inviolate

(英) adj. 未受侵犯的(not violated);纯洁的(kept sacred or unbroken)

660

epicure

(英) n. 美食家(gourmetgourmand) (考) epicure : discriminating \ sentinel : watchful \ spectator : watching(美食家是有识别力的\哨兵是警惕的\观众是要观看的)反义词:a person indifferent to food(对食物不感兴趣的人) (记) 来自希腊哲学家Epicurus(依壁鸠鲁),主张享乐生活

661

shadow

(英) 阴影(darkness caused by the blocking of direct light)影子(a dark shape made on a surface by something between the surface and direct light)秘密尾随(follow and watch closely)遮蔽(make a shadow on; darken with a shadow) (考) follow : shadow \ leave : abscond(尾随是偷偷跟随\潜逃是偷偷离开)反义词:overt(公开的)

662

celebrated

(英) adj. 有名的,知名的( famous; renowned) (记) celebr(有名的)+ate→使有名→庆祝赞美

663

flay

(英) v.剥皮(to strip off the skin or hide);诈取(to rob; pillage);严厉指责(to criticize or scold mercilessly) (记) 和fray(吵架,冲突)一起记,fray中的'r'像'嘴巴',所以可作'吵架',flay 中的'l'像一把弯刀,可看作'剥皮'

664

entrance

(英) v.使神志恍惚(put under a spell);使着迷( carry away with emotion) (考) 反义词:egress(出口)

665

emboss

(英) v. 加浮雕花纹于使凸出(embellish;ornament) (考) 反义词:flatten out(使平) (记) em+boss(凸出)→使凸出 (同) 同根词:bossy(有浮凸装饰的; 专横的) (例) The name and address of the firm are embossed on its paper.

666

vulnerable

(英) adj.易受攻击的(capable of being physically wounded; assailable) (考) 反义词:safe(安全的) (记) vulner(伤)+able→易受伤的 (同) 派生词: vulnerability (n. 易受攻击) (例) That country is economically vulnerable but militarily a colossus.

667

infelicity

(考) 反义词:appropriateness(适当) (记) in(不)+felic(得体)+ity

668

covet

(英) v. 贪求,妄想(to want ardently )

669

legislator

(英) n. 立法者(a maker of laws)

670

impeach

(英) v. 指摘(to challenge or discredit; accuse); (记) im(进入)+peach(告发)→告发,指摘;注意:peach 作为'桃子'一意大家都知道 (同) 派生词: impeachment(n.弹劾控告) (例) In 1868The House of Representatives voted to impeach President Johnson.

671

antidote

(英) n.解毒药(a remedy to counteract a poison) (考) antidote : poisoning \ remedy : disease \ balm : irritation(解毒剂用来消除毒\药物用来消除疾病\油膏用来消除刺痒)antidote : poison \ tonic : lethargy(解毒剂用来解除毒素\补药用来解除疲乏) (记) anti(反)+dote(药剂)→反毒的药→解毒药; 注意:dote=dose(药剂),如overdose(用药过量) (同) 近形词: anecdote(短故事) (例) an antidote to the poison. One antidote to crime is to create jobs.

672

boisterous

(英) adj.喧闹的(noisy and unruly) (考) 反义词:quiet(安静的) (记) boister(喧闹)+ous→喧闹的 (同) 近形词:bolster(支持); preposterous(荒谬的) (例) The friends played a boisterous game of football.

673

infuse

(英) v.灌输(instill; impart);鼓励(inspire) (考) inspire : infuse \ obliterate : remove(同义: 鼓舞=鼓舞\删除=去除)反义词:drain away(排出); refuse(拒绝); extract(拔出) (记) in(进入)+fuse(流)→流进去→灌输 (例) His speech infused the men with eagerness.

674

humility

(英) n. 谦逊,谦恭(absence of pride or self-assertion) (考) humility : supplicant \ resistance : adversary(哀求者的特点是低三下四\对手的特点是对抗)反义词:hubris(自大); hauteur(自大); panache(炫耀)

675

extroversion

(英) n. 外向性外倾(state of being extroverted) (记) extro(超过的以外的)+vers(转)+ion→向外转→外向性

676

microscopic

(英) adj. 极小的(very small; tiny) (考) 反义词:elephantine(巨大的) (记) micro(小)+scop(看)+ic→看小东西→显微镜的 (例) It's impossible to read his microscopic handwriting.

677

unyielding

(记) un(不)+yielding(屈服的)

678

squabble

(英) n.大声争吵(minor quarrel; bickering) (考) tiff(dispute): squabble \ foible : failing(程度: 小争吵和争吵\小缺点和缺点)

679

transpose

(英) v. 变换,调换( reverse the order or position of) (记) trans(=over)+pose(放)

680

surveillance

(英) n.监视盯梢(close observation of a person (例) The police have been keeping her under surveillance.

681

bedeck

(英) vt.装饰(to adorn) (考) 反义词: strip(剥去)

682

besiege

(英) v.围攻,困扰(to overwhelmharassor beset) (记) be+siege(围攻)→围攻;siege本身是一个单词 (例) He was besieged by doubts.

683

emit

(英) v. 放射(光、热、味等)(to send out; eject) (考) 反义词:absorb(吸收) (记) e+mit(送)→送出→放出(味道等) (同) 派生词: emission (n.发出发光;放射物) (例) The bus emitted noxious fumes.

684

segregate

(英) v. 隔离 (to separate or set apart from others) (记) se(分开)+greg(团体)+ate→和团体分开→隔离; (同) 参考:aggregate(集合)

685

stoke

(英) v. 给...添加燃料( fill with coal or other fuel) (考) stoke : fuel \ irrigate : water(添加燃料\灌溉水) (记) stokehold (锅炉室); stoker(司炉) (例) to stoke up the fire with coal (加煤于炉火)

686

abscission

(英) n. 切除截去; [植] 脱离(cut off) (考) 反义词:process of grafting(嫁接) (记) ab(离开)+sciss(切割)+ion→切开脱离 (同) 同根词: scissors(剪刀)

687

hold

(考) door : room \ hatch : hold(房间的入口是门\船舱的入口是舱盖)

688

gripe

(英) v.抱怨(to complain naggingly) (考) gripe : discontent \ praise : admiration(因为不满而抱怨\因为赞赏而赞扬)

689

coarse

(英) adj.粗糙的; 低劣的(of low quality);粗俗的(not refined) (考) 反义词:fastidious(过分讲究的) (同) 近形词: hoarse(嗓子沙哑的); course(课程道路) (例) coarse mannerslaughter

690

nag

(英) v. 唠叨,烦扰(to find fault or complain) (记) 与gnaw(啃,咬)有关 (例) She kept nagging her husband for a new car.

691

microbe

(英) n. 微生物(tiny living creature) (考) enzyme : catalyst \ bacterium : microbe(酶是一种催化剂\细菌是一种微生物) (记) micro(微小)+be(=bio生命)→小生命→微生物

692

dogged

(英) adj.顽强的(determined; stubborn; tenacious) (考) 反义词:yielded(屈服的); easily discouraged(容易气馁的)

693

moistness

(考) baste : dryness \ caulk : moistness(浇油防止干燥\堵漏防止潮湿) (记) moist(潮湿的)+ness

694

voluble

(考) voluble : speech \ licentious : dissoluteness(健谈的喜欢说话\放荡的喜欢风流)maladroit : deft \ voluble : terse(不灵巧对灵巧\健谈对简洁)反义词: laconic(简明的); taciturn(沉默的); succinct(简洁的); reticent(沉默的)

695

quotidian

(英) adj.每日的(occurring everyday);平凡的(commonplace) (考) 反义词:extraordinary(非凡的); unusual(不平常的); remarkable(醒目的); striking(惊人的) (记) quoti(每)+di(日子)+an→每日的 (例) quotidian routine(日常工作)

696

lackey

(英) n. 卑躬屈膝者,走卒(a follower)

697

appropriate

(英) v. 拨款(to set aside for a specific use)盗用(to take improperly) (考) lurk : wait \ purloin : appropriate \ abscond : depart(潜伏是偷偷等\盗窃是偷偷获得\潜逃是偷偷离开)smuggler : import \ embezzler : appropriate(走私者偷偷进口\贪污者偷偷挪用)反义词:surrender(交出); infelicity(不适当,不得体) (记) ap+propr(拥有)+iate→自己拥有→挪用 (同) 派生词: appropriateness (n. 适当适合): appropriating (adj. 适当的); appropriation (n. 拨款,挪用公款)同根词: property(财产); propriety(礼貌规矩) (例) The city appropriated funds to fix the roads.

698

uninhabitable

(英) adj. 不适于居住的(unfit to be lived in) (记) un(不)+inhabitable(适于居住的)

699

jolt

(英) v. 颠簸着移动(cause jerky movements);n.震动摇晃(jerk) (考) jolt : move \ check : stop(颠簸而行是突然动\突然停止是突然停) (例) I put the brakes on suddenly and the car stopped with a jolt.

