Gynecology Flashcards Preview

Paramedic Class > Gynecology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gynecology Deck (23):
1

dyspareunia

painful or difficult sexual intercourse

2

dysmeorrhea

severe discomfort during menstrual periods; painful menstruation, typically involving abdominal cramps

3

menarche

the first occurrence of menstruation

4

menstrual cycle phases

1 - proliferative phase / 2 - secretory phase / 3 - ischemic phase / 4 - menstrual phase

5

proliferative phase

1st two weeks of menstrual cycle

6

secretory phase

menstrual cycle following ovulation

7

ischemic phase

if fertilization does not occur, vascular changes cause the endometrium to become pale and small blood vessels to rupture

8

menstrual phase (aka, menstruation)

ischemic endometrium is shed, along with a discharge of blood, mucus, and cellular debris; 50 cc of fluid loss is common

9

peristalsis

wavelike muscular contractions

10

endometrium

uterine lining

11

female sex hormones

estrogen and progesterone / estrogen and progesterone are controlled by the secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH)

12

3 layers of the uterus

endometrium (innermost layer) / metrium (middle layer) / perimetrium (outermost layer)

13

female internal genitalia

vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries

14

female external genitalia

collectively known as the vulva or pudendum / perineum, mons pubis, labia, clitoris, urethra

15

ectopic pregnancy

implantation of a fetus outside the uterus; most common site is within the fallopian tubes

16

endometriosis

condition in which endometrial tissue is found outside the uterus causing pelvic pain

17

cystitis

inflammation of the urinary bladder (aka, UTI); caused by infection and is usually accompanied by frequent, painful urination

18

menorrhagia

excessive menstrual flow

19

leiomyomas (uterine fibroids)

non-cancerous tumors that develop in the uterus

20

climacteric

Greek for "critical time of life" / The end of reproductive life.

21

colicky

fluctuating pain in the abdomen caused by intestinal gas of obstruction in the intestines (urinary cramping)

22

corpus luteum

small yellowish body of cells / a hormone, secreting structure that develops in an ovary after an ovum has been discharged but degenerates after a few days unless pregnancy has begun

23

mittelschmerz

ovulation pain or mid-cycle abdominal pain