IFSTA(5th)-Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in IFSTA(5th)-Chapter 8 Deck (190):
1

extrication is

removal/treatment of patients trapped by
some type of machinery/equipment.

2

according to IFSTA, rescue covers all
incidents that require patient removal
other than _____ .

extrication

3

rescue vs recovery

live person vs. dead or presumed dead
person

4

according NFPA 1001, FFI are required to
know how to conduct _____ and setting up
_____ such as at highway incidents.

search and rescue ops in a structure.
safe working areas.

5

9 Size up factors to look for at
structure fires are _____ .

time of day
wind, rain
what is burning?
how much is burning?
life safety for victims and FF
exposures
building construction
hazmat
resources available

6

life line

tag line used by FF during search and rescue

7

Do not enter a building fire if the conditions
that would appear to _____ viable victims.

preclude

8

Do not enter building fire if _____ are
apparent until _____ is accomplished.

backdraft conditions
vertical ventilation

9

15 structure fire search safety guidelines

monitor fire/building conditions
use accountability system
know secondary egress
use life line
teams of 2 or more
search systematically
stay low, crawl
check doors for excessive heat before
opening
mark entry doors
maintain contact with wall/hoseline/etc.
have a charged hoseline if on the fire floor
maintain radio contact
coordinate with ventilation teams
close doors of searched rooms
report progress

10

FF should _____ that all occupants are out
of the building until the building is searched.

not assume

11

if possible, conduct _____ simultaneously
with initial fire attack.

primary interior search

12

2 objectives to a building search

life safety
location/extent of fire

13

primary search is a _____.

rapid/thorough search that is performed
before/or during fire suppression and must
be performed asap.

14

secondary search is _____.

conducted after fire is "under control".
it is slower and more thorough should be
conducted by different personnel from the
primary search.

15

4 primary search priorities

1) most severely threatened
2) largest amounts of people
3) remainder of hazard zone
4 exposures

16

In an IDLH, you must remain in _____ contact.

visual, voice, and physical

17

if you cannot see your feet due to smoke,
you _____ .

should not be standing upright

18

If descending stairs during a search,
descend _____ .

feet first

19

If searching on the fire floor, where should
u start your search?

as close to the fire as possible.

20

if searching, remember to check _____, under _____, and _____ doors.

ALL areas
windows
behind

21

search the _____ of the room first and then
the _____ of the room.

perimeter
middle

22

Search Line System consists of _____ with
_____ tied in to the rope every _____ .

a 200' 3/8"rope with a Kevlar sheath.
2" steel rings
20'

23

In the search line system, knots are tied
_____. the # of knots _____ the # of
rings that you have traveled.

after every ring.
matches

24

knots are always tied _____ so that you
will know the _____ .

after each ring
direction of travel

25

the rings in the search line system can be
used for _____ to the system.

lateral tethers

26

lateral tethers are _____ in length, have
_____ at the midpoint, a _____ tied to an
end, and have a _____ at the other end.

20'
knot
steel ring
carabiner

27

Who carries a search line system?

every member of the search team

28

If using a 3 man team for searching, the
1st man is the "_____", the 2nd man is the
"_____", and the 3rd maintains ______.

lead
navigator
communications

29

the "navigator" carries the _____.

handlight and/or TIC

30

In a Search Line System, the rope is _____
outside the search area with a ______ on it.
The rope bag is carried by the _____ ;
therefore, follow the rings to the _____.

anchored
company identifier
lead
exit

31

each search member has a _____ and a
_____ wrapped around their wrist.

forcible entry tool
lateral tether

32

During secondary searches, if a CO reading
is at least _____ than FF must continue to
wear _____.

50ppm
SCBA

33

the 3 highest priority search floors in a
multi-story building are _____ .

the fire floor
floor above the fire
the highest floor

34

do not block _____ and _____ during search.

access/egress points
passageways

35

/ means the room is _____ .

being searched

36

X means the room has been _____.

searched

37

marking rooms for searching should be
done on _____.

the lower third of the door.

