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Flashcards in gre_4 Deck (1000):
1

combustible

(英) adj. 易燃的 (flammable);易激动的 (easily aroused) (考) combustible : ignite \ malleable : shape(易燃的容易点燃\可锻的容易成形)impervious : friable \ nonflammable : combustible(反义: 不受影响的→易受影响的\不燃烧的→燃烧的) (记) com+bust(燃烧)+ible→易燃的

2

sycophant

(英) n.马屁精 (a servile self-seeking flatterer) (考) libertine : dissolute \ rival : competition \ sycophant : flattery(fawn)\ miser :hoard \ dandy : preen \ extortionist : intimidation \ pundit : opinion \ narcissist : self-absorb \(放荡者放荡\竞争者竞争\谄媚者谄媚\吝啬鬼储藏\花花公子打扮\敲-诈者恐吓\博学者主张\自我陶醉者陶醉) (记) syco(无花果)+phant(显现); 原意为献上无花果→拍马者

3

diocesan

(考) 反义词: ecumenical(世界基督教的)

4

pertinent

(英) adj. 有关的,相关的(relevant) (考) pertinent : relevance \ redundant : superfluity(同义:相关的→相关\多余的→多余)反义词:immaterial(非实质的); irrelevant(无关的) (记) per(始终)+tin(拿住)+ent→始终拿在手里放不下→有关系的 (例) remarks not pertinent to the subject

5

incur

(英) v. 招惹(bring upon oneself) (记) in(进入)+cur(跑)→引着跑进来→招惹 (例) I incurred his dislike from that day on(从那天起我就招惹了他的讨厌).

6

beatitude

(英) n.至福,十分幸福(perfect blessedness or happiness)

7

hide

(英) n. 兽皮(an animal skin or pelt) (考) miller : grain \ tanner : hide(磨房工人加工谷物\鞣革工人加工皮革)

8

vacancy

(英) n.空白,空缺 (a vacant officepostor tenancy)

9

topsy-turvy

(英) adj.颠倒的混乱的(in a state of confusion) (考) 反义词: tranquil(安静的)

10

welcome

(考) 反义词:rebuff(拒绝); ostracize(放逐)

11

bid

(英) v.命令(command);出价投标(offer as a price) (例) She bade him enter.

12

helmet

(考) amulet : evil \ helmet : injury(辟邪物用来辟邪\头盔用来避免伤害) (记) 注意请不要和 hermit(隐士)hermetic(密封的)相混

13

floppy

(英) adj.松软的(soft and flexible);衰弱的(flabby; flaccid) (记) 来自flop(翅膀的扑动),小鸟刚学会飞,扑动翅膀→floppy(松软的下垂的) (例) This material is too floppy for a coat. floppy disk(软盘)

14

lope

(英) n. 轻快的步伐(a longeasyswinging stride); (考) lope : run \ drawl : speak(慢跑和跑\慢说和说) (记) 注意不要和lobe(耳垂)相混; (同) 参考:elope(私奔)

15

shallow

(英) adj. 浅的 (not deep);浅薄的(lacking serious thinking) (考) 反义词:profound(极深的) (例) a shallow writer

16

swine

(英) 猪 (pig) (记) 分割记忆:s+wine(酒),喝酒喝得像猪一样→猪

17

attrition

(英) n.消磨,磨损(wearing away or grinding down by friction) (记) at_trit(磨擦)+ion→磨损 (同) 同根词:contrition(悔恨)

18

superfluous

(英) adj.多余的,累赘的 (exceeding what is needed) (考) terseness : superfluous \ spontaneity : studied(简洁的不会多余\自然的不会故意)反义词:integral(构成整体所必须的) (记) super(超过)+flu(流)+ous→流得过多→多余的

19

apropos

(英) adj.\ adv. 适宜的; 有关(with reference to; regarding) (例) I thought her remarks were very apropos.

20

plaster

(英) n. 灰泥,石膏(a pasty composition) (记) plast(塑造)+er→塑造成墙的东西→灰泥 (例) plaster over rough places on the wall

21

component

(英) n. 成分零部件(any of the parts of which sth is made) (考) 反义词:nexus(连接)-disconnected components(不相关的元素) (记) com(共同)+pon(放)+ent→放到一起[的东西] →成分

22

polemic

(英) n. 争论,论战(an aggressive attack or refutation) (考) polemic : disputatious \ invective : abusive(爱争论的人争论\爱辱骂的人漫骂) (记) polem(战争)+ic→战争,争论; (同) 参考:polemology(战争学)

23

hurl

(英) v. 用力投掷(to fling with force) (考) scowl : displeasure \ kiss : affection \ hurl : disgust(皱眉表示不高兴\接吻表示爱情\愤慨地说表示厌烦)hurly -burly n. 喧闹,骚动(a turmoil; uproar) (例) hurl a javelin(掷标枪) \ hurl insults(恶狠狠地辱骂)

24

taint

(英) v.玷污,败坏(to contaminate morally;corrupt) (记) tain(拿住,弄脏)+t; (同) 参考:attaint(玷污);stain(玷污,染色) (例) The moral taint has spread among all classes.

25

gloss-over

(考) 反义词:scrutinize(细察)

26

inedible

(英) adj. 不宜食用的(not suitable to be eaten) (记) in(不)+edible(能吃的) →不能吃的

27

decadence

(考) 反义词:wholesomeness(健全) (例) The mayor criticized the teenagers for their decadence.

28

compound

(英) n. 复合物(thing made up of separate things);v. 搀和(mix sth together) (考) soldier : army \ element : compound(士兵组成军队\元素组成化合物)反义词:separate(分开) (例) the vat in which the chemicals are compounded.

29

clement

(英) adj. 仁慈的(lenient; merciful);温和的(mild) (考) 反义词: ruthlessness(无情) (同) 派生词: clemency(仁慈温和)

30

strew

(英) v.撒散播(spread randomly; scatter)

31

torture

(英) n.酷刑,折磨 (the infliction of intense pain to punishcoerceor afford sadistic pleasure); _v.对…_施以苦刑 (to cause intense suffering to; torment) (记) tort(扭)+ure→扭打,折磨 (例) put sb. to torture(拷问某人)

32

douse

(英) v. 把…浸入水中(to plunge or thrust suddenly into liquid) (考) 反义词:ignite(点燃) (例) to douse the car with a hose

33

applicant

(英) n. 申请人(person who appliesesp for a job) (考) remonstrator : dissuade \ applicant : appeal(忠告者是为了劝阻\申请者是为了请求)interview : applicant \ audition : actor(申请者工作前要进行面试\演员演出前要进行试听)

34

propeller

(英) n. 螺旋桨; 推进器(one that propels)

35

pusillanimous

(英) adj.胆小的(lacking courage and resolution; cowardly) (考) 反义词: dauntless(大胆的); stouthearted(大胆的) (记) pusill(虚弱的)+anim(生命,精神)+ous→胆小的

36

formulate

(英) v. 公式化(to express in a formula)系统表达(to express in a systematic way) (记) form(形式)+ulate→形式化→公式化

37

typographical

(英) adj. 印刷上的 (of typography) (记) 来自名词typography(印刷术;typo[模式]+graphy[写] →用模型写→印刷)

38

postulate

(英) v. 假定(to assume or claim; presume);要求(demandclaim) (考) 反义词:deny as false(作为假的否认) (记) postul(放)+ate→放出观点→假定; (同) 参考:expostulate(告诫,警告) (例) He postulates that energy is expended within the plant.

39

leash

(英) n.(系狗的)绳子(restraining rope fastened to the collar of an animal)

40

epithet

(英) n. (贬低人的)短语或形容词(an adjectivenounor phraseused to characterize person or thing in a derogative sense) (考) epithet : disparage \ alias : mislead(贬低人的话目的是贬低人\别名的目的是误导人) (记) epi(在…下)+thet( =put放)→(人)放到下面的话→贬低的语言

41

regulate

(英) v. 管制(to govern according to rule);调整(to bring order or uniformity to) (记) regul(=reg统治)+ate→规定,控制 (例) to regulate one's habits

42

exculpatory

(英) adj. 辩白的申明无罪的(being say that sb is not guilty) (考) exculpatory : absolve \ hortative : encourage \ motivational : stir(申辩是为了赦免\力劝是为了鼓励\激发性是为了促动)alibi : exculpatory \ warning : admonitory(不在场辩解是辩解性的\警告是警告性的) (记) exculpate(v.无罪释放;ex[出]+culp[错罪]+ate→从罪中出来)+ory

43

mask

(英) n. 假面具(a covering for the face);v. 隐藏(感情)(to conceal or cover) (考) mask : face \ pseudonym : name(面具是[假]面\化名是[假]名) (例) His smile masked his anger.

44

kindle

(英) v. 着火,点燃(to set on fire; ignite) (记) candle(蜡烛)的变体; (同) 参考:rekindle(重新点燃) (例) We tried to kindle the wood but it was wet.

45

amorous

(英) adj. 有性欲的; 情爱的(of sexual love or lovemaking) (记) amor(爱)+ous; amour(情爱)本身是一个单词

46

commandeer

(英) v. 强占(take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment);征用( draft for military purposes)

47

indecipherable

(考) indecipherable : decoded \ unmanageable : controlled(无法破译的不能被破译\难于控制的不能被控制) (记) 来自decipher意为“破译”

48

retreat

(英) n.\v. 撤退(withdrawal of troops);隐居(a place of privacy or safety; refuge) (考) 反义词:incursion(入侵) (记) re(回)+treat(=tract 拉)→拉回,撤退 (例) force the enemy to retreat\retreating eyes(凹陷的眼睛)

49

predecessor

(英) 前任前辈(a person who held a position before someone else)原先的东西(something formerly usedbut which has now been changed for something else) (考) legacy : predecessor \ gift : donor(前辈留下遗产\捐赠者留下赠品) (例) Will the new plan be any more acceptable than its predecessors?

50

comprehensive

(英) adj. 全面的,综合的 (dealing with all of the relevant details; inclusive) (记) com+prehens(抓住) +ive→全部抓住→全面的; (同) 同根词:prehensile(适于抓住的); apprehensive(担忧的) (例) a comprehensive survey

51

industriousness

(考) industriousness : activity \ fastidiousness : selectivity(勤奋多活动\挑剔多选择)反义词:sedulity(勤奋)-lack of industriousness(缺乏勤奋)

52

whimsy

(英) n.古怪,异想天开(whimcaprice; a fanciful or fantastic creation) (记) whim(怪念头)+sy (例) a story full of whimsy(充满离奇情节的故事)

53

calcification

(考) 反义词: flexibility(柔软) (记) 来自calcify(n.钙化僵化;calc[石头]+ify)

54

inadvertent

(英) adj. 不注意的,疏忽的(not attentive; heedless) (考) 反义词:intentional(故意的) (记) in(不)+advertent(故意的)→非故意的 (例) His inadvertent comments reflected what he really thought.

55

ignoramus

(英) n. 无知者,笨蛋(an ignorant and stupid person) (记) 源自英国剧作家 Ruggle 所著剧本中一个无知律师叫 Ignoramus;ig(不)+gnor(知) +amus→无知

56

stenography

(英) n.速记,速记法(process of writing in shorthand) (记) steno(窄,小)+graphy(写)→缩小写→速记

57

excerpt

(英) n.书电影乐曲等的节录(selected passage taken from a longer work)

58

blare

(英) v. 高声鸣叫(to sound trumpetlike tones) (记) 和bleat(牛羊的叫声)来自同一词源 (例) The radio is blaringturn it off.

59

doldrums

(英) n. 赤道无风带; 情绪低落(low spirits; listless feeling) (考) doldrums : energy \ depravity : virtue(消沉没有活力\堕落没有美德) (记) doldr=dole(悲哀)+ums→忧郁→情绪低沉; 参考: doleful(忧愁的) (例) The rainycold weather only reinforced the doldrums I found myself in.

60

engrossing

(英) adj. 引人入胜的(absorbing)

61

concoct

(英) v. 调制,捏造 (to make by combining various ingredients) (记) con+coct=cook(烹调)→调制 (同) 派生词: concoction (n. 调配[物],谎言) (例) John concocted an excuse for being late.

62

spire

(英) n.(教堂)尖顶(the upper tapering part; pinnacle) (考) spire : church \ minaret : mosque(尖顶是教堂的顶端\尖塔是寺庙的顶端) (例) the spire of a mountain(山顶)

63

pepsin

(英) n. 胃蛋白酶(a protease of the stomach)

64

impiety

(英) n. 不敬不恭(lack of respect) (考) 反义词:devoutness(朝拜) (例) be guilty of filial impiety

65

snarl

(英) n.\v.纠缠,混乱(intertwine;tangle) (考) 反义词: disentangle(解脱) (同) 参考:gnarl(节疤);派生词: snarled (adj.纠缠不清的) (例) the psychological snarls(心理纷乱)

66

gaiety

(英) n. 欢乐,快活(cheerfulness) (记) 来自gay(欢乐的); (同) 参考:gaily(欢乐地)

67

obstacle

(英) n. 障碍,干扰(impediment; obstruction; hindrance) (考) blandishment : cajole \ obstacle : impede(甜言蜜语为了诱骗\障碍物为了阻碍) (记) ob(在…上)+sta(=stand)+acle→站在路上的东西→障碍 (例) natural obstacles(天然障碍)

68

edifice

(英) n. 宏伟的建筑(如宫殿、教堂)(a largeimposing building) (考) tower : edifice \ rampart : barrier(塔楼是一种大建筑\壁垒是一种障碍) (记) 和下面的edify(陶冶)一起记

69

duel

(英) n. 决斗(a formal fight between two persons) (考) skirmish : insignificance \duel : formality(小战斗的特点是不重要\决斗的特点是正式)

70

symbiosis

(英) n.共生(关系)(the living together in more or less intimate association or closer union of two dissimilar organisms; a cooperative relationship) (记) sym(共同)+bio(生命)+sis→共生

71

venturesome

(英) adj.(指人)好冒险的大胆的; 冒险的(risky)

72

conduct

(英) n. 品德行为(person's behavior);v. 领导引导(lead or guide) (考) grammar : language \ protocol : conduct(语法是语言的规则\礼仪是行为的规则) (记) con+duct(引导带来) →引导大家一起做→指挥

73

deterrent

(英) adj. 威慑的,制止的(deterring or discouraging) (考) 反义词:incentive(刺激物); inducement(引诱物) (例) His punishment will be a deterrent to others .

74

sedentary

(英) adj. 久坐的(requiring much sitting) (考) 反义词:migratory(迁徙的) (记) sed(坐)+entary→久坐的 (例) a sedentary occupation

75

vertex

(英) n.(三角形等)顶角; 顶点 (highest point;summit) (记) a monument on the vertex of the hill(山顶上的一座纪念碑) (例) a monument on the vertex of the hill(山顶上的一座纪念碑)

76

debunk

(英) v. 揭穿真相,暴露(to expose the false or exaggerated claims) (记) de+bunk(岸bank)→去掉河岸→暴露 (例) A lot of people used to believe thatbut now it's been quite thoroughly debunked.

77

uncommitted

(英) adj. 不受约束的,不承担责任的(not pledged to a particular belief or allegiance) (记) un(不)+committed(有责任的)

78

double-cross

(考) snub : disdain \ double-cross : disloyalty(怠慢是轻蔑的表示\欺骗是不忠的表示) (例) a double-cross that cost six lives

79

exude

(英) v.使慢慢流出(to pass out in drops through pores; ooze);四溢(to diffuse or seem to radiate) (考) 反义词:absorb(吸收) (记) ex+sud(汗)→出汗→慢慢流出 (同) 同根词:sudorific(发汗的); sudation(出汗) (例) Drops of sweat exuded from every pore.\ The applicant exuded charm during the interview.

80

materialize

(英) v. 赋予形体(represent in material form);实现(to become fact) (记) material(材料,物质)+ize→物质化→使具体化 (例) materialize an idea in words(用语言体现思想)

81

rafter

(英) n.椽子(any of the parallel beams that support a roof) (考) roof : rafter \ umbrella : rib(房顶用椽子支撑\雨伞用伞骨支撑) (记) 可能来自raft(木排,木筏)+errafter也可指'放筏人'

82

hedonism

(英) n. 享乐主义;享乐(the self-indulgent pursuit of pleasure)

83

transcend

(英) v.超越,胜过(to rise above or go beyond the limit of) (记) tran(超过)+scend(爬)→爬过→超越 (同) 派生词: transcendence (n.超越,卓越);transcendent (adj. 超常的,卓越的) (例) These issues transcend the limits of language study.

84

configuration

(英) n. 结构(arrangement of parts; form);轮廓 (contour; outl ine) (记) con+figure(形状)+ion→全部形状→轮廓 (同) 同根词: figurative(比喻的); figurehead(傀儡领袖) (例) Scientists know little about the configuration of the moon's surface.

85

unworldly

(记) un(不)+worldly(世间的)

86

endow

(英) v. 资助捐助(give moneyproperty to) (考) endow : income \ endorse : approval(捐赠获得收入\批准获得同意)反义词:divest(剥夺) (例) endow a bed in a hospital

87

scintilla

(英) n. 一点,丝毫(sparktrace) (记) scintill(闪火花)+a→像火花闪→一点点 (例) charges without a scintilla of evidence

88

granite

(考) iron : metal \ granite : rock(铁是一种金属\花岗岩是一种岩石) (记) gran(=grain 颗粒)+ite→颗粒状石头→花岗岩

89

manageable

(英) adj. 易管理的,能处理的 (easy to control or deal with) (记) 来自动词manage(管理;man[手]+age)

90

symphony

(英) n. 交响乐 (a piece of music for an orchestra) (考) epilogue : novel \ coda : symphony(小说结尾有后记\交响乐结尾有尾声)script : play \ score : symphony(戏剧表演根据剧本\交响乐演奏根据乐谱)exhibition : painting \ concert : symphony(展览会展出画\音乐会表演交响乐)symphony : conductor \ film : director(指挥指导交响乐\导演指导电影)

91

efficacy

(英) n. 有效性功效(state or quality of being efficacious) (例) test the efficacy of a new drug

92

destitution

(英) n. 匮乏穷困(being impoverished) (记) 来自destitute(adj.缺乏的贫穷的;de[没有]+stitute[建立] →建立进去→设立)

93

inexplicable

(英) adj. 无法解释的 ( that cannot be explained or accounted for) (记) in(不)+explicable(可以解释的) (例) the inexplicable disappearance of the woman

94

emigrate

(英) v. 自本国移居他国(to leave one's place of residence or country to live elsewhere ) (考) emigrate : exile \ enlist : conscript(自愿移居和强行驱逐\自愿入伍和强行征募) (记) emigrate表示移出immigrate表示移入,migrate指动物或人来回迁移 (例) He emigrated from Germany to France.

95

viola

(英) n. 中提琴(a stringed musical instrument)

96

deceive

(英) v. 欺骗(to deludemislead) (考) hoax : deceive \ filibuster : delay(愚弄是一种欺骗\阻碍立法是一种阻碍)stratagem : deceive \ concession : placate(谋略是为了欺骗\让步是为了抚慰)grandstand : impress \ equivocate : deceive(哗众取宠是为了留下印象\含糊其词是为了欺骗)blandishment : coax \ prevaricati (记) de(坏)+ceive(拿抓) →拿坏的东西来→欺骗

97

offensive

(考) euphemism : offensive \ aphorism : diffuse(委婉之词不具冒犯性\格言警句不具散漫性) (记) of+fense(保护)→没有防范好→得罪

98

shibboleth

(英) n.陈旧语句 (truismplatitude) (记) 此词源自《圣经》,用于区别逃亡的以法莲人,若不会发音,而读作siboleth必是以法莲人,即被拿住杀死

99

aria

(英) n. 独唱曲,咏叹调(an melody in an operacantataor oratorio for solo voice with instrumental accompaniment) (考) soliloquy (monologue) : play \ aria : opera(独白是戏剧中独自说的部分\独唱曲是歌剧中独自唱的部分)

100

condescend

(英) v. 屈尊,俯就 (to descend voluntarily to a lower level; deign; stoop) (考) patronize : condescension \ deride : mockery(用恩赐态度资助\用嘲弄态度嘲笑)condescending : patronize \ obsequious : fawn(屈尊的[人]惠顾\奉承的[人]奉承) (记) con+de+scend(爬)→全部向下爬→俯就 (同) 同根词:descend(下降); ascend(上升)派生词: condescension(n.屈尊贬低); condescending(谦逊的) (例) The boss condescends to eat lunch in the company cafeteria.

101

extirpate

(英) v.消灭,根除(exterminate; abolish) (记) ex+stirp(种,根)+ate→把根拿出来→根除 (同) 同根词:stirp(血统); stirpiculture(优生法) (例) extirpate a bad social practice

102

porridge

(英) n.麦片粥(soft food made by boiling oatmeal)

103

grease

(英) n. 滑脂(any thick semi-solid oily substance) (例) axle-grease

104

coda

(英) n. 乐曲的尾声(final passage of a piece of music) (考) epilogue : novel(play)\ coda : symphony(sonata) \ peroration : speech \ dessert : meal(小说[戏剧]结尾是后记\交响乐[奏鸣曲]的结尾是尾声\演讲的结尾是结束语\用餐的结尾是甜点)反义词:prelude(序曲)

105

elate

(英) v. 使兴奋使兴高采烈(make exciting) (记) e(出)+late(拿出带出)→拿出情绪→高兴

106

whistle

(英) n. 口哨口哨声; v. 吹口哨( make a whistle) (考) judge : gavel \ referee : whistle(法官用小木槌判决\裁判用口哨判决)

107

fiscal

(英) adj.国库的(relating to public treasury or revenues)财政的(financial) (记) fisc(国库)+al→财政的 (同) 同根词:confiscate(充公,没收) (例) The company's fiscal year runs from Oct.1 to Sep. 30_

108

self-confident

(英) adj. 自信的 (sure of one's own power to succeed) (考) self-confident : timid \ open : shy(反义: 自信对胆小\开放对害羞) (记) self(自己)+confident(有信心的)

109

rejuvenate

(英) v. 使返老还童(to make young or youthful again) (记) re(重新)+juven(年轻)+ate; (同) 参考:juvenile(年轻的)派生词: rejuvenation (n. 返老还童,恢复活力) (例) The mountain air will rejuvenate you.

110

serial

(英) adj. 连续的,一系列的( arranged in a series of things) (例) a serial murderer

111

efface

(英) v. 擦掉,抹去(wipe out;erase) (考) 反义词:blazon(画纹章); etch(蚀刻) (记) ef+face(脸表面)→去掉表面→擦掉 (例) It is not possible to efface the memory of a loved one.

112

flotsam

(英) n.(在海上漂浮的)遇难船只的残骸(drifting wreckage)

113

galvanize

(英) v. 电镀(to plate metal with zincoriginally by galvanic action);通电(to apply an electric current to);激励(to stimulate as if by electric shock; rouse; stir; spur) (考) galvanize : stimulate \ irrigate : flush(通电刺激是刺激\冲洗伤口是冲洗)反义词:lull(使麻痹) (记) galvanic(电的)+ize→电镀 (同) 同根词:galvanic(电流的,使人振奋的) (例) galvanized iron. The fear of losing his life galvanized him into fighting back.

