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Flashcards in gre_9 Deck (981):
1

roguish

(英) adj. 捣蛋的,无赖的(unscrupulous; playfully mischievous) (记) 来自rogue(无赖)+ish (例) a roguish smile(调皮的微笑)

2

hodgepodge

(考) hodgepodge : uniform \ clich : original(大杂烩没有一致性的\陈词滥调没有创新的)items : hodgepodge \ people : rabble(各种物品形成大杂烩\各种人形成乌合之众)

3

hypochondria

(英) n. 忧郁症,臆想病(over anxiety over one's healthoften with imaginary illnesses and severe melancholy) (记) hypo(在…下面)+chondr(软骨)+ia→没有骨气→没病的以为有病→臆想病

4

metabolism

(记) meta(变化)+bol(=throw扔)+ism→产生变化→新陈代谢 (例) Lazy people with slow metabolism tend to gain weight.

5

restitution

(英) n. 归偿(a restoration to its rightful owner);赔偿(giving an equivalent for some injury) (记) re(重新)+stitut(站立)+ion→重新站过去→归还 (同) 同根词:institution(创立,建立) (例) demand financial restitution

6

bud

(英) n. 芽; 花蕾(small knob from a flower) (例) Buds appear on the trees in spring .

7

demented

(英) adj.疯狂的(insane) (记) de(去掉)+ment(神智) →去掉理智

8

cemetery

(英) n.坟墓,公墓(a place for the burial of the dead; graveyard) (记) cemet(睡)+ery→(死后)睡的地方→坟墓; 联想:cement(水泥),用水泥造成坟墓(use cement to build cemetery)

9

chaste

(英) adj. 贞洁的 (virtuous);朴实的 (restrained and simple) (记) chaste(贞洁的)姑娘被chase(追逐) (同) 派生词: chastity n. 贞节,纯洁 (例) The prudish man read only chaste literature.

10

allude

(英) v.间接提到,暗指(to refer in a indirect way) (考) 反义词:mention explicitly(明确提出) (记) al+lude(嬉笑)→在嬉笑中说→暗指 (同) 派生词: allusion (n.暗示an indirect reference); allusive (adj.含暗示的暗指的)同根词:ludicrous(嬉弄的,可笑的); elude(躲避使…困惑) (例) She alluded to her birthdayhoping I would buy her a present.

11

imaginative

(考) 反义词: reportorial(纪实的); pedestrian(陈腐的)

12

vigil

(英) n.保持清醒(keeping watch during normal sleeping hours)

13

abruptly

(英) adv. 突然地意外地(suddenly and unexpectedly) (记) ab+rupt(断)+ly→突然断了 (同) 同根词: bankrupt(破产)corrupt(腐败的) (例) speak abruptly in short sentences

14

mendicant

[记]词根记忆:mend(修补) + icant→需要修补的人→乞丐

15

disheveled

(英) adj.(指毛发或衣服)凌乱的(untidy of hair or clothing)

16

orthodox

(英) adj. 正统的(conforming to the usual beliefs of established doctrines) (考) dissenter : orthodox \ maverick : group(反对者排斥正统\独立者排斥群体) (记) ortho(正)+dox(观点)→正统观点 (同) 同根词:heterodox(异端邪说的);paradox(矛盾的) (例) John is more orthodox in his behavior.

17

unanimous

(英) adj. 全体意见一致的 (being of one mind) (记) un(=uni一个)+anim(生命,精神)+ous (例) He was elected by a unanimous vote.

18

refraction

(英) n.折射(bending of a ray of light)

19

capricious

(英) adj. 变化无常的,任性的(erratic; flighty) (考) capricious : whim \ objective:fact(反复无常的行为是易变的\事实是客观的)反义词:resolute(坚决的); steadfast(不变的) (记) 由caprice(变化,任性)而来,参考: capriccio(随想曲) (同) 派生词: capriciousness (n. 反复无常) (例) We can't go camping while the weather is so capricious.

20

knack

(记) knock的变体,意为敲开脑袋→开窍 (例) He has a knack of making friends wherever he goes.

21

auspices

(英) n.资助,赞助(approval and support; patronage) (记) au+spic(看)+es→看到(好事)→吉兆赞助 (同) 同根词:conspicuous(明显的); suspicious(怀疑的)

22

arrangement

(英) 安排布置(putting in order)计划筹备(planpreparation) (考) 反义词:welter(混乱)-orderly arrangement(有秩序安排) (例) Can I leave the arrangement of the tables to you

23

voracious

(英) adj.狼吞虎咽的,贪婪的(ravenous; excessively eager; insatiable) (考) impassive : perturb \ voracious : satisfy(冷漠的不会被干扰\贪婪的不会被满足)反义词:lack of appetite(没有胃口的) (记) vor(吃)+acious→吃得多的 (同) 派生词: voracity (n.贪食,贪婪)

24

daft

(英) adj. 傻的(sillyfoolish) (考) 反义词: judicious(明智的)

25

ennui

(英) n. 倦怠无聊(weariness of mind) (考) ennui : enthusiastic \ fervor : apathetic(无聊没有兴奋\热情不会冷漠)反义词:excitement(兴奋); exuberance(充满活力); keen interest(强烈的兴趣); energy(精力); enthusiasm(狂热) (例) Since losing his jobhe has often experienced a profound sense of ennui.

26

comprehend

(英) v. 理解包括(understand sth fully) (考) garbled : comprehend \ obscured : recognize(歪曲的不易理解\模糊的不易认识)反义词:hermetic(深奥的) (记) com(全部)+prehend(抓住) →全部抓住→包括理解

27

malinger

(英) v. 装病以逃避工作(to pretend to be ill in order to escape duty or work; shirk) (考) malingerer : duty \ recluse : humanity(装病的人为了[逃避]职责\隐士为了[逃避]人类) (记) mal(坏)+linger(逗留,偷懒)→装病; (同) 参考:malingerer(装病逃避工作的人) (例) The second time the soldier malingeredhe was forced to clean all the toilets.

28

drainage

(英) n. 排水(the act or method of drawing off) (记) 来自drain(排水)

29

dyspeptic

(英) adj.消化不良的; 不高兴的(morosegrouchy) (考) 反义词:genial(快乐的)

30

vignette

(英) n. 小装饰图案(a small drawing set into a book);简短有力的描写(a short effective written description of a character ) (考) vignette : scene \ skit : drama(装饰图案是一种图案\幽默剧是一种戏剧)

31

reassure

[记]re(重新) + assure(确信,放心)

32

unacceptable

(英) adj. 不能接受的(not good enough to be accepted or approved) (记) un(不)+acceptable(可接受的)

33

postpone

(英) v. 使延期,推迟 ( move to some later time) (记) post(在后面)+pone(放)→放在后面→推迟

34

dispense

(英) v.分配分发(to distribute in portions) (记) dis[分开]+pense[花费] →分开花费→分配分送[财物])

35

thrash

(英) v.鞭打(to beat soundly with a stick or whip) (记) 分割记忆:th+rash(急躁的) (例) The fishes thrashed about in the net.

36

reversion

(英) n. 返回(原状,旧习惯) (an act of returning)逆转(an act of turning the opposite way) (记) re(回)+vers(转)+ion→转回去,返回 (例) reversion to bad habits

37

tumid

(英) adj. 肿起的,肿胀的(swollenenlarged) (记) tum(肿)+id→肿的 (同) 同根词:tumor(肿块);tumefacient(引起肿胀的)

38

lathe

(考) lathe : shape \ clasp : fasten(车床成型\夹子夹紧)

39

reform

(英) v. 改进,改革 (improve) (记) re(再次)+form(形状)→再形成→改造

40

wraith

(英) n.幽灵 (ghostspecter);骨瘦如柴的人(a living person seen just before death as an apparition) (记) 注意不要和wrath(愤怒)相混 (例) She moved through the soft light like a wraith.

41

plaque

(英) n. 匾(a flat decorative metal or stone plate) (考) artery : plaque \ channel : silt(血小板阻碍动脉畅通\淤泥阻碍航道畅通)

42

frenzy

(英) n.极度激动的状态(state of extreme excitement) (考) convulsion : contraction \ frenzy : emotion(痉挛是收缩加剧\疯狂是感情加剧) (例) in a frenzy of zealenthusiasmhate

43

conundrum

(英) n. 谜语 (puzzling questions or problems) (考) conundrum : solve \ tangle : unravel(难题难解决\缠结难解开) (记) 分割记忆:con+undrum看成under全部在下面不知道→谜语

44

incandescence

(记) in(进入)+cand(光)+escence(开始...的)→进入发光状态→炽热发光

45

violent

(英) 粗暴的(uncontrollably fierce and dangerous)猛烈的(acting with damaging physical force)激烈的强烈的(forcefully beyond what is usual) (例) in a state of violent shock

46

valiant

(英) adj.勇敢的,英勇的 (courageous) (考) 反义词:pusillanimous(胆小的)

47

enrage

(英) v. 激怒触怒(make sb very angry) (考) irk : enrage \ suggest : urge(使烦恼比激怒程度轻\建议比敦促程度轻) (记) en(进入)+rage(狂怒) →进入狂怒→激怒

48

baffle

(英) v.使困惑,难倒(to confuse; puzzleconfound) (同) 派生词: baffling (adj.令人困惑的) (例) The detective was baffled by the case.

49

inscrutability

(英) n. 神秘(mystery) (记) 联系inscrutable(adj.神秘的)

50

reciprocity

(英) n. 互惠主义(a mutual exchange of privileges) (例) a reciprocity treaty(互惠条约)

51

projector

(英) n. 电影放映机,幻灯机 (an apparatus for projecting films or pictures onto a surface)

52

illusion

(英) n. 幻觉错觉(false ideabelief or impression) (考) illusion : perception \ gaffe : judgment(幻觉是观察失误\失礼是判断失误)nicety : precision \ illusion : fantasy(同义: 准确=精确\幻想=幻觉) (例) I have no illusions about my ability.

53

merciless

(英) adj. 无情的,冷酷的(showing no mercy) (记) mercy(仁慈)+less

54

pantheon

(英) n. 万神殿(a temple dedicated to all the gods) (记) pan(全部)+theo(神)+on→众神之地→万神殿 (同) 同根词:theology(神学)

55

lash

(英) n. 鞭子(whip) (考) 反义词:unbind(解放解开) (例) He gave the prisoner ten lashes_

56

spectacular

(英) adj.壮观的,引人入胜的(strikingsensational) (记) 来自spectacle(奇观,壮观),spect(看)+acle(东西)→看的东西→壮观景象 (例) a spectacular display of fireworks on New Year's Eve

57

felicitate

(英) v.祝贺庆祝(to wish happiness to; congratulate) (记) felic(幸福)+itate→使…幸福→祝贺 (同) 同根词:felicific(导致快乐的) (例) I sent my felicitations to her when she graduated.

58

poisonous

(英) adj. 有毒的 (containing poison);有害的 (having the effects of poison) (考) ductility : malleable \ toxicity : poisonous(延展的[东西]有延展性\有毒的[东西]有毒性) (例) the poisonous doctrine of racial superiority

59

demonstrate

(英) v 证明论证(show sth clearly by giving proof or evidence) (记) de(加强)+monstr(显示)+ate→加强显示→证明

60

automation

(英) n.自动装置(mechanism that imitates actions of humans) (记) auto(自己)+mat(动)+ion →自己动→自动化

61

blight

(英) n.植物枯萎病(any of several plant diseases);v.使…枯萎( wither) (记) 分割记忆:b-light植物无光便枯萎 (例) A blight spread across the field of grain.

62

extremist

(英) n. 极端主义者(person who holds extreme views in politics) (例) When it comes to talking about patriotismhe's an extremist.

63

rationality

(英) n.基本原理(an explanation of controlling principles);根据(an underlying reason; basis) (记) rational(理性的,合理的)+e→合理的东西→原理,根据 (例) My professor disagreed with the rationale of my argument.

64

alluvial

(记) al+luv(冲洗)+ial→冲出来的→冲积的 (同) 同根词:alluvium(冲积土)ablution(沐浴)

65

ingenuous

(英) adj.纯朴的,单纯的(simple; artless) (考) shiftless : ambition \ impeccable : flaw \ ingenuous : guile(懒散的没有雄心\无瑕疵的没有瑕疵\真诚的没有诡计)ingenuous : dissemble \ raffish : preen \ polite : snub(天真的不掩饰\粗俗的不打扮\礼貌的不冷落)反义词: cunning(狡猾的); hypercritical(苛刻的) (例) He displayed an ingenuous candour.

66

hallow

(英) v. 把…视为神圣,尊敬(to regard as holy) (记) 不要和 hollow(空洞的)相混;参考:Halloween(万圣节,10月31日) (例) to hallow a shrine. to hallow the final resting place for the dead soldiers.

67

recessive

(英) adj. 隐性遗传的;后退的(tending to recede; withdrawn) (考) 反义词:dominant(显性的) (记) 反义词为dominant(显性的)

68

hemisphere

(英) n. 半球(half a sphere)

69

synthetic

(英) adj.综合的(connecting different elements together);人造的(produced artificially) (记) syn(共同)+thetic(=thesis放)→放在一起→综合的 (同) 同根词: antithetic(对立的)

70

genealogy

(英) n. 家谱学(study of family history) (记) gene(基因)+alogy=ology(学科) →研究基因(起源)的科学→家谱学

71

undisciplined

(记) un(不)+disciplined(受过训练的)

72

jabber

(英) v. 快而不清楚地说(chatter; gibber) (考) 反义词:speak slowly(慢慢地说) (记) 象声词:jar-ber(吱喳) (例) I can't understand you if you keep jabbering like that.

73

defame

(英) v. 诽谤,中伤(malignslanderor libel; disgrace) (记) de+fame(名声)→使名声降低→诽谤; (同) 参考:deface(损伤外观,失面子)

74

contagious

(英) adj. 传染的,有感染力的 (communicable) (考) 反义词:incommunicable(不能传达的) (同) 近形词:contiguous(邻近的)

75

precipitous

(英) adj. 陡峭的(very steepperpendicular);仓促的(precipitate) (考) 反义词:gradually sloping(渐渐平缓); level(变平) (记) pre(提前)+cipit(落下)+ous→仓促的 (例) The skier viewed the precipitous slope as a challenge.

76

striated

(英) adj.有条纹的(marked with striations) (考) striated : groove \ braided : strand(用凹线划条纹\用发股编成辫)stipple : dot \ striate : band(点刻用点\加条纹用线) (记) striate(在…上划条纹)+ed→(有条纹的); stria(条线,线条) (同) 派生词: striation (n. 条纹,线条) (例) a violently striated face(满脸横肉的相貌)

77

irreducible

(考) 反义词: factorable(能分解成因子的)

78

chassis

(记) 中间有ass(驴子)驴子栓在底盘上

79

dilettante

(英) n.半瓶醋,业余爱好者(dabbler; amateur) (考) dilettante : superficiality \ partisan : bias(业余爱好者特点是肤浅\党派主义者特点是有偏见)dilettante : commitment \ nonentity : consequence(业余爱好者没有献身事业\不重要的人没有重要性) (记) dilet(=delect愉快)+tante→为了愉快做事的人→爱好者; (同) 参考:delectable(愉悦的)

80

ream

(英) n.令(纸张的张数单位)(a quantity of paper; 480500or 516 sheets) (考) ream : paper \ cord : wood(纸的单位是令\木的单位是捆) (记) 和team(队)一起记 (例) The secretary put a ream of paper in the copier.

81

pithiness

(考) pithiness : aphorism \ exaggeration : caricature(格言的特点是简洁\讽刺画的特点是夸张)

82

contented

(英) adj. 心满意足的(showing contentsatisfied) (例) a contented person

83

unicorn

(英) n.(传说中的)独角兽(a mythical animal with a single horn in the middle of the forehead) (记) uni(一个)+corn(角)

84

prospective

(英) adj. 未来的(effective in the future);预期的(expected) (记) pro(向前)+spect(看)+ive→向前看→未来的 (例) prospective students of the university

85

avant-garde

(英) n.先锋派(new or unconventional movements in the arts) (记) 来自vanguard(前卫),van(前面)+guard(卫士)

86

planet

(英) n. 行星 (a large body in space that moves round a star)

87

unearth

(英) v.挖出 (to dig up out of the earth; exhume);发现 (bring to light) (考) 反义词:conceal(隐藏) (记) un(不)+earth(地)→不在地下→挖出 (例) unearth many valuable relics

88

annoy

(英) v. 惹恼(cause slight anger);打搅骚扰(cause trouble to sb) (考) testy : annoy \ tractable : control(易怒的容易被惹恼\驯良的容易被控制) (同) 派生词: annoyance (n. 烦恼;烦恼的事物); annoyed (adj. 颇为生气的) (例) His constant sniffing annoys me.

89

dwindle

(英) v. 变小(diminish; shrink; decrease) (考) crawl : proceed \ dwindle : decrease(爬是慢慢前进\逐渐减少慢慢减少)反义词:increase(增加); proliferate(扩增) (记) 注意不要和swindle(欺骗、诈骗)相混 (例) The sunlight dwindled as the sun set down.

90

patriarchy

(记) patri(父亲)+archy(统治) (同) 同根词:patricide(杀父); patriot(爱国者)

91

poltroon

(英) n. 懦夫(a spiritless coward: craven) (记) poltr(=colt小马)+oon→原指小马受惊→懦夫

92

corrupt

(英) adj. 不道德的堕落的(immora);指语言文体等有错误的(containing errors or changes) (考) 反义词:pristine(朴实的) (记) cor(全部)+rupt(断) →全断了→腐败了

93

plough

(英) 犁(a farming tool with a heavy cutting blade for breaking up and turning over the earth in fields)犁地(break up or turn over land with a plough)

94

impervious

(英) 不能渗透的(incapable of being passed through or penetrated);不为所动的(not affected by) (考) invincible : subdued \ impervious : damaged(无法征服的不能被征服\无法损坏的不能被损坏)impervious : penetrate \ ineluctable : avoid(不能穿透的无法被穿透\不可避免的无法避免)impervious : friable \ nonflammable : combustible(不受影响的不脆弱\不可燃烧的不燃烧) (记) im(不)+pervious(渗透的)→不可渗透的 (例) be impervious to fire and water \ be impervious to new ideas

95

ooze

(英) v. 慢慢地流,渗出,(leak out slowly; eep); (例) Their courage oozed away.

96

guzzle

(英) v. 大吃大喝(to drink greedily or immoderately) (考) gobble : eat \ guzzle : drink \ carp : complain(狼吞虎咽拼命吃\痛饮拼命喝\吹毛求疵拼命抱怨) (记) 参考guttle(狼吞虎咽) (例) It was so hot that I guzzled a quart of lemonade.

97

conciliate

(英) v. 安抚; 驯服(soothe the anger of; placate);调和(to reconcile;; pacify) (考) recalcitrant : authority \ implacable : conciliation(反抗的无法接受权威\难以抚慰的无法接受抚慰)sop : conciliatory \ subsidy : supportive(安抚物的作用是安抚\抚恤金的作用是援助)反义词: polemical(争论的)-conciliatory(调和的); vex(使烦恼) (记) concil=council(协商)+iate→协商(解决)→调和; 比较:ciliated(有睫毛的,有纤毛的); (同) 派生词: conciliation (n. 安慰,安抚); conciliatory(adj.调和的) (例) She tried to conciliate the angry guest. His conciliation helped bring the arguing parties together.

98

advisable

(英) adj.适当的,可行的(proper to be advised or recommended) (记) 来自advise; 注意区别: advisory (adj.劝告的)

99

dreary

(英) adj. 沉闷的,乏味的(gloomy; cheerless; dull) (考) 反义词:jocund(欢乐的) (记) 可以和dream一起记(A dream is not dreary) (例) A bright coat of paint will liven up this dreary room.

100

viscosity

(英) n. 粘度,粘性(the property of resistance to flow) (记) visc(粘)+osity→粘性

101

variability

(考) inevitable : chance \ absolute : variability(机会不是不可避免的\可变不是绝对的) (记) vari(变化)+ability(性能)→变化性 (同) 同根词:variation(变动);varied(各式各样的)

102

mute

(英) adj. 沉默的(silent) (考) 反义词:amplify(放大) (例) He touched her hand in mute sympathy.

103

miscalculate

(英) v. 算错 ( calculate wrongly) (记) mis(错误)+calculate(计算)

104

erasure

(考) indelibility : erasure \ impermeability : passage(无法消除不能消除\无法穿透不能穿透)

105

lubricant

(英) n. 润滑剂(a substance for reducing friction) (考) splint : mobility \ lubricant : friction(夹板防止能动性\润滑油防止摩擦) (记) lubricous(光滑的难以捉摸的)lubricate(n.加油润滑)

106

ensign

(记) en+sign(标志),作为所属国家标志的旗帜

107

criticize

(英) v. 挑剔非难(point out the faults of sb\sth) (考) fulminate : criticize \ adulate : flatter(斥责比批评严重\谄媚比奉承严重)faultfinder : criticize \ arbitrator : mediate(吹毛求疵者善于批评\仲裁者善于调停)nitpick : criticize \ cavil : object(吹毛求疵是过分批评\无端指责是过分反对) (例) Stop criticizing

108

prosper

(英) v. 兴旺,繁荣 ( become successful and esp. rich) (考) palmy : prosperity \ draconian : severity(繁荣的和繁荣\严峻的和严峻) (记) pro(向前)+sper(希望)→希望在前面→繁荣,成功 (同) 同根词:desperation(绝望);派生词: prosperity (n. 繁荣,兴旺)

109

naivety

(英) n. 天真,纯朴,幼稚(unaffected simplicity) (考) fickle : constancy \ naive : sophistication(易变的没有恒定\纯真的没有世故)反义词:worldly(世间的)-naive(天真的) (记) 来自naive(天真的),源自native(自然的),也写作naivete

110

gyrate

(英) adj. 旋转的(spiralconvoluted);v. 旋转(to move in a circular or spiral motion ) (记) gyr(转)+ate→旋转 (同) 同根词:gyral(旋转的); gyroidal(螺旋形的) (例) The spinning top gyrated on the tile floor.

111

balmy

(英) adj.(气候)温和的,芳香的(soothingmildpleasant) (考) 反义词:inclement(恶劣的) ; piquant(辛辣的) (记) 来自另一个单词:balsam(风仙花,香脂)

112

sport

(英) v.炫耀,卖弄(to display or wear ostentatiously) (例) sport a roll of money(炫耀一叠钞票)

113

redeem

(英) v. 赎罪(to atone for; expiate); (记) re(重新)+deem(买)→买回来→赎罪 (例) Mary redeemed the car's ownership when she paid off the car loan.

114

sonnet

(英) n. 十四行诗(a 14-line poem) (考) calligraphy : scribble \ sonnet : doggerel(反义: 书法对胡写\十四行诗对打油诗)sonnet : poet \ symphony : composer(诗人写十四行诗\作曲家写交响乐)

115

placid

(英) adj. 安静的,平和的(serenely free of interruption) (记) plac(平静)+id→平静的,安静的 (例) The raft floated on the placid lake.

116

halting

(英) adj. 踌躇的,吞吞吐吐的(marked by hesitation or uncertainty) (考) 反义词:fluent(流利的) (例) halting progress(缓慢的进步)\halting gait(跛行步态)

117

fawn

(英) n.未满周岁的小鹿(a young deer less than one year old)v.巴结,奉承(to act servilely; cringe and flatter) (考) fawn : imperiousness \ equivocate : directness \elaborate : sketch(奉承不傲慢\含糊其词不直截了当\详细描述不粗略)obsequious : fawn \ compliant : yield(奉承的[人]奉承\顺从的[人]顺从)reprobate : misbehave \ sycophant : fawn(堕落者特点行为不端\谄媚者特点奉承)parsimonious : spend \ peremptory : fawn(小气的[人]不花费\强横的[人]不奉承)

118

collaborate

(英) v. 合作协作(work together with sb);通敌(helping enemy occupying one's country) (记) col(共同)+labor(劳动)+ate→共同劳动 (同) 派生词: collaboration(n.合作通敌); collaborative (adj. 合作的协作的); collaborator (n. 合作者)

119

desirable

(英) adj. 值得要的 (worthy wanting or having; worthwhilebeneficial)

120

imperceptible

(英) adj. 觉察不到的(not to be easily perceived) (考) 反义词:appreciable(可感知的) (记) im(不)+perceptable(有知觉的)

121

brooch

(英) n.胸针(ornamental clasp; pin)

122

armistice

(英) n. 休战,停战(a temporary stopping of warfare; a truce) (记) armi(武器)+stice(停止)→停止武器→停战

123

chauvinist

(考) miser : thrift \ chauvinist : patriotism(吝啬鬼过分节俭\盲目爱国主义者过分爱国)

124

peel

(英) v. 削去...的皮;剥落( remove the outer covering);

125

disposed

(英) adj.愿意的,想干的(inclined) (考) 反义词:disinclined(不愿的) (记) 来自dispose(处理,有意于) (例) I don't feel disposed to help you.

