Flashcards in IFSTA(5th)-Chapter 9 Deck (102):
the variety of means used to gain access
into structures, vehicles, aircraft, etc. whose normal means of entry is locked or blocked.
2 goals of forcible entry
minimal secondary damage
rule out _____ entry before using _____.
forcible entry techniques
2 things to do before forcing entry
1)try before you pry
2)look for a lock box/key pad
NFPA 1001 requires FF1 to know 5 things
about forcible entry
1)basic construction of doors, windows,
2)operation of doors, windows, and locks
3)dangers of forcing entry
4)transporting and operating all hand and
power forcible entry tools
5)how to force entry through doors,
windows, and walls
There are _____ structural forcible entry
requirements for FFII. However, there are
more requirements for forcing entry into
4 categories of forcible entry tools
17 cutting tools
1)flat head axe
2)pick head axe
pick-head and flat-head axes come with a
_____ or _____ head.
4 things you can do with a pick-head axe
5 things that the pick-head axe is very effective for chopping through.
wooden structural components
other natural/lightweight materials
the pick end of the axe can be used to
______ that resist being cut by the blade.
the blade of the pick-head axe can be used
to _____ or as _____ to force open doors.
break windows/cut windshields
the flat-head axe can be used with other
tools to _____. the flat-head axe is used to
_____ the other tool, forcing the _____ end
into a door jam or window sill.
combination of a flat-head axe and a
7 things bolt cutters are used to cut
7)some padlock shackles
bolt cutters should _____ to cut _____.
not be used
face shields and eye protection must be
used when _____.
re-bar cutters are normally ______ and can
be ______ or ______.
oxy-acetylene torches are used to _____.
they cut through _____ and _____ with
cut through heavy metal components that
resist being cut by other forcible entry
oyy-acetylene torches can be both _____
oxy-acetylene torches produce a flame
with temperatures > ______ when cutting.
5700 F or 3149 C
Acetylene is a _____ gas that has an
explosive range from _____ in air and is
used as a _____ for cutting and welding
acetylene is an _____ gas that is both
______ and _____ sensitive.
what prevents accumulations of free
acetylene gas within the cylinder?
acetylene is dissolved in _____.
when the cylinder is opened, _____ is
liberated from the _____.
keep acetylene cylinders _____! losing ____
could cause the cylinder to _____.
never exceed _____ operating pressure
for oxy-acetylene torches
2 names for MPS
MPS is less _____ and less _____ than
prone to explosive decomposition
oxy-gasoline torches produce a cutting
flame around _____ or _____.
gasoline is much more _____ than
acetylene and is much _____ and more
unlike torches that use _____ fuels,
oxy-gasoline systems use a liquid
(gasoline) and as a result, the _____ cannot
travel back through the _____.
exothermic reactions can produce 3 things
burning bars are _____
ultra-high temperature cutting devices
capable of cutting through any metallic,
non-metallic, and composite material.
burning bars cut through _____ and _____
that cannot be cut with an _____ or _____.
oxy-acetylene cutting torch
oxy-gasoline cutting torch
burning bars produce temperatures in
excess of _____
10,000 degrees F
burning bar sizes
diameter = ______
length = ______
1/4" to 1"
18" to 10'
plasma cutters produce temps in excess
25,000 degrees F
plasma arc cutters are _____ that require
a _____ and a _____.
ultra-high temperature metal-cutting devices
4 compressed gases that could be used for
plasma cutters include _____.
mixture or argon and helium
mixture of argon and hydrogen
for plasma cutters, an ______ melts the
material being cut, a _____ is heated into
_____ by the _____. the _____ is used to
blow the molten material away from the
jet of gas
cutting flares are approximately the _____
and are _____ and _____. they produce up to a ______ degree F flame that will last from ______.
same size and shape of highway flares
15 seconds to 2 minutes
2 advantages of the cutting flare
1)no hose line or power cable
2)portable and lightweight
4 handsaws used in the fire service
carpenter's handsaw(rip cut and crosscut)
5 power saws used in the fire service
circular saw is _____ and has a _____ or a
rotary saws normally have their own _____
and use _____. they have _____ that can be
used to cut 3 things.
when using a rotary saw to cut metal, you
must have a _____ or _____ nearby.
portable fire extinguisher
never use a rotary saw to cut a tank that
may have _____ inside.
never use a power saw in a _____.
rotary saws may spin up to _____
rotary saws may have blades with _____
and are far superior to standard blades
because they are _____ with heavy use.
less prone to dulling
6 characteristics of a reciprocating saw
1)powerful and fast
4)short, straight blade
5)moves in/out like a handsaw
6)different blades for different materials
3 things reciprocating saws cut
reciprocating saws can be _____ or come
with a _____.
