Flashcards in IFSTA(5th)-Chapter 8 Deck (190):
removal/treatment of patients trapped by
some type of machinery/equipment.
according to IFSTA, rescue covers all
incidents that require patient removal
other than _____ .
rescue vs recovery
live person vs. dead or presumed dead
according NFPA 1001, FFI are required to
know how to conduct _____ and setting up
_____ such as at highway incidents.
search and rescue ops in a structure.
safe working areas.
9 Size up factors to look for at
structure fires are _____ .
time of day
what is burning?
how much is burning?
life safety for victims and FF
tag line used by FF during search and rescue
Do not enter a building fire if the conditions
that would appear to _____ viable victims.
Do not enter building fire if _____ are
apparent until _____ is accomplished.
15 structure fire search safety guidelines
monitor fire/building conditions
use accountability system
know secondary egress
use life line
teams of 2 or more
stay low, crawl
check doors for excessive heat before
mark entry doors
maintain contact with wall/hoseline/etc.
have a charged hoseline if on the fire floor
maintain radio contact
coordinate with ventilation teams
close doors of searched rooms
FF should _____ that all occupants are out
of the building until the building is searched.
if possible, conduct _____ simultaneously
with initial fire attack.
primary interior search
2 objectives to a building search
location/extent of fire
primary search is a _____.
rapid/thorough search that is performed
before/or during fire suppression and must
be performed asap.
secondary search is _____.
conducted after fire is "under control".
it is slower and more thorough should be
conducted by different personnel from the
4 primary search priorities
1) most severely threatened
2) largest amounts of people
3) remainder of hazard zone
In an IDLH, you must remain in _____ contact.
visual, voice, and physical
if you cannot see your feet due to smoke,
you _____ .
should not be standing upright
If descending stairs during a search,
descend _____ .
If searching on the fire floor, where should
u start your search?
as close to the fire as possible.
if searching, remember to check _____, under _____, and _____ doors.
search the _____ of the room first and then
the _____ of the room.
Search Line System consists of _____ with
_____ tied in to the rope every _____ .
a 200' 3/8"rope with a Kevlar sheath.
2" steel rings
In the search line system, knots are tied
_____. the # of knots _____ the # of
rings that you have traveled.
after every ring.
knots are always tied _____ so that you
will know the _____ .
after each ring
direction of travel
the rings in the search line system can be
used for _____ to the system.
lateral tethers are _____ in length, have
_____ at the midpoint, a _____ tied to an
end, and have a _____ at the other end.
Who carries a search line system?
every member of the search team
If using a 3 man team for searching, the
1st man is the "_____", the 2nd man is the
"_____", and the 3rd maintains ______.
the "navigator" carries the _____.
handlight and/or TIC
In a Search Line System, the rope is _____
outside the search area with a ______ on it.
The rope bag is carried by the _____ ;
therefore, follow the rings to the _____.
each search member has a _____ and a
_____ wrapped around their wrist.
forcible entry tool
During secondary searches, if a CO reading
is at least _____ than FF must continue to
the 3 highest priority search floors in a
multi-story building are _____ .
the fire floor
floor above the fire
the highest floor
do not block _____ and _____ during search.
/ means the room is _____ .
X means the room has been _____.
marking rooms for searching should be
done on _____.
the lower third of the door.
Continually feel the _____ in front of you
with your hands/tools to make sure it is
_____ and their are no _____.
when opening doors stay _____ and _____
while opening the doors _____. Remain on
the _____ side of outward opening doors.
when declaring a Mayday, communicate
your _____ (6 things).
Reason for Mayday
Resources that would help you
Male couplings have _____ on their shanks.
Female couplings have lugs on their _____.
if possible, when opening inward opening
doors, use a _____ so that u can close the
any fire beyond the incipient phase is an
_____ atmosphere and a _____ must be
standing by per _____.
RIC or RIT
29 CFR 1910.134
RIC or RIT is _____ and this is their _____.