126

activate

(英) v.使活泼(to make active);加速反应(accelerating a chemical reaction) (记) active(活跃的)+ate (同) n. activation; adj. active

127

generality

(英) n. 概述(general statement) (考) ecumenical : generality \ entire : integrity(一般的有一般性\整体的有整体性) (记) general(adj.普通的n.总论;gener[出生产生]+al→出生[一般] →普通的)+ity→对普通事物的总论→概述

128

director

(英) n. 导演; 董事(person who manages) (考) symphony : conductor \ film : director(指挥指导交响乐\导演指导电影)director : script \ conductor : score(导演依据剧本指导\指挥依据乐谱指导)conductor : instrumentalist \ director : actor(指挥指导演奏者演奏\导演指导演员演戏) (记) direct+or(表人)→直接统领的人→主管

129

outcast

(英) n.\adj. 被遗弃的(人)(a person forced from his\her home or without friends) (记) out(出去)+cast(扔)

130

sprocket

(英) n. 链轮(a wheel with a row of teeth for fitting into and turning a bicycle chain)

131

mutter

(英) v. 咕哝,嘀咕 ( speak in a low voice) (考) mutter : indistince \ drone : monotonous(嘀咕声是不清晰的\嗡嗡声是单调的)反义词:speak distinctly(清楚地说) (例) Don't mutter! I can't hear you.

132

rarefy

(考) 反义词:make more dense(使更稠密); condense(浓缩); concentrate(浓缩) (记) rare(稀薄的)+fy

133

maul

(英) v. 撕裂皮肉,伤害(to injure by bearing bruise of; lacerate) (例) The hunter was mauled by a lion and badly hurt.

134

desideratum

(英) n. 必需品,要求(something needed and wanted) (记) desider(desire)渴望+atum→渴望的东西→必需品 (例) Time and money are desiderata for a good holiday.

135

resolve

(英) v. 解决( find a satisfactory way);下决心(decide firmly) (考) 反义词:vacillate(犹豫)-resolve firmly(果断地决定) (记) re(再)+solve(松开)→再松开→解决

136

tonsorial

(考) tonsorial : hair \ sartorial : apparel(理发师理头发\裁缝缝衣服)

137

remittance

(英) n. 汇款(transmittal of moneyas to a distant place) (例) send sb. regular remittances(定期汇款给某人)

138

rewarding

(英) adj. 有益的,值得做的(worth doing or having) (考) 反义词:drudgery(苦工的) (记) reward(报酬)+ing

139

inscribe

(英) v. 在某物上写题(write words on as a formal or permanent record) (记) in(进入)+scribe(写) →刻写进去→铭刻

140

teetotaler

(英) n. 滴酒不沾的人 (a person who never drinks alcohol) (考) ascetic : luxury \ teetotaler : alcohol(苦行者不会奢华\禁酒者不会喝酒)

141

millennium

(英) n.一千年; (未来的)太平盛世( hoped-for period of happiness and prosperity)

142

cliff

(英) n. 峭壁悬崖(steep; precipice)

143

pore

(英) n.毛孔气孔(a very small opening);v.仔细地阅读(study industriously) (考) pore : membrane \ door : room(细胞膜有孔可以出入\房间有门可以出入)

144

glower

(英) v. 怒目而视(to stare with sullen anger; scowl) (记) 来自glow(闪光,发亮)+er→眼睛发亮看对方→怒目而视 (例) Instead of answering he just glowered at me.

145

progeny

(英) n. 后代,子女(descendantschildren) (记) pro(前)+geny(产生)→前人所生下的→后代 (例) the progeny of a wheat cross(一种杂交小麦的后代)

146

aquifer

(考) shale : lode \ well : aquifer(矿脉中有页岩含油\含水土层有源泉含水)

147

anomaly

(英) n.异常,反常(departure from the regular arrangement or usual method) (考) stream : eddy \ trend : anomaly(与溪流方向不同的是旋涡\与趋势方向不同的是异常)anomaly : paradigmatic \ blemish : flawless(典范的不会异常\无瑕的不会有瑕疵)反义词: typical(典型的); normal(正常的);predicted occurrence(预料中的事); conformity to norms(遵守常规的) (记) a+nomal(相同,正常)+y→不正常 (同) 派生词: anomalous (adj. 反常的,不规则的)

148

improper

(英) 错误的不正确的(wrong or incorrect)不得体的(not suited to the situation) (记) im(不)+proper(恰当的)

149

knotty

(英) adj. 有节疤的(having or full of knots);困难的(hard to solve or explain; puzzling) (考) 反义词: easy(容易的); simple(简单的) (记) knot(结,节疤)+ty→有节疤的 (例) a knotty question

150

wig

(记) 注意不要和wag(幽默的人)相混

151

wheedle

(英) v.(用花言巧语)哄骗(to influence or entice by soft words or flattery) (记) 分割记忆:w+heed(注意)+le,用心哄骗 (例) coax and wheedle sb. into good humour(连哄带骗使某人消气)

152

epoch

(英) n. 纪元(the beginning of new and important period in the history)重大的事件(noteworthy and characteristic events) (例) Meeting George was an epoch in Mary's life.

153

prologue

(英) n. 开场白(introduction) (考) prologue : novel \ preamble : statute(小说前言\法律序言)反义词:epilogue(后记) (记) pro(在前面)+logue(话语)→前面说的话 (例) The play's prologue was spoken by a chorus of six actors.

154

torque

(英) n.转矩(a force that produces rotation or torsion) (考) torque : rotation \ tension : elongation(力矩使旋转\张力使伸长) (记) torq(转)+ue→转矩→造成东西旋转的力量

155

fluster

(英) v. 使困惑,慌乱(to make nervous or befuddled) (记) 和 flush(脸红)一起记,慌乱引起脸红(to flush in a fluster) (例) The shouts of the crowd flustered the speaker.

156

mallet

(英) n. 木槌,大头锤(a kind of hammer)

157

outfox

(英) v. 以机智胜过(to outwit; outsmart) (记) out(出)+fox(狐狸)→胜过狐狸; (同) 参考:outwit(智胜)

158

securities

(英) n. 证券(an official piece of writing giving the owner the right to certain property) (考) portfolio : securities \ dossier : reports(股票集中成为股票总体\报告集中成为档案) (例) government securities

159

vandalism

(英) n.(对公物等)恶意破坏(willful or malicious destruction or defacement of public or private property)

160

gull

(英) v. 欺骗(to cheat or trick) (例) gulled us out of all our money

161

benison

(英) n.祝福赐福(blessing)

162

deluge

(英) n. 大洪水 (a great flood);暴雨 (a heavy rainfall) (考) deluge : droplet \ landslide : pebble(暴雨对小雨滴\山崩对小卵石)barrage : explosives \ deluge : rain(大量的炮弹形成弹幕\大量的下雨形成暴雨)rain : deluge \ wind : hurricane(雨和暴雨\风和暴风)反义词:drizzle(细雨) (记) de+luge(=luv冲洗)→冲掉→大洪水 (同) 参考:deluvial(大洪水的); dilute(冲淡)

163

screwdriver

(英) n. 螺丝起子;改锥(a tool for turning screws) (记) 组合词:screw(螺钉)+driver(驱动)

164

insurance

(英) 保险契约(contract made to provide a guarantee of compensation for lossdamagedeath in return for regular payment)保险业(business of providing such contracts) (考) raincoat : rain \ insurance : loss(穿雨衣防止下雨被淋湿\买保险防止受损失) (记) insure(保险)+ance

165

delineate

(英) v. 描画 (to sketch out; draw; depict; describe) (记) de+line(线条)+ate→加强线条→描绘; (同) 参考:limn(描绘) (例) The scientist delineated the theory's capabilities.

166

debrief

(记) de+brief(简述)→汇报 (例) We debriefed our pilot after she had flown over the enemy's land.

167

splashy

(英) adj.大而显眼的(exhibiting ostentatious display) (记) 来自splash(溅水,显著地展示)+y (例) a splashy half-page ad(引人注目的半页广告)

168

upstart

(英) n.突然升官的人,暴发户(one that has risen suddenly) (记) up→start(开始)→开始向上→升官 (例) an upstart family(暴发户)

169

steer

(英) n. 公牛,食用牛(am ox less than four years old) steer['stIE]v.驾驶掌舵 v.操舵,驾驶 (英) v.驾驶掌舵 v.操舵,驾驶(to control the course) (例) steer a car through the entrance(把车开进大门)

170

populous

(英) adj. 人口稠密的(densely populated) (记) popul(人民)+ous (例) California is the most populous state in the United States.

171

philosopher

(考) philosopher : cogitate \ iconoclast ; attack(哲学家善于思考\反传统观念的人善于攻击)

172

juggernaut

(英) n. 摧毁一切的强大力量(a terribleirresistible force) (考) juggernaut : crush \ quisling : betray(不可抗拒力摧毁\卖国贼背叛) (记) 原指印教主神,相传每年用巨车载其神像旅行时,善男信女们甘心投身死于轮下。

173

histology

(英) n. 组织学(the branch of biology concerned with the microscopic study of the structure of tissues) (记) histo(组织)+logy(学科)

174

cumber

(英) vt. 拖累,妨碍(to hinder by obstruction or interference; hamper)

175

edict

(英) n. 法令(an official public proclamation or order);命令(any command or order) (记) e+dict(说)→说出→命令;注意不要和addict(上瘾、沉溺)相混

176

effeminate

(英) adj. 缺乏勇气的,柔弱的(having the qualities generally attributed to women) (记) ef+femin(女)+ate→露出女人气→柔弱的 (同) 同根词: feminism(女权主义) (例) Bill spoke with an effeminate voice when imitating his sister.

177

marked

(英) adj.明显的清楚的(noticeable) (例) This year's resultsin marked contrast to last year'swere very encouraging.

178

twig

(英) n.小枝,嫩枝(a small shoot or branch without its leaves) (考) twig : limb \ brook : river(小树枝和树枝\小河和河流) (例) Dry twigs are good to start a fire with. \ Do you twig what I'm getting at.

179

cornice

(英) n.檐口装饰线(projecting molding on building [usually above columns or pillars]);

180

somnolent

(英) adj. 思睡的(drowsy);催眠的(likely to induce sleep) (记) somn(睡)+olent→多睡的,思睡的; (同) 参考:insomnia(失眠症)

181

misunderstood

(考) misunderstood : clarify \ erroneous : retract(澄清被误解的[事]\收回错误的[话]) (例) a misunderstood question

182

brook

(英) v.容忍,忍受(to put up with; endurebear) (考) 反义词: refuse to tolerate(拒绝容忍) (记) 通常与否定词no连用 (例) He would brook no interruptions from his listeners. brook[brU:k]n.小河 (英) n.小河 (a small stream) (考) twig : limb \ brook : river(小树枝和树枝\小河和河)

183

geometrician

(记) 联系词根:geo(地地球)

184

irreparable

(英) adj. 无法修复的(that cannot be repaired),不能挽回的(irredeemable) (记) ir(不)+repar(=repair)+able→不能修复的

185

endearing

(英) adj. 讨人喜欢的(resulting in affection) (记) en+dear(喜爱)+ing →进入被喜爱的状态→讨人喜欢的

186

resist

(英) v. 抵抗,反抗( fight against something) (考) default : pay \ yield : resist(拖欠不偿还\屈服不抵抗)fertilize : grow \ immunize : resist(施肥为了成长\免疫为了抵抗)反义词:acquiesce(服从); capitulate(投降) (记) re(反)+sist(站)→反过来站→反抗

187

insensate

(英) adj.无感觉的(without feeling);蠢笨无情的(foolish)

188

sangfroid

(英) n. 沉着,临危不惧(cool self-possession or composure) (记) 来自法语,原意为cold bloodsang(血)+froid(冷)

189

symptom

(英) n. 症状(an noticeable sign of disease) (考) pain : analgesic \ symptom : palliative(止痛剂用来停止疼痛\治标剂用来停止症状)

190

chromosome

(记) chrom(颜色)+o+some(体); 参考: somatic(身体的)

191

intemperate

[记]词根记忆:in(无) + temper(时间或时间引起的现象) + ate→无时间限制→放纵的反义词:equable(a. 平静的);constrained(a. 拘泥的)

192

adumbrate

(英) v. (对将来事件)预示(foreshadow in a vague way) (记) ad+umbr(影子)+ate→影子提前来到→预示; (同) 同根词:umbrella(雨伞);umbrage(不快)

193

exceed

(英) v. 超过(surpass; outdo);超出(to go beyond) (记) ex+ceed(走)→走出去→超过 (同) 同根词:proceed(前行) (例) The cost will not exceed $50.

194

wizardry

(英) n.魔术非凡的才能(sorcery; magic)

195

tenacity

(考) 反义词:vacillation(踌躇)

196

musky

(英) adj. 有麝香味的(having the odor of musk)

197

plummet

(英) v. 垂直或突然地坠下(to fall perpendicularly or abruptly) (考) plummet : fall \ swerve : turn(突然落下和落下\突然转弯和转弯)waft : plummet \ meander : dash(飘落相对突然落下\漫步相对猛冲)contract : implode \ descend : plummet(收缩和急剧收缩\下降和突然下降) (记) plummet原意为'测深锤' (例) His popularity has plummeted.(他名望骤降)

198

legislature

(英) n. 立法机关(a body of persons given the responsibility and power to make laws for a country or state)

199

turncoat

(英) n. 变节者叛徒(traitor) (考) bigot : tolerance \ simpleton : sagacity \ recluse : compassion \ turncoat :constancy (consistency)(顽固者不会有宽容\笨蛋不会有睿智\隐士不会有同情\变节者不会有一致性)

200

splice

(英) v. 接合,衔接 (to unite by interweaving the strands) (考) splice : rope \ weld : metal(连接绳子\焊接金属) (记) 注意不要和split(分裂)相混 (例) splice a rope to a chain

201

splendid

(英) adj.壮观的 (illustriousgrand);极好的 (excellent) (记) splend(明亮)+if→灿烂的,壮丽的 (例) a splendid sunset(日落的壮丽景象)

202

allegiance

(英) n. 忠诚,拥护(loyalty or devotion to a causeperson) (考) authoritativeness : pundits \ allegiance : partisans(学者有权威\爱党者有忠诚)renegade : allegiance \ apostate : faith(叛徒不会有忠诚\叛教者不会信念) (记) al+leg(法律)+iance→靠近法律→拥护

203

rash

(英) adj. 鲁莽的(too hasty or incautious) (考) obsessed : attracted \ loquacious : talkative \ rash : adventurous(程度:被迷住的→吸引的\喋喋不休的→多嘴的\鲁莽的→勇敢的)反义词:cautious(谨慎的)

204

indiscreet

(英) adj. 不谨慎的(lacking prudence; unwise) (记) in(不)+discreet(谨慎的)

205

controversy

(英) n. 争论,辩论 (a quarrel or dispute; argument)

206

nonpareil

(英) adj.\n. 无匹敌的(人)(unequaled; unrivaled; peerless) (记) non(没有)+par(平等)+eil→没有和其平等的人

207

ploy

(英) n. 花招,手段(a devised or contrived move) (例) Her usual ploy is to pretend to be illso that people will take pity on her.

208

jaunt

(英) v.\n. 短程旅游(to take a short trip for pleasure) (同) 近形词:gaunt(憔悴的)daunt(恐吓),taunt(嘲弄) (例) a weekend jaunt \ Bob took a jaunt across the town.

209

elapse

(英) v.(光阴)消逝(to slip or glide away; pass) (记) e+lapse(=leave离开)→离去→消逝; 参考:eclipse(失去名声) (例) Time elapsed slowly when I waited for the bus.

210

folly

(英) n. 愚蠢(lack of wisdom) (考) 反义词:sagacity(睿智)

211

dejected

(英) adj. 沮丧的,失望的 (in low spirits; depressed; disheartened) (考) 反义词: exultant(欢跃的) (记) de+ject(扔)→扔掉 (同) 同根词:abject(可怜的);reject(拒绝) (例) a dejected look

212

periodical

(英) n. 期刊(a magazine that comes out at regular times) (考) magazine : periopical \ mystery : fiction(杂志是一种期刊\神怪小说是一种小说) (记) periodic(周期的)+al

213

latent

(英) adj. 潜伏的(present but invisible; dormant; quiescent) (例) latent hostility(隐伏的敌意)

214

mottled

(英) adj. 有杂色的,斑驳的(marked with blotches,streakand spots of different colors or shades) (考) striated : groove \ mottled(dappled): spot(有条纹的和条纹\有斑点的和斑点)反义词:homogenous(相同的); blanch(使成白色)-mottle(使成杂色) (例) The underside of this snake is all yellowbut its back is mottled.

215

enigma

(英) n.谜谜一样的人或事(something hard to understand or explain; mystery)

216

clash

(英) v. 冲突,撞击 (to collide or strike together with a loudharshmetallic noise) (记) 比较:crush(压坏压碎) (同) 近形词: crush(压坏,压碎); trash(垃圾): crass(愚钝的粗糙的) (例) Her wedding clashed with my examination so I couldn't go.

217

posterior

(英) adj. (在时间,次序上)较后的(later in time;subsequent) (记) post(后)+terior→后面的; (同) 参考:posterity(子孙,后代) (例) The posterior section of the plane was struck by a missile.

218

drenched

(英) adj. 湿透的(soaked or saturated in liquid) (记) drench=drink(喝)+ed→喝饱了→湿透的,注意不要和trench(挖壕沟)相混 (例) The rainstorm drenched him.

219

interminable

(英) adj. 无尽头的(without end; lasting) (考) countless(innumerablemyriaduntold): number \ everlasting (interminable):duration(无数的不知道数目\无限的不知道期限) (记) in(不)+termin(结束)+able→无结束的 (例) Herb's boring lecture seemed to be interminable.

220

unalloyed

(英) adj. 未掺杂的,纯粹的 (unmixedunqualifiedpure) (考) 反义词:adulterated(掺假的) (记) un(不)+alloyed(合金的,掺杂的)

221

celebrity

(英) n.名人,知名人士(wide recognition; a famous or well-publicized pe rson) (考) 反义词:obscurity(默默无闻)

222

projectile

(英) n. 抛射物,发射体(a body projected by external force) (考) armada : vehicles \ fusillade : projectiles(舰队由船只组成\连发由射弹组成) (记) pro(向前)+ject(扔)+ile→扔向前的东西→抛射物

223

slough

(英) v.(蛇等)蜕皮(to cast off one's skin); (考) molt : bird \ slough : snake(鸟脱羽\蛇脱皮) (例) Snakes slough annually

224

vibrate

(英) v. 颤动,振动( shake continuously and very quickly with a fine slight movement) (考) damp : vibration \ stanch : flow(制止振动\制止流动) (同) 派生词: vibration (n. 颤动,振动; 感应,共鸣 )

225

impending

(英) adj. 行将发生的,逼近的(imminent) (记) im(进入)+pend(挂)+ing→挂到眼前→即将发生的

226

taciturn

(英) adj. 沉默寡言的(temperamentally disinclined to talk) (考) taciturn : chatter \ magnanimous : begrudge(沉默寡言的不会喋喋不休\心胸宽广的不会妒忌)反义词:loquacious(多话的); prolix(冗长的); voluble(爱说话的); expansive(豪爽的) (例) a brooding and taciturn man(一个忧心忡忡、沉默寡言的人)

227

surmount

(英) v.克服,战胜(to prevail over;overcome) (记) sur(下面)+mount(山)→山在下面→克服,战胜 (例) surmount every difficulty \ surmount a hill

228

cavil

(英) v.挑毛病,吹毛求疵(to object when there is little reason to do so; carp; quibble) (考) nitpick : criticize \ cavil : object(吹毛求疵是过分批评\无端指责是过分反对)cavil: criticize \ probe : investigate(挑剔是过分批评\探察是深入研究)caviler : carping \ libertine : licentious(挑剔者特点是挑剔\放荡者特点是放荡)encomiast : eulogize \ quibbler : cavil{ (同) 近形词: civil(adj. 市民的有礼貌的)

229

canter

(英) v.\ n. (马)普通速度跑(slow gallop)

230

ductility

(考) ductility : malleable \ toxicity : poisonous(可塑的有延展性\毒的有毒性) (记) 联系: ductile(adj.可塑的;duct[引导]+ile[能...的] →能引导的→可塑的)

231

pitch

(英) 沥青柏油(a black or dark substance obtained as a residue in the distillation of organic materialsesp. tars) pitch[pItS]n. 音调(音符之高低) (英) n. 音调(音符之高低)(a musical tone determined by the frequency) (考) frequency : pitch \ wavelength : color(频率决定音高\波长决定颜色)pitch : sound \ color : light(音调由声音组成\颜色由光组成)反义词(at the proper pitch):off-key(走调的) (例) Her voice dropped to a lower pitch.(他的声调低了下来)

232

credential

(英) 某人可以信任的证明 (记) cred(相信信任)+ential(表形容词或名词) →让人相信的东西→凭据

233

qualification

(英) 诱人的奇特的(a proof that one has passed an examination and gained a certain level of skill)资格(abilityexperienceor training enabling one to do something)限制(something that limits the force of a statement) (记) 来自动词qualify(具有资格,限制)

234

observable

(英) adj. 看得见的,显著的 (that can be seen or noticed)

235

potation

(英) n. 畅饮(the act of drinking or inhaling);饮料(an alcoholic drink or brew)

236

unregulated

(记) un(不)+regulate(管制)+ed

237

purport

(英) n.意义,涵义(meaning conveyedprofessedor implied; gist) (记) pur(附近)+port(带)→带来→要点,意义; 注意:purpose(目的)

238

hush

(英) v.\n. 肃静,安静(absence of noise; silence) (考) 反义词:din(喧嚣) (记) 不要和 husk(种子等的外壳)相混 (例) The audience hushed when he walked on stage.

239

archive

(英) n. 档案室(a place where public record or document are kept) (考) archive : manuscript \ arsenal : weapon \ museum : paintings \ library : books(档案室保管手稿\军火库保管武器\美术馆保管画\图书馆保管书)curator : art \ archivist : documents(博物馆管理员管理艺术品\档案馆管理员管理档案)archive : records \ museum : artifacts(档案室用来保存记录\博 (同) 派生词: archives (n. 档案); archivist (n. 档案保管员)

240

conjoin

(英) v. 使结合(cause people or things to join together) (记) con+join(结合连接) →共同结合

241

sheriff

(英) n.县治安官(an important official of a shire or county charged primarily with judicial duties) (考) understudy : star \ deputy : sheriff(替补演员和名角\代理长官和长官)

242

mortality

(英) n. 死亡率 (the rate of deaths) (记) mort(死亡)+ality(性质)

243

coffer

(同) 近形词: coffin(棺材); coffee(咖啡); scoff(嘲笑)

244

serenade

(英) n.夜曲(a work performed outdoors at night for a woman being courted) (记) seren(安静)+ade→夜曲 (同) 同根词:serene(安祥的,宁静的)

245

finicky

(英) adj.苛求的,过分讲究的(too particular or exacting; overly dainty or fastidious; fussy) (考) prudish : propriety \ finicky : quality(过分拘谨的过分注意礼节\过分挑剔的过分注意质量)fluent : glib \ meticulous : finicky(程度: 流利的油嘴滑舌\仔细的挑剔的) (记) 单词finical的变体,来自fine(精细的)+ical→精细的→挑剔的 (例) Eat up your potatoes and don't be so finicky.

