Musculoskeletal Injuries Flashcards Preview

Paramedic Class > Musculoskeletal Injuries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Injuries Deck (12):
1

Sprains

Trauma to ligaments that causes pain and disability.

2

Fractures

A break of a bone.

3

Strains

Trauma to muscles and tendons from violent contraction or excessive or forcible stretch.

4

Dislocations

The displacement of any part of a bone from its normal position in a joint.

5

Injuries that result in partial tearing of a ligament are called?

Sprains. Sprains tear ligaments.

6

Ligaments

A band or sheet of strong fibrous connective tissue connecting the articular ends of bones, binding them together to limit motion.

7

Tendons

Fibrous connective tissue serving for the attachment of muscles to bones and other parts.

8

In a posterior dislocation of the hip, the leg will appear?

Shortened and rotated inward.

9

Ecchymosis over the mastoid bone is called...

battle's sign. This is a late, frequently post-mortem sign of head injury.

10

How many collisions occur in the kinematics of trauma?

Three. Vehicle against an object. Patient's body against the vehicle. Internal organs against the body.

11

What is flail chest?

Two or more ribs broken in two or more places and presents with paradoxical motion.

12

What is the management for an isolated flail chest?

Stabilize the flail chest segment with a pillow, or some other light but firm dressing that will not restrict the chest from expanding. You should also consider oxygenation via a bag-valve-mask.