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Flashcards in Gross anatomy Deck (40):
0

Anatomical position

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1

Superior/cranial

Toward the head end or upper part of the body; above

2

Inferior/ caudal

Away fom the head end or toward the lower part Ida structure or the body; below

3

Anterior/ventral

Toward or at the from of the body; in front of

4

Posterior/dorsal

Toward or at the back of the body; behind

5

Medial

Toward or at the midline of the body

6

lateral

Away from the midline of the body; outer side of

7

Intermediate

Between a more medial and lateral structure

8

Proximal

Closer to attachment to trunk

9

Distal

Farther away from attachment to trunk

10

Superficial (external)

Toward the body surface

11

Deep

Interal, away from body surface

12

Sagittal plane

A verticals plane that divides the body into right and left parts

13

Median plane/midsagittal

Lies exactly on the midline

14

Parasagittal plane

All other Sagittal planes which do not sit on the midline

15

Frontal/ coronal plane

Vertical plane that separates body into anterior and posterior

16

Transverse plane

Horizontal plan running from left to right dividing body into superior and inferior

17

Cross section

A transverse section

18

Oblique section

Cuts mad diagonally between horizontal and vertical planes; rarely used

19

What is anatomy?

The study of the structure of the human body.

20

What is physiology?

The study of function of the body.

21

What is gross anatomy?

Macroscopic/ study of large body structues.

22

What is regional anatomy?

When all structures in a particular region of the body are studied at the same time.

23

What is systematic anatomy?

When body structure is studied region by region.

24

What is surface anatomy?

The study of internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin surface

25

What is microscopic anatomy?

Deals with structures of body that are too small to be seen with the naked eye.

26

What is cytology?

The study of cell. A branch of microscopic anatomy concerned with cells.

27

What is developmental anatomy?

The study of structural changes through out a lifespan.

28

What is embryology?

A subdivision of developmental anatomy, concerned with developmental changes that occur before birth.

29

What is pathological anatomy?

The study of structural changes caused by disease.

30

What is radio graphic anatomy?

Studies internal structures as visualized by an imaging machine.

31

Principle of complementary of structure and function

What a structure can do depends on it's specific form

32

List the functional characteristics necessary to maintain life.

1. Maintaining boundaries
2. Movement
3. Responsiveness
4. Digestion
5. Metabolism
6. Excretion
7. Reproduction
8. Growth

33

What does your body need to survive?

1. Nutrients
2. Oxygen
3. Water
4. Normal Body Temperature
5. Appropriate Atmospheric Pressure

34

Maintaining boundaries

A barrier or covering protecting an organism from its external environment. Boundaries protect the organisms internal organs from drying out, bacteria, heat sunlight and chemicals.

35

Movement

Organisms must propel themselves delve to one place to another, manipulate their environment. Substances in the body must move to one place to another. Muscles have to contract.

36

Negative feed back

Stops effectors from doing too much
Ex. Shivering

37

Positive feedback

Amplifies until homeostasis is reached

38

Negative feed back and positive feed back are both an important part of

Homeostasis

39

Homeostasis is regulated through

Feedback loops