246

irritate

(英) v. 激怒(annoy; exasperate);刺激(provoke; nettle; peeve ) (考) 反义词:balm(安慰物)-irritant(致痒物) (记) 注意:irritant(n.致痒物) (例) The smoke irritated my eyes. He was irritated by the noise.

247

brindled

(英) dj.有棕色斑纹的(grayish with streaks or spots) (记) 来自brindle(n. 斑纹)

248

cadet

(英) n.抑扬顿挫(rhythmic rise and fall);节奏韵律(rhythm)

249

armada

(英) n. 舰队(a fleet of warships) (考) armada : vehicles \ fusillade : projectiles(舰队由船只组成\连续射击由射弹组成) (记) arm(army)+ada (fleet舰队)→舰队 (同) 同根词:armor(装甲,盔甲); armory(军械库)

250

censorious

(英) adj.吹毛求疵的,苛求的(expressing censure; harshly critical)

251

genuineness

(考) spurious : genuineness \ illusory : reality(似是而非的不真实\虚幻的不现实) (记) genuine+ness

252

infantry

(英) n. 步兵(foot soldiers collectively)

253

commensurate

(英) adj. 同样大小的 (equal in measure);相称的 (proportionate) (考) 反义词:preponderant(有优势的) (记) com+mensur(测量)+ate→测量相同→相称的 (例) What you receive will be commensurate with what you give.

254

provisory

(考) 反义词:unconditional(绝对的)(the act of provoking; incitement) (记) 来自provoke(激怒), (例) The enemy's provocation caused our nation to declare war.The author's provocative book was also quite controversial.

255

cob

(英) v. 哄诱,巧言诱哄 (to induce; persuade by soothing words; cajole; wheedle) (考) blandishment : coax \ medal : honor \ prevarication : deceive(甜言蜜语是为了哄骗\奖章是为了奖励\支吾其词是为了欺骗)equivocation : coax \ explanation : enlighten(含糊其词起到哄骗作用\解释起到开导作用) (记) 参考hoax(欺骗); 同记:coaxal(同轴的) (同) 近形词: hoax(欺骗); coaxal(同轴的) (例) to coax a child to eat vegetables

256

uncorrupt

(记) un(不)+corrupt(腐败的)

257

indemnity

(考) mollification : soothe \ indemnity : secure(减轻为了缓和\赔偿为了获得)

258

forage

(英) n. (牛马的)饲料,粮草(food for domestic animals; fodder);v. 搜寻,翻寻(to search for what one needs or wants) (记) 分割记忆:for(为了)age (年龄),为了年龄(成长)寻找粮草 (例) The campers went foraging for wood to make a fire.

259

regent

(英) n. 摄政者(代国王统治者)(one who governs for the sovereign) (记) reg(统治)+ent (例) Until the king turned 18the empire ruled by a regent.

260

ticklish

(英) adj. 怕痒的(sensitive to being tickled);棘手的(difficult) (考) pliant : influence \ ticklish : offend(顺从的容易被影响\不稳定的容易被冒犯)反义词:imperturbable(冷静的)

261

fanatic

(考) fanatic : devoted \ prude : proper(狂热者过分热衷的\拘谨者过分得体的)fanatic : admirer \ zealot : adherent(狂热者是十分崇拜者\热切者是十分追随者)

262

foreclose

(英) v. 排除(to shut out; exclude; bar);取消抵押品的赎回权(to extinguish the right to redeem a mortgage by foreclosure) (记) fore(出去)+close(关闭) (例) The bank foreclosed on our house because we couldn't make the payment.

263

groom

(英) n. 马夫;新郎(bridegroom) (记) 分割记忆:g-room(房间),新郎也叫做bridegroom

264

sate

(英) v. 使心满意足,使厌足(gratify completely) (考) 反义词:starve(使挨饿) (记) sat(满)+e→满足 (同) 同根词:satiety(饱足,厌腻);satisfy(满足) (例) A long drink sated my thirst.

265

inkling

(英) n. 暗示迹象(hint);略知模糊概念(slight knowledge of sth secret or not previously known) (考) inkling : indication \ lapse : error(程度: 暗示指示\小错错误)

266

pact

(英) n. 协定,条约(an agreement; covenant) (例) a peace pact(和平协约)

267

leer

(英) v. 斜眼看,睨视(a slysidelong look) (例) He is leering at his neighbor's pretty young wife.

268

interpolate

(英) v. 插入(to insert between or among others);窜改(to alter by putting in new words) (记) inter(在中间)+pol(=polish 修饰)+ate→在中间修饰→插入,窜改

269

deviousness

(英) n. 刁滑不诚实(dishonesty);指道路弯曲(zigzag roadcourse) (记) 来自devious(adj.误入歧途的;de[偏离]+vi[道路]+ous→从道路上去掉东西→排除障碍)

270

olfactory

(英) adj. 嗅觉的(of the sense of smell) (记) ol(=smell味)+fact(做)+ory→做出味道来→嗅觉的;分割记忆:ol+factory (同) 派生词: olfaction (n. 嗅觉) (例) The nose is an olfactory organ.

271

decelerate

(英) v. (使)减速 (to reduce the speed; slow down) (考) decelerate : speed \ enervate : vitality(减少速度\衰弱体力) (记) de+celer(速度)+ate减速; (同) 参考:accelerate(加速)

272

vent

(英) v.发泄(情绪) (dischargeexpel);开孔(to provide with a vent);n.孔,口(an opening) (例) vent one's anger on sb. \ air-conditioning vents in the ceiling(天花板上的空调通气口)

273

evoke

(英) v. 引起(to draw forth or elicit);唤起 (to call forth or summon a spirit) (考) 反义词:fail to elicit(未能引起) (记) e+voke(喊)→喊出来→唤起 (同) 同根词:provoke(惹怒); revoke(取消)

274

despoil

(英) v. 夺取,抢夺 (rob; plunder; ravage) (记) de+spoil(夺取); (同) 参考:spoliate(抢劫) (例) The army despoiled the village.

275

stymie

(英) v.妨碍,阻挠 (to present an obstacle to) (考) 反义词:foster(促进); promote(促进); abet(怂恿) (记) 原指高尔夫球中的妨碍球 (例) be stymied at the door(被拦在门外)

276

glider

(英) n 滑翔机(an aircraft without an engineusing airflow to produce free flight )

277

banister

(考) staircase : banister \ garden : fence(楼梯需要栏杆保护\花园需要栅栏保护) (记) ban(挡住)+ister(东西)→挡住的东西→栏杆

278

wrath

(英) n.愤怒,大怒 (strong vengeful anger or indignation) (例) His wrath burst into flame.(他怒火喷发)

279

preliterate

(英) adj. 文字以前的(antedating the use of writing) (记) pre(前面)+liter(文字)+ate→文字以前的 (例) a preliterate society(文字出现以前的社会)

280

harpsichord

(记) 分割记忆:harp(竖琴)+oon;参考其他以oon结尾的单词:lampoon(讽刺),cartoon(漫画)

281

damped

(考) 反义词: amplified(放大的)

282

erupt

(英) v. 爆发(to burst out ); (记) e(出)+rupt(断)→断出→爆发 (同) 同根词:corrupt(腐败的);interrupt(打断)派生词: eruption (n. 爆发)

283

consume

(英) v. 消费消耗掉(to spend wastefully) (记) con(全部)+sume(拿取)→全部拿光→消费 (同) 同根词: assume(承担责任); resume(重新开始)

284

smuggle

(英) v.走私,私运(to import or export something in violation of customs laws) (考) collude : cooperate \ smuggle : convey(勾结是偷偷合作\走私是偷偷运输)反义词:transport openly(公开运输) (例) smuggle goods through the customs(通过海关走私货物)

285

backwater

(英) n. 死水(part of a river not reached by the current)

286

unrestrained

(英) adj. 未受抑制的,放纵的(not held back or controlled) (记) un(不)+restrained(受限制的)

287

disdainful

(英) adj.鄙视的 (feeling or expressing distain) (记) dis+dain(=deign俯就) →不俯就→鄙视 (例) Why do you disdain my offer of friendship?

288

stultify

(英) v.使变得荒谬可笑(make stupid in mind) (考) 反义词:stir(激发); excite(使激动)

289

forsake

(英) v. 遗弃(to leaveabandon)放弃(to give up; renounce) (记) 分割记忆:for (出去)+sake(缘故)→为了某种缘故而抛出去 (例) forsake the religion. a forsaken look.

290

coruscate

(英) v. 闪亮(to give off flashes of light; glitter; sparkle) (记) 直接来自拉丁文coruscate(闪亮); (同) 参考:scintillate(闪耀) (例) coruscating jewel. coruscating humour.

291

introverted

(英) (思想感情)内向的(having the quality of an introvert) (记) intro(向内)+vert(转)+ed →向内转→内向的

292

curtain

(英) n. 窗帘(piece of material hung to cover a window) (例) draw the curtains

293

impudent

(英) adj. 鲁莽的,冒失的(saucy; insolent; impertinent) (考) impudence : brazen \ deadpan : impassive(厚颜[者]厚颜无耻\冷漠[者]冷漠)反义词:deferential(恭顺的); respectful(尊敬的) (记) im(不)+pud(小心,谦虚)+ent→不小心的→冒失的 (例) The impudent passenger swore at the bus driver.

294

sedative

(英) adj. (药物)镇静的(tending to calm excitement);n. 镇静剂(a sedative drug) (考) sedative : drowsiness \ anesthetic : numbness(镇静剂使人想睡\麻醉剂使人麻木)sedative : pacify \ antiseptic : sterilize(镇静剂可以使人平静\杀菌剂可以杀菌)

295

ancestor

(英) 祖先祖宗(any of the people from whom SB is descended) (考) 反义词:heirloom : ancestor \ bequest : testator(传家宝是由祖先留下\遗产是由立遗嘱人留下) (同) 派生词: ancestry (n. 世系line of ancestors) (例) His ancestors had come to England as refugees.

296

sibyl

(英) n.女预言家,女先知(a female prophet)

297

characterization

(英) n.描绘,刻画(the delineation of character) (例) His characterization of me as untrustworthy is totally false

298

univocal

(英) adj. 意思明确的(having only one meaning)

299

discomfiture

(英) n.狼狈,难堪 (frustrationconfusion)

300

milieu

(英) n. (个人所处的)社会环境(surroundingsenvironments) (记) mid(中间)+lieu(地方)→在一个地方之中 (例) the urban milieu(都市环境) \ create a milieu conducive to the study of English

301

mastery

(英) n. 完全控制 (full power to control something);熟练,精通(great skill) (考) improvements : mastery \ savings : wealth(不断改进获得熟练\不断积蓄获得财富) (记) 来自动词master(控制,精通)

302

delimit

(英) v. 定界,划界 (to fix the limits of)

303

distinct

(英) adj. 清楚的明显的(easily heardseenfelt or understood) (记) dis(分开)+stinct(刺) →把刺分开→与众不同的→明显的

304

irritable

(英) adj. 易怒的(easily annoyed; fretful),易受刺激的(irascible; choleric) (例) an irritable disposition(急躁的脾性)

305

orifice

(英) n. 小开口,小孔(a mouth or aperture; opening) (记) or(=ora嘴)+ifice→小嘴→小孔

306

demotic

(英) adj.民众的通俗的(of or pertaining to the people)

307

mentor

(英) n. 导师(a wise and trusted counselor or teacher) (考) mentor : guidance \ oracle : prophecy(导师给予指导\预言家给予预言) (记) ment(精神)+or→在精神上指导的人→导师 (同) 同根词:mental(精神的,内心的); mentality(智力,心性) (例) The young writer's editor was also his mentor.

308

excursive

(考) digress : excursive \ reiterate : redundant(离题的特点是离题的\反复说的特点是多余的) (记) ex(出) +curs(跑发生)++ive→(思想)跑出去→离题的

309

multiple

(英) adj. 多样的,多重的 (including many different parts) (记) multi(多)+ple

310

incompatible

(英) adj. 不能和谐共存的(not able to exist in harmony or agreement) (记) in(不)+compatible(和谐的)

311

disposition

(英) n.处理(management or settlement of affairs);天性、气质(temperament) (例) He has a happy disposition(他天性快乐).

312

compulsory

(英) adj. 强制性的,命令性的 (compelling; coercive) (例) Each gymnast performed a compulsory routine.

313

discreet

(英) adj.言行谨慎的(prudent; careful) (记) dis+creet(分辨出来)→小心的;注意不要和discrete(分开的)相混 (例) You can tell anything to Jane. She is very discreet.

314

stab

(英) v. 刺伤,戳 (to thrust with a pointed weapon) (例) stab a person with a dagger

315

rent

(英) n. 裂缝(an opening made by rending);(意见)分歧(a split in a party; schism) (记) rent作为'租金'大家都熟悉 (例) a rent in a political party (党内不和)

316

onus

(英) n. 义务负担(a difficultunpleasant task) (记) 分割记忆:on-us,在我们身上的'责任'

317

salient

(英) adj. 显著的,突出的(noticeable; conspicuous; prominent) (考) salient : ignore \ incomprehensible : understand(显著的不易被忽略\不可理解的不易被理解)subtle : ignore \ salient : observe(微妙的容易忽略\突出的容易观察)反义词:unconspicuous(不引人注意的) (记) sal(跳)+ient→跳起来→突出的 (例) the salient points of the speech

318

spawn

(英) n.(鱼等)卵子(the eggs of aquatic animals);v.大量生产(bring forthgenerate) (例) Bureaucracy spawns many rules that complicate our life.

319

disavowal

(英) n. 否认,不承认(action of saying one does not know of) (记) dis+avow(承认)+al→不承认

320

abysmal

(英) adj. 极深的(bottomless; unfathomable);糟透的(wretched ; immeasurably bad) (考) stygian : dark \ abysmal : low (极暗比暗程度深\极深比低程度更深) (记) 来自下面的单词abyss (例) The foe was abysmal.

321

comply

(英) n. 遵循 (to act in accordance) (考) mandatory : comply \ forbidden : abstain(强制的必须遵守\禁止的必须禁绝) (例) A good citizen complies with the laws of the country.

322

festal

(英) adj.节日的(of a festival);欢乐的(joyous; festive) (记) fest(联欢会)+al→节日的; (同) 参考:festival(节日) (例) festal music

323

clarify

(英) v. 澄清(cause sth to become clear to understand ) (考) enunciate : mumbling \ clarify : confusing(反义: 清楚地说对含糊地说\澄清对混淆)misunderstood : clarify \ erroneous : retract(澄清被误解的[语言]\撤消错误的[行为])anxious : reassurance \ perplexed : clarification(安心消除焦虑\澄清消除迷惑) (记) clar(清楚明白)+ify(...化) →清楚化 (同) 派生词: clarification (n. 解释,澄清)

324

rescind

(英) v. 废除,取消 (to make void) (考) rescind : law \ withdraw : candidacy(废除法律\取消侯选人)renounce : pledge \ rescind : order(放弃誓言\取消命令)(考)反义词:levy(征收); institute(制定) (记) re(反)+scind(=cut 砍)→砍掉→废除 (例) rescind an agreement

325

incendiary

(英) adj. 放火的,纵火的( pertaining to the criminal setting on fire of property) (记) in(进入)+cend(=cand 发白光)+iary→燃烧发光→放火的 (同) 同根词:incentive(可燃的)

326

pilot

(英) 飞行员宇航员(a person who controls an aircraft)驾驶领航(act as pilot of an aircraft) (考) pilot : ship \ conductor : orchestra(领航员引导船\指挥引导管弦乐队)

327

imprisonment

(英) n. 关押监禁(state of being imprisoned) (记) imprison(监禁)+ment

328

drawbridge

(英) 吊挢(a bridge that can be raised or drawn aside to permit passage of watercraft or prevent accessas to a fort) (考) drawbridge : castle \ gangway : ship(进入城堡要通过吊桥\进入船要通过跳板) (记) 组合词: draw+bridge; 参考: drawback(退款缺陷); drawdown(消耗)

329

missile

(英) n. 投射出的物体或武器(an thrown object or weaponas a stonebulletarrowor rocket) (考) dart : missile \ skiff : boat(飞镖是一种投射物\小艇是一种船) (记) miss(发送)+ile(物体)→发送出去的东西→投射物 (同) 同根词:dismiss(开除,解散);emissary(使者,间谍) (例) Missiles rained down on the enemy's fort.

330

sartorial

(英) adj. 裁缝的,缝制的(of tailors; of their work) (考) tonsorial : hair \ sartorial : apparel(理发的剪头发\裁缝的裁衣服) (记) sartor(裁缝)+ial→裁缝

331

rigid

(考) circular : asymmetrical \ protean : rigid(圆形的不是不对称的\变化的不是僵化的)反义词: pliable(柔软的)

332

avalanche

(英) n.雪崩(a mass of loosen snow swiftly sliding down a mountain) (记) 联想:三个a像滚下的雪球

333

repugnant

(英) adj. 令人厌恶的(exciting distaste or aversion) (考) cogent : convince \ repugnant : repel(使人信服的说服[人]\使人讨厌的排斥[人]) (记) re(反)+pugn(打斗)+ant→反过去打→令人厌恶的 (同) 同根词:pugnacious(好斗的) (例) The art exhibit was called repugnant and repellent.

334

consent

(英) v. 同意允许(give agreement ) (记) con+sent(感觉)→共同感觉→同意

335

cultivate

(英) v. 种植(to grow from seeds);向…讨好(to seek to develop familiarity with) (考) nurture : child \ cultivate : crop(抚养孩子成长\栽培农作物成长)反义词:feral(野生的)-cultivated(耕种的) (记) cult(培养种植)+ivate(表示动作)→种植 (同) 同根词:cultivable(可培养的),cultured(有教养的) (例) John always tries to cultivate people who are useful to him professionally.

336

dryness

(考) baste : dryness \ caulk : moistness(浇油可以防止干燥\填塞可以防止潮湿)emollient : suppleness \ desiccant : dryness(润肤剂使柔软\干燥剂使干燥)

337

shaft

(英) n.矛柄,把柄(the long handle of a spear or similar weapon)

338

melodrama

(英) n. 情节剧(exciting and emotional drama);音乐戏剧(a romantic dramatic composition with music interspersed) (考) melodrama : subtlety \ chimera : authenticity(情节剧不具备微妙性\妖怪不具备真实性) (记) 来自melody(旋律)+drama(戏剧) (例) The melodrama was so overacted that it was fun to watch.

339

cloy

(英) n. (吃甜食)生腻,吃腻 (to surfeit by too much of something sweetrich; satiate)

340

negate

(英) v. 取消(nullify or invalidate);否认(to deny) (记) neg(否认)+ate→否认; negation(n.否定) (同) 同根词:abnegation(自我否认); neglect(忽视) (例) The new law negated the possibility of a reduction in taxes.

341

barrister

(英) n.讼务律师(counselor-at-law or lawyer)

342

intestate

(英) adj. 未留遗嘱的(having made no will) (记) in(无)+testate(留有遗嘱的)

343

outset

(英) n. 开始,开头(setting out; beginning) (记) 词组set out(出发)的倒写

344

dimple

(英) adj.小巧的(much smaller than ordinary or average) (记) diminu(小)+tive→可爱的 (例) a diminutive dog

345

conveyance

(英) n.车辆(vehicle);运送传达( transfer; act of conveying)

346

shell

(英) n.炮弹(an explosive firing from a large gun); (考) chaff : wheat \ shell : pecan(小麦有谷壳\山核桃有外壳)

347

turquoise

(英) n.绿松石; adj. 碧绿的(a light greenish blue) (考) gem : turquoise \ flower : violet(绿松石是一种宝石\紫罗兰是一种花) (记) turqu(=Turkish土耳其的)+oise据说该石产自土耳其故名 (例) a turquoise dress(一件碧绿的外衣)

348

truculence

(英) n.凶猛,残暴 (the quality of being truculent) (考) 反义词:benevolence(善意); kindness(仁慈)

349

inelasticity

(考) 反义词: resilience(弹性) (记) in+elastic+ity

350

appreciable

(英) adj.明显的 (enough to be perceived; noticeableperceptible) (考) 反义词:imperceptible(感觉不到的) (记) ap+prec(赞扬)+iable→看到并赞扬→明显的;_ (例) The improvement in your tennis game is quite appreciable.

351

cession

(英) n.割让,转让(cede 的名词)

352

gratuitous

(英) adj. 无缘无故的(without cause or justification);免费的(free) (考) 反义词:merited(应得的); warranted(有正当理由的) (记) 来自gratuity(小费,赏钱)grat(感激)+uity→表示感激的小费,付小费严格说不是义务,所以gratuitous有'无缘无故'之意 (例) I wanted to compensate my aunt for her gratuitous help. John's gratuitous insult angered me.

353

release

(英) v. 释放,放出( set free) (考) 反义词:constrain(束缚); immure(监禁) (例) release a prisoner

354

stolid

(英) adj.无动于衷的(expressing little or no sensibility; unemotional) (考) 反义词:excitable(易激动的) (例) He was a rather stolidserious type.(他是那种一本正经、不太喜形于色的人)

355

moiety

(英) n. 一半,半份(a half)

356

regenerate

(英) adj. 改过自新的,新生的(spiritually reborn or converted) (考) truculent : gentleness \ unregenerate : remorse(凶猛的不温顺\不悔改的不懊悔) (记) re(重新)+generate(产生)→新生的

357

fencing

(英) n.剑术,击剑法(the art or sport of fighting with a foilsaber) (记) 来自fence(篱笆,击剑术),fenc(保护); (同) 参考:defence (保卫); n. fencer(剑客,击剑者)

358

supplement

(英) v.\n. 增补,补充(something that completes (记) supple(=supply)+ment→提供补充 (例) a supplement to wages(工资以外的补贴)

359

retribution

(英) n. 报应,罚(something given as punishment) (记) re(反)+tribut(给予)+ion→反过来给予→报应 (同) 同根词:contribution(贡献);attribute(把…归因于) (例) Tom believed that his misfortunes were retribution for all the bad things he had done.

360

balm

(英) n.香油,药膏(any fragrant ointment or aromatic oil) (考) antidote : poisoning \ balm : irritation(解毒剂可以解除中毒\油膏可以解除刺痒)反义词:irritant(刺激物)

361

vicissitudes

(英) n.(复数)(人生的)盛衰,变迁 (favorable or unfavorable event or situation that occurs by chance) (例) the vicissitudes of life(人生的枯荣沉浮)

362

abstinence

(英) n. 禁绝(尤指食物或酒) (the act of voluntarily doing without fooddrinkor other pleasures) (记) abs(不)+tin(拿住) +ence→不再拿住→戒绝abstain的名词

363

dizziness

(英) n. 头昏眼花(feeling as if everything is spinning around ) (考) hemorrhage : bleeding \ vertigo : dizziness(程度: 大出血→流血\眩晕→头昏眼花)

364

slag

(英) n.炉渣,矿渣(the dross or scoria of a metal)

365

squeamish

(英) adj. 易受惊的易恶心的(easily shocked or sickened)

366

incompetent

(英) 无能力的不能胜任的(without adequate abilityknowledgefitnessetc.; failing to meet requirements; incapable; unskillful) (记) in(不)+competent(有能力的)

367

alabaster

(英) adj. 雪白的(translucentsmooth and white) (记) 原指透明的雪花石膏,引申为'雪白的' air)

368

geneticist

(英) n. 遗传学家(specialist in genetics) (记) 来自gene(基因)

369

tantalize

(英) v.挑惹,挑逗 (to tease or torment by presenting something desirable to the view but continually keeping it out or reach) (考) 反义词: alleviate(减轻); assuage(缓和); ease(减轻); relieve(解除) (记) 来自希腊神话人物Tantalus因泄露天机被罚立在近下巴深的水中,头上有果树,口渴欲饮时水即流失,腹饥欲食果子即消失 (例) He was tantalized by her beauty.(他被她的美貌弄得心荡神驰)

370

excise

(英) v. 切除,删去(to remove by cutting out or away) (记) ex+cise(切)→切出去→切除 (同) 同根词:concision(简洁); incisive(一针见血的)派生词: excision (n.切除,割除) (例) excise a part of a book

371

legend

(英) 地图里的说明文字或图例(a titlebrief descriptionor caption accompanying an illustration or map) (考) glossary : text \ legend : map(教科书后附生词表\地图后附图例) (记) (记)legend作为'传说'一词人所共知

372

embarrass

(英) v. 使某人忸怩(cause sb to feel self-conscious or ashamed) (考) embarrass : mortify \ indulge : mollycoddle(使人窘迫过分是羞辱\迁就过分是纵容)embarrass : shame \ console : comfort(使人窘迫让人羞愧\给人安慰让人舒服) (记) em(进入)+barrass(套子)→进入套子→使难堪

373

flush

(英) n.\v. 脸红(to become red in the face; blush);奔流冲洗(to flow and spread suddenly and rapidly) (考) galvanize : stimulate \ irrigate : flush(通电刺激是刺激\冲洗伤口是冲洗) (记) 和blush(脸红)一起记,flush 作为'冲洗'一义,可能来自flow(流动)一词的变体 (例) The stream was flushing after the heavy rain.