114

intumescence

(英) n. 肿大,肿胀(swelling) (记) in(进入)+tum(肿大)+escence(状态,时期)→肿大(状态) (同) 同根词:tumid(肿大的); tumulus(古坟)

115

catalytic

(英) adj. 催化作用的(of or causing catalysis) (记) 联系catalyst(n.催化剂;cata[向下]+lyst→分解下去→催化剂)

116

inveigh

(英) v.痛骂抨击(utter censure or invective) (考) 反义词:verbally provide support(口头支持)

117

deficit

(例) a deficit of rain

118

dictator

(英) n. 独裁者(a ruler with absolute power and authority)

119

reactant

(考) 反义词:inert material(惰性物质) (记) react(反应)+ant

120

stickler

(英) n.坚持细节之人 (one who insists on exactness) (考) stickler : approximation(imprecision) \ purist : adulteration(讲究细节的人不会大约\纯粹主义者不会掺假)stickler : exacting \ defeatist : resigned \martinet : discipline \ pedagogue :indoctrinate(讲究细节的人严格\失败主义者认命\严格的人有纪律\学究说教 (记) stickle(固执己见)+er; stick(坚持)

121

text

(英) n.(演讲等)原文(the original words and form of a written or printed work) (考) glossary : test \ legend : map(教科书配有生词表做解释\地图配有图例做解释)text : extemporize \ score : improvise(即兴演讲不需手稿\即兴演奏不需乐谱) (例) the full text of an address(演讲的全部原文)

122

sinkhole

(记) 组合词:sink(水池)+hole(洞)

123

pyre

(英) n.火葬用的柴堆(a combustible heap for burning a dead body as a funeral rite) (记) pyr(火)+e; (同) 参考:pyrexia(发烧); pyrogenic(发热的)

124

spoor

(英) n.(野兽的)足迹 (a traila scentor droppings of a wild animal)

125

misplace

(英) v. 把...放错位置 ( put in an unsuitable place) (记) mis(错误)+place(放置)

126

petroglyph

(记) petro(石头)+ology→岩石学

127

baleful

(英) adj.邪恶的,恶意的(harmful; ominous; deadly; sinister) (考) baleful : menace \ solicitous : concern(恶意的恐吓\热切的关心)反义词: beneficent(仁慈的)

128

variable

(英) adj. 易变的,不稳定的( likely to vary) (考) 反义词: immutable(不可改变的)

129

provisional

(英) adj.暂时的,临时的(temporary) (考) 反义词:definitive(决定性的) (例) provisional regulations(暂行条例)

130

staggering

(英) adj.令人吃惊的(astonishingshocking) (例) a staggering strategic success(战略上的惊人成功)

131

passive

(英) adj. 被动的,消极的 (accepting what happens or what other people do) (记) pass(感情)+ive→感情用事的→被动的

132

premonition

(英) n. 预感,预兆 (a feeling that something is going to happen) (例) a premonition of disaster

133

abscond

(英) v. 潜逃,逃亡(to run away and hide in order to escape the law) (考) abscond : depart \ pilfer : take \ lurk : wait \ purloin :appropriate(潜逃是偷偷走\偷是偷偷拿\潜伏是偷偷等\偷窃是偷偷获得)follow : shadow \ leave : abscond(尾随是偷偷跟随\潜逃是偷偷离开) (记) abs(离开)+cond(藏起来) (同) 同根词:condiment(调味品→把坏味道藏起来)recondite(深奥难懂的)

134

risible

(英) adj. 可笑的,引人发笑的 (arousing or provoking laughter) (记) ris(笑)+ible→可笑的; (同) 参考:derisive(嘲笑的)

135

vacillate

(英) v.游移不定,踌躇(to waver in mindwill or feeling) (考) 反义词:resolve firmly(果断决定); stand firm(坚定不移); equipoise(平衡) (记) vacill(摇摆)+ate→摇摆的 (例) vacillate between hope and fear

136

disenchant

(英) v. 对…不再抱幻想(cause to lose his good opinion of sb\sth) (记) dis(不)+enchant(使陶醉) →使不再陶醉在(幻想中)

137

protract

(英) v.延长,拖长(to prolong in time or space; continue) (考) 反义词:curtail(缩短); cut short(减短)[类比]protract : length \ throng : number(拖延使长度加长\群聚使数量增多) (记) pro(向前)+tracts(拉)→向前拉→延长 (例) a protracted stay in hospital

138

appendage

(英) n. 附加物(anything appended; adjunct) (记) ap+pend(挂上)+age→挂上的东西→附加物 (同) 同根词:appendix(附录); pendulum(钟摆)

139

spell

(英) n.连续的一段时间(a continuous period of time) (记) spell还有'拼写'、'咒语'等意思 (例) give sb.a breathing spell(给某人一点喘息的时间)

140

forthright

(英) adj. 直率的(clear and honest in manner and speech) (考) acrid : gentleness \ forthright : guile(刻薄的不柔和\直率的不狡诈)反义词:furtive(秘密的) (例) He has a reputation for being a forthright critic.

141

unwitting

(英) adj.无心的,不经意的 (not intended; inadvertent; unaware) (记) un(不)+witting(知道的,有意的) (例) His insult,though unwitting, pained her.

142

menace

(英) v.\n. 威胁,危险(threat) (考) baleful : menace \ solicitous : concern(有害的[东西]带来危害\热心的[人]带来关心) (记) 分割记忆:men(人)+ace看作face当面的人→威胁 (例) Two men menaced him with weapons and forced him to give up his money.

143

coterie

(英) n. (有共同兴趣的)小团体(a close circle of friends who share a common interest or background; clique) (记) 来自cote(小屋,笼)+rie→一个屋子的人→小团体 (同) 参考:cottage(小屋,小别墅),cotenant(共同租屋人)

144

gutless

(记) 来自 gut(肠胃勇气)+less→没有勇气的

145

repudiate

(英) v. 拒绝,抛弃 (to refuse to accept) (记) re(反)+pudi(=put 放)+ate→放掉→抛弃 (同) 派生词: repudiation (n. 拒绝,抛弃) (例) repudiate offers of friendship

146

coagulant

(考) antibiotic : infection \ coagulant : bleeding(抗生素防止感染\止血剂防止流血)coagulant : thicken \ solvent : dissolve(凝结剂使变厚\溶剂使溶解)

147

atrocious

(英) adj.残忍的,凶恶的(very cruelevilbrutaloutrageous) (考) atrocious :bad \ momentous : important(凶恶的是非常坏\重大的是非常重要) (记) atroc(阴沉,凶残)+ious→凶狠的

148

pout

(英) v.厥嘴板脸(to show displeasure by thrusting out the lips) (考) 反义词:grin(露齿而笑)

149

stable

(英) adj. 牢固的,稳定的(not easily movedupset) (考) pristine : decay \ stable : fluctuation(反义: 新鲜对腐烂\稳定对波动)反义词:volatile(易变的); labile(易变的) (记) st(站)+able→能站的→稳定的

150

impose

(英) v. 征税(to place a burdentax by authority) (记) im(进入)+pose(放)→放进去→强加 (同) 同根词:dispose(布置,处理) (例) A new tax has been imposed on wine.

151

rancorous

(英) adj.怨恨的,憎恨的(marked by rancor) (例) The rancorous enemies refused to make peace.

152

fiend

(英) n.恶魔(an inhumanly wicked or cruel person);魔鬼(devil) (记) 和friend(朋友)一起记(a friend is not a fiend)

153

sabotage

(英) n. 阴谋破坏,颠覆活动(intentional destruction) (记) sabot(木鞋)+age原指将木鞋扔进机器进行破坏 (例) The destruction of our computer files was an act of sabotage.

154

glaring

(英) adj. 耀眼的,刺目的(shining with dazzling light) (考) glaring : bright \ deafening : loud(耀眼是十分明亮\震耳欲聋是十分声高) (记) 和flare(闪光)一起记 (例) This glaring light hurts my eyes.

155

herald

(英) n. 传令官;预示先驱(forerunner) (考) unabashed : embarrassment \ unheralded : announcement(不害羞的无害羞\未预告的无宣布) (例) Grey skies are the heralds of rain.(灰蒙蒙的天空是下雨的前兆)

156

clinch

(英) 钉牢 (to secure [a nailboltetc. that has been driven through something] by bending or flattening the projecting end);彻底决定 (to settle [an argumentbargainetc.] definitely) (考) 反义词: make more doubtful(令人更怀疑) (记) 与clench有时通用但clinch的“彻底决定”一意一定要记熟 (例) That clinched the deal! We have reached an agreement.

157

exacting

(英) adj. 苛求的(strict);要求严格的(demanding; arduous; onerous) (考) stickler : exacting \ defeatist : resigned(坚持细节者特点是严格\失败主义者特点是听命)vigilant : entrapped \ exacting : satisfied \ wary : gulled(警惕的不易被陷害\苛刻的不易被满足\机警的不易被欺骗) (例) a day of exacting and tiring

158

agreeable

(英) adj. 令人喜悦的(pleasing);欣然同意的(ready to agree) (考) 反义词:irritable(坏脾气的)

159

emphasis

(英) n. 强调( stress given to words when spoken) (考) underscore : emphasis \ brand : ownership(下划线表示强调\商标表示所有权) (例) give special emphasis to a phrase

160

rapture

(英) n.狂喜,极高兴(carried away by overwhelming emotions) (记) 来自rapt(着迷的)+ure→着迷,狂喜

161

numismatist

(考) philatelist : stamps\ numismatist : coins(集邮家收藏邮票\钱币家收藏钱币)

162

infidel

(英) n. 不信教者(a person who holds no religious belief) (记) in(不)+fid(相信)+el→不相信宗教的人

163

overshadow

(英) v. 遮蔽使失色(to cast a shadow over) (记) over(在…上)+shadow(阴影) (例) Her new book will overshadow all her earlier ones.

164

mercenary

(英) adj. 惟利是图的(acting merely for money; venal);n.雇佣兵(a professional soldier hired to serve in a foreign army for money) (考) mercenary : money \ vindictive : revenge(惟利是图的[人]想要钱\怀恨在心的[人]想要报仇)mercenary : soldier \ hack : writer(雇佣兵是用钱买的兵\雇佣文人是用钱买的文人) (记) mercen(工资)+ary→为了工钱的→贪财的 (例) The corrupt lawyer had mercenary objectives.

165

ewe

(英) n. 母羊(female sheep)

166

chore

(英) n.家务琐事(daily domestic task);讨厌的工作(unpleasant task)

167

characterize

(英) 将某人\某事物的特点描述成或刻画成某事物(describe the character of SB\sth as sth) (例) The novelist characterizes his heroine as capricious and passionate .

168

totter

(英) v.摇摇欲坠(to tremble or rock as if about to fall);步伐蹒跚(staggerwobble) (例) The pile of books tottered and then fell.

169

dissertation

(英) n. 专题论文(long essay on a particular subject ) (例) a dissertation on Arabic dialects

170

exchangeable

(英) adj. 可交换的可更换的(that can be exchanged) (例) Sale goods in this shop are not exchangeable.

171

omelet

(英) n. 煎蛋卷 (eggs beaten together and cooked in hot fat)

172

awe-inspiring

(英) v.敬畏(to cause a mixed feeling of reverence and fear) (考) redoubtable : regard(awe)\ despicable : scorn(contempt; disregard)(可怕的让人敬畏\可鄙的让人鄙视)反义词:irreverence(不尊敬) (例) The campers were always awed by the beautiful sunset.

173

category

(英) n.类别,范畴(a class or division in a scheme of classification)

174

substratum

(英) n.基础,根据(an underlying support;foundation) (记) sub(下面)+stratum(层次)→下面一层→基础

175

speleology

(英) n.洞穴学(the scientific study or exploration of caves) (记) spele(洞穴)+ology(学科)→洞穴学 (同) 同根词:spelaean(洞穴的,穴居的);spelunker(洞穴探索者)

176

insouciant

(英) adj. 漫不经心的(unconcerned)

177

conscience

(英) n. 良心是非感(person's awareness of right and wrong) (记) con(全部)+sci(知道)+ence→全部知道→有良知→良心

178

lynch

(英) v. 私刑处死(to murder without lawful trialas by hanging) (记) 和lunch(午饭)一起记(give lunch and then lynch吃饭然后处死) (例) The prisoner was taken from the sheriff and lynched by an angry mob.

179

fosse

(英) n. 护城河(a ditch or moat used in fortifications) (记) foss(石头)+e→像石头一样坚固的东西→护城河 (同) 同根词:fossil(化石); fossify(石化,僵化)

180

damp

(考) damp : vibration \ stanch : flow(制止振动\制止流动)

181

skillet

(英) n.煎锅 (frying pan) (记) 分割记忆:skill(技术)+et煎饼需要技术

182

concerto

(英) n. 协奏曲 (a musical composition) (记) concert(音乐会)+o→协奏曲

183

prefigure

(英) v. 预示(to showsuggestor announce by an antecedent type);预想(foresee) (记) pre(提前)+figure(形象)→提前想好形象 (同) 派生词:prefiguration (n. 预兆,预示) (例) prefigure the future(预想未来)

184

impressed

(考) apologize : contrite \ compliment : impressed(内疚才会道歉\被打动才会称赞)

185

accord

(英) v.\n. 同意(to make agree; reconcile);给予(to grant or bestow) (记) ac+cord(心)→心心相通→一致,同意; (同) 派生词: accordance(一致相应)同根词: discord(不和不一致)concord(协和协调) (例) He was accorded permission to use the library.

186

factious

(考) 反义词:cooperative(合作的)

187

stench

(英) n.臭气,恶臭(stink) (考) stench : nose \ din : ear(臭气对鼻子刺激\喧嚣对耳朵刺激) (记) 注意不要和stanch(止住)相混 (例) the stench of rolling eggs(臭蛋的气味)

188

capacious

(英) adj. 容量大的,宽敞的(roomy; spacious) (记) cap (抓)+acious→能抓住东西→宽敞的

189

conservatism

(英) n. 保守主义(tendency to resist great or sudden change)

190

ignorant

(英) adj. 无知的愚昧的(knowing little or nothing) (考) 反义词:erudite(博学的) (例) He's not stupidjust ignorant.

191

intoxicant

(英) 醉人的(that intoxicates; intoxicating) (考) anesthetic : numbness \ intoxicant : drunkenness(麻醉剂带来麻醉\酒精饮料带来沉醉)

192

denizen

(英) n. 居民(an inhabitant or occupant);外籍居民(an alien granted specified rights of citizenship) (记) 联想记忆:den(兽穴,窝),住在窝里的人→居民; (同) 参考:citizen(城市居民)

193

defendant

(英) n. 被告(the defending party; opposed to plaintiff) (记) defend(保护)+ant→保护自己→被告; (同) 参考:plaintiff(原告)

194

deny

(英) v. 否认否定(say that sth is not true) (考) 反义词:postulate(假定); aver(断言); corroborate(确证); posit(断定) (例) deny a statementa claiman accusation

195

layer

(英) n. 层(a thickness of some substance)

196

den

(英) n. 兽穴窝(animal's hidden home);秘密相聚的地方(secret meeting-place) (例) a den of thieves

197

tremendous

(英) adj. 惊人的(may excite trembling or arouse dread);巨大的 (notable by extreme sizepowergreatness or excellence) (记) 来自tremble(颤抖)+endous→让人发抖的→惊人的 (例) a tremendous amount of money

198

soggy

(英) adj.湿透的(saturated or heavy with water or moisture) (例) a soggy lawn(湿润的草地)

199

chandelier

(英) n.枝形吊灯(烛台)(a lighting fixture) (记) chandel=candle(蜡烛)+ier→烛台 (同) 同根词:chandler(蜡烛商人)

200

congenial

(英) adj. 意气相投的 (having the same tastes and temperament; companionable);性情好的(amiable; agreeable) (考) 反义词:dour(严厉的) (记) con+geni=genius(才能)+al→共同才能→情趣相投的 (同) n. congeniality (例) congenial companions. congenial weather

201

hymn

(英) n. 赞美诗(any song of praise) (考) hymn : praise \ dirge : grief(赞美诗表达赞美\挽歌表达悲哀) (记) hymn 本身可作构词成分; (同) 参考:hymnology (赞美诗研究); hymnbook(赞美诗集)

202

testament

(英) n.遗嘱(an act by which a person determines the disposition of his or her property after death);证明(a tangible proof or tribute) (例) His success is a testament to his skills.(他的成功便是他技艺娴熟的证明)

203

dissociation

(考) 反义词:affiliation(加入) (记) dis(分开)+soci(社会)+ation→伙伴分开→分离

204

unfounded

(英) adj.无事实根据的(groundlessunwarranted) (记) un(没有)+founded(有根据的)

205

omnipotent

(英) adj. 全能的,万能的(all-powerful) (记) omni(全部)+potent(有力的)→全能的 (同) 同根词:omnifaceted(全面的);omnipresent(无所不在的) (例) The omnipotent king killed his political enemies.

206

lavishly

(考) 反义词:excoriate(批判)-praise lavishly(过分赞扬)

207

niggling

(英) adj. 琐碎的(petty; trivial; inconsequential) (记) nig(小)+gle→在小事上费力 (例) niggling remarks \ a niggling job

208

snug

(英) adj.温暖的,舒适的 (warm and comfortable;cozy) (例) Snug little room with a fire going(有壁炉的舒适小房间).

209

fascia

(英) n.饰带(a flat strip ; band; fillet);(商店上挂的)招牌(a board over a shop front) (记) fasci(一束)+a→一束带子→饰带 (同) 同根词:fascine(柴捆); fasciated(用带捆住的)

210

thresh

(英) v. 打谷脱粒(beat cereal plants with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw)

211

tractability

(考) 反义词:incorrigibility(难于管理); obstinacy(倔强)

212

adjourn

(英) v. 使延期休会推迟 (postpone) (考) 反义词:convoke(召集会议) (记) ad+journ(走路) →再走一次路→推迟 (同) 同根词: journey(旅行)journal(期刊) (例) After dinner we all adjourned to the lounge.

213

teetotal

(英) adj.滴酒不沾的 (complete abstinence from alcoholic drinks) (记) 来自英国戒酒运动拥护者Turner 1833年戒酒演讲中的total一词的口吃讹音teetotal

214

coagulation

(英) v. 使凝结 (curdle; clot) (记) co(一起)+ag(做)+ulate→做到一起→凝结,合并 (同) 同根词:coagent(合作者) (例) The blood coagulatedand the wound began to heal.

215

interrelate

(英) v. 互相关连,相关(to make or become mutually related)

216

dowry

(英) n.嫁妆妆奁(money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage)

217

intriguing

(英) adj. 引起极大兴趣的(fascinating) (考) interesting : intriguing \ bootless : futile(同义:有趣的=有趣的\无用的=无用的) (记) in(使)+trigue(引出,引发)→引发(兴趣) (例) a thoroughly intriguing young woman

218

carillon

(英) n.编钟钟琴(a set of bells capable of being played) (记) 分解出三个单词: car-ill-on汽车病了因为开到了编钟上

219

untimely

(英) adj. 过早的(happening too soon); 不适时的(not suitable for the occasion) (记) un(不)+timely(及时的,适时的)

220

herbicide

(英) n. 除草剂(substance used to destroy weeds) (考) insect : pesticide \ plant : herbicide(杀虫剂用来消灭昆虫\除草剂用来消灭植物) (记) herb(草本植物)+i +cide(杀) →除草剂

221

frisky

(英) adj. 活泼的快活的(playful; frolicsome; merry) (记) 分割记忆:f看作forrisk(冒险) (例) The two dogs were having a frisk on the grass. feel frisky in the spring.

222

residence

(英) n. 住宅 (dwelling) (考) mansion : residence \ limousine : automobile(豪华住宅和住宅\豪华轿车和轿车) (记) 来自reside(定居,存在),re(再)+side(坐)→再次坐→定居 (例) a fine residence(精美的住宅)

223

garish

(英) adj. 俗丽的,过于艳丽的(too bright or gaudy; showy glaring) (记) gar(花)+ish→花哨的,注意不要和 garnish(装饰、配备)相混 (同) 同根词:garland(花环);garment(衣服) (例) garish colors

224

dissatisfaction

(英) n.不满意(lack of satisfaction) (考) daredevil : audacity \ malcontent : dissatisfaction(冒失鬼的特点是大胆\不满者的特点是不满) (记) 来自dissatisfy(v.不满意;dis[不]+satis[足够]+fy→使不满意)

225

pending

(英) adj. 即将发生的(imminentimpending);未决的(not yet decided) (记) pend(挂)+ing→挂着的状态→未决的 (例) a pending lawsuit(待决案件) \ a pending exam

226

interrogate

(英) v. 审问,审讯(formally in examining) (考) confidence : arrogant \ inquiry : interrogatory(自信过分是自大\询问过分是质问) (记) inter+rog(问)+ate→在中间问→审问 (同) 同根词:arrogate(冒称,强做)派生词: interrogation (n. 讯问审问) (例) The police interrogated everyone present during the murder.

227

sanction

(英) n.\v. 批准,认可(to ratify or confirm; countenance) (考) recommend : laud \ sanction : foster(推荐是称赞的表现\批准是支持的表现)反义词:proscribe(禁止) (记) sanct(神圣)+ion→神圣之物,原指教会的法令,引申为'批准','赞许' (例) The mayor refused to sanction the city council's actions.

228

mill

(考) mill : grain \ forge : medal \ refinery : petroleum(磨房加工谷物\铁匠铺加工金属\炼油厂加工石油)

229

mellifluous

(英) adj. (音乐等)柔美流畅的(sweetly or smoothly flowing) (考) mellifluous : music \ ambrosial : food(悦耳的音乐\美味的食品)反义词:cacophonous(刺耳的); raspy(刺耳的) (记) melli(蜂蜜)+flu(流)+ous→流蜜的 (同) 同根词:melliferous(产蜜的); mellow(甘美多汁的)

230

occult

(英) adj. 秘密的不公开的(hidden; concealed) (考) 反义词:bare(赤裸的); patent(明显的); fathomable(可看透的) (记) oc(不)+cult(教派)→在教派内不公开的; (同) 参考:cult(崇拜,教派) (例) Astrology and alchemy are occult sciences.

231

bestial

(英) adj.野兽的残忍的(beastlike; brutal) (记) best=beast(野兽)

232

exculpate

(英) v. 开脱,申明无罪(to free from blame; declare or prove guiltless) (考) 反义词:attribute guilt(归罪); indict(控告); inculpate(控告) (记) ex+culp(罪行)+ate→开脱罪行 (同) 同根词:culpit(罪犯); culpable(有罪的)

233

astonishing

(英) adj. 使人惊讶的(very surprising) (例) I find it quite astonishing that none of you liked the play.

234

desert

(英) v. 放弃离弃(go away from a place without intending ever to return) (记) de(分开)+sert(加入) →不在加入→离开→抛弃

235

believable

(英) 可信任的(that can be trusted) (考) 反义词: implausible (难以置信的)

236

topsoil

(英) n.表层土 (surface soil which the farmer turns over in plowing) (考) topsoil : erode \ paint : peel(侵蚀表层土\剥落油漆)

237

belittle

(英) v.轻视,贬抑(speak slightingly of ; depreciate) (记) be+little(小)→把(人)看小→轻视 (例) The reporter's comments belittled the candidate.

238

reprisal

(英) n. (政治或军事的)报复 (practice in retaliation for damage or loss suffered) (记) re(回)+prise(=price 代价)+al→还给对方代价→报复 (例) take bloody reprisals against the enemy

239

explicit

(英) adj.清楚明确的(distinctly expressed; definite) (考) 反义词:inchoate(未形成的); tacit(含蓄的); immanent(内在的); obscure(模糊的) (例) to give explicit directions

240

premeditated

(英) adj. 预谋的,事先计划的(characterized by a measure of forethought) (考) 反义词:offhand(即兴的); spontaneous(自然的) (记) pre(预先)+meditated(思考过的); (同) 参考:meditation(沉思) (例) The police couldn't solve the premeditated crime.

241

posse

(英) n. 民防团 (a group of men gathered together by a sheriff to help find a criminal or keep order)

242

harry

(英) v.袭扰打劫(harassannoytorment) (考) 反义词:comfort(缓和)

243

plaza

(英) n. 广场(a public square);集市(shopping center) (记) 来自place(地方)

244

epaulet

(英) n. 肩章,肩饰 (a shoulder ornament for certain uniforms) (考) epaulet : shoulder \ ring : finger(肩章戴在肩膀上\戒指戴在手指上)

245

draft

(英) n. 草稿草案(preliminary written version of sth);汇票(written order to a bank to pay money to sb) (例) a draft on an American bank

246

venal

(英) adj.惟利是图的,贪赃枉法的(characterized by or associated with corrupt bribery) (考) disinterested : partisanship \ venal : probity(党派偏见不会公正\正直不会贪污)反义词:incorruptible(廉洁的); unsusceptible of bribery(不怀疑受贿的) (同) 派生词: venality (n.惟利是图) (例) These political leaders were both venal and incompetent.

