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Flashcards in RBT(Introduction/Rope/Equipment) Deck (127):
1

Captain Michael Mahner

created HFD's first rescue squad in 1930

2

NFPA 1006

Std. for Rescue Technician PQs

3

NFPA 1670

Std. on Operations and Training for
Technical Rescue Incidents

4

7 disciplines of Technical Rescue

Confined Space
Rope Rescue
Structural Collapse
Trench/Excavation Rescue
Vehicle/Machinery Extrication
Water/Swiftwater Rescue
Wilderness Search and Rescue

5

"core discipline" of technical rescue

rope rescue

6

Safety systems are _____ .

mandatory

7

If you are unsure, _____ .

ask about anything

8

Check all riggings by _____ and _____ .

sight
touch

9

Safety Touch Check

Inspection of all components of a system
via sight and touch.

10

_____ your equipment at all times. (4 things)

know
control
inspect
maintain

11

NFPA 1983

Std. on Life-Safety Rope and Equipment

12

Life-Safety Rope has _____ . It has block creel and _____ construction. It is designed
_____ .

synthetic, continuous fiber.
kernmantle.
specifically for supporting human loads

13

Life-Safety Rope can be either _____ or _____ rope.

static
dynamic

14

Static Rope

low-stretch (less than 2-4%)
better control

15

Dynamic Rope

high-stretch
good when long falls are possible.
used when working above anchor points.

16

Kernmantle Construction has which 2 components?

Kern=Core
Mantle=Sheath

17

Kern strength =

85% of rope strength

18

Mantle strength =

15% of rope strength

19

HFD uses Life-Safety Rope that meets or exceeds NFPA 1983 ______ standards.
This includes a _____ minimum rope(tensile) strength and a _____
safe working load.

general-use
9000#
600# (2-person)

20

Safety Factor used by HFD and
represented in NFPA 1983 is _____ .

15:1

21

HFD uses which 2 life-safety ropes?

New England KM III Static Kernmantle
CMC Rescue Lifeline

22

synthetic fiber used in HFD's life-safety ropes

nylon

23

4 nylon qualities

high strength
resistant to rotting
weighs only 7#/100'
loses 10-15% strength when wet

24

Every rope must have its' own _____ .

rope log

25

the rope log is used until _____.

the rope is downgraded to "utility" status
or condemned

26

rope log entries are made after _____.

each use

27

Each rope also is _____ until it is _____ .

assigned a serial #
downgraded to utility status or condemned

28

Rope must be stored in a _____ away from these 5 things.

rope bag
acids/alkali/chemicals/petroleum
direct sunlight
dirt/grit/grime
exhaust
high temperatures

29

Inspect rope both _____ and _____.

visually
by touch

30

when inspecting rope, use _____ and run through _____.

bare hands
every " of the rope

31

If sheath is damaged also check for _____ and _____.

penetration
imbedded objects

32

6 things to feel rope for _____ .

abrasions
deformities
imbedded objects
mushiness
nicks/cuts/sears
soft spots

33

Popping

snapping a section of rope tight between
both hands several times to try and
remove a soft spot in the rope.

34

if soft spot remains after popping u can do one of these 3 things

remove rope section with soft spot
downgrade to utility
condemn

35

6 rope washing requirements

use dept. extractors
daisy chain
front-loading only/no plastic windows
wash with mild detergents only(non-chlorine)
dry thoroughly
air dry out of direct sunlight

36

When bagging rope start by securing end of the rope to bottom of the bag via a _____. Also, _____.

figure 8 stopper
visually and by touch inspect the rope

37

10 guidelines for downgrading rope

reached a certain age
reached a certain # of uses
does not pass visual inspection
chemical contamination
exposed to high heat
severely impact loaded(5' or more)
severely overloaded like towing a car
sheath penetration
soft spots not removed by popping
loss of confidence; when in doubt...throw
it out!

38

1" webbing is rated at _____ .

4000#
6000# when looped
12000# when double looped

39

2" webbing is rated at _____ .

9500#

40

Per NFPA 1983 "general purpose"
standards, adjustable steel buckles and
the D-ring on the life-safety harnesses
must be rated to at least _____ .

5000#

41

Class II harnesses must have a _____ and
_____ load-bearing _____ .

front
back
D-ring

42

Class III harnesses must have front and back load-bearing D-rings on both the _____ and the _____ portions of the harness.

seat
chest

43

HFD uses which 2 Class III harnesses?