700

untold

(考) untold : number \ everlasting(interminable) : duration(数不清的是数字\无限长的是时间)反义词: quantifiable(可计量的); calculable(可预测的)

701

susceptible

(英) adj.易受影响的脆弱的(unresistant to some stimulusinfluenceor agency) (记) sus(在…下面)+cept(接受)+ible→在下面接受→容易接受→易受影响的

702

atrocity

(英) n. 残暴,暴行(brutalitycruelty) (记) atroc(阴沉凶残)+ious→凶狠的 (例) The brutal murderer committed a lot of atrocities.

703

sear

(英) v. (以烈火)烧灼(to burn or scorch with intense heat) (考) trickle : gush \ warm : sear(程度: 滴流对喷涌\温暖对灼烧) (例) He seared his hand on a hot steam pipe.

704

natty

(英) adj. 整洁的,漂亮的(neatly or trimly smart) (考) 反义词:sloppy(邋遢的) (记) 可能是neat(干净的)变体 (例) He's a very natty dresser.(他穿着整齐)

705

spat

(英) n.口角,小争论(a brief petty quarrel or angry outburst) (记) 不要和spit(吐痰)相混 (例) neighbourhood spats(邻里的小争吵)

706

sliver

(英) n.长条(a long slender piece;splinter) (考) 反义词:slab(厚板) (记) 注意不要和silver(银)相混 (例) a two mile long sliver of land(两英里长的一片狭长土地)

707

favorable

(英) adj. 赞成的(showing approval) (考) 反义词:untoward(不利的) (例) It's encouraging to receive a favourable report on one's work.

708

dissemble

(英) v.隐藏、掩饰(感受、意图) (to conceal under a false appearance; disguise) (考) dissemble : honesty \ snub: politeness(掩饰是一种不诚实的表现\怠慢是一种不礼貌的表现)dissemble : information \ masquerade : feeling(隐藏信息\伪装感情)ingenuous : dissemble \ raffish : preen \ polite : snub(坦白的不会假装\俗丽的不会打扮\礼貌的不会冷落)反义词:behave ho (记) dis+semble=simul(相同)→不和(本来面目)相同→隐蔽 (同) 同根词:assemble(集合);simultaneous(同时的) (例) The teacher dissembled when she explained the problem to the principal.

709

lenient

(英) adj. 宽大的(not harsh or severe);仁慈的(mercifulclement) (记) len(软化)+ient→软化的→宽大的 (同) 同根词:lenitive(缓和的); lento(音乐:缓慢地)派生词: lenienceleniency (n. 宽大,温和) (例) A lenient judge shortened the criminal's sentence.

710

nebulous

(英) adj. 模糊不清的(hazyvagueindistinct);云状的(cloudlike) (考) 反义词:distinct(明显的) clear-cut(清晰的)

711

aggravate

(英) v. 加重,恶化(to make worse; intensify) (考) 反义词:succor(援助); ameliorate(改进) (记) ag+grav(重)+ ate→加重; (同) 派生词: aggravation (n.恶化激怒; 恼人的事物)同根词:gravity(庄重;地球引力); gravitation(引力作用) (例) The lack of rain aggravated the already serious lack of food.

712

tyro

(英) n. 新手 (a beginner in learning;novice) (考) 反义词:expert(专家) (例) a tyro in foreign affairs

713

crossfire

(英) n. 交叉火力 (fire directed at an object from two or more positions)

714

certification

(英) n. 证明(action of certifying ) (考) teacher : certification \ driver : license(教师需要证书才可以教书\司机需要执照才可以驾驶) (记) 来自certify (v.证明保证;cert[搞清]+ify[...化] →搞清楚→证明)

715

duet

(英) n. 二重唱(a composition for two voices or instruments)

716

stencil

(英) n. (用以刻写图案、文字的)模板(an impervious material perforated with lettering or a design);v.用模板刻写(to produce by stencil) (考) stencil : lettering \ pattern : sewing(刻字用模板\缝纫用衣样) (记) stencil an address on a packing case(在包装箱上用模板印地址) (例) stencil an address on a packing case(在包装箱上用模板印地址)

717

bombast

(英) n.高调,夸大之辞(pompous language) (考) bombast : pompous \ tirade : critical \ drivel : nonsensical(夸大之辞是夸大的\攻击性演说是批判的\胡说是无意义的)反义词: down-to-earth language(实事求是的话); understated(保守地说); unpretentious(谦逊的) (记) bomb(空洞的声音; 炸弹)+ast→唱高调 (同) 派生词: bombastic (adj.唱高调的grandiloquent)

718

opprobrious

(英) adj. 辱骂的,恶名声的(expressing scorn; abusive) (考) 反义词:irreproachable(无可指责的) (记) op+probr(耻辱)+ious→耻辱的

719

emerald

(英) n.祖母绿翡翠(green gemstones);adj.翠绿色的(brightly or richly green)

720

peer

(英) n. 同等之人,同辈(one belonging to the same societal group) (例) A student of high caliberhe easily exceled his peers.

721

wit

(考) volatile : temper \ ready : wit(多变的情绪\敏捷的才智)

722

emblem

(英) n.象征标志(a devicesymbolor figure used as an identifying mark) (例) The national emblem of England is a rose.

723

lava

(考) volcano : lava \ geyser : water(火山喷出熔岩\喷泉喷出水) (记) 注意不要和larva(幼虫)相混

724

majority

(英) n. 多数,大半 (the larger number or amount) (记) major(大多数的)+ity; 反义词: minority(少数)

725

destruction

(英) n.毁坏,毁灭(的原因) (demolition or slaughter; ruin) (记) de+strict(结构、建造)+ion→反建造→毁坏 (同) 同根词:construction(建立); obstruct(阻碍) (例) Pride was her destruction.(骄傲是她毁灭的原因)

726

fatuousness

(考) 反义词:sensibleness(明智)

727

clandestine

(英) adj. 秘密的,暗中从事的 (surreptitious; furtive; secret) (考) clandestine : secretly \ overt : openly(秘密的和秘密地\公开的和公开地)反义词:open(公开的) (记) 分割记忆:clan(宗派)+destine(命中注定)'宗派'和'命定'都有一些'秘密'色彩 (例) a clandestine plan to overthrow the leader

728

crucial

(英) adj.决定性的(very importantdecisive) (考) relevant : crucial \ perceptible : obvious(关键的比相关的程度深\明显的比可察觉的程度深)反义词:inconsequential(不重要的) (记) cruc(十字形)+ial→十字路口→关键的

729

loom

(英) 隐约出现(to appeartake placeor come in sight indistinctly as through a mistesp. in a largeportentousor threatening form) (考) needle : knit \ loom : weave(针用来缝纫\织布机用来编织) (例) A figure loomed out of the mist.

730

prescript

(英) n. 命令,规定(commandordinance)

731

iconoclast

(英) n. 攻击传统观念或风俗的人(one who attacks and seeks to destroy widely accepted ideasbeliefs) (考) dogma : iconoclast \ convnention : maverick(攻击传统观念的人攻击教条\想法与众不同的人攻击传统)philosopher : cogitate \ iconoclast : attack(哲学家喜欢思索\攻击传统观念的人喜欢攻击) (记) icono(圣像)+clast(打破…的人)→打破圣像的人

732

utensil

(英) n.工具,(厨房)用具(an implementinstrumentor vessel used in a household kitchen) (记) ut(用)+ensil→用品→器皿 (例) kitchen utensils

733

evaporation

(考) remainder : subtraction \ residue : evaporation(减去剩下剩余物\蒸发剩下残余物) (记) evaporate+ion

734

soliloquy

(英) n.自言自语(talking to oneself);独白(a dramatic monologue) (考) soliloquy : play \ aria : opera(独白是戏剧中单人台词\独唱曲是歌剧中单人歌曲) (记) soli(惟一)+loquy(说话)→一人说话→独白

735

obtrusive

(英) v. 突出(to thrust out);强加(to force or impose) (记) ob(向外)+trude(伸出)→向外伸→突出 (例) Don't obtrude your opinions on others.

736

mild

(考) 反义词:acute(急性的,严重的)

737

dirge

(英) n.哀歌 (a funeral hymn);凄凉之曲调(lament) (考) paean(hymn): joy(praise)\ dirge : grief(赞歌表达赞扬(欢乐)\挽歌表达悲哀)dirge : music \ elegy : poetry(挽歌是一种悲伤的音乐\哀诗是一种悲伤的诗)

738

predator

(英) n. 食肉动物(an animal that lives by killing and consuming other animals) (记) predat(破坏,掠夺)+or→掠夺者,食肉动物 (同) 同根词:predation(捕食,掠夺); predatory(掠夺的) (例) The most dangerous predators of many animals are human beings.

