Flashcards in Gross anatomy Deck (40):
Toward the head end or upper part of the body; above
Away fom the head end or toward the lower part Ida structure or the body; below
Toward or at the from of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Toward or at the midline of the body
Away from the midline of the body; outer side of
Between a more medial and lateral structure
Closer to attachment to trunk
Farther away from attachment to trunk
Toward the body surface
Interal, away from body surface
A verticals plane that divides the body into right and left parts
Lies exactly on the midline
All other Sagittal planes which do not sit on the midline
Frontal/ coronal plane
Vertical plane that separates body into anterior and posterior
Horizontal plan running from left to right dividing body into superior and inferior
A transverse section
Cuts mad diagonally between horizontal and vertical planes; rarely used
What is anatomy?
The study of the structure of the human body.
What is physiology?
The study of function of the body.
What is gross anatomy?
Macroscopic/ study of large body structues.
What is regional anatomy?
When all structures in a particular region of the body are studied at the same time.
What is systematic anatomy?
When body structure is studied region by region.
What is surface anatomy?
The study of internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin surface
What is microscopic anatomy?
Deals with structures of body that are too small to be seen with the naked eye.
What is cytology?
The study of cell. A branch of microscopic anatomy concerned with cells.
What is developmental anatomy?
The study of structural changes through out a lifespan.
What is embryology?
A subdivision of developmental anatomy, concerned with developmental changes that occur before birth.
What is pathological anatomy?
The study of structural changes caused by disease.
What is radio graphic anatomy?
Studies internal structures as visualized by an imaging machine.
Principle of complementary of structure and function
What a structure can do depends on it's specific form
List the functional characteristics necessary to maintain life.
1. Maintaining boundaries
What does your body need to survive?
4. Normal Body Temperature
5. Appropriate Atmospheric Pressure
A barrier or covering protecting an organism from its external environment. Boundaries protect the organisms internal organs from drying out, bacteria, heat sunlight and chemicals.
Organisms must propel themselves delve to one place to another, manipulate their environment. Substances in the body must move to one place to another. Muscles have to contract.
Negative feed back
Stops effectors from doing too much
Amplifies until homeostasis is reached
Negative feed back and positive feed back are both an important part of