2 or more fully equipped FF standing by
just outside the hazard zone as the
designated team to rescue downed FF.
Suitably equipped means _____.
FFs equipped with at least the same PPEs
and equipment as the interior FF crews.
Can their be multiple RIT teams?
yes, because there may be multiple FF
teams performing interior FF ops.
Buddy breathing _____ recommended
when you first get to a downed FF, you
should _____. Then perform a rapid _____.
check his air supply
Radio transceivers can be used to find FF.
They transmit on _____ frequency and
have a range of about _____.
Under realistic scenarios it often takes
_____ FF and _____ minutes to rescue a
3 drags for patient removal
5 carries for patient removal
cradle in arms
seat lift carry
extremities lift carry
3 person lift carry(bed to gurney)
a step-up transformer that converts a 12
or 24 V DC current into 110 or 220 V AC
2 advantages of an inverter
2 disadvantages of an inverter
fuel efficiency and low noise
limited power and limited mobility
Generators can be ______ or ______.
Portable Generators are the most common
and normally have _____ capacity
110 or 220V
Vehicle mounted generators have _____
but also are normally ______ and create
2 categories of lighting
portable lighting range from _____ watts.
fixed lights are _____ to the vehicle and
have a capacity ranging from _____ watts.
500-1500 per light
4 requirements for electric cables
no exposed wires
Junction boxes have _____ with _____
Std. for Electrical Safety in the Workplace
All outlets should be equipped with _____
and meet NFPA _____.
ground fault circuit interrupters
Electrical adapters are used to _____.
connect various devices to various
If fuel in a tank is _____ than it should be
drained and replaced.
more than 3 weeks old (unless there is a
luminous discharge of electricity across
4 basic types of hydraulic tools
If a hydraulic power unit fails, use the _____.
manually operated hydraulic pump
Spreaders can be spread up to _____. With
the use of _____they can be used to _____.
push or pull
Shears can be opened up to _____.
Combination spreaders/shears typically
provide less _____ and smaller ______.
Rams can be used to _____ as well as push.
When used to close, a RAM provides only
_____ the opening force.
uses a manually operated hydraulic pump
and a high pressure hose to connect to
various accessory tools.
4 disadvantages of manually operated
primary advantage of the porta-power
primary disadvantage is _____.
can be operated in narrow places
time consuming and assembly of complex combos of accessories.
Remember to put a _____ under a
solid base plate
You might have to use ______ to create a
solid footing for a hydraulic jack.
3 types of mechanical jacks
bar screw jack
trench screw jack
ratchet-lever jacks are aka _____.
Never work under a load only supported
by a jack
Primary use of a bar screw jack
to hold an object in place
Trench screw jacks are used as _____ in
trenches and have _____ on each end and
use of timber, jacks, struts, or other devices to temporarily support or hold forms, structural components, or sheeting against trench walls.
ratchet jacks consist of a _____ with _____
and a ____ with 2 ratchets on the _____.
in ratchet jacks, one ratchet _____ and the
holds the carriage
moves the carriage up or down
Ratchet jacks are the least _____ of jacks.
varying lengths of hardwood used to
stabilize. wedges are included too.
3 Cribbing characteristics
free from knots or splits
Cribbing dimensions run from _____
2"x4"-6"x6" and up to 36" in length
Cribbing should not be _____ except on
ends if used for ID.
Plastic cribbing _____ than wood cribbing
and is resistant to _____ and _____.
lasts many times longer
Pneumatic tools used _____ for power.
Never used compressed _____ with
6 pneumatic tools
pneumatic nail gun
air chisels operate between _____ psi.
air chisels use _____ and are good for
cutting _____ and for _____.
medium to heavy gauge sheet metal
popping rivets and bolts
impact wrenches are better for _____ of
air knives are used to _____. when
operated at _____ psi they produce air
with a velocity close to _____ at the nozzle.
blast away surface dirt and create holes.
air knives are also useful because they do
not _____ or _____ underground pipes.
air vacuums operate on _____ pressure
than air knives. they are used to pick up
loose soil around _____.
whizzer saws are used for _____ operations. they weigh about _____ and are good for cutting _____ and _____.
case hardened locks
steel stock up to 3/4"
whizzer saws use _____ blades and operate at around _____ psi.