374

svelte

(英) adj.(女人)体态苗条的 (slenderlithe) (考) 反义词:plump(丰满的); paunchy and awkward(胖而笨的) (例) Her figure is svelte.(她身体苗条)

375

symposium

(英) n.专题讨论会(small conference for discussion of a particular subject) (记) sym(共同)+pos(放)+ium→把问题放在一起讨论→研讨会

376

unscrupulous

(英) adj.肆无忌惮的(unprincipled) (记) un(不)+scrupulous(小心的) (例) He was crueltreacherousand unscrupulous.

377

trident

(英) n.三叉戟; 三叉鱼叉(three-pronged spear)

378

cunning

(英) adj. 善于骗人的(clever at deceiving people);灵巧的(ingenious);n. 欺诈行为(cunning behavior or quality) (例) When he couldn't get what he wanted openly and honestlyhe resorted to low cunning.

379

petrify

(英) v. 石化(to convert into stone);吓呆(to confound with fear or awe) (考) evaporate :vapor \ petrify : stone(蒸发产生蒸汽\石化产生石头) (记) petr(石头)+ify→石化 (例) Over millions of yearsthe wood petrified.

380

encomium

(英) n.赞颂颂辞(eulogy; panegyric) (考) encomiast : enlogize \ quibbler : cavil(赞扬者擅长赞扬\吹毛求疵者擅长挑剔)反义词:diatribe(恶骂); harsh criticism(严厉批评) (记) 分割记忆:en(进来)+com=come(来)进来说好话(come in to give encomium) (同) 派生词: encomiast(n. 赞扬者)

381

apposition

(英) n. 同位语同格(addition of one word to another word as an explanation) (记) ap+posit(放)+ion→放在一起→并置→同位

382

jeer

(英) v. 嘲笑(mock; taunt; scoff at) (考) jeer : derision \ reprimand: censure(嘲笑的动作表示嘲笑\谴责的语言表示谴责) (例) jeer at sb. for being a sluggard

383

shawl

(英) n.(妇女用)披肩(a covering for the head or shoulders)

384

dermatology

(英) n. 皮肤(病)学(the branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its diseases) (考) pediatrics : children \ dermatology : skin(小儿医学研究孩子\皮肤学研究皮肤) (记) dermat(皮)+olgy(学科)→皮肤学 (同) 同根词:epidermis(外表皮); hypoderm(皮下组织)

385

entice

(英) v. 怂恿引诱(to attract artfully or adroitly; lure) (考) slippery : elude \ alluring : entice(狡猾的可以逃避\迷人的可以诱惑) (例) He enticed her away from her husband.

386

schematize

(英) v. 扼要表示(to express or depict in an outline)

387

tonic

(英) n.增进健康之物,补品 (an agent that increases body tone) (考) antidote : poison \ tonic : lethargy(解毒剂用来解除毒\补药用来解除困乏)tonic : stimulate \ analgesic : deaden(补药用来激发\麻醉剂用来麻醉)conducive : foment \ tonic : invigorate(有益的用以激发\激发活力的用以鼓舞)反义词:enfeebling(使衰弱) (例) A day in the country was a tonic for him.(在乡下呆一天使他恢复了精力)

388

commonsensical

(考) 反义词:preposterous(荒谬的) (记) 来自common sense(常识)

389

virtuosity

(英) n.精湛技巧,高超(great technical skill) (考) 反义词:mediocrity(平庸)

390

isolate

(英) 孤立(put or keep sb\sth entirely apart from other people or things)将...从其种群离析或分离出来(separate a single substancegermetc from its combination with others) (考) 反义词:group(聚集); amalgamate(合并) (记) isol(岛)+ate→使成为小岛→孤立

391

appraise

(英) v. 评价鉴定(assess the value or quality) (记) ap(加强动作)+praise(价值) →给以价值→评估 (同) 派生词: appraisal (n. 评价估价evaluation)

392

decision

(英) n. 决定,决心( making up one's mind) (考) law : judgment \ information : decision(法律是判决的依据\信息是决策的依据) (记) 来自decide(v.决定决心;de[加强]+cide[切] →切下去→下决心)

393

cypress

(英) n. 柏树(a coniferous tree)

394

insensible

(英) adj. 昏迷不醒的(unconscious);一无所知的(without knowledge) (考) numb : insensible \ burnish : lustrous(使麻木的结果是无知觉\磨光的结果是有光泽) (记) in(无)+sens(感觉)+ible→无感觉的

395

metrical

(英) adj.测量的; 韵律的(metric; written in the form of poetry)

396

blithe

(英) adj.快乐的,无忧无虑的(cheerful; carefree) (考) 反义词:grave(严肃的) (例) a blithe spirit(快乐精灵)

397

skirmish

(英) n.小战,小争吵(a minor dispute or contest) (考) skirmish : insignificance \ duel : formality(小战的特点是不重要\决斗的特点是正式) (例) A skirmish between a wife and a husband is insignificant.

398

converse

(英) adj. 逆向的(opposite)

399

perfunctorily

(考) perfunctorily : inspiration \ insolently : veneration(敷衍地[做事]无灵感\傲慢地[待人]无尊敬)

400

star-crossed

(英) adj.时运不济的(not favored by the stars)

401

squeeze

(英) v. 压,挤( press firmly together) (例) She gave my hand a gentle squeeze.

402

hippopotamus

(记) hippo(马)+potam(河流)+us→河马 (同) 同根词:hippocampus(海马); potamic(河流的)

403

scoop

(英) v. (用勺子)取出,舀出 ( take up or out with a scoop) (考) scoop : concave \ spatula : flat(勺子是凹的\刮刀是平的)

404

extinct

(英) adj.绝种的,不存在的(no longer in existence) (考) 反义词:extant(现存的); resuscitated(复苏的) (记) ex+tinct(促使)→使…失去→绝种的 (同) 同根词:distinction(差别); instinct(本能,天性)

405

lucid

(英) adj. 表达清楚的,明白易懂的(well expressed and easy to understand) (考) 反义词:vague(模糊的); murky(难懂的) (记) luc(光)+id (同) 派生词: lucidity (n. 清晰,明白)

406

posture

(英) v. 故作姿态( talk or behave unnaturally) (考) posturer : unaffected \ bigot : tolerant(做作者不会自然\固执己见者不会宽容)反义词:behave naturally(举止自然) (同) 派生词:posturer(做作者)

407

breeder

(英) n. 饲养员(person who breeds animals) (记) 来自breed(v.饲养)

408

lien

(英) n. 扣押权,留置权(a claim on the property of another) (考) lien : claim \ subpoena : command(扣押权是一种权利\传票是一种命令) (记) 分割记忆:lie(躺着)+n 看作in躺在里面→把东西扣押→扣押权

409

opportune

(英) adj. 合适的,适当的(right for the purpose) (考) opportune : convenience \ impermanent : transience(合适的[东西]方便\不持久的[东西]短暂)反义词:inconvenient(不适当的) (记) op(进入)+port(港口)+une→进入港口避风雨→合适的; (同) 参考:opportunity(机会) (例) When the opportune moment arisesI'll ask my boss for a raise.

410

stock

(英) adj. 普通的,惯用的(commonly used;standard) (考) inventory : stock \ census : population(货物清单清查存货\人口普查清查人口)反义词:unique(独特的) (记) stock作为'股票,家畜,储备'等意大家比较熟悉 (例) a stock example(常用的例子)

411

tined

(英) adj.尖端的(of a slender pointed projecting part) (记) 来自tine(叉尖,尖端)+d

412

criticism

(考) 反义词:accolade(赞美); encomium(赞美)

413

hawk

(英) n. 隼鹰(a kind of eagle)

414

goblet

(英) n. 高脚酒杯(a drinking glass with a base and stem)

415

inclined

(英) adj. 倾向于,赞成的(disposed; willing; tending)

416

granary

(英) n. 谷仓,粮仓(a building for storing threshed grain) (记) gran(=grain 谷物)+ary(场所)→放谷物的地方→谷仓 (例) The people remain the great granary of vital spontaneity.(人民中总是蕴藏着巨大的自发活力)

417

plague

(英) n. 瘟疫(fatal epidemic disease);讨厌的人或物(anuisance) ;v. 烦扰(to disturb or annoy persistently) (例) plagued by poverty(被贫困所纠缠) \ a plague of locusts (蝗灾)

418

combination

(英) n. 结合联合(joining together of two or more things)

419

cravat

(英) n. 领巾,领结 (a neckerchief or scarf) (记) 源自克罗地亚人(Croatian)所戴的一种绕脖子的领带

420

sober

(英) adj.清醒的(sedate or thoughtful);庄重的(showing no excessive emotionor prejudice) (考) 反义词:puckish(淘气的) (例) a man of sober judgement

421

proboscis

(英) n.(象)长鼻(the trunk of an elephant);(昆虫等)吸管(elongated or extensible snout of an invertebrate) (记) prob(探索)+oscis→探索之鼻象鼻

422

inscription

(英) n. 铭刻;题献(a brief or informal dedication in a book) (记) in(进入)+script(写,刻)+ion→刻写进去→铭刻 (同) 同根词:describe(描绘); conscription(征兵)

423

censorship

(英) n.检查(制度)(the actsystemor practice of censoring) (考) censorship : information \ sanitation : disease(检查制度防止信息流传\维护卫生防止疾病流传)censorship : communication \ preservative : decay(检查制度防止交流\防腐剂防止腐烂)

424

progenitor

(英) n. 祖先,始祖(an ancestor in the direct line; forefather) (记) pro(前)+genit(产生)+or→生在前面的人→祖先; (同) 参考:progeniture(生殖,后代) (例) Humans and apes share a common progenitor.

425

envious

(英) adj. 满怀嫉妒的(full of envy) (例) I'm so envious of you getting an extra day's holiday.

426

genome

(记) 联系:gene(基因)

427

relentless

(英) adj. 无情的,残酷的(unrelenting) (例) The relentless bully beat Jimmy up.

428

unremitting

(英) adj. 不间断的,持续的(never stopping) (记) un(不)+remitting(间断的)

429

poseur

(英) n. 装模作样的人(an affected or insincere person) (考) poseur : sincerity \ recluse : gregariousness(装腔作势者不真诚\隐士不群居)反义词:sincere person(诚恳的人)

430

dimension

(英) n. 尺寸(measurement of any sort [breadthlengththicknessheight]) (考) congruent : dimensions \ coeval : age(全等的是大小相同\同时代的是时代相同) (记) di(加强)+mens(测量)+ion→加强测量→计算(面积)

431

digestion

(英) n. 消化吸收(digesting) (记) 来自digest(v. 消化文摘;di+gest[带] →带下去→消化)

432

recant

(英) v.改变,放弃(以前的信仰)(to withdraw or repudiate; renounce) (考) 反义词:affirm(断言,肯定) (记) re(反)+cant(唱)→唱反调→改变信仰 (例) The prisoner recanted his confession.

433

prescient

(英) adj. 有先见之明的(having foreknowledge of events) (考) prescience : future \ erudition : esoteric(有先见之明的知道未来的东西\有学问的知道深奥的东西)反义词:myopia(短见) (记) pre(预先)+scient(知道的); (同) 参考:omniscient(全知的)派生词:n. prescience(n. 预知)

434

tadpole

(英) n.蝌蚪 (a larval amphibian) (考) tadpole : frog \ caterpillar : butterfly(青蛙的幼体是蝌蚪\蝴蝶的幼体是毛虫) (记) tad(=toad蛤蟆)+pole(=head)→蛤蟆头→蝌蚪

435

albino

(考) albino : pigment \ prairie : tree(白化病者没有色素\大草原上没有树)

436

quiver

(英) n.箭筒,箭囊(a case for carrying arrows) (记) quiver作为'颤抖'一意大家都熟悉

437

nominal

(英) adj. 名义上的,有名无实的(in name only) (考) nominal : significance \ disjunctive : unity(名义上的不重要\分裂的不统一)figurehead : nominal \ dictator : absolute(傀儡是名义领导人\独裁者是绝对领导人) (记) nomin(名称)+al→名义上的 (例) a nominal leader(挂名的领导人)

438

sop

(考) sop : conciliatory \ subsidy : supportive(有安慰作用的东西是用来抚慰的\抚恤金是用来支持的)

439

caucus

(英) n.政党高层会议(a private meeting of leaders of a political party) (记) 比较:cactus(仙人掌) (同) 近形词:cactus(仙人掌)

440

ravishing

(英) adj.令人陶醉的(unusually attractive or striking) (考) ravishing : attractive \ perspicacious : discerning(令人陶醉的是十分吸引人的\敏锐的是十分有洞察力的) (例) She looks ravishing.(她的容貌令人销魂)

441

culminate

(英) v.终于获得某种结局或结果(have the specified final conclusion or result) (例) a long struggle that culminated in success

442

accrue

(英) v.(利息等)增大( increase the interest on money);增多(to accumulate) (记) ac+crue(增加) (例) The interest on my bank account accrued over the years.

443

brutal

(英) adj.残忍的(savageviolent);严酷的(very harsh and rigorous) (同) 派生词: brutality (n.残酷,兽行)

444

hysteria

(英) 歇斯底里症(a psychiatric condition characterized by emotional excitabilityexcessive anxietyetc.);过度兴奋(any outbreak of wilduncontrolled excitement or feelingsuch as fits of laughing and crying; mania) (记) hyster(子宫)+ia→人们认为妇女患歇斯底里症是因为子宫机能失调所致

445

verisimilar

(考) 反义词:implausible(难以置信的)

446

parquet

(英) n. 镶木地板(a patterned wood surface)

447

unresolved

(记) un(不)+resolved(下定决心的)

448

ulterior

(英) adj. 较晚的,较远的(more distantfurther);不可告人的(beyond what is obvious) (记) ult(高,远)+erior→较远的; (同) 参考:superior(高级的);inferior(自卑的,下流的) (例) I assure you there was no ulterior motive in my suggestion.

449

trumpet

(英) n. 喇叭,小号 (a brass wind instrument) (考) trumpet : horn \ tambourine : drum(小号是一种号角\手鼓是一种鼓)

450

rudiments

(英) n. 基础知识(fundamental of a subject to be learned) (例) the rudiments of grammar(语法入门)

451

elementary

(英) adj. 初级的( in the beginning stages of a course of study)

452

abstemious

(英) adj. 有节制的,节俭的(moderate in eating and drinking; temperate) (考) abstemious : indulge \ austere : decorate(节制的不纵容\朴素的不装饰)reticent : talk \ abstemious : gorge(沉默寡言的不会讲话\节制的不会暴食) (记) abs+tem(酒)+ious→不喝酒→节制的;tem来自拉丁文temetum=mead(蜜酒)

453

deviant

(英) adj. 越出常规的(deviating from what is considered normal in a group or for a society) (记) de+via(路)+ant→偏离道路→越轨 (同) 派生词: deviance (n.反常的行为或倾向)同根词:obviate(排除)

454

violence

(英) n. 猛烈(extreme force in action );暴力(rough treatment)

455

blockade

(英) v.\n. 封锁(a shutting off of a port or region) (考) filibuster : legislation \ blockade : commerce(阻碍立法\阻止贸易) (记) block(阻碍)+ade→阻碍物→封锁 (例) They blockaded the roads used to supply the rebels.

456

omnivorous

(英) adj. 杂食的(eating both animal and vegetable food);兴趣杂的(taking in everything indiscriminately) (记) omni(全)+vor(吃)+ous→全部吃的 (例) Bears are omnivorous animals.

457

underwrite

(英) v. 同意负担...的费用(support with money and take responsibility for possible failure);为...保险( take responsibility for fulfilling an insurance agreement) (记) under(在...下面)+write(写)

458

pecan

(英) n. 山核桃 (a nut with a long thin reddish shell)

459

sift

(英) v.筛,过滤(to separate out by a sieve) (同) 派生词: sifter (n.筛子) (例) Heavy soot sifted in through the open window.

460

mollycoddle

(英) v. 过分爱惜,娇惯(to overly coddle; pamper) (考) embarrass : mortify \ indulge : mollycoddle(程度[类比] 使难堪和羞辱\迁就和过分溺爱)chide : pillory \ humor : mollycoddle(程度[类比] 轻微指责和严厉指责\迁就和过分溺爱)反义词:treat harshly(严厉对待) (记) molly(软,溺爱)+coddle(纵容)

461

hemophilia

(记) hemo(血)+phil(爱)+ia→爱出血的病→血友病

462

persiflage

(英) n. 挖苦,嘲弄(frivolous bantering talk; raillery) (考) exhortation : motivate \ persiflage : incite(训道是为了激励\挖苦是为了刺激) (记) per(全部)+sifl(吹哨)+age→吹哨嘲弄

463

unkempt

(英) adj. (衣服,头发)不整洁的 (messy not combed) (考) 反义词:dapper(整洁的) (记) un(不)+kempt(整洁的) (例) an unkempt appearance(不修边幅的外貌)

464

antic

(英) adj. 古怪的 (fantastic and queer; grotesque) (考) facetious : speech \ antic : behavior(幽默的演讲\奇怪的行为) (记) 和antique(古董)来自同一词源; 注意: antics (n. 古怪滑稽的动作) (同) 近形词: attic(阁楼)

465

haughty

(英) adj. 傲慢的,自大的(proud; arrogant; supercilious) (例) treat sb. with haughty contempt

466

resolute

(英) adj. 坚决的,果断的(determined in purpose) (考) 反义词:capricious(多变的); daunt(使气馁)-make resolute(使坚决); jittery(战战兢兢的) (记) re(不)+solute(松开)→不松开→坚决的

467

attractive

(英) adj.有吸引力的(pleasing or interesting) (考) ravishing : attractive \ perspicacious : discerning(迷人的十分有吸引力\敏锐的十分有洞察力) (记) at(一再)+tract(拉)+ive→一再拉过来→吸引人的

468

lobe

(英) n. 大厅,休息厅(a hall or large anteroom) (记) lob(叶)+by→作为剧院等地方的→休息厅

469

magnitude

(英) n. 重要(greatness)星球的光亮度(a number representing the apparent brightness of a celestial body) (记) magn(大)+itude(状态)→大的状态→巨大,重大 (例) Some stars have a variable magnitude and appear much brighter now and then.

470

grieve

(英) v. 使某人极为悲伤(cause great sorrow to sb) (考) smart : pain \ grieve : sorrow(刺痛带来疼痛\使悲伤带来悲伤) (记) 来自词根:griev(重)

471

aluminium

(英) n. 利他主义;不自私(unselfish; selflessness ) (考) selflessness : altruist \ expertise : connoisseur(利他主义者无私\行家具备专业知识)反义词: egoism(自我主义); egocentric(利己主义) (记) altru(其他的)+ism(主义) →利他主义 (同) 派生词: altruist (n.无私的人); altruistic (adj.无私的) (例) Altruism means doing good things simply because they are worth doing.

472

filthy

(英) adj. 龌龊的,污秽的(disgustingly foul; grossly obscene)

473

unjustifiable

(记) un(不)+justifiable(可证明为正当的,有理由的)

474

humane

(英) adj. 人道的,慈悲的(kind; tender; merciful) (例) the humane treatment of prisoners

475

calorie

(英) 卡路里(unit for measuring a quantity of heat)大卡千卡(unit for measuring the energy value of food) (考) heat : calories \ liquid : gallons \ power : watt \ sound : decibel \ electricity : volt(卡路里是热量单位\加仑是液体体积单位\瓦是动力单位\分贝是声音单位\伏特是电单位) (记) 联系词根calori(热)calorie(热卡) (同) 派生词: calorific (adj. 生热的)

476

burgeon

(英) v. 迅速成长,发展(to grow rapidly; proliferate) (考) grow : burgeon \ beat : palpitate(程度: 发展和快速发展\跳动和快速跳动)反义词:subside(下沉); wither(衰弱); subdue(征服) (记) burg=bud(花蕾)+eon→成长burg 本身是单词意为'城、镇'→成长的地方

477

solace

(英) n.安慰,慰藉 (alleviation of grief or anxiety) (考) solace : grief \ pacification : anger(安慰减少悲痛\平息减少愤怒) (记) sol(安慰)+ace→安慰; (同) 参考:console(安慰) (例) Books were his only solace.

478

emollient

(英) n.润肤剂(a medicine applied to surface tissues of the body) (考) emollient : soothe \ dynamo : generate(缓和剂用来缓和\发电机用来发电)emollient : suppleness \ desiccant : dryness(润肤剂有柔软作用\干燥剂有干燥作用) (记) e+moll(=soft软)+ient→使(皮肤)变软→润肤剂 (同) 同根词:mollify(抚慰)

479

extricate

(英) v.拯救,救出(to set free; release or disentangle) (考) 反义词:entangle(纠缠); enmesh(使陷入); mire(陷入) (记) ex+tric(复杂,迷惑)+ate→从复杂中出来→救出 (同) 同根词:intricate(复杂的,难懂的); trick(诡计) (例) The wrecked car had to be lifted before the driver could be extricated.

480

subsidy

(英) n.补助金 (a grant or gift of money) (考) subsidy : support \ debt : obligation(补助金是一种资助\债务是一种义务)sop : conciliatory \ subsidy : supportive(安慰剂是安抚的\补助金是资助的) (例) subsidies for the old and disabled

481

cavity

(英) n.(牙齿等的)洞、腔(a hollow place in a tooth)

482

sneer

(英) v.嘲笑,鄙视(express scorn or contempt) (考) discomfited : blush \ contemptuous : sneer(脸红表示狼狈\讥笑表示蔑视)smirk : smugness \ sneer : dersion(假笑表示自喜\讥笑表示嘲讽)wince : pain \ smile : pleasure \ sneer : contempt(因痛苦而退缩\因快乐而微笑\因蔑视而讥笑) (例) sneer at a girl's cheap clothes

483

dolorous

(英) adj. 悲哀的,忧愁的(very sorrowful or sad; mournful) (考) 反义词:jubilant(喜悦的) (记) dol(悲哀)+orous→悲伤的

484

wary

(英) adj. 谨慎的,小心翼翼的(looking out for danger) (考) wary : gulled \ vigilant : ambushed \ exacting : satisfied(谨慎的不易被骗\警觉的不易中埋伏\苛刻的不易满足) (例) She was wary of strangers.