739

discerning

(英) adj. 识别力强的(showing careful judgement) (考) ravishing : attractive \ perspicacious : discerning(引人入胜的是十分有吸引力的\敏锐的是十分有洞察力的)反义词:myopic(近视的) (记) dis(分开)+cern(搞清区别)→分开搞清→区别

740

doyen

(考) eccentric : conventional \ doyen : uninitiated(古怪的人不会是传统的\老资格人不会是初学的)

741

mattress

(考) tablecloth : table \ sheet : mattress(桌布用来铺桌子\床单用来铺床) (记) 分割记忆:mat(席子,草席)+tress(头发) (例) I have back problemsso I sleep on a very firm mattress.

742

nonchalant

(英) adj. 冷漠的(not showing interest) (考) anonymous : identify \ nonchalant : excite(匿名的不能被确定身份\冷漠的不能被激奋) (记) non(没有)+chal(关心)+ant→不关心的 (同) 派生词: nonchalance (n. 无动于衷,冷淡) (例) The jury did not take the nonchalant witness seriously.

743

deplete

(英) v. 倒空 (to empty wholly or partly);耗尽 (to use up gradually the resources) (考) 反义词:enrich(富足) (记) de+plet(满)→不满→倒空 (同) 同根词:replete(饱满的); plentiful(大量的)派生词: depletion (n. 耗尽;枯竭) (例) The cost of this journey has depleted our small store of money.

744

distillation

(英) n. 蒸馏(substance made by distilling) (考) synopsis : conciseness \ distillate : purity(大纲的特点是简明\蒸馏物的特点是纯净) (记) 来自distill(蒸馏); di+still(水滴);注意: distillate(n. 馏出液、精华)

745

deciduous

(英) adj. 脱落的(falling off or out);落叶的 (shedding leaves annually) (记) de+cid(落下)+uous→落叶的 (例) Deciduous trees look barren during the winter.

746

instrumentalist

(英) n. 乐器演奏者(player of a musical instrument) (考) instrumentalist : orchestra \ actor : troupe(乐器演奏者组成管弦乐队\演员组成剧团)instrumentalist : symphony \ dancer : ballet(乐器演奏者表演交响乐\舞者表演芭蕾舞)conductor : instrumentalist \ director : actor(指挥指导乐器演奏者表演\导演指挥演员表演) (记) instrument+al+ist

747

commercial

(英) n. 电视或无线电中的广告(advertisement on TV or radio) (考) advertising : commercial \ publishing : journal(做广告\出版期刊)

748

disaggregate

(考) 反义词:coalesce(接合)

749

entrapment

(记) entrap(v.用陷阱诱捕;en[进入]+trap[陷阱])+ment

750

promulgate

(英) v. 颁布,传播(法令)(to put [a law] into action or force) (考) 反义词: keep secret(保密) (记) pro(前面)+mulg(人民)+ate→放到人民前面的→颁布 (例) promulgate a constitution

751

arrogate

(英) v. 冒称具有…权利(to claim or seize without right) (记) ar+rog(要求)+ate→一再要求→霸占 (例) He arrogated to himself the right to change the law. (他擅自修改法律)

752

filings

(英) n.锉屑(a small piece of metalscraped off with file) (考) metal : filings \ wood : shavings(金属的锉屑\木料的刨花) (例) to file the wood smooth. iron filings.

753

periodic

(英) adj. 周期的,定时的 (happening repeatedly) (记) period (周期)+ic

754

equivocal

(英) adj. 意义含糊的,不直率的(purposely vaguemisleadingor ambiguous) (记) equi(平等)+voc(声音)+al→声音平平→意义含糊的; (例) His comment was purposely equivocal so we would have no idea what he really thinks.

755

unsavory

(英) adj.难吃的(distasteful);名声不好的(morally offensive)

756

embark

(英) v. 开始上船登机(be taken on boarda ship or an aircraft) (考) 反义词:conclude(结束) (例) Passengers with cars must embark first.

757

parasite

(英) 寄生虫食客(a person who exploits the hospitality of the rich and earns welcome by flattery; sycophant) (考) bacteria : medium \ parasite : host(细菌生长在环境中\寄生虫生长在寄生主体中) (记) para(旁边)+site(坐)→坐在旁边的人→食客 (同) 派生词: parasitic (adj. 寄生的) (例) Susan's brother had become a real parasite and did nothing to share the cost of food or rent.

758

jewelry

(英) n. 珠宝首饰(ornamentsearings and necklaces) (考) gadget : tools \ trinkets : jewelry(小器械是小工具\小饰品是小珠宝)

759

tugboat

(英) n.拖船(a strongly built powerful boat used for towing and pushing) (考) locomotive : flatcar \ tigboat : barge(机车拖动平台货车\拖船拖动平底货船) (记) 组合词:tug(用力拖拉)+boat(船); (同) 参考:barge(驳船)

760

critical

(英) adj. 找出毛病的(looking for faults);关键的(of or at a crisis) (考) bombast : pompous \ tirade : critical(夸大的言辞是夸大的\长篇攻击性演说是批评的) (记) crit+ical

761

barge

(英) n.平底货船,驳船(a large boatusually flat bottomed) (考) locomotive : flatcar \ tugboat : barge(机车拖平台货车\拖船拖平底货船) (记) 可以和bargain(讨价还价)一起记

762

track

(英) n. 足迹,踪迹; 轨道; 小道(a narrow path);

763

distort

(英) v. 扭曲弄歪( twist sth out of its usual shape) (记) dis(坏)+tort(扭曲)→扭坏了→曲解

764

outlaw

(英) n. 不法分子 (a person who has broken the laws) (记) out(超过)+law(法律)→超过法律之人→不法分子

765

assay

(英) n.\v. 试验测定(testing of metals for quality ) (例) make an assay of an ore

766

deploy

(英) v. 展开部署(to distribute systematically; move into the correct position for battle) (考) 反义词: concentrate(集中) (记) de(加强)+ploy(用参与) →加强使用(部队) →调度

767

escalation

(英) n. 逐步上升逐步增强(state of being more intense) (例) an escalation in food prices

768

abstruse

(英) adj.难懂的,深奥的(hard to understand; deep; recondite) (考) 反义词:accessible(可理解的); patent(显著的) (记) abs+trus(走,推)→走不进去→难懂的; (同) 同根词:intrusion(闯入)protrusion(突出隆起)

769

girder

(英) n. 大梁(horizontal beam to support the roof) (考) bone : body \ girder : skyscraper(骨骼支撑身体\大梁支撑大厦)ballast : stability \ girder : support(压舱物的作用是稳定\大梁的作用是支撑) (记) 来自gird(束腰,支持)+er→支撑物→栋梁

770

adjudicate

(英) v.充当裁判(to serve as a judge in a dispute);判决(to hear and decide) (记) ad+judic(to judge 判断)+ate→进行判断→裁决; (同) 派生词: adjudication (n.判决裁决)同根词:judicious(明智的)prejudice(偏见) (例) Who will adjudicate this matter for us?

771

appetite

(英) n.食欲(a desire for foodorsometimesa desire for some specific food) (考) gourmand : appetite \ skinflint : thrift (贪吃者过分有食欲\吝啬鬼过分节俭)

772

numerous

(英) adj. 许多的,很多的 (many)

773

infraction

(英) n.违法(violation; infringement) (记) in(使)+fract(破裂)+ion→使法律破裂→违法 (同) 同根词:refractory(倔强的); fraction(碎片) (例) We do not condone or tolerate an infraction of even the most trivial kind.

774

barb

(考) barb : caustic \ pan : harsh(严厉批评是尖刻的\痛斥是苛刻的) (记) barb原也指倒翘的胡子,后来胡子一字变为beard (同) 派生词: barbed adj.有倒钩的;讽刺的

775

experimentation

(英) n. 实验(activityprocess or practice of experimenting) (记) experiment+ation

776

stalwart

(英) adj.健壮的,坚定的(outstanding strength) (考) 反义词:lank(瘦的) (记) stal(=support)+wart(=worth)→值得依靠的→坚定的 (例) a stalwart ally(坚定的同盟者)

777

cater

(英) v. 迎合(cater to)提供饮食及服务(provide food and services) (例) cater for a party

778

excitable

(英) adj. 易兴奋的(of temperament easily excited) (考) 反义词:stolid(不易激动的) (记) excite+able

779

swipe

(英) n.\v.猛击(hit with a sweeping motion)

780

vintner

(英) n.酒商 (a wine merchant) (记) vint(酒)+ner→酒商; (同) 参考:vintage(酒)

781

hammer

(英) 锤子榔头(tool with a heavy metal head at right angles to the handleused for breaking thingsdriving nails in)锤打(beat sth with a hammer) (考) hammer : anvil \ pestle : mortar(锤子砸在铁砧上\研棒砸在研钵上)hammer : carpenter \ knife : butcher(木匠的工具是锤子\屠夫的工具是刀)

782

tacit

(英) adj.心照不宣的(understood without being put into words; implied) (考) tacit : infer \ encoded : decode(含蓄的需要推断\加密的需要解码)反义词:explicit(明确表达的); stipulation(具体规定)-tacit requirement(含蓄要求) (记) 注意和taciturn(沉默的)区别,tacit指心里明白但口头不说 (例) tacit understanding(默契)

