Herbs II: Class Three Flashcards Preview

Herbal Pharmacopoeia > Herbs II: Class Three > Flashcards

Flashcards in Herbs II: Class Three Deck (52):
1

Da Huang / Radix et Rhizoma Rhei

Temperature:

Properties:

Da Huang / Radix et Rhizoma Rhei

Temperature: Cold

Properties: Bitter

2

Da Huang / Radix et Rhizoma Rhei

Functions:

1. Vigorously drains downward and purges accumulation

2. Purges fire, clears heat and toxins. Fire evil rising to attack the upper jiao.

3. Drains fire and stops bleeding. Bleeding due to excess fire blazing thereby reckless movement of the blood.

4. Drains damp-heat and promotes diuresis. Addresses jaundice and lin syndrome due to damp-heat.

5. Clears heat and reduces fire toxicity.

6. Invigorates the blood and dispels blood stasis.

3

Da Huang / Radix et Rhizoma Rhei

Channels:

Stomach
Large Intestine
Liver
Heart

4

Da Huang / Radix et Rhizoma Rhei

Special Characteristics:

Sheng (raw) Da Huang used for purging; Jiu (wine) Da Huang used for blood stasis syndrome; Da Huang Tan (charred) used for bleeding.

5

Mang Xiao / Natrii Sulfas

Temperature:

Properties:

Mang Xiao / Natrii Sulfas

Temperature: Very Cold

Properties: Salty, Acrid, Bitter

6

Mang Xiao / Natrii Sulfas

Functions:

1. Purges accumulation and guides out stagnation

2. Clears heat and drains fire

3. Softens hardness

7

Mang Xiao / Natrii Sulfas

Channels:

Stomach
Large Intestine

8

Lu Hui / Herba Aloes

Temperature:

Properties:

Lu Hui / Herba Aloes

Temperature: Cold

Properties: Bitter

9

Lu Hui / Herba Aloes

Functions:

1. Drains fire and purges accumulation

2. Clears heat and cools liver fire

3. Kills parasites

10

Lu Hui / Herba Aloes

Channels:

Large Intestine
Liver
Stomach

11

Lu Hui / Herba Aloes

Special Characteristics:

Subdues liver fire- other herbs can subdue fire, but not all can produce stool. If used topically, can treat ringworm. Use as pill, powder, or exterior, but not in decoction.

12

Fan Xie Ye / Folium Sennae

Temperature:

Properties:

Fan Xie Ye / Folium Sennae

Temperature: Cold

Properties: Sweet, Bitter

13

Fan Xie Ye / Folium Sennae

Functions:

1. Drains downward and guides out stagnation. Addresses various kinds of constipation.

14

Fan Xie Ye / Folium Sennae

Channels:

Large Intestine

15

Fan Xie Ye / Folium Sennae

Special Characteristics:

Good for various types of constipation. Decoction produces similar chemical composition to Da Huang.

16

Huo Ma Ren / Semen Canabis Sativae

Temperature:

Properties:

Huo Ma Ren / Semen Canabis Sativae

Temperature: Neutral

Properties: Sweet

17

Huo Ma Ren / Semen Canabis Sativae

Functions:

1. Moistens, nourishes, lubricates the intestines and unblocks the bowels.

2. Promotes urination and unblocks Lin syndrome. Its properties are slippery and guiding downward.

3. Clears heat and promotes healing of sores.

18

Huo Ma Ren / Semen Canabis Sativae

Channels:

Large Intestine
Spleen
Stomach

19

Huo Ma Ren / Semen Canabis Sativae

Special Characteristics:

Moistens intestines and lubricates due to deficiency

20

Yu Li Ren / Semen Pruni

Temperature:

Properties:

Yu Li Ren / Semen Pruni

Temperature: Neutral

Properties: Acrid, Bitter, Sweet

21

Yu Li Ren / Semen Pruni

Functions:

1. Moistens the intestines and unblocks the bowels

2. Regulates water and reduces swelling; promotes urination and reduces edema

22

Yu Li Ren / Semen Pruni

Channels:

Large Intestine
Small Intestine
Spleen

23

Yu Li Ren / Semen Pruni

Special Characteristics:

Addresses constipation due to intestine dryness with qi stagnation; addresses edema with scanty urine, constipation, and abdominal distention

24

Gan Sui / Radix Euphorbiae Kansui

Temperature:

Properties:

Gan Sui / Radix Euphorbiae Kansui

Temperature: Cold

Properties: Bitter, Sweet, Toxic

25

Gan Sui / Radix Euphorbiae Kansui

Functions:

1. Purges downward and drives out congested fluid

2. Drives out phlegm

3. Reduces swelling and disperses clumps

26

Gan Sui / Radix Euphorbiae Kansui

Channels:

Kidney
Large Intestine
Lung

27

Gan Sui / Radix Euphorbiae Kansui

Special Characteristics:

This herb is incompatible with Gan Cao. Uses urination and diarrhea to drive out water.