Lifting/Pulling tools include
block and tackle systems
3 common drives for winches
Never use winches for _____ .
live person loads
If possible, you should be how far away
from the winch?
the length of cable from the winch to the load
Try to position the winch _____ to the load.
as close as possible
come-alongs are _____ that are operated
portable cable winches
come-alongs range from _____ tons.
which chain is not used for rescue work?
proof coil chain,
aka hardware chain or common chain.
3 types of lifting bags
high-pressure air bags can range from
_____ in dimensions and can lift up to
6"x6" to 36"x36"
low and medium-pressure air bags are
_____ than high pressure air bags and have
much ______ lifting distances. they can lift
up to ______.
14 safety rules for air bags
plan lift before starting
be familiar with equipment
follow manufacturer's recommendations
keep components in good condition
have adequate air supply/cribbing
position bags on solid surface
protect bags from sharp objects
inflate slowly and continuously monitor
never work under load supported ONLY
by air bags.
lift an ", crib an "
solid top layer if box cribbing supports bag
keep heat away from bags (up to 220F)
do not stack more than 2 bags
stack with smaller bag on top
if placing a material between air bag and
load, use only _____.
pliable material such as a salvage cover
multi-cell lifting units are safer than _____ .
stacking single air bags
Block and Tackle refers to _____.
a series of pulleys contained within wood
or metal frames used with rope to provide
"block" refers to the _____.
"tackle" refers to the _____.
assembly of ropes
pulleys are AKA _____.
Most common FD rescue is ______.
9 things to consider when approaching automobile accidents.
# of vehicles
type of vehicles
position of vehicles
how many victims?
do i need additional resources?
sorting and classifying patients in medical
goal of stabilization is to _____.
prevent unwanted movement
stabilization tools include _____.
ropes, chains, webbing
wooden, plastic, rubber, or metal block
constructed to fit the curvature of the tire
used to prevent rolling.
When using air bags, you must use _____
as a supplement.
lift an _____, crib an _____.
Do not cut any ______ cables.
Before disconnecting/shutting down
power to car, ______.
lower windows, move seats, unlock doors
Turn off _____, remove ______, and ______
when at automobile accidents.
set parking brake
When disconnecting the battery, cut the
_____ cable first, then the ______. Cut out
atleast a ______ section of each cable.
Try before you _____.
In automobiles, gain access to a patient via _____, ______, and then by _____.
cutting away parts of the vehicle
Reserve energy can maintain sufficient
voltage to deploy air bags up to ______
minutes after battery disconnection.
side impact protection system
supplemental restraint system
Air bags can deploy at speeds up to _____.
Restraint systems can be operated _____.
both electrically and mechanically
During vehicle extrication, the vehicle is
______ and not the reverse.
removed from around the patient
patient packaging involves _____.(3 things)
laminated safety glass
consists of 2 sheets of glass that are
laminated to a sheet of plastic between
them under high temperature and pressure
laminated safety glass is normally found
glass specially treated so that it is harder
to break than plate glass or a single sheet
of laminated glass.
tempered glass is most commonly used
side windows and some rear windows
tempered glass is designed to break into
many small pieces
You want to _____ laminated glass to remove it.
use a ______ or a _____to remove tempered glass.
sharp pointy object
Windshield should be removed by first,
______ and then the ______.
cutting the sides
bottom of the windshield
To control broken tempered glass, you can
use _____ or _____.
spray on adhesives
For 2 door cars, there is no _____ post.
where the frame and body of a vehicle is
all one integral unit.