38

Continually feel the _____ in front of you
with your hands/tools to make sure it is
_____ and their are no _____.

floor
intact
openings

39

when opening doors stay _____ and _____
while opening the doors _____. Remain on
the _____ side of outward opening doors.

low
outside
slowly
hinge

40

when declaring a Mayday, communicate
your _____ (6 things).

Assignment
Name
Approximate location
Reason for Mayday
Resources that would help you
Air supply

41

Male couplings have _____ on their shanks.

lugs

42

Female couplings have lugs on their _____.

swivels

43

if possible, when opening inward opening
doors, use a _____ so that u can close the
door quickly.

strap

44

any fire beyond the incipient phase is an
_____ atmosphere and a _____ must be
standing by per _____.

IDLH
RIC or RIT
29 CFR 1910.134

45

RIC or RIT is _____ and this is their _____.

2 or more fully equipped FF standing by
just outside the hazard zone as the
designated team to rescue downed FF.
only purpose

46

Suitably equipped means _____.

FFs equipped with at least the same PPEs
and equipment as the interior FF crews.

47

Can their be multiple RIT teams?

yes, because there may be multiple FF
teams performing interior FF ops.

48

Buddy breathing _____ recommended

is not

49

when you first get to a downed FF, you
should _____. Then perform a rapid _____.

check his air supply
medical evaluation

50

Radio transceivers can be used to find FF.
They transmit on _____ frequency and
have a range of about _____.

457khz
100'

51

Under realistic scenarios it often takes
_____ FF and _____ minutes to rescue a
downed FF.

12
20

52

3 drags for patient removal

incline
blanket
webbing

53

5 carries for patient removal

cradle in arms
seat lift carry
extremities lift carry
chair carry
3 person lift carry(bed to gurney)

54

Inverter

a step-up transformer that converts a 12
or 24 V DC current into 110 or 220 V AC
current.

55

2 advantages of an inverter
2 disadvantages of an inverter

fuel efficiency and low noise
limited power and limited mobility

56

Generators can be ______ or ______.

portable
vehicle mounted

57

Portable Generators are the most common
and normally have _____ capacity

110 or 220V

58

Vehicle mounted generators have _____
but also are normally ______ and create
______.

more power
louder
exhaust

59

2 categories of lighting

portable
fixed

60

portable lighting range from _____ watts.

300-1000

61

fixed lights are _____ to the vehicle and
have a capacity ranging from _____ watts.

mounted
500-1500 per light

62

4 requirements for electric cables

waterproof
intrinsically safe
adequately insulated
no exposed wires

63

Junction boxes have _____ with _____
input source.

multiple outlets
1

64

NFPA 70E

Std. for Electrical Safety in the Workplace

65

All outlets should be equipped with _____
and meet NFPA _____.

ground fault circuit interrupters
70E

66

Electrical adapters are used to _____.

connect various devices to various
outlets/devices

67

If fuel in a tank is _____ than it should be
drained and replaced.

more than 3 weeks old (unless there is a
fuel stabilizer)

68

Arc

luminous discharge of electricity across
a gap

69

4 basic types of hydraulic tools

spreaders
shears/cutters
combination spreaders/cutters
rams

70

If a hydraulic power unit fails, use the _____.

manually operated hydraulic pump

71

Spreaders can be spread up to _____. With
the use of _____they can be used to _____.

32"
chains
push or pull

72

Shears can be opened up to _____.

7"

73

Combination spreaders/shears typically
provide less _____ and smaller ______.

power/capabilities
opening ranges

74

Rams can be used to _____ as well as push.

pull

75

When used to close, a RAM provides only
_____ the opening force.

about 1/2

76

porta-power system

uses a manually operated hydraulic pump
and a high pressure hose to connect to
various accessory tools.

77

4 disadvantages of manually operated
hydraulic pumps

lower power
slower
limited range
labor intensive

78

primary advantage of the porta-power
primary disadvantage is _____.

can be operated in narrow places
time consuming and assembly of complex combos of accessories.