247

appendix

(英) n. 附录(section that gives extra information at the end of a book ) (考) synopsis : condensed \ appendix : supplementary(概要是浓缩的\附录是补充的) (例) This dictionary has several appendices .

248

mast

(英) 船桅旗杆(a tall spar or now often a hollow metal structureused to support the sailsand radio equipmentetc; any vertical poleas in a crane or derrick) (例) The heavy winds cracked the ship's mast.

249

callow

(英) adj. (鸟)未生羽毛的(unfledged);(人)未成熟的(immature) (考) frank : secretiveness \ callow : maturity(坦率不坦率\不成熟对成熟)反义词:behaving with adult sophistication(成熟老练地做事) (记) callow来自中古英文call,意为bald(秃的)

250

lackadaisical

(英) adj. 无精打采的(listlesslanguid);无兴趣的(showing lack of interest ) (记) lacka(缺少)+dais(=daisy漂亮姑娘)+ical→缺少漂亮姑娘的→(使人)无精打采的 (例) The lackadaisical teenager slept all day.

251

prune

(英) n.梅干(a plum dried without fermentation);v.修剪(to cut away what is unwanted or superfluous) (考) prune : hedge \ trim : hair(修剪树篱\修剪头发)prune : plum \ raisin : grape(梅干和梅\葡萄干和葡萄) (例) prune all the dead branches

252

budge

(英) v.移动一点(to move a little);妥协(to yield) (考) obdurate(diehard): budge \ lachrymose : cheer(顽固的不会让步\悲哀的不会高兴) (记) 比较:budget(预算),去掉一个't'就成了'budge' (例) I bargained hardbut the shop owner did not budge a bit.

253

billowing

(英) adj. 如波浪般翻滚的(surging )

254

audition

(英) n. (演员等)试唱、试演(a hearing to test the fitness of an actor) (考) interview : applicant \ audition : actor(申请者要参加面试\演员要参加试听) (记) audit(听)+ion→听(新演员)唱→试唱 (同) 同根词:auditorium(大讲堂); audit(旁听)

255

aerial

(考) aerial : air \ aquatic : water(空气的和空气\水的和水)

256

legacy

(英) n. 遗产(bequest) (考) legacy : predecessor \ gift : donor(前辈留下遗产\捐赠者留下赠品) (记) 来自legate(把…遗赠给),leg(选择)+ate→选出接受(遗产的人)

257

causal

(英) adj.原因的因果关系的(implying a cause-and-effect relationship) (同) 近形词: casual(adj. 偶然的)派生词: causality (n. 因果关系relationship between cause and effect)

258

veritable

(英) adj. 确实的,名副其实的(real and genuine) (考) 反义词:specious(似是而非的) (例) a veritable villain

259

candor

(英) n. 坦白率直(frankness) (考) 反义词:artifice(狡诈) (记) cand(白)+or(表状态) →白的状态→坦白

260

insane

(英) adj. 疯狂的(deranged; demented; mad) (记) in(不)+sane(清醒的)→头脑不清醒的 (例) You'd be insane to wear a bathing suit to the wedding.

261

eviscerate

(英) v. 取出肠及内脏(to remove the viscera from; disembowel) (记) e+viscer(内脏)+ate→取出内脏; (同) 参考:viscera(内脏,内容)

262

drunkenness

(考) anesthetic : numbness \ intoxicant : drunkenness(麻醉剂可以使人麻木\酒精可以使人沉醉)

263

trench

(英) n.沟,壕沟(a long cut in the ground;ditch) (记) 注意构词:entrenched(牢固的,确立的)

264

insurrection

(英) n. 造反,叛乱(rebellion; revolt) (记) in(内部)+sur(下面)+rect(竖直,直)+ion→内部的下属站直了→造反 (同) 同根词:rectitude(正直); resurrect(复活)

265

dignitary

(英) n.显要人物(person of high rank or position)

266

solvency

(考) regimen : health \ budget : solvency(养生法对健康有帮助\预算对偿债能力有帮助)反义词:bankruptcy(破产)

267

nausea

(英) n. 作呕,恶心(sickness at the stomach) (记) 原来写作nausianaus(=naut船)+ia(病)→船上的病→晕船→恶心(例) The rough boat ride gave me an attack of nausea.

268

heinous

(英) adj. 十恶不赦的(outrageously wicked or evil; abominable) (考) 反义词:commendable(值得表扬的) (例) Even the police were shocked by the heinous crime.

269

framing

(英) n.框架结构(a frame or framework) (考) skeleton : animal \ framing : building(动物有骨骼支撑\建筑有框架结构支撑)

270

drudgery

(英) n.苦工(fatiguing work) (考) 反义词: rewarding work(美差)

271

hibernation

(考) interregnum : government \ hibernation : activity(无王时期没有政府统治\冬眠时期没有活动)

272

plebeian

(英) n. \adj. 平民,平民的( of the common people) (记) plebe(古罗马平民)+ian→平民的 (例) To the bravethere is but one sort of plebeianand that is the coward.

273

custody

(英) n. 监管,保管(protection; guardianship) (记) custo(保管)+dy→监护;比较记忆:custom(习俗)

274

slit

(英) v.撕裂 ( sever);n. 裂缝(a long narrow cut or opening) (同) 参考:split(分裂); slice(切开) (例) slit the envelope open

275

ungrudging

(记) un(不)+grudging(吝啬的)

276

fragmentation

(英) n. 破裂分裂 (考) 反义词:consolidation(合并) (记) frag+ment+ation(表结果的名词)

277

disturb

(英) v. 搅乱弄乱(move sth from a settled position) (记) dis(分开)+turb(搅乱) →搅开了→搅乱了

278

gambler

(英) n. 赌博者(person who gambles) (例) a habitual gambler

279

restless

(考) 反义词:quiescence(静止)-restless activity(不停的活动)

280

respiratory

(英) adj. 呼吸的(connected with breathing)

281

jamboree

(英) n. 快乐、喧闹的集会(a boisterous party or nosy revel) (记) 起源不清,可能来自jam(拥挤)+boree(喧闹声)

282

patriotism

(英) n. 爱国主义,爱国心(love for or devotion to one's country) (记) patriot(爱国者)+ism (例) The politician invoked patriotism in his campaign speech.

283

masonry

(英) n. 石工技术(the trade or art of a mason) (例) The masonry showed great skill and care.

284

grandiloquence

(考) declamation : grandiloquence \ diatribe : abuse(高谈阔论用夸大之词\恶骂用辱骂之词)

285

verdant

(英) adj.青葱的,翠绿的(green in tint or color) (考) 反义词:sere(干枯的); sterile(贫瘠的) (记) verd(绿色)+ant→翠绿的 (例) verdant grass (绿草)

286

frequent

(英) adj. 惯常的(happening often) (考) 反义词:visit rarely(很少拜访) (例) the car manufacturer's frequent changes of models

287

prodigy

(英) n. 奇事(something extraordinary or inexplicable);奇才(a highly talented child or youth) (考) prodigy : person \ miracle : occurrence(奇才是神奇的人\奇迹是神奇的事) (例) The young prodigy spoke Latin and Greek before she was 5.

288

admire

(英) v. 钦佩赞赏(regard with respect and satisfaction) (考) elegy : sorrow \ eulogy : admiration(哀诗的特点是哀伤\颂词的特点是赞美)gripe : discontent \ praise : admiration(因为不满而抱怨\因为赞赏而赞扬)lionize : admire \ vituperate : despise(崇拜是十分钦佩\辱骂是十分鄙视)反义词:abhor(憎恶) (记) ad(一再)+mire(惊奇看) →一再让人惊喜→羡慕 (同) 派生词: admiration (n.钦佩赞赏); admirer (n.赞赏者羡慕者)同根词: mirage(海市蜃楼); miraculous(奇迹般的)

289

unify

(英) v. 统一,使成一体; 使相同( make all the same) (考) 反义词:partition(分裂) (记) un(一个)+ify

290

rudimentary

(英) adj. 初步的,未充分发展的(fundamental; elementary) (记) rudi(无知的,粗鲁的)+ment+ary→无知状态→初_步的 (同) 同根词:erudite(深奥的) (例) This program is only rudimentary and is being developed for release next year.

291

dally

(英) v. 闲荡,嬉戏 (to waste time; loiter; trifle) (考) dally : time \ squander : money(浪费时间\浪费金钱) (记) 可以和'daily'(每日的)一起记,dally time away (蹉跎光阴)

292

tenacious

(英) adj. 坚韧不拔的(persistent in maintaining or adhering to something valued or habitual) (考) beneficent : harm \ tenacious : yield(仁慈的不会伤害\顽固的不会屈服)temperate : restrain \ tenacious : persist(节制的人节制\顽固的人坚持) (记) ten(拿住)+acious→拿住不放→固执的 (例) He's pretty tenacious when it comes to standing up for his rights.

293

calamity

(英) n. 大灾祸,不幸之事(any extreme misfortune) (记) calam(破坏destruction)+ity→大灾祸 (同) 派生词: calamitous (adj. 造成灾祸的)

294

gesture

(英) n. 姿势手势(expressive movement of a part of the body) (考) parody : style \ mime : gesture(拙劣的模仿模仿风格\哑剧模仿姿态) (记) gest(带来产生)+ure→带来信息的动作→手势

295

retinue

(英) n. 侍从,随员团(a group of attendants) (考) retainer : retinue \ witch : coven(随从组成随员团\女巫组成女巫集会) (记) re(使)+tin(拿住)+ue→帮拿东西的人→随从

296

smuggler

(考) smuggler : tariff \ stowaway : fare走私者逃避关税\偷乘者逃避交通费)smuggler : import \ embezzler : appropriate(走私者偷偷进口\贪污者偷偷挪用)

297

perennial

(英) adj. 终年的(present all the year);永久的(perpetualenduring) (考) 反义词:fleeting(飞逝的) (记) per+enn(年)+ial→一年到头的→永久的 (例) Tom prefers perennial plants to those that last only a single year.

298

substantial

(英) adj. 坚固的,结实的(strongly made);实质的(concerning the important part or meaning) (考) 反义词:tenuous(脆弱的); vaporous(无实质的)

299

slew

(英) v.(使)旋转 (to turntwist; pivot);n.大量(a large number) (考) 反义词:limited quantity(有限数量); paucity(极小量) (记) 和slow(慢)一起记 (例) He slewed around in his chair.a whole slew of boys.

300

esoteric

(英) adj. 秘传的;神秘的(beyond the understanding or knowledge of most people; abstruse) (考) prescience : future \ erudition : esoteric(预知知道未来的事\博学知道深奥的事)反义词:generally known(众所周知的); common accepted(一般人都知道的) (记) 分割记忆:es(出),oter看作outer,不出外面的→秘传的 (例) The esoteric article baffled useven though it was perfectly clear to specialist.

301

insignificance

(考) skirmish : insignificance \ duel : formality(小战斗的特点是不重要\决斗的特点是正式) (记) in(不)+sign(信号)+ific(带有)+ance→没有带信号→没有意义

302

domesticity

(英) n. 家庭生活(home life; devotion to home and family life) (记) 来自domestic(家庭的)dome(家屋顶)

303

scan

(考) scan : metrical \ parse : grammatical(分析韵律\剖析文法)

304

prorogue

(英) v. 休会(to suspend a legislative session);延期(postpone; adjourn) (记) pro(前面)+rogue(问)→在前面通知下次开会(的日期)→休会

305

disagreeable

(英) adj.讨厌的 (unpleasant);乖戾的(hard to get along with; quarrelsome) (考) disagreeable : hateful \ harmful : lethal(程度: 不满的到憎恨的\有害的到致命的) (例) a disagreeable job \disagreeable temper

306

terminology

(英) n.术语,术语学(the technical or special terms) (记) term+(术语)+inology→术语(学) (例) legal terminology(法律术语)

307

warble

(英) v.(尤指鸟)叫出柔和的颤音([of a bird] sing; babble)

308

desiccate

(英) v. (使)完全干涸,脱水(to dry completely; to preserve by drying) (考) desiccate : moisture \ detoxify : poison(脱水除去湿度\解毒除去毒素)反义词:drench(使湿透); hydrate(使与水化合); add water to(加水) (记) de+sicc(干)+ate→弄干脱水; (同) 参考:dehydrate(脱水)同根词:siccative(使干燥的, 干燥剂)派生词: desiccation (n. 脱水干燥)

309

decadent

(英) adj. 颓废的,衰退的 (declining in morals; deterioration ; decay) (记) de+cad(落下)+ent→落下的→衰退的

310

girdle

(英) n. 腰带(a belt or sash for the waist);v. 环绕(to encircle) (记) 来自 gird(束腰)+le→束腰物→腰带 (例) He girdled the world twice.(他两次周游全球)

311

stunning

(英) adj.极富魅力的(strikingly impressive in beauty or excellence)

312

brace

(英) v.使稳固,架稳(to strengthen; prop up) ;n.支撑物(fastener) (记) brace原指两条手臂,用手支撑→稳固 (同) 同根词:embrace(拥抱); bracelet(手镯) (例) I braced myself when the test scores were announced.

313

puncture

(英) v.刺穿,刺破(to pierce with a pointed instrument); (记) punct(点)+ure→点穿→穿孔 (例) A nail on the road punctured the tire.

314

tyrant

(英) n.暴君(a ruler who exercises absolute power oppressively or brutally) (例) a tyrant of a teacher(一位专横的教师)

315

demur

(英) v. 表示异议,反对(hesitate because of doubts or objections) (考) countenance : toleration \ praise : approbation \ demur : objection(认可表示容忍\赞扬表示嘉许\反对表示异议)demur : qualms \ waver : irresoluteness(因为有疑虑所以犹豫\因为不果断所以动摇)反义词:accept(认可) (记) de+mur(墙)→竖起墙→反对 (同) 同根词:mural(壁画); demure(严肃的) (例) Anne demurred at the suggestion that she assigned too much homework.

316

draconian

(英) adj.严厉的严酷的(extremely severe) (考) palmy : prosperity \ draconian : severity(繁荣的和繁荣\严厉的和严厉)反义词:indulgent(放纵的); mild(温和的) (例) draconian forms of punishment(残酷的惩罚形式)

317

recall

(英) v. 回想,回忆起 ( bring back to the mind);收回(take back);n. 唤回(call to return) (记) re(向后)+call(喊,想)→回想

318

pharmaceutical

(英) adj. 制药的(of the manufacture and sale of medicines) (例) The pharmaceutical company researched the new drug's effects.

319

superficially

(考) 反义词:plumb(探究)-examine superficially(肤浅地检查)

320

vim

(英) n.精力,活力(robust energy and enthusiasm) (考) 反义词:lassitude(疲乏) (例) do sth. with splendid vim(以极充沛的精力做某事)

321

sapphire

(英) n. 青石,蓝宝石(clearbright blue jewel);adj.天蓝色的(deep-blue) (例) a sapphire brooch(蓝宝石的别针)

322

diversification

(记) 来自:diversify(v.多样化;di[分开]+verse[转]+ify→分开转→多样化)

323

dispassionate

(英) adj.平心静气的 (free from passionemotionor bias) (考) 反义词:tirade(长篇攻击性演说)-dispassionate speech(心平气和的演说) (记) dis+passionate(激情的)→不表现激情→心平气和的;注意千万别看成'冷漠的'意思。 (同) n. dispassion

324

truism

(英) n.自明之理,真理(an undoubted or self-evident truth) (记) tru(th)+ism→真理

325

untenable

(英) adj. 无法防守的,站不住脚的(impossible to defend or show to be reasonable) (考) untenable : defended \ inevitable : avoided \ invulnerable : injued(难以防守的不易被防守\不可避免的不易被避免\不受伤害的不易被伤害) (记) un(不)+tenable(站得住脚的)

326

fop

(英) n. (喜好精致服装的)花花公子(dandy)

327

amulet

(英) n. 护身符(piece of jewelry worn as a charm against evil ) (考) amulet : evil \ helmet : injury (用辟邪物来避免邪恶\用头盔来避免伤害)

328

garble

(英) v. 曲解,窜改(to suppress or distort parts to mislead or misrepresent) (考) correct : accurate \ garble : unintelligible(改正使正确\串改使无法了解)反义词: elucidate(阐明) (记) 联想记忆:美国女影星嘉宝(Garbo) (例) The newspaper gave a garbled account of the meeting.

329

maintenance

(英) n. 维持,维护 (the act of maintaining) (记) main(手)+ten(拿住)+ance

330

grievous

(英) adj. 严重伤害的(causing suffering ; hard to bear; severe) (考) 反义词:slight(轻微的) (记) griev(悲痛)+ous (例) The soldier received a grievous head wound.

331

incommensurate

(英) adj. 不成比例的,不相称的(not proportionate; not adequate) (记) in(不)+commensurate(等量的,相称的)→不相称的

332

license

(英) 自由(freedom to deviate from strict conductruleor practice );放肆(excessiveundisciplined freedomconstituting an abuse of liberty; freedom) (考) teacher : certification \ driver : license(教师要有证书\司机要有执照)countermand : order \ revoke : license(取消定单\撤回执照) (记) 原指政府等的许可或许可证,licen允许+se (同) 同根词:licensure(许可证); licentious(放荡的)

333

anthem

(英) n.圣歌(an religious choral song);赞美歌(a song of praiseas to a nation) (记) 分割记忆:an-them:一首他们一起唱的歌

334

rotate

(英) v. 旋转,转动 ( turn round a fixed point or axis)

335

iodine

[记]in(不) + vulnerable(脆弱的)

336

paroxysm

(英) n. (感情等)突发(a sudden violent emotion or action) (记) par(变)+oxy(尖锐)+sm→变尖锐→突发 (例) paroxysms of anger\paroxysms of pain

337

dilapidated

(英) adj.破旧的,倒塌的 (broken down; shabby and neglected) (考) 反义词: restored(被修复的) (记) di (二)+lapid (石头)+ated→石头分成两半→倒塌的 (同) 同根词:lapidary(石头的) (例) The dilapidated barn has hole in its wall.

338

scaffold

(英) n. 脚手架(造房时搭的架子) (a temporary wooden or metal framework for supporting workmen and materials)

339

switch

(英) n. 开关,电闸; v. 转变,改变( change or exchange) (考) liquid : valve \ electric current : switch(液体有阀门控制\电流有开关控制) (例) switch to modern methods

340

vertebrate

(英) 脊椎动物 (any of a subphylum of chordates that possess a spinal column) (记) 来自vertebra(脊椎),vert(转)+ebra

341

calorimeter

(考) heat : calorimeter \ distance : odometer(热量计用来测量热度\里程表用来测量距离) (记) calori(热)+meter(测量) →测量热的仪器→热量计

342

fort

(英) v. 誓绝,放弃(to renounce on oath ) (记) for(出去)+swear(发誓)→发誓抛弃→誓绝; (同) 参考:abjure(绝誓) (例) forswear wealth and marriage(发誓放弃财富和婚姻)

343

elevate

(英) v. 将某人某物举起(lift sb\sth up) (记) e(出)+lev(举起)+ave→举出→升高

344

swirl

(英) v.旋转(to move with an eddying motion);n.漩涡(a whirling motion;eddy) (记) s+wirl(转); (同) 参考:whirl(旋转) (例) dust swirling in the air \ the slow swirl of the stream

345

supercilious

(英) adj.目中无人的(coolly or patronizingly haughty) (考) 反义词:obsequious(谄媚的); humble(卑下的)superciliousness n. 傲慢反义词:humility(谦卑) (记) super(超过)+cili(眉毛)+ous→超过眉毛→高傲的

346

reagent

(英) n.试剂(导致化学反应)( a substance used because of its chemical or biological activity) (记) re+agent(剂力量)

347

reticent

(英) adj. 沉默不语的 (inclined to be silent; reserved) (考) reticent : talk(speak)\ abstemious : gorge \ parsimonious : spend(沉默不说话\节制不贪食\小气不花费)反义词:loquacious(多话的); vociferous(大声叫喊); voluble(爱说话的) (记) re(再次)+tic(=silent 安静)+ent→再安静→沉默寡言的; (同) 参考:taciturn(沉默的)派生词: reticence (n. 沉默寡言) (例) I was reticent about my manager's mistakes.

348

cuddle

(英) v.\ n. 搂抱,拥抱 (to hold lovingly and gently; embrace and fondle; caress) (记) 注意不要和puddle(水坑)相混 (例) The little girl picked up her pet and cuddled it.

349

panic

(英) n. 恐慌,惊惶(a sudden unreasoning terror) (记) 来自希腊神话中的畜牧神潘(Pan),panic是指潘的出现所引起的恐惧 (例) Panic overwhelmed me.

350

recycle

(英) 再应用回收利用(treat a substance that has already been used so that it is fit to use again) (考) recycle : disposal \ rehabilitate : demolition(再利用是不丢弃\恢复状态是不毁坏) (记) re(再)+cycle(循环)

351

medal

(考) blandishment : coax \ medal : honor(甜言蜜语用来哄骗\奖章用来奖励)athlete : trophy \ soldier : medal(运动员获得奖品\士兵获得勋章) (记) 由metal(金属)变化而来,因为奖牌是金属做的 (例) The brave soldier was awarded several medals after the war.

352

erosion

(考) downpour : flooding \ wind : erosion(暴雨导致水灾\风导致侵蚀)gully : erosion \ callus : friction(侵蚀形成溪谷\摩擦形成老茧)反义词: accretion(增加)-reduction in substance caused by erosion(由侵蚀引起地物质减少)

353

recapitulate

(英) v.扼要重述(to repeat the principal points; summarize) (记) re(重新)+capit(头)+ulate→把重要的东西(头)放到一起; (同) 参考:capitulate(投降) (例) The speaker recapitulated at the end of her lecture.

354

bacteria

(英) n.细菌(单数: bacterium) (考) bacteria : decomposition \ yeast : fermentation(细菌帮助解体\酵母帮助发酵)sterile : bacteria \ impeccable : flaws(无菌的没有细菌\无瑕疵的没有瑕疵)enzyme : catalyst \ bacterium : microbe(酶是一种催化剂\细菌是一种微生物)host : parasite \ medium : bacterium

355

omit

(英) v. 省略,遗漏 ( leave out);疏忽( leave undone)

356

amicable

(英) adj. 友好的(friendly in feeling; showing good will) (考) 反义词:inimical(敌意的) (记) amiable强调人自身具备的性格和蔼; amicable强调对外界人物的态度友好 (例) Although we had arguedour parting was amicable.

357

inhabit

(英) v. 栖居于占据(live in sthoccupy) (记) in(进入)+habit(居住) →住里面

358

crude

(英) adj. 未提炼的(not refined or processed);粗鲁的(lacking gracetactor taste);n. 原油 (crude petroleum) (记) crud(粗糙)+e→未提炼的

359

outmaneuver

(考) 反义词:yield(屈服)

360

collar

(英) n. 衣领(band round the neck of a shirt) (记) 来自词根: coll(脖子) (同) 近形词: dollar(美圆); cellar(地窖)

361

muscular

(英) adj. 肌肉的 (consisting of muscles) (记) 来自名词muscle(肌肉)

362

testator

(英) n.立遗嘱的人(maker of a will) (考) heirloom : ancestor \ bequest : testator(传家宝是祖先留下\遗产是立嘱人留下)

363

jingoism

(英) n. 沙文主义(chauvinism) (记) jingo(侵略主义者)+ism

364

conjunction

(英) n. 联合连词(word that joins phrases or sentences) (记) con(共同)+junct(结合连接)+ion→共同连上→结合 (同) 同根词: junction(连接交叉点); injunction(命令指令)

365

gear

(英) n. 装备(equipment)仪器(set of apparatus or machinery) (考) gear : tooth \ screw : thread(齿轮上有齿\螺丝钉上有螺纹) (例) The landing-gear has jammed.