485

muted

(英) 减弱的变得轻柔的(made softer than usual)缓和的温和的(less forceful than usual of expected) (考) muted : color \ muffled : sound(颜色变淡\声音变柔)

486

maudlin

(英) adj. 感情脆弱的,爱哭的(foolishly or weakly sentimental) (记) 来自人名Maudalene常被描绘成哭泣的典型形象

487

sultry

(英) adj.闷热的(very hot and humid; sweltering);(人)风骚的(capable of exciting strong sexual desires) (例) sultry weather(闷热的天气)\a sultry-voiced singer(撩拨春心的歌手)

488

sustained

(英) adj.持久的,经久不衰的 (prolonged)

489

conflate

(英) v. 合并 (to combine or mix) (记) con+flat(吹气)→吹到一起→合并 (同) 同根词:inflate(充气使通货膨胀); deflate(放气缩小)

490

espousal

(英) n. 拥护,支持( advocacy) (记) e+spous(配偶)+al→出来做配偶→拥护 (例) the espousal of nonviolent political beliefs

491

revolt

(英) v. 叛乱,造反(to renounce allegiance or subjection; rebel),反感 (to turn away with disgust) (记) re(反)+volt(转)→反过来转→叛乱

492

tactful

(例) a tactful diplomat(圆滑老练的外交家)

493

unwonted

(英) adj.不寻常的不习惯的(unaccustomed; unusual) (考) 反义词:habit(习惯)-unwonted behavior(不寻常的行为); usual(普通)

494

inspiration

(英) n. (思考而得的)启示 ,灵感(thought or emotion inspired by sth.) (考) perfunctorily : inspiration \ insolently : veneration(敷衍地不会产生灵感\傲慢地不会产生尊敬) (记) in(进入)+spir(呼吸)+ation→吸入(灵_气)→灵感_ (同) 同根词:expire(期满,断气);aspiration(热望)

495

understatement

(英) 轻描淡写的陈述不充分的陈述(statement which is not strong enough to express the full feelings) (考) 反义词:hyperbole(夸张) (记) understate(轻描淡写)+ment

496

optional

(英) adj. 可自由选择的(left to one's own choice) (记) option(选择)+al (例) optional courses on linguistics

497

amalgam

(英) n.混合物(a combination or mixture; blend) (记) 联想记忆: am-alg-am,前后两者am结合→混合

498

aspirant

(英) n. 有抱负者(a person who aspires after honorshigh position)

499

tribunal

(英) n.法庭,裁判所(a court or forum of justice) (记) 来自tribune(古罗马护民官) (例) go on trial before a military tribunal

500

presumption

(英) n.专横(presumptuous attitude or conduct; audacity);假定(assumption) (考) transgression : morality \ presumption : propriety(犯罪不讲道德\专横不讲礼貌) (例) The presumption of innocence is part of every criminal trial.

501

verdigris

(英) n.铜锈,铜绿(a green or greenish blue poisonous pigment resulting from the action of acetic acid on copper) (记) verdi(绿色)+gris(=grey)→灰绿色→铜绿

502

well-groomed

(记]well(好)+groom(修饰)+ed

503

renaissance

(英) n. 复兴,再生(rebirthrevival) (记) re(重新)+naiss(=nas出生)+ance→新生; (同) 参考:reconnaissance(预先探索)

504

unprincipled

(英) adj. 肆无忌惮的(without regard to moral valuesstandards of honorable behavior) (记) un(不)+principled(有道德原则的)

505

surplus

(英) adj.过剩的(the amount remained);盈余的(the excess of a corporation's net worth) (记) sur(下面)+plus(加,多余的)→剩余的; (同) 参考: nonplus(难堪) (例) surplus grain(剩余粮食) \ surplus phrasing(冗词)

506

earthly

(英) adj. 现世的尘世的(of this worldnot spiritual);可能的(possibleconceivable) (例) not an earthly chance to win

507

abide

(英) v.容忍,忍受( put up with) (记) abide=tolerate,和词组abide by(遵守)意义不同 (例) I cannot abide rude people.

508

carnal

(英) adj.肉体的肉欲的(fleshly; sensual)

509

subsidiary

(英) adj.辅助的(furnishing aid or support;auxiliary);次要的(of second importance) (记) sub(下面)+sid(坐)+iary→坐在下面的→辅助的 (例) a subsidiary stream(支流)/a subsidiary payment(补贴费)

510

enforce

(英) v. 实施执行(force people to obey [a law]) (记) en(进入)+force(强大力量) →进入力量→强行

511

metropolitan

(英) adj. 大都会的,首都的 (of a metropolis) (记) metro(母亲)+polit(城市)+an→母亲城的→大城市的

512

demeanour

(英) n. 举止,行为 (outward behavior; conduct; deportment) (记) 来自'demean',古义等于conduct(行为)

513

classify

(英) v. 分类,归类 (to arrange or group in classes) (考) taxonomist : classify \ carpenter : build(分类学家擅长分类\木匠擅长制造) (记) class(级别)+ify→分出级别→分类 (同) 派生词: classification (n. 分类,分类法) (例) How would you classify the music?

514

enact

(英) v. 制定(法律)(to make into law);扮演(角色)(act out) (考) 反义词:rescind(废除) (记) en(进入)+act(行动)→使(法律)行动→颁布(法律) (例) to enact a new crime play. The cast enact the entire play in a church.

515

chip

(英) n.薄片碎屑( a small piece from the surface or edge) (考) chip : stone \ shard : glass(石头碎片和石头\玻璃碎片和玻璃)

516

excavation

(英) n. 挖掘,发掘,被挖掘之地(hole)

517

sloth

(英) n.懒惰 (indolence); (考) 反义词:industry(勤奋) (例) overcome one's habitual sloth

518

percolate

(英) v. 过滤出( to cause to pass through a permeable substance);渗透(penetrateseep) (记) per(全部)+colate(过滤)→过滤过去; (同) 参考:colander(滤器) (例) The rain percolated through the roof.

519

nuance

(英) n. 细微的差异(shade of difference) (考) nuance : distinction \ hint : suggestion(程度[类比] 细微差别→明显差别\暗示→明确建议)反义词:patent difference(明显的差异) (例) the slightest nuance of change in foreign policy

520

mawkish

(英) adj. 自作多情的(sentimental in a weakinsipid way);淡而无味的,令人作呕的 (insipid or nauseating) (考) mawkish(maudlin): sentiment \ pedantic : scholarship(自做多情的(感情脆弱的)[人]用感情过分\迂腐的[人]用学问过分) (记) 可能来自maw(牛胃)+kish→令人作呕的 (例) mawkish verses(无病呻吟的诗句)

521

stink

(英) v.发臭(to emit a strong offensive odor);n.臭味(stench ) (例) The stagnant swamp stinks.(这潭死水臭气熏天)

522

extravagance

(英) n. 奢侈挥霍(being extravagant) (考) extravagance : expenditure \ loquaciousness : talk(挥霍是花费过多\多话是说话过多)反义词:frugality(节俭) (记) extra+vag(走)+ance→走得过分→奢侈的

523

nymph

(英) n. 年轻女神;少女(a young woman; maiden) (记) 来自罗马神话,指居于山林水泽的仙女

524

oar

(英) v. 划(船)(to row: oar a boat forward把船划向前) (例) oar a boat forward(把船划向前)

525

insolvent

(英) adj. 无钱还债的(unable to pay debts)

526

plant

(考) greenhouse : plant \ incubator : infant(温室养植物\保育箱养婴儿)plant :soil \ organism : medium(植物生长在土壤中\生物体生长在培养基中)insect : pesticide \ plant : herbicide(杀虫剂用来杀昆虫\除草剂用来杀植物)反义词: deracinate(根除)

527

confuse

(英) v. 使迷惑(befuddle);打乱(put into disorder) (考) enunciate : mumbling \ clarify : confusing(清楚地说不含糊澄清不混淆)coma : unconsciousness \ delirium : confusion(昏迷很无知觉\精神错乱是很糊涂)consensus : factionalism \ clarity : confusion(党派分歧不会达成共识\清楚不会混淆)反义词:orient(定位) (记) con(共同)+fuse(流泻) →流到一起→混合混乱 (同) 派生词: confused (adj. 迷乱的困惑的); confusing (adj. 令人迷惑的); confusion (n. 混乱惶惑)

528

opprobrium

(英) n. 恶名声(the disgrace or infamy)极其轻蔑(reproachful contempt) (考) 反义词:approbation(赞成,认可)

529

imply

(英) v. 暗示暗指(suggest sth indirectly) (记) im(进入)+ply(重叠) →重叠表达→暗示(表面一层意思后面一层意思)

530

owl

(记) 注意不要和awl(尖钻)相混

531

queue

(英) v.\n. 长队,排队(a line of persons waiting to be processed) (考) queue : people \ chain : link \ colonnade : pillar \ constellation : star \chord : note(列队是人的集合\锁链是结的集合\柱群是柱的集合\星座是星的集合\和弦是音的集合) (例) join the queue(排入队伍)

532

domain

(英) n. 领土(territory; dominion);领域(field or sphere of activity or influence) (记) domain=domin(统治支配); 参考: dominate(支配控制)

533

berry

(英) n. 浆果(small juicy fruit without a stone ) (例) blackberry

534

negotiable

(英) adj. 可商量的(that can be negotiated) (记) neg(不)+oti(空闲)+ate→不空闲→处理,谈判 (例) These bonds are negotiable at any bank.

535

heroic

(英) adj. 大于真人或实物的(of a size larger than in real life ) (考) craven : heroic \ volatile : constant(懦弱不勇敢\易变不恒定) (例) a statue on a heroic scale

536

pectoral

(英) adj. 胸部的,胸的(situated in or on the chest) (记) pector(胸)+al→胸部的

537

bugaboo

(英) n.吓人的东西;妖怪(bugbear; object of baseless terror)

538

inflated

(英) adj.充气的(puffed out);骄傲的(pompous; bombastic) (记) in(进入)+flate(气)→充气 (同) 同根词:deflate(放气); conflate(合并)派生词: inflation (n. 膨胀,夸大通货膨胀)

539

puissance

(英) n.权力(strengthpower) (考) 反义词:powerlessness(无权)

540

inimitable

(英) adj.无法仿效的,不可比拟的(that cannot be imitated or matched) (考) 反义词:ordinary(普通的); commonplace(普通的) (记) in(不)+imit(模仿)+able→不可模仿的; (同) 参考:imitation(模仿)

541

sack

(英) n. 粗布袋(a bag of coarse cloth);v. 掠夺(to plunder or loot) (例) Nazi armies sacked Europe's art galleries.

542

pervert

(英) v. 使堕落(corrupt; debase);滥用(divert to a wrong purpose; misuse) (记) per(全部)+vert(转)→全部转到邪路上→堕落 (例) The corrupt politician was accused of perverting the power of his office for his own gain.

543

politicize

(英) v. 使政治化,使具有政治性 ( give a political character to) (例) The strike has now been politicized.

544

subtle

(考) subtle : ignore \ salient : observe(微妙的容易忽略\突出的容易观察)subtle : overlook \ tractable : lead(微妙的容易忽视\驯良的容易驾御)反义词: palpable(明显的); blatant(炫耀的)

545

anthropoid

(英) adj. 像人类的(resembling a human) (记) anthrop(人)+oid(像…一样)→像人的 (同) 同根词:misanthrope(厌世者); philanthropist(博爱家) (例) The chimpanzee has many anthropoid facial features.

546

canopy

(英) n. 蚊帐,华盖(a draperyawningor other rooflike covering) (记) 来自canop(蚊子)+y→蚊帐

547

shrug

(英) v.耸肩(表示怀疑等)(to raise in the shoulders to express aloofnesssindifferenceor uncertainty) (考) embrace : affection \ shrug : indifference(拥抱表示挚爱\耸肩表示不关心) (记) 和shrub(灌木)一起记

548

lumber

(英) n. 杂物(miscellaneous discarded household articles) (考) lumber : grace \ waver : resolution(笨拙地移动不会优雅\动摇不会坚决)反义词: glide(滑行) (记) lumber 原意是'木材'之意 (例) A perspiring old woman lumbered past.

549

accountability

(英) n. 负有责任( responsibility ) (记) account(解释)+ability→对事情应做解释→负责任

550

complexion

(英) n. 肤色 (the skin colour and texture of the face);局面(character; aspect) (记) com+plex(重叠交叉)+ion→重叠交叉的外表→脸面 (同) 同根词:complexity(复杂); duplicity(口是心非) (例) She has a fair complexion. Your statement put a different complexion on this matter.

551

defiance

(英) n. 违抗反抗(open disobedience) (考) 反义词:veneration(尊敬) (例) The protesters showed theirdefiance of the official ban on demonstrations.

552

motive

(考) motive : deed \ doubt : question(动机产生行为\怀疑产生问题)

553

intensity

(英) 剧烈紧张(quality of being intense)(感情的)强烈程度(strength of emotion) (考) moderate : intensity \ extenuate : seriousness(缓和使强度降低\减轻使严重性降低)反义词:palliate(减轻) (记) intense(强烈的)+ity

554

protagonist

(英) n. 提议者,支持者(a leaderproponent; champion) (记) prot(首先)+agon(打,行动)+ist→首先行动者→支持者 (同) 同根词:antagonist(对抗者); agony(极度痛苦)

555

exclaim

(英) v. 惊叫呼喊(cry out suddenly and loudly) (记) ex(出)+claim(呼喊) →叫喊大声说 (同) 派生词: exclamation (n. 呼喊惊叫)

556

ponderous

(英) adj. 笨重的,笨拙的(unwieldy or clumsy) (考) 反义词:gossamer(轻而薄的); lively(轻的); ethereal(轻的); slight(轻的); vibrant(活泼的); briskly(活泼的) (记) ponder(重量)+ous→有重量的→笨重的 (例) The ponderous elephant plodded toward the river.

557

shipwright

(英) n.造船者(a carpenter skilled in ship construction and repair) (记) ship(船)+wright(做…人)→造船者; (同) 参考:cartwright(造车匠)

558

diver

(英) n. 潜水者(person who dives) (考) cavern : spelunker \ ocean : diver(洞穴探险者目标是洞穴\潜水者目标是海洋)

559

degrade

(英) v. 降格,降级(to lower in rank or status; demote; debase) (记) de+grade(等级)→降低等级 (同) 同根词:retrograde(后退); upgrade(升级,上升) (例) A dishonest action like that will degrade you.

560

amendment

(英) n.改正,修正(a correction of errorsfaults);[法律]修正案(a revision made in a billlawconstitutionetc.) (记) a+ment(补,修)+ment→改正的东西 (同) 同根词:amends(赔偿,补偿); emend(校订改正)

561

resuscitate

(英) v.使复活,使苏醒(to restore consciousness) (考) 反义词:extinct(灭绝的)-resuscitated(复苏的) (记) re(重新)+sus(在下面)+cit(引起)+ate→再次从下面唤起来→复活 (例) Withered plants were resuscitated by rain.

562

orotund

(英) adj. (声音)宏亮的(strong and deep; resonant);夸张的(bombastic or pompous) (记) oro(嘴)+tund(=round圆的)→把嘴张圆→宏亮的

563

groveler

(考) minion : dependent \ groveler : petitioner(奴才是低三下四的依赖者\奴颜婢膝者是低三下四的请求者)

564

creditable

(英) adj. 值得称赞的,可信的 (deserving some credit or praise) (记) credit(信任)+able→值得信任的→可信的 (例) a creditable effort to establish peace

565

oddments

(英) n. 残余物,零头(remnants) (记) odd(零碎的,剩余的)+ments

566

dumbfound

(英) v.使...惊讶(astonish [making dumb]) (例) We were completely dumbfounded by her rudeness.

567

turkey

(英) 火鸡(a large bird kept on farms for its meat which is eaten at Christmas and at Thanksgiving) (考) carve : turkey \ slice : cake(火鸡切成片\蛋糕切成片)

568

frugality

(考) 反义词:profligacy(挥霍); extravagancy(挥霍) (记) 来自 frugal(节约的)

569

colloquialism

(英) n. 口语的词语(colloquial word or phrase)

570

vaporization

(考) scuff : abrasion \ heat : vaporization(摩擦使磨损\加热使蒸发)反义词: solidification(凝固)

571

fortunate

(英) adj. 交好运的(havingbringing or brought by good fortune) (考) 反义词:hapless(不幸的); untoward(不幸的) (记) 来自词根:fortu(运气)

572

disquieted

(记) dis(不)+quiet(静)+ed→不安静的

573

monolithic

(记) mono(单个)+lith(石头)+ic→单块大石头 (同) 同根词:paleolith(旧石器); neolith(新石器)

574

hoax

(英) n.\v. 骗局,欺骗(a trick or fraud) (考) hoax : deceive \ filibuster : delay(骗局为了欺骗\阻碍立法为了阻碍) (记) 不要和 coax(哄骗)相混 (例) Even the experts were hoaxed.(甚至专家们也受骗上当了)

575

plumage

(英) n. 羽毛(the feathers of a bird) (记) plum(羽毛)+age→羽毛

576

unbend

(英) v. 弄直( become straight);放松( behave in a less formal and severe manner) (记) un(不)+bend(弯曲)

577

reside

(考) cohabit : reside \ conspire : plot(同居是一起居住\共谋是一起策划)

578

duress

(英) n. 胁迫(the use of force or threats; compulsion) (记) 和dress(穿衣)一起记给人穿衣服是强迫别人 (例) Bob signed the contractbut only because of duress. A promise made under duress need not be kept.

579

illegitimate

(英) adj. 不合法的(illegal; unlawful);私生的(born of parents not married) (记) il+legitimate(合法的)→不合法的

580

conservatory

(英) n. 温室 ( noncommercial greenhouse); 音乐学院 (academy of musicart) (考) seminary : theologian \ conservatory : artist(神学院培养神学家\音乐学院培养艺术家)observatory : astronomy \ conservatory : music(天文台从事天文学研究\音乐学院从事音乐研究)conservatory : music \ seminary : theology \ observatory : astronomy(音乐学院研究音乐\神学院研究神学 (记) 来自conserve(保存,保养)+atory(地方); 参考: observatory(天文台)

581

achievement

(英) n. 完成达到(action of completing );成就成绩(thing done successfully with effort) (例) the greatest scientific achievement of the decade

582

adobe

(英) n.泥砖,土坯(sun-dried brick) (记) 不要和abode(住处)相混;分割记忆:a+do+be,一次做完的(土坯)

583

peroration

(英) n. 结尾,结论(the concluding part of a discourse) (考) peroration : speech \ coda : sonata(演讲的结束语\奏鸣曲的尾声) (记) per(全部)+oration(演讲)→对演讲全部总结一下→演讲结尾

584

alibi

(英) n. 某人当时不在犯罪现场的申辩或证明(formal statement that a person was in another place at the time of a crime);借口托辞(excuse of any kind) (考) alibi : exculpatory \warning:admonitory(申辩起辩解作用\警告起警告作用) (记) ali(其他)+bi可能等于be=being存在→其他存在→不在现场; alibi(拉丁文)=elsewhere

585

accrete

(英) v. 添加生长连生(grow together) (考) erode : diminish(destruction)\ accrete : enlarge(growth)(侵蚀使减少[是破坏]\增加使扩大[是成长]) (记) ac(一再)+crete(增加)

586

interlocking

(考) 反义词:independent(独立的)

587

stunt

(英) v.阻碍(成长) (to hinder the normal growth);n.特技,绝技(an unusual or difficult feat requiring great skill) (考) obstruct : progress \ stunt : growth(阻碍发展\阻碍成长) (例) A harsh climate stunted the trees.

588

concrete

(英) adj.具体存在的(existing in material form) (考) 反义词:conceptual(概念的) (记) con(共同)+crete(产生) →共同产生→具体的

589

benediction

(英) n.祝福(a blessing);祈祷(an invocation of divine blessing) (考) 反义词:curse(诅咒) (记) bene(好)+dict(说话)+ion→说好话→祝福 (同) 同根词:valediction(告别演说);malediction(坏话)

590

decibel

(考) decibel : sound \ lumen : light \ volt : electricity \ watt : power(分贝是声音的单位\流明是光的单位\伏特是电的单位\瓦特是能量的单位)decibel : loudness \ light-year : distance(分贝是音量的单位\光年是距离的单位)

591

companion

(英) n. 同伴同伙(comrademate) (记) 来自company(一群朋友公司) (例) to take a post as a paid companion

592

recantation

(考) apostasy : faith \ recantation : heresy(叛教是脱离原来的信仰\归依是脱离原来的异教)recantation : error \ confession : crime(改变错误\供认罪行)

593

adulterate

(英) v.掺假(to make impure by adding another substance) (考) adulterate : purity \ enervate : vigor \ embellish : austerity(掺假使不纯粹\削弱使没有活力\装饰使不朴素) (同) n. adulteration

594

alias

(英) n.化名,别名(an assumed name; pseudonym) (考) epithet : disparage \ alias : mislead (用贬人的话来贬低\用别名来误导)

595

turmoil

(英) n.混乱,骚乱(extreme confusionagitationor commotion) (记) tur(=turbulent)+moil(喧闹)

596

inefficacious

(记) in(无)+ef+fic(做)+ious(多...的) →做不出的→无效果的

597

bibulous

(英) adj.高度吸收的(highly absorbent);嗜酒的(fond of alcoholic beverages ) (记) bibul(喝)+ous→好喝的

598

error

(考) disabuse : error \ rehabilitate : addiction(纠正是消除错误\恢复健康是消除毒隐)expiate : guilt \ correct : error(赎罪消除罪\改错消除错)misdemeanor : crime \ inkling : indication \ lapse : error(程度: 轻罪罪行\暗示指示\小错错误)

599

flatcar

(考) locomotive : flatcar \ tugboat : barge(机车拖平台货车\拖船拖平底货船) (记) 组合词:flat+car

600

inculcate

(英) v. 灌输,谆谆教诲(to impress upon the mind by frequent repetition or persistent urging; implant) (记) in(进入)+culc(=cult 培养,种植)+ate→种进去→灌输 (例) inculcate a love of reading in children

601

bauxite

(记) 源自法国地名Baux,因产铝而知名

602

vindicate

(英) n.为…平反 (to free from allegation or blame);证明…正确(to provide justification or defense for) (考) 反义词:calumniate(诽谤); impugn(指责) (记) vin (=vim活力)+dic(说)+ate→有活力地说→证明正确,平反 (例) The report vindicated him of complicity.(这一报告说明他不是同谋犯)

603

stethoscope

(英) 听诊器 (an instrument used to detect and study sounds produced in the body) (记) stetho(胸)+scope(看)→听诊器

604

gentle

(英) adj. 温和的慈祥的(mild; kind; careful) (考) 反义词: truculent(凶残的) (例) a gentle person

605

displeasure

(考) embrace : affection \ frown : displeasure(拥抱是爱的表示\皱眉是不高兴的表示) (例) His rash outburst incurrent the displeasure of the judge.

606

matriculation

(考) inauguration : official \ matriculation : student(官员就职\学员入学)

607

marionette

(英) n. 木偶(a puppet) (记) marion(=Mary)+ette(小东西)→小玛丽→木偶

608

glean

(英) v. 拾落穗(to gather grains left by reapers);收集(材料等)(to collect or find out) (例) glean information about sb's family

609

helve

(英) n. 斧柄(the handle of an ax or hatchet) (例) throw the helve after the hatchet(败局已定再孤注一掷)

610

seemly

(英) adj. 得体的,适宜的(pleasing by being suitable to an occasion ) (考) 反义词:indecorous(无礼的); uncouth(笨拙的); ribald(下流的) (例) It would be more seemly to tell her after the funeral.

611

therapy

(英) n.疗法(therapeutic treatment of bodilymentalor behavioral disorder)

612

committed

(英) adj. (对事业本职工作等)尽忠的(devoted to a cause ) (考) profligate : solvent \ mercurial : committed(挥霍的不会有偿债能力\反复无常的不会尽忠) (记) 来自commit(v.委任;com+mit[送放出] →共同送→委任)

613

spatula

(英) n.(调拌等用的)抹刀(a flat thin metal implement) (考) scoop : concave \ spatula : flat(勺子是凹的\刮刀是平的) (记) spat(平)+ula→平的刀→抹刀

614

dependence

(英) n. 信赖信任(trust in sb\sth) (考) 反义词:autonomy(自治) (记) de+pend+ence

615

ambivalent

(考) 反义词:commitment(一心一意; 许诺) (记) ambi(二)+val(强大)+ent→两边都有力量→矛盾看法 (同) 派生词: ambivalence (n. 矛盾心理 simultaneous conflicting feelings)同根词:valiant(勇敢); valor(勇气) (例) They are ambivalent concerning where to go on vacation.