783

martinet

(英) n. 要求严格纪律的人(sticker for rigid regulations) (考) martinet : discipline \ pedant : learning(严格的人过分要求纪律\学究过分要求知识)反义词:indulgent individual(放纵者) (记) 来自人名Martinet17世纪法国路易十四世时的军事教官

784

unresponsive

(记) un(不)+responsive(反应快的)

785

tightfisted

(考) tightfisted : parsimonious \ brattish : mischievous(同义: 吝啬和吝啬\淘气和淘气)

786

perfunctory

(英) adj. 草率的,敷衍的( characterized by superficiality) (考) 反义词:obsession (沉迷) (记) per(表面)+funct(做)+ory→表面做→马马虎虎的 (例) a perfunctory pedagogue(得过且过的教书匠)

787

capability

(英) n. 能力(quality of being able to do sth) (记) cap(拿抓)+ability(能...) →能掌握的→能力

788

flattery

(英) n. 奉承恭维话(insincere praise) (考) camouflage : deception \ flattery : ingratiating(伪装目的是欺骗\奉承目的是讨好)compliment : flattery \ deference : subservience(称赞过分为奉承\尊敬过分为阿谀)rival : competition \ sycophant : flattery \ extortionist : intimidation(竞争者擅长竞争\谄媚者擅长谄媚\ (例) With a little flattery I might persuade him to do the job.

789

wax

(英) v. 给...打蜡; 盈增大( grow gradually larger after being small ) (考) varnish : wood \ wax : linoleum(木头刷漆\油毡打蜡)candle : wax \ tire : rubber(蜡烛由蜡制造\轮胎由橡胶制造)反义词:flag(衰弱); decrease(减少); waste away(减弱)

790

cloture

(英) n.国会或其他立法议会中的借投票表决以终止辩论的方法(method of ending a debate by taking a vote) (考) voting : roll call \ termination : cloture(唱名是一种选举过程\投票终止是一种终止) (记) closure的变体

791

famish

(英) v.使饥饿(to make or be very hungry) (考) 反义词:surfeit(使过饱)

792

knowledgeable

(英) 有丰富知识的博学的(having or showing knowledge or intelligence) (考) exercise : strong \ read : knowledgeable(锻炼使人强壮\阅读使人渊博) (例) He's very knowledgeable about paintings and sculpture.

793

flag

(英) v.衰退(to lose strength);枯萎(to be come limp; droop) (考) flag : vigor \ waver : resolution(衰弱缺乏精力\动摇缺乏决心)flag : country \ trademark : company(国旗是一个国家的标志\商标是一个公司的标志)反义词:wax(增大) (记) flag作为'旗,国旗'一义众所周知 (例) The roses were beginning to flag.

794

fleece

(英) n.生羊皮,羊毛(the wool covering a sheep; wool) (记) 分割记忆:flee(逃跑)+ce; fleece作动词意为欺诈,骗取,大概是因为披羊皮的狼的故事而来 (例) They really fleeced us at the hotel.

795

somber

(英) adj. 忧郁的(melancholy);阴暗的(dark and gloomy) (考) 反义词:cherubic(可爱的) (例) a somber passageway \ a somber expression

796

median

(英) adj. 中间的(middle; intermediate); (记) medi(中间)+an→中间的 (例) The report listed the median age of each state's population.

797

loquacious

(英) adj.多嘴的饶舌的(very talkative; fond of talking) (考) loquacious : succinct \ adroit : ungainly(多话的不简洁\灵巧的不笨拙)extravagance : expenditure \ loquaciousness : talk(挥霍是花费过分\多话是说话过分)反义词:taciturn(沉默寡言的) (记) loqu(话语)+acious(多…的)→多话的 (同) 同根词:eloquence(口才,雄辩) (例) I spoke on the phone for five hours with my loquacious aunt.

798

scowl

(英) n. 怒容(a threatening expression showing anger or strong disapproval);v. 生气地皱眉,怒视 ( make a scowl; frown angrily) (考) scowl : displeasure \ kiss : affection \ hurl : disgust(怒容表示不高兴\接吻表示友爱\愤慨表示厌恶) (例) The receptionist scowled at me.

799

resurge

(英) v. 复活(rise again into life or prominence) (同) 派生词: resurgence (n. 复兴,再起 renascence)

800

oracular

(英) adj. 神谕的(of an oracle);意义模糊的(obscure; enigmatic)

801

humidity

(英) n. 湿度,湿气(moistness; dampness)

802

kinship

(英) adj. 运动的(of or resulting from motion) (记) kinet(动)+jc→运动的 (同) 同根词:kinescope(显像管); kinematics(运动学)

803

muggy

(英) adj. (天气)闷热而潮湿的(oppressively humid and damp) (例) The air was growing increasingly muggy.

804

graphic

(英) adj. 图表的(of graphs);生动的(vivid) (记) 来自 graph(图表,图解) (例) a graphic account of the disaster(对这次灾难的生动报道)

805

embody

(英) v.(作品等)表达体现(to make concrete and perceptible; incorporate) (记) em+body(身体)→(思想)变成身体→体现

806

quandary

(英) n.困惑,进退两难(a state of perplexity or doubt; predicament) (考) 反义词:state of complete certainty(完全确定状态) (例) be in a quandary about what to do

807

exertion

(英) n. 努力(energetic activity; effort) .

808

arbitrary

(英) adj. 专横的,不理智的(discretionary; despoticdictatorial) (记) arbitr(判断)+ary→自己作判断→武断的 (同) 派生词: arbitrarily (adv. 随心所欲地霸道地) (例) Bill is sometimes a very arbitrary person and won't explain his decisions.

809

ruddy

(英) adj.(脸色)红润的,红色的(having a healthy red color) (记) rud(=red)+dy→红色的 (例) a ruddy complexion(红润的面色)

810

infer

(英) v. 推断推定(reach an opinion from reasoning) (考) tacit : infer \ encoded : decode(心照不宣的需要推断\加密的需要解密) (记) in(进入)+fer(带来) →带进(意义) →推断

811

torso

(英) n.(人体的)躯干(the human trunk)

812

calculate

(英) v. 计算估计(to work sth out by using numbers) (考) abacus : calculate \ sextant : navigate(算盘用来计算\六分仪用来航海) (例) calculate the cost of sth

813

harpoon

(记) 分割记忆:harp(竖琴)+oon;参考其他以oon结尾的单词:lampoon(讽刺),cartoon(漫画)

814

chaotic

(英) adj. 混乱的(in a completely disordered condition)

815

strength

(考) practicing : expertise \ exercising : strength(实践以获得专业技能\锻炼以获得力量)attenuate : thickness \ debilitate : strength(变稀薄减少厚度\使虚弱减少力量)slacken : tautness \ dilute : strength(放松紧度\稀释浓度)

816

rambunctious

(英) adj.(兴奋)控制不了的(marked by uncontrollable exuberance; unruly) (记) ram(羊)+bunctious(bumptious傲慢的)→像羊一样傲慢地叫→喧闹的 (例) The rambunctious puppies rolled around in the dirt.

817

recreant

(英) n. 懦夫,叛徒(coward);adj. 胆怯的(cowardly) (记) re(反)+creat(做)→反过来做→叛徒; (同) 参考:miscreant(坏蛋; 恶棍)

818

imprudent

(英) adj. 轻率的; 不智的(not wise) (考) apathetic : emotion \ imprudent : discretion(冷漠的不会有感情\轻率的不会谨慎) (例) an impudent childgrinquestion

819

nullify

(英) v. 使无效(invalidate; annul);取消(to cancel out) (记) null(无)+ify→使…无→取消 (同) 同根词:nullity(无效); nulliparous(未生育过的) (例) a claim nullified by the court

820

rehearse

(英) v. 排练,预演 (practice in order to prepare for a public performance);详述 ( tell fully) (考) 反义词:impromptu(即兴的)- carefully rehearsed(仔细排练的) (同) 派生词: rehearsal ( n. 排演,排练)

821

documentation

(英) n. 文件或证据的提供; 证件(documents provided as evidence or proof) (例) We haven't enough documentation to process your claim.

822

bondage

(英) n. 奴役束缚(slaverycaptivity) (记) bond(绑)+age (例) keep sb in bondage

823

eclectic

(英) adj. 折衷的综合性的(selecting from various systemsdoctrinesor sources) (记) ec(出)+lect(选)+ic→选出的→折衷的 (同) 同根词: intellect(智力智慧); collective(集合的) (例) Mary's taste in music is eclectic. She likes every kind.

