Haldol Flashcards Preview

Preg Cat: C > Haldol > Flashcards

Flashcards in Haldol Deck (9):
1

Class

  • Tranquilizer
  • Antipsychotic

2

MOA

  • Inhibits CNS catecholamine receptors
  • Strong antidopaminergic & weak anticholinergic
  • Acts on CNS to depress subcortical areas, midbrain, and ascending reticular activating system in the brain

3

Indications

  • Acute psychotic episodes

4

Contraindications

  • Agitation secondary to shock or hypoxia
  • Hypersensitivity

5

Adverse reactions

  • Extrapyramidal S&S
  • Restlessness
  • Spasms
  • Parkinson-like symptoms
  • Drooling
  • Dystonia
  • Hypotension
  • Orthostatic hypotension
  • N/V
  • Blurred vision

6

Drug interactions

  • Enhanced CNS depression and hypotension in combination with alcohol
  • Antagonized amphetamines and epinephrine
  • Other CNS depressants may potentiate effects

7

Dosage

  • Adult:
    • 2-5 mg IM q 30-60 min until sedation achieved
  • Not for peds

8

Duration of action

  • Onset:  10 min
  • Peak:  30-45 min
  • Duration:  variable (genarally 12-24 hrs)

9

Special Considerations

  • Preg Cat: C
  • Treat hypotension secondary to Haldol with fluids and norepi, not epi
  • PT may also be taking Cogentin (benztropine mesylate) if on long-term therapy with Haldol