616

resistance

(英) n. 抵抗,反抗; 阻力(force opposed to anything moving) (考) humility : supplicant \ resistance : adversary(哀求者低三下四\对手对抗)反义词:capitulation(投降); immune(免疫的)-having no resistance(无抵抗力的) (记) 来自动词resist(抵抗)

617

fetter

(英) n.脚镣(a shackle or chain for the feet);束缚(restraint) (考) 反义词:set free(释放); liberate(解放) (例) The horse broke away from its fetters. The guard fettered the prisoner.

618

pane

(英) n. 窗格玻璃 (a single sheet of glass in a frame of a window)

619

far-reaching

(英) adj.影响深远的(having a wide influence)

620

unwind

(英) v. 松开( come undone or undo);放松( stop being nervous) (记) un(不)+wind(缠,绕)

621

consensus

(英) n. 意见一致(agreement in opinion) (考) consensus : factionalism \ confusion : clarity(党派分歧不会有共识\清楚不会有混淆) (记) con(共同)+sens(感觉)+us→感觉一致

622

kin

(英) n. 家属 (the members of one's family)

623

trusting

(考) compliant : servile \ trusting : gullible(过分服从是奴性\过分信任是易受骗) (记) trust(信任)

624

sterilization

(考) sterilization : microorganisms \ deforestation : trees(杀菌杀死微生物\砍伐森林杀死树木)

625

viscid

(考) 反义词:slick(光滑的)

626

radium

(英) n. 镭(a rare shining white metal)

627

formative

(英) adj. 形成的,影响发展的(helping to shapedevelopor mold) (记) form(形式)+ative→造成形式的→形成的 (例) a child's formative years(小孩个性形成期)

628

compulsive

(例) Bill is compulsive about saving everything. He can't throw anything away.

629

furtively

(考) 反义词: candidly(率直地)

630

prompt

(英) v. 促使,激起(to move to action; incite);adj. 敏捷的,迅速的(ready and quick to act as occasion demands) (考) alacrity : prompt \ acumen : shrewd(敏捷和敏捷的\敏锐和敏锐的)反义词:check(阻止) (同) 派生词: promptness (n. 敏捷,迅速) (例) The bad weather prompted me to dress warmly.

631

optometrist

(记) opto(视力)+metr(测量)+ist

632

trance

(英) n.恍惚昏睡状态(hypnotic state; ecstatic state) (例) He didn't answer when I spoke--he seemed to be in a trance.

633

solemnity

(英) n.庄严,肃穆(formal or ceremonious observance) (考) 反义词:jest(笑话) (记) solemn(严肃的)+ity

634

flustered

(考) 反义词:calm(平静的)

635

downpour

(考) downpour : flooding \ wind : erosion(暴雨造成水灾\风造成侵蚀)

636

swift

(英) adj. 迅速的( able to move at great speed);敏捷的(ready or quick in action) (例) a swift reply

637

restrain

(英) v. 克制,抑制 (to limitrestrictor keep under control) (考) indulge : ascetic \ restrain : libertine(禁欲者不会放纵\放纵者不会禁欲)temperate : restrain \ tenacious : persist(有节制的[人]抑制\顽强的[人]坚持)反义词:impel(推动) (例) The doctors restrained the patient hurting himself.

638

blandishments

(英) n. 甘言劝诱,甜言蜜语(flattering or ingratiating remarks meant to persuade) (考) blandishment : coax(cajole) \ medal : honor \ obstacle : impede \ prevarication : deceive(甜言蜜语是为了哄骗\奖章是为了奖励\障碍物是为了阻碍\支吾其词是为了欺骗)反义词: threat(恐吓) (记) (记)bland(温和)+ish(表动作)+ments→用温和的手段骗; (同) 参考:blandish(诱骗)

639

epistle

(英) n. (长而重要的)书信 (现在用于幽默说法) (a longformalinstructive letter) (记) 来自Epistle (《圣经·新约》中的使徒书)

640

deface

(英) v.损坏(spoil the appearance of sth by damaging the surface) (记) de(变坏)+face(脸面) →把脸面弄坏→损坏

641

tributary

(英) adj.\n.支流(的) ([of]a stream feeding a larger stream);进贡(的)(a ruler or state that pays tribute to conqueror) (记) tribut(给予)+ary→给予的,进贡的 (例) a tributary stream(支流)

642

recess

(英) n.壁凹(墙上装的架子、柜子等凹处)(indentationcleft);休假(a suspension of business for rest and relaxation) (考) alcove : recess \ dome : roof(凹室是一种壁凹\圆顶是一种屋顶) (记) re(反)+cess(走)→凹入 (例) the summer recess(暑假)\a recess in a coastline(海岸线上的一个凹进处)

643

effusion

(英) n. 倾出流出(pouring out) (记) ef (出)+fus(流泻)+ion→流出

644

interaction

(英) n. 相互作用(影响)( reciprocal action or effect) (记) inter(在中间)+act(作用)+ion→相互作用

645

nuptial

(英) adj. 婚姻的,婚礼的(of marriage or a wedding) (记) nupt(=nub结婚)+ial→婚姻的 (例) The couple exchanged nuptial vows.

646

scrumptious

(英) adj. (食物)很可口的(delightfulexcellent; delicious) (记) 可能来自scrump(偷苹果),偷来的苹果最好吃,所以scrumptious有'可口'的意思

647

deride

(英) v. 嘲弄,愚弄 (to laugh at in contempt or scorn; ridicule) (考) patronize : condescension \ deride : mockery(用恩赐态度资助\用嘲弄态度嘲笑)反义词:show respect for(表示尊敬); praise(赞扬) (记) de+ride(笑)→嘲笑,ris=rid (同) 同根词:ridiculous(可笑的); risible(爱笑的) (例) He was derided for his horrid taste in furniture.

648

tranquilizer

(英) n.镇定剂(a drug used to reduce mental disturbance)

649

mobility

(英) n. 可动性,流动性 (the quality of being mobile) (考) splint : mobility \ lubricant : friction \ ballast :instability \ purchase :slippery(夹板防止移动\润滑剂防止摩擦\压舱物防止不稳定\支点防止滑动)splint : immobilize \ duct : convey(夹板的作用是固定\管道的作用是运输) (记) mob(动)+ility

650

convert

(英) v. 使改变(信仰等) (change; transform);n. 改变信仰的人(a person convertedas to a religion) (考) veer : direction \ convert : belief(转方向\改变信仰)hunter : quarry \ proselytizer : convert(猎人的目标是猎物\劝诱别人改变信仰者的目标是改变信仰者) (例) convert the bedroom into a reading room. converts to a new religion.

651

penurious

(英) adj. 贫困的(suffering from penury);吝啬的(stingy) (考) frugal : penurious \ compliant : obsequious(过分节俭就是吝啬\过分服从就是谄媚) (记) penur(缺少)+ious→缺少的→贫困的

652

cougar

(记) cougar也被叫做pumapanther

653

wiggle

(英) v.扭动,蠕动 (to move to and fro with quick jerky or shaking motions) (记) 分割记忆:wig(假发)+gle看作giggle(傻笑)→戴着假发扭动身子傻笑 (例) They wiggle and waggle when they walk.

654

delve

(英) v. 深入探究,钻研 (to investigate for information; search) (考) quaff : sip \ delve : skim (程度: 痛饮和啜饮\钻研和浏览) (例) He delved into lots of old books and papers for the facts.

655

oration

(英) n. 正式演说,演讲(a formal public speech) (记) orate(演说)+ion→演说

656

frugal

(英) adj. 节约的节俭的(careful and thrifty) (考) frugal : penurious \ compliant : obsequious(过分节俭是吝啬\过分服从是谄媚)frugal : miserly \ confident : arrogant(过分节俭是吝啬\过分自信是自大)parsimony : frugal \ hubris : pride(小气是过度节俭\狂妄自大是过分骄傲) (例) a frugal housekeeper

657

argumentation

(英) n. 立论辩论(process of debating) (同) 派生词: argumentative (adj. 爱争论的); argumentativeness (n. 好争论)

658

soporific

(英) adj.催眠的 (tending to cause sleep); (考) soporific : sleep \ vaccine : immunity(安眠药可以帮助睡眠\接种牛痘可以帮助免疫)反义词:invigorating(精力充沛的); stimulant(兴奋剂); provocative(煽动的) (记) sopor(昏睡)+ific→睡眠的; (同) 参考:soporous(昏睡的)

659

penetration

(英) n. 穿透;洞察力(the ability to discern deeply and acutely) (例) The penetration of the loud music into my room annoyed me.

660

curriculum

(英) n. 全部的课程课表(subjects included in a course of study) (记) curr(跑发生)+iculum(表名词) →学员跑来跑去的(依据) →课表

661

merit

(英) v. 值得 ( deserve) (考) 反义词:unsuitable(不合适的)-merited (同) 派生词:merited(理所当然的; 应得的) (例) There's no merit in giving away what you don't really want.

662

involved

(英) adj. 混乱的纠缠的(complicated) (例) It's difficult to follow the involved plot. I don't want to be involved with you anymore.

663

responsive

(英) adj. 敏感的,反应快的 (quick to respond or react) (考) 反义词:refractory(不敏感的); dispassionate(冷静的) (记) respons(反应)+ive→有反应的→敏感的 (例) be responsive to affection(易被柔性所动)

664

resistant

(英) adj. 有抵抗力的,抵抗的(showing resistance) (记) 来自动词resist(抵抗)

665

legible

(英) adj. 易读的(that can be read easily) (记) leg(读)+ible→可读的

666

blame

(考) narcissism : love \ guilt : blame(自恋是喜欢自己\内疚是责备自己)reprove : reprimand \ blame : censure (reprove severely is to reprimand \ blame severly is to censure)

667

lark

(英) n. 玩笑,嬉耍(to play or frolic; have a merry time) (记) 原义为'百灵鸟' (例) She did it just for a lark.

668

roadway

(英) n.行车道(the middle part of a road where vehicles drive)

669

curdle

(英) v. 使凝结,变稠(to form into curd; coagulate; congeal)

670

unapologetic

(记) un(不)+apologetic(道歉的)

671

tickle

(英) v.轻触或抚摩使发痒(touch the body lightly so as to cause laughter);取悦( please)

672

gesticulate

(英) v. 做手势表达(to make or use gestures) (记) 来自geste(手势,行为),geste+iculate(产生…的)→产生手势的→做手势; (同) 参考:gesture(手势,姿态) (例) John gesticulated wildly as his speech became more emotional.

673

faith

(英) n. 信任信仰(unquestioning confidence) (考) apostasy : faith \ recantation : heresy(叛教放弃信仰\皈依放弃异教)renegade : allegiance \ apostate : faith(叛徒不会忠诚\叛教者不会有信仰) (例) put one's faith in God

674

ventral

(英) adj. 腹部的(abdominal)

675

irate

(英) adj. 发怒的(angry; wrathful; incensed) (考) gush : effusive \ rage : irate(奔放是感情迸发\发怒是表现愤怒) (例) The officials were badgered by irate citizens who accused them of accepting bribes.

676

devolve

(英) v.(指工作职务)移交给某人(passed to others powerworkor property)

677

discrete

(英) adj.个别的(not attached)不连续的(made up of distinct parts; discontinuous) (考) 反义词:continuous(连续的) (同) adv. discretely; n. discreteness (例) the picture consisted of a lot of discrete splits of colour.

678

riveting

(英) adj. 非常精彩的(engrossing;fascinating) (例) a riveting speech

679

escape

(英) v. 逃脱逃走(get free) (考) escape : capture \ dodge : blow(逃跑为了防止捕获\躲避为了防止打击) (例) Two prisoners have escaped.

680

incongruous

(英) adj. 不调和的 (lacking harmony) (记) in(不)+congruous(全等的,一致的)→不一致的

681

poster

(英) n. 海报,招贴画(a large printed noticepictureor photograph) (记) post(邮件,邮政)+er(表示东西)→通过邮寄贴出去的东西→招贴画

682

berserk

(英) adj. 狂怒的,疯狂的(violent or destructive rage or frenzy) (记) ber(穿)+serk(衣服shirt)原指古代斯堪的纳维亚穿衣打仗的武士,因为胆怯发疯 (例) The berserk customer started pulling items off the shelf.

683

sparse

(英) adj.稀少的,贫乏的(not thickly grown or settled) (考) 反义词:rife(普遍的); copious(丰富的) (例) The population is sparse in that country.

684

recognition

(英) n. 认出,识别 (the fact of knowing someone or something);承认 (the state of being accepted as legalrealor valuable) (记) 来自动词recognize(认出)

685

utopian

(英) adj.乌托邦式的,梦想的(impossibly ideal; visionary) (记) 来自空想社会Utopia(乌托邦) (例) the utopian nature of one's hopes(希望的不切实际性)

686

elegy

(英) n.哀歌、挽歌(a song or poem expressing sorrow or lamentation) (考) tango : dance \ dirge : music \ elegy : poem(探戈是一种舞蹈\挽歌是一种歌\哀诗是一种诗)elegy : sorrow(lament)\ satire : ridicule \ eulogy : admiration (praise)(哀诗表达哀伤\讽刺文学表达讽刺\颂词表达赞美)elegiac : sorrow \ devotional : reverence(记) 参考:dirge(挽歌)

687

cross

(英) adj.生气的(bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry)

688

dispirit

(英) v. 使沮丧(depress) (记) dis (去掉)+spirit(精神) →没有精神

689

spectator

(英) 观众观看者(a person who watches an event or sport without taking part) (考) epicure : discriminating \ spectator : watching(美食家鉴别\观众观看)

690

fiendish

(英) adj.极凶恶的(inhumanly wicked or cruel) (例) a fiendish despot(残暴的霸王)

691

seraphic

(英) adj. 如天使般的,美丽的(like an angel) (记) 来自seraph(守卫上帝宝座的六翼天使)+ic (例) seraphic purity(天使般的纯洁)

692

novelty

(英) n. 新奇(的事物)(newness; freshness) (考) 反义词:banal(陈腐的); timeworn(陈旧的) (记) novel(新的)+ty (例) Hard work was no novelty to a person from a poor family like him.

693

outline

(英) n. 轮廓; 梗概 (the main ideas or facts) (记) out(出来)+line(线条)→划出线条→大纲

694

pest

(英) n. 害虫(an detrimental animal);讨厌的人或物(one that pesters or annoys) (考) pest : irksome \ expert : proficient(讨厌的人的特点是讨厌的\专家的特点是精通的) (例) My young sister becomes a pest whenever my friends visit.

695

savant

(英) n. 博学之士,大学士(a learned person; eminent scholar) (考) 反义词:unlearned person(无知者) (记) sav(=sap智慧)+ant→有智慧之人,大学士

696

adjure

(英) v.郑重敦促(to command solemnly; to entreat solemnly) (记) ad+jure(发誓)→让人发誓去做→恳请; 注意: abjure(悲惨的) (例) She adjured him to tell the truth.

697

boulder

(英) n.巨砾(any large rock) (考) colossus : figurine \ boulder : pebble(巨型雕像对小雕像\大卵石对小卵石)frond : leaf \ boulder : rock(蕨类叶是一种叶子\大圆石是一种石头) (记) 比较:pebble(小卵石)

698

conflagration

(英) n. 建筑物或森林大火 (a bigdestructive fire) (记) con+flagr(烧)+ation→一起烧→大火 (同) 同根词:flagrant(臭名远扬的); deflagrate(使突然燃烧)

699

perceptive

(英) adj. 感觉敏锐的(discerningobservant) (记) 来自percept(感知认识)per(全部)+cept(拿) 同根词:concept(概念); precept(格言) (例) The perceptive detective discovered many clues.

700

barefaced

(英) adj.厚颜无耻的(shameless; blatant; bold; unconcealed) (考) 反义词:surreptitious(秘密的) (记) bare(空的没有的)+face(脸)+ed→没脸的→无耻的

701

inept

(英) adj. 无能的(inefficient);不适当的(not suitable) (记) in(无)+ept(熟练的)→不熟练的→无能的

702

default

(英) n. 拖债,未履行的责任 (failure to pay money due) (考) default : pay \ yield : resist(拖欠是不偿还\屈服是不抵抗)反义词:pay one' s debts(偿还); fulfill an obligation(履行义务) (记) (分割记忆):de+fault(错误)→错误下去→拖债 (同) n. defaulter (例) John defaulted on his car paymentand the bank repossessed the car.

703

harrowing

(英) adj. 悲痛的,难受的(mentally distressful) (例) After the harrowing accidentMary refused to drive for months.

704

uncover

(英) v. 揭开盖子( remove a covering from);揭露( find out) (记) un(打开)+cover(盖子)

705

neonate

(英) n. 初生婴儿(a new born child) (记) neo(新)+nate(出生)

706

quartet

(英) n.四重奏,四重唱(a musical composition for four instruments or voices)

707

nubile

(英) adj. (女孩)到婚嫁年龄的(marriageable);吸引人的(sexually attractive) (记) nub(结婚)+ile→可结婚的; (同) 参考:nubility(适婚性),注意不要和nubilous(模糊的)相混

708

fantasy

(英) n. 想象幻想(imagination or fancy) (考) nicety : precision \ illusion : fantasy(同义:精密=精细\幻觉=幻想) (例) live in a fantasy world

709

ravish

(英) v.迷住(to overcome with emotion);强夺(take away by force) (记) rave(赞扬)+ish→赞扬,迷住,注意不要和lavish(浪费)相混 (同) 派生词: ravishment (n.狂喜,陶醉) (例) The explorers ravished the local population.

710

commonplace

(英) adj. 平常的(ordinarynot interesting) (考) 反义词:inimitable(独特的) (例) He's not at all excitingin fact he's really rather commonplace .

711

duplicity

(英) n. 欺骗,口是心非 (hypocritical cunning or deception) (记) du(二)+pilc(重叠)+ity→有二层(态度)→口是心非

712

foster

(英) v. 培养鼓励(help the development of sth);领养(take care of and bring up a child that is not legally one's own) (考) recommend : laud \ sanction : foster(推荐是称赞\批准是促进)反义词:stymie(阻碍); repress(压制); retract(取消) (例) People who cannot have a baby of their own sometimes foster a child.

713

plausible

(英) adj. 似乎合理的(superficially reasonable or valuable;嘴巧的(superficially pleasing or persuasive) (记) plaus(鼓掌)+ible→值得鼓掌的→可行的 (同) 派生词:plausibility (n. 似乎有理,善辩) (例) The jury believed the witness's plausible testimony.

714

fanatical

(英) adj. 狂热的(obsessively enthusiastic) (考) frenetic : movement \ fanatical : belief(狂乱的动作\狂热的信仰) (例) She's fanatical about keeping fit.

715

tranquility

(考) abandon : inhibition \ tranquillity : agitation(放纵无抑制\宁静无骚动)反义词:commotion(骚动); ferment(骚动); turbulence(骚动); pandemonium(大混乱)

716

presentation

(英) n. 表演,介绍描述(the way in which something is saidofferedshownexplained to others) (例) She needs to improve her presentation of the arguments.

717

potency

(英) n. 能力(the ability or capacity to achieve; strength) (记) poten(力量)+cy→力量

718

pucker

(英) v.起皱(become wrinkled);n.皱褶(a fold or wrinkle) (考) astringent : pucker \ spark ; ignition(收缩剂可以用来收缩\火花可以用来点燃) (例) If you pucker up your lips like thatyou'll get lasting lines round your mouth.

719

obtrude

(英) v. 突出(to thrust out);强加(to force or impose) (记) ob(向外)+trude(伸出)→向外伸→突出 (例) Don't obtrude your opinions on others.

720

intern

(英) v. 拘禁,软禁(to detain or confine); (记) 来自internal(内部的)→关在内部→拘禁

721

megalomania

(英) n. 自大狂(a highly exaggerated concept of one's own importance) (记) megalo(大)+mania(狂热)→自大狂; (同) 参考:kleptomania(盗窃狂)

722

delirium

(英) n. 精神错乱(a temporary state of extreme mental disorder; insanity; mania ) (考) coma : unconsciousness \ delirium : confusion(昏迷是一种无知觉状态\精神错乱是一种混淆状态)

723

stain

(英) v.玷污(to taint with guilt or corruption);染色(to color by processes) (例) His shirt was stained with blood.

724

groan

(英) v.\n. 呻吟,叹息(make a deep sad sound) (例) the groans of an injured man

725

minnow

(记) 注意不要和winnow(簸去,筛选)相混

726

defection

(英) n. 脱党,变节 abandonment of loyaltydutyor principle; desertion)

727

preventive

(英) adj. 预防的,防止的 (that helps to prevent something undesirable) (记) prevent(防止)+ive

728

moor

(英) n. 旷野地,荒野(open. uncultivated land);v.使(船)停泊(to hold a ship in place) (记) 和moon(月亮)一起记(a moon over the moor笼罩在旷野地上的月光) (例) moor a suitcase to a bucking vehicle(把箱子在颠簸的车子上固定住)

729

vocal

(英) adj. 声音的 (of the vice) (考) orchestra : instrumental \ choir : vocal(管弦乐队用乐器演奏\合唱团用嗓音唱歌)

730

oasis

(英) n. 绿洲(a fertile place in desert) (例) The park near my house is an oasis from bustling city life.

731

petty

(英) adj.琐碎的(trivial; unimportant);小心眼的( petty-minded)

732

prank

(英) n. 恶作剧,玩笑(a maliciousmildly mischievousor ludicrous act) (记) 不要和plank(厚木板)相混; (同) 派生词: prankster(n. 顽皮的人,爱开玩笑的人) (例) As a prankSusan put sugar in the salt shaker.

733

outnumbered

(记) out(超过)+number(数量)+edout-of-phase adj. 不同步的;不一致的,不协调的out-of-shape adj. 变样的,走样的

734

skiff

(英) n.轻舟,小船 (any of various small boat) (考) dart : missile \ skiff : boat(标枪是一种投射物\小艇是一种船) (记) 和skill(技巧)一起记

735

riot

(考) 反义词: sedate(使镇静)

736

sulky

(英) adj.生气的 (moodily silent) (记) sulk(生气)+y (例) a sulky refusal to acknowledge facts(忿忿然拒绝承认事实)

737

wrangle

(英) v.争论,激辩,吵架 (to dispute angrily or peevishly; bicker) (例) It is a matter for scholars to wrangle over.(这是要学者们去争论的事)

738

rile

(英) v.使...恼火;激怒(irritate; vex; muddy) (考) 反义词:appease(平息)

739

motivational

(考) exculpatory : absolve \ motivational : stir(辩明无罪是为了赦免\激励鼓动是为了激发)

740

sensation

(英) n. 知觉 (awareness);轰动(的事) (a cause of excited interest or feeling) (考) analgesic : pain \ anesthetic : sensation(止痛剂防止疼痛\麻醉剂防止有感觉)numb : sensation \ stiff : suppleness(反义麻木对知觉\僵硬对柔软)反义词:unnoticed event(未被注意的事件); anaesthesia(麻醉); numb(无知觉的) (记) sens(感觉)+action→感觉,知觉 (同) 同根词:sensible(明智的);sensitive(敏感的)

741

cinder

(英) n. 余烬,矿渣 (slag from the reduction of metallic ores) (同) adj. cindery

742

stanza

(考) stanza : poem(poetryballad) \ act : opera \ paragraph : prose \ chapter :novel\ movement : orchestra(诗节构成诗\剧幕构成剧\段落构成散文\章节构成小说\乐章构成音乐)stanza : line \ volume : issue(几行诗构成诗节\几期期刊构成合钉本)ballad : stanza \ novel : ch (记) stan(站住)+za→诗停止的地方→节、段

743

celibacy

(英) n.\adj. 独身者,不结婚的(an unmarried person) (记) celib(独身)+ate→独身的(人)

744

patently

(英) adv. 显然地,明显地 (clearly and plainly)

745

lugubrious

(英) adj. 郁郁不乐的,悲哀的(very sad or mournful) (考) 反义词:facetious(滑稽的爱开玩笑的) (记) lugubr(哀伤的)+ious→悲哀的 (例) He wore a lugubrious expression_(他神情哀伤)

746

abhor

(英) v.憎恨,嫌恶(to shrink from in hatred; detest; hate) (考) 反义词: adore(热爱); greatly admire(非常仰慕) (记) ab+hor(恨,怕) (同) 同根词:horrible(可怕的),horrid

747

stringent

(英) adj. (规定)严苛的(marked by rigor or severity);缺钱的(marked by money scarcity) (考) 反义词:lax(放松的) (记) 来自string(线、绳)+ent→像用绳限制住的→严厉的; (同) 参考:astringent(收缩的) (例) stringent economic sanctions(严厉的经济制裁)

748

archaeology

(英) 考古学(the scientific study of life and culture of pastesp. ancientpeoplesas by excavation of ancient citiesrelicsartifactsetc.) (记) archae(古)+ology→考古学 (同) 派生词: archaeological (adj. 考古学的)同根词:archaic(古代的); archaism(古词古语)

749

empiricism

(英) n.经验主义(the practice of relying on observation and experiment) (记) 来自empiric原指单凭经验而行医的医生分割记忆:empire(帝国)+ical

750

luminary

(英) n. 杰出人物,名人(famous intellectual) (记) lumin(光)+ary→发光的人→名人 (同) 同根词:lumen(流明,光通量单位); luminant(发光的)

751

tout

(英) v.招徕顾客,极力赞扬(to praise or publicize loudly) (考) cast aspersions on(诽谤); denounce(谴责) (例) tout a car for its large size

752

chronicle

(英) n.编年史(record in chronological order)

753

compendium

(英) n. 简要,概略 (a summary or abstract) (考) compendium : summary \ anthology : collection(概要是一种总结\文集是一种选集) (记) com+pend(挂)+ium→挂在一起→概要 (例) a compendium of several novels

754

implore

(英) v. 哀求,恳求(beseech; beg) (记) im(进入)+plore(悲哀)→进入悲哀→哀求 (同) 同根词:deplore(哀叹) (例) an imploring look

755

revitalize

(英) v. 使重新充满活力(to give new life or vigor to; rejuvenate) (记) re(重新)+vital(有活力的)+ize→使…重新有活力 (同) 同根词:vitality(生命力,活力);vital(有效的) (例) The new business revitalized the downtown area.