824

endorse

(英) v. 背书(write one's name on the back) (考) endow : income \ endorse : approval(捐赠获得收入\背书获得同意)反义词:oppose publicly(公开反对); impugn(指责) (记) en+dorse(背)→在背后签字

825

listener

(英) n. 听者 (a person who listens or is listening) (考) listener : eavesdropper \ observer : spy(偷听者是偷偷听的人\间谍是偷偷观察的人) (记) listen(听)+er

826

tint

(英) n. 色泽(slight degree of a color);v. 给...淡淡地着色( give a slight color to) (考) tint : suffuse \ amble : wander(染遍是完全着色\漫游是到处走遍)

827

igneous

(英) adj. 火的,火绒的(having the nature of fire; fiery) (记) ign(点燃)+eous→火燃的→火的

828

shimmer

(英) v.闪烁,微微发亮 (to shine with a soft tremulous light;glimmer) (记) shim(=shine发光)+mer (例) Moonlight shimmering on the sea.

829

astonished

(英) 吃惊的(very surprised) (考) moist : sodden \ surprised : astonished(潮湿过分为湿透的\吃惊过分为惊讶的) (例) She looked astonished when she heard the news

830

snappish

(英) adj. 脾气暴躁的(arising from annoyance or irascibility) (记) snap(劈啪声,折断)+pish (例) a snappish reply(没好气的回答)

831

discretion

(英) n.谨慎,审慎 (prudence) (考) apathetic : emotion \ imprudent : discretion(冷漠的缺乏感情\轻率的缺乏谨慎)frivolous : gravity \ brash : discretion(轻率的无庄重\草率的无谨慎)foolish : discretion \ impecunious : money(愚蠢的没有判断力\贫穷的没有钱)

832

procrastination

(考) 反义词:diligence(勤奋)

833

forum

(记) 参考:forensic(辩论的,法庭的) (例) The letters page of this newspaper is a forum for public argument.

834

inhabitant

(英) n. 居民; 栖息的动物(person or animal living in a place) (记) inhabit+ant(表人)

835

confident

(英) adj. 信念坚定的; 自信的( sure about oneself or something) (考) frugal : miserly \ confident : arrogant(过分节俭是吝啬的\过分自信是自大的)confident : timid \ open : shy(自信的不胆小\大方的不害羞)confidence : arrogant \ inquiry : interrogatory(自信过分是傲慢\询问过分是审问) (记) con(全部)+fid(相信信念)+ent→信任自信 (同) 派生词: confidence(n.自信; 信念)

836

leeward

(英) adj. 顺风的(in the direction toward which the wind blows) (记) lee(下风的)+ward→向下风走→顺风的

837

stridency

(考) stridency : sound \ garishness : appearance \ acridity : ordor(声音刺耳\外表俗丽\味道辛辣)

838

sonorous

(英) adj.(声音)宏亮的 (full or loud in sound) (记) son(声音)+orous→声音大的 (同) 派生词: sonority (n.响亮,宏亮resonance) (例) a sonorous waterfall(隆隆作响的瀑布)

839

declamation

(英) n. 高声说话,高调(to speak in a dramaticpompousor blustering way) (考) declamation : grandiloquence \ diatribe : abuse(高谈阔论用的都是夸大之词\恶骂用的都是辱骂之词)

840

hazardous

(英) adj. 有危险的(risky; dangerous; perilous)

841

inertia

(英) n. 惰性(the tendency of matter to remain at rest if at rest);懒惰(disinclination to move or act) (考) 反义词:tendenty to change motion(改变运动趋势); activity(活性)

842

bode

(英) v.预示(to be an omen of ; presage) (记) 比较:forebode(预言),bodement(n.预示) (例) These weaknesses in his character boded him no good for the future.

843

stasis

(考) 反义词:motility(运动)

844

bookish

(英) adj.爱读书的好学的(fond of books and reading)

845

err

(英) v. 犯错误出错(make mistakes) (记) err 本身就是词根:漫游犯错误

846

exceptionable

(英) adj. 引起反感的(open to objection)

847

gale

(英) n. 狂风(a strong wind);一阵(笑声)(a loud outburst) (例) The old tree was blown down in a gale. a gale of laughter.

848

lubricate

(考) lubricate : abrasion \ seal : leakage(润滑防止磨损\密封防止泄漏)oil : lubricate \ antiseptic : disinfect(油有润滑作用\杀菌剂有消毒作用)

849

cozen

(英) v. 欺骗哄骗(coax) (考) 反义词;deal with forthrightly(直率对待) (例) cozen sb. out of his money (骗钱)

850

motivate

(英) v. 促使,激发(incite or impel) (考) exhortation : motivate \ invective : discredit(激励演讲是为了激励\恶言漫骂是为了使人丢脸) (记) motiv(动机)+ate→有动机→促使 (例) He was motivated only by his wish to help meand expected nothing in return.

851

charitable

(英) adj.仁慈的(kind and generous);宽厚的(forgiving; lenient; philanthropic)

852

niggard

(英) n. 吝啬鬼(an extremely stingy person) (记) nig(小,小气)+gard→小气之人; (同) 参考:sluggard(懒鬼)

853

fiasco

(英) n.大失败,惨败(a complete failure) (考) 反义词:a notable success(显著成功) (记) 和fresco(壁画)一起记 (例) The party was totally a fiasco.

854

forbid

(英) v. 不许禁止(order sb not to do sth);妨碍阻止(make sth difficult or impossible ) (考) 反义词: countenance(支持) (例) Lack of space forbids further treatment of the topic here.

855

carefree

(英) adj. 无忧无虑的(without worries) (考) idyll : carefree \ ordeal : difficult(田园生活无忧无虑\苦难经历艰苦困难) (例) young and carefree

856

grievance

(英) n. 委屈,抱怨(complaint or resentment) (记) griev(悲痛)+ance→委屈 (例) I think you have several saved up grievances.(我看你心里积了不少牢骚)

857

noteworthy

(英) adj. 值得注意的,显著的 (deserving attention) (记) note(注意)+worthy(值得的)

858

imperfection

(英) n. 不完美(being imperfect) (考) purify : imperfection \ cerify : doubtfulness(净化消除缺点\证实消除怀疑)impeccable : fault \ unblemished : imperfection(无缺点的没有缺点\无瑕疵的没有瑕疵) (记) im+perfect(完美)+ion→不完美

859

segment

(英) n. 部分( bitfragment) (考) 反义词:make whole(使完整) (记) seg(=sect 部分)+ment→部分 (同) 参考:segmentable(可分割的);segmental(部分的,片断的)

860

limousine

(考) mansion : residence \ limousine : auto mobile(大厦是豪华住所\轿车是豪华汽车) (记) 原指法国牧羊人披的斗篷分割记忆:li看作like+mouse(耗子)+ine→像耗子的东西→轿车

861

exonerate

(英) v.免除责任(to relieve from an obligation);确定无罪(to clear from accusationguiltor blame; absolve) (考) 反义词:prove guilty(证明有罪); inculpate(使负罪); censure(责难); incrimination(控告) (记) ex+oner(负担)+ate→走出负担→无罪 (同) 同根词:onerous(费力的,繁重的)派生词: exoneration(n. 免除) (例) The jury exonerated the defendant.

862

exegesis

(英) n. (对圣经等的)严肃解释(explanationcritical analysisor interpretation of a wordliterary passage in the Bible) (记) ex+egesis(引导)→引导出来→解释

863

institutionalized

(记) institution+alize(表动词化)+ed

864

didactic

(英) adj. 教诲的 (morally instructive);说教的 ( boringly pedantic or moralistic) (考) didactic : instruct \ comic : amuse(教诲的用来教导\有趣的用来娱乐)didactic : teach \ hortatory(exhortative) : urge \ fantastic : amaze(教导的用来教导\劝告的用来敦促\奇妙的用来让人惊奇) (记) 无词根,分割记忆:did(做)+act(行动),教人如何做或行动→教诲的 (同) n. didacticism

865

crusade

(英) n. 维护理想、原则而进行的运动或斗争(vigorousconcerted action for some cause or ideaor against some abuse) (记) crus(十字)+ade→原指十字军东征 (同) 同根词:cruciform(十字形) (例) a crusade against crime

866

revise

(英) n.\ v. 改变,修正( change because of new information or more thought) (考) revise : manuscript \ retouch : picture(修改文稿\润饰图画) (同) 派生词: revision (n. 修改,校订; 修订本)

867

intoxicate

(英) v.使醉(make drunk; inebriate);陶醉(to excite to a point beyond self-control) (记) in(进入)+toxic(毒)+ate→进入毒→使醉 (同) 同根词:toxicity(毒性);toxic(有毒的) (例) Alcohol intoxicates me rather quickly. \ Success intoxicated him.

868

burglar

(英) n. 窃贼(person who enters a building illegally) (例) The burglar got into the house through the bedroom window.

