Herbs IV: Midterm Review Flashcards Preview

Herbal Pharmacopoeia > Herbs IV: Midterm Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Herbs IV: Midterm Review Deck (33):
1

Ren Shen / Ginseng
Radix Ginseng

Functions:

Strongly tonifies Spleen and Lung Qi to generate blood

Tonifies source Qi for collapse
Generates fluid
Calms Shen

2

Dang Shen / Codonopsis Root
Radix Codonopsis

Functions:

Strongly tonifies Spleen and Lung Qi to generate blood

Less of a Qi tonic effect than Ren Shen

3

Huang Qi / Astragalus
Radix Astragali

Functions:

Strongly tonifies Spleen and Lung Qi to generate blood

Raises Yang
Stabilizes the exterior
Promotes urination
Expels pus

4

Xi Yang Shen / American Ginseng
Radix Panacis Quiquefolii

Functions:

Tonifies both Qi and Yin; for Qi and Yin deficiency

Clears heat
Generates fluids
For Yin deficiency with vigorous fire

5

Tai Zi Shen / Pseudostellaria
Radix Pseudostellariae

Functions:

Tonifies both Qi and Yin; for Qi and Yin deficiency

Mildly tonifies the Spleen and Stomach Qi and generates fluids

6

Shan Yao / Chinese Yam
Rhizoma Dioscoreae

Functions:

Tonifies both Qi and Yin; for Qi and Yin deficiency

Tonifies Spleen Qi and Yin, also augments the Lung and Kidney Yin

7

Bai Zhu / White Atractylodes
Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae

Functions:

Strengthens the Spleen; for Spleen Qi deficiency

Dries dampness
Promotes urination
Stops sweating
Calms the fetus

8

Bai Bian Dou / Hyacinth Bean
Semen Lablab Album

Functions:

Strengthens the Spleen; for Spleen Qi deficiency

Transforms dampness
Expels summer evil
Milder effect (since it's a food)

9

Gan Cao / Licorice Root
Radix Glycyrrhizae

Functions:

So sweet. Tonifies the Middle Jiao; harmonizes and moderates

Stops cough
Tonifies the heart
Drains fire
Relieves toxicity

10

Da Zao / Jujube
Fructus Jujubae

Functions:

So sweet. Tonifies the Middle Jiao; harmonizes and moderates

Tonifies the Spleen and nourishes the blood

11

Yi Tang / Maltose
Saccharum Granorum

Functions:

So sweet. Tonifies the Middle Jiao; harmonizes and moderates

Specifically stops abdominal pain
Moistens the Lung
Stops cough

12

Dang Gui / Angelica Root
Radix Angelicae Sinensis

Functions:

Tonifies the blood; for blood deficiency

Activates blood
Relieves pain
Regulates menses
Moistens Large Intestine

13

Shu Di Huang / Chinese Foxglove Root Cooked in Wine
Radix Rehmanniae Preparata

Functions:

Tonifies the blood; for blood deficiency. Can also enrich the Yin

Representative herb for nourishing the Liver and Kidney Yin; chief herb for treating Liver and Kidney Yin deficiency

14

He Shou Wu / Fleece Flower Root
Radix Polygoni Multiflori

Functions:

Tonifies the blood; for blood deficiency. Can also enrich the Yin

Tonifies the Liver and Kidney
Moistens the intestines

15

E Jiao / Donkey-hide Gelatin
Asini Corii Colla

Functions:

Tonifies the blood; for blood deficiency. Can also enrich the Yin

Stops bleeding
Nourishes the Yin
Moistens dryness

16

Bai Shao / White Peony Root
Radix Paeoniae Alba

Functions:

Tonifies the blood; for blood deficiency. Can also enrich the Yin

Softens the Liver
Moderates spasms
Enriches the Yin
Calms the Liver

17

Long Yan Rou / Flesh of the Longan Fruit
Arillus Longan

Functions:

Tonifies the blood; for blood deficiency. Can also enrich the Yin

Specially tonifies the Heart and Spleen Qi and blood to calm the spirit

18

Bei Sha Shen / Glehnia
Radix Glehniae

Functions:

Nourishes the Lung and Stomach Yin; generates fluids

Transforms phlegm
Less effective in nourishing the Yin (than Nan Sha Shen)

19

Nan Sha Shen / Adenophora
Radix Adenophorae

Functions:

Nourishes the Lung and Stomach Yin; generates fluids

More effective in nourishing the Yin (then Bei Sha Shen)

20

Mai Men Dong / Ophiopogon Tuber
Radix Ophiopogonis

Functions:

Nourishes the Lung and Stomach Yin; generates fluids

Nourishes Heart Yin
Clears fire

21

Tian Men Don / Asparagus Tuber
Radix Asparagi

Function:

Nourishes the Lung and Stomach Yin; generates fluids

Nourishes Kidney Yin
Not effective for Stomach Yin deficiency, but can be used for constipation due to dryness in the intestines

22

Shi Hu / Dendrobium
Herba Dendrobii

Functions:

Nourishes the Lung and Stomach Yin; generates fluids

Strongly nourishes the Stomach Yin and generates fluids

23

Yu Zhu / Fragrant Solomon's Seal Rhizome
Rhizoma Polygonati Odorati

Function:

Nourishes the Lung and Stomach Yin; generates fluids

Strengthens the Heart
For Yin deficiency with exterior disorder

24

Huang Jing / Siberian Soloman's Seal Rhizome
Rhizoma Polygonati

Functions:

Nourishes the Lung and Stomach Yin; generates fluids

Tonifies the Spleen Qi

25

Bai He / Lily Bulb
Bulbus Lilli

Functions:

Nourishes the Lung and Stomach Yin; generates fluids

Clears heat
Calms the spirit
Stabilizes the Kidney essence, but not effective for Stomach Yin deficiency

26

Shan Zhu Yu / Asiatic Corelian Cherry Fruit
Fructus Corni

Functions:

Nourishes the Liver and Kidney Yin

Chief herb in both Liver-Kidney tonics and astringents

27

Gou Qi Zi / Lycium Fruit
Fructus Lycii

Functions:

Nourishes the Liver and Kidney Yin

Nourishes the Liver and brightens the eyes

28

Nu Zhen Zi / Privet Fruit
Fructus Ligustri Lucidi

Functions:

Nourishes the Liver and Kidney Yin

Tonifies the Liver and Kidney without the thick or greasy properties

Stronger for tonifying

29

Han Lian Cao / Eclipta
Herba Ecliptae

Functions:

Nourishes the Liver and Kidney Yin

Tonifies the Liver and Kidney without the thick or greasy properties

Cools the blood
Stops bleeding

30

Sang Shen / Mulberry Fruit
Fructus Mori

Functions:

Nourishes the Liver and Kidney Yin

Nourishes the blood and moistens the intestines

Generates fluids
Stops thirst

31

Hei Zhi Ma / Black Sesame Seeds
Semen Sesami Nigrum

Functions:

Nourishes the Liver and Kidney Yin

Nourishes the blood and moistens the intestines

Stronger for moistening and lubricating (for use in constipation)

32

Gui Ban / Testudinis Shell
Plastrum Testudinis

Functions:

Nourishes Liver and Kidney Yin; anchors Yang

More effective Yin tonic
Strengthens bone
Stabilizes menses

33

Bie Jia / Tortoise Shell
Carpax Trionycis

Functions:

Nourishes Liver and Kidney Yin; anchors Yang

More effective in clearing deficiency heat
Softens hardness
Dissipates masses