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Flashcards in IFSTA(5th)-Chapter 2 Deck (72):
0

National Fallen Firefighters Foundation

founded in 1992 by congress to lead a nationwide effort to honor fallen FFs. it has 16 FF life safety initiatives designed to prevent line-of-duty deaths.

1

Consensus standards

rules, principles, or measures that are established through members agreement. they are not law unless adopted by state or local governing bodies.

2

Risk Management Plan

written plan that IDs and analyzes hazards and includes selection, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of appropriate risk mgmt decisions to mitigate the incident.

3

HSO

health and safety officer

4

NFPA 1521

Std. for FD Safety Officer PQs

5

PASS

personal alert safety system. electronic lack of motion sensor that sounds a loud alarm. can be activated manually also.

6

SCBA

self-contained breathing apparatus

7

IDLH

immediately dangerous to life and health. refers to atmospheric conditions and presence or lack of breathable air.

8

90 dB

decibel level that when exceeded, hearing protection is required

9

SAR

supplied air respirator. breathable air source not carried by the user. this cannot be used for FF ops

10

NFPA 1561

Std on Emergency Services Incident Management Systems

11

PIA

post-incident analysis. overview and critique of the incident by members of all participating companies/agencies

12

IC accountability

IC is responsible for the accountability worksheet and must maintain it throughout the incident

13

NFPA 101

Life Safety Code

14

NFPA 1250

Recommended practice in Emergency Service Organization Risk Management

15

NFPA 1401

Recommended practice for Fire Service Training Reports and Records

16

NFPA 1403

Std on Live Fire Training Evolutions

17

NFPA 1404

Std on Fire Service Respiratory Protection Training

18

NFPA 1410

Std on Training for Initial Emergency Scene Operations

19

NFPA 1451

Std for Fire Service Vehicle Operations Training

20

NFPA 1581

Std on a FD Infection Control Program

21

NFPA 1582

Std on a FD Comprehensive Occupational Medical Program

22

NFPA 1583

Std on FD Health-Related Fitness Programs

23

NFPA 1584

Recommended Practice on Rehab of Members Operating on Incident Scenes and Training Exercises

24

NFPA 1851

Std on selection, care, and maintenance of protective ensembles for structural and proximity fire fighting

25

NFPA 1951

Std on protective ensembles for technical rescue incidents

26

NFPA 1971

Std on protective ensembles for structural and proximity fire fighting

27

NFPA 1975

Std on station/work uniforms for fire/emergency services

28

NFPA 1981

Std on Open-Circuit SCBA for Emergency Services

29

NFPA 1982

Std on PASSs

30

NFPA 1983

Std on Life Safety Rope and Equipment for Emergency Services

31

NFPA 1999

Std on Protective Clothing for Emergency Medical Operations

32

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Formed in 1970 after the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act became federal law. Operates under the Dept of Labor

33

Industrial Fire Brigade

team of employees organized within a private company/industrial facility to fight fires and emergencies on their property

34

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

35

Title 29 of the CFR

contains the federal OSHA regulations

36

29 CFR 1910.120

Hazardous waste ops and emergency response

37

29 CFR 1910.133

Eye and face protection

38

29 CFR 1910.134

respiratory protection

39

29 CFR 1910.135

Head protection

40

29 CFR 1910.136

Foot protection

41

29 CFR 1910.237

Electrical protective equipment

42

29 CFR 1910.138

Hand protection

43

29 CFR 1910.146

Permit-required confined spaces

44

29 CFR 1910.156

fire brigades

45

29 CFR 1910.1030

Blood borne pathogens

46

29 CFR 1910.1200

Hazard communication(MSDSs)

47

29 CFR 1926, Subpart P

excavations/trench ops

48

Should I take any safety risks to FF when there is no possibility to save life or property?

No

49

Highest fireground priority

Your and your fellow FFs life and safety

50

Safety Program

sets standards, policies, procedures, and precautions to safely purchase, operate and maintain FD equipment and educates employees on how to protect themselves

51

blood borne pathogens

pathogenic microorganisms that are in human blood and can cause disease. examples are Hepatitus B and HIV

52

EAP

employee assistance program. confidential program to help employees with work or personal problems

53

CISM

critical incident stress management

54

Debriefing(CISM)

meeting/counseling given within 72hr by a CISM team member to anyone/company that might be affected by an incident.

55

Defusing(CISM)

component of CISM where a meeting occurs before the end of your work shift to discuss the incident and to alleviate stress

56

12 rules for tool safety

wear appropriate PPE
remove loose clothing
remove jewelry
select appropriate tool for the job
know manufacturers instructions
inspect tools before use
do not use badly worn or broken tools
return to storage after use
inspect, clean, and put into a ready-state before returning tool
use intrinsically safe tools in potentially flammable atmospheres
do not remove safety shields or modify tools if they might compromise safety devices
secure manufacturer approval for modifications

57

Power Saw Safety Rules

match saw to material
don't force saw beyond design limitations
wear PPEs
remove loose clothing
If sparks, have hose lines ready
don't use in flammable atmospheres
keep bystanders away
follow manufacturers procedures
keep blades/cutting chains sharpened
use extreme caution when saw is above eye level
cool before refueling

58

Live fire/Burn exercises

involve the use of unconfined open fire/flame in a structure or using other combustibles in a controlled environment

59

Burn building

training structure designed to contain fires for training purposes

60

Live Fire Training 5:1 Ratio

max # of students per instructor

61

offensive mode

inside the hazard zone

62

defensive mode

outside the hazard zone

63

PAR

personnel accountability report

64

"All clear"

primary search is complete and all savable occupants are out of the hazard zone

65

"Under control"

fire is under control without forward progress and is no imminent danger to FF

66

"Loss stopped"

property conservation is complete

67

RIC

rapid intervention crew. Two or more fully equipped FF ready to rescue downed FF. this is their only function.

68

Passport system

same as a tag system or HFD's pass tag system of accountability

69

PSS

personal safety system. issued by FDNY to each of its FF. consists of a bag of rope/hook/descender/and a carabiner

70

two-in/two-out

defined in 29 CFR 1910.134. it is required in any IDLH atmosphere

71

2 interior FF operations

search and fire attack