756

misjudge

(英) v. 错误判断 ( judge wrongly) (考) misjudge : assess \ misconstrue : interpret(判断错误是评估失误\误解是解释失误) (记) mis(错误)+judge(判断)

757

gentry

(英) n.绅士上等人(class of people just below nobility)

758

chirp

(英) v. (鸟或虫)唧唧叫 (to utter in a sharpshrill tone)

759

inhumane

(英) adj.不近人情的(cruelbrutalunkind etc.)

760

maple

(同) 近形词: ample(丰富的充足的)

761

saunter

(英) v.\n. 闲逛,漫步(to walk about idly; stroll) (考) prate : speak \ saunter : walk(闲聊是无目的地说\闲逛是无目的地走)script : drama \ score : music(剧本表演成为戏剧\乐谱表演成为音乐) (记) 分割记忆:s看作seeaunt(姑姑)+er,看姑姑去→闲逛而去 (例) She returned to the bedroom in a gay saunter.

762

immolate

(英) v. 牺牲,焚祭(to offer or kill as a sacrifice) (记) im(进入)+mola(祭品)+ate→变成祭品→牺牲 (例) He was immolating himself for his family's sake.

763

margarine

(英) n. 人造黄油(cooking fat made of refined vegetable oils) (考) butter : margarine \ sugar : saccharin(黄油和人造黄油\糖和人造糖精) (记) 联想记忆:人名margaret(玛格丽塔)+ine (例) I spread margarine onto my toast.

764

procreate

(英) v. 生育(to beget and bring forth offspring; propagate) (记) pro(向前)+create(创造)→不断创造→生育儿女 (例) Animals have the power to procreate their species.

765

perverse

(英) adj. 刚愎自用的,故意作对的(obstinate in opposing; wrongheaded) (记) per(始终)+verse(转)→始终和别人反着转→故意反对的_ (同) 同根词:adversary(对手); reverse(颠倒,倒退)派生词: perversity (n. 刚愎,背理行为)

766

smug

(英) adj. 自满的,自命不凡的 (highly-satisfied) (考) primp: vain \ gloat : smug(打扮表示虚荣\幸灾乐祸表示自喜) (例) You've got nothing to be smug about.(你没什么可自鸣得意的)

767

archipelago

(英) n. 群岛(a group or chain of many islands) (考) range : mountain \ chain : link \ archipelago : island(山组成山脉\链环成链条\岛屿组成群岛) (记) archi(多)+pelago(海)→海中的东西→群岛

768

daunt

(英) v. 使胆怯,使畏缩(intimidate; dishearten; dismay) (考) fearless : daunt \ impassive : perturb(无畏的不会被恐吓\冷静的不会被打扰)dauntless : trepidation \ footloose : attachment(大胆的不会害怕\自由的不会附属)反义词:embolden(使大胆); make resolute(使坚决)

769

rendition

(英) n.表演扮演演奏演唱(rendering; translation; artistic interpretation of a song)

770

demarcate

(英) v. 划分,划界 ( mark the limits; to mark the difference between) (记) de+marc(=mark标记)+ate→做标记→划界,划分 (同) 派生词: demarcation(n. 界限划定界限) (例) The river was the demarcation of the two countries.

771

illuminate

(考) enfranchise : vote \ illuminate : see(给予选举权可以投票\照亮可以看见)illuminate : darkness \ educate : ignorance(照亮可以消除黑暗\教育可以消除无知)

772

plangent

(英) adj. 如泣如诉的,悲哀的(having a plaintive quality) (考) 反义词:muffled(压抑的) (记) plang原意为拍打胸脯,表示哀痛

773

frigidity

(考) 反义词:torridness(炎热) (记) 来自frigid(寒冷的),frig(冷)+id; (同) 参考:frigorific(致冷的)

774

usury

(英) n.放高利贷 (the lending of money at exorbitant interest rates) (记) us(=use)+ury→用钱生钱→放高利贷 (同) 派生词: usurious (adj.放高利贷的) (例) lend money at usury

775

shack

(英) n.简陋的小屋,棚屋 (hutshanty) (记) shackle(镣铐)大家应该熟悉,去掉le便成shack

776

epicurean

(英) n. 美食家(gourmetgourmand) (考) epicure : discriminating \ sentinel : watchful \ spectator : watching(美食家是有识别力的\哨兵是警惕的\观众是要观看的)反义词:a person indifferent to food(对食物不感兴趣的人) (记) 来自希腊哲学家Epicurus(依壁鸠鲁),主张享乐生活

777

egalitarian

(英) adj. 主张人人平等的(advocating the belief that all people should have equal politicalsocialand economic rights) (记) egalit(平等)+arian→平均主义的该词等于equalitarian

778

aggrieve

(考) 反义词: gratify(满足)

779

prerogative

(英) n. 特权(privilegethe discretionary power) (记) pre(预先)+rog(要求)+ative→预先要求得到→特权

780

quiescent

(英) adj.不动的,静止的(marked by inactivity or repose) (记) qui(=quiet安静的)+escent(状态)→静止的 (同) 同根词:quietus(债务清偿,寂灭) (例) Bob's thinking became quiescent as he slept.

781

remittent

(英) adj.(病)间歇性的,忽好忽坏的(marked by alternating periods of abatement and increase of symptoms) (记) re(重新)+mitt(放)+ent→过一段时间就放出一下→间歇性的

782

ranger

(英) n. 森林管理员(the keeper of a forest);巡逻骑警(a policeman who rides through country areas to see that the law is kept) (考) ranger : forest \ curator : museum(护林员看管森林\美术馆员看管美术馆)

783

catalysis

(英) 催化剂促使事情发展的因素(a person or thing acting as the stimulus in bringing about or hastening a result) (考) enzyme : catalyst \ bacterium : microbe(酶是一种催化剂\细菌是一种微生物)反义词:inhibitor(抑制剂) (记) cata(下面)+lyst=(溶解)→起溶解作用→催化

784

chicanery

(英) n. 诡计,狡诈 (deception by artful sophitry; trickery) (考) urbane : gaucherie \ guileless : chicanery(文雅对粗鲁\诚实对狡诈)chicanery : clever \ tactlessness : truthful(精明的人狡诈\真诚的人不圆滑)gullible : chicanery \ servile : domination(易受骗的容易被欺骗\奴性的容易被控制)反义词:aboveboard action(光明正大的行为); ho (记) chic(聪明)+anery→耍聪明→诡计,chic 本身是一个单词,意为'潇洒的'

785

nepotism

(英) n. 裙带关系(patronage or favoritism based on family relationship) (考) nepotism : relative \ cronyism : friend(裙带关系是任用亲戚\任人唯友是任用朋友) (记) nepot(=nephew侄甥)+ism→裙带关系 (例) The mayor's son got a city job through nepotism.

786

betroth

(英) v.许配和...订婚(become engaged to marry) (记) be+troth(忠诚订婚) →和...订婚 (例) Her father betrothed her to him at an early age.

787

mischievous

(英) adj. 淘气的(playfully annoying);有害处的(harmful; injurious) (考) insensitive : boor \ mischievous : imp(感觉迟钝是粗人的特点\顽皮淘气是顽童的特点)tightfisted : parsimonious \ brattish : mischievous(同义[类比] 吝啬的→小气的\顽皮的→淘气的) (记) mis(坏)+chiev(=chief首领)+ous→坏首领→恶作剧的; (同) 参考:achieve(获得) (例) a mischievous prank(恶作剧)

788

chronometer

(英) n. 精密计时器(an instrument for measuring time precisely) (记) chron(时间)+meter(测量器)→时间测量器

789

boggle

(英) v. 畏缩不前(to hesitate);不敢想(to be startled or frightened) (考) 反义词:embolden(使大胆) (同) 近形词: goggle(游泳护目镜) (例) He's always boggled at murder.(谋杀之事他想都不敢想)

790

grouch

(英) n. 牢骚,不满(a complaint) (同) 近形词: crouch(蹲伏) (例) She's always got a grouch about something.

791

code

(英) 密码暗号(system of wordsletterssymbolsthat represent othersused for secret messages)将某事物编写成密码(put or write sth in code) (例) coded messages

792

syntax

(英) n. 句法(the rules of grammar which are used for ordering and connecting words to form phrases )

793

versed

(英) adj. 熟练的,精通的(familiar by close associationstudyor experience)

794

peregrination

(英) n. 游历(尤指在国外)(travelesp. on foot) (记) per(全部)+egri(=agri 土地)+nate→走遍土地→游历

795

ewer

(英) n. 大口水罐(a large water pitcher with a wide mouth)

796

camouflage

(英) n.\ v. 掩饰,伪装(to disguise in order to conceal) (考) camouflage : deception \ flattery : ingratiating(伪装是为了欺骗\奉承是为了讨好)disguise : identification \ camouflage : detection(掩饰是为了防止认出\伪装是为了防止发现)mimicry : camouflage \ mutation : variation(拟态是伪装\突变是变化) (例) Many animals have a natural camouflage which hides them from their enemies

797

misery

(英) n. 苦痛,难受 (a condition of great unhappiness) (例) suffer the misery of toothache

798

desiccated

(考) abraded : friction \ desiccated : dehydration(磨擦使被磨损\脱水使被弄干)反义词:sodden(湿透的)

799

concert

(考) exhibition : painting \ concert : symphony(展览是展出画\音乐会是表演交响乐)program : concert \ agenda : meeting(节目单是音乐会的程序\会议议程是会议的程序)

800

summit

(英) n. 山峰,顶峰(the top of a mountain);政府首脑会议(a meeting between heads of government) (考) crest : wave \ roof : room \summit(peak): mountain(浪尖是波浪的顶端\屋顶是房屋的顶端\山顶是山的顶端)反义词:nadir(最低点) (记) summ(总)+it(表名词)→山的顶峰像数量总和一样→最高数量→最高峰

801

perdition

(英) n.恶报永劫(damnation; complete ruin; hell)

802

analogy

(英) n. 相似(partial resemblance);类比(the likening of one thing to another) (考) 反义词:lacking similarity(缺乏相似性) (记) ana(并列)+log(说话)+y→放在一起说→类比 (同) 派生词: analogous (adj. 类似的)同根词:prologue(序言); epilogue(尾声后记)

803

cooperate

(英) v. 与他人合作(work or act together with another or others) (考) 反义词:stonewall(拒绝合作) (记) co(共同)+operate(操作) →共同操作→合作

804

testy

(英) adj.性急的,暴躁的 (easily annoyed;irritable) (考) testy : annoy \ tractable : control(易怒的容易被激怒\可驯服的容易被控制) (记) 分割记忆:test(考试)+y→为考试伤脑筋→不耐烦的 (例) His voice turned testy.(他的语气变得不耐烦了)

805

invariance

(考) 反义词:fluctuation(波动) (记) in+variance(变化)→不变化

806

idyll

(英) 田园生活(a simplehappy lifeoften in the country);田园诗(a short poem or prose work describing a simplepeaceful scene of rural or pastoral life) ; (考) idyll : carefree \ ordeal : difficult(田园诗特点是无忧无虑\磨难特点是困难)反义词:experience frught with tension(充满紧张的经历) (同) adj. idyllic (例) The love affair begins with the traditional boy-meets-girl idyll.

807

guy

(英) n. (铁塔等的)支索,牵索(a ropechainor rod attached to something to steady or guide it ) (考) strut : wing \ guy : pylon(支杆支撑机翼\支索支撑高压电线塔) (记) 该单词作为'家伙'一意大家都熟悉,但一定要记住'支索'一意

808

facile

(英) adj.容易做的(easy);肤浅的(superficial) (记) fac(做)+ile(能…的)→能做的→容易的 (例) I completed the facile task quickly.

809

swamp

(英) n. 沼泽(land which is always full of water);v. 使陷入(cause to have a large amount of problems to deal with)

810

grateful

(英) adj. 感激的(expressing gratitude; appreciative) (考) amenity : comfortable \ honorarium : grateful(宜人表示舒服\酬金表示感谢) (记) 不要和上面的 grate(磨碎)相混;ingrate(n.忘恩负义者) (例) I was grateful to the stranger for returning my lost wallet.

811

whiff

(考) blast : whiff \ gush : trickle(冲击波对轻吹\涌出对细流)

812

sculpt

(英) v. 雕刻(carvesculpture) (记) sculpture(雕刻),去掉ure (例) a nude woman sculpted in marble

813

casual

(考) 反义词: inveterate(积习的); scrutiny(细察)-casual glance(偶然一瞥)

814

equitation

(英) n. 骑术(horsemanship) (记) equit(马)+ation→骑马术; (同) 参考:equine(马的)

815

contact

(英) n.\v. 接触(touching);互通信息(communicating) (记) con(共同)+tact(接触) →共同接触 (同) 同根词: intact(原封不动的); tactile(触觉的)

816

intemperance

(英) 无节制放纵(state of being lack of self-control) (考) 反义词:teetotalism(绝对禁酒) (记) in(无)+temper(时间或时间引起的现象)+ance

817

trinket

(英) n.小装饰品(a small ornament);不值钱的珠宝( little value) (考) gadget : tools \ trinkets : jewelry(小器械是一种工具\小饰物是一种珠宝) (例) That shop sells postcards and trinkets.

818

bard

(英) n. 吟游诗人(poet)

819

discharge

(英) v.流出 (emit),释放(release from sth. that confines);解雇(to dismiss from employment);履行义务(to carry out duty) (考) 反义词:hire(雇佣) (例) be discharged from hospital(出院). discharge cargo(卸货).

820

assure

(英) v. 向某人保证确信(tell sb positively ) (记) as(一再)+sure(肯定) →一再肯定→确信 (同) 派生词: assurance(n. 自信;保证)

821

parquetry

(考) fresco : wall \ parquetry : floor(壁画是在墙上的画\镶木地板图案是在地板上的画)

822

beset

(英) v.镶嵌困扰(harass from all directions) (例) The voyage was beset with dangers.

823

perjury

(英) n. 伪证,假誓(false swearing) (考) calumny : assertion \ false swearing : oath \ perjury : deposition (testimony)(诽谤是假断言\伪誓是假誓言\伪证是假证词)反义词:truthful deposition(真实的作证) (例) Committing perjury in court can result in a prison sentence.

824

observance

(记) ob(表示强调)+serv(=serve做,服务)+ance→必须服务→遵守; 比较observation(观察),observatory(天文台) (例) In observance of Jewish lawthe rabbi ate no pork.

825

aperture

(英) n. 孔隙,窄的缺口(an opening; hole; gap) (记) aper=open(开)+ture→开口→孔

826

wrongheaded

(英) adj. 坚持错误的(sticking in a determined way to a wrong idea )

827

unidentified

(记) un(不)+identify(识别)+ed

828

starve

(英) v. 挨饿,饿死 ( suffer or die from great hunger) (考) suffocate : oxygen \ starve : nutrients(窒息缺氧气\饥饿缺营养物)反义词:sate(使饱足); surfeit(使过饱) (例) Thousands of cattle are starving.

829

fluctuation

(考) pristine : decay \ stable : fluctuation(新鲜的不腐烂\稳定的不波动)反义词:invariance(不变性) (例) fluctuations in the state of his health

830

visionary

(英) 有远见的(showing vision)空想的幻想的(that exists only in the mind and probably cannot be fulfilled)空想家(a person whose aims for the future are noble but may lack reality to put into practice) (考) visionary : idealistic \ officious : obliging(过分理想是空想\过分热情是多管闲事)

831

comparable

(英) adj. 可比较的(able to be compared) (记) compare(比较)+able→能比较的 (同) 派生词: comparability (n. 可比性相似性)

832

understudy

(英) 预备演员替角(an actor who learns a part in a play so as to be able to take the place of the actor who usually plays that part if necessary)充当...的替角(be an understudy for an actor or actress in a part) (考) understudy : star \ deputy : sheriff(替补演员和演员\替补长官和长官)

833

hesitance

(考) 反义词: alacrity(敏捷); impetuosity(激烈性急)

834

cyclical

(英) adj. 循环的(regularly repeated) (例) the cyclical nature of economic activity

835

revealing

(英) adj. 暴露的,裸露的 (allowing parts to be seen);揭露性的 (giving some unexpected information)

836

laggard

(英) adj. 缓慢的(slow or late);落后的(falling behind); (记) lag(落后)+gard(构词成分)→落后的; (同) 参考:sluggard(懒人)

837

involuntary

(英) adj. 非有意的(done without intention) (记) in(非)+volunt(意志)+ary→非自愿的

838

empyreal

(英) adj. 天空的(celestial; sublime)

839

stutter

(英) v.口吃,结巴(to speak with involuntary disruption of speech) (考) limp : walk \ stutter : talk(跛行走路不便\口吃说话不便) (例) She has a slight stutter.

840

rattle

(英) v. 使格格作响; 使慌乱( make anxious and cause to lose confidence) (同) 参考:rattlesnake(响尾蛇). (例) The policeman's visit really got her rattled.

841

witness

(英) n. 目击者(someone who is present when something happens); (考) subpoena : witness \ conscript : soldier(传讯证人\征招士兵)

842

cooperative

(英) adj.联营的合作的(marked by co-operationjoint) (考) 反义词: factious(分裂的) (例) The school was very co-operative when we made a film there.

843

verbose

(英) adj.冗长的,罗嗦的 (containing more words than necessary) (考) 反义词: laconic(简洁的) (记) verb(词语)+ose(多…的)→多词的,冗长的 (例) a verbose companion(啰嗦的同伴)

844

divert

(英) v. 使某事物转向(turn from one course to another) (考) divert : shunt \ retard : brake(转轨的作用是转向\刹车的作用是阻碍) (记) di(偏离)+vert(转偏离) →转向

845

extemporaneous

(英) adj. 即席的无准备的(spoken or done without preparation) (考) 反义词:planned(计划好的) (记) ex(出)+tempor(时间或时间引起的现象)+aneous→即席的

846

disparage

(英) v.贬抑,轻蔑 (to speak slightingly of; depreciatedecry) (考) epithet : disparage \ alias : mislead(贬低人的话贬低\别名误导)scorn : reject \ adulate : flatter \ disparage : ignore(不屑是坚决拒绝\谄媚是拼命奉承\蔑视是十分忽视)反义词:champion(拥护); aggrandize(赞美); extol(赞美) (记) dis+par(平等)+age→不平等→贬低 (同) 同根词:parity(平等) (例) Mary gave the talkative member of the audience a disparaging look.

847

cache

(英) n.贮藏处(hiding place);v.将...藏于(place sth in a cache) (记) c+ache(痛) →将痛藏于心

848

disclaim

(英) v.放弃权利(to give up or renounce);拒绝承认 (to refuse to acknowledge; deny; repudiate) (记) dis+claim (喊,要求)→不再要求→放弃(权利等) (例) Each employee disclaimed the responsibility for the mistake.

849

cohesive

(英) adj. 凝聚的,凝结的 (sticking together)

850

hideous

(英) adj. 讨厌的,丑恶的(horrible to see or hear) (考) 反义词:pulchritude(美丽); affinity(亲和力) (记) 分割记忆:hide(躲藏)+ous→因为某物可怕而躲藏→可怕的,讨厌的,注意不要和 heinous(可憎的)相混 (例) a hideous murder\a hideous face

851

ripple

(英) v. 起涟漪(move in small waves) (例) She threw a stone into the pond and watched the ripples spread.

852

farce

(英) n.闹剧(an exaggerated comedy);荒谬胡闹(something ridiculous or absurd ) (考) farce : performance \ limerick : poem(闹剧是一种表演\五行打油诗是一种诗) (记) 分割记忆:far(远)ce看作voice(声音)声音传远→闹剧 (例) The talks were a farce since the minister had already made the decision.

853

botch

(英) v.(笨手笨脚地)弄坏某事物(mismanage; blow)

854

carnivore

(英) n.食肉动物(any animal that consumes other animals) (记) carn(肉)+vore(吃)→吃肉(动物) (同) 同根词:voracious(贪吃的); herbivorous(食草的)派生词: carnivorous adj. 食肉的(flesh-eating)

855

banal

(英) adj. 陈腐的(dull or stale; hackneyed; commonplace; insipid) (考) equivocation : ambiguous \ platitude : banal(模棱两可特点是含糊的\陈词滥调的特点是陈腐的)disjointed : coherence \ banal : originality(脱节的不连贯\陈腐的不新颖)反义词:arresting(引人注意的); novel(新奇的); trite(平庸的) (记) 联想:ban(禁止)+al→应该禁止的→陈腐的

856

procrustean

(英) adj. 强求一致的(disregard of individual differences or special circumstances) (记) 源自Procrustes希腊神话中的巨人,抓到人后,缚之床榻,体长者截下肢,体短者拔之使与床齐长

857

unique

(英) adj. 唯一的 (being the only one of its type);独特的(unusual) (考) 反义词:ubiquitous(普通的); stock(普通的) (记) uni(单一)+que(表形容词)→单一的→独特的

858

dazzle

(英) v. 使眼花缭乱(blind sb. Briefly with too much light) (考) glimmer : dazzle \ murmur : resound(微光对强光\低声对高声) (例) I was dazzled by his headlights.

859

incisor

(英) n. 门牙(any of the four anterior teeth) (记) 以上四个单词都来自 in(进入)+cise(切)→切入

860

adjunct

(英) n. 附加物附件(thing that is added to sth elsel); 附加语修饰语 (考) 反义词:essential element(本质要素) (记) ad(增加)+junct(结合连接) →加上连接→附属物 (同) 同根词: junction(交汇点)disjunction(分离折断)

861

amenity

(英) n. 带来愉快的设施; 适意(a desirable feature; convenience) (考) amenity: comfortable \ honorarium : grateful(适意表示舒服\酬金表示感谢) (记) 和amenable一起记,都是以amen开头 (例) The hotel's amenities included a whirlpool.

