HAZMAT Competencies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in HAZMAT Competencies Deck (69):
1

10 step skill sheet to ID HM and WMD

1)ID appropriate PPE and approach the scene
2)Detect presence of HM by examining initial
dispatch info, preplans, occupancy, location,
container shape, markings, color, or
environmental indicators
3)Survey from a safe location(uphill/upwind)
4)ID sources for obtaining for obtaining names
of UN/North America ID # for types of placards
associated with HM in facilities and
transportation.
5)Request additional resources/recommend
approach routes
6)Locate guide # in ERG
7)Large vs Small spill (55Gal/660#)
8)ID initial isolation/protective action distances
9)ID primary/secondary hazards
10)ID emergency response actions for public
safety, protective clothing, evacuation,
fire, spill, or leak.

2

8 things to look and examining for when
detecting HM

1)initial dispatch info
2)preplans
3)occupancy
4)location
5)container shape
6)markings
7)color
8)environmental indicators

3

large spill =

>55 gallons for a liquid
>660 # for a solid

4

small spill =

<660 # for a solid

5

TIH hazards are noted by an _______ and are
located on what page #?

asterisk
303?

6

green pages =

initial isolation/protective action distances

7

yellow pages =

ID #

8

blue pages =

Name

9

orange pages =

guide pages

10

8 step skill sheet for Emergency Decon

1)ID appropriate PPE and safe approach
2)Initiate the ICS
3)Detect the presence of HM
4)Safely remove the victim from contaminated
area
5)Remove contaminated clothing
6)Wash victim with copious amounts of water
7)Move victim to clean area and assess for
injury or exposure
8)Communicate the victim's status and the
operation through the chain of command

11

7 step skill sheet for setting up for Technical
Decon

1)determine proper placement of decon
corridor based on wind conditions, slope,
and terrain.
2)set up a foundation(2 tarps/8 stanchions
5 cones/caution tape)
3)set up gross decon(1 pool/2 waffle boards/
1 mat/1 shower)
4)set up wash and rinse area(2nd pool/2
waffle boards/2 mats)
5)set up equipment for 1st tarp(brush, wand,
bucket, exit mat for 2nd pool)
6)set up equipment for 2nd tarp(2 chairs/
containment drum)
7)set up water supply(1.5" hose from manifold
to the shower and 1 line to the wand)

12

3 things used to guide your placement of the
tech decon corridor

wind conditions, slope, and terrain

13

tech decon foundation includes ______

2 tarps
8 stanchions
5 cones
caution tape

14

tech decon gross decon includes ______

1 pool
2 waffle boards
1 mat
1 shower

15

tech decon wash and rinse area includes

1 pool
2 waffle boards
2 mats

16

tech decon for 1st tarp includes _____

brush
wand
bucket
exit mat

17

tech decon for 2nd tarp includes _____

2 chairs
containment drum

18

tech decon for water supply includes _____

1.5" line
manifold
1 line to the wand

19

8 step skill sheet for use of the Canberra
UltraRadiac-Plus Personal Radiation Monitor

1)verbalize that batteries are not stored in unit
2)place batteries in unit and turn on
3)determine the background radiation
4)clear the accumulated dose
5)put unit in source finder mode
6)determine which example has a radiological
source and verbalize the rate
7)check your stay time
8)turn unit off, remove batteries

20

At what level are 1st responders trained to be able to implement the planned response to mitigate or control a release from a safe distance (initiate defensive actions to lessen the harmful incident) and keep it from spreading?

operations level

21

Pipeline markers in the US include _____

information describing the transported
commodity

22

Which section of the orange pages provides general information regarding immediate isolation of the incident site and recommended type of protective clothing and resp. protection?

public safety section

23

Which of the following statements regarding the
detection of reactives is MOST accurate?

there is no meter or device designed to detect
reactive materials

24

Which of the following involves documenting the incident and using this information to evaluate the response?

termination

25

Incident management systems enable emergency personnel to effectively manage _____

any emergency incident

26

vapor pressure can be viewed as the measure
of the tendency of a substance to _____

evaporate

27

which of the following is true of blood agents?