79

Remember to put a _____ under a
hydraulic jack.

solid base plate

80

You might have to use ______ to create a
solid footing for a hydraulic jack.

cribbing

81

3 types of mechanical jacks

bar screw jack
trench screw jack
ratchet-lever jack

82

ratchet-lever jacks are aka _____.

high jacks

83

Never work under a load only supported
_____.

by a jack

84

Primary use of a bar screw jack

to hold an object in place

85

Trench screw jacks are used as _____ in
trenches and have _____ on each end and
an _____.

cross braces
swivel plates
adjusting handle

86

shoring

use of timber, jacks, struts, or other devices to temporarily support or hold forms, structural components, or sheeting against trench walls.

87

ratchet jacks consist of a _____ with _____
and a ____ with 2 ratchets on the _____.

rigid I-beam
holes
jacking carriage
geared side

88

in ratchet jacks, one ratchet _____ and the
other _____.

holds the carriage
moves the carriage up or down

89

Ratchet jacks are the least _____ of jacks.

stable

90

Cribbing is

varying lengths of hardwood used to
stabilize. wedges are included too.

91

3 Cribbing characteristics

solid
straight
free from knots or splits

92

Cribbing dimensions run from _____

2"x4"-6"x6" and up to 36" in length

93

Cribbing should not be _____ except on
ends if used for ID.

painted

94

Plastic cribbing _____ than wood cribbing
and is resistant to _____ and _____.

lasts many times longer
chemicals
splintering

95

Pneumatic tools used _____ for power.

compressed air

96

Never used compressed _____ with
pneumatic tools.

O2

97

6 pneumatic tools

air chisel
pneumatic nail gun
impact wrenches
air knife
air vacuum
whizzer saw

98

air chisels operate between _____ psi.

90-250

99

air chisels use _____ and are good for
cutting _____ and for _____.

interchangeable bits
medium to heavy gauge sheet metal
popping rivets and bolts

100

impact wrenches are better for _____ of
machinery

disassembly

101

air knives are used to _____. when
operated at _____ psi they produce air
with a velocity close to _____ at the nozzle.

blast away surface dirt and create holes.
90-100
mach 2

102

air knives are also useful because they do
not _____ or _____ underground pipes.

cut cables
damage

103

air vacuums operate on _____ pressure
than air knives. they are used to pick up
loose soil around _____.

less
patients

104

whizzer saws are used for _____ operations. they weigh about _____ and are good for cutting _____ and _____.

fine cutting
2#
case hardened locks
steel stock up to 3/4"

105

whizzer saws use _____ blades and operate at around _____ psi.

carborundum
90

106

Lifting/Pulling tools include

tripods
winches
come-alongs
chains
air bags
block and tackle systems

107

3 common drives for winches

electric
hydraulic
power take-off

108

Never use winches for _____ .

live person loads

109

If possible, you should be how far away
from the winch?

the length of cable from the winch to the load

110

Try to position the winch _____ to the load.

as close as possible

111

come-alongs are _____ that are operated
by _____.

portable cable winches
manual ratchets

112

come-alongs range from _____ tons.

1-10

113

which chain is not used for rescue work?

proof coil chain,
aka hardware chain or common chain.

114

3 types of lifting bags

low-pressure
medium-pressure
high-pressure

115

high-pressure air bags can range from
_____ in dimensions and can lift up to
_____.

6"x6" to 36"x36"
20"

116

low and medium-pressure air bags are
_____ than high pressure air bags and have
much ______ lifting distances. they can lift
up to ______.

much larger
larger
6'

117

14 safety rules for air bags

plan lift before starting
be familiar with equipment
follow manufacturer's recommendations
keep components in good condition
have adequate air supply/cribbing
position bags on solid surface
protect bags from sharp objects
inflate slowly and continuously monitor
never work under load supported ONLY
by air bags.
lift an ", crib an "
solid top layer if box cribbing supports bag
keep heat away from bags (up to 220F)
do not stack more than 2 bags
stack with smaller bag on top

118

if placing a material between air bag and
load, use only _____.

pliable material such as a salvage cover

119

multi-cell lifting units are safer than _____ .

stacking single air bags

120

Block and Tackle refers to _____.

a series of pulleys contained within wood
or metal frames used with rope to provide
mechanical advantage.

