If there is severe trauma to the nasal passage causing difficulty breathing in a horse, what should be performed?
What is dacryocystorhinography?
Radiographic contrast evaluation of the nasolacrimal duct
What are the treatment options for compressive spinal cord lesions?
- Dorsal laminectomy
- Cervical ventral interbody fusion
When using a distraction screw, one turn (360˚) is equal to how much distraction?
It is safe to stretch the bone 1mm/day. If you stretch more than that, you run the risk of creating a false joint
What is a clinically relevant compressive lesion on a myelogram?
Both dorsal and ventral columns narrow at the same level
What are the causes of static compressive spinal cord lesions?
Caudal cervical vertebral DJD
- Degenerative joint disease (DJD) of diarthrodial articulations of caudal cervical vertibrae
- Diagnosed by myelography: Clinically relevant compressive lesion if both dorsal and ventral contrast columns narrow at same level
How is the animal positioned for a laminectomy?
Lateral recumbency, Hanging over the surgery table
The most common cause for head and neck fractures in large animals is:
When is it appropriate to use conservative treatment for incisive fractures?
What is the most common treatment for incisive fractures?
Other options include conservative treatment, screws, plates, external fixation
Pooling of blood inside the anterior chamber of the eye is termed:
Indicative of head trauma but not conclusive
What are the strongest to weakest methods for repairing mandibular fractures?
- Strongest: bone plate
- Weakest: external fixator
How do you repair a skull bone depression?
Elevate with a periosteal elevator, secure with cerclage wire
If you do find blood in the sinuses, how do you drain it?
Place a foley catheter and secure
In patients with suspected head trauma and increased intracranial pressure, the use of __________ is contraindicated
What portion of the neck should tracheostomy tubes be placed?
Upper 1/3 of the neck on midline
Identify this condition. How is it repaired?
This is when the front edge of the top incisors is further forward that that of the lower teeth. This is repaired by osteotomy followed by external fixator with distraction screw.
T/F: Non-displaced fractures of the vertical ramus require surgery
The masseter muscle stabilizes the fracture
How do horses typically develop basilar fractures?
horse flips over backwards
What do you need to warn the client about before performing a myelogram?
may increase spinal cord deficits
How is the animal positioned for a cervical ventral interbody fusion?
Dorsal recumbency, "over stretching" neck
What are the causes for neck vertebrae fractures?
Trauma and electrocution (struck by lightning)
What is veisalgia?
Not relevant to Large Animal Surgery, but still interesting.
You're preparing a horse for fracture fixation and decide to administer rocuronium. You quickly realize this was a stupid idea. What agent can be used to reverse your mistake?
Happy finals week, suckas!