366

precipitant

(英) adj. 仓促的(abrupt and sudden) (考) 反义词:solvent(溶剂)

367

incompetence

(英) n. 不胜任不称职(lack of ability to do a task successfully) (记) in(无)+compete(竞争能力)+ence→无能力的

368

pitiful

(英) adj. 值得同情的,可怜的 (deserving pity) (记) pity(同情)+ful

369

credence

(英) n. 相信,信任 (belief in the reports or testimony of another) (记) cred(相信)+ence→相信; (同) 同根词:credibility(可信,可靠)

370

aggregate

(英) v. 集合( to gather into a whole);合计( total; sum) (记) a g+greg(团体)+ate→成为团体→集合; (同) 派生词: aggregation (n. 聚集,总合)同根词:gregarious(喜社交的); egregious(过分的极坏的)

371

magnanimous

(英) adj. 宽宏大量的,慷慨的(noble in mindhigh-souled) (考) taciturn : chatter \ magnanimous : begrudge(沉默寡言的人不会喋喋不休\心胸宽广的人不会嫉妒吝啬) (记) magn(大)+anim(生命,心胸)+ous→大的心胸 (同) 同根词:equanimity(沉着,镇静); magnify(放大扩大)

372

falcon

(英) v.伪造(to make seem real by any sort of deception or tampering );佯装(to practice deception by simulating) (记) fake作名词,指冒牌的人或物(He was a fake.),作形容词,意为伪造的 (fake money) (例) She faked illness so that she did not have to go to school.

373

exponentially

(英) adv. 迅速增长地(increase more and more rapidly)

374

plight

(英) n.困境苦境(difficult condition) (考) 反义词:favorable condition(顺境)

375

recast

(英) v. 重铸( give a new shape to);更换演员( change the actors in a play) (记) re(重新)+cast(铸)

376

tourniquet

(英) n.止血带 (a device to check bleeding or blood flow) (考) tourniquet : blood \ dam : water(止血绷带用来阻止血流动\坝用来阻止水流动) (记) tour(转)+niquest→缠绕在伤口上的绑带

377

cleanliness

(英) n. 清洁干净(being clean)

378

shrivel

(英) v.枯萎,皱缩(to draw into wrinkles with a loss of moisture) (例) plants shriveling in the dry heat

379

declare

(英) v. 正式宣布某事(formally announce sth ) (记) de(加强)+clare(清楚明白) →强调清楚

380

distress

(英) n. 痛苦,悲痛(painsufferingdiscomfort; agony; anguish) (记) di+stress(压力紧张)→压倒→悲痛

381

neutralize

(英) v. 使无效(to make ineffective; nullify);中和(to make neutral) (考) soothe: anger\neutralize: acid(抚慰消除愤怒\ 中和消除酸) (记) 来自neutral(中性的)+ize (例) to neutralize an acid with a base

382

squirrel

(英) n. 松鼠 (a small animal with a long furry tail)

383

extirpation

(英) n. 根除铲除(extermination) (考) 反义词:propagation(繁殖)

384

enlist

(英) v.(使)入伍从军征募(to engage for duty in the army; recruit) (考) emigrate : exile \ enlist : conscript(自愿移居和驱逐\征兵和强行征兵) (记) en+list(名单)→进入(战士的)名单→入伍; (同) 参考:induction(入伍) (例) He enlisted when he was 18.

385

impertinence

(英) n. 无礼粗鲁(rudeness) (考) 反义词: respect(尊敬); relevance(适当) (例) I've had enough of your impertinence.

386

acclaim

(英) v. 欢呼称赞(to greet with loud applause; hail) (记) ac+claim(叫喊)→不断叫喊→欢呼 (同) 同根词:claim(要求声称)proclaim(声明)exclaim(大喊)

387

hoard

(英) v. n. 贮藏,秘藏(to accumulate and hide or keep in reserve) (考) wait : lurk \ save : hoard(潜伏是偷偷等待\隐藏是偷偷储存)miser : hoard \ dandy : preen \ sycophant : fawn \ pundit : opinion(吝啬鬼储藏\花花公子打扮\马屁精奉承\学究主张) (记) 和board(木板)一起记,把东西藏在木板后(hoard something behind the board)

388

vociferous

(英) adj.喧哗的,大叫大嚷的 (marked by vehement and insistent outcry) (考) 反义词:reticent(沉默的) (记) voci(声音)+fer(带来)+ous→带来喧哗的 (例) a vociferous opponent(高声的反对者)

389

impoverish

(英) v. 使成赤贫(to make poor; reduce to poverty) (记) im(进入)+pover(贫困)+ish→进入贫困; (同) 参考:poverty(贫困) (例) They are impoverished by heavy taxes.

390

turbulence

(考) 反义词:tranquillity(宁静)

391

disrepute

(英) n. 名声不好(state of having a bad reputation) (记) dis+repute(名声) →名声消失

392

distorted

(例) a distorted view

393

coquette

(英) n. 卖弄风情的女子(girl or woman who flirts) (考) supplicant : deseeching \ coquette : flirtatious(恳求着恳求\ 卖弄风情的女子调情)

394

qualified

(英) adj. 有资格的(having suitable knowledge or qualification);有限制的(limited) (考) 反义词:adsolute(不受限制的); categorical(无条件的) (记) 来自动词qualify(具有资格,限制)

395

manifest

(英) adj. 明白的(to make clear or evident);v. 载货清单(an itemized list of a ship's cargo) (考) manifest : perceive \ brittle : break \ transparent : understand(明显的[东西]容易察觉\易碎的[东西]容易打碎\易懂的[东西]容易了解) (记) mani(手)+fest(打)→用手公开打→公开的,明了的,尤其要记住'载货清单'一意 (例) The audience screamed when the ghost manifested itself behind the actor.

396

porcupine

[记]词根记忆:porc(猪) + upine(=spine 刺) →有刺的猪

397

malefactor

(英) n.罪犯作恶者(evildoer; criminal) (记) male(恶)+fact(做)+or→作恶的人

398

immensity

(英) adj. 极大的(very large);无限的(limitless; infinite) (记) im(不)+mense(=measure测量)→不能测量的→巨大的

399

drove

(英) n.畜群(flock; herd);人群(a moving crowd of people) (记) 和drive的过去式drove一样拼写

400

linger

(英) v. 逗留,留恋(to continue to stay) (记) ling(可能来自length长度)+er→拉长(时间)→逗留 (例) Smoke lingered long after the fire was extinguished.

401

miserable

(英) adj. 痛苦的 (very unhappy) (考) 反义词:halcyon(愉快的)

402

ambiguous

(英) adj. 含糊的(not clear; uncertain; vague; obscure) (考) ambiguous : clarity \ mendacious : truth(含糊的不清晰\虚假的不真实)ambiguous : understand \ blatant : ignore(含糊的不容易理解\炫耀的不容易忽视)equivocation :ambiguous \ platitude : banal(含糊其词的特点是含糊\陈词滥调的特点是陈腐)反义词:watershed(分水岭)-ambiguity(含糊不 (记) ambi(二)+guous(做…的) →做二件事的→含糊的 (同) 派生词: ambiguity (n. 含糊不清) (例) an ambiguous answer ambiguity

403

blue

(英) adj. 忧伤的沮丧的(state of depression or melancholy)

404

vainglorious

(英) adj.自负的,虚荣心强的(marked by excessive or ostentatious pride) (例) He was rather vainglorious about his own war record.

405

citadel

(英) n.堡垒(fortress)

406

vocation

(英) n. 擅长(particular fitness or ability for a certain kind of work);工作,职业 (a job) (记) voc(叫喊)+ation→受到召唤→有职业

407

pedigree

(英) n.家系祖先(ancestry; lineage) (例) a pedigre registration certificate(纯种系谱登*记证明)

408

prehensile

(英) adj.能抓物的能缠绕东西的(capable of grasping or holding)

409

reprimand

(英) n. 训诫,谴责 (a severe or formal reproof);v. 训诫,谴责 (to reprove sharply or censure formally) (考) reprove : reprimand \ jeer : derision \ reprimand(blame): censure(责备和谴责\嘲笑和嘲弄\责备和谴责) (记) re(重新)+prim(首要)+mand(命令)→再次给以严厉的命令→谴责 (例) The boy got a new reprimand from his teacher.

410

unification

(英) n. 统一,一致 (the result of unifying) (考) 反义词:divergence(分歧) (记) 来自动词unify(统一)+cation

411

prominent

(英) adj. 显著的(noticeable);著名的(of great importancefame) (记) pro(向前)+min(伸)+ent→向前伸出→杰出的

412

brag

(英) v. 吹嘘(boast) (记) bag(口袋)'r'像一个嘴巴在吹 (例) Stop bragging

413

sequester

(英) v. (使)隐退,隐居(secludewithdraw) (考) sequester : seclusion \ endanger : jeopardy(使引退进入隐居\使危及进入危险)反义词:permit to mingle(使混合) (记) 注意不要和sequestrate(扣押)相混,两个单词均来自sequ(跟随) (例) sequester oneself from the world

414

intellect

(英) n. 智力思维能力(power of the mind to reason and acquire knowledge) (记) intel(在...中间)+lect(选择)→在中间选出的人→智者

415

whet

(英) v.磨快 (to sharpen);刺激(excitestimulate) (考) 反义词:blunt(弄钝) (记) 和what一起记: whet the knife for what? (例) whet a knife \ whet one's interest(刺激兴趣)

416

atavism

(英) n.返祖现象(resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents)

417

consequently

(英) adv. 所以因而(therefore) (例) My car broke down and consequently I was late.

418

oratory

(英) n. 演讲术 (the art of making good speeches)

419

chromatic

(英) adj. 彩色的,五彩的 (having colour or colours) (考) 反义词: colorless(无色的) (记) chrom(颜色)+atic→彩色的 (同) 同根词:chromatron(彩电显像管); chromosome(染色体)

420

willowy

(英) adj.苗条的 (gracefully tall and slender)

421

disjointed

(英) adj.脱节的 (out of joint);杂乱的(without unity or coherence) (考) disjointed : coherence \ banal : originality(脱节的不连贯\陈腐的不新颖)反义词:orderly(有序的) (记) dis+joint(关节)→脱节 (例) dislocate

422

oppressive

(英) adj. 残酷的,压迫的(tyrannical; onerous) (记) op+press(压)+ive→压下去→压迫的 同根词:depress(降低抑制) (例) take oppressive measures to crush the rebellion

423

entree

(英) n. 获准进入的权力或特权(privilege of admission);主菜(main dishes) (例) What did you have as an entree

424

unchangeable

(考) 反义词:versatile(易变的) (记) un(不)+changeable(可改变的)

425

codicil

(英) n. 遗嘱修改附录(supplement to a will) (例) She added a codicil to her will just before she died.

426

estimable

(英) adj. 值得尊敬的(worthy of great respect) (考) 反义词:infamous(声名狼藉的); contemptible(可鄙的)

427

inviting

(英) adj. 诱人的,引人入胜的(tempting; alluring; enticing) (记) 来自invite(邀请)

428

grope

(英) v. 摸索,探索(to feel or search about blindly) (记) 分割记忆:g 看作 grasp(抓住),rope(绳子)→抓住绳子→摸索向前 (例) We are groping after the truth.

429

imbecile

(英) n. 心智能力极低的人(a very foolish or stupid person) (同) 派生词: imbecility (n. 低能,愚蠢) (例) The imbecilic movie was a waste of my money.

430

coherence

(英) n. 连贯性; 凝聚(being stick together in a mass or group) (考) disjointed : coherence \ banal : originality(脱节的无连贯\陈腐的无新颖) (记) 来自cohere(v.附着粘着;co+here[粘] →粘在一起)

431

onerous

(英) adj. 繁重的麻烦的(burdensome) (记) oner(笨重的)+ous→繁重的 (同) 同根词:exonerate(无罪释放)

432

pantry

(英) n. 食品室(a room used for storing food; larder ) (考) pantry : food \ closet(wardrobe) : clothes \ armory : weapons(食物柜用来放食品\衣柜用来放衣服\武器库用来放武器) (记) 和pastry(糕点)一起记; 参考:larder(食品室) (同) 近形词: pastry(糕点); paltry(琐碎的); patrol(巡逻)

433

exorbitance

(记) ex(出)+orbit(轨道)+ance→出轨→索价过高

434

controlled

(考) indecipherable : decoded \ unmanageable : controlled(无法破译的不能被破译\无法控制的不能被控制)

435

finery

(英) n.华丽优雅的服装或装饰(beautiful clothes for a special occasion)

436

dissension

(英) n. 争执(angry disagreement) (考) 反义词: concord(和谐) (记) dis(分开)+sens(感觉)+ion→感觉不同→争执

437

impossibility

(考) vagary : predict \ impossibility : execute(奇异行为无法预测\不可能的事无法执行) (例) the impossibility of any improvement

438

courteous

(英) adj. 彬彬有礼的(showing good manners)

439

misinform

(英) v. 向...提供错误信息 ( give someone wrong information) (记) mis(错误)+inform(提供信息)

440

prestidigitation

(英) n. 变戏法,手法敏捷(a conjuring trick requiring manualdexterity) (记) presti(灵活)+digit(手指)+ation→灵活的手指→变戏法

441

attendant

(英) 服务员侍者(person whose job is to provide a service in a public place)

442

cobbler

(同) 近形词: cobble(圆石块,鹅卵石); coddle(娇养溺爱)

443

stockade

(英) n.栅栏,围栏(a line of stout posts set firmly to form a defense) (考) stockade : enclosure \ pillar : support(栅栏用来包围\柱子用来支撑) (记) stock(木头)+ade→木头编成的围栏

444

tensile

(英) adj.张力的紧张的(capable of being stretched)

445

transitional

(英) n.过渡时期,转变(passage from one stage or place to another) (记) trans(交换)+sit(坐)+ion→交换坐→过渡 (例) She is subject to frequent transitions from high spirits to depression.

446

crest

(英) n.山顶浪尖(top (as of a hill or wave);羽饰鸡冠( showy feathers on the head of a bird) (考) crest : wave \ summit(peak): mountain(浪尖和浪\山顶和山)

447

alphabetical

(英) adj. 按字母表顺序的(in the order of the alphabet) (考) dictionary : alphabetical \ annals : chronological(字典是按照字母顺序\编年史是按照年代顺序) (例) Put these words in alphabetical order.

448

pleat

(英) n. (衣服上的)褶(a fold in cloth) (记) plait(打褶,编辫子)的变体

449

impecunious

(考) foolish : discretion \ impecunious : money(鲁莽的缺乏谨慎\贫困的缺乏钱)反义词:wealthy(富有的); prosperous(繁荣的); affluent(丰富的) (记) im(无)+pecun(钱)+ious→无钱的 (同) 同根词:peculate(挪用); pecuniary(金钱的)

450

enumerate

(英) v. 列举,枚举 (to name one by one; specifyas in a list) (记) e+numer(数字)+ate →数字出来→列举

451

laminate

(英) v. 切成薄板(片)(to form or press into a thin sheet or layer) (记) lamin(薄片)+ate (同) 同根词:laminable(能打制成薄片的); lamina(薄片) (例) The flooring of the house is thinlaminated wood.

452

bonus

(英) 奖金红利(payment added to what is usual or expected)意外的好处(anything pleasant in addition to what is expected) (记) 分割记忆:bon(好)发奖金是好事

453

contemplate

(英) v. 深思 (to think about intently) (记) con(始终)+templ(庙)+ate→始终像庙中人一样深思→静思 (同) 同根词:temple(太阳穴,庙宇); contemplative(爱思考的)派生词: contemplation (n. 沉思,思考) (例) Philosophers contemplate the existence of humankind.

454

irritation

(英) n. 愤怒刺激(being irritated) (考) antidote : poisoning \ balm : irritation(解毒剂消除中毒\油膏消除刺激) (例) a skin irritation

455

entrepreneur

(英) n. 企业家,创业人(a person who organizes and manages a business undertaking) (记) 来自法语,等于enterpriser; (同) 参考:enterprise(事业)

456

phantom

(记) 来自pharmacy(药房,药剂学), pharma(药,毒) (例) The pharmacist has a degree in pharmacology.

457

fumigate

(英) v. 以烟熏消毒(to expose to the action of fumes in order to disinfect or kill the vermin in) (记) fum(=fume 烟)+igate(用…的)→用烟消毒 (例) fumigate a room

458

radiance

(英) n.发光;喜悦(the state of loveconfidenceor happiness) (记) radi(光线,射线)+ance→发光 (同) 同根词:radiation(发光,传播); radiator(散热器) (例) The morning was brightened by the radiance of the sun. The photograph captured the bride's radiance at the wedding.

459

scrape

(英) v. 刮擦,擦掉(to remove from a surface by repeated strokes of an edged instrument) (例) scrape the mud from one's boots

460

tart

(英) adj.酸的 (agreeably sharp or acid);尖酸的(bitingacrimonious) (例) tart apples(酸苹果)\a tart disposition(刻薄的本性)

461

martial

(英) adj. 军事的,战争的( suitable to warsoldiersetc.) (考) martial : military \ runic : mysterious(同义词类比) (例) martial music

462

blotch

(英) n. (皮肤上的)红斑点(patch or blemish on the skin);(墨水等)大斑点(large blot or stain) (记) 比较:botch(弄坏,做事拙劣) (例) a blotch on the page with coffee. red blotches on her face.

463

regimental

(英) adj. 团的 (of a regiment)

464

counselor

(英) n. 顾问(adviser);律师(lawyer) (例) a wise counsellor in time of need

465

viability

(考) 反义词:inability to live(不能生存)

466

ingrained

(英) adj. 根深蒂固的(firmed,fixed or established) (考) 反义词:easily to change(容易改变的) (记) in(进入)+grain(木头的纹理)→进入纹理之内→根深蒂固的 (例) ingrained habits

467

credit

(英) n. 赊购(permission to delay payment);信任(trust); (考) credits : movie \ byline : article(片头字幕介绍电影的演员\标题下署名行介绍文章的作者) (记) cred+it(表名词)

468

assail

(英) v. 抨击(to attack with arguments)猛攻(to assault) (记) as+sail(跳上去)→跳上去打→猛攻;也可用联想:as-sail(帆):扬帆起航向前攻 (例) The army assailed the town.

469

resound

(英) v. 回荡着声音( be filled with sound);鸣响( be loudly and clearly heard) (考) glimmer : dazzle \ murmur : resound(发微光和发强光\低声说和高声说) (例) The hall resounded with applause.

470

generate

(英) v. 造成(to bring into being)产生(to originate or produce) (考) emollient : soothe \ dynamo : generate(缓和剂作用是缓和\发电机作用是发电) (记) gener(种属,产生)+ate→产生 (同) 同根词:generative(有生殖力的);generic(种类的)

471

bridle

(英) n.马笼头(a head harness);v.抑制,控制(to curb or control) (考) 反义词:without restraint(没有控制的) (记) 比较bride(新娘),在婚后的生活中,新娘可能给新郎上笼头(The bride puts a bridle on the bridegroom.) (例) Bridle your tongue and be more careful about what you say.

472

navigate

(英) v. 航海,导航 ( direct the course of a shipplane) (考) abacus : calculate \ sextant:navigate(算盘是计算工具\六分仪是航海工具) (记) nav(船)+ig(走)+ate→船走→航海 (同) 派生词: navigation (n. 航海,航空)

473

clarity

(英) n. 清楚 (condition of being clear; clearness) (考) equivocation : truth \ euphemism : offense \ obfuscation : clarity(含糊其词使不真实\委婉言辞使不冒犯\迷惑使不清楚)consensus : factionalism \ clarity : confusion(党派分歧无法达成共识\混淆无法解释清楚)ambiguous : clarity \ mendacious : truth(含糊的无清楚\虚假的无真实){ENTER

474

eerie

(英) adj.可怕的阴森恐怖的(weird; causing fear because strange) (例) a dark and eerie old house(黑暗而可怕的旧房子)

475

defer

(英) v. 推延 (to put off to a future time; delay)听从(yield with courtesy) (考) defer : leader \ admire : hero(领导让人听从\英雄让人崇拜)

476

overlook

(英) v. 忽视 (not to notice);俯视 ( have a view from above) (记) over(在...上面)+look(看)→在上面看→俯视,引申为疏忽

477

flannel

(考) flannel : cloth \ linen : fabric(法兰绒是一种布料\亚麻是一种织物)

478

vermin

(英) 害虫,寄生虫(small common harmful or objectionable animals) (记) verm(蠕虫)+in→害虫 (同) 同根词:vermicide(杀肠虫药);vermiculate(蠕虫状的,错综复杂的)

479

nippers

(记) 来自动词nip(夹住,咬住); (同) 参考:nipple(乳头)

480

heyday

(英) n. 全盛时期,青春期(the time of greatest healthvigorsuccessprosperity; prime) (记) 组合词:hey(惊喜声)+day→惊喜的日子→黄金时代 (例) in the heyday of sb's power

481

meddlesome

(英) adj. 爱管闲事的(interfering; curious) (记) 来自meddle(干涉,干预)+somemed(混合); (同) 参考:medley(混合物)

482

embryonic

(英) adj. 胚胎的萌芽期的(incipientrudimen tary) (例) a chick at its embryonic stage of development. The plan is still in embryonic state.

483

unobstructed

(记) un(不)+obstruct(障碍)+ed

484

transient

(英) adj.短暂的,转瞬即逝的 (passing quickly into and out of existence; transitory) (考) 反义词:lasting(持久的) (例) transient happiness

485

pamphlet

(英) n. 小册子(an unbound printed publication) (记) 来自拉丁文pamphilus是一首爱情名诗; pam=pan(全部)+phil(爱)+us→表达爱情 (例) a political pamphlet

486

truncheon

(英) n.警棍,警棒(a police officer's club) (记) trunch(=trunk树干)+eon→用树干做成的(警棍)

487

disquiet

(英) v.\ n. 担心,焦虑 (a disturbed or uneasy feeling; anxiety) (考) 反义词:put at ease(使放松) (同) adj. disquieting

488

misapprehension

(英) n. 误会,误解 (a mistaken belief) (记) mis(错误)+apprehension(理解)

489

wail

(英) v.哀号,痛哭 (to express sorrow audibly; lament) (例) The wind wailed in the trees.(风在林中呼啸)

490

pettish

(英) adj. 易怒的,使性子的(fretfulpeevish) (记) 来自pet(不高兴)+tish→不高兴的,易怒的 (例) He was getting more and more pettish and hysterical.

491

perpetuation

(考) 反义词:extinction(灭绝)

492

indubitable

(英) adj. 不容置疑的(unquestionable) (考) 反义词:questionable(可疑的) (记) in(不)+dubit(怀疑)+able→不可怀疑的 (同) 同根词:dubitation(怀疑)

493

mood

(考) mercurial : mood \ fickle : affection \ whimsical : behavior(易变的情绪\易变的感情\易变的行为)

494

glisten

(英) v. 闪烁,闪耀(to shine or sparkle with reflected light) (考) dingy : glisten \ slippery : adhere(无光泽的不闪光\滑的不粘着) (记) 来自glist (闪光)+en分割记忆:g+listen (例) His hair glistened with oil.

495

philatelist

(英) n. 集邮家(one who collects or studies stamps) (考) philatelist : stamps \ numismatist :coins(集邮家收集邮票\钱币收藏家收集硬币)

496

subliminal

(英) adj.潜意识的(existing or functioning below the threshold of consciousness) (考) 反义词:at a perceptible level(在感觉层次) (记) sub(下面)+limin(=limen量小限度的神经刺激)+al (例) play a subliminal part in(在...起到了潜意识的作用)

497

revert

(英) v. 恢复,回复到( go back to);重新考虑( talk about or consider again)

498

gratify

(英) v. 使高兴,使满足(to give pleasure or satisfaction) (考) gratify : desire \ slake : thirsty(使满足消除欲望\解渴消除口渴)反义词: aggrieve(使苦恼); irk(使苦恼) (记) grat(高兴)+ify→使高兴 (同) 同根词:gratulant(表示高兴的); gratitude(感激之情) (例) Anne was gratified by his efforts to help her.

