IFSTA(5th)-Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in IFSTA(5th)-Chapter 9 Deck (102):
1

forcible entry

the variety of means used to gain access
into structures, vehicles, aircraft, etc. whose normal means of entry is locked or blocked.

2

2 goals of forcible entry

access ASAP
minimal secondary damage

3

rule out _____ entry before using _____.

normal entry
forcible entry techniques

4

2 things to do before forcing entry

1)try before you pry
2)look for a lock box/key pad

5

NFPA 1001 requires FF1 to know 5 things
about forcible entry

1)basic construction of doors, windows,
and walls
2)operation of doors, windows, and locks
3)dangers of forcing entry
4)transporting and operating all hand and
power forcible entry tools
5)how to force entry through doors,
windows, and walls

6

There are _____ structural forcible entry
requirements for FFII. However, there are
more requirements for forcing entry into
______.

no additional
vehicles

7

4 categories of forcible entry tools

cutting
prying
pushing/pulling
striking

8

17 cutting tools

1)flat head axe
2)pick head axe
3)bolt cutters
4)re-bar cutters
5)oxy-acetylene torch
6)oxy-gasoline torch
7)burning bars
8)plasma cutters
9)cutting flares
10)carpenter's saw
11)hack saw
12)drywall saw
13)keyhole saw
14)circular saw
15)rotary saw
16)reciprocating saw
17)chain saw

9

pick-head and flat-head axes come with a
_____ or _____ head.

6#
8#

10

4 things you can do with a pick-head axe

cutting
prying
digging
striking

11

5 things that the pick-head axe is very effective for chopping through.

wooden structural components
shingles
roof coverings
aluminum siding
other natural/lightweight materials

12

the pick end of the axe can be used to
______ that resist being cut by the blade.

penetrate materials

13

the blade of the pick-head axe can be used
to _____ or as _____ to force open doors.

break windows/cut windshields
prying tool

14

the flat-head axe can be used with other
tools to _____. the flat-head axe is used to
_____ the other tool, forcing the _____ end
into a door jam or window sill.

force entry
strike
bit

15

"irons"

combination of a flat-head axe and a
halligan tool

16

7 things bolt cutters are used to cut

1)bolts
2)iron bars
3)pins
4)cables
5)hasps
6)chains
7)some padlock shackles

17

bolt cutters should _____ to cut _____.

not be used
case-hardened materials

18

face shields and eye protection must be
used when _____.

cutting

19

re-bar cutters are normally ______ and can
be ______ or ______.

hydraulic
powered
manually operated

20

oxy-acetylene torches are used to _____.
they cut through _____ and _____ with
relative ease

cut through heavy metal components that
resist being cut by other forcible entry
tools.
iron
steel

21

oyy-acetylene torches can be both _____
or _____.

hand carried
wheeled units

22

oxy-acetylene torches produce a flame
with temperatures > ______ when cutting.

5700 F or 3149 C

23

Acetylene is a _____ gas that has an
explosive range from _____ in air and is
used as a _____ for cutting and welding
operations.

colorless
2.5-81%
fuel gas

24

acetylene is an _____ gas that is both
______ and _____ sensitive.

unstable
pressure
shock

25

C2H2

acetylene

26

what prevents accumulations of free
acetylene gas within the cylinder?

calcium silicate

27

acetylene is dissolved in _____.

liquid acetone

28

when the cylinder is opened, _____ is
liberated from the _____.

acetylene gas
acetone

29

keep acetylene cylinders _____! losing ____
could cause the cylinder to _____.

upright
acetone
explode

30

never exceed _____ operating pressure
for oxy-acetylene torches

15 psi

31

MPS

methylacetylene-propadiene, stabilized

32

2 names for MPS

MAPP Gas
Apache Gas

33

MPS is less _____ and less _____ than
acetylene

pressure sensitive
prone to explosive decomposition

34

oxy-gasoline torches produce a cutting
flame around _____ or _____.