869

trepidation

(英) n.恐惧,惶恐 (timorous uncertain agitation) (考) audacious : trepidation \ laconic : volubility(大胆的不会惊恐\简洁的不会多话)dauntless : trepidation \ footloose : attachment(大胆的无恐惧\自由的无依附) (记) trep(害怕)+id+ation→害怕,胆小; (同) 同根词:intrepid(无畏的)

870

gruff

(英) adj.(指人声音)粗野的(rough; hoarse)

871

taboo

(英) adj.讳忌的(banned on grounds of morality);n.禁忌(a prohibition imposed by social custom) (例) a taboo subject(忌讳的话题) \ violate the taboo(违犯禁忌)

872

dispersed

(考) clot : dissolved \ crowd : dispersed(凝块被溶解\人群被驱散)

873

astral

(英) adj. 星状的(relating to the stars) (记) astr(星星)+al

874

amalgamate

(英) v.合并(unite; combine);混合(to combine in an amalgam) (考) 反义词: separate(分离); isolate(隔离) (记) 来自单词amalgam(合金混合物) (例) Our school will amalgamate with another school.

875

emend

(英) v. 订正校订(to make scholarly corrections) (记) e+mend(改正)→改出来→订正 (同) 参考:amendment(修正案改正); mendacious(说谎的)

876

governance

(英) n. 统治,支配(power of government) (记) govern(统治)+ance→统治 (同) 同根词:governor(州长); government(政府)

877

brevity

(英) n. 短暂(shortness or briefness);简洁(conciseness) (考) epitomize : brevity \ embellish : ornamentation(概括的特点是简洁\修饰的特点是装饰)exaggeration : caricature \ brevity : epigram(讽刺画的特点是夸张\警句的特点是简洁)brevity : aphorism \ distortion : caricature(格言特点是简洁\讽刺画特点是扭曲)反义词:prolixity(罗嗦) (记) brev(短缩短)+ity(状态→短的状态→短暂简短)

878

spice

(英) n. 香料,调味品; 趣味(interest or excitement) (考) pestle : grind \ spice : flavor(研棒用来研磨\调味品用来调味)

879

minority

(英) 少数小部分(the smaller number or part)少数民族(a small part of a population which is different from the rest in racereligionetc.) (记) minor(较小的)+ity

880

plot

(英) n. 情节(the plan or main story of a literary work);阴谋(a secret plan; intrigue) (考) choreography : dance \ plot : story(舞蹈有编舞\故事有情节)joke : punch line \ plot : denouement(妙语在笑话最后\结局在情节最后)cohabit : reside \ conspire : plot(同居是一起居住\共谋是一起密谋)inveigle : interest \ plot : plan(诱骗不是使人正常感兴趣\搞阴谋不是正 (例) a plot against the government(反政府的阴谋) \ plot a novel(构思小说)

881

gleanings

(英) n. 所拾得的落穗(that which is gleaned)

882

consolidate

(英) v. 巩固 (to make stablefirmly established)合并(merge; unite; join) (考) 反义词: fragmentation(分裂) (记) con+solid(结实)+ate→巩固 (同) 同根词:solidity(团结,凝固); solidify(使团结)派生词: consolidation (n. 巩固)

883

verse

(英) n.诗歌 (a line of metrical writing) (考) doggerel : verse \ burlesque : play(打油诗是一种诗\讽刺剧是一种剧) (记) vers(转)+e→诗歌的音节千转百回,故名 (同) 同根词:versatility(多才多艺);versant(精通的)

884

wardrobe

(英) n.衣橱(a room or closet where clothes are kept);全部服装(a collection of wearing apparel) (考) wardrobe : clothes \ bookcase : books \larder : food(衣柜用来放衣服\书柜用来放书\食品柜用来放食品) (记) 分割记忆:ward(病房)+robe(长袍),可能原指病人穿的衣服

885

exhaustive

(英) adj. 彻底的,无遗漏的(covering every possible detail; thoro ugh) (考) 反义词:incomplete(不完全的); partial(部分的) (例) to make an exhaustive study

886

buck

(英) v. 反对(opposeresist);n. 雄鹿雄兔(male deer or rabbit); (考) 反义词:assent to(同意) (记) 美国口语一美圆叫 one buck.

887

proposition

(英) n. 看法 (an unproved statement);提议(a suggested business offerarrangementor settlement) (记) propose(建议,提议)+ition

888

specialize

(英) v. 专门研究(limit to a particular activity or subject) (记) special(特殊的;speci[种类]+al→[属于]种类的→特别的)+ize

889

mien

(英) n. 风采,态度(airbearingor demeanor) (记) 可能来自demeanor(举止) (例) The judge looked at the prisoner with a thoughtful and solemn mien.

890

marrow

(英) n. 骨髓;精华(the innermost and choicest part; pith) (记) 可以和narrow(狭窄的)一起记 (例) the pith and marrow of Marxism

891

coward

(英) n.胆小鬼(person who lacks courage) (考) coward : craven \ dupe : gullible(懦夫的特点是懦弱的\易受骗者的特点是轻信的)coward : brave \ philanthropist : selfish(懦夫不会勇敢的\慈善家不会自私的)yokel : sophistication \ coward : courage(乡下人不会世故\懦夫不会有勇气) (例) You miserable coward !

892

misdeed

(英) n. 错误行为,犯罪 (a wrong or illegal action) (记) mis(错误)+deed(行为)

893

volubility

(英) n.健谈流畅(ready and rapid speech;fluency) (考) audacious : trepidation \ laconic : volubility(大胆的不惊恐\简洁的不多话)反义词:taciturnity(沉默寡言) (记) 来自voluble(健谈的),volu(转)+able→舌头能转→健谈的

894

climax

(英) n. 顶点高潮(most significant event or point in time) (例) the climax of his political career

895

orient

(英) adj. 上升的(rising);v. 确定方向;使熟悉情况(acquaint with a particular situation) (记) ori(升起)+ent→(太阳)升起的 (例) Mary oriented herself toward the west.

896

bump

(英) v.碰撞(hit or knock against);n. 碰撞声(dull sound of a blow) (例) The passengers felt a violent bump as the plane landed.

897

saga

(英) n. 英勇故事,长篇小说(any long story of adventure or heroic deeds) (记) 注意不要和sage(智慧的)相混 (例) The author wrote a fivevolume saga about a powerful family.

898

larder

(英) n. 食品室(a place where food is stored; pantry) (考) larder : food \ armory : munitions \ wardrode : clothes(食品室放食品\武器库放武器\衣橱放衣服)larder : provisions \ vault : valuables(食品室储藏粮食\地窖储藏财宝)

899

usurp

(英) v.篡夺,霸占(to seize and hold in possession by force ) (考) embezzle : funds \ usurp : power(贪污资金\篡夺权利)usurp : take \ overwhelm : defeat(篡夺是完全夺取\压倒性胜利是完全打败)反义词:abdicate(让位) (记) use(用)+urp,看作up用(阴谋)上台→篡夺; 比较usury(高利贷) (例) usurp the throne(篡夺王位)

900

accolade

(英) n. 推崇备至(approvalappreciation);赞扬(words of praise) (考) 反义词:cutting remark(说坏话); speak ill(说坏话); derogate(诋毁); denounce(谴责) (记) ac+col(脖子)+ade→把奖品挂上脖子→赞美 (同) 同根词:collar(领口,项圈)(例) His new book received accolades from the papers.

901

shrine

(英) n.神龛,圣地(a place in which homage is paid to a saint or deity) (考) shrine : pilgrim \ peak : climber(朝圣者的目的地是圣地\攀登者的目的地是顶峰) (记) 参考:enshrine(把...奉为神圣) (同) 参考:enshrine(把…奉为神圣)

902

enunciate

[记]词根记忆:e + nunci(=nounce,报告,说) + ate→说出来→表达同根词:denunciate(v. 谴责);pronunciation(n. 发音)反义词:mumble(v. 含糊地说;n. 咕哝)

903

liberated

(英) adj. 无拘束的(free),放纵的(licentious) (记) 来自liberate(解放)

904

hassle

(英) n. 激烈的辩论(a heated argument; squabble) (记) 可能来自haste(急忙)+tussle(争论,扭打)

905

glorify

(英) v. 吹捧美化(make ordinary or bad appear better) (例) a book which glorifies the horrors of war

906

elope

(英) v. 私奔(to run away secretly in order to get married; escape; abscond) (记) e+lope(跑)→跑出去→私奔,lope本身是一个单词意为'轻快地走' (例) The couple did not want a large weddingso they decided to elope.

907

intercept

(英) v. 中途拦截,截取(to seize or stop on the way (记) inter(在中间)+cept(拿)→从中间拿→拦截

908

trickle

(英) v.一滴滴地流(to flow in a thin gentle stream) (考) trickle : gush \ warm : sear(程度: 滴流→喷涌\温暖→灼烧)反义词:spate(暴雨) (例) Tears were trickling from her eyes.

909

peaky

(英) adj. 消瘦的;虚弱的(thinweak)

910

skewer

(英) (烤肉用的)穿肉杆 (a pin of wood or metal for fastening meat to keep it in form while roasting);v.用杆穿好 (to fasten or pierce with a skewer) (例) skewer the chicken before cooking

911

penalize

(英) v. 置(某人)于不利地位;处罚(to inflict a penalty on) (记) penal(惩罚)+ize (例) The basketball player was penalized for making a foul.