499

invoke

(英) v. 祈求;恳求(implore; entreat);(法律的)实施生效(put into use a law) (记) in(进入)+voke(喊,唤)→唤起来→祈求 (同) 派生词: invocation (n. 祈祷) (例) to invoke the powers of the law to prevent a crime

500

monarch

(英) n. 君主,帝王(a hereditary sovereign) (记) mon(单个)+arch(统治者)→个人统治→君主 (例) As a federal republicthe United States has never had a monarch.

501

accretion

(英) n.自然的增加(growth in size by accumulation);增加物( addition) (考) 反义词:reduction in substance caused by erosion(由侵蚀引起的物质减少) (记) ac+cret(增加)+ion (同) adj. accretive

502

emblazon

(英) v.以纹章或其他方式装饰(ornament richly [a shield or flag])

503

perceive

(英) v. 察觉,发觉(to become aware of through the senses) (考) manifest : pereceive \ brittle : break(明显的容易察觉\易碎的容易打碎) (记) per(全部)+ceive(拿住)→全部拿住→发觉 (同) 同根词:conceive(设计,想象); receive(接受) (例) She perceived that he was tired.

504

weld

(英) v.焊接,熔接;结合 (to unite or reunite) (考) splice : rope \ weld : metal(连接绳子\焊接金属)(同) 参考:solder(焊接) (例) weld the crack in the tube \ weld people into a group

505

consciousness

(英) n. 知觉清醒状态(state of being conscious) (记) con+sci(知道)+ious(...的)+ness

506

impassiveness

(考) 反义词:ebullience(热情洋溢) (记) impassive(adj.冷漠的;im[无]+pass[感情]+ive→无感情的)+ness

507

full-blown

(英) adj. (鲜花)盛开的(esp of flowers fully developed) (考) 反义词:incipient(初始的) (例) full-blown roses

508

sanguinary

(英) adj. 有血的,血腥的(accompanied by much bloodshed or carnage; bloodstained) (记) sanguin(血)+ary→血的,流血的 (例) sanguinary violence(血腥暴力) \ sanguinary battle(血战)

509

impinge

(英) v.侵犯(infringe; encroach);撞击(collide with) (例) The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.

510

forthrightly

(考) 反义词:cozen(欺骗)-deal with forthrightly(直率地对待)

511

pry

(英) v. 刺探(make nosy or presumptuous inquiry);撬开(pull apart with a lever) (考) importune : request \ pry : inquiry (强求是拼命要求\刺探是拼命询问) (例) pry behind the curtain of sb's life(窥探某人的私生活)

512

confederacy

(英) n. 联盟或同盟(alliance ) (记) con(共同)+feder(联盟)+acy→联盟

513

imprecision

(考) 反义词:exactitude(精密) (记) imprecise的名词

514

aphorism

(英) n. 格言(a shortpointed sentence; maxim; adage) (考) brevity : aphorism \ distortion : caricature(格言的特点是简洁\漫画的特点是扭曲)euphemism : offensive \ aphorism : diffuse(委婉语言不会是冒犯的\格言不会是散漫的)pithiness : aphorism \ exaggeration : caricature(格言的特点是简洁\漫画的特点是夸张)aphoristic : terse \ (记) 提醒您已学到的adage(格言)以及要学到的maxim(公理格言) (同) 派生词: aphoristic (adj. 格言似的警句似的)

515

harridan

(英) n. 凶恶的老妇,老巫婆(a nastybad-tempered woman) (记) 原意为'骑坏的老马'hard-ridden→harridan

516

royalty

(英) n. 皇室;版税(percentage paid for the work of an authorcomposeretc. by the publisher) (考) royalty : payment \ subpoena : writ(版税是一种酬劳\传票是一种书面命令) (记) royal(王室的)+ty→皇室,注意'版税'一意 (例) Besides copyrightthe writer got a 10 percent royalty on sales. The young prince was trained for royalty.

517

tread

(英) v. 踩踏( put one's foot when walking); (例) walk with a heavy tread

518

recalcitrant

(英) adj.顽抗的(obstinately defiant of authority or restraint; unruly) (考) recalcitrant(refractory): authority \ implacable : conciliation \ reactionary :change(顽固的难以施加权威\不安静的难以安抚\保守的难以改变)incongruent : conform \ recalcitrant : obey(不一致的难以统一\顽固的难以服从)反义词: submissive(顺从的); amenable(顺从的) (记) re(重新)+calcitr(=calc石头)+ant→变成石头→固执的

519

matin

(英) n.(电影院或剧院的)下午场(dramatic or musical performance given in the afternoon)

520

domesticate

(英) v. 驯养(to tame wild animals and breed for human use) (例) I was unable to domesticate the wild dog.

521

catalog

(英) n. 目录(complete list of items of a book);系列(series) (记) catalog=catalogue; cata(下面)+logue(说话) →在下面要说的话→目录

522

crabbed

(英) adj. 暴躁的 (peevish; ill-tempered; cross) (记) 来自crab(螃蟹,坏脾气的人)

523

feign

(英) v.假装,伪装(to make a false show of ; pretend) (例) I feigned illness so I could stay home from work.

524

counterproductive

(英) adj. 事与愿违的(having the opposite effect to that intended) (记) counter +productive(有成效的) →反效果的

525

overbearing

(英) adj. 专横的,独断的(arrogant; domineering) (考) 反义词:unassuming(谦逊的) (记) over(过分)+bearing(忍受)→使别人过分忍受→专横的 (例) Everyone dislikes my overbearing boss.

526

porcelain

(考) clay : porcelain \ flax : linen(瓷器由黏土造成\亚麻布由亚麻造成)glaze: porcelain \ varnish : wood(釉面保护瓷器\清漆保护木头)

527

chasten

(英) v. (通过惩罚而使坏习惯等)改正,磨练 (to punish in order to correct or make better) (记) 来自chaste(纯洁的)+en→使人纯洁 (例) She chastened her friend for being rude.

528

confer

(英) v. 讨论商谈(have discussions);赠予(reward to ) (记) con (共同)+fer(带来拿来) →共同带来观点→协商

529

vanity

(英) n.虚荣,自负(inflated pride in oneself; conceit) (记) van(空)+ity→空虚→虚荣; (同) 同根词:vanish(消失) (例) do sth. out of vanity

530

filigree

(英) n.金银丝做的工艺品(delicatelacelike ornamental work of intertwined wire of goldsilveretc.) (考) filigree : wire \ lace : thread(细丝工艺品用金属丝制成\花边用线制成) (记) fili(丝)+gree(=grain颗粒)→由丝和颗粒所组成的→金银丝工艺品 (同) 同根词:filament(灯丝细丝)

531

self-satisfaction

(考) preen : self-satisfaction \ fume : anger(打扮表示自满\怒火表示愤怒) (记) self(自己)+satisfaction(满意)

532

resourceful

(英) adj. 机智的(good at finding ways to deal with difficult situations) (考) resourceful : inventiveness \ philanthropic : geniality(机智的特点是创新\慈善的特点是亲切)

533

gargantuan

(考) 反义词:minuscule(极小的) (记) 来自法国作家拉伯雷《巨人传》中的巨人Gargantua

534

toil

(英) v.\n.辛苦,辛勤劳作(long strenuous fatiguing labor) (记) 参考:foil(阻挠金属箔) (同) 近形词:foil(阻挠,金属箔); coil(卷绕); roil(搅拌) (例) toil at one's task

535

elite

(英) n.精华中坚(the group regarded as the best and most powerful)

536

reactionary

(英) adj.保守的,反动的(ultraconservative in politics) (考) contumacious(recalcitrantrefractory): authority \ reactionary(hideboundconservative): change(innovationnovelty)(顽固的无法接受权威控制\保守的无法接受变化) (记) re(反)+action(动)+ary→反对运动的→保守的 (例) The reactionary pundit criticized the congressional action.

537

commiserate

(英) v. 同情,怜悯 (to feel or show sorrow or pity for) (记) com+miser(可怜)+ate→共同可怜→同情; (同) 同根词:miserable(可怜的); miser(吝啬鬼)派生词: commiseration (n. 同情的言语expression of sympathy) (例) I commiserated with my friend after his accident.

538

straightforwardly

(考) 反义词:equivocate(含糊其词)-communicate straightforwardly(直截了当地交流) (记) 来自形容词straightforward(正直的)

539

mechanism

(英) n. 结构,机制 (the arrangement and action of the parts of a machine)

540

ballroom

(英) n.大舞厅(a large hall for dancing)

541

conquest

(考) inexorable : dissuasion \ indomitable : conquest(无情的无法说服\不屈服的无法征服)

542

skepticism

(英) n. 怀疑论 (a doubting state of mind) (考) 反义词:conviction(坚信); credulity(轻信)

543

interdict

(英) v. 禁止(to prohibit; forbid with authority);切断(补给线)(to impede or hinder by firepower or bombing); (记) inter(在中间)+dict(说)+在内部命令(不准做)→禁止 (例) The play was interdicted by law.

544

palpable

(英) adj. 可触知的明显的(tangibleperceptiblenoticeable) (考) 反义词:subtle(微妙的) (记) palp(摸)+able→摸得到的→明显的 (同) 同根词:palpate(用手触摸); palpitate(v.心跳)

545

meretricious

(英) adj. 华而不实的,俗艳的(of flashy or vulgar attractions; tawdry) (记) 来自meretrix(妓女) (例) a meretricious style(华而不实的文体)

546

shoal

(英) n.浅滩,浅水处(a sandbank that makes the water shallow) (考) 反义词:deep(深的) (例) strike on a shoal(搁浅)/a shoal of tourists(大批旅客)

547

assert

(英) v. 断言,主张(to state positively; declareaffirm) (考) calumny : assertion \ perjury : testimony(诽谤是假断言\伪证是假证词)反义词:diffidence(羞怯,缺乏自信) (记) as+sert(参与)→一再参与(讨论)→主张 (同) 派生词: assertive(adj. 言语果断的,断言的); assertiveness(n. 坚定而自信); assertion(n.坚决断言) (例) The lawyer asserted that his client was innocent.

548

zest

(英) n.刺激性 (an enjoyable exciting quality;piquancy);热心,兴趣 (keen enjoyment; relish) (例) The hungry man ate with zest.(那饿汉吃得津津有味)

549

viands

(英) n.(复数)食品,食物 (provisionsfood) (记) via(活)+ands→活下去的东西→食品 (例) The shops were full of Christmas viands.

550

redistribution

(考) illiteracy : education \ inequity : redistribution(文盲要受教育\不公平要重新分配) (记) re(重新)+distribution(分配)

551

administer

(英) v. 管理(manage);供给(provide) (记) ad+minister(部长大臣) →做部长→管理; (同) 派生词: administration (n.管理行政); administrator (n.管理人行政人员) (例) administer a charity

552

unscented

(考) 反义词:redolent(芳香的) (记) un(不)+scented(有气味的)

553

systematize

(英) v. 使系统化( arrange in a system or by a set method) (考) 反义词:randomize(随机化) (记) system(系统)+atize

554

meager

(英) adj. 贫乏的(of small amount; inadequate);削瘦的(lean; emaciated) (记) 分割记忆:m+eager(热心的),光靠热心解决不了贫乏 (例) He can's exist on his meager income.

555

argot

(英) n.隐语黑话( slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people) (考) 反义词:standard language(标准语言); common verbalism(一般用语)

556

immunize

(英) v. 使免疫(to give immunity by inoculation) (考) fertilize : grow \ immunize : resist(施肥使生长\免疫使抵抗)

557

appealing

(考) 反义词:noisome(有害的)

558

acuity

(英) n.(尤指思想或感官)敏锐(sharpnessacuteness) (记) acu(尖酸锐利)+ity(表性质) →尖的性质→敏锐 (同) 同根词:acupuncture( 针灸)acumen(敏锐)

559

striking

(英) adj.引人注目的,明显的(attracting attention or notice) (记) 来自strike(打击)+ing (例) The girl is striking in face and figure.

560

fragile

(英) adj. 易碎的,易坏的(brittle; crisp; friable) (考) fragile : break \ flammable : burn\ porous : penetrate(易碎的容易打碎\易燃的容易燃烧\多孔的容易穿透) (记) frag(=fract 断裂)+(易…的)→易碎的 (同) 同根词:fragment(碎片) (例) Don't drop these eggs! They are fragile.

561

vain

(英) adj. 自负的 (full of self-admiration);徒劳的(without result) (考) primp : vain \ gloat : smug(打扮是一种虚荣的表现\幸灾乐祸是一种自喜的表现) (例) a vain attempt

562

uneasiness

(考) feed : hunger \ reassure : uneasiness(喂食消除饥饿\宽心消除不安) (记) 来自形容词uneasy(不安的)

563

corporeal

(英) adj. 肉体的身体的(of the body);物质的(materialrather than spiritual) (考) 反义词:spiritual(精神的); intangible(无形的); disembodied(无实体的); immaterial(非物质的) (记) corpor+eal(由real变体) →真的身体→有形的

564

elucidate

(英) v. 阐明,说明(to give a clarifying explanation) (考) 反义词:garble(混淆); obfuscate(使模糊) (记) e+lucid(清晰)+ate→弄清晰→阐明; (同) 参考:lucidity(清晰,明白)派生词: elucidation (n. 清楚阐明) (例) Would you elucidate futher on this topic?

565

hypodermic

(英) adj. 皮下注射的(injected under the skin) (记) hypo(在…下面)+derm(皮)+ic→皮下(注射)的 (同) 同根词:epidermis(表皮)

566

lectern

(英) n. 书桌(尤指教堂里的读经台)(a sloping table for holding a book)

567

carpenter

(英) 木匠(person whose job is making wooden objects and structures) (考) taxonomist : classify \ carpenter : build(分类学家擅长分类\木匠擅长建造)saw : carpenter \ scissors : tailor \ butcher : knife(木匠的工具是锯\裁缝的工具是剪刀\屠夫的工具是刀)

568

ellipse

(英) n.椭圆(形)(oval) (记) el+lipse(离开)→离开中心→不圆→椭圆

569

bleachers

(记) bleach(白)+ers→空白没遮盖的座位→露天看台; (同) 近形词:bleach(漂白,变白); bleak(寒冷的)

570

animate

(英) adj. 活的有生命的(livinghaving life);v.赋予生命(give life to sth\sb) (考) 反义词: lassitude(疲乏);drone(单调的声音) (记) anim(生命精神)+ate→使有生命 (同) 派生词: animated (adj. 活跃的活泼的); animation (n. 兴奋,活跃动画 vivacity)同根词:magnanimous(大度的); unanimous(意见一致的)

571

constitute

(英) v. 组成,构成(form a whole) (考) 反义词:abdicate(放弃) (记) con(一起)+stitute(建立放)→放到一起→构成

572

vascular

(记) vascul(血管)+ar→血管的

573

cripple

(英) v. (使)残废(to make cripple of; lame; maim;disable) (记) 来自creep(爬行)→爬行的人,残废 (例) The accident crippled the driver. The strike crippled the company.

574

novice

(英) n. 生手新手(apprentice; beginner) (记) 参考:neophyte(新手) (同) 参考:neophyte(新手) (例) Although I've played golf for yearsI still play like a novice.

575

florid

(英) adj. 华丽的(highly decorated; showy; ornate);(脸)红润的(rosy; ruddy) (记) flor(花)+id→像花一样的→华丽的 (例) florid language. florid with excitement.

576

headstrong

(英) adj. 刚愎自用的(obstinately determined) (考) willfulness : headstrong \ subservience : fawning(固执的[人]任性\奉承的[人]阿谀)反义词:tractable(温顺的)

577

containment

(英) n. 阻止遏制(keeping sth within limits) (例) Until we'd built up sufficient forces to drive the invaders backwe pursued a poicy of containment.

578

macerate

(英) v. 浸软(to soften by soaking in liquid);消瘦(to cause to grow thin) (考) 反义词:harden by drying(通过干燥变硬) (记) 直接来自拉丁文macerate(泡软) (例) flax macerated in water(水中泡过的亚麻)

579

tournament

(英) 比赛 (a series of games or contests);(旧时)骑士比武大会 (a knightly sport of the middle ages between mounted combatants armed with blunted lances or swords and divided into two parties contesting for a prize or favor bestowed by the lady of the tournament) (记) 分割记忆:tour+name+nt

580

insuperable

(记) insul(不)+super(超越)+able→不可超越的 (同) 同根词:supernatural(超自然的) (例) insuperable difficulties

581

chorus

(英) n. 合唱队,歌舞团 (a group of dancers and singers)

582

pathos

(英) n. 感伤哀婉悲怆(an emotion of sympathetic pity) (记) path(感情)+os→感情状态→哀婉 (例) the pathos of sb's situation

583

tan

(英) v.鞣(革) (to convert [hide] into leather) (同) 派生词: tanner (n.制革工人) (例) tan sheepskin(将羊皮制成皮革)

584

consummate

(英) adj. 完全的,完善的(complete or perfect);v. 完成 (finish; accomplish) (记) con+sum(总数)+mate→全部总数→完美的 (同) 派生词: consummation (n. 达到极点,完成) (例) Bill has a consummate roommate—he's never home and always pays the rent. \ Signing the contract consummated the deal.

585

fungicide

(英) n. 杀真菌剂(substance that kills fungus) (记) fungi (真菌)+cide(杀)

586

corroboration

(考) 反义词:lessening of certainty(确定性减少)

587

superintend

(英) v.监督 (to exercise the oversight of) (记) super(在…上面)+intend(监督) (例) a committee on finance to superintend all appropriations.

588

numismatic

(记) numisma(钱币)+tic→钱币的 (例) The misprinted stamp had a high numismatic value.

589

diagonal

(英) 对角的(crossing a straight-side figureeg a rectanglefrom corner to corner) (考) diameter : circle \ diagonal : rectangle(直径是圆形内最长直线\对角线是矩形内最长直线)

590

combat

(英) n. 格斗搏斗(fight between two peoplearmies) (记) com(共同)+bat(打击) →共同打→战斗

591

commemorate

(英) 纪念伟人大事件等(keep a great person eventetc in people's memories) (记) com(共同)+memor(记住)+ate →大家一起记住→纪念

592

factotum

(英) n.杂役,听差(a person hired to do all sorts of work; handyman) (记) fact(做)+totum(=everything)什么事都做→杂役; (同) 参考:total(全部的)

593

teetotalism

(考) 反义词:intemperance(酗酒)

594

underdog

(英) n. 受欺负者,弱者(a weaker person or country) (考) 反义词: bully(欺凌弱小者) (记) under(在...下面)+dog(狗)

595

decree

(英) n. 命令,法令 (an official orderedictor decision); (例) They have decreed an end to all this fighting.

596

zigzag

(考) zigzag : turns \ montage : images(之字形是转弯的组合\蒙太奇是影象的组合)

597

survive

(英) v. 幸存 ( continue to exist after coming close to death) (考) 反义词:perish(死亡) (记) sur(在下面)+vive(生命)→在(事故)下面活下来→幸存

598

furbish

(英) v. 磨光,刷新(to brighten by rubbing or scouring; polish; burnish) (记) 注意不要和furnish(装饰,提供)相混 (例) furbish an old silver ornament. furbish up our house.

599

eliminate

(英) v. 除去淘汰(removeeradicate) (记) e+limin(门槛)+ate→扔出门槛→除去 (例) eliminate the mistakes from your writing

600

pleasure

(考) hedonist : pleasure \ recluse : privacy(享乐主义者喜欢快乐\隐士喜欢独处\)blush : embarrassment \ smile : pleasure(窘迫的表情是脸红\愉快的表情是微笑)pleasure : ecstasy \ surprise : astonishment(程度: 高兴→狂喜\吃惊→大吃一惊)dislike : loathing \ pleasure : b

601

poison

(英) v. 毒死( harm or kill with poison) (考) detoxify : poison \ dehydrate : water(解毒是要去除毒\脱水是要去除水)antidote : poison \ tonic : lethargy(解毒剂是用来解除毒素\补药是用来解除困乏)detoxification : poison \ neutralization : acid(解毒去毒\中和去酸)

602

fretwork

(英) n. 格子细工(在木头上雕出各种图案,格子的工艺)(work ornamented with decorative carving or interlacing lines) (记) 组合词:fret(建筑上的回纹饰)+work

603

covenant

(英) n. 契约 (a binding and solemn agreement);v. 立书保证(to promise by a covenant) (记) co+ven(来)+ant→来到一起立约→契约 (例) I covenanted to pay a sum of money each week to the church_

604

moan

(英) v.\n. (痛苦的)呻吟;(不满的)抱怨(a complaint) (例) He is always moaning his luck.

605

pharmacist

(英) n. 药剂师 (a person skilled in the making of medicine)

606

irresistible

(记) ir(不)+resist(对抗)+ible→不可抵抗的

607

harness

(英) n. 马具;v. 束以马具;利用(to control so as to use the power) (例) harness nuclear energy(利用原子能)

608

waterproof

(英) adj. 防水的; v. 使防水( make waterproof) (考) 反义词:permeable(可渗透的) (记) water(水)+proof(防...的)

609

petition

(英) n. 请愿(entreaty; appeal) (记) pet(寻求)+ition→寻求(帮助)→请愿 (例) The workers signed a petition demanding better working conditions.

610

tariff

(英) n.关税 (a duty imposed by a government on imported goods) (考) smuggler : tariff \ stowaway : fare(走私者逃避关税\偷乘者逃避交通费) (例) preferential tariff(特惠关税)

611

canonical

(英) adj. 符合规定的,经典的(according toor ordered by church canon) (考) 反义词:heterodox(异端的); nontraditional(非传统的) (记) 比较:cannon(大炮)参考:apocrypha(伪经)

612

occlude

(考) 反义词:unobstructed(顺畅的)-occluded(阻塞的) (记) oc(一再)+clude(关闭)→一再关起来不畅通→堵塞

613

cronyism

(考) nepotism : relative \ cronyism : friend(裙带关系是用亲戚\任用亲信是用朋友) (记) 联系crony(密友亲密的伙伴)一起记

614

ingratiating

(考) ingratiating : win favor \ disingenuous : deceive(讨好为了邀宠\虚伪为了欺骗) (例) Mary's ingratiating comments flattered her boss.

615

stipend

(英) n. 薪俸,养老金(a fixed sum of money paid periodically for services )

616

hinder

(英) v. 阻碍,妨碍(thwart; impede; frustrate) (记) hind(后面)+er→落在后面→阻碍 (例) Bad weather hindered travel.

617

unimpressive

(考) 反义词:redoubtable(可怕的) (记) un(不)+impressive(给人印象深刻的)

618

massless

(记) mass(体积)+less

619

hypocrite

(英) n. 伪善者伪君子(person who pretends to have opinions) (记) hypo(下面次等)+crite(批评者) →在背后批评的人→伪君子

620

excavate

(英) v. 挖掘(to make a hole or cavity in);挖出(to uncover or expose) (考) 反义词:fill in(填充) (记) ex+cav(洞)+ate→挖出洞→挖掘 (同) 同根词:cavity(洞,腔) (例) excavate the ancient city of Troy

621

save

(考) wait : lurk \ save : hoard(潜伏是偷偷等待\隐藏是偷偷储藏)

622

sapling

(英) n. 树苗,年轻人(a young tree; a young) (记) sap(树液)+ling(小)→小树 (例) After the forest firesaplings grew from the ashes.

623

tangible

(英) adj.可触摸的 (touchablepalpable)

624

precis

(英) adj. 陡峭的(very steepperpendicular);仓促的(precipitate) (考) 反义词:gradually sloping(渐渐平缓); level(变平) (记) pre(提前)+cipit(落下)+ous→仓促的 (例) The skier viewed the precipitous slope as a challenge.