When the roof is removed from a unibody
construction vehicle, a _____ should be placed to support the middle of the car.
step block or cribbing
Displacing a dashboard can be done by
______ only _____.
Std. on Ops and Training for Tech. Search
and Rescue Incidents. (Team)
"Technical Rescue" is _____.
the application of special knowledge, skills,
and equipment to safely resolve unique
and/or complex rescue situations.
Structures may collapse due to at least
damage due to fire
damage due to weather(wind, rain, snow, etc.)
earthquakes and tsunamis
faulty engineering and design
Structures collapse in ______ patterns.
5 recognized patterns of structural collapse
Pancake collapse are caused by the _____
and is the least likely to contain _____.
simultaneous failure of exterior walls
V-shaped collapses occur when the
outer _____ remain _____ and the
_____ fail in the _____. This pattern
offers a good chance of _____
spaces being created along _____.
upper floors and/or roof structure
both outer walls
Lean-to collapses are when _____ while
the _____ remains _____. This will create a
_____ that may contain ______.
one outer wall fails
large triangular void space
A-frame collapses occur when _____ into
what might seem as opposing _____.
This pattern has a good chance of void
the floor and/or roof assemblies on both sides of center wall collapse into
on both sides of the center wall
An A-frame collapse produces ______ in
______ along a _____.
2 separate spaces
Cantilever collapse is when _____ of a
multi-story building collapse but leave
the _____ and _____ by the remaining ____.
This collapse is the _____ and is the most
vulnerable to _____.
one or more walls
a collapse that occurs after the initial collapse
if searching for victims in a structural
collapse you will concentrate on the _____
areas most likely to contain victims
(habitable voids spaces)
6 most common means of locating victims
in a structural collapse
hailing: calling out to them
electronically enhanced listening devices
short-distance radar or seismic devices
hand-held or robotic search cameras
seismic devices detect _____ produced
calling out to victims is good when used
in conjuction with a ______ and the
presence of _____.
11 structural collapse hazards
unstable, sharp, jagged debris
electrical hazards (exposed wiring)
damaged utilities (gas,water,electric)
weather issues (temps, rain, wind, snow)
shoring is the ____
variety of means by which unstable
structures or parts of structures can be
shoring is also the _____. It is not intended to
_____ but just to _____.
process of preventing the sudden
movement of objects that are too large
to be moved in a timely manner.
move the heavy objects
7 Tools for Structural Collapse and Shoring
air bags and air cart
cribbing (wedges, blocks, step)
lumber and plywood
pneumatic hand tools
struts (pneumatic or mechanical)
Trench rescue's 1st major decision is to
determine if it is a ______ or a _______.
The 1st goal of Trench Rescue is to create
_____ to _____. It can be done with _____,
_____, _____, and _____.
a safe zone
protect rescuers and victims
Ladders should be placed _____ within a
trench and they should extend _____ above
the top of the trench.
at both ends of the safe zone
at least 3'
4 minimum safety requirements for Trench Rescue
cordon off a 100' area around the trench
ladders on both sides of the safe zone
eliminate sources of vibration within 500'
stay away from the lips of the trench
if responding to an incident involving
electrical lines or equipment you must
that all lines or equipment are energized
4 things to do for electrical incidents
1) assume all lines and equip. r energized
2) secure the scene and deny entry
3) call for power company to respond
4) allow only power company to cut lines
ground gradient is the _____ as it spreads
across the ground.
loss of voltage in the electrical current
distance to stay away from a downed
the span distance between poles
if tingling in your feet as you approach a
downed power line, then u _____ and ____.
put your feet together and hop away from the line
4 water rescue methods
unless there is a medical or fire emergency
than _____ should be called to assist _____
people trapped in elevators
escalators have _____ located _____ or
_____ or _____.
manual stop switches
nearby both ends
at the base of the escalator
near where the handrail goes into the newel base.
primary search teams should carry these
4 pieces of equipment at the minimum
forcible entry tools