121

"block" refers to the _____.
"tackle" refers to the _____.

pulleys
assembly of ropes

122

pulleys are AKA _____.

sheaves

123

Most common FD rescue is ______.

vehicle extrication

124

9 things to consider when approaching automobile accidents.

traffic hazards
utility hazards
fire hazard
hazardous materials
# of vehicles
type of vehicles
position of vehicles
how many victims?
do i need additional resources?

125

triage

sorting and classifying patients in medical
treatment priority

126

goal of stabilization is to _____.

prevent unwanted movement

127

stabilization tools include _____.

chocks
struts
jacks
winches
cribbing
air bags
wedges
ropes, chains, webbing

128

chock

wooden, plastic, rubber, or metal block
constructed to fit the curvature of the tire
used to prevent rolling.

129

When using air bags, you must use _____
as a supplement.

cribbing

130

lift an _____, crib an _____.

inch
inch

131

Do not cut any ______ cables.

orange

132

Before disconnecting/shutting down
power to car, ______.

lower windows, move seats, unlock doors
as needed.

133

Turn off _____, remove ______, and ______
when at automobile accidents.

ignition
key
set parking brake

134

When disconnecting the battery, cut the
_____ cable first, then the ______. Cut out
atleast a ______ section of each cable.

negative
positive
2"

135

Try before you _____.

pry

136

In automobiles, gain access to a patient via _____, ______, and then by _____.

opening doors
opening windows
cutting away parts of the vehicle

137

Reserve energy can maintain sufficient
voltage to deploy air bags up to ______
minutes after battery disconnection.

30

138

SIPS

side impact protection system

139

SRS

supplemental restraint system

140

Air bags can deploy at speeds up to _____.

200mph

141

Restraint systems can be operated _____.

both electrically and mechanically

142

During vehicle extrication, the vehicle is
______ and not the reverse.

removed from around the patient

143

patient packaging involves _____.(3 things)

bandaging wounds
applying splints
patient immobilization

144

laminated safety glass

consists of 2 sheets of glass that are
laminated to a sheet of plastic between
them under high temperature and pressure

145

laminated safety glass is normally found
in _____.

windshields

146

tempered glass

glass specially treated so that it is harder
to break than plate glass or a single sheet
of laminated glass.

147

tempered glass is most commonly used
in _____.

side windows and some rear windows

148

tempered glass is designed to break into
______

many small pieces

149

You want to _____ laminated glass to remove it.

cut away

150

use a ______ or a _____to remove tempered glass.

center punch
sharp pointy object

151

Windshield should be removed by first,
______ and then the ______.

cutting the sides
bottom of the windshield

152

To control broken tempered glass, you can
use _____ or _____.

duct tape
spray on adhesives

153

For 2 door cars, there is no _____ post.

B

154

unibody construction

where the frame and body of a vehicle is
all one integral unit.

155

When the roof is removed from a unibody
construction vehicle, a _____ should be placed to support the middle of the car.

step block or cribbing

156

Displacing a dashboard can be done by
______ only _____.

removing
1 door

157

NFPA 1670

Std. on Ops and Training for Tech. Search
and Rescue Incidents. (Team)

158

"Technical Rescue" is _____.

the application of special knowledge, skills,
and equipment to safely resolve unique
and/or complex rescue situations.