625

pincers

(记) 由pinch(捏,掐)变化而来

626

sensational

(英) adj. 耸人听闻的,轰动的(exceedingly or unexpectedly excellent or great) (例) a sensational discovery(轰动的发现)

627

puny

(英) adj.弱小的,发育不良的(slight or inferior in power; weak) (考) measly : contemptibly \ puny : weakly(卑鄙的对应下贱的\弱小的对应虚弱的) (记) 可能是pony(小马)的变体 (例) puny little arms and legs

628

off-key

(英) adj. 走调的,不和谐的(out of tune ) (例) Some of his remarks were rather off-key. 反义词:at the proper pitch

629

mishap

(英) n. 不幸,坏运气(an unfortunate accident) (考) catastrophe : mishap \ humiliation : embarrassment(灾难是大不幸\羞辱是大难堪) (记) mis(坏)+hap(运气)→运气不好 (同) 同根词:happiness(幸福) (例) The fisherman drowned in a boating mishap.

630

volition

(英) n.自决,意志(the power of choosing or determining;will) (考) 反义词:inability to choose(不能选择) (记) vol(意志)+ition→有意志→自决 (同) 同根词: benevolent(好意的) \ malevolent(恶意的) (例) benevolent(好意的) malevolent(恶意的)

631

overreach

(英) v. 做事过头(to reach or stretch beyond) (记) over(过分)+reach(伸出); 参考: overreach one's authority(越权) (例) overreach one's authority(越权)

632

verge

(英) n.边缘(border; edgerimor margin)

633

curmudgeon

(英) n. 脾气暴躁之人(a surlyill-manneredbad-tempered person) (考) 反义词:agreeable person(随和的人) (记) 无词根;分割记忆:cur(可看作词根:跑)+mud(泥)→跑到泥巴里去→发脾气→脾气暴躁的人

634

munificent

(英) adj. 慷慨的,大方的(displaying great generosity) (考) miser : munificent \ zealot : blas(吝啬鬼不慷慨\狂热者不厌倦) (记) muni(公共)+ficent(做…的)→为公共做→慷慨的 (例) a munificent gift(厚礼)

635

complaisant

(英) adj. 顺从的,讨好的 (affably agreeable; obliging) (考) complaisance : intractable \ adeptness : maladroit(柔顺的不难处理\熟练的不笨拙)反义词: churlishness(粗野); obdurate(固执的); obstinacy(固执) (记) com+plais(可能等于please)+ant→please others→讨好的 (同) 派生词: complaisance (n. 迁就,奉承)

636

demoralize

(英) v. 使士气低落(weaken the self-confidence) (记) de(去掉)+moral(士气)+ize→去掉士气

637

principled

(英) 有原则的(based upon principles)有道德原则的(having principles) (考) moralistic : principled \ pedantic : learned(道学气是过分讲究原则\迂腐是过分讲究学问) (记) 来自名词principle(原则)+d

638

idiocy

(英) n. 愚蠢(the state of being an idiot) (记) idiot(白痴)+cy→愚蠢

639

medieval

(英) adj. 中世纪的,中古的(of the Middle Ages) (记) medi(中间)+ev(时间)+al→在中间时间→中世纪的 (例) We studied the Crusades in my medieval-history class.

640

quibble

(英) n.遁词(shift from the point);吹毛求疵的反对意见(a minor objection or criticism) (考) minutiae : details \ foible : flaw(fault) \ quibbles : objections(程度: 细枝末节和细节\小缺点和缺点\轻微的反对和反对)encomiast : eulogize \ nitpicker : criticize \ preacher : sermon \ quibbler :cavil(赞美者赞美\挑剔者批评\传教士传道\吹毛求疵者找错) (记) quip(妙语,借口)的变体 (例) There were quibbles over some of the details.(对于某些细节问题有小小的批评意见)

641

avenge

(英) v.为…复仇,为…报仇(to get revenge for) (记) a+venge(报复) (同) 同根词:vengeance(复仇); revenge(复仇) (例) They avenged his death by burning the village.

642

baron

(英) n.贵族(lord; nobleman)大亨,巨头( magnate) (记) baro(压)+n→压迫别人的人→大老板

643

mollusk

(记) moll(软)+usk→软的身体→软体动物 (例) Snailsslugs and octopuses are mollusks.

644

induct

(英) v. 使就职(install);使入伍(to enroll in the armed forces) (记) in(进去)+duct(引导)→引进→入伍 (例) I was inducted into the navy.

645

invincible

(英) adj. 不可征服的(unconquerable) (考) invincible : subdued \ impervious : damaged(无法征服的不能被征服\无法损坏的不能被损坏) (记) in(不)+vinc(战胜)+ible→不可战胜的 (同) 同根词:convince(说服)

646

anagram

(英) n. 变形词(word made by rearranging the letters of another word ) (记) ana(错误分开)+gram(写图) →[容易]写错的→变形了的; 例如: silver写成 sliver

647

insanity

(英) n. 疯狂(derangement);愚昧(great folly; extreme senselessness)

648

tolerance

(英) n. 容忍,忍受(allowing people to behave in a way that may not please onewithout becoming annoyed) (考) bigot : tolerance \ liar : honesty(固执己见者无宽容\说谎者无诚实)inured : tolerance \ addicted : dependency(对恶习惯是过分宽容\对毒上瘾是过分依赖)

649

jade

(英) n. 疲惫的老马,玉,翡翠(hack; gem; emerald)

650

furrow

(英) n. 犁沟;皱纹(deep wrinkle on the face) (记) 和burrow(洞穴)一起记

651

impotent

(英) adj. 无能的; 阳痿的(unable to engage in sexual intercourse) (记) im(无)+potent(有力的)→无能的

652

wan

(英) adj.虚弱的(feeble);病态的(sickly pallid) (例) a wan complexion(病容)

653

spank

(英) v.打,拍打(在屁股上) (to strike on the buttocks with the open hands) (例) She took down the child's pants and spanked his bottom.

654

vesture

(英) n.衣服 (a covering garment) (记) vest(衣服)+ure; 比较:vestiture(服装) (例) a vesture of cloud(一层云)

655

inert

(英) adj. 惰性的(having few or no active properties);行动迟钝的(dull; slow) (考) 反义词:reactant(反应物); active(积极的); dynamic(动力的) (记) in(不)+ert(动)→不动的→惰性的 (例) the inert gas \ to lie inert in the bed

656

peninsula

(英) 半岛(a piece of land almost completely surrounded by water but joined to a larger mass of land) (记) pen(接近)+insula(岛) →象岛→半岛

657

disperse

(英) v. 消散驱散(cause sb\sth to go in different directions) (考) disperse : reconvene \ dismiss : reinstate(解散后重新召集\解职后复职)反义词:focus(聚集); aggregate(聚集) (例) The crowd dispersed in all directions.

658

purgative

(英) n.泻药(a purging medicine; cathartic)

659

intermingle

(英) v. 混合,掺杂(to mix together) (记) inter+mingle(混合)→混合进去

660

elephantine

(英) adj. 笨拙的庞大的(having enormous size; massiveclumsy) (考) 反义词:microscopic(微小的) (记) 由elephant(大象)而来

661

discount

(英) n. 折扣(amount of money taken off the cost) (考) 反义词:surcharge(附加费) (例) We give 10% discount for cash.

662

germ

(英) 胚芽芽孢(portion of a living organism capable of becoming a new organism)微生物细菌(micro-organismesp one capable of causing disease) (记) germ本身就是词根:种子引申为'细菌'

663

grisly

(英) adj. 恐怖的,可怕的(inspiring horror or great fear) (考) droll : laugh \ grisly : flinch(滑稽的使人发笑\恐怖的使人畏缩) (例) a grisly story about people who ate human flesh

664

unbecoming

(记) un(不)+becoming(合适的) (例) an unbecoming speech (有体面的话)

665

gasification

(英) n. 气化 (conversion into gas especially) (考) 反义词:solidification(凝固)

666

executive

(英) n. 经理(a person who manages a corporation);

667

recombine

(记) re(重新)+combine(组合) (同) 派生词: recombinant (n. 重组体)

668

lowbred

(英) adj. 粗野的,鲁莽的(ill-mannered; vulgar; crude) (记) low(低下)+bred(=breed养育)→教养低下→粗野的; (同) 参考:purebred(纯种的)

669

stingy

(英) adj. 吝啬的,小气的(not generous or liberal) (考) miser : stingy \ loner : solitary(吝啬鬼吝啬\孤独者孤独) (记) sting(刺)+y; (同) 参考:stint(节省,吝惜) (例) be stingy with one's money(吝惜钱财)

670

seal

(英) 印章图章(the official mark of a governmentcompanyetc.often made by pressing into red waxwhich is fixed to certain formal and official writings)封条(a small piece of paperwaxor wire fasten across an opening)盖章于(fix a seal onto)v. 密封(考) glue : seal \ manure : fertilize(胶水用来密封\肥料用来施肥)lubricate : abrasion \ seal : leakage(润滑防止磨损\密封防止泄露)absord : sponge \ seal : caulk(海绵用来吸收\填漏物用来密封)

671

breakthrough

(英) n.突破敌人防线; 重大的发现(important discovery)

672

commodious

(英) adj. 宽敞的 (offering plenty of room; spacious; roomy) (考) 反义词:cramped \ (constricted)(狭窄的)taut : commodious \ extraordinary : purlieu(紧张的不宽敞\异常的不普通) (记) com+mod=code(方式,范围)+ious→大的范围→宽敞的; (同) 近形词:commodity(商品); v. accommodation(适应膳食)

673

offbeat

(英) adj. 不规则的不平常的(unconventional) (考) 反义词:conventional(惯例的)

674

complicity

(英) n. 合谋串通(participation; involvement in a crime) (记) com+plic(重叠)+ity→共同重叠→同谋关系

675

fragility

(英) n. 脆弱纤弱(quality of being fragile) (记) fragile(adj.易碎的;frag[打碎]+ile[能...的] →能碎的)+ity

676

rider

(英) n.附文附件(amendment to a legislative bill) (考) rider : bill \ endorsement : policy(法案的附件\保单的背书)

677

continent

(英) adj. 自制的(self-restrained; temperate) (记) con+tin(拿住)+ent→拿住自己→克制的; (同) 派生词: continence (n. 节制,克制力)

678

corridor

(英) n. 过道走廊(long narrow passage)

679

bust

(英) 半身(雕)像(a piece of sculpture representing the headshouldersand upper chest of a human body)

680

shunt

(英) v.使(火车)转到另一轨道,转移方向(to switch a train from one track to another) (考) divert : shunt \ retard : brake(转轨为了转向\刹车为了减速) (例) Shunt the car into a sidling.(把这节车厢转到岔线)

681

intermission

(英) n. 暂停,间歇(an interval of time) (记) inter+mission(发送)→在发送之间→间歇

682

ensue

(英) v. 继而发生(happen afterwards ) (考) 反义词: anterior(前面的)-ensuing(随后的) (记) en(进入)+sue(跟丛) →进入跟丛→接着发生 (同) 派生词: ensuing(adj. 随后的)

683

ethos

(英) n. (个人,团体或民族)道德风貌,思潮信仰(the characteristic and distinguishing attitudeshabitsbeliefs of an individual or of a group) (记) eth=ethn(种族)+os→种族气氛→道德风貌

684

mismanagement

(记) mis(错误)+management(管理)

685

rapport

(英) n.和睦,意见一致(relation marked by harmonyconformity or affinity) (记) 来自re(再次)+ap(一起)+port(带)的缩略→再次带到一起→和睦 (例) The candidate had an amazing rapport with all kinds of people.

686

unchecked

(英) adj. 地图上没标明的 (not recorded or plotted on a map) (记) un(不)+charted(在图上标明的)

687

trivia

(英) n.琐事,无价值之物(trivial facts or details) (记) tri(三)+via(路) →三条路→同时做三件小事

688

exponent

(英) n.说明者,支持者(a person who expounds and promotes) (考) exponent : advocate \ pollster : canvass(支持者支持\民意测验者检查) (记) ex+pon(放)+ent→把(道理等)放出来的人→说明者 (同) 同根词:apponent(拥护者); opponent(反对者) (例) an exponent of the opinions of Freud

689

bubble

(英) v.起泡(foam; effervesce);n.气泡,水泡(a tiny ball of air or gas in a liquid) (记) 比较babble(说急话)pebble(小卵石)puddle(小水坑) (同) 近形词: babble(说急话),pebble(小卵石),puddle(小水坑)

690

assorted

(英) adj. 混杂的( mixed) (记) as+sort(种类)+ed→把各种东西放到一起→混杂的

691

injection

(记) inject(v.注射; in[进]+ject[扔]→扔进去→注射)

692

studious

(英) adj.勤学的用功的(given to diligent study)

693

gestate

(英) v. 怀孕孕育(evolve as in prenatal growth)

694

versatile

(英) adj. 多才多艺的 (having many different kinds of skills);多用途的(having many different uses) (考) 反义词:unchangeable(不变的); having limited applications(用途有限的) (记) vers(转)+atile→玩得转→多才多艺的

695

landslide

(英) n. 山崩;压倒性胜利(overwhelming victory) (考) deluge : droplet \ landslide : peddle(大暴雨:小水滴\ 山崩:小卵石) (记) 组合词:land(地)+slide(滑行)→地向下滑→山崩

696

silt

(英) n.淤泥,淤沙(loose sedimentary material) (考) artery : plaque \ channel : silt(血小板阻碍动脉\淤泥阻碍河道) (例) The harbor is being choked up with silt.

697

plodding

(考) 反义词:meteoric(疾速的)

698

sledgehammer

(英) n.长柄大锤(a large heavy hammer that is wielded with both hands) (记) 分割记忆:sledge(雪橇)+hammer(锤子)

699

fearless

(英) adj. 无畏的(not afraid of sth) (考) fearless : daunt \ impassive : perturb(无畏的不会被恐吓\冷漠的不会被打扰) (例) a fearless mountaineer

700

acquainted

(英) adj. 对某事物熟悉的(familiar with sth);对某人认识的(knowing personally) (记) 来自acquaint(v.使了解告知ac[使]+quaint[知道] →使[人们]知道→告知)

701

cyclone

(英) n. 旋风,飓风 (a windstorm with violentwhirling movement; tornado or hurricane ) (考) rain(snow): precipitation \ hurricane : cyclone(降雨(降雪)是降水\飓风是旋风) (记) cycl(圆,转)+one→转的东西→旋风 (同) 同根词:cyclmate(糖精); cyclopedic(百科全书的,广泛的)

702

cellar

(记) 分割记忆:cell(细胞小屋)+ar,比较:cello(大提琴)

703

erode

(英) v. 腐蚀(wear away; disintegrate);侵蚀(to cause to deterioratedecayor vanish); (考) erode : diminish \ accrete : enlarge(侵蚀使减小\增加使扩大)topsoil : erode \ paint : peel(表层土容易被侵蚀\油漆容易被剥落)accrete : growth \ erode : destruction(共生使生长\侵蚀使破坏)反义词:deposition(沉积)-process of eroding(侵蚀过程); deposit(沉淀) (记) e+ro de(咬)→咬掉→腐蚀 (同) 同根词:rodent(咬的,啮齿动物) (例) Strong winds eroded the shoreline.

704

aplomb

(英) n. 沉着,镇静(self-possession; assurance) (记) 来自法语

705

legion

(英) n. 兵团(a large group of soldiers; army) (记) leg(=lect选择)+ion→选出的团队→军团,兵团

706

vaccination

(英) n.预防注射,种痘 (the act of inoculation) (考) overexposure : jaded \ vaccination : immune(过分曝光可使胶卷老化\接种疫苗可使免疫)

707

minute

(考) agenda : minutes \ itinerary : log(会议记录记录会议议程\旅行日志记录旅行行程)meeting : minutes \ sale : deed(会议记录记录会议\销售契约记录销售)

708

rejoice

(英) v. 喜欢,高兴(to feel joy or great delight) (考) 反义词:grouse(抱怨) (记) re(反复)+joice(=joy高兴) (例) to rejoice at good news

709

blighted

(英) adj. 枯萎的; 破旧的(withered) (考) 反义词:hale(强壮的)

710

stun

(英) v.使昏迷,使发愣(to make senseless or dizzy by a blow) (例) The natural beauty of the mountain stuns the visitors.

711

pasteurize

(英) v. 以高热杀菌,消毒(to heat in order to destroy bacteria) (记) 来自人名Pasteur(巴斯德,发明巴氏消毒法) (同) 派生词: pasteurization (n. 加热杀菌法,巴斯德杀菌法) (例) The dairy pasteurized the milk before putting it into bottles.

712

content

(英) adj. 知足的满意的(satisfied);n. 内容(what is contained);满意(state of being content) (考) disaffected : contentment \ dubious : commitment(conviction)(不满的难以满足\不确定的难以承诺)gripe : discontent \ praise : admiration(抱怨表示不满\称赞表示钦佩)反义词:disaffected(不满地); restiveness(不合作)-contentment(顺从) (记) con+tent(拉) →全部拉开→全身舒展→满意 (同) 派生词: contentment(顺从满足) (例) the quiet content of a well-fed child

713

evocative

(英) adj. 唤起的 激起的(tending to evoke) (例) The taste of these cakes is evocative of my childhood.

714

fulfillment

(英) v. 履行(perform sth to completion);满足符合(satisfy) (考) 反义词:default(不履行责任)-fulfil an obligation(履行义务) (例) fulfil a desireprayerhopeneeddream

715

rampant

(英) adj.蔓生的,猖獗的(marked by a menacing wildness or absence of restraint) (记) Disease was rampant(疾病蔓延) (例) Disease was rampant(疾病蔓延)

716

latitude

(英) n. 言行自由(freedom of opinionconductor action) (记) lati(阔)+tude→纬度; (同) 参考:latifoliate(阔叶的)

717

collide

(英) v. 碰撞 (crash);冲突 (to come into conflict; clash) (记) col+lide(受伤)→共同受伤→碰撞; (同) 近形词: collude(串通,勾结) (例) The two planes collided in the midair.

718

swindle

(英) v.诈骗(to obtain money or property by fraud or deceit) (考) implacadle : compromise \ honest : swindle(难以抚慰的不会让步\诚实的不会诈骗) (记) 分割记忆:s+wind+le,注意不要和dwindle(减少)相混

719

gourmet

(英) n. 美食家(a person is an excellent judge of fine foods and drinks; epicure) (考) bibliophile : books \ gourmet : food(epicure)\ calligrapher : handwriting(爱书者喜欢书籍\美食家喜欢食物\书法家喜欢书写)connoisseur : art \ gourmet : cuisine(鉴赏家会鉴赏艺术品\美食家会鉴赏烹饪) (记) 注意以上二词意义的不同:gourmand指贪吃的人,gourmet指品尝食品是否美味的人 (例) The gourmetfinding nothing that suited him on the menuleft the restaurant.

720

mutate

(考) 反义词:remain the same(保持不变); root(生根不变) (记) mut(变)+ate→变化

721

surfeit

(英) n.(食物)过量,过度 (an overabundant supply;excess) (考) 反义词:famish(使挨饿); starve(使挨饿); deprivation(缺乏); insufficient supply(不足的供应); deficiency(不足) (记) sur(过分)+feit(做)→做过了头→过量 (例) a surfeit of compliments(过度恭维)\feed oneself to surfeit(吃得过饱)

722

marital

(英) adj. 婚姻的(of marriage; connubial) (记) marit(=marriage婚姻)+al→婚姻的,夫妻的; (同) 参考:maritage(嫁妆) (例) The happy couple lived in marital bliss.

723

superfluity

(英) n. 多余的量(a larger amount than is needed) (考) pertinent : relevance \ redundant : superfluity(同义: 相关的→相关\多余的→多余)

724

nonentity

(英) n. 无重要之人或事(a person or thing of no importance) (考) dilettante : commitment \ nonentity : consequence(外行不专心\无足轻重的人不重要) (记) non+entity(存在)→不存在→无能之人 (例) The popular mayor viewed her opponents as nonentities.

725

pregnant

(英) adj. 怀孕的(gravid);充满的(fullteeming) (考) 反义词:inane(空洞的) (记) pregn(拿住)+ant→拿住孩子→怀孕 (同) 同根词:pregnable(可攻克的)

726

longing

(英) n. 渴望 (a strong feeling of wanting) (考) exult : satisfaction \ crave : longing(狂喜表达一种满足\渴望表达一种向往) (记) 来自动词long(渴望)+ing

727

muffler

(考) muffler : neck \ mitten : hand(围巾带在脖子上\手套带在手上)

728

empower

(英) v. 授权给某人采取行动(give lawful power or authority to sb to act) (记) em (进入)+power(权力) →进入权力的状态→拥有权力

729

vanilla

(英) n.香草,香子兰(any of a genus of tropical American climbing orchids)

730

available

(英) adj.可用的可得到的([of things] that can be used or obtained) (记) avail(效用)+able→能有用的 (同) 派生词: availability (n.利用的可能性; 可以利用的人或物) (例) This is the only available room.

731

impolitic

(英) adj. 不智的,失策的(unwise; injudicious) (记) im(不)+politic(有手腕的策略的)→不策略的; 比较:apolitical(不关心政治的)

732

mat

(英) n. 垫子( flat piece of material used as a floor covering);adj.表面无光泽的(not shiny)

733

sundry

(英) adj. 各式各样,各种的 (miscellaneousvarious) (记) 分割记忆:sun(太阳)+dry(干),太阳晒干各种东西 (例) a sundry revenue(杂项税收)

734

cleaver

(英) v. 劈开 (to divide with an ax);分裂 (to split; separate) (记) 分割记忆: c+leave(分开) (同) adj. cleavable (例) He cleaved the logs with his axe.

735

backslide

(英) v.故态复萌(revert to bad habits) (记) back(向后)+slide(滑动) →往后滑 (例) I managed to keep off cigarettes for two monthsbut recently I'm afraid I've begun to backslide.

736

bedlam

(记) 分拆联想:bed(床) + lam(想成“乱”) →没叠被子床上乱→混乱(反) serenity(n. 平静)

737

preen

(英) v. 整理羽毛([of a bird] to trim and dress with a bill);(人)打扮修饰(to dress or smooth [oneself] up;primp) (考) preen : self-satisfaction \ fume : anger(打扮表示自我满足\冒怒气表示愤怒)ingenuous : dissemble \ raffish : preen \ polite : snub(自然的[人]不会假装\艳俗的[人]不会打扮\礼貌的[人]不会怠慢)miser : hoard \ dandy : preen \ sycophant : fawn \ pundit : opinion(吝啬鬼喜欢 (记) 参考:plume(整理羽毛) (同) 参考:plume(整理羽毛) (例) The birds preen themselves for hours.

738

infamous

(英) adj. 恶名昭彰的( notorious);邪恶的(scandalous; outrageous) (考) 反义词:estimable(可尊敬的) (记) in(不好)+fam(名声)+ous→名声不好的; (同) 参考:fame(名声)

739

altitude

(英) n. 海拔高度(height above sea-level) (记) alt(高)+itude(表名词) →高度 (同) 同根词: exalt(赞扬升高); altimeter(高度计)

740

vogue

(英) n.时髦,时尚 (popular acceptation or favor) (例) a growing vogue for things made in Japan(日本货的日益风行)

741

flighty

(英) adj.(尤指女人)轻浮的朝三暮四的(capricious; impulsive)

742

cloudiness

(英) n.乌云密布(state of covering with clouds)

743

arroyo

(英) n.旱谷干涸的沟壑(gully);小溪( narrow channel)

744

suspicious

(英) adj. 怀疑的(suspecting guilt or wrongdoing) (考) suspicious : paranoid \ admiring : idolatrous(程度: 怀疑→过分猜疑\钦佩→盲目崇拜) (例) a suspicious action

745

contemptuous

(英) adj. 鄙视的表示轻蔑的(showing contempt) (考) discomfited : blush \ contemptuous : sneer(脸红表示狼狈的\讥笑表示轻视的) (记) contemptible和contemptuous都来自contempt; contemptible是指做的事令人轻视contemptuous是指人表示轻视的态度

746

primp

(英) v.(妇女)刻意打扮(to dress and groom oneself carefully) (考) primp : vain \ gloat : smug(刻意打扮是虚荣的表现\满意凝视是自鸣得意的表现) (记) prim(最早,最好)+p→向最好处打扮 (例) Anne primped for 30 minutes before going to the party.