862

cede

(英) v. 割让(土地权利)放弃(to transfer the title or ownership of)

863

alternative

(英) adj. 代替其它事物的;n.可能的选择(choice of two or more possibilities) (记) altern(其他的改变状态)+ative→用其他方式做事→代替的

864

weave

(英) 纺织(form threads into material by drawing one thread at a time under and over a set of longer threads stretched out on a loom) (考) needle : knit \ loom : weave(针用来缝合\织布机用来织布)

865

belabor

(英) v.(过分冗长地)做或说(to spend too much time or effort on);痛打(to beat severely) (考) assert : belabor \ tend : fuss(过分断言是罗嗦\过分注意是大惊小怪)badger : bother \ belabor : mention(纠缠是过分烦扰\冗长说是不断提起) (记) be+labor(劳动)→不断劳动→过分做或说 (例) Let's not belabour the point.

866

refine

(英) v. 净化,精炼 ( make pure) (考) winnow : wheat \ refine : oil(扬谷纯化小麦\精练纯化油)refine : purification \ attenuate : rarefaction(提纯的目的是纯化\使稀薄的目的是稀薄)lustrous : polish \ pure : refine(磨光使有光泽\提纯使纯)反义词:reduce purity(降低纯度)

867

dissipated

(英) adj. 浪费的(squandered or wasted);放荡的(indulging)

868

inventory

(英) 详细目录(an itemized list or catalog of goodspropertyetc.);存货清单(a list of the stock of a business; list) (考) census : population \ manifest : cargo \ inventory : merchandise(stock)(人口普查清查人口\载货单清查货物\货物清单清查商品(存货)) (记) in(进入)+vent(来)+ory→对库存货物清查;注意:invention(发明); inventive(发明的)

869

gallows

(英) n. 绞刑架,绞台(an upright frame with a crossbeam and a ropefor hanging condemned persons) (记) 分割记忆:gall(胆汁)+low(低下)→胆小→让人惊 恐的东西→绞刑架

870

lace

(英) n. 鞋带;花边(a fine netting woven in ornamental designs) (考) filligree : wire \ lace : thread(细丝工艺品用金属丝制成\花边用线制成)

871

dehumanize

(英) v. 使失掉人性 (to deprive of human qualities) (同) n. dehumanization (例) Cruel and unnecessary punishment dehumanizes both the punisher and the punished.

872

lag

(英) v. 落后,滞留 ( move or develop more slowly than others) (考) 反义词:forge ahead(稳步前进) (例) Prices are rising sharplywhile incomes are lagging far behind.

873

rebate

(英) n.折扣,回扣(a return of a part of a payment) (记) re(重新)+bate(走)→重新走回去的(钱)→回扣; (同) 参考:abate(减轻) (例) The company offered rebates as promotional gimmicks.

874

exhale

(英) v. 呼出(气)(to breathe out) (记) ex+hale(气)呼气; (同) 同根词:inhale(吸气)派生词: exhalation (n. 呼气排气)

875

hazard

(英) n. 危险(risk; peril; danger) (例) a life full of hazards

876

brash

(考) frivolous : gravity \ brash : discretion(轻浮的无庄重\急性的无慎重)

877

hiatus

(英) n. 空隙,裂缝(any gap or interruption) (例) There's a hiatus between the theory and the practice of the party

878

mime

(英) n. 比划手脚表达;哑剧(演员)(pantomime) (考) charade : word \ mime : stories(猜字游戏通过动作来表现字\哑剧通过动作来表现故事) (记) mim(动作)+e; 参考:pantomime(哑剧); mimic(模仿戏弄) (同) 参考:pantomime(哑剧);mimic(模仿,戏弄) (例) The actor expressed his request in mime.

879

tepid

(英) adj.微温的 (moderately warm) (考) 反义词:fever(发热的) (记) 参考:lukewarm(微温的); 组词:tepidarium(温水浴间)

880

foreknowledge

(英) n. 预知(knowledge of sth before it happens or exists) (记) fore(预先)+knowledge(知识) →预先的知识→预知

881

demise

(英) n.死亡(death)

882

contaminated

(考) 反义词: aseptic(无菌的); pristine(纯洁的)

883

daguerreotype

(英) n. (早期)银版照相 (a photograph made by an early method on a plate of chemically treated metal) (考) daguerreotype : photograph \ musket : firearm(银板照相是早期相片\毛瑟枪是早期火气) (记) 来自摄影术发明人之一的'Daguerre'

884

affordable

(英) adj. 能够支付的(being able to buy sth) (记) 来自afford(v. 买得起; af[一再]+ford[拿出] →一再拿出[钱] →买得起)

885

gorge

(英) n. 峡谷(a deepnarrow pass between steep heights);v. 贪婪地吃(to eat gluttonously) (考) reticent : talk \ abstemious : gorge(沉默寡言不喜欢说话\节制的不喜欢贪食)river : gorge \ wind : dune(河流流过形成峡谷\风吹过形成沙丘) (记) gorge 原意为'咽喉'之意 (例) He is gorging himself.(他在拼命大吃)

886

languorous

(英) v. 衰弱(to lose vigor or vitality); (考) 反义词:thrive(茁壮成长) (例) She languished for his love and gave him languishing looks.

887

fake

(英) v.伪造(to make seem real by any sort of deception or tampering );佯装(to practice deception by simulating) (记) fake作名词,指冒牌的人或物(He was a fake.),作形容词,意为伪造的 (fake money) (例) She faked illness so that she did not have to go to school.

888

convertible

(英) adj. 可转换的(that can be converted);n. 敞篷车(an automobile with a canvas top that can be folded back or removed) (考) four-poster : bed \ convertible : automobile(四柱床是一种床\敞篷车是一种车) (同) n. convertibility (例) The crib is convertible into a bed for a toddler to drive in a convertible

889

reformulate

(记) re(再)+formulate(用公式表示)

890

locale

(记) local(地方)+e (同) 同根词:locality(地点,地区); collocate(排列,组合)

891

spark

(英) n.火花,火星(a small particle of a burning substance) (考) astringent : pucker \ spark : ignition(收敛剂可以褶皱\火花可以点燃)

892

labile

(考) 反义词:stable(稳定的) (例) a labile chemical solution

893

mantle

(英) n. 披风,斗篷(a loose sleeveless cloak or cape);v. 覆盖(to cover as with a mantleenvelop; cloak) (例) Snow mantles the heights.(雪覆盖着高地)

894

opaque

(英) adj. 不透明的(not transparent);难懂的(hard to understand; obscure) (考) slack : tension \ opaque : translucence(松弛的没有张力\不透明的没有透明)反义词:diaphanous(透明的) (记) 来自opacus(遮蔽阳光的),opa(不透明)+que (例) an opaque piece of prose(一篇难懂的散文)

895

repercussion

(英) n. 反响(a reciprocal action);影响(a widespreadindirect effect of an act or event);回声(reflectionreverberation) (记) re(反复)+percussion(震动)→反复震动→回声,反应 (例) Years afterwards there were still repercussions from his fateful decision.

896

cryptic

(英) adj. 秘密的,神秘的(having a hidden or ambiguous meaning; mysterious; baffling; obscure) (考) cipher : cryptic \ prcis : concise (密码特点是秘密的\摘要特点是简洁的)反义词:self-explanatory(自明的) (记) crypt(秘密)+ic→秘密的 (同) 同根词:apocrypha (伪经);cryptogram(密码,暗号) (例) I don't understand your cryptic remarks.

897

mote

(英) n. 微粒,微尘(a speck of dust) (例) a mote in sb's eye(某人的小缺点)

898

pluck

n.勇气v.拔去(鸡、鸭等)毛采集

899

objective

(英) adj. 客观的 (not influenced by personal opinions);n. 目标 (an aim)

900

stationery

(英) n.文具 (materials for writing or typing) (记) 注意以上二词的区别,可把文具中的'e'看成pen(钢笔)

901

clout

(英) n. 用手猛击(heavy blow with the hand);权力影响力(powerinfluence) (考) 反义词:impuissance(无能) (例) get a clout across the back of the head

902

cephalic

(英) adj. 头,头部的(of the headskull) (记) cephal(头)+ic→头的 (同) 同根词:bicephalous(双头的); acephalous(无头的;群龙无首的)

903

hilt

(英) n. (剑或刀之)柄(the handle of a sword) (记) 参考haft(柄); shaft(矛柄)

904

plain

(英) adj. 简单的(simple);清楚的(clear);n. 平原(a large stretch of flat land) (例) She made her annoyance plain.

905

vitiate

(英) v.削弱,损害(to make faulty or defective: impair) (考) 反义词:fortify(加强); strengthen(巩固) (记) viti(=vice恶的)+ate→损坏 (同) 同根词:vitiable(易堕落的);vitiosity(堕落) (例) Pollution from smoke and dust vitiates the air.

906

sophomoric

(英) 自以为有学问的(bombastic) (记) sophomore(大学二年级学生;sopho[智慧]+more(自以为)有更多智慧的人)+ic

907

reciprocal

(英) adj. 相互的,互惠的(mutually corresponding; mutual) (记) re(重新)+ciproc(=cip+pro向前放下)+al→重新向前放下→互相给予 (例) feel a reciprocal liking for each other

908

emblematic

(英) adj. 作为象征的(symbolicrepresentative)

909

glutinous

(英) adj. 粘的,胶状的(gluey; sticky) (考) 反义词: nonviscous(无粘性的) (记) 来自 glue (胶,胶水) (例) The sugar melted into a glutinous mass.

910

yearn

(英) v.盼望,渴望(to long persistentlywistfullyor sadly) (记) 分割记忆:year(年)+n.'一年到头盼望' (例) We yearn for beautytruth and meaning in our lives.

911

moth

(英) n. 蛾 (an insect related to the butterfly)

912

stipulation

(英) n.规定,约定(a conditionrequirementor item in a legal instrument) (考) 反义词:tacit requirement(心照不宣的要求)

913

convenience

(英) n. 方便便利(quality of being convenient or suitable) (考) opportune : convenience \ impermanent : transience(合适的[东西]方便\短暂的[东西]暂时) (记) con(全部)+veni(来)+ence→全部能来没有障碍→方便

914

eject

(英) v. 喷出,逐出(to drive out by physical force; expeloust) (记) e+ject(推)→推出→逐出 (同) 同根词:abject(可怜的); dejected(沮丧的) (例) The police ejected the young men who were making such a noise.

915

insularity

(英) 偏狭性(state of being insular) (考) 反义词:cosmopolitanism(大同主义)

916

austere

(英) adj.朴素的(very plain; lacking ornament)(人)正经的(showing strict self discipline) (考) plain : austere \ clean : sterile(十分简单是简朴\十分干净是无菌)austere : design \ laconic : speech(简朴的设计\简洁的演讲)austere : embellish(decorate) \ pure : adulterate \ abstemious : indulge(简朴不装饰\纯洁不掺假\禁欲不放纵)反义词:baroq (记) au+stere(冷)→冷面孔→一本正经的 (同) 同根词:stern(严厉的)

917

multifarious

(英) adj. 多种的,各式各样的(numerous and varied) (记) multi(多)+fari(=fact做)+ous→做的样子多→多种多样的 (例) multifarious activities

918

equity

(英) n. 公平,公正 (fairness; impartiality; justice) (考) 反义词:unfairness(不公平); discrimination (歧视)

919

insolently

(考) perfunctorily : inspiration \ insolently : veneration(敷衍地不会产生灵感\傲慢地不会产生尊敬)

920

allergic

(英) n. 过敏的(of allergy)对…讨厌的(averse or disinclined) (考) sensitization : allergic \ habituation : inured(敏感化成过敏的\习惯化成习惯的) (记) all(其他)+erg(起作用工作)+ic→起其他作用→过敏 (同) 同根词:ergophobia(厌工作症)

921

heretic

(英) n. 异教徒(a person who professes heresy) (考) nonconformist : norm \ heretic : orthodoxy(不遵从传统的人不会遵守规范\异教不会遵守正教) (例) The heretic was burned at the stake.

922

discord

(英) n. 不和纷争(disagreement; quarrelling ) (考) 反义词:harmony(协调) (记) dis(不)+cord(心脏一致) →不一致→纷争

923

capitulate

(英) v.(有条件地)投降(surrender conditionally) (考) 反义词:resist(抵抗); resistance(抵抗) (记) capit(头)+ulate→(低头)→投降 (同) 派生词: capitulation (n. 投降)

924

grimace

(英) v. 做鬼脸,面部歪扭(a twisting or distortion of the face) (记) 来自grim(可怕的)+ace 看作 face→可怕的脸→鬼脸 (例) grimaced with pain

925

vampire

(英) n.吸血鬼 (one who lives by preying on others) (记) vamp(勾引男子的女人)+ire

926

inveigle

(英) v. 诱骗,诱使(to lead on with deception; lure) (考) interest : inveigle \ plan : scheme(用阴谋是人感兴趣是诱惑\用阴谋做计划是密谋)反义词:request directly(直接要求); openly seek to persuade(公开寻求说服) (记) in(进入)+veigle可看作来自veil(面纱)→盖上面纱→诱骗 (例) inveigle sb. into a place

927

gabble

(英) v. 急促而不清楚地说(to talk rapidly and incoherently) (记) 不要和 gobble(贪婪地大口吃)相混,来自gab(闲聊,唠叨)

928

furnace

(英) n. 暖气锅炉(enclosed fireplace for heating the water) (考) furnace : heat \ generator : electricity(炉子用来送热\发电机用来供电)

929

vulgarity

(考) genteel : vulgarity \ intrepid : fear(上流社会不会低级\无畏的不会畏惧)

930

wanderlust

(英) n.漫游癖,旅游热(strong longing for or impulse toward wandering) (考) curiosity : know \ wanderlust : travel(好奇的人喜欢知道\有旅游癖的人喜欢旅游) (记) wander(漫游)+lust(欲望)

931

solicit

(英) v.恳求(to make petition to);教唆(to entice into evil) (记) soli(=sole惟一,全部)+cit(引出)→引出某人做事→教唆,恳求 (同) 派生词: solicitation (n.恳求;教唆) (例) May I solicit your help?

932

mysticism

(英) 神秘主义(the attempt to gainor practice of gaininga knowledge of real truth and union with God by prayer and meditation)

933

reprove

(英) v. 责骂,申斥 (to express disapproval; censure) (考) reprove : reprimand \ blame : censure(程度:责备→严责\责备→非难)pretense : deceive \ admonition : reprove(借口为了欺骗\警告为了责备) (记) re(反)+prove(证据)→反证,责备 (例) reprove a child's bad manners

934

broaden

(英) v. 使某物加宽(cause sth to become broader) (例) He broadened out in his twenties .

935

know-how

(英) n. 专业技能,知识 (practical ability or skill)

936

daze

(英) v.使茫然使眼化缭乱(stun as with a blow or shock; bemuse; benumb) (例) The blow on the head dazed him for a moment.

937

brake

(英) v.减速,阻止(to slow down or stop with a brake) (考) : divert : shunt \ retard : brake(转轨转变方向\刹车阻止前进) (记) 是'break'的古典形式 (例) Brake the car to slow down. The bicyclists braked at the stop sign.

938

recipe

(英) n. 食谱 (a set of instructions for cooking) (记) re(一再)+cipe(抓)→为一再做饭提供抓的要点→食谱

939

undeserved

(记) un(不)+deserved(应得的)

940

stray

(英) v. 偏离,迷路(wander away); (考) stray : group \ digress : subject(离群是离开群体\离题是离开主题) (例) The streets were empt except for a few stray passers-by.

941

discern

(英) v.(费劲)识别,看出(recognize as separate or different; distinguish) (考) palatable : savory \ discernible : manifest(程度: 美味的→风味极佳的\可识别的→明显的) (记) dis+cern(=sift筛)→筛出来→识别 (同) 同根词:concern(关注) (例) He was just able to discern the road in the dark.

942

extrapolate

(英) v.预测,推测(to speculate) (记) extra(外面)+pol(放)+ate→放出想法→推测 (同) 同根词:interpolate(插入,窜改) (例) to extrapolate the population growth from census figures

943

colossal

(英) adj. 巨大的,庞大的 (like a colossus in size; huge; gigantic)

944

reassuring

(考) 反义词:minatory(威胁性的)

945

acumen

(英) n.敏锐,明智(keenness and quickness in understanding; shrewdness) (考) alacrity : prompt \ acumen : shrewd(同义: 敏捷和敏锐\聪明和精明) (记) acu(尖端)+men(表示名词);联想记忆: 尖锐的人 (同) 同根词:acupuncture(针灸) (例) His business acumen has made him very successful.

946

reverence

(英) n. 崇敬 (profound adoring);敬礼 (a gesture of respect) (考) venerable : reverence \ despicable : scorn(可敬的被尊敬\可鄙的被鄙视)elegiac : sorrow \ devotional : reverence(哀悼的很悲伤\忠诚的很崇敬)reverence : respect \ avidity : enthusiasm(程度: 崇敬→尊敬\热望→热情) (记) 来自revere(尊崇,尊敬),re(一再)+vere(害怕,敬畏)→不敬畏→崇敬 (例) The pilgrims showed reverence by praying.

947

perpetrate

(英) v. 犯罪,做坏事(carry out a crime; commit) (记) per(全部)+petr(石头)+ate→成为石头→做坏事不悔改 (同) 同根词:petrify(石化,僵化); petrous(岩石般的) (例) The police want to know who perpetrated the crime.

948

infelicitous

(英) adj. 不幸的不妥当的(unfortunate or unsuitable)(考) 反义词: happy(高兴的) (记) in(不)+felicitous(得体的)

949

performance

(英) n. 表演,演出(the action of performing a character in a play);履行,执行 (the action of carrying out an activity) (考) theater : performance \ market : commerce(剧院用来演出\市场用来经营)bravura : performance \ resplendent : appearance(华美的演奏\灿烂的外表)反义词:debut(初次登台) (记) perform(表演履行)+ance

950

indulgence

(英) 放纵纵容(state of being allowed whatever one wants) (考) 反义词:asceticism(禁欲主义) (例) Constant indulgence in bad habits brought about his ruin.

951

juxtapose

(英) v. 并排,并置(to put side by side or close together) (记) juxta(接近)+pose(放)→并放,并排

952

detrimental

(英) adj.损害的,造成伤害的(causing detriment; harmful) (例) The detrimental newspaper article may lead to a lawsuit.

953

virus

(英) n. 病毒(the causative agent of an infectious disease)

954

expunge

(英) v.删除(to erase or remove completely; delete; cancel) (记) ex+punge(刺)→把刺挑出→删除 (同) 同根词:pungent(刺鼻的) (例) The editor expunged the book of its libelous content.

955

disapproval

(英) n. 不赞同反对(not approving) (考) upbraid(castigation) : disapproval \ lament : grief \ blasphemy : irreverence(谴责是强烈不赞成\哀伤是强烈悲伤\亵渎是强烈不敬) (记) dis(不消失掉)+approval(赞成) →不赞成反对

956

pistol

(英) n. 手枪(handgun) (考) dagger : scabbard \ pistol : holster(匕首放在剑鞘中\手枪放在枪套中)

957

disclose

(英) v. 使某物显露(allow sth to be seen) (记) dis(分开)+close(关闭) →使关闭着的东西打开→显露

958

repartee

(英) n. 机灵的回答(a quick and witty reply) (考) repartee : retort \ debate : issue(巧妙回答为了反驳\争论为了进行辩护) (记) re(反)+part(部分,观点)+ee→反过来给以回答 (例) Listening to their witty repartee.

959

suffrage

(英) n.选举权,投票权(the right of voting) (记) suf(下面)+frage(表示拥护的喧闹声) (例) grant suffrage to women(给妇女以选举权)

960

unenlightened

(英) adj. 愚昧无知的(without knowledge or understanding);不文明的(having wrong beliefs because of lack of knowledge) (记) un(不)+enlightened(有知识的,开明的)

961

discriminating

(英) adj.有辨别能力的(able to make or see fine distinctions; discerning)

962

perspiration

(英) n. 出汗(the act of perspiring; sweat) (记) per(全部)+spir(呼吸)+ation全身都呼吸出汗 (同) 同根词:inspiration(灵感); expire(期满断气)

963

uninitiated

(记) un(不)+initiate(传授)+d

964

principal

(考) 反义词:subordinate(次要的)

965

doff

(英) v. 脱掉(to take off) (考) 反义词;don(穿上) (记) 参考: don(穿衣), 分割记忆:(脱掉)off(穿衣)on

966

ill-omened

(记) ill(坏)+omen(预兆)+ed→坏的预兆→不吉利的

967

ingratiate

(英) v.逢迎,讨好(to bring oneself into another's favor or good graces by conscious effort) (考) camouflage : deception \ flattery : ingratiating(伪装是为了欺骗\恭维是为了逢迎) (记) in(使)+grati(感激)+ate→使别人感激自己→讨别人欢心 (例) Many applicants try to ingratiate themselves with foreign professors.

968

caper

(英) v.\ n. 雀跃,欢蹦(a gayplayful jump or leap) (例) The lambs were capering in the fields.

969

bestow

(英) v.给予,赐赠(to give or present as a gift) (记) be+stow(收藏)→给予以便收藏; (例) The committee bestowed an engraved plaque on the winner.

970

affluent

(英) adj. 富裕的丰富的(rich) (考) 反义词:needy(贫困的); impecunious(身无分文的); indigent(贫乏的) (记) af(一再)+flu(流动)+ent→一再流入→富裕的; (同) 派生词: affluence (n. 丰富富裕)同根词: confluence(汇流); superfluous(多余的)

971

affix

(英) v 粘上贴上(stickfasten or attach);在合同上添写某事物(add sth in writing);n.词缀(prefix or suffix ) (记) af(加强)+fix(固定) →固定上去

972

shipshape

(英) adj.整洁的,井然有序的 (trimtidy) (考) shipshape : disarray \ squalid : cleanliness(反义:整齐对杂乱\肮脏对干净) (记) 分割记忆:ship(船)+shape(形状)→船的形状→整洁的 (例) Everything was clean and shipshape.

973

verify

(英) v.证明,证实(to establish the truthaccuracyor reality of) (考) purify : imperfection \ verify : doubtfulness(净化排除缺点\证实排除怀疑) (记) ver(真实)+ify (例) Subsequent events verified my suspicion.

974

rig

(英) v. 欺骗,舞弊,伪造(to manipulate by deceptive or dishonest means) (考) rig : contest \ gerrymander : district(竞赛舞弊现象导致结果不真实\竞选中不正当操作导致结果不真实) (例) She has rigged the evidence to save a man she is infatuated with.

975

mitten

(考) muffler : neck \ mitten : hand(围巾带在脖子上保暖\手套带在手上保暖) (记) 也作mitt常用复数

976

winsome

(英) adj.媚人的,漂亮的(generally pleasing and engaging often because of a childlike charm and innocence) (考) 反义词:unprepossessing(不吸引人的) (记) 组合词:win(赢)+some (例) a winsome smile(动人的笑)

977

prosaic

(英) adj. 单调的,无趣的(dullunimaginative) (考) insipid : invention \ prosaic : imagination(乏味的没有创新\单调的没有想象力)反义词: extraordinary(非凡的); exceptional(例外的); imaginary(幻想的);exciting(刺激的) (记) 来自prose(散文)+aic→散文一般的→单调的

978

parody

(英) 嘲弄文章(a literary or musical work in which the style of an author or work is closely imitated for comic effects or in ridicule);拙劣的模仿(a feeble or ridiculous imitation) (考) parody : style \ mime : gesture(模仿文章在风格上模仿\哑剧在姿态上模仿) (记) par(平等)+ody(=ode唱)→同样唱→模仿诗文 (例) The film was a brilliant parody of American life.(这部电影对美国生活做了精彩的嘲弄)

979

prickle

(英) n.(动物或植物上的)刺,棘(a sharp pointed emergence arising from the epidermis or bark of a plant) (记) prick(刺)+le (例) His mind prickled.(他心灵感到刺痛)

980

drawer

(英) 抽屉(box-like containerwith one or more handles but no lidthat slides in and out of a piece of furniture) (考) folder : papers \ drawer : clothing(文件夹用来放文件\抽屉用来放衣服) (例) the middle drawer of my desk

981

nautical