CMC Rescue Confined Space Harness
Yates Rescue Confined Space Harness

44

HFD uses which Class II harness?

CMC Rescue Harness

45

Class I harness

designed for emergency escape
1-person load

46

Class II harness

designed for rescue
2-person load

47

Class III harness

designed for rescue
2-person load
inversion may occur

48

OSHA mandates which class harness for confined space?

Class III

49

Utility loops on harnesses are used only to
_____ and are not _____ .

stow equipment
load-bearing

50

According to the RBT manual, Class III
harnesses have _____ additional
load-bearing connection points. One in
the back and 1 on _____ .

3
each shoulder

51

After adjusting webbing straps, use _____ to tie off.

half-hitch or overhand safety knots

52

knot

fastening made by tying/intertwining
together pieces of rope.

53

a sharp bend in a rope causes a loss of
_____ , not _____ .

efficiency
a loss of strength

54

4:1 rule

if a rope is wrapped around an object at
least 4x the diameter of the rope than
there will be no loss of efficiency.

55

Using a _____ safety factor helps offset the
_____ .

15:1
efficiency loss

56

bight

rope bent back on itself (180 degrees)

57

loop

complete 360 degree loop
crosses itself and continues is same direction.

58

round turn

complete wrap around an object that has the rope returning back to itself.

59

Working End

used to tie the knot or for rigging.

60

Running End

opposite of the working end
aka the free end

61

Standing Part

in between the working and the running ends.

62

4 steps to tying a knot

tie knot
dress knot
set knot
safety knot

63

Overhand Knot

15% efficiency loss
used as a safety knot

64

Square Knot

used to bind together ropes of = diameter
do not use as a load-bearing not

65

Figure 8 stopper Knot

used to keep the rope end from passing
through an opening. (e.g. rope bag).
do not use as a load-bearing knot.

66

Figure on a Bight

20% efficiency loss
used to connect rope to anchors with a carabiner.
used to connect various devices to the rope.

67

Figure 8 follow-through

20% efficiency loss
used to tie a loop around an object/anchor.

68

Double Loop Figure 8

18% efficiency loss
figure 8 on a bight with 2 loops instead of 1
used to connect to objects that do not meet the 4:1 rule.
used to make load-sharing or multiple anchor systems.

69

Flemish Bend

19% efficiency loss
used to connect 2 ropes of equal diameter.

70

Bowline

27-33% efficiency loss
used to make a closed loop
should not be used for life safety.
can be equalizing.
used for hoisting equipment.
used for connecting rope to an object.

71

Butterfly

25% efficiency loss
used mid-line to take a 3-way pull.
can be used as an anchor/connection of an object to the rope.

72

Water Knot

36% efficiency loss
used to connect 2 pieces of webbing.
used to make loops in webbing.

73

Double Fisherman's

21% efficiency loss
used to tie load-bearing rope together.
used to make prusik loops.

74

Prusik Hitch

is how prusik loops are connected to the
rope. can be double or triple wrapped.
to create rope grabs.

75

Single Line Prusik Hitch

to attach objects to rope.
for self-rescue.

76

Clove Hitch

to create anchors around round objects.
tied so that the running end is directional.

77

Munter Hitch

used as a safety belay.
rope can run either way through a carabiner.

78

Tensionless

at least 4 wraps around a round object.
creates an anchor with 0% efficiency loss
if the object meets the 4:1 rule.

79

Rope System minimum breaking strength
is _____ .

9000#

80

General Use

minimum rope tensile strength = 9000#
2 person load (600#)

81

Light Use

minimum rope tensile strength = 4500#
1 person load (300#)

82

Auxiliary Equipment

other equipment other than rope and
harnesses.

83

4 Minimum Breaking Strengths of
auxiliary equipment.

Ascending/Rope Grab devices = 2400#
Carabiners = 9000#
Descenders = 1200#
All other auxiliary equipment = 8000#

84

Nylon Webbing(1")

rated at 4000#
rated at 6000# when looped.
rated at 12000# if double looped.
can be flat or tubular.