747

flaccid

(英) adj. 松弛的(soft and limply flabby);软弱的(weak; feeble) (考) 反义词:firmness(坚定)-flaccidity(软弱) (记) flac(=flab松弛)+cid→松弛的 (同) 派生词: flaccidity(n.软弱) (例) a flaccid handshake. a flaccid balloon

748

liken

(英) v. 把...比作... ( compare to) (考) liken : similarity \ discriminate : difference(有相似性才可以相比\有差别才可以区分) (例) Life has often been likened to a journey.

749

breadth

(英) n. 宽度(distance from side to side)

750

protect

(英) v. 保护(to keep from harm or injury) (考) food : nourish \ antibodies : protect(食物用来滋养\抗体用来保护)

751

inchoate

(英) adj. 刚开始的(just begun; incipient);未发展的(not yet completed or fully developed) (考) immature : developed \ incipient(inchoate): realized(不成熟的还没有成熟\未成形还没有实现)反义词:completely formed(完全形成的); fully formed(完全形成的) (记) in(进入)+choate(开始)→刚开始的;分割记忆:inch(寸)+oat(燕麦)+e,燕麦刚长一寸→初期的,不成熟的

752

unorthodoxy

(记) un(不)+orthodoxy(正统)

753

apocalyptic

(英) adj. 预示世界末日的;启示的 (prophetic) (考) 反义词:inconsequential(不重要的) (记) 来自apocalypse(天启,启示): apo(离开,远)+calyps(盖上)+e→揭开→启示

754

moderator

(英) n. 调解人,仲裁人(a person or thing that moderates) (记) moderate(减轻)+or→减轻事物严重性的人→调解人 (例) The moderator introduced the members of the guest panel.

755

acorn

(英) n.橡实,橡子(an oak nut) (记) a+corn(谷物) →一个谷物→橡实

756

sinuous

(英) adj.蜿蜒的,迂回的(having many curves and twists winding) (考) 反义词:direct(直接的) (记) sinu(弯曲)+ous→弯曲的; (同) 同根词:insinuate(暗指)

757

ineffective

(英) adj. 不起作用的无效果的(not producing the required effects) (记) in(无)+effect(效果)+ive→做不出来的→不起作用的

758

explanatory

(英) 解释的说明的(givingserving or intended as an explanation) (例) explanatory notes at the back of a book

759

smattering

(英) n.略知(superficial knowledge);少数(a small scattered number) (考) 反义词:erudite(博学的) (例) know a smattering of Hebrew (懂一点希伯来语) \ a smattering of votes(寥寥几票)

760

tolerant

(英) adj. 容忍的,宽容的 (showing tolerance) (考) posturer : unaffected \ bigot : tolerant \ provincial : cosmopolitan \ servile :domination(做作者不自然\固执己见者不宽容\狭隘的人不开阔\奴性的人不统治) (例) I'm a tolerant man but your behavior is more than I can bear.

761

veterinary

(记) veterin(野兽的)+ary

762

ivory

(英) n. 象牙长牙(the tusks of elephantswalrusesetc)

763

exquisite

(英) adj.精致的(elaborately made);近完美的(consummate; delicate) (记) ex+quisit(要求,寻求)→按要求做出→精致的 (同) 同根词:requisite(必要的); inquisitive(好问的) (例) exquisite manners. exquisite beauty.

764

grouse

(英) v. 牢骚,诉苦(to complain; grumble) (考) 反义词:rejoice(喜悦) (记) grouse 作为'牢骚'一意是grouch 的变体

765

burnish

(英) v. 擦亮,磨光(to become shine by rubbing; polish) (考) numb : insensible \ burnish : lustrous(使麻木是使没有知觉的\磨光是使有光泽的) (记) 联想: burn(烧)+ish烧得发亮 (同) 近形词: tarnish(使…失去光泽); furnish(提供装修)

766

windfall

(英) n.风吹落的果实(fallen fruit);意外的好运( unexpected lucky event)

767

wallow

(英) v.\n.(猪等)在泥水中打滚 (to roll about in mud);沉溺于(to take unrestrained pleasure) (记) 分割记忆:wall(墙)+low(低下的) (例) wallow in the mire(在泥沼中打滚)

768

dossier

(英) n. 卷宗,档案(a collection of documents and reports ) (考) portfolio : securities \ dossier : reports(股票总称和股票\报告总称[档案]和报告)

769

ignoble

(英) adj. 卑鄙的(dishonorable; base; mean) (记) ig(不)+noble(高贵)→不高贵的→下流的 (例) an ignoble purpose

770

calumniate

(考) corroborate : evidence \ calumniate : falsehood(用证据证明\用谎言诽谤)反义词:vindicate(辩护); approbate(嘉许)

771

irreverence

(考) castigation : disapproval \ blasphemy : irreverence(谴责表示不赞成\亵渎表示不尊敬)反义词: awe(敬畏)

772

dalliance

(英) n. 戏弄,调情(dallying; flirtingtoying)

773

supplant

(英) v.排挤,取代 (to supersede by force or treachery) (考) supplant : replace \ snatch : take(排挤是强行取代\攫取是强行拿) (记) sup(下面)+plant(种植)→在下面种植→取代 (例) The pretty young wife finds herself having been supplanted by a briskunlovely woman.

774

vanguard

(英) n.前卫(the troops moving at the head of an army) (记) van(前部)+guard(卫士) (例) the vanguard of modern literature(现代文学的先驱者)

775

flexibility

(英) n. 韧性弹性(quality that can bend easily without breaking) (考) limber : flexibility \ spindly : frailty(柔软的有柔软性\脆弱的有脆弱性)adamant : flexibility \ refractory : control(坚硬的无灵活性\难控制的无控制)static : move \ pliable : inflexible(静态的不移动\柔软的不顽固)反义词:calcification(僵化) (记) flexible(adj.有韧性的;flex[弯曲]+ible[能...的])+ity

776

unsettle

(英) v. 使不安宁,搅乱( make less calmmore anxiousdissatisfied) (考) 反义词:ensconce(安置) (记) un(不)+settle(使平静)

777

pith

(英) n. 精髓,要点(the essential part; core) (考) 反义词:superficial element(表面的因素); insignificant part(不重要的部分) (例) an argument without pith

778

consanguinity

(英) n. 血亲,同族(blood relationship) (记) con+sanguin(血)+tiy→共同的血→血亲 (同) 同根词:exsanguine(无血的); sanguine(乐观自信的)

779

blooming

(英) adj. 有花的(having flowers);精力旺盛的(full of energy)

780

retrograde

(英) adj. 后退的(moving in a backward direction);v. 倒退(to go back; retreat) (记) retro(向后)+grade(步伐,走)→向后走→后退

781

smooth

(英) 光滑的(having an even surface without sharply raised or lowered placespointslumpsetc.)平稳的(even in movement without sudden changes or breaks)弄平使光滑(make smoother)消除排除(remove from a surface) (考) varnish : glossy \ sand : smooth(油漆出光泽\打磨出光滑)反义词:corrugated(起皱的); serrated(锯齿状的); spiny(多刺的)

782

vagabond

(记) vage(走,流浪)+bond (同) 同根词:vague(含糊的);vagrant(流浪者) (例) vagabond gypsies

783

inhibit

(英) v.抑制(to prohibitforbid) (考) 反义词: foment(激起); catalyze(催化) (记) in(不)+hibit(拿)→不许拿出→禁示 (同) 同根词:exhibit(展览); prohibit(阻止)

784

authoritarian

(英) n.极权主义者(person who believes in complete obedience to authority) (记) 来自authority(权威,权力),author(作家,有权的人)

785

tobacco

(考) nicotine : tobacco \ caffeine : coffee(烟草中含有尼古丁\咖啡中还有咖啡因)

786

trajectory

(英) n. (抛射物)弹道轨道(the curve that a body describes in space) (记) tra(横向)+ject(扔)+ory

787

slake

(英) v.解渴,消渴 (satisfyquench) (考) slake : thirst \ satiate : hunger(解渴使不再渴\饱足使不再饥饿)gratify : desire \ slake : thirsty(满足欲望\解除口渴) (记) 分割记忆:s+lake一湖水→解渴 (例) slake one's thirst

788

putrid

(英) adj.腐臭的(rotten) (例) The vultures descended toward the putrid flesh.

789

impediment

(英) n. 妨碍,阻碍物(obstacle)

790

cytology

(英) n. 细胞学(the branch of biology dealing with the structurefunctionpathologyand life history of cells) (记) cyt(细胞)+ology(学科); (同) 参考:cytogenous(细胞生成的)

791

orthopedics

(记) ortho(正)+ped(儿童)+ics→原指对畸形儿童的整形

792

coalesce

(英) v. 联合,合并(to unite or merge into a single body; mix) (考) 反义词:disaggregate(分散); bifurcate(分叉); fragment(分裂) (记) co+al=ally(联盟)+esce→一起联盟→联合 (例) The three old parties coalesced to form a new one.

793

defy

(英) v. 违抗藐视(refuse to respect sb. as an authority) (考) 反义词:acquiesce(默许同意) (例) They defied their parents and got married.

794

unconvincing

(英) adj. 不易令人信服的,没有说服力的 (not easy to believe or accept) (记) un(不)+convincing(令人信服的)

795

apiary

(记) api(蜂)+ary(场所)→养蜂场 (同) 同根词:aviary(养鸟场)

796

adhere

(英) v.粘着(to stick fast; stay attached) (考) dingy : glisten \ slippery : adhere(无光泽的不会闪光\光滑的不会粘附)fanatic : admirer \ zealot : adherent(狂热者是过分仰慕者\狂热者是过分追随者)etch : corrosive \ glue : adhesive(烛刻需要腐蚀剂\粘贴需要粘和剂)tackiness : adhesive \ sharpness : scalpel(黏合剂的特点是粘\手术刀的特点是锋利)(记) ad+here(粘连)→粘在一起; (同) 派生词: adhesion(坚持忠于); adherent (n.拥护者,党徒)

797

semblance

(英) n. 外貌 (outward and specious appearance) (记) sembl(相像)+ance (同) 同根词:resemble(相似);dissemble(掩饰)

798

democracy

(英) n. 民主民主政治(system of government by the whole people of a country) (记) demo(人民人们)+cracy(统治) →民主政治

799

disbar

(英) v.取消律师资格 (to expel a lawyer from the bar; exclude) (考) attorney : disbar \ student : expel(逐出律师界不能再当律师\开除学籍不能再当学生) (记) dis+bar(律师界)→逐出律师界 (例) The judge threatened to disbar the troublesome attorney.

800

dangle

(英) v. 悬挂,吊胃口 (to hang loosely so as to swing back and forth) (记) 参考:tantalize(逗弄,惹弄) (例) keep someone dangling(吊某人胃口)

801

exempt

(英) adj. 被免除的(not subject to a ruleobligation);v. 使免除(free from a rule or obligation) (考) exempt : liability \ pardon : penalty(免除义务\赦免刑罚) (记) ex+empt(拿,买)→拿出去→免除 (同) 同根词:exemplar(榜样,empl=empt); preempt(以先买权取得,占先) (例) The doctor's note exempted Mary from gym class.

802

proponent

(英) n. 支持者,拥护者(advocate) (考) 反义词:detractor(贬低者) (记) pro(向前)+pon(放)+ent; (同) 参考:opponent(反对者) (例) The candidate's proponents applauded her speech.

803

waggish

(英) adj. 诙谐的,滑稽的 (humorous) (例) a waggish remark(俏皮话)

804

unequivocal

(英) adj. 不含糊的,明确的(completely clear) (考) 反义词:waffle(含糊其词)---speak unequivocally(清楚讲) (记) un(不)+equivocal(意义含糊的)

805

falsify

(英) v.窜改(to altera recordetc.fraudulently);说谎(to tell falsehoods; lie) (记) fals(假)+ify→弄假→窜改 (例) The commander decided to falsify the report to trick the enemy.

806

enthrall

(英) v. 迷惑迷住(to hold spellbound; charm) (记) en+thrall(奴隶)→成为奴隶→迷住; (同) 参考:thrall(奴隶) (例) The little boy was enthralled by the soldier's stories of battles.

807

curiosity

(英) n. 好奇心(inquisitiveness) (考) curiosity : know \ wanderlust : travel(好奇心的人想知道\旅游癖的人想旅行) (记) curi(关心)+osity(多的状态) →关心多→好奇心

808

fleeting

(英) adj.短暂的,飞逝的(passing swiftly; not lasting; transient) (考) 反义词:perennial(长期的) (记) 来自fleet(疾飞,掠过) (例) Youth is so fleeting.

809

tongs

(英) n.夹子,钳子(any of numerous grasping devices hinged like scissors)

810

quail

(英) v.畏惧,颤抖(to coil in dread or fear; cower) (考) 反义词:become resolute(坚决) (记) quail原意为'鹌鹑' (例) His heart quailed.(他心存恐惧)

811

warden

(英) n.看守人,管理员 (guardiankeeper) (记) 分割记忆:ward(病房,监视)+en (例) the warden of an old people's home(养老院的管理员)

812

implacable

(英) adj. 难以满足的,难平息的(that cannot be appeased or pacified) (考) implacable : appease \ indomitable : subdue(难平息的无法平息\难征服的无法征服)implacable : compromise \ honest : swindle(难抚慰的不会和解\诚实的不会诈骗)recalcitrant : authority \ implacable : conciliation(不顺从的不服权威\难抚慰的不听劝慰) (记) )im(不)+plac(平静)+able→不能平静的 (同) 同根词:placate(抚慰,平息)

813

quisling

(英) n.卖国贼,内奸(traitorcollaborator) (考) juggernaut : crush \ quisling : betray(摧毁性力量毁灭\卖国贼背叛) (记) 来自人名Quisling挪威政客,二战德国占领挪威期间任傀儡政府总理

814

pragmatic

(英) adj. 实际的,实用主义的(practical as opposed to idealistic) (记) pragm(实际)+atic→实际的; (同) 参考:practical(实际的,pract=prag) (例) The successful boss took a pragmatic approach to solving problems.

815

dispute

(考) prohibitive : purchase \ peremptory : debate(昂贵的无法购买\专横的无法争论)反义词:accept(接受,同意)

816

effrontery

(英) n. 厚颜无耻(unashamed boldness; impudence; temerity) (考) 反义词:decorum(得体); deference(顺从); timidity(胆怯) (记) ef+front(脸面)+ery →不要脸面→厚颜无耻

817

correlate

(英) n. 相关的事物 (either o f two interrelated things) (记) cor+rela te(相关) →共同相关→相关的事物 (例) Smoking and diseases of the lungs are thought to be correlates.

818

crochet

(记) 请和rocket(火箭)一起记

819

depict

(英) v. 描绘描画(show sb\sth as a picture ) (记) de(加强)+pict(描画)→加强描画→描绘

820

incuriosity

(英) n. 不好奇无兴趣(lack of interests) (记) in(不)+curi(关心)+osity(多的状态)→不多关心→不好奇

821

sediment

(英) n. 沉淀物,渣(the matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid) (记) sedi(坐)+ment→坐下去的东西→沉淀物

822

screech

(英) v. 发出尖叫声( make an unpleasant high sharp sound) (例) the screech of tyres

823

bulletin

(英) n. 布告公告(short official statement of news) (例) a news bulletin

824

blunt

(英) adj. 钝的(without a sharp edge );直率的(frank and straightforward) (考) slacken : tension \ blunt : sharpness(放松不再紧张\弄钝不再锋利)反义词:hone(磨锋利); whet(磨快) (例) a blunt refusal

825

comatose

(例) Eventuallythe comatose patient revived.

826

debut

(英) n. 初次登台,初次露面 (a first appearance before the publicas of an actor) (考) 反义词:farewell performance(告别演出)

827

calibrate

(英) v. 量…口径(to determine the calibre of) (考) measure : dimensions \ calibrate : diameter \ plumb : depth(测量大小\测量直径\测量深度)反义词:unstandardized(未校准的) (记) calib原指鞋匠的楦子楦子使鞋子标准

828

ignite

(英) v. 发光(make glow with heat);点燃燃烧(to set fire to) (考) combustible : ignite \ malleable : shape(易燃的容易点燃\可锻的容易造形)反义词:extiguish(熄灭); douse(熄灭) (例) ignite a stove fire with scraps of paper

829

stripped

(英) n.年轻男子(youth) (记) strip(脱衣)+ling(小)→脱衣干活的小伙子

830

narcissism

(英) n. 自恋,自爱(inordinate fascination with oneself) (考) narcissism : love \ guilt : blame(自恋是爱自己\内疚是谴责自己)hedonistic : pleasure \ narcissistic : self(享乐主义的人喜欢快乐\自恋的人喜欢自我)narcissist : self-absorbed \ sycophant : obsequious(自恋者自我陶醉\奉承者谄媚奉承) (记) 来自Narcissus希腊神话中的美少年,因爱恋自己水中的影子而淹死,化为水仙花(narcissus) (同) 派生词:narcissistic(自恋的); narcissist(自恋者)

831

disputable

(英) adj. 有争议的(that may be argued about) (记) dispute(争论)+able

832

nephritis

(记) nephr(肾)+itis(炎症)→肾炎; (同) 参考:nephrolith(肾结石)

833

speculate

(英) v.沉思,思索(to mediate on or ponder);投机(to buy or sell in expectation of profiting from market fluctuations) (考) 反义词:conjecture(推测思考)-restrain from the speculation(不思考) (记) spec(看)+ulate(做得多)→看得多→引起沉思 (同) 派生词: speculation (n.思索,推测;投机)

834

settle

(英) v. 安置于(place); 决定(decide on); 栖息( come to rest) (考) 反义词:roil(搅浑,扰乱,激怒)

835

flaggy

(考) 反义词: thriving(兴旺的); vibrant(活跃的)

836

vehemence

(考) rail : vehemence \ entreat : urgency(抨击的特点是猛烈\恳求的特点是急切)

837

ratiocination

(英) n.推理(the process of exact thinking);推论(a reasoned train of thought) (考) ratiocination : thinking \ articulation : talking(清晰思考是ratiocination\清晰说话是articulation) (记) ratil(理由)+cination→推理

838

halo

(英) n. 幻觉幻视(illusion of seeing or hearing) (例) suffer from hallucination

839

invoice

(英) v.开发票(to present an invoice) (记) 分割记忆:in+voice (例) John mailed his invoice directly to the accounting department.

840

maladroit

(英) n. 笨拙的(awkward; clumsybungling) (考) maladroit : skill \ glib : profundity(笨拙的[人]没有技巧\巧舌的[人]没有深度) (记) mal(坏)+adroit(灵巧的)→不灵巧的 (例) The mayor's maladroit handling of the press conference affected his pubic image.

841

pylon

(英) n.高压电线架,桥塔(any of various towerlike structures) (考) strut : wing \ guy : pylon(支杆支撑机翼\支索支撑高压电线架)

842

concussion

(英) n. 脑震荡;强烈震动(a violent shaking) (记) con+cuss(震动)→ion→震荡 (同) 同根词:percussion(撞击,震动); discussion(讨论) (例) a concussion caused by the explosion

843

revulsion

(英) n.厌恶憎恶(sudden strong feeling of disgust);剧烈反应( sudden negative reaction)

844

egocentric

(英) adj. 利己的( self-centered) (考) 反义词:altruism(利他主义) (记) ego(我)+centr(中心)+ic→自我中心的; 参考: egoism(自我主义私心)

845

armory

(英) n. 军械库(place where arms and armor are kept) (考) larder(pantry): food \ armory : munitions(weapons)(食品储藏室储藏食品\军火库储藏军火武器) (记) 来自arm(武器)

846

invective

(英) n. 猛烈抨击,痛骂(a violent verbal attack; vituperation; diatribe) (考) polemic : disputatious \ invective : abusive(辩论是争论性的\漫骂是辱骂性的)exhortation : motivate \ invective : discredit(劝告为了激发\漫骂为了羞辱)反义词:laudatory speech(赞扬的演说); laudatory words(赞扬之词) (记) in(进入)+vect(猛烈)+ive→猛烈抨击

847

satirize

(英) v. 讽刺( use satire against) (考) panegyric : eulogize \ lampoon : satirize(颂词用来赞扬\讽刺文章用来讽刺)

848

rung

(英) n. 梯子横挡,梯级(cross-bars that form the steps of a ladder)

849

convex

(英) adj. 凸出的 (curving outward) (记) 参考:concave(凹入),比较:vex(使…苦恼)

850

specify

(英) v. 指定,详述 ( state exactly) (例) The regulations specify that you may use a dictionary in the examinaton.

851

moralistic

(英) adj. 道学气的(concerned with morals) (考) moralistic : principled \ pedantic : learned(道学气的是过分讲究原则\学究气的是过分讲究学问) (记) moral(道德的)+ist

852

uniformity

(考) 反义词: variation(差异); diversity(多种多样) (记) uniform(一致的)+ity

853

fealty

(英) n.效忠(duty and loyalty; allegiance) (记) fidelity(忠贞,忠诚)的变体,fid(相信)+elity (例) He swore fealty to the king for his land.

854

abdomen

(英) 腹(the part of body cavity from thorax to the pelvic girdlecontaining the digestive organsetc.);下腹(胸部到腿部的部位)(the area of this part); (同) 派生词: abdominal(腹部的)

855

repossess

(英) v. 取回,收复 (to regain possession of) (记) re(重新)+possess(拥有) (例) The car company repossessed the cars of people who can't make payment.

856

stem

(英) (植物的)茎叶柄 (a plant part [as a branchpetiole] that supports another [as a leaf or fruit]);v.阻止遏制(水流等) (to stop or check by damming; esp. stanch) (例) stem a stream with sand (用沙土堵住溪水)

857

alley

(英) n.小巷小径(a lane between buildings or in a garden) (同) 近形词: allay(减轻); alloy(合金)

858

communicate

(英) v. 传送信息沟通(make sth known) (考) tamper : adjust \ misrepresent : communicate(篡改妨碍校准\误传阻止沟通)censorship : communication \ preservative : decay(审查制度防止交流\防腐剂防止腐烂) (记) com+mun(公共)+ic+ate→大家共有 →交流 (同) 派生词: communication n. 传递传播(act of communicating)

859

challenger

(英) n. 挑战者(person who challengesesp in sport)

860

teeter

(英) v. 摇摆踌躇(to move unsteadily) (考) 反义词: stabilize(稳定)

861

staple

(英) n.主要产品(the chief commodity or production) (例) the staples of British industry(英国工业的主要产品)

862

impassive

(英) adj. 无动于衷的,冷漠的(stolid; phlegmatic) (考) fearless : daunt \ impassive : perturb(无畏的不会受恐吓\冷静的不会受干扰)impassive : perturb \ voracious : satisfy(冷漠的不易打扰\贪婪的不易满足)反义词:overwrought(过度紧张的); emotional(有感情的) (记) im(没有)+pass(感情)+ive没有感情的,注意不要和 impassioned(充满激情的)相混 (例) In shockMary spoke of the accident in an impassive voice.

863

pulley

(英) n.滑轮,滑车(a wheel used to transmit power by means of a bandbeltcordropeor chain passing over its rim[轮缘]) (记) pull(拉)+ey

864

chant

(英) v.歌唱或背诵(sing or recite) (记) chant可以看作'唱'(chang)的拼音

865

pedantry

(英) n. 迂腐(pedantic presentation of knowledge)

866

deflated

(英) adj. 灰心丧气的(feeling less important or less confident) (记) 由deflate(放气)而来,flat(气) (同) 派生词: deflation(n. 通货紧缩)同根词:inflate(充气);flatus(气息);flatulent(空虚的,浮夸的)

867

malleable

(英) adj. 可塑的;易改变的(capable of being changed; adaptable; pliable) (考) ductility : malleable \ toxicity : poisonous(有延展性的[东西]是可塑的\有毒性的[东西]是有毒的)malleable : shape \ malleable : alter \ friable : crumble \ combustible :ignite(可塑的可以成形\可变的可以改变\易碎的可以破碎\易燃的可以点燃)malleable : shape \irresolute : opinion{ENT (记) malle(=mallet锤子)+able→可锤打的,可变的 (同) 同根词:malleate(锻,锤薄),mallet(木锤) (例) Tom is very malleableand I can get him to do anything I want.