2 common uses of the chain saw
cutting wood/wildland FF
cutting roofing material for ventilation
3 things chain saws should have
bar that pivots about a fixed point
the point on which a lever pivots
levers are used _____ objects by creating
to lift, raise, open, and move things
the longer the lever, the _____.
greater the force applied
9 manual prying tools
flat bar (nail puller)
a rambar has a _____ that surrounds the
handle and can be used with only _____. it
is one of the _____ manual prying tools.
one use of a hydraulic ram is to _____
place it between the sides of the door
frame and spread the frame so that the
door will pop open
hydraulic door opener is valuable when
multiple doors need to be opened such as
in apartments or hotels
2 components of a hydraulic door opener
the spreader for a hydraulic door opener
8 pushing/pulling tools
san francisco hook
2 uses for pike poles
pulling down false ceilings
opening interior walls
rubbish hook is used to _____
move loose materials that may contain
hidden fires...such as trash, hay, or burned
2 components of the pike pole
steel hook and prong
varying length handle
plaster hooks are used to ____
penetrate drywall/sheetrock and then pull
it away from the studs.
3 components of the plaster hook
collapsible knife-like wings with springs
when breaking glass do 2 things first
position yourself above the glass if possible
the only pushing/pulling tool that can be
used to pry is the _____.
roofman's hook (because it is all metal)
10 striking tools
axes (flat head)
axes (pick head)
both ____ or ____ must be used in addition
to the _____ when using striking tools.
helmet's face shield
a piece of pipe slipped over the end of a
prying bar's handle.
a cheater bar is used to ____.
lengthen the handle of a prying tool thus
increasing the leverage
cheater bars should _____.
never be used
when using a rotary saw, start the cut ____
to prevent the blade from binding into the
at full rpms
be vary of the _____ or _____ created by
spinning blades of a rotary saw. this is the
_____ caused by the spinning blade.
never store composite blades in any
compartment _____. this could make them
subject to _____.
where gasoline or hyrdrocabon fumes
sudden and violent disintegration
10 safety guidelines for power saws
1)follow manufacturer's guidelines
2)keep all non-essential people away
3)fully inspect before and after each use
4)proper PPEs including gloves, hearing
protection, and eye protection
5)do not use in a flammable atmosphere or
near flammable liquids
6)be aware of hidden hazards such as
electrical wires, gas lines, and water lines
7)keep blades/chains well-sharpened
8)match the saw to the task or material to
9)start all cuts at full rpms
10)maintain situational awareness at all times
carry tools with blades, points, and
sharp edges _____.
away from the body
never carry an axe on your _____
pike poles and hooks are carried 2 ways
1)pointing down outside of a structure
2)pointing up when inside of a structure to
facilitate prompt use
never carry running power tools _____.
more than 10'
7 inspection/maintenance checks for wooden handles
1)blisters, cracks, splintering
2)sand if splintering
3)check tool head for tightness
4)wash with mild detergent, rinse, wipe dry
5)apply a coat of boiled linseed oil if
necessary to preserve the handle
6)only paint a small portion for ID purposes
7)do not varnish
3 inspection/maintenance checks for
wash with mild detergent, rinse, wipe dry
check for cracks or damage
check tool head for tightness
4 inspection/maintenance checks for
1)chips, cracks, spurs
2)file by hand not by grinding for proper
angle and sharpness
3)sharpen as specified in SOGs
4)replace when required
some axe blades are left _____ to make
less prone to chipping
plated surfaces are those that are _____
protected by chromium or other metal
applied by an electroplating process
4 inspection/maintenance checks for
unprotected metal surfaces
1)chips, cracks, sharp edges
2)keep free of rust
3)light machine oil surface
4)do not paint
methyl chloroform might _____ if present
in a product used to oil metal surfaces.
damage and weaken handles
2 reasons you never paint axe heads
hides defaults in the metal
causes the cutting surface to stick and bind
8 power equipment inspection and
1)follow manufacturer's instructions
2)inspect and ensure they will start
3)check blades for damage or wear
4)replace blades if necessary
5)check electrical cords and components
6)ensure all guards are functional/in place
7)ensure fuel is fresh
8)ensure battery packs are fully charged