2800 F
1538 C

35

gasoline is much more _____ than
acetylene and is much _____ and more
______.

safe
cheaper
readily available

36

unlike torches that use _____ fuels,
oxy-gasoline systems use a liquid
(gasoline) and as a result, the _____ cannot
travel back through the _____.

gaseous
flame
hose line

37

exothermic reactions can produce 3 things

heat
flame
toxic smoke

38

burning bars are _____

ultra-high temperature cutting devices
capable of cutting through any metallic,
non-metallic, and composite material.

39

burning bars cut through _____ and _____
that cannot be cut with an _____ or _____.

masonry
concrete
oxy-acetylene cutting torch
oxy-gasoline cutting torch

40

burning bars produce temperatures in
excess of _____

10,000 degrees F

41

burning bar sizes
diameter = ______
length = ______

1/4" to 1"
18" to 10'

42

plasma cutters produce temps in excess
of _____

25,000 degrees F

43

plasma arc cutters are _____ that require
a _____ and a _____.

ultra-high temperature metal-cutting devices
power supply
compressed gas

44

4 compressed gases that could be used for
plasma cutters include _____.

air
nitrogen
mixture or argon and helium
mixture of argon and hydrogen

45

for plasma cutters, an ______ melts the
material being cut, a _____ is heated into
_____ by the _____. the _____ is used to
blow the molten material away from the
cutting area.

electric arc
jet of gas
plasma
arc
plasma

46

cutting flares are approximately the _____
and are _____ and _____. they produce up to a ______ degree F flame that will last from ______.

same size and shape of highway flares
portable
lightweight
6800
15 seconds to 2 minutes

47

2 advantages of the cutting flare

1)no hose line or power cable
2)portable and lightweight

48

4 handsaws used in the fire service

carpenter's handsaw(rip cut and crosscut)
drywall saw
hacksaw
keyhole saw

49

5 power saws used in the fire service

chain saw
circular saw
rotary saw
reciprocating saw
ventilation saw

50

circular saw is _____ and has a _____ or a
_____

electric
power cord
battery pack

51

rotary saws normally have their own _____
and use _____. they have _____ that can be
used to cut 3 things.

power source
gasoline
changeable blades
wood/masonry/metal

52

when using a rotary saw to cut metal, you
must have a _____ or _____ nearby.

charged hoseline
portable fire extinguisher

53

never use a rotary saw to cut a tank that
may have _____ inside.

flammable vapor

54

never use a power saw in a _____.

flammable atmosphere

55

rotary saws may spin up to _____

6000 rpm

56

rotary saws may have blades with _____
and are far superior to standard blades
because they are _____ with heavy use.

carbide-tipped teeth
less prone to dulling

57

6 characteristics of a reciprocating saw

1)powerful and fast
2)versatile
3)highly controllable
4)short, straight blade
5)moves in/out like a handsaw
6)different blades for different materials

58

3 things reciprocating saws cut

wood
glass
metal

59

reciprocating saws can be _____ or come
with a _____.

battery powered
power cord

60

2 common uses of the chain saw

cutting wood/wildland FF
cutting roofing material for ventilation

61

3 things chain saws should have

carbide-tipped teeth
depth gauge
kickback protection

62

lever

bar that pivots about a fixed point

63

fulcrum

the point on which a lever pivots

64

levers are used _____ objects by creating
_____.

to lift, raise, open, and move things
mechanical advantage

65

the longer the lever, the _____.

greater the force applied

66

9 manual prying tools

claw tool
crow bar
flat bar (nail puller)
halligan
hux bar
kelly tool
pry axe
pry bar
ram bar

67

a rambar has a _____ that surrounds the
handle and can be used with only _____. it
is one of the _____ manual prying tools.

sliding weight
1 FF
most efficient

68

one use of a hydraulic ram is to _____

place it between the sides of the door
frame and spread the frame so that the
door will pop open

69

hydraulic door opener is valuable when
_____

multiple doors need to be opened such as
in apartments or hotels

70

2 components of a hydraulic door opener

hand pump
spreader device

71

the spreader for a hydraulic door opener
has _____

intermeshed teeth

72

8 pushing/pulling tools

clemens hook
drywall hook
multi-purpose hook
pike pole
plaster hook
roofman's hook
rubbish hook
san francisco hook

73

2 uses for pike poles

pulling down false ceilings
opening interior walls

74

rubbish hook is used to _____

move loose materials that may contain
hidden fires...such as trash, hay, or burned
debris

75

2 components of the pike pole

steel hook and prong
varying length handle

76

plaster hooks are used to ____

penetrate drywall/sheetrock and then pull
it away from the studs.