85

Nylon Webbing can be used for _____ .

anchors/rigging
harnesses
patient lashing
personal tie-on/safety line

86

7mm Accessory Cord is rated at_____, _____ when looped, ______ when looped and doubled.

minimum tensile strength = 2200#
rated at 3500# if looped
rated at 7000# if double looped

87

Anchor Strap

nylon webbing with steel D-rings sewn in
both ends.
2" flat weave webbing rated at 9500#.
D-rings rated at 5000# therefore strap
is rated at 5000#.
rated at 10000# if doubled.
good over square edges.

88

Pick-Off Strap

An anchor strap with an adjustable buckle.
Buckle is also rated at 5000#.
used for patient pick-off if they have a harness.
used to attach rescuers as tenders for stokes.

89

Utility belts are adjustable and can extend
to _____ .

60-72"

90

Pick-off Straps are adjustable up to _____ .

42"

91

Carabiners are used _____ .

to join components of a rope system

92

3 components of a Carabiner

spine
latch
gate (hinge, pin, and lock)

93

3 components of the gate

hinge
lock
pin

94

CMC Rescue Steel Locking Carabiners are
rated at _____ .

16000#

95

HFD uses which 4 Carabiners

CMC Large Steel Locking Carabiner(16K)
SMC X-Large Steel Locking Carabiner(12K)
SMC Large Steel Locking Carabiner(11K)
SMC Lite D Steel Locking Carabiner.(10K)

96

X-large carabiners are used for _____ .

safety belays using a munter hitch

97

5 precautions when using carabiners

do not side load
lock before loading
do not unlock while under load
do not drop
do not form hard links

98

hard link

when 3 or more hard connections are
made consecutively

99

Figure 8 Descender

CMC Rescue 8 (steel) rated at 45000#
"8 plate"
used for descending
used as a belay/lowering device.
can hold a load when locked off.
use a double wrap for 2 person loads.

100

2 limitations to the 8 plate

causes rope to twist
friction cannot be adjusted once loaded

101

Rappel Rack

has 6 bars
descending device
used for belay/lowering

102

Rappel Rack components

welded eye
long leg
short leg
4 angled short bars
1 straight short bar
1 grooved top bar
tie off bar

103

HFD uses the _____ rappel rack.

SMC (model # 14001 has the tie-off bar)

104

2 limitations to the rappel rack

longer to load
bulkier/heavier

105

Pulley

has a free running grooved metal wheel in
which a rope may be placed.

106

3 things Pulleys can be used for

reduce rope friction
change of directions
create mechanical advantage

107

5 components of a pulley

becket
sheave(aluminum)
sideplates(steel)
axle(pin)
bearing

108

Pulleys can be attached _____ on a rope

anywhere

109

Pulley bearings can be either _____, _____,
or_____.

sealed
oilite
ball-bearing

110

HFD uses which pulleys?

SMC 2" single rescue
SMC 4" single rescue
SMC 4" double rescue

111

One limitation of the pulley

it adds as much as 10% friction to a system

112

Which 2 ascenders does HFD use? Both are used for what size rope?

Gibbs
Rescuecender
1/2"

113

Gibbs 1/2" Stainless Steel ascender is
rated at _____ .

5400#

114

Rescuecender is rated at _____ .

6000#

115

2 advantages of the Rescuecender over
the Gibbs

rated stronger
less abrasive to rope

116

According to NFPA 1983, ascenders must
be _____ .

spring loaded
rated for general use

117

5 components of ascenders

shell
cam
spring
pin
leash

118

point ascenders _____ the load if hauling

toward

119

point ascenders _____ if climbing

upward

120

point ascenders to the _____ .

direction of free travel

121

Ascenders must be _____
if used in anchor/rigging/MAs.

backed up

122

5 precautions for ascenders

back up if used with rigging/MAs/anchors
load properly
can be abrasive to rope
test to capture the load before loading
do not drop

123

Tri-Link

made of galvanized steel
gate must be closed to maintain strength
used when 3-way loads may be encountered

124

Anchor Plate

aluminum is rated at 8900#
steel is rated at 9150#
used to create multiple anchor connections
used to separate carabiners if using
multiple rope systems.

125

2 precautions for accessory cord

should never be shock loaded
for one person loads

126

5 uses for 7mm accessory cord

self-rescue
ascending
rope grabs for capturing loads
personal tie-on/safety line
attaching equipment to rope

127

7mm accessory cord is made out
of _____ and has _____ construction. It should never be _____ and is only for _____.

nylon
kernmantle
shock loaded
1 person loads