159

Structures may collapse due to at least
5 things.

damage due to fire
damage due to weather(wind, rain, snow, etc.)
earthquakes and tsunamis
explosion
faulty engineering and design

160

Structures collapse in ______ patterns.

predictable

161

5 recognized patterns of structural collapse

A-frame
Cantilever
Lean-to
Pancake
V-shape

162

Pancake collapse are caused by the _____
and is the least likely to contain _____.

simultaneous failure of exterior walls
voids

163

V-shaped collapses occur when the
outer _____ remain _____ and the
_____ fail in the _____. This pattern
offers a good chance of _____
spaces being created along _____.

walls
intact
upper floors and/or roof structure
middle
habitable void
both outer walls

164

Lean-to collapses are when _____ while
the _____ remains _____. This will create a
_____ that may contain ______.

one outer wall fails
opposite wall
intact
large triangular void space
trapped victims

165

A-frame collapses occur when _____ into
what might seem as opposing _____.
This pattern has a good chance of void
spaces _____.

the floor and/or roof assemblies on both sides of center wall collapse into
lean-to collapses.
on both sides of the center wall

166

An A-frame collapse produces ______ in
______ along a _____.

voids
2 separate spaces
common wall

167

Cantilever collapse is when _____ of a
multi-story building collapse but leave
the _____ and _____ by the remaining ____.
This collapse is the _____ and is the most
vulnerable to _____.

one or more walls
floors attached
supported
walls
least stable
secondary collapse

168

secondary collapse

a collapse that occurs after the initial collapse

169

if searching for victims in a structural
collapse you will concentrate on the _____

areas most likely to contain victims
(habitable voids spaces)

170

6 most common means of locating victims
in a structural collapse

hailing: calling out to them
TICs
electronically enhanced listening devices
short-distance radar or seismic devices
hand-held or robotic search cameras
search dogs

171

seismic devices detect _____ produced
by _____.

minute vibrations
victim movement

172

calling out to victims is good when used
in conjuction with a ______ and the
presence of _____.

physical search
search dogs

173

11 structural collapse hazards

unstable, sharp, jagged debris
exposed re-bar
electrical hazards (exposed wiring)
damaged utilities (gas,water,electric)
hazmat
hazardous atmospheres
fire
darkness
confined spaces
heights
weather issues (temps, rain, wind, snow)

174

shoring is the ____

variety of means by which unstable
structures or parts of structures can be
stabilized

175

shoring is also the _____. It is not intended to
_____ but just to _____.

process of preventing the sudden
movement of objects that are too large
to be moved in a timely manner.
move the heavy objects
stabilize them

176

7 Tools for Structural Collapse and Shoring

air bags and air cart
amkus tools
cribbing (wedges, blocks, step)
jacks
lumber and plywood
pneumatic hand tools
struts (pneumatic or mechanical)

177

Trench rescue's 1st major decision is to
determine if it is a ______ or a _______.

rescue
recovery

178

The 1st goal of Trench Rescue is to create
_____ to _____. It can be done with _____,
_____, _____, and _____.

a safe zone
protect rescuers and victims
plywood sheeting
planks
lumber
struts

179

Ladders should be placed _____ within a
trench and they should extend _____ above
the top of the trench.

at both ends of the safe zone
at least 3'

180

4 minimum safety requirements for Trench Rescue

cordon off a 100' area around the trench
ladders on both sides of the safe zone
eliminate sources of vibration within 500'
stay away from the lips of the trench

181

if responding to an incident involving
electrical lines or equipment you must
assume _____

that all lines or equipment are energized

182

4 things to do for electrical incidents

1) assume all lines and equip. r energized
2) secure the scene and deny entry
3) call for power company to respond
4) allow only power company to cut lines

183

ground gradient is the _____ as it spreads
across the ground.

loss of voltage in the electrical current

184

distance to stay away from a downed
electrical line

the span distance between poles

185

if tingling in your feet as you approach a
downed power line, then u _____ and ____.

put your feet together and hop away from the line

186

4 water rescue methods

reach
throw
row(boat ops)
go

187

unless there is a medical or fire emergency
than _____ should be called to assist _____

elevator mechanics
people trapped in elevators

188

escalators have _____ located _____ or
_____ or _____.

manual stop switches
nearby both ends
at the base of the escalator
near where the handrail goes into the newel base.

189

primary search teams should carry these
4 pieces of equipment at the minimum

radios
lights
forcible entry tools
TIC

190

pneumatic nailers use compressed air to
drive nails into _____ or _____. they are
useful in creating _____ systems.

wood
masonry
shoring