77

3 components of the plaster hook

steel point
collapsible knife-like wings with springs
handle

78

when breaking glass do 2 things first

stay upwind
position yourself above the glass if possible

79

the only pushing/pulling tool that can be
used to pry is the _____.

roofman's hook (because it is all metal)

80

10 striking tools

axes (flat head)
axes (pick head)
battering rams
chisels
hammers
mallets
mauls
punches
picks
sledgehammers

81

both ____ or ____ must be used in addition
to the _____ when using striking tools.

goggles
safety glasses
helmet's face shield

82

cheater bar

a piece of pipe slipped over the end of a
prying bar's handle.

83

a cheater bar is used to ____.

lengthen the handle of a prying tool thus
increasing the leverage

84

cheater bars should _____.

never be used

85

when using a rotary saw, start the cut ____
to prevent the blade from binding into the
material.

at full rpms

86

be vary of the _____ or _____ created by
spinning blades of a rotary saw. this is the
_____ caused by the spinning blade.

gyroscopic effect
torsion effect
twisting

87

never store composite blades in any
compartment _____. this could make them
subject to _____.

where gasoline or hyrdrocabon fumes
accumulate
sudden and violent disintegration

88

10 safety guidelines for power saws

1)follow manufacturer's guidelines
2)keep all non-essential people away
3)fully inspect before and after each use
4)proper PPEs including gloves, hearing
protection, and eye protection
5)do not use in a flammable atmosphere or
near flammable liquids
6)be aware of hidden hazards such as
electrical wires, gas lines, and water lines
7)keep blades/chains well-sharpened
8)match the saw to the task or material to
be cut
9)start all cuts at full rpms
10)maintain situational awareness at all times

89

carry tools with blades, points, and
sharp edges _____.

away from the body

90

never carry an axe on your _____

shoulder

91

pike poles and hooks are carried 2 ways

1)pointing down outside of a structure
2)pointing up when inside of a structure to
facilitate prompt use

92

never carry running power tools _____.

more than 10'

93

7 inspection/maintenance checks for wooden handles

1)blisters, cracks, splintering
2)sand if splintering
3)check tool head for tightness
4)wash with mild detergent, rinse, wipe dry
5)apply a coat of boiled linseed oil if
necessary to preserve the handle
6)only paint a small portion for ID purposes
only
7)do not varnish

94

3 inspection/maintenance checks for
fiberglass handles

wash with mild detergent, rinse, wipe dry
check for cracks or damage
check tool head for tightness

95

4 inspection/maintenance checks for
cutting edges

1)chips, cracks, spurs
2)file by hand not by grinding for proper
angle and sharpness
3)sharpen as specified in SOGs
4)replace when required

96

some axe blades are left _____ to make
them _____.

only semi-sharp
less prone to chipping

97

plated surfaces are those that are _____

protected by chromium or other metal
applied by an electroplating process

98

4 inspection/maintenance checks for
unprotected metal surfaces

1)chips, cracks, sharp edges
2)keep free of rust
3)light machine oil surface
4)do not paint

99

methyl chloroform might _____ if present
in a product used to oil metal surfaces.

damage and weaken handles

100

2 reasons you never paint axe heads

hides defaults in the metal
causes the cutting surface to stick and bind

101

8 power equipment inspection and
maintenance checks

1)follow manufacturer's instructions
2)inspect and ensure they will start
3)check blades for damage or wear
4)replace blades if necessary
5)check electrical cords and components
for damage
6)ensure all guards are functional/in place
7)ensure fuel is fresh
8)ensure battery packs are fully charged

102

4 functionalities for door openings

swinging (inward,outward,both)
sliding
revolving
overhead