912

divergence

(英) n. 分歧,分开(difference of opinion; disagreement) (考) ad-lib : impromptu \ aside : divergent(即兴演讲特点是即兴的\旁白特点是偏离的)反义词:unification(一致) (同) adj. divergent (例) a series of divergent paths wound through the woods.

913

intercede

(英) v. 说好话,代求情(to plead or make a request on behalf of another) (记) inter(在中间)+cede(走)→走到中间→代别人求情 (例) He interceded with the governor for meand I was saved.

914

bequest

(考) heirloom : ancestor \ bequest : testator(传家宝是祖先留下\遗产立遗嘱人留下)

915

monsoon

(英) n. 季雨,季风(the season wind of the Indian Oceanbringing rain)

916

grindstone

(英) n. 磨刀石(a millstone)

917

cramp

(英) v. 填塞,塞满 (to fill beyond normal capacity) (例) Don't cram your bag too full of clothes.

918

concede

(英) v. 承认(为正确) (to admit as true or valid);让步 (to make a concession) (考) 反义词:refuse to grant(拒绝承认) (记) con+cede(割让)→让出去→让步; (同) 参考:cede(割让放弃)派生词: concession (n. 让步yielding;特许权 a privilege) (例) I conceded and admitted I was wrong.

919

unflappable

(英) adj. 临危不乱的,镇定自若的 (never losing one's calmness) (考) unflappable : upset \ obstinate : persuade(镇定自若的不容易被扰乱\固执的不容易被说服) (记) un(不)+flappable(易慌乱的)

920

ravine

(英) n.深谷,峡谷(a small narrow steep-sided valley that is larger than a gully and smaller than a canyon) (例) We rafted down the river running through the mountain ravine.

921

hasten

(英) v. 催促,促进(speed up; accelerate) (考) 反义词:slow the progress of(延缓过程); check(阻碍) (记) to hasten the preparations for one's departure (例) to hasten the preparations for one's departure

922

calligraphy

(英) n. 书法(handwriting) (考) calligraphy : scribble \ sonnet : doggerel(乱涂乱写不是书法\打油诗不是十四行诗) (记) call=kall(美丽)+graphy(写) →写美丽的字→书法

923

extradite

(英) v.引渡回国,拿获归案(to turn over a person accused or convicted of a crime to the jurisdiction of another country where the crime was allegedly committed) (记) ex+tradit(传递)→传递出去→引渡 (同) 同根词:tradition(传统) (例) The accused killer was extradited from Arizona to Texas.

924

awl

(考) awl : pierce \ pestle : mash(钻用来刺破\研棒用来捣碎) (记) 比较记忆:owl(猫头鹰)

925

manipulative

(英) adj. 操纵别人的,老于世故的(to manage or control artfully often in an unfair or fraudulent way) (考) 反义词:guileless(诚实的,天真的) (记) 来自manipulate(熟练地操作使用); manipul(用手做) (例) a manipulative woman

926

earsplitting

(考) earshot : hear \ ken : see(听力所及范围的能听到\目力所及范围的能看到)earsplitting adj. 震耳欲聋的

927

pedestal

(英) n.(柱石或雕像的)基座(basefoundation) (记) ped(脚)+estal→做脚的东西→基座,ped作为词根,有'儿童、脚'两层意思

928

embellish

(英) v. 装饰,润饰(to make beautiful with ornamentation; decorate) (考) embellish : austere \ adulterate : pure(装饰不朴素\掺假不纯洁)epitomize : brevity \ embellish : ornamentation(概括特点是简短\装饰特点是装饰) (记) em+bell(美)+ish→使…美→装饰 (同) 同根词:belle(美女) (例) to embellish a shirt collar with lace. to embellish a tale to sound more exciting

929

gestation

(英) n. 怀孕,孕育时期(pregnancy) (记) gest(=carry 带有)+ation→带有(孩子)→怀孕 (同) 同根词:digestion(消化);ingest(吞咽)

930

nefarious

(英) adj. 违法的,邪恶的(extremely wicked; iniquitous) (考) nefarious : wickedness \ generous :liberality(邪恶的和邪恶\慷慨的和慷慨)反义词:above reproach(无可责备的); virtuous(美德的) (记) ne(=not)+far(公正)+ious→不公正的,违法的 (例) a nefarious plan to cheat his own company

931

spoon

(英) n. 匙 (a tool for mixingservingand eating food);

932

detest

(英) v.深恶,憎恶(to dislike intensely; hate; abhor) (记) de+test(证明)→反过去证明→憎恶 (同) 同根词:attest(证明,表明); testify(证明) (例) I detest people who deceive and tell lies.

933

syncopate

(英) v.词中间省略,缩写(to shorten by losing one or more sounds or letters in the interior of a word) (记) syn(共同)+cop(=chop砍)+ate→砍掉→省略,如把Gloucester写成Gloster

934

linear

(英) adj. 线的(of lines);成直线的(made of lines) (记) 以上二词都来自line(直线),注意意义的不同 (例) a lineal descendent(直系后代) \ a linear design(线条图案)

935

blinds

(记) 由blind(看不见的)而来,使外面看不见的窗户

936

antediluvian

(英) adj. 史前的(of the time before the Biblical Flood);陈旧的(old-fashionedor primitive) (记) ante+diluv(洪水)+ian→洪水以前→史前的

937

palaver

(英) n.\v. 空谈(idle chatter);奉承(flattery; cajolery) (记) 可能来自palace(宫殿)+aver(承认,说话)→宫殿里的话→空谈 (例) futile palaver(无用的空谈)

938

unsound

(英) 不结实的不坚固的(not in a health or strong condition)无根据的(not firmly based) (记) un(不)+sound(合理的,可靠的)

939

unpremeditated

(记) un(不)+premeditated(预谋的)

940

distinctly

(英) adv. 清楚地(in a distinct manner) (考) 反义词:mutter(嘟囔)-speak distinctly(清楚地说) (例) But I distinctly remember you promising to phone me !

941

debonair

(英) adj.愉快的友好的(friendlycharmingand fashionably dressed) (例) He strolled aboutlooking very debonair in his elegant new suit.

942

disparate

(英) adj.迥然不同的(essentially not alike; distinct or different in kind) (考) 反义词:homogeneous(同类的) (记) dis+par(平等)+ate→不等的→不同的 (例) The witness gave disparate accounts.

943

onslaught

(英) n. 猛攻,猛袭(a fierce attack) (记) on+slaught(打击)→猛打,猛攻; (同) 参考:slaughter(屠宰) (例) a coordinated onslaught on enemy airfields

944

vivacious

(英) adj.活泼的,快活的(lively in temperconductor spirit; sprightly) (考) 反义词:phlegmatic(冷漠的); languid(疲倦的) (记) viv(活)+acious→活泼的 (同) 同根词:vivisection(活体解剖);vivarium(动植物园)

945

innate

(英) adj. 生来的,天赋的(inborn; inbred; congenital; hereditary) (记) in(内生)+nate(出生)→出生时带来的 (同) 同根词:natality(出生率) (例) The singer had an innate talent for music.

946

euphonious

(英) adj. 悦耳的(having a pleasant sound; harmonious) (考) graceful : movement \ euphonious : sound(优雅的运动\悦耳的音乐)反义词:cacophonous(刺耳的) (记) eu+phon(声音)+ious→声音好听的 (同) 同根词:telephone(电话); cacophony(刺耳的声音)

947

peek

(英) v. 偷看(to look furtively; glance) (例) They caught him peeking through the hole at what was going on in the room.

948

foothold

(英) n. 立足点,根据地(a secure position)

949

sketch

(考) sketch : painting \ outline : essay(画画先画草图\写短文先写提纲)

950

mammoth

(英) adj.巨大的(gigantic; enormous)

951

procure

(英) v. 取得,获得(obtain or aquire) (考) 反义词:relinquish(放弃)-procure (记) pro(向前)+cure(关心,治疗)→关心…向前发展→取得

952

beacon

(英) n. 烽火;信号灯(a signal light for warning or guiding)

953

concise

(英) adj. 简洁的 (brief; terse; laconic; succinct) (考) synopsis : conciseness \ distillate : purity(概要的特点是简明\蒸馏物的特点是纯净)反义词: prolixity(冗长)-conciseness(简明) (记) con+cise(切掉)→把(多余的)全部切掉→简洁的 (同) 派生词: concision (n. 简明,简洁); conciseness(简明) (例) a concise collection of short stories

954

suborn

(英) v.收买,贿赂(to induce secretly to do an unlawful thing) (记) sub(下面)+orn(装饰)→在下面给人好处→贿赂 (例) suborn a witness(收买证人)

955

fortitude

(记) fort(强)+itude(状态)→坚毅 (同) 参考:altitude(高度); attitude(态度)

956

termite

(考) pun : joke \ termite : insect(双关语是一种笑话\白蚁是一种昆虫)