they interfere with the body's ability to use O2

28

Which of the following items is LEAST likely to affect rescue and recovery ops?

possibility of property damage by rescue ops

29

Which of the following is a responder's responsibility at rescue operations?

operate within the structure of the ICS

30

Which of the following statements regarding
pressure tank cars is MOST accurate?

their fittings are out of sight and inside protective
housings on the top of the tank

31

the General Hazardous Materials Behavior Model (GEBMO) explains that all HM incidents _____

have common elements

32

Which of the following may be used to order an evacuation?

sound audible warning devices

33

SOPs for response to illicit labs need to follow rules established by _____

OSHA 1910.120

34

During which response phase are life safety objectives met?

operational

35

Which spill control tactic is only used on water-soluble gases?

dissolution

36

Sterilization is an example of _____

chemical decontamination

37

In order to protect the environment, all released materials and runoff need to be confined until _____

their effect can be determined

38

Which of the following mechanical hazards is the result of an explosion, bomb, or IED?

striking hazards

39

Which blood agent dissolves readily in organic solvents?

cyanogen chloride

40

What common ingredient is found at explosives labs?

acetone

41

What is a limitation of oxidizer detectors?

responder must be in close proximity

42

Fluoroprotein foam maintains _____

low viscosity at low temps

43

Which of the following is minimum monitoring and detection equipment for illicit labs?

oxygen meter

44

Chemical Abstract Service Numbers are assigned to which of the following products?

polymers

45

What terms are used to define capacity by the US DOT?

bulk and non-bulk

46

Which of the following statements regarding pre-determined procedures is MOST accurate?

the principles are similar for every determined procedure

47

What type of breach occurs when a crack grows rapidly and breaks the container into 2 or more relatively large pieces?

runaway cracking

48

Which of the following is a function of the IC at a Hazmat incident?

establish a site safety plan

49

Which of the following circumstances calls for defensive operations?

responders have the training and equipment
necessary to confine the incident to the area
of origin

50

IEDs are typically categorized by their _____

container

51

In the event of a _____ , isolation and containment issues will primarily deal with managing infected victims.

covert attack

52

Which of the following statements regarding high temperature protective clothing is MOST accurate?

it is designed for short-term, high temp exposures

53

Which of the following is a duty of law enforcement at illicit labs?

rendering safe all explosive ordnance or booby traps

54

Which of the following gases that displace oxygen necessary for breathing?

simple asphyxiants

55

Protection of property and the environment is what type of control tactic?

defensive

56

Which of the following NRF groups is responsible for coordinating federal assistance and supporting incident management activities locally?

unified coordination group

57

Which of the following chemicals comprise the largest usage class in the industry?

corrosives

58

The Federal Hazardous Substances Act (FHSA) requires the signal word "warning" to indicate which degree of hazard?

moderate hazards such as significant health
effects

59

In which type of tech decon does the HM interact with the surface of a sorbent material?

adsorption

60

According to GEBMO, which of the following is a question that should be asked by first responders at hazmat incidents?

how long will the incident last?

61

Some of the more widely used specialized marking systems for HM used in North America include_____

all of the above
(NFPA 704/API/ISO)

62

Which of the following provide full body protection against fragmentation, overpressure, impact, and heat?

bomb disposal suits

63

What effect does fire control have on the damage, harm, and effect of fire at HM incidents?

minimizes all aspects

64

Which of the following statements regarding PAPRS is MOST accurate?

they offer a greater degree of safety than standard APRs

65

Which of the following is commonly used to chemically degrade a HM?

isopropyl alcohol

66

Which actions should be taken by all agencies that have jurisdictional responsibility at a multi-jurisdictional incident?

ensure integrated tactical operations

67

Initial isolation distances will always be at least _____.

100'/30m

68

Which IMS hazmat position supervises all companies and personnel operating in the hazardous area?

entry leader

69

Which type of tech decon reduces the # of microorganisms to a safe level?

sanitization