868

cathedral

(英) n. 总教堂(main church of a district under the care of a bishop) (例) a cathedral city

869

cadge

(英) v. 乞讨;占便宜(get sth from sb by asking) (考) 反义词:earn(挣钱) (同) 近形词: badge(徽章); budge(移动退让) (例) Could I cadge a lift with you

870

incumbent

(英) n. 在职者,现任者(the holder of an office or benefice); adj.义不容辞的 (记) in+cumb(躺)+ent→躺在(职位)上的人 (同) 同根词:encumber(妨碍); recumbent(斜躺的)

871

initiative

(英) n. 主动;首创精神(enterprise) (记) 来自initial(开始的,最初的) (例) His initiatives won him a lot of accolades.

872

honorarium

(考) amenity : comfortable \ honorarium : grateful(宜人表示舒服\酬金表示感谢) (记) honor(荣誉)+arium(东西,地方)→表示荣誉的东西→谢礼

873

obsession

(英) n. 入迷(excessive preoccupation);固执的念头(persistent ideadesireemotion) (记) 来自obsess(迷住),ob+sess(=sit坐)→坐着不走→迷住 (例) be obsessed by money \ He had an obsession for home.

874

corrosion

(英) n. 腐蚀(corroding or being corroded) (考) rust : corrosion \ dew : condensation(腐蚀产生锈\冷凝产生露)etch : corrosive \ glue : adhesive(腐蚀剂用来蚀刻\粘合剂用来粘合) (记) cor+ros(咬)+ion (同) 派生词: corrosive(adj. 腐蚀性的)

875

vernal

(英) adj.春季的,春季似的(fresh or new like the spring) (例) The vernal radiance of her smile captivated us all(她春意昂然的微笑迷醉了我们).

876

pedestrian

(英) adj. 徒步的;缺乏想象的(commonplaceunimaginative); (考) 反义词:uncommon(不平凡); imaginative(有想象力的) (记) ped(脚)+estrian→用脚走的→徒步的 (例) This novel has a rather pedestrian plotinvolving lovemarriageand life in a small village.

877

loosen

(英) v. 变松,松开 ( become less firmedfixed) (考) 反义词:tauten(拉紧) (记) loose(松的)+en

878

obtuse

(英) adj. 愚笨的(dull or insensitive);不锐利的(blunt) (考) rectitude : transgress \ calmness : restive \ keenness : obtuse(正直不犯罪\安静不烦躁\敏锐不愚笨) (例) I am really obtuse on this.

879

contrived

(英) adj. 不自然的,人造的 (not spontaneous or natural) (例) The tardy student's excuse seemed very contrived.

880

lax

(英) adj. 懒散的(slack);松弛的(remiss) (考) 反义词:stringent(严厉的) (例) I encouraged the lax parents to discipline their children more.

881

toleration

(英) 容忍宽容(tolerance of religious beliefs that are different from those recognized by the state) (考) countenance : toleration \ demur : objection(认可表示容忍\反对表示异议) (记) 来自动词tolerate(容忍)

882

condone

(英) v. 宽恕原谅(treat an offence as if it were not serious ) (考) 反义词:denounce(谴责) (记) con(共同)+done(给予) →给出大度→原谅 (同) 同根词: donate(捐赠); pardon(原谅)

883

devotion

(英) n. 献身 (giving up oneself or one's timeenergyetc. to some purposeactivityor person);热爱 (loyalty or deep affection);虔诚(religious worship) (记) de+vot(=vow宣誓)→宣誓效忠→献身; (同) 同根词:votary (信徒爱好者)

884

sybarite

(英) n.奢侈逸乐的人(lover of luxury) (考) 反义词:spartan(刚毅的人); ascetic(禁欲者)

885

spike

(英) n.长钉,大钉(a very large nail) (例) He hammered the spike in straight.(他将那枚大钉笔直地敲了进去)

886

satiate

(英) v. 使充分满足,使饱足( satisfy fully) (考) slake : thirst \ satiate : hunger(解渴\消饿) (例) be satiated with pleasure(厌腻于欢乐)

887

surreptitious

(英) adj.鬼鬼祟祟的(acting or doing something clandestinely) (考) 反义词:barefaced(公然的); aboveboard(光明正大的) (记) sur(在…下面)+rept(爬)+itious→在下面爬→偷偷爬(进来) (例) a surreptitious glance \ a surreptitious meeting

888

predestine

(英) v. 注定(to destinedetermine beforehand) (考) 反义词:leave to chance(随机发生) (记) pre(预先)+destine(命运注定) (同) 派生词:predestination (n. 宿命论,命定论) (例) He felt that he was predestined to lead his country to freedom.

889

drastic

(英) adj.猛烈的激烈的(strong; violent and severe) (例) Drastic measures will have to be taken to restore order(为恢复秩序而采取激烈措施).

890

treacherousness

(考) 反义词:faithfulness(忠诚) (记) 来自形容词treacherous(危险的,不忠实的)

891

jingoist

(考) 反义词: pacifist(和平主义者)

892

contribution

(英) n. 捐款捐助(action of contributing) (例) the contribution of money to charity

893

camaraderie

[记] comrade(同志) + rie反义词:enmity(n. 敌意)

894

polished

(英) adj. 精致的,完美的 (done with great skill and control);文雅的 (polite and graceful) (考) 反义词:rustic(乡村的); untutored (粗野的)

895

sanatorium

(英) n. 疗养院,休养所(sanitarium;a quiet resort) (记) sanat(治疗)+arium(地方)→疗养院 (同) 同根词:sanatory(有益健康的)

896

mimic

(英) v. 模仿,戏弄(to imitate or copy playfully or derisively) (例) The comedian mimicked the president's voice.

897

affliction

(英) n. 痛苦,折磨(pain; suffering; misfortune) (记) af+flict(打击)+ion→一再受到打击→痛苦 (同) 同根词: conflict(冲突); infliction(痛苦)

898

colony

(英) 殖民地(area conquered by people from anothers country and controlled by that country) (考) bacterium : colony \ citizen : nation(细菌组成菌落\公民组成国家) (例) a former British colony

899

master

(考) master : experience \ luminary:eminence(专家有经验\知名人士有知名度)

900

chameleon

(考) salmon : ichthyologist \ chameleon : herpetologist(鱼类学家研究鲑鱼\爬虫类学家研究变色龙) (记) chame看作shame+leon=lion,'害羞的狮子变色的龙'

901

watershed

(考) 反义词: ambiguity(含糊)

902

divagate

(英) v. 离题(to stray from the subject);飘泊(to wander about) (记) di+vag(走)+ate→走开→离题 (同) 同根词: vagabond(流浪的); vagary(奇想)

903

disengaged

(英) adj.空闲的 (having no engagements) (记) dis+engaged(忙碌的)→不忙碌

904

monograph

(英) n. 专题论文(a learned treatise on a particular subject) (记) mono(单个)+graph(写)→为一个主题而写→专题论文

905

exert

(英) v. 运用(力量等)(to apply with great energy or straining effort) (记) ex+ert(力量)→出力 (同) 同根词:inert(惰性的不活跃的) (例) She opened the door by exerting all her strength.

906

fortress

(英) n. 堡垒,防御工事(a fortified place; fort) (记) fort 作为词根意为'坚、强'; (同) 参考:forte(特长);fortify(增强)

907

repose

(英) v. 躺着休息,安睡(to lie at rest) (考) guilt : expiation \ fatigue : repose(犯罪应该赎罪\疲劳应该休息) (记) re(重新)+pose(放)→放下去→躺下去 (例) The cat is reposing on my knee.

908

accentuate

(英) v. 着重(to pronounce with an accent or stress);强调(to emphasize) (记) ac+cent=cant(唱,说)+uate→不断说→强调 (同) 同根词:accent(重音)cantata(清唱剧)

909

eviction

(英) (对房客或佃户的)驱逐(being evicted) (考) deportation : country \ eviction : dwelling(驱逐出国家\逐出住所) (记) evict(v.逐出;e[出]+vict[征服] →征服后把人赶出去)+ion

910

decamp

(英) v. (士兵)离营 (to break or leave camp);匆忙秘密地离开(to go away suddenly and secretly; run away) (例) The lodge(房客)has decamped without paying his bill.

911

assume

(英) v. 假定(accept sth as true before there is proof);承担担任(take on dutiesresponsibilities) (考) 反义词:abdicate(放弃); refuse(拒绝) (记) as(加强动作)+sume(拿取) →拿住→承担(责任) (同) 派生词: assumption (n. 假定设想; 承担)

912

occupation

(英) n. 工作,职业 (a jobemployment);占领 (occupying a place) (记) occupy(占领,使用)+ation

913

querulous

(英) adj.抱怨的,多牢骚的(habitually complaining; fretful) (考) querulous : complain \ prodigal : spend(多牢骚的人喜欢抱怨\挥霍的人喜欢花钱)querulous : words \ profligate : money(牢骚的说很多话\挥霍的花很多钱) (记) quer(=query疑问,质问)+ulous→老是疑问→抱怨的

914

lasting

(英) adj. 持久的,永久的 (continuing for a long time) (考) 反义词:evanescent(短暂易逝的) (记) last(持续)+ing

915

leisureliness

(考) 反义词:dispatch(迅速) (记) 来自形容词leisurely(空闲的)+ness

916

molding

(英) n. 装饰线条 (a decorative band of stone or wood);铸造物(an object produced from a mould) (考) ruffle : shirt \ molding : cabinet \ hem : garment(花边修饰衬衫\线条修饰柜子\摺边修饰衣服) (记) mold(铸造)+ing

917

frustrate

(英) v. 挫折,使沮丧(foil; baffle; defeat) (考) 反义词:abet(支持) (例) frustrate an opponent(战胜对手). frustration over political corruption(因政治腐败而产生失望)

918

pretext

(英) n. 借口(a purpose or motive assumed in order to cloak the real intention) (记) pre(预先)+text(课文)→预先的文章→借口 (例) John's claim of being sick was a pretext for skipping school.

919

soluble

(英) adj. 可溶的(that can be dissolved);可以解决的(that can be solved) (考) volatile : evaporate \ soluble : dissolve(易挥发的和挥发\易溶解的和溶解) (记) solu(松开)+ble

920

pang

(英) n.一阵剧痛(sudden sharp feeling of pain)

921

apophasis

(考) apophasis : claim \ oxymoron : paradox(表面否认法是用无证据的说法\矛盾修饰法是用似是而非的论点

922

putrefaction

(英) n.腐坏,腐败(decomposition; corruption) (考) homogenization : uniform \ putrefaction : rotten(一致化导致一致\腐败导致腐烂)

923

abjure

(英) 誓绝(to give up on oath; renounce);弃绝 ( recant) (考) 反义词: espouse(支持拥护); affirm(坚决肯定); embrace(拥护) (记) ab+jure(发誓)→发誓去掉→弃绝 (同) 同根词:perjury(伪誓,伪证), jury(陪审团)

924

temporal

(英) adj. 时间的(relating to time);世俗的(relating to earthly things) (记) tempor(时间)+al→世俗的 (例) human institutions and temporal events(人类习俗与世事)

925

inconsiderable

(英) adj. 微小的不值得考虑的(small in size or value) (记) in(不)+consider(考虑)+able(能...的) →不值得考虑的

926

inane

(英) adj. 无意义的(lacking sense; silly);空洞的(emptyvoid) (考) 反义词: meaningful(有意义的); pregnant(有意义的; 怀孕的) (同) 派生词: inanity (n. 无意义,无聊) (例) No theater would produce your inane play.

927

lampoon

(英) 讽刺文章(a piece of satirical writing);讽刺(to attack or ridicule by means of lampoon; caricature) (考) panegyric : eulogize \ lampoon : satirize(颂词表达赞扬\讽刺文章表达讽刺)limerick : poem \ lampoon : satire(五行打油诗是一种诗\讽刺文章是一种讽刺作品)反义词:paean(赞歌) (记) lamp(灯)+oon→用灯照别人→讽刺

928

justifiable

(英) adj. 有理由的,无可非议的(that can be justified or defended as correct) (记) just(公正)+ifiable(ify+able)→公正的,有理的

929

boundless

(英) adj. 无限的(without limits) (考) boundless : limit \ impeccable : flaw(无限的没有界限\无瑕疵的没有瑕疵) (例) boundless generosityenthusiasm

930

labored

(英) adj. 吃力的; (文体等)不自然的(not natural; strained) (考) 反义词:glib(口齿伶俐的)

931

invigorating

(英) adj. 使人健壮的(that invigorates) (考) 反义词:soporific(困倦的) (例) an invigorating climate

932

poncho

(英) n. 斗篷(a blanket worn as a sleeveless garment);雨衣(a waterproof garment) (例) a waterproof poncho(防水披风)

933

philanthropy

(英) n. 慈善,仁慈 (a feeling of kindness and love)

934

imperative

(英) adj. 急需的(absolutely necessary; urgent; compelling) (考) question : interrogative \ order : imperative(问题表示怀疑\命令表示强制) (记) imper(命令)+ative→命令的,紧急的 (同) 同根词:imperator(绝对统治者)

935

nostrum

(英) n. 秘方药(quack medicine);万灵丹(panacea) (记) nostr(家)+um→家里制的药→秘方药 (例) There is no simple nostrum for political and social evils.

936

overwrought

(英) adj. 紧张过度的(very nervous or excited) (记) over(过分)+wrought(兴奋的,精神的) (例) An angry and overwrought actor broke the reporter's camera.

937

earplug

(英) n. 耳塞(soft material put into the ears to keep out airwater or noise) (考) earplug : noise \ shield : impact(耳塞是为了避免噪音\盾牌是为了避免攻击) (记) ear(耳朵)+plug(插) →插入耳朵里的东西→耳塞

938

elemental

(英) adj. 强劲的失去控制的(powerfuluncontrolled);基本的(basic) (例) an elemental truth

939

retail

(英) v. 零售 (to sell to the ultimate consumers); (记) re(再次)+tail(剪,玩)→剪下来卖→零售; (同) 参考:tailor(裁缝)派生词: retailer (n. 零售商) (例) At John's storeeverything retails for less!

940

cabinet

(英) 储藏柜(piece of furniture with drawers of storing things) (考) ruffle : shirt \ molding : cabinet(装饰性花边用来装饰衬衣\装饰性板条用来装饰柜子) (例) a filing cabinet

941

fresco

(英) n. 壁画(paintings with watercolors on wet plaster) (考) freso : wall \ parquetry : floor(壁画画在墙上\镶木地板镶在地上) (记) 来自fresh(新鲜的)+cool(凉爽的),原指'凉爽的新鲜空气'→湿壁画

942

paranoid

(英) n. 偏执狂(a psychosis characterized by systemized delusions of persecution or grandeur);多疑症(irrational suspiciousness and distrustfulness of others) (考) enthusiasm : mania \ suspicion : paranoia(程度: 热情→狂热\怀疑→多疑) (记) para(旁边)+no(=noos精神)+ia→精神偏向的病→偏执狂

943

surrogate

(英) n.代替品(one that serves as a substitute);代理人(one appointed to act in place of another;deputy) (记) sur(下面)+rog(要求)+ate; (同) 参考:subrogate(代替,取代) (例) He saw in his unclein some sensea surrogate of his father.

944

detachment

(英) n.分离 (a detaching; separation);超然,公平(the state of being disinterestedimpartial or aloof)

945

drill

(英) n. 钻钻床(machine with a detachable pointed end for making holes) (考) die : shaping \ drill : boring(模具用来使成形\钻用来钻孔)bit : drill \ blade : razor(钻靠钻头来钻\剃刀靠刀锋来刮) (例) The well-drilled crew managed to rescue most of the passengers.

946

jibe

(英) v. 与…一致,符合(to be in harmonyagreementor accord) (考) 反义词:conflict(冲突) (记) jibe作为'嘲笑'一意大家较为熟悉,但'符合'一义在GRE更重要 (例) Our opinions jibe.(我们观点相符)

947

insight

(英) n. 洞察力(ability to see into the true nature) (考) 反义词:discernment(洞察力)-lack of insight(缺乏洞察力) (记) in(进入)+sight(眼光) →眼光看进去→洞察力

948

gaunt

(英) adj. 憔悴的,瘦削的(thin and bony; hollowed-eyed and haggard) (记) 和taunt(嘲弄)一起记,因为被taunt所以变gaunt. (例) The children orphaned during the war were sick and gaunt.

949

bravura

(英) 华丽而雄壮的表演(brilliant or ambitious performance) (考) bravura : performance \ resplendent : appearance(华美的表演\灿烂的外表)

950

discursive

(英) adj.散漫的,无层次的(wandering from one topic to another) (考) 反义词:keen on title(集中在主题上的); succinct(简洁的) (记) dis+curs(跑)+ive→到处乱跑→散漫的 (例) write in a discursive style

951

inviolable

(英) adj. 不可侵犯的(that cannot be violated);不可亵渎的(sacred) (考) pierce : impenetrable \ profane : inviolable(难以渗透的无法渗透\不可亵渎的无法亵渎)反义词:profane(亵渎的); impure(不纯的) (记) in(不)+viol(违反,冒犯)+able→不可冒犯的 (同) 同根词:violate(冒犯) (例) Despite the inexorable torturethe captured agent kept the inviolable secret about his comrades.

952

crooked

(英) adj. 弯曲的,扭曲的(not straight; bent; curved; askew) (例) She crooked her arm to make carrying the parcel easier. a crooked street

953

cordon

(英) n. 警戒线,哨兵线 (a line or circle of policesoldiersetc. guarding an area) (考) levee : river \ cordon : crowd(河堤防止河流流过\警戒线防止人流走过) (记) 来自cord(绳索),注意不要和cordial(衷心的)相混

954

sophism

(英) n. 诡辩(an argument apparently correct in form but actually invalid) (考) sophism : reasoning \ counterfeit : money(诡辩是假推理\伪钞是假钱) (记) soph(智慧)+ism; 参考: philosophy(哲学)

955

infidelity

(英) n. 不忠实,不贞(unfaithfulness or disloyalty to another)

956

painkiller

(英) n. 止痛药(a medicine that relieves pain) (记) 组合词:pain(痛)+killer(杀者)

957

prick

(英) n. 小刺( sth. pointed);刺痛(sharp feeling of remorseregretor sorrow);v. 刺伤(to prick something);戳穿(to pierce with a sharp point) (例) A bee pricks the skin with its sting.

958

apologist

(英) n. 辩解者(a person who speaks in defense of a doctrine or faith) (考) saboteur : disrupt \ apologist : defend(怠工者破坏\辩解者保护)反义词:critic(批评者); detractor(诋毁者)

959

runic

(考) martial : military \ runic : mysterious(同义: 军事的和军事的\神秘的和神秘的)

960

clog

(考) clog : drainage \ stalemate : negotiations(阻塞排水\使谈判僵局)

961

philately

(英) n. 集邮(stamp collecting) (记) phil(爱)+ately(邮票)

962

reprise

(英) n.(音乐剧中)乐曲的重复(musical repetition);重复(repeat performance)

963

astigmatic

(记) a+stigma(污点)+tic→看不见污点→散光的 (同) 派生词: astigmatism (n. 散光)同根词:stigmatize (玷污)

964

scald

(英) v. 烫,用沸水消毒(to burn with hot liquid or steam);n. 烫伤(an injury caused by scalding) (例) He scalded his tongue on the hot coffee.

965

pretension

(英) n. 自命不凡(an aspiration or intention that may not reach fulfillment) (例) I make no pretensions to skill as an artistbut I enjoy painting.

966

expedient

(英) adj. (指行动)有用的(of an action usefulhelpful of advisable) (例) actions that were expedien rather than principled

967

requisition

(英) n. 要求(a demand made with authority) (例) the requisition of a house as a military hospital

968

persuasive

(英) adj. 能劝说的,善于游说的(convincing) (记) 来自persuade(说服劝服)per(始终)+suade(敦促)→始终敦促→劝说 (同) 同根词:dissuasion(劝阻劝止) (例) The candidate's persuasive speech convinced me to vote for her.

969

convince

(英) 使某人确信(make SB feel certaincause SB to realize);说服(persuade) (考) lethargic : stimulate \ skeptical : convince(困乏的人需要刺激\怀疑的人需要说服)cogent : convince \ repugnant : repel(使人信服的使信服\讨厌的使厌恶)admonish : denounce \ persuade : convince(程度: 警告到谴责\劝说到让人信服) (记) con(全部)+vince(征服克服)→彻底征服对方→使(人)确信 convince[kEn'vIns]v. 使某人确信;说服 (英) v. 使某人确信(make sb. feel certain);说服(persuade) (记) con(全部)+vince(征服克服) →彻底征服对方→使(人)确信

970

trade

(考) impresario : entertainment \ broker : trade(演员经纪人经营娱乐\贸易经纪人经营贸易)jog : exercise \ barter : trade(慢跑是一种锻炼\易货贸易是一种贸易)agrarian : farming \ mercantile : trade(农业的做农业\商业的做商业)

971

envelop

(英) v. 包住某事物[某人](wrap sth\sb up) (例) a baby enveloped in a blandet

972

sizzler

(英) n.炎热天气,大热天(scorcher) (记) 象声词:sizzl(咝咝作声)+er→被太阳烤得咝咝响→大热天

973

irk

(英) v. 使苦恼的,厌烦(to annoydisgustirritate) (考) irk : enrage \ suggest : urge(程度: 使烦恼激怒\建议敦促)反义词:make someone pleased(使某人高兴) (例) His poor marks irked the teacher.

974

rostrum

(英) n. 讲台,讲坛(a raised place for a public speaker) (考) rostrum : orator \ bench : judge(演讲者在讲台上\法官在法官席上)

975

begrudge

(英) v.吝啬,勉强给(to give with ill-will or reluctance) (考) taciturn : chatter \ magnanimous : begrudge(沉默寡言不会喋喋不休\心胸宽广不会嫉妒) (记) (给)be+grudge(吝啬) (同) 参考:grudge(吝啬;怨恨)

976

misdemeanor

(英) n. 轻罪行为失误(a crime that is less serious than stealing or murder) (考) misdemeanor : crime \ lapse : error(轻罪比罪行轻微\失误比错误轻微 (例) They were fined for their misdemeanor.

977

ascend

(英) v. 上升(to go up; rise)攀登( mount; climb) (考) 反义词:go down(下降) (记) a+scend(爬)→爬上→攀登 (同) 同根词:descend(下降); transcendent(超越的) (例) ascend in the ranks of his company. ascend the mountains

978

discontented

(英) adj.不满足的(wanting something more or different) (记) dis+contented(满足的)

979

threadbare

(英) adj.磨破的(worn off; shabby),陈腐的(exhausted of interest or freshness) (考) threadbare(timeworn) : novelty \ labyrinthine : directness(磨破无新\曲折无直) (记) 组合词:thread(线)+bare(露出)→露出线头→磨破的 (例) a threadlbare argument

980

piazza

(英) n. 阳台(verandaporch);广场(an open square) (记) 来自意大利语,意为marketplace(市场)

981

creek

(英) n. 小湾,小溪(a small streamsomewhat larger than a brook) (考) creek : river \ peddle : rock \ hill : mountain(小河和河流\小卵石和石头\小山和山) (记) 比较:creep(爬行)creel(鱼篮) (同) 近形词: 比较:creep(爬行),creel(鱼篮)

982

depose

(英) n. 免职,废黜(to remove from office or a position of power) (记) de+pose(放)→放下去→免职 (同) 参考:position(职位); repose(休息,宁静) (例) The head of state was deposed by the army.

983

avaricious

(英) a.贪婪的,贪心的(full of avarice; greedy) (考) stoic : perturb \ avaricious : satisfy(镇定的无法被干扰\贪婪的无法被满足) (例) He is too avaricious to donate anything to the poor.

984

propitiate

(英) v. 讨好,抚慰(appeaseconciliate; pacify) (考) immutable : altered \ inalienable : surrendered \ implacable : propitiated(不可更改的无法改变\不可屈服的无法征服\不可安抚的无法劝解)