28

Da Ji / Radix Euphorbiae seu Knoxiae

Temperature:

Properties:

Da Ji / Radix Euphorbiae seu Knoxiae

Temperature: Cold

Properties: Bitter, Acrid, Toxic

29

Da Ji / Radix Euphorbiae seu Knoxiae

Functions:

1. Purges water downward and drives out congested fluid

2. Reduces swelling and disperses clumps/nodules

30

Da Ji / Radix Euphorbiae seu Knoxiae

Channels:

Kidney
Large Intestine
Spleen
Lung

31

Da Ji / Radix Euphorbiae seu Knoxiae

Special Characteristics:

This herb is incompatible with Gan Cao. Fry with vinegar to reduce toxicity. Often used for mental confusion

32

Qian Niu Zi / Semen Pharbitdis

Temperature:

Properties:

Qian Niu Zi / Semen Pharbitdis

Temperature: Cold

Properties: Bitter, Acrid, Slightly Toxic

33

Qian Niu Zi / Semen Pharbitdis

Functions:

1. Purges downward and unblocks bowels; drives out water and promotes urination

2. Redirects lung qi and drives out phlegm and congested fluid

3. Removes accumulation and purges constipation

4. Kills parasites: roundworm and tapeworm infestation

34

Qian Niu Zi / Semen Pharbitdis

Channels:

Kidney
Large Intestine
Small Intestine
Lung

35

Ba Dou Semen Croton Tiglii

Temperature:

Properties:

Ba Dou Semen Croton Tiglii

Temperature: Hot

Properties: Acrid, Severely Toxic

36

Ba Dou Semen Croton Tiglii

Functions:

1. Vigorously purges cold accumulation

2. Drives out water and reduces edema

3. Eliminates phlegm and benefits the throat

4. Erodes rotten flesh to promote healing of abscesses and ulcers

37

Ba Dou Semen Croton Tiglii

Channels:

Stomach
Large Intestine
Lung

38

Ba Dou Semen Croton Tiglii

Special Characteristics:

Never use in decoction; burning pain caused from the plant's oils

39

Da Huang

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Da Huang

Pharmaceutical Name: Radix et Rhizoma Rhei

English Name: Rhubarb Root

Literal Translation: Big Yellow

40

Mang Xiao

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Mang Xiao

Pharmaceutical Name: Natrii Sulfas

English Name: Mirabilite

Literal Translation: Arista Saltpetre

41

Lu Hui

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Lu Hui

Pharmaceutical Name: Herba Aloes

English Name: Aloe

Literal Translation: Aloe

42

Fan Xie Ye

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Fan Xie Ye

Pharmaceutical Name: Folium Sennae

English Name: Senna Leaves

Literal Translation: Purgative Leaf of the Foreigners

43

Huo Ma Ren

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Huo Ma Ren

Pharmaceutical Name: Semen Canabis Sativae

English Name: Hemp Seeds

Literal Translation: Fire Hemp Seeds

44

Yu Li Ren

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Yu Li Ren

Pharmaceutical Name: Semen Pruni

English Name: Bush Cherry Pit

Literal Translation: Constrained Plum Pit

45

Gan Sui

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Gan Sui

Pharmaceutical Name: Radix Euphorbiae Kansui

English Name: Kansui Root

Literal Translation: Pleasant Satisfaction

46

Da Ji

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Da Ji

Pharmaceutical Name: Radix Euphorbiae seu Knoxiae

English Name: Peking Spurge Root

Literal Translation: Big Halberd from the Capital

47

Qian Niu Zi

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Qian Niu Zi

Pharmaceutical Name: Semen Pharbitdis

English Name: Morning Glory Seeds

Literal Translation: Cowherd Seeds

48

Ba Dou

Pharmaceutical Name:

English Name:

Literal Translation:

Ba Dou

Pharmaceutical Name: Semen Croton Tiglii

English Name: Croton Seeds

Literal Translation: Clinging Bean

49

Downward Draining Herbs

Category Description:

Downward draining describes the action of substances that eliminate pathogenic factors and conditions via purgative, laxative, and cathartic means.

50

Purgatives

Sub-category Description:

These herbs function to strong induce defecation and eliminate constipation and accumulation of excesses in the body.

51

Moist Laxatives

Sub-category Description:

Most herbs in this subcategory are sweet and nourishing seeds that contain significant amounts of lipids to moisten the bowels and relieve constipation.

52

Harsh Expellants (Cathartics)

Sub-category Description:

Mostly bitter, cold, and toxic, these herbs eliminate pathogenic factors from the body by strongly promoting bowel movement and urination.