957

intimidation

(考) sycophant : flattery \ extortionist : intimidation(谄媚者擅长奉承\敲诈者擅长恫吓)

958

remonstrate

(英) v. 抗议,规劝(to earnestly present and urge reasons in opposition; expostulate) (考) remonstrance : offend(dissuade)\ reprehensible : censure \syllogism :disprove(抗议为了劝止\斥责为了责难\推论为了反驳)remonstrator : dissuade \ applicant : appeal(抗议者提出反对\申请者提出诉请) (记) re(重新)+monstr(显现)+ate→显出对别人的不满→抗议; (同) 参考:monster(怪物)派生词:remonstrance (n. 抗议,抱怨) (例) to remonstrate against his behavior

959

meek

(英) adj. 温顺的,顺服的 (gentle and uncomplaining) (考) 反义词:vaunting(骄傲的); unyielding(不屈的) (例) She's as meek as a lamb(她象羔羊一般温顺)

960

shade

(英) n.阴影;细微差别 (a minute difference;nuance) (例) delicate shades of meaning(意义上细微的差别)

961

vaccine

(英) 牛痘苗疫苗 (virulent organisms that is administered to produce or artificially increase immunity to a particular disease) (记) vacc(牛)+ine→牛痘苗

962

undesirable

(英) adj.令人不悦的,讨厌的 (not desirable;unwanted) (记) un(不)+desirable(可取的) (例) undesirable reading matter(不良读物)

963

stinginess

(考) 反义词:munificence(慷慨); generosity(慷慨)

964

scrappy

(英) adj. 碎片的(made of disconnected pieces);好斗的(liking to fight);坚毅的(determinedgutsy) (考) 反义词:timorous(胆怯的) (记) 来自scrap意为“斗殴吵架”注意不要和scrape“刮擦”相混 (例) 来自scrap意为斗殴吵架注意不要和scrape刮擦相混

965

exploitation

(英) n. 利用,开发剥削(being exploited) (例) full exploitation of oil wells

966

debar

(英) v.阻止(bar; forbid; exclude) (例) Convicted criminals are debarred from voting in elections.

967

gulch

(英) n. 深谷,峡谷(a steep-walled valley; narrow ravine) (记) 和gulf(海湾,鸿沟)一起记,gulch 可能是 gulf 的变体

968

stimulant

(英) 兴奋剂刺激物(an agent that produces a temporary increase of the functional activity or efficiency of an organism or any of its parts) (考) 反义词:soporific(催眠药) (记) stimul(刺激)+ant→刺激物; (同) 参考:stimulate(刺激);stimulating(使人兴奋的)

969

reputed

(英) adj. 一般认为的(generally supposed or considered)

970

assimilate

(英) v. 同化;吸收(to absorb and incorporate into one's thinking) (记) as+simil(相同)+ate→使相同→同化 (同) 同根词:simulate(伪装,模仿); similarity(相似性) (例) I can't assimilate all this new information so quickly. The company quickly assimilated the new employees.

971

mimicry

(英) 模仿(动物等)拟态伪装(the close external resemblance of an organism to a different organismsuch that it benefits from the mistaken identity) (考) mimicry : camouflage \ mutation : variation(拟态伪装是一种伪装\生物突变是一种变化)

972

precipitate

(英) v. 加速,促成(to bring about abruptly);adj. 鲁莽的(exhibiting violent or unwise speed) (考) 反义词:forestall(预先阻止); deliberate(深思熟虑的); retard(阻碍); dilatory(拖延的) (记) pre(提前)+cipit(落下)+ate→提前落下→加速 (例) World War I was precipitated by political assassination.

973

lump

(英) v.形成块状(to become lumpy) (记) 和lamp(灯)一起记

974

admission

(考) lottery : raffle \ ticket : admission(奖卷为了抽奖\入场券为了进入)

975

wreathe

(英) v. 盘绕(coil about something);把…做成花环(to shape into a wreath) (记) wreath(花环)+e (例) Mist wreathed the hilltops.

976

hidebound

(英) adj. 顽固的,心胸狭窄的(obstinately conservative and narrow-minded) (考) contumacious : authority \ reactionary(hidedoundconservative):change(innovationnovelty)(顽固的不会相信权威\反动的[僵化的保守的]不会接受变化[创新]) (记) 组合词:hide(皮)+bound(包裹)→被包裹起来→顽固的 (例) He is too hidebound to accept new ideas.

977

flourish

(英) v. 昌盛兴旺(be successful);活跃而有影响(very active and influential) (考) 反义词:lack of embellishment(缺乏装饰); waste away(衰退) (记) flour=flor(花)+ish →花一样开放→繁荣

978

accomplice

(英) n. 同谋者,帮凶( partner in a crime; associate) (记) ac+com(共同)+plic(重叠)→重叠一起干→同谋 (同) 同根词:duplicity(口是心非)complicated(复杂的)

979

nonobservance

(记) non(不)+observance(遵循) (例) Nonobservance of the rules could get you into trouble.

980

peripheral

(英) adj. 不重要的,外围的(of a periphery or surface part; auxiliarysupplementary) (考) immaterial : relevance \ peripheral : center(反义: 无关紧要的对相关\外围的对中心)反义词:crux(关键) -peripheral element(不重要因素) (例) The committee was sidetracked by peripheral issues.

981

indiscretion

(英) n. 不谨慎,鲁莽(lack of good judgment; imprudence) (考) overdose : prescription \ indiscretion : convention(用药过量没有依照处方\不谨慎没有依照传统)反义词:judiciousness(明智)

982

truthful

(英) adj. 真实的 (true);诚实的(who habitually tells the truth) (考) chicanery : clever \ tactlessness : truthful(精明的人狡诈\真诚的人不圆滑) (记) truth(事实)+ful

983

boring

(英) adj. 无趣的乏味的(uninterestingdull) (考) 反义词:entrancing(使人入神的)

984

orthodoxy

(英) n. 正统学说(an orthodox beliefdoctrine) (考) religion : devoutness \ canon : orthodoxy(宗教是一种朝拜\教规是一种正统学说)

985

plaudit

(英) v.喝彩赞扬(praise; enthusiastic approval) (记) plaud(鼓掌)+it; 参考: applaud(鼓掌)

986

cumulative

(英) adj. 累积的(gradually increasing in amount) (例) the cumulative effect of several illnesses

987

enchanting

(英) adj. 讨人喜欢的(charming)

988

announce

(英) v. 宣布发表(to make known publicly); (记) an+nounce(讲话说出) →一再讲→宣布 (同) 派生词: announced (adj. 公开宣称的); announcement (n. 宣布通告)

989

extrovert

(英) n.性格外向者(a person who is active and expressive) (考) maverick : conformity \ extrovert : reserve(想法与众不同者不会一致\性格外向者不会沉默)extrovert : outgoing \ perfectionist : exacting(性格外向者特点是外向的\完美主义者特点是严格的) (记) extro(外)+vert(转)→向外转的人→性格外向; (同) 参考:introvert(内向,内省)

990

poise

(英) v. 使相等,使平衡( to hold in equilibrium);n. 泰然自若,信心(easy self-possessed assurance of manner) (例) He is cool and poised. (他冷静沉着)

991

flux

(英) n. 变迁,不断的变化(a continuous movement or continuous change) (记) flux(流动)本身也可作词根; (同) 参考:fluxion(流动)

992

sage

(英) adj. 智慧的(wisediscerning);n. 智者(a very wise person) (考) sage : wisdom \ philanthropist : benevolence(哲人有智慧\慈善家有爱心) (记) sag(敏锐)+e→智慧的 (例) The sages were their tribe's spiritual leaders.

993

combative

(英) adj.斗志旺盛的(eager to fight or argue) (例) in a combative mood

994

stigma

(考) 反义词:mark of esteem(尊敬的标志)

995

reproof

(英) n. 责斥,责备 (criticism for a fault; rebuke) (考) castigation : reproof \ denunciation : denial \ glorification : merit(谴责对应责备\谴责对应否决\赞扬对应优点)

996

shackle

(英) n.脚镣,枷锁 (a manacle or fetter) (考) 反义词:emancipate(释放); loose(放松) (例) the shackles of convention(传统的束缚)

997

flit

(英) v. 掠过(fly lightly and quickly) (考) 反义词: plod(沉重的脚步)

998

decorous

(英) adj.符合礼节的(showing decorumpropriety) (考) 反义词:unseemly(无礼的); bawdy(猥亵的) (记) decor (美、合适)+ous→合适的→有礼节的 (同) 参考:decoration(装饰,美化)

999

overdose

(英) n. (药物)过度剂量(too large a dose) (考) overdose : prescription \ indiscretion : convention(过度剂量违背处方\越轨行动违背约定) (记) over(过分)+dose(剂量)

1000

discriminatory

(英) n.歧视的,差别待遇的(showing prejudice) (例) A discriminating shopper shops at only the best stores. The court outlawed the discriminatory policy.